CN101876481A - Renewable energy resource facility agriculture - Google Patents

Renewable energy resource facility agriculture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101876481A
CN101876481A CN2009103020487A CN200910302048A CN101876481A CN 101876481 A CN101876481 A CN 101876481A CN 2009103020487 A CN2009103020487 A CN 2009103020487A CN 200910302048 A CN200910302048 A CN 200910302048A CN 101876481 A CN101876481 A CN 101876481A
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heat
energy
building
agriculture
heat pipe
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李建民
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Beijing Wisword Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Beijing Wisword Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation
    • Y02A40/963Off-grid food refrigeration
    • Y02A40/966Powered by renewable energy sources
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/10Geothermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The invention aims to provide renewable energy resource facility agriculture, in particular organic agriculture. The collection of the renewable energy resource is organically combined with a facility building, and the building design and the arrangement of the collection of the renewable energy resource simultaneously meet the requirements of the agriculture, the breeding, planting and cultivating are performed at different regions; in this way, the integrated design of the renewable energy resource collection, the facility building and the facility agriculture is realized, thereby realizing that renewable energy resource based facility agriculture substitutes the conventional energy resource based facility agriculture. A heat energy and electric energy collection system arranged on the facility building is adopted to provide electric energy and heat energy for the facility agriculture; the region corresponding to the region of the heat collection of the renewable energy resource is a light penetration or semi-light penetration roof, and planting crops needing sunshine are planted or the live stocks needing sunshine are bred in a corresponding building; and the roof of the region corresponding to the electric energy of the renewable energy resource is a non-transparent roof, and fungi which do not need sunshine are cultured or the live stocks which do not need sunshine are bred at the region of the corresponding building.

Description

A kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture
Technical field
The present invention relates to the industrialized agriculture of the utilization of new forms of energy, regenerative resource, traditional energy, particularly regenerative resource.
Background technology
So-called industrialized agriculture is meant to have certain facility, can create suitable weather element at subrange, the agricultural production that provides good environmental condition to carry out for growth and development of plants and animals.Industrialized agriculture is as the important component part of modern agriculture, applied for many years in the vast rural area of China, its development has injected new blood for China's traditional agriculture, solved most people's problem of food and clothing. the industrialized agriculture of developed country, complete set technology, complete facilities and equipment, production standard have been formed, stable yield.In these countries, the Facilities Construction scale is big, and the production efficiency height is adhered to demonstration, popularization and the application of new and high technology all the time, has obtained considerable benefit.With Holland is example, and there is glasshouse 13000hm in the whole nation 2. and be large-scale modernized attached-greenhouse, and automaticity height, production efficiency height, temperature, light, water, gas, fertilizer etc. have been realized intelligent control in the greenhouse.From the technical system that kind is selected, cultivation management has formed a whole set of complete specifications to the packing of gathering, tomato, cucumber etc. have been realized the nothing soil long season cultivation of 1 year one big stubble, reach 9~10 months picking time, the average every strain of cucumber is gathered 80, the average every strain of tomato is gathered 35 fringes really, average product 60Kg/m 2, created world today's maximum output and benefit level.The greenhouse energy saving technology also is the greenhouse main research work, execution along with " Kyodo Protocol book ", Holland is as the agreement state of protocol, the energy efficiency to 2010 of stipulating all industries year reduce to 1980 35%, be equivalent to reduce the use of 65% fossil fuel, greenhouse industry has been shared the obligation in the whole nation about 20%.At present, the major measure that they take comprises: improve the cladding material light transmittance, increase the greenhouse solar amount of incident, they have mainly developed the exploitation of greenhouse roof wash machine and Zigzag sheet material in this regard; The heat energy multipurpose is utilized and waste heat recovery; The application of shallow-layer ground, greenhouse energy power-saving technology; The research of thermal insulation technology is mainly reflected in three aspects, and the one, being extensive use of of inside thermal screen curtain, the 2nd, the insulation of gutter, the 3rd, increase the air-tightness in greenhouse and the insulation of outer enclosed structure; Novel energy-conserving Research on New and exploitation such as transforming greenhouse structure, make full use of solar energy, cultivate low temperature resistant crop or the like.Can be in Israel's modern greenhouse according to the different requirements of crop to environment, the factors such as internal environment such as light, temperature, water, gas, fertilizer are monitored automatically and regulate and control by computer, realize that chamber crop is round-the-clock, the High-efficient Production of annual.The factory farming of this state, the output of cucumber, tomato reaches 50Kg/m 2, rose output reaches 32/m 2, be 10~20 times of outdoor cropping.State such as the U.S., Japan also released the totally enclosed type production system of representing the most advanced level in the world today, i.e. artificial supplementation illumination, all adopt computer control, transplant operation by robot or manipulator The annual results of ginseng actinium こ product is more than 20 batches, and the vegetables annual production is tens of times of outdoor cropping, and the common feature of the industrialized agriculture that these are national is to have realized intensification, scale, specialized production, the production height socialization of greenhouse and auxiliary facility.
