CN102817426A - Composite wall of building - Google Patents

Composite wall of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102817426A
CN102817426A CN2011101515745A CN201110151574A CN102817426A CN 102817426 A CN102817426 A CN 102817426A CN 2011101515745 A CN2011101515745 A CN 2011101515745A CN 201110151574 A CN201110151574 A CN 201110151574A CN 102817426 A CN102817426 A CN 102817426A
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China
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reinforcing bar
indoor
construction
major
outdoor
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CN2011101515745A
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吴淑环
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吴淑环
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Priority to CN2011101515745A priority Critical patent/CN102817426A/en
Publication of CN102817426A publication Critical patent/CN102817426A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention relates to a composite wall of a building and overcomes the defects that currently, clay bricks are about to be eliminated completely, an energy-saving building is high in manufacturing cost, and the like. The composite wall is structurally characterized by comprising a major structure of the building, a core layer and a protective layer. The major structure of the building comprises a beam, a slab and a column. The core layer is made of insulated material or plant straw, is a paper honeycomb board or is an insulated mortar board. The protective layer is made of cement mortar or is a fine aggregate concrete plaster layer or is made of insulated mortar. The core layer is fixed between inner frames of the beam or the slab and the column of the major structure of the building. The surface of the core layer is provided with the protective layer, and the core layer is connected with the protective layer to form the composite wall of the building. The composite wall of the building has the advantages that structure is simple, construction is convenient, manufacturing cost is low, different requirements for energy-saving walls in different areas can be met, and the like.

Description

A kind of building combined wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building combined wall.
Background technology
China completely forbids and uses the time limit of loam brick to have arrived, owing to ban use of the situation of loam brick and building energy conservation, in small building, has occurred the exterior wall of " a hundred flowers blossom " now.Do exterior wall like, useful compressed straw slab, the structure atlas regulation of compressed straw slab, compressed straw slab is installed between the lightgage steel joist.When also having honeycomb card board to be used for the body of wall of lightweight steel construction villa buildings, be honeycomb card board to be fixed on the steel work through steel tank road and steel connector.This structure steel consumption is more, and cost is high, and heat bridge is too many, and is unfavorable to the body of wall energy-saving heat preserving.
Applicant has proposed following patent:
Patent 1, denomination of invention for " inside and outside or both sides be provided with reinforcing bar/with the combined wall of metal net plaster ", number of patent application is 200710072572.0, the patent of publication number CN101168977A.
Patent 2, denomination of invention are " a kind of composite component of alkaline-resisting glass fiber net plasterer ", and number of patent application is 200910141007, the patent of publication number CN101570981A.
Patent 3, denomination of invention are " combined wall that a kind of both sides have net to plaster ", and number of patent application is 201010253687.1, publication number CN101936046A patent.
Though the combined wall safety of above-mentioned patented technology is good; But when being used for the exterior wall of individual layer and low layer, also do not want to take the trouble; Whether can construct simpler, construction is more convenient, thereby further reduce cost, its safety can meet or exceed the level that traditional lightweight is filled masonry such as figuline building blocks wall or aerated-block wall; Do you and satisfy different regions building energy conservation requirement? If but head it off can make things convenient for new countryside construction to use.In addition, the combined wall of publication also exists structure not comprehensive, can not satisfy the problem of various decoration needs comprehensively.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of building combined wall, the problem that the existing body of wall technology that proposes with the solution background technology exists.When combined wall of the present invention adopts light heat insulation material to be sandwich layer; Light heat insulation material is macromolecule warming plate, straw, honeycomb card board; Or be the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding, lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and steel connector etc. neither need be set fix with major structure of construction, also need lot of reinforcing steel bar be set by applicant public technology; Convenient construction, reduction cost, and satisfy the structural safety requirement.
A kind of building combined wall of the present invention: the present invention includes major structure of construction, sandwich layer, topping, beam column outside topping and opening protection layer; Said major structure of construction is beam, plate, post, load bearing wall, basis; Said sandwich layer is a light heat insulation material, and said light heat insulation material comprises macromolecule warming plate, straw, honeycomb card board, or is the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding; Said topping, beam column outside topping, opening protection layer are cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or said beam column outside topping is or/and the opening protection layer is the topping with insulation effect; Said cement mortar or pea gravel concreten comprise common cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, also comprise the cement mortar of modification or the pea gravel concreten of modification; Said sandwich layer is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction, or said sandwich layer is fixed on the beam slab of major structure of construction; At the surfaces externally and internally matcoveredn of sandwich layer, sandwich layer is connected with topping, and the opening protection layer is arranged on the sandwich layer at door and window hole place; Lateral surface at the beam of major structure of construction, plate, post, wall has beam column outside topping, constitutes a kind of building combined wall; Said sandwich layer is that a kind of building combined wall of light heat insulation material is not provided with lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and steel connector etc. and fixes with major structure of construction; Reinforcing bar is not set and netted tensile materials is connected with major structure of construction yet.
The present invention is with the crucial difference of public technology:
1, the present invention and traditional masonry panel ratio; Sandwich layer of the present invention is not traditional fragility masonry; It is a light heat insulation material; Light heat insulation material is macromolecule heat insulating material, straw, honeycomb card board, thermal insulation mortar plate, or is the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding.The combined wall that light heat insulation material is connected to form as sandwich layer and topping.
When 2, a kind of building combined wall of the present invention adopts light heat insulation material to be sandwich layer; Light heat insulation material is macromolecule heat insulating material, straw, honeycomb card board, thermal insulation mortar plate; Or be the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding, need not be provided with that lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and the steel connector etc. of public technology are fixed with major structure of construction.
When 3, a kind of building combined wall of the present invention adopts light heat insulation material to be sandwich layer; Light heat insulation material is macromolecule heat insulating material, straw, honeycomb card board, thermal insulation mortar plate; Or be the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding; The netted tensile materials that public technology is connected with major structure of construction is not set, the reinforcing bar that public technology is connected with major structure of construction is not set yet.
4 or the present invention when netted tensile materials is set; The netted tensile materials in indoor can not be connected with major structure of construction; Self can be connected the netted tensile materials in the indoor of public technology with major structure of construction, or is connected with major structure of construction through anchor bar.
5 or the present invention when the indoor and outdoor reinforcing bar is set, indoor vertical reinforcing bar only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, and the indoor netted tensile materials beyond the indoor vertical reinforcing steel bar bear sphere of action at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction; Said sandwich layer also can be mineral wool, lightweight masonry, or the indoor of sandwich layer also has masonry panel;
6 or beam column of the present invention outside topping be topping with insulation effect;
7 or door and window hole of the present invention be lunette.
8 or the present invention when being incubated outward, outdoor vertical reinforcement is directly oblique in the major structure of construction to stretch out installation, and public technology all is the supporting beam of encorbelmenting to be set hang outdoor vertical reinforcement, and structure of the present invention is simpler, easy construction.
Technique effect of the present invention:
1, the present invention and described compressed straw slab of background technology and honeycomb card board body of wall ratio, simple structure does not need steel connectors such as lightgage steel joist, steel tank road, and cost is low.
