CN1354822A - Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production - Google Patents

Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1354822A
CN1354822A CN00803472A CN00803472A CN1354822A CN 1354822 A CN1354822 A CN 1354822A CN 00803472 A CN00803472 A CN 00803472A CN 00803472 A CN00803472 A CN 00803472A CN 1354822 A CN1354822 A CN 1354822A
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China
Prior art keywords
temperature
cold
storage
heat
underground
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CN00803472A
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Chinese (zh)
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李海泉
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority claimed from CN99113457A external-priority patent/CN1262030A/en
Priority claimed from CN99108276A external-priority patent/CN1276505A/en
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN00803472A priority Critical patent/CN1354822A/en
Publication of CN1354822A publication Critical patent/CN1354822A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D20/00Heat storage plants or apparatus in general; Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus not covered by groups F28D17/00 or F28D19/00
    • F28D20/0052Heat storage plants or apparatus in general; Regenerative heat-exchange apparatus not covered by groups F28D17/00 or F28D19/00 using the ground body or aquifers as heat storage medium
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/10Geothermal collectors with circulation of working fluids through underground channels, the working fluids not coming into direct contact with the ground
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T10/00Geothermal collectors
    • F24T10/30Geothermal collectors using underground reservoirs for accumulating working fluids or intermediate fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24TGEOTHERMAL COLLECTORS; GEOTHERMAL SYSTEMS
    • F24T50/00Geothermal systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/14Thermal energy storage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The invention relates to the development of recyclable resources, wherein a heat accumulator is built underground. Due to the heat capacity and the insulation of the soil, nature heat and cold is accumulated. By the heat accumulator, recyclable resources, such as the geothermal energy, temperature difference between day and night, power energy at all-time low, surplus energy in exhaust, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, rubbish, stem of plant and so on, can be utilized more. The invention also relates to the application of above resources in agriculture.

Description

Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production
The comprehensive exploitation of renewable resource and its application technology technical field in terms of agricultural production
The present invention relates to the comprehensive exploitation of renewable resource, the comprehensive exploitation of the renewable resources such as waste heat, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, house refuse and crop straw in natural cold and heat, ground temperature, daily difference, trough-electricity, industrial heater exhaust is concretely related to, the invention further relates to application of the above-mentioned resource in terms of agricultural production.
It is well-known, inexhaustible natural cold and heat, low daily difference of high night in daytime and ground temperature cool in summer and warm in winter are a kind of potential renewable resources, but the technology for developing natural cooling and heating at present is only the existing collection of solar source now to be used or storage utilization in a short time, it there is no a kind of by natural heat energy is inexpensive, long-term storage applications technology, and the development and application of natural cold resource, daily difference resource and ground temperature resource are also in a kind of space state;Equally, night dip electricity is also a kind of huge resource, but the method developed at present is also to be applied in a short time after being translated into cold energy or heat energy, the utilization methods also stored without a kind of low cost, on a large scale, for a long time;Industrial heater exhaust includes heat energy, three kinds of resources of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, the method that current Jian hairs are utilized is generally that cities and towns industrial furnace waste heat is recycled in a short time, and rural area brick and tile, the industry heater exhaust waste heat such as lime and ceramics recycles all seldom in a short time, current situation is one side industrial furnace waste heat, carbon dioxide, nitrogen-rich gas are allowed to be discharged into air together with dust and pernicious gas, both the waste of resource had been caused, it also result in the pollution of environment, and be on the other hand particularly in agricultural production in protecting field arable farming, both famine thermal source and carbon dioxide, a kind of method that more no-trump nitrogen-rich gas are applied to agricultural production as resource, that is a kind of method for being applicable to integrated rural development using industrial heater exhaust resource is there is no at present;It is a kind of method of organic matter Transform efficiency highest using biogas fermentation and raising dealing with earthworm house refuse, human and animal excreta and crop material, the method for carrying out biogas and earthworm production currently with waste can be divided into two major classes, one is peasant household relies on the small-scale production of natural cooling and heating, the ability of the manual control factor of production, though the small benefit of investment is also poor.Secondly being large-scale factorial praluction, although the various factor of productions of factorial praluction energy manual control, but what is on the one hand consumed is the limited energy, on the other hand it is difficult to be widely applied to invest big cost height, equally lacks technology and method that a kind of utilization natural cooling and heating anniversary thermophilic can be widely appliede
Fall sharply in world population boom arable land under such a irreversible main trend, the mankind will be faced with the crisis of survival of inanition.The current universally recognized solution of people is the batch production precision agriculture for developing high benefit.But today in finite energy resource also to face a crisis, factory farming and the energy crisis of highly energy-consuming form irresistible contradiction again.That is petty can largely to develop new field again beyond existing arable land, can by it is natural it is hot and cold wait that renewable resource is a large amount of, long-term storage, by renewable money Source integrated application eventually prompts brand-new batch production, three-dimensional precision agriculture and not yet finds any report of this respect at present in new field.
It is an object of the invention to can largely store this hot and cold function using underground or rock, an extremely simple conversion equipment is built in deep under ground, by the secondary transmission function of the conversion equipment, can by natural cold and heat, industrial furnace waste heat and using trough-electricity it is made it is cold or hot it is a large amount of, long-term be located in be stored in underground deep layer soil or rock;
It is a further object of the present invention to provide the method that underground storage freezer or storage heat reservoir carry out cold and hot storage;Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of liquefied air depots for being built in deep under ground, cold cold insulation and high pressure resistant property are easily store using it, by trough-electricity and natural cold energy be converted into liquefied air store for a long time, strange land application be trough-electricity and natural cold energy another utilization methods;
A kind of further contributed to it is yet another object of the invention to provide utilization underground storage cooling and heating device and underground storage Cooling and Heat Source trough-electricity, house refuse, crop straw and waste heat in industrial heater exhaust, carbon dioxide, the comprehensive development and utilization method of rich nitrogen resource;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of utilization underground storage it is cold and hot, a kind of method for going to the field of gentle daily difference resource comprehensive application and development ground;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of the dehumidification and temperature adjustment equipment and dehumidification and temperature adjustment method of with being used for agricultural protection production application;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of temperature difference per day and annular cultivation or facility and method of flowing water cultivation of thermoperiod regulation and control of going to the field with being used for;
It can enter trip temperature and the cultivation bed and methods for using them of oxygen regulation and control to crop rhizosphere it is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of pest control method that protecting field arable farming is carried out using foregoing renewable resource;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a series of foregoing renewable resource of comprehensive utilizations and the plant cultivation method of various factor of production control techniques;
Device and cultural method are planted it is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of edible mushroom case;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of cultural method for edible mushroom flowing water circulation of being gone to the field with carrying out using renewable resource; ·
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of animal flowing water method for breeding gone to the field with carrying out using renewable resource;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of off-season cultivation method that plant extension rest period is carried out using renewable resource; It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing, refrigeration or the freezing method of utilization renewable resource;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of foregoing crop of utilization or the resident house semi-finished product cultural method of cultivating method for edible fungi;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide kind using renewable resource and annular arable farming of going to the field underground ice and snow amusement park technology;
It is yet another object of the invention to provide a kind of underground ice and snow garden technology of utilization underground storage low-temperature receiver.The storing technology of the renewable resource of the present invention, it is can to store cold and hot using underground and rock, there are this functionality resources of heat-insulation and heat-preservation again, the conversion equipment of a cold and hot transmission is built in the soil or rock of deep under ground, then the cold and hot energy such as the cold energy in winter, the heat energy in summer, the solar energy in anniversary and industrial exhaust heat are largely stored in by the conversion equipment in the dielectric material of the soil of deep under ground or rock and conversion equipment.Due to store it is hot and cold with it is extraneous between there is enough thickness soil to cover, so deep soil can not largely be stored hot and cold by ectocine, layer soil away from earth's surface can then play good thermal insulation function, and hot and cold purpose is largely stored in underground deep layer soil or rock so as to reach.Further a series of high benefit exploitation of resources such as waste heat, carbon dioxide, the nitrogen in ground temperature resource daily difference resource, low ebb electric resources and industrial heater exhaust is facilitated in catalysis;
Application of the renewable resource of the present invention in terms of agricultural production, it is to build basement in underground, utilize a series of foregoing resources and corresponding supporting technology, the various factor of productions of basement can be carried out to artificial any adjustment, it is finally reached full utilization renewable resource, can open up the new field in underground, but can the various factor of productions of manual control, can four seasons production cost is low, quality is high agricultural product purpose.The brief description of accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 be the present invention the hot and cold depots of long period in conversion equipment main hole schematic cross-sectional view;Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-sectional view of the netted depots being built in massif of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the automatic soil-discharging depots schematic diagram being built in native mountain of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the basement schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the trim heat exchanger 503 in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram that temperature adjustment tubule is longitudinally arranged in the pipe of the trim heat exchanger 503 in Fig. 5;Fig. 8 is a kind of schematic diagram of circular loop room plane of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of another circular loop room plane of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the racetrack circular chamber plane of the present invention;
Fig. 11 is the systemic circulation production schematic diagram of the present invention;
The sand soil bed that Figure 12 is the present invention plants schematic diagram; The modeling canopy that Figure 13 is the present invention supports native schematic diagram;
The large-scale sand soil bed of basement that Figure 14 is the present invention plants fruit tree schematic diagram;
Figure 15 is the edible mushroom box-type culture schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram for applying oxygen air permeable plate of the cultivating box for edible fungus bottom of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the facility arrangement schematic diagram in the underground ice and snow garden of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the Continuous building type ice and snow garden schematic diagram being built in mountain of the present invention;
Figure 19 is the schematic diagram that fresh and alive plant railcar circulation is put on display in the ice and snow garden of the present invention.Preferred embodiment of the present invention
First, the comprehensive utilization of renewable resource
1st, the hot and cold depots of underground long period
The cold-hot conversion device in underground storage freezer or storage heat reservoir as shown in Fig. 1, i.e. main hole schematic cross-sectional view, wherein 101 be the dielectric material in main hole and main hole, 102 be the ventilating duct of main hole bottom, 103 are, every soil, 104 be the small holes of main hole surrounding between dielectric material and ventilating duct.Its method of construction is as follows:Include first in deep under ground under level land or the long hole of a stripe shape is dug out in depths in mountain, i.e. main hole, the ventilating duct of one or more different length is built out in the bottom in main hole, and a most long ventilating duct passes to the end in main hole, the duct-ventilated end of institute is communicated with main hole, one layer of soil of ventilating duct overlying.It is layered at a certain distance in hole length direction in the both sides in main hole and plan vertical and uniformly gets elongated duck eye, by etc. be longer than duck eye length, diameter be slightly less than the plastic bag water in duck eye aperture and reserve because when storing cold and hot the increase of water swelling volume it is vacant after be put into duck eye, or built in small holes with such as metal dielectric material of good heat conductivity, also can be set in main hole one with main hole is isometric, the endcapped total ventilation duct for aiming at small holes ventilation heat exchange, set with the smaller plastic straw in aperture and communicated with total ventilation duct again in each small holes.Outside the main hole wall it is rock or small holes can not also be set during in order to reduce investment.Dielectric material is completely filled out in main hole, dielectric material can be cobble or block stone etc., can also be stacked in length and breadth with after plastic bag wet soil or damp sand, it can also be and be stacked in after containing latent heat of phase change material with plastic tube, polybag, earthenware or other containers in main hole, no matter which kind of stacks mode to which kind of medium, all need to reserve uniform ventilation space.Main hole, the ventilating duct of main hole bottom and the total ventilation duct for aiming at small holes ventilation being located in main hole are drawn ground and the thick earthen backfill in main hole accused into the conversion equipment in depots with pipeline and is built up.The storage method of natural cold energy is:Night in the winter time, medium is passed using natural cold air as one, cold air is sent into behind main hole end from ventilating duct with blower fan and discharged again after the space heat exchange between dielectric material in main hole from main hole pipe, continuous ventilating when discharging temperature and same or like feeding temperature until stop divulging information.Now dielectric material fully inhales cold in hole, dielectric material passes cold heat exchange with the role of second thermal medium to hole wall soil or rock again in hole within the period for stopping ventilation, the logical cold wind heat exchange of row again when dielectric material temperature in hole is raised, so can at night into hole multiple ventilation heat exchange, until stop heat exchange when daytime temperature gos up, in the time on whole daytime, in hole Dielectric material has time enough to carry out hot and cold exchange with hole wall soil or rock, until evening mercury dropped, preceding logical cold wind such as is repeated when dielectric material temperature is raised in hole to exchange heat, cold heat exchange is so store day by day in whole winter, largely can store low-temperature receiver in hole wall deep soil or rock.When main hole wall is provided with small holes, dielectric material can pass to the dielectric material in small holes quickly after absorbing cold energy in main hole, and cold heat exchange then can be passed to hole Bi Geng deeps with three roles for passing media after the cold heat exchange of dielectric material suction in small holes, store cold scope so as to accelerate storage speed of cooling increasing.When being additionally provided with ventilation duct in small holes, cold wind is also sent into from total pipeline to small holes with air blower while dielectric material exchanges heat in Xiang Zhudong, discharged again from main hole pipeline after draining into main hole through small holes heat exchange, so can further improve storage speed, increase reserves, expand storage scope.The method of heat is store cold identical with storing, except that one passes the hot-air for the higher temperature that medium collects by the hot-air on daytime or through solar energy heat collector.When obtaining thermal source using solar energy heating, both existing solar energy heat collector can be used, also the wide advantage in rural area can be made full use of, 3 meters or so of diameter is controlled out in underground, deep 1 .3 meters or so pan bottom shape hollow place, pitted surface is with the miserable 37 lime earth rammed for having 5-10 % jet-blacks into thick 6-1 0 centimetre heat-absorbent surface, cheat surrounding and supported with bamboo chip by the angle arcuate of solar energy heating in ground, tightly covered after plastic foil is tailored into bonding according to type, fixed again with being covered in nylon wire for 10 centimetres of 10 X outside plastic foil, setting inlet and outlet at collection thermal pit two ends can thermal-arrest.Collecting thermal pit both can independent thermal-arrest, also can multiple series connection thermal-arrests, can also multigroup series connection group thermal-arrest in parallel again, when hot heel row is store in collect thermal source feeding underground heat storage storehouse to be gone out temperature and remain above extraneous natural temperature, discharge gas can be introduced collection thermal pit to carry out circulation thermal-arrest storage hot.In order to reduce collection thermal pit night radiating, the insulation that plastic canopy carries out the non-thermal-arrest period can be also added in each series connection group.
When it is latent heat of phase change material to store the dielectric material in freezer or storage heat reservoir, main hole first section is stacked in for storing being slightly below melting temperature in the groove or pipe that are made by the resistant to elevated temperatures metal of phase-change material loading, ceramics, concrete prefabricated or plastics of storage heat source temperature etc. for heat, then the phase-change material of melting temperature relative reduction is placed paragraph by paragraph, hole end segment places melting temperature minimum phase-change material relatively, vice versa, thermal source is sent into from the high one end of melting temperature during storage heat, from the low one end discharge of melting temperature.Also the phase-change material of same melting temperature can be placed in the main hole of storage heat reservoir, store multiple built in heat reservoirs with the phase-change material of different melting points temperature, then the order gradually reduced according to melting temperature is by multiple storage heat reservoir placed in series, equally sent into by storage thermal source from high-melting-point storehouse, from the discharge of low melting point storehouse, it can reach and high temperature heat source is disposably store to most effect.It is of course also possible to set single phase transformation bill of materials solely to store heat in a main hole.For storing, cold phase-change material is water, adds salt to reduce freezing point degree in water, most low energy is down to one 55 °C.Fresh water and salt solution are loaded in the polybag of tubular, reserve about 10 % empty bag, sack is ligatured after discharge air, plastic water bag is stacked in main hole in length and breadth, and reserved at the top of hole because of the cavity needed for when water freezing expands, a deep bead is set at headroom at a certain distance along hole length, heat exchange air is led directly to and mistake from headroom during to prevent storing into or take out low-temperature receiver.Method to set up of the salt solution and fresh water of different freezing point temperatures in main hole is identical with storage heat reservoir. Storage method of the underground storage storehouse to non-natural cold and heat source be:In storage freezer peripheral hardware refrigeration plant, freezed in the night dip electric phase using cheap power supply, send freezer to be stored by freezing.Also there is heat energy generation while due to refrigeration, during such as compressed air refrigeration, because Kong Qi Ti Ji Shrink are small and raise temperature, thermal source can now be swapped out and send storage heat reservoir storage, reflation cools when pressure-air temperature is down to normal temperature, and send storage refrigeration house storage by institute's refrigeration source, trough-electricity can be so converted into cold energy and thermal energy storage in underground, and can be made and store the low-temperature receiver lower than natural cooling source, both it had been suitable for each season application in various regions, it is cold more suitable for the less area refrigeration storage of natural cooling source.By the supporting construction of the industrial furnaces such as rural area brick and tile lime and underground heat storage storehouse, underground heat storage storehouse being sent into air-heater after industrial heater exhaust, dedusting and carrying out waste heat storage, first storage heat reservoir can be store to the temperature that discharged after heat still high gas and send second the 3rd storage heat reservoir to store waste heat again until waste heat storage is most.Trough-electricity freezes and industrial furnace waste heat can both be stored in the depots of the non-phase-change material medium such as cobble, is more suitable for being stored in the freezer using phase-change material as medium or storehouse.
It need to only be discharged when being applied by storage low-temperature receiver by outside air or from ventilating duct feeding after being exchanged heat between dielectric material in main hole from main hole pipe, or from main hole pipe feeding from ventilating duct discharge, air themperature can all be reduced and take out low-temperature receiver.When provided with a plurality of Length discrepancy ventilating duct, air can be also sent into from any pipeline to discharge from any pipeline in addition behind main hole partially or fully dielectric material heat exchange, the effect of a plurality of Length discrepancy ventilating duct is set to be, low-temperature receiver sectional in freezer takes out, the low-temperature receiver of different temperatures that can be according to needed for production in the same storehouse of selection, frost blocking in hole can also be reduced by taking out low-temperature receiver paragraph by paragraph from hole head end.Blocked for frost in reduction hole, can be swapped out low-temperature receiver with dividing wall type heat exchanger, into freezer to change cold air circulating picture-changing cold, it is to avoid extraneous humid air enters fundamentally solve the stifled problem of frost in storage, while it is interior to be also avoided that impurity and miscellaneous bacteria enter storage.It is identical that the removing direction of thermal source takes out method with low-temperature receiver.
