CN105123583A - Method for mixed ecological breeding of trionyx sinensis and crucian in paddy field - Google Patents

Method for mixed ecological breeding of trionyx sinensis and crucian in paddy field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105123583A
CN105123583A CN201510570762.XA CN201510570762A CN105123583A CN 105123583 A CN105123583 A CN 105123583A CN 201510570762 A CN201510570762 A CN 201510570762A CN 105123583 A CN105123583 A CN 105123583A
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China
Prior art keywords
soft
shelled turtle
crucian
fry
feed
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Pending
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CN201510570762.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄伟
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Manning City Mashan County Fuyuan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Manning City Mashan County Fuyuan Eco-Agriculture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510570762.XA priority Critical patent/CN105123583A/en
Publication of CN105123583A publication Critical patent/CN105123583A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for mixed ecological breeding of trionyx sinensis and crucian in a paddy field. The method includes the steps of fry selection, paddy field requiring, fry throwing, feed management, disease prevention and treatment and final-period management. Compared with other breeding methods, the crucian and the trionyx sinensis are mixed to be bred, so that symbiosis of the crucian, the trionyx sinensis and the paddy field is utilized more reasonably, namely the crucian and the trionyx sinensis feed on injurious insects in the field, meanwhile, excrement of the crucian and excrement of the trionyx sinensis can provide fertilizer for paddies, the usage amount of pesticide is reduced, the throwing amount of fertilizer is also reduced, and the quality of the trionyx sinensis and the quality of the crucian are improved. Incomes of farmers are increased, the surrounding environment is further protected, and ecological harmony sustainable development is realized.

