CN201888130U - Automatic agricultural production line in factory shelf mode - Google Patents

Automatic agricultural production line in factory shelf mode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201888130U
CN201888130U CN2010202370602U CN201020237060U CN201888130U CN 201888130 U CN201888130 U CN 201888130U CN 2010202370602 U CN2010202370602 U CN 2010202370602U CN 201020237060 U CN201020237060 U CN 201020237060U CN 201888130 U CN201888130 U CN 201888130U
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shelf
agricultural production
building
goods
agricultural
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李建民
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Beijing Wisword Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Beijing Wisword Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

The object of the utility model is to provide an automatic agricultural production line in a factory shelf mode, a facility allowing intelligent, tridimensional and modularized production of agricultural produces in large-scale and factory mode and by utilizing new energies. An agricultural production case is disposed on a supporting shelf. Devices for controlling temperature, supplementing lights, providing nutrients and collecting information are arranged on the supporting shelf or around the agricultural production case to realize the functions of accurately, dynamically, separately and intelligently control of the temperature, humidity, intensity of carbon dioxide and intensity of nutrient solution in an energy-saving manner. The artificial environment of the agricultural production case can be controlled, so as that agricultural produces can be produced in low cost and in a factory mode. The automatic agricultural production line is suitable for mass production of seedlings, aquatic products, livestock products and mushrooms.

Description

Goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural facility, is applicable to settings such as batch production, scale, intelligentized agricultural planting, breed, forest seedling nursing, and adopts renewable energy resources to realize the factory farming facility of energy supply.
Background technology
Renewable energy resources mainly comprises solar energy, wind energy, water energy, biomass energy, geothermoenergy and ocean energy etc.The various forms of new forms of energy all is to come from the sun directly or indirectly or earth interior stretches out the heat energy that is produced.Solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, geothermoenergy, water energy and ocean energy and the energy that biofuel and hydrogen produced of deriving have out been comprised by renewable energy resources.We can say that also new forms of energy comprise various renewable energy resourcess and nuclear energy.Assert in the world, oil, and resources such as colliery will speed up minimizing.Nuclear energy, solar energy are about to become main energy sources.United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is divided into following three major types to new forms of energy: big-and-middle-sized water power; New renewable energy resources comprises small power station, solar energy, wind energy, modern biomass energy, geothermoenergy, ocean energy (tide energy); Penetrate biomass energy.
In general, conventional energy resource is meant the technical comparative maturity and the energy that has been utilized on a large scale, and new forms of energy typically refer to as yet the energy that utilizes on a large scale, just developing in active research.Therefore, coal, oil, natural gas and big-and-middle-sized water power all are counted as conventional energy resource, and solar energy, wind energy, modern biomass energy, geothermoenergy, ocean energy and nuclear energy, Hydrogen Energy etc. as new forms of energy.The broad sense new forms of energy will mainly have been forgiven the following aspects: 1, efficiently utilize the energy; 2, comprehensive utilization of resources; 3, renewable energy resources; 4, replace the energy; 5, nuclear energy; And 6, energy-conservation.
Renewable energy resources, new forms of energy, widely-used in cities and towns with traditional energy, wherein solar energy is divided into low temperature, middle temperature and high temperature use, the hot water application technology of low temperature is ripe, the major product form is the water heater of solar energy, be used after adopting the vacuum glass Manifold technology to absorb heat, in this kind application, there is employing that heat pipe is inserted into glass tube with vacuum inside heat is delivered to the outside technology that obtains solar energy.The photovoltaic generation development of solar low-temperature is swift and violent; monocrystalline silicon, polysilicon, hull cell have all been realized the scale application; and the focusing photovoltaic generating, the employing tracking system realizes photovoltaic but because the cost height needs national subsidy could realize the application of scale.The application of solar energy high temperature mainly is slot type, butterfly and tower application, can realize the generating of high temperature and other application of high temperature.The solar cooker of the middle high-temperature of existing solar energy is used, the main reflecting plate that adopts reflects the sun, solar energy is directly focused on the kitchen range, realization is to the utilization of solar energy, have no idea solar energy is collected so that night and overcast and rainy application are more impossible to its further application of other modes in this kind technology.In addition, the application of living beings and biogas is also carried out in different zones; Utilizing shallow layer surface heat energy is that main heat pump techniques utilizes geothermoenergy.
The utilization of existing renewable energy resources, new forms of energy mainly is the application of single household, or the application of the small-scaleization of each unit, and the agricultural planting that can not become planningization, batch production provides the energy.