2, the applicant of the present invention and background technology proposed 3 public technology ratio reduces the number of steel bars that is connected with major structure of construction significantly, minimizing embedded bar quantity, and convenient construction is speeded up the work, the reduction engineering cost.
3, combined wall of the present invention is the light thermal-insulation combined wall; Light thermal-insulation combined wall of the present invention can meet or exceed current security requirement of building fragility infilled walls such as figuline building blocks wall or air-entrained concrete building block wall by laying bricks or stones; And satisfy of the requirement of different climatic provinces to the body of wall energy-saving heat preserving; Cost is lower, more convenient construction.And multiple structure has been proposed, to satisfy the requirement of different building function of use, the present invention is with a wide range of applications.
Accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 is the combined wall vertical cross section of embodiment one~eight, and the opening protection layer is expressed as cement mortar;
Fig. 2 is top, the combined wall hole vertical cross section of embodiment one~eight, and the expression window is directly installed on the structure of top, hole;
Fig. 3 is combined wall and the horizontal sectional drawing of embodiment one~eight, and the opening protection layer is expressed as cement mortar;
Fig. 4 is one of door and window mouth stiffener 12 scheme of installations of embodiment three;
Fig. 5 be embodiment three door and window mouth stiffener 12 scheme of installations two;
Fig. 6 is the outdoor or indoor reinforcement placement figure of the window of embodiment four, five, and the reinforcing bar in the parantheses is outdoor reinforcing bar;
Fig. 7 is the window indoor and outdoor of embodiment six, seven a bi-steel arrangement diagram arranged side by side, and steel plate is partly represented in blacking between the bi-steel, and the reinforcing bar in the parantheses is outdoor reinforcing bar;
Fig. 8 is the combined wall arc-shaped window reinforcement placement figure of embodiment eight, and the reinforcing bar in the parantheses is outdoor reinforcing bar;
Fig. 9 is embodiment ten, 11 the outdoor reinforcement placement figure of combined wall;
Figure 10 is embodiment ten, 11 combined wall horizontal sectional drawing;
Figure 11 is embodiment ten, 11 combined wall vertical cross section;
Figure 12 is the window enlarged drawing of Figure 11, and the hole is that the mineral wool that has wrapped up waterproof and dampproof layer is set;
Figure 13 is embodiment ten, 11 combined wall window top another kind of structure vertical cross section;
Figure 14 is embodiment ten, 11 combined wall vertical cross section, and the indoor of expression sandwich layer 3 also has masonry panel 3-2;
Figure 15 is embodiment ten, 11 combined wall vertical cross section, and the indoor of another kind of expression sandwich layer 3 also has masonry panel 3-2;
Figure 16~Figure 18 sockets the installation sectional drawing inside and outside the 7th the bloated nail of middle plastics in the manual rear portion " about a kind of some explanation of building combined wall of the present invention "; Small rack 19 is set sockets the netted tensile materials sectional drawing of indoor and outdoor, fastener 18 is set netted tensile materials sectional drawing is installed.
Figure 19 is the combined wall profile perspective of embodiment ten.
Explain: Fig. 1~Fig. 3 representes that the alkaline-resisting screen cloth in the netted tensile materials sticks on the surface of topping, when Figure 10~Figure 18 representes that the combined wall of outer insulation is installed netted tensile materials, is installed in the centre of topping.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: see Fig. 1~Fig. 3, a kind of building combined wall of present embodiment is made up of major structure of construction 1, sandwich layer 3, topping 8, beam column outside topping 8-1 and opening protection layer 8-3; Said major structure of construction 1 is beam, plate, post, load bearing wall, basis; Said sandwich layer 3 is a light heat insulation material, and said light heat insulation material comprises macromolecule warming plate, straw, honeycomb card board, or is the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding; Said topping 8, beam column outside topping 8-1, opening protection layer 8-3 are cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or said beam column outside topping 8-1 is or/and opening protection layer 8-3 is the topping with insulation effect; Said cement mortar or pea gravel concreten comprise common cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, also comprise the cement mortar of modification or the pea gravel concreten of modification; Said sandwich layer 3 is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction 1, or said sandwich layer 3 is fixed on the beam slab of major structure of construction 1; At the surfaces externally and internally matcoveredn 8 of sandwich layer 3, sandwich layer 3 is connected with topping 8, and opening protection layer 8-3 arranged on the sandwich layer 3 at door and window hole place; Lateral surface at the beam of major structure of construction 1, plate, post, wall has beam column outside topping 8-1, constitutes a kind of building combined wall; Said sandwich layer 3 is fixing with major structure of construction 1 for a kind of building combined wall of light heat insulation material is not provided with lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and steel connector etc.; Reinforcing bar and netted tensile materials are not set yet to be connected with major structure of construction 1.
Present embodiment and traditional masonry panel ratio, the sandwich layer of present embodiment is not traditional fragility masonry, it is a light heat insulation material, the combined wall that light heat insulation material is connected to form as sandwich layer and topping.Light heat insulation material is macromolecule heat insulating material, straw, honeycomb card board, or is the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding.Present embodiment and the combined wall technology ratio of disclosed light heat insulation material as sandwich layer; Present embodiment is not provided with lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and steel connector etc. and fixes with major structure of construction; There is not to be provided with the reinforcing bar be connected with major structure of construction yet, or the netted tensile materials that is connected with major structure of construction of setting.
Why for a long time nobody expects directly being filled in sandwich layer of the present invention in the framework; The inventor herein's who why in background technology, has disclosed combined wall also is provided with various reinforcing bars and is connected with major structure of construction; Following reason is arranged: receive the influence of traditional habit for thousands of years on the human history, think that body of wall just should use brick, concrete block masonry.Because think that core material intensity of the present invention is too low, rigidity is poor, impact resistance etc. not, be connected with major structure of construction so in public technology, reinforcing bar etc. is set, or with fixing sandwich layer such as light steel frame, steel tank road, steel connector.
The inventor herein finds that the combined wall of topping and sandwich layer secure bond has very big rigidity through for a long time the combined wall performance being studied, for example evidence, and the plaster composite plate of each 30mm of core layer thickness 140mm, both sides is at 2.5KN/m 2The vertical load effect under, the about 3mm of amount of deflection, through the adjustment core layer thickness can guarantee the rigidity that combined wall is required, can satisfy the serviceability limit state designing requirement.
The inventor herein makes up the horizontal loading value of exterior wall, and the wind load combined value that exterior wall bore is far smaller than floor and comprises deadweight and live load sum.Be appreciated that thus; Air-entrained concrete building block, figuline building blocks wall are fragile materials, and cementitious materials is a conventional cement mortar, build by laying bricks or stones in the framework of major structure of construction; 0.2m the every layer height of the blockwork of thickness can reach 4m, is at present widely applying when earthquake (but dangerous) until the high building of 100m.
Therefore; As long as the sandwich layer of combined wall of the present invention and major structure of construction bonding are firmly; Topping is connected with sandwich layer reliably as long as plaster, and according to the regulation of existing industry standard to fragility filling masonry, the combined wall safety of present embodiment is suitable with the fragility filled wall; Or be not less than common fragility light-weight filled wall body, like the air-entrained concrete building block wall.
