CN101019493A - High performance heliogreenhouse - Google Patents

High performance heliogreenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101019493A
CN101019493A CNA2007100870527A CN200710087052A CN101019493A CN 101019493 A CN101019493 A CN 101019493A CN A2007100870527 A CNA2007100870527 A CN A2007100870527A CN 200710087052 A CN200710087052 A CN 200710087052A CN 101019493 A CN101019493 A CN 101019493A
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China
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greenhouse
thermal insulation
gable
solar heat
performance
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CN101019493B (en
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陆阳
陆昕
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The present invention discloses one kind of high performance heliogreenhouse with low building cost and running cost, and features the complete central air conditioner structure, effective utilization of solar energy and capacity of producing warm season vegetable, fruit and flower in wide area including up to 40 north latitude. The present invention may be also used in producing edible fungus and raising animal simultaneously to raise the soil utilization rate.

Description

A kind of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat
Technical field:
What the present invention relates to is a kind of greenhouse, is the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low specifically.
Background technology:
China's existing greenhouse kind is a lot, roughly can be divided into two classes, and a class is from the Western Modern greenhouse of external introduction and imitated and improve the breed, and another kind of is various single double slope surface greenhouse by solar heat of China's local products.The performance in this two classes greenhouse is each has something to recommend him.Though the Western Modern greenhouse is high in technological content, the cost height, daylighting and heat-insulating property are poor; The shortcoming of their high energy consumption, high cost exposed especially obviously after used China various places! By contrast, the greenhouse by solar heat cost of China's local products is low, and lighting performance is good, good heat insulating; But the greenhouse by solar heat space of local products is too narrow and small, and land utilization rate is too low, and warm and humid regulation and control performance is too poor, therefore is difficult to adapt to the needs of modernized agriculture large-scale production.Up to the present, China does not also have the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low.
Summary of the invention:
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat technical scheme that a kind of cost is low, operating cost is low.
A kind of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat comprises preceding bow member, the plastic foil that covers, both sides gable, back domatic, back wall, underground heat storage pipe, thermal insulation quilt, sunshade net, roller shutter machine, Temperature Humidity Sensor, microcomputer controller on preceding bow member; It is characterized in that described greenhouse is a full-closed structure, only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Be vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse and be communicated with, the greenhouse is separated into growing area and spray district two parts with air regulator; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The sliding rail of thermal insulation quilt in the bow member inboard is provided with before described, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Described both sides gable is a flat-top shape, the armored concrete fixed frame that the gable top is provided with links to each other with inboard inclined strut, fixed frame is provided with the draw ring of row's spacing 100-300 millimeter, the draw ring that vertically connects both sides gable correspondence by the stainless steel wire of the diameter 1-3 millimeter of an end band turnbuckle, before being pressed in, these stainless steel wires form frame-type suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it on the bow member; The lateral surface of described Hou Qiang, the domatic and both sides gable in back all is provided with the air space of 20 millimeters thick and the styrofoam external thermal insulation of 50-200 millimeters thick, and the outside of external thermal insulation is smeared the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened again; The domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in described back; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of described thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; Described microcomputer controller is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.Described air regulator is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in described thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside, is vertically equidistantly distributing air vent on the ventilating duct, leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Described air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.Bow member is made by fiberglass reinforced plastics or fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement before described, and the inboard is the plastics or the aluminium alloy track of I shape or [] font, adaptive formula or the crane type pulley withheld.Thermal insulation quilt is that the middle place mat cyanogen of two-layer nonwoven synthetic fibre cotton or three-dimensional hollow cotton are made in described, the inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold formula or crane type pulley.Described antiradiation damp proof insulation coating is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its preferred part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Compared with prior art, usefulness of the present