CN210695179U - Big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply - Google Patents

Big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210695179U
CN210695179U CN201920520252.5U CN201920520252U CN210695179U CN 210695179 U CN210695179 U CN 210695179U CN 201920520252 U CN201920520252 U CN 201920520252U CN 210695179 U CN210695179 U CN 210695179U
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Prior art keywords
greenhouse
solar
big
arch shelter
heat supply
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CN201920520252.5U
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谢平伟
杨海玥
张�杰
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Wuhai Haohua High Technology Energy Saving Technology Co ltd
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Wuhai Haohua High Technology Energy Saving Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply, including big-arch shelter, solar collector, solar energy header, circulation system, insulation box, radiator, intelligence control system, lay solar collector and solar energy header, circulation system, insulation box on the big-arch shelter inner wall and place the radiator in the big-arch shelter and constitute solar heating system. Through the solar collector of different position installations in the big-arch shelter, can store a large amount of heats in solar energy header, insulation can on daytime to can give off a large amount of heats at night in the big-arch shelter, prolong the heating time to the big-arch shelter night. The set of heat supply system not only has the advantages of high heat supply efficiency, mature technology, no pollution, zero emission and the like, but also has lower price of the set of heat supply equipment, can be accepted by the majority of users, and can solve the problems of high heat supply cost, serious pollution of coal-fired heat supply environment and the like caused by using clean energy in agricultural facilities and urban and rural junctions in northern regions of China after the product is put into operation.