Can be two kinds of materials inside and outside the sandwich layer, be macromolecule heat insulating material and the bonding composite plate of honeycomb card board like sandwich layer.Its advantage is, the honeycomb card board burning-point is higher, and the EPS plate when 70 spend with regard to atrophy, heat insulation honeycomb card board preferably has protective effect to macromolecule EPS plate, can be bonding in advance compoundly installs again, is used for special hot area in summer.Also compound like sandwich layer and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding, become compound sandwich layer and install again, construction is plastered more convenient.
Between the inside casing that generally the sandwich layer beam or the plate that are fixed on major structure of construction and post or wall four limits are formed, but on the concrete slab of outside being used for, encorbelmenting the time, like balcony slab or parapet etc., sandwich layer just is fixed on the beam, plate of major structure of construction.
Opening protection layer with insulation effect can be thermal insulation mortar, glue powder polyphenyl particle; Also can be the mineral wool that has wrapped up waterproof and dampproof layer; For example wrap up polyester folder aluminium foil (PET//AL//PET) composite plastic film; And the good heat insulating material of fireproof performance such as phenolic resins, not only matcoveredn effect but also insulation effect is arranged.Beam column outside topping with insulation effect can be thermal insulation mortar or glue powder polyphenyl particle.Thermal insulation mortar such as kervit microbead insulated sand slurry, rare earth thermal insulation mortar etc.Should be according to the kind of the requirement of building energy conservation being decided beam column outside topping, opening protection layer when ground temperature.
When sandwich layer was the macromolecule heat insulating material, sandwich layer can be compound with cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding in advance, becomes compound sandwich layer and install, and it is more convenient to construct, but increases compound in advance cost.When sandwich layer was the macromolecule heat insulating material, being connected through the brushing interfacial agents between topping and the sandwich layer was bonding, and interfacial agents should be by the I invent multi patent construction bonding of patent No. ZL200810170949.0.Or surperficial fluted at sandwich layer, topping is connected with sandwich layer.
The present invention is light owing to sandwich layer, so the specification of sandwich layer of the present invention can be big, and convenient in carrying, the bonding seam is few, easy construction.As cementitious materials, is sandwich layer monoblock and agent structure bonding build construction install convenience with the big plate of the light thermal-insulation in the framework hole with polyurethane foam glue or cement polymer mortar.Also can build by laying bricks or stones with the fritter sandwich layer according to the material supply situation, but the construction trouble.The sandwich layer of cheap at present, good heat insulation, easy construction is the EPS plate.Sandwich layer is installed can be by publication number CN101892744A, and the patent of denomination of invention " a kind of job practices of installing sandwich layer of light composite insulation wall " is installed.Seam connects with polyurethane foam is gluing in succession between the sandwich layer, also can be fluted, protruding at the mutual seam crossing of sandwich layer, and groove, convexity can be blocked connection each other, and the mounting core interval velocity is fast.The polymer cement or the polymer mortar of also available water soluble adhesive preparation are bonding, but bonding hardening time is long, and construction is inconvenient.
Embodiment two: see Fig. 1~Fig. 3, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment one is: present embodiment increases netted tensile materials 5; Said netted tensile materials 5 is alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 or wire lath 5-2 or bamboo reinforcement net 5-3; Netted tensile materials 5 is installed has following 3 kinds of modes, selects the 1st kind to install or select for use simultaneously multiple installation: 1), in outdoor topping 8 or the surface netted tensile materials 5 is set; 2), in opening protection layer 8-3 or the surface netted tensile materials 5 is set; 3), in indoor topping 8 or the surface netted tensile materials 5 is set; It is interior or surperficial that the netted tensile materials 5 of outside is extended to beam column outside topping 8-1, is connected with beam column outside topping 8-1 overlap joint; The present embodiment indoor and outdoor is not provided with the reinforcing bar that is connected with major structure of construction 1, and the netted tensile materials 5 in indoor can not be connected with major structure of construction 1.
The alkaline-resisting screen cloth of publication number CN101570981A patent all can be connected with major structure of construction in indoor and outdoor, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth plays the stressed effect of opposing wind load.And the netted tensile materials in the indoor of present embodiment can not be connected with major structure of construction, and the netted tensile materials that the indoor is provided with only plays action of crack arrest.
A kind of combined wall of building of present embodiment does not have to be provided with the reinforcing bar that is connected with major structure of construction; But present embodiment is provided with netted tensile materials; It is interior or surperficial that the netted tensile materials of outside is extended to beam column outside topping; Be connected with the outside of major structure of construction, be meant that netted tensile materials in the topping or surface outside beam column bonds with it, or the increase holdfast fixed netted tensile materials and major structure of construction.So not only play action of crack arrest; And the outside is formed with the light thermal-insulating body of wall that the string bag is lived; No matter which kind of light heat insulation material sandwich layer is, its safety all surpasses the safety of current fragility filled wall, and action of crack arrest is only played if netted tensile materials is set in the indoor.
At topping, opening protection laminar surface netted tensile materials being set, is to stick with glue agent to paste alkaline-resisting screen cloth, and wire lath or bamboo reinforcement net can not be positioned at the topping surface.Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is soft, and it is more convenient that alkaline-resisting screen cloth construction is installed around at the hole, because alkaline-resisting screen cloth surface-coated resin, need stick with glue agent alkaline-resisting screen cloth is sticked on the surface of topping or inner.If the netted tensile materials in hole is set, the netted tensile materials in hole should be connected with indoor and outdoor topping overlap joint.The bamboo reinforcement net only is used for simple construction.The combined wall of different parts of the present invention can be used different netted tensile materials, and for example metope is used wire lath, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth is used at the hole.
Alkaline-resisting screen cloth is soft, and the bamboo reinforcement net is smooth.Present embodiment is installed by alkaline-resisting screen cloth or the bamboo reinforcement net is comparatively convenient, and the bamboo reinforcement net only is used for simple construction.The opening protection layer is when having the topping of insulation effect, and the netted tensile materials that the hole is provided with should be alkaline-resisting screen cloth, and is easy for installation.When the opening protection layer is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten topping, gauze wire cloth or alkaline-resisting screen cloth can be set in the opening protection layer, or paste alkaline-resisting screen cloth at the opening protection laminar surface.
Embodiment three: see Fig. 1~Fig. 5, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment two is that present embodiment increases door and window mouth stiffener 12; Said door and window mouth stiffener 12 is positioned at the topping in door and window hole bight; Door and window mouth stiffener 12 is provided with in door and window bicker portion, sees Fig. 4, or door and window mouth stiffener 12 is provided with along door and window mouth periphery; See Fig. 5, netted tensile materials 5 is connected with door and window mouth stiffener 12.
The weakest position of combined wall is exactly the bight, hole, door and window mouth stiffener 12 is set more helps avoiding the hole cracking, gets final product with Φ 4 galvanizing steels, and is easy for installation, good endurance.Door and window mouth stiffener 12 can annular be provided with for L shaped, vertical bar shaped or along door and window mouth border.
