CN1817117B - Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool - Google Patents

Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1817117B
CN1817117B CN200610046111A CN200610046111A CN1817117B CN 1817117 B CN1817117 B CN 1817117B CN 200610046111 A CN200610046111 A CN 200610046111A CN 200610046111 A CN200610046111 A CN 200610046111A CN 1817117 B CN1817117 B CN 1817117B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
sea cucumber
pond
breeding
soil pool
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN200610046111A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1817117A (en
Inventor
王吉桥
芦孟桦
李飞
王文辉
Original Assignee
王吉桥
芦孟桦
李飞
王文辉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王吉桥, 芦孟桦, 李飞, 王文辉 filed Critical 王吉桥
Priority to CN200610046111A priority Critical patent/CN1817117B/en
Publication of CN1817117A publication Critical patent/CN1817117A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1817117B publication Critical patent/CN1817117B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A method for culturing the young sea cucumber in pound includes such steps as building pound with sand and cobble bottom, dry disinfecting, pouring the filtered seawater until the water depth is 1.2-1.5m, disinfecting, applying fertilizer for culturing natural feed, putting the washed fertilized ova of sea cucumber into the seawater at 14-26 deg.C and with 40-45 cm of transparency, top application, culturing larvae, putting attachment in seawater, top application, and culturing young sea cucumber.