Description

Big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a solar energy collection technology, concretely relates to big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply.
Background
The rapid development of rural agricultural economy in recent years newly establishes a large number of greenhouses. The greenhouse vegetable industry becomes a new economic growth point for rural agriculture and a new direction for adjusting the rural industrial structure. The greenhouse vegetable earns seasonal difference price, the income is high, and the net profit of the greenhouse per mu is about 15000 yuan and even can exceed 60000 yuan. The income of one mu of pollution-free greenhouse vegetable is equivalent to 7 to 10 mu of open-air variety vegetable. The most important factor for restricting the greenhouse planting development and the farmer income is that the temperature in the greenhouse suddenly drops at night, the growth period of the planted crops is influenced, or the crops are seriously frozen, so that the farmer income is reduced and even the farmer income is no longer acceptable. Therefore, the great development of greenhouse vegetable planting can bring great economic benefits to farmers, particularly farmers in northern areas. However, the premise of developing greenhouse vegetable planting is to ensure that the temperature in the greenhouse can be controlled to be above 10 ℃ at night, so that the income of farmers can be effectively increased, and the enthusiasm of farmers for planting greenhouse vegetables or developing sightseeing agriculture can be mobilized. In order to solve the contradiction between low temperature and slow plant growth in winter, the bulk coal heating of the greenhouse is carried out at the same time. Although the greenhouse coal-fired heating promotes the growth of plants, the loose coal is directly discharged without being treated after being combusted, and the air pollution is caused. The scattered coal in a greenhouse is a pollution source, and the number of the scattered coal in the greenhouse is large, so that the environmental supervision difficulty is increased. The heat supply by utilizing clean energy, such as large investment in equipment at the initial stage of electricity and natural gas, and high later-stage operation cost are the main reasons that the heat supply by using clean energy in rural areas is difficult to realize, and the promotion of atmosphere control is also limited.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model solves the problems that in the prior art, when the greenhouse is used for planting and development in winter, the temperature in the greenhouse suddenly drops at night to influence the growth period of planted crops or cause the crops to suffer serious freezing damage, and in order to solve the contradiction between low temperature and slow growth of plants in winter, the greenhouse needs to be heated, however, in the process of heating the greenhouse by using the solar heat collector, the heat absorbed by the solar heat collector in daytime is limited, and the greenhouse cannot be heated for a long time at night, and provides the greenhouse based on solar heat supply, by arranging the solar heat collector in the greenhouse top, the greenhouse back wall, the ground in the greenhouse and the air in the greenhouse, a large amount of heat can be stored in a solar header and a heat insulation box in daytime, so that a large amount of heat can be emitted to the greenhouse at night, the heating time of the greenhouse at night is prolonged.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes:
the greenhouse based on solar heat supply comprises a greenhouse, a solar thermal collector, a solar header, a circulating system, a heat preservation box body, a radiator and an intelligent control system and is characterized in that the solar thermal collector, the solar header, the circulating system, the heat preservation box body and the radiator placed in the greenhouse are paved on the inner wall of the greenhouse to form a solar heating system.
At present, in the process of planting and developing the greenhouse, when the greenhouse is heated in winter, the traditional heating mode can cause pollution to air, clean energy is used for heating, the initial equipment investment is large, the later-stage operation cost is high, and the greenhouse is not suitable for being popularized on the agricultural greenhouse, and the like. When the solar heat collector is actually used, when sunlight exists in the daytime, solar heat is absorbed by the solar heat collector, the heat storage medium in the solar heat collector is heated, and the intelligent control system controls the circulating system to start heat storage, so that the heat storage medium circulates in the heat insulation box body and the solar header, and heat is stored in the heat insulation box body, the solar header and the solar heat collector; when the temperature in the greenhouse at night falls below a set temperature, the intelligent control system controls the circulating system to start to release heat, the heat preservation box body, the solar header, the solar thermal collector and the radiator to circulate, and the heat stored in the heat storage medium is dissipated into the greenhouse, so that the environment temperature in the greenhouse is kept above the set temperature; when the temperature of the external environment is too low, and the heat of the heat storage medium in the solar heat collector cannot meet the indoor temperature requirement of the greenhouse, other auxiliary heat sources arranged in the greenhouse can be preferentially used for heat compensation until the temperature setting requirement in the greenhouse is met.
Further, the solar heat collector can be a tubular solar heat collector and a plate type solar heat collector.
Furthermore, the solar header can also be other box bodies for storing heat storage media.
Further, the greenhouse based on solar heating supply can use liquid, gas, solid or other media capable of storing heat as the heat storage medium used in the solar heating system.
Furthermore, the solar heat collector can be arranged on the top of the greenhouse, the inner rear wall of the greenhouse, the ground in the greenhouse and the air in the greenhouse.
Further, the greenhouse based on solar heat supply is characterized in that the included angle range of the horizontal plane is 0-90 degrees when the solar heat collector is installed.
Further, the solar heat supply-based greenhouse has the advantages that the installation distance between the solar heat collectors can be any distance.
Furthermore, the greenhouse based on solar heat supply can be a closed or semi-closed space in which sunlight can be irradiated into the interior, such as a common greenhouse, a greenhouse, an intelligent greenhouse and the like.
Furthermore, the circulating system can be a water path circulating system, a hot air pipeline circulating system, a heating solid for radiating heat to the outside and a heated body for radiating heat spontaneously.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following beneficial effect:
