CN103590511A - Bearing-reclining-type mounted assembly-type wall - Google Patents

Bearing-reclining-type mounted assembly-type wall Download PDF

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CN103590511A
CN103590511A CN201210548688.8A CN201210548688A CN103590511A CN 103590511 A CN103590511 A CN 103590511A CN 201210548688 A CN201210548688 A CN 201210548688A CN 103590511 A CN103590511 A CN 103590511A
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construction
prefabricated
major
assembling
longitudinal reinforcement
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吴淑环
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吴淑环
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The invention relates to assembly-type walls of buildings, in particular to a bearing-reclining-type mounted assembly-type wall, and aims at the problem of influences on energy conservation, housing industrialization and the like due to the fact that frame-structured walls has many thermal bridges and are poor in durability and complex in aseismatic structure. A structure I includes that structural bearing members bearing prefabricated wall plates are arranged on the outer sides of beam columns, and the prefabricated wall plates and the side faces of the beam columns are in bearing-reclining-type connection to form a common bearing-reclining-type assembly-type wall. A structure II includes that structural bearing members bearing prefabricated wall plates and prefabricated ribbon plates are arranged on the outer sides of beams, the prefabricated wall plates, the prefabricated ribbon plates and the side faces of the beam columns are in bearing-reclining-type connection, sliding components are mounted at horizontal seams of the prefabricated ribbon plates and the structural bearing members or beam plates, and when a main structure of a building is in inter-storey displacement, an assembly-type wall can be in horizontal displacement along with the beams or plates along sliding grooves to form a slidable bearing-reclining-type assembly-type wall. Energy-saving and heat-insulating effect of the wall is improved remarkably, the bearing-reclining-type mounted assembly-type wall is high in mounting speed, low in manufacturing cost, high in durability and good in aseismicity, and promoting of housing industrialization is facilitated.

Description

The assembling body of wall that a kind of support, the formula that reclines are installed
Technical field
The present invention relates to the assembling body of wall of a kind of construction wall, particularly a kind of support in building, the formula that reclines installation.
Background technology
Currently with prefabricated panel, problem that assembling body of wall exists is installed mainly:
1, the power saving of construction wall technology is not solved all the time.
Once in March, 2007, issue report showed in the United Nations, the emission reduction effect that green building and building energy conservation are contained is greater than all greenhouse gas emissions that require in < < Kyoto Protocol > >, is equivalent to three times of the predetermined CER of < < Kyoto Protocol > >.Building energy conservation situation directly affects global warming, and south poles is melted, and melt on iceberg, sea level rise, animals and plants extinction.
The report that the World Bank delivers is warned: " unless to climate warming, take more multirow to move, global temperatures will rise four degrees Celsius again in the end of this century.The whole world is facing that sea level rise, the danger of food shortage, extreme weather conditions, and this will make coastal cities and the poor in the face of catastrophic effect ".The World Bank on November 18th, 2012, issue report claimed, climate change is one of ultimate challenge of facing of global evolution, for descendants Ji, various countries should undertake moral duty separately, and the minimizing greenhouse gas emission of conscientiously taking action.……
Much publicize now the data of heat insulating materials, how good the heat insulating material insulation that all publicizes oneself is, how low wall heat transfer coefficient can reach, but this is not contain the main wall heat transfer coefficient of the heat bridges such as window, balcony slab in fact, rather than mean thermal transmittance, and our the final wall heat transfer coefficient requiring is the mean thermal transmittance containing heat bridge.
Containing the heat bridges such as window, balcony slab affect Nei Xian, China heating districts, really reaching body of wall mean thermal transmittance K is 0.5w/m 2.k following building is few, indoor and outdoor mean temperature difference in a Heating Period body of wall total heat consumption=24K * days of heating period (if Harbin City is 170 days) * winter (stipulating that Harbin City is 26.5 degree) * wall area.Visible, wall heat transfer coefficient is very large on the impact of winter heating heat consumption.Same thermal transmittance is also very large to the energy consumption of refrigeration air-conditioner in summer, and southern non-heating region body of wall mean thermal transmittance K is about 1w/m 2.k, even more.
Some prefabricated panels are provided with topping at termination side; mostly these toppings are cement mortar or add light weight sand mortar or the magnesia cement mortar cover of light material; its coefficient of thermal conductivity, much larger than prefabricated panel inner thermal insulating layer, forms heat bridge, causes prefabricated panel heat bridge too many.Also there is wallboard termination gaping of joints, ventilative problem, even winter along seam crossing dewfall, mouldy, become mildewed, the phenomenon of wood flooring warpage occurs.Although be heat-insulation wall plate, because of ventilative, energy-saving heat preserving is also bad.During installation, multiplex reinforcing bar, as crab-bolt level through prefabricated panel, is fixed prefabricated panel and beam column, conducts heat again.
The assembling body of wall also having, has a large amount of heat bridges at the slab column place of major structure of construction.Frame beam column area accounts for exterior wall area 25~40%, and the wallboard of building filled wall or installation in framework by laying bricks or stones is arranged in framework hole more, and there are thinner masonry or wallboard in frame beam column outside, and the insulation of beam column place is weak, forms heat bridge;
The plug-in body of wall that also has (building standard design atlas < < precast concrete out-hung panel > > 08SJ110-2,08SG333), because interior siphonal lobe concrete is too heavy, to stressed unfavorable, insulation layer thickness is restricted, and these are all very large on the impact of body of wall energy-saving heat preserving.
The heat bridge of existing wall technology is all too many: different structure form, different decoration, different energy-saving wall technology, different balcony heat preservation technologies, (as sandwich heat preserving wall body inner thermal insulating layer, there is air layer at place, forms cross-ventilation to add a large amount of door and window heat bridges, steel tie heat bridge, cross-ventilated heat bridge.), the heat bridge that these are a large amount of, makes heat bridge amount of calculation large, and it is very difficult that designer calculates heat bridge, causes body of wall mean thermal transmittance not have transparency, often misled building energy conservation.
2, reinforcing bar or crab-bolt corrosion that the assembling body of wall that prefabricated panel forms is connected with major structure of construction, as arranged, socketing reinforcing bar sockets through insulation layer and major structure of construction, and steelframe is set in prefabricated panel, socket reinforcing bar or diagonal reinforcement or oblique cutting steel wire and through insulation layer, inside and outside reinforcing bar is socketed.Reinforcing bar when there is no the protection of strong concrete alkaline environment, easy-to-rust, durability is bad, common engineering be unwilling to be used stainless steel rebar, with galvanizing steel may be all seldom.Prefabricated panel is connected ironware solder joint with major structure of construction does not have alkaline cement mortar or concrete protection, is easy to corrosion, affects safety, the durability of assembling body of wall, unfavorable to social sustainable development.
What 3, have arranges the prefabricated panel that lightgage steel joist is installed light-duty complex heat-preservation template, and prefabricated panel and keel are fixed, is lightgage steel joist how many with the anchored force of upper and lower flooring? be unknown number, this wallboard Under Lateral Loading can not design by ultimate limit state.The assembling body of wall that has no at present light-duty composite insulation boards can meet regulation and the case history of ultimate limit state design, poor stability.On dry wall edges of boards, follow closely sheet iron in addition, again by iron sheet nail connection prefabricated panel on major structure of construction, is the pulling force that this connection can be born much? also be unknown number, can only be for the little low-rise building of wind-force, and the corrosion resistance of tie point is also bad, first corrode at nail nail place, affects durability.And wallboard is divided and does inside and outside two-layer and keel fixed installation, and not only outside beam column, heat bridge is many, and its ratio of rigidity closes two-layer wallboard to do one deck precast wall body and install very differently, and wallboard is stressed indefinite, and increases prefabricated and installation cost.
The prefabricated panel template consumption of the assembling body of wall 4, having is large, needs great amount of investment, adds a large amount of investments in land, increases considerably cost, makes to carry out assembling body of wall and is difficult to carry out.
5, China and global earthquakes are multiple, and China's highrise building ratio is very large.Current filled wall is stressed fuzzy on major structure of construction impact, is difficult to calculate, and is unfavorable for guaranteeing building aseismicity safety, is unfavorable for the anti-sidesway safety of highrise building.The existing assembling wall structure that has adaptation major structure of construction to be out of shape is too complicated, cost is high.As:
1) " the connection structure of Japanese architecture wallboard " literary composition that the Yu Yan of ,You Beijing City Building Design Inst. writes is visible, and the anti-seismic construction of the assembling body of wall of Japanese slip is too complicated;
2), also as building standard design atlas < < precast concrete out-hung panel > > 08SJ110-2, 08SG333, wherein the 16th, 17, 32~35, 44~47 pages is exterior wall concrete link plate, whole concrete panel of slip, structure is complicated too, processing prefabricated panel difficulty is large, installation difficulty is large, amount of reinforcement is large, installed part quantity is many, Heavy Weight, cost is high, must be prefabricated on platform, occupied ground is large, waste valuable land resources, only be used at present in a few high-end engineering, be unfavorable for that assembling body of wall is universal and guarantee building aseismicity safety and the anti-sidesway safety of highrise building.
6, in highrise building, curtain wall decoration is installed, particularly during mounting glass curtain wall decoration, under wind load and horizontal earthquake action, when major structure of construction interlayer is subjected to displacement angle, curtain wall squeeze and destroy is easily occurred, be difficult to process.
Durability, the safety of the problems referred to above impact building, affect building energy conservation and reduce discharging, impact reduces Global Emissions of Greenhouse Gas, affects the anti-sidesway safety of building aseismicity and highrise building, affects Process of Housing Industrialization.For addressing the above problem, convenient construction, reduces cost, the assembling body of wall that the present invention proposes a kind of support, the formula that reclines is installed.
Summary of the invention
The assembling body of wall that the object of the invention is to provide a kind of support, the formula that reclines is installed.One of them is the assembling body of wall that a kind of common support, the formula that reclines are installed; Wherein two are assembling bodies of wall that a kind of slip, support, the formula that reclines are installed, to solve the problem described in background technology.
One of assembling body of wall that a kind of support of the present invention, the formula that reclines are installed, it comprises major structure of construction, prefabricated panel, or also comprises prefabricated batten; Described major structure of construction is slab column wall and basis;
At major structure of construction lateral surface, be provided with support prefabricated panel or the structure supporting parts of the prefabricated batten of support also, structure supporting parts is connected with major structure of construction, and structure supporting parts is major structure of construction extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts is concrete cornice, or is metal supporting parts, or is cornicing of wood or bamboo, or/and structure supporting parts is sole plate or floor; Described structure supporting parts is to arrange continuously or is local interruption setting;
Described and the major structure of construction side formula that reclines is installed and is: by the installation that is posted by connecting of the slab column of prefabricated panel and major structure of construction, shear wall lateral surface; Or at the additional part that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part that reclines is major structure of construction extension in the vertical direction, by the installation that is posted by connecting of the additional part that reclines of prefabricated panel and major structure of construction; When being provided with prefabricated batten, prefabricated batten is between prefabricated panel, and the installation of prefabricated batten is identical with prefabricated panel;
, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions,, easy construction different according to installation site and use needs, selects 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) structure coordinate installation:
1), by prefabricated panel or also have prefabricated batten be arranged on structure supporting parts or be arranged on concrete slab, structure supporting parts or concrete slab outer end are without insulation layer;
2), by prefabricated panel or also have prefabricated batten be arranged on structure supporting parts or be arranged on concrete slab, there is insulation layer structure supporting parts or concrete slab outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel directly and the installation that is posted by connecting of the lateral surface of major structure of construction;
To between prefabricated panel, interconnect, or be connected between prefabricated panel and prefabricated batten, co-operation, forms the assembling body of wall that a kind of common support, the formula that reclines are installed;
The prefabricated panel that described prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are various structures, prefabricated batten; When described prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board connect as one, and form a whole primary structure member.
Two of the assembling body of wall that a kind of support of the present invention, the formula that reclines are installed, it comprises major structure of construction, prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten, sliding component; Described major structure of construction is slab column wall and basis;
The structure supporting parts that is provided with support prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten at major structure of construction lateral surface, structure supporting parts is connected with major structure of construction, and structure supporting parts is major structure of construction extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts is concrete cornice, or is metal supporting parts, or is cornicing of wood or bamboo, or/and structure supporting parts is sole plate or floor, or described structure supporting parts is for forming the part in sliding component; Described structure supporting parts is to arrange continuously or is local interruption setting;
Described and the major structure of construction side formula that reclines is installed and is: by the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten upper end or lower end and major structure of construction; Or at the additional part that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part that reclines is major structure of construction extension in the vertical direction, by the installation that is posted by connecting of the additional part that reclines of prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten and major structure of construction; Prefabricated batten is between prefabricated panel; One end that the formula that reclines is installed is assembling body of wall fixed end, and the other end is sliding-end;
Between the assembling body of wall of described a kind of support, the formula that reclines installation and the post of major structure of construction or shear wall, there are following 2 kinds of structures, select one and select or fit applications:
1), prefabricated panel, one end of prefabricated batten and the beam slab of major structure of construction be connected, be not connected with post or shear wall;
2), the installation that is posted by connecting of the post of prefabricated panel and major structure of construction or shear wall lateral surface, at post or shear wall side, be provided with elastic expansion joint;
Sliding component is set at a certain distance, and sliding component is positioned at the horizontal joint place of prefabricated batten and structure supporting parts or is positioned at the flooring horizontal joint place of prefabricated batten and major structure of construction;
The part that forms sliding component is arranged on the sliding-end of assembling body of wall, and another part part is arranged on the fixed end of assembling body of wall, and the part of sliding-end can be along the part slippage of fixed end;
When the window still wall of assembling body of wall is longer, between the window still wall of slip and flooring, establish additional sliding and position limitation device, additional sliding and position limitation device and the window still wall of assembling body of wall and the beam slab of major structure of construction are fixed, and additional sliding and position limitation device can slide along with window still wall;
, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions, according to using, need to select 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) structure coordinate installation;
1), prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are arranged on structure supporting parts or are arranged on concrete slab, structure supporting parts or concrete slab outer end are without insulation layer;
2), prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are arranged on structure supporting parts or are arranged on concrete slab, there is insulation layer structure supporting parts or concrete slab outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel directly and the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction,, for being positioned at the window still wall between upper and lower window, between window still wall and the prefabricated panel of adjacent installation, elastic expansion joint is set;
By between prefabricated panel and prefabricated batten, be connected, co-operation, forms and is out of shape between a kind of post that contains major structure of construction and beam, assembling body of wall slip, that support, the formula that reclines are installed;
The prefabricated panel that described prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are various structures, prefabricated batten; When described prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board connect as one, and form a whole primary structure member.
Whether adopt the slip assembling body of wall need be not definite on an equal basis according to local seismic fortification intensity, building height, wind reference pressure, building importance rate, two kinds of assembling bodies of wall of the present invention can fit applications in the different parts of building.
The present invention and the key difference technical characterictic of public technology are:
1, to have following 3 technical characterictics be that current assembling wall technology is unexistent to the assembling body of wall of embodiment of the present invention one:
1) structure supporting parts is set on major structure of construction, support is at the outside assembling body of wall of installing of major structure of construction, and structure supporting parts (being mainly with concrete cornice) arranges or local interruption setting continuously.
2), structure supporting parts is interrupted while arranging, the termination of prefabricated panel is provided with breach, the position of breach is with to be interrupted the structure supporting parts arranging corresponding, it is convenient that to take prefabricated panel be the template outside beam, concreting cornices.
3) when, prefabricated panel is light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board connect as one, form a whole primary structure member, and the assembling body of wall of published light prefabricated composite thermo-insulating wall board can not form a whole primary structure member.
2, embodiment of the present invention seven is except having above-mentioned 3 technical characterictics, having again following technical characterictic is that current assembling wall technology is unexistent: the assembling body of wall of embodiment seven is not plug-in body of wall, a kind of support, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines, one end of assembling body of wall is fixed end, and the other end is sliding-end.
Described in background technology, the slip body of wall of Japan or China is out-hung panel.Japan is plug-in with shaped steel; China's atlas body of wall is plug-in with the concrete bracket being arranged on wallboard; or the shaped steel that is arranged on concrete edges of boards is connected plug-in with wallboard; see the 33rd page of atlas; bracket had both been born the weight of assembling body of wall; slip property is born in bracket the inner again mounting slip part; if and plug-in with shaped steel; need to increase thickness with the internal lobe concrete part of shaped steel connecting portion; reduce insulation layer thickness, these two kinds of installation constitutions are all very complicated, and connected node is stressed large; require installation accuracy too high, construction trouble.The assembling wall insulating layer of atlas is too thick not all right because more unfavorable to structure stress, structure design is more complicated.
The assembling wall structure of slip of the present invention and the contrast of the slip assembling body of wall of the Japan described in background technology and China's construction drawings, it constructs, installs all too simple.It is unrestricted that assembling body of wall of the present invention increases core layer thickness, easily realizes the overcast hot coefficient of body of wall.The present invention is not only the body of wall of slip, and or at the assembling formula body of wall of three direction dampings, and Japan and the published out-hung panel of China do not have the cushioning effect of three directions.
3, embodiment of the present invention two, eight is that current various prefabricated panel mounting technique is unexistent by assembling body of wall and being connected of major structure of construction.Because embodiment one, seven has been arranged on prefabricated panel on structure supporting parts, embodiment two, eight can be fixed prefabricated panel and major structure of construction fast by crab-bolt again.After crab-bolt is fixing, needn't be provided with diagonal brace and just can guarantee the prefabricated panel stability of installing, construction install convenience, installs reliably, and its safety is not only considerably beyond current various filled walls of building by laying bricks or stones, also surpass current various assembling bodies of wall, this is that existing installation assembling wall technology is unexistent.
4, in embodiment three, nine, install being configured with of reinforcing bar following 2 different from existing assembling wall technology:
1), longitudinal reinforcement and main tie point are positioned at the vertical joint place of prefabricated panel, or the prefabricated batten place between prefabricated panel, the force direction that is subject to that the main tie point that longitudinal reinforcement is connected with major structure of construction transmits power is the direction of reinforcing bar along the longitudinal, stressed clear and definite, stressed good, easy for installation, rolled steel dosage is few.