Storage freezer and storage heat can be both built under level land, can also be dug a hole and be built in mountain into massif at the foot of the hill, both can build in native mountain or build in tor, but the depots cost building in native mountain is minimum, and benefit is best.Because substantial amounts of low-temperature receiver or thermal source are stored in beyond main hole in the deep soil or rock of surrounding, and store it is cold or storage hometown earth or rock beyond also needed certain thickness soil or rock to be thermally shielded insulation, so between depots and the external world every soil(Stone)Thickness is to influence a critically important reason of storage effect.But every soil(Stone)Thickness depends on two factors, first, by the intensity of storage cold source type thermal source, intensity then needs greatly thick covering, on the contrary can relatively thin covering.Second, investment factor.Depots are built below level land, cladding thickness is proportional with putting into.So covering many thickness need to specifically determine according to store hot and cold intensity and input size.Heretofore described " underground " be die a natural death under underground, mountain region, the general name in soil or in rock.
The hot and cold outstanding feature of underground storage of the present invention and the difference hot and cold with existing underground storage are:Major refrigeration or thermal source are stored among the soil of underground deep layer or rock, underground deep layer soil or rock have played the cold or hot carrier function of storage, and the soil or rock away from shallow surface have played the hot and cold insulation effect of barrier nature, that is to say, that both make use of the storage of underground or rock hot and cold Storage function, make use of the heat-insulation and heat-preservation function that its thermal conductivity is poor again.And the dielectric material in the main hole of depots has then mainly played two cold or hot biographies of transmission, two pass and three settings for passing dielectric materials, soil or the poor deficiency of rock heat conductivility are also effectively overcomed in addition to transformation is played, cold or hot purpose is largely stored so as to reach.
2nd, the netted storage in underground is cold, store heat reservoir-so-called netted depots exactly builds multiple depots and is integrated, it is connected as a single entity between the main hole in i.e. adjacent two storehouse with hooking intensive net road intercommunication, further promote " three pass " function for this, further improve bin rates and efficiency.The netted depots schematic cross-sectional view being built in massif as shown in Fig. 2, wherein 201 be massif profile, 202 be with completely identical in structure main hole as shown in Figure 1, the end in all main holes is with the passage intercommunication not less than ventilating duct aperture.203 be the net road of intercommunication between two main holes, i.e. along hole length direction, the net hole of some intercommunications is got to main hole adjacent and above every several meters, it can be that aperture is smaller to net hole, the cavity of what dielectric material is not let alone in hole, can also be that aperture is relatively large, hole is built-in with the real hole compared with dielectric materials such as gravel pebbles.The effect for setting up net hole is difference in specific gravity using different temperatures air, i.e. cold air is moved down naturally and principle that hot-air rises automatically carries out automatic heat exchange, promote low-temperature receiver or thermal source quickly to store into or take out to the soil between two main holes with this, overcome the shortcomings of that thermal conduction of soil is poor to the full extent.First successively down stored from highest point when storing cold, when temperature is reduced by a relatively large margin in main hole, hot-air below main hole in net hole will rise automatically, and the cold air in main hole then declines shape and exchanges automatically cold and hot and reach and cold purpose is store to deep soil rapid, high volume between two main holes automatically.When taking-up low-temperature receiver is applied, first taken from the main hole heat exchange of bottommost cold.The low-temperature receiver in the net hole of top can be equally set quickly to swap out.Similarly, first successively stored upwards from bottom when storing heat, heat is successively taken downwards from top with first during heat.Another effect of netted depots is also resided in:When the storage thermal source that not only high temperature but also amount had been concentrated greatly as industrial furnace waste heat, thermal source can be sent into from the ventilating duct in the main hole in middle part, discharged from another main hole, changed when the temperature for discharging gas is significantly raised by switching control from another main hole storage heat, so heat can be store by hole, store cold same.204 be the net hole on the pass-out ground for being only applicable to store freezer, its role is to:When the temperature for storing freezer is less than extraneous nighttime temperature, cool ambient air and Ku Nei hot-airs can store cold by heat convection automatically, or be evacuated with air exhauster from the main hole in bottom, laterally heat exchange storage is cold from the suction progress of net road 4 for cool ambient air, and net road 4 is closed when longitudinally storing cold.Leading to the net road 4 in the external world not can both set, also need not intensive, a small amount of setting as the Intranet road of storehouse even if setting.When massif is smaller to be made full use of, pyramid can be built up in netted storehouse, as shown in figure with i lines in bottom Zai Jianzhu holes and be connected with the main hole in top.206 be the substantially ride of soil function in massif, i.e., soil, which serves, within dotted line stores cold or hot storage, and soil then plays thermal insulation function beyond dotted line.Netted depots can also Integral rectangular arrangement build under level land.It can also build in the flume between two mountains, i.e., behind the smooth compacting place in flume bottom, such as preceding main hole and ventilating duct are built into cobble or block stone are outdoor, hole surrounding is fastened as netting hole with plastic tube or precast concrete, then fetch earth from the hilltop backfill, compacting, successively build hole backfill The thick soil covering of the superiors and ditch two ends, the loess high source of China is best suitable for using flume networking storehouse, and can also build up storage dam in passing while " storehouse " is built, and is killed two birds with one stone.
3rd, quick cooling, heating depots
The characteristics of industrial furnace waste heat is that temperature is high, amount is big and concentrates;Utilize the low-temperature receiver that lower temperature can be made in trough-electricity again, amount is concentrated greatly.The storage method of the foregoing soil using outside main hole or rock as main hot and cold storage carrier is difficult in a short time will a large amount of hot and cold efficient storages.Quick depots are to build up the relatively large main hole of strip type in cross section in deep under ground, main hole side not can set small holes, hole bottom also sets ventilating duct and every soil layer, latent heat of phase change dielectric material is set in hole, the collocation method of dielectric material and hot and cold storage method are identical with the foregoing long period depots using latent heat of phase change material as medium, quick depots are based on medium storage in hole, supplemented by Dong Bitu, stone storage.Due to quick depots be deposit soon cache short periodic endless store into, take out, so the cladding thickness between main hole and the external world can relative thin it is a little.The exploitation of industrial furnace comprehensive resources and trough-electricity development of resources that quick depots are chatted after being mainly used in.
The hot and cold depots of automatic soil-discharging being built in native mountain
As shown in Fig. 3, the Tu Shan that soil property is good, massif is suitable is selected first, a moat ditch is first dug out at the foot of the hill, from moat ditch bottom with obliquely can the angle of automatic soil-discharging a main hole is excavated out into mountain,, can be in mono- layer of agricultural thick plastic foil casting of Dong Dipu when digging a hole to reduce gradient and reducing casting frictional force.Main hole can not dig out ground, real segment as shown in wherein 301, ground can also be dug out and reach phantom line segments i.e. shown in 302, hole bottom also sets ventilating duct and every soil layer, ground Shi Jiangzhu holes bottom is not dug out when main hole end and makes wide-bed-type press brake scalariform, and intersecting parallels stacks with plastics inner bag water or filled the second thermal medium of wet soil on step surface.Step can have both been set such as method when ground is dug out in main hole and polybag medium is stacked, step can not have also been set from the dielectric material of main hole eminence end full guanovulite or plastic bag wet soil into hole.Ventilating duct and main hole two-port at main hole drawn with pipeline after by the thick earthen backfill in hole.Main hole eminence end draw surface duct and both can will also be led in pipeline buried channel after higher height again along hillside to a zanjon is dug out at mountain top and to backfill ditch, pipe end sets valve upright on the spot.The hot and cold method store into and taken out is identical with the naturally hot and cold storage method of foregoing long period depots.The characteristics of pattern depots are most prominent is that cost of investment is extremely low, is best suitable for hot and cold in the loess plateau Jian Ku storing naturals as China.
5th, the big volume ice and snow storage in underground, plant extension dormancy storage or agricultural products fresh-keeping storage
The long hole of the big volume of big cross section is built in deep under ground, ventilating duct is set in hole and leads to hole bottom, hole sets multiple tracks heat-insulation and heat-preservation door, it is uniformly arranged on interim bedstead, storehouse frame and is put with plastic water bag in hole, until during night in winter, lead to cold wind heat exchange storage into hole cold, store cold into the soil or rock of hole wall day by day under " two pass " effect of plastic water bag, until hole wall deep layer largely store it is cold after withdraw from bedstead, then natural ice or snow are stored in hole.Also can be after wall storage in hole be cold while water spray or water filling into hole, the ice storage while logical cold wind successively freezes in hole.Earthing is heat-insulated at the external door of hole if necessary.Plant in a dormant state can also be put in hole and extend dormancy storage in case in hole;Frozen food can also be stored;Regulation hole temperature can also be entered Row preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing.During crop and food storage, store cold or storage heat using underground and carry out temperature adjusting in hole at any time.
6th, the exploitation of industrial furnace waste heat with ore deposit be cut or rubble build up storage heat, storage freezer.
Build a kind of available for vehicle-mounted heat storage tank, tank wall sets insulating, made in case such as the latent heat of phase change medium storage facility of quick storage library structure, heat source is transported to by heat storage tank is vehicle-mounted during storage heat, when thermal source is the gas thermals source such as steam or hot gas, heat storage tank fusing phase-change material can be passed directly into and carry out storage heat.When thermal source is the non-pneumatic thermals source such as stove quarrel, a heat-insulated switch room of sealing can be built in heat source or with abandoning quarrel, hot stove quarrel is first put into a resistant to elevated temperatures flat car, then switch room is promoted, close after switch room or be passed through after air heat-exchange to heat storage tank and store heat, or be passed through water and produce steam heat-exchanging storage heat.Storage pad case after storage heat is transported to grown place or directly utilized again, or dumps again in underground heat storage storehouse.Suburb industrial furnace waste heat can provided underground instlated tubular by near thermal source direct sending underground Zhu Dian storehouses store waste heat.
Ore deposit is cut or rubble builds into large-scale long shape and stores bed, surrounding is covered with soil, the levels at long bed two ends set multiple ventilating openings respectively, low-temperature receiver or thermal source are sent into from any ventilation duct in one end, the switch for being located at ventilating opening by control can be discharged from any ventilating opening of the other end, due to intercommunication in whole bed, so various cold and heat sources largely can be stored quickly, due to intercommunication in storage bed, so can first be store from bottom during storage heat, thermal source is set to move up storage automatically using the automatic rising principle of hot-air, first from top storage when storing cold.
7th, underground is without the depots for excavating punching construction.
A plurality of long hole is got in deep under ground using without excavation underground pipe laying puncher, a plurality of long hole is serially connected or parallel with one another, hole two ends set house steward and drawn the thick earthen backfill in two ends behind ground.Both prefabricated pipe can be set in hole again, can not also be set, second thermal medium can be both set in Kong Zhongzai, also only can be integrated medium with air directly stores cold or storage heat into soil.The method of hot and cold storage is identical with preceding method.
8th, the hot and cold depots built in flume
Natural flume is that underground construction depots create natural conditions, the method that flume builds storehouse is first to flatten flume bottom along the shaping of ditch gesture, then build a plurality of second thermal medium road as in the foregoing main hole of long period depots along ditch length direction cobble or block stone are parallel, fetch earth and be backfilling and compacted from the hilltop afterwards, second thermal medium road is built again every soil to fetch earth again backfill, successively backfilled every civil engineering road, entirety builds up the netted storehouse as shown in Fig. 2, and the thick soil covering in top and ditch front and back end can carry out hot and cold storage.Also the long hole of the big volume of arch form can be built in the built-in storage freezer of flume in the middle and lower part position of whole depots, store in whole storage freezer and hole it is cold after then can in hole refrigerated storage food, or the extension dormancy storage of perennial root crop, top, which can build basement, is used for agricultural production, and the built-in depots of flume are best suited in soil property ditch.
9th, it is hot and cold using waste and old mine, Natural Cave storage
The ventilating duct for leading to hole bottom is set in abandoned mine well or Natural Cave, hole thickness earthen backfill, discharged using cold air or hot-air as medium from ventilating duct feeding hole bottom through space in hole, the storage that can exchange heat is cold or storage is hot, or pass-out ground of being dug a hole again in hole end, it is allowed to form straight-through hole, low-temperature receiver or thermal source is sent into from one end Carry out from other end discharge that storage is cold or storage heat after heat exchange, also along hole length can laterally build into second thermal medium road as the conversion equipment in foregoing long period depots to secondary cold and hot to hole wall soil or rock conversion every a segment distance stone in hole.Also the same heat exchange storage day by day with preceding method when storage nature is hot and cold, until largely storing hot and cold to hole wall.
10th, the hot and cold use trough-electricity facilitated of underground storage and natural cold energy liquefied air underground storage method are utilized
The method of construction of liquefied air depots is:First in deep under ground, a long hole is excavated out in depths preferably in mountain, liquefied air depots are poured out with armored concrete in hole, set in storehouse and be used to store cold and storage liquefied air pipeline into storehouse and backfill the thick rammed earth in hole after drawing outside hole, then using natural cooling source as preceding method is cold to the heat exchange storage of Ku Neitong cold wind, through store for a long time it is cold make storehouse wall soil or rock largely store it is cold after recycle trough-electricity produce the lower low-temperature receiver of temperature continue to storehouse wall store it is cold, until storehouse temperature can carry out liquefied air storage when stably reaching design temperature.While liquefied air depots are built, with preceding method equally supporting construction underground storage freezer and storage heat reservoir, and to storage refrigeration house storage is natural or trough-electricity institute refrigeration source.Liquefied air storage method is:Night in the winter time, utilize trough-electricity and natural cold air, with air compressor compressed air first, when by compressed air pressure increase temperature rise, produced thermal source is swapped out and sends into the storage of underground heat storage storehouse, when pressure-air is cooled to identical with outside air temperature, recycle underground storage freezer store low-temperature receiver or compression device institute refrigeration source further cooling until by air liquefaction and sending into underground liquefied air storehouse and storing.When taking-up liquefied air is transported to strange land and applied, applying ground also building underground storage freezer, preferably quickly storing freezer.Its application process is:The separation of oxygen and nitrogen is carried out to liquefied air with air separation equipment, while cold energy produced during by gasification separation transfers stores refrigeration house storage into underground, oxygen, three kinds of resources of nitrogen and cold energy can be so obtained.Liquefied respectively again after just can also first being separated oxygen and nitrogen in initial liquefied air using the above method and be stored in underground liquefied air depots.The advantage of liquefied air underground storage is:Depots are built in deep under ground, can be high pressure resistant, more can store cold, cold insulation using storehouse wall soil or rock, maintain low temperature environment for a long time;Winter natural cold-energy is taken full advantage of, is the another method that natural cold energy and trough-electricity condensation are developed.The above method can also be used for the trough-electricity development of resources application in various regions each season.
11, the comprehensive development and utilization method of the renewable resources such as the hot and cold industrial heater exhaust facilitated of underground storage, house refuse and crop tangerine bar is utilized
The present invention is by underground biogas fermentation; the highly energy-consuming such as rural area brick and tile, lime industrial furnace is produced; the low power consuming industrial production such as alcohol or food processing; protecting field agricultural production and underground storage are cold and hot, and the comprehensive resources that air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide or first protective embankment are stored in underground liquefaction integrate the pattern that Jian hairs are applied.Wherein underground liquefied petroleum gas storage warehousing and underground storage it is cold, storage heat reservoir build storehouse and storage method is identical with preceding method.Heat exchanger is set in the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage that marsh gas fermentation pool is also built in outside underground, pond top thickness soil covering and heat insulating, pool wall outside the underground room set as shown in Fig. 4, pond.The method of comprehensive development and utilization is:Sent first with blower fan Natural air sent again after underground heat storage storehouse swaps out thermal source underground biogas fermentation pool wall the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage or pond in exchange heat in heat exchanger, Continuous Heat Transfer storage heat makes pool wall soil largely store heat, when Chi Wen stably reaches biogas fermentation optimum temperature untill.Then crop straw, house refuse and people domestic animals just etc. are thrown in pond and carries out biogas fermentation, at any time using underground heat storage to methane-generating pit temperature adjustment in marsh gas fermentation processes.By produced biogas or store it is a certain amount of after, or be directly used in the brick and tile or limestone kiln of highly energy-consuming and do fuel and be fired, at the same time first send underground quickly to store heat reservoir industrial heater exhaust and carry out storage heat, directly carry out the gas store after heat or with Kong Qi Ya Shrink machines the compression separation of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, or the temporarily storage in gas storage device, until it is compressed separation using trough-electricity during night, produced thermal source is swapped out again in separation process and is stored in underground heat storage storehouse, co 2 liquefaction is set to isolate and store afterwards or using natural cold air or using underground storage freezer low-temperature receiver cooling further to gases at high pressure, remaining high pressure nitrogen or gasification freeze and send underground quickly store freezer storage it is cold after be directly used in protecting field agricultural production, or continue to be stored in underground reservoir storehouse after liquefying using underground storage is cold.Underground is store into high temperature heat source is used to used in alcohol or the instrument processing production of low power consuming, alcohol slag and food processing waste material are used further into biogas fermentation.Underground is store into low-temperature heat source, low-temperature receiver, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, biogas manure is used for protecting field agricultural production, so not only can all use up available resources, and can also promote environmental protection.Using the above method can also comprehensive development and utilization be carried out to coal-fired industry heater exhaust, also can be by re-liquefied storage after the carbon dioxide in biogas and the separation of first protective embankment.Comprehensive resources develop another method be:Above-mentioned facility is built near high oxygen consumption enterprise such as smelter and compressed air oxygen is carried out, as foregoing by oxygen processed when institute heat production energy and cold energy underground storage, made oxygen is sent with pipeline with the production application of oxygen enterprise, by made nitrogen or liquefaction storage, or it is directly used in used in agricultural production or other productions.Heater exhaust will be smelted carry out foregoing industrial heater exhaust resource synthetic development utilization with utilidor again with sending development of resources.The another method that waste resource Jian hairs are utilized is that in the basement as shown in Fig. 4, temperature adjusting is carried out to basement using the hot and cold storage in underground, in the basement three-dimensional thermophilic batch production earthworm breeding of bedstead.