Embodiment four: see Fig. 1~Fig. 3, Fig. 6, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment two is, present embodiment increase outdoor reinforcing bar 7, indoor reinforcing bar 6, inside and outside socket line 9; The light heat insulation material of said sandwich layer 3 also can be mineral wool, lightweight masonry, thermal insulation mortar plate, or the indoor of said sandwich layer 3 also has masonry panel 3-2, and sandwich layer 3 is connected with masonry panel 3-2, becomes the sandwich layer 3 compound with masonry panel 3-2; Said outdoor reinforcing bar 7 comprises outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1, outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2; Said indoor reinforcing bar 6 comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2; The beam or the plate anchoring of said outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 and indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 and major structure of construction 1; Said outdoor reinforcing bar 7, indoor reinforcing bar 6 lay respectively in outdoor, the indoor topping 8, and the netted tensile materials 5 of indoor and outdoor is connected with indoor reinforcing bar 6, outdoor reinforcing bar 7 respectively; Said outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 has following two kinds of mounting meanss; Select the 1st kind of installation; 1), outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 is positioned under the door and window hole or/and go up that (it is upper and lower that Fig. 1 representes outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 is positioned at the indoor and outdoor door and window hole, and Fig. 2 representes need not be provided with on the indoor and outdoor door and window hole outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 and indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 or two kinds of mounting meanss are arranged simultaneously:.); 2), between the outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 of outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 position body of wall beyond door and window hole; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 two ends are connected with outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1, or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 two ends are connected with the post or the wall of major structure of construction 1; Said indoor reinforcing bar 6 following two kinds of forms are installed; 1), said indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 only is positioned at the door and window hole edge selecting one selects for use:, the indoor netted tensile materials 5 beyond the stressed sphere of action of the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction 1; Said beam column outside topping 8-1 is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or said beam column outside topping 8-1 is the topping with insulation effect; 2), indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, in the indoor protection layer 8 beyond the stressed sphere of action in edge, hole, also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, said beam column outside topping 8-1 is the topping with insulation effect; Said indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 and the corresponding setting of outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2, indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 two ends are connected with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6, or indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) two ends are connected with the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1); Socketing line 9 inside and outside said has following mounting means, selects the 1st kind to install or multiple installation simultaneously: 1), inside and outside socket line 9 outdoor reinforcing bar 7 be connected with indoor reinforcing bar 6; 2) socketing line 9, sockets the netted tensile materials 5 of indoor and outdoor each other; 3) socketing line 9, is connected the netted tensile materials 5 of a side with the opposite side reinforcing bar; But inside and outside socket line 9 levels and socket or oblique socketing; Socket line 9 inside and outside the hole is provided with when outdoor reinforcing bar 7 and indoor reinforcing bar 6 are socketed each other, the netted tensile materials 5 in hole is provided with or is not provided with.
Present embodiment, can not be provided with so the netted tensile materials in hole can be provided with because socketing line inside and outside having sockets reinforcing bar inside and outside the hole yet.
The safety of present embodiment is higher than fragility far away and fills masonry.Can increase combined wall anti-theft security property when the indoor of sandwich layer also has masonry, possibly need in some cases for one deck body of wall especially, masonry panel 3-2 is connected normally bonding connection with sandwich layer 3.Masonry panel can be only in the beneath window setting, and promptly the window top is still the sandwich layer of light heat insulation material, convenient construction, otherwise the agent structure beam needs the installation lintel down, and pretty troublesome, there is no need.
Present embodiment and patent applicant the key technology difference of publication have following 2 points:
1, indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, and the indoor netted tensile materials 5 beyond the stressed sphere of action of the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction 1.
2, present embodiment beam column outside topping 8-1 is a thermal insulation mortar.
1, only be positioned at door and window hole about indoor reinforcing bar 6:
The disclosed body of wall technology of applicant does not propose reinforcing bar only is arranged on the structure of indoor door and window hole in the indoor, all body of wall technology only are not provided with the structure of indoor door and window hole reinforcing bar yet at present.As:
1), publication number CN101168977A patent is provided with vertical reinforcing bar under the indoor vertical reinforcing bar, interior door reveal edge-perpendicular reinforcing bar, Indoor sill of dense arrangement at indoor diverse location, and four kinds of reinforcing bars of Indoor sill horizontal reinforcement.
2), publication number CN101570981A patent is provided with anchor bar, anchor bar is not limited to be arranged on door and window hole, and anchor bar not only can with floor anchoring up and down, anchor bar also can with the post anchoring; Or anchor bar both had been set, the hole reinforcing steel bar is set again; And alkaline-resisting screen cloth and anchor bar satisfy the lap length requirement, guarantee that thus the alkaline-resisting screen cloth in indoor is connected with major structure of construction.
Under the reliable layer by layer bonding condition of composite thermal-insulating wall, the curved design that receives of composite thermal-insulating wall can be carried out according to the theory of concrete structure.10.1.4 bar regulation in " Code for design of concrete structures " GB50010: the spacing of steel bar stress in the plate, when thickness of slab is not more than 150mm, should not be greater than 200mm; When thickness of slab during greater than 150mm, should not be greater than 250mm.In other words, indoor vertical reinforcing bar of the present invention is as the steel bar stress of combined wall indoor, and its stressed sphere of action is in each 125mm of reinforcing bar both sides.Therefore, when indoor reinforcing bar 6 only was positioned at door and window hole, the indoor netted tensile materials beyond indoor vertical reinforcing steel bar bear sphere of action can not be connected with major structure of construction.
Indoor reinforcing bar 6 only is positioned at door and window hole and comes down to pin combined wall at door and window hole; Further improved the safety of combined wall; Present embodiment can be simplified construction and installation greatly with public technology ratio, reduces amount of reinforcement significantly, reduce install artificial; Can satisfy security requirement for general low layer or multistory building, the safety of present embodiment is farther far above the fragility filled wall.
The window place is provided with the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar, the indoor horizontal reinforcing bar can be avoided the window crack, increases windowsill place rigidity, and other position is provided with outer horizontal reinforcement, the netted tensile materials of the more convenient colligation of indoor horizontal reinforcing bar.
2, be thermal insulation mortar about beam column outside topping 8-1:
Public technology beam column outside topping is cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, and public technology does not disclose this structure.1.5B the about 1.8w/m of the thermal transmittance of brick wall 2.k, 0.2m concrete wall thermal transmittance 3.6w/m 2.k.Embodiment one~six sandwich layer be EPS plate, thickness be 150mm, window-wall ratio 0.45~0.5, when beam column outside topping is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, the about 1.3~1.5w/m of combined wall mean thermal transmittance 2.k, traditional fragility body of wall such as the about 2w/m of 240mm brick wall thermal transmittance 2.k.Obviously a kind of building combined wall of embodiment one~six is exactly an energy-saving wall with traditional fragility body of wall ratio.But beam column outside topping is the thermal insulation mortar of coefficient of thermal conductivity 0.07~0.08w/m.k, and during thermal insulation mortar thickness 30mm, the combined wall thermal transmittance can be reduced to 0.7~0.8w/m 2.k.When therefore beam column outside topping was selected to have the topping of insulation effect, very big to reducing the effect of combined wall thermal transmittance, this was the unexistent structures of present various energy-saving wall technology.