Description

Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the seedling-cultivating method of a kind of sea cucumber, especially a kind of breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool that improves seed quality, diseases prevention, environmental protection, green.
Background technology:
Sea cucumber is one of " marine products eight delicacies ", flavor warm in nature is sweet, the effect that tonifying kidney and benefiting sperm, enriching the blood to restore normal menstruation are arranged contains that pentapeptide and triterpene glucosides etc. are antitumor, anti-inflammatory and haemolysis composition, to the growth of human body, more aging, the arteriosclerosis of wound, skeletonization and pre-preventing tissue etc. has specific function.
Along with the continuous increase of sea cucumber demand in the world wide, caused the overfishing of sea cucumber in recent years, especially reduce day by day in the Indian Ocean and East Pacific Region population quantity, natural resources faces exhaustion.For this reason, propagating artificially of sea cucumber arisen at the historic moment, and particularly gets up in state's mushroom developments such as China, Japan, becomes an emerging aquaculture that has a extensive future.
The stichopus japonicus of China (Apostichopus japonicus) is cultured and starts from nineteen fifties, and along with the continuous expansion of sea cucumber shrimp pond and fish-farming in shallow marine water scale, the sea cucumber indoors artificial is grown seedlings and also developed rapidly.It is to cultivate fertilized egg at lab simulation self-sow environment that existing sea cucumber indoors artificial is grown seedlings, and concrete breeding method is the method that relies on energy Na Shui and keep pond water temperature, Curtains exclude light to adjust water transparence and directly drop into bait to Chi Shui.There is following problem in existing indoor sea cucumber seedling-cultivating method:
1. consume a large amount of energy, cause seedling cost high.Can only increase profit by blindly strengthening seedling density, so since, the seedling activity space reduces, and causes the seedling malnutrition, poor growth, disease wildness;
2. directly throw in bait in nursery pond, superfluous bait and other refuse (excreta etc.) can't be removed in oxidoreduction, can only often change water, need pay more human and material resources for this reason, and seedling cost is further improved; Otherwise will grow cause of disease owing to breeding water body pollutes, and can cause the disease wildness equally;
3. in order to prevent and treat disease, people can only be extensive use of chemicals (bleaching powder etc.) to breeding water body sterilization and the sterilization of employing antibiotic, not only cause the sea cucumber drug disposition residual, quality descends, and present breeding water body is not treated directly into the sea, serious environment pollution calculates with the dosage of sea cucumber indoor raising of seedling, and the whole nation has the 440.5t chemicals to inject the sea every year approximately;
4. reduced natural selection artificially, protected sick, weak person, reduced the viability of seed, the quality of seed can not get guaranteeing.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention be improve the seed quality in order to solve technical problems such as the decline of existing in prior technology seed viability, disease wildness, contaminated environment, to provide a kind of, prevent the disease wildness, environmental protection, green breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool.
Technical solution of the present invention is: a kind of breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool has the following steps:
A. build sandstone subsoil pond;
B. inject filtering sea after dry method is cleaned up the pond, the depth of water is 1.2~1.5m, water temperature 14-26 ℃;
C. pond water sterilization;
D. natural bait is cultivated in fertilising;
Drop into the sea cucumber fertilized egg of washing when e. water transparence is 40~45cm;
F. adding seawater maintenance pond water is 1.2~1.5m, and the maintenance water transparence that topdresses is 40~45cm, cultivates the young;
G. place adherance after generating doliolaria;
H. topdress to Chi Shuizhong, the maintenance water transparence is 30~35cm, cultivates young ginseng;
I. collect children's ginseng.
It is that quicklime is sprinkled into the pond with 70~150kg/666.7 square metre consumption that the dry method of described b step is cleaned up the pond;
Described c step is that liquid medicine mixes with Chi Shui in using, middle liquid medicine is the water cooking liquid of the Radix Astragali, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose, and the weight of every cubic metre of employed Radix Astragali of pond water, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose is respectively 1.5~2.5g, 2.5~3.5g, 18~22g.
Described d step is to throw in nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer in the water of pond.
Described input nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer are the chicken and duck excrement classes of ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, urea, people's urine or fermentation.
Described f step also comprises among the Xiang Chishui by every cubic metre of trichlorfon pesticide that drops into 1~1.2mg.
Described g step is for placing polyethylene corrugated plating adherance.
The present invention compares with prior art, has following advantage:
1. the tide of receiving changes water, need not electricity consumption draw water, and need not energy natural imitation ecotope, reduced seedling cost, according to normal seedling density higher profit has been arranged promptly, therefore, the seedling activity space is big, and fast growth is avoided the disease problem that causes owing to seedling density is excessive;
2. cultivate natural bait by fertilising, the refuses such as excreta that the sea cucumber young is produced participate in oxidoreduction, need not often to change water and can remove refuse, have overcome all disadvantages that direct input bait is brought; The transparency of concentration adjustment breeding water body that simultaneously can be by natural baits such as algae, and need not to adopt other shading means, simple, convenient;
3. the living environment of rational seedling density, sanitation and hygiene, make the sea cucumber young seldom produce disease, need not to apply chemicalss such as antibiotic prevents and treats, adopt the Chinese herbal and crude drugs preparations of pure natural that seawater is sterilized, in the sea cucumber young, do not have medicament residue,, can not produce problem of environment pollution caused yet even water body is not treated directly into the sea, really accomplish environmental protection, green, meet nuisanceless breed standard fully;
4. the sea cucumber seed is grown in the natural surroundings, and natural process is selected rule, and " survival of the fittest " kept the good of species, improved quality of seed and the survival rate of sea cucumber.
The present invention contrasts as following table with the cost of prior art:
Embodiment:
Embodiment 1:
A. building native pond can receiving the seashore that tide changes water, should be the hard ends such as sandstone at the bottom of the native pond, is advisable with 5-15 mu in the pond, and area is too little, the cost height; Area is too big, and water quality is wayward, inconvenient operation.
B. in annual 6~July, when the seawater water temperature reached 14-26 ℃, parent participation was mature on the whole the phase, injected the seawater that filters through 80 eye mesh screen thin,tough silk after dry method is cleaned up the pond, and the depth of water is 1.2~1.5m.Water is too shallow, and the temperature difference is big, and as heavy rain, salinity changes greatly, is unfavorable for that larval metamorphosis and wind easily stir dirt at the bottom of the pond; Water is too dark, is difficult for breeding bait.Be preferably in parent participation row children and intake in preceding 15 to 20 days, and stir evenly, to the pond water sterilization with medium-height grass liquid medicine or other thimerosal medicines and Chi Shui.
C. impose nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer to Chi Shuizhong, under general light and temperature condition, water colour has produced natural baits such as algae by clear thin out green or light brown after 3-5 days usually.
D. after common 5~7 days, when seawater transparency is 40~45cm, drop into the sea cucumber fertilized egg of washing.The selection of sea cucumber parent participation, store up, hasten parturition, wash ovum, fertilization and seawater wash fertilized egg etc. can same prior art.
Day e.2~3 after, fertilized egg generates the microtia young, and adding seawater maintenance pond water with the method for moisture absorption Na Shui is 1.2~1.5m, and the seawater that is added also should filter, sterilize; Should observe water clarity, increasing the method for natural bait maintenance water transparence to topdress is 40~45cm, cultivates the young;
F. after growing up to doliolaria, the microtia young places adherance;
G. topdress to Chi Shuizhong, the maintenance water transparence is 30~35cm, cultivates young ginseng;
H. collect children's ginseng (seed).
Embodiment 2:
Other is with embodiment 1, and just to clean up the pond be that high-quality quicklime is sprinkled into the pond with the consumption of 70~150kg/ mu (666.7 square metres) to the dry method of b step.
Embodiment 3:
Other is with embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, described c step is that liquid medicine mixes sterilization in using with Chi Shui, middle liquid medicine is the water cooking liquid of the Radix Astragali, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose, and the weight of every cubic metre of employed Radix Astragali of pond water, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose is respectively 1.5~2.5g, 2.5~3.5g, 18~22g.Be that every cubic metre of Chi Shui carries out proportioning with the Radix Astragali 1.5~2.5g, Lonicera and Forsythia 2.5~3.5g, carboxymethyl cellulose 18~22g, and boil according to a conventional method that liquid medicine mixes with Chi Shui in the gained.
Embodiment 4:
Other is with embodiment 3, and described input nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer are the chicken and duck excrement classes of ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, urea, people's urine or fermentation, can throw in separately, also can mix input, and injected volume is ammonium sulfate 20-25g/m 3Or ammonium nitrate 15-20g/m 3Or superphosphate 3g/m 3Or urea 15-20g/m 3Or the people urinates 200g/m 3Or the chicken and duck excrement class 200g/m of fermentation 3, mix when using, can carry out the consumption adjustment according to fertilizer efficiency.
Embodiment 5:
Other is with embodiment 4, in the larval culture process, needs often to observe water quality, but among the Xiang Chishui by every cubic metre of trichlorfon pesticide that drops into 1~1.2mg, to kill insect pest such as copepod.
Embodiment 6:
Other places adherance for placing polyethylene corrugated plating adherance with embodiment 5, and the children's ginseng of being more convenient for is adhered to.
To detect, the embodiment of the invention is produced the average individual weight 1.47g of sea cucumber seedling, seed body dark brown, physical health.

