CN203684460U - Assembled wall - Google Patents

Assembled wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203684460U
CN203684460U CN201320660702.3U CN201320660702U CN203684460U CN 203684460 U CN203684460 U CN 203684460U CN 201320660702 U CN201320660702 U CN 201320660702U CN 203684460 U CN203684460 U CN 203684460U
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reinforcing bar
indoor
outdoor
topping
heated board
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CN201320660702.3U
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吴淑环
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吴淑环
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Abstract

The utility model provides an assembled wall, relating to walls of buildings. The assembled wall is used for solving the problems of assembled walls that the construction cost is high, the prefabricated mounting is complicated, the number of thermal bridges is large, energy saving is affected and the like. According to the assembled wall, in construction I, a prefabricated wall panel is fixed to a beam column of a building main body structure and the side face of a shear wall by using anchor bolts directly; in construction II, one end of the prefabricated wall panel is connected with the outer side face of a beam slab of the building main body structure so as to form a fixed end, the other end of the prefabricated wall panel is a sliding end, and a sliding member, a steel chute and a damping rubber pad are arranged between the fixed end and the sliding end; in construction III, one end of a prefabricated insulation board is connected with the outer side face of the beam slab of the building main body structure so as to form a fixed end, and the other end of the prefabricated insulation board is a sliding end; external and internal protective layers of the prefabricated insulation board are made from different materials, or the protective layers are arranged locally, or insulation layers are made from two or more insulation materials. The assembled wall provided by the utility model is fireproof and safe, is good in rigidity, good in energy-saving insulation, convenient in prefabricated mounting, low in construction cost, saving in energy and floor, good in shock resistance and shock absorption and wide in application range and is beneficial to promoting the industrialization of residences.

Description

A kind of assembling body of wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of construction wall, particularly a kind of assembling body of wall.
Background technology
In assembling wall technology, there is following problem:
1, the assembling wall structure of concrete and hung wallboard is too complicated, and Heavy Weight, cost need to take a large amount of soils, template when high, prefabricated, prefabricated and all inconveniences of installation.
2, many assembling bodies of wall are dangerous, and ubiquity heat bridge is many, the problem that energy-saving heat preserving is bad.1) there is the prefabricated light thermal-insulating wallboard of complete inserted installation in frame construction; 2) there is half inserted, half outsourcing that prefabricated light thermal-insulating wallboard is installed, be that a part of prefabricated light thermal-insulating wallboard is positioned at frame construction inner side, another part is positioned at frame construction outside, centre may also have light steel skeleton, prefabricated light thermal-insulating wallboard is installed in light steel skeleton both sides, light steel skeleton rolled steel dosage is many, and cost is high.These two kinds all form heat bridge at beam column and window place, especially the 1st) plant heat bridge larger.
3, the seam problem of assembling body of wall prefabricated panel does not solve.Different from the body of wall of common brick agglomerated material, be subject to summer in winter temperature difference influence, it is one of puzzlement assembling wall technology difficult point that assembling body of wall seam is easy to cracking.Between a lot of prefabricated panels and steel column and between prefabricated panel, seal with polyurethane foam glue, conduct heat and have corrosion of steel problem just not saying steel column is heat bridge, after polyurethane foam adhesive curing, be fragile material, for the summer, thermally low layer or the multistory building in the less area of district's variations in temperature may be all right.Heating districts, particularly severe cold area winter, summer difference variation was violent, and highrise building between beam column, angular displacement occurs under wind action, and seam crossing polyurethane foam glue must ftracture.Just there is the engineering of seam crossing polyurethane foam glue sealing between assembled wallboard Harbin City, winter seam crossing thoroughly cold, ventilative, dewfall, indoor wall drop down water, mouldy, become mildewed, and cause the case history of wood flooring warpage, body of wall energy-saving heat preserving is bad, affect body of wall durability, affect residence comfort.This situation causes severe cold area dare not adopt assembled heat insulation body of wall, affects Process of Housing Industrialization and building energy conservation process.Or some employings assembling body of wall, outside decorate with PVC plastic button board or Metal pinch plate, gap is hidden, although can't see crack, but seam crossing heat bridge exists, seam crossing thoroughly cold, ventilative hidden danger also exists, and the etching problem of seam crossing steel column, girder steel also exists.
4, China and global earthquakes are multiple, and China's highrise building ratio is very large, and the existing assembling wall structure that has adaptation major structure of construction to be out of shape is too complicated, cost is high.As 1), the Yu Yan of Beijing City Building Design Inst. article connection of the Japanese architecture wallboard " structure ", from article and accompanying drawing, the anti-seismic construction of the assembling body of wall of Japanese slip is too complicated; 2), also as building standard design atlas " precast concrete out-hung panel " 08SJ110-2,08SG333, from drawing and explanation, the assembling wall structure of slip is complicated too, processing precast heated board difficulty is large, installation difficulty is large, amount of reinforcement is large, it is many to take up an area when prefabricated, cost is high, is unfavorable for universal and guarantee building aseismicity safety and the anti-sidesway safety of highrise building of assembling body of wall.The anti-sidesway safety of this problems affect building aseismicity and highrise building.
For addressing the above problem, convenient construction, reduces cost, and the present invention proposes a kind of assembling body of wall.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of assembling body of wall, to solve the problem described in background technology.
One of a kind of assembling body of wall of the present invention, it comprises major structure of construction, prefabricated panel, crab-bolt;
Described prefabricated panel comprises precast heated board or for concrete slab, precast heated board comprises compound precast heated board, non-compound precast heated board, or is wooden frame warming plate; Described compound precast heated board comprises insulation layer, topping, and insulation layer is connected with topping; Topping comprises outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
Described insulation layer is organic insulation material or inorganic heat insulation material, or is the mixed material of inorganic heat insulation material and organic insulation material; Described topping is prefabricated panels topping, or for thering is plaster skin coat or the LIFT of some strength; Or be the composite bed of prefabricated panels and plaster skin coat; Or described topping is metal sheet surface layer;
Described assembling body of wall was configured to being connected of major structure of construction: prefabricated panel is placed in to beam column, the load bearing wall side of major structure of construction,, through prefabricated panel prefabricated panel and major structure of construction side is fixed by crab-bolt; Or between prefabricated panel and major structure of construction, also use cementitious materials bonding, or between precast heated board and the major structure of construction of cast-in-situ concrete by non-burnishing surface engagement connection; To between prefabricated panel, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall that prefabricated panel is installed in major structure of construction side.
Two of a kind of assembling body of wall of the present invention, it comprises major structure of construction, structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel, sliding component and crab-bolt; Prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction, have following 2 kinds of structures to be connected, fit applications:
1), prefabricated panel upper end or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Prefabricated panel is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), prefabricated panel is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts;
There is sliding component termination at prefabricated panel; Or there is the part of sliding component the termination of prefabricated panel, the remainder part of sliding component is positioned on structure supporting parts;
To between prefabricated panel, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
The structure of described sliding component is:
1), sliding component comprises sliding component, steel chute, yielding rubber pad, between sliding component and steel chute, has yielding rubber pad; Sliding component is positioned at the sliding-end of prefabricated panel, and steel chute is arranged in structure supporting parts, and yielding rubber pad is arranged in steel chute;
2), sliding component is damping rubber tire or spring shock-absorbing pad.
Three of a kind of assembling body of wall of the present invention, it comprises major structure of construction, structure supporting parts, precast heated board, sliding component and crab-bolt; Precast heated board described in structure supporting parts support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction, there are following 2 kinds of structures, fit applications:
1), precast heated board upper end or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Precast heated board is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), precast heated board is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts;
There is sliding component termination at precast heated board; Or there is the part of sliding component the termination of precast heated board, the remainder part of sliding component is positioned on structure supporting parts;
Described sliding component has and does not limit the function of assembling body of wall at architectural plane intrinsic displacement;
To between precast heated board, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
The assembling body of wall of described slip has one of following technical characterictic and is different from prior art:
1), outer protection layer, the internal protection layer of the assembling body of wall precast heated board of composition slip are different materials;
2), the assembling body of wall of described slip also comprises following fire prevention measure: at crab-bolt external end head, fire proofing material is installed, the crab-bolt fireproof performance that has fire proofing material to cover is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer; At compound precast heated board outer protection layer seam crossing, and seam crossing has fire proofing material between the outer protection layer of compound precast heated board, and the fireproof performance of fire proofing material is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer;
3), the insulation layer of the compound precast heated board of described composition assembling body of wall is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer is divided into inner side insulation layer, outside insulation layer, or also has other position insulation layer, or the inner side insulation layer of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer at indoor matcoveredn position;
4), netted tensile materials is installed on the indoor topping of precast heated board, the netted tensile materials on the topping of assembling body of wall outside is installed at the construction field (site);
5), also comprise basic matterial; In the sleeve pipe of crab-bolt, inject basic matterial;
6), the topping of the compound precast heated board of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Insulation layer is connected with both sides topping;
7) or described precast heated board be provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged on the inside and outside both sides of precast heated board;
8), the seam between precast heated board has following two kinds of selections, fit applications:
A, bonding by resilient glue material, described resilient glue material not only has the effect of transmission internal force, also has the ability that adapts to certain distortion, forms a kind of flexible joint; Described resilient glue material is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar;
B, bonding with elastic sealant, elastic sealant does not have the effect of transmission internal force.
9) inner side of heating districts assembling body of wall, summer are thermally installed the film that has reflected infrared ray function and intercept vapor permeation in the outside of district's assembling body of wall.
The present invention and the difference of public technology are:
1, embodiment of the present invention one is all arranged on prefabricated panel beam column, the shear wall outside of major structure of construction, is that full outer-enwraped type is installed prefabricated panel,, directly just prefabricated panel and major structure of construction side is fixed through prefabricated panel by crab-bolt.Published assembling wall technology does not have this installation constitution, neither be apparent.
When prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the structure that full outer-enwraped type is installed, increases substantially assembling body of wall energy-saving heat preserving effect, and even can promote the building energy conservation level in the China whole world, sees 2 of the technology of the present invention effect.
The United Nations once issues report in March, 2007 and shows, the emission reduction effect that green building and building energy conservation are contained is greater than all greenhouse gas emissions that require in Kyoto Protocol, is equivalent to three times of the predetermined CER of Kyoto Protocol.As can be seen here, energy-saving building technology is particularly important to reducing greenhouse gas emission.
In spring in this year, the World Bank delivers report and warns: " unless take more multirow to move to climate warming, global temperatures will rise four degrees Celsius again in the end of this century.The whole world is faced with that sea level rise, the danger of food shortage, extreme weather conditions, and this will make coastal cities and the poor in the face of catastrophic effect ".The World Bank on November 18th, 2012 issue report and claim, climate change is one of ultimate challenge of facing of global evolution, is descendants's meter, and various countries should undertake moral duty separately, the minimizing greenhouse gas emission of conscientiously taking action.……
Although Energy situation, environment situation are so severe, because of the thin heat-preserving wall fire savety of plastering bad, also because there is variety of issue in assembling body of wall described in background technology, heat bridge is many, energy-saving heat preserving effect is bad, high cost, world many countries is still non-energy saving building, the problem that wall technology exists causes building energy consumption in world wide to remain high.
The United Nations once repeatedly held a meeting to study and reduced greenhouse gas emission matters, countries in the world are often difficult to reach an agreement, why not being ready to reduce discharging applicant thinks, one of major reason is that a lot of technical problems do not solve, otherwise who can be unwilling to reduce discharging the situation explanation of global building energy conservation, structure of the present invention is not that thinking solves the problem that body of wall energy-saving heat preserving technology exists routinely, and the present invention is not apparent.
The precast heated board of embodiment of the present invention one can be wooden frame warming plate, has broken through the installation constitution of current wooden frame warming plate, and this is that existing wooden frame heat-preserving wall technology is unexistent, neither be apparent.
Current wooden frame warming plate is all filling insulating wall body, and complete inserted installation or half inserted, half outer-enwraped type are arranged in frame construction, have the heat bridge of floor and steel column, concrete column.
2, the prefabricated panel of embodiment of the present invention one can be concrete slab, embodiment one and embodiment eight arrange the structure fit applications of structure supporting parts, break through the installation constitution of current assembly concrete shear wall, this is that existing assembly concrete shear wall technology is unexistent, neither be apparent.The space that partial structurtes supporting parts 1-1 (cornicing) provides reinforcing bar to connect is set, and internal protection layer 15-8-2 can become the shear wall of load-bearing.Internal protection layer 15-8-2 can be also non-bearing wall, only plays the effect of fire prevention and increase rigidity.
3, embodiment two " the outer protection layer of the precast heated board of assembling body of wall, internal protection layer are different materials " is that prior art is unexistent, neither be apparent.
4, embodiment three " crab-bolt external end head install fire proofing material ..., at precast heated board outer protection layer seam crossing, and seam crossing has fire proofing material between the outer protection layer of precast heated board ... ", this is that public technology is unexistent.Existing with plastics crab-bolt installation insulation layer, all do not have, at crab-bolt external end head, fire proofing material is installed.