At present, surplus China's facilities horticulture area has reached 250 ten thousand hectares, account for 85% of world's facilities horticulture gross area.The facilities horticulture annual value of production reaches more than 2,000 hundred million yuan.On pattern of farming, the facilities vegetable area accounts for more than 95% of China's facilities horticulture gross area.On area distribution, be distributed in more than 70% the Yellow River and Huai He River sea and to the north of the area.Development of greenhouse planting is improved living standard of urban and rural population for solving long-term puzzlement supply problem in dull season in the northern area of China vegetables winter, promotes social stability and has brought into play important function.
Organic agriculture is materials such as a kind of complete fertilizer without chemical synthesis, agricultural chemicals, growth regulator, additive for farm animal feed, do not use the production system of genetically engineered biological and product thereof yet, its core is the bio-diversity and the benign cycle of setting up and recovering Agro-ecological System, to keep the sustainable development of agricultural.In the organic agriculture production system, crop straw, livestock and poultry muck, legume, green manure and organic waste are the main sources of soil fertility; Shift of crops and various physics, biology and ecological measure are the main means of control weeds and disease and pest.The foundation of organic agriculture production system needs an organic transfer process.
Organic agriculture is an ecological property production management system that promotes bio-diversity, biosphere circulation and geobiont activity.Organic agriculture requires to take to recover, keep, promote ecological harmonious control measures as far as possible, chemical fertilizer, chemical pesticide, growth regulator and additive for farm animal feed etc. that need not or need not manually synthesize substantially fully, reduce the pollution of air, soil and moisture as far as possible, follow the ecological principle that gets close to nature, coordinate the balance of plant husbandry and aquaculture, adopt the agricultural technology of a series of sustainable developments, the system agricultural industry of continual and steady, cycle development.
The product that the production process of organic agriculture is produced is called organic food.With the marked difference of domestic other pollution-free foods be, the former its produce and process in synthetic material's matter such as absolute prohibition use agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, hormone, the latter then allows and restrictedly uses these materials.Therefore, the production of organic food is more much more difficult than other food, need set up brand-new production system, adopts corresponding substitute technology.Organic food is that a class really comes from nature, eutrophy, high-quality environment-friendly type safety food.
The subject matter that also exists in the existing industrialized agriculture development: the one,, the whole development in science and technology level of existing industrialized agriculture is not high, facility structure is simple and easy, and environment control ability, production management also rely on experience to a great extent, also differs greatly with the requirement of standardization, precision production management.Industrialized agriculture needs perfect at aspects such as environment control, administrative skill, biotechnology, artificial intelligence technology, the network information technologys.The 2nd,, the effectiveness of operation of industrialized agriculture is lower.China's soil production and operation mode is that family and institution is contracted to run with the family, and the industrialized agriculture scale that grows up is less, the market unsettled of product, and the industry chain (supply chain) of overall process does not form as yet, and social service system is not also set up fully.The 3rd,, the mechanization degree of China's industrialized agriculture is low.The supporting level of China's industrialized agriculture machinery is not high, and mechanized operation level is low, produces still based on manpower at present, and labour intensity is big.The problem that the mechanization level is low has become the bottleneck of restriction China industrialized agriculture development.The 4th,, China's industrialized agriculture operation and management level has much room for improvement.From the aspects such as reasonable control of breeding the environment operation of specific breed, the operation and management level of China's industrialized agriculture and high yield, high-quality, safety, requirement efficiently also have very big gap, and operation and management level is in urgent need to be improved.Generally speaking, many key technical problems await to research and solve, the related industry that matches with it is also not sound, the greenhouse operating cost of particularly existing facility building is generally higher, water, electricity, warm expense are higher, and the building energy consumption height has caused the agriculture production cost height, it is economical and practical to cause industrialized agriculture to lack, obstacle the development of industrialized agriculture.Thereby the industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource is particularly adopted in the energy supply that needs the solution industrialized agriculture to exist.