So-called industrialized agriculture is meant to have certain facility, can create suitable weather element at subrange, the agricultural production that provides good environmental condition to carry out for growth and development of plants and animals.Industrialized agriculture is as the important component part of modern agriculture, applied for many years in the vast rural area of China, its development has injected new blood for China's traditional farming, solved most people's problem of food and clothing. the industrialized agriculture of developed country, complete set technology, complete facilities and equipment, production standard have been formed, stable yield.In these countries, the Facilities Construction scale is big, and the production efficiency height is adhered to demonstration, popularization and the application of new and high technology all the time, has obtained considerable benefit.With Holland is example, and there is glass greenhouse 13000hm in the whole nation 2. and be large-scale modernized attached-greenhouse, and automaticity height, production efficiency height, temperature, light, water, gas, fertilizer etc. have been realized intelligent control in the greenhouse.From the technical system that kind is selected, cultivation management has formed a whole set of complete specifications to the packing of gathering, tomato, cucumber etc. have been realized the nothing soil long season cultivation of 1 year one big stubble, reach 9~10 months picking time, the average every strain of cucumber is gathered 80, the average every strain of tomato is gathered 35 fringes really, average yield 60Kg/m 2, created world today's maximum output and benefit level.The greenhouse energy saving technology also is the greenhouse main research work, execution along with " Kyodo Protocol book ", Holland is as the agreement state of protocol, the energy efficiency to 2010 of stipulating all industries year reduce to 1980 35%, be equivalent to reduce the use of 65% fossil fuel, greenhouse industry has been shared the obligation in the whole nation about 20%.At present, the major measure that they take comprises: improve the cladding material light transmittance, increase the greenhouse solar amount of incident, they have mainly developed the exploitation of greenhouse roof wash machine and Zigzag sheet material in this regard; The heat energy multipurpose is utilized and waste heat recovery; The application of shallow-layer ground, greenhouse energy power-saving technology; The research of thermal insulation technology is mainly reflected in three aspects, and the one, being extensive use of of inside thermal screen curtain, the 2nd, the insulation of gutter, the 3rd, increase the air-tightness in greenhouse and the insulation of outer enclosed structure; Novel energy-conserving Research on New and exploitation such as transforming greenhouse structure, make full use of solar energy, cultivate low temperature resistant crop or the like.Can be in Israel's modern greenhouse according to the different requirements of crop to environment, the factors such as internal environment such as light, temperature, water, gas, fertilizer are monitored automatically and regulate and control by calculator, realize that chamber crop is round-the-clock, the High-efficient Production of annual.The factory farming of this state, the output of cucumber, tomato reaches 50Kg/m 2, rose output reaches 32/m 2, be 10~20 times of outdoor cropping.State such as the U.S., Japan has also released the totally enclosed type production system of representing the most advanced level in the world today; be artificial supplementation illumination, all adopt computer control, transplant " plant factor " annual results product of operation more than 20 batches by robot or manipulator; the vegetables annual production is tens of times of outdoor cropping; the common feature of the industrialized agriculture that these are national is to have realized intensification, scale, specialized production, the production height socialization of greenhouse and auxiliary facility.At present, surplus China's facilities horticulture area has reached 250 ten thousand hectares, account for 85% of world's facilities horticulture gross area.The facilities horticulture annual value of production reaches more than 2,000 hundred million yuan.On pattern of farming, the facilities vegetable area accounts for more than 95% of China's facilities horticulture gross area.On area distribution, be distributed in more than 70% the Yellow River and Huai He River sea and to the north of the area.Development of greenhouse planting is improved living standard of urban and rural population for solving long-term puzzlement supply problem in dull season in the northern area of China vegetables winter, promotes social stability and has brought into play important function.
Organic farming is materials such as a kind of complete fertilizer without chemosynthesis, agricultural chemicals, growth regulator, additive for farm animal feed, do not use the production system of genetically engineered biological and product thereof yet, its core is the bio-diversity and the benign cycle of setting up and recovering agricultural ecosystem, to keep the sustainable development of agricultural.In the organic farming production system, crop straw, livestock and poultry muck, legume, green manure and organic waste are the main sources of soil fertility; Shift of crops and various physics, biology and ecological measure are the main means of control weeds and damage by disease and insect.The foundation of organic farming production system needs an organic transfer process.
Organic farming is an ecological property production management system that promotes bio-diversity, biosphere circulation and soil organisms activity.Organic farming requires to take to recover, keep, promote ecological harmonious control measures as far as possible, fully need not or substantially without chemical fertilizer, chemical pesticide, growth regulator and the additive for farm animal feed etc. of synthetic, reduce the pollution of air, soil and moisture as far as possible, follow the ecological principle that gets close to nature, coordinate the balance of plant husbandry and aquaculture, adopt the agrotechnique of a series of sustainable developments, the system agricultural industry of continual and steady, cycle development.The product that the production process of organic farming is produced is called organic food.With the marked difference of domestic other pollution-free foods be, the former its produce and process in synthetic materials such as absolute prohibition use agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, hormone, the latter then allows and restrictedly uses these materials.Therefore, the production of organic food is more much more difficult than other food, need set up brand-new production system, adopts corresponding substitute technology.Organic food is that a class really comes from nature, eutrophy, high-quality environment-friendly type safety food.The subject matter that also exists in the existing industrialized agriculture development: the one,, the whole development in science and technology level of existing industrialized agriculture is not high, facility structure is simple and easy, and environment control ability, production management also rely on experience to a great extent, also differs greatly with the requirement of standardization, precision production management.Industrialized agriculture needs perfect at aspects such as environment control, administrative skill, biotechnology, artificial intelligence technology, the network information technologys.The 2nd,, the effectiveness of operation of industrialized agriculture is lower.China's soil production and operation mode is that family and institution is contracted to run with the family, and the industrialized agriculture scale that grows up is less, the market unsettled of product, and the industry chain (supply chain) of overall process does not form as yet, and social service system is not also set up fully.The 3rd,, the mechanization degree of China's industrialized agriculture is low.The supporting level of China's industrialized agriculture machinery is not high, and mechanized operation level is low, produces still based on manpower at present, and labour intensity is big.The problem that the mechanization level is low has become the bottleneck of restriction China industrialized agriculture development.The 4th,, China's industrialized agriculture operation and management level has much room for improvement.From the aspects such as reasonable control of breeding the environment operation of specific breed, the operation and management level of China's industrialized agriculture and high yield, high-quality, safety, requirement efficiently also have very big gap, and operation and management level is in urgent need to be improved.Generally speaking, many key technical problems await to research and solve, the related industry that matches with it is also not sound, the greenhouse operating cost of particularly existing facility building is generally higher, water, electricity, warm expense are higher, and the building energy consumption height has caused the agriculture production cost height, it is economical and practical to cause industrialized agriculture to lack, obstacle the development of industrialized agriculture.
