CN1982554A - Thermal-insulating binded composite wall with supporter - Google Patents

Thermal-insulating binded composite wall with supporter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1982554A
CN1982554A CNA2006100040485A CN200610004048A CN1982554A CN 1982554 A CN1982554 A CN 1982554A CN A2006100040485 A CNA2006100040485 A CN A2006100040485A CN 200610004048 A CN200610004048 A CN 200610004048A CN 1982554 A CN1982554 A CN 1982554A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
support
steel plate
steel
horizontal
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CNA2006100040485A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴淑环
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吴淑环
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Priority to CN200510010010.4 priority Critical
Priority to CN 200510010010 priority patent/CN1920201A/en
Application filed by 吴淑环 filed Critical 吴淑环
Priority to CNA2006100040485A priority patent/CN1982554A/en
Publication of CN1982554A publication Critical patent/CN1982554A/en

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    • Y02A30/247
    • Y02A30/261
    • Y02B30/94

Abstract

Supported bundling insulated composite wall, relates to outer insulated composite wall for buildings. The purpose of this invention is to solve the problem that existing blocks have their heat bridge, great impact the energy-saving of construction and can not reach the low heat transfer coefficient of the wall. The inner terminal of concrete cantilever strutting piece (2), the level connecting link (7) and plastic bulging nails (9) of the invention are fixed within the concrete structure of the main building (10) or basal wall (1), the outer terminal of concrete cantilever strutting piece (2) and the level connecting link (7) are connecting fixed with vertical steel bars (5) in the outer protective layer, an insulating layer (3) is fixed outer flank of basal wall (1) by plastic bulging nails (9)outer flank of insulating layer (3) is the vertical steel bars (5), out or inside of the bars is set with metal network (4), the outer ends of metal network (4), the vertical bars (5) and the plastic bulging nails (9) are fixed together, the protective layer (8) built by cement mortar or pisolith concrete is found outside the insulation layer (3).the present invention is safe, durable ,with good heat-insulating and fire resisting properties.

Description

The binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged

Technical field

The present invention relates to the external heat insulating composite wall of building.

