CN115316311B - Environment-friendly constant temperature animal housing house - Google Patents

Environment-friendly constant temperature animal housing house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115316311B
CN115316311B CN202210233059.XA CN202210233059A CN115316311B CN 115316311 B CN115316311 B CN 115316311B CN 202210233059 A CN202210233059 A CN 202210233059A CN 115316311 B CN115316311 B CN 115316311B
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China
Prior art keywords
main body
water
house main
house
phase
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CN202210233059.XA
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CN115316311A (en
Inventor
杨肖虎
卢溜
孟祥兆
罗昔联
马从付
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Xian Jiaotong University
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Xian Jiaotong University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds
    • A01K31/18Chicken coops or houses for baby chicks; Brooders including auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring, heating, ventilation
    • A01K31/20Heating arrangements ; Ventilation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0052Arrangement of fans or blowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings
    • A01K1/0058Construction of air inlets or outlets in roofs

Abstract

The application discloses an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house, belongs to the field of animal cultivation, and solves the problems of high carbon emission and high environmental pollution caused by the fact that a large amount of fuel such as coal, straw and the like is combusted for keeping the healthy temperature of animal cultivation at present. Comprises a house main body, a water tank, a first water diversion main pipe, a first water collection main pipe and a water pump. All the wall surfaces of the house main body comprise an outer decoration panel, an outer insulation board, a hollow brick body, a first capillary network, an inner insulation board, an inner decoration panel and a phase change capsule. An outer decoration panel, an outer insulation board, a hollow brick body, a first capillary network, an inner insulation board and an inner decoration panel are sequentially arranged along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the house main body. The phase change capsules are filled in the hollow parts of the hollow brick bodies. The water tank and the water pump are arranged in the house main body. The water outlet of the water tank is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump. The water outlet of the water pump is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the first capillary tube through the first water diversion main tube. The application has low carbon emission and low environmental pollution.

Description

Environment-friendly constant temperature animal housing house
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of animal breeding, in particular to an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house.
Background
The breeding industry in China is a large industry in agriculture, and in the process of breeding animals such as chickens, ducks, geese and the like, the requirements of the animals on the environment are relatively high. For example, chickens are sensitive to the environment temperature, and when the temperature of the henhouse is too high, metabolism of the chickens is reduced, so that feed intake of the chickens is reduced, and further the chickens grow slowly; when the temperature of the chicken house is too low, the water intake of chicken flocks is reduced, appetite is lost, digestive tract diseases are easily caused, and the death rate is increased. Therefore, proper temperature must be provided for animals during animal cultivation, the animal housing is kept at constant temperature throughout the year, the temperature cannot be raised or lowered, otherwise diseases are easy to occur.
At present, a large amount of fuel such as coal, straw and the like is combusted in the animal breeding process to maintain the temperature required by animal breeding, and the carbon emission is higher when the fuel such as coal, straw and the like is combusted, so that the pollution is higher.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the application provides an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house, which solves the problems of higher carbon emission and higher environmental pollution caused by the fact that a large amount of fuel such as coal, straw and the like is burnt for keeping the healthy temperature of animal cultivation.
The embodiment of the application provides an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing room, which comprises a room main body, a water tank, a first water diversion main pipe, a first water collection main pipe and a water pump; all the wall surfaces of the house main body comprise an outer decoration panel, an outer heat-insulating plate, a hollow brick body, a first capillary network, an inner heat-insulating plate, an inner decoration panel and a phase change capsule; the outer decoration panel, the outer heat-insulating plate, the hollow brick body, the first capillary network, the inner heat-insulating plate and the inner decoration panel are sequentially arranged along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the house main body; the phase change capsules are filled in the hollow part of the hollow brick body; the water tank and the water pump are arranged in the house main body; the water outlet of the water tank is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump; the water outlet of the water pump is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the first capillary tube through the first water diversion main tube; the water outlet groove on the first capillary net is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank through the first water collecting main pipe.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing further comprises a partition; the partition board is clamped in the inner cavity of the house main body; the partition board is parallel to the ground and is positioned in the middle of the house main body.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly isothermal animal containment shelter further comprises an ammonia gas sensor, a ventilation window, a ventilation patio, and a control mechanism; the ventilation window is arranged on the side wall of the house main body; the ventilation courtyard is arranged on the roof of the house main body; the ammonia gas sensor is arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body; the ammonia sensor, the ventilation courtyard and the ventilation window are all electrically connected with the control mechanism.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing further comprises a solar power generation mechanism; the solar power generation mechanism comprises a plurality of photovoltaic power generation plates, a phase change heat preservation layer, a storage battery and a voltage stabilizing circuit; a plurality of the photovoltaic power generation panels are arranged above the roof of the house main body in a rectangular array; the phase change heat preservation layer is arranged on one side, close to the house main body, of each photovoltaic power generation plate; the photovoltaic power generation plates are electrically connected with the voltage stabilizing circuit; the voltage stabilizing circuit is electrically connected with the storage battery.
