WO2010081278A1 - Construction composite heat preservation member - Google Patents

Construction composite heat preservation member Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2010081278A1
WO2010081278A1 PCT/CN2009/001390 CN2009001390W WO2010081278A1 WO 2010081278 A1 WO2010081278 A1 WO 2010081278A1 CN 2009001390 W CN2009001390 W CN 2009001390W WO 2010081278 A1 WO2010081278 A1 WO 2010081278A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
composite
layer
mesh
building
thermal insulation
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PCT/CN2009/001390
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴淑环
Original Assignee
哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司
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Priority to CN200810209830.X priority Critical
Priority to CNA200810209830XA priority patent/CN101446109A/en
Priority to CN200910072916 priority
Priority to CN200910072916.7 priority
Application filed by 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司 filed Critical 哈尔滨吴淑环建设工程技术研究有限公司
Publication of WO2010081278A1 publication Critical patent/WO2010081278A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/14Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements being composed of two or more materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/20Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stonelike material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/78Heat insulating elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/562Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with fillings between the load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/845Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising a wire netting, lattice or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/84Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ
    • E04B2/842Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf
    • E04B2/847Walls made by casting, pouring, or tamping in situ by projecting or otherwise applying hardenable masses to the exterior of a form leaf the form leaf comprising an insulating foam panel
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B2001/7679Means preventing cold bridging at the junction of an exterior wall with an interior wall or a floor

Abstract

A construction composite heat preservation member is provided, relating to the structure of the construction composite heat preservation member, especially a composite heat preservation wall and a composite roof. Structure one: the core layer (3) is adhered to the frame, the surface of the core layer (3) has a finish layer (8), and an alkali-resistant netting fabric (5-1) and the finish layer (8) are adhered to the baring member (1). Structure two: in the middle of the finish layers (8) on the inside and the outside is the core layer (3) and they are adhered with each other. Steel hoops (21) are fixed on the steel bars (51) in the finish layers (8) of the inside or the outside. Structure three: on the two sides and the top of the core layer (3) are the finish layers (8) adhered thereto. The core layer (3), the steel bars (51) in the finish layer (8) and the finish layer (8) are bond and wound by the alkali-resistant netting fabric (5-1). Structure four: the composite pillars (11) are anchored with the main structure. The core layer (3) and the main structure are adhered to the light composite pillar (11). The composite girder (12) is supported by the composite pillar (11). On the outsides of the composite pillar (11), the composite girder (12) and the core layer (3) are the plastered finish layers (8). Structure five: in the middle of the upper and the low finish layer (8) is the core layer (3). The lower finish layer (8) is fixed on the girder or the wall of the main structure.

Description

说 明 书  Description
建筑的复合保温构件 技术领域  Composite thermal insulation component of building
本发明涉及建筑的复合保温构件, 特别是具有轻质保温性能的轻型复合保温墙 体, 及轻型复合保温屋面。  The invention relates to a composite thermal insulation component of a building, in particular to a lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with light thermal insulation properties and a light composite thermal insulation roof.
背景技术  Background technique
我国目前大量应用 EPS板薄抹灰保温墙体防火不好, 耐久性不好; 美国、俄罗斯 用三层墙体中间夹两层保温的墙体, 墙太厚, 浪费土地, 且不适用于高层建筑应用。 木结构填充保温墙体在木材资源短缺的国家不实用, 抗风性能也不好。  China's current large-scale application of EPS board thin plaster insulation wall is not good fireproof and poor durability; the United States and Russia use two layers of walls to sandwich two layers of insulated walls, the wall is too thick, waste land, and is not suitable for high-rise Building applications. Wood-filled insulation walls are not practical in countries where wood resources are scarce, and wind resistance is not good.
我国大多用加气混凝土、 轻质空心砌块做框架结构建筑的外墙。但这些墙体对于 高层建筑来说还是太重, 且保温隔热不好、 脆性大, 抗震不好。 为解决脆性墙体重量 大, 不适用于高层建筑等问题, 国外近年来大量应用轻钢骨架墙体。  Most of China uses aerated concrete and lightweight hollow blocks as the outer walls of frame structures. However, these walls are still too heavy for high-rise buildings, and they are not well insulated, brittle, and resistant to earthquakes. In order to solve the problem of brittle wall weight and not suitable for high-rise buildings, foreign countries have applied a large number of light steel skeleton walls in recent years.
但轻钢骨架墙体存在以下问题:墙体刚度差,抵抗水平风荷载和地震作用能力差, 钢材耗量大、 造价高、 构造复杂。 轻钢骨架热桥多, 保温不好, 为建筑节能, 还需要 在墙外再粘一层保温材料, 又增加造价。  However, the light steel skeleton wall has the following problems: poor wall rigidity, poor resistance to horizontal wind loads and seismic action, large steel consumption, high cost, and complicated structure. Light steel skeleton has many thermal bridges, and the insulation is not good. For building energy conservation, it is necessary to stick a layer of thermal insulation material outside the wall and increase the cost.
为抵抗水平风荷载和地震作用, 美国多层轻钢结构住宅采用轻钢剪力墙, 或釆用 带十字交叉支撑的钢框架结构, 轻钢剪力墙是在墙体上蒙皮薄钢板。 为增加轻钢骨架 墙体的抗震能力, 日本的 KC体系用型钢与板材共同形成整体墙板成为剪力墙, 通过 贯通楼板的抗拔锚栓将上下墙板连为一体, 靠抗剪螺栓将墙板与楼板连为一体, 构造 复杂、 造价高。  In order to resist horizontal wind loads and earthquakes, US multi-story light steel houses use light steel shear walls, or steel frame structures with crisscross support, and light steel shear walls are skinned steel plates on the walls. In order to increase the seismic capacity of the light steel skeleton wall, the KC system of Japan forms a whole wall panel together with the plate to become a shear wall. The upper and lower wall panels are connected by the anti-pulling anchor bolts that penetrate the floor, and the shear bolts will be used. The wall panel is connected with the floor slab, and the structure is complicated and the cost is high.
轻钢骨架墙体构造的实质是将木骨架填充墙体的骨架由木方变作薄壁轻钢,骨架 间距 400~600mm, 并一般每层设置三道水平钢拉条, 内填充矿物棉。将木骨架填充墙 体的木板保护层变作纤维水泥板等, 再采取其它技术措施, 其构造本质没有跳出传统 木骨架填充墙体构造的概念。  The essence of the light steel skeleton wall structure is that the skeleton of the wood skeleton-filled wall is changed from wood to thin-walled light steel, and the frame spacing is 400~600mm. Generally, three horizontal steel strips are set on each layer, and the mineral wool is filled inside. The wood-clad protective layer of the wood skeleton-filled wall is changed into a fiber cement board, etc., and other technical measures are taken, and the structural essence does not jump out of the concept of the traditional wood-frame-filled wall structure.
由于造价高等原因, 轻钢骨架墙体在我国应用受到了阻力。  Due to high cost, the application of light steel skeleton wall in China has been resisted.
框架结构建筑的外墙、 特别是高层建筑的外墙技术始终没有得到完善的解决。 国 际上目前没有完善的墙体技术使墙体同时具有以下全面优异性能: 轻质、 保温节能、 抗震抗风、 构造简单、 设计施工方便、 外饰面安全、 防火好、 耐久性好、 造价低廉。  The exterior wall of the frame structure, especially the exterior wall technology of the high-rise building, has not been fully solved. At present, there is no perfect wall technology in the world to make the wall have the following comprehensive performances: light weight, heat preservation, energy saving, shock and wind resistance, simple structure, convenient design and construction, safe outer surface, good fireproof, good durability and low cost. .
为解决上述问题,本专利申请的发明人已经在中国提出发明专利名称为 "内外设 有钢筋 /和钢丝网抹灰的复合墙体" , 专利申请号为 200710072572. 0。 此专利可大幅 度减轻墙体重量, 保温好。 但其固定高分子芯层的方法是, 安装螺栓将与室内垂直钢 筋和室外钢筋或钢丝网拉接固定, 施工不方便, 室内垂直钢筋用量多, 且不便安装与 柱的拉接钢筋。 如何方便施工, 降低造价, 这是本发明需要解决的问题。 农村小型建 筑如何进行建筑节能和墙体改革?这也是当前没有解决的问题。 目前的轻型保温屋面是彩色钢板保温屋面, 其缺点是刚度小, 隔音差, 不满足耐 火极限要求, 采暖地区冬季室内易结露。 严寒地区哈尔滨市在 2008年建设的钢排架. 结构大跨度的单层钢排架结构工业厂房, 屋面面积 8万余平方米, 竟然长途 1400多 公里运输采购配筋加气混凝土屋面板, 传热系数约达 1.3 w/m2. k左右!没有一种保温 好、 防火好、 重量又轻的轻型保温屋面板适用于工业厂房钢排架结构建筑。 In order to solve the above problems, the inventor of the present patent application has proposed in China that the invention patent name is "a composite wall with steel bars and wire mesh plasters inside and outside", and the patent application number is 200710072572. This patent can greatly reduce the weight of the wall and keep it warm. However, the method for fixing the polymer core layer is that the mounting bolts will be connected with the vertical steel bars and the outdoor steel bars or steel meshes in the room, the construction is inconvenient, the vertical steel bars in the room are used in a large amount, and the pull bars of the columns are inconveniently installed. How to facilitate construction and reduce the cost is a problem that needs to be solved by the present invention. How do small buildings in rural areas carry out building energy conservation and wall reform? This is also a problem that is currently not resolved. The current light insulation roof is a color steel plate insulation roof. The shortcomings are small rigidity, poor sound insulation, and fail to meet the fire endurance requirements. The indoor heating area is prone to condensation in the winter. The steel frame constructed by Harbin in the severe cold area in 2008. The large-span single-story steel frame structure industrial plant with a roof area of more than 80,000 square meters, and even more than 1,400 kilometers long distance transportation and purchase of reinforced aerated concrete roof panels, The thermal coefficient is about 1.3 w/m 2 .k or so! There is no light-insulated roof panel with good insulation, good fireproofing and light weight, which is suitable for industrial steel frame structure construction.
发明内容  Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是提供建筑的复合保温构件, 使 "内外设有钢筋 /和钢丝网抹灰的 复合墙体"更方便施工, 农村小型建筑也能用低造价建设节能建筑, 不用粘土砖, 向 工业厂房钢排架结构提供一种预制或现浇方便、 保温好的轻型保温屋面。 本发明形成 的建筑的复合保温构件自然就是低传热、 抗震好的的构件。  The object of the present invention is to provide a composite thermal insulation component of a building, which makes it easier to construct "a composite wall with steel bars and wire mesh plastering inside and outside", and a small rural building can also build energy-saving buildings with low cost, without using clay bricks, The industrial plant steel frame structure provides a light-weight insulation roof with convenient prefabrication or cast-in-place and good insulation. The composite thermal insulation component of the building formed by the invention is naturally a component with low heat transfer and good earthquake resistance.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件包括: 两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 主要用 于框架结构、 框剪结构及工业建筑排架结构的围护墙。 由轻型复合柱、 轻型复合梁和 轻质芯层抹灰填充墙, 组成的承重轻型复合保温墙体。 用于农村单层和低层建筑的承 重墙体; 还有一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面。 用于斜屋面和工业建筑排架结 构屋面。  The composite thermal insulation component of the building of the present invention comprises: a light composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides, which is mainly used for a frame structure, a frame shear structure and a retaining wall of an industrial building frame structure. Lightweight composite composite insulation wall consisting of lightweight composite columns, lightweight composite beams and lightweight core plastered walls. It is used for load-bearing walls in rural single- and low-rise buildings; there is also a lightweight composite insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides. It is used for sloping roofing and industrial building truss structural roofing.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件的第一种结构是一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保 温墙体: 该轻型复合保温墙体包括建筑主体结构的承重构件、 芯层、 保护层; 它还包 括耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网; 所述建筑主体结构的承重构件为梁、 板、 柱、 承重墙 及基础, 所述芯层为高分子保温材料, 或为矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护 层为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层, 或所述保护层为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹 灰层; 所述芯层固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件的梁或板与柱或与承重墙形成的内框 之间, 或芯层固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件的梁或板上, 或芯层固定在建筑主体结 构的承重构件的柱或承重墙的侧边; 在芯层的表面有保护层, 耐碱网布或金属网或竹 筋网嵌埋在保护层内,或耐碱网布粘贴在保护层的表面,或耐碱网布位于芯层的表面, 耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与建筑主体结构的承重构件粘接连接, 形成一种两侧有网 抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体。  The first structure of the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the present invention is a lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides: the lightweight composite thermal insulation wall comprises a load-bearing component, a core layer and a protective layer of the main structure of the building; The utility model further comprises an alkali-resistant mesh cloth or a metal mesh or a bamboo mesh net; the load-bearing members of the main structure of the building are a beam, a plate, a column, a bearing wall and a foundation, wherein the core layer is a polymer thermal insulation material, or is a mineral cotton or a plant. The straw or paper honeycomb panel, the protective layer is a cement mortar or a fine stone concrete plaster layer, or the protective layer is a modified cement mortar or a fine stone concrete plaster layer; the core layer is fixed in the main structure of the building Between the beam or plate of the load-bearing member and the column or the inner frame formed by the load-bearing wall, or the core layer is fixed on the beam or plate of the load-bearing member of the main structure of the building, or the core layer is fixed on the column of the load-bearing member of the main structure of the building or The side of the load-bearing wall; a protective layer on the surface of the core layer, an alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or a bamboo mesh is embedded in the protective layer, or an alkali-resistant mesh cloth is adhered to the surface of the protective layer, or an alkali-resistant mesh lie in The surface of the core layer, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or the bamboo mesh net is bonded to the load-bearing members of the main structure of the building to form a lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides.
两侧水泥砂浆抹灰层与芯层牢固粘接条件下,芯层厚度为 120mm、含两侧抹灰总 厚度为 180mm的复合墙体, 按保护层抹灰标号为 C15, 其截面抗弯刚度为 7.52><1012 N-mm2/m, 与厚度 150mm, 截面抗弯刚度为 7.875xl012 N-mm2/m的 C25混凝土墙相 当; 芯层厚度为 180mm、 含两侧抹灰总厚度为 240mm的复合墙体, 截面抗弯刚度为 14.65xlO,2 N-mm2/m, 大于厚度 180mm, 截面抗弯刚度为 13.61 χ 1012 N-mm2/m的 C25 混凝土墙, 见 "芯层为高分子材料的轻型复合墙板刚度计算书"。 故两侧有网抹灰的 复合墙体抵抗垂直于墙面风荷载和水平地震作用的出平面抗弯性能好。本发明的复合 墙体含钢量少, 按墙体面积计算约为 2.5~3kg/m2 (包括钢丝网)。 复合墙体的钢筋和 钢丝网或耐碱网布位于内外两侧水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层内, 并与主体结构锚固 连接, 含有钢筋和钢丝网的保护层与芯层牢固粘接形成很大的截面抗弯抵抗矩, 可充 分发挥钢材等抗拉材料抗拉强度高的优势。而轻钢骨架墙体的大量钢材位于墙体截面 中部,没有细石混凝土或水泥砂浆与钢材共同工作,骨架形成的截面抗弯抵抗矩很小, 故用钢量多, 但抗震抗风能力仍差, 轻钢骨架墙体没有充分发挥各种材料的优势。 Under the condition that the cement mortar layer and the core layer are firmly bonded on both sides, the core layer has a thickness of 120mm and the composite wall with a total thickness of 180mm on both sides. According to the protective layer, the plaster is labeled as C15, and the section is resistant to bending stiffness. It is 7.52><10 12 N-mm 2 /m, which is equivalent to C25 concrete wall with thickness of 150mm and cross-section bending stiffness of 7.875xl0 12 N-mm 2 /m; core layer thickness is 180mm, including total thickness of both sides plastering For a 240mm composite wall, the section bending stiffness is 14.65xlO , 2 N-mm 2 /m, greater than the thickness of 180mm, and the section bending stiffness is 13.61 χ 10 12 N-mm 2 /m C25 concrete wall, see "core The layer is a lightweight composite wallboard stiffness calculation book for polymer materials. Therefore, the composite wall with net plaster on both sides resists the bending resistance of the plane perpendicular to the wall wind load and horizontal earthquake action. The composite wall of the invention has less steel content and is about 2.5~3kg/m 2 (including steel mesh) according to the wall area. The reinforcing steel and steel mesh or alkali-resistant mesh of the composite wall are located in the protective layer of cement mortar or fine stone concrete on both sides, and anchored to the main structure. The connection, the protective layer containing the steel bar and the steel mesh are firmly bonded to the core layer to form a large section bending resistance resistance moment, and the tensile strength of the tensile material such as steel can be fully utilized. The large amount of steel in the light steel skeleton wall is located in the middle of the wall section. No fine stone concrete or cement mortar works together with the steel. The cross-section bending resistance moment formed by the skeleton is very small, so the amount of steel used is large, but the earthquake resistance and wind resistance are still Poor, the light steel skeleton wall does not give full play to the advantages of various materials.
两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体用抹灰层内的抗拉耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网, 或还有 锚固钢筋 (实施方式二) 替代原 "内外设有钢筋 /和钢丝网抹灰的复合墙体"专利中 的室内垂直钢筋, 作为墙板在水平荷载作用下的受拉钢筋, 还使得设置与柱的锚固钢 筋成为可能。 此构造增加了在墙板平面内的抗剪切能力, 从而对主体结构减少水平位 移, 抗震抗风起了重要作用。 并大幅度减少用钢量, 构造简单, 施工方便。  The composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides is replaced by the tensile and alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh in the plaster layer, or the anchored steel bar (embodiment 2) The composite vertical wall of the net plastering system, the indoor vertical steel bar in the patent, as the tensile steel bar under the horizontal load of the wall plate, also makes it possible to set the anchor steel bar with the column. This configuration increases the shear resistance in the plane of the wall panel, thereby reducing the horizontal displacement of the main structure and playing an important role in earthquake resistance and wind resistance. And the amount of steel used is greatly reduced, the structure is simple, and the construction is convenient.
两侧有网抹灰复合墙体与主体结构的锚固钢筋可为 Φ4镀锌钢筋 (不增加抹灰层 厚度)与梁柱锚固, 错固钢筋与钢丝网或耐碱网布满足搭接长度, 且抗拉能力不低于 钢丝网或耐碱网布条件下, 不计框架平面外抹灰保护层内钢丝网或耐碱网布的抗剪切 能力, 3m高的复合墙体在框架平面内的室内抹灰层抗剪切能力为 2~7t/m (随钢丝网 或耐碱网布规格不同而不同), 形成轻型复合剪力墙, 轻型复合剪力墙既可用于外墙 还可用于内墙。 纸蜂窝板的刚度相当大, 当芯层为纸蜂窝板时, 在复合墙体平面内的 抗剪切能力更大, 本发明的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体为建筑抗震提供了思路。  The anchoring steel bar with the mesh plastering composite wall and the main structure on both sides may be Φ4 galvanized steel bar (with no increase of the thickness of the plaster layer) and the beam and column anchoring, and the wrong solid steel bar and the steel wire mesh or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth satisfy the overlapping length. And the tensile strength is not lower than that under the condition of steel mesh or alkali-resistant mesh cloth, excluding the shear resistance of the steel mesh or alkali-resistant mesh in the plaster protective layer outside the plane of the frame, and the composite wall of 3 m high is in the plane of the frame. The indoor plastering layer has a shear resistance of 2~7t/m (depending on the size of the steel mesh or alkali-resistant mesh), forming a light composite shear wall, which can be used for both exterior walls and interior walls. wall. The rigidity of the paper honeycomb panel is quite large. When the core layer is a paper honeycomb panel, the shear resistance in the plane of the composite wall is greater. The composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides of the present invention provides an idea for building earthquake resistance. .
故两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体的出平面抗弯能力和在平面内抗剪切能力都是含钢 量很多的轻钢骨架墙体与之不可以比的。 图 9表示在柱(或墙)上密布锚固钢筋的抗 剪切柔性墙体, 可计入复合墙体在墙体平面内的抗剪切能力, 图 10表示不需发挥复 合墙体在墙体平面内的抗剪切承载能力, 复合墙体与柱和墙之间一般可按构造拉接设 置锚固钢筋, 用于避免复合墙体与柱和墙之间出现垂直裂缝。  Therefore, the flat-wall bending resistance of the composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides and the shear resistance in the plane are all comparable to the light steel skeleton wall with a lot of steel. Figure 9 shows the shear-resistant flexible wall with anchored steel bars on the column (or wall), which can be factored into the shear resistance of the composite wall in the plane of the wall. Figure 10 shows that the composite wall is not required to be used in the wall. The shear-resistant bearing capacity in the plane, the anchor wall can be generally set up between the composite wall and the column and the wall according to the structural pull, to avoid vertical cracks between the composite wall and the column and the wall.