Background technology

Existing various External Walls Heating Insulation existing problems are a lot, are the contradictory problems that does not solve safety and insulation after all, i.e. the wall thermal insulating that safety is good is just bad; And the body of wall safety of good heat insulation is just bad, show structurally dangerous or quality control on construction is difficult to guarantee safety and prevents fires dangerous, why existing wall thermal insulation technology exists these shortcomings, main cause is to solve being connected of insulation layer and body of wall from material, the means of structure of having no backing solution insulation layer is connected with building body and basic unit's body of wall, therefore every technology that in non-energy-conservation material, is mingled with heat insulating material, all there are the heat bridge of concrete Guttr board and the heat bridge of window periphery, and also there is the heat bridge of self in a lot of building blocks, very big to the building energy conservation influence, the cost height, can not reach the body of wall low heat transfer coefficient.On the big plate of the decoration in plant produced that has heat insulating material such as polyurethane have been installed, using the steel anchor to fasten with the basic unit body of wall is connected, but this connection is too simple, be difficult to adapt to the requirement that wall face bears bigger horizontal blast and big horizontal earthquake action, invar system crab-bolt rigidity is too little when thicker insulation layer and the thick and heavy decoration of wall face may be difficult to adapt to safety requirements, more be difficult to and various masonries, fill the reliable anchoring of masonry as brickwork and lightweight, and the steel crab-bolt exists, and increase is conducted heat, the perishable shortcoming that influences durability in insulation layer.I had proposed a kind of new wall thermal insulation technology scheme; and declared patent; number of patent application is 200410002698.7, publication number is CN1526894A, open day to be on September 8th, 2004, denomination of invention be " support is arranged, the anti-seismic heat-preservation combined wall of reinforced concrete external protection is arranged "; this combined wall is still used traditional heat insulating material such as heat insulating materials such as expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate and polyurethane, mineral wool, has overcome the bad shortcoming of existing heat preservation technology safety.But pass through 2005 in Keshan County, Heilongjiang Province social wellfare home 4674 square metres of engineering pilots of old dormitory building are built, find also to exist following shortcoming: the possibility of constructing when different basic units body of wall is not considered in the installation of inside and outside horizontal brace rod spare, steel support with vertical reinforcement between be connected trouble, its heat bridge is handled complicated, not having to utilize fixedly, the plastics bloated nail external end head and the wire lath of warming plate link, cause the distance between concrete hanging top support member and the horizontal brace rod spare inevitable nearer, increase the workload that concrete hanging top support member and horizontal brace rod spare are installed, and increased heat bridge.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is provides a kind of binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged in order to solve shortcoming, the perfect deficiency of former patent application wall thermal insulation technology in person that existing wall thermal insulation technology exists.The present invention have stronger, the heat bridge of construction feasibility still less, connect more reliable characteristics.The present invention includes basic unit's body of wall 1; concrete hanging top support member 2; insulation layer 3; wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5; horizontal brace rod spare 7; external protection 8; plastics expand and follow closely 9; the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction; the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the concrete reveal wallboard or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner of concrete hanging top support member 2 is fixed on concrete component 10 inside of major structure of construction or the external surface and fixes with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1 of bearing masonry; the inner of horizontal brace rod spare 7 is fixed in the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction; the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare 7 is connected and fixed with vertical reinforcement 5 in external protection 8; the outside of the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer 3; the outside of insulation layer 3 is provided with vertical reinforcement 5; the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 or inboard are provided with wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5 be weldingly fixed on concrete hanging top support member 2 external end head pre-embedded steel slab or be fixed on the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare 7; wire lath 4 is fixedlyed connected with horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 with vertical reinforcement 5 respectively; the inner of the bloated nail 9 of plastics is fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1; the expand outer end of nail 9 of plastics is blocked fixedly warming plate and is fixedlyed connected with wire lath 4; between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 and wire lath 4 of insulation layer 3, be provided with the external protection 8 of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete; decorate with cladding big plate as exterior wall; then vertical reinforcement 5 is fixing with interior pre-buried vertical reinforcement welding with concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads; the external end head of concrete hanging top support member 2 is given prominence to outside external protection 8; be connected with the external end head of shaped steel, form air chamber between external protection 8 and the big plate of cladding decoration with concrete hanging top support member 2.The present invention compared with the prior art, nail not only is connected insulation layer with the basic unit body of wall by expanding with plastics, also basic unit's body of wall is connected with the external protection that contains wire lath, further strengthen being connected of concrete component of external protection and basic unit's body of wall and major structure of construction, help increasing the rigidity of external protection and the distortion of restriction external protection, can strengthen distance between the concrete hanging top support member, strengthen horizontal brace rod spare and the distance between fixed point, minimizing concrete hanging top support member heat bridge up and down; The effect of horizontal brace rod spare be on vertical reinforcement at a certain distance, fix vertical reinforcement and basic unit's body of wall or with the reliable drawknot of the concrete component of major structure of construction, if be not provided with horizontal brace rod spare must increase the concrete hanging top support member up and down between distance, increase heat bridge.When horizontal brace rod spare is heat insulation plastic material, easy to connect with vertical reinforcement, avoid heat bridge and steel part in insulation layer, to penetrate being connected corrosion takes place, influence the durable years of heat insulation system, make the structure of combined wall more perfect, the durability of heat insulation system is better.Heat insulation system of the present invention, its structural safety is to guarantee by multi-faceted means of structure, the varying level blast and the horizontal earthquake action of bearing according to external wall, according to external protection and architectural surface Different Weight and different insulation layer thicknesses, select different primary structure members for use with the basic unit's body of wall and the major structure of construction of unlike material, and the connection of different densities arranged, therefore to any earthquake intensity, the building in any blast area, to any decoration, building to any insulation layer thickness, for with being connected of any basic unit body of wall, all the most safe and reliable, and steel wire net rack benzene plate can not take place cause the common quality defect that the external protection cement mortar ftractures because of the little flexible distortion of anchoring steel part rigidity, this is that existing various wall thermal insulation technology does not have; Concrete hanging top supports and bears external protection, the vertical load of architectural surface and horizontal loading, the horizontal brace rod spare of external protection and basic unit's body of wall connecting elements is the requirement that primary structure member need satisfy single bearing capacity, the bloated nail of plastics is a connection assist, the bloated nail of horizontal brace rod spare and plastics all is that plastic material can satisfy the requirement of partition heat bridge, and prevent that connector from being steel easy-to-rusts in insulation layer, influence the durability of heat insulation system, under general decoration situation, the section of concrete hanging top support member and EPS plate thin plastering insulation window periphery are because of approaching with the cavity area of the sticking warming plate of polymer spots, the two thermal transmittance is approaching, and the warming plate size that this heat preservation technology is installed can be greater than the EPS plate thin plastering, reduce the warming plate slit, so heat insulation effect and the insulation of EPS plate thin plastering compare favourably; The cement mortar external protection can satisfy the requirement of fireproof fire endurance, and above connecting elements and component relationship complement each other, and has formed the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged.This heat insulation system has solved the contradiction between puzzlement wall thermal insulation technology safety for many years and the insulation, the perfect unity of having obtained safety and being incubated, and easy construction, and construction quality controls easily.It is good to have outstanding safety; good endurance; good heat insulating; fireproof performance is good; cost is low; satisfy watertightness; the freeze thawing circulation; a series of advantage such as health; can satisfy the needs of the various decorations that comprise decorative stone; insulation layer can reach any thickness; can realize the body of wall low heat transfer coefficient; high requirements of saving energy; and this heat insulation system can form cavity earlier; on external protection 8 or basic unit's body of wall 1, leave hole; inject foaming thermal-insulating or graininess heat insulating material formation insulation layer 3 by hole then; because this construction technology can be utilized various heat insulating materials; comprise as benzene plate particle; through antiseptic sawdust; refuses such as rice husk all can use, and build energy saving building for remote poverty-stricken area convenience is provided.This wall thermal insulation technology is in safety, durable, insulation, fire prevention and decorate and to have a series of mathematical advantages.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is an overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention; Fig. 2 is the concrete component 10 and the external protection 8 interior vertical reinforcements 5 of concrete hanging top support member 2 and basic unit's body of wall 1 and major structure of construction; the syndeton schematic diagram of horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and wire lath 4; Fig. 3 is the structure and the scheme of installation of penetration horizontal brace rod spare 7; Fig. 4 is the structure and the scheme of installation of non-penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare 7; Fig. 5 is the syndeton and the window steel bar connecting structure schematic diagram of the oblique rollering steel muscle 18 of window external corner; Fig. 6 is the syndeton schematic diagram of the oblique rollering steel muscle 18 of exterior wall external corner; Fig. 7 is a composite insulation wall wall body vertical cut-away schematic view; composite insulation wall wall body horizontal profile schematic diagram when Fig. 8 is frame construction; Fig. 9 is the connection diagram that plastics expand and follow closely 9 syndeton schematic diagram and go up second steel plate washer 30 with the wire lath 4 of connection; Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of second steel plate washer 30; Figure 11 is the structural representation of the specific embodiment 13; Figure 12 is the structural representation of the 3rd steel plate washer 31 in the specific embodiment 13, and Figure 13 is the structural representation of the specific embodiment 14.