The low-temperature water heating application technology of solar energy is ripe, the major product form is the water heater of solar energy, be used after adopting the vacuum glass Manifold technology to absorb heat, in this kind application, there is employing that heat pipe is inserted into glass tube with vacuum inside heat is delivered to the outside technology that obtains solar energy, but this kind technology is that heat pipe can be the heat transfer component behind the heat energy as the glass tube with vacuum conversion solar, rather than with heat pipe as the conversion of solar energy parts.
The photovoltaic generation of solar low-temperature develops swift and violent, and monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, hull cell have all been realized the scale application, but because the cost height needs national subsidy could realize the application of scale.
The solar cooker of the utilization of existing middle high-temperature to solar energy, the main reflecting plate that adopts reflects the sun, solar energy is directly focused on the kitchen range, realization is to the utilization of solar energy, have no idea solar energy is collected so that night and overcast and rainy application are more impossible to its further application of other modes in this kind technology; In addition, the generation technology of high temperature in the existing technology solar energy mainly is to adopt tower, slot type, and disc type, loves and respects in the slot type system and can be fabricated to a groove by reflecting plate, adopts heat pipe to carry out the collection of heat therebetween.
In addition, the technology of biogas and shallow layer surface heat energy is also ripe, with its comprehensive renewable energy technologies of becoming one, is that main industrialized agriculture rises to the industrialized agriculture based on regenerative resource with realization by traditional energy.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention just provides a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture, organic agriculture particularly, the collection and the facility building of regenerative resource are carried out organic combination, and being provided with of the collection of architectural design and regenerative resource is suitable for agriculture requirement simultaneously, culture, plant, cultivate in different zones, realize regenerative resource collection, facility building, the incorporate design of industrialized agriculture like this, thereby realize replacing traditional industrialized agriculture based on traditional energy based on the industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource.Employing at the heat energy of the architectural setting of facility, the electric energy acquisition system is produced as industrialized agriculture that electric energy and heat energy are provided, regional corresponding zone at the thermal recovery collection of regenerative resource is printing opacity or semi-transparent roof, plantation that needs the plantation of sunlight class crop or the breed of culturing class are set in its corresponding building, roof in the electric energy The corresponding area of regenerative resource adopts opaque roof, and the zone of its corresponding building does not need the mushroom of sunlight to cultivate or culture the breed of class.
Concrete summary of the invention is as follows:
A kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture, at least comprise an industrialized agriculture building, on the roof of industrialized agriculture building and/or body of wall be provided with regenerative resource heat energy pickup area and regenerative resource electric energy acquisition zone, be provided with the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system in regenerative resource heat energy pickup area, be provided with the solar photoelectric acquisition system in regenerative resource electric energy acquisition zone, obtain being used for the electric energy and the heat energy of industrialized agriculture temperature, humidity control by different regenerative resource harvesters; In the industrialized agriculture building, comprise the cultivation district of crop-planting district, mushroom, at least two zones in animal-breeding district at least, make the material of generation in a zone and another one zone can constitute the complementary or circulation of crop food chain, constitute the industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource.
In the industrialized agriculture building, comprise oxygenous crop-planting district at least, and the cultivation district of the mushroom of absorption oxygen and/or two zones in animal-breeding district, make the material of generation in a zone and another one zone can constitute the complementary or circulation of crop food chain, it is oxygenous crop-planting district, and the amount of oxygen in the cultivation district of the mushroom of absorption oxygen and/or animal-breeding district keeps balance, make its agricultural that can rely on building interior form the complementation of material, thereby formation dynamic equilibrium, do not need replenishing of extra oxygen and carbon dioxide, just can keep balance and stability, constitute the industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource.
In the corresponding zone of heat energy pickup area of regenerative resource is printing opacity or semi-transparent roof, plantation that needs sunlit plantation class crop or the breed of culturing class are set in its corresponding building, roof in the electric energy acquisition area relative zone of regenerative resource adopts opaque roof, and the zone in its corresponding building does not need the mushroom of sunlight direct irradiation to cultivate or culture the breed of class.
The area of growing area and cultivation are distinguished, the area of culture zone mates fully and constitute food chain, the quantity of the oxygen that growing area produces satisfies the absorption quantity of the oxygen of the mushroom of cultivating the district, the carbon dioxide quantity that growing area absorbs satisfies the carbon dioxide quantity that the mushroom culture zone absorbs, the circulation requirement of the agricultural products in can guaranteeing to build.