两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 同时具有保温好, 重量轻,造价低, 防火好, 满足任意装饰, 外保护层和外饰面层安全性好, 设计施工方便, 刚度大, 整体牢固性 好, 出平面抗弯能力及在平面内抗剪切能力好, 抗震抗风好, 满足极限状态设计要求 的优点。 本发明的复合墙体地震时绝对不会发生墙体倒塌, 复合墙体内芯层可消耗地 震能量, 把地震动能化作位能, 以柔克刚, 有利于建筑主体结构抗震, 本发明对建筑 抗震提出了新思路,本发明是适合各个气候区建筑的复合墙体,具有广泛的应用价值。  Lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides, with good heat preservation, light weight, low cost, good fireproof, satisfying any decoration, good safety of outer protective layer and outer surface layer, convenient design and construction, and high rigidity. The overall firmness is good, the plane bending resistance and the anti-shearing ability in the plane are good, the earthquake resistance and wind resistance are good, and the advantages of the limit state design requirements are met. The composite wall of the invention never collapses when the earthquake occurs, and the core layer in the composite wall can consume seismic energy, and the ground vibration energy can be converted into potential energy, which is beneficial to the earthquake resistance of the main structure of the building. With the new idea, the invention is a composite wall suitable for buildings in various climate zones, and has wide application value.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件的第二种结构是一种隔热断桥轻型复合柱:该隔热 断桥轻型复合柱包括室内纵向钢筋、 室外纵向钢筋钢箍、 保护层; 它还包括芯层; 所 述室内纵向钢筋、 室外纵向钢筋分别位于室内和室外的保护层内, 所述芯层位于室内 和室外的保护层的中间, 芯层与两侧保护层粘接; 所述钢箍与室内纵向钢筋及与室外 纵向钢筋连接固定, 形成一种隔热断桥轻型复合柱; 所述芯层为高分子保温板, 或矿 物棉板或植物秸秆板或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层为水泥砂桨或细石混凝土, 或所述保护 层为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土。  The second structure of the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the present invention is a thermal break bridge lightweight composite column: the thermal break bridge lightweight composite column comprises indoor longitudinal reinforcement, outdoor longitudinal steel reinforcement hoop, protective layer; The indoor longitudinal reinforcing bar and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bar are respectively located in the indoor and outdoor protective layers, the core layer is located in the middle of the indoor and outdoor protective layers, and the core layer is bonded to the protective layers on both sides; The indoor longitudinal steel bar and the longitudinal longitudinal steel bar are fixedly connected to form a heat-insulating bridge light-weight composite column; the core layer is a polymer heat insulation board, or a mineral wool board or a plant straw board or a paper honeycomb board, and the protective layer is Cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the protective layer is modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件的第三种结构是一种隔热断桥轻型复合梁:该隔热 断桥轻型复合梁包括纵向钢筋、 保护层; 它还包括芯层和耐碱网布; 所述保护层位于 芯层的两侧和上部, 保护层与芯层粘接; 所述纵向钢筋位于保护层内; 耐碱网布位于 保护层内与保护层和芯层的下面粘接, 或耐碱网布位于保护层表面与保护层和芯层下 面粘接, 或耐碱网布位于保护层内和保护层表面与保护层和芯层的下面粘接; 芯层、 纵向钢筋及保护层被耐碱网布包裹缠绕, 形成一种隔热断桥轻型复合梁; 所述芯层为 高分子保温板, 或矿物棉板或植物秸秆板或纸蜂窝板; 所述保护层为水泥砂浆或细石 混凝土, 或所述保护层为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土。 The third structure of the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the present invention is an insulated composite bridge lightweight composite beam: the thermal insulation The broken bridge lightweight composite beam comprises a longitudinal reinforcing bar and a protective layer; it further comprises a core layer and an alkali-resistant mesh cloth; the protective layer is located on both sides and an upper portion of the core layer, and the protective layer is bonded to the core layer; In the layer; the alkali-resistant mesh is located in the protective layer and adhered to the underside of the protective layer and the core layer, or the alkali-resistant mesh is adhered on the surface of the protective layer and under the protective layer and the core layer, or the alkali-resistant mesh is located in the protective layer. And the surface of the protective layer is bonded to the underside of the protective layer and the core layer; the core layer, the longitudinal reinforcing bar and the protective layer are wrapped by the alkali-resistant mesh cloth to form a light-weight composite beam of the heat-insulating bridge; the core layer is a polymer heat-insulating a board, or a mineral wool board or a plant straw board or a paper honeycomb board; the protective layer is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the protective layer is modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete.
本发明的建筑的轻型复合保温构件的第二种结构和第三种结构是为了形成复合 保温构件的第四种结构: 一种承重轻型复合保温墙体。  The second structure and the third structure of the lightweight composite thermal insulation member of the building of the present invention are for forming a fourth structure of the composite thermal insulation member: A load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件的第四种结构是一种承重轻型复合保温墙体:该承 重轻型复合保温墙体包括建筑主体结构的梁或板、 轻型复合梁、 芯层、 抹灰保护层; 它还包括轻型复合柱; 所述轻型复合柱位于建筑主体结构的梁或板上, 轻型复合柱通 过钢筋或钢板焊接与建筑主体结构的梁或板锚固; 所述芯层位于建筑主体结构的梁或 板的上部并与之粘接, 芯层与轻型复合柱粘接; 轻型复合梁位于门窗洞口上方, 轻型 复合梁支承在轻型复合柱上; 轻型复合柱、 轻型复合梁和芯层的外侧有抹灰保护层连 为一体, 形成一种有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体; 所述轻型复合柱为隔热断 桥轻型复合柱或有热桥轻型复合柱; 所述轻型复合梁为隔热断桥轻型复合梁或有热桥 轻型复合梁; 所述芯层为高分子保温板或植物秸秆板或矿物棉板或蜂窝纸板, 所述抹 灰保护层为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 或所述抹灰保护层为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝 土。  The fourth structure of the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the invention is a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall: the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall comprises a beam or a plate of the main structure of the building, a light composite beam, a core layer, a plastering protective layer It also includes a lightweight composite column; the lightweight composite column is located on a beam or plate of the main structure of the building, and the lightweight composite column is welded to the beam or plate of the main structure of the building by steel or steel plate welding; the core layer is located in the main structure of the building The upper part of the beam or the plate is bonded to the core layer and the light composite column; the light composite beam is located above the door and window opening, and the light composite beam is supported on the light composite column; the outer side of the light composite column, the light composite beam and the core layer is wiped The ash protective layer is integrated into one, forming a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with a light composite column; the lightweight composite column is a light-duty composite bridge with a thermal break bridge or a light composite composite column; the lightweight composite beam is separated Thermal break bridge light composite beam or thermal bridge light composite beam; the core layer is polymer insulation board or plant straw board or mineral wool board or honeycomb Plate, a protection layer plastering mortar or cement fine stone concrete, plaster or the protective layer is a modified cement mortar or fine aggregate concrete.
本发明的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 用以解决农村不用框架结构, 就能用轻质芯层 的复合墙体建设低能耗建筑问题, 及解决农村消灭粘土砖问题, 造价低廉, 并有利建 筑抗震, 可使普通民房很容易满足罕遇地震作用下的抗震设防要求, 达到特殊重要工 程的抗震设防等级。  The load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the invention can solve the problem of low-energy building construction with a composite wall of light core layer and solve the problem of eliminating clay bricks in rural areas, and has low cost and good building earthquake resistance. It can make ordinary civil houses easily meet the seismic fortification requirements under rare earthquakes and achieve the seismic fortification level of special important projects.
本发明的建筑的复合保温构件的第五种结构是一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保 温屋面: 该两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面包括建筑主体结构的承重构件梁、 墙、 保护层; 它还包括芯层和耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网; 所述建筑主体结构的承重构件 梁为混凝土梁、 钢梁、 木梁或轻型复合粱, 墙为混凝土墙或砌体墙或承重轻型复合保 温墙体, 所述芯层为高分子保温材料, 或为矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护 层为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层, 或保护层为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰 层; 下保护层位于建筑主体结构的承重构件梁或墙上面, 下保护层与建筑主体结构的 承重构件梁或墙连接锚固; 所述芯层位于上下保护层之间, 上保护层覆盖芯层; 耐碱 网布或金属网或竹筋网嵌埋在保护层内, 或耐碱网布粘贴在保护层表面, 或耐碱网布 或金属网或竹筋网既嵌埋在保护层内, 耐碱网布还粘贴在保护层表面, 形成一种两侧 有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面。 背景技术所述的位于哈尔滨市的钢结构排架结构的 8万余平方米的屋面,采用本 发明的复合屋面传热系数很容易降低至 0.4 w/m2. k甚至更低,每个采暖期可少消耗标 准煤 1324吨标准煤, 少排放 C02数量达 3230吨! The fifth structure of the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the invention is a light composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides: the lightweight composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides comprises the load-bearing component beam and wall of the main structure of the building And a protective layer; further comprising a core layer and an alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or a bamboo mesh; the load-bearing member beam of the main structure of the building is a concrete beam, a steel beam, a wooden beam or a light composite concrete, and the wall is a concrete wall or Masonry wall or load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall, the core layer is a polymer thermal insulation material, or mineral wool or plant straw or paper honeycomb board, the protective layer is cement mortar or fine stone concrete plaster layer, or protection The layer is a modified cement mortar or a fine stone concrete plastering layer; the lower protective layer is located on the load-bearing member beam or the wall surface of the main structure of the building, and the lower protective layer is anchored to the load-bearing member beam or wall of the main structure of the building; Located between the upper and lower protective layers, the upper protective layer covers the core layer; the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh is embedded in the protective layer, or the alkali-resistant mesh is adhered to the surface of the protective layer, or alkali-resistant The mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh is embedded in the protective layer, and the alkali-resistant mesh is also adhered to the surface of the protective layer to form a light composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The roof structure of the steel structure of the Harbin City is more than 80,000 square meters, and the heat transfer coefficient of the composite roof of the present invention is easily reduced to 0.4 w/m 2 .k or even lower, each heating The period can consume 1,324 tons of standard coal, and the number of C0 2 emissions is up to 3,230 tons!
复合构件必须保证抹灰保护层与芯层可靠粘接, 形成可共同工作的受力构件。芯 层为高分子保温材料时, 应用界面剂时, 应按本专利申请的发明人已经提出的, 发明 名称为 "界面剂用于抹灰阻裂、增加抹灰和饰面粘结强度的施工方法" , 专利申请号 为 200810170949.0,公开号为 CN101424115的发明专利施工,推荐采 聚丙烯酸酯乳 液配置的界面剂或水泥聚合物砂浆。该专利有效地解决了钢丝网苯板抹灰空鼓开裂的 质量通病, 可保证水泥砂浆抹灰保护层与 EPS板牢固地粘结成为一体。实验证明, 用 锤子敲击破坏水泥砂浆抹灰保护层时, EPS板被凿得凹陷、 水泥砂浆呈粉碎状破坏, 但粘结界面仍粘结, 将此破坏后的粘结复合板泡入水中 24h, 放入冰箱内冷冻 12h, 再取出溶化、 再泡入水中, 进行反复冻融实验 50次, 粘结界面不发生破坏, 说明保 护层耐冻融和防水性满足使用要求。  The composite member must ensure that the plaster protection layer and the core layer are reliably bonded to form a force-receiving member that can work together. When the core layer is a polymer insulation material, when the interface agent is applied, it should be proposed by the inventors of the present patent application, and the invention name is "interface agent for plastering cracking, adding plastering and veneer bonding strength" The method of patent application No. 200810170949.0, the invention patent of the publication number CN101424115, is recommended to use an interface agent or a cement polymer mortar of a polyacrylate emulsion. The patent effectively solves the common fault of the steel mesh benzene board plastering and cracking, and ensures that the cement mortar plastering layer and the EPS board are firmly bonded together. The experiment proves that when hammering the cement mortar plastering layer with a hammer, the EPS board is sagged and the cement mortar is pulverized, but the bonding interface is still bonded, and the damaged bonded composite board is bubbled into the water. 24h, frozen in the refrigerator for 12h, then dissolved and then bubbled into the water, repeated freeze-thaw experiments 50 times, the bond interface does not break, indicating that the protective layer freeze-thaw and water resistance meet the requirements of use.
钢筋(包括钢丝网, 及与钢丝网同样有受拉作用的耐碱网布、 竹筋网)、 混凝土 (包括起混凝土作用的水泥砂浆)、砌体是属于建筑结构受力材料; 高分子保温材料、 化学胶粘剂是属于建筑功能材料。现行除轻钢骨架墙体以外的各种墙体保温技术的都 属于在原非保温脆性墙体上的修补式保温, 故存在以下问题: 或者热桥太多, 例如夹 心保温墙体或保温砌块墙体; 或者不安全, 如粘贴高分子保温层薄抹灰保温墙体存在 防火不安全、 外饰面不安全, 且这些墙体因太重都对抗震不利; 而轻钢骨架墙体对结 构受力材料和建筑功能材料的组合不合理, 故存在前述诸多问题。  Reinforced steel (including steel mesh, and alkali-resistant mesh cloth and bamboo mesh net with tensile force as well as steel mesh), concrete (including cement mortar for concrete action), masonry is a material for building structure; Materials and chemical adhesives are building functional materials. The current wall insulation technologies other than the light steel skeleton wall belong to the repair insulation on the original non-insulation brittle wall, so the following problems exist: Or too many thermal bridges, such as sandwich insulation wall or insulation block Wall; or unsafe, such as the paste of polymer insulation layer, the thin plaster insulation wall is fireproof and unsafe, the outer surface is unsafe, and these walls are too strong to resist earthquake; and the light steel skeleton wall to the structure The combination of the stressed material and the building functional material is unreasonable, so there are many problems as described above.
本发明的以上五种建筑的复合保温构件是综合建筑、结构、建筑物理、建筑热工、 化学胶粘剂、 金属学等多学科知识, 把结构受力材料和建筑功能材料进行优化组合- 本发明的结构受力材料都位于复合构件的外侧, 芯层(或保温层)位于复合构件的中 部, 并相互粘接形成复合构件。  The composite thermal insulation component of the above five buildings of the present invention is a multidisciplinary knowledge of integrated architecture, structure, building physics, building thermal engineering, chemical adhesive, metallurgy, etc., and the structural force material and the building functional material are optimally combined - the present invention The structural force materials are located on the outer side of the composite member, and the core layer (or the insulation layer) is located in the middle of the composite member and bonded to each other to form a composite member.
本发明的技术效果:这五种建筑的复合保温构件都是用轻质保温芯层与两侧保护 层粘接复合,复合保温构件外侧的保护层内含有抗拉的网或钢筋,形成的轻型复合保 温构件。本发明既可充分发挥受力材料的优势, 保证复合构件的安全性, 又能充分发 挥功能材料的保温、粘接等作用。轻型复合保温构件可大幅度减轻建筑重量, 可用于 任意高度的建筑中。本发明为建设轻质的、低传热系数的墙体和屋面以及建筑抗震抗 风提供了技术支持。领先的墙体技术应是高性能, 低成本, 设计简单, 施工方便, 受 力明确的技术。本发明可同时满足当代人类对墙体的诸多要求: 轻质、保温节能、省 地、抗震抗风、 外饰面安全、 防火好、耐久性好、造价低廉, 施工方便。 本发明对建 筑抗震抗风, 对社会节能减排、应对全球气候变化具有重要意义。本发明颠覆了传统 墙体形成的概念。  The technical effect of the invention: the composite thermal insulation members of the five buildings are all bonded by a lightweight thermal insulation core layer and two protective layers, and the protective layer on the outer side of the composite thermal insulation member contains tensile nets or steel bars, forming a light type. Composite insulation component. The invention can fully exert the advantages of the stressed material, ensure the safety of the composite component, and fully exert the functions of heat preservation and bonding of the functional material. Lightweight composite insulation components can significantly reduce building weight and can be used in buildings of any height. The invention provides technical support for constructing lightweight, low heat transfer coefficient walls and roofs as well as building seismic and wind resistance. Leading wall technology should be high performance, low cost, simple design, easy construction and well-defined technology. The invention can simultaneously meet the many requirements of the contemporary human body for the wall: light weight, heat preservation and energy saving, land saving, earthquake resistance and wind resistance, external veneer safety, good fireproofing, good durability, low cost and convenient construction. The invention has important significance for building earthquake-resistant and wind-resistant, social energy-saving emission reduction and coping with global climate change. The present invention subverts the concept of conventional wall formation.
二十多年来我国建筑节能和墙体改革进行艰难,其中重要的原因是因为墙体技术 不单单是新型墙体材料本身就能解决的。 墙体技术是一个系统工程, 需要多学科的知 识相互配合才能同时满足当前人类对墙体性能的多种需求。 For more than 20 years, China’s building energy conservation and wall reform have been difficult, and the important reason is because of wall technology. Not only is the new wall material itself able to solve it. Wall technology is a systematic project that requires multidisciplinary knowledge to work together to meet the multiple needs of current human wall performance.
附图说明  DRAWINGS
图 1是实施方式一中两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体中耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与楼 面梁连接垂直剖面图;  1 is a vertical sectional view showing an alkali-resistant mesh or a metal mesh or a bamboo mesh and a floor beam in a composite wall having a mesh plaster on both sides in Embodiment 1;
图 2是实施方式一中两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体中耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与异 型柱连接水平剖面图;  2 is a horizontal sectional view showing the connection of an alkali-resistant mesh cloth or a metal mesh or a bamboo mesh net and a profiled column in a composite wall having a mesh plaster on both sides in the first embodiment;
图 3是芯层为高分子保温材料抹灰的墙体砌块图,在实施方式一的施工说明引用 了此图;  3 is a wall block diagram in which the core layer is plastered with a polymer heat insulating material, and this drawing is cited in the construction description of the first embodiment;
图 4是实施方式二锚固钢筋 2与楼面梁连接的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体垂直剖面 图;  Figure 4 is a vertical sectional view of a composite wall having a mesh plaster on both sides of the anchor steel bar 2 and the floor beam connected in the second embodiment;
图 5是实施方式二锚固钢筋 2与混凝土柱连接的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体水平剖 面图;  Figure 5 is a horizontal cross-sectional view showing a composite wall having a mesh plaster on both sides of the anchor steel bar 2 and the concrete column in the second embodiment;
图 6是实施方式二两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体设置锚固钢筋 2与基础连接的垂直剖 面图;  Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view showing the connection of the anchor steel bar 2 and the foundation of the composite wall having the mesh plaster on both sides of the second embodiment;
图 7是实施方式三外保温两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体垂直剖面图,及锚固 在建筑主体结构内的内外拉接钢丝 9连接示意图, 及实施方式九塑料胀钉安装图, 图 中虚线所示为背景技术所述专利中的混凝土悬挑梁支承件;  7 is a vertical sectional view of a light composite thermal insulation wall with a mesh plaster on both sides of the external heat insulation system, and a connection diagram of the inner and outer pull wire 9 anchored in the main structure of the building, and a mounting diagram of the plastic expansion nail of the embodiment 9. The dashed line in the figure shows the concrete cantilever beam support in the patent of the prior art;
图 8是实施方式三外保温两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体水平剖面图,及錨固 在建筑主体结构内的内外拉接钢丝 9连接示意图, 及实施方式九塑料胀钉安装图; 图 9是实施方式二两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体在门窗洞口处复合墙体室内 锚固钢筋 2安装示意图及锚固在建筑主体结构内的内外拉接钢丝 9连接示意图, 图中 未编号的钢筋是背景技术所述专利文件的钢筋;  Figure 8 is a horizontal sectional view of a light composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides of the external heat insulation of the third embodiment, and a connection diagram of the inner and outer pull wire 9 anchored in the main structure of the building, and an installation diagram of the plastic expansion nail of the embodiment 9; 9 is a schematic view showing the installation of the indoor anchoring steel bar 2 of the composite wall in the light-weight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides of the second embodiment; and the connection of the inner and outer connecting wires 9 anchored in the main structure of the building. The numbered reinforcing bars are the reinforcing bars of the patent documents described in the background;
图 ίθ是实施方式二两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体在大面积实墙处复合墙体 室内锚固钢筋 2安装示意图, 及内外拉接钢丝 9将室内外钢筋连接示意图, 以及内外 拉接钢丝 9在建筑主体结构内锚固示意图; 图中混凝土悬挑梁支承件及其上虚线所示 的室外钢筋没有编号, 是背景技术所述专利文件中的构件及钢筋;  Figure ίθ is a schematic diagram of the installation of the indoor composite anchoring steel wall of the composite wall with a net plastering on both sides of the second embodiment, and the internal and external connecting wires 9 connecting the indoor and outdoor steel bars, and the internal and external pulling The anchor wire 9 is anchored in the main structure of the building; the concrete cantilever beam support and the outdoor steel bar shown by the dashed line in the figure are not numbered, and are the members and steel bars in the patent documents described in the background art;
图 11 是在两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体中, 既有实施方式一的耐碱网布或金属网或 竹筋网与楼面梁连接, 还有实施方式二的锚固钢筋与楼面连接的垂直剖面图;  Figure 11 is a composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides, the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh of the first embodiment is connected with the floor beam, and the anchor steel and floor of the second embodiment Vertical section of the connection;
图 12是实施方式十、十一中芯层 3上复合水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2, 外侧有保护 层 8的复合墙体局部构造剖面图;  Figure 12 is a partial structural sectional view showing a composite wall of a composite cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board 8-2 on the core layer 3 and a protective layer 8 on the outer side in the tenth and eleventh embodiments;
图 13是实施方式六中芯层与砌体复合的两侧有网抹灰的复合保温墙体剖面图, 砌体外侧面与主体结构取齐;  13 is a cross-sectional view of a composite thermal insulation wall having a mesh plaster on both sides of a composite layer and a masonry in Embodiment 6, wherein the outer side of the masonry is aligned with the main structure;
图 14是实施方式六中芯层与砌体复合的两侧有网抹灰的复合保温墙体剖面图, 砌体外侧面退回到主体结构的内侧; 图 15是实施方式十六设置玻璃作为防水隔气层的剖面图, 图中编号 30的构件为 玻璃, 也是实施方式三十七设置基础隔气层的剖面图。 Figure 14 is a cross-sectional view showing a composite thermal insulation wall having a mesh plaster on both sides of a composite layer and a masonry in Embodiment 6, wherein the outer side of the masonry body is returned to the inner side of the main structure; Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view showing a glass as a water-repellent gas barrier layer in the sixteenth embodiment, wherein the member of the numeral 30 is glass, and is a cross-sectional view of the thirty-seventh embodiment of the base gas barrier layer.