5, in embodiment four, " insulation layer of precast heated board is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; ", this is that public technology is unexistent.This structure is will meet fire endurance requirement, also meet rigidity of structure requirement, meet energy-saving heat preserving requirement in order to solve assembling body of wall, and meets the problem of life requirement.
Now useful 2 kinds of heat insulating materials in exterior wall exterior insulation work; as inner side being installed by EPS plate; glue powder polyphenyl particle is smeared in outside; object is to increase fireproof performance; solve the common quality defect of the thin topping Mass Cracking of plastering simultaneously, but in the precast heated board of assembling body of wall, there is no the structure with 2 kinds or two or more heat insulating material.
Thinking routinely, in order to ensure that assembling body of wall meets fire endurance requirement, is usually that lightgage steel joist is installed in assembling indoor, and rock wool is installed between lightgage steel joist, and PLASTIC LAMINATED is installed in outside.The process of producing rock wool is the process of high energy consumption, high pollution, and rock wool valency is very high, and the common high 100mm of lightgage steel joist, also takies indoor a large amount of usable floor area.
Thinking routinely, for ensureing that assembling body of wall meets rigidity requirement, should increase protective layer thickness, increase the profile height of precast heated board, or establishes ribs in the edge of precast heated board or base insulating layer, or establishes steel column in wall between windows indoor.Cause thus: 1) if with cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board be topping, do not have equipment to facilitate prefabricated processing yet, just insulation layer and topping have been bonded together just, when prefabricated, wet trade is few, prefabricated convenience.But the cement fibrolite plate of most manufacturer production or calcium silicate board thickness 8~15mm, have only a few producer can produce 30mm thickness, increase mud fiberboard or calcium silicate board thickness price high especially.2) topping if employing cement mortar or pea gravel concreten are plastered, when floor height is higher, rigidity is also difficult to meet rigidity requirement, Heavy Weight, and limited by appointed condition, and being just difficult to produce prefabricated processing without special-purpose machinery, preserving period is long, maybe needs to use steam curing.3) steel column takies coverage, increases steel using amount, increases cost.4) meet ultimate limit state designing requirement, while not requiring hole heat insulation break bridge structure, establish ribs at precast heated board 15 window edges not requiring, can reduce job site window and plaster.But ribs is the heat bridge of assembling body of wall, heat bridge is the common fault of current assembling body of wall, very large on the impact of heating districts energy-saving heat preserving.
How to reduce cost, do not adopt the rock wool of high energy consumption, high pollution, do not take coverage, can also meet fire endurance requirement, meet rigidity requirement and energy-saving heat preserving requirement, propose embodiment three.
Foam cement has occurred for many years, the external heat insulating wall of organic insulation material catches fire, make foam cement intimately, but foam cement also has problems, as large in quality fluctuation scope: coefficient of thermal conductivity fluctuation range is large, the difficult quality control of freezing and thawing performance, once the heat-preserving wall that goes wrong is in the future by powder of detached etc., Heavy Weight, once install insecurely, fall down danger close.
But it is good that foam cement producer, user, the related personnel of designing unit just expect that it is pasted to the upper outside insulated fire of wall, although user, designing unit know its existing problems, helplessly also there iing engineering to apply.People does not expect compound jointly as insulation layer to foam cement and organic insulation material, foam cement plate is placed on to the indoor of precast heated board, just not there is not freeze thawing resistance problem, precast heated board weight be can alleviate with foam cement as insulation layer than completely, organic insulation material good heat insulation, the advantage that lightweight, freeze thawing resistance is good also brought into play.The rigidity of precast heated board is greatly improved thus.Foam cement plate is positioned at the indoor of insulation layer; also easily make assembling body of wall meet fire endurance requirement; outside prevents that the requirement of fire spread from relying on the outer protection layer of precast heated board to solve, and construction costs is minimum, increases considerably indoor usable floor area.
China advocates Development of Novel materials for wall for many years energetically, and government subsidizes to a lot of producers substantial contribution.But every kind of material has its pluses and minuses,, by the advantage of various material fit application, performance different materials, can not solve assembling body of wall problem comprehensively.For many years difficult, the building energy conservation of wall reform progress make progress the difficult fact verified this point.
How to make assembling body of wall there is the performance of comprehensive excellence: safety, durability, energy-saving heat preserving, anti-seismic performance and prevent that seam crossing from the problem such as crack occurring, this is to only have the technician of branch professional knowledge indeterminable.Only have with multi-subject knowledge, multiple material, optimization wall structure just can be captured the difficult point of assembling wall technology.It is the same that this cans be compared to design vehicle, aircraft, naval vessel, carry out appropriate design to the structure on automobile, aircraft, naval vessel, and different materials is combined, and meets design requirement.Equally, the thinking that solves assembling body of wall problem must be optimized wall structure, optimize the knowledge that wall structure be unable to do without structure discipline, also to there be the knowledge such as architectural discipline, building thermal technique, building physics, and the basis that multiple material and connector are understood, thereby precast heated board structure and assembling wall structure are carried out to science combination.And be not merely only to rely on a certain novel wall material just can solve the problems of assembling wall technology.From above-mentioned, the structure of embodiment four is not apparent.
6, after the 4th, the 5th section of embodiment 5 and the present invention, illustrate: on the internal protection layer of precast heated board, netted tensile materials is installed; netted tensile materials on the topping of assembling body of wall outside is installed at the construction field (site); netted tensile materials seam is few; saving material and artificial, is that prior art is unexistent.
7, " in the sleeve pipe of crab-bolt, to inject basic matterial " be that prior art is unexistent to embodiment six, neither be apparent.
8, " the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is local setting to embodiment seven, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3; Insulation layer 15-3 is connected with both sides topping 15-8." this is that existing assembling wall technology is unexistent, neither be apparent.
9, embodiment eight " increase structure supporting parts 1-1; ... structure supporting parts 1-1 be local setting ", embodiment eight arranges partial structurtes supporting parts 1-1 (cornicing), or prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach, the position of breach is corresponding with the position of structure supporting parts 1-1, sees Figure 16.This is that various assembling wall technologies are unexistent, neither be apparent.
If precast heated board is not established breach, will on-the-spot between adjacent partial structurtes supporting parts (cornicing) insulation layer, topping be installed, if while not being provided with reinforcing bar in external protection in precast heated board, increasing situ wet operation and install inconvenient; If be furnished with reinforcing bar inside and outside precast heated board; precast heated board can not be provided with breach; interconnect between by reinforcing bar because convenient in headspace within the scope of the space up and down of partial structurtes supporting parts (cornicing) or left and right; mounting strap after forming; easy construction, internal protection layer 15-8-2 can become the shear wall of load-bearing while being armored concrete, known at present, fabricated shear wall easy construction is installed; and do not need expensive steel connector, can significantly reduce cost.
The structure of the installation prefabricated panel 15 that 10, embodiment nine proposes and installation reinforcing bar method, be all that prior art is unexistent, neither be apparent.In the height or width range of the structure supporting parts 1-1 particularly arranging in part, vertical reinforcing bar or the horizontal reinforcement of prefabricated panel 15 are interconnected to mounting strap after forming;
11, " bonding by resilient glue material 40, resilient glue material 40 has tensile strength to embodiment ten, also has the ability that adapts to certain distortion, forms a kind of flexible joint; Described resilient glue material 40 is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar; " this is that prior art is unexistent, neither be apparent.
Macromolecule adhesive in cement polymer mortar belongs to chemical materials, and Building technology personnel are rare understands chemical materials; Plaster in heat-preserving wall engineering thin; in the cement polymer mortar of bonding benzene plate, have macromolecule adhesive, because of Building technology, personnel are ignorant of, agent's low-price competition; make macromolecule adhesive content few, do not meet bonding requirements, time have the phenomenons such as external protection cracking, efflorescence to occur.If Building technology personnel know the kind of some macromolecule adhesives slightly, where produce, just can directly buy macromolecule adhesive oneself the preparation cement polymer mortar that chemical plant produces, not only reduce cost, and can ensure workmanship.Because of resilient glue material design chemical products, relate to multi-disciplinary, cross-cutting knowledge.Just because of this, in assembling body of wall, have at present people or not and propose flexible joint structure, because do not know what material can form flexible joint with, have no at present in Construction Technology regulation or construction drawings, and in concrete engineering, adopt flexible joint structure.Use as described in the background art the gluing seam gap of polyurethane foam, also as the seam construction of construction drawings " precast concrete out-hung panel " 08SJ110-2,08SG333: be bonding at wallboard seam crossing elastic sealant, must there be post the indoor of vertical joint, alleviate the heat transmitting by gap, i.e. one, a hole post, form close post and (conventionally have 2 windows apart from centre at a post, i.e. 2 holes, close post increases by one times of pillar quantity exactly), take coverage many, increase a large amount of concrete and steel, increase of investment.If binding material can transmission internal force and be flexible, just do not need to establish close post.Elastic sealant elongation per unit length is very large, and can only seal can not transmission internal force, and only can not meet energy-saving heat preserving requirement with fluid sealant place.
12, the slip assembling body of wall of embodiment 14,15 is that prior art is unexistent, neither be apparent.The assembling body of wall of Japan's slip is because its structure is too complicated, cost is too high, countries in the world all need not, the construction drawings described in China's background technology, in the fact of national only a few engineering application, has all proved this point.
Technique effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention with the B2 level EPS plate of flame retardant type make precast heated board be just easy to meet fire endurance require, meet prevent fire spread requirement, meet wall stiffness requirement, significantly reduce energy-saving heat-insulating wall cost.
All over China the combustibility regulation of heat insulating material is not quite similar now, for example Beijing specifies that heat insulating material combustibility all must not be lower than the B1 level of nonflammable, and the combustibility that some areas specify to exceed 24m high-rise building insulation material is not less than the B1 level of nonflammable.Density 20kg/m now 3more than 700 yuan/m of B1 level EPS plate price 3.And approximately 320 yuan/m of B2 level EPS plate price 3, can not ignite but so-called nonflammable is only electric welding spark, once in use breaking out of fire reaches the burning-point that polyphenyl plate more than 500 is spent, nonflammable B1 level polyphenyl plate and the same the catching fire of flame retardant type B2 level.Precast heated board of the present invention can meet fire safety in construction with B2 level EPS, and cost is low, and outer protection layer has the fire spread of preventing performance, fire safety in the long-term use of assembling body of wall;
Adopt the structure of embodiment 11 again, be formed with to be beneficial to intercept the shape of air leakage on seam cross section, increase insulation layer energy-saving heat preserving effect, paste heat-preserving layer thickness can attenuate 20%, increases indoor usable floor area, reduces cost.
2, the present invention has outstanding effects of energy saving and emission reduction.
The present invention is all placed in prefabricated panel beam column, the load bearing wall outside of major structure of construction, the assembling body of wall of having eliminated half inserted, half insulation is at beam column, load bearing wall place because the heat bridge of the thin generation of insulation layer, then to take hole heat insulation break bridge structure and structure supporting parts 1-1 be the local structure arranging.Can significantly promote body of wall energy-saving heat preserving level, significantly reduce construction investment, thickness of wall body is thin.Containing protective layer thickness, estimate the about 300mm of assembling body of wall gross thickness, the requirement of the passive type energy saving house that can reach whole world lowest energy consumption to body of wall, wall heat transfer coefficient is not more than 0.15w/m 2.k, only that present buildings in Beijing is energy-conservation 75%, Harbin building energy conservation 65% requires 25~30% of energy-saving wall thermal transmittance, energy-saving wall approximately can reduce through 70~75% of body of wall loss energy consumption, promotes China's building energy conservation and rises to a new height, significantly reduces carbon emission.
3, the present invention has changed the structure and installment mode of traditional body of wall, prefabricated panel is arranged on to major structure of construction outside, under the reliable condition of crab-bolt connection, add bonding reliable, seam crossing reinforcing bar between prefabricated panel and major structure of construction and be connected under reliable condition with major structure of construction, can be considered that assembling body of wall becomes as a whole with major structure of construction.Particularly, in the time being provided with structure supporting parts, it is very convenient that seam crossing is installed reinforcing bar.Therefore, assembling body of wall of the present invention has following comprehensive superiority: simple structure, construction install convenience, when for energy-saving heat-insulating wall (overwhelming majority is for energy-saving heat-insulating wall) precast heated board is lightweight, steel using amount is few, installation rate is fast, the convenient template as cast-in-situ concrete, safety of structure and good endurance, can meet the requirement of structural limits Design of State.Not only assembling wall cost is low, also reduces major structure of construction cost, and the present invention is the optimization to assembling wall structure.In the time being provided with structure supporting parts installation assembly concrete shear wall, also easy for installation.
4, the slip assembling body of wall of embodiment of the present invention 14,15 has the cushioning effect of three directions, standard construction atlas and Japanese assembling wall performance described in background technology are exceeded, increase the quake-resistant safety of assembling body of wall and building, and thering are equally aforementioned 3 technique effects, this is that existing assembling body of wall is not available.
5, the present invention can meet the abundant demand of elevation of building moulding.