Description

Rice field soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecological agriculture integrated culture technical field, particularly a kind of rice field soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian.
Background technology
Soft-shelled turtle [latin name] Trionyxsinensis, [Chinese is commonly called as] water fish, the soft-shelled turtle, cuckold, oviparity reptile, amphibious life.Meat flavour is delicious, nutritious, has clearing heat and nourishing yin, calming the liver to stop the wind effect.Being not only the delicious food on dining table, is also a kind of tonic of having many uses.Live in rivers, lake, pond.Omnivore based on animal bait, predation small fish, shrimp, spiral shell, insect and pluck and corpse, when animality material lacks, also eat green grass, melon and Grain plants bait.Soft-shelled turtle self-sow is slow, and in 1 year, vegetative period only has 6 months, but different with the weather conditions of different regions and breeding technology level.From the beginning of the nineties in last century, because natural resources destroy day by day, natural output constantly declines, and along with the raising of people's living standard, also constantly increases the demand of soft-shelled turtle, various breeding way also occurs as little cement pond, pond, the cultivation of booth temperature control in succession, although these cultural methods improve soft-shelled turtle output, high because dropping into, administrative skill difficulty is large, and not environmentally, and constrain breeding soft-shell turtle development.Therefore, how to provide a kind of good in economic efficiency and the ecological soft-shelled turtle culture model of efficient resource can be fully utilized, become that numerous scientific workers and raiser pay close attention to new between topic.
Crucian is mainly the omnivorefish of food with plant, and happiness is trooped and goes, and selects food and occupies.Fine and tender taste, meat flavour is sweet, and nutritive value is very high, and every hectogram meat containing 13 grams, protein, 11 grams, fat, and contains a large amount of mineral matters such as calcium, phosphorus, iron.Crucian medical value is high, and the flat taste of its property is sweet, enters stomach, kidney, has the effect with middle qi-restoratives, dehumidifying Li Shui, thin, the warm stomach feed of qi-restoratives, bowl spares anger.Crucian is widely distributed, and all there is production in waters in all parts of the country throughout the year, the most fertile with the crucian in 2 ~ April and 8 ~ December, is one of important edible fishes of China.Largest body is about 30cm, and perching the degree of depth is 0 ~ 20 meter, nontoxic, economical edible fishes.Crucian cultivation industry is flourish in recent years, but traditional cultural method, and feed consumption is large, cost is high, yield poorly, of poor benefits, moreover the factor such as environmental pollution makes crucian fall ill, and rate is high, survival rate is low.
Retrieve the following method about paddy field aquaculture:
Chinese patent, application number: 201410288704.3; Applicant: Hu Hong place; Denomination of invention: a kind of rice field soft-shelled turtle ecological cultivation method; Summary: the present invention is a kind of rice field soft-shelled turtle ecological cultivation method; fully according to paddy growth feature and soft-shelled turtle growth-development law; whole breeding process is simple to operate, and input cost is low, convenient management; good in economic efficiency; make full use of soft-shelled turtle and paddy growth general character simultaneously, achieve ecologic breeding, improve the quality of soft-shelled turtle and paddy rice; protect environment, there is significant economy, ecology and social benefit.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of rice field soft-shelled turtle mixes ecologic breeding method with crucian, realize sustainable development, increase economic efficiency simultaneously, for peasant creates new road of getting rich.
Rice field of the present invention soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, comprise the following steps:
(1) fry is selected: crucian and soft-shelled turtle are all selected healthy and strong, the anosis health without wound of father and mother, enliven fry as cultivation fry;
(2) rice field requires: ridge should exceed more than 50cm than field face, and on ridge, arrange that the high anti-soft-shelled turtle of more than 80cm using agricultural film special to make escapes wall, and builds small-sized plateau vacant lot in the south in rice field or the north and shine the back of the body for soft-shelled turtle;
(3) fry is thrown in: at rice transplanting and growth stable after, soft-shelled turtle fry and young crucian are together thrown in, and to sterilize afterwards before throwing in the potassium permanganate solution mixing that the physiological saline of 5% adds 0.02%;
(4) feed management: crucian foodstuff is: fish meal, bean powder, corn flour and other feeds stir and form, and suitably throw in; Soft-shelled turtle foodstuff should be then major-minor with a small amount of corn, bean powder and so on feed stirring granulation with small fish, shrimp, and throw at fixing cement food platform, throwing in deal is 2% to 4% of soft-shelled turtle body weight, and the morning and evening respectively once;
(5) controlling disease: suitably add passion fruit or leaf, stirs with soft-shelled turtle feed rear input of granulating; Passion fruit or leaf account for the 5-10% of feed gross weight; Enterogastritis or prevention respiratory disease can be prevented and treated; In feed, the passion fruit of 15-20% is allocated into when soft-shelled turtle generation enterogastritis; Fruit or the fruitlet of unmanned edible quality preservation difference can be selected;
(6) final-period management: try not to use agricultural chemicals, when using agricultural chemicals, little biopesticide need be endangered with to soft-shelled turtle; Rice field fertilizer then needs the organic manure using harm little; After paddy rice harvesting, crucian catches in good time, and first fish feed is tempted behind the clay cultivation pool of water, gathers in the crops in good time.
Fry input described in above (3) point requires that male and female is separately thrown in, in case bait mutually when oestrus when being soft-shelled turtle input.
Cement food platform described in above (4) point is that every block cultivation rice field arranges soft-shelled turtle food platform 3 to 8, allows it freely prey on, and the concrete quantity of food platform is depending on every block cultivation rice field size.
It is granulate after passion fruit and leaf thereof and its feed being stirred to throw in that passion fruit described in above (5) point and leaf thereof are thrown in, and suitably can strengthen deal when sick.