In one possible implementation, the solar power generation mechanism further includes two springs, two support rods, two baffle rings, and a retractable support rod; the telescopic supporting rod is electrically connected with the control mechanism; two blind holes are formed in the end faces of two adjacent phase-change heat-insulating layers, which are positioned in the same transverse row, the bottom face of the first blind hole of the first phase-change heat-insulating layer is fixedly connected with one end of a supporting rod, and the other end of the supporting rod penetrates into the second blind hole of the second phase-change heat-insulating layer; the bottom surface of the first blind hole is connected with one end of a spring, the spring is sleeved on the supporting rod, and the other end of the spring is connected with the baffle ring; the baffle ring is sleeved on the supporting rod and fixed on the side wall of the second blind hole; the bottom surface of the third blind hole of the first phase-change heat-insulating layer is fixedly connected with one end of the other supporting rod, and the other end of the supporting rod penetrates into the fourth blind hole of the second phase-change heat-insulating layer; the bottom surface of the third blind hole is connected with one end of another spring, the spring is sleeved on the supporting rod, and the other end of the spring is connected with the other baffle ring; the baffle ring is sleeved on the supporting rod and fixed on the side wall of the fourth blind hole; the two support rods are arranged in parallel; one surface, close to the house main body, of the phase-change heat-insulating layer positioned on two sides of the phase-change heat-insulating layer in the same horizontal line is respectively connected with the telescopic ends of the telescopic support rods; the fixed end of the telescopic supporting rod is arranged on the top surface of the house main body.
In one possible implementation, the solar power generation mechanism further comprises an electric motor; the motor is fixed at the telescopic end of the telescopic supporting rod, and an output shaft of the motor is connected with one surface of the phase-change heat-insulating layer, which is close to the house main body; the motor is electrically connected with the control mechanism.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing further comprises a light source supplementing mechanism; the light source supplementing mechanism comprises an LED energy-saving lamp and a photosensitive sensor; the LED energy-saving lamp and the photosensitive sensor are arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body; the LED energy-saving lamp and the photosensitive sensor are electrically connected with the control mechanism.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing further comprises a plurality of pipes; one end of each of the plurality of pipelines is communicated with the inner cavity of the house main body, and the other end of each of the plurality of pipelines extends out of the house main body so as to discharge animal excreta from the inner cavity of the house main body.
In one possible implementation, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing further comprises a biogas digester and a gas storage tank; the biogas digester is positioned below the house main body and is communicated with a plurality of pipelines; the gas storage tank is communicated with the methane tank.
In one possible implementation, the biogas digester includes a biogas digester body and a thermal insulation structure; the biogas digester main body is positioned below the house main body and is communicated with a plurality of pipelines; the heat preservation structure is arranged on the inner surface of the methane tank main body.
One or more technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present application at least have the following technical effects or advantages:
the embodiment of the application provides an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing room, which comprises a room main body, a water tank, a first water diversion main pipe, a first water collection main pipe and a water pump. All the wall surfaces of the house main body comprise an outer decoration panel, an outer insulation board, a hollow brick body, a first capillary network, an inner insulation board, an inner decoration panel and a phase change capsule. An outer decoration panel, an outer insulation board, a hollow brick body, a first capillary network, an inner insulation board and an inner decoration panel are sequentially arranged along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the house main body. The phase change capsules are filled in the hollow parts of the hollow brick bodies. The water tank and the water pump are arranged in the house main body. The water outlet of the water tank is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump. The water outlet of the water pump is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the first capillary tube through the first water diversion main tube. The water outlet groove on the first capillary net is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank through the first water collecting main pipe. In practical application, the water pump, the first water distribution main pipe, the first capillary network, the first water collection main pipe and the water tank form a closed loop, so that water can circularly flow in the first capillary network, and when the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body is lower than the temperature required by healthy cultivation of animals, the water flowing in the first capillary network can absorb the cold energy of phase change of the phase change capsule; when the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body is higher than the temperature required by animal healthy cultivation, water flowing in the first capillary network can absorb the phase-change heat of the phase-change capsules, so that the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body is kept constant. According to the embodiment of the application, the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body can be kept constant without burning coal, straw and other fuels, so that the carbon emission in the animal breeding process is greatly reduced, and the environmental pollution is reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application, the drawings that are needed in the description of the embodiments of the present application will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an environment-friendly isothermal animal housing provided by an embodiment of the application;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at B;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at A;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram II of a structure of an environment-friendly isothermal animal housing house according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of FIG. 4 at C;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of FIG. 4 at D;
fig. 7 is a schematic diagram III of a structure of an environment-friendly isothermal animal housing house according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of FIG. 7 at E;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of FIG. 8;
fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an environment-friendly isothermal animal housing house according to an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of F in FIG. 10;
fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a structure of an environment-friendly isothermal animal housing provided by an embodiment of the application.