The specific embodiment

The specific embodiment one: (referring to Fig. 1; Fig. 2) present embodiment is by basic unit's body of wall 1; concrete hanging top support member 2; insulation layer 3; wire lath 4; vertical reinforcement 5; horizontal brace rod spare 7; external protection 8; the concrete component 10 of bloated nail 9 of plastics and major structure of construction is formed; the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the concrete reveal wallboard or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner of concrete hanging top support member 2 is fixed on concrete component 10 inside of major structure of construction or the external surface and fixes with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1 of bearing masonry; the inner of horizontal brace rod spare 7 is fixed in the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction; the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare 7 is connected and fixed with vertical reinforcement 5 in external protection 8; the outside of the concrete component 10 of basic unit's body of wall 1 and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer 3; the outside of insulation layer 3 is provided with vertical reinforcement 5; there is wire lath 4 outside of vertical reinforcement 5 or inboard; vertical reinforcement 5 be weldingly fixed on concrete hanging top support member 2 external end head pre-embedded steel slab or be fixed on the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare 7; wire lath 4 is fixedlyed connected with vertical reinforcement 5; the inner of the bloated nail 9 of plastics is fixed in basic unit's body of wall 1; the expand outer end of nail 9 of plastics is blocked fixedly warming plate and is fixedlyed connected with wire lath 4; between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement 5 and wire lath 4 of insulation layer 3, be provided with the external protection 8 of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete; decorate with cladding big plate as exterior wall; then vertical reinforcement 5 is fixing with interior pre-buried vertical reinforcement welding with concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads; the external end head of concrete hanging top support member 2 is given prominence to outside external protection 8; be connected with the external end head of shaped steel with concrete hanging top support member 2; form air chamber between external protection 8 and the big plate of cladding decoration; the air chamber that forms sealing within the specific limits more helps insulation; and avoid stack effect; also the plastic sheeting bubble chamber film that can in cavity, sandwich the bubble chamber film of plastic sheeting or aluminize, heat insulation effect more.

Described insulation layer 3 is tabular heat insulating materials, be expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate, polyurethane sheet, mineral wool panels, compressed straw slab or the on-the-spot heat insulating material that in cavity, foams, be phenolic foam, polyurethane foam, azoturia element and resin expanded heat insulating material or graininess heat insulating material, i.e. perlite, granules of polystyrene, rice husk, sawdust.Described basic unit body of wall 1 be the masonry structure body of wall of concrete, load-bearing, nonweight-bearing lightweight masonry infilled wall or for steel wood, bamboo wood and with the fixing up and down reinforcing bar of floor on basic unit's body of wall of forming of the metal lath and plaster of colligation.The concrete component 10 of major structure of construction comprise concrete collar tie beam, concrete lintel, the frame construction of multi-story masonry structure concrete crossbeam, concrete post, concrete wall, concrete foundation or with main body concrete superplasticized concrete reveal wallboard, concrete window sill mutually.The concrete component of outside building has, encorbelmenting; during as balcony slab, oblique roof panel; these outer concrete components of encorbelmenting just can be used as the fixed end of vertical reinforcement 5, and the weight and the geological process of bearing external protection and architectural surface can needn't be provided with concrete hanging top support member 2 in addition.According to using needs, concrete hanging top support member 2 can be ordinary concrete, also can be light weight aggregate concrete.

The specific embodiment two is (referring to Fig. 1; Fig. 2): what present embodiment and the specific embodiment one were different is; in external protection 8, increase horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6; the pre-embedded steel slab of horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 two ends and concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads welds or is fixed on the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare 7; the horizontal cross reinforcing bar is set can increase the colligation fixed point of wire lath; horizontal cross reinforcing bar and vertical reinforcement have constituted the four limits constraint of external protection jointly; more help increasing the rigidity of external protection and the distortion of restriction external protection; increase the distance of concrete hanging top support member, convenient construction; reduce concrete hanging top support member heat bridge.Concrete hanging top support member, horizontal brace rod spare, plastics expand the nail spacing can be with reference to the following table setting, plastics expand nail during with the body of wall anchoring of different basic units, the anchorage depth difference that requires, according to design the pulling capacity that the bloated nail of plastics requires is tested in the engineering, when not meeting design requirement, adjust by increasing anchorage depth, density etc.

Subordinate list: concrete hanging top support member, level link rod member, plastics expand and follow closely the spacing reference table:

Class of loading Horizontal plane load numerical value Distance is not more than mm One, horizontal range between the support Two, horizontal brace rod spare and the distance between the fixed point up and down Three, plastics expand and follow closely mutual spacing mm ??1 ??50kg/m 2Below ????1500 ????1500 ????500 ??2 ??50~100kg/m 2 ????1400 ????1400 ????500 ??3 ??100~150kg/m 2 ????1300 ????1300 ????450 ??4 ??150~200kg/m 2 ????1200 ????1200 ????450 ??5 ??200~250kg/m 2 ????1100 ????1100 ????400 ??6 ??250kg/m 2More than ????1000 ????1000 ????400