5, the anticorrosive measure of embodiment of the present invention four, ten is that existing assembling wall technology is unexistent:
1), the present invention is in the textural easy construction with assurance supporting, reinforcing bar and tie point protective layer thickness; longitudinal reinforcement is arranged on the vertical joint place of prefabricated panel; or be arranged on the prefabricated batten place between prefabricated panel; facilitate reinforcing bar localised protection layer to thicken, the anticorrosive measure that guarantees thickness of protection tier can be realized.
2), to have proposed near supporting, reinforcing bar and tie point be topping with cement polymer elasticity mortar or cement polymer elastic concrete, or also adds silicon ash, is that prior art is unexistent.
Near reinforcing bar or ironware that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction, should not smear conventional cement mortar, because the easy dry shrinkage and cracking of a small amount of conventional cement mortar, reinforcing bar or tie point are perishable.And smear cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete, particularly cement polymer elastic mortar or or cement polymer elastic concrete can effectively protect tie point to avoid corrosion.Cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic concrete good springiness, tensile strength is high, adaptive deformation crack resistance is good, and with conventional cement mortar or concrete ratio, anti-carbonization, corrosion resistance are good.If add again silicon ash, more increase anti-corrosion capability.Silicon ash can form C-S-H gel in reaction; gel-filled in the hole of hydrated cementitious; increase topping compactness; greatly reduced cement space; the intrusion and the corrosiveness that have effectively stoped acid ion; significant prolongation concrete application life, particularly at villaumite, pollute under the adverse circumstances such as erosion, sulfate attack, high humility, can make the durability of concrete double even several times.Therefore to protection reinforcing bar, prevent that burn into from increasing durable years favourable, easily meet anticorrosion requirement under thinner protective layer thickness.
Technique effect of the present invention:
1, assembling wall heat transfer coefficient of the present invention has transparency, during hole heat insulation break bridge structure, than current energy-saving wall, approximately reduce energy consumption 50~70%, significantly promote body of wall energy-saving heat preserving level, significantly reduce construction investment, contribute to the whole world to reduce greenhouse gas emission.This is based on following reason:
1) the sandwich layer gap between the sandwich layer of light prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate and assembling body of wall few (sandwich layer size is large), or gap sealing is bonding, do not occur or coefficient of thermal conductivity that rare external wall outer insulation gap increases, for example consider to socket the heat transfer that steel wire increases, when 1 reinforcing bar is installed at place, gap, sandwich layer is the desirable 0.042w/m.k of the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of EPS plate, and external wall outer insulation is because of the impact in gap, the desirable 0.05w/m.k of the revised coefficient of thermal conductivity of EPS plate, structure of the present invention can increase the energy-saving heat preserving effect 20% of heat insulating material.
2) the present invention has eliminated beam column heat bridge, hole heat bridge, balcony slab heat bridge, the heat bridge that finally only cornices, and cornice can local interruption setting.The assembling body of wall interruption that common support, the formula that reclines are installed arranges while cornicing, and seam is installed 1 or 2 reinforcing bars, only approximately increases respectively body of wall mean thermal transmittance 0.02w/m 2.k, 0.04w/m 2.And it is unrestricted to increase core layer thickness, and assembling body of wall easily reaches low heat transfer coefficient, sees table 2~table 4 calculated data below, and the thermal transmittance of table 4 is the thermal transmittances that comprise various heat bridges.
Therefore with current heating districts and non-heating region energy-saving wall thermal transmittance present situation ratio, approximately can reduce heat waste 50~70%, significantly promote body of wall energy-saving heat preserving level.Solve described in background technology current frame construction many at position heat bridges such as beam columns, affected body of wall energy-saving heat preserving effect problem.
Why by hole heat insulation break bridge structure, there is generality? 1), to plaster in hole increase a lot of wet trades, increases labour cost, on the EPS plate of hole, brushing Waterproof gum, the fireproof paint cost of plastering than at hole is low; 2), hole floated coat hidden on indoor and outdoor trimming bar for the pre-buried steel disc of window is installed, and is inconvenient to install window; 3), the hole formation heat bridge of plastering, increase approximately 0.15~0.2w/m of body of wall mean thermal transmittance 2.k, very large on energy-saving heat preserving impact.Therefore regardless of to the energy-conservation requirement of body of wall, all recommend hole to take heat insulation break bridge structure.
Applicant was once carried out economic analysis to low-energy building, in " low-energy building is to reducing the meaning of social infrastructure construction investment " (be published in < < China Reconstructs and report > > on February 16th, 2,006 12 editions) literary composition, reach a conclusion: low-energy building can significantly reduce the construction investment of earth source heat pump equipment and solar energy heat collection equipment, and can make the engineering cost of earth source heat pump heating and central heating supply approach, consider not need separately to establish chiller plant investment in summer, also reduce construction investment.Table 1 is applicant to Beijing, Shenyang, Harbin when the different building energy saving rate, the power distributing amount index of calculating the theoretical electricity consumption value of a Heating Period heating and needing by electric heating.
In the short low-energy building of Heating Period, central heating supply needs great amount of investment tube net outside, boiler room, does not calculate very much; And with electric heating (as with heating cable), adopt electric load tuner, and do not need to increase power distributing amount, the expense of increasing capacity that do not increase electric power, can significantly reduce construction investment.From table 1 heating theoretical value, the electric heating expense of Beijing area energy-conservation 75% is well below central heating supply expense; If with earth source heat pump, its equipment operation power consumption is only 1/4 of electric heating, containing management fee interior, possible heating cost be electric heating take 50%, only 25% of approximately current central heating supply expense just much of that? this will become the investor's attraction.More than analyzing is in order to illustrate: the present invention provides the possibility of building low-energy building on wall technology, and because body of wall easily reaches low heat transfer coefficient, the present invention can significantly reduce engineering for ensureing the investment of building thermal environments.
The different energy conservation standard electric heating of table 1 theoretical value, power distributing amount index (shape coefficient of architecture approximately 0.22~0.23)
Calculated description: supposition post is apart from 7.2m, floor height 3m, and the window of 2 long 2.4m, high 1.5m, is interrupted 4 high 100mm of concrete cornice are set, each wide 0.06=0.3m of length=0.24+1 root reinforcing bar seam that cornices, post is apart from interior 4 long 1.2m that cornice; During bi-steel, the wide 0.2m of seam, each cornices long is 0.44m, 4 long 1.76m that cornice; , sandwich layer EPS plate thickness is divided into 150mm, 180mm, 200mm, tetra-kinds of situations calculating of 250mm.Calculate respectively prefabricated panel thermal transmittance, concrete cornice or supporting place thermal transmittance (table 2, table 3), then assembling body of wall is pressed to weighted average calculation mean thermal transmittance (table 4).When steel truss supporting is set, supporting thermal transmittance is got identical with concrete cornice.The thickness of not counting the concrete beam of concrete cornice or supporting inner side in calculating, calculates relatively safety.
EPS plate is the large plate of monoblock, and seam adhering and sealing, therefore can not consider the adverse effect of gap to insulation.In table 2 only by increase EPS plate coefficient of thermal conductivity 0.001w/m.k through the stainless steel wire of EPS plate, comprising assembling body of wall is long-term use in insulation layer have the impact of certain water capacity, after the correction of EPS plate coefficient of thermal conductivity, be 0.042w/m 2.k.
Table 2, prefabricated panel heat transfer coefficient calculating table w/m 2.k
Table 3, concrete cornice or supporting place heat transfer coefficient calculating table w/m 2.k
Calculate again body of wall mean thermal transmittance:
The body of wall gross area=axis 7.2 * floor height 3-window ara 2 * 2.4 * 1.5=21.6-7.2=14.4m 2;
1) when, cornicing along total length setting and having heat bridge:
The total length of cornicing thermal bridge area=length 7.2 * high 0.1=0.72m 2;
EPS plate is 150mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance k={0.72 * 3.315+ (14.4-0.72) * 0.265} ÷ 14.4={2.387+3.625} ÷ 14.4=0.418 ≈ 0.42w/m 2.k;
EPS plate is that 180mm, 200mm, 250mm calculate slightly.
2), cornicing be interrupted to arrange, seam single steel bar, thermal bridge area=0.12m cornices 2.From calculating, during seam single steel bar, cornice and increase approximately 0.02~0.025w/m of thermal transmittance than main wall body 2.k.
EPS plate is 150mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance k={0.12 * 3.315+ (14.4-0.12) * 0.265} ÷ 14.4={0.398+4.0} ÷ 14.4=0.29w/m 2.k;
EPS plate is 180mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance k={0.12 * 2.976+ (14.4-0.12) * 0.223} ÷ 14.4
={0.3571÷3.14}÷14.4=0.243w/m 2.k;
EPS plate is 200mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance k={0.12 * 2.876+ (14.4-0.12) * 0.201} ÷ 14.4
={0.3451+2.87}÷14.4=0.223w/m 2.k;
EPS plate is 250mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance k={0.12 * 2.657+ (14.4-0.12) * 0.162} ÷ 14.4
={0.319-2.313}÷14.4=0.183w/m 2.k;
3), cornicing be interrupted to arrange, 2 reinforcing bars, thermal bridge area=0.176m cornices 2; Increase and socket steel wire quantity, EPS plate coefficient of thermal conductivity is 0.043w/m.k.By above-mentioned steps, calculate, when EPS plate is 150mm, 180mm, 200mm, 250mm, body of wall mean thermal transmittance is respectively 0.31,0.262,0.197w/m 2.k; Visible, 2 reinforcement ratios of seam 1, with reinforcing bar, increase the about 0.02w/m of wall heat transfer coefficient 2.k.
4), slip assembling body of wall mounting slip member place cornices and thickens, slip steel plug-in unit place increases heat bridge, again 3) on the basis of numerical value, increase the about 0.02w/m of wall heat transfer coefficient 2.k.
The concrete cornice of curtain wall decoration need be encrypted setting, also increases body of wall mean thermal transmittance, and heating districts should prevent mounting slip part 2-1 place dewfall, advises that herein cement polymer mortar or cement polymer the reinforcement of concrete haydite are aggregate.
When sandwich layer is polyurethane thermal insulation board, the mean thermal transmittance of assembling body of wall approximately reduces by 30~35% than table 4.
Assembling body of wall mean thermal transmittance reference table and strengths and weaknesses analysis that table 4, summary sheet---support, the formula that reclines are installed
Thermal transmittance and strengths and weaknesses analysis from table 4 summary sheet, be interrupted structure supporting parts---concrete cornice is set, the outer end of cornicing is not incubated superiority maximum: convenient construction, the convenient seam crossing reinforcing bar of installing, facilitate mounting slip member, can meet body of wall low heat transfer coefficient requirement etc.The balcony fence of Figure 20 can reach the thermal transmittance identical with main wall body, and the heat bridge of assembling body of wall is to be only interrupted the structure supporting parts heat bridge arranging.Although civilian construction have balcony, also easily meet the requirement of low-energy building, building energy conservation is reduced discharging to meaning large, and significantly reduce the cost that meets building thermal environments investment.
2, assembling wall structure of the present invention is simple, lightweight, installation rate is fast, easy construction, steel using amount are few, safety and good endurance, can meet the requirement of structural limits Design of State, not only assembling wall cost is low, and reduce major structure of construction cost and reduce building thermal environments cost, wide application of the present invention.
By the structure of embodiment of the present invention seven~11 and standard construction atlas < < precast concrete out-hung panel > > 08SJ110-2, 08SG333 contrast, assembling wall structure of the present invention is too simpler than standard construction atlas, generally steel using amount (comprising that Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh is converted to gauze wire cloth) is about 20% of the 45th page of quantity of reinforcement of atlas, but its function is not less than the performance of standard construction atlas assembling body of wall: be can contain between the post of major structure of construction and beam to be out of shape, slip assembling body of wall, and also in three directions, there is cushioning effect.
Why is standard collective drawings steel using amount large? because the prefabricated panel of atlas is not the combined wall board that can form whole primary structure member, inside and outside leaf concrete slab and centre accompany insulation layer, between not bonding connection, to rely on oblique pull reinforcing bar that interior siphonal lobe concrete slab is socketed to connection mutually, between layers of material, can there is the changing of the relative positions, therefore can not think that inside and outside leaf concrete slab and insulation layer form the integrated member of common stress deformation by theory of mechanics of materials.Atlas wallboard inner side is stressed wallboard; thickness is for being not less than 150mm concrete; outside is the thick concrete of 50mm; weight is large, is about 4 times of the conventional gross thickness of the interior external protection of the present invention, by seismic Calculation geological process, is therefore 4 times of the present invention; and the cross section bending resistance arm of force of internal lobe concrete slab is little; quantity of reinforcement is naturally just much bigger than the present invention, calculates proof geological process and plays control action, very unfavorable to structural calculation.Illustrate: if standard construction atlas need be provided, ask auditor and applicant to contact, applicant is issued auditor by the atlas of download.
When the composite thermo-insulating wall board that the present invention adopts forms a whole primary structure member, the cross section bending resistance arm of force is large, and sandwich layer thickens unrestricted, except door and window hole need be with reinforcing bar bending resistance, in most cases, by netted tensile materials, just bending resistance designing requirement be can meet, reinforcing bar and netted tensile materials contained interior, steel using amount is few, save great deal of steel, main tie point quantity is few, easy for installation, stressed clear and definite, and safety of structure is good; At needs, encrypt when reinforcing bar is set, can meet the body of wall Under Lateral Loading requirement of hurricane typhoon region, and this to be existing assembling wall technology do not accomplish.
Assembling body of wall of the present invention is approximately 25% of construction drawings wall weight, significantly reduces geological process, is conducive to major structure of construction antidetonation.Assembling body of wall of the present invention not only self cost is low, because of lightweight, also reduce major structure of construction cost, particularly significantly reduce seismic areas building agent structure cost, as aforementioned, also reduce building thermal environments construction investment, wide application of the present invention, has important energy-saving and emission-reduction meaning and building aseismicity meaning.
3, assembling body of wall of the present invention purposes when prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten are light prefabricated warming plate is the most extensive.Must be prefabricated on platform because of the heavy wallboard of atlas, can not produce fast with special equipment, take a large amount of land resources, template investment is large, manpower consumption is many, and cost is high.China's shortage of land resource, construction amount is too large.China's construction amount of justing think is so huge, if if vertically arranged body of wall is all prefabricated on platform, possible city there just is not dish to eat, and prefabricated panel is all prefabricated on platform is infeasible.And the present invention is when adopting light prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate, existing plant equipment approximately can reach produces prefabricated panel 1000~2000m every day 2, added health, occupied ground is few, and the amount of labour used is few, and prefabricated panel cost is low.
4, embodiment of the present invention seven has three directions and has the geological process of alleviating, and increases quake-resistant safety.
5, assembling body of wall of the present invention is installed hanger for exterior wall condition is provided, as anti-theft fence, sunbreaker, curtain wall decoration be installed, billboard, solar opto-electronic board and carry out exterior wall greening etc., outer wall hanging thing can directly be connected with steel plate or block shaped steel on reinforcing bar on assembling body of wall, and the assembling body of wall that needn't pass is connected with major structure of construction, and curtain wall squeeze and destroy can not occur, both safety, reduce again heat bridge, energy-conservation, and published assembling wall technology is not accomplished.When the present invention is used for curtain wall decoration, the shaped steel specification of curtain skeleton significantly reduces, and steel consumption is few.
6, assembling wall structure of the present invention can meet the multiple facade modeling requirement with ordinary rectangular or arc-shaped window, horizontal townhouse window, vertical bar window simultaneously.
The invention solves the problem that the current assembling body of wall described in background technology exists, simple structure of the present invention, technical know-how is perfect, technical measures are comparatively tight, and safety is good, easy construction, installation rate are fast; The present invention can significantly promote body of wall energy-saving horizontal, and favourable building energy conservation reduces discharging, reduces building greenhouse gas emission, adapts to low-carbon (LC) social situations, controls global warming; The present invention is the optimization to assembling wall structure: with a small amount of steel, meet the requirement of structural limits Design of State, and favourable building aseismicity, favourable wall reform, be conducive to advance housing industrialization; Assembling body of wall of the present invention self cost is low, and reduces major structure of construction investment and building thermal environments investment, significantly reduces total investment of engineering, wide application, has important social effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is embodiment one~six assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure, the elongated setting of concrete cornice, and window still wall is divided into upper and lower 2 prefabricated panels and installs;
Fig. 2 is embodiment one~six assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure, the setting of concrete cornice local interruption, window still wall directly with beam outside monoblock installation;
Fig. 3 is embodiment one~six assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure, the setting of concrete cornice local interruption, and window still wall is provided with breach and can monoblock installs, and also can be divided into upper and lower 2 prefabricated panels and install, and monoblock installation is convenient;
Fig. 4 is on the basis of Fig. 3, on the major structure of construction of window still wall bottom, being also provided with part cornices, be that window still wall middle part also has structure supporting parts rest, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 inside and outside can installation room on cornicing in middle part, at window, be connected with window level reinforcing bar 6-2, be applicable to the longer time application of window still wall (Figure 25);
The difference of Fig. 5 and Fig. 2 is that prefabricated panel seam crossing is installed 2 reinforcing bars, has prefabricated batten between prefabricated panel; Illustrate: 1 or 2 reinforcing bars of seam crossing installation are determined according to requirements, irrelevant with window still wall mounting means.