Icon: 1-house body; 1 a-an outer facing sheet; 1 b-an outer insulation board; 1 c-hollow brick body; 1 d-a first capillary network; 1 e-an inner insulation board; 1 f-an interior panel; 1g of phase-change capsules; 2-a water tank; 3-a first water diversion trunk pipe; 4-a first water collecting main pipe; 5-a water pump; 6-ammonia gas sensor; 7-ventilation windows; 8-ventilation patio; 9-a solar power generation mechanism; 91-a photovoltaic power generation panel; 92-phase change heat preservation layer; 921-first protection Wen Juanzhou; 922-a second capillary network; 923-a first metal foam phase change wrap; 924-a first insulating plate; 93-springs; 94-supporting rods; 95-baffle ring; 96-storage battery; 97-voltage stabilizing circuit; 98-a telescopic support rod; 99-motor; 10-a control mechanism; 11-a separator; 111-upper veneer; 112-upper insulation board; 113-concrete composite floor slab; 114-lower insulation panels; 115-lower veneer; 116-ventilation openings; 12-a light source supplementing mechanism; 121-LED energy-saving lamp; 122-photosensitive sensor; 13-piping; 14-a methane tank; 141-a main body of the methane tank; 142-an insulation structure; 142 a-a second insulation panel; 142 b-a second metal foam phase change wrap; 142 c-a third capillary network; 142 d-a second incubation reel; 142 e-waterproof layer; 143-a biogas purifier; 144-electric transportation tracks; 15-a fuel gas storage tank; 16-a second water diversion dry pipe; 17-a second water collecting main; 18-a third water diversion trunk; 19-a third water collecting main pipe.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present application will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is evident that the embodiments described are some, but not all embodiments of the present application. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the application without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the application.
In the description of the embodiments of the present application, it should be noted that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "inner," "outer," and the like indicate or are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to facilitate description of the embodiments of the present application and simplify description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present application. The terms "first," "second," "third," "fourth" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. Furthermore, the terms "mounted," "connected," "coupled," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be communication between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the embodiments of the present application will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific circumstances.
As shown in fig. 1 to 12, the embodiment of the application provides an environment-friendly type constant temperature animal housing house, which comprises a house main body 1, a water tank 2, a first water diversion main pipe 3, a first water collection main pipe 4 and a water pump 5.
In practical application, all the wall surfaces of the house main body 1 comprise an outer decoration panel 1a, an outer insulation board 1b, a hollow brick body 1c, a first capillary network 1d, an inner insulation board 1e, an inner decoration panel 1f and a phase change capsule 1g. Specifically, the outer decoration panel 1a and the inner decoration panel 1f are coated with plain cement paste, so that the heat transfer characteristic of the wall surface is prevented from being influenced by water stain and dirt on the wall surface. In addition, the outer heat-insulating plate 1b and the inner heat-insulating plate 1e are extruded polystyrene XPS materials, and the extruded polystyrene XPS materials have good heat-insulating performance.
With continued reference to fig. 6, the outer wall to inner wall direction of the house main body 1 is sequentially provided with an outer decorative panel 1a, an outer thermal insulation board 1b, a hollow brick body 1c, a first capillary network 1d, an inner thermal insulation board 1e and an inner decorative panel 1f. The hollow portion of the hollow brick body 1c is filled with the phase change capsules 1g. In practical application, the phase change temperature of the phase change capsule 1g is adjusted according to the health temperature of animals cultivated in the environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house. For example, if the animals bred in the environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house are chicken flocks, the healthy breeding temperature of the chicken flocks is 22 ℃, so that the phase-change temperature of the phase-change capsules 1g is set to be 22 ℃ to maintain the temperature required by chicken flock breeding and ensure the healthy growth of the chicken flocks.
With continued reference to fig. 3, both the water tank 2 and the water pump 5 are provided within the house body 1. The water outlet of the water tank 2 is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump 5. The water outlet of the water pump 5 is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the first capillary network 1d through the first water diversion trunk pipe 3. The water outlet groove hole on the first capillary network 1d is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank 2 through the first water collecting main pipe 4. Specifically, a closed loop is formed among the water tank 2, the first water distribution stem 3, the first capillary network 1d, the first water collection stem 4, and the water pump 5, so that water can circulate within the first capillary network 1 d. When the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 is lower than the temperature required by healthy animal cultivation, the water flowing in the first capillary network 1d can absorb the cold energy of the phase change capsules 1g phase change; when the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 is higher than the temperature required by healthy animal cultivation, the water flowing in the first capillary network 1d can absorb the heat of the phase change capsule 1g, so that the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 is kept constant. Through the heat exchange between the water in phase change capsule 1g and the first capillary network 1d for the inner chamber temperature of house main part 1 need not also can keep invariable through fuel such as burning coal, straw, greatly reduced the carbon emission in the animal breeding process, reduced environmental pollution.