Embodiment five: see Fig. 6, the difference of present embodiment and embodiment four is, present embodiment increases indoor anchor bar 2, and the beam or the plate anchoring of said anchor bar 2 and major structure of construction 1 are or/and anchor bar 2 is solid with the post or the joist anchor of major structure of construction 1; Said anchor bar 2 is an end and major structure of construction 1 anchoring only, and anchor bar 2 other ends are positioned at topping 8, and the length of anchor bar 2 satisfies and indoor netted tensile materials 5 overlap joint connection requests; Said beam column outside topping 8-1 is the topping with insulation effect.
Embodiment six: see Fig. 7, present embodiment and embodiment four or fives' difference is that the outdoor reinforcing bar 7 of present embodiment door and window hole is a bi-steel arranged side by side; Or/and indoor reinforcing bar 6 is a bi-steel arranged side by side; Between outdoor reinforcing bar 7 arranged side by side; Or/and between indoor reinforcing bar 6 arranged side by side, reinforcing bar formation jack truss formula is set constructs or steel plate is set or welds block shaped steel, forming a kind of hole has bi-steel arranged side by side to add the building combined wall of competent structure.
How anti-theft fence, sunbreaker and thick and heavy ornament are installed on composite thermal-insulating wall of the present invention? Both guaranteed safety, very little to the building energy conservation influence again, and convenient construction, present embodiment is exactly in order to address this problem.
Outdoor reinforcing bar is a bi-steel arranged side by side; Between outdoor reinforcing bar arranged side by side, reinforcing bar formation jack truss formula is set constructs or steel plate is set or welds block shaped steel.This structure provides the possibility of thick and heavy decoration being installed and various hangers are installed in the optional position of light-duty combined wall; The windowsill place is that bi-steel arranged side by side can increase windowsill place rigidity, and it is the heat insulation break bridge structure construction of mineral wool that hole bi-steel arranged side by side also makes things convenient for the opening protection layer.
When outdoor reinforcing bar 7 is bi-steel arranged side by side; Indoor reinforcing bar 6 can be bi-steel arranged side by side, also can be single steel bar, with inside and outside socket inside and outside socketing steel wire; Indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 is stressed when big; Can strengthen indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 diameter, that is to say, indoor reinforcing bar 6 can not exclusively corresponding setting with outdoor reinforcing bar 7.When on indoor wall, needing suspension weight such as electric water heater, indoor bi-steel can be set in the position of needs, should confirm according to concrete mode of occupation.
Embodiment seven: see Fig. 7; The difference of present embodiment and embodiment six is; The outdoor reinforcing bar 7 and the indoor reinforcing bar 6 at present embodiment position beyond door and window hole are bi-steel arranged side by side; The position also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 beyond the stressed sphere of action of indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 of bi-steel side by side, and said beam column outside topping 8-1 is the topping with insulation effect.
Embodiment eight: see Fig. 8, the difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment four~seven is that reinforcing bar 16 is hung in the present embodiment increase, and substitutes the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 at hole or also substitute indoor horizontal reinforcing bar 6-2 with arch steel 17; Hang reinforcing bar 16 1 ends arch steel 17 is hung, hang reinforcing bar 16 other ends and be connected with the beam or the plate of major structure of construction 1; Between arch steel 17 and adjacent outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2, reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, form the arc door and window hole; Or arch steel 17 is arc bi-steel arranged side by side, between arch steel arranged side by side 17, reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, forms the arc door and window hole; Said beam column outside topping 8-1 is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or the topping for having insulation effect; Said indoor reinforcing bar 6 following two kinds of forms are installed; 1), said indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 only is positioned at the door and window hole edge selecting one selects for use:, the indoor netted tensile materials 5 beyond the stressed sphere of action of the indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction 1; 2), indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, in the indoor protection layer 8 beyond the stressed sphere of action in edge, hole, also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1.Not disclose door and window be arcuate configuration to public technology.
The combined wall of embodiment one~eight is applicable to that the summer is thermally distinguished or the energy-saving wall of Xia Redong cryogenic region, when the low heat transfer coefficient body of wall is thermally distinguished Xia Redong cryogenic region, summer to enjoy the comfortable thermal environment of building, reduces the energy consumption of air-conditioning significantly.
Embodiment nine: present embodiment and embodiment two or threes' difference is; The sandwich layer 3 of present embodiment not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction 1; Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction 1, form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation.The present embodiment beam column outside has sandwich layer 3, the outside matcoveredn 8 of sandwich layer 3, present embodiment just not to have beam column outside topping 8-1.
Embodiment ten: see Fig. 9~Figure 15, Figure 19; The difference of one of present embodiment and embodiment four~six is; The sandwich layer 3 of present embodiment not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction 1; Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction 1, form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation; Said outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 is anchored at outside oblique stretching out in the major structure of construction 1; Pass insulation layer 3; Be positioned at outdoor protection layer 8; Or the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 upper end and major structure of construction 1, or outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 upper end is positioned at the topping 8 of plastering in the beam slab outside of major structure of construction 1, satisfies the lap length requirement with major structure of construction 1; Said indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1 not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, between indoor vertical reinforcing bar 6-1, also anchor bar 2 can be set.
Embodiment 11: see Figure 11~Figure 15; The difference of present embodiment and embodiment eight is; The sandwich layer 3 of present embodiment not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction 1; Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction 1, form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation; Said outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 is anchored at outside oblique stretching out in the major structure of construction 1; Pass insulation layer 3; Vertically be positioned at outdoor protection layer 8; Or the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 upper end and major structure of construction 1, or outdoor vertical reinforcement 7-1 upper end is positioned at the topping 8 of plastering in the beam slab outside of major structure of construction 1, satisfies the lap length requirement with major structure of construction 1; Hanging reinforcing bar 16 1 ends hangs arch steel 17; Outdoor reinforcing bar 16 other ends of hanging are connected with the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar 7-2 at hole; Or with the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of major structure of construction 1; Or outdoorly hang the topping 8 of plastering that reinforcing bar 16 other ends are positioned at the beam slab outside of major structure of construction 1, satisfy the lap length requirement with major structure of construction 1.
Embodiment ten, 11 structure be than public technology is simpler, easy construction.All be the supporting beam of encorbelmenting to be set hang outdoor vertical reinforcement when public technology is incubated outward, do not have outdoor vertical reinforcement oblique structure that stretches out installation in the major structure of construction.Be anticorrosion, outdoor vertical reinforcement is that galvanizing steel is advisable, or passes insulation layer position brush heavy-duty antiseptic paint at outdoor vertical reinforcement, or around reinforcing bar, scrapes and smear cement polymer mortar and prevent corrosion.
A kind of combined wall opening protection layer of building of outer insulation is that the topping with insulation effect is advisable, and forms heat insulation break bridge structure at the hole, can cancel or reduce the heat waste of door and window hole heat bridge.The sandwich layer of Figure 10~Figure 15 is the EPS plate, and the hole is a heat insulation break bridge structure.When the opening protection layer of Figure 10 is thermal insulation mortar,, have water resistance, also alkaline-resisting screen cloth can be set on the thermal insulation mortar again because of bonding adhesive is arranged in the thermal insulation mortar.When door and window hole adopted heat insulation break bridge structure, the outside topping of door-window section bar adopted the topping with insulation effect best to the heat-insulating bridge-cut-off effect, can avoid the dewfall phenomenon occurring in the door-window section bar indoor, is applicable to low-energy building.Concrete opening protection layer is to adopt the topping with insulation effect, or the topping of cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, should confirm according to the different energy-saving heat preserving standards that body of wall is required.