The specific embodiment three (referring to Fig. 3): the horizontal brace rod spare of present embodiment 7 is a penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare, is made up of plastics body of rod 7-1, plastic screw 7-2, the first steel plate washer 7-3 and Steel Bolt 7-4; The end of plastics body of rod 7-1 is provided with outer cap 7-5, be provided with internal thread 7-6 in the other end of plastics body of rod 7-1, one of plastic screw 7-2-hold to be threaded rod 7-8, the other end of plastic screw 7-2 is nut 7-7, plastic screw 7-2 is threaded with plastics body of rod 7-1, the first steel plate washer 7-3 is located at the nut 7-7 inboard of plastic screw 7-2, and the two ends of the first steel plate washer 7-3 are respectively equipped with U-shaped bending 7-9, and the internal thread 7-20 on the U-shaped bending 7-9 of Steel Bolt 7-4 and the first steel plate washer 7-3 matches.Present embodiment rotary plastic screw rod 7-2 when mounted makes it be connected with the plastics body of rod 7-1 that has internal thread, with plastic screw 7-2 the first steel plate washer 7-3 is fixed on the insulation layer 3 simultaneously, after vertical reinforcement 5 is fixed with top concrete hanging top support member 2 welding, put into the space of the U-shaped bending 7-9 on the first steel plate washer 7-3 of its underpart thereupon, by fixing vertical reinforcement 5 in the internal thread 7-20 on the U-shaped bending 7-9 that Steel Bolt 7-4 is penetrated the first steel plate washer 7-3, quarter bend is beaten at transverse reinforcement 6 two ends inserted in the U-shaped bending 7-9 fixingly, avoid welding ablation insulation layer 3.

The specific embodiment four: the horizontal brace rod spare 7 of (referring to Fig. 4) present embodiment is non-penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare, is made up of steel pipe 7-10, plastic screw 7-2, the first steel plate washer 7-3 and Steel Bolt 7-4; Be provided with internal thread 7-11 in the steel pipe 7-10, the end of plastic screw 7-2 is threaded rod 7-8, the other end of plastic screw 7-2 is nut 7-7, plastic screw 7-2 is threaded with steel pipe 7-10, the first steel plate washer 7-3 is located at the nut 7-7 inboard of plastic screw 7-2, the two ends of the first steel plate washer 7-3 are respectively equipped with U-shaped bending 7-9, and the internal thread 7-20 on the U-shaped bending 7-9 of Steel Bolt 7-4 and the first steel plate washer 7-3 matches.Present embodiment is when construction, with steel pipe 7-10 be embedded in the concrete with the concrete monobloc cast together, punch when warming plate is installed and expose Steel Bolt 7-4, install the plastic screw 7-2 and the first steel plate washer 7-3 after, with the slit that punches with 20 sealings of foaming fluid sealant.

Horizontal brace rod spare 7 can be moulded compound rod member for plastics or steel, also can be steel part, should consider the influence of 7 pairs of wall heat transfer coefficients of horizontal brace rod spare when adopting the horizontal brace rod spare 7 of unlike material.Horizontal brace rod spare 7 adopts the plastics horizontal brace rod spare 7 of hot bridge cut-off, increase in the time of can reducing steel material and conduct heat, and avoid the steel rod member that dewfall, icing, corrosion may take place in insulation layer 3, influence the durability of heat insulation system, even therefore in the permanent energy saving building of non-heating region, also should adopt the plastics horizontal brace rod spare 7 of hot bridge cut-off to be advisable.Horizontal brace rod spare 7 be divided into penetrating type with two kinds of non-penetrating type, select according to the needs that diverse location is installed, for example need adopt non-penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare at positions such as the constructional column place that internal partition wall is arranged that should not penetrate, concrete posts, penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare can be adopted in other position.Horizontal brace rod spare 7 also can be satisfied horizontal brace rod spare single requirement for bearing capacity and identical function of use, heteroid by other and substitute, non-penetrating type plastics horizontal brace rod spare 7 as Fig. 4 can be substituted by the plastic expansion bolt, but expansion bolt only is applicable to concrete and is connected.Horizontal brace rod spare 7 installations of can holing is installed in construction, also can be in concrete or masonry the rod member of pre-buried same diameter, extract pre-buried rod member out back installation horizontal brace rod spare 7.Will there be certain fire prevention measure the indoor termination of penetration horizontal brace rod spare, for example hole area to certain depth in indoor expansion, horizontal brace rod spare penetrated plaster, or on the rod member inner termination, stop up alumina silicate thermal insulation cotton, nail on wire lath sheet plaster leveling again in the hole part of basic unit's body of wall, its objective is to guarantee to satisfy certain fire endurance requirement; When adopting non-penetrating type to connect, should when the concrete formwork, steel pipe 7-10 be fixed by pre-buried being installed in the template of assigned address, and two ends are pasted plastic adhesive tape paper, in order to avoid concrete enters in the steel pipe, before insulation layer 3 is installed, find out embedded steel tube 7-10, punching on insulation layer 3 penetrates horizontal brace rod spare 7, seals as the expansion type polyurethane adhesive with sealing heat insulating material 20 again.Fixing clearance between concrete hanging top support member 2 and insulation layer 3 also needs with 20 sealings of sealing heat insulating material.The effect of two kinds of horizontal brace rod spares 7 is identical, plastic screw 7-2 pass the steel pipe 7-10 of hole and horizontal brace rod spare 7 on the first steel plate washer 7-3 or plastics body of rod 7-1 be rotatably connected fixing,

The specific embodiment five is (referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10) plastics of present embodiment expand nail 9 by plastic bar cover 9-1, the plastic bar core 9-2 and second steel plate washer 30 are formed, second steel plate washer 30 is located on the external end head 9-3 of plastic bar core 9-2, the hole 30-1 that plastic bar core 9-2 passes second steel plate washer 30 squeezes in the plastic bar cover 9-1, insulation layer is fixed with the bloated nail 9 of plastics, and it is fixing with hole 30-2 on second steel plate washer 30 and wire lath 4, second steel plate washer 30 also can be substituted by the 3rd steel plate washer 31, and wire lath 4 is connected with the bloated nail 9 of plastics by the hole 31-2 on the 3rd steel plate washer 31.But the vibration that second steel plate washer, 30 to the three steel plate washers 31 can reduce wire lath 4 when plastering, more convenient construction.The steel plate washer that expands on the nail core bar external end head by plastics is connected with wire lath, and the plastics nail that expands is connected with the basic unit body of wall, plays an important role for the rigidity of increase external protection, the distortion of minimizing external protection.