The embodiment of the application provides an environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing, which comprises a housing main body 1, a water tank 2, a first water diversion main pipe 3, a first water collection main pipe 4 and a water pump 5. All the wall surfaces of the house main body 1 comprise an outer decoration panel 1a, an outer heat-insulating plate 1b, a hollow brick body 1c, a first capillary network 1d, an inner heat-insulating plate 1e, an inner decoration panel 1f and a phase change capsule 1g. An outer decoration panel 1a, an outer insulation board 1b, a hollow brick body 1c, a first capillary net 1d, an inner insulation board 1e and an inner decoration panel 1f are sequentially arranged along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the house main body 1. The phase change capsules 1g are filled in the hollow portions of the hollow brick body 1 c. The water tank 2 and the water pump 5 are both arranged in the house main body 1. The water outlet of the water tank 2 is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump 5. The water outlet of the water pump 5 is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the first capillary network 1d through the first water diversion dry pipe 3. The water outlet groove hole on the first capillary network 1d is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank 2 through the first water collecting dry pipe 4. In practical application, the water pump 5, the first water diversion main pipe 3, the first capillary network 1d, the first water collection main pipe 4 and the water tank 2 form a closed loop, so that water can circularly flow in the first capillary network 1d, and when the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 is lower than the temperature required by healthy animal breeding, the water flowing in the first capillary network 1d can absorb the cold energy of the phase change capsule 1 g; when the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 is higher than the temperature required for healthy breeding of animals, the water flowing in the first capillary network 1d can absorb the heat of the phase change capsule 1g, thereby keeping the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 constant. According to the embodiment of the application, the temperature of the inner cavity of the house main body 1 can be kept constant without burning coal, straw and other fuels, so that the carbon emission in the animal breeding process is greatly reduced, and the environmental pollution is reduced.
With continued reference to fig. 4, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing also includes a partition 11. The partition 11 is clamped in the inner cavity of the house main body 1. The partition 11 is parallel to the ground and is located in the middle of the house body 1. Specifically, the partition plate 11 can divide the inner cavity of the house main body 1 into two sections, then the phase change temperature of the phase change capsule 1g in the wall surfaces above and below the partition plate 11 is set to be different temperatures, and two different temperature areas can be formed in the inner cavity of the house main body 1, so that the temperature requirements of different animal cultivation are met. For example, if the animals bred in the environment-friendly type constant temperature animal housing house are chicken flocks, the phase change temperature of the phase change capsule 1g in the wall surface above the partition plate 11 can be set to 22 ℃, and the phase change temperature of the phase change capsule 1g in the wall surface below the partition plate 11 can be set to 38 ℃. Therefore, the chicken flock breeding in the upper half part and the chicken hatching in the lower half part can be realized, other constant temperature equipment such as an air conditioner and the like are not required to be arranged, the energy is saved, and the breeding cost is reduced.
With continued reference to fig. 5, the spacer 11 includes an upper veneer 111, an upper insulation panel 112, a concrete composite floor 113, a lower insulation panel 114, and a lower veneer 115. An upper veneer 111, an upper insulation board 112, a concrete composite floor 113, a lower insulation board 114, and a lower veneer 115 are sequentially provided in a direction from an upper surface to a lower surface of the partition 11. Specifically, the concrete composite floor 113 is favorable for bearing the partition 11, so that potential safety hazards caused by excessive cultured animals are avoided. In addition, the provision of the lower and upper heat insulating plates 114 and 112 is advantageous in that the overall temperature in the house main body 1 is constant.
Further, a vent 116 is provided in the partition 11, the vent 116 being opened when it is desired to vent the lower half of the partition 11. Specifically, the opening can be performed manually or controlled by a control system.
In practical application, the environment-friendly type constant temperature animal housing house further comprises an ammonia gas sensor 6, a ventilation window 7, a ventilation courtyard 8 and a control mechanism 10. The ventilation window 7 is provided at a side wall of the house main body 1. The ventilation patio 8 is provided on the roof of the house main body 1. The ammonia sensor 6 is arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body 1. The ammonia sensor 6, the ventilation patio 8 and the ventilation window 7 are all electrically connected with the control mechanism 10. In the animal breeding process, animal excreta, food residues and other impurities can react in the environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house to generate ammonia if the animal excreta, the food residues and other impurities are not cleaned in time, and when the ammonia concentration is too high, the animal can generate diseases, so that the health of the animal is influenced. Thus be provided with ammonia sensor 6 in house main part 1, ammonia sensor 6 can real-time detection house main part 1 in ammonia concentration to send the data that detects to control mechanism 10, when control mechanism 10 judges that ammonia concentration is too high, control mechanism 10 controls ventilation courtyard 8 and ventilation window 7 and opens, makes room air exchange with outdoor air utilizing "chimney effect", makes the ammonia concentration in the house main part 1 reduce, and after the ammonia concentration in the house main part 1 falls to normal data, control mechanism 10 controls ventilation courtyard 8 and ventilation window 7 and closes. Through the setting of control mechanism 10 and ammonia sensor 6 for ammonia in the house main part 1 can be in normal concentration, has guaranteed animal's health. Meanwhile, the ventilation courtyard 8 and the ventilation window 7 do not need to be opened manually, and the workload of cultivation staff is reduced. For example, if the animals bred in the environment-friendly type isothermal animal housing house are a chicken flock, when the ammonia concentration in the house main body 1 is higher than 20ppm, the ventilation ceiling 8 and the ventilation window 7 need to be opened. In addition, the ventilation patio 8 and the ventilation window 7 can be opened at regular time by the control mechanism 10 to realize the ventilation in the house main body 1, so as to meet the ventilation requirement of animals.