About some explanation of the present invention:
1, the present invention is applicable to frame construction or frame structure; Comprise concrete frame, steel frame, masonry post framework and wooden frame; Said major structure of construction 1 is concrete frame, steel frame, masonry post framework and wooden frame, and major structure of construction 1 comprises beam, plate, post, load bearing wall, basis.
2, the fine gravel concrete plaster layers of the cement mortar of modification according to the invention or modification is meant:
1), add Admixture, flyash, stone flour, waterproof agent, water-loss reducer, resistance and split the cement mortar of fiber and other material modification or the pea gravel concreten of modification, fiber is split in resistance has polypropylene chopped strand, alkali-proof glass chopped strand, hemp cut etc.
2), also comprise cement polymer mortar or the cement polymer concrete that adds water-loss reducer, macromolecule adhesive formation.Have particularly that reinforcement location such as door and window mouth edge are local is advisable as topping with cement polymer elasticity mortar or cement polymer elastic concrete, this has following effect: a), resistance is split, the increase durable years is favourable; B), prevent the better effects if of corroding from can reduce the protective layer thickness of plastering than conventional cement mortar or concrete protective reinforcing bar; Connection steel disc and cement polymer elastic mortar with door and window when c), making things convenient for door and window to install fixedly secure.When sandwich layer is macromolecule heat insulating material, straw, thermal insulation mortar plate, can adds resistance in the topping and split fiber etc., or add macromolecule adhesive in case of necessity.
3), also comprise magnesia cement.When embodiment two~four adopted magnesia cement, netted tensile materials can be used the bamboo reinforcement net, and the also available bamboo reinforcement of trimming bar substitutes, and bamboo reinforcement is connected with pre-buried bar splicing, can be used in the simple construction.
3, about fire prevention and steel bar anti-corrosion erosion problem.
Evidence, sandwich layer are the EPS plate, during protective layer thickness 25mm, and fire endurance 74 minutes.For guaranteeing that reinforcing bar prevents the protective layer thickness requirement of corroding; Can groove (for example on polymer sandwich layer, forming groove with cutter or electric iron) be set on the sandwich layer of reinforcement location having; Exterior-applied liquid medicine mud polymer elasticity mortar plastering in reinforcing bar, the protective layer thickness of plastering is not less than 15mm, satisfies the anticorrosion requirement; The cement mortar floated coat thickness of all the other positions of combined wall is not less than 22mm, with the minimizing artificial material consumption of plastering.And require to increase the protective layer thickness of plastering, or in the indoor light steel keel gypsum board is installed and is increased fireproof performance according to fire endurance.
4, the netted tensile materials 5 of indoor and outdoor according to the invention is connected with outdoor reinforcing bar 7, indoor reinforcing bar 6 respectively; Be meant that wire lath 5-2 or bamboo reinforcement net 5-3 are connected with outdoor reinforcing bar 7,6 colligations of indoor reinforcing bar; Or alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 sticks in the topping 8 or surperficial; Through with the bonding of topping 8, and topping 8 bonds and is connected with outdoor reinforcing bar 7, indoor reinforcing bar 6, and alkaline-resisting screen cloth 5-1 is connected with outdoor reinforcing bar 7, indoor reinforcing bar 6.
5, socket line 9 inside and outside of the present invention and can be for example stainless steel wire of wire, also can be chemical fiber rope, plastic ties, if permanent socketing adopts stainless steel wire to be advisable.
6, " length of anchor bar 2 satisfies and indoor netted tensile materials 5 overlap joint connection requests " in the embodiment of the invention five; General overlap joint connects length and is about 100~200mm; If topping is cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete; Lap length can be lacked, and the lap length of conventional cement mortar topping is longer.
When 7, being gauze wire cloth about netted tensile materials, the installation of gauze wire cloth:
When netted tensile materials was gauze wire cloth, the invar silk screen had camber, for gauze wire cloth accurately is installed, was located at the topping center.Press Figure 16~Figure 18, be connected with netted tensile materials, the bloated nail of plastics has not only been played sandwich layer and the fixing effect of major structure of construction, also played the effect that sockets with netted tensile materials with the bloated outer end colligation iron wire of following closely outer tube or core bar of plastics.Its advantage is, can be at any time in the construction as required position, the plastics nail that expands is installed is socketed easy construction, minimizing manual work and material cost with connecting line and outdoor netted tensile materials.Or between bloated nail 40 of plastics and netted tensile materials 5, lay small rack 19, and the outer tube 40-1 of the bloated nail 40 of plastics or the outer end of core bar 40-2 are connected with small rack 19 with connecting line 14, and connecting line 14 is connected with outdoor reinforcing bar 7 or/and outdoor netted tensile materials 5; Connecting line 14 is wire or plastic cord or chemical fibre line.Also can fastener 18 be set by Figure 18, there is barb the termination of fastener 18, and fastener 18 fastens netted tensile materials 5, and is fixing through barb and sandwich layer 3, thereby netted tensile materials 5 is fixing with insulation layer 3.Inside and outside socket the effect that nail 40 sockets inside and outside all playing of expanding of steel wire 9 and plastics, but the problem that solves is different.The stretching resistance of the bloated nail 9 of plastics is little, but easy for installation, fixing netted tensile materials during convenient construction.
8, install about door and window: the hole is when having the topping of insulation effect, and the outdoor vertical reinforcement at hole or the indoor vertical reinforcing bar at hole are connected with major structure of construction, and steel plate is installed on trimming bar, and the connection steel disc of door and window is connected with steel plate.During the hole is not provided with agent structure is connected reinforcing bar; Topping in suggestion opening protection layer and the about 50~100mm width in door and window hole both sides is the cement polymer elastic mortar; Door and window is pasted with polyurethane foam glue sealing, and will connect steel disc and the cement polymer elastic mortar is fixed with steel nail.
9, door and window hole waterproof, particularly combined wall windowsill waterproof is extremely important, and combined wall should be provided with waterproofing course at the hole, and particularly windowsill is provided with waterproofing course.Recommend to adopt polyethylene polypropylene composite of water-proof coiled material, PVC waterproof roll as hole waterproofing course or waterproof and dampproof layer.
10, also can on combined wall indoor and outdoor metope, damp-proof course be installed, as pasting polyester folder aluminium foil (PET//AL//PET) composite plastic film on the indoor wall, light steel keel gypsum board be installed again, the electrical equipment cabling is arranged in the keel.
11, the present invention has provided different joint constructions in various embodiment, and the safe class of the combined wall of different joint constructions is inequality, how to confirm to select for use the body of wall of which kind of degree of safety grade in the engineering?
Should be in the use according to the character of building; As build that function of use difference, building energy-saving standard are different, seismic fortification intensity is different, wind load is not equal; The final building RELIABILITY DESIGN standard of confirming is different; Thereby confirm to select for use the combined wall of different embodiments of the invention, or select the combined wall of public technology for use.