The facility of existing industrialized agriculture mainly concentrates on the agricultural structure field, the Building technology of various green houses particularly, from monomer to the connection various booths, from adopting plastic film to the light-passing board that adopts pvc, but also do not improve with respect to the facility in the booth, mainly still adopt traditional soil cultivation, like this obstacle the development of plant husbandry, even in China leading area, Shouguang of industrialized agriculture development, its industrialized agriculture technology is still based on greenhouse technology, the barbarous soil that utilizes adopts a large amount of chemical fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, the soil is by the excessive use of cruelty, can't utilize chemical fertilizer to realize higher production capacity again, thereby the agriculture end of also having gone to development of greenhouse enforcement, be badly in need of wanting new technological break-through to realize agricultural planting update already.In the existing soilless culture, aerial fog cultivation and liquid culture are ripe, but mainly also be in laboratory stage, though simple soilless culture facility is arranged, as the pipeline aerial fog cultivation facility, but these facilities do not have Temperature-controlled appliance, can't realize efficient temperature control, only the mode of the air in the dependence adjusting greenhouse realizes adjustment and the control to plant species, such technology not only consumes energy, can't realize simultaneously temperature control, thereby be badly in need of improving existing agricultural planting equipment plant species.
The notion of shelf, with regard to general literal, the shelf general reference is deposited the shelf of goods.In depot equipment, shelf are meant and are specifically designed to the safedeposit of depositing the member article.Shelf occupy important status in logistics and warehouse, fast development along with modern industry, increasing considerably of logistics capacity, for realizing the modern management in warehouse, improve the function in warehouse, not only require pallet quantity many, and require to have multi-functional, and can realize mechanization, the automation requirement.
The effect of shelf and function.Shelf play considerable effect in the modern logistics activity, storehouse management realizes modernization, with kind, the function of shelf direct relation are arranged.
The effect of shelf and function have following several respects: (1) shelf are a kind of rack and panel construction things, can make full use of warehouse space, improve the storage capacity availability, enlarge the warehouse storage ability.
(2) deposit goods in the shelf in, do not push mutually, the goods and materials loss is little, and function that can complete assurance goods and materials itself reduces the loss of goods.
(3) goods in the shelf, access is convenient, is convenient to check and measure, and can accomplish first in first out.
(4) guarantee the quality of storage goods, can take protection against the tide, measure such as dustproof, antitheft, tamper-proof, store quality to improve goods and materials.
(5) structure of a lot of novel shelfs and mechanization and the automatic management that function helps realizing the warehouse.
By shelf is fixed or mobile model, can be divided into: (1) fixed shelf: the fixed shelf can be subdivided into shelf type, pellet type, through, gravity type, forced, attic type, steel structure platform, cantilevered, flow-type, drawer type and bracket formula shelf etc.
(2) mobile model shelf: the mobile model shelf can be subdivided into mobile goods shelves and rotary shelf, wherein mobile goods shelves not only can be subdivided into light medium portable shelf and (but also claims intensive, be divided into manually and electronic), heavy pellet type moving goods rack, rotary shelf can be subdivided into two kinds of horizontal rotation type, the rotatable shelf of heavy direct rotary again.
By the shelf overall structure is welded type or modular, can be divided into: (1) welded type shelf.
(2) assembled shelf.Present domestic most use assembled shelf.
Press whether connecting of commodity shelf system and depot establishment structure, can be divided into: (1) storehouse frame unification formula shelf.Commodity shelf system and building roof etc. constitute an indivisible integral body, and by the shelf post load that directly gives support to a roof, what building was installed on the pillar of both sides goes along with sb. to guard him (body of wall) structure.
(2) isolating construction formula shelf.Commodity shelf system and building are two independent systems, do not have directly connection between mutually.
Press every layer of loading capacity of shelf, be broadly divided into: (1) Light Duty Rack: every layer of loading capacity is not more than 150kg.
(2) medium-sized shelf: every layer of loading capacity is 150~500kg.
(3) heavy weight shelving: every layer of loading capacity is more than 500kg.
Height by shelf is divided into: (1) low level shelf: below the height 5m.
(2) high-order shelf: height 5~12m.
(3) High High Level shelf: more than the 12m.
The design feature of various commodity shelf systems, range of application and type selecting principle.
