CN204047369U - A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse - Google Patents

A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204047369U
CN204047369U CN201420394001.4U CN201420394001U CN204047369U CN 204047369 U CN204047369 U CN 204047369U CN 201420394001 U CN201420394001 U CN 201420394001U CN 204047369 U CN204047369 U CN 204047369U
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China
Prior art keywords
foundation
energy saving
steelframe
cold energy
sunlight
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420394001.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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施文有
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施文有
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse, comprises foundation beam, pillar, steelframe, sunlight membrane stay pipe, sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt, rear gable, management house, in a organized way air feed system and light filling disinfection system; Described foundation beam is provided with interior external thermal insulation, and outside is provided with heat-preserving wall; Described pillar, rear gable are immobilizated in the side of foundation beam; The bottom of described steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe is built in foundation beam, and top is connected with pillar; Described sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt are laid on steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe successively from bottom to top; Air feed system is in a organized way placed with in described management house; Described light filling disinfection system is suspended on sunlight membrane stay pipe.High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model uninterruptedly can plant, uninterruptedly pluck in severe cold areas (extremely cold area) for continuous 1 year, replenish the situation that severe cold areas (extremely cold area) can not plant fruits and vegetables winter, the situation in change local agricultural planting structure and peasant spare time half a year more than a year.