图 16是实施方式十七隔热断桥轻型复合柱剖面图;  Figure 16 is a cross-sectional view of the lightweight composite column of the seventeenth thermal break bridge of the embodiment;
图 17是实施方式十七中隔热断桥轻型复合柱位于门窗口边缘剖面图; 图 18是实施方式十七中隔热断桥轻型复合柱位于墙体内部剖面图;  17 is a cross-sectional view of the light-duty composite column of the heat-insulating bridge in the seventeenth embodiment; FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view of the light-weight composite column of the heat-insulating bridge in the seventeenth embodiment;
图 19是实施方式十七中隔热断桥轻型复合柱位于墙体转角与芯层连接构造剖面 图;  Figure 19 is a cross-sectional view showing the connection structure between the corner of the wall and the core layer of the light-duty composite column of the heat-insulated bridge in the seventeenth embodiment;
图 20是实施方式十八中芯层的三侧有保护层的轻型复合柱剖面图;  Figure 20 is a cross-sectional view showing a lightweight composite column having a protective layer on three sides of the core layer in the eighteenth embodiment;
图 21是实施方式十八中芯层四周有保护层的轻型复合柱剖面图;  Figure 21 is a cross-sectional view showing a lightweight composite column having a protective layer around the core layer in the eighteenth embodiment;
图 23是实施方式十九隔热断桥轻型复合柱构造示意图;  23 is a schematic structural view of a light-weight composite column of the heat insulating broken bridge of the nineteenth embodiment;
图 24是实施方式二十隔热断桥轻型复合梁剖面图;  Figure 24 is a cross-sectional view of a lightweight composite beam of the embodiment 20 insulated bridge;
图 25是实施方式十七中隔热断桥轻型复合柱位于墙体转角与芯层的另一种方式 连接构造剖面图;  Figure 25 is a cross-sectional view showing another mode of connection between the corner of the wall and the core layer of the light-duty composite column of the heat-insulating bridge in the seventeenth embodiment;
图 26是实施方式二十三轻型复合梁上部预埋钢板带构造示意图;  26 is a schematic structural view of a pre-embedded steel strip on the upper part of the twenty-third light composite beam of the embodiment;
图 27是实施方式二十五有轻型复合柱的某建筑承重轻型复合保温墙体水平剖面 图;  Figure 27 is a horizontal sectional view of a building load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with a light composite column in the twenty-fifth embodiment;
图 28是图 27的 A轴的承重轻型复合保温墙体立面布置示意图,上部轻型复合梁 贯通, 成为复合墙体的顶部圈梁示意图;  28 is a schematic view showing the vertical arrangement of the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the A-axis of FIG. 27, and the upper light composite beam is penetrated to form a schematic diagram of the top ring beam of the composite wall;
图 29是实施方式二十七芯层与水泥纤维板或硅钙板复合后外侧再抹灰的剖面示 意图;  Figure 29 is a cross-sectional view showing the outer side of the twenty-seven core layer of the embodiment after being combined with the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board;
图 30是实施方式三十四、三十五设置与主体结构錨固的锚固钢筋 2,锚固钢筋与 耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网搭接,将轻型复合墙体与建筑主体结构的梁或板锚固构造 图;  Figure 30 is an embodiment of the thirty-fourth, thirty-fifth embodiment of the anchoring steel bar anchored with the main structure, anchoring steel bar and alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh, the light composite wall and the main structure of the building beam Or plate anchoring structure diagram;
图 31是实施方式二十五门窗洞口隔热断桥构造及实施方式二十六设置防水层 15 的剖面图;  31 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of the twenty-fifth door and window opening and heat insulation breaking bridge of the embodiment and the twenty-sixth waterproof layer 15;
图 32是实施方式十七后面说明中轻型复合柱突出于复合保温墙体外侧时的示意 图;  Figure 32 is a schematic view showing the light composite column protruding from the outside of the composite thermal insulation wall in the following description of Embodiment 17;
图 33是实施方式二十一中轻型复合梁的芯层 3两侧粘接了水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2的构造剖面图;  Figure 33 is a structural sectional view showing the cement layer board or the calcium silicate board 8-2 bonded to both sides of the core layer 3 of the lightweight composite beam in the twenty-first embodiment;
图 34是实施方式二十七中芯层 3的两侧粘接水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2的轻型复合 墙体洞口构造剖面图;  Figure 34 is a cross-sectional view showing the structure of a light composite wall of a cement fiberboard or a calcium silicate board 8-2 bonded to both sides of the core layer 3 of the twenty-seventh embodiment;
图 35是实施方式二十七中芯层 3的两侧粘接水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2的轻型复合 墙体转角构造剖面图;  Figure 35 is a sectional view showing the corner structure of a lightweight composite wall in which the cement fiberboard or the calcium silicate board 8-2 is bonded to both sides of the core layer 3 of the twenty-seventh embodiment;
图 36是实施方式十七中单筋柱的隔热断桥轻型复合柱剖面图;  Figure 36 is a cross-sectional view showing the light-duty composite column of the heat-insulated bridge of the single-ribbed column in the seventeenth embodiment;
图 37是实施方式四十两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面剖面图; 图 38是实施方式三外保温的复合墙体为水平条状墙体时的垂直剖面图, 图中所 示钢筋和混凝土支承悬挑梁为背景技术所述 "内外设有钢筋 /和钢丝网抹灰的复合墙 体"专利中的构件, 本发明未做编号, 仅将原专利没有设置的内外拉接钢丝 9在图中 编号表示; Figure 37 is a cross-sectional view of a lightweight composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides of the forty; Figure 38 is a vertical sectional view of the third embodiment of the external thermal insulation composite wall as a horizontal strip wall, and the steel and concrete supporting cantilever beams are shown in the figure as "the inner and outer steel bars and steel mesh wipes" The composite member of the ash "patent member", the invention is not numbered, and only the inner and outer pull wires 9 not provided in the original patent are numbered in the figure;
图 39是计算书中芯层为高分子保温材料的复合墙板刚度计算示意图。  Figure 39 is a schematic diagram showing the calculation of the stiffness of a composite wallboard in which the core layer is a polymer insulation material.
具体实施方式  detailed description
具体实施方式一: 见图 1、 图 2, 本实施方式的建筑的复合保温构件由建筑主体 结构的承重构件 1、 芯层 3、 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3、保护层 8组成; 所述建筑主体结构的承重构件 1为梁、 板、 柱、 承重墙及基础, 所述芯层 3为高分子 保温材料, 或为矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 8为水泥砂浆或细石混凝 土抹灰层, 或所述保护层 8为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层; 所述芯层 3固定 在建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或板与柱或承重墙形成的内框之间, 或芯层 3固定 在建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或板上, 或芯层 3固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的柱或承重墙的侧边; 在芯层 3的表面有保护层 8, 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹 筋网 5-3嵌埋在保护层 8内, 或耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在保护层 8的表面 (用胶粘剂可将 耐碱网布直接粘贴在保护层外侧就可以在其上进行室内外装饰, 且阻裂效果更好, 形 成的抗弯力臂更大, 受力效果更好。), 或耐碱网布 5-1位于芯层 3的表面, 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3与建筑主体结构的承重构件 1粘接连接,形成一种两侧 有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体。 改性的水泥砂桨或细石混凝土, 是指加入粉煤灰、 石 粉或外加剂的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 还包括加入高分子胶粘剂的水泥聚合物砂桨或 聚合物细石混凝土。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS First, referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the composite heat insulating member of the building of the present embodiment is composed of a load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building, a core layer 3, an alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or a metal mesh 5-2 or a bamboo rib. The mesh 5-3 and the protective layer 8 are composed; the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building is a beam, a plate, a column, a load-bearing wall and a foundation, and the core layer 3 is a polymer thermal insulation material, or is a mineral cotton or a plant straw or a paper honeycomb panel, the protective layer 8 is a cement mortar or a fine stone concrete plaster layer, or the protective layer 8 is a modified cement mortar or a fine stone concrete plaster layer; the core layer 3 is fixed in the main structure of the building Between the beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 and the inner frame formed by the column or the load-bearing wall, or the core layer 3 is fixed on the beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building, or the core layer 3 is fixed to the load-bearing structure of the main structure of the building. a column of the member 1 or a side wall of the load-bearing wall; a protective layer 8 on the surface of the core layer 3, an alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or a metal mesh 5-2 or a bamboo mesh 5-3 embedded in the protective layer 8, Or an alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is attached to the surface of the protective layer 8 (adhesive can be used to resist The mesh cloth is directly pasted on the outside of the protective layer to carry out indoor and outdoor decoration on it, and the crack blocking effect is better, and the formed bending arm is larger, and the force effect is better.), or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 Located on the surface of the core layer 3, the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 is adhesively bonded to the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building to form a light-weighted plaster on both sides. Composite insulation wall. Modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete refers to cement mortar or fine stone concrete with fly ash, stone powder or admixture, and cement polymer sand or polymer fine stone concrete with polymer adhesive.
耐碱网布是《耐碱玻璃纤维网布》 JCT-841-2007标准中对耐碱玻璃纤维网布的简 称。耐碱网布在强碱的普通硅酸盐水泥中的强度保留率可不低于 80%, 耐碱网布具有 相当的抗拉能力。 国外从 70年代应用的加入耐碱短切玻纤维的 GRC墙板, 目前有使 用近 30年还在继续使用的工程实例, 特别是耐碱网布用于室内正常使用环境中的耐 久性很好。将耐碱网布的耐碱强度保留值乘以一定的安全储备系数作为耐碱网布抗拉 强度设计值, 就可比照钢筋、 钢丝网进行设计计算。  The alkali-resistant mesh cloth is a simple name for the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh in the JCT-841-2007 standard. The alkali-resistant mesh cloth has a strength retention rate of not less than 80% in the ordinary Portland cement of the strong alkali, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth has a considerable tensile strength. The GRC wallboard that has been added to the alkali-resistant chopped glass fiber from the 1970s abroad has been used for nearly 30 years. Especially the alkali-resistant mesh is used for indoor indoor use. . By multiplying the alkali-resistant strength retention value of the alkali-resistant mesh cloth by a certain safety reserve coefficient as the design value of the alkali-resistant mesh tensile strength, the design calculation can be carried out in comparison with the steel bar and the steel wire mesh.
芯层为高分子保温材料施工时, 可将芯层切割成大块与框架梁柱形成的孔洞内的 梁柱粘接面粘接, 芯层之间既可以用聚合物胶浆或聚合物砂浆粘接, 也可用发泡聚氨 酯胶粘接, 用聚氨酯胶粘接强度块, 施工方便, 但需加压, 芯层两侧抹灰时需支斜撑。 或可先在高分子芯层上抹第一遍水泥砂桨或细石混凝土保护层, 见图 3。 通过界面剂 将抹灰的保护层与芯层粘结形成砌块, 砌块大小以便于搬动为宜。 芯层与建筑主体结 构之间用水泥聚合物砂浆粘结为宜。用界面剂或聚氨酯胶作为芯层 3砌块之间的粘结 剂, 再砌筑上面一层砌块……, 直至需要的墙体高度。 在每层复合墙体粘贴砌筑和抹 灰中, 将耐碱网布或金属网潜埋在水泥砂桨或细石混凝土抹灰保护层内, 或将耐碱网 布粘贴在保护层表面 (安装耐碱网布需涂刷界面剂或用水泥聚合物砂浆), 形成可共 同工作的复合墙体。或可按具体实施方式十或具体实施方式十一将芯层与水泥纤维板 或硅钙板粘接复合, 可不设斜撑在水泥纤维板或硅钙板外侧再抹灰。 高分子胶粘剂配 制的水泥聚合物砂浆, 将耐碱网布或金属网等与主体结构的承重构件上粘接连接最为 可靠, 粘贴长度应满足搭接锚固长度要求, 见图 1、 图 2; 门窗口边缘局部用水泥聚 合物砂浆或水泥聚合物混凝土作为保护层, 对固定门窗安装用连接钢片最可靠。 When the core layer is constructed as a polymer heat insulating material, the core layer may be cut into a large block and bonded to the beam-column bonding surface in the hole formed by the frame beam and column, and the polymer layer or the polymer mortar may be used between the core layers. Bonding, can also be bonded with foamed polyurethane glue. Bonding strength block with polyurethane glue is convenient for construction, but it needs to be pressurized. When both sides of the core layer are plastered, it is required to support the diagonal support. Or first apply the cement sand or fine stone concrete protective layer on the polymer core layer, as shown in Figure 3. The protective layer of the plaster is bonded to the core layer by the interface agent to form a block, and the block size is convenient for moving. It is advisable to bond the core layer and the main structure of the building with cement polymer mortar. Use an interface agent or polyurethane glue as the bond between the core 3 blocks, and then build the upper layer of the block... until the required wall height. In each layer of composite wall paste masonry and plastering, the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh is buried in the cement sand or fine stone concrete plaster protective layer, or the alkali-resistant net The cloth is pasted on the surface of the protective layer (the installation of the alkali-resistant mesh cloth requires the application of the interface agent or the cement polymer mortar) to form a composite wall that can work together. Alternatively, the core layer may be bonded to the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board according to the specific embodiment 10 or the specific embodiment 11. The plaster may be plastered on the outside of the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board without the diagonal support. The cement polymer mortar prepared by polymer adhesive is the most reliable for bonding the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or metal mesh to the load-bearing members of the main structure, and the bonding length should meet the requirements of the overlapping anchor length, see Figure 1, Figure 2; Cement polymer mortar or cement polymer concrete is used as a protective layer on the edge of the window, which is the most reliable for connecting steel sheets for fixing windows and doors.
具体实施方式二: 见图 4〜图 6、 图 9、 图 10, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一的不 同点是: 本实施方式还增加锚固钢筋 2, 所述锚固钢筋 2与建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或板锚固, 或锚固钢筋 2与建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的柱或承重墙锚固; 或 锚固钢筋 2与建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或板锚固, 锚固钢筋 2还与建筑主体结 构的承重构件 1的柱或承重墙锚固; 锚固钢筋 2位于保护层 8内, 耐碱网布 5-1或金 属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3与锚固钢筋 2满足搭接连接。图 11表示了两侧有网抹灰的复合 墙体中既有耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与楼面梁连接, 还有锚固钢筋预留面连接的垂 直剖面图,应根据施工方便确定连接方式。多数时都需要锚固钢筋 2与主体结构连接。 具体实施方式一和二适用于非节能建筑。  Embodiment 2: Referring to FIG. 4 to FIG. 6 , FIG. 9 and FIG. 10 , the difference between this embodiment and the first embodiment is that: the embodiment further adds an anchor steel bar 2 , and the anchor steel bar 2 and the main structure of the building. The beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 is anchored, or the anchor steel bar 2 is anchored to the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building; or the beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 of the anchor steel 2 and the main structure of the building is anchored, and the anchor steel 2 is also anchored. Anchoring the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member 1 with the main structure of the building; the anchoring steel bar 2 is located in the protective layer 8, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 and the anchoring steel bar 2 satisfy the ride Connected. Figure 11 shows a vertical cross-sectional view of the composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides, which is connected with the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or the bamboo mesh and the floor beam, and the reserved surface of the anchored steel. It is convenient to determine the connection method. Most of the time, anchor steel bars 2 need to be connected to the main structure. Specific embodiments 1 and 2 are applicable to non-energy efficient buildings.
实施方式一和二中芯层固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件的梁或板与柱或墙组成 的内框之间时, 复合墙体为上下和两侧通过耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与主体结构的 梁柱粘贴连接, 复合墙体仅承受水平荷载和自重。 芯层仅一端固定在承重构件的梁或 板上时, 复合墙体中耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网或锚固钢筋仅一端与建筑主体结构的 承重构件连接,在水平荷载作用下复合墙体为悬臂构件,可用于阳台栏板、女儿墙等, 女儿墙可与图 1、 图 4、 图 6、 图 7窗台处复合墙体的构造相同, 阳台栏板可与图 1、 图 4、 图 6窗台处复合墙体的构造相同; 在复合墙体上端有钢屋架或木屋架或轻型复 合保温屋面时 (见实施方式三十的轻型屋面), 复合墙体内外抹灰保护层完成, 抹灰 保护层有强度后, 可安装屋架或轻型复合保温屋面, 复合墙体与之固定连接, 在垂直 荷载作用下, 复合墙体下端为刚性节点錨固端, 上端为铰节点连接, 成为两侧有网抹 灰的单层承重轻型复合保温墙体, 垂直承载力的允许值应根据抹灰保护层厚度等试验 确定。 芯层仅一端固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件的柱或承重墙的侧边时, 在水平荷 载作用下, 复合墙体也是悬臂构件, 是以垂直承重构件柱或墙为固定端的悬臂构件, 即柱或墙侧边有悬臂的复合墙体, 这种情况较少发生。  In the first embodiment and the second embodiment, when the core layer is fixed between the beam or the plate of the load-bearing member of the main structure of the building and the inner frame composed of the column or the wall, the composite wall body passes through the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or bamboo on the upper and lower sides. The reinforced mesh is adhered to the beam and column of the main structure, and the composite wall is only subjected to horizontal load and self-weight. When only one end of the core layer is fixed on the beam or plate of the load-bearing member, the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or the bamboo mesh or the anchored steel bar in the composite wall is only connected at one end to the load-bearing member of the main structure of the building, and is compounded under the horizontal load. The wall is a cantilever member, which can be used for a balcony slab, a parapet wall, etc. The parapet wall can be the same as the composite wall at the window sills of Figs. 1, 4, 6, and 7. The balcony slab can be compared with Fig. 1, Fig. 4 Figure 6 is the same structure of the composite wall at the window sill; when there is a steel roof truss or wooden truss or light composite thermal insulation roof at the upper end of the composite wall (see the light roof of the 30th embodiment), the plastering protection layer inside and outside the composite wall is completed. After the plaster protection layer has strength, the roof truss or light composite insulation roof can be installed, and the composite wall body is fixedly connected with it. Under the vertical load, the lower end of the composite wall body is a rigid node anchoring end, and the upper end is a hinge joint connection, which becomes two sides. For single-layer load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with net plastering, the allowable value of vertical bearing capacity should be determined according to the thickness of plastering protective layer. When only one end of the core layer is fixed to the side of the load-bearing member of the main structure of the building or the side of the load-bearing wall, under the horizontal load, the composite wall is also a cantilever member, which is a cantilever member with a vertical load-bearing member column or a wall as a fixed end, that is, A composite wall with cantilevered sides on the side of the column or wall is less likely to occur.