The specific embodiment six: (referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 9) present embodiment be wire lath 4 respectively with the external end head 9-3 of vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and plastic bar core 9-2 by the hole 30-2 colligation on second steel plate washer 30.Can form external protection earlier; insulation layer is installed in the back; its working procedure is: smear on wire lath 4 and contain the long stapled cement mortar formation of hemp cut class external protection 8; and on external protection 8 or basic unit's body of wall 1, leave hole; inject foaming thermal-insulating or graininess heat insulating material formation insulation layer 3 by hole then; because this construction technology can be utilized various heat insulating materials; comprise as benzene plate particle, all can use, build energy saving building for remote poverty-stricken area convenience is provided through refuses such as antiseptic sawdust, rice husks.

The specific embodiment seven (referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 9): in the building in heating area, between basic unit's body of wall 1 and the insulation layer 3 or the indoor floated coat of basic unit's body of wall be provided with vapour barrier 19.This can reduce or be avoided the steam of indoor high temperature one side in winter to infiltrate in the insulation layer on the one hand; influence heat insulation effect; simultaneously when the cement mortar of external protection after the several years after carbonization under the carbon dioxide effect; can not protect the steel in it to avoid corrosion; there is vapour barrier can make vertical reinforcement 5 in the external protection 7 when the time comes; wire lath 4 slows down the generation corrosion; has higher durability as the vapour barrier of selecting 19; can prolong the life-span of heat-preserving wall of the present invention greatly; make it to surpass 25 year life-span of generally stipulating in the world now, have great economic implications and environment protection significance.Vapour barrier 19 generally need stick on basic unit's body of wall 1 or on the leveling layer of basic unit's body of wall 1, between basic unit's body of wall 1 and insulation layer 3, under the prerequisite of basic unit's body of wall drying, can also adhere on basic unit's body of wall 1 indoor side, the material of vapour barrier 19 can for coiled material, can be for coating that the trapping effect is arranged, also can be the suitable plastic sheeting of pasting and the trapping effect being arranged, the vapor permeation resistance that vapour barrier increases should be satisfied above-mentioned needs.

The specific embodiment eight: present embodiment has the interfacial agents 23 that building glue compatible, bonding effect is prepared in spraying of the outside of insulation layer 3 spaced point or some brushing with insulation layer 3; outside cement mortar is plastered or the external protection 8 and insulation layer 3 point bondings of pea gravel concrete, and other composition is identical with the above specific embodiment with annexation.Prevent the external protection plaster cracking in the pilot project by experiment; test is to carry out with reference to the guidance in " concrete structure durability design and construction guide " book; insulation layer is a polystyrene board; experimental results show that; the interfacial agents part that adds the water configuration with EPS plate and cement; external protection cement mortar and benzene plate bond together; be difficult for taking place plaster cracking herein; and the part that do not bond is easy to crack; therefore have compatible with insulation layer 3; the interfacial agents 23 of the building glue preparation of bonding effect adopts the way of some spray or some brushing; external protection 8 point between insulation layer 3 is connected to; this can disperse Yin Dongxia temperature difference cement mortar floated coat to shrink the crack that produces; reduce crack width; help increasing the durability of external protection 8, this pilot project is positioned at the severe cold area of north latitude 48 degree, and decoration of exterior wall is a glazed tile; in the freeze-up that enters in January, 2006, do not see macroscopic external protection crack.Said building glue with cementation is different for the insulation layer of different materials, for example insulation layer 3 is different for expansion type polystyrene board EPS, the used building glue of extrusion molding type polystyrene board XPS, when with the insulation of EPS and XPS plate, should add cement with the building glue of this warming plate special use and water is used by a certain percentage.

The specific embodiment nine (see figure 5)s: present embodiment has increased steel jack truss 15 under the windowsill of building; steel jack truss 15 is fixedlyed connected with the vertical reinforcement 5 under the windowsill with concrete hanging top support member 2 and lateral ledge under the windowsill; wire lath 4 colligations are in the outside or the inboard of vertical reinforcement 5 and steel jack truss 15; this can strengthen the rigidity and the intensity of external protection 7 under the windowsill effectively, increases durability, safety.

The specific embodiment ten (referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6) present embodiment is provided with a vertical reinforcement 5 at body of wall external corner place and insulation layer 3 outsides, window external corner place, vertical reinforcement 5 is fixedlyed connected with the lower end of the oblique rollering steel muscle 18 that increases, the upper end of oblique rollering steel muscle 18 is fixed on adjacent concrete and encorbelments on beam support member 2 external end heads or be fixed on the vertical reinforcement 5 of this concrete hanging top support member 2, i.e. exterior wall external corner, window external corner place vertical reinforcement 5 loading of being born relies on oblique rollering steel muscle 18 to pass to the adjacent concrete beam support member 2 of encorbelmenting.

The specific embodiment 11 (referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 7): present embodiment is by dress anchoring piece 26 at window place periphery, the ring window has ring window reinforcing bar 27, ring window reinforcing bar 27 is fixedlyed connected with anchoring piece 26, at the window outward flange the second road ring window reinforcing bar 27 is arranged, vertical reinforcement 5 is fixedlyed connected with bipassage ring window reinforcing bar 27 at bending right angle, window place with horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6.