invention is embodied in high-performance and two aspects of low expense.The present invention adopts the framework suspended-cable structure, and the bigger daylighting in space that makes the greenhouse is better and cost is lower.Adopt totally-enclosed central air conditioner system, removed complicated window-opening mechanism, make the structure in greenhouse simpler, both reduced cost, make the more convenient to operate of personnel again, the regulation and control of temp. and humidity are more accurate.Adopt internal insulation structure, improved heat insulation effect, reduced the cost of thermal insulation quilt, and made heat-insulating property not be subjected to the influence of wind and frost sleet.Adopt all technical schemes of spary solar selectively blacking of sunny slopes all in the greenhouse, make the absorption of solar energy and availability higher; The technical scheme of the medial surface spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating that the medial surface of the interior thermal insulation quilt of employing and back are domatic significantly reduces thermal-radiating loss; Adopt heat accumulation pipe and the outer technical scheme that is incubated of building enclosure in the ground, improved the heat storage capacity in greenhouse greatly.Adopt the both sides gable to connect the inclined strut structure for the flat-top wall adds aluminium concrete fixed frame, reduced gable and be in the light, make the force structure in greenhouse more reasonable, external form is more attractive in appearance.Arch bar before adopting fiberglass reinforced plastics and fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement to make makes the cost in greenhouse lower, the longer service life of preceding arch bar.Adopt centre-pillar structure, make the stability in greenhouse better, and the many usefulness of a post, the top hangs the sunshade net, bow member before supporting above, mid-mounting sodium vapor lamp.Adopt the microcomputerized control technical scheme, can realize that temp. and humidity auto-control, sunshade net regularly open and close, regularly roll up the automatic regulation function of putting modern greenhouses such as interior thermal insulation quilt, time switch sodium vapor lamp, greatly reduce cost again.The effect of these technical measures integrated uses, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present invention is accomplished: do not heat substantially winter in China's north latitude 40 degree areass to the south and produce warm season vegetable melon and fruit flowers, heat on a small quantity in all the other regional winters and just can produce warm season vegetable melon and fruit flowers.The present invention can also culture livestock and poultry with the structure of long adverse grade in planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers; With the structure of long adverse grade partly-exposed basement, in planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers, produce edible mushroom.The mode that this ecologic planting is cultured can make carbonic acid gas that livestock and poultry and edible mushroom produce provide carbon-dioxide gasfertilizer for the photosynthesis of crops; The heat that produces with livestock and poultry and edible mushroom provides temperature for crops; And crops can provide fresh oxygen for livestock and poultry and edible mushroom.The gas inside exchange of this greenhouse can reduce the number of times of greenhouse and space outerpace exchanging gas, therefore can reduce the consumption of the energy, significantly reduces operating cost.Main is that the greenhouse by solar heat of this long adverse grade can improve land utilization rate, makes the availability in soil reach 100%.
The present invention adopts the technology path of low cost, low operating cost, can realize the high-tech advanced function in Western Modern greenhouse.Moreover, compare with the Western Modern greenhouse, the efficient that solar energy of the present invention utilizes is higher, the better effects if of greenhouse heat-insulating, and cost and operating cost are less than 1/10th of Western Modern greenhouse! Especially the present invention has adopted totally enclosed greenhouse structure, adopts the technical scheme of electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitation at air inlet, can guarantee that crops in the greenhouse are not subjected to the propagation of extraneous damage by disease and insect and influence, and this performance is higher than the Western Modern greenhouse far away.Therefore, can accomplish do not spray insecticide various vegetable melon and fruits of production and edible mushroom fully with the present invention.We can say that the present invention is the best agricultural facility of the present large-scale production pollution-free vegetable of China!
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 2 is the plane of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 3 is the long adverse grade greenhouse schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 4 is the long adverse grade partly-exposed basement greenhouse schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 5 is the greenhouse schematic diagram that the high-performance greenhouse by solar heat is not established the spray district.
Fig. 6 is the gable profile of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 7 is the gable side view of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 8 is the preceding bow member cross-sectional view of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Fig. 9 is the stifled core schematic diagram of the air vent of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Figure 10 is the thermal insulation quilt reinforcing band schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Figure 11 is the air regulator schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat.