Claims (13)

1. build combined wall for one kind, it comprises major structure of construction (1), sandwich layer (3), topping (8), beam column outside topping (8-1) and opening protection layer (8-3); Said major structure of construction (1) is beam, plate, post, load bearing wall, basis; Said sandwich layer (3) is a light heat insulation material, and said light heat insulation material comprises macromolecule warming plate, straw, honeycomb card board, or is the composite plate of macromolecule warming plate and cement fibrolite plate or calcium silicate board with microporous bonding; Said topping (8), beam column outside topping (8-1), opening protection layer (8-3) are cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or said beam column outside topping (8-1) is or/and the topping of opening protection layer (8-3) for having insulation effect; Said cement mortar or pea gravel concreten comprise common cement mortar or pea gravel concreten, also comprise the cement mortar of modification or the pea gravel concreten of modification; Said sandwich layer (3) is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction (1), or said sandwich layer (3) is fixed on the beam slab of major structure of construction (1); At the surfaces externally and internally matcoveredn (8) of sandwich layer (3), sandwich layer (3) is connected with topping (8), and opening protection layer (8-3) is arranged on the sandwich layer at door and window hole place; Lateral surface at the beam of major structure of construction (1), plate, post, wall has beam column outside topping (8-1), constitutes a kind of building combined wall; It is characterized in that said sandwich layer (3) is fixing with major structure of construction (1) for a kind of building combined wall of light heat insulation material is not provided with lightgage steel joist, steel tank road and steel connector etc.; Reinforcing bar and netted tensile materials are not set yet to be connected with major structure of construction (1).
2. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 1 is characterized in that it also comprises netted tensile materials (5), and said netted tensile materials (5) is alkaline-resisting screen cloth (5-1) or wire lath (5-2) or bamboo reinforcement net (5-3); Said a kind of building combined wall indoor and outdoor is not provided with the reinforcing bar that is connected with major structure of construction (1), and the netted tensile materials in indoor (5) can not be connected with major structure of construction (1) through reinforcing bar; The netted tensile materials of said installation (5) has following 3 kinds of modes, selects the 1st kind to install or select for use simultaneously multiple installation: 1), in outdoor topping (8) or the surface netted tensile materials (5) is set; 2), in opening protection layer (8-3) or the surface netted tensile materials (5) is set; 3), in indoor topping (8) or the surface netted tensile materials (5) is set; It is interior or surperficial that the netted tensile materials (5) of outside is extended to beam column outside topping (8-1), is connected with beam column outside topping (8-1) overlap joint.
3. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that it also comprises door and window mouth stiffener (12); Said door and window mouth stiffener (12) is positioned at the topping in door and window hole bight; Door and window mouth stiffener (12) is provided with in door and window bicker portion; Or door and window mouth stiffener (12) is provided with along door and window mouth periphery, and netted tensile materials (5) is connected with door and window mouth stiffener (12).
4. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 2, it also comprise outdoor reinforcing bar (7), indoor reinforcing bar (6), inside and outside socket line (9); Said outdoor reinforcing bar (7) comprises outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1), outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2); Said indoor reinforcing bar (6) comprises indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1), indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2); It is characterized in that; Said indoor reinforcing bar (6) following two kinds of forms are installed; 1), said indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) only is positioned at the door and window hole edge selecting one selects for use:, the indoor netted tensile materials (5) beyond the stressed sphere of action of indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction (1); Said beam column outside topping (8-1) is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or the topping of said beam column outside topping (8-1) for having insulation effect; 2), indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, in the indoor protection layer (8) beyond the stressed sphere of action in edge, hole, also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1), the topping of said beam column outside topping (8-1) for having insulation effect; Said indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) is connected with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6) with the corresponding setting of outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2), indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) two ends, or indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) two ends are connected with the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1); The beam or the plate anchoring of said outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) and indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) and major structure of construction (1); Said outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) has following two kinds of mounting meanss, selects the 1st kind of installation, or two kinds of mounting meanss are arranged simultaneously: 1), outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) is positioned under the door and window hole or/and on; 2), outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) is positioned between the outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) of position body of wall beyond the door and window hole; Outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) two ends are connected with outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1), or outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) two ends are connected with the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1); Said outdoor reinforcing bar (7), indoor reinforcing bar (6) lay respectively in outdoor, the indoor topping (8), and the netted tensile materials of indoor and outdoor (5) is connected with indoor reinforcing bar (6), outdoor reinforcing bar (7) respectively; The light heat insulation material of said sandwich layer (3) also can be mineral wool, lightweight masonry, thermal insulation mortar plate; Or the indoor of said sandwich layer (3) also has masonry panel (3-2); Sandwich layer (3) is connected with masonry panel (3-2), becomes and the compound sandwich layer (3) of masonry panel (3-2); Socketing line (9) inside and outside said has following mounting means, selects the 1st kind to install or multiple installation simultaneously: 1), inside and outside socket line (9) outdoor reinforcing bar (7) be connected with indoor reinforcing bar (6); 2) socketing line (9), sockets the netted tensile materials of indoor and outdoor (5) each other; 3) socketing line (9), is connected the netted tensile materials of a side (5) with the opposite side reinforcing bar; Inside and outside socket line (9) but level sockets or oblique socketing; Socket line (9) inside and outside the hole is provided with outdoor reinforcing bar (7) and indoor reinforcing bar (6) when socketing each other, the netted tensile materials in hole (5) is provided with or is not provided with.
5. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 4 is characterized in that it also comprises anchor bar (2); The beam or the plate anchoring of said anchor bar (2) and major structure of construction (1) are or/and anchor bar (2) is solid with the post or the joist anchor of major structure of construction (1); Said anchor bar (2) is an end and major structure of construction (1) anchoring only, and anchor bar (2) other end is positioned at topping (8), and the length of anchor bar (2) satisfies and indoor netted tensile materials (5) overlap joint connection request; The topping of said beam column outside topping (8-1) for having insulation effect.
6. according to claim 4 or 5 described a kind of building combined walls, it is characterized in that the outdoor reinforcing bar (7) of door and window hole is a bi-steel arranged side by side; Or/and indoor reinforcing bar (6) is a bi-steel arranged side by side; Between outdoor reinforcing bar arranged side by side (7); Or/and between indoor reinforcing bar arranged side by side (6), reinforcing bar formation jack truss formula is set constructs or steel plate is set or welds block shaped steel, forming a kind of hole has bi-steel arranged side by side to add the building combined wall of competent structure.
7. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 6 is characterized in that, the topping of said beam column outside topping (8-1) for having insulation effect; The outdoor reinforcing bar (7) and the indoor reinforcing bar (6) at position are bi-steel arranged side by side beyond door and window hole, and the position also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) beyond the stressed sphere of action of indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) of bi-steel side by side.