The laminated board type shelf: the laminated board type shelf are artificial access cargo interests formula usually, modular construction, interlamellar spacing are evenly adjustable, and goods also often is loose mail or is not very heavy connection with wrapping of piece (being convenient to artificial access), the shelf height otherwise manually is difficult to touch usually below 2.5m.Unit shelf span (being length) is unsuitable long, and the unit shelf degree of depth (being width) should not be dark excessively, by the loading capacity of every layer of its unit shelf can be divided into gently, in, heavy laminated board type shelf, laminate is mainly steel laminate.
(1) light-duty laminated board type shelf: shelf every layer of loading capacity in unit is not more than 150kg, and total carrying generally is not more than 600kg.Unit shelf span is not more than 2m usually, and the degree of depth is not more than 1m (mostly being in the 0.6m), and highly generally in 2.5m, common is the light-duty warehouse style shelf structure of angle steel formula column Huo Jia, and outward appearance is light and handy, beautiful, mainly is applicable to deposit light, little article.Fund input is few, is widely used in industries such as electronics, light industry, culture and education.
(2) medium-sized laminated board type shelf: generally between 150~500kg, total carrying generally is not more than 2000kg to every layer of loading capacity of unit shelf.Unit shelf span is not more than 2.6m usually, and the degree of depth is not more than 1m, highly generally in 2.5m.Medium-sized laminated board type shelf are widely used, and are applicable to all trades and professions.
(3) heavy laminated board type shelf: shelf every layer of load-carrying in unit is usually between 500~1000kg, unit shelf span is generally in 3m, the degree of depth is in 1.2m, highly do not limit, and normally combine with heavy pellet type shelf, Xiang Bingcun, below which floor is a laminated board type, artificial access operation, the part of height more than 2m is generally the pellet type shelf, uses fork truck to carry out access operation.Much more comparatively being mainly used in some had both needed the access that puts one's child in a boarding nursery, and zero deposited zero situation of getting again, to see in large warehoused formula supermarket and logistics center.
The pellet type shelf: the pellet type shelf, be commonly called as the cross beam type shelf again, or a formula shelf of borrowing money, be generally heavy weight shelving, the most common in the various storage rack system at home.At first must collect dress blocking work, be about to characteristics such as goods packing and weight thereof and organize dish, determine type, specification, the size of pallet, and single mount loading capacity and heap high (the single mount goods weight is generally in 2000kg), the span of determining unit shelf, the degree of depth, interlamellar spacing thus then are according to the height of the high decision of the maximum fork shelf of the effective depth of roof truss lower edge, warehouse and fork truck.Unit shelf span is generally in 3m, the degree of depth is in 1.5m, low, high-order warehouse shelf height generally in 12m, High High Level warehouse shelf height generally at 30m with interior (this type of warehouse is Automatic Warehouse substantially, and the shelf height overall is made of with inner column plurality of sections 12m).In this type of warehouse, low, high-order warehouse carries out access operation with reach formula battery fork lift truck, balance weight battery fork lift truck, three-dimensional fork truck mostly, also available electronic stacker when shelf are shorter, and the High High Level warehouse carries out access operation with shocker.This kind commodity shelf system space availability ratio height, access is flexible, is aided with computer management or control, can reach the requirement of modernized logistics system substantially.Be widely used in fields such as manufacturing industry, third-party logistics and home-delivery center, both be applicable to the multi-varieties and small-batch article, be applicable to few kind article in enormous quantities again.These type of shelf are used (shelf are used these type of shelf mostly in the Automatic Warehouse) at most in high-order warehouse and High High Level warehouse.
Through shelf: through shelf claim vestibule formula shelf again, sail the formula shelf into.These system's shelf are arranged intensive, and space availability ratio is high, almost are the twices of pellet type shelf, but goods must be few kind type in enormous quantities, and goods first-in last-out.At first must collect dress blocking work, determine that specification, loading capacity and the heap of pallet is high.The span of determining unit shelf, the degree of depth, interlamellar spacing are thus determined the height of shelf according to the effective depth of roof truss lower edge.Shelf total depth by wall zone preferably is controlled in 6 tray depth, but the shelf area total depth of zone line both sides turnover preferably is controlled in 12 tray depth, with the efficient that improves the fork truck access and reliability (in this type of commodity shelf system, fork truck is for continuing " holding and hitting highly " operating type, fork truck easily rocks and bumps against shelf, so the consideration of stability is whether fully most important).This type of warehousing system stability a little less than, shelf are unsuitable too high, should be controlled in the 10m usually, and in order to strengthen the stability of whole commodity shelf system, want bigger except that specification, type selecting, also must add pulling and fixing apparatus.The single mount goods is unsuitable excessive, overweight, and Weight control is in 1500kg usually, and the pallet span should not be greater than 1.5m.Often joining fork truck is reach formula battery fork lift truck or balance weight battery fork lift truck.
Yet existing shelf are applied to commerce and storage basically, also shelf are not applied to the case of agricultural production.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model just provides goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line; can scale; three-dimensional; intelligent; modularization; new forms of energyization; the facility of the realization agricultural production of batch production; the agricultural production casing is placed on the support; and around on support, being provided with or planting casing temperature control is set; light filling; nutriment provides; device such as information gathering is realized the temperature of production process; humidity; gas concentration lwevel; nutrient solution concentrations etc. are accurate; dynamically; subregion; intelligence; energy-conservation control; promptly realized the control of the artificial environment of agricultural production casing; and then realized batch production; low-cost agricultural production is suitable for breeding; aquatic products; livestock products; the batch process of mushroom etc.