The present invention not only easily forms the outer facade moulding of vertical moulding, forms the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, by adjusting the thickness of wall between windows, breast prefabricated panel, can form the exterior wall moulding of outstanding and indentation, and can on wall between windows, have outwards outstanding composite column moulding; The present invention can form large windowsill, can form circular arc window.
6, wide application of the present invention.
1) the present invention can be applicable to different structure system, various building height, Different climate district, different use in the building that function, varying level blast, earthquake intensity are different.
2) material therefor of the present invention is extensive, and different materials can, according to when ground temperature and material situation, according to not square one of building height, be selected in various places.The present invention not only can form the assembling body of wall of light energy-saving insulation, can also form assembling load-bearing shear wall, and forms the external insulation energy-saving wall of assembling load-bearing shear wall.But because of load-bearing shear wall construction weight weight, steel in building course, cement, sandstone consumption are many, in construction, energy consumption and carbon emission are considerably beyond frame structure system, and unfavorable to building aseismicity, and the present invention is recommend adoption not.
3) the present invention can be divided into prefabricated panel wall between windows, breast is installed, and the bulk prefabricated panel with hole also can be installed, even by a prefabricated installation of prefabricated panel of a post distance.The reinforcing bar that bulk prefabricated panel is positioned at hole should be arranged on bulk prefabricated panel in advance, should ensure the safety of prefabricated panel bending resistance in transport, lifting, anti-folding, but increase breast horizontal joint.Or 2 layers or multilayer etc. install a bulk of large wall between windows, or when horizontal strip moulding, the rectangular horizontal body of wall of being with is installed, should be according to prefabricated and easy for installation definite.
5) prefabricated panel of the present invention can be selected light prefabricated warming plate or heavy precast heated board, or is one-time formed non-compound precast heated board, or is concrete slab, need to select according to using.
The prefabricated panel type that different regions, different building are adopted is recommended as follows:
When a, the present invention are applied to heating districts and highrise building, the light prefabricated warming plate of recommend adoption, two kinds of heat insulating materials for insulation layer: if inner side insulation layer is that foam cement, outside insulation layer are EPS plate.On the cut surface of the foam cement of acceptable quality, there is hemispheric circular hole, be conducive to increase precast heated board bonding reliability layer by layer.
When b, the present invention are applied to the low layer of summer heat, winter cryogenic region and multistory building, can adopt light prefabricated warming plate, can also adopt heavy precast heated board, the indoor topping of heavy precast heated board is that haydite or pumice stone concrete are advisable, and meet the light weight aggregate concretes such as the cinder concrete of some strength, in light weight aggregate concrete, arrangement of reinforcement just not be used in indoor netted tensile materials is installed, and outside is insulation layer with EPS plate, or the precast heated board that all insulation layer is foam cement;
C, the present invention are applied to not cold, summer in winter not thermally when district, and prefabricated panel can adopt the non-compound precast heated board that thermal transmittance is higher, or is light weight aggregate concrete plate, or the precast heated board that all insulation layer is foam cement.
When foam cement poor flexibility, earthquake, foam cement self cracking can earthquake energy; And polymer thermal insulative material, as EPS plate good springiness, when earthquake EPS plate self there is compressive strain can earthquake energy, and within the specific limits, compressive strain is recoverable, and distortion minimum, the price of EPS plate under various environment is low, good endurance, the therefore larger area of highrise building and earthquake intensity, recommends the composite heat-insulating layer with foam cement and EPS plate.
6) the present invention, mainly as the energy-saving heat preserving exterior wall of frame structure building, also can be arranged on bearing wall by light prefabricated warming plate and carry out outer insulation.
In a word, the invention solves current assembling wall structure complexity described in background technology, steel using amount is many, cost is high, seam crossing exists corrosion of steel problem, safety of structure is bad, and ubiquity heat bridge is many, greatly affect the problems such as building energy conservation reduction of discharging.
Assembling wall structure of the present invention is simple, steel using amount is few, construction and installation speed is fast, cost is low, fire safety, structural safety, good endurance, energy and land saving, favourable building aseismicity, can significantly promote body of wall energy-saving horizontal, there is important function to promoting whole world minimizing greenhouse gas emission, wide application of the present invention, has important social effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the outer facade installation drawing of assembling wall that prefabricated panel is installed in embodiment one~13, comprises prefabricated panel 15, vertical reinforcing bar 6, horizontal reinforcement 7, and structure supporting parts 1-1 is that concrete cornice arranges along building border;
The outer facade installation drawing of assembling body of wall of prefabricated panel is installed in Fig. 2 embodiment one~13, comprises prefabricated panel 15, vertical reinforcing bar 6, horizontal reinforcement 7, and structure supporting parts 1-1 is the local point-like setting of concrete cornice;
Fig. 3 is the 1-1 vertical cross section of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is that the assembling body of wall of Fig. 2 is positioned at breast place vertical cross section, and window is taked heat insulation break bridge structure;
Fig. 3, Fig. 4 are also illustrated in plastics crab-bolt 20 and cover the structure that has basic matterial 9 in fire proofing material 20-1, crab-bolt; Also represent that embodiment four inner side insulation layer 15-3-1, outside insulation layer 15-3-2 are different heat insulating materials; Or the inner side insulation layer 3-1 of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer 3-1 at indoor matcoveredn 8 positions.;
Fig. 5 is the horizontal sectional drawing that embodiment one~eight assembling body of wall is positioned at post place, and precast heated board is arranged on the outside of major structure of construction 10 posts; The double template of doing cast-in-situ concrete columns one side of precast heated board 15, internal protection layer 15-8-2 is local setting, is provided with the groove of out-of-flatness face on the exposed surface of insulation layer, passes through groove engagement connection between cast-in-situ concrete columns and precast heated board 15.Fig. 5 also represents, on the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of precast heated board 15, netted tensile materials 5 has been installed; netted tensile materials 5 and indoor topping 15-8-2 put in anchoring in post; after the installation of assembling body of wall, netted tensile materials 5 is also installed on the topping 15-8-1 of outside.
Fig. 6 is the assembling body of wall that embodiment nine is installed precast heated board, is positioned at window level sectional drawing, and window is taked heat insulation break bridge structure, and window is provided with reinforcing bar;
Fig. 7 is that embodiment three is scraped and smeared fire proofing material 15-8-3 organigram at the outdoor protection layer 15-8-1 of precast heated board 15 seam crossing;
Fig. 8 is embodiment 11 adopts tongue and groove mutually to peg graft connection structure at vertical joint place, and at seam crossing adhesives 40 bonding (gross area is bonding or part area is bonding); Fig. 8 left side represents that precast heated board 15 is localised protection layer 15-8, has partial heat-insulating layer bare board, and fluted, and groove is for installation room outer vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1, and the circle being decorated with is to represent reinforcement location to be installed; After reinforcement installation, inside and outside insulation layer bare board, around the reinforcing bar of both sides gap position, have cement polymer elastic mortar basic matterial topping 8-3, topping 8-3 and topping 15-8 connect as one;
Fig. 9 is that the insulation layer of the precast heated board 15 of embodiment four forms generalized section by 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material, there are inner side insulation layer 15-8-2, outside insulation layer 15-8-1, insulation layer 15-8-3 in the middle of also having, the material of inner side insulation layer 15-8-2 and outside insulation layer 15-8-1 can be identical or different;
Figure 10 is Fig. 2 node A enlarged drawing;
Figure 11 is that embodiment five is provided with ribs topping 15-8-4 organigram at door and window mouth;
Figure 12 is in embodiment nine, and precast heated board 15 outsides are not provided with groove, and outdoor reinforcing bar 6 is arranged on the external structure schematic diagram of precast heated board 15;
The insulation layer of Figure 13 precast heated board is to be all foam cement, or be non-compound precast heated board, embodiment nine prefabricated panels are fluted, groove position is for the outer vertical reinforcing bar of installation room, indoor vertical reinforcing bar, this precast heated board is applicable to thermally district of summer, seam can the bonding connection of vertical masonry joint, then connects with netted tensile materials overlap joint; And the structure of connecting reinforcement 7-3 is installed in expression;
Figure 14 is embodiment nine, 14,15 when prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 is set, prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 horizontal sectional drawing;
Fig. 3~Fig. 9, Figure 11, Figure 14 all represent that inner side insulation layer 15-3-1, outside insulation layer 15-3-2 are different heat insulating materials, and Fig. 5 also represents the structure that the inner side insulation layer of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer at indoor matcoveredn position;
Figure 15 is the assembling body of wall precast heated board mounting vertical plane figure of embodiment nine, and steel truss supporting 1-2 is set, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with steel truss supporting 1-2, and reinforcing bar is bi-steel arranged side by side;
Figure 16 is the steel truss supporting 1-2 installation side elevation of Figure 13, also can the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar of pre-embedded steel slab welded and installed;
Figure 17 is the front cross-sectional view of steel truss supporting 1-2 in insulation layer, steel truss supporting 1-2 circumfusion cement polymer mortar is anticorrosion, and increasing stability, steel truss supporting and concrete hanging top 1-2 are the members that vertical direction is long, horizontal direction is short, inconvenient support precast heated board 15;
Figure 18 is that the structure supporting parts 1-1 of Fig. 2 is part while arranging, and the termination of the precast heated board 15 of wall between windows is provided with relief configuration figure;
Figure 19 is the outer facade installation drawing of the slip assembling body of wall of embodiment 14,15, comprises prefabricated panel 15, vertical reinforcing bar 6, horizontal reinforcement 7, structure supporting parts 1-1 and sliding component 4 installation site figure;
Figure 20 is the 2-2 vertical cross section of Figure 19;
Figure 21 is the Node B drawing of Figure 20;
Figure 22 is the horizontal sectional drawing that prefabricated panel 15 is heavy precast heated board, also represents that embodiment nine connecting reinforcement 7-3 are connected horizontal sectional drawing by heavy precast heated board 15 with the beam of major structure of construction 10.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one: see Fig. 1~Figure 18, Figure 22, a kind of assembling body of wall of present embodiment, it is made up of major structure of construction 10, prefabricated panel 15, crab-bolt 20; Described major structure of construction 10 is slab column wall and basis, major structure of construction 10 is various frame constructions, as concrete frame structure, steel reinforced concrete frame structure, frame structure, steel framed structure, the combination frame structure of concrete and steel, encased structures (comprising concreting or the interior concreting of rectangular steel pipe in round steel pipe), steel wood frame construction, bamboo wood frame construction, or be solid-walled structure; Described crab-bolt 20 is nailing plastic crab-bolt or is nailing shaped steel crab-bolt processed, or described crab-bolt is the crab-bolt of bar planting bond-anchorage, and pre-buried crab-bolt etc., pre-buried crab-bolt is pre-buried steel crab-bolt or is pre-buried plastics crab-bolt;
Described prefabricated panel 15 comprises precast heated board 15 or for concrete slab 15 (comprising ordinary concrete plate or light weight aggregate concrete plate), precast heated board 15 comprises compound precast heated board, non-compound precast heated board, or is wooden frame warming plate; Compound precast heated board comprises light prefabricated warming plate 15 (Fig. 3~Figure 13), or heavy precast heated board 15 (Figure 22, inside is ordinary concrete layer or light weight aggregate concrete, outside is heat insulating material);
Described compound precast heated board 15 is made up of insulation layer 15-3, topping 15-8, and insulation layer 15-3 is connected with topping 15-8; Topping 15-8 comprises outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 (ordinary concrete layer or the light weight aggregate concrete of heavy precast heated board inner side are exactly internal protection layer);
Described insulation layer 15-3 is inorganic heat insulation material or organic insulation material, or all can be used as the material of insulation layer for the mixed material of inorganic heat insulation material and organic insulation material etc., as polymer thermal insulative material (EPS plate, XPS plate, PU plate, PF plate), honeycomb card board, honeycomb aluminum, mineral wool (rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, alumina silicate heat-preservation cotton plate etc.), thermal insulation mortar, kieselguhr, expanded vermiculite, foamed glass, glue powder polyphenyl particle, foam cement (is also foamed concrete, foam concrete), gas concrete, rice husk concrete, (haydite or pumice stone concrete can be both heat insulating materials for haydite or pumice stone concrete, also can be topping), or be flyash, light heat insulation material that cement etc. and benzene plate particle etc. are compound etc., in described insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with hole or not be provided with hole, in precast heated board 15 edges or insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with ribs or not be provided with ribs,
Described topping 15-8 is cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board, shaving board, stalk board, vermiculite board, the prefabricated panels toppings such as oriented strand board, or described topping 15-8 is that the plaster skin coat with some strength (contains and manually plasters, the plaster skin coat of mechanical stitch) or LIFT (as the concrete of building, see Figure 22), as cement mortar or layer of concrete, the cement polymer mortar layer that contains adhesive made of synthetic resin, magnesia cement screed, and other utilizes refuse as flyash, after useless brick abrasive dust, add other materials to form to have the surface layer of some strength etc., or the described topping 15-8 composite bed that is prefabricated panels and plaster skin coat, or described topping 15-8 is metal sheet surface layer,
Described assembling body of wall was configured to being connected of major structure of construction 10: prefabricated panel 15 is placed in to beam column, the load bearing wall side of major structure of construction 10,, through prefabricated panel 15 prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 10 sides is fixed by crab-bolt 20; Or between prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 10, also use cementitious materials bonding (as with cement polymer mortar bonding), or between the major structure of construction 10 of precast heated board 15 and cast-in-situ concrete by non-burnishing surface (as dovetail type groove) engagement connection, this connects structure is that precast heated board 15 is applied while being templates of cast-in-situ concrete; To between prefabricated panel, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall that prefabricated panel is installed in major structure of construction side.