具体实施方式三: 见图 7~图 10、 图 38, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不 同点是: 本实施方式的承重构件 1的梁或板的外侧面还有芯层 3, 同时承重构件 1的 柱或承重墙的外侧面也有芯层 3; 或承重构件 1 的梁或板的外侧面还有芯层 3, 或承 重构件 1的柱或承重墙的外侧面还有芯层 3, 构成外保温两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保 温墙体。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 3: FIG. 7 to FIG. 10 and FIG. 38, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is that: the outer surface of the beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 of the present embodiment has a core layer 3, At the same time, the outer side of the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member 1 also has a core layer 3; or the outer side of the beam or plate of the load-bearing member 1 also has a core layer 3, or the outer side of the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member 1 also has a core layer 3. A lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides of the external thermal insulation.
实施方式三适用于节能建筑。 外保温的复合墙体施工时, 先将芯层粘贴在梁柱外 侧,然后安装框架梁柱孔洞内的芯层为宜。根据施工方便、经济分析及耐久性等要求, 来确定采用金属网或耐碱网布, 竹筋网适用于简易低层建筑。 国际上对使用 25~30年 的 GRC墙板进行检测结果证明, 位于室内正常使用条件下的耐碱玻璃纤维强度未见 降低, 而室外侧耐碱玻璃纤维强度有所降低, 越容易潮湿位置如窗台等处越严重。 因 此, 对于设计寿命超过 25年的外墙, 除采取必要的防水防潮措施外, 室外侧设置钢 筋和金属网抹灰为宜。 室外设置钢筋金属网抹灰时, 对于外保温墙体可按背景技术提 及的本人前述发明专利, 在建筑主体结构外侧垂直设置混凝土支承悬挑梁, 在支承悬 挑梁外端的预埋钢板上焊接室外竖向钢筋、 水平横向钢筋, 见图 7、 图 9、 图 10虚线 所示, 以及图 38所示钢筋, 金属网与钢筋绑扎。 室外设置钢筋和金属网抹灰时, 室 外是否设置耐碱网布, 应根据保证施工阶段复合墙体稳定性和施工方便的要求确定: 在复合墙体较高或不能很快安装金属网抹灰时, 室外侧设置耐碱网布为宜。 设计寿命 不超过 25年的简易建筑和低层建筑, 一般不必设置支承悬挑梁件, 洞口设置钢筋为 宜, 锚固钢筋及洞口钢筋上端可与悬挑的屋面板锚固。 Embodiment 3 is applicable to energy-efficient buildings. When the composite wall of external thermal insulation is constructed, the core layer is first pasted outside the beam column. The side, then the core layer in the frame beam cavity is preferably installed. According to the requirements of convenient construction, economic analysis and durability, it is determined to use metal mesh or alkali-resistant mesh. Bamboo mesh is suitable for simple low-rise buildings. Internationally, the results of testing the GRC wallboard used for 25~30 years have proved that the alkali-resistant glass fiber strength under normal indoor use conditions has not decreased, while the strength of the alkali-resistant glass fiber on the outdoor side has decreased, and the easier the wet position is. The more serious the window sills are. Therefore, for exterior walls with a design life of more than 25 years, in addition to taking necessary waterproof and moisture-proof measures, it is advisable to provide steel bars and metal mesh plasters on the outdoor side. When the reinforced metal mesh plastering is set outdoors, the outer insulating wall can be vertically disposed with the concrete supporting cantilever beam on the outer side of the main structure of the building, according to the above-mentioned invention patent mentioned in the background art, on the pre-buried steel plate supporting the outer end of the cantilever beam. Welding outdoor vertical steel bars, horizontal transverse steel bars, as shown in the dotted lines in Figure 7, Figure 9, and Figure 10, and the steel bars shown in Figure 38, metal mesh and steel bars. When outdoor steel bars and metal mesh plasters are installed, whether or not an alkali-resistant mesh cloth is installed outdoors shall be determined according to the requirements for ensuring the stability of the composite wall during construction and the convenience of construction: The composite wall is high or the metal mesh plastering cannot be installed quickly. When the outdoor side is provided with an alkali-resistant mesh cloth, it is preferable. For simple buildings and low-rise buildings with a design life of less than 25 years, it is generally not necessary to provide supporting cantilever beams. It is advisable to provide steel bars at the openings. Anchoring steel bars and upper ends of the steel bars can be anchored to the cantilevered roof panels.
采用背景技术中本人前述专利, 在门窗洞口设置增强钢筋, 在洞口角部或其它必 要部位安装内外拉接钢丝, 加强内外拉接。 按有限元软件对复合墙体在水平荷载作用 下进行内力分析, 可满足极限状态设计要求。 具体实施方式一〜三的两侧有网抹灰的 复合墙体, 在不设置门窗口增强钢筋时, 墙体可成立, 可应用于一般风力不大地区的 建筑, 特别是可应用于风力不大地区的低层建筑或多层建筑。 但因开洞口使墙板洞口 边缘薄弱,对墙板受力不利,按《建筑结构荷载规范》 GB50009计算洞口边缘内力时, 在外墙承受的风荷载较大时, 不能满足极限状态设计要求, 安全性低 (如陶粒砌块、 加气混凝土等填充墙就是不满足极限状态设计的墙体, 虽可应用, 但安全性差。:)。  In the prior art of the prior art, the reinforcing steel bar is arranged at the opening of the door and window, and the inner and outer connecting wires are installed at the corner of the hole or other necessary parts to strengthen the inner and outer pulling. According to the finite element software, the internal force analysis of the composite wall under the horizontal load can meet the design requirements of the limit state. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A composite wall having a mesh plaster on both sides of the first to the third, when the door window is not provided with reinforcing steel bars, the wall can be established, and can be applied to buildings with a small wind power area, especially for wind power. Low-rise or multi-storey buildings in large areas. However, due to the opening of the hole, the edge of the wall panel is weak, which is unfavorable to the wall panel. When the internal force of the edge of the hole is calculated according to GB50009 of the Code for Loads of Building Structures, when the wind load on the external wall is large, the design requirements of the limit state cannot be met. Low (such as ceramsite block, aerated concrete and other infill walls are walls that do not meet the limit state design, although applicable, but the safety is poor. :).
试验证明, 在通过界面剂确保抹灰保护层与髙分子芯层牢固粘结的条件下, 高分 子芯层可传递剪切力, 正截面的弯曲破坏起控制作用。 两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温 墙体可增加建筑抵抗水平位移的能力, 可用很低的造价建设节能墙体和抗震抗风好的 墙体, 并大幅度降低建筑主体结构投资。 复合墙体的构造很方便通过在柱或墙内设置 锚固钢筋, 与金属网或耐碱搭接; 而背景技术所提及的本人原发明的墙体专利技术因 设置室内上下连接的垂直钢筋, 不方便再在柱或墙上设置水平钢筋, 否则要增加室内 侧抹灰层厚度, 增加造价和重量, 增加用钢量。  Tests have shown that under the condition that the interface layer ensures that the plaster protective layer and the core layer of the germanium are firmly bonded, the high molecular core layer can transmit the shearing force, and the bending damage of the positive section plays a controlling role. The lightweight composite insulation wall with mesh plastering on both sides can increase the building's ability to resist horizontal displacement. It can build energy-saving walls and earthquake-resistant walls with low cost, and greatly reduce the investment in the main structure of the building. The construction of the composite wall is convenient by arranging anchoring steel bars in the column or wall, and tying with the metal mesh or alkali resistance; and the patented wall technology of the original invention mentioned in the background art is because of the vertical steel bars connected in the upper and lower sides of the room. It is inconvenient to set horizontal steel bars on the column or wall. Otherwise, increase the thickness of the indoor side plaster layer, increase the cost and weight, and increase the amount of steel used.
具体实施方式四: 见图 7〜图 10、 图 38, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不 同点是: 本实施方式还增加内外拉接钢丝 9, 内外拉接钢丝 9锚固在建筑主体结构的 承重构件 1内, 穿过芯层 3及第一遍水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层 8, 外端缠绕绑扎 在室外钢筋上 (见图 7〜图 10); 或内外拉接钢丝 9穿过芯层 3, 室内外第一遍水泥砂 浆或细石混凝土保护层 8, 与室内外钢筋缠绕绑扎拉接 (见图 10, 图 38)。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 4: FIG. 7 to FIG. 10 and FIG. 38, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is: the embodiment further increases the inner and outer pull wires 9 , and the inner and outer pull wires 9 are anchored in the main body of the building. In the structural load-bearing member 1, through the core layer 3 and the first pass cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer 8, the outer end is wrapped around the outdoor steel bar (see Figure 7 to Figure 10); or the inner and outer pull wire 9 is worn The core layer 3, the first indoor and outdoor cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer 8, is entangled with the indoor and outdoor steel bars (see Figure 10, Figure 38).
具体实施方式五: 见图 7〜图 10, 本实施方式与具体实施方式三的不同点是: 本 实施方式还增加内外拉接钢丝 9, 内外拉接钢丝 9锚固在建筑主体结构的承重构件 1 内, 穿过芯层 3及第一遍水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层 8, 外端缠绕绑扎在室外钢筋 上 (见图 7〜图 10); 或内外拉接钢丝 9穿过芯层 3, 室内外第一遍水泥砂浆或细石混 凝土保护层 8, 与室内外钢筋缠绕绑扎拉接 (见图 10, 图 38)。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 5: Referring to FIG. 7 to FIG. 10, the difference between this embodiment and the third embodiment is as follows: The present embodiment further increases the inner and outer pull wires 9 and the inner and outer pull wires 9 are anchored to the load-bearing members 1 of the main structure of the building. Inside, through the core layer 3 and the first pass cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer 8, the outer end is wound and tied on the outdoor steel bar (see Figures 7 to 10); or the inner and outer pull wire 9 passes through the core layer 3, The first time indoors and outdoors, the cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer 8 is entangled with the indoor and outdoor steel bars (see Figure 10, Figure 38).
具体实施方式四和五中的室内外钢筋, 指的是背景技术所述的本专利申请的发明 人提出的专利技术中设置的钢筋。 内外拉接钢丝 9通常为不锈钢丝, 施工安装方便。  The indoor and outdoor reinforcing bars in the fourth and fifth embodiments refer to the reinforcing bars provided in the patented technology proposed by the inventors of the present patent application as described in the background art. The inner and outer pull wires 9 are usually stainless steel wire, which is convenient for construction and installation.
背景技术的本人原专利技术的复合墙体室内垂直钢筋用量多, 且不便安装与柱的 拉接钢筋, 安装螺栓数量大, 施工不方便。 本发明设置锚固钢筋, 锚固钢筋与耐碱网 布或金属网或竹筋网满足搭接要求时, 即抗拉的 "网"就是受弯构件的抗拉钢筋, 并 同时起到了阻裂作用, 并在不增加抹灰保护层厚度条件下, 使设置与柱或墙之间的锚 固钢筋成为可能, 使抗拉的 "网"能同时发挥两个方向的抗拉作用, 形成轻型复合剪 力墙, 用于内间隔墙时, 需在上下楼面和侧面柱或墙上设置锚固钢筋。 本发明施工方 便, 降低用工量, 大幅度降低用钢量, 降低造价, 加快施工进度。 本发明的复合墙体 与背景技术中本人的前述专利配合使用, 室外设有支承悬挑梁以及钢筋和金属网抹 灰, 可广泛地应用于高度不受限制的外围护墙中。 本发明复合墙体耐久性好, 外保护 抹灰层和装饰面层安全, 即使失火高分子芯层萎缩, 由于有混凝土悬挑梁支承件及其 上焊接的钢筋, 以及与钢筋绑扎的钢丝网抹灰, 外保护层仍似一个幕墙在悬挂着。  BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The composite wall of the original patented technology of the prior art has a large amount of vertical reinforcing bars, and is inconvenient to install and pull the reinforcing bars of the column, and the number of mounting bolts is large, and the construction is inconvenient. The anchoring steel bar of the invention is provided, and the anchoring steel bar and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or the bamboo mesh net satisfy the lap joint requirement, that is, the tensile-resistant "net" is the tensile steel bar of the bent member, and at the same time acts as a crack preventing effect. And without increasing the thickness of the plastering layer, it is possible to make the anchoring bar between the column and the wall, so that the tensile "net" can simultaneously exert the tensile force in two directions to form a light composite shear wall. For anchoring walls, anchoring bars are required on the upper and lower floors and on the side columns or walls. The invention is convenient for construction, reduces the amount of labor, greatly reduces the amount of steel used, reduces the cost, and speeds up the construction progress. The composite wall of the present invention is used in conjunction with the aforementioned patents of the prior art, with outdoor support cantilever beams and steel and metal mesh plasters, which can be widely used in unrestricted peripheral retaining walls. The composite wall of the invention has good durability, and the outer protective plaster layer and the decorative surface layer are safe, even if the fire-resistant polymer core layer shrinks, due to the concrete cantilever beam support member and the welded steel bar thereon, and the steel wire meshed with the steel bar Plaster, the outer protective layer still hangs like a curtain wall.
具体实施方式六: 参见图 16和图 17, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或三的不同 点是: 本实施方式增加砌筑墙体 3-2, 砌筑墙体 3-2位于芯层 3的内侧, 砌筑墙体 3-2 与芯层 3连接(粘接或拉接), 在砌筑墙体 3-2的表面有保护层 8, 形成芯层与砌体复 合的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体。  Embodiment 6: Referring to FIG. 16 and FIG. 17, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or three is: This embodiment adds a masonry wall 3-2, and the masonry wall 3-2 is located in the core layer 3. On the inner side, the masonry wall 3-2 is connected (bonded or pulled) to the core layer 3, and a protective layer 8 is formed on the surface of the masonry wall 3-2, and a core layer and a masonry composite are formed on both sides of the net. Plastered composite wall.
本实施方式可满足部分人们希望增加复合墙体防盗安全性的要求, 特别对于一层 建筑在某些情况下可能需要。 内外拉接钢丝的内端可穿过砌体抹灰层与室内金属网或 钢筋拉接。  This embodiment can meet the requirements of some people who wish to increase the anti-theft security of the composite wall, especially for a layer of building that may be required under certain circumstances. The inner ends of the inner and outer pull wires can be pulled through the masonry plaster layer to the indoor metal mesh or steel bars.
具体实施方式七: 参见图 15, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是: 本 实施方式的耐碱网布 5-1还安装在上下芯层 3的粘结缝隙内, 粘结缝隙内的耐碱网布 5-1两侧下垂作为芯层 3表面粘贴的耐碱网布 5-1,或作为第一遍水泥砂浆或细石混凝 土保护层 8上粘贴的耐碱网布 5-1, 并与下层耐碱网布 5-1搭接, 或与锚固钢筋 2搭 接, 构成内外有拉接的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体。  Embodiment 7: Referring to FIG. 15, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is that: the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 of the present embodiment is also installed in the bonding gap of the upper and lower core layers 3, and is bonded. The alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 in the slit hangs on both sides as the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 adhered to the surface of the core layer 3, or as the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5 adhered to the first cement mortar or the fine stone concrete protective layer 8 -1, and overlap with the lower alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1, or overlap with the anchor steel bar 2, forming a composite wall with mesh plaster on both sides inside and outside.
施工中粘贴砌筑芯层, 在每层或隔层的粘结面上涂刷或刮抹粘结剂, 将耐碱网布 粘贴在上下芯层的粘结缝隙内。 图 15表示了粘结缝隙内的耐碱网布双侧下垂粘贴在 两侧第一遍水泥砂桨或细石混凝土抹灰层上, 外侧第二遍水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰 层还未进行, 用虚线表示。  The masonry core layer is adhered during the construction, and the adhesive is applied or scraped on the bonding surface of each layer or the interlayer, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth is pasted in the bonding gap of the upper and lower core layers. Figure 15 shows that the alkali-resistant mesh cloth in the bonding gap is sagged on both sides of the first cement sand or fine concrete plaster layer on both sides, and the second outer cement mortar or fine stone concrete plaster layer has not yet been Carry out, indicated by the dotted line.
具体实施方式八: 本实施方式与以上实施方式的不同点是: 本实施方式的耐碱网 布抹灰的复合墙体的芯层 3为 T形截面。 这有利于增加复合墙体的出平面刚度。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Eighth: This embodiment differs from the above embodiment in that the core layer 3 of the alkali-resistant mesh-polished composite wall of the present embodiment has a T-shaped cross section. This is advantageous for increasing the exit plane stiffness of the composite wall.
在实施方式一或二应用于承重轻型复合墙体时 (芯层固定在承重构件的梁或板 上, 上部有轻型屋面时), 有时需要实施方式七和八的构造。 When the first or second embodiment is applied to a load-bearing lightweight composite wall (the core layer is fixed to the beam or plate of the load-bearing member) When there is a light roof on the upper part, it is sometimes necessary to implement the construction of the seventh and eighth.
具体实施方式九: 参见图 7、 图 8, 本实施方式与具体实施方式三的不同点是, 本实施方式增加塑料胀钉 40, 塑料胀钉 40穿过芯层 3固定在建筑主体结构的承重构 件 1上, 在塑料胀钉芯管外端头上绑扎有铁线, 将耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋 网 5-3与塑料胀钉绑扎固定。本实施方式是为了便于安装耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网。  9: FIG. 8 and FIG. 8, the difference between this embodiment and the third embodiment is that the present embodiment adds a plastic expansion nail 40, and the plastic expansion nail 40 is fixed to the load-bearing structure of the main body structure through the core layer 3. On the member 1, an iron wire is bundled on the outer end of the plastic expansion core tube, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 is tied and fixed with the plastic expansion nail. This embodiment is for the convenience of installing an alkali-resistant mesh cloth or a metal mesh or a bamboo mesh.
具体实施方式十: 参见图 12, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是: 本 实施方式增加水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2, 在部分芯层 3的一侧或两侧粘接水泥纤维板 或硅钙板 8-2。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 10: Referring to FIG. 12, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is: This embodiment adds a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board 8-2, which is adhered to one side or both sides of a part of the core layer 3. Connect cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board 8-2.
具体实施方式十一: 参见图 12, 本实施方式与具体实施方式三的不同点是: 本实 施方式增加水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2, 在部分芯层 3的一侧或两侧粘接水泥纤维板或 硅钙板 8-2。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 11: Referring to FIG. 12, the difference between this embodiment and the third embodiment is as follows: In this embodiment, a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board 8-2 is added, and one side or both sides of the core layer 3 are bonded. Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board 8-2.
实施方式十和十一将水泥纤维板或硅钙板与芯层复合, 其优点在于芯层复合后的 刚度大, 抹灰时不需斜撑, 但增加复合预制的造价, 可用聚氨酯发泡胶或水泥聚合物 砂浆粘接预制复合。 在框架梁柱外侧不必复合, 即仍是芯层, 在框架梁柱形成的框架 孔洞内可复合两侧或复合一侧, 根据施工方便确定。 水泥纤维板或硅钙板外侧抹灰需 涂刷界面剂, 才能保证将抹灰层与水泥纤维板或硅钙板粘接。  Embodiments 10 and 11 combine the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board with the core layer, and the advantage is that the rigidity of the core layer after compounding is large, and the trowel is not required for the plastering, but the cost of the composite prefabrication is increased, and the polyurethane foam or the polyurethane foam can be used. The cement polymer mortar is bonded to the prefabricated composite. There is no need to recombine on the outside of the frame beam, that is, it is still the core layer. The frame holes formed in the frame beam can be combined on both sides or the composite side, which is determined according to the construction convenience. The outer layer of cement fiber board or calcium silicate board needs to be coated with an interface agent to ensure that the plaster layer is bonded to the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board.
具体实施方式十二: 参见图 31, 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是, 本实施方式增加防水层 15, 防水层 15位于门窗与保护层 8之间, 门窗安装在洞口防 水层 15上, 所述防水层 15粘贴在窗台的保护层 8上, 或防水层 15还粘贴在洞口侧 壁的保护层 8上, 或在洞口四周的保护层 8上都粘贴防水层 15, 防水层 15与两侧保 护层 8搭接粘贴, 所述防水层 15为高分子防水卷材。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 12: Referring to FIG. 31, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is that the waterproof layer 15 is added in the embodiment, and the waterproof layer 15 is located between the door and the window and the protective layer 8. The door and window are installed in the waterproof hole. On the layer 15, the waterproof layer 15 is adhered to the protective layer 8 of the window sill, or the waterproof layer 15 is also adhered to the protective layer 8 on the side wall of the opening, or the waterproof layer 15 is adhered to the protective layer 8 around the opening, waterproof The layer 15 is lap bonded to the two side protective layers 8, and the waterproof layer 15 is a polymer waterproofing membrane.