Concrete summary of the invention is as follows: goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line, comprise the agricultural production casing, support, the lighting apparatus of light filling, the nutrients conveyance conduit, it is characterized in that: comprise a multilayer support at least, every layer of support is provided with a plurality of agricultural production casings, the inside of described agricultural production casing is provided with and is used to the facility of planting or culturing or cultivating, the agricultural products that need produce is placed on the inside of agricultural production casing, described support was arranged or the arrangement of formation closed loop according to horizontal or vertical or horizontal and vertical the mixing, every layer of support is provided with light filling lighting apparatus and liquid conducting pipes, and described light filling lighting apparatus is arranged on the top of agricultural production casing.Described light filling lighting apparatus, liquid conducting pipes are carried for it provides indispensable light filling and nutriment, to realize the agricultural production of three-dimensional batch production.
One of following at least in order to be provided with in the both sides of support: the glass of A, transparent heat insulating, PVC plate to the agricultural production cabinet insulation on the support and printing opacity; B, light-passing plastic film; C, the insulating curtain that can open, roller shutter thermal insulation quilt; D, transportable light tight insulation material.
Support can be to be suitable for agricultural production line of the present utility model arbitrarily, but common support is selected from following at least a: A, conventional shelf; Comprise light-duty steel plate shelf, rivet shelf, medium-sized laminate shelf, inferior double-layer plate shelf, the wooden laminate shelf of inferior weight; B, heavy weight shelving; Comprise: goods yard formula shelf, forced shelf, sail formula shelf, narrow opening shelf, gravity type shelf into; C, expansion shelf comprise: cantilevered shelf, fluent formula shelf, drawer type mould shelf, drawer Cantilever Racking, medium-sized loft shelf, 4S automobile fitting loft, steel platform.
At a frame peripheral, also be provided with and descend one of array apparatus: A, shocker at least: shocker is the core transporting equipment of whole automatic production line, realizes the agricultural production casing is transported to another place from one by manual operation, semi-automatic operation or full automatic working.It is made of frame (entablature, sill, column), horizontal running mechanism, hoisting mechanism, loading platform, pallet fork and electric control system.
Can determine the type selecting of shocker by following manner: 1. the shocker form is definite: the shocker form is varied, comprises single track drift formula shocker, double track tunnel type shocker, changes tunnel type heap strain machine, single upright post type shocker, two upright post type shockers or the like.
2. shocker speed is definite: according to the traffic requirement in warehouse, calculate horizontal velocity, hoisting velocity and the pallet fork speed of shocker.
3. other parameter and configuration: according to the locate mode of the selected shocker of warehouse field condition and user's requirement, communication modes etc.The configuration of shocker can height can be low, be determined on a case-by-case basis.
B, carry facility: realize the agricultural production casing comprising: roller conveyor, chain transfer, belt conveyor, lifting transfer machine, elevator etc. from an equipment that is transported to another place.Simultaneously, also to rationally determine the speed of induction system according to the instantaneous delivery in warehouse.
C, lift: the equipment that the agricultural production casing can be carried out that short transverse promotes or reduce comprises manually, hydraulic pressure, different lift such as electronic.
D, ladder truck, the staff can utilize it to carry out contour vehicle.
Be provided with the wheel or the track that can make its motion in the bottom of support, support can or utilize wheel to carry out manually or the electric intelligent controlled motion along track, make the support reversing of position mutually be not all the position, so that it is processed, light filling, accepts solar light irradiation.
The agricultural production box house is provided with following a kind of: the inside of A, agricultural production casing is provided with one or more layers plantation dish, for the sprouts of vegetable crops, in the plantation tray bottom groove or perforate are set, put culture matrix, porous class material, cultivate cup, the required nutriment of fungus grown at groove or tapping, seed is placed culture matrix, porous class material, cultivated in the cup, can realize planting the production that bud dish, mushroom do not need the crops of external nutrient source.
B, be used for the matrix of substrate culture; C, be used for the liquid that aquatic product is cultured; D, be used for the equipment that domestic animals are cultured.
Following at least a equipment is being set: A, information acquisition system around support or agricultural production casing: by being arranged on transmission equipment, agricultural production casing information gathering device on every side, after the information gathering with the agricultural production box house, communicate information to the casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire; B, gas transmission pipeline: this pipeline is connected with the agricultural production casing, the carbonic acid gas of outside, oxygen, new wind are transported to the agricultural production box house, and multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry at a plurality of sub-pipe that the different time carries or the multiple gases utilization is arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside; C, electricity usage equipment: described equipment is selected from following at least a: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator; D, heat exchanger: described heat exchanger is arranged on bottom or the inwall or the top of transmission equipment, and it is selected from following at least a: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary; The end-equipment of E, fluid pipeline: the device of described end-equipment for liquid is carried out aerosolization, perhaps the device for liquid is sprayed perhaps is the liquid switch valve.
The needed energy is traditional energy, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources or its complementary system, traditional energy is provided by electrical network, new forms of energy, renewable energy resources preferably adopt solar electrical energy generation, solar energy acquisition heat energy, biogas facility, and it is arranged on the top of at least one agricultural structure thing, on every side, the geothermoenergy collecting device be provided with the agricultural structure thing around or the bottom.