When major structure of construction formerly forms, recommend, by nailing type crab-bolt, to recommend by nailing plastic crab-bolt when prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the crab-bolt of accompanying drawing of the present invention all represents to adopt nailing plastic crab-bolt that precast heated board is installed.
When the template of the major structure of construction 10 using precast heated board 15 as cast-in-situ concrete, the structure of crab-bolt 20 should conveniently be connected precast heated board 15 with base course wall 1 or major structure of construction 10.On precast heated board, crab-bolt is installed in boring, and crab-bolt the inner should conveniently be connected with the reinforcing bar in concrete, or is connected with indoor concrete blinding.In the time that insulation layer 15-3 is non-basic matterial, should adopt plastics crab-bolt, otherwise high with stainless steel valency, also increase and conduct heat.
The topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is that prefabricated panels or floated coat should have some strength; can ensure can not destroy in transport, installation; topping 15-8 meets the sheet material that waterproof, freeze-thaw resistance property are good or plasters; adapt to the variation of outdoor harsh weather, should meet freeze thawing resistance requirement etc. in subzero area such as winter.
Embodiment two: the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is that outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of the precast heated board 15 of present embodiment composition assembling body of wall are different materials;
Or on prefabricated panel 15 indoor topping 15-8, there is the alternative crab-bolt 20 of ironware that prefabricated panel 15 is connected with major structure of construction 10 in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt 20; Ironware connection is specially adapted to non-compound precast heated board, heavy precast heated board, concrete slab, and is applicable to wooden frame warming plate;
For example outer protection layer 15-8-1 is cement fibrolite plate; internal protection layer 15-8-2 is shaving board or stalk board or the topping of plastering; or internal protection layer 15-8-2 is the concrete cover of building; see Figure 22; or paste Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh as topping for cement polymer mortar, see Fig. 5~Fig. 9, Figure 11, Figure 12.
Embodiment three: Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one or two is, present embodiment also increases following fire prevention measure, selects the 1st) article or multiple choices:
1), at crab-bolt 20 external end heads, fire proofing material 20-1 is installed, crab-bolt 20 fireproof performances that have fire proofing material 20-1 to cover are not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer, and (crab-bolt 20 should adopt during for plastics crab-bolt, crab-bolt above hole or in vertical side certain limit should adopt this fire prevention measure, when crab-bolt is steel crab-bolt, crab-bolt external end head is not necessarily installed fire proofing material); Described outer protection layer 15-8-1 has the performance that prevents fire spread, between precast heated board 15 outer protection layer 15-8-1, seam crossing has fire proofing material 15-8-3, the fireproof performance of fire proofing material 15-8-3 is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer 15-8-1, sees Fig. 8;
2), the insulation layer 15-3-3 at assembling body of wall heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole is the heat insulating material (as hole alumina silicate fireproof heated board) that meets fire protection requirement, sees Fig. 2, Fig. 7;
3), fire barrier is set, form closed fire compartmentation structure; Fire barrier is for not firing or difficult combustion heat insulating material, as thermal insulation mortar, and rock wool etc. or be cement mortar or concrete, or be the cement mortar of modification or the concrete of modification; Fire barrier be provided with following 2 kinds of modes, select 1. or simultaneously to select:
1., at the interlayer of precast heated board 15, horizontal fire barrier is set;
2., in precast heated board 15 vertical joints, vertical fire barrier is set;
Embodiment four: see Fig. 3~Fig. 9, Figure 11; The difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~tri-is that the insulation layer 15-3 of present embodiment composition precast heated board 15 is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer 15-3 is divided into inner side insulation layer 15-3-1, outside insulation layer 15-3-2, or also have other position insulation layer 15-3-3 (as middle insulation layer 15-3-3), or the inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 at indoor matcoveredn 15-8-2 position;
While having macromolecule organic insulation material in described insulation layer 15-3, the fireproof performance of inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 and thickness should meet the requirement of space enclosing structure fire endurance, also should meet the rigidity requirement of assembling body of wall simultaneously; In the insulation layer 15-3 of described precast heated board 15, be not provided with ribs or be only provided with ribs topping 15-8-4 at door and window mouth, seeing Figure 11;
Or on prefabricated panel 15 indoor topping 15-8, there is the alternative crab-bolt 20 of ironware that prefabricated panel 15 is connected with major structure of construction 10 in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt 20; Outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of described precast heated board 15 are different materials, or are same material.
Because most of fire are from indoor generation, so require the thickness of inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 should meet the requirement of space enclosing structure fire endurance, when the engineering fire of special circumstances may be from outdoor generation, just require fireproof performance and the thickness of outside insulation layer 15-3-2 to meet the requirement of space enclosing structure fire endurance.
Rigidity requirement is exactly under the load action perpendicular to metope, and flexural deformation deflection value is controlled in allowed band.Thinner at internal protection layer; and insulation layer is heat insulating material that modulus of elasticity is very little during as organic insulation material, mineral wool, does not often meet rigidity requirement, if precast heated board 15 is heavy precast heated board; may not there is not this problem, there is no need to adopt present embodiment.
Although insulation layer is all used inorganic heat insulation material good fireproof, foam cement weight, the building that exceedes certain altitude should not be applied, and thermal conductivity ratio polymer thermal insulative material is high, and during for heating districts, energy-conservation heat insulation effect is bad; And the enterprise that produces the light inorganic heat preserving materials such as aluminium silicate wool plate, rock wool is high energy consumption, high pollution enterprise, we are building energy conservation on one side, consume the heat insulating material of a large amount of high energy consumptions, high pollution on one side, and rigidity is too poor.
For example, precast heated board 15 indoors are foam cement plate or aerated concrete panel, outside with lightweight, the better polymer thermal insulative material of energy-saving heat preserving, as EPS plate, and foam cement plate or aerated concrete panel and EPS plate bonding; Or both sides insulation layer foam cement plate, centre is aluminium silicate wool plate, rock wool etc., sees Figure 18.Also as shown in figure 13, the inner side insulation layer 3-1 corresponding at post outside left is organic insulation material, because position for this reason does not relate to fire prevention, do not relate to the rigidity of assembling body of wall, lightweight with organic insulation material, energy-saving heat preserving is better, according to prefabricated and easy for installation definite.
Present embodiment can be brought into play different heat insulating material advantages, avoids its shortcoming.Both can make the fire endurance of assembling body of wall be met, needn't fire proofing material be installed in assembling body of wall indoor again, reduce site operation workload, increase indoor usable floor area, also increase the rigidity of assembling body of wall, meet energy-saving heat preserving requirement, cost is low, for achieving many things at one stroke.
The rigidity of present embodiment precast heated board 15 can be met, and certainly there is no need, in insulation layer 15-3, ribs is set; While not requiring hole heat insulation break bridge structure, door and window mouth can arrange ribs, can reduce the plastering engineering amount at door and window mouth side.
When window heat insulation break bridge structure, do not comprise window alumina silicate warming plate insulated fire, in most cases 2 kinds of heat insulating materials of insulation layer 3 use of precast heated board 15 can meet instructions for use, and heat insulating material kind bothers more, and special circumstances may need 3 kinds of heat insulating materials.
The precast heated board 15 of present embodiment is light prefabricated warming plate, and the heat insulating material that because internal protection layer 15-8-2 is thicker layer of concrete, just there is no need to establish again good fireproof, increases rigidity is as foam cement.
Embodiment five: the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~tetra-is that present embodiment increases netted tensile materials 5; Described netted tensile materials 5 is Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh or for basalt fibre screen cloth or for wire lath; Netted tensile materials 5 following mode is installed, need to select according to use:
1), netted tensile materials 5 is positioned at precast heated board 15 seam crossings, pastes netted tensile materials 5 with cementitious materials (being generally cement polymer mortar), by mutually bonding between precast heated board 15 at seam crossing;
2), in the netted tensile materials 5 of four jiaos of oblique installations of window, strengthen window rotation angle position and connect;
3), paste netted tensile materials 5 along window periphery, the external protection 15-8 that precast heated board 15 is positioned at window place by netted tensile materials 5 sockets;
4), on the topping 15-8 of indoor, also has netted tensile materials 5, netted tensile materials 5 is arranged in advance in the indoor topping 15-8-2 of precast heated board 15 or is surperficial, and topping 15-8-2 upper netted tensile materials 5 of installing in indoor is together installed on major structure of construction 10 in company with precast heated board 15;
5), the netted tensile materials 5 of paste List on the topping 15-8 of outside; There are following 2 kinds of installation constitutions, select as required:
A, precast heated board 15 use crab-bolts 20 are fixed on major structure of construction 10 after, more netted tensile materials 5 is installed on outdoor protection layer 15-8;
B or on precast heated board 15 outdoor protection layer 15-8, netted tensile materials 5 is installed in advance, then connect at seam crossing overlap joint;
To between precast heated board 15, interconnect by netted tensile materials 5; Netted tensile materials 5 can be selected one or select multiple installation simultaneously, or the local netted tensile materials 5 that is provided with reinforcement.
The internal protection layer 15-8-2 of indoor pastes Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh while being cement polymer mortar layer, and Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh is positioned at the topping 15-8-2 of cement polymer mortar layer, can greatly improve anti-folding, the bending resistance of precast heated board 15; While having arrangement of reinforcement (comprising with wire-mesh reinforcement) in precast concrete plank, non-compound precast heated board, should meet anti-folding, bending resistance, also can both sides be installed by Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh, split favourable to resistance.
The netted tensile materials 5 of the upper stickup of topping 15-8 of both sides, indoor outside, and by embodiment nine, reinforcing bar is installed, assembling body of wall just can meet ultimate limit state designing requirement, and safety of structure is good, and performance of resisting cracking is good.
In the material composition of cement fibrolite plate, calcium silicate board, there is resistance to split traction-resistant fibre, meet the demands at its rupture strength, do not require while meeting ultimate limit state designing requirement, may not request netted tensile materials is installed.But each producer's quality is variant, if when the rupture strength of cement fibrolite plate, calcium silicate board is safe in not meeting transport, lifting, install and using, netted tensile materials also should be installed on cement fibrolite plate, calcium silicate board.
When precast heated board 15 is heavy precast heated board, in the LIFT concrete of its internal protection layer 15-8-2, be often furnished with reinforcing bar, netted tensile materials 5 just need to be installed on the topping 15-8 of indoor.
Embodiment six: see Fig. 3~Fig. 5, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~five is, present embodiment increase basic matterial 9; In the sleeve pipe of crab-bolt 20, inject basic matterial 9 (as used cement polymer mortar, or outer end blocks with heat insulating material again, just can ensure that durable years is not less than 50 years, very convenient, price is low), nailing or other the steel connector of protection in crab-bolt 20 meets life requirement;
Outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of described precast heated board 15 are different materials, or are same material; The insulation layer 15-3 of described precast heated board 15 is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Or on prefabricated panel 15 indoor topping 15-8, there is the alternative crab-bolt 20 of ironware that prefabricated panel 15 is connected with major structure of construction 10 in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt 20.
Embodiment seven: see Fig. 5, Fig. 8, Figure 22, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one~six is, the topping 15-8 of the precast heated board 15 of present embodiment assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3, as Fig. 5;
Outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of described precast heated board 15 are different materials, or are same material; The insulation layer 15-3 of described precast heated board 15 is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Or on prefabricated panel 15 indoor topping 15-8, there is the alternative crab-bolt 20 of ironware that prefabricated panel 15 is connected with major structure of construction 10 in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt 20.
When major structure of construction formerly forms, local exposed insulation layer 15-3 surface can be plane; When the double template of doing cast-in-situ concrete one side of precast heated board 15, local exposed insulation layer 15-3 surface can be non-burnishing surface, for example, have dovetail type groove, non-burnishing surface can with concrete engagement connection, reduce template consumption.
Embodiment eight: Fig. 1~Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Figure 10, Figure 12, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~seven is that present embodiment increases structure supporting parts 1-1; Structure supporting parts 1-1 is arranged on the outside of major structure of construction 10, and described structure supporting parts 1-1 is major structure of construction 10 extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is local arranges or for arranging along building border (concrete cornice arranging as part or border), or be floor or be sole plate; Or described structure supporting parts 1-1 is metal supporting parts (as for angle steel), or be cornice (being cornicing of wood or bamboo when major structure of construction is wood or bamboo, also available metal supporting parts) of wood or bamboo;
Prefabricated panel 15 described in structure supporting parts 1-1 support; The convenient prefabricated panel location of installing of structure supporting parts 1-1 is set, and convenient especially heavy precast heated board, the convenient concrete slab of installing installed, is shown in Figure 22.At indoor seam crossing, the reinforcing bar between contiguous prefabricated warming plate internal protection layer 15-8-2 is connected, comprise that the horizontal reinforcement in internal protection layer 15-8-2 is connected to each other, vertical reinforcing bar is connected to each other, and concreting forms ater-casting;
Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is part while arranging, and prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach, and the position of breach is corresponding with the position of structure supporting parts 1-1, sees Figure 16; Suggestion severe cold area structure supporting parts 1-1 adopts light weight aggregate concrete.
Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is part while arranging, and the insulation layer 15-3 of precast heated board 15 is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of described precast heated board 15 are different materials, or are same material; Described topping 15-8 is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 be local setting, or topping 15-8 be inside and outside the topping of both sides all standing; Or on prefabricated panel 15 indoor topping 15-8, there is the alternative crab-bolt 20 of ironware that prefabricated panel 15 is connected with major structure of construction 10 in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt 20;
When described structure supporting parts 1-1 arranges (as the concrete cornice of border is set) along building border, have one of following technical characterictic different from prior art:
1), the insulation layer 15-3 of precast heated board 15 is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material;
2), the outer protection layer 15-8-1 of precast heated board 15, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are different materials;
3), topping 15-8 is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local arranges.
Embodiment nine: Fig. 1~Fig. 3, Fig. 8, Figure 10~Figure 14, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~eight is, present embodiment increases outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7 and sockets steel wire 2, or also increases steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2; Steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2 are arranged on the outside of major structure of construction 10;
According to facade difference, reinforcement installation has following structure:
1), window is general rectangular window or window, the checkerboard that has circular arc while being positioned at the outer facade moulding of assembling body of wall, sees Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Figure 15, outdoor reinforcing bar 6 comprises outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2; Indoor reinforcing bar 7 comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 7-2;
Prefabricated panel 15 is fluted, and (insulation layer 15-3 as exposed in precast heated board 15 is fluted, sees Fig. 8, Figure 11, or non-compound precast heated board 15, concrete slab 15 are fluted, see Figure 13; ), outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are arranged in groove, see Fig. 8, Figure 13; When described prefabricated panel 15 is precast heated board 15, the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3; While reinforcing bar being installed by present embodiment, if the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is the topping 15-8 of inside and outside both sides all standing, can only be by reinforcement installation the inside and outside both sides at precast heated board 15 topping 15-8, or the bare board of insulation layer 15-3 is installed at precast heated board 15 sides, is increased seam installing engineering amount;
Or prefabricated panel 15 one or both sides are not provided with groove (the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 can be the topping of one or both sides all standing), outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, or/and indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 is arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel 15 indoor and outdoor topping 15-8, is shown in Figure 12; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2 are connected with the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 in both sides, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 7-2 are connected with the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 in both sides; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 7-2 are arranged in groove, or are arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel 15 indoor and outdoor topping 15-8; Outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7 have basic matterial topping 8-3 around, see Fig. 6;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time: outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 upper and lower side is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 outer end, or is connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2 outer end; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts 1-1, or is connected (being to be connected with major structure of construction 10) with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be horizontal direction time: outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 two ends are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts 1-1, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts 1-1, or is connected (being to be connected with major structure of construction 10) with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2;
Or outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7 are anchored at (while not establishing structure supporting parts 1-1 and steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2, can reinforcing bar be installed by this structure, this structure is all suitable for the various force directions that are subject to) in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping 8-3;
Because common floor height is less than post distance, be to be mainly subject to force direction therefore most cases is vertical direction; Only close post, floor height be greater than post apart from time, what horizontal direction was only assembling body of wall is mainly subject to force direction.
2), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of vertical bar (there is no breast), outdoor reinforcing bar 6 is that outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor reinforcing bar 7 are indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are arranged on the groove interior (seeing Fig. 8, Figure 11, Figure 13) of prefabricated panel 15; When described prefabricated panel 15 is precast heated board 15, the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3:
Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts 1-1 up and down, or is connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts 1-1, or connects (being to be connected with major structure of construction 10) with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2;
Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping 8-3;
3), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, outdoor reinforcing bar 6 is outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2, indoor reinforcing bar 7 is indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 (there is no the wall between windows between the window of left and right);
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 are arranged in the groove of prefabricated panel 15; When described prefabricated panel 15 is precast heated board 15, the topping 15-8 of precast heated board 15 is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 are local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3;
Two ends, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 left and right are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts 1-1, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts 1-1, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2, and simple structure, does not draw and represent;
Or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping 8-3;
4) or described prefabricated panel 15 be not provided with breach, in the altitude range of the structure supporting parts 1-1 arranging in part or in adjacent joint gap, reinforcing bar and netted tensile materials 5 in prefabricated panel 15 topping 15-8 are interconnected to mounting strap after forming (as late poured band or accompany the compound ater-casting of insulation layer);
Or also have connecting reinforcement 7-3, at prefabricated panel 15 seam crossings in major structure of construction 10 outsides, connecting reinforcement 7-3 is connected with beam column, the shear wall of major structure of construction 10, and rear mounting strap is connected with major structure of construction 10, sees Figure 22, Figure 13; Can bar planting or pre-buried installation connecting reinforcement 7-3;
Stirrup 2 sockets outdoor reinforcing bar 6 with indoor reinforcing bar 7;
Described outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7 are single steel bar, or are bi-steel arranged side by side, establish steel plate or block shaped steel and connect (when exterior wall has hanger, connecting steel part need be connected with steel plate or block shaped steel) between bi-steel arranged side by side;
Netted tensile materials 5 is connected (bonding connection, or colligation connection in addition) with outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7.
The installation constitution of reinforcing bar when present embodiment provides outer facade moulding, multiple reinforcement installation mode is also provided, be that reinforcing bar can be connected with structure supporting parts, also can be connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top, also can be anchored in basic matterial topping, recommendation arranges structure supporting parts 1-1, and prefabricated panel location and reinforcing bar and structure supporting parts are easy to connect;
Structure supporting parts 1-1 horizontal direction is longer, and structure supporting parts 1-1 can support prefabricated panel 15, and location is convenient, can also facilitate the outer vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 of installation room, recommends the structure supporting parts 1-1 support prefabricated panel 15 with Fig. 3, Fig. 4.Steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top 1-2 in present embodiment are the members of the published external wall outer insulation patented technology of applicant; be used for hanging vertical reinforcing bar; these patented technologies are served the on-the-spot fritter insulation layer of installing; do not need to install bulk prefabricated panel; there is no need to establish structure supporting parts, with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top hanging reinforcing bar, hanging reinforcing bar and adjacent netted tensile materials and outer protection layer.Steel truss supports or concrete hanging top 1-2 horizontal direction is shorter, vertical direction is longer, sees Figure 15~Figure 17, inconvenient to prefabricated panel 15 location are installed.
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time, known at the internal force under horizontal loads with the exterior wall of the multiple common rectangular window of finite element analysis software: wall window perpendicular edge is positioned at windowsill and near approximately 0.2~0.4m place moment of flexure maximum (span centre) of top thereof, vertical reinforcing bar is main steel bar stress, and the upper and lower horizontal reinforcement of window is less important steel bar stress.
When outdoor reinforcing bar 6, indoor reinforcing bar 7 are bi-steel arranged side by side, prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 are set and are advisable, the minimizing scene wet trade of plastering, convenient construction is installed, and sees Figure 12.Following situation need to be taked present embodiment:
1, while meeting the requirement of structural limits Design of State, need to be provided with reinforcing bar at door and window hole side, strengthen the anti-bending bearing capacity of hole weak part.
2,, when door and window hole is taked heat insulation break bridge structure, door and window hole need be established reinforcing bar.Window is arranged on the insulation layer of hole, the connection steel disc of door and window staggered with hole indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar on steel disc be connected and fixed.
3, when exterior wall is installed hanger, at other seam crossing of prefabricated panel, vertical reinforcing bar is installed, ironware is installed on reinforcing bar, the connection steel part of hanger is connected with the steel part on outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, meets the requirement of exterior wall installation hanger.
Assembling body of wall does not require while meeting ultimate limit state design, can adopt the structure of embodiment one~eight, or local netted tensile materials, for example small building in the less area of wind-force installed; If assembling body of wall will meet ultimate limit state designing requirement, should reinforcing bar be installed by present embodiment, and there is no reinforcing bar in prefabricated panel topping time, inside and outside prefabricated panel, all need to install netted tensile materials.
Exterior wall, the family spaced heat wall of balcony and have the external wall of high-rise building of podium below, balcony slab or floor are exactly structure supporting parts 1-1.Prefabricated panel is arranged on balcony slab, or is arranged on floor.
Embodiment ten: see Fig. 8, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~nine is, seam between present embodiment precast heated board 15 connects (precast heated board seam outer end or along seam total length) following 2 kinds of structures, selects one and selects or diverse location is selected not isostructure:
1), bonding by resilient glue material 40 between described precast heated board 15 seam crossing outside topping 15-8-1, or also have between the topping 15-8-2 of indoor and between insulation layer 15-3 with resilient glue material 40 is bonding (can be local bonding between insulation layer 15-3, resilient glue material 40 between resilient glue material between insulation layer 15-3 and outer protection layer 15-8-1 can be different), described resilient glue material 40 has tensile strength, also there is the ability that adapts to certain distortion, form a kind of flexible joint; Described resilient glue material 40 is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar; Window seam crossing is often installed reinforcing bar, and reinforcing bar periphery alkalescence cementitious materials topping 8-3 need to be the resilient glue material of cement polymer elastic mortar; Bonding by resilient glue material 40, making between precast heated board 15 can co-operation, becomes a cooperative primary structure member; Resilient glue material 40 can adapt to the ability of being out of shape under temperature action, and adapts to the ability of being out of shape under load action;
2), bonding with elastic sealant sealing, elastic sealant does not have tensile strength (heating districts seam inner side has beam column place to adopt, otherwise should not adopt, and heating districts elastic sealant inner side has heat insulating material to be advisable); Elastic sealant distortion is large, and its effect is: can't see 1), in appearance crack; 2), there is waterproof, windbreak function.
The elongation per unit length of resilient glue material 40 is far smaller than elastic sealant, but has tensile strength, can meet the requirement of flexible joint adhesive strength, can transmission internal force, there is again certain elasticity, and adapt to necessarily distortion.Cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar can be used as resilient glue material, the vitrification point of preparation resilient glue material emulsion should meet local minimum temperature, at present known have producer to spend acrylic acid ester emulsion in production vitrification point 40 degrees below zero~50, after adding the powder such as cement of some to solidify, there is elasticity, can meet elastic adhesive requirement.At present also not in price, the comprehensive resilient glue material that can compare favourably with cement polymer elastic mortar of performance.
When the prefabricated panel at hole is installed, when all seams are all positioned at outside beam column, shear wall, seam can be only bonding with elastic sealant sealing; If when the indoor of seam does not have beam column, shear wall, should select flexible joint, particularly particularly important to heating districts.
Embodiment 11: Fig. 8, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~ten is, present embodiment is formed with and is beneficial to the shape that intercepts air leakage on the cross section of the precast heated board seam of assembling body of wall.
This is configured with and is beneficial to obstruct air leakage, and heating districts is adopted as suitable.
Embodiment 12: the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~11 is, present embodiment increase has reflected infrared ray function and intercepts the film of vapor permeation; Inner side, summer at heating districts assembling body of wall are thermally installed the film that has reflected infrared ray function and intercept vapor permeation in the outside of district's assembling body of wall.
As the composite membrane of polyester and aluminium foil, film can be pasted on topping, aluminium foil surface should be towards thermal source direction.
When heating districts is installed gypsum plank in assembling indoor; available gypsum stud; thickness is little, meets electrical equipment threading, and the film of reflected infrared ray function is installed in indoor protection layer; and the composite membrane of aluminium foil also has very high steam barrier; can ensure heating districts Winter protection layer substantially in dry state (moisture content with winter outdoor moisture content identical, winter, outside air temperature was very low, moisture content is very low); reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity of insulation layer, increase energy-saving heat preserving effect.When summer, thermally district was curtain wall decoration, at the anti-loaded film of penetrating infrared function of assembling wall outer side, can reduces heat summer and enter indoor.
Embodiment 13: the difference of a kind of assembling body of wall of present embodiment and above embodiment is, the indoor of assembling body of wall precast heated board 15 is built light-weight filled wall by laying bricks or stones., land resources unstrained countries and regions highly not high to building, can adopt present embodiment, but generally there is no need.