具体实施方式十三: 参见图 31, 本实施方式与具体实施方式三的不同点是, 本实 施方式增加防水层 15, 防水层 15位于门窗与保护层 8之间, 门窗安装在洞口防水层 15上,所述防水层 15粘贴在窗台的保护层 8上,或防水层 15还粘贴在洞口侧壁的保 护层 8上, 或在洞口四周的保护层 8上都粘贴防水层 15, 防水层 15与两侧保护层 8 搭接粘贴, 所述防水层 15为高分子防水卷材。 防水层采用与水泥有良好粘接的卷材 防水材料为宜, 推荐采用 SBC120聚乙烯丙纶复合防水卷材或聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材作 为洞口防水层。  13: Referring to FIG. 31, the difference between this embodiment and the third embodiment is that the waterproof layer 15 is added between the door and the window and the protective layer 8. The door and window are installed on the waterproof layer 15 of the opening. The waterproof layer 15 is adhered to the protective layer 8 of the window sill, or the waterproof layer 15 is also adhered to the protective layer 8 of the sidewall of the opening, or the waterproof layer 15 is adhered to the protective layer 8 around the opening, and the waterproof layer 15 The two layers of the protective layer 8 are lap bonded, and the waterproof layer 15 is a polymer waterproofing membrane. The waterproof layer is made of a waterproof material with good adhesion to cement. It is recommended to use SBC120 polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane or polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane as the waterproof layer of the hole.
门窗洞口特别是窗台的防水处理不好是建筑的质量通病, 现在是在门窗室外侧洞 口侧面抹防水砂浆, 再用弹性防水密封胶密封水泥砂浆与门窗型材之间的缝隙, 但防 水砂浆有时幵裂, 影响防水效果。 洞口防水的重点位置是窗台, 但在洞口四周都粘贴 防水层更有利。 将防水卷材粘贴在洞口保护层上, 并与室内外水泥砂浆抹灰保护层粘 接, 满足搭接长度要求, 在门窗两侧再抹灰保护。  The waterproofing of doors and windows, especially the window sill, is a common problem in the quality of the building. Now, the waterproof mortar is applied to the side of the door and the outdoor side of the door, and the gap between the cement mortar and the door and window profile is sealed with elastic waterproof sealant, but the waterproof mortar sometimes 幵Crack, affecting the waterproof effect. The key point of the waterproofing of the hole is the window sill, but it is more advantageous to stick the waterproof layer around the hole. The waterproof coiled material is pasted on the protective layer of the hole, and adhered to the indoor and outdoor cement mortar plastering protective layer to meet the requirements of the overlap length, and the plaster is protected on both sides of the door and window.
具体实施方式十四: 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是, 本实施方式 的芯层 3为轻质砌体, 所述轻质砌体为加气混凝土墙或炉渣陶粒砌块墙或珍珠岩砌块 墙。 Embodiment 14: The difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment one or two is that the core layer 3 of the embodiment is a lightweight masonry, and the lightweight masonry is an aerated concrete wall or slag ceramsite Block wall or perlite block Wall.
具体实施方式十五: 本实施方式与具体实施方式一或二的不同点是, 本实施方式 的耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3被耐碱短切玻璃纤维替代, 耐碱短切玻璃 纤维位于保护层 8内。在水泥砂桨或细石混凝土中的耐碱短切玻璃纤维添加量满足实 验确定的数值时, 可替代耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Fifteenth Embodiment: This embodiment differs from the specific embodiment one or two in that the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 of the present embodiment is chopped by alkali resistance. The glass fiber is replaced by an alkali-resistant chopped glass fiber located in the protective layer 8. When the amount of alkali-resistant chopped glass fiber added in cement sand or fine stone concrete meets the experimentally determined values, it can replace alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or bamboo mesh 5-3.
本发明的两侧有网抹灰的复合墙体的外装饰可用涂料装饰、饰面砖装饰及幕墙装 饰。 在幕墙装饰时, 可将前述专利的室外钢筋用钢板带替代, 钢板带之间还可方便焊 接加密钢板带, 或增加不锈钢螺栓将室外钢板带与室内保护层内固定的钢板连接, 以 便安装重型幕墙装饰 (如石材幕墙) 的型钢。 或通过钢板加密钢筋, 在室外钢筋上焊 接钢板, 用于与如铝塑板等轻型幕墙装饰的型钢悍接。  The exterior decoration of the composite wall having the mesh plaster on both sides of the present invention can be decorated with paint, decorative bricks and curtain wall decoration. In the decoration of the curtain wall, the outdoor steel strips of the aforementioned patents may be replaced by steel strips, and the steel strips may be conveniently welded with the encrypted steel strips, or the stainless steel bolts may be added to connect the outdoor steel strips with the steel plates fixed in the indoor protective layer for installation of heavy plates. Profile steel for curtain wall decoration (such as stone curtain wall). Or steel plate is used to encrypt steel bars, and steel plates are welded on outdoor steel bars for splicing with steel profiles such as aluminum-plastic panels.
具体实施方式十六: 见图 15,本发明的一种用玻璃作为防水防潮隔气层的应用通 过以下步骤实现: 一、 准备玻璃和粘结剂; 二、 清洁建筑构件表面; 三、 将粘结剂抹 到建筑构件表面, 或抹到玻璃表面; 四、 将玻璃与建筑构件表面粘贴; 五、 沿玻璃的 缝隙处再粘贴玻璃, 或刮抹防水防潮粘结剂堵塞; 所述建筑构件为梁、 板、 柱、 墙。 也可在芯层下粘贴聚酯夹铝箔塑料薄膜, 薄膜与基础粘贴, 根据地下潮湿度及施工方 便, 对不同芯层材料, 选用不同隔气层及不同的胶结材料。 图 15中编号 30表示复合 墙体中的玻璃防水防潮隔气层, 隔气层位于复合墙体根部, 高分子芯层 3用聚合物砂 浆粘贴在玻璃 30上。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Sixteen: As shown in Fig. 15, an application of the present invention for using a glass as a waterproof and moisture-proof gas barrier layer is achieved by the following steps: 1. preparing glass and a binder; 2. cleaning the surface of the building member; The coating agent is applied to the surface of the building component or to the surface of the glass; 4. The glass is adhered to the surface of the building component; 5. The glass is pasted along the gap of the glass, or the waterproof and moisture-proof adhesive is scraped; the building component is Beam, slab, column, wall. It is also possible to affix a polyester foil aluminum foil plastic film under the core layer, and the film is adhered to the foundation. According to the underground moisture degree and the construction convenience, different gas barrier layers and different cementing materials are selected for different core materials. Reference numeral 30 in Fig. 15 denotes a waterproof and moisture-proof gas barrier layer in the composite wall, the gas barrier layer is located at the root of the composite wall, and the polymer core layer 3 is adhered to the glass 30 with a polymer mortar.
玻璃是易于粘贴的材料, 普通水泥砂浆反复受潮受冻易冻融破坏, 故基础用水泥 聚合物砂浆、 沥青粘贴玻璃为宜。 玻璃与高分子芯层之间的粘贴应使用水泥聚合物砂 浆。 用玻璃作为防水防潮隔气层也适用于其它地下建筑作防水防潮隔气层, 也可用于 地上某些需要和适于安装的部位。 图 15表示在基础梁及玻璃上钻孔植筋安装的锚固 钢筋, 也可把玻璃只安装在芯层下面。  Glass is a material that is easy to paste. Ordinary cement mortar is repeatedly damaged by freezing and freezing, so it is better to use cement polymer mortar and asphalt paste glass. Cement polymer mortar should be used for the bonding between the glass and the polymer core layer. The use of glass as a waterproof and moisture-proof gas barrier layer is also applicable to other underground buildings as a waterproof and moisture-proof gas barrier layer, and can also be used for some parts of the ground that are required and suitable for installation. Figure 15 shows the anchored steel bars installed on the foundation beams and glass, and the glass can only be installed under the core layer.
具体实施方式十七: 参见图 16、 图 36, 本实施方式的建筑的复合保温构件由室 内纵向钢筋 51-1、 室外纵向钢筋 51-2、 钢箍 21、 芯层 3、 保护层 8组成; 所述室内纵 向钢筋 51-1、 室外纵向钢筋 51-2分别位于室内和室外的保护层 8内, 所述芯层 3位 于室内和室外的保护层 8的中间, 芯层 3与两侧保护层 8粘接; 所述钢箍 21与室内 纵向钢筋 51-1及与室外纵向钢筋 51-2连接固定, 形成一种隔热断桥轻型复合柱; 所 述芯层 3为高分子保温板, 或矿物棉板或植物秸秆板或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 8为水 泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 或所述保护层 8为改性的水泥砂桨或细石混凝土。 改性的水泥 砂浆或细石混凝土包括加入粉煤灰、 石粉、 外加剂及阻裂纤维等的水泥砂浆或细石混 凝土, 还包括添加胶粘剂形成的水泥聚合物砂浆或聚合物混凝土。 在轻型复合柱的钢 筋保护层厚度不够时, 可用聚合物砂浆或聚合物混凝土, 有利于增加钢筋的抗腐蚀性 能, 可减薄混凝土的厚度, 以减小轻型复合柱的重量。  Embodiment 17: Referring to FIG. 16 and FIG. 36, the composite heat insulating member of the building of the present embodiment is composed of indoor longitudinal steel bars 51-1, outdoor longitudinal steel bars 51-2, steel hoops 21, core layers 3, and protective layers 8; The indoor longitudinal reinforcing bars 51-1 and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bars 51-2 are respectively located in the indoor and outdoor protective layers 8, and the core layer 3 is located in the middle of the indoor and outdoor protective layers 8, the core layer 3 and the two side protective layers. 8 bonding; the steel hoop 21 is connected with the indoor longitudinal reinforcing bar 51-1 and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bar 51-2 to form a thermal break bridge lightweight composite column; the core layer 3 is a polymer thermal insulation board, or The mineral wool board or the plant straw board or the paper honeycomb board, the protective layer 8 is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the protective layer 8 is a modified cement sand or fine stone concrete. Modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete includes cement mortar or fine stone concrete mixed with fly ash, stone powder, admixture and cracking fiber, and cement polymer mortar or polymer concrete formed by adding an adhesive. When the thickness of the steel reinforced layer of the light composite column is not enough, polymer mortar or polymer concrete can be used to increase the corrosion resistance of the steel, and the thickness of the concrete can be reduced to reduce the weight of the light composite column.
预制复合柱时, 应在高分子芯层上涂刷界面剂, 将芯层与水泥砂浆或细石混凝土 层粘接在一起。 应避免位于芯层部位的钢材没有碱性环境的保护发生腐蚀, 影响耐久 性, 钢箍 3采用不锈钢材料为宜, 例如为 Φ3~Φ4不锈钢线或热镀锌钢线。 When prefabricating the composite column, the interface agent should be applied on the polymer core layer, and the core layer and cement mortar or fine stone concrete The layers are bonded together. The steel in the core layer should be protected from corrosion by the alkaline environment, which affects the durability. The steel hoop 3 is preferably made of stainless steel, such as Φ3~Φ4 stainless steel wire or hot-dip galvanized steel wire.
轻型复合柱有位于洞口边缘的复合柱, 如图 17所示, 有位于墙体中间某位置的 复合柱, 如图 18所示, 有位于转角部位的复合柱, 如图 19、 图 25所示。 轻型复合柱 大多为隐藏在墙体内的暗柱, 也可以突出复合墙体墙面, 成为明柱, 如图 32所示, 在安装重门时需要加强轻型复合柱的刚度及配筋, 如图 27所示门口构造, 以及低层 建筑有轻型楼板时可采用明柱的形式, 根据设计需要确定。  The light composite column has a composite column at the edge of the hole. As shown in Figure 17, there is a composite column at a position in the middle of the wall. As shown in Figure 18, there is a composite column at the corner, as shown in Figure 19 and Figure 25. . The light composite columns are mostly dark columns hidden in the wall, and can also highlight the composite wall surface and become a bright column. As shown in Figure 32, the rigidity and reinforcement of the lightweight composite column need to be strengthened when installing the heavy door, such as The doorway structure shown in Figure 27, as well as the low-rise building with light slabs, can be in the form of a bright column, as determined by the design.
具体实施方式十八: 参见图 20、 图 21, 本实施方式与具体实施方式十七的不同 点是; 所述保护层 8位于芯层 3的三个侧面 (见图 20), 或所述保护层 8位于芯层 3 的四周包裹芯层 3 (见图 21 ), 形成一种三面或四面有保护层的有热桥轻型复合柱。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Eighteen: Referring to FIG. 20 and FIG. 21, the difference between this embodiment and the seventeenth embodiment is that the protective layer 8 is located on three sides of the core layer 3 (see FIG. 20), or the protection The layer 8 is located around the core layer 3 to wrap the core layer 3 (see Fig. 21) to form a heat bridge lightweight composite column having three or four sides with a protective layer.
有热桥轻型复合柱预制麻烦, 可先预制隔热断桥轻型复合柱, 安装后将外露的芯 层抹灰保护。 有热桥轻型复合柱可用于非采暖地区, 还可作用于承载力不大的柱, 如 阳台外角柱、 装饰柱等。  There is trouble in prefabrication of the thermal bridge lightweight composite column. The light-duty composite column of the thermal insulation bridge can be prefabricated, and the exposed core layer is plastered after installation. The thermal bridge light composite column can be used in non-heating areas, and can also be applied to columns with low carrying capacity, such as balcony corner columns and decorative columns.
具体实施方式十九: 参见图 23,本实施方式与具体实施方式十七或十八的不同点 是,本实施方式用耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2替代钢箍 21 ;耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2 粘贴在保护层 8外侧, 缠绕捆绑保护层 8, 以及缠绕捆绑保护层 8内的芯层 3和室内 纵向钢筋 51-1、 室外纵向钢筋 51-2。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS 19: Referring to FIG. 23, the difference between this embodiment and the seventeenth or eighteenth embodiment is that the present embodiment replaces the steel hoop 21 with an alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or a metal mesh 5-2. The alkali mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 is adhered to the outside of the protective layer 8, and the binding protective layer 8 is wound, and the core layer 3 and the indoor longitudinal reinforcing bar 51-1 and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bar 51-2 which are wound in the binding protective layer 8 are wound. .
具体实施方式二十: 参见图 24, 本实施方式的建筑的复合保温构件由纵向钢筋 51、 芯层 3、 耐碱网布 5-1、 保护层 8组成; 所述保护层 8位于芯层 3的两侧和上部, 保护层 8与芯层 3粘接;所述纵向钢筋 51位于保护层 8内;耐碱网布 5-1位于保护层 8内与保护层 8和芯层 3的下面粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于保护层 8表面与保护层 8 和芯层 3下面粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于位于保护层 8内和保护层 8表面与保护层 8 和芯层 3的下面粘接; 芯层 3、 纵向钢筋 51及保护层 8被耐碱网布 5-1包裹缠绕, 形 成一种隔热断桥轻型复合梁; 所述芯层 3为高分子保温板, 或矿物棉板或植物秸秆板 或纸蜂窝板; 所述保护层 8为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 或所述保护层 8为改性的水泥 砂浆或细石混凝土。 本实施方式的保护层 8位于梁的上部作为梁的受压区混凝土, 下 部钢筋为受力钢筋, 上部钢筋可构造设置。  20: Referring to FIG. 24, the composite thermal insulation member of the building of the present embodiment is composed of a longitudinal steel bar 51, a core layer 3, an alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1, and a protective layer 8; the protective layer 8 is located at the core layer 3 The two sides and the upper portion, the protective layer 8 is bonded to the core layer 3; the longitudinal reinforcing bar 51 is located in the protective layer 8; the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is located in the protective layer 8 and adheres to the lower surface of the protective layer 8 and the core layer 3 The grounding or alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is located on the surface of the protective layer 8 and adhered to the underside of the protective layer 8 and the core layer 3, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is located in the protective layer 8 and the surface of the protective layer 8 and the protective layer 8 Bonding to the underside of the core layer 3; the core layer 3, the longitudinal reinforcing bars 51 and the protective layer 8 are wrapped and wrapped by the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 to form a heat-insulating bridge lightweight composite beam; the core layer 3 is a polymer Insulation board, or mineral wool board or plant straw board or paper honeycomb board; the protective layer 8 is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the protective layer 8 is modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete. The protective layer 8 of the present embodiment is located at the upper part of the beam as the concrete of the compression zone of the beam, the lower reinforcement is the stressed reinforcement, and the upper reinforcement can be constructed.
改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土为添加粉煤灰、 石粉、 外加剂的水泥砂浆或细石混 凝土, 还包括添加胶粘剂形成的水泥聚合物砂浆或聚合物混凝土。 因耐碱网布的玻璃 纤维束上有树脂涂敷, 因此将耐碱网布粘贴到芯层 3上需用水泥聚合物砂浆, 将耐碱 网布粘贴到保护层 8上也需用水泥聚合物砂浆。  The modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete is cement mortar or fine stone concrete to which fly ash, stone powder, admixture is added, and cement polymer mortar or polymer concrete formed by adding an adhesive. Since the glass fiber bundle of the alkali-resistant mesh cloth is coated with a resin, it is necessary to use a cement polymer mortar to adhere the alkali-resistant mesh cloth to the core layer 3, and to paste the alkali-resistant mesh cloth to the protective layer 8 also requires cement polymerization. Mortar.
在轻型复合梁内设置耐碱网布相当于设置梁内钢箍, 根据斜截面强度计算确定耐 碱网布规格和粘贴的层数。涂刷胶粘剂或水泥聚合物砂浆将耐碱网布粘贴到芯层的表 面或粘贴在水泥砂桨或细石混凝土表面, 以及夹到水泥砂浆或细石混凝土内, 施工方 便。轻型复合梁下部只刷胶粘剂粘贴耐碱网布,不设置水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层, 形成隔热断桥。 若用钢筋作钢箍预制麻烦, 且大幅度增加热桥。 The provision of alkali-resistant mesh in the lightweight composite beam is equivalent to setting the steel hoop in the beam, and determining the alkali-resistant mesh specification and the number of layers to be adhered according to the oblique section strength calculation. Applying the adhesive or cement polymer mortar to the surface of the core layer or pasting the surface of the cement sand or fine stone concrete, and clamping it into the cement mortar or fine stone concrete, the construction is convenient. The lower part of the light composite beam is only coated with an adhesive to adhere to the alkali-resistant mesh cloth, and no cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer is provided. Form a thermal break bridge. If the steel bar is prefabricated with steel bars, the heat bridge is greatly increased.
根据抗剪切计算的需要设置耐碱网布, 较大洞口在轻型复合梁两侧一般需粘贴两 层耐碱网布, 作为轻型复合梁的钢箍。 因聚合物砂浆抗剪切强度高, 对轻型复合梁抗 剪切有利且粘接牢固, 因此应使用水泥聚合物砂浆粘贴耐碱网布。 轻型复合梁既可用 于实施方式一中两侧有网抹灰的单层承重轻型复合保温墙体, 用于二十五实施方式有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合墙体建筑中, 也可用作为普通砌体结构的梁。  According to the need of anti-shear calculation, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth is set. On the two sides of the light composite beam, two layers of alkali-resistant mesh cloth are generally required to be attached as the steel hoop of the light composite beam. Due to the high shear strength of the polymer mortar, the shear resistance of the lightweight composite beam is favorable and the bonding is firm. Therefore, the cement-resistant polymer mortar should be used to paste the alkali-resistant mesh cloth. The light composite beam can be used in the single-layer load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plastering on both sides in the first embodiment. It can be used in the load-bearing lightweight composite wall construction with the light composite column in the twenty-fifth implementation mode. Beam of masonry structure.
具体实施方式二十一: 参见图 26、 .图 33, 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十的不 同点是: 本实施方式增加水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2, 水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2位于芯 层 3的两侧, 水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2与芯层 3粘接, 在水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2上 有保护层 8, 耐碱网布 5-1位于保护层 8表面与之粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于水泥纤 维板或硅钙板 8-2的表面并与之粘接。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 21: Referring to FIG. 26 and FIG. 33, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment 20 is: This embodiment adds cement fiber board or calcium calcium board 8-2, cement fiber board or calcium calcium board 8 -2 is located on both sides of the core layer 3, the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board 8-2 is bonded to the core layer 3, and the protective layer 8 is provided on the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board 8-2, and the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is located The surface of the protective layer 8 is bonded thereto, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is located on and adhered to the surface of the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board 8-2.
芯层两侧粘接水泥纤维板或硅钙板可减少抹灰湿作业, 加快预制轻型复合梁。 因 芯层上部的混凝土保护层可一次成型, 故没有必要在上部设置水泥纤维板或硅钙板。 在芯层 3两侧粘贴水泥纤维板或硅钙板后, 用水泥聚合物砂浆将耐碱网布 5-1粘贴到 水泥纤维板或硅钙板上, 缠绕绑扎芯层、 纵向钢筋及水泥纤维板或硅钙板。  Bonding cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board on both sides of the core layer can reduce the wet work of plastering and accelerate the prefabricated lightweight composite beam. Since the concrete protective layer on the upper part of the core layer can be formed at one time, it is not necessary to provide a cement fiber board or a calcium silicate board on the upper part. After pasting the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board on both sides of the core layer 3, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is adhered to the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board with cement polymer mortar, and the entangled core layer, the longitudinal steel bar and the cement fiber board or silicon are wound. Calcium plate.