Also be provided with a hold over system, the thermal energy storage device is arranged in the building, building is pushed up, below ground, is provided with heat-storing material in the thermal energy storage device, is provided with insulation material around the heat-storing material, and heat energy is stored; When hold over system was arranged on the indoor below ground of industrialized agriculture building, its top can be planted or culture.
Also be provided with methane-generating pit, the ight soil of cultivated animals and/or the discarded object of plantation class are put into methane-generating pit, realize the production of biogas, biogas is used for heating, refrigeration and generating.
The heat energy of regenerative resource is gathered the satisfied at least heat supply in winter of farm buildings or the refrigeration in summer of being provided with of area, and the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system adopts one of following equipment to realize the collection of heat energy at least:
A, solar energy vacuum tube or heat pipe type vacuum tube acquisition system;
B, solar energy high temperature acquisition system comprise slot type, butterfly and tower system;
C, photovoltaic and photothermal solar system;
D, geothermal system: provide heat energy by heat pipe, heat-exchange system, earth source heat pump with heat energy.
The solar photoelectric acquisition system adopts solar photovoltaic cell panel.
Also have traditional energy to replenish, so that replenish at special climate, it is one of following that its energy mode can be selected:
A, coal;
B, oil;
C, gas;
D.
A plurality of facility buildings are carried out the Lian Dong building, temperature in the building, light, water, gas, the intelligent automatic control of fertile employing, crop or leaf temperature, stemflow amount, cane are provided with detecting instrument, culture the class animal more temperature, height, body weight checkout equipment are set, and preferred soilless culture.
A plurality of facility buildings are carried out the Lian Dong building, temperature in the building, light, water, gas, the intelligent automatic control of fertile employing, crop or leaf temperature, stemflow amount, cane are provided with detecting instrument, culture the class animal more temperature, height, body weight checkout equipment are set, and preferred soilless culture.
The industrialized agriculture building adopts roof, plane or arch roof, and the roof that its roof adopts and can open, moves adopts heat-preserving wall at its at least three face walls body, and the heat insulation and transmission material is adopted in the light transmission part at top, preferred vacuum glass.
The heating of industrialized agriculture building, refrigeration are preferentially selected the supply of carrying out system's realization energy of heat exchange with face of land heat energy for use, when the temperature of local exterior heat energy does not reach requiring of setting, at first adopt regenerative resource to replenish, preferentially select for use solar energy, shallow layer surface heat energy heat pump air-conditioning, biogas to replenish.
The collection of heat energy, transmission, control system, utilization, store heat exchange, heat transfer between each unit, and heating, refrigeration and the face of land heat energy of industrialized agriculture building carry out heat exchange, one of following at least structure of employing:
A, the fluid by forced circulation conduct heat, and are provided with circulating pump;
B, pass through hot pipe technique;
Adopt down one of array structure by heat pipe absorb heat, heat transfer, heat exchange:
A, general heat pipe: its evaporation ends directly carries out the reception to solar energy, and the fluid that condensation end and forced circulation flow carries out heat exchange;
B, integral heat pipe: the solar energy heat absorbing part of the different heat pipe of a plurality of optical frames correspondences is parallel with one another to a vertical pipeline, consist of the evaporation ends of integral heat pipe, it owns a condensation end together, condensation end storage heater and/or steam boiler connect, and heat energy are stored or is directly used in generation steam;
C, separate type circulating heat pipe: the solar energy heat absorbing of the different heat pipe of a plurality of optical frames correspondences is partly connected, consist of the evaporation ends of a common heat pipe, it owns a condensation end together, condensation end storage heater and/or steam boiler connect, and heat energy are stored or is directly used in generation steam;
D, can connect heat pipe: but by the syndeton of heat pipe heat pipe is connected, constitute the system of heat pipe;
E, loop circuit heat pipe;
F, pulse heat pipe: heat pipe is connected, and choosing different linkage sections becomes condensation end, constitutes pulse from the structure of shaking heat pipe;
G, circulation self-oscillation heat pipe.