With continued reference to fig. 10, the environmentally friendly isothermal animal containment building further includes a solar power generation mechanism 9. The solar power generation mechanism 9 includes a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels 91, a phase change insulating layer 92, a storage battery 96, and a voltage stabilizing circuit 97. A plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels 91 are arrayed in a rectangular shape above the roof of the house main body 1. The phase change heat preservation layer 92 is provided on one side of each photovoltaic power generation panel 91 close to the house main body 1. The solar power generation mechanism 9 is arranged without an external power supply, so that the cost of animal cultivation is reduced.
With continued reference to fig. 11, the phase change thermal layer 92 specifically includes a first protective layer Wen Juanzhou 921, a second capillary tube web 922, a first metal foam phase change wrap 923, and a first thermal insulation plate 924. In practical application, the water outlet of the water pump 5 is communicated with the inlet groove hole on the second capillary network 922 through the second water diversion main pipe 16, and the water outlet groove hole on the second capillary network 922 is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank 2 through the second water collection main pipe 17. Specifically, the water pump 5, the second water diversion trunk 16, the second capillary network 922, the second water collection trunk 17 and the water tank 2 form a closed loop, so that water can circulate in the second capillary network 922, and when the temperature of the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 is lower than the normal temperature, the water flowing in the second capillary network 922 can absorb the cold energy of the phase change of the first metal foam phase change wrapping layer 923; when the temperature of the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 is higher than the normal temperature, the water flowing in the second capillary network 922 can absorb the heat of the phase change of the first metal foam phase change coating 923, so that the temperature of the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 is kept constant, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 is improved.
In practical applications, the plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels 91 are electrically connected to the voltage stabilizing circuit 97. The voltage stabilizing circuit 97 is electrically connected to the battery 96. The voltage stabilizing circuit 97 is arranged to enable the current generated by the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 to be more stably transmitted to the storage battery 96 for storage.
With continued reference to fig. 8, the solar power generation mechanism 9 further includes two springs 93, two support rods 94, two stop rings 95, and a telescoping support rod 98.
With continued reference to fig. 9, the telescoping support pole 98 is electrically connected to the control mechanism 10. Two blind holes are formed in the end faces of two adjacent phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 which are located in the same transverse row and adjacent to the same transverse row, one end of a supporting rod 94 is fixedly connected to the bottom face of the first blind hole of the first phase-change heat-insulating layer 92, and the other end of the supporting rod 94 penetrates into the second blind hole of the second phase-change heat-insulating layer 92. One end of a spring 93 is connected to the bottom surface of the first blind hole, the spring 93 is sleeved on the supporting rod 94, and a baffle ring 95 is connected to the other end of the spring 93. The baffle ring 95 is sleeved on the supporting rod 94, and the baffle ring 95 is fixed on the side wall of the second blind hole. The bottom surface of the third blind hole of the first phase-change heat-insulating layer 92 is fixedly connected with one end of another supporting rod 94, and the other end of the supporting rod 94 penetrates into the fourth blind hole of the second phase-change heat-insulating layer 92. The bottom surface of the third blind hole is connected with one end of another spring 93, the spring 93 is sleeved on the supporting rod 94, and the other end of the spring 93 is connected with another baffle ring 95. The baffle ring 95 is sleeved on the supporting rod 94, and the baffle ring 95 is fixed on the side wall of the fourth blind hole. The two support bars 94 are arranged in parallel. In practical application, through the setting of two springs 93, two bracing pieces 94 and two backing rings 95 for be located the phase transition heat preservation 92 of same horizontal line and link together, and because spring 93 can stretch out and draw back, make the interval between two adjacent phase transition heat preservation 92 can adjust. The support strength of the springs 93 is ensured by the support rods 94, and the inclination of the photovoltaic power generation panel 91 due to insufficient rigidity of the springs 93 is avoided. In addition, the parallel arrangement of the two adjacent support rods 94 on the same transverse line can ensure that the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 on the same transverse line are always on the same plane, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 is ensured.