12nd, solar energy, thermal resource are developed
The special collector for collecting light and heat in solar energy is set to send underground heat storage storehouse to store towards sun light harvesting thermal-arrest, by collected thermal source at any time using computer controlled motor, collected light source is gone to the field intensive for plant leaf with delivering to the common light beam optical cable that passes, artificial light source is difficult to irradiate or the not enough position of illumination is to improve photosynthesis.
2nd, its application in agriculture
1st, ground temperature and ground are gone to the field development of resources
Go to the field so-calledly is to build basement in underground, on the basis of the warming summer in winter protects cool ground temperature, optimum state is arrived into the various factor of productions regulation and control of basement using a series of resources such as foregoing underground storage is hot and cold and technology, the new field available for agricultural production.Basement schematic diagram as shown in Figure 4, wherein 401 be wall;The 402 hot temp.-controlled bed of storage to be located at outside wall, i.e., make between wall and soil such as preceding storage Layer of dielectric material as storehouse, the layer of dielectric material sends into low-temperature receiver or thermal source from one, from another discharge, can be by dielectric material storage is cold in bed or storage is hot, so as to reach the purpose of adjustment room temperature, penetrated into while moisture content in soil can also be deadened to basement, and play impermeable role;403 be protection, isolation strip, and wall has been connected reinforcement effect with soil outside bed, while the buffer action also got up between two;404 be two between every soil, also play buffer action;405 be the separation layer between _ two.The thickness of earth covering of the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage and top outside cellar wall can be depending on the factors such as local ground temperature, the size of investment and institute cultivar, storing hot temp.-controlled bed not can set, can entirely it be set outside surrounding wall, also it can arbitrarily select to set, when do not set store hot temp.-controlled bed when can directly to indoor heat exchange temperature adjustment, or set indoors heat exchanger carry out temperature adjustment can equally reach it is any adjust room temperature purpose.Top earthing is thick then to invest big, and ground temperature utilization rate is high, high insulating effect, although on the contrary, the thin investment of earthing is small, but ground temperature is utilized and heat insulation effect is all poor, so thickness of earth covering can be selected as the case may be.Basement can both build up individual layer, can also build up multilayer.Top both can earthing insulation, can also build up semi-underground type Greenhouse In Winter warming summer protects cool.Go to the field with the above is only the part of exploitation, the i.e. utilization of ground temperature and the regulation and control of ground temperature of going to the field, the tired plain control technique of other productions will illustrate one by one afterwards.
2nd, daily difference development of resources and utilization
The low daily difference as tide of high night in daytime is clearly a kind of potential energy, particularly bigger in high latitude and high altitude localities potentiality, such as 53 ° of 28' of north latitude Chinese Mo River, and March, average daily reached 21.4'C, and average daily is also up to 16 °C;29 ° of 40' of north latitude, the average annual daily difference in Chinese Lhasa of 3659.4 meters of height above sea level has huge potentiality to be exploited up to 14.5 °C.The hot and cold exploitation gone to the field with facilitating of underground storage, and ground is gone to the field and further facilitates the exploitation of daily difference resource.Due to ground go to the field not by extraneous naturally hot and cold, light, it is dark influenceed, and the strong good heat preservation performance of closure is best suitable for concentrating and taken a breath and temperature adjustment.As the season in spring and autumn temperature difference is big, the illumination operation that can be gone to the field in combination, any low-temperature receiver or thermal source between the low temperature at night, the high temperature at noon and high/low temperature is gone to the field over the ground and is aerated ventilation or room temperature regulation, even if needing lower or higher cold and heat source in production, also only need through underground storage cold and heat source slightly to adjust naturally hot and cold air can meet production needed for.Equally, even night relative Cryogenic air can also be used in Summer High-Temperature Times further is used to produce after regulation through storing freezer low-temperature receiver, the daytime in winter utilizes solar energy heating, utilizes after particularly foregoing parallel heatable adobe sleeping platform solar energy heating or directly or is used to produce after further adjusting through storage heat reservoir thermal source.In addition to going to the field and utilize except ground, the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage can be also also set within the walls after semi-underground heliogreenhouse, and can carry out storing cold or storage heat into bed using daily difference resource, so as to reach the purpose to greenhouse temperature adjustment with thicker soil insulation between bed and the external world. .
3rd, go to the field dehumidification and temperature adjustment technology
Dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 5, wherein 501 be dehumidification and temperature adjustment case, whole dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed is to be connected into identical and opposed, side-by-side two groups of series connection casees by multiple dehumidification and temperature adjustment casees to combine.Dielectric material is completely put in case, two kinds of X-type and Y types are divided into according to the difference of dielectric material in case, wherein dielectric material is water in X types bed case, when dehumidification requirements are high, in the water of tail end box suitably plus salt with Reduce freezing temperature.Provided with two groups of completely self-contained heat exchangers in water in X-type bed case, 502 be the heat exchanger for being dehumidified gas circulation, 503 be the heat exchanger of water temperature in regulating box, 504 be three-way cock, its role is to by controlling switch gas be made both to have passed through from heat exchanger, it can also be passed through in the water in case.505 be to set switch on the pipeline outside the pass-out bed being located between two casees, pipeline, by controlling switch, the gas in heat exchanger can be made to discharge outside bed ,-or by outside air suction heat exchanger.506 be to set two switches in the pipeline of two groups of series connection casees of cross connection, every pipeline(All all switches of T-shaped label in figure), by controlling each switch to make the gas in heat exchanger from the heat exchanger in any case that one group of any case discharge enters another group.507 be the pipeline for connecting each case, and every pipeline respectively sets one and switchs and collect access total pipeline in head end.508 is are located at the sterilization tank on total pipeline, and case connects built with sterilization of liquids agent and respectively sets a switch on the pipeline and total pipeline of sterilization tank, switched by control two, can make gas or by the box sterilization that sterilizes, or directly pass through from total pipeline.509 be the ventilation blower being located on total pipeline.510 is are located at the cross over pipe between two total pipelines, and such as figure respectively sets Jian passes on cross over pipe and house steward, by controlling 4 switches, can exchange the intake and exhaust of total pipeline.51 1 be basement, and in the longitudinally disposed a plurality of ventilation duct in parallel in the top and bottom of basement, every uniform eyeletting in ventilation duct longitudinal direction, total pipeline of a plurality of ventilation duct in parallel again with dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed after the UNICOM of middle part is connected.A and B are to represent function is different during dehumidification and temperature adjustment two groups of series connection casees in figure.Fig. 6 is the detailed description figure of trim heat exchanger 3 in positive Fig. 5, and 601 be low-temperature receiver inlet/outlet pipe.By underground storage low-temperature receiver or other low-temperature receivers using water or air as medium, it can be sent into water pump or fan in series connection case and carry out lower water temperature in case in any case.602 be thermal source inlet/outlet pipe in figure, and such as method can carry out lower water temperature to each case in preceding stage casing.Pipeline and switch representation are identical with positive figure in figure.The principle and process of dehumidification and temperature adjustment illustrated below:It assuming that the air themperature of basement is 30 °C, need to cool 3-5 °C, humidity is high humidity, its relative humidity need to be reduced, air content is high concentration carbon dioxide gas, it is impossible to which dumping to continue with, and have living contaminants to need sterilizing in air.The method of temperature adjusting and dehumidifying is, the water temperature in A groups four casees will be regulated to 25 °C successively by heat-exchange system 503 first, 15 °C, 5 °C and one 5 °C, make relative low temperature group, and the water temperature of B groups four casees is regulated to 28 °C successively, 18 °C, 8 °C and 0 °C of relatively-high temperature group, hot and humid gas is extracted out from the top of basement with air exhauster, A group total pipelines are re-fed into after sterilized case 8, when gas flows through a, b, c, heat absorption changes cold step by step in each case during d tetra- casees, temperature during gas arrival d casees is set to be down between -5 °C -0 °C, significantly cooling makes moisture condensation reach dehumidifying purpose, cryogenic gas after dehumidifying sequentially passes through B groups e again, f, heat exchanger in g casees, or the bottom that after g casees delivers to basement is crossed in the appropriate period, so constantly circulate and supplement low-temperature receiver by the way that heat exchanger 503 is appropriate into section box at any time, when water temperature is generally improved and when B group water temperatures are generally reduced in A group casees, the switch of two house stewards and branch pipe 510 is located at by conversion, damp-heat air is set to enter from B groups, basement is returned to after cool-down dehumidification after the heating of A groups again.Such two groups of alternating heating, coolings can reach the purpose of dehumidifying and temperature adjustment, and cold and heat source can be made full use of again.The key for doing medium dehumidification cooling using water sets water tank more be, reaches the water temperature difference in adjacent two casees small as far as possible, Water temperature difference is smaller, and the utilization rate of cold and heat source is also higher, and how many water tanks are set as every group, per case how long, the temperature of last water tank be transferred to how many degree etc. can be according to specific condition depending on.All water tanks are all highly heat-insulated with heat-barrier materials such as vacuolar membrane plastics, and earthing effect of heat insulation is more preferable again for outside.γ types dehumidification and temperature adjustments bed with
X type differences are that the dielectric material in case is different, i.e., set a kind of phase-change material of different melting points temperature in every group each case, are arranged successively to low melting point temperature order from high melting temperature.Phase-change material available for dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed is a lot, and such as melting temperature is 33 °C of washing soda;29.4 °C of calcium chloride hexahydrate;25 _ 2 (TC Macrogol 600s;13 °C of Na2S04, NaC l, NH4C1;7.2 °C of Na2S04, NH4C1; KC1;3.3 °C of Na2S04, KCl;0 °C of water and 0-- 55 °C of various concentration salt solution etc..Various phase-change materials are initially charged with the plastics not chemically reacted or long metal tube, then will be equipped with the pipe of phase-change material again in length and breadth solid matter in dress, pipe top and the closely connected not slot milling in box top, the front and back end of case respectively reserves a sheaf space, by be dehumidified and temperature adjustment air first send into before after end spaces again to the space between pipe uniformly through uniformly to reach the purpose of air heat humidity or temperature adjustment, the method for carrying out temperature adjustment to phase-change material during dehumidification and temperature adjustment is to set a tubule again in the middle of the phase-change material in phase-change material pipe, temperature adjustment is carried out by sending into low-temperature receiver or thermal source into tubule, it is that temperature adjustment tubule is longitudinally arranged schematic diagram in pipe as shown in Fig. 7, wherein 701 be the pipe for containing phase-change material, 702 be phase-change material, 703 be temperature adjustment tubule, integral arrangement of the temperature adjustment tubule in case is that lontitudinal series are laterally in parallel, pipeline outside outlet box sets identical with the temperature adjustment pipe arrangement in X types bed as shown in Fig. 6.Due to water volumetric expansion when freezing, to prevent from bursting pipe, so being difficult length to fill the pipe of water, multilayer short tube can be used, is stacked in same case and is made up.The dehumidification and temperature adjustment process of Y types bed is:One group of temperature adjustment to temperature of phase-change material in two groups of casees is slightly less than to the solid-state of melting temperature first, and another group of then liquid of the temperature adjustment to a little higher than melting temperature, then air will be dehumidified to send into from the high-melting-point end of solid-state group, each case is passed through step by step after dehumidification by condensation, the low melting point end of liquid group is entered back into heat up by case, after temperature needed for being warming up to by switch control box outside ventilating duct direct sending basement.Such continuous ventilating dehumidification and temperature adjustment, until most of phase-change material solid state group heat absorption is changed and cold is changed into liquid, and liquid group inhales cold heat exchange when being changed into solid-state, two groups of air flow is converted to reversely by controlling switch, i.e. original air inlet be changed to exhaust, that originally discharged is changed to feeding, then proceedes to dehumidification and temperature adjustment.During whole dehumidification and temperature adjustment, when being tempered gas and need to heat up, then need the high temperature section supplemental heat source excluded by the register as shown in Fig. 6 to gas, then low-temperature receiver is supplemented when need to cool to discharge group low-temperature zone, when continuous dehumidifying temperature adjustment to two groups of phases does not have obvious solid-state and 1 liquid zone timesharing, then need the phase for the phase-change material seized again by the register as shown in Fig. 6 to two thoroughly to be adjusted successively, that is, recover one group of solid-state, another group of liquid.Above-mentioned method is repeated afterwards and carries out dehumidification and temperature adjustment, until reaching the purpose of dehumidification and temperature adjustment.Underground room air is extracted out is with the principle sent out:Extract out, from bottom feeding, extracted out when heating from bottom from top feeding from top when cooling.It when dehumidification requirements are low or temperature adjustment amplitude is big, can be controlled, can entered from one group of any case or either segment by the switch being located on each pipeline, from another group of still one case entrance, discharged from another group of any case or either segment. The advantage of Y types bed is the huge latent heat using dielectric material phase transformation(It is cold)The range of temperature in metastable temperature environment, whole bed can be maintained smaller, be conducive to automation mechanized operation, by contrast, temperature change in X types bed is big, per when temperature per case all in change, the efficiency of dehumidifying and temperature adjustment is difference all compared with Y types bed.Water removal and phase-change material are done outside medium, and other thermal conductivity are strong, than heat big material such as metal etc. can as dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed medium.Except the dehumidifying of above-mentioned bed is outer, underground can also be used and stores cold direct cool-down dehumidification, or quick lime directly placed into basement in cold season, can also be heated while dehumidifying using its curing water suction.Also using daily difference resource, the continuous ventilating ventilation of selection thermophilic period reaches dehumidifying purpose.Also dehumidified using the existing dehumidifying technology such as absorption method.
4th, the thermoperiod technology gone to the field
Plant includes two aspects to the periodicity demand of temperature, in i.e. one day low temperature requirements of high night in daytime and in whole growth period different growth phases height, requirement of low temperature, the main method that this technology solves thermoperiod has three kinds, one is circulation production model, ring-like basement is built in underground, in ring-like basement paving with rail, annular plate railcar is set on track, set soilless culture bed or sand cultivation bed and motor again on flat car, the sliding door or rolling screen door of shading are incubated in ring-like basement subsection setup, the relative thermostatic chamber of different temperatures needed for each section of room temperature is regulated and controled into production, the contained cultivation bed of railcar is driven to be circulated by motor, so as to reach requirement of the plant to temperature difference per day.
Circular loop room schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 8, wherein 801 be outer ring-like room, 802 be inner ring type room, 803 be work-room, 804 be connection internal/external ring type room and the communication channel of operating room, 805 be two ring-like rooms between every soil layer, 806 be the sliding door being built in circuit wall, the rolling screen door at top can also be integrally fixed at, door act on heat insulation light, circular loop room can both have been built up horizontal, can also integrally it build up skewed, it is allowed to the high low formation discrepancy in elevation on one side on one side, because hot-air hoists flowing, and cold air then flows to lower, so meeting one eminence temperature of self-assembling formation is high, lower temperature is low, middle portion temperature such a temperature environment low closer to high night in nature daytime placed in the middle, in addition the further regulation simulation natural climate environment preferably of trip temperature is manually entered, the circular chamber another characteristic is that railcar continuously can slowly be moved as earth rotation to a direction, circulation one in every 24 hours is enclosed, or move a segment distance every certain time, one that 360 degree are completed in one day is circulated.Segmentation stores hot temp.-controlled bed provided with cobble outside ring-like room wall.
It is another form of circular loop room as shown in Fig. 9, it is to output the more work road of spaciousness, a ring-like room along diametric(al) on the basis of aforementioned circle circular chamber to communicate place and indoor gating respectively with work road, two semicircular, second half low temperature chamber of half hot room are separated out together.Two semicircular railcar connecting rod is connected and can integrally circulated at work road.
As shown in Fig. 10 the circular chamber of racetrack, wherein 1001 be doughnut, 1002 be acyclic room, can carry out nursery or the low arable farming of temperature difference requirement.1003 be work road.The circulation pattern is suitable for the narrow location application of landform.Above-mentioned circulating temperature-regulating can both meet the temperature difference demand in crop one day, Also it can heighten or turn down comprehensively the temperature difference demand that room temperature facilitates the whole production cycle.Power supply on circulating vehicle can onboard set two " electric pigtails " as the trolleybus in city and provide power supply.Onboard set and set big funnel on water tank, water tank again, in fixed water supply point water filling into funnel from the top of ring-like room or upper lateral part.Air receiver is set between the axle of underbody portion two, gas needed for sand bed is planted equally is pressed into case inner high voltage in fixed supply place.The room temperature of multiple doughnuts is regulated and controled into the thermostatic chamber of the different temperatures of different periods within a production cycle, such as simulation spring, summer, autumn, the thermostatic chamber of winter temperature, the big temperature difference that multiple ring-like room UNICOMs then can be carried out into whole production period, which is circulated, to be produced.