Fig. 6 is the 1-1 sectional drawing of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Figure 11~Figure 13;
Fig. 7 is the 2-2 sectional drawing of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is the 3-3 sectional drawing of Fig. 5;
Fig. 9 is the node A enlarged drawing of Fig. 4;
Figure 10 is the Node B enlarged drawing of Fig. 5;
Figure 11 is embodiment one~six assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure of blank wall place, the elongated setting of concrete cornice;
Figure 12 is the assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure of embodiment~six blank wall place, and concrete cornice local interruption arranges;
Figure 13 is embodiment one~six window assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure while being arc;
Figure 14 is the 4-4 sectional drawing of Fig. 5;
Figure 15 is the 5-5 sectional drawing of Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Figure 12;
Figure 16 is the 6-6 sectional drawing of Fig. 2, Fig. 4;
Figure 17 is that the concrete slab 1-2 of embodiment one establishes the additional part 1-3 that reclines of concrete---vertical concrete slab, when support, the formula that reclines are installed, and assembling wall body vertical sectional drawing;
Figure 18 is that embodiment one is arranged on prefabricated panel on indoor concrete plate, with the beam installation vertical cross section that is posted by connecting, can be used for body of wall or family spaced heat wall inside balcony, reinforcing bar can be set, or only reinforcing bar be installed on doorway.But while being applied to the slip body of wall of embodiment seven, mounting slip member need arrange reinforcing bar;
Figure 19 is that the concrete slab 1-2 of major structure of construction 1 is posted by connecting face hour, the additional part 1-3 that reclines of metal of vertical steel skeleton is set, prefabricated panel 15 and the additional part 1-3 connection organigram that reclines;
Figure 20 is Fabricated balcony breast board sectional drawing, and in figure, horizontal thick dashed line is illustrated in the local concrete cornice that the additional part 1-3 that reclines (vertical concrete slab) bottom arranges;
Figure 21 be the outer insulation of the structure supporting parts of embodiment one~six assembling body of wall prefabricated panel mounting vertical plane figure, be interrupted concrete cornice be set, supporting is set, not recommend adoption;
Figure 22 is the 7-7 sectional drawing of Figure 21;
Figure 23 is wall between windows place prefabricated panel operation drawing, the topping local reduction at edge, to be connected between contiguous prefabricated wallboard or prefabricated panel and prefabricated batten with the net of tension, whether edge protection layer needs local reduction, according to decorating, requires etc. to determine;
Figure 24 is the node C enlarged drawing of Figure 23;
Figure 25 is the window still wall prefabricated panel operation drawing of Fig. 4, in the middle of window still wall, be provided with outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1* for being connected with the concrete cornice of structure supporting parts, indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-2* lower end is positioned near the part of flooring and exposes (unprotect layer), indoor longitudinal reinforcement protruded length meets the connection request with major structure of construction, and in major structure of construction, anchor bar is convenient to be connected with indoor longitudinal reinforcement;
Figure 26 arranges steel truss supporting in Figure 21, steel truss supporting installation constitution schematic diagram;
Figure 27 represents the supporting of cement polymer mortar parcel steel truss, meets anticorrosion and fire protection requirement schematic diagram, and two steel truss supportings are connected with outdoor pair of longitudinal reinforcement, and when outdoor longitudinal reinforcement is single steel bar, steel truss supporting is 1;
Figure 28 is the horizontal sectional drawing that the prefabricated batten of assembling body of wall seam crossing is connected with contiguous prefabricated wallboard, and double joint reinforcing bar is installed, and steel plate is installed on reinforcing bar, steel plate is given prominence to beyond topping, one side topping outwards thickens, and for outer wall hanging thing is installed, or topping partial thickening is for decorating;
Figure 29 is that prefabricated panel seam connects horizontal sectional drawing.Wherein it (1) be indoor levelling, plaster, netted tensile materials sockets, outside filling elaxtic seal, forms groove Ornamental Stitching; Wherein they (2) are that seam both sides are provided with longitudinal reinforcement, the sealing of seam crossing sandwich layer filling heat insulating material, or clog fire-retardant heat-insulation material between seam crossing sandwich layer, form fire barrier; Or outside filling elaxtic seal, form groove Ornamental Stitching; Outside also can be by interior structure levelling, plaster, socket;
Figure 30 is two windows of assembling body of wall when very near (as Figure 13), according to bending resistance and anti-shearingly require wall between windows thickening, forms the horizontal profile drawing like combined column.Combined column is the outstanding facade moulding that is formed with vertical bar outwards; Or combined column is to indoor outstanding, combined column is connected with flooring, combined column is the composite component that concrete and heat insulating material are set to indoor outstanding essence---combined column is the additional part 1-3 that reclines, and this is additional, and recline part 1-3 and assembling body of wall is integrated, more convenient construction;
Figure 31 is that prefabricated batten is installed bi-steel sectional drawing, only waters internal layer topping 8 when prefabricated in template, after prefabricated batten is arranged in agent structure, then smears the topping 8 of outside one deck.While being applied to slip assembling body of wall, slip steel plug-in unit 2-1 being installed in prefabricated batten one end and being connected (Figure 42) with indoor and outdoor longitudinal reinforcement.
Figure 32 is horizontal sectional drawing when longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is set in prefabricated panel;
Figure 33 is that embodiment seven~11 interruption arranges concrete cornice (being structure supporting parts), there are the assembling body of wall prefabricated panel of door and window hole, slip, prefabricated batten mounting vertical plane figure (concrete cornice has heat bridge or insulation outward), prefabricated batten and the horizontal joint place mounting slip member that cornices in figure, window still wall is divided into upper and lower 2 settings; " 4 " that mark in figure are window still wall additional sliding and position limitation devices 4 when longer, in figure, are represented by dotted lines;
Figure 34 is that the upper end of embodiment seven~11 slip assembling body of wall is sliding-end, when lower end is fixed end, and vertical cross section;
Figure 35 is additional sliding and position limitation device 4 drawings of Figure 33, Figure 38;
Figure 36 is that embodiment seven~11 interruption arranges concrete cornice (being structure supporting parts), without door and window hole, slip assembling body of wall prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten mounting vertical plane figure (concrete cornice has heat bridge or insulation outward), the horizontal joint place mounting slip member of prefabricated batten 15-1 and structure supporting parts;
Figure 37 is the 8-8 sectional drawing of Figure 33, and horizontal joint place is provided with sliding component, cornices and is not incubated, and also represents to arrange and add sliding and position limitation device 4 between window still wall and flooring;
Figure 38 be Figure 36 without the 9-9 of window place vertical cross section, horizontal joint place is provided with sliding component, cornice and be not incubated,
Figure 39 it (1) is that slip assembling body of wall external corner is connected one of structure with post, and prefabricated panel is connected with post, and prefabricated panel 45 degree of post both sides join; On post limit, establish elastic expansion joint, and represent corresponding concrete cornice setting in Figure 39 they (2);
Figure 40 it (1) is that slip assembling body of wall external corner is connected the another structure of structure with post, and prefabricated panel is connected with post, the prefabricated panel right angle vertical connection of post both sides,, or on-the-spot sandwich layer, topping, the corner reinforcing bar etc. installed in corner; On post limit, establish elastic expansion joint, and represent corresponding concrete cornice setting in Figure 40 they (2);
Figure 41 is window edge horizontal sectional drawing when prefabricated batten 15-1 is positioned at window when bi-steel is installed, wherein it (1) is that window reinforcing bar and stirrup are positioned at preform strip panel edges, on window reinforcing bar, there is connection steel disc, when window is installed with fixing window be connected steel disc connection, slip assembling wall window reinforcing bar is not suitable for this structure; Wherein they (2) are that window reinforcing bar and stirrup are positioned at prefabricated batten, on window reinforcing bar, install and connect steel disc, when window is installed, connect with the fixing steel disc that is connected of window, the window of common assembling body of wall and slip assembling body of wall all available this is constructed, recommend adoption (2).
Figure 42 is prefabricated batten vertical cross section, can be applicable to the assembling body of wall of embodiment seven at prefabricated batten mounting slip part 2-1;
Figure 43 is the 10-10 horizontal sectional drawing of Figure 33, and prefabricated panel is not connected with post, flexible encapsulant between prefabricated panel and post;
Figure 44 is the 11-11 horizontal sectional drawing of Figure 33, and prefabricated panel is not connected with post, flexible encapsulant between prefabricated panel and post;
Figure 45 is that the window still wall of Figure 33 is divided into upper and lower 2 settings, is positioned at horizontal sliding seam prefabricated panel operation drawing below, when window still wall length surpasses certain length, may be provided with in centre breach 10;
Figure 46 is Figure 37, Figure 38 node D enlarged drawing;
Figure 47 is the 12-12 sectional drawing of Figure 33 and Figure 45, along the sectional drawing of the longitudinal mounting slip member of body of wall.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: see Fig. 1~Figure 32, Figure 41, the assembling body of wall that a kind of support of present embodiment, the formula that reclines are installed, it is by major structure of construction 1, prefabricated panel 15, or also have prefabricated batten 15-1 composition (at embodiment three, longitudinal reinforcement need to be installed, while particularly bi-steel being installed, bi-steel is arranged on prefabricated batten 15-1 easy construction); Described major structure of construction 1 is slab column wall and basis, for example, major structure of construction 1 is concrete frame structure, steel reinforced concrete frame structure, frame structure, steel framed structure, encased structures, the combination frame structure of concrete and steel, steel wood frame construction, or be bamboo framework, wood frame construction, shear wall structure etc.;
At major structure of construction 1 lateral surface, be provided with support prefabricated panel 15 or the structure supporting parts 1-1 of the prefabricated batten 15-1 of support also, structure supporting parts 1-1 is connected with major structure of construction 1, and structure supporting parts 1-1 is major structure of construction 1 extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is concrete cornice, or be that metal supporting parts is (convenient with concrete cornice when major structure of construction is concrete material, available metal supporting parts when major structure of construction is steel work, also can be outside steel work formwork concreting cornice), or be wood or bamboo cornice (cornicing when major structure of construction is bamboo framework, wood frame construction), or/and structure supporting parts 1-1 is sole plate or floor; Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is for arranging continuously (concrete cornice of Fig. 1 for arranging continuously) or being local interruption setting (Fig. 2~Fig. 5 is the concrete cornice that local interruption arranges);
Described and the major structure of construction 1 side formula that reclines is installed and is: by the installation that is posted by connecting of slab column, the shear wall lateral surface of prefabricated panel 15 (upper and lower one or both ends or prefabricated panel 15 stiles or middle part) and major structure of construction 1; Or at the additional part 1-3 that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part 1-3 that reclines is major structure of construction 1 extension in the vertical direction, the additional part 1-3 that reclines of prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 1 is posted by connecting, and (for example Figure 17, Figure 20, be the additional part 1-3 that reclines at the vertical concrete slab of beam slab arranged outside in installation.The face that is posted by connecting of major structure of construction 1 is less not to be met and is posted by connecting while requiring, or the external surface of Liang Yuzhu is in one plane time, and the additional part 1-3 that reclines is set to be provided and meet the condition that the formula that reclines is installed.When prefabricated panel being arranged on to the cantilevered plate side of major structure of construction 1, because abutment face is little, the additional part 1-3 that reclines generally need be set, to meet the formula connection request that reclines; Can establish concrete constructional column, constructional column does not bear building gravity load, is used for that floor height is higher, post is while being horizontal platoon moulding, parapet apart from large or external wall yet.); The additional part 1-3 that reclines is the additional part that reclines of concrete, (the vertical steel skeleton post of Figure 19 for installing, reinforcing bar trestle need meet with major structure of construction the condition of anchor connection to the additional part that reclines of steel.) or be the composite component (as composite beam, combined column, do not draw and represent) of concrete and heat insulating material, or be (not drawing represent, is applied to bamboo framework, wood frame construction) such as the additional parts that reclines of wooden frame;
When being provided with prefabricated batten 15-1, prefabricated batten 15-1 (when bi-steel is set, have prefabricated batten 15-1 more convenient) between prefabricated panel 15, the installation of prefabricated batten 15-1 is identical with prefabricated panel 15;
The assembling body of wall that a kind of support, the formula that reclines are installed has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions, according to installation site difference, easy construction and use needs, select 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) and structure coordinate installation (when window still wall is longer, may need to arrange structure supporting parts 1-1; Wall between windows selects the 1st) or the 2nd) plant and construct):
1), by prefabricated panel 15 or to also have prefabricated batten 15-1 to be arranged on structure supporting parts 1-1 upper or be arranged on concrete slab 1-2 upper (Figure 18 is for being arranged on concrete slab, concrete slab comprises sole plate), structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end are without insulation layer (Fig. 6~Fig. 8, Figure 14~Figure 20, Figure 22);
2), by prefabricated panel 15 or to also have prefabricated batten 15-1 to be arranged on structure supporting parts 1-1 upper or be arranged on concrete slab 1-2, there are insulation layer (Figure 21, Figure 22 in structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end, when prefabricated panel 15 is composite thermo-insulating wall board, this embodiment is incubated just meaningful outward.);
The inner side of the prefabricated panel 15 of the assembling body of wall being incubated outward during this structure is positioned at structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 is upper, and the outside of prefabricated panel 15 is positioned at the outside of structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2; Installation constitution can have following 3 kinds, 1., the upper end of prefabricated panel 15 is or/and lower end is L shaped according to the production performance of pre-control equipment and easy construction, select one of them:, the structure supporting parts 1-1 that L shaped covering arranges continuously or ,Bing Yu outer end, concrete slab 1-2 outer end connect; 2., prefabricated panel 15 upper ends or lower end do not become L shaped, in the outer end of the structure supporting parts 1-1 arranging continuously or concrete slab 1-2, reproduce an installation sandwich layer 3, plaster again and form topping 8 in sandwich layer 3 outsides, in topping 8 or surface netted tensile materials 5 is installed is connected with the topping 8 of prefabricated panel 15, sandwich layer 3, the topping 8 of installation outside prefabricated panel 15 and structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are connected as a single entity; 3., structure supporting parts 1-1 to be when arrange for being interrupted, the termination of prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach 10, the position of breach 10 is with to be interrupted the structure supporting parts 1-1 arranging corresponding, the on-the-spot installation of layered material of structure supporting parts 1-1 outer end; Or prefabricated panel 15 terminations are not provided with breach 10, the on-the-spot installation of layered material of the layered material between structure supporting parts 1-1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel 15 directly with the installation (being generally used for installation window still wall) that is posted by connecting of the lateral surface of major structure of construction 1;
When structure supporting parts 1-1 arranges for being interrupted, the termination of prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach 10, and the position of breach 10 is corresponding with the structure supporting parts 1-1 that is interrupted setting; Or the termination of prefabricated panel 15 does not have breach 10, the on-the-spot installation of materials for wall layering (prefabricated panel is rectangle, and prefabricated panel reduces cut height) between structure supporting parts 1-1;
Recommendation selects the former to establish breach in prefabricated panel termination, and prefabricated panel termination does not have breach to increase wet trade, trouble; Beam side formwork arranges local interruption and concrete cornice is set slightly bothers, can be using prefabricated panel as beam or the additional vertical concrete slab of part that the reclines side template that is, at gap position, just form the concrete cornice that local interruption arranges, and be easy to.
To between prefabricated panel 15, interconnect, or be connected between prefabricated panel 15 and prefabricated batten 15-1, co-operation, forms the assembling body of wall that a kind of common support, the formula that reclines are installed;
To between prefabricated panel 15, interconnect and comprise: 1) will between sandwich layer, connect, for example, with foamed glue by bonding connection between sandwich layer, or bonding with cement polymer elasticity mortar, also available elastic heat preserving mortar is bonding, according to the condition of energy-saving heat preserving requirement and adhesives, determine, during installation, jam-packed between Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate and prefabricated thermal insulation batten is installed.2) also comprise by netted tensile materials adjacent prefabricated panel is connected, meet overlap joint requirement, topping interconnects, or outer protection layer seam crossing filling elastic packing waterproofing materials connects, see Figure 29, the topping 8 of prefabricated panel 15 is exactly the topping 8 of assembling body of wall, does not get rid of the large need of construction error and makes up a deficiency and plaster;
(having formed major structure of construction 1 before prefabricated panel 15 is installed) that described major structure of construction 1 forms for formerly construction, or major structure of construction 1 is to using prefabricated panel 15 or also have prefabricated batten 15-1 as a side template of major structure of construction 1, install with the assembling body of wall synchronous construction that support, the formula that reclines are installed; Or part major structure of construction 1 is (as formerly construction forms post) that formerly construction forms, part major structure of construction 1 is with prefabricated panel 15, or also has prefabricated batten 15-1 as a side template of major structure of construction 1, the assembling body of wall synchronous construction of installing with support, the formula that reclines install (if the vertical concrete slab at the outside of concrete beam, balcony slab edge is to using prefabricated panel to build as template, Figure 20; Concrete beam can be whole Cast-in-situ Beams or for Prefabricated superposed beam, the upper part of Prefabricated superposed beam is cast-in-place, just can form to cornice or cornice in part.)
Prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten that described prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 are various structures; 1), prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 be while being light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board for example prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 have following several:, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board are connected as a single entity, form a whole primary structure member (accompanying drawing all represents with composite thermo-insulating wall board, because of lightweight, energy-saving heat preserving good easy for installation, lattice are low); 2) or for there being the prefabricated panel of internal lobe, siphonal lobe concrete and middle insulation layer, rely on oblique pull reinforcing bar to connect, between layering, distortion has the changing of the relative positions, do not meet the mechanics of materials and make the prefabricated panel of the requirement of as a whole primary structure member (be the structure of building standard design atlas < < precast concrete out-hung panel > > 08SJ110-2,08SG333, or like configurations); 3) or be non-heat insulation prefabricated wallboard, lightweight concrete slab (as rice husk concrete, foamed concrete) and straw plate, honeycomb card board of light weight aggregate concrete plate, concrete core unit etc.;
When prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board is comprised of sandwich layer 3, topping 8, netted tensile materials 5; Described sandwich layer 3 is inorganic or organic insulation material, or be with inorganic material-modified organic and inorganic composite material (to increase fireproof performance), as polymer thermal insulative material, foam cement, mineral wool, straw, honeycomb card board, thermal insulation mortar, rice husk concrete, glue powder polyphenyl particle, foamed glass etc.; Described sandwich layer 3 is identical heat insulating material, or is different heat insulating materials (local difficult combustion phenolic resins for example, and other position is EPS plate at the sandwich layer 3 of diverse location; Or outside sandwich layer is polyurethane, inner sandwich layer is EPS plate, to increase outside high-temperature resistance), in described sandwich layer 3, can be provided with ribs or not be provided with ribs that (ribs is oblique or perpendicular to topping setting, to increase wallboard rigidity in sandwich layer.Ribs mostly in the market is magnesia cement, and durability is bad, is provided with reinforcing bar or is not provided with reinforcing bar in ribs); In described sandwich layer 3, can be provided with hole or not be provided with hole (having hole can increase heat insulation effect); Described netted tensile materials 5 is Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh or basalt fibre screen cloth or wire lath; Described topping 8 is cement mortar or layer of concrete, or described topping 8 layer of concrete for the cement mortar of modification or modification, or described topping 8 is cement calcium silicate board with microporous, cement fibrolite plate; The external surface of topping 8 is plane, or the external surface of topping 8 is matsurface; Described topping 8 is positioned at sandwich layer 3 both sides, and sandwich layer 3 is connected (as bonding connection, or/and core layer surface is fluted, be connected with topping, meet the requirement of strength that sandwich layer is connected with topping) with topping 8; Topping 8 thickness of diverse location can be different (as at Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate edge joint position topping 8 attenuates, Figure 23~Figure 25; While being provided with reinforcing bar, reinforcement location need be thickeied topping 8, Figure 32); Netted tensile materials 5 is positioned at topping 8, or Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh or basalt fibre screen cloth Pasting be on topping 8 surfaces, and netted tensile materials 5 can be selected a kind of or select multiple installation simultaneously, or the local netted tensile materials 5 that is provided with reinforcement; Or described prefabricated panel 15 is steel wire net rack cement filled board; The external surface of described prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 can be provided with decorative layer or not be provided with decorative layer.
The prefabricated panel 15 (mounting door-window mouth both sides prefabricated panel, installation window still wall prefabricated panel) that described assembling body of wall is installed for pressing stick, or assembling body of wall for the piece prefabricated panel 15 installed by hole or the standard width of a room in an old-style house (may be prefabricated and install all inconvenient, recommend adoption the former).
Illustrate:
1, the assembling body of wall that a kind of support of present embodiment, the formula that reclines are installed, refer to that assembling body of wall is arranged on structure supporting parts, even if the prefabricated panel place at window still wall position is not provided with and cornices, but connect as one after the installation of assembling body of wall, co-operation, assembling body of wall is by structure supporting parts (as cornicing) support.While prefabricated panel being arranged on the plate of major structure of construction, plate is exactly structure supporting parts, sees Figure 18.
2, the assembling body of wall that a kind of support of present embodiment, the formula that reclines are installed, be posted by connecting to install with major structure of construction 1 and refer to the installation that is posted by connecting of the prefabricated panel side of assembling body of wall main wall body and the side of major structure of construction, comprise the installation that is posted by connecting of side with beam, plate, or the installation that is posted by connecting of prefabricated panel and the additional part that reclines.The concrete slab 1-2 that the concrete slab 1-2 outer end of Figure 17 has the 1-1 that cornices to form T shape, Figure 20 is L shaped, and Figure 19 installs the additional part that reclines of steel frame, the installation that is posted by connecting of prefabricated panel and the additional part that reclines.
3, whether present embodiment has prefabricated batten 15-1, need to determine according to the facilities of embodiment three reinforcing bars, if prefabricated panel 15 seam crossings are not provided with reinforcing bar, or 1 reinforcing bar is only set, and just needn't have prefabricated batten 15-1; If prefabricated panel 15 seam crossings arrange 2 reinforcing bars, joint gap is large, wet trade is many, be provided with prefabricated batten 15-1 construction and installation more convenient, Figure 31 is the horizontal sectional drawing of prefabricated batten 15-1, Figure 42 is the vertical cross section of prefabricated batten 15-1, while being applied to present embodiment, does not need the sliding component 2-1 of bottom and the concrete of periphery.
Present embodiment is being usingd prefabricated panel 15 during as a side template of major structure of construction 1, prefabricated panel 15 bottoms of basecoat assembling body of wall are arranged on basic beam slab side and cornice on 1-1, with the grade beam installation that reclines, or prefabricated panel 15 is directly installed on basic beam slab.
Installation described in present embodiment is posted by connecting the slab column of prefabricated panel and major structure of construction, shear wall lateral surface, not to say that prefabricated panel must be both and the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab of major structure of construction, also with the installation that is posted by connecting of post, shear wall lateral surface.This will determine according to the stress system of the definite assembling body of wall of design, and for example, assembling body of wall is during for the above lower flooring single load bearing plate that is bearing, and prefabricated panel can only be connected with upper and lower flooring; And assembling body of wall is while being bi-directional pressured plate, the prefabricated panel of assembling body of wall is not only connected with upper and lower flooring, also needs to be connected with post or shear wall.
Present embodiment is very easy to form the outer facade moulding of vertical bar body of wall, vertical bar window; When forming the outer facade moulding of horizontal body of wall, horizontal window, the prefabricated panel of assembling body of wall is to take the outrigger base that flooring is bearing; When, post distance higher at floor height is larger, often need to arrange reinforcing bar trestle, the additional exactly part that reclines of steel frame column.
Embodiment two: the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is, assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1 be connected with following mode, select wherein a kind, or 1), 2), 3) plant collocation and share:
1), by crab-bolt 20 by prefabricated panel 15 or also have prefabricated batten 15-1 and the side of major structure of construction 1 or the additional part 1-3 that reclines is fixed; Crab-bolt 20 penetrates prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1 or fixes with the side of the additional part 1-3 that reclines;
2), with cementitious materials, the slab column of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1, shear wall side is bonding, or/and bonding with the additional part 1-3 side that reclines;
Prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 be during as the template of major structure of construction 1, the bonding plane topping of prefabricated panel 15 be matsurface or for zigzag can convenient construction; On the bonding plane of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1, from bottom, scrape the cement polymer mortar of smearing certain altitude, concreting again, more upwards scrape the cement polymer mortar of smearing certain altitude, then concreting, until concreting completes, can be bonding;
Recommend to adopt 1 simultaneously) with 2) two kinds be connected structure; In addition, can embedded iron parts in the topping of prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 1 bonding plane, be connected with major structure of construction 1;
3), with cementitious materials by prefabricated panel 15 or also have the termination of prefabricated batten 15-1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 bonding, or (Figure 15, Figure 17, Figure 18 are applied to require netted tensile materials 5 and the bonding need of major structure of construction 1 to meet anchorage length in the cementitious materials between bonding plane, to be also provided with netted tensile materials 5.), or be provided with netted tensile materials 5 in the bonding plane between upper and lower prefabricated panel 15; Netted tensile materials 5 is overhanging to be connected with indoor topping 8, and netted tensile materials 5 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or upper and lower prefabricated panel 15 is connected.
The net that is provided with tension in assembling body of wall topping is just equivalent to arrangement of reinforcement in topping, but is not the reinforcing bar of traditional sense, but substitutes reinforcing bar with the net (as Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh) of tension, prefabricated, easy for installation, reduction cost.
Prefabricated panel and concrete slab or and concrete cornice between be provided with netted tensile materials in the cementitious materials in gap.This structure makes assembling body of wall by netted tensile materials and major structure of construction anchoring, easy construction, and stressed safety is better, even if reinforcing bar is not set, its safety is just far away higher than current common filled wall of building by laying bricks or stones.
Cementitious materials has multiple choices, for example: 1) cement mortar or cement polymer mortar.As aforementioned, generally should not use conventional cement mortar, cement polymer mortar good water-retaining property, adhesive strength is high, recommends to select; 2) elastic sealant, price is high, and adhesive strength not necessarily meets the demands.3) polyurethane foam glue can be used between sandwich layer bondingly, and adhesive strength also not necessarily meets the demands; 4), structure glue, valency is high, operation is inconvenient, generally should not apply.
The topping at the bonding plane place between prefabricated panel and beam column, shear wall, and seam crossing topping can attenuate, also attenuate not.According to major structure of construction be formerly construct or prefabricated panel 15 as a side template of major structure of construction 1, outer decoration is different and easy for installationly determine.
Embodiment three: present embodiment and embodiment one or twos' difference is, present embodiment increases reinforcing bar 6 and stirrup 12, and reinforcing bar 6 is positioned at assembling body of wall topping 8; Reinforcing bar 6 comprises longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or reinforcing bar 6 is the steel hoop (do not draw and represent) arranging at door and window hole periphery; Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 be positioned at prefabricated panel 15 vertical joint places topping 8 (job site seam crossing sandwich layer is bare board, the on-the-spot longitudinal reinforcement of installing, when 1 longitudinal reinforcement is set more for convenience, because of wet trade few.), or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is positioned at the topping 8 (be the prefabricated batten 15-1 of formwork, during because of bi-steel, wet trade is many, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is arranged in the topping of prefabricated batten 15-1 more convenient) of prefabricated batten 15-1;
Or the topping 8 that is positioned at prefabricated panel 15 also arrange longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* (Figure 32, for horizontal loading is very large or floor height is higher, post when larger, increase arrangement of reinforcement quantity; And Fig. 4, Figure 25 window still wall are when longer, at the prefabricated panel middle part of window still wall, establish longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*.);
Described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 and indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-2, and described horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2 comprise outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2-1, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2-2; For single steel bar or for bi-steel arranged side by side, (between bi-steel arranged side by side, can be provided with reinforcing bar sockets and also can not be provided with reinforcing bar and socket described reinforcing bar 6, or/and on bi-steel arranged side by side welding steel or block shaped steel, can be between bi-steel connecting welding steel plate or block shaped steel, or perpendicular to metope welding steel or block shaped steel on reinforcing bar); While being provided with reinforcing bar 6, door and window hole should be provided with reinforcing bar 6, at door and window hole windowsill place, be provided with horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or also above door and window hole, be provided with horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or also in other position, be provided with horizontal reinforcement 6-2 (Figure 13), horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2 are connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1, or are connected with supporting 1-1-5; On the reinforcing bar 6 of indoor and outdoor single steel bar or bi-steel arranged side by side, be provided with stirrup 12, stirrup 12 sockets indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar 6 (stirrup 12 can be two limb hoops or is single hoop);
Illustrate: when window epithelium absolute altitude is identical with beam, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel needn't be set, stirrup is directly connected with beam that (can be on beam nail, stainless steel wire is connected with steel nail take-up strap, sees Figure 20.)。
Reinforcing bar 6 installation constitutions have following 3 kinds, select one and select:
1), have structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 heat bridge, the upper and lower side of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or is connected (Figure 15~Figure 20) with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2;
2) when, structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are incubated, be provided with reinforcing bar 6 (Figure 22) outward, the upper and lower side of indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-2 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or be connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2, the upper and lower side of outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 is connected with supporting 1-1-5, or be connected (outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 is set is in order to hang external protection 8, and strengthen hole weak part bending resistance) with the major structure of construction 1 of encorbelmenting (as oblique roof panel, sole plate);
The inner and major structure of construction 1 anchoring of described supporting 1-1-5, the position of supporting 1-1-5 is corresponding with the position of assembling body of wall outside longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1; Described supporting 1-1-5 is steel truss supporting, steel truss supporting is provided with brace (Figure 26, Figure 27), or described supporting 1-1-5 is for the fixing diagonal reinforcement of cement polymer mortar, (cement polymer mortar prevents oblique reinforcing bar distortion and displacement, prevent oblique reinforcement corrosion, being applicable to supporting encorbelments compared with a hour application, generally should not apply), or described supporting 1-1-5 is concrete hanging top supporting; Outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 is connected with supporting 1-1-5, thereby the external protection of assembling body of wall 8 is hung;
The two ends of described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 become the main tie point of assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1, and described main tie point the is connected transmission power force direction that is subject to major structure of construction 1 is the direction of reinforcing bar 6-1 along the longitudinal;
3) or also, at the interior longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* that arranges of topping 8 of the prefabricated panel 15 of assembling body of wall, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1, indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2;
When longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is set, there are following 2 kinds of installation constitutions, select one and select:
1., have structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 heat bridge, when structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end are not incubated, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* upper and lower side is connected with major structure of construction 1, or is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2;
2., structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are incubated outward; The upper and lower side of indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2; Between upper and lower outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1, interconnect, or it is corresponding with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* that supporting 1-1-5 is also set, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1 upper and lower side is connected (when closeer longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is set with supporting 1-1-5, supporting 1-1-5 may be also closeer, when 1 or 2 longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* are set in the middle of the prefabricated panel, can be in prefabricated panel termination and longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* opposite position leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan 10, be used for supporting 1-1-5 and be connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*, hang external protection 8); Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is also connected (for example upper and lower at window) with indoor and outdoor horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2;
Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* also can install at the construction field (site); with stirrup 12, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1 is connected with indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2; and then on prefabricated panel 15, plaster and form topping 8 (prefabricated panel 15 of installation can be semiproduct; only have the topping of a half thickness, netted tensile materials is pasted in outside.After installation longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* and stirrup, plaster and form whole toppings.), but bother;
The two ends of described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* are also the main tie points of assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1; Described main tie point the is connected transmission power force direction that is subject to major structure of construction 1 is the direction of reinforcing bar 6-1* along the longitudinal;
Thereby meet often, across a certain distance assembling body of wall is connected with major structure of construction 1 by longitudinal reinforcement 6-1.
Illustrate:
1, the structure supporting parts 1-1 or the concrete slab 1-2 that have continuous setting, and outer end is not incubated, body of wall is during without hanger (Fig. 1), reinforcing bar 6 can be set or reinforcing bar 6 is not set, or only reinforcing bar 6 being set at hole; While reinforcing bar 6 not being set, have netted tensile materials 5 to interconnect at hole in hole in external protection 8, netted tensile materials 5 is positioned at opening protection layer 8 or surperficial, is connected with opening protection layer 8.
When 2, local interruption arranges concrete cornice, reinforcing bar 6 is set and is advisable.
When 3, assembling body of wall is installed hanger (as stone curtain wall decoration, installing advertisement board, the thick and heavy decoration of door and window mouth, or the heavier hanger of indoor location), when reinforcing bar not being set can not hanger being installed, when hole is heat insulation break bridge structure or when other needs, establish reinforcing bar 6, the spacing of assembling body of wall longitudinal reinforcement 6-1, and main tie point position, quantity are determined according to the requirement etc. that hanger is installed.
4, the wall between windows between two windows of the body of wall of assembling shown in Figure 30 is very narrow, can local thickening design wall between windows, forms the wall between windows like compound pilaster.Compound pilaster can outwards be given prominence to, and is formed with the architectural image of pilaster, enriches architectural image; Compound pilaster also can be to indoor outstanding, pilaster some be located at the outer peripheral inner side of major structure of construction, compound pilaster be wall be also post, just needn't be in indoor setting as steel frame, vertically add the part that reclines.
When prefabricated panel 15 is light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and stirrup 12 inconveniences are installed when processing prefabricated panel, therefore longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and stirrup 12 can be in the on-the-spot installations of prefabricated panel seam crossing, or be arranged in prefabricated batten 15-1 (Figure 31, Figure 41), and longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and stirrup 12 are installed, when window still wall intermediate demand is installed, installation number of steel bars is few, also can be at the interior installation of prefabricated panel 15 (Fig. 4, Figure 25).The prefabricated batten 15-1 that is positioned at hole should the pre-buried ironware being connected with window level reinforcing bar or reinforcing bar 6-3 (Figure 31, Figure 41).
Embodiment four: see Fig. 6~Fig. 8, Figure 14, Figure 27, Figure 28, Figure 30~Figure 32, Figure 41, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one~tri-is, the assembling body of wall of present embodiment is connected and takes the following the 1st with major structure of construction 1)~4) anticorrosive measure, or also take the 5th), 6) anticorrosive measure:
1), the sandwich layer 3 place local reductions of reinforcing bar 6 or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* position will be provided with, increase topping 8 thickness (Fig. 6~Fig. 8, Figure 14, Figure 29~Figure 32); Or attenuate sandwich layer 3 thickness not, increase laterally topping 8 thickness (Figure 28) of reinforcing bar 6 or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*; The reinforcing bar 6 that described assembling body of wall is installed or in addition longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*, supporting 1-1-5, embedded iron parts and weld seam are around all positioned under the protection of alkaline topping 8, and topping 8 thickness meet anticorrosion requirement;
2), with the major structure of construction 1 of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 junction and the concrete that structure supporting parts 1-1 place is after-pouring, or the cement polymer concrete of after-pouring, makes longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 be positioned at the protection of basic matterial, the thickness of topping 8 meets the demands; Or at major structure of construction 1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 place is pre-buried or ironware or reinforcing bar are installed in bar planting; with scene, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 being installed is connected; or be connected with the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 of prefabricated batten 15-1, the operating space that longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is positioned at prefabricated batten 15-1 connecting portion meets the thickness requirement that connects rear topping 8.
3), in the breach 10-1 of supporting 1-1-5 and periphery thereof, pour into topping 8, topping 8 thickness meet anticorrosion requirement, and protection supporting 1-1-5 prevents corrosion, or on supporting 1-1-5 brushing corrosion resistant coating;
4), the described stirrup 12 through sandwich layer 3 meets anticorrosion and requires (with the stainless steel soft-state of Φ 2.0, Φ 2.5 or Φ 3, to socket steel wire as anti-shearing stirrup optimum, it is only 60% of Φ 6 reinforcing bars that Φ 2.0 stainless steel soft-states that are for example equivalent to U.S. 304# austenitic stainless steel socket steel wire price, multipotency meets anti-shearing requirement, and conducts heat seldom.And current a lot of assembling body of wall is only common iron through stirrup, the oblique pull reinforcing bar of non-alkaline insulation layer, do not meet anticorrosion requirement.);
5), while being provided with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*, between the prefabricated panel 15 that upper and lower layer is installed, leave distance, leave the operating space that guarantees upper and lower longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 connecting length, guarantee that topping 8 thickness of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* meet anticorrosion requirement; Or when processing prefabricated panel, topping 8 within the scope of the connecting length of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* termination does not form, middle plastering again after the connection of levels longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* termination to be installed, form the topping 8 of upper and lower longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* joint, can guarantee that topping 8 thickness of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* meet anticorrosion requirement;
6), when the protective layer thickness of conventional cement mortar or ordinary concrete is difficult to meet anticorrosion and requires; topping 8 around reinforcing bar 6 and weld seam in certain limit is cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete; or also add silicon ash in cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete, meet anticorrosion requirement.