具体实施方式二十二: 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十或二十一的不同点是: 所 述保护层 8位于芯层 3的四周, 形成一种四面有保护层的有热桥轻型复合梁。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Twenty-two: The difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment of the twenty or twenty-one is: the protective layer 8 is located around the core layer 3, forming a thermal bridge light composite with four protective layers Beam.
四面有保护层的轻型复合梁用作过梁是有热桥的轻型复合梁。 因保护层 8位于芯 层 3的四周将大大增加预制轻型复合梁工作量, 增加重量, 故一般情况下门窗上的过 梁不需要保护层 8位于芯层 3的下面, 但保护层 8位于芯层 3的四周制作的四面有保 护层的轻型复合梁可用于作装饰梁等。  A lightweight composite beam with a protective layer on all sides is used as a lightweight composite beam with a thermal bridge. Since the protective layer 8 is located around the core layer 3, the workload of the prefabricated lightweight composite beam is greatly increased, and the weight is increased. Therefore, in general, the lintel on the door and window does not require the protective layer 8 to be located below the core layer 3, but the protective layer 8 is located at the core. Light-duty composite beams with protective layers on all four sides made around layer 3 can be used as decorative beams.
具体实施方式二十三: 参见图 26,本实施方式与具体实施方式二十或二十一的不 同点是; 本实施方式增加预埋钢板或钢板带 1-4, 预埋钢板或预埋钢板带 1-3位于芯 层 3上部的保护层 8内。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Twenty-three: Referring to FIG. 26, the difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment of the twenty or twenty-one is: the present embodiment increases the embedded steel plate or steel plate strip 1-4, embedded steel plate or embedded steel plate The belts 1-3 are located in the protective layer 8 on the upper portion of the core layer 3.
本实施方式方便屋架安装固定, 设置预埋钢板带可兼作为轻型复合梁的上部钢 筋, 即轻型复合梁的上部钢筋可不设置。  The present embodiment is convenient for installation and fixing of the roof truss, and the pre-embedded steel strip can be used as the upper steel rib of the lightweight composite beam, that is, the upper reinforcing bar of the lightweight composite beam can be omitted.
具体实施方式二十四:参见图 26,本实施方式与具体实施方式二十或二十一的不 同点是; 本实施方式增加防水层 15, 所述防水层 15位于保护层 8的表面与之粘接, 或防水层 15粘贴在保耐碱网布 5-1上, 所述防水层 15为高分子防水卷材。 推荐采用 与水泥亲和性好的 SBC120聚乙烯丙纶复合防水卷材或聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Twenty-four: Referring to FIG. 26, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty or twenty-one embodiment is that the waterproof layer 15 is added to the surface of the protective layer 8 and the waterproof layer 15 is The bonding or water-repellent layer 15 is adhered to the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1, and the waterproof layer 15 is a polymer waterproofing membrane. It is recommended to use SBC120 polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane or polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane with good affinity to cement.
具体实施方式二十五: 参见图 27、 图 28, 本实施方式的建筑的复合保温构件由 建筑主体结构的梁或板 1、 轻型复合柱 11、 轻型复合梁 12、 芯层 3、 抹灰保护层 8-1 组成; 所述轻型复合柱 11位于建筑主体结构的梁或板1上, 轻型复合柱 11通过钢筋 或钢板悍接与建筑主体结构的梁或板 1錨固; 所述芯层 3位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1的上部并与之粘接, 芯层 3与轻型复合柱 11粘接; 轻型复合梁 12位于门窗洞口上 方, 轻型复合梁 12支承在轻型复合柱 11上; 轻型复合柱 11、 轻型复合梁 12和芯层 3的外侧有抹灰保护层 8-1连为一体, 形成一种有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙 体; 所述轻型复合柱 11 为隔热断桥轻型复合柱或有热桥轻型复合柱; 所述轻型复合 梁 12为隔热断桥轻型复合梁或有热桥轻型复合梁; 所述芯层 3为高分子保温板或植 物秸秆板或矿物棉板或蜂窝纸板, 所述抹灰保护层 8-1为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 或 所述抹灰保护层 8-1为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土。 改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土 包括加入粉煤灰、 石粉、 外加剂及阻裂纤维等的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 还包括添加 胶粘剂形成的水泥聚合物砂浆或聚合物混凝土。本实施方式所指的有热桥轻型复合柱 或有热桥轻型复合梁是指本发明的实施方式十七有热桥轻型复合柱, 及实施方式二十 的有热桥轻型复合梁。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Twenty-fifth: Referring to FIG. 27 and FIG. 28, the composite thermal insulation component of the building of the present embodiment is protected by a beam or plate of the main structure of the building, a lightweight composite column 11, a lightweight composite beam 12, a core layer 3, and a plastering protection. The layer 8-1 is composed; the light composite column 11 is located on the beam or the plate 1 of the main structure of the building, and the lightweight composite column 11 is anchored by the steel or steel plate to the beam or the plate 1 of the main structure of the building; the core layer 3 is located The upper part of the beam or plate 1 of the main structure of the building is bonded to it, and the core layer 3 is bonded to the light composite column 11; the light composite beam 12 is located on the door and window opening The light composite beam 12 is supported on the light composite column 11; the light composite column 11, the light composite beam 12 and the outer side of the core layer 3 are integrally connected with a plaster protection layer 8-1 to form a load bearing with a light composite column. Light composite composite wall; the light composite column 11 is a heat-breaking bridge light composite column or a thermal bridge light composite column; the light composite beam 12 is a heat-insulated bridge light composite beam or a thermal bridge light composite beam; The core layer 3 is a polymer heat insulation board or a plant straw board or a mineral wool board or a honeycomb paper board, and the plaster protection layer 8-1 is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the plaster protection layer 8-1 is Modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete. The modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete includes cement mortar or fine stone concrete added with fly ash, stone powder, admixture and cracking fiber, and cement polymer mortar or polymer concrete formed by adding an adhesive. The thermal bridge lightweight composite column or the thermal bridge lightweight composite beam referred to in the present embodiment refers to the thermal bridge lightweight composite column of the seventeenth embodiment of the present invention, and the thermal bridge lightweight composite beam of the twenty ninth embodiment.
门窗洞口及其它必要部位设置轻型复合柱, 使有轻型复合柱的单层建筑的复合墙 体可承受门窗过梁、 上部屋面传来的较大荷载, 特别是集中荷载, 是设置轻型复合柱 的目的。 轻型复合柱通常为暗柱, 隐藏在复合墙体内, 还可为明柱, 见图 27、 图 32。 有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体承受垂直荷载的承载能力大于实施方式一的 承重轻型复合保温墙体, 在安装中可先安装完成圈梁, 就进行屋面工程, 然后再进行 复合墙体内外抹灰保护层 8的施工; 而实施方式一的单层承重轻型复合保温墙体(芯 层固定在承重构件的梁或板上时)承受垂直荷载能力小, 需待底部复合墙体内外抹灰 和与主体结构的连接锚固基本完成后, 才能进行屋面工程。  Light-weight composite columns are installed at the door and window openings and other necessary parts, so that the composite wall of the single-story building with light composite columns can withstand the large loads from the door and window lintels and the upper roof, especially the concentrated load, and the light composite column is set. the goal of. The light composite column is usually a dark column, hidden in the composite wall, and can also be a bright column, see Figure 27, Figure 32. The bearing capacity of the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with light composite column is greater than that of the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the first embodiment. In the installation, the ring beam can be installed first, then the roofing project is carried out, and then the composite wall is completed. The construction of the inner and outer plastering protective layer 8; and the single-layer load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the first embodiment (when the core layer is fixed on the beam or the plate of the load-bearing member) has a small vertical load capacity, and needs to be wiped inside and outside the composite wall The roofing works can only be carried out after the ash and the connection to the main structure are basically completed.
芯层与混凝土的粘接, 芯层之间的粘接, 以及芯层与轻型复合柱、 轻型复合梁的 粘接,应根据材料性质采用不同的胶结材料。可用聚合物砂浆将其与基础混凝土粘接, 可用聚合物胶浆(即不含砂子)将高分子芯层相互粘接, 还可用聚氨酯胶相互挤住粘 贴安装, 加快施工速度, 特别是后者不发生保温层缝隙的热桥, 保温更好。  The bonding of the core layer to the concrete, the bonding between the core layers, and the bonding of the core layer to the lightweight composite column and the lightweight composite beam shall be made of different cementitious materials depending on the material properties. It can be bonded to the foundation concrete by polymer mortar. The polymer core layer can be bonded to each other with polymer glue (that is, without sand). It can also be squeezed and assembled with polyurethane glue to accelerate the construction speed, especially the latter. The thermal bridge does not occur in the gap of the insulation layer, and the insulation is better.
芯层的刚度较小, 施工抹灰中应采取支撑等技术措施。 安装芯层后, 应先在芯层 两侧涂刷界面剂抹灰后粘接为一体, 再安装轻型复合梁; 或按具体实施方式二十七, 芯层两侧与水泥纤维板或硅钙板粘接复合后增加刚度, 再安装轻型复合梁。  The rigidity of the core layer is small, and technical measures such as support should be taken in the construction plastering. After installing the core layer, first apply the interface agent plastering on both sides of the core layer and bond it together, then install the light composite beam; or according to the specific implementation method, the core layer and the cement fiber board or calcium silicate board After the bonding is combined, the rigidity is increased, and the lightweight composite beam is installed.
门窗安装时可与复合柱两侧水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层固定, 洞口侧边采用本 实施方式的隔热断桥复合柱(图 16、 图 36)、 隔热断桥复合梁(图 24)和窗台位置没 有抹灰保护层形成窗台隔热断桥 (图 31 ), 门窗安装在芯层上, 或按实施方式二十六 安装在防水层上的构造, 保温好。  When the doors and windows are installed, they can be fixed with cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer on both sides of the composite column. The heat-insulated bridge composite column (Fig. 16, Fig. 36) and the heat-insulated bridge composite beam of this embodiment are used on the side of the hole (Fig. 24) And the sill position does not have a plaster protection layer to form a sill heat insulation bridge (Fig. 31), the door and window are mounted on the core layer, or the structure mounted on the waterproof layer according to the twenty-sixth embodiment, and the heat preservation is good.
洞口隔热断桥的复合保温墙体应对洞口做好防水, 在门窗安装完成后室外侧应抹 防水砂桨, 并用弹性防水密封胶密封水泥砂浆与门窗型材之间的缝隙, 或按实施方式 二十六设置洞口防水层。  The composite insulation wall of the hole insulation bridge shall be waterproof to the hole. After the installation of the door and window, the outdoor side shall be coated with a waterproof sand pad, and the gap between the cement mortar and the door and window profile shall be sealed with elastic waterproof sealant, or according to the second embodiment. Sixteen sets the waterproof layer of the hole.
本实施方式的有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体垂直承载力大于实施方式 一和二的没有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体垂直承载力。 轻型复合柱可按《混 凝土结构设计规范》 GB50010中关于混凝土正截面受压承载力计算的规定设计。使背 景技术所述的柔性墙体不仅适用于框架结构, 还适用于具有集中荷载的单层建筑的墙 体, 以及适用于轻型楼面的单层建筑。 例如轻型复合柱高度 3.0m, 按图 1, 轻型复合 柱的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土层单侧厚度 40mm, 两侧总厚度 100mm, 宽度 200mm。 分为两侧 40mm厚度混凝土的抗弯刚度必然大于单侧厚度 80mm的混凝土的抗弯刚 度。芯层厚度 80mm,按《混凝土结构设计规范》 GB50010中 7.3.1公式: Ν≤0.9φ (fcA+ fy ' A s ' ), 査表 7.3.1, 钢筋混凝土构件稳定系数 φ=0.36, 轻型复合柱混凝土受压断 面为 200x80, 内外纵向钢筋各 2Φ8。 The vertical bearing capacity of the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with the light composite column of the present embodiment is greater than the vertical bearing capacity of the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall without the lightweight composite column of the first embodiment and the second embodiment. The light composite column can be designed according to the provisions of the "Concrete Structure Design Code" GB50010 on the calculation of the compressive bearing capacity of the concrete section. Make back The flexible wall described in the technology is not only suitable for frame structures, but also for single-story buildings with concentrated loads and single-story buildings suitable for light floors. For example, the height of the light composite column is 3.0m. According to Figure 1, the cement mortar or fine concrete layer of the light composite column has a thickness of 40mm on one side, a total thickness of 100mm on both sides, and a width of 200mm. The bending stiffness of concrete with a thickness of 40 mm on both sides is inevitably greater than the bending stiffness of concrete with a thickness of 80 mm on one side. The thickness of the core layer is 80mm, according to the formula of 7.3.1 of GB50010 in Concrete Structure Design Specification: Ν≤0.9φ (f c A+ f y ' A s '), check Table 7.3.1, Stability factor of reinforced concrete members φ=0.36, light The composite column concrete has a compression section of 200x80, and the inner and outer longitudinal reinforcements each have 2Φ8.
Ν<0.9φ ( fcA+ fy ' A s ' ) =0.9x0.36 ( 5x80x200+300x4x50 ) Ν<0.9φ ( fcA+ fy ' A s ' ) =0.9x0.36 ( 5x80x200+300x4x50 )
( 80000+60000 ) =0.324 X 140000N=45360N =4.54t。  (80000+60000) =0.324 X 140000N=45360N =4.54t.
上式中 fe=5N/ mm2是按 M15水泥砂浆折算成 C15混凝土抗压强度设计值 7.2N/ mm2 0.7=5N/ mm2取值。 In the above formula, f e =5N/ mm 2 is calculated from the M15 cement mortar to the C15 concrete compressive strength design value of 7.2N/ mm 2 0.7=5N/ mm 2 .
上式计算结果大都可满足单层民用建筑轻型屋面的屋架支座反力传来的集中荷 载(包括雪荷载及分项系数在内轻型屋面的屋架支座反力通常不超过 lt, 粘土瓦屋面 的屋架支座反力可达 2.5~3t。)。 仅依靠轻型复合柱的刚度与基础连接时, 轻型复合柱 不仅要有承受垂直荷载的能力, 还应具有足够的刚度承受建筑外墙和屋面传来的水平 风荷载和地震作用的能力。  Most of the calculation results of the above formula can meet the concentrated load from the reaction of the roof truss of the single-story civil building light roof (including the snow load and the partial factor, the reaction force of the truss support of the light roof is usually not more than lt, clay tile roof The truss support can reach 2.5~3t.). Only relying on the stiffness of the lightweight composite column to connect with the foundation, the lightweight composite column should not only have the ability to withstand vertical loads, but also have sufficient stiffness to withstand the horizontal wind loads and seismic forces from the building's exterior walls and roofs.
具体实施方式二十六:参见图 31,本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五的不同点是, 本实施方式增加防水层 15, 防水层 15粘贴在洞口窗台的芯层 3上, 或还粘贴在洞口 侧壁的轻型复合柱 11上, 或还粘贴在门窗洞口上方的轻型复合梁 12上 (轻型复合梁 12没有粘贴防水层 15时), 防水层 15与门窗洞口的内外抹灰保护层 8-1粘接, 所述 防水层 15为高分子防水卷材。 推荐采用与水泥亲和性好的 SBC120聚乙烯丙纶复合 防水卷材或聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Twenty-sixth: Referring to FIG. 31, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth embodiment is that the waterproof layer 15 is added to the core layer 3 of the window sill of the hole, or is also pasted. On the light composite column 11 on the side wall of the hole, or on the light composite beam 12 above the door and window opening (when the light composite beam 12 is not pasted with the waterproof layer 15), the waterproof layer 15 and the inner and outer plastering layer 8 of the door and window opening -1 bonding, the waterproof layer 15 is a polymer waterproofing membrane. It is recommended to use SBC120 polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane or polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane with good affinity to cement.
SBC120聚乙烯丙纶复合防水卷材或聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材是由线性度低密度聚乙 烯树脂加入抗老化剂、 主粘剂等与高强度新型纺粘法丙纶长丝无紡布或涤纶布, 采用 热熔直压复合工艺制成, 卷材本身就是保温材料。 聚乙烯丙纶复合防水卷材具有抗拉 强度高, 抗渗能力强、 低温柔性好、 线胀系数小、 易粘接、 变形适应能力强、 适应温 度范围宽、 耐久性好的优点, 重量为 300g/m2时, 其厚度为 0.6mm, 拉伸强度标准值 48N/cm。 聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材的抗拉强度和耐久性更好于聚乙烯丙纶复合防水卷材, 用水泥砂浆配合胶粘剂或就用水泥聚合物砂浆将防水卷材粘贴到轻型复合梁的四周, 既防水又起到一定的增强作用。 SBC120 polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane or polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane is made of linear low-density polyethylene resin with anti-aging agent, main adhesive and other high-strength spunbonded polypropylene filament nonwoven fabric or polyester fabric. Made by hot melt direct pressure composite process, the coil itself is an insulation material. Polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane has the advantages of high tensile strength, strong impermeability, good low temperature flexibility, small coefficient of linear expansion, easy bonding, strong adaptability to deformation, wide temperature range and good durability. The weight is 300g. When /m 2 , the thickness is 0.6 mm, and the tensile strength standard value is 48 N/cm. The tensile strength and durability of the polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane are better than that of the polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane. The cement mortar is used together with the adhesive or the cemented polymer mortar is used to adhere the waterproofing membrane to the periphery of the lightweight composite beam, which is waterproof. It also plays a certain role in strengthening.
洞口窗台芯层上设置防水层不仅起到防水作用, 还加强复合墙体内外拉接。 聚乙 烯丙纶复合防水卷材或聚乙烯涤纶防水卷材柔软, 本身就是高分子保温材料, 用水泥 聚合物砂浆薄抹灰粘接, 总厚度 l~3mm, 增加传热很少。而若在洞口窗台上设置金属 网 (通常是钢丝网) 内外拉接, 增加传热且施工不方便。 因此, 在洞口窗台或周围设 置高分子防水层起到了防水、拉接、隔热断桥一举三得的作用, 施工方便, 造价低廉, 对保护复合墙体门窗洞口不发生因雨水侵害的质量通病提出了根本性的技术措施。 具体实施方式二十七: 参见图 19、 图 20, 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五或 二十六的不同点是, 本实施方式增加水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2, 水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2位于芯层 3的两侧或一侧与之粘接, 水泥纤维板或硅钙板外侧有抹灰保护层 8-1 ; 或水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2替代抹灰保护层 8-1。 The waterproof layer on the core layer of the window sill not only plays a waterproof role, but also strengthens the pull-in of the composite wall inside and outside. The polyethylene polypropylene composite waterproofing membrane or the polyethylene polyester waterproofing membrane is soft, and it is a polymer thermal insulation material. It is bonded with cement polymer mortar and thin plaster, and the total thickness is l~3mm, which increases the heat transfer. If a metal mesh (usually a steel mesh) is placed on the window sill of the hole, the heat transfer is added and the construction is inconvenient. Therefore, the polymer waterproof layer is arranged on or around the window sill of the hole to play the role of waterproofing, pulling, heat-insulating and breaking the bridge, and the construction is convenient and the cost is low. It is a fundamental technical measure to prevent the quality of common diseases caused by rainwater from protecting the door and window openings of composite walls. BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Twenty-seventh: Referring to FIG. 19 and FIG. 20, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board 8-2, the cement fiber board or the embodiment is added. The calcium silicate board 8-2 is located on both sides or one side of the core layer 3, and the outer side of the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board has a plaster protection layer 8-1; or the cement fiber board or the silicate board 8-2 replaces the plastering Protective layer 8-1.
本实施方式增加了芯层的刚度, 施工更方便, 但增加水泥纤维板或硅钙板与芯层 预先复合粘接的造价。 在水泥纤维板或硅钙板上抹灰需涂刷界面剂。 水泥纤维板或硅 钙板较厚时可替代抹灰保护层, 水泥纤维板或硅钙板较薄时, 实质也是替代一部分抹 灰保护层。  This embodiment increases the rigidity of the core layer and is more convenient to construct, but increases the cost of pre-composite bonding of the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board to the core layer. Plastering on cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board requires application of an interface agent. When the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board is thick, it can replace the plaster protection layer. When the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board is thin, it is also a substitute for a part of the plaster protection layer.
具体实施方式二十八: 参见图 27,本实施方式与实施方式二十五或二十六的不同 点是, 本实施方式的轻型复合梁 12相互贯通连接, 轻型复合梁 12成为复合墙体的顶 部圈梁。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION 28: Referring to FIG. 27, the difference between the present embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the lightweight composite beams 12 of the present embodiment are connected to each other, and the lightweight composite beam 12 is a composite wall. Top ring beam.