Systemic circulation production schematic diagram as shown in Fig. 11, wherein 1 101 be ring-like production room, 1 102 be the communication channel with track switch and the ring-like production room of orbit connection two.1 103 be working path and the track being layered in working path, and 1 104 be the connection track between connection working path and ring-like room, and 1 105 be the communication channel between ring-like room and working path.The number combinations of ring-like room will be with production cycle of crop and to need cold day number to coordinate consistent, such as plant growing cycle five months, chilling requirement is 30 days, then doughnut should be six combinations, i.e. one winter room, remaining five can be subdivided into early spring, spring and summer, summer, summer and autumn, late fall room, could so form the circulation production managed entirely.Cyclic process is very simple, i.e., when plant growth is to when needing alternating temperature, first draw the railcar of a rooms and vacated on the track to working pathaRoom, is then transferred to previous ring-like production room, last working path inner orbit car is transferred to the ring-like rooms of e again by b, c, d, e room order.So circulation can reach four committee's fresh goods production purposes of altitude simulation natural climate every time.Systemic circulation cultivation be best suitable for for dormancy habit such as the off-season cultivation of peach, tree peony.Annular cultivation mode can both be circulated with rail and railcar, can not also set track, circulating cultivation is carried out on the flat car provided with general wheel.Secondly being Production line pattern, i.e. by arable farming on the small-sized cultivation bed of provided with wheels, by multiple cultivating chambers according to temperature adjusting needed for crop different growth phases into different temperatures relative thermostatic chamber, the thermostatic chamber of different temperatures is combined into one group of flow production line according to the time scale of crop different growing stages, crop is carried out to the Production line of different temperatures cultivating chamber from nursery, nutrient growth, reproductive growth to production of producing.Thirdly to meet thermoperiod pattern by adjusting room temperature greatly.Hot and cold storage is utilized, hot temp.-controlled bed is store directly to indoor temperature control by basement, temperature needed for room temperature is regulated and controled into crop different growing stages at any time.This pattern is best suitable for the fruit tree kind for the fixed cultivation that should not be moved, such as the cultivation of underground peach, to in the winter time or the fresh peach of early spring output, then the room temperature of basement need to progressively be regulated and controled to 5 °C or so progress freezing dormancy in summer or autumn, dormancy progressively adjusts room temperature paragraph by paragraph again after expiring, peach is set to form breaking dormancy, bloom, as a result, bud differentiation, the circulation production of secondary dormancy, although this method consumption cold is big, but on the one hand turn down the low-temperature receiver swapped out during temperature and can be used for used in the cooling of other cultivating chambers, on the other hand the low temperature chamber in the hot season can both produce low temperature type edible fungus, also preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing storage can be carried out, can also cold treatment etc. be carried out to other crops, so being also feasible from the point of view of using energy source.The hole prosecutor method of arable farming temperature difference per day has four kinds, and one is to carry out the temperature difference regulation while dehumidifying using dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed.Secondly using the hot and cold storage in underground and daily difference resource, to select the appropriate period to carry out day by ventilation or through indoor heat exchanger temperature adjustment The temperature difference is adjusted.Thirdly being combined pattern with circulation production for Production line, the cultivating chamber of the high production section of temperature difference per day demand is arranged to two groups i.e. on the basis of foregoing Production line pattern, one group is hot room, and another group is low temperature chamber, crop exchanges place in 24 hours in two groups can meet temperature difference per day demand, when crop illumination demand is more than or less than 12 hours, the basement of two groups of different temperatures can be subjected to non-equivalent combination by illumination requirement again as the case may be, or equivalent combination, by controlling two groups of light application time to meet photoperiod requirement.It by ring-like cultivating chamber opposite end four to regulate and control into hot room and low temperature chamber, and the cultivation bed ring-like by driving meets crop temperature difference per day demand.Crop temperature difference per day demand can be also met indirectly by regulating and controlling the proportion of composing of basement composition of air in addition to above-mentioned four kinds of methods, because it is to suppress the respiration consumption at night that crop, which one of requires that nocturnal temperature is relative the reason for will be low, and utilize foregoing carbon dioxide and nitrogen development of resources, the air adjustment that ground is gone to the field is into high carbon dioxide, high nitrogen, hypoxemia composition, it also can effectively suppress respiration consumption while photosynthesis and preventing and treating pest and disease damage is promoted, means suitable of the crop to temperature difference per day is met indirectly.
5th, sand bed is planted and carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen application technology
Although soilless culture can improve crop yield, but the chemical fertilizer that places one's entire reliance upon is so that its product quality is low, although cultivating the quality that can guarantee that product using soil application organic fertilizer, but yield is not high, whether soilless culture or soil cultivation, crop rhizosphere oxygen and temperature are extremely difficult to level optimal all the time.And it is then to solve this series of problems that sand bed, which is planted,.Sand bed as shown in Figure 12 plants schematic diagram, wherein 1201 be sand bed shell, can be plastics, metal or concrete prefabricated rectangular box;1202 be vacuolar membrane plastic, thermal-insulation layer, 1203 be dielectric material temperature-control coating, dielectric material can be the built-in phase-change material of plastic tube, can also be that thermal conductivity is strong, than heating, big metal ball or block are placed directly within bed, can also be and dielectric material is directly made of water, and the effect of dielectric material is to convey cold or thermal source to dielectric material by outside, absorb it and store hot and cold, so as to reach the purpose to rhizosphere temperature adjustment temperature control.1204 be case in sand bed, and interior case can be rectangular plastic case.1205 be to be placed in the plastic plate in interior bottom portion, plate face make mesh-like or it is close in length and breadth spile, covered again above plate it is close below one layer of strong non-woven fabrics of penetrating gas, plate set small pillar, make plate and bottom one void layer of formation.1206 be oxygen supplying tube, and air or oxygen rich gas are sent into the bottom of sand bed from outside by oxygen supplying tube, can make to be formed one in sand in bed to lower upward pressure oxygen supply mechanism.1207 be gravel pebbles, gravel or rock wool for being placed on non-woven fabrics etc., and it is only to improve logical gas permeability that it, which is acted on,.1208 be sand, so-called sand is the cultivation soil for mixing certain sand, soil, organic fertilizer, wormcast, marsh gas dregs fertilizer etc. in proportion, a number of earthworm is raised in sand simultaneously, making up to both has good aeration, there is good fertility again, sand will carry out the foster soil of certain time before cultivation and after cultivation.1209 be field planting plate, and 1210 be planting cup.Field planting plate and planting cup be made as with transparent hard plastic film it is integral, will field planting plate to be covered in sand bed upper and sealed surrounding with plastic adhesive tape.121 1 be that with being evacuated dual-purpose pipe, i.e., in the non-water supply period from the minute-pressure of oxygen supplying tube 1206 oxygen supply into sand, and will discharge gas by 121 1 back-pressures and extract out its use will separately be done outside bed with the supporting water supply of oxygen supplying tube;When feed pipe, which is sprayed water, to supply water, oxygen supplying tube 1206 oxygen feeding stops, if necessary back-pressure pumping makes the uniform rapid osmotic of water entirely cultivate bed, discharges ponding also by oxygen supplying tube when there is water discharge at bed bottom and its use is separately done outside bed.The 1212 sealing soil to be placed in planting cup, the Seeding planting that will be cultivated in advance makes bed surface discharge gas and is difficult to discharge from rim of a cup and concentrate and discharge from blast pipe 11 in after planting cup, filling out with the general soil of poor air permeability and being moderately compacted in cup.When sand bed is planted, when organic fertilizer in bed and more earthworm, when the penetrating gas of soil is good, sand can be not added with and cultivated with pure soil, the field planting plate on bed top not can be set.Sand soil bed, which plants the purpose to be realized, three;One is the regulation of root temperature.The rhizosphere suitable temperature range of most of crops is 1 5-25 °C, the Macrogol 600 phase-change material for such as selecting melting temperature to be 20-25 does the temperature control medium material of sand bed, rhizosphere need to cool Bao Genwen when, water temperature is regulated and controled below phase-change material melting temperature using underground iced storage, out of, bed one end feeding bed, from other end discharge after dielectric material in bed inhales cold heat exchange, Continuous Heat Transfer makes dielectric material in bed inhale cooling solidification from liquid for solid-state.It is (cold using the latent heat of phase-change material in a very long time thereafter)Keep the thermophilic environment of rhizosphere relative constancy;When rhizosphere need to heat up Bao Genwen, then utilize underground heat storage, by water temperature regulation and control more than phase-change material melting temperature, same one end from bed is sent into, through phase-change material heat absorption change it is cold after from another discharge, it is liquid to make phase-change material endothermic melting from solid-state, and rhizosphere temperature constant state is kept using latent heat of phase change.Constant temperature insulation can be carried out in a long time using the latent heat of phase change of dielectric material, but in order to reduce one-time investment, the temperature control medium material cold-storage and thermal storage that directly can also be made of water or non-phase-change material in bed carries out temperature adjustment, equally can also reach the purpose of regulation and control Rhizosphere temperature.Secondly being the regulation of rhizosphere oxygen, sand into sand bed forces oxygen supply both to promote the breathing of root system, growth and the absorption of nutrition, the microorganism in sand can be promoted to grow again, promote mineralization conversion of the microorganism to material, promote the generation of growth stimulant and antibiotic, the metabolism of earthworm in sand can also be promoted, accelerate the decomposition and conversion of organic matter in Soil of Earthworms, one of method of supply is will first to be stored after air or oxygen rich gas temperature adjustment humidification in gas storage device, then certain pressure or on gas storage device is added, or the bottom of sand bed is fed gas into the pressure fan of appropriateness, make gas uniformly pass through after sand to discharge outside bed, exhaust approach can be extracted out as shown in Figure 12 through blast pipe 121 1 by air exhauster.Due to being rich in carbon dioxide in exhaust, so the carbon dioxide of the exhaust other Protectorate cultivations of can still be used for increases used, but extract outdoor out when exhaust and separately do its used time, cultivating chamber gas content must be high carbon dioxide.Plant plate can not also be set on sand bed, exhaust, which is directly arranged, to be made for thing to interior and directly utilize carbon dioxide.The two of the method for supply control out a long ditch for outdoor underground, ditch it is built-in with after the dielectric materials such as cobble or plastic water bag by earthen backfill into a underground oxygen supply ventilating duct, by supply from ventilating duct through thermoregulatory effect can be played later, when such as daytime temperature is high, cooling effect can be played through ventilating duct, and evening temperature it is low when, thermogenic action can be played through ventilating duct, temperature season relatively low round the clock can at noon the high temperature period to ventilating duct largely lead to hot blast storage heat, then it can largely lead to cold wind storage to ventilating duct in the low temperature period in morning in the higher season of temperature round the clock cold, when storing cold or storage heat to ventilating duct, directly ventilated to the supply of sand bed without ventilating duct to bed bottom, the three of the effect that sand soil bed is planted are raising product quality.Shaoshi does not apply chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, fully should With organic fertilizer and microorganism, recover one's original simplicity, it is the final purpose that sand bed is planted to recover the original color of agricultural product.And the measure of this purpose is realized except regulating and controlling outer to the temperature of rhizosphere and oxygen, and the composition of sand, the fertilising in the culture of sand and sand bed cultivation journey is also one of measure.The composing principle of wherein sand is should to ensure fertility, is ensured again with good aeration.The cultural method of sand is to build up a big shape under semi-underground type vinyl house to support Tu Chi, bottom of pond portion cobble or block stone etc. build into the strong unsaturated zone of a penetrating gas and set breather pipe, sand is put on unsaturated zone, oxygen supply is forced to promote the decomposition and conversion of microorganism and earthworm to organic matter in sand into sand through breather pipe, play to support and can also carry out arable farming on soil effect, sand face.It is dual-purpose at one stroke.
Figure 13 is that modeling canopy supports native schematic diagram, wherein 1301 be semi-underground type vinyl house, 1302 be the foster Tu Chi under canopy.1303 be brick wall, and 1304 be the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage using cobble as medium, and 1305 be temp.-controlled bed back-up coat, 1306 be sand pond unsaturated zone, bottom spreads out a unsaturated zone with cobble of uniform size or block stone, and top spreads out a transition zone with gravel pebbles or fritter stone, sand can be put thereon.1307 be the ventilation duct in unsaturated zone, because sand is thicker in pond.So breather pipe external demand connects pressure fan, high pressure oxygen supply into sand.1308 be blast pipe, because the gas discharged out of sand is rich in carbon dioxide, be can be used for so exhaust is concentrated to extract out used in other protecting field arable farmings.1309 be the crop made in sand surface kind.Moulding the foster soil of canopy can be according to needed for production or based on foster soil, or based on system fertilizer, when with support soil for it is main when, the requirement that the component ratio of sand is planted by sand bed is prepared, and appropriate earthworm is raised, there is a small amount of water to ooze out for degree, in order that not ponding in sand with bottom of pond when watering, when watering bottom of pond breather pipe can back-pressure draw water, water uniformly penetrating is not stayed ponding.After a period of time is cultivated, remove top arable farming part sand, the sand rested, which is added, can be used to sand bed cultivation after the organic fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed in right amount, often cultivated one it is weak after concentrate support native again.When with make fertilizer for it is main when, increase the ratio and the quantity of earthworm of organic substance in sand, after native certain time is supported, irrigation amount is increased when watering, and coordinate bottom of pond back-pressure to draw water, water of the whole sand pond rich in nutrition will be flowed through extract the liquid fertilizer planted for sand bed out and apply, and so can use at regular intervals and pour permeable method and obtain liquid fertilizer, the sand renewed again when organic matter in sand is used up by microorganism and earthworm.The nutrition still enriched in the sand swapped out containing wormcast etc., can still increase and the cultivation of sand bed or the progress arable farming of other occasions are carried out after appropriate organic fertilizer.If this method further increases the organic matter ratios such as tangerine bar, human and animal excreta and house refuse, it is then earthworm breeding under modeling canopy to reduce or go desanding and soil.When moulding special raising earthworm under canopy, it is increased one of brick wall in the middle of pond that pond, i.e., 13 10 can be built as shown in dotted line in accompanying drawing.13 11 be the concrete prefabricated board of covering at the top of pond, and 1312 be charge level, will form a space between charge level and concrete slab to add water and be vented.1313 be water spray and exhaust dual-purpose pipe.Sand bed can be carried out on concrete prefabricated board to plant or soilless culture, or pot flowers etc..Word cultivating earthworm can equally increase irrigation amount under modeling canopy, and bottom of pond back-pressure is extracted nutritive water out and applied for sand bed cultivation.The fertilizer planted for sand bed can also be the liquid fertilizer in biogas production, and chemical fertilizer can also be applied in right amount.Organic fertilizer can also be imposed into sand in the midway of arable farming, to the method for limit border damping and oxygen supply in sand bed cultivation, It can also be used for pure soil cultivation and soilless culture.
What bed cultivation was mainly solved is temperature, oxygen and the nutrition problem of root, and many factor of productions of leaves and stemses are then the storages for making full use of this technology to the hot and cold energy, the exploitation of carbon dioxide and nitrogen resource, leaves and stemses is regulated and controled into the plant the most suitable growth environment of thermophilic, high carbon dioxide and high nitrogen-containing.In addition this skill is stated to thermoperiod, except warm temperature adjustment and the integrated application of optical cable biography light, can facilitate the unprecedented optimum state of many factor of productions of plant culture.
6th, go to the field the techniques of pest control
Ground pest control method of going to the field is(1) advantage for making full use of basement highly to close, strict control can effectively prevent the propagation of ground pest and disease damage.The air for entering basement is filtered, sterilized if necessary;Extracted from high mountain or far ultraviolet air cleaning air basement is taken a breath, temperature adjustment, factorial praluction, the people for keeping entering basement and the cleaning of thing, the incoming extraneous pest and disease damage of refusal is the pest control method relied mainly on prevention of basement mainly.(2) sent out using foregoing nitrogen and CO_2 Resource Jian, by basement air regulation into high carbon dioxide, high nitrogen, low oxygen content combination, it can effectively suppress insect pest and the generation of aerobic venereal bacteria while promoting photosynthesis and suppressing respiration consumption, when having anaerobic bacteria and the generation of amphimicrobian venereal bacteria under low-oxygen environment, change the air of basement into high carbon dioxide again and contain oxygen condition naturally, it so can not only kill anaerobic bacteria, and hypoxemia and oxygen environment replace.Aerobic-anaerobic microbe can be made to lose fertility, play inhibitory action.(3) medical treatment is utilized.(4) strengthen ventilation wet down using foregoing dehumidifying technology and using cold and hot storage and daily difference resource, reduce underground room temperature.Comprehensively utilize the pest and disease damage that above-mentioned four kinds of methods can go to the field with effectively preventing and treating.
7th, go to the field the application of illumination
Because ground is gone to the field in addition to light factor, either leaves and stemses or rhizosphere portion, other many factor of productions can artificially produce optimum level, so plant portion sets optical cable again in addition to artificial light source between branches and leaves, or utilize the lamp of aggregation, or artificial light source is utilized, by light source by the way that crucial touch can be played a part of at optical cable transmission to any light requirement of crop.Increased although being added lustre to put into optical cable, yield can be improved, quality can be more improved, it is naturally also economical;Make full use of that basement is unglazed and the different light requirement features of Different Crop or same crop different growing stages, can manual control light intensity and irradiation time, facilitate effect using the photoperiod to the full extent.
8th, plant culture
Ground go to the field plant culture be foregoing factor of production control technique integrated application.Foregoing all factor of production control technique can also be used for one or more of application of ground Protected production integrated application or any selection; when protecting field is utilized on the ground; bed is planted both put bed body and cultivated on ground; also cultivation can be buried in the earth; can be controlled out when being buried in the earth cultivation in underground with bed overall dimensions identical heatable adobe sleeping platform, after crater wall plus one layer of vacuolar membrane plastic, thermal-insulation layer can in hole as method set after the hot temperature control medium layer of storage and apparatus of oxygen supply can in bed built in soil cultivate or soilless culture.Because subsurface temperature changes small, so when dividing into bed cultivation on ground Also apparatus of oxygen supply can be only set, plant rhizosphere temperature is suitably adjusted using feed air temperature while oxygen supply.Above-mentioned underground cultural method also can be in outdoor outdoor underground application.Because the various factor of productions of basement are suitable for artificial adjustment, make full use of underground anti-season temperature environment that above and below ground can be facilitated to combine cultivation, as ground hot season Cultivated tree peonies flower, the removable underground low temperature imposed rest in flower_bud formation, dormancy expire can breaking dormancy facilitate off-season flowering. .