Embodiment 14: see Fig. 6, Figure 12~Figure 15, a kind of assembling body of wall of present embodiment, it is made up of major structure of construction 10, structure supporting parts 1-1, prefabricated panel 15, sliding component 4 and crab-bolt 20; Described major structure of construction 10 is slab column wall and basis, major structure of construction 10 is various frame constructions, as concrete frame structure, steel reinforced concrete frame structure, frame structure, steel framed structure, the combination frame structure of concrete and steel, encased structures encased structures (comprising concreting or the interior concreting of rectangular steel pipe in round steel pipe), steel wood frame construction, bamboo wood frame construction; Described crab-bolt 20 is steel crab-bolt or plastics crab-bolt, and described crab-bolt is nailing type crab-bolt, or pastes crab-bolt of anchoring etc. for bar planting;
Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is major structure of construction 10 extension in the horizontal direction; Structure supporting parts 1-1 is local arranges or for arranging along building border (concrete cornice arranging as part or border), or be floor or be sole plate; Or described structure supporting parts 1-1 is metal supporting parts (as for angle steel), or be cornice (being cornicing of wood or bamboo when major structure of construction is wood or bamboo, also available metal supporting parts) of wood or bamboo; Prefabricated panel 15 described in structure supporting parts 1-1 support;
Prefabricated panel 15 is arranged on to structure supporting parts 1-1 upper, prefabricated panel 15 described in structure supporting parts 1-1 support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 10, there are following 2 kinds of structures, fit applications:
1), prefabricated panel 15 upper ends or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction 10, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Prefabricated panel 15 is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), prefabricated panel 15 is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction 10, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component 4 is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts 1-1;
There is sliding component 4 in the termination of prefabricated panel 15; Or there is the part of sliding component 4 termination of prefabricated panel 15, the remainder part of sliding component 4 is positioned on structure supporting parts 1-1;
Sliding component 4 has following structure:
1), sliding component 4 comprises sliding component 4-1, steel chute 4-2, yielding rubber pad 4-3, between sliding component 4-1 and steel chute 4-2, has yielding rubber pad 4-3 (Figure 14); Sliding component 4-1 is positioned at the sliding-end of prefabricated panel 15, and steel chute 4-2 is arranged in structure supporting parts 1-1, and yielding rubber pad 4-3 is arranged in steel chute 4-2;
The sliding component 4-1 forming in the part of sliding component 4 is arranged on assembling body of wall sliding-end, steel chute 4-2 in another part part and yielding rubber pad 4-3 are arranged on assembling body of wall fixed end, and the sliding component 4-1 of sliding-end can be along the steel chute 4-2 of fixed end and yielding rubber pad 4-3 slippage; Steel chute 4-2 and yielding rubber 4-3 are stops, can limit assembling body of wall and slide in steel chute 4-2;
2), sliding component 4-1 also can be damping rubber tire or spring shock-absorbing pad etc. (do not draw and represent);
The object that sliding component is set is, under wind load or horizontal earthquake action, between assembling body of wall sliding-end and fixed end, there is relative displacement, sliding component moves in the yielding rubber pad of steel chute, and ensure that sliding-end is positioned at steel chute 4-2, yielding rubber pad all plays cushioning effect in three directions, and assembling body of wall is slip, and at the assembling body of wall of three direction dampings;
The installation that arranges of reinforcing bar can be referring to embodiment nine, and the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 10, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1; The other end of indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with sliding component 4;
To between prefabricated panel 15, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
Described prefabricated panel 15 comprises precast heated board 15 or for concrete slab 15 (comprising ordinary concrete plate or light weight aggregate concrete plate), precast heated board 15 comprises compound precast heated board, non-compound precast heated board, or is wooden frame warming plate; Compound precast heated board comprises light prefabricated warming plate 15 (Fig. 3~Figure 13), or heavy precast heated board 15 (Figure 22, inside is ordinary concrete layer or light weight aggregate concrete, outside is heat insulating material);
Described compound precast heated board 15 is made up of insulation layer 15-3, topping 15-8, and insulation layer 15-3 is connected with topping 15-8; Topping 15-8 comprises outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 (ordinary concrete layer or the light weight aggregate concrete of heavy precast heated board inner side are exactly internal protection layer);
Described insulation layer 15-3 is inorganic heat insulation material or organic insulation material, or all can be used as the material of insulation layer for the mixed material of inorganic heat insulation material and organic insulation material etc., as polymer thermal insulative material (EPS plate, XPS plate, PU plate, PF plate), honeycomb card board, honeycomb aluminum, mineral wool (rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, alumina silicate heat-preservation cotton plate etc.), thermal insulation mortar, kieselguhr, expanded vermiculite, foamed glass, glue powder polyphenyl particle, foam cement (is also foamed concrete, foam concrete), gas concrete, rice husk concrete, (haydite or pumice stone concrete can be both heat insulating materials for haydite or pumice stone concrete, also can be topping), or be flyash, light heat insulation material that cement etc. and benzene plate particle etc. are compound etc., in described insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with hole or not be provided with hole, in precast heated board 15 edges or insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with ribs or not be provided with ribs,
Described topping 15-8 is cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board, shaving board, stalk board, vermiculite board, the prefabricated panels toppings such as oriented strand board, or described topping 15-8 is that the plaster skin coat with some strength (contains and manually plasters, the plaster skin coat of mechanical stitch) or LIFT (as the concrete of building, see Figure 22), as cement mortar or layer of concrete, the cement polymer mortar layer that contains adhesive made of synthetic resin, magnesia cement screed, and other utilizes refuse as flyash, after useless brick abrasive dust, add other materials to form to have the surface layer of some strength etc., or the described topping 15-8 composite bed that is prefabricated panels and plaster skin coat, or described topping 15-8 is metal sheet surface layer.
Embodiment 15: see Fig. 6, Fig. 8, Figure 12~Figure 14, a kind of assembling body of wall of present embodiment, it is made up of major structure of construction 10, structure supporting parts 1-1, precast heated board 15, sliding component 4 and crab-bolt 20; Described major structure of construction 10 is slab column wall and basis, major structure of construction 10 is various frame constructions, as concrete frame structure, steel reinforced concrete frame structure, frame structure, steel framed structure, the combination frame structure of concrete and steel, encased structures encased structures (comprising concreting or the interior concreting of rectangular steel pipe in round steel pipe), steel wood frame construction, bamboo wood frame construction; Described crab-bolt 20 is steel crab-bolt or plastics crab-bolt, and described crab-bolt is nailing type crab-bolt, or pastes crab-bolt of anchoring etc. for bar planting;
Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is major structure of construction 10 extension in the horizontal direction; Structure supporting parts 1-1 is local arranges or for arranging along building border (concrete cornice arranging as part or border), or be floor or be sole plate; Or described structure supporting parts 1-1 is metal supporting parts (as for angle steel), or be cornice (being cornicing of wood or bamboo when major structure of construction is wood or bamboo, also available metal supporting parts) of wood or bamboo; Precast heated board 15 described in structure supporting parts 1-1 support;
Precast heated board 15 is arranged on to structure supporting parts 1-1 upper, precast heated board 15 described in structure supporting parts 1-1 support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 10, there are following 2 kinds of structures, fit applications:
1), precast heated board 15 upper ends or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction 10, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Precast heated board 15 is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), precast heated board 15 is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction 10, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component 4 is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts 1-1;
There is sliding component 4 in the termination of precast heated board 15; Or there is the part of sliding component 4 termination of precast heated board 15, the remainder part of sliding component 4 is positioned on structure supporting parts 1-1;
Described sliding component 4 has and does not limit the function of assembling body of wall at architectural plane intrinsic displacement;
The object that sliding component is set is, under wind load or horizontal earthquake action, between assembling body of wall sliding-end and fixed end, relative displacement can occur;
The installation that arranges of reinforcing bar can be referring to embodiment nine, and the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 10, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1; The other end of indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is connected with sliding component 4;
To between precast heated board 15, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
Described precast heated board 15 comprises compound precast heated board, non-compound precast heated board, or is wooden frame warming plate; Compound precast heated board comprises light prefabricated warming plate 15 (Fig. 3~Figure 13), or heavy precast heated board 15 (Figure 22, inside is ordinary concrete layer or light weight aggregate concrete, outside is heat insulating material);
Described compound precast heated board 15 is made up of insulation layer 15-3, topping 15-8, and insulation layer 15-3 is connected with topping 15-8; Topping 15-8 comprises outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 (ordinary concrete layer or the light weight aggregate concrete of heavy precast heated board inner side are exactly internal protection layer);
Described insulation layer 15-3 is inorganic heat insulation material or organic insulation material, or all can be used as the material of insulation layer for the mixed material of inorganic heat insulation material and organic insulation material etc., as polymer thermal insulative material (EPS plate, XPS plate, PU plate, PF plate), honeycomb card board, honeycomb aluminum, mineral wool (rock wool, glass silk flosssilk wadding, alumina silicate heat-preservation cotton plate etc.), thermal insulation mortar, kieselguhr, expanded vermiculite, foamed glass, glue powder polyphenyl particle, foam cement (is also foamed concrete, foam concrete), gas concrete, rice husk concrete, (haydite or pumice stone concrete can be both heat insulating materials for haydite or pumice stone concrete, also can be topping), or be flyash, light heat insulation material that cement etc. and benzene plate particle etc. are compound etc., in described insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with hole or not be provided with hole, in precast heated board 15 edges or insulation layer 15-3, can be provided with ribs or not be provided with ribs,
Described topping 15-8 is cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board, shaving board, stalk board, vermiculite board, the prefabricated panels toppings such as oriented strand board, or described topping 15-8 is that the plaster skin coat with some strength (contains and manually plasters, the plaster skin coat of mechanical stitch) or LIFT (as the concrete of building, see Figure 22), as cement mortar or layer of concrete, the cement polymer mortar layer that contains adhesive made of synthetic resin, magnesia cement screed, and other utilizes refuse as flyash, after useless brick abrasive dust, add other materials to form to have the surface layer of some strength etc., or the described topping 15-8 composite bed that is prefabricated panels and plaster skin coat, or described topping 15-8 is metal sheet surface layer,
The assembling body of wall of described slip has one of following characteristics and is different from prior art:
1), outer protection layer 15-8-1, the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of the precast heated board 15 of the assembling body of wall of composition slip are different materials;
2), the assembling body of wall of described slip also comprises following fire prevention measure: at crab-bolt 20 external end heads, fire proofing material 20-1 is installed, crab-bolt 20 fireproof performances that have fire proofing material 20-1 to cover are not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer 15-8-1; Described outer protection layer 15-8-1 has the performance that prevents fire spread, at precast heated board 15 outer protection layer 15-8-1 seam crossings, between the outer protection layer 15-8-1 of precast heated board 15, seam crossing has fire proofing material 15-8-3, the fireproof performance of fire proofing material 15-8-3 is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer 15-8-1, sees Figure 13;
3), the insulation layer 15-3 of the precast heated board 15 of described composition assembling body of wall is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer 15-3 is divided into inner side insulation layer 15-3-1, outside insulation layer 15-3-2, or also has other position insulation layer 15-3-3 (as middle insulation layer 15-3-3, window insulation layer 15-3-3); Or the inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 at indoor matcoveredn 15-8 position, see Figure 13;
While having macromolecule organic insulation material in insulation layer 15-3, the fireproof performance of inner side insulation layer 15-3-1 and thickness should meet the requirement of space enclosing structure fire endurance, also should meet the rigidity requirement of assembling body of wall simultaneously.
4), netted tensile materials 5 is installed on the indoor topping 15-8-2 of precast heated board 15, the netted tensile materials 5 on the topping 15-8-1 of assembling body of wall outside is installed at the construction field (site), convenient construction;
5), also increase basic matterial 9; In the sleeve pipe of crab-bolt 20, inject basic matterial 9, see Figure 13;
6), the topping 15-8 of the precast heated board 15 of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer 15-8-1, internal protection layer 15-8-2 be local setting; Outside the topping 15-8 arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer 15-3; Insulation layer 15-3 is connected with both sides topping 15-8;
7) or described precast heated board 15 be provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are arranged in groove; Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are arranged on the inside and outside both sides of precast heated board 15; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 have the topping 8-3 of alkaline cementitious materials around;
8), the seam between precast heated board 15 has following two kinds of selections, fit applications:
A, bonding by resilient glue material 40, described resilient glue material 40 not only has the effect of transmission internal force, also has the ability that adapts to certain distortion, forms a kind of flexible joint; Described resilient glue material 40 is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar;
B, bonding with elastic sealant, elastic sealant does not have the effect of transmission internal force, and (be only waterproof, windproof, seam inner side has beam column place to adopt, otherwise should not adopt.), in heating districts elastic sealant, should there is heat insulating material; .
9), thermally the outside of district's assembling body of wall is installed by the film that has reflected infrared ray function and intercept vapor permeation in inner side, the summer of heating districts assembling body of wall.
As long as above technical characterictic possesses one of them, present embodiment is just different from prior art.
The precast heated board 15 of embodiment 14, embodiment 15 is heavy precast heated board, or while being concrete slab, moves member 4 and should be arranged on the contact surface between the levels of internal protection layer 15-8-2 or concrete slab.
About explanation of the present invention:
1, the assembling body of wall of installation precast heated board can not meet the requirement of structural limits Design of State, also can be designed as and meets ultimate limit state designing requirement, and slip assembling body of wall meets ultimate limit state and is designed to suitable.
When the assembling body of wall that meets ultimate limit state designing requirement adopts light prefabricated warming plate, should on the topping of both sides, indoor outside, all paste netted tensile materials, also should be at hole or other position reinforcing bar is installed.