Described passion fruit, [latin name] pas-sifloraedulissims,[another name] foreign pomegranate, violet passion fruit, passion fruit rattan pomegranate; [Chinese formal name used at school] egg fruit; [source] is the fruit of western fragrant Nelumbonaceae plant egg fruit.[effect] anti-inflammatory analgetic, invigorate blood circulation keep fit, blood fat-reducing blood pressure-decreasing, enriching yin and nourishing kidney, refresh oneself sober up, dispelling fatigue, toxin-expelling and face nourishing, develop immunitypty.Here the main reason used is effect of passion fruit anti-inflammatory analgetic.About 20 years plant life-spans, general 8 to 10 years of economic life.Beauty that passion fruit flower pattern is very large.Fruit is berry, and pericarp keratin is tough and tensile, smooth.Yellow fruit juice is full of, like live chickens yolk between pulp.Passion fruit happiness warm and moist environment, in the area of year-round average temperature more than 18 DEG C, annual rainfall 1000 to 2000 millimeters, growth is vigorous, easily obtains high yield.Need frame of puing up a shed in passion fruit cultivation, could obtain high yield, general per mu yield about 1 ton, the period of growth of the crop is in 8 to December.Passion fruit is smashed rear as feed, there is active gene, soft-shelled turtle can by harmful substance in its absorber of stomach, and the flora that can improve in enteron aisle is formed, play the screen-wall effect that protection stomach is not absorbed with harmful substances, the nutrient absorption function improving body has remarkable effect, has special eliminating effect to colitis, enterogastritis, hemorrhoid; Be rich in VC, carotin and SOD enzyme in passion fruit, VC and carotin participate in cholesterol metabolic, can reduce cholesterol, purify the blood; SOD enzyme can remove interior free yl, plays face nourishing antidebilitation and always acts on; Passion fruit can suppress harmful microorganism in gastral growth, to eliminating vivotoxin, whole intestines stomach invigorating, is thoroughly discharged by toxin, so passion fruit plays fine effect to breeding soft-shell turtle.
Compared with prior art, good effect of the present invention has:
1, crucian of the present invention mixes ecologic breeding with soft-shelled turtle, make use of the space in rice field efficiently, produces higher economic benefit.
2, for the process of cultivation Mesichthyes enterogastritis, present invention uses passion fruit or the anti-inflammatory of leaf mixed feed, decrease the use of medicine, passion fruit contains the nutrient components such as sugar, improves the quality of fish.
3, the present invention makes full use of soft-shelled turtle and crucian and paddy growth general character, achieves mixing ecologic breeding, improves the quality of soft-shelled turtle, crucian and paddy rice, protects environment, have significant economy, ecology and social benefit.
4, rice field of the present invention soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, decreases the harmful animal of multiple crucian and soft-shelled turtle, decreases growing of Field Pests, decreases the input of agricultural chemicals, achieves sustainable development.
5, crucian of the present invention, the ecological chain that formed between soft-shelled turtle and paddy rice, decrease the use of chemical fertilizer, the quality of three be improved, protect the ecotope of periphery simultaneously.
6, suitably add passion fruit or leaf, stir with soft-shelled turtle feed rear input of granulating; Enterogastritis or prevention respiratory disease can be prevented and treated; Soft-shelled turtle healthy growth, document has no report, and particularly peasant household is at water field border planting passion fruit, carries out diversified farming breeding, improves the economic well-being of workers and staff of peasant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is process chart of the present invention.In figure, fry comprises crucian and soft-shelled turtle fry.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
Rice field soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, comprise the following steps:
(1) fry is selected: crucian and soft-shelled turtle are all selected healthy and strong, the anosis health without wound of father and mother, enliven fry as cultivation fry.
(2) rice field requires: ridge should exceed more than 50cm than field face, and on ridge, arrange that the high anti-soft-shelled turtle of more than 80cm using agricultural film special to make escapes wall, and builds small-sized plateau vacant lot in the south in rice field or the north and shine the back of the body for soft-shelled turtle.
(3) fry is thrown in: after at rice transplanting, also growth is stablized, together throw in by the density of 60, every mu of rice field soft-shelled turtle fry and 100 young crucians, and when soft-shelled turtle is thrown in, male and female is separately thrown in, in case bait mutually when oestrus, sterilize add the potassium permanganate solution mixing of 0.02% before throwing in the physiological saline of 5% after.
(4) feed management: crucian foodstuff is: fish meal, bean powder, corn flour and other feeds stir granulation and form, and suitably throw in; Soft-shelled turtle foodstuff should be then major-minor with a small amount of corn, bean powder and so on feed stirring granulation with small fish, shrimp, throw at fixing cement food platform, every mu of cultivation rice field arranges soft-shelled turtle food platform 3 to 8, and throwing in deal is 2% to 4% of soft-shelled turtle body weight, sooner or later respectively once.
(5) controlling disease: suitably add passion fruit or leaf, stirs with soft-shelled turtle feed rear input of granulating; Passion fruit or leaf account for the 5-10% of feed gross weight, for preventing and treating soft-shelled turtle enterogastritis or prevention respiratory disease; In feed, the passion fruit of 15-20% is allocated into when soft-shelled turtle generation enterogastritis; Fruit or the fruitlet of unmanned edible quality preservation difference can be selected.
(6) final-period management: try not to use agricultural chemicals, when using agricultural chemicals, little biopesticide need be endangered with to soft-shelled turtle.Rice field fertilizer then needs the organic manure using harm little.After paddy rice harvesting, crucian catches in good time, and first fish feed is tempted behind the clay cultivation pool of water, gathers in the crops in good time.
embodiment 2
Cultivation crucian is basic identical with embodiment 1 with the method for soft-shelled turtle, allocates the passion fruit of 15-20% when soft-shelled turtle generation enterogastritis in feed into.
Paddy rice is also had all to show quality better, advantage that output is high by technique scheme the soft-shelled turtle of paddy field mixed breed and crucian.
The present inventor mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian village of Mashan township, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region employing rice field soft-shelled turtle, early rice paddy rice is got bumper crops, average yield per mu 800 kilograms (single cropping), results crucian 25 kilograms; Soft-shelled turtle gathers in the crops 90 kilograms, and every mu of income is close to 8000 yuan, and whole Rice Cropping process does not need to spray insecticide, fertilizer amount also greatly reduces, rice field surrounding enviroment are damaged little, pollution-free, significantly improve economic benefit and surrounding environment, achieve sustainable development.