In practical application, the sides of the phase-change thermal insulation layer 92 on both sides of the phase-change thermal insulation layer 92 on the same horizontal line, which are close to the house main body 1, are respectively connected with the telescopic ends of the telescopic support rods 98. The fixed end of the telescopic support rod 98 is provided at the top surface of the house body 1. As shown in fig. 1, the phase change insulating layers 92 located in the same row refer to the phase change insulating layers 92 located in the same row along the X-axis direction. Because the phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 positioned in the same horizontal line are connected with each other, one sides of the phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 positioned at two sides of the phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 in the same horizontal line and close to the house main body 1 are respectively connected with the telescopic ends of the telescopic support rods 98, so that the telescopic support rods 98 can support the phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 in the same horizontal line. Specifically, when the external temperature is higher in summer, the control mechanism 10 controls the expansion end of the expansion supporting rod 98 to expand, and the expansion end of the expansion supporting rod 98 expands to drive the phase-change heat-insulating layer 92 of the same horizontal line to rise, so that the phase-change heat-insulating layer 92 of each horizontal line can be at different heights by adjusting the expansion length of the expansion supporting rod 98 of each horizontal line, thereby realizing the purpose of adjusting the Z-axis direction gap of the photovoltaic power generation plates 91, increasing the air flow between the photovoltaic power generation plates 91, reducing the temperature of the photovoltaic power generation plates 91 and improving the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation plates 91; when the external temperature is lower in winter, the photovoltaic power generation plates 91 of each transverse row are positioned on the same plane by adjusting the height of the telescopic supporting rods 98 of each transverse row, so that the heat preservation effect of the photovoltaic power generation plates 91 is improved, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation plates 91 is improved.
Meanwhile, the left and right gaps between the phase change insulating layers 92 positioned on the same horizontal line can be adjusted by the telescopic supporting rods 98. As shown in fig. 12, when the external temperature is higher in summer, the control mechanism 10 controls the left telescopic supporting rod 98 to extend, the telescopic supporting rod 98 extends to drive the phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 connected with the telescopic supporting rod to extend to a high level, so that the spring 93 between the two phase-change heat-insulating layers 92 in the same horizontal line extends, the spring 93 extends to increase the gap between the two phase-change heat-insulating layers 92, further the left and right gaps between the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 in the same horizontal line are increased, the air flow between the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 is accelerated, the temperature of the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 is reduced, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 is improved; when the external temperature is lower in winter, the control mechanism 10 controls the left telescopic supporting rod 98 to reset, and the telescopic supporting rod 98 resets to drive the phase-change heat preservation layers 92 to reset, so that the springs 93 between the two phase-change heat preservation layers 92 in the same horizontal line reset, and further the gaps between the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 are reduced to enhance the heat preservation effect of the photovoltaic power generation panels 91, and the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation panels 91 is improved.
With continued reference to fig. 12, the solar power generation mechanism 9 further includes an electric motor 99. The motor 99 is fixed at the telescopic end of the telescopic supporting rod 98, and the output shaft of the motor 99 is connected with one side of the phase-change heat-insulating layer 92, which is close to the house main body 1. The motor 99 is electrically connected to the control mechanism 10. In practical application, the control mechanism 10 can control the motor 99 to rotate according to the angle change of the sunlight, and the motor 99 rotates to drive the photovoltaic power generation plate 91 to rotate, so that tracking of the photovoltaic power generation plate 91 to the sunlight is realized, and further the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic power generation plate 91 is ensured.
With continued reference to fig. 4, the environmentally friendly warm-blooded animal housing also includes a light source replenishment mechanism 12. The light source replenishment mechanism 12 includes an LED energy saving lamp 121 and a photosensor 122. The LED energy-saving lamp 121 and the photosensitive sensor 122 are arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body 1. The LED energy saving lamp 121 and the photosensor 122 are electrically connected to the control mechanism 10. In practical application, the light sensor 122 can detect the illumination intensity in the house main body 1 and feed back the illumination intensity to the control mechanism 10, and the control mechanism 10 controls the illumination intensity of the LED energy-saving lamp 121 according to the data fed back by the light sensor 122. In addition, the control mechanism 10 may control the switching of the LED energy saving lamp 121 according to a predetermined rule. For example, the night illumination is realized for 1-2 hours, the light is turned off for 1 hour, and the adoption of the illumination scheme can reduce the stress response of animals and reduce the incidence rate of sudden death disease, abdominal water disease and the like of the animals at later stages. Meanwhile, the animals are quieter in the low-light environment, the movement quantity is reduced, and the movement quantity is reduced, so that the animals are grown and fattened, the feed return is improved, and the economic benefit of animal cultivation is improved.
In practical application, the environment-friendly type constant temperature animal housing house further comprises a plurality of pipelines 13. One end of the plurality of pipes 13 communicates with the inner cavity of the house body 1, and the other end extends out of the house body 1 to discharge excreta of animals from the inner cavity of the house body 1. Specifically, the plurality of pipes 13 can remove the excreta of animals from the inner cavity of the house main body 1, ensuring the cleanliness in the house main body 1. Preferably, the plurality of pipes 13 are disposed at equal intervals, and the plurality of pipes 13 are disposed at equal intervals so that the excreta of the animals can be more thoroughly discharged.
With continued reference to fig. 1, the environment-friendly warm-blooded animal housing also includes a biogas digester 14 and a gas storage tank 15. The biogas digester 14 is located below the house body 1 and communicates with a plurality of pipes 13. The gas storage tank 15 is communicated with the biogas digester 14. In practical application, animal excreta can be discharged into the methane tank 14 through the pipelines 13, methane is generated in the methane tank 14 through microbial fermentation, and the generated methane can enter the gas storage tank 15 for storage, so that not only can staff of a farm be used in daily life, but also the environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house can be used as a standby heat source for heat supply in winter.