The assembling body of wall that recommendation meets the requirement of structural limits Design of State is by the prefabricated installation of following program:
The netted tensile materials 5 of indoor should stick in advance precast heated board 15 and be positioned at indoor topping 15-8 above, and when installation, netted tensile materials 5 meets anchorage length requirement with major structure of construction 10 sides.When topping adopts the higher cement fibrolite plate of tension, rupture strength, the outside of precast heated board can not be provided with netted tensile materials, treats precast heated board installation, after seam connects, reproduces a netted tensile materials is installed.
Also can netted tensile materials be all installed in the indoor and outdoor both sides of precast heated board; after being arranged on major structure of construction; paste netted tensile materials at precast heated board seam crossing overlap joint; when particularly the rupture strength of outer protection layer is lower; for avoiding destroying in transport, lifting, installation, netted tensile materials need to be all installed in both sides.But because needs have covered fire proofing material outward in crab-bolt, when crab-bolt enclosing cover is lying in topping, also need to fill again netted tensile materials at crab-bolt enclosing cover place, netted tensile materials has first been installed on outer protection layer and mend again crab-bolt enclosing cover place, cumbersome.
More than explanation: add and must not have netted tensile materials in both sides when precast heated board man-hour, but must there be netted tensile materials the indoor that meets the precast heated board of the assembling body of wall of structural limits Design of State requirement, install in company with precast heated board, in construction, netted tensile materials is more convenient outside installation room again, and increasing water resistance, concrete engineering is selected as required.
2, about the arrangement of reinforcement of assembling body of wall
According to the regulation of China's " civil structure load design specifications " GB50009, gustness factor × shapefactorofwindload × the load combination factor of horizontal wind load design load=wind reference pressure × height change factor × differing heights that assembling body of wall bears, the moment of flexure being caused by wind load is also relevant with hole size, openings position.Use finite element analysis software internal force, window-wall ratio is not more than at 0.4 o'clock, and in body of wall, moment of flexure approximately increases by 70%, more than reveal abutment wall body moment of flexure increases by 1 times.In wind-force larger area, when window-wall ratio is larger, application adopts finite element analysis software body of wall internal force.
Using the alkaline-resisting intensity retention of Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh as tensile strength design standard value, then be multiplied by 0.6 as tensile strength design load, by simplifying flexural calculation formula: M≤0.85 (fy As) h odesign, Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh is exactly the reinforcing bar being equivalent in the configuration of precast heated board both sides.
Calculate and prove, in precast heated board, only can meet anti-bending bearing capacity designing requirement with Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh is many, the typhoon region that even blast is larger in most of the cases also can meet the designing requirement of structural bearing capacity ultimate limit state.
When, floor height large at blast is higher for example in the time that typhoon region floor height is higher; netted tensile materials need to be used gauze wire cloth; and then may be in the inside and outside topping of precast heated board arrangement of reinforcement; in interior external protection, arrangement of reinforcement is different from window periphery arrangement of reinforcement; the reinforcing bar of installing in prefabricated panel topping when it is prefabricated; this situation seldom occurs, but is also can design, can prefabricatedly process, and can install.For alleviating protective layer thickness, high tensile reinforcement can be installed, diameter is thin.
In embodiment nine, 14,15, " outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; ", be applicable to wall between windows, breast are installed respectively, be convenient to seam connection reinforcing bar.This reinforcing bar is positioned at edge, hole, increases hole anti-bending bearing capacity.Without hole place seam, reinforcing bar being installed is the needs that hanger is installed for exterior wall.
If precast heated board 15 is non-compound precast heated board and heavy precast heated board, this precast heated board 15 itself just has arrangement of reinforcement, can be without the need for groove, be positioned at hole place reinforcing bar overhanging up and down, and be connected with structure supporting parts.
3, about " fire proofing material 20-1 being installed at crab-bolt 20 external end heads ".
The crab-bolt bar of nailing plastic crab-bolt is plastics, follows closely as steel, and the enclosing cover of plastic bar is that crab-bolt enclosing cover is plastics, relates to fire safety.Should decorate requirement according to body of wall is different, as long as the tectal fireproof performance of crab-bolt enclosing cover is not less than the fireproof performance of external protection.When common coatings decoration, recommend to select crab-bolt enclosing cover is lying into the structure in topping.
4, about netted tensile materials:
There are at present basalt silk and basalt cloth, also had basalt reinforcing bar.Undoubtedly, will there is the basalt fibre net with the braiding of basalt silk.Basalt silk has excellent ageing-resistant, high temperature resistant, anti acid alkali performance energy, excellent mechanical property, and the basalt fibre screen cloth being woven by basalt silk will occur.Along with scientific and technological development, may also have other net that is suitable for doing netted tensile materials, can be applicable to assembling body of wall of the present invention.In the time that topping is thinner, gauze wire cloth is easy to corrosion, and netted tensile materials is mainly applied Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh, basalt fibre net.
5, about prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1, see Figure 12:
Prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 essence is also precast heated board 15, but width is narrow, inside and outside both sides arrangement of reinforcement.In the time that bi-steel is set, for convenience of construction, reduce on-the-spot reinforcing bar both sides plastering engineering amount, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 7-1 are installed in prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 in advance, can reduce the situ wet operation amount of plastering, recommend adoption.Particularly embodiment 14,15, is arranged on prefabricated thermal insulation batten 15-1 in advance by sliding component 4 upper, is installed to exactly on precast heated board 15, and mounting slip member 4 convenience like this, otherwise may be difficult to accurate mounting slip member.
6, topping 15-8 is metal sheet surface layer, is mainly used in industrial construction, and the decoration fastener of the shape such as circular or square is installed in crab-bolt outer end.
7, about topping
Test that the outside topping of assembling body of wall wants that weather, freeze thawing are degraded etc.; so meet the requirement of waterproof, anti-freeze thawing; pasting after Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh with cement polymer mortar, the outer protection layer of cement polymer mortar and precast heated board all becomes the outside topping of assembling body of wall.The indoor topping of assembling body of wall generally needs not be subjected to the tests such as wind and rain, freeze thawing degrade, thus waterproof, anti-freeze thawing are required to reduce, for example can be with the topping of oriented strand board.
Adopt and have after rigidity, the foam cement not firing or aerated concrete panel in indoor; the prefabricated panels of cement fibrolite plate, calcium silicate board can not installed in indoor; generally pasting Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh with cement polymer mortar is topping, can save one deck prefabricated panels topping.This is that if netted tensile materials is not installed in cement polymer mortar, the processes such as transport, lifting will rupture, and more can not meet ultimate limit state designing requirement because foam cement is crisp, tensile strength is low.And outside is for ensureing fire safety; outside at organic insulation material insulation layer must increase protective layer thickness; bother with plaster skin coat topping, paste the prefabricated panels toppings such as cement fibrolite plate, calcium silicate board are installed convenient, whether have equipment all can process precast heated board.And install after tension, the good prefabricated panels topping of rupture strength, may netted tensile materials need not be installed in the outside one side of precast heated board, netted tensile materials outside installation room again after precast heated board installation.
When the both sides of precast heated board of the present invention are different topping, all can meet instructions for use.
While pressing the design of anti-bending bearing capacity ultimate limit state, under positive wine pressure effect, the prefabricated panels of outer protection layer calculates as bending resistance pressure zone concrete, can meet under wind action the non-destructive requirement in pressure zone; Under negative Action of Wind pressure, the cement polymer mortar of internal protection layer, and foam cement can be served as pressure zone concrete calculating.For example suppose that technical standard order foam cement density is not less than 400kg/m 3, compressive strength can reach 2~5MPa, also can improve foam cement density and intensity, can meet under wind action the non-destructive requirement of the foam cement of bending resistance pressure zone.
8, about light prefabricated warming plate and heavy precast heated board:
When the concrete of LIFT is thicker, weight is exactly heavy precast heated board when heavier, concrete can be ordinary concrete, or is light weight aggregate concrete, the concrete that the internal protection layer 15-8-2 of heavy precast heated board builds often.
9, non-compound precast heated board is one-shot forming precast heated board, and as cement etc. and the warming plate of the composite concrete placements such as benzene plate particle, new material emerges in an endless stream, and must also have other one-shot forming precast heated board.
10, about insulation layer and topping:
The heat-insulating property of material is relative, and the light weight aggregate concrete of for example haydite or float stone, for non-heating region, can be considered as heat insulating material; But in cold district, particularly severe cold area should not be considered as heat insulating material, can also serve as supporting member, cornice and adopt the light weight aggregate concrete of haydite or float stone in the part of for example severe cold area.
Therefore the light weight aggregate concrete of haydite or float stone both can be used as insulation layer; can also serve as topping; can also be independent of non-compound precast heated board; possesses the function of insulation layer, topping simultaneously; answer arrangement of reinforcement (with reinforcing bar or wire-mesh reinforcement) therein; do not need separately to establish topping, after inner arrangement of reinforcement, can Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh be installed.

Claims (14)

1. an assembling body of wall, it comprises major structure of construction, prefabricated panel, crab-bolt;
Described prefabricated panel comprises precast heated board or for concrete slab, precast heated board comprises compound precast heated board, non-compound precast heated board, or is wooden frame warming plate; Described compound precast heated board comprises insulation layer, topping, and insulation layer is connected with topping; Topping comprises outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
Described insulation layer is organic insulation material or inorganic heat insulation material, or is the mixed material of inorganic heat insulation material and organic insulation material; Described topping is prefabricated panels topping, or for thering is plaster skin coat or the LIFT of some strength; Or be the composite bed of prefabricated panels and plaster skin coat; Or described topping is metal sheet surface layer;
It is characterized in that, described prefabricated panel was configured to being connected of major structure of construction: prefabricated panel is placed in to beam column, the load bearing wall side of major structure of construction,, through prefabricated panel prefabricated panel and major structure of construction side is fixed by crab-bolt; Or between prefabricated panel and major structure of construction, also use cementitious materials bonding, or between precast heated board and the major structure of construction of cast-in-situ concrete by non-burnishing surface engagement connection;
To between prefabricated panel, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall that prefabricated panel is installed in major structure of construction side.
2. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
The outer protection layer of the precast heated board of described composition assembling body of wall, internal protection layer are different materials;
Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt.
3. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
It also comprises following fire prevention measure: at crab-bolt external end head, fire proofing material is installed, the crab-bolt fireproof performance that has fire proofing material to cover is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer; Described outer protection layer has the performance that prevents fire spread, and at precast heated board outer protection layer seam crossing, and seam crossing has fire proofing material between the outer protection layer of precast heated board, and the fireproof performance of fire proofing material is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material.
4. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that,
The insulation layer of described composition assembling body of wall precast heated board is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer is divided into inner side insulation layer, outside insulation layer, or also has other position insulation layer, or the inner side insulation layer of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer at indoor matcoveredn position;
Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material.
5. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
The insulation layer of described composition assembling body of wall precast heated board is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer is divided into inner side insulation layer, outside insulation layer, or also has other position insulation layer, or the inner side insulation layer of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer at indoor matcoveredn position;
Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material.
6. according to a kind of assembling body of wall described in claim 1,2 or 5, it is characterized in that,
The topping of the precast heated board of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt.
7. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
The topping of the precast heated board of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt.
8. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
The topping of the precast heated board of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt.
9. according to a kind of assembling body of wall described in claim 1,2,5,7 or 8, it is characterized in that,
It also comprises outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar and sockets steel wire; Or also comprise structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Or comprise that steel truss supports or concrete hanging top; Structure supporting parts or steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top are arranged on the outside of major structure of construction; Reinforcing bar has basic matterial topping around;
Described structure supporting parts is part while arranging, and prefabricated panel is provided with breach; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; Described topping is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting, or topping be inside and outside the topping of both sides all standing; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
When described structure supporting parts arranges along building border, there is one of following technical characterictic:
1), the insulation layer of precast heated board is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material;
2), the outer protection layer of precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials;
3), topping is local setting, or local setting of one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
According to facade difference, reinforcement installation has following structure:
1), window is general rectangular window or window, the checkerboard that has circular arc while being positioned at the outer facade moulding of assembling body of wall, outdoor reinforcing bar comprises outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel; Indoor reinforcing bar comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel;
Prefabricated panel is fluted, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Or prefabricated panel one or both sides are not provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is or/and indoor vertical reinforcing bar is arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the indoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are arranged in groove, or are arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping; Outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar have basic matterial topping around;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time: outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with structure supporting parts outer end up and down, or is connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top outer end; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be horizontal direction time: outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar two ends are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
2), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of vertical bar, outdoor reinforcing bar is that outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are indoor vertical reinforcing bar; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar upper and lower side is connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or connects with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
3), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, outdoor reinforcing bar is outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar is indoor horizontal reinforcing bar;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcement installation are in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
Two ends, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar left and right are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
4) or described prefabricated panel be not provided with breach, in the altitude range of structure supporting parts arranging in part or in adjacent joint gap, the reinforcing bar in prefabricated panel topping and netted tensile materials are interconnected to mounting strap after forming;
Or also have connecting reinforcement, at the prefabricated panel seam crossing in major structure of construction outside, connecting reinforcement is connected with beam column, the shear wall of major structure of construction, and rear mounting strap is connected with major structure of construction;
Stirrup sockets outdoor reinforcing bar and indoor reinforcing bar;
Described outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are single steel bar or are bi-steel arranged side by side, establish steel plate or block shaped steel and connect between bi-steel arranged side by side.