Numeral among the figure: 1, the cold ditch 2 of collection, heat accumulation pipe 3, preceding bow member 4, plastic foil 5, interior thermal insulation quilt track 6, growing area 7, sodium vapor lamp 8, cross bar 9, middle column foundation 10, center pillar 11, microcomputer controller 12, warm and humid sensor 13, interior thermal insulation quilt 14, interior thermal insulation quilt pulley 15, thermal-arrest ventilation wall 16, cable wire 17, sunshade net 18, roller shutter machine 19, back domatic 20, thermal-arrest wall vent 21, growing area air channel 22, air channel 23, spray district, heat accumulation pipe air channel 24, cold water shower 25, spray district 26, drain ditch 27, back wall 28, gable 29, turnbuckle 30, stainless steel wire 31, air regulator 32, air regulator air inlet 33, chimney 34, greenhouse door 35, draw ring 36, fixed frame 37, inclined strut 38, inclined strut basis 39, air space 40, external thermal insulation 41, waterproof mortar layer 42, air vent blocks up core 43, thermal insulation quilt reinforcing band 44, air regulator air outlet 45, growing area air port 46, air port 47, spray district, heat accumulation pipe air port 48, two-way blower fan 49, electronics deinsectization net 50, electrostatic precipitator 51, air regulator chimney 52, heat exchanger 53, heater 54, fire door 55, ash door 56, the air channel valve
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, structure of the present invention and embodiment are described further.
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat embodiment of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is a plane.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 12 meters, high 4.3 meters, center pillar is high 4.9 meters, and gable and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs the insulation door curtain, does not establish Tool Room.The growing area in greenhouse is wide 11 meters, and the spray district is wide 1 meter, and thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the aluminium concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 200 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel wire of 2 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel wires are pressed in.The styrofoam of 100 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is prefabricated in mould with the magnesia oxychloride cement of glass fibre enhancing, installed inside I shape plastic rails; Adorning the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Back domatic 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of the thermal-arrest ventilation wall in greenhouse and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in the thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside in greenhouse, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; The air vent of thermal-arrest ventilation wall will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the cyanogen synthetic fibre cotton of place mat 60 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, and 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt is provided with the nonwoven reinforcing band in length and breadth on interior thermal insulation quilt, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withholds the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the long adverse grade type embodiment of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present invention.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 25 meters, high 6 meters, center pillar is high 6.6 meters, and gable and back wall are the stone wall of 300 millimeters thick, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs heat holding curtain, does not establish Tool Room.The growing area in greenhouse is wide 15 meters, and the spray district is wide 10 meters, only at outermost top, spray district shower is set.This long adverse grade type be fit to be cultured livestock and poultry, simultaneously the anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the aluminium concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 300 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel wire of 3 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel wires are pressed in.The styrofoam of 150 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Be vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse and be communicated with, the greenhouse is separated into growing area and spray district two parts with air regulator; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is the engineering plastics extrusion moulding that strengthens with glass fibre, the cross sectional shape of preceding bow member as shown in Figure 8, the inboard is [] font track, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning the crane type pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; The back domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.There are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in the thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside in greenhouse, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the three-dimensional hollow cotton of place mat 80 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, the crane type pulley is installed in the intersection of reinforcing band.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
Fig. 4 is the embodiment schematic diagram of the long adverse grade partly-exposed basement of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present invention type.Long 60 meters of this greenhouse, wide 25 meters, high 6 meters, center pillar is high 6.6 meters, and growing area is wide 15 meters, and the spray district is wide 10 meters, and the top in spray district is covered with shower.This long adverse grade partly-exposed basement type is particularly suitable for planting edible mushroom, simultaneously the anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit flowers.The gable in greenhouse and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, and the outside, gate hangs the insulation door curtain, does not establish Tool Room.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall is in the centre in growing area and spray district.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the aluminium concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 100 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel wire of 1 millimeter of the diameter of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel wires are pressed in.The styrofoam of 50 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is that the magnesia oxychloride cement that strengthens with glass fibre is prefabricated in mould, and installed inside I shape plastic rails is being adorned the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley and is being parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; The back domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.Thermal-arrest ventilation wall has 3 ventilating ducts, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch on the ventilating duct leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively; Air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the cyanogen synthetic fibre cotton of place mat 40 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, and 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt is provided with the nonwoven reinforcing band in length and breadth on interior thermal insulation quilt, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withholds the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