Ground go to the field cultivation of fruit tree be using basement can arbitrarily adjust the factor of productions such as room temperature large-scale sand bed plant or large-sized solid substrate soiless cultivation technology.Figure 14 is that the large-scale sand bed of basement plants fruit tree schematic diagram, wherein 1401 be the large-scale sand bed for cultivation of fruit tree, the large-scale sand bed is different from the small-sized sand bed shown in Figure 12 to be, pillar is set in length and breadth in the middle of bed, crossbeam is set on pillar, small-sized sand bed is set on lid concrete prefabricated board on crossbeam, prefabricated board and carries out arable farming;Bed bottom does not set single unsaturated zone and temperature-control coating, but the two is integrated in one, i.e. the bottom of bed first spreads one layer with larger cobble, successively cobble particle diameter is reduced above until the superiors are gravel layer, 1402 be without Spinning cloth in the middle of cobble with one layer respectively spread on gravel, the 1403 simultaneous dual-purpose pipe of draining of drawing water of oxygen supply to be located in a bottom cobble, 1404 be the water spray between sand and cover plate in space and the dual-purpose pipe of exhaust, 1405 be the fruit tree for the more elongated class of branch bar being colonized in sand bed, such as jujube tree, before field planting first on the ground or conventional cultivation, or set the sand bed of scale same with underground first to cultivate treelet, shaping rack is set on the top of branch bar when treelet grows to certain altitude, branch bar forced bonding is allowed to form the branch bar as depicted tree-shaped for being suitable to basement cultivation arranged in parallel on shaping rack and by trimming.The sizing of fruit tree cultivate both can on the ground after the completion of transplant again in basement, also can before sizing by sapling transplanting to basement in basement sizing.1406 be customized pattern of a bar compared with tubbiness fruit trees, such as peach and apple tree, simply two fruit trees shown in 1405 and 1406 are when basement cultivate and the space of basement, illumination and a kind of crop is cultivated jointly under setting pattern, rather than the same planting fruit-trees of indoor growing two, same interior can only cultivate a planting fruit-trees.1407 be the small-sized sand bed under fruit tree, can carry out vegetables, flowers and other crops cultivation.1408 be artificial light source, and 1409 is are located at the optical cable between branches and leaves, and 1410 be the boulder bed for being located at a bottom, both provided the space uniformly ventilated for the oxygen supply of bed bottom, also can water flowing to the temperature adjustment of bed bottom.Oxygen supply that large-scale cultivation bed cultivates apple trees, the method watered and apply fertilizer are identical with small-sized sand bed, but because the growth cycle of fruit tree is long, so also needing opening concrete cover ditching applying organic manure into sand within a phase of yielding positive results;After several yield positive results the phase, it can be changed outmoded sand in bed is taken out after the tree body bracket stable of bed top with fresh sand, while cleaning is carried out to bed bottom cobble and is more renewed without Spinning cloth, or the fruit tree more renewed.The thermoperiod management and methods for using them of underground cultivation of fruit tree has two kinds, and one is fixed mode, i.e., fix a certain planting fruit-trees and cultivate in one basement, the thermoperiod demand of fruit tree is met by adjusting room temperature.Now illustrated so that peach is cultivated as an example:Assuming that the fructescence of peach is winter, it is then summer to need cold period, the low-temperature receiver produced by the low-temperature receiver in the winter of underground storage or using trough-electricity is dumped into the cobble bed of basement wall, the temperature of peach cultivating chamber is down to less than 7.2, treats that peach cultivation reaches chilling requirement(20-40 days)Natural climate still belongs to high temperature season afterwards, and peach is planted Used in the other productions of low-temperature receiver can still be used for that the heating of training room swaps out, though low-temperature receiver has a small amount of consumption loss, because the strong utilization rate of basement heat-insulating property is also very high., can be by the temperature adjusting of basement into 0-7 °C of temperature constant state in order to make full use of peach to need the low-temperature receiver and basement space of cold period, and the environment that air composition regulates and controls into high carbon dioxide and nitrogen is subjected to the fresh-keeping of water fruits and vegetables and flowers.But due to chilling requirement not 6 °C of the constant temperature best " night " of peach, " white daytimes ", 15 °C of the environment that colds and heat succeed each other was more beneficial for breaking dormancy, required so the need that " round the clock " temperature adjusting of basement can be met into peach between 6-15 are cold, it is that chrysanthemum, tulip, asparagus, sliding mushroom etc. are most suitable into flower and fruiting environment again, low form flowers and Edible Fungi is facilitated for 7-August to substantially reduce the cost that anti-season produces fruit, so that underground anti-season cultivation of fruit tree is possibly realized.The cultivation at low temperature phase equally before and after peach needs cold period can also make full use of its low temperature environment to carry out the production such as still not fertile coriander, mushroom on the ground.The many-side measure such as suppression respiration consumption of temperature adjustment and high concentration and high concentration carbon dioxide and nitrogen environment when the daily temperature difference demand of peach can be by taking a breath, dehumidifying as previously described is satisfied.Secondly being circulation production model, it is i.e. foregoing, pattern as shown in Fig. 8,9,10,11, relatively large sand bed is set to carry out circulating cultivation to tree-like shorter fruit tree in railcar, temperature-control coating is set in cultivation bed wall with same during soilless culture under tree, apparatus of oxygen supply is set at bed bottom, and change sand the solid matrixs such as into gravel, nutrient solution is set up at the top of bed and sprays pipe, the soilless culture facility such as discharging tube is set up at bed bottom.Underground cultivation of fruit tree also can be directly cultivated in the soil of basement as on the ground, when carrying out cultivation of fruit tree using this method, and plant part can not regulate and control into low-oxygen environment, and need to strengthen ventilation to ensure to oxygen supply in the rhizosphere using temperature difference per day and cold and hot storage.
The method that bed plants potted flower is that oxygen supply and draining dual-purpose pipe are set on the osculum of flowerpot bottom, bed wall sets and flowerpot can be put into bed after heat-insulation layer, space is reserved between flowerpot, temperature control medium material is directly placed into outside flowerpot, by to be passed through in bed cold water or hot water to dielectric material temperature adjustment can reach regulation root temperature purpose, by into basin oxygen supply can meet root it is aerobic require.
9. edible fungus culturing
(1) case plants technology
Figure 15 is edible mushroom box-type culture schematic diagram, wherein 1501 be that plastics cultivate case, 1502 be planting material, 1503 be the retaining ring for prolonging cultivation case surrounding protrusion extruded when planting material is filled with special pressing plate, its role is to not make water flow into bottom along the junction of material and case when punching moisturizing to culture medium in the fruiting stage, play dash.1504 be with transparent hard plastic thick film it is special into cover plate, cover plate is uniformly provided with inoculation hole on face, is divided into three kinds according to the different cover plates of the construction and arrangement of inoculation hole.One is the cup-shaped inoculation hole that cover plate is provided with prominent cover plate face, and 1505 be to be sealed with tampon in cup aperture.Secondly being sealed only to get rubberized fabric on circular hole, circular hole on cover plate face.The arrangement of above two inoculation hole on the cover board is set by inoculum density requirement, and cover plate will be removed during fruiting.Thirdly not tearing cover plate open when being fruiting, inoculation hole is the cover plate in fruiting hole.Inoculation hole is also the circular hole sealed with adhesive plaster, except that the density of apertured is set by fruiting density on cover plate, such as cultivating white fungus uses this plate.1506 be case eaves and cover plate eaves lap-joint, Cover plate eaves length is less than at case eaves, whip stitch to be sealed with adhesive plaster or gummed paper along surrounding.The shape of cover plate is identical with charge level in case, and closely connected with whole charge level including retaining ring.1507 apply oxygen air permeable plate to be made of plastic, and whole plate is with cultivating in case headroom with big, and plate face is close to be set aperture or mesh-like is made, and layer of non-woven fabric is covered above plate;Small pillar is uniformly provided with below plate in length and breadth, makes plate and bottom one void layer of formation, small pillar can both be made as one with plate, can also be separately provided.1508 be oxygen supply space layer, and 1509 be oxygen supplying tube.Cultivation bottom portion sets the effect of Air supply facility to be to force to culture medium oxygen supply, to meet demand of the mycelia to oxygen, promotes the growth of mycelia.The method of oxygen supply is that the blower fan for using gas storage device or appropriate pressure with appropriate pressure sends into pure air or oxygen rich gas to several cultivation case minute-pressures, air or oxygen rich gas can be flowed uniformly across outside culture medium heel row outlet under stress after entering bottom portion through oxygen supplying tube, so as to play a part of to the abundant oxygen supply of culture medium.In order to which the junction for reducing oxygen-fed gas from case and material is discharged, bottom portion applies the shape that oxygen air permeable plate also can be as shown in figure 16, wherein 1601 be trapping groove, 1602 be gas barrier, and groove is with plate in all closeds of plate surrounding.1603 be plate lower supporting rod, and plate face also sets aperture or also covers non-woven fabrics into mesh-like.Application process is:The plastic foil that one piece is more than bottom area is first spread into bottom first, oxygen supplying tube bottom is arranged into through plastics, and will be sealed between plastic foil and oxygen supplying tube.Then air permeable plate as shown in figure 16 is put on bottom plastic foil together with small pillar, and plastic foil both sides is pressed into trapping groove, plastic foil side is just depressed into bottom land.It finally can onboard be fed after paving non-woven fabrics and be compacted shape.Culture medium can only be passed through from the space in gas barrier circle after entering due to oxygen-fed gas between plastic film and air permeable plate, have a circle gas barrier between material, case junction because minute-pressure is supplied, so anti-gas-leak can be played a part of.Planted for hopper both can set apparatus of oxygen supply in bottom, can not also set the cultivation that directly fed into case.Above is whetheing there is six kinds of cultural methods of Air supply facility by the difference and bottom of cover plate.Difference according to planting material in case also has six kinds of cultural methods.
One is culture bacterium material in polybag, remove polybag and old mycoderma after the culture of bacterium material is good, bacterium feed powder is broken into after the small bulk cultivated suitable for briquetting compacting of casing, and spread one layer of bacterium material in small, broken bits in charge level, circle bacterium material in small, broken bits is spread in case material contact position, then be compacted with special pressing plate and extrude after retaining ring be capped the plate bacteria a few days can remove cover plate or direct fruiting, or flower bud fruiting again after annesl.Secondly will again to be cased after the raw material that 30 % or so are added in above-mentioned crushed material, the purpose for adding raw material is fully to tamp space between block, with the uniform moisturizing and oxygen supply of sharp fruiting phase.Thirdly directly case for raw material, sterilize after compaction moulding, capping cover plate, be inoculated with again, cultivation, fruiting cultivation.It four is just to access strain in planting material when cultivation in raw material, i.e. raw material are cased, direct cultivation fruitings after compacting, capping.It five is straw-manure compost cultivation, and method is identical with existing method, and difference is that bottom can set Air supply facility.It six is that charge level lid, dedicated for the cover plate of inoculation mouth produce agaric, inoculation, cultivation after same sterilizing, does not remove the direct produce agaric of cover plate after being fed in cultivating white fungus, i.e. case.When bottom is provided with oxygen supplying tube, the mouth of pipe needs ligation before sterilization.The inoculation of case material also can use following methods to be inoculated with addition to existing method, i.e., the oxygen supplying tube outside case is sterilized with liquid or gas-phase sterilisation medicine first, is passed through in the device equipped with liquid spawn, makes after secondly thermophilic air dewetting is sterilized Dry air takes strain when passing through liquid spawn, the humid air with strain is passed through afterwards and accessed to inoculation hole in the bottom oxygen supplying tube of strain, humid air minute-pressure can be uniformly inoculated with when passing through compost to compost, it is inoculated with after a period of time, unplug inoculated tube and move into general baterial cultivation chamber cultivation, can so greatly shorten the cultivation time.
(2) method of fruiting cultivation technique-this technology fruiting cultivation has three kinds, and one is three step circulating cultivation methods, and so-called three steps circulation is that fruiting process is divided into bacteria, urges bacterium and fruiting to be completed step by step under three kinds of varying environments.Illustrated by taking cultivating champignon as an example:It is first according to mushroom bacteria, flower bud, multiple basements are also constituted a circulating production line by the ratio of each section of required time of fruiting in this ratio, by bacteria room, the room temperature of flower bud room and mushroom producing room regulates and controls to 25 °C respectively, 10 °C, 15 °C or so, annesl is treated that the cultivation case layering of fruiting is placed on the multi-layer solid cultivation frame of provided with wheels and push-in flower bud room low temperature plus light stimulus first carries out flower bud, shift mushroom producing room thermophilic after fruit-body formation onto again and fit light fruiting, punching moisturizing is carried out to planting material after daughter is harvested, and nutritional supplementation and pH value regulation are carried out while moisturizing, adopt the cultivating stand after mushroom moisturizing and be pushed into bacteria room thermophilic again without phototrophic bacteria, treat to enter back into after the completion of bacteria the flower bud of next round, fruiting, the circulation of bacteria.This is the application of temperature factor.Effect of the oxygen to edible mushroom is very big, oxygen factor should be that bottom has the cultivation of oxygen-supplying function when, its cultivating stand, bacteria room and mushroom producing room all set corresponding oxygen supply pipeline, and in bacteria and fruiting stage to bottom minute-pressure oxygen supply, and not only not to bottom oxygen supply during entrance flower bud room, but also flower bud room air is regulated and controled into low oxygen content, to facilitate the quick formation of mushroom flower bud.Bottom sets the oxygen factor application made without oxygen supply:Cold and hot storage is made full use of, the resource such as daily difference and trough-electricity stronger ventilation takes a breath to meet demand of the edible mushroom to oxygen.Illumination factor is additionally provided with flower bud plate in addition to above-mentioned application and further promotes flower bud using the effect of light and temperature, flower bud plate is plastics or wooden slab, it is equidistant in length and breadth on plate to be provided with penetrating circular hole or square hole, the distance between holes center is the integral multiple in aperture, most short twice for aperture.The length that the length and width of flower bud plate are respectively less than cultivation case internal diameter length and width is 1/2nd of distance between two aperture centers, flower bud plate positive and negative aperture size can be equal straight hole, it can also be the small horn-like inclined hole in the big one side in one side, it is close to charge level downwards with small-bore during counter direction jet trays flower bud, the application process of flower bud plate is:In the bacteria later stage, make plate temperature also up to 25 °C or so flower bud plate feeding bacteria room, flower bud plate is covered on the charge level of cultivation case when cultivating case and will be pushed into flower bud room, and abut one jiao of plate and case, because flower bud plate length and width are less than charge level and exposed part then with flower bud plate identical batten lid above it, cultivation case is pushed into flower bud room afterwards, because flower bud room is low compared with bacteria room temperature, the temperature difference is big, illumination is strong, so the fabric being covered with by flower bud plate opaque body part is still in dark state, because there is slab covering and heat insulating, so material temperature change is also more slow, mushroom flower bud is not likely to form in such cases, conversely, charge level exposed part is at once by cold and light intense stimulus, in addition the further stimulation of low-oxygen environment, facilitate the differentiation and formation of fructification soon.Flower bud plate both sides need to be against another angle of cultivation case during flower bud next time, and charge level exposed section is also capped flower bud strip board.Four flower buds will be cultivated after four angles of case have been leaned on successively and then needed to flower bud plate Length and width be adjusted, i.e., by between plate and case length and width difference be further added by or reduce on the basis of original error original error away from 1/2nd, fruiting point would not be repeated with last time fruiting point so in next flower bud.Between the pore size of flower bud plate, holes from can be according to the fruiting density, mushroom body size cultivated, depending on harvesting the multi-party factor such as sooner or later.Having the prominent advantages that for flower bud plate facilitates mushroom flower bud to make fruiting uniform sequential arrangement while quickly formation.Moisture content is also one of key factor of Edible Fungi, this technology is additionally provided with corresponding perforated board in addition to planting material surface is provided with the retaining ring for moisturizing, perforated board is plastics or wood based panel, plate face is in length and breadth equidistantly provided with varying length, the thickness of culture medium in of length no more than case of the perforating needle of a diameter of 2 millimeter, wherein minute hand.The length and width of perforated board and the method and the design of flower bud plate of circulation punching are identical with running.Purpose is also to make repeatedly that hole position is not repeated when beating, to determine that the foundation of gap between plate and case is that punching plate face two adjacent groups differ in length the distance between minute hand or hour hand in pin.Punching the method for moisturizing is:Cultivation case is adopted one jiao of perforated board after mushroom with cultivating one jiao of case against backward culture bacterium punching, and moisturizing then is poured into charge level, due to there is retaining ring, so moisturizing can only be uniformly penetrated into from got hole in expecting.Operated equally as flower bud plate during punching next time, adjust perforated board length and width again behind its excess-three angle, four times one week successively.During in order to punch by outside culture medium band outlet middle and lower part on the inside of cultivation case can not done and prominent short and small plastic column is set up on corrugated or flat face.Base two is two step circulating cultivation methods, is with three-step approach difference after the completion of bacteria, and capping flower bud plate directly pushes away low temperature and fits the mushroom producing room flower bud of light, fruiting.The another method of two step circulating cultivations is the circulation of underground and ground.Corresponding cultivation place and up and down lifting means are built at the ground position of basement, when ground weather is suitable to fruiting, underground bacteria ground flower bud fruiting, the then ground bacteria underground flower bud fruiting when ground temperature is suitable for bacteria.Thirdly being the cultivation of batch production cultivation house fruiting, i.e., in the basement thermophilic four seasons with without oxygenation plastic box culture bacterium material, treating that setting bedstead fruiting at the free time such as fruiting time shift resident family interior, balcony, corridor cultivates, bedstead surrounding adds plastic foil moisturizing.Except above-mentioned generation hopper plants outer, basement also moldable bag cultivating, segment wood cultivated, no circulating cultivation, bed cultivation etc..
10th, basement animal flowing water is raised
Built in underground and the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage is also set outside animal feeding room, wall, interior also sets heat exchange and ventilation unit.It is for annually breeding, producing suede or produce the method for breeding of skin animal:The thermostatic chamber of different temperatures needed for the room temperature of multiple basements is regulated and controled into one production cycle of animal, the thermostatic chamber of different temperatures is combined into a flow production line according to the ratio the time required to animal different growing stages, the receptacle of different temperatures is controlled intensity of illumination and time accordingly again, animal is subjected to flowing water raising, farrowing, production suede, the production of production skin animal shortening production cycle can be facilitated by the induction of temperature and illumination.Also induced under the induction of light and temperature using sound, image.The method of flowing water letting animals feed can also carry out the raising of polar region animal, the low temperature chamber that the word of streamline such as is supported into the different temperatures that room regulates and controls into antarctic penguin suitable growth carries out penguin raising, both penguin can have been facilitated to be raised in temperate zone, torrid areas, can also facilitate the egg reproduction for shortening the breeding cycle.When animal flowing water is raised, such as preceding method builds the cold storage heat reservoir of storage in underground, And carry out cold and hot storage, cold and hot temperature adjusting is carried out to receptacle using store.