In practice, the biogas digester 14 includes a digester body 141 and a thermal insulation structure 142. The biogas digester main body 141 is located below the house main body 1 and communicates with the plurality of pipes 13. The heat insulating structure 142 is provided at the inner surface of the biogas digester body 141. Since animal excreta in the biogas digester body 141 generates biogas through microbial fermentation, if the temperature in the biogas digester body 141 is low, the microbial fermentation speed is slow, and even the microbial fermentation is stopped, thereby causing the biogas generation speed to be slow. The heat-insulating structure 142 is provided so that the temperature in the main body 141 of the biogas digester is always maintained at the optimal temperature for microbial fermentation, thereby allowing a high biogas generation rate.
With continued reference to fig. 2, the insulation structure 142 specifically includes a second insulation board 142a, a second metal foam phase change wrapping layer 142b, a third capillary network 142c, a second insulation reel 142d, and a waterproof layer 142e. The second insulation board 142a, the second metal foam phase change coating 142b, the third capillary network 142c, the second insulation reel 142d and the waterproof layer 142e are sequentially disposed along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the insulation structure 142. In practical application, the water outlet of the water pump 5 is communicated with the inlet slot hole on the third capillary network 142c through the third water diversion dry pipe 18, and the water outlet slot hole on the third capillary network 142c is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank 2 through the third water collection dry pipe 19. Specifically, the water pump 5, the third water distribution stem pipe 18, the third capillary network 142c, the third water collection stem pipe 19 and the water tank 2 form a closed loop, so that water can circulate in the third capillary network 142c, and when the temperature in the biogas digester main body 141 is lower than the temperature required by microbial fermentation, the water flowing in the third capillary network 142c can absorb the cold energy of the phase change of the second metal foam phase change wrapping layer 142 b; when the temperature in the biogas digester body 141 is too high, the water flowing in the third capillary network 142c can absorb the heat of the phase transition of the second metal foam phase transition wrapping layer 142b, so that the temperature in the biogas digester body 141 is kept at the optimal temperature required by microbial fermentation, the fermentation efficiency of animal excreta in the biogas digester body 141 is improved, and the influence of the season on the fermentation of animal excreta is eliminated.
Further, the biogas digester 14 also includes a biogas purifier 143. The gas inlet end of the biogas purifier 143 is communicated with the biogas digester main body 141, and the gas outlet end of the biogas purifier 143 is communicated with the gas storage tank 15. Because the fermented biogas contains magazines, if the fermented biogas is directly used without purification, the environment pollution is high when the biogas is used, and the biogas utilization rate is low, so that the biogas purifier 143 is used for purifying the biogas, the environment pollution caused when the biogas is used is avoided, and the biogas utilization rate is improved.
Still further, the biogas digester 14 also includes motorized transportation rails 144. The control mechanism 10 is electrically connected to the electric power transmission rail 144. One end of the electric transportation rail 144 is communicated with the inner cavity of the biogas digester body 141, and the other end of the electric transportation rail passes through the biogas digester body 141 and then extends out of the outside so as to discharge residues in the biogas digester body 141 into the outside. Because the fermentation residues of animal excreta can be used as biomass fertilizer, when the fermentation residues of animal excreta in the biogas digester 14 accumulate to a certain extent, the electric conveying track 144 is controlled to be opened by the control mechanism 10, so that the fermentation residues can be conveyed to farms for use, the pollution of the fertilizer to soil can be reduced, the farms do not need to purchase the fertilizer any more, and the planting cost of the farms is reduced.
In this specification, each embodiment is described in a progressive manner, and the same or similar parts of each embodiment are referred to each other, and each embodiment is mainly described as a difference from other embodiments.
The above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present application, and not for limiting the present application; although the application has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical scheme described in the previous embodiment can be modified or some or all of the technical features can be replaced equivalently; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit of the application.