The specific embodiment 12: (referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8) building of present embodiment is frame construction or steel work, because the binding type composite insulation wall that the composite insulation wall outside has reinforcing bar and wire lath and cement mortar to form, so the light-weight filled wall body thickness can be determined not according to the masonry stability requirement, basic unit's body of wall 1 of lightweight filling masonry abuts on the indoor vertical reinforcement 25 builds by laying bricks or stones, indoor vertical reinforcement 25 is fixedly connected with up-down structure such as flooring concrete structure, the drawknot distributing bar 28 that perforation is arranged in the masonry, and on the drawknot distributing bar 28 that connects, weld out bar dowel 29 perpendicular to metope, this bar dowel 29 is fixing with indoor vertical reinforcement 25 welding, thereby basic unit's body of wall 1 thickness that attenuate is built by laying bricks or stones also satisfies the masonry stability requirement, not high at floor height, when masonry stability can meet the demands, also indoor vertical reinforcement needn't be set, only rely on masonry self to satisfy stability requirement, the composite insulation wall thin thickness of this structure, cost is low, increase indoor usable floor area, alleviate exterior wall weight, alleviate geological process, reduce the agent structure cost, reduce the composite insulation wall cost.When thin basic unit body of wall, make things convenient for instructions for use for strengthening the Indoor sill width, window should be installed outer moving, for guaranteeing the reliability of window safety, upper end and concrete crossbeam 10 that go out on concrete reveal wallboard 10-2, concrete window sill 10-3, the concrete crossbeam Guttr board 10-1, concrete reveal wallboard 10-2 are set are fixing, lower end and concrete floor 10 are fixing, and middle part and concrete window sill 10-3 fix.The concrete component of all reveal faces: the Guttr board 10-1 that goes out on reveal wallboard 10-2, window sill 10-3, the concrete crossbeam should be the L type and is advisable, be that outer thin, inner thickness are big slightly, this being configured with is beneficial to increase window periphery insulation layer thickness, and avoid because of depth of plastering big, influence window sectional material and expose, other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one to 11 with annexation.

The specific embodiment 13 (referring to Figure 11, Figure 12): present embodiment is to have increased horizontal brace rod spare 7 and the 3rd steel plate washer 31 in vertical reinforcement 5, horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 and cement mortar external protection 8 plate face scopes; the 3rd steel plate washer 31 is provided with centre bore 31-1 and lateral opening 31-2; horizontal brace rod spare 7 is connected with basic unit body of wall 1 at an indoor end; the external end head of horizontal brace rod spare 7 is provided with that lateral opening 31-2 on the 3rd steel plate washer 31, the three steel plate washers 31 wears iron wire and wire lath 4 is fixing.When horizontal loading is big, concrete hanging top support member 2 and horizontal brace rod spare 7 can adopt horizontal plane load spacing hour, for example the 6th spacing of subordinate list is 1m, can be by 1.3 meters settings of the 3rd spacing, at this moment need in the plate face, to increase horizontal brace rod spare 7, this can make the identical horizontal range of concrete hanging top support member 2 employings up and down, and the concrete hanging top support member designed par distance, convenient construction up and down when especially blast was mutually far short of what is expected up and down in highrise building.Also have when expand nail and the anchored force between the lower basic unit's body of wall of intensity of plastics and follow closely less than expanding when sharing the horizontal loading of lifting surface area, also need in the cement mortar external protection 8 plate face scopes that vertical reinforcement 5 and horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 retrain, set up horizontal brace rod spare 7.

The specific embodiment 14: (referring to Figure 13) present embodiment is that the horizontal cross reinforcing bar 6 that will connect on concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads is substituted by horizontal cross steel plate 36, porose on horizontal cross steel plate 36, pass horizontal brace rod spare 7 at Kong Shangke and be connected, connecting vertical reinforcement 5 or connecting vertical iron wire 5 on the horizontal cross steel plate 36 up and down with basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction 10.This is applicable to that horizontal loading is big, need the more vertical reinforcement of configuration, and avoids increasing when the concrete hanging top support member is installed quantity and use; When maybe annotating foaming thermal-insulating or graininess heat insulating material in needing the formation cavity type, wire lath and more iron wire colligation can reduce the wire lath vibration, make things convenient for plastering construction.

The specific embodiment 15: present embodiment is that the vertical reinforcement 5 that will connect on concrete hanging top support member 2 external end heads is substituted by vertical steel plate, porose on vertical steel plate, on the hole, pass horizontal brace rod spare 7 and be connected with basic unit's body of wall 1 or major structure of construction 10, about connect horizontal iron wire on the vertical steel plate.This is applicable to needs to form when annotating foaming thermal-insulating or graininess heat insulating material in the cavity type, and the horizontal iron wire of horizontal direction is shorter between the wall between windows, thereby makes construction more convenient, and wire lath and more horizontal iron wire colligation reduce the wire lath vibration, make things convenient for plastering construction.

The specific embodiment 16: present embodiment is in the binding type composite insulation wall of support is arranged installation abat vent in summer to be provided convenience, at the concrete reveal wallboard or the bearing masonry window side of window side and the groove that on the concrete window lintel, is provided with usefulness plastic material, stainless steel or aluminium sheet making, track for the roller blind lifting can be installed on groove, between groove and the basic unit's body of wall heat insulating material is arranged, as paste the benzene plate or with foamed glue sealing insulation, this structure to summer hot area's building need sun shading and energy-saving to have meaning.

The specific embodiment 17: present embodiment is that the concrete component 10 of major structure of construction is substituted by steel work or wooden construction, and concrete hanging top support member 2 is connected by steel plate, screw rod with major structure of construction.Other composition is identical with the specific embodiment one to 11 with annexation.

The specific embodiment 18: present embodiment is before external protection 8 is plastered, and brushing is treated to plaster after its drying with the polymer cement of macromolecule emulsion preparation again on wire lath and reinforcing bar, and this anticorrosion to wire lath and reinforcing bar is favourable.Polymer cement is by weight by macromolecule emulsion: silicon ash: cement: water=1~2: 0.05~1.5: 0.5~2: 0~2.Macromolecule emulsion is the mixed emulsion of benzene emulsion, pure-acrylic emulsion, vinylacetate/ethene, polyvinyl acetate fat liquor or above emulsion.