Also can be in the position of connecting reinforcement or supporting brushing corrosion resistant coating, but need often maintenance, trouble, not as taking the permanent anticorrosive measure of present embodiment.
Certainly the netted tensile materials 5 of assembling body of wall also needs to adapt to the life requirement of assembling body of wall, meets anticorrosion requirement.As Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh should meet the alkaline-resisting strength retention ratio of standard-required, with after heat galvanized electric welded mesh etc.
Embodiment five: the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~tetra-is, present embodiment also increases connection ironware 7 (connection ironware is reinforcing bar, steel plate or shaped steel), connects ironware 7 prefabricated panel 15 is connected with the side of major structure of construction 1; The tie point that connects ironware 7 exposes, and conveniently by alkaline topping, is covered, and avoid tie point corrosion, or embedded iron parts 7 is zinc-plated ironware, stainless steel ironware.
Embodiment six: see Figure 20, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment one~five is, present embodiment also increases following fire protection construction measure, select as required one of them or collocation to select:
1), the topping 8 of assembling body of wall meets fire endurance requirement, opening protection layer 8-1 is door and window hole fire barrier, opening protection layer 8-1 meets fire endurance requirement;
There is opening protection layer 8-1 at the door and window hole place of assembling integral wall; opening protection layer 8-1 is fire-retardant type or nonflammable heat insulating material; or brushing fireproof paint, Waterproof gum; form heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole and (as the linear thermal transmittance in difficult combustion phenolic resins hole is installed, can be " 0 "; if the heat insulating material that coefficient of thermal conductivity is higher; though be still less than main wall heat resistance for ,Dan hole, heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole thermal resistance.); Or described opening protection layer 8-1 be cement mortar or concrete floated coat, or be the concrete floated coat of the cement mortar of modification or modification, be formed with heat bridge hole; Opening protection layer 8-1 is connected (being generally bonding connection) with adjacent sandwich layer 3; opening protection layer 8-1 both sides matcoveredn 8; opening protection layer 8-1 is connected with topping 8 that (when prefabricated panel is installed, hole periphery should on-the-spotly be installed opening protection layer 8-1, and hole must be seam crossing.)。The topping of Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate, prefabricated thermal insulation batten is exactly the topping of assembling body of wall;
2) heat preservation strip that, install in doorframe and window frame outside meets fire endurance and requires (window perimeter walls bulk diffusion in the time of can reducing fire generation); Heat preservation strip is installed in window frame outside at heat insulation break bridge structure, and the topping on heat preservation strip surface can be the cement polymer elastic mortar+Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh thickening, or the fireproof paint of brushing on topping, brushing Waterproof gum, meets fire endurance requirement;
3), in assembling body of wall, increase 11, fire barrier, fire barrier 11 and meet fire endurance requirement; If fire barrier 11 is for not firing or difficult combustion heat insulating material, fireproof paint, Waterproof gum, cement mortar or concrete, or for the concrete of the cement mortar of modification or modification etc.; Fire barrier 11 be provided with following 2 kinds of modes, according to use, need to select: 1., at interlayer, horizontal fire barrier 11-1 is set; 2., in prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint, vertical fire barrier 11-2 is set; Form closed fire compartmentation structure;
Elastic expansion joint 30 (Figure 36), for not firing or difficult combustion heat insulating material, is exactly vertical fire barrier 11-2 by the heat insulating material in construction drawings, sees Figure 39 it (1), Figure 40 it (1).
4), in the topping 8 of crab-bolt 20 outer ends or surface have fire proofing material, crab-bolt 20 meets fire endurance requirement; As on crab-bolt surface or the local brushing Waterproof gum of protective layer, or fire proofing material is joined in the topping of plastering of certain limit in crab-bolt.
5), described supporting 1-1-5 meets fire endurance requirement; described built-in fitting (such as embedded bar) that arrange on major structure of construction 1, that be connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* meets fire endurance requirement (during as bar planting mounting support; organic chemistry glue does not meet fire endurance requirement and just not allows application; also have at supporting periphery perfusion topping; just can, so that supporting had both met anticorrosion requirement, meet again fire endurance requirement.Kill two birds with one stone.If do not establish supporting, there is no this fire protection construction requirement).
Embodiment seven: see Figure 23~Figure 47, the assembling body of wall that a kind of support of present embodiment, the formula that reclines are installed, it is comprised of major structure of construction 1, prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and sliding component 2; Described major structure of construction 1 is slab column wall and basis, for example, major structure of construction 1 is concrete frame structure, steel reinforced concrete frame structure, frame structure, encased structures, steel framed structure, the combination frame structure of concrete and steel, steel wood frame construction, or be bamboo framework, wood frame construction etc.;
The structure supporting parts 1-1 that is provided with support prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 at major structure of construction 1 lateral surface, structure supporting parts 1-1 is connected with major structure of construction 1, and structure supporting parts 1-1 is major structure of construction 1 extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is concrete cornice, or be that metal supporting parts is (convenient with concrete cornice when major structure of construction is concrete material, available metal supporting parts when major structure of construction is steel work, but it is many to conduct heat, also can be outside steel work formwork concreting cornice), or be wood or bamboo cornice (cornicing when major structure of construction is bamboo framework, wood frame construction), or/and structure supporting parts 1-1 is sole plate or floor, or described structure supporting parts 1-1 is for forming the part in sliding component 2; Described structure supporting parts 1-1 is for arranging continuously or being local interruption setting (concrete cornice that recommendation selects local interruption to arrange);
Described and the major structure of construction 1 side formula that reclines is installed and is: the beam slab lateral surface of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 upper end or lower end and major structure of construction 1 is posted by connecting, and (Figure 34 represents the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam lateral surface of prefabricated panel 15 lower ends and major structure of construction 1 in installation, be that assembling body of wall lower end is fixed end, upper end is sliding-end, all the other accompanying drawings all represent the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 upper end and major structure of construction 1, be that upper end is fixed end, lower end is sliding-end.); Or at the additional part 1-3 that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part 1-3 that reclines is major structure of construction 1 extension in the vertical direction, the additional part 1-3 that reclines of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1 is posted by connecting, and (face that is posted by connecting of major structure of construction 1 is less not to be met and is posted by connecting while requiring in installation, or the external surface of beam is while being positioned at the inner side of post, the additional part 1-3 that reclines is set to be provided and meets the condition that the formula that reclines is installed.); The additional part 1-3 that reclines is the additional part or be the composite component of concrete and heat insulating material of reclining of the additional part that reclines of concrete, steel; One end that the formula that reclines is installed is assembling body of wall fixed end, and the other end is sliding-end;
Prefabricated batten 15-1 is between prefabricated panel 15;
Between the assembling body of wall of described a kind of support, the formula that reclines installation and the post of major structure of construction 1 or shear wall, there are following 2 kinds of structures, select one and select or fit applications:
1), one end of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 is connected with the beam slab of major structure of construction 1, be not connected with post or shear wall; Flexible encapsulant can be installed at the edge in the gap, post both sides of assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1, and (Figure 43, Figure 44 as bonding with elastic sealant sealing, or accompany polyethylene foamed rod in addition.);
2), the post of prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 1 or the shear wall lateral surface installation that is posted by connecting, post or shear wall side be provided with elastic expansion joint 30 (elastic expansion joint can post limit or with post apart from certain limit in, but this prefabricated panel termination must not be connected with beam, Figure 39, Figure 40);
At structure sediment seam, Temperature Joint and other position such as external angle position needing, can adopt 2) structure; Other position employing 1) structure.
Sliding component 2 is set at a certain distance, sliding component 2 is positioned at the horizontal joint place (Figure 33~Figure 38) of prefabricated batten 15-1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 or is positioned at the flooring horizontal joint place of prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1 (as the assembling body of wall mounting slip member 2 of Figure 18 becomes the assembling body of wall of slip, when also compound pilaster is positioned at the outer peripheral inner side of major structure of construction as shown in figure 30, also may need sliding component 2 to be arranged between indoor compound pilaster and flooring.); Cornicing of mounting slip member place generally need thicken (Figure 33, Figure 36);
Sliding component 2 can have following structure:
1), sliding component 2 comprises sliding component 2-1, steel chute 2-2, yielding rubber pad 2-3, has yielding rubber pad 2-3 (Figure 46, Figure 47) between sliding component 2-1 and steel chute 2-2; Sliding component 2-1 is positioned at the sliding-end of prefabricated batten 15-1, and steel chute 2-2, yielding rubber pad 2-3 are positioned at prefabricated batten 15-1 fixed end, or is positioned at the structure supporting parts 1-1 of fixed end;
2), sliding component 2-1 also can be (do not draw and represent) such as damping rubber tires;
Recommendation is selected the former, because the former yielding rubber pad bearing area is large, good seal, favourable to damping, favourable to the durability of yielding rubber pad.
The part that forms sliding component 2 is arranged on the sliding-end of assembling body of wall, and another part part is arranged on the fixed end of assembling body of wall, and the part of sliding-end can be along the part slippage of fixed end; As, steel chute 2-2 and yielding rubber 2-3 are stops, can limit assembling body of wall and slide in steel chute 2-2;
Because of the part that prefabricated batten 15-1 is assembling body of wall, the sliding-end of prefabricated batten 15-1 or fixed end are exactly sliding-end or the fixed end of assembling body of wall.
The object that sliding component is set is, under wind load or horizontal earthquake action, during assembling body of wall generation relative storey displacement, sliding component moves in steel chute, and guarantee that sliding-end is positioned at steel chute 2-2, and yielding rubber all plays cushioning effect in three directions, and present embodiment is not only slip body of wall, or at the assembling body of wall of three direction dampings;
Steel chute 2-2 has structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 (being that steel chute 2-2 is installed in the middle of structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2) in the both sides of body of wall length direction, steel chute 2-2 is connected (comprise with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 and being connected) with major structure of construction 1; The termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall sliding-end is provided with sliding component 2-1, and sliding component 2-1 is corresponding with steel chute 2-2 position; When relative storey displacement occurs for major structure of construction 1, sliding component 2-1 can be along the displacement of steel chute 2-2 occurred level, or the movement that can deform of the spring shock-absorbing pad of sliding component 2-1;
Or the steel chute 2-2 of sliding component 2 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or with the structure supporting parts 1-1 of both sides---cornice and be connected, after steel chute 2-2 and yielding rubber pad 2-3 combination, become structure supporting parts 1-1; If the steel chute 2-2 in the sliding component of Figure 46, Figure 47, yielding rubber pad 2-3 can be also structure supporting parts 1-1 simultaneously;
Or the sliding component 2-1 of sliding component 2 is connected with major structure of construction 1, or with both sides structure supporting parts 1-1---cornice and be connected, sliding component 2-1 becomes structure supporting parts 1-1;
Or steel chute 2-2 and yielding rubber 2-3 also can be positioned at the termination of prefabricated batten 15-1, sliding component 2-1 is connected with major structure of construction 1;
Figure 46, Figure 47 represent to be provided with vertical hole in yielding rubber pad, after yielding rubber pressurized, have the space of lateral expansion, play cushioning effect.In yielding rubber both sides, there is heat preservation fireproofing material as aluminium silicate wool, rock wool 3-1.Present embodiment not only can be applicable to exterior wall, also can be applicable to sliding shock-damping interior wall (as for Figure 18, becoming slip assembling body of wall), if sliding component has all been installed on the interior exterior wall of building, must greatly alleviate the geological process of building.
When the window still wall of assembling body of wall is longer, can between the window still wall of slip and flooring, establish additional sliding and position limitation device 4 (Figure 33, Figure 35, Figure 37), additional sliding and position limitation device 4 is fixed with the window still wall of assembling body of wall and the beam slab of major structure of construction 1, and additional sliding and position limitation device 4 can slide along with window still wall; Additional sliding and position limitation device 4 is made of angle steel 4-1 conventionally, on angle steel 4-1, there are slip hole 4-2, additional sliding and position limitation device 4 also to comprise sliding sheet 4-4 (teflon plate), slippage screw rod 4-5 (should be stainless steel bolt), anchor slab 4-6, slippage screw rod 4-5 and anchor slab 4-6 connect as one, topping anchoring (Figure 37) inside slippage screw rod 4-5 and anchor slab 4-6 and assembling body of wall; Slippage screw rod 4-5 passes slip hole 4-2 and the annex thereof on additional sliding and position limitation device 4: steel plate washer 4-3, sliding sheet 4-4 and assembling body of wall, and two end nuts are fixed (Figure 35, Figure 37); Slippage screw rod 4-5 can slide in the slip hole 4-2 of additional sliding and position limitation device 4; Slip hole 4-2 is the hole of horizontal direction, can also have in the vertical direction the space of certain upper and lower displacement simultaneously, and the window still wall being connected with additional sliding and position limitation device can be subjected to displacement along with wall between windows.
Because the weight of the assembling body of wall of slip of the present invention does not act on additional sliding and position limitation device 4, therefore the suffered power of indoor additional sliding component 4 is far smaller than stressed on the 39th page of bracket of atlas or shaped steel, it does not bear prefabricated panel weight, only play a part spacing and meet slippage, installing simple;
Described major structure of construction 1 is that formerly construction forms, or major structure of construction 1 usings prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 as a side template of major structure of construction 1, installs with the assembling body of wall synchronous construction that support, the formula that reclines are installed; Or part major structure of construction 1 is that formerly construction forms, part major structure of construction 1 is usingd prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 as a side template of major structure of construction 1, installs with the assembling body of wall synchronous construction that support, the formula that reclines are installed;
, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions, according to using, need to select separately 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) structure collocation;
1), by prefabricated panel 15 or to also have prefabricated batten 15-1 to be arranged on structure supporting parts 1-1 upper or be arranged on concrete slab 1-2, (structure supporting parts 1-1 is generally concrete cornice, Figure 34, Figure 37, Figure 38 without insulation layer for structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end; The first half that also comprises window still wall is arranged on structure supporting parts 1-1);
2), by prefabricated panel 15 or to also have prefabricated batten 15-1 to be arranged on structure supporting parts 1-1 upper or be arranged on concrete slab 1-2, there is insulation layer structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end, and (the structure supporting parts 1-1 that is Figure 34, Figure 37, Figure 38 shortens, and outside has heat insulating material to be incubated outward.When prefabricated panel 15 is composite thermo-insulating wall board, this embodiment is just meaningful.);
The inner side of the prefabricated panel 15 of the assembling body of wall of outer insulation is positioned at structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 is upper, and the outside of prefabricated panel 15 is positioned at the outside of structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2; Installation constitution can have following 3 kinds, 1., the upper end of prefabricated panel 15 is or/and lower end is L shaped according to the production performance of pre-control equipment and easy construction, select one of them:, the structure supporting parts 1-1 that L shaped covering arranges continuously or ,Bing Yu outer end, concrete slab 1-2 outer end connect; 2., prefabricated panel 15 upper ends or lower end do not become L shaped, in the outer end of the structure supporting parts 1-1 arranging continuously or concrete slab 1-2, reproduce an installation sandwich layer 3, plaster again and form topping 8 in sandwich layer 3 outsides, in topping 8 or surface netted tensile materials 5 is installed is connected with the topping 8 of prefabricated panel 15, sandwich layer 3, the topping 8 of installation outside prefabricated panel 15 and structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are connected as a single entity; 3., structure supporting parts 1-1 to be when arrange for being interrupted, the termination of prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach 10, the position of breach 10 is with to be interrupted the structure supporting parts 1-1 arranging corresponding, the on-the-spot installation of layered material of structure supporting parts 1-1 outer end; Or prefabricated panel 15 terminations are not provided with breach 10, the on-the-spot installation of layered material of the layered material between structure supporting parts 1-1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel 15 directly and the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction 1, for being positioned at the window still wall between upper and lower window, elastic expansion joint (window still wall can monoblock installation) is set between window still wall and the prefabricated panel of adjacent installation;
When structure supporting parts 1-1 arranges for being interrupted, the termination of prefabricated panel 15 is provided with breach 10, and the position of breach 10 is corresponding with the structure supporting parts 1-1 that is interrupted setting; Or the termination of prefabricated panel 15 does not have breach 10, the on-the-spot installation of materials for wall layering (prefabricated panel is rectangle, and prefabricated panel reduces cut height) between structure supporting parts 1-1;
By between prefabricated panel 15 and prefabricated batten 15-1, be connected, co-operation, forms and is out of shape between a kind of post that contains major structure of construction 1 and beam, assembling body of wall slip, that support, the formula that reclines are installed;
For example, to between prefabricated panel 15, interconnect: as with foamed glue by bonding connection between sandwich layer, or bonding with cement polymer elasticity mortar, also available elastic heat preserving mortar is bonding, according to energy-saving heat preserving requirement and adhesives condition, determine, during installation, jam-packed between Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate and prefabricated thermal insulation batten is installed.