Claims (5)

1. breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool has the following steps:
A. build sandstone subsoil pond;
B. inject filtering sea after dry method is cleaned up the pond, the depth of water is 1.2~1.5m, water temperature 14-26 ℃;
C. pond water sterilization;
D. natural bait is cultivated in fertilising;
E. water transparence is to drop into the sea cucumber fertilized egg washed at 40~45 o'clock;
F. adding seawater maintenance pond water is 1.2~1.5m, and the maintenance water transparence that topdresses is 40~45, cultivates the young;
G. place adherance after generating doliolaria;
H. topdress to Chi Shuizhong, keeping water transparence is 30~35, cultivates young ginseng;
I. collect children's ginseng;
It is characterized in that described c step is that liquid medicine mixes with Chi Shui in using, middle liquid medicine is the water cooking liquid of the Radix Astragali, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose, and the weight of every cubic metre of employed Radix Astragali of pond water, Lonicera and Forsythia and carboxymethyl cellulose is respectively 1.5~2.5g, 2.5~3.5g, 18~22g.
2. breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described d step is for throwing in nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer in the water of pond.
3. breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described input nitrogenous fertilizer or phosphate fertilizer are the chicken and duck excrement of ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, urea, people's urine or fermentation.
4. breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described f step also comprises among the Xiang Chishui by every cubic metre of trichlorfon pesticide that drops into 1~1.2mg.
5. breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described g step is for placing polyethylene corrugated plating adherance.
CN200610046111A 2006-03-16 2006-03-16 Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool Expired - Fee Related CN1817117B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200610046111A CN1817117B (en) 2006-03-16 2006-03-16 Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200610046111A CN1817117B (en) 2006-03-16 2006-03-16 Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1817117A CN1817117A (en) 2006-08-16
CN1817117B true CN1817117B (en) 2010-05-12