11, plant extension dormancy cultivation
Extending the method for construction of dormancy depots is:First a long hole of big cross section is dug out in deep under ground, and use concrete lining, hole sets multiple tracks heat-insulation and heat-preservation door, ventilation shaft and foregoing interim second thermal medium material are set in hole, as preceding method utilizes winter natural cooling source or trough-electricity institute refrigeration source largely to store cold into storehouse, by perennial nutrition storage type perennial plant is outdoor or Protectorate cultivation, when crop enters dormancy, crop tuber is dug out from ground before frozen ground, one layer of mud is wrapped up in after root or branch bar portion are slightly arranged in root, in the case for being then charged into plastic lining film, and tamping case internal pore with wet soil makes root not exposed, vanning can be stored after finishing.One on the spot or be transported to strange land dormancy depots extension dormancy storage.Secondly on the spot or to be transported to the storage of strange land non-sleep depots, non-sleep depots need to take guarantor cool or warming measure according to the cold-resistant temperature and local temperature of crop when storing, make crop neither by freeze injury nor heated breaking dormancy, while also to carry out necessary moisturizing.It is supporting to build foregoing underground storage freezer, and it is cold to carry out method as described before storage, can store crop utilization underground iced storage by the control to storehouse temperature to dormancy storage place, can arbitrarily extend dormancy, can the off-season cultivation of breaking dormancy progress at any time.Non-sleep depots storage crop need to then carry out breaking dormancy cultivation within natural dormancy period, and the crop of cold district can be transported to the warm outdoor cultivation in area by the method for cultivation in Protectorate cultivation.Because rare flower and vegetables are generally the cool crop of happiness.Cool crop rhizome portion when summer, hot nice and cool regional culture can make to enter dormancy will be liked and store more nutrients, nice and cool area is planted crop and is transported to the off-season cultivation that hot area extend dormancy by the method stored using above-mentioned extension dormancy, the more preferable product of quality can be produced, this cultural method is also a kind of method developed to the climate resources in area of feeling nice and cool.
12nd, agricultural products fresh-keeping, refrigeration, Refrigeration Technique
Agricultural products fresh-keeping, refrigeration, the structure of freezer and storage cooling method are identical with foregoing dormancy depots, except that to fresh-keeping warehouse storage it is cold when, the preservation temperature that storehouse Wen Yaoyu stores fruits and vegetables is identical, and the storehouse Wen Zexu of freezer, below 0 °C, the storehouse Wen Zexu of freezer is lower.The method for maintaining storehouse temperature is to build supporting underground storage freezer, natural cold source or trough-electricity institute refrigeration source are stored in underground storage freezer, storehouse temperature is adjusted using store low-temperature receiver at any time, when carrying out preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing storage, fruits and vegetables can be both sent directly into fresh-keeping and storing under the natural air environment of preservation by low temperature storehouse, foregoing carbon dioxide and nitrogen development of resources can also be used, environment in storehouse is adjusted to fresh-keeping and storing under low temperature, high carbon dioxide, high nitrogen, low-oxygen environment.
13rd, residence semi-finished product cultivation
In basement with the foregoing method culture bacterium material without oxygen supply case cultivated edible fungi, fruiting cultivation will be carried out in interior, balcony or the corridor of fruiting time shift residential building by treating that bacterium material is supported;By the crop breaking dormancy of foregoing extension dormancy storage and heel in sending progress product cultivation in resident family in plastic box;By leaf vegetables or shoot vegetable in the nursery of basement thermophilic or vernalization, then cultivate in sending in resident family cultivation of emerging in case again.Because edible fungus variety is more, bacterium material culture thermophilic is more or less the same, and fruiting temperature differs greatly, so different The fruiting temperature kind underground cultivation of Season select difference at home can the cultivation of four seasons fruiting, inexpensive fresh and alive edible mushroom can be obtained, there is ornamental value again.Because place root crop have accumulated many nutrients in rhizome portion when extending dormancy storage, storage of the main nutrient from root upper one year when stopping Ye cultivations is released, so in the cultivation of resident family as the crops such as leek can the superior first planting leek of counter-seas on production mass.Some, which like cool vegetables such as Yuan green onions, nursery stages, needs higher temperature, and after nursery then can normal growth at low temperature, so in underground thermophilic nursery, cultivate can oneself produces fresh vegetables to cold and cool season natural environment in vegetables dull season at home.
14th, underground sightseeing amusement park technology
(1) underground ice and snow garden technology
So-called underground ice and snow garden is that place of the temperature less than o ° of c is created in underground, in the built-in carving that manufactures ice in its place(Ice lantern), ice rink, the sightseeing amusement park such as ice hockey rink and skifield travelled in the four seasons for people, and to realize two of this target must condition be that the four seasons cheap low-temperature receiver is provided and the cold heat insulating function of the storage of amusement park well.The cold four seasons cheap low-temperature receiver that extremely efficient solves of underground storage natural cold source and trough-electricity refrigeration storage of the present invention is provided;Underground can store storage cold shut heat effect that is cold and heat-insulated being effective to ensure that underground amusement park.Figure 17 is the facility arrangement schematic diagram that underground sightseeing amusement park maintains less than 0 °C environment, wherein 1701 be underground amusement park, 1702 be the column in amusement park, for expansion space, the built-in column in garden, and lid concrete slab on crossbeam, crossbeam is set on post.The 1703 storage cold bed to be located in the outer surrounding soil of garden wall, it is constructed and function is identical with underground storage freezer, the low-temperature receiver that underground is store into freezer is dumped in ice and snow garden storage cold bed, makes storage cold bed in itself and surrounding soil is largely store and cold plays a part of to reduce and keep ice and snow garden temperature.Store cold bed both can unloading storage freezer low-temperature receiver, can be also stored in by the low-temperature receiver in winter or using trough-electricity institute refrigeration source direct storage in bed.1704 be the cold hole of storage as shown in Figure 1, and 1705 store the net hole in cold hole for the connection two as shown in Fig. 2 203.The effect in the cold hole of storage shown in 1 704 and 1 705 is identical with the storage cold bed shown in 1703, and it is shared that both can choose any one kind of them or both.1706 be soil, and top soil plays cold insulation.Storage cold bed surrounding soil then mainly plays storage cold-working and used.1707 be vacuolar membrane plastic, thermal-insulation layer, in order to reduce the gravity pressure of the thick soil insulation in top, soil cladding thickness can suitably be reduced and increase vacuolar membrane plastic, thermal-insulation layer, foam plastic, thermal-insulation layer needs to cover with larger thickness in a big way, extraneous into ice and snow garden and ice and snow garden low-temperature receiver flow direction to reduce external heat source.1708 be a semi-underground type even bubble grain plastic green house; filled out in double-plastic and grain is steeped with polystyrene; it can will steep outside grain or discharge film or be filled with it as needed; foam material can be filled with hotter season within 24 hours; set sunshading facility at top again if necessary; using ice and snow garden shed low-temperature receiver and storage freezer low-temperature receiver, in warm indoor production low temperature, shade tolerant class vegetables, flowers and Edible Fungi, can further improve low-temperature receiver utilization rate and insulation efficiency.When garden top, weight capacity is strong, can thick soil covering when, plastic film heat-insulation layer and attached-greenhouse can not be set.
Ice and snow garden is best suited for building in mountain, the Continuous building type ice and snow garden being built in mountain as shown in figure 18, and its method of construction is:Span is excavated out first and height is both less than the hole in main hole and does provisional protection 1801, so Pour the part arch ring 1802 and 1803 on load-bearing pier and crossbeam and crossbeam with armored concrete in hole afterwards, both plain concrete can be poured into a mould in space on crossbeam between two arch rings, can also in its space the pre-buried concrete prefabricated pipe equipped with dielectric material, for the storage cool tone temperature after building up, when the load-bearing pier and crossbeam in adjacent two hole build up and by concrete curing to sufficient intensity after can excavate out arch hole 1804 and pour arch ring 1805, so can build up the amusement park of " even hole " formula large space as attached-greenhouse on likewise in depths in mountain.The ice and snow garden of large space is built in mountain, it is of course possible to utilize the method for modern building technology.The single hole tunnel of large span can also be built up in the built-in snow garden that manufactures ice in mountain, hole two ends set entrance and exit, visitor's one-way flow respectively.Whether single hole or connect hole, storage cool tone hotbed 1806 is equipped with outside hole bottom and the perisporium of hole four.For doing during ice and snow garden, in order to ensure less than 0 °C of environment stable in garden, the non-rhombus that the single hole as shown in Fig. 1 stores cold hole or Fig. 2 institutes is built in the massif outside the wall of Hai Ke gardens, but the communication type for surrounding ice and snow garden stores freezer.Other facilities in ice and snow garden are identical with ice and snow garden under level land in mountain.Because the weight capacity of domes is strong, so being excavated on level land, also it can so be increased the thickness of earth covering on garden top using the domes shown in Figure 18, improve heat-insulation and heat-preservation efficiency during the ice and snow garden that underground is built.
The method of the construction such as ice sculpture and skifield is in ice and snow garden:Largely store cold by storing cold facility in soil or rock first into ice and snow garden, make in ice and snow garden temperature stabilization below 0 °C, then or using the natural ice in winter, or store the ice making in ice and snow of freezer low-temperature receiver using underground and carry out building for ice sculpture thing.Ice sculpture (ice lantern)Interior light source is divided into two kinds, the artificial light source that one is applied by current ice sculpture technology, secondly can effectively mould the clearly demarcated poultry feather of color and relatively thin relatively thin ice sculpture appearance with the light source of optical cable transmission, to make the light source in ice lantern of optical cable.In ice and snow garden, internal model is proposed makes lake and rivers.And the salt content in water source, regulation salt solution is done with salt solution, make its freezing point temperature less than the minimum temperature in ice and snow garden, so as to form frozen water(Salt solution)The situation coexisted, small-sized ice boat is made of fresh water, can be run in salt solution, when large-scale steamer is built in simulation, can will be manufactured, more than deck be manufactured with fresh water ice sculpture, " night " is run in rivers with metal below deck(Salt solution)The fabulous inverted image of middle energy formation and light effect, another effect of salt solution are also resided in:In relatively-high temperature(0 °C-mono- -10 °C) and in the case that brine strength is larger, the specific heat of salt solution is very big, and temperature in stable garden can be played a part of using a large amount of cold-storages of salt solution.The cable bridge for building large span is above simulated at " rivers ", is made of lucite or transparent plastic generation in bridge, transparent thin modeling pipe and penetrates optical cable and finer wire, can also can make the steel tendon of cable bridge moulding after water filling is freezed in pipe.Run in water on fresh water ice boat, ship and to be made into fishnet with optical cable, sail is made of optical cable and plastic cloth, can so reach high fidelity extremely grand sightseeing play effect.Produce the low-temperature receiver less than one 50 °C using trough-electricity, to blooming or the plant of result carries out snap frozen, because it is fast it is quick-frozen can highly keep original image, viewed and admired so both can directly put ice and snow garden for people, can also note to manufacture ice and interior make ice lantern and viewed and admired for people.In order that there is real plant to intersperse in ice and snow garden, subsurface in ice and snow garden builds groove and sets track, ice and snow garden track is communicated with the ring-like cultivating chamber as shown in Fig. 8,9,10,11, low temperature resistant plant is planted in ring-like cultivating chamber sand bed, plant is transported into ice and snow garden with railcar to view and admire for visitor, by ice and snow after half a day or a few hours is viewed and admired Plant exchanges with another group of plant of ring-like cultivating chamber again stands the phase to ensure that plant is no more than in o ° of below c times, and transporting the plant of ring-like room back can then cultivate in the case where being relatively higher than the thermophilic environment of ice and snow garden temperature.Figure 19 is the schematic diagram that fresh and alive plant railcar circulation is put on display in ice garden, wherein 1901 be skiing garden, 1902 be railcar, the 1903 sand cultivation bed to be located on railcar flat board, 1904 for cultivate in sand bed on relatively tall plants, can be cold-resistant bamboo, the Japanese apricot of-dwarf forms etc..1905 make in the short and small crop in sand face, such as collard to plant.Sand bed surface is combined together with ground design in garden, such as the connection of road.Handle the junction on bed and ground well, visitor, which can shuttle to play between plant, to be viewed and admired.Because ice and snow garden is annual less than 0 °C, it can be that ice and snow garden increase one and extremely rare view and admire project that Qi Geese are raised in ice and snow garden.When building ice hockey rink and ice rink in ice and snow garden, the first close paving heat exchange pipeline in bottom in place, then water is fallen on place, lead to cold air in garden, also lead to cold air in heat exchange road and be allowed to glaciation, low-temperature receiver can be inputted at any time by subglacial pipeline in the operation of ice stadium and carry out the temperature adjustment lower than temperature in garden.The snow source of skifield can lead to the snow acquisition of excess volume underground cold storage storing natural, and snowmaking acquisition can also be used.Part in ice and snow garden first can also cool by a relatively large margin, then or directly spray 0 slightly on " damp and hot " air, or send out and drawn back from another at one, " damp and hot " air is formed artificial fog pine by precooling tree or thing and viewed and admired for visitor.One of low-temperature receiver supplement source in the running of underground ice and snow garden is the winter low-temperature receiver that underground long period stores refrigeration house storage, and the two of source is the made low-temperature receiver of the underground short cycle quick utilization trough-electricity for storing refrigeration house storage.
(2) underground sight-seeing agriculture
The construction of underground sight-seeing agriculture garden is identical with the ice and snow garden as shown in Figure 17,18 and 19, except that the heat-insulation and heat-preservation standard at top can be reduced relatively, including garden wall stores standard of the hot temp.-controlled bed equally as shown in Fig. 4.Its sightseeing landscape can be able to training by following two methods and make, cultivated one is tall and big and main plant is fixed in garden, temperature in garden carries out artificial regulation circulation by spring, summer, autumn, winter, and stagger to form anti-season Tourism Garden of Ecological with ground season, it is also provided with the railcar as shown in Figure 10 simultaneously and is connected with ring-like cultivating chamber, ornamental plant is provided at any time, it is fixed such as in garden to cultivate the southern plant of low profile in olive, the tall and big tree such as cocoanut tree and bamboo grove and banana, pittosporum tobira etc. and build up hot belt type Tourism Garden of Ecological;It is fixed to cultivate the northern fruit tree such as peach, Lee, apple and northern distinctive plant and build up temperate zone type Tourism Garden of Ecological.The second is the temperature of Tourism Garden of Ecological is regulated and controled into spring, summer, autumn, winter garden all the year round, by with railcar that ring-like cultivating chamber is communicated throughout the year to the corresponding sightseeing plant of each Tourism Garden of Ecological offer, tree peony in full bloom, peach blossom spring Jian flowering plants such as are provided to spring garden throughout the year, the autumn landscape plants such as fruit tree and the maple leaf that fruit growing in close clusters are provided to autumn garden.With room above and below the ground, cultivation is combined, and the pot flowers such as tulip chrysanthemum are directly transported in florescence in garden and cultivated.The suitably vegetables of the garden temperature environment are directly cultivated in different gardens and leaf crop etc. is seen.The edible mushroom of fruiting phase is put on three-dimensional bedstead, or fruiting cultivation is carried out in soil in embedment garden and is viewed and admired for people.Ground is gone to the field and the exploitation of Cooling and Heat Source can make animal anti-season Production line as afore-mentioned plants, so the animal four seasons annually bred can be facilitated to farrow, young animal is raised in garden and viewed and admired for people, in summer Swimming pool is built in garden is available for visitor's four seasons thermophilic to swim.In a word, the cheap cold and hot energy storage low-cost high-efficiency of the high-efficiency insulated function of basement and underground beneficially facilitates the realization of the agriculture Tourism Garden of Ecological of underground anti-season.
Whether ice and snow garden or sight-seeing agriculture, all need the supporting foregoing underground of construction to store cold and storage heat reservoir, to provide used in production.Industrial #
The exploitation that the present invention is integrated to renewable resources such as waste heat, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, house refuse and the crop straws in natural cold and heat, ground temperature, daily difference, trough-electricity, industrial heater exhaust, and above-mentioned various resource comprehensives are applied to the various aspects of agricultural production, high practicability.

Claims (46)

  1. Claim
    1, one kind is built in deep under ground, is preferably built in depths in mountain, storage of the storehouse center provided with hot and cold conversion equipment is cold or stores heat reservoir, it is characterised in that:
    (1) storage described in is cold or storage heat reservoir includes a cold-hot conversion device, the conversion equipment is provided at a long hole of deep under ground, i.e. main hole, the main hole bottom is provided with a plurality of ventilating ducts different from its isometric one or length along hole length, earthing is separated by with main hole on ventilating duct, the end of ventilating duct is communicated with main hole, and thick earthen backfill hole behind ground is drawn in the built-in dielectric material to leave uniform ventilation space in main hole, main hole at hole with ventilating duct with ventilation duct;
    (2) combination of the conversion equipment described in is horizontal independent one, or horizontal Chinese character pin-shaped multilayers multiple up and down are every native parallel side-by-side, between adjacent two conversion equipment along longitudinal direction every 3-5 meters in every digging out small-bore Wang Dong UNICOMs in soil, end is with the netted combination of the hole intercommunication not less than ventilating duct aperture, it is either horizontal multiple every native parallel side-by-side, end is laterally communicated, either skewed independent one, either skewed is multiple every native any arranged side by side, between adjacent two conversion equipment the intercommunication of small-bore hole is dug out along longitudinal direction every 3-5 meters of transverse directions;
    (3) dielectric material described in is that cobble, block stone, plastic bag wet soil or damp sand are stacked in length and breadth, it can also be that plastic bag fresh water or salt solution are stacked in length and breadth, it can also be that any one of the tubular type groove that the materials such as plastics, ceramics, metal, concrete are made container is built-in with latent heat of phase change material or vertical array, or stack in length and breadth;
    (4) setting of the dielectric material described in is:When doing dielectric material with non-latent heat of phase change material and water a kind of material is only set in each main hole, when to do medium including the latent heat of phase change material including fresh water and salt solution, can set a kind of dielectric material in each main hole, it can also be the dielectric material of the multiple different melting points temperature of subsection setup in a main hole, it is that main hole two ends section sets melting temperature with respect to highest and minimum dielectric material respectively that it, which puts in order, middle each section is reduced or the setting of elevated order paragraph by paragraph with melting temperature, it can also be the dielectric material of same melting temperature built in each main hole, the dielectric material of different melting points temperature built in multiple main holes, the order intercommunication that gradually rises or reduce of multiple main holes according to its interior dielectric material melting temperature, it can also be non-full in main hole and put dielectric material, even space is left at top, dielectric material left and right or front and rear leave space;
    (5) the main hole cross section described in is divided into three major types, one is to facilitate the light section hole dug a hole and be limited, long period storage is cold or storage heat reservoir is that category is such, secondly being not less than 10m2 big cross section hole for area, hole is that multiple tracks heat-insulation and heat-preservation door ice and snow depots are that category is such, thirdly being the medium-sized hole between big cross section and light section, the short cycle quickly stores cold or storage heat reservoir and belongs to such;
    (6) small holes in main hole described in are, in the both sides and top in main hole, laterally to be dug out into hole wall soil every 3-6 meters in the aperture path length hole of the cm of aperture 10, small holes along hole length direction or only Put the isometric plastic water bag for being less than small holes with aperture, or total ventilation duct of endcapped is set in main hole, draw at each small holes at total ventilation duct on the isometric plastic water bag invested in small holes of thin ventilation duct, the upward small holes in top do not set plastic water bag set thin ventilation duct or metal object isometric built in small holes and with earthen backfill small holes, metal object not with air contact, the small holes of main hole wall can set and can not also set.