Claims (7)

1. The environment-friendly constant-temperature animal housing house is characterized by comprising a house main body (1), a water tank (2), a first water diversion main pipe (3), a first water collection main pipe (4), a water pump (5), an ammonia gas sensor (6), a ventilation window (7), a ventilation courtyard (8), a solar power generation mechanism (9) and a control mechanism (10);
all the wall surfaces of the house main body (1) comprise an outer decoration panel (1 a), an outer heat-insulating plate (1 b), a hollow brick body (1 c), a first capillary network (1 d), an inner heat-insulating plate (1 e), an inner decoration panel (1 f) and a phase change capsule (1 g);
the outer decoration panel (1 a), the outer heat insulation board (1 b), the hollow brick body (1 c), the first capillary network (1 d), the inner heat insulation board (1 e) and the inner decoration panel (1 f) are sequentially arranged along the direction from the outer wall to the inner wall of the house main body (1); the phase change capsules (1 g) are filled in the hollow parts of the hollow brick bodies (1 c);
the water tank (2) and the water pump (5) are both arranged in the house main body (1);
the water outlet of the water tank (2) is communicated with the water inlet of the water pump (5);
the water outlet of the water pump (5) is communicated with an inlet groove hole on the first capillary network (1 d) through the first water diversion main pipe (3);
the water outlet groove on the first capillary network (1 d) is communicated with the water inlet of the water tank (2) through the first water collecting main pipe (4);
the ventilation window (7) is arranged on the side wall of the house main body (1);
the ventilation courtyard (8) is arranged on the roof of the house main body (1);
the ammonia sensor (6) is arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body (1);
the ammonia gas sensor (6), the ventilation courtyard (8) and the ventilation window (7) are electrically connected with the control mechanism (10);
the solar power generation mechanism (9) comprises a plurality of photovoltaic power generation plates (91), a phase-change heat preservation layer (92), two springs (93), two support rods (94), two baffle rings (95), a storage battery (96), a voltage stabilizing circuit (97) and a telescopic support rod (98);
a plurality of the photovoltaic power generation panels (91) are arranged in a rectangular array above the roof of the house main body (1); the phase-change heat-preservation layers (92) are arranged on one side, close to the house main body (1), of each photovoltaic power generation plate (91);
a plurality of photovoltaic power generation panels (91) are electrically connected with the voltage stabilizing circuit (97);
the voltage stabilizing circuit (97) is electrically connected with the storage battery (96);
the telescopic supporting rod (98) is electrically connected with the control mechanism (10);
two blind holes are formed in the end faces of two adjacent phase-change heat-insulating layers (92) which are arranged in the same transverse row, one end of a supporting rod (94) is fixedly connected to the bottom face of a first blind hole of a first phase-change heat-insulating layer (92), and the other end of the supporting rod (94) penetrates into a second blind hole of a second phase-change heat-insulating layer (92); the bottom surface of the first blind hole is connected with one end of a spring (93), the spring (93) is sleeved on the supporting rod (94), and the other end of the spring (93) is connected with the baffle ring (95); the baffle ring (95) is sleeved on the supporting rod (94), and the baffle ring (95) is fixed on the side wall of the second blind hole;
the bottom surface of the third blind hole of the first phase-change heat-insulating layer (92) is fixedly connected with one end of another supporting rod (94), and the other end of the supporting rod (94) penetrates into the fourth blind hole of the second phase-change heat-insulating layer (92); the bottom surface of the third blind hole is connected with one end of another spring (93), the spring (93) is sleeved on the supporting rod (94), and the other end of the spring (93) is connected with the other baffle ring (95); the baffle ring (95) is sleeved on the supporting rod (94), and the baffle ring (95) is fixed on the side wall of the fourth blind hole;
the two support rods (94) are arranged in parallel;
one surface of the phase-change heat-preservation layer (92) which is positioned at two sides of the phase-change heat-preservation layer (92) in the same horizontal line and is close to the house main body (1) is respectively connected with the telescopic ends of the telescopic support rods (98); the fixed end of the telescopic supporting rod (98) is arranged on the top surface of the house main body (1).
2. The environment-friendly type warm-blooded animal housing house according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a partition (11);
the partition board (11) is clamped in the inner cavity of the house main body (1); the partition plate (11) is parallel to the ground and is positioned in the middle of the house main body (1).
3. The environment-friendly type warm-blooded animal housing according to claim 1, characterized in that said solar power generation mechanism (9) further comprises a motor (99);
the motor (99) is fixed at the telescopic end of the telescopic supporting rod (98), and an output shaft of the motor (99) is connected with one surface of the phase-change heat-insulating layer (92) close to the house main body (1);
the motor (99) is electrically connected with the control mechanism (10).
4. The environment-friendly type warm-blooded animal housing house according to claim 1, further comprising a light source supplementing mechanism (12);
the light source supplementing mechanism (12) comprises an LED energy-saving lamp (121) and a photosensitive sensor (122);
the LED energy-saving lamp (121) and the photosensitive sensor (122) are arranged in the inner cavity of the house main body (1);
the LED energy-saving lamp (121) and the photosensitive sensor (122) are electrically connected with the control mechanism (10).
5. An environmentally friendly, isothermal animal containment shelter according to claim 1, further comprising a plurality of pipes (13);
one end of each of the plurality of pipelines (13) is communicated with the inner cavity of the house main body (1), and the other end of each of the plurality of pipelines extends out of the house main body (1) so as to discharge animal excrement from the inner cavity of the house main body (1).
6. The environment-friendly type constant temperature animal housing room according to claim 5, further comprising a methane tank (14) and a gas storage tank (15);
the biogas digester (14) is positioned below the house main body (1) and is communicated with a plurality of pipelines (13);
the gas storage tank (15) is communicated with the methane tank (14).
7. The environment-friendly type warm-blooded animal housing room according to claim 6, characterized in that the biogas digester (14) comprises a biogas digester main body (141) and a heat-insulating structure (142);
the biogas digester main body (141) is positioned below the house main body (1) and is communicated with a plurality of pipelines (13);
the heat preservation structure (142) is arranged on the inner surface of the methane tank main body (141).
CN202210233059.XA 2022-03-09 2022-03-09 Environment-friendly constant temperature animal housing house Active CN115316311B (en)

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