1. the utility model relates to a big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply, this set of heating system not only have a plurality of advantages such as heating efficiency height, technical maturity, pollution-free zero release, complete heating equipment price is lower can be accepted by vast user moreover, can solve after the product drops into the operation that china's northern regional agricultural facility and town and country joint portion use clean energy heat supply with high costs, the serious scheduling problem of scattered coal heating environmental pollution.
2. The utility model relates to a big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply can be applicable to the place of majority such as winter in the north through this solar energy heat supply big-arch shelter, to supplying heat in the big-arch shelter night, guarantees the normal growth of the interior crop of big-arch shelter night.
3. The utility model relates to a big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply through in the big-arch shelter behind wall, big-arch shelter in shed roof, the big-arch shelter in ground, the big-arch shelter aerial installation solar collector, can store a large amount of heats in solar energy header, insulation can on daytime to can give off a large amount of heats at night in the big-arch shelter, prolong the heating time to the big-arch shelter night.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Reference numbers and corresponding part names in the drawings:
1-greenhouse, 2-solar heat collector, 3-solar header, 4-circulation system, 5-heat preservation box, 6-radiator and 7-intelligent control system.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the following examples and drawings, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof of the present invention are only used for explaining the present invention, and are not intended as limitations of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1, a greenhouse based on solar heat supply comprises a greenhouse 1, a solar thermal collector 2, a solar header 3, a circulation system 4, a heat preservation box 5, a radiator 6 and an intelligent control system 7, and is characterized in that the solar thermal collector 2, the solar header 3, the circulation system 4, the heat preservation box 5 and the radiator 6 placed in the greenhouse 1 are laid on the inner wall of the greenhouse 1 to form a solar heating system, wherein the solar greenhouse heat supply mode is as follows: when sunlight exists in the daytime, solar heat is absorbed by the solar heat collector 2, the heat storage medium in the solar heat collector 2 is heated, and the intelligent control system 7 controls the circulating system 4 to start heat storage, so that the heat storage medium circulates in the heat insulation box body 5 and the solar header 3, and heat is stored in the heat insulation box body 5, the solar header 3 and the solar heat collector 2; when the temperature in the greenhouse 1 drops below the set temperature at night, the intelligent control system 7 controls the circulating system 4 to start to release heat, the heat preservation box body 5, the solar header 3, the solar thermal collector 2 and the radiator 6 circulate, and the heat stored in the heat storage medium is radiated in the greenhouse 1, so that the environment temperature in the greenhouse 1 is kept above the set temperature; when the temperature of the external environment is too low, and the heat of the heat storage medium in the solar heat collector 2 can not meet the indoor temperature requirement of the greenhouse 1, other auxiliary heat sources arranged in the greenhouse 1 can be preferentially used for heat supplement until the temperature setting requirement in the greenhouse 1 is met, the solar heat collector 2 can be a tubular solar heat collector and a plate type solar heat collector, the solar header 3 can also be other box bodies for storing the heat storage medium, the heat storage medium used in the solar heating system can be liquid, gas, solid or other media capable of being used for heat storage, the solar heat collector 2 can also be arranged on the top of the greenhouse, the back wall in the greenhouse, the ground in the greenhouse and the air in the greenhouse, the included angle range of the horizontal plane when the solar heat collector 2 is arranged is 0-90 degrees, and the installation distance between the solar heat collectors 2 can be any distance, the greenhouse 1 can be a closed or semi-closed space in which sunlight can be irradiated into the greenhouse, such as a common greenhouse, a greenhouse, an intelligent greenhouse and the like, and the circulating system 4 can be a water path circulating system, a hot air pipeline circulating system, a heating solid body for radiating heat to the outside and a heated body for radiating heat spontaneously.
The above-mentioned embodiments, further detailed description of the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, it should be understood that the above description is only the embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply, includes big-arch shelter (1), solar collector (2), solar header (3), circulation system (4), insulation box (5), radiator (6), intelligent control system (7), its characterized in that, lay solar collector (2) and solar header (3), circulation system (4), insulation box (5) and place radiator (6) in big-arch shelter (1) on the big-arch shelter (1) inner wall and constitute solar heating system.
2. Greenhouse based on solar heating according to claim 1, characterised in that the solar collectors (2) can be tube and plate solar collectors.
3. The greenhouse based on solar heating as claimed in claim 1, wherein the solar header (3) is a box for storing a heat storage medium.
4. The greenhouse of claim 1, wherein the heat storage medium used in the solar heating system can be a liquid, a gas, or a solid medium for heat storage.
5. Greenhouse based on solar heating according to claim 1, characterised in that the solar collector (2) can also be installed on the roof of the greenhouse, the rear wall of the greenhouse, the ground of the greenhouse and the air of the greenhouse.
6. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the solar collector (2) is installed with an angle in the horizontal plane in the range of 0-90 °.
7. A greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the solar collectors (2) are mounted at any distance from each other.
8. The greenhouse based on solar heat supply as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse (1) is a closed or semi-closed space in which sunlight can be irradiated into the interior, such as a common greenhouse, a greenhouse, an intelligent greenhouse, etc.
9. The greenhouse based on solar heat supply as claimed in claim 1, wherein the circulation system (4) is a water circulation system, a hot air pipeline circulation system, a heating solid for radiating heat to the outside, and a heated body for radiating heat spontaneously.
CN201920520252.5U 2019-04-16 2019-04-16 Big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply Active CN210695179U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920520252.5U CN210695179U (en) 2019-04-16 2019-04-16 Big-arch shelter based on solar energy heat supply

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CN210695179U true CN210695179U (en) 2020-06-09

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113854008A (en) * 2021-10-25 2021-12-31 润泰零碳(内蒙古)农业科技有限公司 Energy-saving agricultural greenhouse

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113854008A (en) * 2021-10-25 2021-12-31 润泰零碳(内蒙古)农业科技有限公司 Energy-saving agricultural greenhouse

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