By netted tensile materials, adjacent prefabricated panel is connected, meet overlap joint requirement, topping interconnects, or outer protection layer seam crossing filling elastic packing waterproofing materials connects, see Figure 29, the topping 8 of prefabricated panel 15 is exactly the topping 8 of assembling body of wall, does not get rid of the large need of construction error and makes up a deficiency and plaster;
Prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten that described prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 are various structures; 1), prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 be while being light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board for example prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 have following several:, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board are connected as a single entity, form a whole primary structure member (accompanying drawing all represents with composite thermo-insulating wall board, because of lightweight, energy-saving heat preserving good easy for installation, lattice are low); 2) or for there being the prefabricated panel of internal lobe, siphonal lobe concrete and middle insulation layer, rely on oblique pull reinforcing bar to connect, between layering, distortion has the changing of the relative positions, do not meet the mechanics of materials and make the prefabricated panel of the requirement of as a whole primary structure member (be the structure of building standard design atlas < < precast concrete out-hung panel > > 08SJ110-2,08SG333, or like configurations); 3) or be non-heat insulation prefabricated wallboard, lightweight concrete slab (as rice husk concrete, foamed concrete) and straw plate, honeycomb card board of light weight aggregate concrete plate, concrete core unit etc.;
When prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board is comprised of sandwich layer 3, topping 8, netted tensile materials 5; Described sandwich layer 3 is inorganic or organic insulation material, or be with inorganic material-modified organic and inorganic composite material (to increase fireproof performance), as polymer thermal insulative material, foam cement, mineral wool, straw, honeycomb card board, thermal insulation mortar, rice husk concrete, glue powder polyphenyl particle, foamed glass etc.; Described sandwich layer 3 is identical heat insulating material, or is different heat insulating materials (local difficult combustion phenolic resins for example, and other position is EPS plate at the sandwich layer 3 of diverse location; Or outside sandwich layer is polyurethane, inner sandwich layer is EPS plate, to increase outside high-temperature resistance), in described sandwich layer 3, can be provided with ribs or not be provided with ribs that (ribs is oblique or perpendicular to topping setting, to increase wallboard rigidity in sandwich layer.Ribs mostly in the market is magnesia cement, and durability is bad, is provided with reinforcing bar or is not provided with reinforcing bar in ribs); In described sandwich layer 3, can be provided with hole or not be provided with hole (having hole can increase heat insulation effect); Described netted tensile materials 5 is Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh or basalt fibre screen cloth or wire lath; Described topping 8 is cement mortar or layer of concrete, or described topping 8 layer of concrete for the cement mortar of modification or modification, or described topping 8 is cement calcium silicate board with microporous, cement fibrolite plate; The external surface of topping 8 is plane, or the external surface of topping 8 is matsurface; Described topping 8 is positioned at sandwich layer 3 both sides, and sandwich layer 3 is connected (as bonding connection, or/and core layer surface is fluted, be connected with topping, meet the requirement of strength that sandwich layer is connected with topping) with topping 8; Topping 8 thickness of diverse location can be different (as at Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate edge joint position topping 8 attenuates, Figure 23~Figure 25; While being provided with reinforcing bar, reinforcement location need be thickeied topping 8, Figure 32); Netted tensile materials 5 is positioned at topping 8, or Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh or basalt fibre screen cloth Pasting be on topping 8 surfaces, and netted tensile materials 5 can be selected a kind of or select multiple installation simultaneously, or the local netted tensile materials 5 that is provided with reinforcement; Or described prefabricated panel 15 is steel wire net rack cement filled board; The external surface of described prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 can be provided with decorative layer or not be provided with decorative layer;
In Figure 31, the prefabricated batten width of mounting slip member 2 approximately needs 150~250mm wide, and indoor and outdoor longitudinal reinforcement is respectively 2 is advisable, and is symmetrical arranged.
Be positioned at sliding component and the horizontal joint place at position should be installed by softness or elastic heat preserving material in addition, or lubricious material is also installed on heat insulating material.Not only by horizontal joint sealing thermal insulation, but also do not hinder slippage between upper and lower plates.
When processing prefabricated panel 15, mounting slip part is obviously very inconvenient, be difficult to the sliding component in prefabricated panel 15 accurately to be aimed at the yielding rubber pad internal channel in the steel chute of installing on structure supporting parts and structure supporting parts, and affect the efficiency that plant equipment is processed prefabricated panel, so present embodiment need to be by prefabricated batten 15-1.The prefabricated batten formwork of Figure 31, Figure 42 section is prefabricated easily, sliding component 2 is arranged on to one end of prefabricated batten, and easy for installation, easily install accurately position.
Assembling body of wall notes preventing the water inlet of body of wall horizontal joint, there is following several way, for reference: 1), in wall outer side, block finish material is installed, under the block finish material on upper strata, horizontal joint place, stretch, the block finish material of lower floor shortens, the block finish material of stretching under using covers in horizontal joint, can avoid horizontal joint water inlet; 2), at mounting block water cover plate 40 (Figure 46) of horizontal joint place, as stainless steel or aluminium alloys cover plate, cover plate and horizontal joint upper protective layer edge are adhesively fixed and (stick with glue agent bonding, can add tapping screw fixes), cover plate hides horizontal joint and extends downwards, can avoid horizontal joint water inlet; 3), the external protection lower end of prefabricated panel extends, and hides the upper end section of lower floor's Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate, hides horizontal joint, but prefabricated trouble.
Embodiment eight: the difference of present embodiment and embodiment seven is, assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1 be connected with following mode, select wherein a kind, or 1), 2), 3) plant collocation and share:
1), by crab-bolt 20 by prefabricated panel 15 or also have prefabricated batten 15-1 and the side of major structure of construction 1 or the additional part 1-3 that reclines is fixed;
Crab-bolt 20 penetrates prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1 or fixes with the side of the additional part 1-3 that reclines;
2), with cementitious materials, the slab column of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and major structure of construction 1, shear wall side is bonding, or/and bonding with the additional part 1-3 side that reclines;
Recommend to adopt 1 simultaneously) with 2) two kinds be connected structure; In addition, can embedded iron parts in the topping of prefabricated panel 15 and major structure of construction 1 bonding plane, be connected with major structure of construction 1;
3), with cementitious materials, the fixed end termination of prefabricated panel 15, prefabricated batten 15-1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 is bonding, or in the cementitious materials between bonding plane, be provided with netted tensile materials 5; Netted tensile materials 5 is overhanging to be connected with topping 8, and netted tensile materials 5 is connected (netted tensile materials 5 meets anchorage length with the bonding need of major structure of construction 1) with major structure of construction 1;
Cementitious materials has multiple choices, cement polymer mortar good water-retaining property, and adhesive strength is high, recommends to select.
Embodiment nine: present embodiment and embodiment seven or eights' difference is, present embodiment increases reinforcing bar 6 and stirrup 12, and reinforcing bar 6 is positioned at assembling body of wall indoor and outdoor topping 8; Reinforcing bar 6 comprises longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or the steel hoop (do not draw represent) of reinforcing bar 6 for being provided with at door and window hole; Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is positioned at the topping 8 at prefabricated panel 15 vertical joint places, or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is positioned at the topping 8 of prefabricated batten 15-1, between prefabricated panel 15 and prefabricated batten 15-1, is connected;
Or in the topping 8 of prefabricated panel 15, also arrange longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* (Figure 32, when very large for horizontal loading, or floor height is higher, post when larger, increase arrangement of reinforcement quantity; And Figure 25 window still wall is when longer, establishes longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* at middle part.);
Described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 and indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-2, and described horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2 comprise outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2-1, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel 6-2-2; For single steel bar or for bi-steel arranged side by side, (between bi-steel arranged side by side, can be provided with reinforcing bar sockets and also can not be provided with reinforcing bar and socket described reinforcing bar 6, or/and on bi-steel arranged side by side welding steel or block shaped steel, can be between bi-steel connecting welding, or weld on reinforcing bar perpendicular to metope.); Door and window hole should be provided with reinforcing bar 6, at door and window hole windowsill place, be provided with horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or also above door and window hole, be provided with horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2, or also in other position, be provided with horizontal reinforcement 6-2 (Figure 13), horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2 are connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1, or are connected with supporting 1-1-5; On the reinforcing bar 6 of indoor and outdoor single steel bar or bi-steel arranged side by side, be provided with stirrup 12, stirrup 12 sockets indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar 6 (stirrup 12 can be two limb hoops or is single hoop);
Illustrate:
1), the reinforcing bar 6 of slip assembling body of wall is not preferably single steel bar because be difficult for coinciding with the center of sliding component, and reinforcing bar 6 is not preferably bi-steel arranged side by side easily and the center of sliding component coincides.
2), window epithelium absolute altitude is when identical with beam, and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar or arch steel needn't be set, stirrup is that single hoop is directly connected (as nail nail on beam, stainless steel wire is connected with steel nail take-up strap) with beam.
Reinforcement installation is configured with following 3 kinds, selects one and selects:
1), have structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 heat bridge (Figure 34, Figure 37, Figure 38), the termination that is positioned at the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 of assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 1, or is connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2; The longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 other end is connected with sliding component 2;
2) when, structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are incubated outward, the termination that is positioned at the indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-2 of assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 1, or be connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2, the termination of outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 is connected with supporting 1-1-5, or be connected (as oblique roof panel, sole plate, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is set is in order to hang external protection 8) with the major structure of construction 1 of encorbelmenting; The longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 other end is connected with sliding component 2;
The inner and major structure of construction 1 anchoring of described supporting 1-1-5, the position of supporting 1-1-5 is corresponding with the position of assembling body of wall outside longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1; Described supporting 1-1-5 is steel truss supporting, steel truss supporting is provided with brace (Figure 26, Figure 27), or described supporting 1-1-5 is for the fixing diagonal reinforcement of cement polymer mortar, (cement polymer mortar prevents oblique reinforcing bar distortion and displacement, prevent oblique reinforcement corrosion, being applicable to supporting encorbelments compared with a hour application, generally should not apply), or described supporting 1-1-5 is concrete hanging top supporting; Outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1-1 is connected with supporting 1-1-5, and the external protection of assembling body of wall 8 is hung;
The termination of described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 becomes the main tie point of assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1; Described main tie point the is connected transmission power force direction that is subject to major structure of construction 1 is the direction of reinforcing bar 6-1 along the longitudinal;
3) or in the topping 8 of the prefabricated panel 15 of assembling body of wall longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is also set, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1, indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2;
When longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is set, there are following 2 kinds of installation constitutions, select one and select:
1., there are structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 heat bridge, be that structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 outer end be not when be incubated, the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 1, or be connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2, the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* other end is anchored in topping (8);
2., structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2 are incubated outward; The indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2 termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction 1, or be connected with structure supporting parts 1-1 or concrete slab 1-2, the outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1 termination that is positioned at assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with supporting 1-1-5, supporting 1-1-5 position is corresponding with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* (when closeer longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is set, the setting of supporting 1-1-5 is also closeer, and the working height of prefabricated panel can arrive the lower absolute altitude of supporting; When 1 or 2 longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* are set in the middle of the prefabricated panel, can, in the middle leaving certain gaps uncovered by the economic plan 10 of prefabricated panel termination, for supporting 1-1-5, be connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*), the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* other end is anchored in topping 8; Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is also connected (for example upper and lower at window) with indoor and outdoor horizontal reinforcement or arch steel 6-2;
Longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* also can install at the construction field (site); with stirrup 12, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-1 is connected with indoor longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*-2; and then on prefabricated panel 15, plaster and form topping 8 (prefabricated panel 15 of installation can be semiproduct; only have the topping of a half thickness, netted tensile materials is pasted in outside.After installation longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* and stirrup, plaster and form whole toppings.), but bother;
The termination of described longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* is also the main tie point of assembling body of wall and major structure of construction 1; Described main tie point the is connected transmission power force direction that is subject to major structure of construction 1 is the direction of reinforcing bar 6-1* along the longitudinal.
Embodiment ten: the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment seven~nine is, assembling body of wall is connected and takes the following the 1st with major structure of construction 1)~4) anticorrosive measure, or also take the 5th) anticorrosive measure:
1), the sandwich layer 3 place local reductions of reinforcing bar 6 or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* position will be provided with, increase topping 8 thickness; Or attenuate sandwich layer 3 thickness not, increase laterally topping 8 thickness of reinforcing bar 6 or longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*; The reinforcing bar 6 that described assembling body of wall is installed or in addition longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*, supporting 1-1-5, connection ironware and weld seam are around all positioned under the protection of alkaline topping 8, and topping 8 thickness meet anticorrosion requirement;
2), with the major structure of construction 1 of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 junction and the concrete that structure supporting parts 1-1 place is after-pouring, or the cement polymer concrete of after-pouring, make longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 be positioned at the protection of basic matterial, and the thickness of topping 8 meet the demands; Or at major structure of construction 1 and structure supporting parts 1-1 place is pre-buried or ironware or reinforcing bar are installed in bar planting; with scene, longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 being installed is connected; or be connected with the longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 of prefabricated batten 15-1, the operating space that longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 is positioned at prefabricated batten 15-1 connecting portion meets the thickness requirement that connects rear topping 8.
3), in the breach 10-1 of supporting 1-1-5 and periphery thereof, pour into topping 8, topping 8 thickness meet anticorrosion requirement, and protection supporting 1-1-5 prevents corrosion, or on supporting 1-1-5 brushing corrosion resistant coating;
4), the described stirrup 12 through sandwich layer 3 meets anticorrosion requirement;
5), when topping 8 thickness of conventional cement mortar or ordinary concrete are difficult to meet anticorrosion and require; topping 8 in reinforcing bar 6 (comprising all reinforcing bars) and composition sliding component 2 in surrounding's certain limit of steel is cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete; or also add silicon ash in cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete, meet anticorrosion requirement.
Other, as met the alkaline-resisting strength retention ratio of standard-required with Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh, also, as used after heat galvanized electric welded mesh, can protect solder joint by galvanizing, anticorrosion good.
Embodiment 11: the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment seven~ten is, present embodiment also increases following fire protection construction measure, selects as required one of them or collocation to select:
1), the topping 8 of assembling body of wall meets fire endurance requirement, opening protection layer 8-1 is door and window hole fire barrier, opening protection layer 8-1 meets fire endurance requirement;
There is opening protection layer 8-1 at the door and window hole place of assembling integral wall; opening protection layer 8-1 is fire-retardant type or nonflammable heat insulating material; or brushing fireproof paint, Waterproof gum; form heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole and (as the linear thermal transmittance in difficult combustion phenolic resins hole is installed, can be " 0 "; if the heat insulating material that coefficient of thermal conductivity is higher; though be still less than main wall heat resistance for ,Dan hole, heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole thermal resistance.); Or described opening protection layer 8-1 be cement mortar or concrete floated coat, or be the concrete floated coat of the cement mortar of modification or modification, be formed with heat bridge hole; Opening protection layer 8-1 is connected (being generally bonding connection) with adjacent sandwich layer 3; opening protection layer 8-1 both sides matcoveredn 8; opening protection layer 8-1 is connected with topping 8 that (when prefabricated panel is installed, hole periphery should on-the-spotly be installed opening protection layer 8-1, and hole must be seam crossing.)。The topping of Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate, prefabricated thermal insulation batten is exactly the topping of assembling body of wall;
2) topping on the heat preservation strip that, install in doorframe and window frame outside meets fire endurance and requires (window perimeter walls bulk diffusion in the time of can reducing fire generation);
3), in assembling body of wall, increase 11, fire barrier, fire barrier 11 and meet fire endurance requirement; If fire barrier 11 is for not firing or difficult combustion heat insulating material, fireproof paint, Waterproof gum, cement mortar or concrete, or for the concrete of the cement mortar of modification or modification etc.; Fire barrier 11 be provided with following 2 kinds of modes, according to use, need to select: 1., at interlayer, horizontal fire barrier 11-1 is set; 2., in prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint, vertical fire barrier 11-2 is set; Form closed fire compartmentation structure;
Elastic expansion joint 30 (Figure 36), for not firing or difficult combustion heat insulating material, is exactly vertical fire barrier 11-2 by the heat insulating material in construction drawings, sees Figure 39 it (1), Figure 40 it (1).
4), in the topping of crab-bolt 20 outer ends or surface have fire proofing material, crab-bolt 20 meets fire endurance requirement; As on crab-bolt surface or the local brushing Waterproof gum of protective layer, or fire proofing material is joined in the topping of plastering of certain limit in crab-bolt.
5), described supporting 1-1-5 meets fire endurance requirement; described built-in fitting (such as embedded bar) that arrange on major structure of construction 1, that be connected with longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and longitudinal reinforcement 6-1* meets fire endurance requirement (during as bar planting mounting support; organic chemistry glue does not meet fire endurance requirement and just not allows application; also have at supporting periphery perfusion topping; just can, so that supporting had both met anticorrosion requirement, meet again fire endurance requirement.Kill two birds with one stone.If do not establish supporting, there is no this fire protection construction requirement).
Heat preservation strip is installed in window frame outside at heat insulation break bridge structure, and the topping on heat preservation strip surface can be the cement polymer elastic mortar+Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh thickening, or the fireproof paint of brushing on topping, brushing Waterproof gum, meets fire endurance requirement.
About some explanation of the present invention:
The condition of 1, installing about the formula that reclines:
Abutment face should meet one fixed width, needs to install the additional part that reclines, as vertical concrete being installed on beam limit if do not met.
2, topping 8 layer of concrete for the cement mortar of modification or modification of the present invention, comprise following meaning:
1), add Admixture, flyash, stone flour, silicon ash, waterproof agent, water-loss reducer, resistance and split the cement mortar of fiber and other material modification or the concrete of modification, hinder and split fiber and have polypropylene chopped strand, alkali-proof glass chopped strand, basalt fibre and hemp cut etc.
2), also comprise cement polymer mortar or the cement polymer concrete that adds water-loss reducer, macromolecule adhesive formation; And the cement silicon ash polymer mortar or the cement silicon ash polymer concrete that also add the formation of silicon ash.1., than conventional cement mortar or concrete intensity is high, crack is few its effect is:, protection reinforcing bar is prevented to the better effects if of corrosion.The cement silicon ash polymer elasticity mortar or the cement silicon ash polymer elasticity concrete that particularly adopt the acrylic ester elastic emulsion preparation of vitrification point lower (10 degree~-20 degree) to contain silicon ash are more favourable.2., steel nail is easy to and hammer into securely in cement polymer elastic mortar, and with steel nail, connection steel disc and cement polymer elastic mortar are fixedly secured while facilitating erection of doors and windows; And ordinary mortar is easy to cracking, nail steel nail is insecure.
3), also comprise magnesia cement mortar, can be applicable to the building not high to life requirement.