8. according to claim 4,5 or 7 described a kind of building combined walls, it is characterized in that it also comprises hangs reinforcing bar (16), and substitute the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) at hole or also substitute indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) with arch steel (17); Hang reinforcing bar (16) one ends arch steel (17) is hung, hang reinforcing bar (16) other end and be connected with the beam or the plate of major structure of construction (1); Between arch steel (17) and adjacent outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2), reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, form the arc door and window hole; Or arch steel (17) is arc bi-steel arranged side by side, between arch steel arranged side by side (17), reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, forms the arc door and window hole; Said beam column outside topping (8-1) is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or the topping for having insulation effect; Said indoor reinforcing bar (6) following two kinds of forms are installed; 1), said indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) only is positioned at the door and window hole edge selecting one selects for use:, the indoor netted tensile materials (5) beyond the stressed sphere of action of indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction (1); 2), indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, in the indoor protection layer (8) beyond the stressed sphere of action in edge, hole, also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1).
9. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 6 is characterized in that, it also comprises hangs reinforcing bar (16), and substitutes the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) at hole or also substitute indoor horizontal reinforcing bar (6-2) with arch steel (17); Hang reinforcing bar (16) one ends arch steel (17) is hung, hang reinforcing bar (16) other end and be connected with the beam or the plate of major structure of construction (1); Arch steel (17) can be arc bi-steel arranged side by side, between arch steel arranged side by side (17), reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, forms the arc door and window hole; Or between arch steel (17) and adjacent outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2), reinforcing bar is set forms jack truss formula structure or steel plate is set or the block shaped steel of local welding, form the arc door and window hole; Said beam column outside topping (8-1) is cement mortar or fine gravel concrete plaster layers, or the topping for having insulation effect; Said indoor reinforcing bar (6) following two kinds of forms are installed; 1), said indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) only is positioned at the door and window hole edge selecting one selects for use:, the indoor netted tensile materials (5) beyond the stressed sphere of action of indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) at door and window hole edge can not be connected with major structure of construction (1); 2), indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, in the indoor protection layer (8) beyond the stressed sphere of action in edge, hole, also is provided with indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1).
10. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 2; It is characterized in that; Said sandwich layer (3) not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction (1); Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1), form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation.
11. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 4; It is characterized in that; Said sandwich layer (3) not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction (1); Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1), form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation; Said outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) is anchored at outside oblique stretching out in the major structure of construction (1); Pass insulation layer (3); Be positioned at outdoor protection layer (8); Or the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end and major structure of construction (1), or outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end is positioned at the topping of plastering (8) in the beam slab outside of major structure of construction (1), satisfies the lap length requirement with major structure of construction (1); Said indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, and anchor bar (2) also can be set between indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1).
12. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 6; It is characterized in that; Said sandwich layer (3) not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction (1); Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1), form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation; Said outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) is anchored at outside oblique stretching out in the major structure of construction (1); Pass insulation layer (3); Be positioned at outdoor protection layer (8); Or the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end and major structure of construction (1), or outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end is positioned at the topping of plastering (8) in the beam slab outside of major structure of construction (1), satisfies the lap length requirement with major structure of construction (1); Said indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1) not only is positioned at the door and window hole edge, and anchor bar (2) also can be set between indoor vertical reinforcing bar (6-1).
13. a kind of building combined wall according to claim 8; It is characterized in that; Said sandwich layer (3) not only is fixed between the inside casing of beam or plate and post or wall of major structure of construction (1); Also be fixed on the outside of beam or plate and the post or the wall of major structure of construction (1), form a kind of building combined wall of outer insulation; Said outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) is anchored at outside oblique stretching out in the major structure of construction (1); Pass insulation layer (3); Vertically be positioned at outdoor protection layer (8); Or the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end and major structure of construction (1), or outdoor vertical reinforcement (7-1) upper end is positioned at the topping of plastering (8) in the beam slab outside of major structure of construction (1), satisfies the lap length requirement with major structure of construction (1); Hanging reinforcing bar (16) one ends hangs arch steel (17); Outdoor reinforcing bar (16) other end of hanging is connected with the outdoor horizontal reinforcing bar (7-2) at hole; Or with the outer beam of encorbelmenting or the plate anchoring of major structure of construction (1); Or outdoorly hang the topping of plastering (8) that reinforcing bar (16) other end is positioned at the beam slab outside of major structure of construction (1), satisfy the lap length requirement with major structure of construction (1).
CN2011101515745A 2011-06-08 2011-06-08 Composite wall of building Pending CN102817426A (en)

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CN103437433A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 Super thin vacuum insulated panel internal wall heat-preservation wall body
CN103437552A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 Construction process of super thin vacuum insulated panel internal wall heat-preservation wall body
CN104032885A (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-09-10 吴淑环 Prefabricated light composite heat insulation board
CN104179274A (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-12-03 武汉蜀泰科技有限公司 Light-weight separation wall plate
CN104420550A (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-18 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat insulation wall
CN106401016A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-15 张晶廷 Non-bearing light cavity wall poured with main body at the same time and construction method thereof

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CN101570981A (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-04 吴淑环 Composite component of alkaline-resisting mesh cloth plastering
CN101793065A (en) * 2010-03-22 2010-08-04 吴淑环 Flexible heat-insulating composite wall
CN101892744A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-11-24 吴淑环 Construction method for installing sandwich layer of light composite insulation wall
CN101936046A (en) * 2010-03-22 2011-01-05 吴淑环 Heat preservation composite wall provided with meshed plaster on two sides
CN202124958U (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-01-25 吴淑环 Building composite wall

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EP1536077A1 (en) * 2003-11-21 2005-06-01 Veerhuis Beheer B.V. Method of constructing a building, such building, and wall and floor elements for use therein
CN101294424A (en) * 2008-02-20 2008-10-29 吴淑环 Non-floor heat channel and belt shaped composite wall with steel bar and/or metal net plaster among poles
CN101570981A (en) * 2008-12-30 2009-11-04 吴淑环 Composite component of alkaline-resisting mesh cloth plastering
CN101793065A (en) * 2010-03-22 2010-08-04 吴淑环 Flexible heat-insulating composite wall
CN101936046A (en) * 2010-03-22 2011-01-05 吴淑环 Heat preservation composite wall provided with meshed plaster on two sides
CN101892744A (en) * 2010-07-22 2010-11-24 吴淑环 Construction method for installing sandwich layer of light composite insulation wall
CN202124958U (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-01-25 吴淑环 Building composite wall

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104032885A (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-09-10 吴淑环 Prefabricated light composite heat insulation board
CN104179274A (en) * 2013-05-22 2014-12-03 武汉蜀泰科技有限公司 Light-weight separation wall plate
CN103437433A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 Super thin vacuum insulated panel internal wall heat-preservation wall body
CN103437552A (en) * 2013-08-09 2013-12-11 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 Construction process of super thin vacuum insulated panel internal wall heat-preservation wall body
CN103437433B (en) * 2013-08-09 2016-04-13 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 A kind of ultra-thin vacuum heat-insulating plate heat insulating inner wall body of wall
CN103437552B (en) * 2013-08-09 2016-06-01 青岛科瑞新型环保材料有限公司 The construction technology of a kind of ultra-thin vacuum heat-insulating plate heat insulating inner wall body of wall
CN104420550A (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-03-18 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat insulation wall
CN106401016A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-15 张晶廷 Non-bearing light cavity wall poured with main body at the same time and construction method thereof

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Application publication date: 20121212