Be provided with a central control system, realization is to monitoring, detection, metering, the control of all plantations, breed, facility, device, described central controller is made up of intelligent control software, calculator, single board computer, sensor, checkout equipment, can realize that temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material to each box house control, and then realize intelligentized production; Temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material sensor be arranged on transmission agricultural production casing around or inside or factory farming interior of building, realization is to the collection of each physical quantity of controlling, described sensor is connected with central computer, in calculator, be provided with the intelligent control software of specialty, realize the factory farming interior of building is provided with the Based Intelligent Control of various facilities.
Be provided with a plurality of goods-shelf type production lines at a factory farming interior of building, a plurality of goods-shelf type production lines can level and vertical arrangement, preferred building is according to the long southern and northern short layout of thing, make indoor production line that bigger daylighting effect can be arranged, be provided for office in a zone of interior of building, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the zone of central control management, preferably this zone is arranged on the building north side, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top of building, perhaps be arranged on the bottom of building or on every side, select solar energy vacuum tube according to the requirement of printing opacity, the solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell at least a as equipment for collecting solar energy.
In a zone, be provided with a plurality of factory farming buildings, be provided with many group goods-shelf type production lines at interior of building, certain building is set in the zone is used for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the central control management land used, all the other are used for crop production, electric power facility, air conditioner facility is provided in each building, solar electric power and heat energy harvester are arranged on the interior ground of top of building or zone or on the building masonry wall, preferably equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on the supporting top, room of using, perhaps select solar energy vacuum tube according to the requirement of printing opacity, the solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell, biogas generating pit are arranged on the bottom of building or on every side.
The advantage that this kind implemented the AGRICULTURAL ENERGY supply is: 1, adopt the utility model for factory farming provides the automatic production line of agricultural production, make factory farming can rely on this facility to realize the production of industrialized production in agriculture; 2, the utility model both can provide the industrialized agriculture facility at independently building, and was more suitable for the agricultural facility in a plurality of industrialized agricultures buildings that are applied in a zone; 3, the utility model can be suitable for agricultural productions such as various plantations, breed, aquatic products; 4, the utility model can realize in enormous quantities, the agricultural production of intellectuality, batch production, asepticize; 5, the utility model can realize adopting new forms of energy to realize the energy supply of factory farming.
Description of drawings
The concrete implication of number designation is in the accompanying drawing: 1: solar-energy photo-voltaic cell, 2: solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system, 3: assistance building, 4: breeding facility, 5: planting facility, 6: the accumulation of heat pond, 7: heat-preserving wall, 8: biogas generating pit, 9: the solar energy optical-thermal acquiring and transmission system, 10: nutriment liquid, 11: electric power transfer pipeline, 12: air-conditioning heat energy (cold) transmission pipeline, 13: the information transmission pipeline, 14: gas transmission pipeline, 15: agricultural production casing, 16: support, 17: aerosol generator, 18: watch-dog, 19: light filling lamp, 20: audio-frequency generator, 21: the insulation casing, 22: fan coil, 23: video collector, 24: carbon-dioxide generator, 25: the nutrition holder, 26: facility in the agricultural production casing, 27: horizontal goods-shelf type production line, 28: vertical goods-shelf type production line, 29: lift, 30: workspace, 31: insulating curtain, 32: wheel.
Diagramatic content is: Fig. 1: three horizontal production lines (vertical view); Fig. 2: three layers of bracket production line (end view; Fig. 3: the management control system that is provided with on the production line; Fig. 4: monomer factory farming mechanized production system; Fig. 5: nutrient liquid and energy conveyance conduit.
Embodiment
One: three horizontal one vertical production line of embodiment as shown in Figure 1, this figure is three horizontal production lines, be provided with three horizontal production lines 27 and one 's vertical 28 transmission system, both sides on a horizontal production line are provided with the insulating curtain 31 that can open, provide insulation for it as required, be provided with 6 lifts 29 betwixt, be used for the agricultural production casing is carried out lifting, side at vertical production line, be provided with workspace 30, after being used for the agricultural production casing processed, be transferred to different positions through conveyer, utilize conveyer that it is transferred to the workspace agricultural production casing again in the time of needs and process, thus the production of realization automation.
Two: three layers of bracket production line of embodiment as shown in Figure 2, this figure is three layers of production line, three layers are co-located on the support, each layer of three layers is provided with a plurality of agricultural production casings, be used for various objectives production, be provided with wheel 32 in the bottom of support, entire bracket can be moved, so that the support of zones of different is adjusted the position.
Embodiment three: the management control system that is provided with on the production line as shown in Figure 3, this figure is the central control system that is arranged on production line, this part is arranged on around the agricultural production casing, is used for the agricultural production casing is managed control.