The advantage of the tracking system of this kind structure is:
1, adopts the tracking system of the solar energy of the present invention's announcement, can realize hot pipe technique is perfectly combined with the optical frames system, be convenient to the comprehensive utilization of the middle high temperature of solar energy;
2, can realize the large-scale utilization efficiently of different solar products so that realize the utilization of the solar energy of array;
3, can realize utilizing hot pipe technique simultaneously, be convenient to constitute the network system of heat pipe, carry out the transmission efficiently and the utilization of heat energy;
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: only industrialized agriculture side view of regenerative resource
Fig. 2: a regenerative resource connection industrialized agriculture side view
Digital implication is among the figure:
1: regenerative resource electricity acquisition system, 2: regenerative resource thermal recovery collecting system, 3: culture zone, 4: cultivate the district, 5: growing area, 6: accumulation of heat pond, 7: insulation material, 8: methane-generating pit, 9: heat-exchange system
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one: only industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource
As shown in Figure 1, adopt the glass tube with vacuum heat energy acquisition system (2) of regenerative resource the most in only the industrialized agriculture building, be arranged on the bottom of greenhouse roof, the roof of this part correspondence is transparent vacuum glass; The area of space of its underpart correspondence (5) is provided with the growing vegetables district; The solar-energy photo-voltaic cell that is provided with monocrystalline silicon is at an upper portion thereof realized the electric energy acquisition (1) of regenerative resource, this part be opaque roof, the zone of its underpart correspondence is respectively culturing area (3) and the mushroom planting area (4) of chicken, solar energy partly is provided with accumulation of heat pond (6), be arranged on the below ground of construction bottom, solar energy acquisition part (2) adopts the heat-exchanger rig (9) of fluid to conduct heat with the accumulation of heat pond, the electric energy that the power resources that its pump drives are gathered in solar photoelectric, below ground in planting area is provided with methane-generating pit (8), the nubbin of chicken manure and vegetables is put in the accumulation of heat pond becomes biogas, and biogas is used for the heating in winter and the refrigeration in summer; In addition, whole control systems, the conveying of nutrient solution, sterilization, the electric power of the solar energy acquisition that is used for industrialized agriculture that the employed electric energy of whole monitoring systems is whole provides, whole system adopts regenerative resource to realize being provided with the supply of the energy like this, simultaneously, for unnecessary electric power, can also be transported to a distant place by generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems.
Embodiment two: a regenerative resource connection industrialized agriculture
As shown in Figure 2, adopt the industrialized agriculture building of two connection, first adopts glass tube with vacuum heat energy acquisition system (2) of regenerative resource the most, is arranged on the bottom on the roof in greenhouse, and the roof of this part correspondence is transparent vacuum glass; The area of space of its underpart correspondence (5) is provided with the paddy of soilless culture; The solar energy acquisition system that is provided with the focus tracking of slot type on the top on its roof realizes directly heat generating (1), this part be opaque roof, the zone of its underpart correspondence is respectively culturing area (3) and the mushroom planting area (4) of sheep, solar energy partly is provided with accumulation of heat pond (6), be arranged on the below ground of construction bottom, solar energy acquisition part (2) adopts the heat-exchanger rig (9) of fluid to conduct heat with the accumulation of heat pond, the electric energy that the power resources that its pump drives are gathered in solar photoelectric, below ground in planting area is provided with methane-generating pit (8), the nubbin of sheep excrement and paddy is put in the accumulation of heat pond becomes biogas, and biogas is used for the heating in winter and the refrigeration in summer; Second building and first closely connect and compose the disjunctor building, adopt the heat-tube vacuum glass tube heat energy acquisition system (2) of regenerative resource the most, are arranged on the top on the roof in greenhouse, and the roof of this part correspondence is transparent vacuum glass; The area of space of its underpart correspondence (5) is provided with the paddy of soilless culture; The solar energy acquisition system that is provided with the focus tracking of slot type on the top on its roof realizes directly heat generating (1), this part be opaque roof, the zone of its underpart correspondence is respectively culturing area (3) and the mushroom planting area (4) of sheep, solar energy partly is provided with accumulation of heat pond (6), be arranged on the below ground of construction bottom, solar energy acquisition part (2) adopts the heat-exchanger rig (9) of fluid to conduct heat with the accumulation of heat pond, adopts hot pipe technique to realize heat exchange.Below ground in planting area is provided with methane-generating pit (8), and the nubbin of sheep excrement and paddy is put in the accumulation of heat pond becomes biogas, and biogas is used for the heating in winter and the refrigeration in summer;
In addition, whole control systems, the conveying of nutrient solution, sterilization, the electric power of the solar energy acquisition that is used for industrialized agriculture that the employed electric energy of whole monitoring systems is whole provides, whole system adopts regenerative resource to realize being provided with the supply of the energy like this, simultaneously, for unnecessary electric power, can also be transported to a distant place by generating electricity by way of merging two or more grid systems.