3, about just prefabricated panel and major structure of construction side fixing by crab-bolt: recommend adoption plastics crab-bolt, particularly adopt nailing plastic crab-bolt, accompanying drawing multilist shows nailing plastic crab-bolt, plastic outer sleeve should adopt high-strength polyethylene plastic material.Nailing can be injected in concrete and be not less than 45mm, penetrable 6~10mm steel plate and steel structure connection (on steel work limit, can weld steel sheet), also available bolt and steel structure connection, but trouble.Nailing plastic crab-bolt does not increase heat transfer, and installation rate is fast, price is low, bonding strength can meet the demands, reduce cost, do not increase heat transfer, good endurance.As the nailing plastic crab-bolt of the fastening equipment of existing Sichuan Province China South Mountain nailing Co., Ltd production.
4, about reinforcing bar setting:
1), indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar is generally and is symmetrical arranged, and can a side be also bi-steel arranged side by side, another side is single steel bar, stirrup is triangular in shape to be socketed; The vertical reinforcing bar reply that slip assembling body of wall is installed claims to arrange (Figure 31 and Figure 41 they (2)).The steel plate of installing on bi-steel arranged side by side can be installed perpendicular to body of wall by Figure 31, or is arranged between bi-steel.Seam crossing is positioned at post or the shear wall place of major structure of construction, and need to outdoor longitudinal reinforcement be set time, outdoor longitudinal reinforcement sockets by stirrup and major structure of construction, need be on post or shear wall embedded bar or ironware be connected with stirrup;
2), hole horizontal reinforcement is set and can prevents plaster topping cracking of door and window hole corner.Horizontal reinforcement generally can be Φ 4 galvanizing steels, is conveniently connected with both sides reinforcing bar.While being necessary to arrange the larger horizontal reinforcement of diameter, horizontal reinforcement and both sides, hole reinforcing bar are by being welded to connect with junction steel plate.It is upper and lower that horizontal reinforcement can only be positioned at door and window hole, also can be positioned at other position, and for example, when Figure 13 has two windows arranged side by side, the horizontal reinforcement between two windows can connect and socket.When window is arc, on-the-spot arc sandwich layer and the arch steel installed.
5, anti-shearing about stirrup setting and assembling body of wall:
For socketing between indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar, and for reinforcing bar is positioned at compared with accurate location in topping, stirrup need be set; Indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar, by socketing with stirrup, can increase the safety that prefabricated panel is connected with major structure of construction.Stirrup also has the effect that makes assembling body of wall meet shear strength in anchor.
The sandwich layer of prefabricated panel should be selected good springiness, good endurance, good heat insulation, be easy to bonding heat insulating material.When EPS plate is sandwich layer, EPS plate tensile strength values is between 0.15~0.24Mpa, with reference to concrete structure diagonal section intensity design formulas, EPS plate tensile strength design load is taken as to 0.1Mpa (for reference, also treat that expert confirms), in most cases, body of wall relies on EPS plate self tensile strength can meet anti-shearing requirement, and stirrup is only structure installation.With being equivalent to the soft state stainless steel of the stainless Φ 2~Φ 3 of Unite States Standard 304# steel wire, as stirrup structure, socket.With stainless steel steel wire, be stirrup, because diameter is little, weight few (the heavy 25g/m of Φ 2 stainless steel steel wires), intensity is high, conduct heat less, soft, that bending is installed is convenient, cost low (price during equal length be about Φ 6 reinforcing bars 60%), good endurance.
Wall between windows is narrower anti-shearing while not meeting the demands, and need anti-shearing stirrup be set by Structural Design Requirement, as Figure 13, Figure 30.Consider bending resistance, anti-shearing and normal operating condition requirement, may also need, by wall between windows thickening, could meet the requirement of structural limits state.Φ 2, Φ 2.5, Φ 3 stainless steel tensile strength of wire values are respectively 1.5KN, 2.4KN, 3.4KN.When sandwich layer is alkaline foam cement, although stirrup can be plain bars, increase diameter, difficult bending, construction inconvenience, increase cost, increase are conducted heat.
6, about the installation of longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 and sliding component 2:
The longitudinal reinforcement 6-1 of assembling body of wall of the present invention and sliding component 2 arrange at a certain distance, for example, while stipulating that longitudinal 6-1 and sliding component 2 spacing are not more than 2m, the prefabricated panel of failing to grow up in 2m can be directly installed, at seam crossing, connect, or by hole, prefabricated panel 15 is assembled into large plate and installs, but the latter bothers.
7, according to < < alkali-resistant glass fibre screen cloth > > JCL841-2007 standard, by the alkaline-resisting strength retention ratio of Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh, be 75%, Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh tensile strength design load is about 60% of alkaline-resisting intensity retention, the alternative steel area of conversion Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh, the alternative steel application of netted tensile materials, in Table 5.
Table 5 Alkali-resisting fiberglass mesh tensile strength design load, and convert alternative steel area
There have been at present basalt silk and basalt cloth, also had basalt reinforcing bar.Undoubtedly, will there is the basalt fibre net with the braiding of basalt silk.Basalt silk has excellent ageing-resistant, high temperature resistant, anti acid alkali performance energy, excellent mechanical property, and the basalt fibre screen cloth being woven by basalt silk will occur.Along with scientific and technological development, may also have other net that is suitable for doing netted tensile materials, be applied to combined wall of the present invention.
8, about supporting: supporting essence is that body of wall and major structure of construction 1 are at outdoor main tie point.
The steel truss that steel truss supporting is comprised of steel pole; that pre-buried installation or bar planting are installed or pre-embedded steel slab is installed all very convenient; if pour into cement polymer mortar around in steel truss supporting; cement polymer mortar reaches specific thickness; can protect the steel pole of steel truss avoid corrosion and meet fire endurance requirement; and increase rigidity, avoid steel truss supporting to lose stable.At the external corner place of assembling building wall, can hang vertical reinforcing bar outside external corner sections by mounting support, or 45 degree oblique concrete cornice in external corner place is set, outside external corner sections, vertical reinforcing bar is connected with oblique concrete cornice.
9, about fire prevention:
General prefabricated panel protective layer thickness 25mm (topping that does not comprise reinforcement location), approximately can meet fire endurance requirement in 1 hour, can adjust protective layer thickness by fire endurance as required.
The fire barrier that meets fire endurance requirement can be and reaches certain thickness rock wool, foam cement, thermal insulation mortar, glue powder polyphenyl particle, difficult combustion phenolic resins etc. and do not fire or difficult combustion heat insulating material; If with cement mortar or concrete, or for increasing, the concrete of the cement mortar of modification or modification conducts heat.Wherein door and window hole fire barrier recommend adoption brushing Waterproof gum or fireproof paint, or difficult combustion phenolic resins is installed, can save the expensive hole labour cost of plastering.Fire barrier recommend adoption thermal insulation mortar, glue powder polyphenyl particle between interlayer, family, be convenient to adjust place, gap error be installed, and installs simply, and price is low.In combined wall insulation layer, fire barrier is set, forms the little subregion structure of a kind of closed fire prevention, greatly reduce fire damage, even if there is the rough sledding such as war, blast, fire can be controlled in the little subregion of fire prevention.
While 10, being light-duty composite insulation boards about prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten, the connectivity problem between sandwich layer:
When assembling body of wall is installed, need be by between prefabricated panel sandwich layer, and the gap between prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten sandwich layer seals bondingly mutually, adhering and sealing is fixing that wallboard seam crack easily occurs for seam crossing, and assembling body of wall can not form a common primary structure member.
1), gap place is bonding with polyurethane foam glue foaming sealing, the tensile strength of polyurethane foam glue foaming should be not less than EPS plate tensile strength values.Polyurethane foam colloid amount difference is large at present, and some tensile strength is high, and pliability is good, and what have is crisp, does not meet tensile strength values.
2), also available cement polymer elasticity mortar is bonding in non-heating region, heating districts also available elastic heat preserving mortar is bonding, during installation by between Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate, or the bonding installation of jam-packed between Prefabricated heat-insulation wall plate and prefabricated thermal insulation batten.Elastic heat preserving mortar is that the fine sand in cement polymer elastic mortar is substituted with glass bead or vitreous pearlite, because insulating dry powder mortar elasticity is bad, it is bad, easy to crack to adapt to sex change, should not use.
11, about the horizontal loading perpendicular to metope:
Prefabricated panel is light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board; the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board are connected as a single entity; form a whole primary structure member; when protective layer thickness 25mm; assembling body of wall is from heavy and light, and to the combination of Beijing area wind load combination and horizontal earthquake action and wind load, the two gets its large one; wind load has combined control action, and wind load combined value is horizontal earthquake action and wind load combination 2~2.5 times.To most areas, be also that wind load has combined control action.In earthquake intensity during higher than common earthquake one-level, assembling body of wall self is safe.
When light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board forms a whole primary structure member, by adjusting core layer thickness and adjusting netted tensile materials specification, can increase bending resistance, only by netted tensile materials, mostly can meet assembling body of wall bending resistance designing requirement.1), at hole, weak location arranges reinforcing bar, meets the bending resistance designing requirement of cross section, the edge of a wing, hole the object that prefabricated panel seam crossing arranges longitudinal reinforcement is:; 2), the local interruption of cornicing is when arrange, reinforcing bar is set increases the reliability of liking that assembling body of wall is connected with major structure of construction, but wallboard is subject to not need to consider in curved design the unbending (because of far) of longitudinal reinforcement apart; 3), body of wall hanger is installed reinforcing bar need be set; 4), slip assembling body of wall need arrange reinforcing bar.
The situation that horizontal loading is very large is rare, the wind reference pressure 1.8KN/m of China's maximum 2(Xisha), 1.85KN/m 2(Yilan of the island of Taiwan), the prefabricated panel of span 3m freely-supported, calculates by building height 30m, considers height coefficient, gustness factor, wind load Shape Coefficient, and the correction factor that has the adverse effect of door and window hole, when 30m is high, the horizontal wind load combined value of metope just reaches 8~10.0KN/m 2huge value, calculated bending moment is very large, may can not meet bending resistance distributed steel requirement by netted tensile materials, this just need to arrange longitudinal reinforcement 6-1*.
12, in the time of need to meeting ultimate limit state designing requirement, comprise:
1), ultimate limit state design is with reference to the regulation of < < Code for design of concrete structures > > GB50010;
2), serviceability limit state design:
Evidence: sandwich layer EPS plate thickness 140mm, both sides each 30mm of cement mortar protective course thickness, prefabricated panel thickness 200mm, the simply supported slab that span is 3.0m, when composite thermo-insulating wall board forms a whole primary structure member, at vertical load 2.5KN/m 2under effect, amount of deflection is only 3mm.When large span and horizontal loading are larger, and the light plate of new material should detect deformation values by test, and amount of deflection is controlled in allowed band.
13, determine that assembling body of wall core layer thickness need consider following factor:
1), whether need to meet ultimate limit state designing requirement.
Increase core layer thickness and contribute to meet bending resistance and anti-shearing, and reduce flexural deformation.
2), meet energy-saving heat preserving requirement.
3) the minimum thickness requirement of sandwich layer while, meeting mounting slip member.
4), permanent construction thickness of wall body will meet comfort requirement.
When assembling body of wall core layer thickness is too thin, Indoor sill is too narrow, and comfort is poor, recommends the core layer thickness of permanent construction should not be less than 150mm, and body of wall gross thickness 200mm, to meet the requirement of residence comfort.
14, when prefabricated panel is light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board; how to guarantee the reliability being connected between assembling body of wall topping and sandwich layer; make assembling body of wall can form a whole primary structure member; extend the durable years of assembling body of wall; make it to be not less than 50 years; prevent and reduce the common quality defect of assembling body of wall topping cracking, except guaranteeing that steel meet anticorrosion requirement, recommend to take following technical measures:
1), at tabular sandwich layer, establish compared with dovetail type groove on as EPS plate, increase being connected between topping and sandwich layer.
While processing light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board with special equipment, the dovetail type groove planted agent in EPS plate bottom first scrapes and smears cement polymer mortar, particularly cement polymer elastic mortar.Cement polymer elastic mortar good springiness, adaptive deformation cracking resistance are good, or also in polyacrylate elastic emulsion, add silicon ash, and the small-size effect of silicon ash, can increase bonding bonding reliability.
2), on high molecular tabular sandwich layer, take brushing interfacial agents to build the job practices of topping.
Interfacial agents is with synthetic resin emulsion liquid as the preparation of polyacrylate dispersion raw material, and the adhesive raw materials in interfacial agents and the ratio of water should be not less than certain numerical value.Interfacial agents essence is cementing agent, and the bonding requirement to interfacial agents (or being referred to as bonding adhesive) between different materials is different, and for example mutual when bonding between inorganic material, possible plain-water slurry is the satisfied bonding requirements as interfacial agents just.
At the interfacial agents quality of preparation and brushing quality, when qualified, can effectively guarantee that interfacial agents is bonded together topping and sandwich layer.Experimental results show that; with hammer, knocking while destroying topping EPS plate is cut a hole to such an extent that depression, cement mortar are comminution and destroy; but bonding interface still bonds; composite plate after this is destroyed is immersed in the water 24h, freezing 12h; take out and dissolve, steep again in water again; multigelation experiment 50 times, bonding interface does not destroy, and illustrates that freeze-thawing resistant and water resistance meet instructions for use.
3), to topping watering health, be to prevent that topping is bad because of health, there is the necessary condition of efflorescence cracking.
4), quality of materials should be qualified.For example qualified core material should be selected and meet tensile strength values, good springiness, is easy to material bonding, good endurance, and sandwich layer can be to topping cracking formation restrictive function with reliable connection of topping.
5), can partitioning slot need to be set in conjunction with decorating; plug elastic packing waterproofing materials in partitioning slot, the netted tensile materials in floated coat can be communicated with, and the topping outside netted tensile materials and outside finish disconnect; partitioning slot can be used as ornamental strip, can reduce the crack occurring because of variations in temperature.
The thin heat-preserving wall of plastering that Germany carried out in the seventies, outer mask ftractures, and progressively keeps in repair.They think EPS plate that the 50mm of original installation is thick and meeting the demands with the bonding cement polymer mortar adhesive linkage quality of base course wall.So peeled the thin topping of plastering of cracking off, paste again the EPS plate that 150~200mm is thick in the above, think and can also re-use more than 30 years.This explanation, is not positioned at ultraviolet ray and irradiates, is not subject to cement polymer interfacial agents, cement polymer mortar durability that wind and rain degrades can be not less than 60 years.
When 15, assembling body of wall of the present invention is energy-saving wall, prefabricated panel should be composite thermo-insulating wall board; During non-energy-saving wall, prefabricated panel can be concrete slab, lightweight concrete slab etc.
16, the connection that netted tensile materials of the present invention is connected with reinforcing bar realizes by the following method:
1) when, prefabricated panel seam crossing is installed prefabricated batten; in prefabricated batten, there is longitudinal reinforcement 6-1; when topping is smeared in prefabricated batten outside (smearing cement polymer elastic mortar is advisable); the netted tensile materials of installing overlaps bonding connection with side prefabricated panel, thereby prefabricated batten is connected with prefabricated panel.Be netted tensile materials and being connected by the bonding connection of cementitious materials of reinforcing bar.
2), prefabricated panel seam crossing is on-the-spot when reinforcing bar is installed, netted tensile materials is connected with reinforcing bar binding; Add the plaster bonding connection of cementitious materials of topping of reinforcing bar.
17, about selecting wherein a kind in embodiment two, eight, or 1), 2), 3) plant collocation and share problem:
For prefabricated panel is installed, for convenience of construction and installation, must select to fix with crab-bolt and major structure of construction, because fixed prefabricated panel by crab-bolt, prefabricated panel is just motionless.But for prefabricated batten, because it also has inside and outside longitudinal reinforcement and major structure of construction to fix, therefore not necessarily need to fix by crab-bolt.
18, about erection of doors and windows:
The prefabricated batten 15-1 that is positioned at hole should the pre-buried ironware being connected with window level reinforcing bar or reinforcing bar 6-3 (Figure 41).
During erection of doors and windows, the installation steel disc on door and window is interlocked and fixed with the steel disc 6-3 that is connected installing on the upper edge of window reinforcing bar of Figure 31, Figure 41 they (2).Connecting steel disc 6-3 can install by Figure 31, also can install by it (1) of figure Figure 41, but Figure 31 and Figure 41 they (2) easily guarantees thickness of protection tier.
The gap between thin covering window frame of insulation and body of wall should be installed in outside, heat-insulating bridge-cut-off hole.
19, the common assembling body of wall of embodiment of the present invention one~six also can be applicable to shear wall structure; although increased the cost of prefabricated panel; but reduce engineering quantity, the expensive artificial expenditure of minimizing that outer protection layer is plastered, and can reduce the coefficient of thermal conductivity of heat insulating material.While being applied to shear wall structure, indoor reinforcing bar needn't be set.
When 20, the assembling body of wall of embodiment of the present invention one~six, window are horizontal moulding, between window lower end and assembling body of wall except with elaxtic seal sealing, also slip stop can be set, slip stop is by the assembling wall connecting of window lower end and horizontal moulding, this window can be along with upper floor slippage, be applied to house balcony window, and in the body of wall of horizontal moulding.

Claims (10)

1. the assembling body of wall that support, the formula that reclines are installed, it comprises major structure of construction (1), prefabricated panel (15), or also comprises prefabricated batten (15-1); Described major structure of construction (1) is sheet-pile wall and basis;
It is characterized in that, at major structure of construction (1) lateral surface, be provided with support prefabricated panel (15) or the structure supporting parts (1-1) of the prefabricated batten of support (15-1) also, structure supporting parts (1-1) is connected with major structure of construction (1), and structure supporting parts (1-1) is major structure of construction (1) extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts (1-1) is concrete cornice, or is metal supporting parts, or is cornicing of wood or bamboo, or/and structure supporting parts (1-1) is sole plate or floor; Described structure supporting parts (1-1) is to arrange continuously or is local interruption setting; Described structure supporting parts (1-1) is to arrange continuously, or is local interruption setting;
Described and major structure of construction (1) the side formula that reclines is installed and is: by the installation that is posted by connecting of slab column, the shear wall lateral surface of prefabricated panel (15) and major structure of construction (1); Or at the additional part (1-3) that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part (1-3) that reclines is major structure of construction (1) extension in the vertical direction, by the installation that is posted by connecting of the additional part that reclines (1-3) of prefabricated panel (15) and major structure of construction (1);
When comprising prefabricated batten (15-1), prefabricated batten (15-1) is positioned between prefabricated panel (15), and the installation of prefabricated batten (15-1) is identical with prefabricated panel (15);
, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions,, easy construction different according to installation site and use needs, selects 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) structure coordinate installation:
1), by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) to be arranged on that structure supporting parts (1-1) is upper or to be arranged on concrete slab (1-2) upper, structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) outer end are without insulation layer;
2), by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) to be arranged on that structure supporting parts (1-1) is upper or to be arranged on concrete slab (1-2) upper, there is insulation layer structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel (15) directly and the installation that is posted by connecting of the lateral surface of major structure of construction (1);
To between prefabricated panel (15), interconnect, or be connected between prefabricated panel (15) and prefabricated batten (15-1), co-operation, forms the assembling body of wall that a kind of common support, the formula that reclines are installed;
Prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten that described prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) are various structures; When described prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board connect as one, and form a whole primary structure member.
2. the assembling body of wall that a kind of support according to claim 1, the formula that reclines are installed,
It is characterized in that, assembling integral wall and major structure of construction (1) be connected with following mode, select wherein a kind, or 1), 2), 3) collocation shares:
1), by crab-bolt (20) by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) and major structure of construction (1) or the side of the additional part (1-3) that reclines is fixed;
2), with cementitious materials, prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) is bonding with slab column, the shear wall side of major structure of construction (1), or/and bonding with additional part (1-3) side that reclines;
3), with cementitious materials by prefabricated panel (15) or also have the termination of prefabricated batten (15-1) and structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) bonding, or in the cementitious materials between bonding plane, be also provided with netted tensile materials (5), or be provided with netted tensile materials (5) in the bonding plane between upper and lower prefabricated panel (15); Netted tensile materials (5) is overhanging to be connected with indoor topping (8), and netted tensile materials (5) is connected with major structure of construction (1), or upper and lower prefabricated panel (15) is connected.
3. the assembling body of wall that a kind of support according to claim 1 and 2, the formula that reclines are installed,
It is characterized in that, it also comprises reinforcing bar (6) and stirrup (12), reinforcing bar (6) is positioned at the topping (8) of assembling body of wall, reinforcing bar (6) comprises longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) and horizontal reinforcement or arch steel (6-2), or reinforcing bar (6) is the steel hoop arranging at door and window hole periphery; Longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at the topping (8) at prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint place, or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at the topping (8) of prefabricated batten (15-1);
Or at the topping (8) that is positioned at prefabricated panel (15), longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) is also set;
The installation constitution of reinforcing bar (6) has following 3 kinds, selects one and selects:
1), have structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) heat bridge, the upper and lower side of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is connected with major structure of construction (1), or is connected with structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2);
2) while, being incubated outside structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2), be provided with reinforcing bar (6), the upper and lower side of indoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-2) is connected with major structure of construction (1), or be connected with structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2), the upper and lower side of outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1) is connected with supporting (1-1-5), or is connected with the major structure of construction of encorbelmenting (1);
The inner of described supporting (1-1-5) and major structure of construction (1) anchoring, the position of supporting (1-1-5) is corresponding with the position of assembling body of wall outside longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1); Outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1) is connected with supporting (1-1-5), thereby the external protection of assembling body of wall (8) is hung;
3) or also in the topping (8) of the prefabricated panel (15) of assembling body of wall, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) is set, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*-1), indoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*-2).
4. the assembling body of wall that a kind of support according to claim 3, the formula that reclines are installed,
It is characterized in that, assembling body of wall is connected and takes the following the 1st with major structure of construction (1))~4) anticorrosive measure, or also take the 5th), 6) anticorrosive measure:
1), at the sandwich layer (3) that is provided with reinforcing bar (6) or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) position, locate local reduction, increase topping (8) thickness; Or attenuate sandwich layer (3) thickness not, increase laterally topping (8) thickness of reinforcing bar (6) or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*); The reinforcing bar (6) that described assembling body of wall is installed or in addition longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*), supporting (1-1-5), connection ironware and weld seam are around all positioned under the protection of alkaline topping (8), and topping (8) thickness meets anticorrosion requirement;
2), locate the concrete into after-pouring with major structure of construction (1) and the structure supporting parts (1-1) of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) junction, or the cement polymer concrete of after-pouring, make longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) be positioned at the protection of basic matterial, and the thickness of topping (8) meet the demands; Or locate pre-buried or bar planting installation ironware or reinforcing bar at major structure of construction (1) and structure supporting parts (1-1); with scene, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) being installed is connected; or be connected with the longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) of prefabricated batten (15-1), the operating space that longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at prefabricated batten (15-1) connecting portion meets the thickness requirement of topping (8).
3), in the breach (10-1) of supporting (1-1-5) and periphery thereof, pour into topping (8), topping (8) thickness meets anticorrosion requirement, protection supporting (1-1-5) prevents corrosion, or at the upper brushing corrosion resistant coating of supporting (1-1-5);
4), the described stirrup (12) through sandwich layer (3) meets anticorrosion requirement;
5) while, having longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*), between the prefabricated panel (15) that upper and lower layer is installed, leave distance, leave the operating space that guarantees upper and lower longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) connecting length, guarantee that topping (8) thickness of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) meets anticorrosion requirement; Or when processing prefabricated panel, topping (8) within the scope of the connecting length of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) termination does not form, middle plastering again after the connection of levels longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) termination to be installed, form the topping (8) of upper and lower longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) joint, can guarantee that topping (8) thickness of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) meets anticorrosion requirement;
6), when topping (8) thickness of conventional cement mortar or ordinary concrete is difficult to meet anticorrosion requirement; topping (8) around reinforcing bar (6) and weld seam in certain limit is cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic concrete; or also add silicon ash in cement polymer elastic mortar or cement polymer elastic concrete, meet anticorrosion requirement.
5. the assembling body of wall of installing according to a kind of support described in claim 1,2 or 4, the formula that reclines,
It is characterized in that, it also comprises following fire protection construction measure, selects as required one of them or collocation to select:
1), the topping (8) of assembling body of wall meets fire endurance requirement, opening protection layer (8-1) is door and window hole fire barrier, opening protection layer (8-1) meets fire endurance requirement;
2) heat preservation strip that, install in doorframe and window frame outside meets fire endurance requirement;
3), fire barrier (11) is set in assembling body of wall, fire barrier (11) meet fire endurance requirement; Fire barrier (11) be provided with following 2 kinds of modes, according to use, need to select: 1., at interlayer, horizontal fire barrier (11-1) is set; 2., in prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint, vertical fire barrier (11-2) is set; Form closed fire compartmentation structure;
4), in the topping (8) of crab-bolt (20) outer end or surface have fire proofing material, crab-bolt (20) meets fire endurance requirement;
5), described supporting (1-1-5) meets fire endurance requirement, describedly at the upper built-in fitting that arrange, that be connected with indoor and outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) and longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) of major structure of construction (1), meets fire endurance requirement.
6. the assembling body of wall that support, the formula that reclines are installed, it comprises major structure of construction (1), prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1); Described major structure of construction (1) is that described major structure of construction (1) is slab column wall and basis;
It is characterized in that, it also comprises sliding component (2);
At major structure of construction (1) lateral surface, be provided with the structure supporting parts (1-1) of support prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1), structure supporting parts (1-1) is connected with major structure of construction (1), and structure supporting parts (1-1) is major structure of construction 1 extension in the horizontal direction; Described structure supporting parts (1-1) is concrete cornice, or be metal supporting parts, or be cornicing of wood or bamboo, or/and structure supporting parts (1-1) is sole plate or floor, or described structure supporting parts (1-1) is for forming the part in sliding component (2); Described structure supporting parts (1-1) is to arrange continuously or is local interruption setting;
Described and major structure of construction (1) the side formula that reclines is installed and is: by the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) upper end or lower end and major structure of construction (1); Or at the additional part (1-3) that reclines of beam slab arranged outside, the beam slab that the additional part (1-3) that reclines is major structure of construction (1) extension in the vertical direction, by the installation that is posted by connecting of the additional part that reclines (1-3) of prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) and major structure of construction (1); Prefabricated batten (15-1) is positioned between prefabricated panel (15); One end that the formula that reclines is installed is assembling body of wall fixed end, and the other end is sliding-end;
Between the assembling body of wall of described a kind of support, the formula that reclines installation and the post of major structure of construction (1) or shear wall, there are following 2 kinds of structures, select one and select or fit applications:
1), one end of prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) is connected with the beam slab of major structure of construction (1), be not connected with post or shear wall;
2), the installation that is posted by connecting of the post of prefabricated panel (15) and major structure of construction (1) or shear wall lateral surface, at post or shear wall side, be provided with elastic expansion joint (30);
Sliding component (2) is set at a certain distance, and sliding component (2) is positioned at the horizontal joint place of prefabricated batten (15-1) and structure supporting parts (1-1) or is positioned at prefabricated batten (15-1) and the flooring horizontal joint place of major structure of construction (1);
The part that forms sliding component (2) is arranged on the sliding-end of assembling body of wall, and another part part is arranged on the fixed end of assembling body of wall, and the part of sliding-end can be along the part slippage of fixed end;
When the window still wall of assembling body of wall is longer, between the window still wall of slip and flooring, establish additional sliding and position limitation device (4), additional sliding and position limitation device (4) is fixed with the window still wall of assembling body of wall and the beam slab of major structure of construction (1), and additional sliding and position limitation device (4) can slide along with window still wall;
, the assembling body of wall installed of the formula that reclines has following 3 kinds of installation constitutions, according to using, need to select separately 1) or 2) structure, or by 1) or 2) with 3) structure collocation;
1), by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) to be arranged on that structure supporting parts (1-1) is upper or to be arranged on concrete slab (1-2) upper, structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) outer end are without insulation layer;
2), by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) to be arranged on that structure supporting parts (1-1) is upper or to be arranged on concrete slab (1-2) upper, there is insulation layer structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) outer end;
3), by prefabricated panel (15) directly and the installation that is posted by connecting of the beam slab lateral surface of major structure of construction (1),, for being positioned at the window still wall between upper and lower window, between window still wall and the prefabricated panel of adjacent installation, elastic expansion joint is set;
By between prefabricated panel (15) and prefabricated batten (15-1), be connected, co-operation, forms and is out of shape between a kind of post that contains major structure of construction (1) and beam, assembling body of wall slip, that support, the formula that reclines are installed;
Prefabricated panel, prefabricated batten that described prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) are various structures; When described prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) are light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board, the various materials of light-duty composite thermo-insulating wall board connect as one, and form a whole primary structure member.
7. the assembling body of wall that a kind of support according to claim 6, the formula that reclines are installed,
It is characterized in that, assembling body of wall and major structure of construction (1) be connected with following mode, select wherein a kind, or 1), 2), 3) collocation shares:
1), by crab-bolt (20) by prefabricated panel (15) or also have prefabricated batten (15-1) and major structure of construction (1) or the side of the additional part (1-3) that reclines is fixed;
2), with cementitious materials, prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) is bonding with slab column, the shear wall side of major structure of construction (1), or/and bonding with additional part (1-3) side that reclines;
3), with cementitious materials, the fixed end termination of prefabricated panel (15), prefabricated batten (15-1) and structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) is bonding, or in the cementitious materials between bonding plane, be provided with netted tensile materials (5); Netted tensile materials (5) is overhanging to be connected with topping (8), and netted tensile materials (5) is connected with major structure of construction (1).
8. the assembling body of wall of installing according to a kind of support described in claim 6 or 7, the formula that reclines,
It is characterized in that, it also comprises reinforcing bar (6) and stirrup (12), reinforcing bar (6) is positioned at assembling body of wall indoor and outdoor topping (8), reinforcing bar (6) comprises longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) and horizontal reinforcement or arch steel (6-2), or reinforcing bar (6) is the steel hoop arranging at door and window hole periphery; Longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at the topping (8) at prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint place, or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at the topping (8) of prefabricated batten (15-1);
Or at the topping (8) that is positioned at prefabricated panel (15), longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) is also set;
The installation constitution of reinforcing bar (6) has following 3 kinds, selects one and selects:
1), there are structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2) heat bridge, the termination that is positioned at the longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) of assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction (1), or is connected with structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2); Longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) other end is connected with sliding component (2);
2) while, being incubated outside structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2), the termination that is positioned at the indoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-2) of assembling body of wall fixed end is connected with major structure of construction (1), or be connected with structure supporting parts (1-1) or concrete slab (1-2), the termination of outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1) is connected with supporting (1-1-5), or is connected with the major structure of construction of encorbelmenting (1); Longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) other end is connected with sliding component (2);
The inner of described supporting (1-1-5) and major structure of construction (1) anchoring, the position of supporting (1-1-5) is corresponding with the position of assembling body of wall outside longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1); The termination of outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1-1) is connected with supporting (1-1-5), and the external protection of assembling body of wall (8) is hung;
3) or also in the topping (8) of the prefabricated panel (15) of assembling body of wall, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) is also set, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) comprises outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*-1), indoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*-2).
9. the assembling body of wall that a kind of support according to claim 8, the formula that reclines are installed,
It is characterized in that, assembling body of wall is connected and takes the following the 1st with major structure of construction (1))~4) anticorrosive measure, or also take the 5th) anticorrosive measure:
1), at the sandwich layer (3) that is provided with reinforcing bar (6) or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) position, locate local reduction, increase topping (8) thickness; Or attenuate sandwich layer (3) thickness not, increase laterally topping (8) thickness of reinforcing bar (6) or longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*); The reinforcing bar (6) that described assembling body of wall is installed or in addition longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*), supporting (1-1-5), connection ironware and weld seam are around all positioned under the protection of alkaline topping (8), and topping (8) thickness meets anticorrosion requirement;
2), locate the concrete into after-pouring with major structure of construction (1) and the structure supporting parts (1-1) of longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) junction, or the cement polymer concrete of after-pouring, make longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) be positioned at the protection of basic matterial, and the thickness of topping (8) meet the demands; Or locate pre-buried or bar planting installation ironware or reinforcing bar at major structure of construction (1) and structure supporting parts (1-1); with scene, longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) being installed is connected; or be connected with the longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) of prefabricated batten (15-1), the operating space that longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) is positioned at prefabricated batten (15-1) connecting portion meets the thickness requirement of topping (8).
3), in the breach (10-1) of supporting (1-1-5) and periphery thereof, pour into topping (8), topping (8) thickness meets anticorrosion requirement, protection supporting (1-1-5) prevents corrosion, or at the upper brushing corrosion resistant coating of supporting (1-1-5);
4), the described stirrup (12) through sandwich layer (3) meets anticorrosion requirement;
5), when topping (8) thickness of conventional cement mortar or ordinary concrete is difficult to meet anticorrosion requirement; topping (8) in reinforcing bar (6), weld seam and composition sliding component (2) in surrounding's certain limit of steel is cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete; or also add silicon ash in cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete, meet anticorrosion requirement.
10. the assembling body of wall of installing according to a kind of support described in claim 6,7,9, the formula that reclines,
It is characterized in that, it also comprises following fire protection construction measure, selects as required one of them or collocation to select:
1), the topping (8) of assembling body of wall meets fire endurance requirement, opening protection layer (8-1) is door and window hole fire barrier, opening protection layer (8-1) meets fire endurance requirement;
2) topping (8) on the heat preservation strip that, install in doorframe and window frame outside meets fire endurance requirement;
3), fire barrier (11) is set in assembling body of wall, fire barrier (11) meet fire endurance requirement; Fire barrier (11) be provided with following 2 kinds of modes, according to use, need to select: 1., at interlayer, horizontal fire barrier (11-1) is set; 2., in prefabricated panel (15) vertical joint, vertical fire barrier (11-2) is set; Form closed fire compartmentation structure;
4), in the topping (8) of crab-bolt (20) outer end or surface have fire proofing material, crab-bolt (20) meets fire endurance requirement;
5), described supporting (1-1-5) meets fire endurance requirement, describedly at the upper built-in fitting that arrange, that be connected with indoor and outdoor longitudinal reinforcement (6-1) and longitudinal reinforcement (6-1*) of major structure of construction (1), meets fire endurance requirement.
CN201210548688.8A 2012-08-15 2012-12-18 Bearing-reclining-type mounted assembly-type wall Pending CN103590511A (en)

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CN201210288769 2012-08-15
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CN104110080A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-10-22 长兴百叶龙演出有限公司 Fireproof and soundproof theater wall structure
CN104278774A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-14 浙江绿建住宅科技有限公司 Structural thermal insulation external wall board system
CN107489211A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-12-19 山东高阳建材有限公司 Steam-pressing aero-concrete batten component wall and construction technology

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JP4269729B2 (en) * 2003-03-18 2009-05-27 株式会社大林組 Seismic wall
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
CN101936046A (en) * 2010-03-22 2011-01-05 吴淑环 Heat preservation composite wall provided with meshed plaster on two sides
CN102268900A (en) * 2011-06-11 2011-12-07 广州大学 Damped anti-seismic filling wallboard for framework

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JP4269729B2 (en) * 2003-03-18 2009-05-27 株式会社大林組 Seismic wall
CN101476360A (en) * 2009-01-20 2009-07-08 北京交通大学 Novel energy-consumption shock-absorbing filling wall board used for frame structure
CN101936046A (en) * 2010-03-22 2011-01-05 吴淑环 Heat preservation composite wall provided with meshed plaster on two sides
CN102268900A (en) * 2011-06-11 2011-12-07 广州大学 Damped anti-seismic filling wallboard for framework

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104110080A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-10-22 长兴百叶龙演出有限公司 Fireproof and soundproof theater wall structure
CN104278774A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-01-14 浙江绿建住宅科技有限公司 Structural thermal insulation external wall board system
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CN107489211A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-12-19 山东高阳建材有限公司 Steam-pressing aero-concrete batten component wall and construction technology

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Application publication date: 20140219