Be provided with five pipelines at the agricultural production box house, fluid pipeline 10, electric power transfer pipeline 11, air-conditioning heat energy (cold) transmission pipeline 12, information transmission pipeline 13, gas transmission pipeline 14 is for the plant species of box house provides required material, the energy, information, liquid 10, on the liquid conducting pipes of box house, be provided with following at least a device, water is flowed to the agricultural production box house, aerosol device, spray equipment, pipe outlet.Electric power transfer pipeline 11, the power equipment of box house is selected from following at least a: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator.Adopt bulb that plant species is carried out light filling, stimulation and influence to the plant species planting process are realized in different audio frequency, the magnetic field of adopting audio-frequency generator, electromagnetic generator to send, promote the growth of plant, animal, electric heater is adjusting and the control that the temperature of heat energy or realization part is provided for system in the traditional energy deficiency, and microwave generator, atomizer are realized water is carried out mist, gasification.Air-conditioning heat energy (cold) transmission pipeline 12 is provided with air conditioning terminal, and be arranged on bottom, inwall, the top of casing, promptly be arranged on the bottom or dividing plate of dividing plate top or dividing plate, air conditioner end equipment is selected from following at least a: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary; Information transmission pipeline 13, be provided with infor-mation-carrying wire at the information pipe interior, at box house configuration information sampler, after the information gathering with box house, communicate information to the casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire, preferred following at least one device of information gathering device: temperature, pressure concentration sensor, video collector, base of leaf linear transducer, weight sensor; Gas transmission pipeline 14 can be transported to box house with carbonic acid gas, oxygen, the new wind of outside.Multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry at a plurality of sub-pipe that the different time carries or the multiple gases utilization is arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside.The device of all box houses can be arranged on bottom, inwall, the top of casing as required, promptly be arranged on the bottom or dividing plate of dividing plate top or dividing plate, but no matter being arranged on any position of casing or dividing plate or bottom, all is to carry out exchange, the transmission of material, the energy, information by pipeline and outside.
Embodiment four: monomer factory farming mechanized production system as shown in Figure 4, the top of building thing in the batch production of a trapezoidal shape is provided with photovoltaic 1 and solar energy optical-thermal 2 acquisition systems, portion is provided with agricultural production casing 16 within it, can be provided for the agricultural planting casing of various objectives or culture casing 16, trapezoidal agricultural structure are arranged according to thing progress row, body of wall inboard, north side is provided with assistance building, be provided with between power equipment in the assistance building, between boiler plant, between process equipment, between storage facilities, between office equipment, the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system will gather in the accumulation of heat casing of thermal energy storage below being arranged on constructure ground 6, the heat energy of accumulation of heat casing is realized the conveying of heat energy by the air-conditioning conveyance conduit, vegeto-animal discarded object is placed in the biogas generating pit, biogas generating pit 8 is arranged on the below ground of building north side, building designs according to 50% energy conservation standard, adopt clear glass in the solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system of top of building, monocrystaline silicon solar cell is adopted at its top, also can adopt the clear films solar cell, its inner plant species just can be planted the crops of daylighting, and the main energy sources of agricultural production can adopt renewable energy resources to produce like this.
Embodiment five: nutrient liquid and energy conveyance conduit are as shown in Figure 5, in a factory farming workshop, be provided with two production line agricultural automatic assembly lines, the pipeline of the water of production line, electric power, air-conditioning equipment interconnects, realization is to the conveying and the control of the nutrient solution in the agricultural production casing, the energy, nutrient liquid is transported to the second production line after giving article one production line with nutrient input again, be back to then in the nutrient solution storage device, the electric power transportion wire delivers power on article one and the second production line, realizes the conveying of nutrient solution and electric power.The thermal energy storage of solar energy optical-thermal acquisition system collection is in being arranged on the accumulation of heat casing of below ground, the accumulation of heat casing is transported to heat energy in each casing by pipeline, and the heat-exchanger rig (fan coil) by being arranged on transport tape inside is realized energy supply and the control to plant species.
Can realize the production of various factory farmings in conjunction with above-mentioned case.

Claims (10)

1. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line, comprise the agricultural production casing, support, the lighting apparatus of light filling, the nutrients conveyance conduit, it is characterized in that: comprise a multilayer support at least, every layer of support is provided with a plurality of agricultural production casings, the inside of described agricultural production casing is provided with and is used to the facility of planting or culturing or cultivating, the agricultural products that need produce is placed on the inside of agricultural production casing, described support was arranged or the arrangement of formation closed loop according to horizontal or vertical or horizontal and vertical the mixing, every layer of support is provided with light filling lighting apparatus and liquid conducting pipes, and described light filling lighting apparatus is arranged on the top of agricultural production casing.
2. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: one of following at least in order to be provided with in the both sides of support to the agricultural production cabinet insulation on the support and printing opacity:
The glass of A, transparent heat insulating, PVC plate;
B, light-passing plastic film;
C, the insulating curtain that can open, roller shutter thermal insulation quilt;
D, transportable light tight insulation material.
3. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: support is selected from following at least a:
A, conventional shelf;
B, heavy weight shelving;
C, expansion shelf.
4. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: at a frame peripheral, also be provided with and descend one of array apparatus at least:
A, shocker;
B, conveying facility;
C, lift;
D, ladder truck.
5. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with the wheel or the track that can make its motion in the bottom of support, support can or utilize wheel to carry out manually or the electric intelligent controlled motion along track, make the support reversing of position mutually be not all the position, so that it is processed, light filling, accepts solar light irradiation.
6. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the agricultural production box house is provided with following a kind of:
The inside of A, agricultural production casing is provided with one or more layers plantation dish, for the sprouts of vegetable crops, in the plantation tray bottom groove or perforate are set, put culture matrix, porous class material, cultivate cup, the required nutriment of fungus grown at groove or tapping, seed is placed culture matrix, porous class material, cultivated in the cup, can realize planting the production that bud dish, mushroom do not need the crops of external nutrient source;
B, be used for the matrix of substrate culture;
C, be used for the liquid that aquatic product is cultured;
D, be used for the equipment that domestic animals are cultured.
7. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: following at least a equipment is set around support or agricultural production casing:
A, information acquisition system:, after the information gathering with the agricultural production box house, communicate information to the casing outside by infor-mation-carrying wire by being arranged on transmission equipment, agricultural production casing information gathering device on every side;
B, gas transmission pipeline: this pipeline is connected with the agricultural production casing, the carbonic acid gas of outside, oxygen, new wind are transported to the agricultural production box house, and multiple gases can utilize a pipeline to carry at a plurality of sub-pipe that the different time carries or the multiple gases utilization is arranged on gas transmission pipeline inside;
C, electricity usage equipment: described equipment is selected from following at least a: bulb, audio-frequency generator, electric heater, microwave generator, atomizer, electromagnetic generator;
D, heat exchanger: described heat exchanger is arranged on bottom or the inwall or the top of transmission equipment, and it is selected from following at least a: heat pipe, sleeve pipe, heat exchanger, radiator, fan coil, plastic tube, capillary;
The end-equipment of E, fluid pipeline: the device of described end-equipment for liquid is carried out aerosolization, perhaps the device for liquid is sprayed perhaps is the liquid switch valve.
8. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with a central control system, realization is to monitoring, detection, metering, the control of all plantations, breed, facility, device, described central controller is made up of intelligent control software, calculator, single board computer, sensor, checkout equipment, can realize that temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material to each box house control, and then realize intelligentized production; Temperature, humidity, illuminance, gas concentration lwevel, nutrient solution content of material sensor be arranged on transmission agricultural production casing around or inside or factory farming interior of building, realization is to the collection of each physical quantity of controlling, described sensor is connected with central computer, in calculator, be provided with the intelligent control software of specialty, realize the factory farming interior of building is provided with the Based Intelligent Control of various facilities.
9. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with a plurality of goods-shelf type production lines at a factory farming interior of building, a plurality of goods-shelf type production lines can level and vertical arrangement, building is according to the long southern and northern short layout of thing, make indoor production line that bigger daylighting effect can be arranged, be provided for office in a zone of interior of building, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the zone of central control management, this zone is arranged on the building north side, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on top of building, perhaps be arranged on the bottom of building or on every side, select solar energy vacuum tube according to the requirement of printing opacity, the solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell at least a as equipment for collecting solar energy.
10. goods-shelf type process of Industrial Agriculture production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in a zone, be provided with a plurality of factory farming buildings, be provided with many group goods-shelf type production lines at interior of building, certain building is set in the zone is used for office, processing, storage, transaction, breeding, the central control management land used, all the other are used for crop production, electric power facility, air conditioner facility is provided in each building, solar electric power and heat energy harvester are arranged on the interior ground of top of building or zone or on the building masonry wall, equipment for collecting solar energy is arranged on the supporting top, room of using, perhaps select solar energy vacuum tube according to the requirement of printing opacity, the solar light-transmitting hull cell, monocrystalline silicon, polycrystal silicon cell, biogas generating pit are arranged on the bottom of building or on every side.
CN2010202370602U 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Automatic agricultural production line in factory shelf mode Expired - Fee Related CN201888130U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102293134A (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-12-28 北京智慧剑科技发展有限责任公司 Shelf type factory agricultural production line
CN102498990A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川农业大学 Rice factory production process and rice factory production workshop
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102293134B (en) * 2010-06-24 2015-05-20 成都奥能普科技有限公司 Shelf type factory agricultural production line
CN102293134A (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-12-28 北京智慧剑科技发展有限责任公司 Shelf type factory agricultural production line
CN102498990A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-06-20 四川农业大学 Rice factory production process and rice factory production workshop
CN102498990B (en) * 2011-09-30 2015-12-09 四川农业大学 Rice industrial production technology and workshop thereof
CN102823406A (en) * 2012-09-10 2012-12-19 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Year-round industrial rapid production method of organic little cabbage based on solar greenhouses
CN102823406B (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-08-06 宁波市大桥生态农业有限公司 Year-round industrial rapid production method of organic little cabbage based on solar greenhouses
CN107466204A (en) * 2015-04-15 2017-12-12 奥卡多创新有限公司 culture system and method
CN109688802A (en) * 2016-09-15 2019-04-26 奥卡多创新有限公司 Cultivation system and method
CN109688802B (en) * 2016-09-15 2022-07-01 奥卡多创新有限公司 Cultivation system and method
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CN106665168A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-05-17 成都格瑞思文化传播有限公司 Novel agricultural cultivation device
CN109983953A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 永春县一都玉财茶叶专业合作社 A kind of novel agricultural device for raising seedlings
CN109089650A (en) * 2018-09-17 2018-12-28 成都市农林科学院 A kind of intelligence plant factor
CN111684948A (en) * 2019-03-12 2020-09-22 张智广 Automatic high-efficient planting production water line equipment of H type organic vegetable
CN111155823A (en) * 2019-09-05 2020-05-15 张德斌 Low-carbon three-dimensional crop planting ecological system

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