Claims (12)

1; a kind of binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged; it comprises basic unit's body of wall (1); concrete hanging top support member (2); insulation layer (3); wire lath (4); vertical reinforcement (5); horizontal brace rod spare (7); external protection (8); plastics expand and follow closely (9); the concrete component of major structure of construction (10); the concrete component of major structure of construction (10) comprises the concrete collar tie beam of multi-story masonry structure; the concrete crossbeam; concrete post; concrete wall; concrete lintel; concrete foundation; the concrete balcony slab; the concrete reveal wallboard or the concrete window sill that are connected with flooring concrete up and down; the inner that it is characterized in that concrete hanging top support member (2) is fixed on concrete component (10) inside of major structure of construction or the external surface and fixes with steel part; or be fixed in basic unit's body of wall (1) of bearing masonry; the inner of horizontal brace rod spare (7) is fixed in the concrete component (10) of basic unit's body of wall (1) or major structure of construction; the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare (7) is connected and fixed with vertical reinforcement (5) in external protection (8); the outside of the concrete component (10) of basic unit's body of wall (1) and major structure of construction is provided with insulation layer (3); the outside of insulation layer (3) is provided with vertical reinforcement (5); the outside of vertical reinforcement (5) or inboard are provided with wire lath (4); vertical reinforcement (5) be weldingly fixed on concrete hanging top support member (2) external end head pre-embedded steel slab or be fixed on the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare (7); wire lath (4) is fixedlyed connected with vertical reinforcement (5); the inner of the bloated nails of plastics (9) is fixed in basic unit's body of wall (1); the expand outer end of nail (9) of plastics is blocked fixedly warming plate and is fixedlyed connected with wire lath (4), is provided with the external protection (8) of cement mortar or pea gravel concrete between the outside to the outside of vertical reinforcement (5) and horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) and wire lath (4) of insulation layer (3).
2, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1; it is characterized in that in external protection (8), increasing horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6); the pre-embedded steel slab welding of horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) two ends and concrete hanging top support member (2) external end head, or be fixed on the outer end of horizontal brace rod spare (7).
3, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described insulation layer (3) is tabular heat insulating material, be expansion type polyphenyl plate, extrusion molding type polyphenyl plate, polyurethane sheet, mineral wool panels, compressed straw slab or the on-the-spot heat insulating material that in cavity, foams, be phenolic foam, polyurethane foam, azoturia element and resin expanded heat insulating material or graininess heat insulating material, i.e. perlite, polystyrene, rice husk, sawdust.
4, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described basic unit body of wall (1) for concrete, the masonry structure body of wall of load-bearing, nonweight-bearing lightweight masonry infilled wall or for steel wood, bamboo wood and with the fixing up and down reinforcing bar of floor on basic unit's body of wall of forming of the metal lath and plaster of colligation.
5, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that horizontal brace rod spare (7) is a penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare, is made up of the plastics body of rod (7-1), plastic screw (7-2), first steel plate washer (7-3) and Steel Bolt (7-4); One end of the plastics body of rod (7-1) is provided with outer cap (7-5), be provided with internal thread (7-6) in the other end of the plastics body of rod (7-1), one end of plastic screw (7-2) is threaded rod (7-8), the other end of plastic screw (7-2) is nut (7-7), plastic screw (7-2) is threaded with the plastics body of rod (7-1), first steel plate washer (7-3) is located at nut (7-7) inboard of plastic screw (7-2), the two ends of first steel plate washer (7-3) are respectively equipped with U-shaped bending (7-9), and the internal thread (7-20) on the U-shaped bending (7-9) of Steel Bolt (7-4) and first steel plate washer (7-3) matches.
6, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that horizontal brace rod spare (7) is non-penetrating type horizontal brace rod spare, is made up of steel pipe (7-10), plastic screw (7-2), first steel plate washer (7-3) and Steel Bolt (7-4); Be provided with internal thread (7-11) in the steel pipe (7-10), one end of plastic screw (7-2) is threaded rod (7-8), the other end of plastic screw (7-2) is nut (7-7), plastic screw (7-2) is threaded with steel pipe (7-10), first steel plate washer (7-3) is located at nut (7-7) inboard of plastic screw (7-2), the two ends of first steel plate washer (7-3) are respectively equipped with U-shaped bending (7-9), and the internal thread (7-20) on the U-shaped bending (7-9) of Steel Bolt (7-4) and first steel plate washer (7-3) matches.
7, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the plastics nail (9) that expands is made up of plastic bar cover (9-1), plastic bar core (9-2) and second steel plate washer (30), second steel plate washer (30) is located on the external end head (9-3) of plastic bar core (9-2), plastic bar core (9-2) passes the hole (30-1) of second steel plate washer (30) and squeezes in the plastic bar cover (9-1), insulation layer is fixing with the bloated nails of plastics (9), and fixing with hole (30-2) on second steel plate washer (30) and wire lath (4).
8, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, the concrete component (10) that it is characterized in that major structure of construction is substituted by steel work or wooden construction, and concrete hanging top support member (2) is connected by steel plate, screw rod with major structure of construction.
9, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that building is frame construction or steel work, basic unit's body of wall (1) of lightweight filling masonry abuts on the indoor vertical reinforcement (25) builds by laying bricks or stones, indoor vertical reinforcement (25) is fixedly connected with up-down structure such as flooring concrete structure, the drawknot distributing bar (28) that perforation is arranged in the masonry, and on the drawknot distributing bar (28) that connects, welding out bar dowel (29) perpendicular to metope, this bar dowel (29) is fixing with indoor vertical reinforcement (25) welding.
10, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is fixing to it is characterized in that being provided with upper end and concrete crossbeam (10) that the Guttr board of going out (10-1), concrete reveal wallboard (10-2) are arranged on concrete reveal wallboard (10-2), concrete window sill (10-3), the concrete crossbeam, lower end and concrete floor (10) are fixing, and middle part and concrete window sill (10-3) are fixing.
11; the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1; it is characterized in that in vertical reinforcement (5); horizontal brace rod spare (7) and the 3rd steel plate washer (31) have been increased in horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) and cement mortar external protection (8) the plate face scope; the 3rd steel plate washer (31) is provided with centre bore (31-1) and lateral opening (31-2); horizontal brace rod spare (7) is connected with basic unit's body of wall (1) at an indoor end; the external end head of horizontal brace rod spare (7) is provided with the 3rd steel plate washer (31), and lateral opening (31-2) on the 3rd steel plate washer (31) wears iron wire and wire lath (4) is fixing.
12, the binding type composite insulation wall that support is arranged according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the horizontal cross reinforcing bar (6) that connects on concrete hanging top support member (2) external end head is substituted by horizontal cross steel plate (36), go up porose at horizontal cross steel plate (36), on the hole, pass horizontal brace rod spare (7) and be connected, welding vertical reinforcement (5) on the horizontal cross steel plate (36) up and down with basic unit's body of wall (1) or major structure of construction (10).
CNA2006100040485A 2005-05-23 2006-01-25 Thermal-insulating binded composite wall with supporter CN1982554A (en)