Family

ID=36917480

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200610046111A Expired - Fee Related CN1817117B (en) 2006-03-16 2006-03-16 Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1817117B (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101049095B (en) * 2007-05-22 2011-05-18 大连水产学院 Pond culture method for bechedemer in estuary district
CN101322479B (en) * 2008-07-17 2013-04-17 山东省海水养殖研究所 Trepang intermediate nursing method
CN102017908B (en) * 2010-08-31 2012-12-05 华南理工大学 Water-saving sea cucumber culturing method
CN102177860B (en) * 2011-04-09 2013-01-09 辽宁每日农业集团有限公司 Sea cucumber seedling separating agent
CN102132679B (en) * 2011-04-21 2013-01-02 辽宁每日农药集团有限公司 Method for cultivating stichopus japonicus seedlings in earth-pond net cage
CN104094877A (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-10-15 安徽强英鸭业集团有限公司 Domestic fishpond grass carp culturing technology
CN104170782B (en) * 2014-09-03 2016-06-29 山东华春渔业有限公司 Radix Morinae Bulleyanae spring and summer cultural method
CN104756918B (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-08-25 宁国市金东坊农业开发有限公司 A kind of valve knot fish, silver carp, the pond on a hill polyculture method of bighead
CN105454105B (en) * 2015-11-18 2018-03-23 富顺县舒适水产专业合作社 A kind of rearing method of erythroculter ilishaeformis

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2405425Y (en) * 2000-03-21 2000-11-15 韩宇 Sea-cucumber growing-up apparatus

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2405425Y (en) * 2000-03-21 2000-11-15 韩宇 Sea-cucumber growing-up apparatus

Non-Patent Citations (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
.刺参人工育苗关键技术.齐鲁渔业21 5.2004,21(5),全文.
.海参Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka)育苗新技术——土池生态育苗.现代渔业信息20 12.2005,20(12),3-4栏.
.海参土池生态育苗技术.水产科学24 11.2005,24(11),全文.
侯洪建
侯洪建 王世党.刺参人工育苗关键技术.齐鲁渔业21 5.2004,21(5),全文. *
卢梦华
李飞
王世党
王吉桥
王吉桥 李飞 卢梦华 郝忠福.海参土池生态育苗技术.水产科学24 11.2005,24(11),全文. *
王吉桥 蒋湘辉 芦孟桦 李飞.海参Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka)育苗新技术——土池生态育苗.现代渔业信息20 12.2005,20(12),3-4栏. *
芦孟桦
蒋湘辉
郝忠福

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1817117A (en) 2006-08-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN1817117B (en) Breeding method of sea cucumber in soil pool
CN103314902B (en) The nuisanceless pond breeding method of a kind of river crab
CN102440209B (en) Method for incubating oriental weatherfish
CN105284675B (en) A kind of biological feed preparation method for breeding loach
CN1857069A (en) Comprehensive developing and utilizing method for fish, reed and rice in soda saline-alkali wetland
CN105706810A (en) Novel method for culturing fish in rice field
CN101664011A (en) Earthen pond breeding method of procambarus clarki
CN102124974A (en) Method for artificially breeding seed of spotted maigre
CN105123563A (en) Mixed culture method for penaeus vannamei and macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN104604796A (en) Simulated ecological breeding method for soft-shelled turtles
CN105210938B (en) A kind of loach microorganism cultivation method
CN101530064A (en) Urechis unicinctus breeding and cultivating method
CN104719206A (en) Holothuria scabra artificial seeding breeding method
CN103004658A (en) Stichopus japonicus-growing method
CN108967085A (en) A kind of rice field-Penaeus Vannmei dystopy ecological cultivation system
CN101773029B (en) Method for three-dimensionally planting and breeding loofahs, water cresses and crabs
CN100493347C (en) Method for breeding graded offsprings of blue clams
CN104719215A (en) Young-tor-brevifilis net cage ecological breeding method
CN105123583A (en) Method for mixed ecological breeding of trionyx sinensis and crucian in paddy field
CN103435163B (en) Method for de-eutrophicating sewage draining exits of residential communities
CN101711509A (en) Method for raising fries of oplegnathus fasciatus
CN104642089A (en) Mixed culturing technology of gracilaria and epinephelinae
CN102870712A (en) Sea cucumber seedling raising method
CN108029489A (en) Northern area lotus rhizome, prawn and the intercropping method of loach
CN107125178A (en) A kind of ecological cultivation method of freshwater shrimp and Chinese celery

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100512

Termination date: 20130316

C17 Cessation of patent right