Claims (4)

1. rice field soft-shelled turtle mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, it is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) fry is selected: crucian and soft-shelled turtle are all selected healthy and strong, the anosis health without wound of father and mother, enliven fry as cultivation fry;
(2) rice field requires: ridge should exceed more than 50cm than field face, and on ridge, arrange that high anti-of more than 80cm using agricultural film special to make escapes wall, and builds small-sized plateau vacant lot in the south in rice field or the north and shine the back of the body for soft-shelled turtle;
(3) fry is thrown in: at rice transplanting and growth stable after, soft-shelled turtle fry and young crucian are together thrown in, and to sterilize afterwards before throwing in the potassium permanganate solution mixing that the physiological saline of 5% adds 0.02%;
(4) feed management: crucian foodstuff is: fish meal, bean powder, corn flour and other feeds stir and form, and suitably throw in; Soft-shelled turtle foodstuff should be then major-minor with a small amount of corn, bean powder and so on feed stirring granulation with small fish, shrimp, and throw at fixing cement food platform, throwing in deal is 2% to 4% of soft-shelled turtle body weight, and the morning and evening respectively once;
(5) controlling disease: suitably add passion fruit or leaf, stirs with soft-shelled turtle feed rear input of granulating; Passion fruit or leaf account for the 5-10% of feed gross weight, for preventing and treating soft-shelled turtle enterogastritis or prevention respiratory disease;
(6) final-period management: try not to use agricultural chemicals, when using agricultural chemicals, little biopesticide need be endangered with to soft-shelled turtle; Rice field fertilizer then needs the organic manure using harm little; After paddy rice harvesting, crucian catches in good time, and first fish feed is tempted behind the clay cultivation pool of water, gathers in the crops in good time.
2. the rice field soft-shelled turtle according to claims 1 mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, it is characterized in that: require that male and female is separately thrown in, in case bait mutually when oestrus when the fry input described in step (2) is soft-shelled turtle input.
3. the rice field soft-shelled turtle according to claims 1 mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, it is characterized in that: the cement food platform described in step (4) is that every block cultivation rice field arranges soft-shelled turtle food platform 3 to 8.
4. the rice field soft-shelled turtle according to claims 1 mixes the method for ecologic breeding with crucian, it is characterized in that: the passion fruit allocating 15-20% when soft-shelled turtle generation enterogastritis in feed into, selects fruit or the fruitlet of unmanned edible quality preservation difference.
CN201510570762.XA 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Method for mixed ecological breeding of trionyx sinensis and crucian in paddy field Pending CN105123583A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106900613A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-06-30 陆川县品养殖专业合作社 A kind of passion fruit feeds the cultural method of river snail
CN108496722A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-07 南充市鱼之道农业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of ecology rice flower crucian carp
CN108739667A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-06 湖南和滨特种水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method that tortoise is raised in rice field

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CN104824384A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-08-12 安徽省希久养殖有限责任公司 High-effective health-caring free-range chicken feed containing residue from silkworm pupae and preparation method of same

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106900613A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-06-30 陆川县品养殖专业合作社 A kind of passion fruit feeds the cultural method of river snail
CN108496722A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-09-07 南充市鱼之道农业开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of ecology rice flower crucian carp
CN108739667A (en) * 2018-07-20 2018-11-06 湖南和滨特种水产养殖有限公司 A kind of method that tortoise is raised in rice field

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Application publication date: 20151209