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CN 200510010010 CN1920201A (en) 2005-05-23 2005-05-23 Supported binding type composite insulation wall
CNA2006100040485A CN1982554A (en) 2005-05-23 2006-01-25 Thermal-insulating binded composite wall with supporter

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CN101798861A (en) * 2010-03-08 2010-08-11 韩旭 Heat-preserving and insulating and muffling system structure of steel mesh fiber spraying hanging panel
WO2010105496A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 External heat preservation composite wall of exterior wall with support
CN101876186A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-11-03 吴淑环 Compound insulation wall door/window opening reinforcement structure
WO2010127628A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 He Yucheng Method for heat insulation, energy-conservation, waterproof and drainage for exterior wall of construction
CN101906827A (en) * 2010-07-30 2010-12-08 林淑芬 Fixation device and fixation method of insulating layer of external wall of building
CN101914954A (en) * 2010-07-30 2010-12-15 林淑芬 Construction wall structure
CN101949220A (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-01-19 宁波建工股份有限公司 Method for mounting tie bar of aerated concrete block wall
CN102011441A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-04-13 吴淑环 Externally-hanging heat-insulation composite wall
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CN102251592A (en) * 2011-04-28 2011-11-23 河南省九建工程有限公司 Heat insulating structural system suitable for existing building masonry and construction method thereof
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CN102041918B (en) * 2009-10-22 2012-05-30 中冶天工建设有限公司 Construction method of hyperboloidal concrete structure of coal tower storage bunker incline wall
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CN104234256A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-12-24 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat-insulating wall body
CN105019581A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 苏州金螳螂建筑装饰股份有限公司 Partition wall structure and installation method thereof
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CN101168977B (en) * 2007-07-26 2011-12-14 吴淑环 Plastering composite wall
WO2010105496A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 External heat preservation composite wall of exterior wall with support
WO2010127628A1 (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-11-11 He Yucheng Method for heat insulation, energy-conservation, waterproof and drainage for exterior wall of construction
CN102041918B (en) * 2009-10-22 2012-05-30 中冶天工建设有限公司 Construction method of hyperboloidal concrete structure of coal tower storage bunker incline wall
CN101798861A (en) * 2010-03-08 2010-08-11 韩旭 Heat-preserving and insulating and muffling system structure of steel mesh fiber spraying hanging panel
CN101876186A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-11-03 吴淑环 Compound insulation wall door/window opening reinforcement structure
CN101906827A (en) * 2010-07-30 2010-12-08 林淑芬 Fixation device and fixation method of insulating layer of external wall of building
CN101914954A (en) * 2010-07-30 2010-12-15 林淑芬 Construction wall structure
CN101906827B (en) * 2010-07-30 2012-08-22 林淑芬 Fixation device and fixation method of insulating layer of external wall of building
CN101949220A (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-01-19 宁波建工股份有限公司 Method for mounting tie bar of aerated concrete block wall
CN101949220B (en) * 2010-09-21 2011-12-07 宁波建工股份有限公司 Method for mounting tie bar of aerated concrete block wall
CN102011441A (en) * 2010-11-10 2011-04-13 吴淑环 Externally-hanging heat-insulation composite wall
CN102121283A (en) * 2011-01-11 2011-07-13 吴淑环 Method for assembling mesh tensile material or/and reinforcing steel in composite wall body
CN102251592A (en) * 2011-04-28 2011-11-23 河南省九建工程有限公司 Heat insulating structural system suitable for existing building masonry and construction method thereof
CN102587537B (en) * 2012-02-21 2014-08-20 北京工业大学 L-shaped steel screen composite mortar light weight hollow wall structure with embedded columns
CN102587537A (en) * 2012-02-21 2012-07-18 北京工业大学 L-shaped steel screen composite mortar light weight hollow wall structure with embedded columns
CN103174227A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-26 西安建筑科技大学 Foam cement heat insulation board with hollow pipes provided with eaves
CN103195182A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-10 西安建筑科技大学 Composite formed cement thermal insulation board with concentric reducers with eaves
CN103161228A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-06-19 西安建筑科技大学 Foaming cement anti-freezing heat-preservation board provided with concentric reducing pipes
CN104234256A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-12-24 吴淑环 Energy-saving heat-insulating wall body
CN105089164A (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-25 李天伶 Heat insulation outer wall construction method
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