The embodiment schematic diagram of Fig. 5 when to be high-performance greenhouse by solar heat of the present invention in the spray district be not provided with.Long 66 meters of this greenhouse, wide 10 meters, high 4.2 meters, center pillar is high 4.8 meters, and thermal-arrest ventilation wall and Hou Qiang are integrated, and the inside only is provided with 2 ventilating ducts, and 1 meter air vent that distributing of longitudinal pitch leads to growing area and underground heat storage pipe respectively on the ventilating duct.This type is adapted at not too hot area in very cold summer in winter, especially regional anniversary planting vegetable melon and fruit and the flowers to the north of China's north latitude 40 degree.Gable and back wall are 24 brick walls, and the both sides gable is high 2 meters, and the gate in greenhouse is driveed at the east side gable, hang the insulation door curtain outdoors, and the outside is established Tool Room again.The both sides gable in greenhouse is a flat-top shape, and the inclined strut of gable inboard is cast in the aluminium concrete fixed frame on gable top.The spacing of draw ring is 100 millimeters, connects the draw ring of both sides gable correspondence with the stainless steel wire of 2 millimeters of the diameters of an end band turnbuckle, on the bow member, forms framework suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it before these stainless steel wires are pressed in.The styrofoam of 200 millimeters thick is pasted again with the lath air space of 20 millimeters thick at interval in the outside of gable and back wall, and the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened is smeared in the outside.The greenhouse is a full-closed structure, and only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; The preceding bow member in greenhouse is the engineering plastics extrusion moulding that strengthens with glass fibre, the cross section of preceding bow member such as Fig. 8, and the inboard is the I shape track, is adorning the interior thermal insulation quilt of withholding the formula pulley and is being parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Back domatic 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating in greenhouse; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; The microcomputer controller in greenhouse is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.The air regulator in greenhouse is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.The air vent of thermal-arrest ventilation wall will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.The interior thermal insulation quilt in greenhouse is that the three-dimensional hollow cotton of place mat 100 millimeters thick in the middle of the two-layer nonwoven is made, 2 times antiradiation damp proof insulations of inboard spary coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold the formula pulley.The antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of spary is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, and its part by weight is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of high-performance greenhouse by solar heat comprises preceding bow member, the plastic foil that covers, both sides gable, back domatic, back wall, underground heat storage pipe, thermal insulation quilt, sunshade net, roller shutter machine, Temperature Humidity Sensor, microcomputer controller on preceding bow member; It is characterized in that described greenhouse is a full-closed structure, only the inlet and outlet of the air regulator by being located at greenhouse one end is communicated with space outerpace; Be vertically arranged with one thermal-arrest ventilation wall in inside, greenhouse and be communicated with, the greenhouse is separated into growing area and spray district two parts with air regulator; Front end at growing area is provided with collection Han Gou, and collection Han Gou connects the underground heat storage pipe and is communicated with thermal-arrest ventilation wall; Top in the spray district is provided with the cold water shower, and the bottom outside in the spray district is provided with the drain ditch; The sliding rail of thermal insulation quilt in the bow member inboard is provided with before described, the interior thermal insulation quilt of adorning pulley is parked in the track top and links to each other with the roller shutter machine; Described both sides gable is a flat-top shape, the gable top is provided with the armored concrete fixed frame and links to each other with inboard inclined strut, fixed frame is provided with the draw ring of row's spacing 100-300 millimeter, the draw ring that vertically connects both sides gable correspondence by the stainless steel wire of the diameter 1-3 millimeter of an end band turnbuckle, before being pressed in, these stainless steel wires form frame-type suspension cable ceiling, plastic covering film on it on the bow member; The lateral surface of described Hou Qiang, the domatic and both sides gable in back all is provided with the air space of 20 millimeters thick and the styrofoam external thermal insulation of 50-200 millimeters thick, and the outside of external thermal insulation is smeared the waterproof mortar that grid is strengthened again; The domatic inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating in described back; The whole ground in the metope that faces south of described thermal-arrest ventilation wall and the medial surface of gable and greenhouse is spary solar selectively blacking all; Highest point in the greenhouse is provided with a row bottom and connects the center pillar that basic top exceeds the greenhouse, and the top of this row's center pillar and front and rear row greenhouse center pillar fuses with cable wire, hangs the sunshade net that links to each other with the roller shutter machine above; The Ban Yaochu of center pillar is provided with pole, hangs agricultural sodium vapor lamp on the pole; Described microcomputer controller is the general singlechip controller with timing function and humiture control function, links to each other with power supply with the gauge tap of air regulator, sodium vapor lamp, thermal insulation quilt roller shutter machine, sunshade net volume curtain machine respectively by cable behind one group of electric current relay of adjunction; Being suspended on the middle Temperature Humidity Sensor in greenhouse links to each other with microcomputer controller by cable.
2, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described air regulator is provided with inlet and outlet, two-way blower fan, air channel valve, heater, heat exchanger, is provided with electronics deinsectization net and electrostatic precipitator at the air inlet place of air regulator.
3, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, there are plantation, spray, 3 ventilating ducts of accumulation of heat in described thermal-arrest ventilation wall the inside, is vertically equidistantly distributing air vent on the ventilating duct, leads to growing area, spray district and underground heat storage pipe respectively.
4, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described spray district is long adverse grade partly-exposed basement shape, and the top is covered with shower.
5, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described spray district is long adverse grade shape, only at outermost top, spray district shower is set.
6, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when described spray district is not provided with, thermal-arrest ventilation wall can be integrated with the back wall, the inside of wall only was provided with 2 ventilating ducts after the thermal-arrest that is integrated ventilated, vertically equidistantly distribute air vent on the ventilating duct, leading to growing area and underground heat storage pipe respectively.
According to claim 3 or 6 described high-performance greenhouse by solar heats, it is characterized in that 7, described air vent will be according to the stifled core of the adaptive different inner diameters of blast of on-the-spot test to guarantee each air vent balanced ventilation.
8, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, bow member is made by fiberglass reinforced plastics or fibreglass reinforced magnesium oxychloride cement before described, and the inboard is the plastics or the aluminium alloy track of I shape or [] font, adaptive formula or the crane type pulley withheld.
9, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, thermal insulation quilt is that the middle place mat cyanogen of two-layer nonwoven synthetic fibre cotton or three-dimensional hollow cotton are made in described, the inboard spary antiradiation damp proof insulation coating of interior thermal insulation quilt, the nonwoven reinforcing band is set on interior thermal insulation quilt in length and breadth, installs in the intersection of reinforcing band and withhold formula or crane type pulley.
10, high-performance greenhouse by solar heat according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described antiradiation damp proof insulation coating is to be mixed by the polyvinyl chloride resin of ring ethyl ketone dissolving and the aluminium silver powder of acetone diluted, its preferred weight ratio is: polyvinyl chloride resin 10%, ring ethyl ketone 20%, aluminium silver powder 30%, acetone 40%.
CN2007100870527A 2007-03-16 2007-03-16 High performance heliogreenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN101019493B (en)

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CN102027864B (en) * 2009-09-29 2012-02-29 北京市农业技术推广站 Sunlight greenhouse structure and cultivation method for tree type cultivation of vegetables
CN102505808A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-06-20 濮阳市林业科学院 Method for building ultrathin light-load heat preservation type solar greenhouse back slope
CN102715038A (en) * 2012-07-04 2012-10-10 江苏省农业科学院 Agricultural sunlight greenhouse
CN103477908A (en) * 2013-09-21 2014-01-01 王干 Photovoltaic solar greenhouse based on shade shed and sun shed integration and construction method thereof
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CN102505808A (en) * 2011-10-24 2012-06-20 濮阳市林业科学院 Method for building ultrathin light-load heat preservation type solar greenhouse back slope
CN102505808B (en) * 2011-10-24 2013-09-18 濮阳市林业科学院 Method for building ultrathin light-load heat preservation type solar greenhouse back slope
CN102715038A (en) * 2012-07-04 2012-10-10 江苏省农业科学院 Agricultural sunlight greenhouse
CN103477908A (en) * 2013-09-21 2014-01-01 王干 Photovoltaic solar greenhouse based on shade shed and sun shed integration and construction method thereof
CN104160891A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-11-26 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Semi-underground greenhouse special for edible mushroom cultivation
CN104521619B (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-03-08 陈伟群 Heliogreenhouse drainage system
CN104521619A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-04-22 陈伟群 Drainage system for solar greenhouse
CN104521624A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-22 陈伟群 Multifunctional solar greenhouse
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CN105052615A (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-11-18 中国农业大学 Shaded awning heat supplying method of double-faced greenhouse and double-faced green house capable of automatically storing and releasing heat
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