Claims (10)

1. renewable energy resource facility agriculture, at least comprise an industrialized agriculture building, on the roof of industrialized agriculture building and/or body of wall be provided with regenerative resource heat energy pickup area and regenerative resource electric energy acquisition zone, be provided with the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system in regenerative resource heat energy pickup area, be provided with the solar photoelectric acquisition system in regenerative resource electric energy acquisition zone, obtain being used for the electric energy and the heat energy of industrialized agriculture temperature, humidity control by different regenerative resource harvesters; In the industrialized agriculture building, comprise the cultivation district of crop-planting district, mushroom, at least two zones in animal-breeding district at least, make the material of generation in a zone and another one zone can constitute the complementary or circulation of crop food chain, constitute the industrialized agriculture of regenerative resource.
2. a kind of photovoltaic power station for renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the corresponding zone of heat energy pickup area of regenerative resource is printing opacity or semi-transparent roof, plantation that needs sunlit plantation class crop or the breed of culturing class are set in its corresponding building, roof in the electric energy acquisition area relative zone of regenerative resource adopts opaque roof, and the zone in its corresponding building does not need the mushroom of sunlight direct irradiation to cultivate or culture the breed of class.
3. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of renewable energy resource facility agricultures, it is characterized in that: also be provided with a hold over system, the thermal energy storage device is arranged in the building, building is pushed up, below ground, in the thermal energy storage device, be provided with heat-storing material, be provided with insulation material around the heat-storing material, heat energy is stored; When hold over system was arranged on the indoor below ground of industrialized agriculture building, its top can be planted or culture.
4. according to the described a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that: also be provided with methane-generating pit, the ight soil of cultivated animals and/or the discarded object of plantation class are put into methane-generating pit, realize the production of biogas, biogas is used for heating, refrigeration and generating.
5. a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the heat energy of regenerative resource is gathered the satisfied at least heat supply in winter of farm buildings or the refrigeration in summer of being provided with of area, and the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system adopts one of following equipment to realize the collection of heat energy at least:
A, solar energy vacuum tube or heat pipe type vacuum tube acquisition system;
B, solar energy high temperature acquisition system comprise slot type, butterfly and tower system;
C, photovoltaic and photothermal solar system;
D, geothermal system: provide heat energy by heat pipe, heat-exchange system, earth source heat pump with heat energy.
6. a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the solar photoelectric acquisition system adopts solar photovoltaic cell panel.
7. according to the described a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture of claim 1-6, it is characterized in that: also have traditional energy to replenish, so that replenish at special climate, it is one of following that its energy mode can be selected:
A, coal;
B, oil;
C, gas;
D.
8. a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: a plurality of facility buildings are carried out the Lian Dong building, temperature in the building, light, water, gas, the intelligent automatic control of fertile employing, crop or leaf temperature, stemflow amount, cane are provided with detecting instrument, many breed class animals are provided with temperature, height, body weight checkout equipment, and preferred soilless culture.
9. a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the collection of heat energy, transmission, control system, utilization, store heat exchange, heat transfer between each unit, and heating, refrigeration and the face of land heat energy of industrialized agriculture building carry out heat exchange, one of following at least structure of employing:
A, the fluid by forced circulation conduct heat, and are provided with circulating pump;
B, pass through hot pipe technique.
10. a kind of renewable energy resource facility agriculture according to claim 11 is characterized in that: adopt down one of array structure by heat pipe absorb heat, heat transfer, heat exchange:
A, general heat pipe: its evaporation ends directly carries out the reception to solar energy, and the fluid that condensation end and forced circulation flow carries out heat exchange;
B, integral heat pipe: the solar energy heat absorbing part of the different heat pipe of a plurality of optical frames correspondences is parallel with one another to a vertical pipeline, consist of the evaporation ends of integral heat pipe, it owns a condensation end together, condensation end storage heater and/or steam boiler connect, and heat energy are stored or is directly used in generation steam;
C, separate type circulating heat pipe: the solar energy heat absorbing of the different heat pipe of a plurality of optical frames correspondences is partly connected, consist of the evaporation ends of a common heat pipe, it owns a condensation end together, condensation end storage heater and/or steam boiler connect, and heat energy are stored or is directly used in generation steam;
D, can connect heat pipe: but by the syndeton of heat pipe heat pipe is connected, constitute the system of heat pipe;
E, loop circuit heat pipe;
F, pulse heat pipe: heat pipe is connected, and choosing different linkage sections becomes condensation end, constitutes pulse from the structure of shaking heat pipe;
G, circulation self-oscillation heat pipe.
CN2009103020487A 2009-04-30 2009-04-30 Renewable energy resource facility agriculture Pending CN101876481A (en)

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