10. a kind of assembling body of wall according to claim 3, is characterized in that,
It also comprises outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar and sockets steel wire; Or also comprise structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Or comprise that steel truss supports or concrete hanging top; Structure supporting parts or steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top are arranged on the outside of major structure of construction; Reinforcing bar has basic matterial topping around;
Described structure supporting parts is part while arranging, and prefabricated panel is provided with breach; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; Described topping is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting, or topping be inside and outside the topping of both sides all standing; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
When described structure supporting parts arranges along building border, there is one of following technical characterictic:
1), the insulation layer of precast heated board is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material;
2), the outer protection layer of precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials;
3), topping is local setting, or local setting of one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
According to facade difference, reinforcement installation has following structure:
1), window is general rectangular window or window, the checkerboard that has circular arc while being positioned at the outer facade moulding of assembling body of wall, outdoor reinforcing bar comprises outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel; Indoor reinforcing bar comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel;
Prefabricated panel is fluted, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Or prefabricated panel one or both sides are not provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is or/and indoor vertical reinforcing bar is arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the indoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are arranged in groove, or are arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping; Outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar have basic matterial topping around;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time: outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with structure supporting parts outer end up and down, or is connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top outer end; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be horizontal direction time: outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar two ends are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
2), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of vertical bar, outdoor reinforcing bar is that outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are indoor vertical reinforcing bar; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar upper and lower side is connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or connects with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
3), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, outdoor reinforcing bar is outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar is indoor horizontal reinforcing bar;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcement installation are in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
Two ends, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar left and right are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
4) or described prefabricated panel be not provided with breach, in the altitude range of structure supporting parts arranging in part or in adjacent joint gap, the reinforcing bar in prefabricated panel topping and netted tensile materials are interconnected to mounting strap after forming;
Or also have connecting reinforcement, at the prefabricated panel seam crossing in major structure of construction outside, connecting reinforcement is connected with beam column, the shear wall of major structure of construction, and rear mounting strap is connected with major structure of construction;
Stirrup sockets outdoor reinforcing bar and indoor reinforcing bar;
Described outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are single steel bar or are bi-steel arranged side by side, establish steel plate or block shaped steel and connect between bi-steel arranged side by side.
11. a kind of assembling bodies of wall according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
It also comprises outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar and sockets steel wire; Or also comprise structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Or comprise that steel truss supports or concrete hanging top; Structure supporting parts or steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top are arranged on the outside of major structure of construction; Reinforcing bar has basic matterial topping around;
Described structure supporting parts is part while arranging, and prefabricated panel is provided with breach; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials, or are same material; Described topping is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting, or topping be inside and outside the topping of both sides all standing; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
When described structure supporting parts arranges along building border, there is one of following technical characterictic:
1), the insulation layer of precast heated board is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material;
2), the outer protection layer of precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials;
3), topping is local setting, or local setting of one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
According to facade difference, reinforcement installation has following structure:
1), window is general rectangular window or window, the checkerboard that has circular arc while being positioned at the outer facade moulding of assembling body of wall, outdoor reinforcing bar comprises outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel; Indoor reinforcing bar comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel;
Prefabricated panel is fluted, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Or prefabricated panel one or both sides are not provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is or/and indoor vertical reinforcing bar is arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the indoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are arranged in groove, or are arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping; Outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar have basic matterial topping around;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time: outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with structure supporting parts outer end up and down, or is connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top outer end; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be horizontal direction time: outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar two ends are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
2), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of vertical bar, outdoor reinforcing bar is that outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are indoor vertical reinforcing bar; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar upper and lower side is connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or connects with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
3), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, outdoor reinforcing bar is outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar is indoor horizontal reinforcing bar;
Outdoor reinforcing bar under water, indoor horizontal reinforcement installation are in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
Two ends, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar left and right are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
4) or described prefabricated panel be not provided with breach, in the altitude range of structure supporting parts arranging in part or in adjacent joint gap, the reinforcing bar in prefabricated panel topping and netted tensile materials are interconnected to mounting strap after forming;
Or also have connecting reinforcement, at the prefabricated panel seam crossing in major structure of construction outside, connecting reinforcement is connected with beam column, the shear wall of major structure of construction, and rear mounting strap is connected with major structure of construction;
Stirrup sockets outdoor reinforcing bar and indoor reinforcing bar;
Described outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are single steel bar or are bi-steel arranged side by side, establish steel plate or block shaped steel and connect between bi-steel arranged side by side.
12. a kind of assembling bodies of wall according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
It also comprises outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar and sockets steel wire; Or also comprise structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Or comprise that steel truss supports or concrete hanging top; Structure supporting parts or steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top are arranged on the outside of major structure of construction; Reinforcing bar has basic matterial topping around;
Described structure supporting parts is part while arranging, and prefabricated panel is provided with breach; The insulation layer of described precast heated board is a kind of heat insulating material, or is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material composition; The outer protection layer of described precast heated board, internal protection layer are different material, or are same material; Described topping is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting, or topping be inside and outside the topping of both sides all standing; Or on the topping of prefabricated panel indoor, there is the alternative crab-bolt of ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction in indoor; Or not only connected with ironware but also connected by crab-bolt;
When described structure supporting parts arranges along building border, there is one of following technical characterictic:
1), the insulation layer of precast heated board is 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material;
2), the outer protection layer of precast heated board, internal protection layer are different materials;
3), topping is local setting, or local setting of one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer;
According to facade difference, reinforcement installation has following structure:
1), window is general rectangular window or window, the checkerboard that has circular arc while being positioned at the outer facade moulding of assembling body of wall, outdoor reinforcing bar comprises outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel; Indoor reinforcing bar comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel;
Prefabricated panel is fluted, and outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Or prefabricated panel one or both sides are not provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is or/and indoor vertical reinforcing bar is arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the outdoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are connected with the indoor vertical reinforcing bar in both sides; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel are arranged in groove, or are arranged on the outside of prefabricated panel indoor and outdoor topping; Outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar have basic matterial topping around;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be vertical direction time: outdoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with structure supporting parts outer end up and down, or is connected with steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top outer end; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Assembling body of wall be mainly subject to force direction to be horizontal direction time: outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar two ends are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
2), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of vertical bar, outdoor reinforcing bar is that outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are indoor vertical reinforcing bar; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Outdoor vertical reinforcing bar upper and lower side is connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or connects with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are anchored in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
3), window and assembling body of wall be while being the outer facade moulding of horizontal line, outdoor reinforcing bar is outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar is indoor horizontal reinforcing bar;
Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal reinforcement installation are in the groove of prefabricated panel; When described prefabricated panel is precast heated board, the topping of precast heated board is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer;
Two ends, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar left and right are connected with the outer end of structure supporting parts, or are connected with the outer end of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top; Indoor horizontal reinforcing bar is connected with the inner root of structure supporting parts, or is connected with the inner root of steel truss supporting or concrete hanging top;
Or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, indoor horizontal Bar Anchorage are in indoor and outdoor basic matterial topping;
4) or described prefabricated panel be not provided with breach, in the altitude range of structure supporting parts arranging in part or in adjacent joint gap, the reinforcing bar in prefabricated panel topping and netted tensile materials are interconnected to mounting strap after forming;
Or also have connecting reinforcement, at the prefabricated panel seam crossing in major structure of construction outside, connecting reinforcement is connected with beam column, the shear wall of major structure of construction, and rear mounting strap is connected with major structure of construction;
Stirrup sockets outdoor reinforcing bar and indoor reinforcing bar;
Described outdoor reinforcing bar, indoor reinforcing bar are single steel bar or are bi-steel arranged side by side, establish steel plate or block shaped steel and connect between bi-steel arranged side by side.
13. 1 kinds of assembling bodies of wall, it comprises major structure of construction, structure supporting parts, prefabricated panel, sliding component and crab-bolt; Prefabricated panel described in structure supporting parts support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction, have following 2 kinds of structures to be connected, fit applications:
1), prefabricated panel upper end or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Prefabricated panel is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), prefabricated panel is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts;
There is sliding component termination at prefabricated panel; Or there is the part of sliding component the termination of prefabricated panel, the remainder part of sliding component is positioned on structure supporting parts;
To between prefabricated panel, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
It is characterized in that, the structure of described sliding component is:
1), sliding component comprises sliding component, steel chute, yielding rubber pad, between sliding component and steel chute, has yielding rubber pad; Sliding component is positioned at the sliding-end of prefabricated panel, and steel chute is arranged in structure supporting parts, and yielding rubber pad is arranged in steel chute;
2), sliding component is damping rubber tire or spring shock-absorbing pad.
14. 1 kinds of assembling bodies of wall, it comprises major structure of construction, structure supporting parts, precast heated board, sliding component and crab-bolt; Precast heated board described in structure supporting parts support; Between described assembling body of wall and major structure of construction, there are following 2 kinds of structures, fit applications:
1), precast heated board upper end or lower end be connected with the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction, forms assembling body of wall fixed end, the other end is sliding-end; Precast heated board is not connected with post or shear wall;
2), precast heated board is connected with post or the shear wall lateral surface of major structure of construction, is provided with elastic expansion joint at post or shear wall side;
Sliding component is positioned on the contact surface of assembling body of wall sliding-end and structure supporting parts;
There is sliding component termination at precast heated board; Or there is the part of sliding component the termination of precast heated board, the remainder part of sliding component is positioned on structure supporting parts;
Described sliding component has and does not limit the function of assembling body of wall at architectural plane intrinsic displacement;
To between precast heated board, connect, form a kind of assembling body of wall of slip;
It is characterized in that, the assembling body of wall of described slip has one of following technical characterictic:
1), outer protection layer, the internal protection layer of the assembling body of wall precast heated board of composition slip are different materials;
2), the assembling body of wall of described slip also comprises following fire prevention measure: at crab-bolt external end head, fire proofing material is installed, the crab-bolt fireproof performance that has fire proofing material to cover is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer; At compound precast heated board outer protection layer seam crossing, and seam crossing has fire proofing material between the outer protection layer of compound precast heated board, and the fireproof performance of fire proofing material is not less than the fireproof performance of outer protection layer;
3), the insulation layer of the compound precast heated board of described composition assembling body of wall is made up of 2 kinds of heat insulating materials or multiple heat insulating material; Insulation layer is divided into inner side insulation layer, outside insulation layer, or also has other position insulation layer, or the inner side insulation layer of exposed surface is different heat insulating materials from the inner side insulation layer at indoor matcoveredn position;
4), netted tensile materials is installed on the indoor topping of precast heated board, the netted tensile materials on the topping of assembling body of wall outside is installed at the construction field (site);
5), also comprise basic matterial; In the sleeve pipe of crab-bolt, inject basic matterial;
6), the topping of the compound precast heated board of described assembling body of wall is local setting, or one of outer protection layer, internal protection layer be local setting; Outside the topping arranging in part, there is exposed insulation layer; Insulation layer is connected with both sides topping;
7) or described precast heated board be provided with groove, outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged in groove; Or outdoor vertical reinforcing bar, indoor vertical reinforcing bar are arranged on the inside and outside both sides of precast heated board;
8), the seam between precast heated board has following two kinds of selections, fit applications:
A, bonding by resilient glue material, described resilient glue material not only has the effect of transmission internal force, also has the ability that adapts to certain distortion, forms a kind of flexible joint; Described resilient glue material is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic heat preserving mortar;
B, bonding with elastic sealant, elastic sealant does not have the effect of transmission internal force.
9) inner side of heating districts assembling body of wall, summer are thermally installed the film that has reflected infrared ray function and intercept vapor permeation in the outside of district's assembling body of wall.
CN201320660702.3U 2013-09-02 2013-10-25 Assembled wall Expired - Fee Related CN203684460U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104234256A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-12-24 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat-insulating wall body
CN106088649A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-09 厦门特房建设工程集团有限公司 The method of Sandwich insulation wallboard reinforced steel concrete damaged frame and manufacture method
CN111197379A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-26 山东乾宇建筑节能科技有限公司 Assembly type composite heat-insulation wall structure and assembly method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104594592A (en) * 2015-02-03 2015-05-06 西安墙体材料研究设计院 Production process and construction method for integrated filling, heat-preservation and decoration wallboard
CN106747139A (en) * 2016-12-08 2017-05-31 北京建筑大学 A kind of preparation of assembled foam concrete plate enclosure wall and construction method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104234256A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-12-24 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat-insulating wall body
CN106088649A (en) * 2016-07-15 2016-11-09 厦门特房建设工程集团有限公司 The method of Sandwich insulation wallboard reinforced steel concrete damaged frame and manufacture method
CN106088649B (en) * 2016-07-15 2019-04-02 厦门特房建设工程集团有限公司 The method of Sandwich insulation wallboard reinforced steel concrete damaged frame
CN111197379A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-26 山东乾宇建筑节能科技有限公司 Assembly type composite heat-insulation wall structure and assembly method

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