    2. the underground storage according to claim 1 is cold or stores heat reservoir, it is characterised in that storage freezer or storage heat reservoir build deep under ground in level land or mountain in.
    Underground storages of 3, according to claim 1 is cold or stores heat reservoir, it is characterized in that, storage is cold or storage heat reservoir is built in the flume between two mountains, cold-hot conversion device is successively built upwards from bottom of trench, successively backfill rammed earth, with the thick earthen backfill not less than 10 meters in 2-5 meters of the interval soil of two layers of conversion equipment, top and storehouse front and back end ditch.
    4. the underground storage according to claim 1 is cold or stores heat reservoir, it is characterised in that storage is cold or storage heat reservoir is using Natural Cave or abandoned mine as main hole, the ventilating duct or pipe for passing to hole end are set in main hole, both dielectric material can be set in main hole, can not also be set, hole thickness earthen backfill.
    The storage of 5, undergrounds storage freezer or storage heat reservoir is cold or stores hot method, it is characterised in that:
    (1) the long period storage described in is cold or the hot method of storage is:The cold energy produced using the natural cold energy at night in winter or using night dip electricity is storage low-temperature receiver, medium is passed using air as one, cold air is sent into behind main hole end from ventilating duct with air blower and runs through full hole from the space between dielectric material in main hole again, outside the last ventilation duct discharge ground from main hole, continuous logical cold wind is until the dielectric material in main hole Bi Yuzhu holes largely inhales cold heat exchange, discharge temperature stops divulging information when close with feeding temperature, within the period for stopping ventilation heat exchange, dielectric material in main hole is exchanged heat with the role of second thermal medium to hole wall deep soil or rock again, when in main hole wall be provided with small holes, and when in small holes without ventilation duct, dielectric material of dielectric material while Xiang Dongbi secondary biography cold heat exchange also into small holes passes cold heat exchange in main hole, inhale the dielectric material in the small holes after cold heat exchange and pass the effect of medium to the soil heat exchange of main hole wall deeper inside again with three, when being provided with ventilation duct in the wall small holes of hole, lead in Xiang Zhudong while cold wind exchanges heat or shift to an earlier date and also send into cold wind in small holes from total ventilation duct with air blower, inhale and discharge ground from the ventilation duct at main hole again after cold heat exchange is discharged into main hole.It is cold through after a while, heat exchange, the logical cold wind heat exchange of row again when the dielectric material temperature in main hole is significantly raised, so it can repeatedly lead to cold wind heat exchange storage at whole night cold, stop heat exchange when daytime temperature is raised, the time for reserving a daytime allows in storage freezer two to pass and three to pass dielectric materials slow soil or rock into storehouse cold, heat exchange, until evening mercury dropped, logical cold wind of being gone again when two pass with three biography dielectric material temperature recoveries in storehouse stores cold heat exchange, so lead to cold wind to underground storage freezer at night day by day and store cold, within whole winter can into the soil or rock of deep under ground a large amount of storing natural cold energy, when natural cooling source is few or the storage of non-winter is cold, or when need to store the low-temperature receiver than natural cooling source lower temperature, then store cold with such as preceding method after refrigerating device refrigeration during night dip electricity, the method of underground heat storage is identical with storing cold method, except that thermal source is the natural hot-air in summer, anniversary is collected through solar energy heat collector Hot-air or except the later industrial furnace high-temperature waste heat of dust, the made thermal source of night dip electricity;
    (2) the short cycle described in quickly stores the cold or hot method of storage:Thermal source is big both to measure, concentrate, what temperature was high needs the industrial furnace waste heat that rapid, high volume is stored in the short time again, or the made thermal source of trough-electricity, low-temperature receiver is also trough-electricity institute's refrigeration source or the big low temperature cold source of other amounts, main hole is medium-sized section, dielectric material is latent heat of phase change material in main hole, the method of storage heat be by hot-air with high-temperature blower from ventilating duct send into phase-change material heat absorption heel row in main hole end Zai Jingzhu holes appear it is outer, utilize a large amount of quick storage heat in phase-state change after its heat absorption, when the phase-change material in main hole is a variety of and reduced successively by its melting temperature or elevated order-segments setting when, high temperature heat source is discharged from high-melting-point end feeding low melting point end;When quickly storage heat reservoir is the phase-change material of the same melting temperature as built in each main hole, the phase-change material of different melting points temperature is set in different main holes, multiple main holes are every native arranged in parallel, when the combination of Zhu Dong ends UNICOM is set, thermal source is slightly below in the main hole in the relative high-melting-point hole of heat source temperature from melting temperature to be sent into, then discharge in the main hole gradually reduced to melting temperature successively by controlling each main hole switch, the as above method reusable heat wind and secondary when the temperature for discharging gas is still high, three storage heat, until thermal source is store to the greatest extent, quickly store cold except the different outer storage methods of low-temperature receiver are identical with storage heat;
    (3) the storage cooling method of the netted storage freezer described in is first to be sent directly into low-temperature receiver out of main hole of the highest point, discharged by the switch control of discharge pipe from another main hole of sustained height or from the main hole in lower section in feeding hole, it is continuous to send cold wind dielectric material into two main holes to store cold heat exchange, until discharge temperature stops exchanging heat when close with feeding temperature, change from as above method storage is cold with other the two of the last time sustained height main holes in main hole or lower section two, so progressively successively store cold from top to bottom, storing cold or stopping in the storage cold period, because the temperature in main hole is low, and the temperature between each main hole in the close intercommunication net hole set in longitudinal direction is high, so it is cold to form the automatic cycle heat exchange storage that cold air is moved down and hot-air rises.It is low that whole storage freezer stores cold energy formation upper strata temperature from top to down, and near-bottom temperature is high, the air in whole storehouse can be formed above and below convection current, can thus accelerate to store speed of cooling, just can increase and store cold scope and store cold;It is that from any ventilating duct low-temperature receiver is sent into storehouse end that cold another method is store in netted storehouse, by switching control from any main cold rear discharge of hole storage, change again when discharge temperature is close with feeding temperature from another main hole and store cold discharge, so store cold by hole from top to down, low-temperature receiver successively takes out from bottom to top when taking out application;Storing hot method is, to lower upward storage heat, it is to take out from top to down that thermal source, which takes out,;
    (4) the ice and snow storage method described in is that the natural cold air and natural ice and snow in winter are low-temperature receiver, cold method is store to the storehouse wall deep soil or rock of ice and snow depots with natural cold air, it is identical with foregoing long period storage freezer storage cooling method, i.e. by being located at, the secondary transmission of plastic water bag in storehouse on interim bedstead is cold and hot to storehouse wall largely to store cold day by day the night in winter, storehouse wall largely store it is cold after withdraw from temporary bed frame, natural ice or snow are stored in storehouse, or while uniform spray or water filling into storehouse, while freezing ice storage in storehouse to Ku Neitong cold wind, multi-layer heat preserving door cold insulation in hole after ice and snow storage, or thick native cold insulation is covered at hole again.
    6. the underground storage according to claim 5 is cold or stores hot method, it is characterised in that most of cold energy or heat energy are stored in the outer deep soil of storehouse Nei Zhu holes wall or rock.
    7. according to claim 5 underground storage it is cold or store hot method, it is characterised in that most of cold energy or heat energy are stored among the latent heat of phase change dielectric material in quick storage freezer or the main hole of storage heat reservoir.
    8. a kind of utilization liquefied air underground storage Jian hair trough-electricities and the naturally method of cold resource according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that, liquefied air depots are built in deep under ground, it is supporting to build underground storage freezer and storage heat reservoir again, night in the winter time send natural cold air heat exchange storage cold into storehouse day by day, after storehouse wall largely store it is cold after recycle trough-electricity produce the low-temperature receiver lower than natural cooling source such as method continue to store into storehouse it is cold until storehouse temperature stably in design library temperature when untill, then liquefied air is carried out with liquefied air equipment utilization trough-electricity and natural cold source, produced heat energy is swapped out during liquefied air and is stored in underground heat storage storehouse, underground storage freezer low-temperature receiver or liquefaction device institute refrigeration source is recycled further to cool air liquefaction when pressure-air temperature reaches temperature at that time, and send underground liquefied air depots storage, liquefied air is carried out to the separation of oxygen and nitrogen again when taking out application, and send underground to store refrigeration house storage again produced cold energy when separating.
    9. a kind of plant extends dormancy cultivation according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that, in the extension dormancy depots that deep under ground is built, a large amount of storage winter natural cooling sources or trough-electricity institute refrigeration source into storehouse, by perennial nutrition storage type perennial plant is outdoor or Protectorate cultivation, when crop enters dormancy, crop tuber is dug out from ground before frozen ground, one layer of mud is wrapped up in after root or branch bar portion are slightly arranged in root, in the case for being then charged into plastic lining film, and tamping case internal pore with wet soil makes root not exposed, vanning can be stored after finishing, one on the spot or be transported to strange land dormancy depots extension dormancy storage, secondly on the spot or to be transported to the storage of strange land non-sleep depots, non-sleep depots need to take guarantor cool or warming measure according to the cold-resistant temperature and local temperature of crop when storing, make crop neither by freeze injury nor heated breaking dormancy, also to carry out necessary moisturizing simultaneously.
    10. the plant extension dormancy cultivation according to claim 9, it is characterised in that described non-sleep depots storage crop is will the interior progress dormancy storage of crop vanning using natural cooling source within natural dormancy period.
    Agricultural products fresh-keepings of 11, according to claim 1 or 5, refrigeration, Refrigeration Technique, it is characterized in that, long hole is dug out in deep under ground, hole sets multiple tracks heat-insulating film door, temperature adjusting in hole is subjected to preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing into the temperature suitable for preserving fruit and vegetable utilizing or freezing with natural cold energy using nature or food product refrigeration is stored, within storage period, pass through pipeline temperature adjustment using underground storage is cold at any time.
    12. the method that a kind of comprehensive resources Jian hairs according to claim 1 or 5 are utilized, it is characterised in that build marsh gas fermentation pool in underground, sets the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage between pool wall and soil(402) heat exchanger is set in, the native covering and heat insulating of pond top thickness, pond, quick storage freezer and storage heat reservoir is built respectively in deep under ground, liquefied air depots is built in deep under ground;Thermal source is store first with underground heat storage place to send out underground biogas Ferment pond carries out temperature adjustment, and by house refuse and crop straw the like waste in fermentation in methane-generating pit, produced biogas is used for the production of the highly energy-consuming industrial furnaces such as rural area brick and tile lime, underground is sent quickly to store heat reservoir storage heat again industrial heater exhaust, the exhaust store after heat is temporarily stored, using trough-electricity to its carbon dioxide separation during night, produced heat energy swaps out again when while separating carbon dioxide by gas pressurized is stored in underground heat storage storehouse, after co 2 liquefaction is separated and is stored for, or by high-pressure oxidation swell refrigeration, and send underground quickly to store refrigeration house storage low-temperature receiver, nitrogen after storage is cold is used for underground crop and cultivated or other used, or utilize the cooling liquefaction further to nitrogen of underground storage freezer low-temperature receiver, and store the liquid nitrogen feeding underground liquefied air depots after liquefaction, the above method can also be used for the comprehensive exploitation of coal-fired industry heater exhaust resource, also biogas can first be separated carbon dioxide, methane liquefaction is stored afterwards, high temperature heat storage is reapplied in the low power consuming commercial Application such as alcohol or food processing, methane-generating pit production use is sent again by alcohol and food processing waste material.
    13. comprehensive resources according to claim 12 are developed, it is characterised in that underground biogas production, high energy-consuming industry stove is produced, low power consuming industrial production, underground agricultural production, underground storage is cold and heat, and underground liquified gas storage is Joint Production.
    14. a kind of underground ice and snow garden technology according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that, ice and snow garden is the large space basement for being built in deep under ground, it is close outside the wall surrounding wall of garden to set Large Storage Tanks cold bed or small-sized storage freezer, manufacture ice sculpture thing, ice rink using freezer low-temperature receiver frozen ice block in ice and snow garden is store;Avenged naturally using underground storage or build skifield using underground storage low-temperature receiver manufacture snowmaking;The hardy plant that ring-like room is cultivated sends into ice and snow garden with railcar and plays or view and admire for visitor, low-temperature receiver or trough-electricity institute's refrigeration source are store to carrying out storage cool tone temperature in garden or outside wall using underground storage freezer in the ice and snow garden running phase, make to keep o ° of c temperature below for a long time.
    15. underground ice and snow garden technology according to claim 14, it is characterised in that the light source in ice sculpture is optical cable feeding.
    16. underground ice and snow garden technology according to claim 14, it is characterised in that the ice boat manufactured with fresh ice is run in salt solution.
    17. the underground penguin method for breeding according to claim 1,5 or 14, it is characterized in that, multiple receptacles are built up in deep under ground, room temperature is regulated and controled into to be suitable for the temperature of the different production periods of penguin using underground storage low-temperature receiver, antarctic penguin underground thermophilic flowing water is raised.
    18.-kind it is used for the basement of agricultural production, it is characterised in that the perisporium of basement four is externally provided with the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage(402) reinforcing isolation strip, is set in the middle part of two walls(403), isolation strip is set in the middle part of the hot temp.-controlled bed of the storage of top and bottom(405), with every soil between the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage up and down outside basement corner(404) it is isolated, interior sets ventilation shaft and heat exchanger, doorway sets thermal-insulating sealing door, top is covered with 0-3 meters of soil, set the semi-underground type greenhouse or plastic greenhouse of respective area again at top when top earthing is thin or without soil, hot temp.-controlled bed is store outside cellar wall can optionally set or not set, and interior is provided with artificial light source and passes light optical cable On the basis of ground temperature cool in summer and warm in winter, it is in hot temp.-controlled bed or in heat exchanger or direct to indoor temperature control to storing that low-temperature receiver or thermal source are store using underground, room temperature can then be regulated and controled to any temperature needed for production, or daily difference resource is directly utilized, or daily difference resource is store into ventilation or the regulation room temperature that freezer or the storage further temperature adjustment of heat reservoir can be used in basement production process through underground again.
    19. a kind of can the ring-like flowing water cultivating chamber in the underground of conveniently regulating and controlling crop temperature difference per day and thermoperiod, it is characterized in that, one of doughnut be single round shape basement or in the doughnut of major diameter again every the ring-like room of civil engineering minor diameter, center of circle position sets operating room and communicated with inside-and-outside ring room work road;Two output a work road for the inside and outside straight footpath orientation of multilayer round shape doughnut;Three be two ends semicircle shape middle straight line shape the ring-like room of racetrack, the middle part of straightway is vertically set in work road, the annular domain of ring-like room every civil engineering rectangle basement;Three kinds of ring-like rooms can be individually produced, also can multiple similar ring-like rooms constitute the flow production lines of yi word patterns, camber room is used in streamline side(102) 1 connect two neighboring ring-like room, and opposite side then sets a linear pattern work road every soil(1 103), work road and the ring-like room camber road in two ends(104) 1 communicate, with the ring-like communication channel in middle part(105) 1 communicate, be all provided with storing hot temp.-controlled bed outside the wall of ring-like room(402), indoor segmentation sets heat-insulated light excluding shutter, ring-like room also sets thermal insulating door thermally insulated door with passage or work road connectivity part, ring-like interior can set track, set to put down again on track and pull circular orbit car, also track can not be set and sets the flat car with general wheel, set on flat car pant cultivating bed, water tank and feeding tank are set on car, provided with motor, top is connected provided with supply lines with city trolley bus identical " electric pigtail " with motor, interior is provided with artificial light source and passes light optical cable, whole ring-like room can be built up horizontal, it may be alternatively configured low skewed of higher end.
    20. the ring-like flowing water cultivating chamber in underground according to claim 19, it is characterised in that multiple ring-like room series connection are integrated.