Description

A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse
[technical field]
The utility model relates to a kind of severe cold areas (extremely cold area) fruits and vegetables plantation equipment, is specifically related to a kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse, belongs to agricultural facility technical field.
[background technology]
Generally have employed green house in a lot of area of China and plant fruits and vegetables of surviving the winter, existing green house kind is divided into: plastic canopy, mound greenhouse, sunlight board greenhouse and brick greenhouse, these greenhouses can only carry out fruits and vegetables plantation in area, China Central Plains, and can only plant as late fall in early spring in China's severe cold areas (extremely cold area) these greenhouses, the winter very long in Heilungkiang can not plant fruits and vegetables of surviving the winter.Such as, the geographical position east longitude residing for the Tongjiang City in Heilungkiang 132.3 degree, north latitude 47.39 degree, the minimum air temperature can reach-40.8 degree, and soil layer freezes dark in about 2 meters.At the beginning of common booth and greenhouse annual 10 the end of month to 4 month, fruits and vegetables can not be planted.Under the support of national Huinong's policy, many plastic canopies, mound greenhouse, sunlight board greenhouse have been built in Heilungkiang, fruits and vegetables all can not be planted winter in the winter time in brick greenhouse, can only be late falls in early spring, even if investment very high can benefit extremely low.
Therefore, for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the necessary high and cold energy saving greenhouse providing a kind of advanced person, to overcome described defect of the prior art.
[utility model content]
For solving the problem, the purpose of this utility model is the high and cold energy saving greenhouse providing one can plant continuously for 12 months for a year in severe cold areas (extremely cold area), light energy conversion is heat energy by it, ensures the primary condition of crop growth: light, heat, water, gas, fertilizer, wind.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: a kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse, and it comprises external thermal insulation in foundation beam, foundation beam, heat-preserving wall, pillar, steelframe, sunlight membrane stay pipe, sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt, rear gable, management house, in a organized way air feed system and light filling disinfection system; Wherein, described foundation beam is built on ground, and which is provided with external thermal insulation in described foundation beam, outside is provided with heat-preserving wall; Described pillar, rear gable are vertically immobilizated in the side of foundation beam successively; The bottom of described steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe is built respectively in foundation beam, and top is connected with the top of pillar respectively; Described sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt are laid on steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe successively from bottom to top; Described management house is arranged on the outside of rear gable, is placed with air feed system in a organized way in it; Described light filling disinfection system is suspended on sunlight membrane stay pipe.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: described heat-preserving wall is pulverize by plant straw the vegetable fiber ash wall body plate made.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: on described pillar, level frame is provided with a cape, is provided with some channel-section steels in the bottom of cape, and on described steelframe, suspention has some column column with cultivations of flower or grass.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: below described cape, be provided with a discharge pipe, and this discharge pipe is connected with air feed system in a organized way.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: arrange a shutter further, and this roller shutter function reels and spreads out cotton-wadded quilt.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: on described sunlight membrane stay pipe, be horizontally connected with some steel wires.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is set to further: be provided with adverse grade wall in the top of described column, and the outside of adverse grade wall is provided with guard rail.
High and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is also set to: described steelframe is the steelframe made by coating steel pipe.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has following beneficial effect:
1. high and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model uninterruptedly can plant, uninterruptedly pluck in severe cold areas (extremely cold area) for continuous 1 year 12 months, replenish the situation that severe cold areas (extremely cold area) can not plant fruits and vegetables winter, change the agricultural planting structure of severe cold areas (extremely cold area), the situation in change local farmers spare time half a year more than a year.
2. the interior external heat insulating wall of high and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model adopts renewable agricultural wastes-plant straw etc., does not need sintering in process of production, saves a large amount of coals and electricity, greatly reduce the discharge of atmosphere pernicious gas simultaneously.
3. the cost of high and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model is low, good in economic efficiency, is particluarly suitable for severe cold areas (extremely cold area) and uses.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of high and cold energy saving greenhouse of the present utility model.
[embodiment]
Refer to shown in Figure of description 1, the utility model is a kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse, and it is made up of external thermal insulation 2, heat-preserving wall 3, pillar 4, steelframe 5, sunlight membrane stay pipe 6, sunlight membrane 7, the film 8 that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt 9, rear gable 10, management house 11, in a organized way a few part such as air feed system 12 and light filling disinfection system 13 in foundation beam 1, foundation beam.
Wherein, described foundation beam 1 is built on ground, and which is provided with external thermal insulation 2 in foundation beam, outside is provided with heat-preserving wall 3.This foundation beam 1 adopts armored concrete to build, and when guaranteeing that soil frost heave is larger in the winter time, does not occur slight crack, inclination etc., guarantees steadiness.
In described foundation beam, external thermal insulation 2 adopts special-purpose thermal insulation material to carry out cold and hot completely cutting off, underground heat in greenhouse is not outwards distributed, underground cold air outside greenhouse does not inwardly enter, and ensures that in greenhouse, ground temperature (soil temperature), more than 10-12 degree above freezing, guarantees plant energy normal growth.
The vegetable fiber ash wall body plate that described heat-preserving wall 3 is pulverized by plant straw and made, its have lightweight, insulation, every features such as cold, heat absorptions, and do not need sintering in process of production, save a large amount of coals and electricity, greatly reduce the discharge of atmosphere pernicious gas simultaneously.After adopting agriculture renewable discarded object-plant straw and flyash to be formed close completely as heat-preserving wall 3 and the sunlight membrane 7 of main material, the cold air of outside can not be entered in greenhouse, and the heat in greenhouse does not distribute not go out yet.Keep higher temperature for a long time in greenhouse, guarantee that plant can normal growth.
Described pillar 4, rear gable 10 are vertically immobilizated in the side of foundation beam 1 successively.On described pillar 4, level frame is provided with a cape 14, is positioned at greenhouse in cape 14, is provided with some channel-section steels 15, thus can makes full use of greenhouse space bottom it, increases cultivated area.Be provided with adverse grade wall 16 in the top of described column 2, the outside of adverse grade wall 16 is provided with guard rail 17.
The bottom of described steelframe 5 and sunlight membrane stay pipe 6 is built respectively in foundation beam 1, and top is connected with the top of pillar 4 respectively.This steelframe 5 is the steelframe made by coating steel pipe, its for supporting sunlight membrane 7, leak informaton film 8 and cotton-wadded quilt 9, even if run into weather and Heavy snow season of 5-8 level wind, can guarantee that greenhouse is indeformable, also can not be damaged by pressure by heavy snow.The sunlight angle on the angle of steelframe 5 and radian and this area daytime adapts, and sunlight enters in greenhouse by sunlight membrane, makes luminous energy be converted into heat energy to greatest extent.Even if subzero about 30 degree time, as long as daytime is sunny, hot wind supply temperature indoor temperature can not reach about 30 degree above freezing yet.Some steel wires 18 are horizontally connected with on described sunlight membrane stay pipe 6.
Described sunlight membrane 7, the film 8 that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt 9 are laid on steelframe 5 and sunlight membrane stay pipe 6 successively from bottom to top.A shutter 20 is connected with on described cotton-wadded quilt 9, this shutter 20 can reel and spread out cotton-wadded quilt 9, when running into heavy snow weather and the evening draws on, start shutter 20, close with the sunlight membrane 7 of cotton-wadded quilt 9 by greenhouse, as required, available thickening cotton 9 by and two-sided rain repellent silk make, or add a cover overlay film in the outside of cotton-wadded quilt 9, the heat in greenhouse is not outwards distributed, guarantees the temperature that in greenhouse, permanent maintenance is higher.When greenhouse humidity is comparatively large or temperature is higher, pulls open the film 8 that leaks informaton and adjust indoor temperature and wetness, guarantee that plant can normal growth.
Described management house 11 is arranged on the outside of rear gable 10, is placed with air feed system 12 in a organized way in it.Below described cape 14, be provided with a discharge pipe 21, this discharge pipe 21 is connected with air feed system 12 in a organized way.Start air feed system 12 in a organized way when ground temperature and space temperature are spent lower than 8-10 above freezing in night greenhouse, produce heat by air feed system 12 in a organized way and make balanced temperature raising in greenhouse, guarantee that plant can at normal growth at night.Time more than sunny outdoor temperature 25 degrees above zero, the temperature in greenhouse sharply raises, and exceedes the temperature required for plant growth, starts air feed system 12 in a organized way and produces the next balanced cooling of low warm air, guarantee the indoor temperature required for plant normal growth.
Described light filling disinfection system 13 is suspended on sunlight membrane stay pipe 6.During halcyon days each month in winter, the solar radiation time on daytime is short, can not meet the lighting requirements in growing process, carries out supplementary light with high strength light filling disinfection system 13, guarantees that plant can normal growth.
Described steelframe 5 is the steelframe 5 made by coating steel pipe, and the radian of steelframe 5 and the sunlight angle of location adapt to greatest extent, make luminous energy fully be converted into heat energy, greenhouse can be allowed to produce higher temperature, guarantee plant normal growth.On described steelframe, suspention has some column column with cultivations of flower or grass 22, and it can increase the cultivated area in greenhouse further.Ground level in greenhouse adopts large ridge duplicate rows, zanjon to plant, and each ridge ditch slope 23 can planted on two sides, increases cultivated area.The cultivated area more than increased exceedes 50% of construction area, that is the construction area of 1000 square metres, can create the cultivated area of 1500 square metres.
Above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of this creation, and not in order to limit this creation, any amendment made within all spirit in this creation and principle, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in this creation.