具体实施方式二十九: 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五或二十六的不同点是, 本实施方式增加耐碱网布 5-1 , 将耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在轻型复合柱 11、 轻型复合梁 12 以及芯层 3外侧抹灰保护层 8-1的相互接缝处, 或将耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在轻型复合柱 11、轻型复合梁 12及芯层 3上粘贴的水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2的相互接缝处,或还将 耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在洞口窗台的芯层 3上, 耐碱网布 5-1与洞口窗台的内外抹灰保护 层 8-1搭接粘接。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Twenty-ninth: The difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is added in the embodiment, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is attached to the light composite. The joints of the column 11, the light composite beam 12 and the outer layer of the core layer 3 are protected, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is adhered to the light composite column 11, the light composite beam 12 and the core layer 3. Paste the cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board 8-2 at the joints, or paste the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 on the core layer 3 of the window sill, the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 and the inside and outside of the window sill The ash protective layer 8-1 is lap bonded.
将耐碱网布粘贴在洞口窗台的芯层上, 并与洞口窗台的内外抹灰保护层搭接粘 接, 有助于芯层内外抹灰保护层的拉接, 洞口设有防水层时, 洞口窗台可不粘贴耐碱 网布, 如粘贴耐碱网布, 耐碱网布应位于防水层内侧被防水层覆盖, 并与之粘接。 本 实施方式有助于墙体构件之间的拉接, 防止接缝发生裂缝。 若按具体实施方式三十设 置耐碱网布, 接缝处也可不粘贴耐碱网布拉接。  The alkali-resistant mesh cloth is pasted on the core layer of the window sill of the hole, and is adhered and bonded to the inner and outer plastering protective layer of the window sill of the hole, which helps the pulling of the plastering protective layer inside and outside the core layer, and when the hole is provided with the waterproof layer, The sill of the hole may not be pasted with an alkali-resistant mesh cloth, such as an alkali-resistant mesh cloth, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth should be covered by the waterproof layer on the inner side of the waterproof layer and adhered thereto. This embodiment contributes to the pulling between the wall members and prevents the joint from cracking. If the alkali-resistant mesh cloth is provided according to the specific embodiment, the joints may not be pasted with the alkali-resistant mesh.
具体实施方式三十: 参见图 17~19、 图 25、 图 30~图 32、 图 34、 图 35, 本实施 方式与具体实施方式二十五或二十六的不同点是, 本实施方式增加耐碱网布 5-1或金 属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3, 所述耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3位于抹灰保护层 8-1内,或耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在抹灰保护层 8-1外表面,形成两侧有网抹灰的承重轻型 复合保温墙体。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 30: Referring to Figures 17-19, 25, 30-32, 34, and 35, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the present embodiment is increased. Alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or bamboo mesh 5-3, the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or bamboo mesh 5-3 is located in the plaster protective layer 8- 1 or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is attached to the outer surface of the plaster protection layer 8-1 to form a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides.
具体实施方式三十一: 参见图 17~19、 图 25、 图 30〜图 32、 图 34、 图 35, 本实 施方式与具体实施方式二十七的不同点是,本实施方式增加耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2 或竹筋网 5-3, 所述耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3位于抹灰保护层 8-1内, 或耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在水泥纤维板或硅钙板 8-2的表面, 形成两侧有网抹灰的承重轻 型复合保温墙体。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT 31: Referring to FIGS. 17-19, FIG. 25, FIG. 30 to FIG. 32, FIG. 34, FIG. 35, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty-seventh embodiment is that the present embodiment increases the alkali resistance net. Cloth 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or bamboo mesh 5-3, the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or bamboo mesh 5-3 is located in the plaster protective layer 8-1, Or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 is adhered to the surface of the cement fiber board or the calcium calcium board 8-2, and the load-bearing light composite heat-insulating wall body with mesh plaster on both sides is formed.
实施方式三十或三十一中, 抹灰层内设置具有抗拉的网将轻型复合柱、 轻型复合 梁及芯层拉接, 复合墙体的整体性更好, 有利于复合墙体抗裂、 抗震抗风。 竹筋网一 般用于简易建筑, 在盛产竹子的地区, 可将竹筋网设置在内外抹灰保护层内, 可根据 试验或经验确定竹筋网的规格。 金属网或竹筋网应埋藏在抹灰保护层内, 耐碱网布粘 贴在抹灰保护层表面更方便。 In the thirty or thirty-first embodiment, the light-proof composite column, the light composite beam and the core layer are connected in the plastering layer, and the composite wall has better integrity, which is favorable for cracking and anti-seismic of the composite wall. Resistance to the wind. Bamboo net It is generally used in simple buildings. In areas where bamboo is abundant, the bamboo nets can be placed inside and outside the plastering protective layer. The specifications of the bamboo mesh can be determined according to the test or experience. The metal mesh or bamboo mesh should be buried in the plaster protective layer, and the alkali-resistant mesh cloth is more convenient to be attached to the surface of the plaster protective layer.
具体实施方式三十二: 本实施方式与具体实施方式三十的不同点是: 本实施方式 的耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3还位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1侧面的抹 灰层内与之粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1外表面与之粘接。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Thirty-two: The difference between this embodiment and the thirtieth embodiment is that: the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 of the present embodiment is also located in the main structure of the building. The beam or the side of the panel 1 is bonded to the plaster layer, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is bonded to the outer surface of the beam or panel 1 of the main structure of the building.
具体实施方式三十三: 本实施方式与具体实施方式三十一的不同点是: 本实施方 式的耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3还位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1侧面的 抹灰层内与之粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1外表面与之粘接。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Thirty-three: The difference between this embodiment and the specific embodiment 31 is that: the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 of the present embodiment is also located in the main body of the building. The structural beam or the plaster layer on the side of the panel 1 is bonded thereto, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is bonded to the outer surface of the beam or panel 1 of the main structure of the building.
实施方式三十二和三十三中, 将耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与建筑主体结构的梁 或板侧面抹灰层粘接锚固的最可靠的胶结材料是水泥聚合物砂浆, 即在基础梁侧面抹 灰中就把耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与建筑主体结构的梁或板侧面粘贴连接。  In the thirty-second and thirty-third embodiments, the most reliable cementing material for bonding the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or the bamboo mesh to the side of the beam or the side of the building body structure is cement polymer mortar. That is, in the plastering of the side of the foundation beam, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or the bamboo mesh is adhered to the side of the beam or the plate of the main structure of the building.
具体实施方式三十四: 参见图 15, 本实施方式与具体实施方式三十的不同点是: 本实施方式增加锚固钢筋 2, 锚固钢筋 2锚固在建筑主体结构的梁或板 1内, 锚固钢 筋 2位于抹灰保护层 8-1 内, 锚固钢筋 2与耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3 搭接连接或绑扎连接 (用水泥砂浆或聚合物胶粘剂粘接)。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Thirteenth: Referring to FIG. 15, the difference between this embodiment and the thirtieth embodiment is as follows: In this embodiment, the anchor steel bar 2 is added, and the anchor steel bar 2 is anchored in the beam or plate 1 of the main structure of the building, and the anchor bar is anchored. 2 Located in the plaster protection layer 8-1, the anchor steel bar 2 is connected or tied with the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 (bonded with cement mortar or polymer adhesive) Connect).
具体实施方式三十五:参见图 15,本实施方式与具体实施方式三十一的不同点是: 本实施方式增加锚固钢筋 2, 锚固钢筋 2锚固在建筑主体结构的梁或板 1内, 锚固钢 筋 2位于抹灰保护层 8-1 内, 锚固钢筋 2与耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3 搭接连接或绑扎连接 (用水泥砂浆或聚合物胶粘剂粘接)。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Thirty-fifth: Referring to FIG. 15, the difference between this embodiment and the thirty-first embodiment is: The present embodiment adds an anchor steel bar 2, and the anchor steel bar 2 is anchored in the beam or plate 1 of the main structure of the building, and is anchored. The steel bar 2 is located in the plaster protection layer 8-1, and the anchor steel bar 2 is connected or tied with the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 (using cement mortar or polymer adhesive) Bonding).
在建筑主体结构的梁板较宽, 耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网不可能与梁的两侧粘接 锚固时, 通过设置錨固钢筋 2与建筑主体结构的梁板固定。 锚固钢筋一般可用 Φ4热 镀锌铁线, 防腐蚀好, 不增加抹灰层厚度。 锚固钢筋应与耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网 满足搭接长度要求。本实施方式的实质是用锚固钢筋 2替代实施方式三十及三十一中 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3与建筑主体结构的锚固。  In the main structure of the building, the beam plate is wide, and the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh cannot be bonded to both sides of the beam. When the anchor is fixed, the anchor steel bar 2 is fixed to the beam plate of the main structure of the building. Anchored steel bars are generally available with Φ4 hot-dip galvanized iron wire for good corrosion resistance without increasing the thickness of the plaster layer. The anchoring steel bar should meet the requirements of the lap length with the alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh. The essence of this embodiment is to replace the anchoring of the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 with the structural main structure in the thirty-third and thirty-first embodiments with the anchor steel bar 2.
具体实施方式三十二 ~三十五将耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网与建筑主体结构连接 锚固, 使复合墙体与基础牢固地连为一体, 墙体自身刚度大, 可不依靠轻型复合柱抗 震抗风, 对抗震抗风极为有利, 施工方便, 所增投资很少。 则本发明的轻型复合保温 墙体不仅可满足常遇地震作用下的抗震设防要求, 还可很容易满足罕遇地震作用下的 抗震设防要求! 见 "高分子板与 C15混凝土粘接复合的轻型复合墙板刚度计算书"。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT For the thirty-two to thirty-five, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth or the metal mesh or the bamboo mesh net is connected and anchored to the main structure of the building, so that the composite wall body and the foundation are firmly connected together, and the wall itself has high rigidity, and can not rely on the light type. The composite column is earthquake-resistant and wind-resistant. It is extremely advantageous against earthquakes and winds. It is convenient to construct and has little investment. The lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the invention can not only meet the seismic fortification requirements under the constant earthquake, but also can easily meet the seismic fortification requirements under the rare earthquake! See "The calculation of the stiffness of lightweight composite wallboard composited with polymer board and C15 concrete."
具体实施方式三十六: 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十六的不同点是: 本实施方 式的防水层 15还位于抹灰保护层 8-1的表面并与之粘接。  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION Thirty-six: The difference between this embodiment and the twenty-sixth embodiment is that the waterproof layer 15 of the present embodiment is also located on the surface of the plaster protective layer 8-1 and bonded thereto.
具体实施方式三十七: 参见图 15,本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五或二十六的 不同点是, 本实施方式增加基础隔气层 30, 基础隔气层 30位于建筑主体结构的梁或 板 1与与承重轻型复合保温墙体的芯层 3之间, 将隔气层粘贴在建筑主体结构的梁或 板 1上, 芯层 3与隔气层粘贴; 所述隔气层为塑料薄膜, 或玻璃或隔气涂层。 根据地 下潮湿度不同及施工方便,对不同芯层材料,选用不同隔气层材料及不同的胶结材料。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Thirty-seventh: Referring to FIG. 15, the difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the present embodiment adds a base gas barrier layer 30, and the base gas barrier layer 30 is located in the main structure of the building. Between the beam or the plate 1 and the core layer 3 of the lightweight composite thermal insulation wall, the gas barrier layer is adhered to the beam of the main structure of the building or On the board 1, the core layer 3 is adhered to the gas barrier layer; the gas barrier layer is a plastic film, or a glass or gas barrier coating. According to different underground moisture levels and convenient construction, different gas barrier materials and different cementing materials are selected for different core materials.
具体实施方式三十八: 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五或二十六的不同点是: 本实施方式的轻型复合柱 11被木柱或竹柱替代,或轻型复合梁 12被木梁或竹梁替代。 通过铁件连接或浇注混凝土将木柱或竹柱与建筑主体结构的梁或板 1锚固。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Thirty-eighth: The difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the light composite column 11 of the present embodiment is replaced by a wooden column or a bamboo column, or the light composite beam 12 is covered by a wooden beam. Or bamboo beam instead. The wooden columns or bamboo columns are anchored to the beams or panels 1 of the main structure of the building by joining or pouring concrete.
具体实施方式三十九: 本实施方式与具体实施方式二十五或二十六的不同点是:, 本实施方式的芯层 3被轻质墙替代, 所述轻质墙为加气混凝土墙或炉渣陶粒砌块墙或 珍珠岩砌块墙或硫铝酸盐保温板墙。 采用轻质无机材料的轻质墙时, 可砌筑安装后进 行水泥砂浆或细石混凝土层抹灰。  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS 39: The difference between this embodiment and the twenty-fifth or twenty-sixth embodiment is that the core layer 3 of the present embodiment is replaced by a lightweight wall, which is an aerated concrete wall. Or slag ceramsite block walls or perlite block walls or sulphoaluminate insulation board walls. When a lightweight wall made of lightweight inorganic materials is used, it can be plastered with cement mortar or fine stone concrete after installation.
具体实施方式四十: 参见图 37,本实施方式的建筑的复合保温构件由建筑主体结 构的承重构件 1的梁或墙、 芯层 3、 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3、 保护层 8组成; 所述建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁为混凝土梁、 钢梁、 木梁或轻型复合梁 (如实施方式二十的轻型复合梁), 建筑主体结构的承重构件 1 的墙为混凝土墙或砌 体墙或承重轻型复合保温墙体 (如实施方式一或二十五的轻型复合保温墙体), 所述 芯层 3为高分子保温材料, 或为矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 8为水泥 砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层, 或保护层 8为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层; 下保 护层 8位于建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或墙的上面, 下保护层 8与建筑主体结构 的承重构件 1的梁或墙连接锚固; 所述芯层 3位于上下保护层 8之间, 上保护层 8覆 盖芯层 3 ; 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3嵌埋在保护层 8内, 或耐碱网布 5-1粘贴在保护层 8表面,或耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3既嵌埋在保护层 8内, 耐碱网布 5-1还粘贴在保护层 8表面, 形成一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温 屋面。 改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土为添加粉煤灰、 石粉、 外加剂等的水泥砂浆或细 石混凝土, 还包括添加胶粘剂的水泥聚合物砂浆或聚合物细石混凝土。 本实施方式的 两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面可以支模现浇形成, 也可预制, 用铁件与主体结构 连接固定。 芯层为高分子材料的复合墙板刚度计算书  DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Forty: Referring to Figure 37, the composite thermal insulation member of the building of the present embodiment is composed of a beam or wall of the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building, a core layer 3, an alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or a metal mesh 5-2 or The bamboo reinforced mesh 5-3 and the protective layer 8 are composed; the beam of the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building is a concrete beam, a steel beam, a wooden beam or a light composite beam (such as the light composite beam of the embodiment 20), the main body of the building The wall of the structural load-bearing member 1 is a concrete wall or a masonry wall or a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall (such as the lightweight composite thermal insulation wall of the first or twenty-fifth embodiment), and the core layer 3 is a polymer thermal insulation material, or For mineral wool or plant straw or paper honeycomb board, the protective layer 8 is a cement mortar or fine stone concrete plaster layer, or the protective layer 8 is a modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete plaster layer; the lower protective layer 8 is located The upper protective layer 8 of the main body structure of the load-bearing member 1 is connected to the beam or wall of the load-bearing member 1 of the main structure of the building; the core layer 3 is located between the upper and lower protective layers 8, and the upper protective layer 8 Overlay The core layer 3; the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 is embedded in the protective layer 8, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is adhered to the surface of the protective layer 8, or alkali-resistant The mesh 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3 is embedded in the protective layer 8, and the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is also adhered to the surface of the protective layer 8, forming a mesh wipe on both sides. Ash light composite insulation roof. The modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete is cement mortar or fine stone concrete to which fly ash, stone powder, admixture or the like is added, and cement polymer mortar or polymer fine stone concrete to which an adhesive is added. The light composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides of the embodiment can be formed by cast-in-place casting, or can be prefabricated, and the iron member is fixedly connected with the main structure. Calculation of the stiffness of composite wallboard with core layer as polymer material
1、 计算宽 1.0m的 C25混凝土板的刚度, B = lEbh3 , h——混凝土板厚; 1. Calculate the stiffness of a C5 concrete slab with a width of 1.0 m, B = lEbh 3 , h - the thickness of the concrete slab;
12  12
C25混凝土弹性模量 E=2.8 X 104N/mm2; C25 concrete elastic modulus E = 2.8 X 10 4 N / mm 2 ;
表 1 混凝土板刚度计算表 Table 1 Concrete plate stiffness calculation table
2、 计算宽 1.0m芯层为高分子材料的复合板刚度, 见图 39。 忽略高分子芯层的刚度, B =—Eb[(h + 2af - h'] , 2. Calculate the stiffness of the composite plate with a 1.0m wide core layer as a polymer material, see Figure 39. Ignore the stiffness of the polymer core layer, B = -Eb[(h + 2af - h'] ,
12  12
h——芯层厚度; α ~~抹灰层厚度, 抹灰层为 C15细石混凝土;  H——core layer thickness; α ~~ plaster layer thickness, plaster layer is C15 fine stone concrete;
表 2 a= 30mm时复合墙板刚度计算表, =丄 Eb[(/i + 60)3 -/?3)] Table 2 Calculating the stiffness of composite wallboard at a = 30mm, =丄Eb[(/i + 60) 3 -/? 3 )]
由计算可见, 高分子芯层厚度达到 150mm时的复合墙体, 轻型复合墙体刚度不 小于厚度 160mm的 C25混凝土板的刚度, 复合墙体重量是 370mm砖墙重量的 15%, 是 240mm砖墙重量的 20%,是 200mm厚度空心炉渣陶粒墙重量的 50%,故墙体发生 的地震作用也分别相应减少 85%、 80%、 50%, 发泡聚苯乙烯板 EPS具有吸收地震作 用消震的作用, 墙体内外设置耐碱网布或金属网或竹筋网并与基础锚固, 承重轻型墙 体可很容易满足罕遇地震作用下的抗震设防要求! It can be seen from the calculation that the composite wall with the thickness of the polymer core layer reaches 150mm, the stiffness of the lightweight composite wall is not less than the stiffness of the C25 concrete slab with a thickness of 160mm, and the weight of the composite wall is 15% of the weight of the 370mm brick wall, which is 240mm brick wall. 20% of the weight is 50% of the weight of the 200mm thick hollow slag ceramsite wall, so the earthquake effect of the wall is also reduced by 85%, 80%, 50% respectively. The EPS of the expanded polystyrene board has the effect of absorbing earthquakes. The role of the earthquake, the wall inside and outside the wall is set with alkali-resistant mesh or metal mesh or bamboo mesh and anchored with the foundation. The load-bearing lightweight wall can easily meet the seismic fortification requirements under the rare earthquake!

Claims

s _要 求 ί s _request ί
1、 建筑的复合保温构件, 它包括建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)、 芯层 (3)、 保护层 (8); 其特征在于, 它还包括耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3); 所述建筑主体 结构的承重构件 (1)为梁、 板、 柱、 承重墙及基础, 所述芯层 (3)为高分子保温材料, 或 为矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 (8)为水泥砂桨或细石混凝土抹灰层, 或 所述保护层 (8)为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层;所述芯层 (3)固定在建筑主体结 构的承重构件 (1)的梁或板与柱或承重墙形成的内框之间,或芯层 (3)固定在建筑主体结 构的承重构件 (1)的梁或板上, 或芯层 (3)固定在建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的柱或承 重墙的侧边;在芯层 (3)的表面有保护层 (8),耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3) 嵌埋在保护层 8内, 或耐碱网布 (5-1)粘贴在保护层 (8)的表面, 或耐碱网布 (5-1)位于芯 层 (3)的表面,耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)与建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1) 粘接连接, 形成一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体。 .  1. A composite thermal insulation component of a building, comprising a load-bearing component (1), a core layer (3) and a protective layer (8) of a main structure of the building; characterized in that it further comprises an alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) or a metal The net (5-2) or the bamboo net (5-3); the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building is a beam, a plate, a column, a load-bearing wall and a foundation, and the core layer (3) is a polymer insulation The material, or mineral wool or plant straw or paper honeycomb board, the protective layer (8) is a cement sand or fine stone concrete plaster layer, or the protective layer (8) is a modified cement mortar or fine stone. a concrete plastering layer; the core layer (3) is fixed between the beam or plate of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building and the inner frame formed by the column or the load-bearing wall, or the core layer (3) is fixed to the main structure of the building The beam or plate of the load-bearing member (1), or the core layer (3) is fixed to the side of the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building; there is a protective layer on the surface of the core layer (3) 8), alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or metal mesh (5-2) or bamboo mesh (5-3) is embedded in the protective layer 8, or the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) is pasted in the protection The surface of the layer (8), or resistant The mesh (5-1) is located on the surface of the core layer (3), the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or the metal mesh (5-2) or the bamboo mesh (5-3) and the load-bearing members of the main structure of the building ( 1) Bonding and joining, forming a lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides. .
2、 根据权利要求 1 所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种两侧 有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括锚固钢筋 (2), 所述錨固钢筋 (2)与建筑主体 结构的承重构件 (1)的梁或板锚固, 或锚固钢筋 (2)与建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的柱 或承重墙锚固; 或錨固钢筋 (2)与建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的梁或板锚固, 锚固钢 筋 (2)还与建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的柱或承重墙锚固;锚固钢筋 (2)位于保护层 (8) 内, 耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)与锚固钢筋 (2)满足搭接连接。  2. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 1, wherein the lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a mesh plaster on both sides further comprises an anchor reinforcement (2), the anchor reinforcement (2) Anchoring of beams or plates with load-bearing members (1) of the main structure of the building, or anchoring of anchored steel bars (2) and load-bearing members of building main structures (1) or load-bearing walls; or anchoring reinforcements (2) and construction The beam or plate of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure is anchored, the anchor steel bar (2) is also anchored to the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building; the anchor steel bar (2) is located in the protective layer (8), The alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or the metal mesh (5-2) or the bamboo mesh (5-3) and the anchoring steel bar (2) satisfy the lap joint.
3、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种 两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体,承重构件 (1)的梁或板的外侧面还有芯层 (3),同时 承重构件 (1)的柱或承重墙的外侧面也有芯层 (3); 或承重构件 (1)的梁或板的外侧面还 有芯层 (3), 或承重构件 (1)的柱或承重墙的外侧面还有芯层 (3), 构成外保温两侧有网 抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体。  3. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the light composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides, outside the beam or plate of the load bearing member (1) There is also a core layer (3) on the side, and the outer side of the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member (1) also has a core layer (3); or the outer side of the beam or plate of the load-bearing member (1) also has a core layer (3) , or the outer side of the column or load-bearing wall of the load-bearing member (1) also has a core layer (3), which constitutes a light composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides of the external thermal insulation.
4、 根据权利要求 3所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的外保温两 侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体,它还包括内外拉接钢丝 (9), 内外拉接钢丝 (9)锚固在 建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)内, 穿过芯层 (3)及第一遍水泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层 (8), 外端缠绕绑扎在室外钢筋上; 或内外拉接钢丝 (9)穿过芯层 (3), 室内外第一遍水 泥砂浆或细石混凝土保护层 (8), 与室内外钢筋缠绕绑扎拉接。  4. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 3, wherein the outer thermal insulation has a light plaster composite thermal insulation wall on both sides of the outer insulation, which further comprises an inner and outer pull wire (9), inner and outer pull The wire (9) is anchored in the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building, passes through the core layer (3) and the first pass of the cement mortar or the fine stone concrete protective layer (8), and the outer end is wound and tied on the outdoor steel bar; Or the inner and outer pull wire (9) passes through the core layer (3), the first indoor and outdoor cement mortar or fine stone concrete protective layer (8), and the indoor and outdoor steel bars are entangled and tied.
5、 根据权利要求 3所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的外保温两 侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括砌筑墙体 (3-2), 砌筑墙体 (3-2)位于芯层 (3) 的内侧, 砌筑墙体 (3-2)与芯层 (3)连接, 在砌筑墙体 (3-2)的表面有保护层 (8), 形成芯层 与砌体复合的两侧有网抹灰的复合保温墙体。 5. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 3, wherein the outer thermal insulation has a light composite thermal insulation wall on both sides of the mesh, and the utility model further comprises a masonry wall (3-2). The masonry wall (3-2) is located in the core layer (3) On the inner side, the masonry wall (3-2) is connected to the core layer (3), and the protective layer (8) is formed on the surface of the masonry wall (3-2), and the core layer and the masonry are formed on both sides. Mesh plaster composite insulation wall.
6、 根据权利要求 1或 2所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种 两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2), 在部分芯层 (3)的一侧或两侧粘接水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)。  6. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said one type of lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a mesh plaster on both sides, further comprising a cement fiberboard or a calcium silicate board (8) -2), cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board (8-2) is bonded to one side or both sides of part of the core layer (3).
7、 根据权利要求 3所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的外保温两 侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2), 在部分芯层 (3) 的一侧或两侧粘接水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)。  7. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 3, wherein the outer thermal insulation has a light composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides, and further comprises a cement fiberboard or a calcium silicate board (8-2). ), cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board (8-2) is bonded to one side or both sides of part of the core layer (3).
8、 建筑的复合保温构件, 它包括室内纵向钢筋 (51-1)、 室外纵向钢筋 (51-2)、 钢 箍 (21)、 保护层 (8); 其特征在于, 它还包括芯层 (3); 所述室内纵向钢筋 (51-1)、 室外 纵向钢筋 (51-2)分别位于室内和室外的保护层 (8)内, 所述芯层 (3)位于室内和室外的保 护层 (8)的中间, 芯层 (3)与两侧保护层 (8)粘接; 所述钢箍 (21)与室内纵向钢筋 (51-1)及 与室外纵向钢筋 (51-2)连接固定, 形成一种隔热断桥轻型复合柱; 所述芯层 (3)为高分 子保温板, 或矿物棉板或植物秸秆板或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 (8)为水泥砂浆或细石混 凝土, 或所述保护层 (8)为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土。  8. The composite thermal insulation component of the building, which comprises an indoor longitudinal steel bar (51-1), an outdoor longitudinal steel bar (51-2), a steel hoop (21), a protective layer (8); and characterized in that it further comprises a core layer ( 3); the indoor longitudinal reinforcing bar (51-1) and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bar (51-2) are respectively located in the indoor and outdoor protective layers (8), and the core layer (3) is located in the indoor and outdoor protective layers ( In the middle of 8), the core layer (3) is bonded to the two side protective layers (8); the steel hoop (21) is fixed to the indoor longitudinal reinforcing bar (51-1) and the outdoor longitudinal reinforcing bar (51-2), Forming a thermal composite broken bridge light composite column; the core layer (3) is a polymer thermal insulation board, or a mineral wool board or a plant straw board or a paper honeycomb board, and the protective layer (8) is a cement mortar or fine stone The concrete, or the protective layer (8) is a modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete.
9、 根据权利要求 8所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种隔热 断桥轻型复合柱, 保护层 (8)位于芯层 (3)的三个侧面, 或所述保护层 (8)位于芯层 (3)的 四周包裹芯层 (3), 形成一种三面或四面有保护层的有热桥轻型复合柱。  9. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 8, characterized in that: the thermal insulation bridge lightweight composite column, the protective layer (8) is located on three sides of the core layer (3), or The protective layer (8) is located around the core layer (3) to wrap the core layer (3) to form a heat bridge lightweight composite column having three or four sides with a protective layer.
10、 建筑的复合保温构件, 它包括纵向钢筋 (51)、 保护层 (8); 其特征在于, 它还 包括芯层 (3)及耐碱网布 (5-1); 所述保护层 (8)位于芯层 (3)的两侧和上部, 保护层 (8)与 芯层 (3)粘接; 所述纵向钢筋 (51)位于保护层 (8)内; 耐碱网布 (5-1)位于保护层 (8)内与保 护层 (8)和芯层 (3)的下面粘接, 或耐碱网布 (5-1)位于保护层 (8)表面与保护层 (8)和芯层 (3)下面粘接, 或耐碱网布 (5-1)位于保护层 (8)内和保护层 (8)表面与保护层 (8)和芯层 (3) 的下面粘接; 芯层 (3)、 纵向钢筋 (51)及保护层 (8)被耐碱网布 (5-1)包裹缠绕, 形成一种 隔热断桥轻型复合梁; 所述芯层 (3)为高分子保温板, 或矿物棉板或植物秸秆板或纸蜂 窝板;所述保护层 (8)为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土,或所述保护层 (8)为改性的水泥砂浆或 细石混凝土。  10. A composite thermal insulation component of a building, comprising a longitudinal steel bar (51) and a protective layer (8); characterized in that it further comprises a core layer (3) and an alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1); 8) on both sides and upper part of the core layer (3), the protective layer (8) is bonded to the core layer (3); the longitudinal reinforcing bar (51) is located in the protective layer (8); the alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5- 1) in the protective layer (8) bonded to the underside of the protective layer (8) and the core layer (3), or the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) is located on the surface of the protective layer (8) and the protective layer (8) and Bonding underneath the core layer (3), or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) is located in the protective layer (8) and the surface of the protective layer (8) is bonded to the underside of the protective layer (8) and the core layer (3); The core layer (3), the longitudinal reinforcing bar (51) and the protective layer (8) are wrapped and wrapped by the alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) to form a heat-insulating bridge lightweight composite beam; the core layer (3) is high Molecular insulation board, or mineral wool board or plant straw board or paper honeycomb board; the protective layer (8) is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the protective layer (8) is modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete .
11、 根据权利要求 10所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种隔 热断桥轻型复合梁, 它还包括水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2), 水泥纤维板或硅钙板 ((8-2) 位于芯层 (3)的两侧,水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)与芯层 (3)粘接,在水泥纤维板或硅^板 (8-2)上有保护层 (8),耐碱网布 (5-1)位于保护层 (8)表面与之粘接,或耐碱网布 (5-1)位于 水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)的表面与之粘接。 11. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 10, wherein the thermal insulation bridge lightweight composite beam further comprises a cement fiberboard or a calcium silicate board (8-2), a cement fiberboard or The calcium silicate board ((8-2) is located on both sides of the core layer (3), and the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board (8-2) is bonded to the core layer (3), in the cement fiber board or the silicon board (8-2) has a protective layer (8), the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) is adhered to the surface of the protective layer (8), or the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) is located on the cement fiberboard or silicon calcium. The surface of the plate (8-2) is bonded thereto.
12、 根据权利要求 10或 11所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一 种隔热断桥轻型复合梁,保护层 (8)位于芯层 (3)的四周,形成一种四面有保护层的有热 桥轻型复合梁。  The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the thermal insulation bridge lightweight composite beam, the protective layer (8) is located around the core layer (3), forming a There are thermal bridge lightweight composite beams with protective layers on all sides.
13、 建筑的复合保温构件, 它包括建筑主体结构的梁或板 (1)、 轻型复合梁 (12)、 芯层 (3)、 抹灰保护层 (8-1); 其特征在于, 它还包括轻型复合柱 (11); 所述轻型复合柱 (11)位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 (1)上, 轻型复合柱 (11)通过钢筋或钢板焊接与建筑主 体结构的梁或板 (1)锚固; 所述芯层 (3)位于建筑主体结构的梁或板 (1)的上部并与之粘 接,芯层 (3)与轻型复合柱 (11)粘接;轻型复合梁 (12)位于门窗洞口上方,轻型复合梁 (12) 支承在轻型复合柱 (11)上; 轻型复合柱 (11)、 轻型复合梁 (12)和芯层 (3)的外侧有抹灰保 护层 (8-1)连为一体, 形成一种有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体; 所述轻型复合 柱 (11)为隔热断桥轻型复合柱或有热桥轻型复合柱;所述轻型复合梁 (12)为隔热断桥轻 型复合梁或有热桥轻型复合梁;所述芯层 (3)为高分子保温板或植物秸秆板或矿物棉板 或蜂窝纸板, 所述抹灰保护层 (8-1)为水泥砂浆或细石混凝土, 或所述抹灰保护层 (8-1) 为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土。  13. A composite thermal insulation component of a building, comprising a beam or panel (1) of a building main structure, a lightweight composite beam (12), a core layer (3), and a plaster protection layer (8-1); The light composite column (11) is included; the light composite column (11) is located on the beam or plate (1) of the main structure of the building, and the light composite column (11) is welded to the beam or plate of the main structure of the building by steel bars or steel plates (1) Anchoring; the core layer (3) is located on and bonded to the upper part of the beam or plate (1) of the main structure of the building, the core layer (3) is bonded to the lightweight composite column (11); the lightweight composite beam (12) Located above the door and window opening, the lightweight composite beam (12) is supported on the light composite column (11); the light composite column (11), the light composite beam (12) and the core layer (3) have a plaster protection layer on the outside (8- 1) Connecting together to form a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with a light composite column; the lightweight composite column (11) is a light-weight composite composite column or a thermal bridge lightweight composite column; the lightweight composite beam (12) It is a light-duty composite beam or a thermal bridge light composite beam; the core layer (3) is a polymer insulation board or a plant straw board or Mineral wool board or honeycomb paperboard, the plaster protection layer (8-1) is cement mortar or fine stone concrete, or the plaster protection layer (8-1) is modified cement mortar or fine stone concrete.
14、 根据权利要求 13所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体,它还包括防水层 (15),防水层 (15)粘贴在洞口窗 台的芯层 (3)上, 或还粘贴在洞口侧壁的轻型复合柱 (11)上, 或还粘贴在门窗洞口上方 的轻型复合梁 (12)上, 防水层 (15)与门窗洞 ΰ的内外抹灰保护层 (8-1)粘接,所述防水层 (15)为高分子防水卷材。  14. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 13, wherein said load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column further comprises a waterproof layer (15) and a waterproof layer (15) Paste on the core layer (3) of the window sill of the hole, or stick it on the light composite column (11) on the side wall of the hole, or stick it on the light composite beam (12) above the door and window opening, the waterproof layer (15) and The inner and outer plaster protection layers (8-1) of the door and window holes are bonded, and the waterproof layer (15) is a polymer waterproofing membrane.
15、 根据权利要求 13或 14所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一 种有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2), 水泥 纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)位于芯层 (3)的两侧或一侧与之粘接,水泥纤维板或硅钙板外侧有 抹灰保护层 (8-1); 或水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)替代抹灰保护层 (8-1)。  The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column further comprises a cement fiberboard or a calcium silicate board (8- 2), the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board (8-2) is adhered to the two sides or one side of the core layer (3), and the outer side of the cement fiber board or the calcium silicate board has a plaster protective layer (8-1); or Cement fiberboard or calcium silicate board (8-2) replaces the plastering protective layer (8-1).
16、 根据权利要求 13或 14所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一 种有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹 筋网 (5-3), 所述耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)位于抹灰保护层 (8-1)内, 或 耐碱网布 (5-1)粘贴在抹灰保护层 (8-1)外表面, 形成两侧有网抹灰的承重轻型复合保温 墙体。 The composite thermal insulation member for a building according to claim 13 or 14, wherein the load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column further comprises an alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) Or metal mesh (5-2) or bamboo mesh (5-3), the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or metal mesh (5-2) or bamboo mesh (5-3) is located in plaster protection In the layer (8-1), or the alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) is attached to the outer surface of the plastering protective layer (8-1) to form a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with mesh plaster on both sides.
17、 根据权利要求 15所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3), 所述耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)位于抹灰保护层 (8-1)内, 或耐碱 网布 (5-1)粘贴在水泥纤维板或硅钙板 (8-2)的表面。 17. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 15, wherein said load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column further comprises an alkali resistant mesh (5-1) or metal The net (5-2) or the bamboo net (5-3), the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or the metal mesh (5-2) or the bamboo mesh (5-3) is located on the plaster protective layer ( 8-1), or alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) is attached to the surface of cement fiber board or calcium silicate board (8-2).
18、 根据权利要求 17所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3还位 于建筑主体结构的梁或板 1侧面的抹灰层内与之粘接, 或耐碱网布 5-1位于建筑主体 结构的梁或板 1外表面与之粘接。  18. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 17, wherein said load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column, alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 or metal mesh 5-2 or Bamboo reinforced mesh 5-3 is also located in the plaster layer on the side of the beam or panel 1 of the main structure of the building, or the alkali-resistant mesh 5-1 is located on the outer surface of the beam or panel 1 of the main structure of the building. .
19、 根据权利要求 16所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体,它还包括锚固钢筋 (2),锚固钢筋 (2)锚固在建筑 主体结构的梁或板 (1)内, 锚固钢筋 (2)位于抹灰保护层 (8-1)内, 锚固钢筋 (2)与耐碱网 布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)搭接连接或绑扎连接。  19. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 16, wherein the lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with a light composite column further comprises an anchoring reinforcement (2) and an anchoring reinforcement (2) Anchored in the beam or plate (1) of the main structure of the building, anchored steel bar (2) is located in the plaster protective layer (8-1), anchored steel bar (2) and alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) or metal mesh ( 5-2) or bamboo rib net (5-3) lap joint or lashing connection.
20、 根据权利要求 17所述的建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种有 轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 它还包括锚固钢筋 2, 锚固钢筋 2锚固在建筑 主体结构的梁或板 1内, 錨固钢筋 2位于抹灰保护层 8-1内, 锚固钢筋 2与耐碱网布 5-1或金属网 5-2或竹筋网 5-3搭接连接或绑扎连接。  20. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 17, wherein said load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall having a light composite column further comprises anchoring reinforcement 2, and anchoring reinforcement 2 is anchored in the main body of the building. In the structural beam or plate 1, the anchoring steel bar 2 is located in the plastering protective layer 8-1, and the anchoring steel bar 2 is connected or ligated to the alkali-resistant mesh cloth 5-1 or the metal mesh 5-2 or the bamboo mesh 5-3. connection.
21、 根据权利要求 13或 14所述建筑的复合保温构件, 其特征在于, 所述的一种 有轻型复合柱的承重轻型复合保温墙体, 轻型复合柱 (11)被木柱或竹柱替代, 或轻型 复合梁 (12)被木梁或竹梁替代。 '  21. The composite thermal insulation component of a building according to claim 13 or 14, wherein said lightweight composite thermal insulation wall with light composite column and light composite composite column (11) are replaced by wooden pillars or bamboo pillars , or light composite beams (12) are replaced by wooden beams or bamboo beams. '
22、 建筑的复合保温构件, 它包括建筑主体结构的承重构件 1的梁或墙、 保护层 8; 其特征在于, 它还包括芯层 (3)和耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3); 所述 建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的梁为混凝土梁、钢梁、 木梁或轻型复合梁, 建筑主体结 构的承重构件 (1)的墙为混凝土墙或砌体墙或承重轻型复合保温墙体;所述芯层 (3)为高 分子保温材料, 或矿物棉或植物秸秆或纸蜂窝板, 所述保护层 (8)为水泥砂浆或细石混 凝土抹灰层,或保护层 (8)为改性的水泥砂浆或细石混凝土抹灰层;下保护层 (8)位于建 筑主体结构的承重构件 (1)的梁或墙的上面,下保护层 (8)与建筑主体结构的承重构件 (1) 的梁或墙连接锚固; 所述芯层 (3)位于上下保护层 (8)之间, 上保护层 (8)覆盖芯层 (3); 耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)嵌埋在保护层 (8)内,或耐碱网布 (5-1)粘贴在 保护层 (8)表面,或耐碱网布 (5-1)或金属网 (5-2)或竹筋网 (5-3)既嵌埋在保护层 (8)内,耐 碱网布 (5-1)还粘贴在保护层 (8)表面, 形成一种两侧有网抹灰的轻型复合保温屋面。  22. A composite thermal insulation component of a building, comprising a beam or wall of a load-bearing component 1 of a building main structure, a protective layer 8; characterized in that it further comprises a core layer (3) and an alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) or metal Net (5-2) or bamboo net (5-3); the beam of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building is a concrete beam, a steel beam, a wooden beam or a light composite beam, and a load-bearing member of the main structure of the building ( 1) The wall is a concrete wall or a masonry wall or a load-bearing lightweight composite thermal insulation wall; the core layer (3) is a polymer thermal insulation material, or mineral cotton or plant straw or paper honeycomb board, the protective layer (8) A plaster layer of cement mortar or fine concrete, or a protective layer (8) is a modified cement mortar or fine concrete plaster layer; the lower protective layer (8) is located at the beam of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building or Above the wall, the lower protective layer (8) is anchored to the beam or wall of the load-bearing member (1) of the main structure of the building; the core layer (3) is located between the upper and lower protective layers (8), and the upper protective layer (8) Covering the core layer (3); the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or the metal mesh (5-2) or the bamboo mesh (5-3) is embedded in the protective layer (8), or the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) Paste on the surface of the protective layer (8), or the alkali-resistant mesh (5-1) or the metal mesh (5-2) or the bamboo mesh (5-3) is embedded in the protective layer (8) Inside, the alkali-resistant mesh cloth (5-1) is also adhered to the surface of the protective layer (8) to form a light composite thermal insulation roof with mesh plaster on both sides.
PCT/CN2009/001390 2008-12-30 2009-12-08 Construction composite heat preservation member WO2010081278A1 (en)

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