    21 ,-kind of plant temperature difference per day and thermoperiod can artificial adjustment circulating cultivation method, it is characterized in that, using underground storage is cold and heat, by the high temperature section and low-temperature zone that are just adjusted to two ends section needed for arable farming of ring-like room, pass through thermal insulating door thermally insulated door heat-insulation and heat-preservation, crop bed is planted on flat car, motor drives ring-like railcar or continuous rotation, or discontinuity is rotated, the circulation of 360 ° of completion in one day, or once big turn 180 ° in one day and complete 360 ° of circulations, the purpose of temperature difference per day can all be realized, by being located at the shading thermal insulating door thermally insulated door of interior and utilizing underground storage cold in production process, heat further regulates and controls each section of temperature and illumination;When ring-like room is skewed, eminence end is set to high temperature illumination room, is hoisted using hot-air and flows one eminence high temperature of heating energy self-assembling formation, the environment of lower low temperature during with eminence illumination;The method for regulating temperature in independent ring-like room temperature cycle is to utilize underground storage cold or heat, and the different high temperature or low temperature environment needed for room temperature is regulated and controled into the crop difference growth period at any time can be met needed for thermoperiod;The production method of multiple ring-like rooms composition streamlines is:The room temperature of each ring-like room is regulated and controled into the relative thermostatic chamber of different temperatures needed for different periods in the crop whole production cycle respectively, but each thermostatic chamber also needs to regulate and control into the differential temperature room of one end high temperature other end low temperature, according to the time scale of required different temperatures in one production cycle of crop, the ring-like room of relevant temperature is pressed Ratio constitutes a flow production line, and the crop of each ring-like indoor growing room temperature period, will when needing to enter next temperature period in arable farming(A) ring-like room railcar is first drawn to the work road for being covered with track(1103), then other ring-like room crops are drawn to previous ring-like interior successively again, finally crop car in work road is led and is back to(E) room, the row systemic circulation again when plant growth need to enter next temperature period again for a period of time, so repeatedly circulation, until if the crop in not eye is from breaking dormancy to yielding positive results, finally enter back into and not at the moment complete a flowing water circulation production, the regulation and control of temperature difference per day are still to be realized by 360 ° of circulations in one day when this method is cultivated.
    22. a kind of dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed, it is characterised in that be by multiple dehumidification and temperature adjustment casees(501) with placed in series into identical and symmetric arrays(A) group and(B pipeline is set again outside) group, the pipeline connected between every two casees(506) laterally will(A) group with(B) group connection, it is interior provided with the heat exchanger using water as dehumidification and temperature adjustment dielectric material communicated with serial pipe per case(502) with the heat exchanger of regulation water temperature(503), or using phase-change material as the plastic tube equipped with phase-change material of dehumidification and temperature adjustment dielectric material(701) with the temperature adjustment tubule being located among phase-change material(703), it is provided with three-way cock per case two ends pipeline when using water as dielectric material(504), only set when using phase-change material as dielectric material and set a pipeline led to outside case on intercommunication switch, two casees connecting pipes(505) and switch is set, per case in horizontal pipeline(506) place sets pipeline and leads to series connection group again(A) or(B collect access total pipeline for front end), and every group of total pipeline external application pipeline communication accesses sterilization tank(508), provided with two Interconnecting conduit before two total pipeline sterilization tanks(510), total pipeline respectively enters basement(511) top and bottom,(A) organize on total pipeline foremost and set air blower(509), it is equipped with switch on all pipelines;Pipeline to adjust dielectric material temperature is set to(A) group with(B) group, which is completely independent, does not connect mutually, and every group to any case provided with can carry out the cold pipe of tune of independent temperature adjustment or many casees temperature adjustment simultaneously(601) with tune heat pipe(602) plastic tube provided with dress phase-change material in, using phase-change material as the case of dehumidification and temperature adjustment(And phase-change material 701)(702), it is located at the temperature adjustment tubule among phase-change material(703), with outside total pipeline outlet box after the horizontal parallel connection of temperature adjustment tubule lontitudinal series in case, phase-change material pipe erects solid matter in every case.
    23. a kind of application method of dehumidification and temperature adjustment bed, it is characterised in that low-temperature receiver or thermal source are passed through to the heat exchanger of regulation dielectric material(503), it is the change temperature state reduced successively from first case to last case temperature by the dielectric material temperature adjustment in the every case of series connection group, two series connection groups are adjusted to one case overall relatively-high temperature, another group of relative low temperature, when dielectric material is phase-change material in case, low temperature group is adjusted to solid-state like, high temperature group is adjusted to liquid state, when being tempered air and need to heat up, medium temperature in high group head end high-temperature cabinet need to be higher than the air themperature after temperature adjustment, when that need to cool, case then needs to be less than the temperature of air before temperature adjustment before low temperature group, last case temperature is then pressed depending on dehumidification requirements, the air air blower for being dehumidified temperature adjustment is sent into from low temperature group head end, when passing to end, temperature is gradually reduced the purpose for first reaching dehumidification by condensation, then cryogenic gas enters from the tail end box of high temperature group discharged to head end direction again, when gas temperature gradually rises temperature to temperature adjustment requirement from low temperature, can be from the either port of any case by the switch control being located on the pipeline of every case two ends Grown place is delivered in place's discharge, continuous dehumidifying temperature adjustment to low temperature group bulk temperature raise and high temperature group bulk temperature reduction when, the intercommunication being located at by control on two total pipelines is switched, change two groups of air inlet and discharge directions, what is originally entered is changed to discharge, that originally discharged is changed to entrance, proceed dehumidification and temperature adjustment, in whole operation process, every case temperature is adjusted at any time by the dielectric material thermoregulating system being located in every case, when the temperature inside the box changes, also can be by controlling the switch on each pipeline, it can be sent into from one group of any one case, discharged from another group of any one case.
    24. a kind of controllable plant rhizosphere temperature or oxygen is pant cultivating bed, it is characterised in that it is by outer container(1201), insulating(1202), temperature control medium material(1203), interior case(1204), ventilative web plate(1205), oxygen supply and drainpipe(1206), air-permeable layer(1207) soil, is cultivated(1207), it is colonized plate(1209), planting cup(1210) with the simultaneous blast pipe that supplies water(1211) constitute;
    (1) the temperature control medium material described in is the built-in water of polybag or plastic tube built with latent heat of phase change material, or metal material, and one end of bed is provided with the feed pipe being passed through in it, and the bed other end is provided with drainpipe;
    (2) the ventilative web plate described in is to cover to be uniformly provided with small pillar and bottom one void layer of formation under layer of non-woven fabric, plate above mesh-like the or close plastic plate spiled, plate;
    (3) oxygen supply and drainpipe described in are located in the void layer between ventilative web plate and bottom, and pipe bottom left and right sides is close to spile;
    (4) air-permeable layer described in is the gravel pebbles or gravel being placed on no francium cloth;
    (5) plant plate and planting cup described in are made of transparent hard plastic film, and field planting plate not can be set;
    (6) water supply and blast pipe described in are to be located at the pipe for being uniformly provided with aperture below definite value plate.
    25. cultivation bed according to claim 24, it is characterised in that bed wall surrounding and bed bottom are provided with dielectric material temperature-control coating.
    26. cultivation bed according to claim 24, it is characterised in that bed bottom is provided with oxygen supplying tube.
    27. the pant cultivating bed application method described in a kind of claim 24, it is characterized in that, described temperature control medium material may be selected to do temperature control medium closest to the phase-change material of phase-change material melting temperature with raise crop rhizosphere optimum temperature, when rhizosphere need to cool, it is less than the cold water of dielectric material melting temperature from one end feeding temperature of bed, discharged after heat exchange from the bed other end, Continuous Heat Transfer until by phase-change material inhale it is cold heat exchange untill solid-state is changed into from liquid, hot water is sent into when that need to heat up phase-change material is changed into liquid from solid-state, hereafter i.e. can be using its latent heat of phase change for a long time, stably cold insulation or thermal protection, the temperature and humidity of air or oxygen rich gas is adjusted into needed for rhizosphere state, force feed is fitted with blower fan to enter in a bottom void layer, oxygen uniformly passes cultivating soil and reaches purpose to oxygen supply in the rhizosphere under stress.
    28. pant cultivating bed application method according to claim 27, it is characterised in that temperature control medium material is latent heat of phase change material.
    29. pant cultivating bed application method according to claim 27, it is characterised in that be to carry out soilless culture in temperature adjustment oxygen supply bed.
    30. according to claim 27 pant cultivating bed application method, it is characterised in that cultivation bed interior sand, soil, organic fertilizer or soil, organic fertilizer are cultivated.
    A kind of devices for being used to support soil of 31, it is characterised in that the foster Tu Chi below semi-underground type plastic warm shed, pond is low to be provided with cobble unsaturated zone(1306) oxygen supply draining dual-purpose pipe, is provided with cobble(1307), the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage is provided with the walls after pool wall and brooder( 1304 ) .
    32. a kind of foster indigenous method of the foster native device described in utilization claim 31, it is characterized in that, cold or thermal source is passed through in the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage and carries out temperature adjustment to required pond temperature, completely filled out after organic matter and the earthworms such as excrement grass and water will be added in foster soil in pond, air through conditioning is sent into ground bottom from oxygen supplying tube pressurization, under pressure air hook pass through foster soil be discharged into modeling canopy in, in temperature, oxygen, microorganism and earthworm can be promoted under moisture content control environment to the decomposition and inversion of organic substance, so as to reach the purpose for fatting up soil, support soil and can be used to production to the in good time soil that takes out;Arable farming can be carried out by supporting soil phase native face;Irrigation amount is increased when supporting soil, oxygen supplying tube back-pressure is pulled water out, and organic fertilizer can be made and is used for production. .
    A kind of edible mushroom casees of 33, plant device, it is characterised in that it is made up of cultivation case, oxygen supplying tube, air permeable plate, holding pad, cover plate, flower bud plate, perforated board, described cultivation case(1501) it is rectangular plastic case, case inner side middle and lower part position or flat face, transverse wave shape or flat face are provided with uniform short and small plastic column;Described oxygen supplying tube(1509) it is to be located at the plastic tube in bottom portion;Described air permeable plate(1507) it is to be spiled with close on case internal diameter identical plastic board, or the close flat board periphery spiled is provided with isolation channel(1601) trapping circle, is set in groove(1602), plate bottom sets pillar( 1603 ) ;Described holding pad is the plastic plate or plank being equal with case internal diameter, and the one side outer ring of plate, which is provided with, can extrude charge level water blocking belt(1503) groove;Described cover plate(1504) it is that the plate face made with transparent hard plastic film is uniformly provided with inoculation cup aperture(1505) or without cup flat hole, be surrounded by for case is overlapped takes eaves
    (1506) cover plate that, plate face is close to completely with case, material;Described flower bud plate is equidistant provided with penetrating circular hole or square hole in length and breadth on plastics or wooden slab, the distance between holes center is integral multiple of twice not less than aperture, length and width are respectively less than cultivation case internal diameter, gap is 1/2nd of distance between two aperture centers, its plate face open-work can be the small inclined hole in the big one side of plate two sides aperture identical straight hole or one side;Described perforated board is that wooden or plastic board one side is provided with by multiple length difference, the perforating needle of the equidistant millimeter of diameter 2 arranged repeatedly in length and breadth successively, perforated board length and width are respectively smaller than the interior length and inner width of casing, and it is 1/2nd of distance between two minute hands or two hour hands.
    34. the edible mushroom case culture apparatus according to claim 33, it is characterised in that described cover plate is clear hard plastic foil, and cover plate face is uniformly provided with cup-shaped or plane inoculation hole, is surrounded by overlap joint eaves.
    35. edible mushroom case culture apparatus according to claim 33, it is characterised in that described urges Flower bud plate is wooden or plastic slabs, plate face is uniformly provided with the small inclined hole in the circular or square big another side aperture of straight hole or plate one side aperture, distance is integral multiple of 2 times not less than aperture between holes center, plate length and the wide interior length and inner width for being respectively smaller than cultivation casing, it is 1/2nd of distance between holes center.
    36. edible mushroom case culture apparatus according to claim 33, it is characterized in that, described perforated board is wooden or plastic plate, the one side of plate is uniformly provided with different by multiple length, the perforating needle of equidistant a diameter of 2 millimeter arranged repeatedly in length and breadth successively, it is 1/2nd of distance between two minute hands or two hour hands that perforated board length and width, which are less than the length of case internal diameter,.
    37. edible mushroom case culture apparatus according to claim 33, it is characterised in that:Cultivate bottom and be provided with air permeable plate and oxygen supplying tube.
    38. a kind of edible mushroom wheel carrier circulating cultivation method, it is characterised in that it is to carry cultivation case in three kinds or two kinds of varying environment circulating cultivations by wheel carrier, and described wheel carrier is to be provided with wheel in the bottom of multi-stage bedstead;Described circulating cultivation is that multiple basements are combined into one group of circulation according to the ratio the time required to the edible mushroom different production phase to produce room, and the room temperature of each production section is regulated and controled into the thermostatic chamber of the optimum temperature needed for edible mushroom;By planting material dress cultivation case(1501) charge level is compacted with holding pad after and water blocking belt is extruded
    (1 503), add cover plate afterwards(1504) and eaves is being taken(1506) place's adhesive plaster is by case, lid joint is sealed, then or to cup aperture plug tampon, or sterilized after rubberized fabric at flat hole mouth, inoculation, cultivation, one jiao of flower bud plate and the cultivation any corner connection of case are placed in the flower bud room for being placed in being pushed into the strong light of low temperature on the charge level in case on wheel carrier when fruiting and carry out flower bud, mushroom flower bud is pushed into the mushroom producing room progress fruiting cultivation that thermophilic fits light again after being formed, adopt after mushroom with one jiao of angular planting material punching and moisturizing against case of perforated board, it is pushed into the unglazed bacteria room of high temperature again afterwards and carries out cultural hypha, recycle stream hydroponics is proceeded as before after bacteria again, can also be from the suitable air minute-pressure of oxygen supplying tube feeding temperature and humidity to material to oxygen supply in fruiting or bacteria stage, in circulating cultivation afterwards, flower bud plate or perforated board are successively against the other three angle of cultivation case, gap after four times one circulations between adjustment plate and case can be circulated again, also can only mushroom producing room and the step circulating cultivation of bacteria room two during circulating cultivation, by underground storage it is cold or it is hot to room temperature regulation without circulating cultivation.
    39. the cultivating method for edible fungi according to claim 38, it is characterised in that edible mushroom is the circulating cultivation in the environment of different temperatures, illumination and oxygen.
    40. the cultivating method for edible fungi according to claim 38, it is characterised in that the bottom of multilayer cultivating stand is provided with wheel. .
    Cultivating method for edible fungi of 41, according to claim 38, it is characterised in that charge level and the protrusion feed ring that case junction is compost extrusion in cultivation case.
    42. the cultivating method for edible fungi according to claim 38, it is characterised in that first cultivate bacterium material with polybag charging, cultured bacterium feed powder is broken into uniform fritter afterwards, then adds 30 % or so raw material and suitable quantity of water vanning cultivation.
    43. the cultivating method for edible fungi according to claim 38, it is characterised in that:It is passed through after air dewetting is sterilized in the sealing container equipped with liquid bacteria material, air is with the oxygen supplying tube minute-pressure after strain from the discharge pipe access cultivation bottom portion for being located at container from the inoculation into material in case.
    44. basement animal flowing water method for breeding, it is characterized in that, the wall built in underground is externally provided with the hot temp.-controlled bed of storage, the animal word of heat exchange and ventilation unit is supported in room, to annually breeding, production suede or production skin animal are raised, it is the thermostatic chamber of different temperatures needed for the room temperature of multiple basements is regulated and controled into one production cycle of animal, the thermostatic chamber of different temperatures is combined into a flow production line according to the ratio the time required to animal different growing stages, the word of different temperatures supports room and intensity of illumination and time is controlled accordingly again, animal is subjected to flowing water raising, farrowing can be facilitated by the induction of temperature and illumination, produce suede, produce the production that skin animal shortens the production cycle, also using sound under the induction of light and temperature, image is induced.
    45. according to the method for the flowing water letting animals feed of claim 44, it is characterized in that, in underground, the supporting storage of construction is cold or stores heat reservoir, and the made cold and hot underground that is stored in of natural cold and heat or trough-electricity is store in cold or storage heat reservoir, laboratory temperature is adjusted using store low-temperature receiver or thermal source at any time.
    46. a kind of residence semi-finished product cultural method, it is characterised in that in method culture bacterium material of the basement without oxygen supply case cultivated edible fungi, fruiting cultivation will be carried out in interior, balcony or the corridor of fruiting time shift residential building by treating that bacterium material is supported;The crop breaking dormancy of dormancy storage will be extended and heeled in sending progress product cultivation in resident family in plastic box;By leaf vegetables or shoot vegetable in the nursery of basement thermophilic or vernalization, then cultivate in sending in resident family cultivation of emerging in case again.
CN00803472A 1999-02-04 2000-02-04 Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production Pending CN1354822A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN00803472A CN1354822A (en) 1999-02-04 2000-02-04 Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production

Applications Claiming Priority (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN99113457A CN1262030A (en) 1999-02-04 1999-02-04 Underground water-flowing job type ecological agriculture using ground temp and storing natural heat or cold underground
CN99113457.5 1999-02-04
CN99108276.1 1999-06-06
CN99108276A CN1276505A (en) 1999-06-06 1999-06-06 Development of natural cold and heat and its application in agriculture
CN99118762.8 1999-09-09
CN99118762 1999-09-09
CN99124542 1999-11-28
CN99124542.3 1999-11-28
PCT/CN2000/000023 WO2000046500A1 (en) 1999-02-04 2000-02-04 Development of recyclable resources and their application in agriculture
CN00803472A CN1354822A (en) 1999-02-04 2000-02-04 Development of recyclable resources and their application in agricultural production

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CN1337553A (en) * 2000-08-05 2002-02-27 李海泉 Underground sightseeing amusement park
FR3069310B1 (en) * 2017-07-18 2019-08-23 Storengy METHOD FOR CONVERTING A MINE WELL AND METHOD FOR STORING THERMAL ENERGY USING STORED WATER IN THE WELL.
CN113432322B (en) * 2021-07-02 2022-07-19 山东科技大学 Comprehensive utilization method and test equipment for surface water, goaf and geothermal heat of coal mining subsidence area

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CN1034608A (en) * 1987-06-05 1989-08-09 黄伟敏 Pyromotor
CN2135661Y (en) * 1992-01-03 1993-06-09 北京市西城区新开通用试验厂 Hot water energy storage device
JPH10262479A (en) * 1997-03-21 1998-10-06 Norihisa Matsuoka Composite agricultural processing facility utilizing organic waste
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CN104239663A (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-12-24 中国科学院城市环境研究所 Method for quantitatively evaluating developing potential of regional agriculture and forestry biomass energy resources

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