Claims (7)

1. a high and cold energy saving greenhouse, is characterized in that: comprise external thermal insulation in foundation beam, foundation beam, heat-preserving wall, pillar, steelframe, sunlight membrane stay pipe, sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt, rear gable, management house, in a organized way air feed system and light filling disinfection system; Wherein, described foundation beam is built on ground, and which is provided with external thermal insulation in described foundation beam, outside is provided with heat-preserving wall; Described pillar, rear gable are vertically immobilizated in the side of foundation beam successively; The bottom of described steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe is built respectively in foundation beam, and top is connected with the top of pillar respectively; Described sunlight membrane, the film that leaks informaton, cotton-wadded quilt are laid on steelframe and sunlight membrane stay pipe successively from bottom to top; Described management house is arranged on the outside of rear gable, is placed with air feed system in a organized way in it; Described light filling disinfection system is suspended on sunlight membrane stay pipe.
2. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described heat-preserving wall is pulverize by plant straw the vegetable fiber ash wall body plate made.
3. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: level frame is provided with a cape on described pillar, is provided with some channel-section steels in the bottom of cape, and on described steelframe, suspention has some column column with cultivations of flower or grass.
4. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: below described cape, be provided with a discharge pipe, and this discharge pipe is connected with air feed system in a organized way.
5. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: arrange a shutter further, and this roller shutter function reels and spreads out cotton-wadded quilt.
6. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: on described sunlight membrane stay pipe, be horizontally connected with some steel wires.
7. high and cold energy saving greenhouse as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described steelframe is the steelframe made by coating steel pipe.
CN201420394001.4U 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse Withdrawn - After Issue CN204047369U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420394001.4U CN204047369U (en) 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420394001.4U CN204047369U (en) 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204047369U true CN204047369U (en) 2014-12-31

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420394001.4U Withdrawn - After Issue CN204047369U (en) 2014-07-17 2014-07-17 A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082071A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 施文有 Energy-saving greenhouse used in high and cold area

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104082071A (en) * 2014-07-17 2014-10-08 施文有 Energy-saving greenhouse used in high and cold area
CN104082071B (en) * 2014-07-17 2016-03-16 施文有 A kind of high and cold energy saving greenhouse

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141231

Effective date of abandoning: 20160316

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting