CN112871291A - Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof - Google Patents

Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112871291A
CN112871291A CN202110046606.9A CN202110046606A CN112871291A CN 112871291 A CN112871291 A CN 112871291A CN 202110046606 A CN202110046606 A CN 202110046606A CN 112871291 A CN112871291 A CN 112871291A
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
garbage
plate
compression
sliding
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CN202110046606.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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范华飞
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202110046606.9A priority Critical patent/CN112871291A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto 
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/087Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. brushes, scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/003Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for articles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B5/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat
    • F26B5/08Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat by centrifugal treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and a compression method thereof, and relates to the technical field of garbage treatment; the problem of insufficient water removal in the garbage is solved; the equipment comprises a shell, wherein a fixed frame is welded on the inner wall of the bottom of the shell, a collecting sleeve is welded on the inner wall of the top of the fixed frame, the inner wall of the collecting sleeve is rotatably connected with a dewatering cylinder, more than two water outlets which are uniformly distributed are formed in the circumferential inner wall of the dewatering cylinder, a collecting chamber is formed by the outer wall of the dewatering cylinder and the inner wall of the collecting sleeve, and a cleaning mechanism and a sealing assembly are respectively arranged on two sides of the circumferential inner wall; the use method of the device comprises the following steps: crushing the garbage twice; dehydrating by a dehydrating cylinder; pushing out the garbage; and (4) compressing the garbage. According to the garbage bin, the dewatering drum is arranged, the water outlet is formed in the dewatering drum, crushed garbage is poured into the dewatering drum, then the motor drives the dewatering drum to rotate, moisture in the garbage is thrown out by utilizing centrifugal force, and the moisture in the garbage can be effectively removed.

Description

Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage treatment, in particular to a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and a compression method thereof.
Background
The amount of garbage generated every year in the world is rapidly increased, chemical substances can be leaked when the garbage is buried, underground water and land are polluted, air pollution can be caused sometimes if the garbage is treated by incineration, and in the face of excessive waste, the most effective solution is to reduce the generation of the garbage and crush and compress the waste and then bury the waste, so that a large amount of space can be saved, the garbage treatment cost is reduced, land resources are reduced, and a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage is needed.
Through search, chinese patent application No. 201910491455.0 discloses a domestic waste compressor arrangement, includes: a conveyor belt; the rotating roller is rotatably arranged above the conveyor belt; a cutter disposed on the rotating roller; the gear is fixedly connected with the rotating roller; the rack is meshed with the gear; the first driving part is in power connection with the rack and is used for driving the rack to reciprocate; and the impact part is arranged at one end of the conveying belt and is used for producing the albums together with the household garbage. The domestic waste compressor arrangement in above-mentioned patent has following shortcoming: when the domestic garbage is plentiful, water in the domestic garbage is easily absorbed by various garbage, and the water in the garbage is squeezed by the drill bit only, so that the effect is not good.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art and provides a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and an operation method thereof.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a compressor arrangement for domestic waste innocent treatment, which comprises an outer shell, shell bottom inner wall welding has the mount, the welding of mount top inner wall has the collection sleeve, it is connected with the dehydration section of thick bamboo to collect the rotation of sleeve inner wall, dehydration section of thick bamboo circumference inner wall sets up the delivery port that more than two distribute evenly, dehydration section of thick bamboo outer wall is formed with the collection room with collecting the sleeve inner wall, dehydration section of thick bamboo circumference inner wall both sides are provided with clearance mechanism and seal assembly respectively, clearance mechanism is including clearance subassembly and promotion subassembly, the clearance subassembly is by the clearance flabellum more than two, scrape the rotating sleeve and constitute, the clearance flabellum more than two evenly sets up in rotating sleeve circumference outer wall, scrape the ring joint in rotating sleeve circumference outer wall, it all contacts with the dehydration section of thick bamboo inner wall to scrape ring and clearance flabell.
Preferably: the pushing assembly is composed of a first electric push rod, a second sliding plate and four pushing plates, the first electric push rod is fixed on the inner wall of one side of the shell through screws, the second sliding plate is connected to the telescopic end of the first electric push rod in a clamped mode, and the four pushing plates are welded to the two ends of the outer wall of one side of the sliding plate respectively.
Further: the telescopic end of the electric push rod I is connected with a support frame in a clamping mode, the rotating sleeve is rotatably connected to the outer wall of the circumference of the sliding plate II, the outer wall of the top of the support frame is fixedly provided with a motor III through screws, and the output end of the motor III is connected with the rotating sleeve through a gear.
Further preferred is: the utility model discloses a novel motor, including shell, two dwang, feed hopper two, two dwang outer walls, two sets of belt that set up on it are connected with one of them dwang two, shell top inner wall welding has feed hopper two, the inner wall rotation that feed hopper two are close to the top is connected with two dwang two, two dwang two pass through the gear and mesh mutually, one of them dwang is connected with one of them dwang two through the belt that sets up on it, shell top outer wall is fixed with motor two through the support, the output shaft of motor two passes through the shaft coupling and is connected with one of them dwang two, two dwang one and two outer walls of two dwang are provided with the broken tooth more than two respectively.
As a preferable aspect of the present invention: the sealing assembly is composed of a sliding plate I and a sealing plate, the sealing plate is welded on the outer wall of one side of the sliding plate I, and the dewatering cylinder is rotatably connected to the circumferential outer wall of the sealing plate.
Further preferred as the invention: collect sleeve one side outer wall and be connected with two slide bars by the joint respectively, slide bar outer wall both sides joint respectively has the limiting plate, slide bar outer wall sliding connection has the sliding block, and two sliding blocks weld respectively in a sliding plate both sides outer wall, and sliding block outer wall joint has the spring, and the spring is connected with the limiting plate that is close to collecting the sleeve, and sliding plate one is close to the inner wall sliding connection at top has the inlet pipe, and the inlet pipe is connected with two bottom inner walls of feed hopper.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the collecting chamber bottom inner wall has been seted up two above egress openings, and the collecting vat has been seted up to shell bottom inner wall, and the collecting vat is connected with the egress opening and the collecting vat bottom is the slope shape, and collecting vat one side inner wall joint has the outlet pipe, and the outlet pipe outer wall is provided with the valve, and collecting chamber top inner wall has the board of blowing through the fix with screw, and the air inlet end joint of the board of blowing has the air-supply line, and shell one side outer wall has motor one through the fix with screw, and the output shaft of motor one passes through the gear.
On the basis of the scheme: the inner wall of the bottom of the shell is provided with a compression groove, the compression groove is located under one side of the dewatering cylinder and the sliding plate I, the inner wall of one side of the shell is provided with a discharge port, the discharge port is connected with the compression groove, the top of the discharge port is fixedly provided with an electric telescopic handle I through a screw, the bottom of the electric telescopic handle is clamped with a movable door, and the movable door is connected to the inner wall of the discharge port in a sliding manner.
On the basis of the foregoing scheme, it is preferable that: the compression groove is characterized in that a top plate is welded on one side, close to the movable door, of the outer wall of the top of the compression groove, an electric telescopic rod II is fixed on the inner wall, away from the movable door, of one side of the compression groove through screws, an extrusion plate is connected to the inner wall of the compression groove in a sliding mode, and the extrusion plate is connected with the telescopic end of the electric telescopic rod II.
A compression method of a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage comprises the following steps:
s1: pouring garbage into the feeding hopper I, starting the motor II, driving the two rotating rods I and the two rotating rods II to rotate through gears and belts, crushing the garbage by the crushing teeth on the rotating rods I and the rotating rods II, and then dropping the garbage into the feeding hopper II to be crushed again;
s2: garbage crushed by the feeding hopper II enters the dewatering cylinder from the feeding pipe, the sealing plate is blocked at the opening of the dewatering cylinder to prevent the garbage from flying out, the motor I is started to drive the dewatering cylinder to rotate, and moisture in the garbage is thrown out by utilizing centrifugal force, so that the moisture in the garbage can be effectively removed;
s3: after the dehydration of the dehydration cylinder is finished, a motor III is controlled to drive a rotating sleeve to rotate, cleaning fan blades and a scraping ring rotate around the inner wall of the dehydration cylinder to clean garbage and prevent the garbage from remaining, then an electric push rod I is controlled to push a sliding plate II which pushes the garbage and extrudes a sealing plate, a spring is lengthened to open the sealing plate, the garbage flows out, four pushing plates are arranged on the sliding plate II, and the sealing plate can be prevented from being closed by the rebounding of the spring and remaining garbage can be prevented when the garbage flows out soon;
s4: when in dehydration, air flows into the air blowing plate from the air inlet pipe to blow air to the collection chamber and the dehydration cylinder, so that the thrown water is blown into the collection tank, water can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collection chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe;
s5: in rubbish fell into the compression groove, start two promotion stripper plates of electric telescopic handle, the stripper plate with rubbish to dodge gate department, the roof of cooperation compression groove top compresses rubbish, controls electric telescopic handle one at last, opens the dodge gate, with the rubbish after the compression take out can.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. through being provided with the dewatering cylinder, the delivery port has been seted up on the dewatering cylinder, in pouring the rubbish after smashing into the dewatering cylinder, then motor one drives the dewatering cylinder and rotates, utilize centrifugal force to throw away the moisture in the rubbish, can effectually get rid of the moisture in the rubbish, in order to can conveniently push away rubbish is whole from the dewatering cylinder, be provided with the clearance subassembly, utilize and promote the subassembly, it moves along the dewatering cylinder to promote the rotation sleeve, wherein clear up the flabellum and scrape the movable ring and rotate around the dewatering cylinder inner wall, clear up rubbish, it remains to prevent to have rubbish.
2. Through being provided with the promotion subassembly, in order to push away rubbish, be provided with sliding plate two and slide along the dewatering cylinder, accomplish the back at the dewatering cylinder dehydration, control motor three, drive and rotate the sleeve and rotate, then control electric putter one promotes sliding plate two, sliding plate two promotes rubbish and flows out from the dewatering cylinder other end, wherein scrape the effect that the ring played the seal, prevent that moisture from flowing out from the lateral wall, be provided with four slurcam on sliding plate two, can be when rubbish flows out soon, prevent that the spring from kick-backing and closing the closing plate, cause rubbish to remain.
3. Through being provided with feed hopper two and feed hopper one, the diameter that two openings of feed hopper are the biggest is less than the diameter that a feed hopper opening is the minimum, can be to rubbish regrinding like this, improve crushing effect, prevent that large-scale rubbish from getting into the dewatering cylinder in, cause the influence to the dehydration, fall rubbish from a feed hopper one and advance, starter motor two, through gear and belt, drive two dwang one and two dwang two rotations, wherein the broken tooth on dwang one and the dwang two smashes rubbish, then rubbish falls to feed hopper two and is smashed once more.
4. Through being provided with seal assembly, seal assembly is when preventing the dehydration of dehydration section of thick bamboo, the water flows out, play the effect of making things convenient for the feeding ejection of compact simultaneously, when the feeding, two kibbling rubbish of feed hopper flow into the dehydration section of thick bamboo from the inlet pipe, when the dehydration section of thick bamboo rotates, the closing plate keeps off the opening part at the dehydration section of thick bamboo, prevent rubbish departure, when needs release rubbish, two promotion rubbish of sliding plate, the extrusion closing plate, the spring is elongated for the closing plate is opened, rubbish flows out.
5. The collecting tank is arranged, the blowing plate is arranged above the dewatering drum, air flows into the blowing plate from the air inlet pipe during dewatering, the dewatering drum is blown, the thrown water is blown into the collecting tank, moisture can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collecting chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe; through being provided with the compression groove, the compression groove is located the below of dewatering cylinder one side, can make rubbish fall into the compression groove, starts two promotion stripper plates of electric telescopic handle, and the stripper plate is with rubbish to dodge gate department, and the roof of cooperation compression groove top compresses rubbish, and control electric telescopic handle one at last opens the dodge gate, and rubbish after will compressing takes out can.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of a compression apparatus for harmless treatment of household garbage according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of a compression apparatus for harmless treatment of household garbage according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a feeding funnel of a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a structure of a turning and dewatering drum of the compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of a first sliding plate and a second sliding plate of the compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage according to the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a shell 1, a first electric telescopic rod 2, a movable door 3, a compression groove 4, a top plate 5, a squeezing plate 6, a first sliding plate 7, a second electric telescopic rod 8, a collection sleeve 9, a blowing plate 10, a first electric push rod 11, an air inlet pipe 12, a first motor 13, a first feed hopper 14, a crushing tooth 15, a second feed hopper 16, a first rotating rod 17, a feed pipe 18, a belt 19, a second motor 20, a second rotating rod 21, a water outlet pipe 22, a dewatering cylinder 23, a water outlet 24, a flow outlet 25, a collection groove 26, a sliding rod 27, a sliding block 28, a spring 29, a cleaning fan blade 30, a scraping ring 31, a rotating sleeve 32, a support frame 33, a third motor 34, a second sliding plate 35, a pushing plate 36 and a.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present patent will be described in further detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present patent, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present patent and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent.
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for the convenience of describing the patent and for the simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the patent.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meaning of the above terms in this patent may be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
A compression device for harmless treatment of domestic garbage is shown in figures 1, 2 and 4 and comprises a shell 1; the inner wall of the bottom of the shell 1 is welded with a fixing frame, the inner wall of the top of the fixing frame is welded with a collecting sleeve 9, the inner wall of the collecting sleeve 9 is rotatably connected with a dewatering cylinder 23, the inner wall of the periphery of the dewatering cylinder 23 is provided with more than two water outlets 24 which are uniformly distributed, a collecting chamber is formed between the outer wall of the dewatering cylinder 23 and the inner wall of the collecting sleeve 9, two sides of the inner wall of the periphery of the dewatering cylinder 23 are respectively provided with a cleaning mechanism and a sealing assembly, the cleaning mechanism comprises a cleaning assembly and a pushing assembly, the cleaning assembly comprises more than two cleaning fan blades 30, a scraping ring 31 and a rotating sleeve 32, the more than two cleaning fan blades 30 are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the periphery of the rotating sleeve 32, the scraping ring 31 is clamped on the outer wall of the periphery of the rotating sleeve 32, the; through being provided with dewatering cylinder 23, the delivery port 24 has been seted up on dewatering cylinder 23, in pouring the rubbish after smashing into dewatering cylinder 23, then motor 13 drives dewatering cylinder 23 and rotates, utilize centrifugal force to throw away the moisture in the rubbish, can effectually get rid of the moisture in the rubbish, release in dewatering cylinder 23 in order to make things convenient for with rubbish is whole, be provided with the clearance subassembly, utilize the promotion subassembly, it moves along dewatering cylinder 23 to promote to rotate sleeve 32, wherein clearance flabellum 30 and scrape the ring 31 and rotate around dewatering cylinder 23 inner wall, clear up rubbish, prevent that rubbish from remaining.
In order to push out the garbage without moisture in the dewatering cylinder 23; as shown in fig. 1 and 5, the pushing assembly comprises a first electric push rod 11, a second sliding plate 35 and four pushing plates 36, the first electric push rod 11 is fixed on the inner wall of one side of the housing 1 through screws, the second sliding plate 35 is clamped at the telescopic end of the first electric push rod 11, the four pushing plates 36 are respectively welded at two ends of the outer wall of one side of the second sliding plate 35, the telescopic end of the first electric push rod 11 is clamped with a support frame 33, the rotating sleeve 32 is rotatably connected to the circumferential outer wall of the second sliding plate 35, a third motor 34 is fixed on the outer wall of the top of the support frame 33 through screws, and the output end of the third motor 34; through being provided with the promotion subassembly, in order to be able to push away rubbish, be provided with two 35 of sliding plates and slide along dewatering cylinder 23, after the dewatering of dewatering cylinder 23 is accomplished, three 34 of control motor drive rotates sleeve 32 and rotates, then control electric putter 11 promotes two 35 of sliding plates, and two 35 of sliding plates promote rubbish and flow out from the dewatering cylinder 23 other end, wherein scrape movable ring 31 and play sealed effect, prevent that moisture from flowing out from the lateral wall.
In order to crush the garbage before dehydration and improve the dehydration efficiency; as shown in fig. 1 and 3, a second feeding funnel 16 is welded on the inner wall of the top of the housing 1, two rotating rods 17 are rotatably connected to the inner wall of the second feeding funnel 16 close to the top, the two rotating rods 17 are meshed with each other through a gear, a first feeding funnel 14 is welded on the outer wall of the top of the second feeding funnel 16, two rotating rods 21 are rotatably connected to the inner wall of the first feeding funnel 14 close to the top, the two rotating rods 21 are meshed with each other through a gear, one of the rotating rods 17 is connected with one of the rotating rods 21 through a belt 19 arranged on the one rotating rod 17, a second motor 20 is fixed on the outer wall of the top of the housing 1 through a support, an output shaft of the second motor 20 is connected with one of the rotating rods 21 through a coupler, and more than two crushing; through being provided with two 16 and feed hopper 14 of feed hopper, the two 16 biggest diameters of opening of feed hopper are less than the minimum diameter of 14 opening of feed hopper, can be to rubbish regrinding like this, improve crushing effect, prevent that large-scale rubbish from getting into dewatering cylinder 23 in, cause the influence to the dehydration, pour rubbish into from feed hopper 14, two 20 starter motors, through gear and belt 19, drive two dwang 17 and two 21 rotations of two dwang, wherein broken tooth 15 on dwang 17 and the two 21 of dwang smash rubbish, then rubbish falls to two 16 quilt smashes once more of feed hopper.
In order to enable the refuse to enter the dewatering cylinders 23 and to flow out of the dewatering cylinders 23; as shown in fig. 1, 4 and 5, the sealing assembly is composed of a first sliding plate 7 and a sealing plate 37, the sealing plate 37 is welded on the outer wall of one side of the first sliding plate 7, the dewatering cylinder 23 is rotatably connected on the outer wall of the circumference of the sealing plate 37, two sliding rods 27 are respectively clamped on the outer wall of one side of the collecting sleeve 9, limiting plates are respectively clamped on two sides of the outer wall of the sliding rods 27, sliding blocks 28 are slidably connected on the outer wall of the sliding rods 27, the two sliding blocks 28 are respectively welded on the outer walls of two sides of the first sliding plate 7, springs 29 are clamped on the outer walls of the sliding blocks 28, the springs 29 are connected with the limiting plates close to the collecting sleeve 9, a feed; through being provided with seal assembly, seal assembly is when preventing dehydration section of thick bamboo 23 dehydration, the moisture flows out, play the effect of making things convenient for the feeding ejection of compact simultaneously, when the feeding, the kibbling rubbish of two 16 feed hoppers flows into dehydration section of thick bamboos 23 from inlet pipe 18, when dehydration section of thick bamboo 23 rotates, sealing plate 37 keeps off the opening part at dehydration section of thick bamboo 23, prevent rubbish departure, when needs release rubbish, sliding plate two 35 promote rubbish, extrude sealing plate 37, spring 29 is elongated, make sealing plate 37 open, the rubbish flows out, be provided with four slurcam 36 on sliding plate two 35, can be when rubbish flows out soon, prevent that spring 29 kick-backs and close sealing plate 37, cause rubbish to remain.
In order to be able to collect the water removed and to compress the waste; as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 4, the inner wall of the bottom of the collecting chamber is provided with more than two outflow ports 25, the inner wall of the bottom of the housing 1 is provided with a collecting tank 26, the collecting tank 26 is connected with the outflow ports 25, the bottom of the collecting tank 26 is in an inclined shape, the inner wall of one side of the collecting tank 26 is clamped with a water outlet pipe 22, the outer wall of the water outlet pipe 22 is provided with a valve, the inner wall of the top of the collecting chamber is fixed with a blowing plate 10 through screws, the air inlet end of the blowing plate 10 is clamped with an air inlet pipe 12, the outer wall of one side of the housing 1 is fixed with a motor I13 through screws, the output shaft of the motor I13 is meshed with a dewatering cylinder 23 through gears, the inner wall of the bottom of the housing 1 is provided with a compression tank 4, the compression tank 4 is positioned on, the bottom of the electric telescopic rod I2 is clamped with a movable door 3, the movable door 3 is connected to the inner wall of the discharge hole in a sliding mode, a top plate 5 is welded on one side, close to the movable door 3, of the outer wall of the top of the compression groove 4, a second electric telescopic rod 8 is fixed on the inner wall, far away from the movable door 3, of the compression groove 4 through screws, an extrusion plate 6 is connected to the inner wall of the compression groove 4 in a sliding mode, and the extrusion plate 6 is connected with the telescopic end of; by arranging the collecting tank 26 and the air blowing plate 10 above the dewatering cylinder 23, air flows into the air blowing plate 10 from the air inlet pipe 12 during dewatering, and blows air to the dewatering cylinder 23, so that thrown water is blown into the collecting tank 26, moisture can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collecting chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe 22; through being provided with compression tank 4, compression tank 4 is located the below of dewatering cylinder 23 one side, can make rubbish fall into compression tank 4, starts two 8 promotion stripper plates 6 of electric telescopic handle, and stripper plates 6 are with rubbish to dodge gate 3 department, and cooperation compression tank 4 top roof 5 compresses rubbish, and control electric telescopic handle 2 at last opens dodge gate 3, and the rubbish after will compressing takes out can.
When the garbage crusher is used, garbage is poured into the garbage bin from the first feeding hopper 14, the second motor 20 is started, the two first rotating rods 17 and the two second rotating rods 21 are driven to rotate through the gears and the belt 19, the garbage is crushed by the crushing teeth 15 on the first rotating rods 17 and the second rotating rods 21, and then the garbage falls into the second feeding hopper 16 and is crushed again; garbage crushed by the feeding hopper II 16 enters the dewatering cylinder 23 from the feeding pipe 18, the sealing plate 37 is blocked at the opening of the dewatering cylinder 23 to prevent the garbage from flying out, the motor I13 is started to drive the dewatering cylinder 23 to rotate, and the moisture in the garbage is thrown out by using centrifugal force, so that the moisture in the garbage can be effectively removed; after the dehydration of the dehydration cylinder 23 is finished, controlling a motor III 34 to drive a rotating sleeve 32 to rotate, enabling cleaning fan blades 30 and a scraping ring 31 to rotate around the inner wall of the dehydration cylinder 23 to clean up the garbage to prevent the garbage from remaining, then controlling an electric push rod I11 to push a sliding plate II 35, enabling the sliding plate II 35 to push the garbage to extrude a sealing plate 37, enabling a spring 29 to be stretched to open the sealing plate 37 to enable the garbage to flow out, and arranging four pushing plates 36 on the sliding plate II 35 to prevent the spring 29 from rebounding to close the sealing plate 37 to prevent the garbage from remaining when the garbage flows out soon; during dehydration, air flows into the air blowing plate 10 from the air inlet pipe 12, and blows air to the collection chamber and the dehydration cylinder 23, so that the thrown water is blown into the collection tank 26, water can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collection chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe 22; in rubbish fell into compression tank 4, start two 8 promotion stripper plates 6 of electric telescopic handle, stripper plates 6 with rubbish to dodge gate 3 department, cooperate the roof 5 of 4 tops in compression tank to compress rubbish, control electric telescopic handle one 2 at last, open dodge gate 3, take out the rubbish after will compressing can.
A compression method of a compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage comprises the following steps:
s1: dumping the garbage from the first feeding hopper 14, starting a second motor 20, driving two rotating rods 17 and two rotating rods 21 to rotate through a gear and a belt 19, wherein the crushing teeth 15 on the rotating rods 17 and 21 crush the garbage, and then the garbage falls to a second feeding hopper 16 to be crushed again;
s2: garbage crushed by the feeding hopper II 16 enters the dewatering cylinder 23 from the feeding pipe 18, the sealing plate 37 is blocked at the opening of the dewatering cylinder 23 to prevent the garbage from flying out, the motor I13 is started to drive the dewatering cylinder 23 to rotate, and the moisture in the garbage is thrown out by using centrifugal force, so that the moisture in the garbage can be effectively removed;
s3: after the dehydration of the dehydration cylinder 23 is finished, controlling a motor III 34 to drive a rotating sleeve 32 to rotate, enabling cleaning fan blades 30 and a scraping ring 31 to rotate around the inner wall of the dehydration cylinder 23 to clean up the garbage to prevent the garbage from remaining, then controlling an electric push rod I11 to push a sliding plate II 35, enabling the sliding plate II 35 to push the garbage to extrude a sealing plate 37, enabling a spring 29 to be stretched to open the sealing plate 37 to enable the garbage to flow out, and arranging four pushing plates 36 on the sliding plate II 35 to prevent the spring 29 from rebounding to close the sealing plate 37 to prevent the garbage from remaining when the garbage flows out soon;
s4: during dehydration, air flows into the air blowing plate 10 from the air inlet pipe 12, and blows air to the collection chamber and the dehydration cylinder 23, so that the thrown water is blown into the collection tank 26, water can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collection chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe 22;
s5: in rubbish fell into compression tank 4, start two 8 promotion stripper plates 6 of electric telescopic handle, stripper plates 6 with rubbish to dodge gate 3 department, cooperate the roof 5 of 4 tops in compression tank to compress rubbish, control electric telescopic handle one 2 at last, open dodge gate 3, take out the rubbish after will compressing can.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage comprises a shell (1) and is characterized in that a fixing frame is welded on the inner wall of the bottom of the shell (1), a collecting sleeve (9) is welded on the inner wall of the top of the fixing frame, the inner wall of the collecting sleeve (9) is rotatably connected with a dewatering cylinder (23), more than two water outlets (24) which are uniformly distributed are formed in the circumferential inner wall of the dewatering cylinder (23), a collecting chamber is formed between the outer wall of the dewatering cylinder (23) and the inner wall of the collecting sleeve (9), cleaning mechanisms and sealing components are respectively arranged on two sides of the circumferential inner wall of the dewatering cylinder (23), each cleaning mechanism comprises a cleaning component and a pushing component, each cleaning component comprises more than two cleaning fan blades (30), a scraping ring (31) and a rotating sleeve (32), the more than two cleaning fan blades (30) are uniformly arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the rotating sleeve (32), and the scraping ring (31) is clamped, the scraping ring (31) and the cleaning fan blades (30) are both contacted with the inner wall of the dewatering cylinder (23), and the rotating sleeve (32) is rotatably connected to the outer wall of the pushing assembly.
2. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 1, wherein the pushing assembly comprises a first electric push rod (11), a second sliding plate (35) and four pushing plates (36), the first electric push rod (11) is fixed on the inner wall of one side of the shell (1) through screws, the second sliding plate (35) is clamped at the telescopic end of the first electric push rod (11), and the four pushing plates (36) are respectively welded at two ends of the outer wall of one side of the second sliding plate (35).
3. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 2, wherein the telescopic end of the electric push rod I (11) is connected with a support frame (33) in a clamping mode, the rotating sleeve (32) is rotatably connected to the circumferential outer wall of the sliding plate II (35), a motor III (34) is fixed to the outer wall of the top of the support frame (33) through screws, and the output end of the motor III (34) is connected with the rotating sleeve (32) through a gear.
4. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 1, wherein a second feeding funnel (16) is welded on the inner wall of the top of the shell (1), the inner wall of the second feeding funnel (16) close to the top is rotatably connected with two first rotating rods (17), the two first rotating rods (17) are meshed through a gear, the first feeding funnel (14) is welded on the outer wall of the top of the second feeding funnel (16), the inner wall of the first feeding funnel (14) close to the top is rotatably connected with two second rotating rods (21), the two second rotating rods (21) are meshed through a gear, one of the first rotating rods (17) is connected with one of the second rotating rods (21) through a belt (19) arranged on the first rotating rod, a second motor (20) is fixed on the outer wall of the top of the shell (1) through a support, and an output shaft of the second motor (20) is connected with one of the, the outer walls of the two rotating rods I (17) and the two rotating rods II (21) are respectively provided with more than two crushing teeth (15).
5. The compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage according to claim 1, wherein the sealing assembly comprises a sliding plate I (7) and a sealing plate (37), the sealing plate (37) is welded on the outer wall of one side of the sliding plate I (7), and the dewatering drum (23) is rotatably connected to the outer wall of the circumference of the sealing plate (37).
6. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 1, wherein two sliding rods (27) are respectively clamped on the outer wall of one side of the collecting sleeve (9), limiting plates are respectively clamped on two sides of the outer wall of each sliding rod (27), sliding blocks (28) are slidably connected on the outer wall of each sliding rod (27), the two sliding blocks (28) are respectively welded on the outer walls of two sides of the sliding plate I (7), springs (29) are clamped on the outer walls of the sliding blocks (28), the springs (29) are connected with the limiting plates close to the collecting sleeve (9), a feeding pipe (18) is slidably connected on the inner wall of the sliding plate I (7) close to the top, and the feeding pipe (18) is connected with the inner wall of the bottom of the feeding.
7. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the bottom of the collection chamber is provided with more than two outflow ports (25), the inner wall of the bottom of the housing (1) is provided with a collection tank (26), the collection tank (26) is connected with the outflow ports (25), the bottom of the collection tank (26) is inclined, the inner wall of one side of the collection tank (26) is clamped with a water outlet pipe (22), the outer wall of the water outlet pipe (22) is provided with a valve, the inner wall of the top of the collection chamber is fixed with an air blowing plate (10) through a screw, the air inlet end of the air blowing plate (10) is clamped with an air inlet pipe (12), the outer wall of one side of the housing (1) is fixed with a motor I (13) through a screw.
8. The compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage according to claim 7, wherein the inner wall of the bottom of the housing (1) is provided with a compression tank (4), the compression tank (4) is positioned at one side of the dewatering drum (23) and right below the sliding plate I (7), the inner wall of one side of the housing (1) is provided with a discharge port, the discharge port is connected with the compression tank (4), the top of the discharge port is fixed with a first electric telescopic rod (2) through a screw, the bottom of the first electric telescopic rod (2) is clamped with a movable door (3), and the movable door (3) is slidably connected with the inner wall of the discharge port.
9. The compression device for the harmless treatment of the household garbage according to claim 8, wherein a top plate (5) is welded on one side, close to the movable door (3), of the outer wall of the top of the compression groove (4), a second electric telescopic rod (8) is fixed on the inner wall, far away from the movable door (3), of one side of the compression groove (4) through screws, an extrusion plate (6) is connected to the inner wall of the compression groove (4) in a sliding mode, and the extrusion plate (6) is connected with the telescopic end of the second electric telescopic rod (8).
10. A compression method for a compression apparatus for harmless disposal of domestic garbage according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
s1: pouring garbage from the first feeding hopper (14), starting a second motor (20), driving the first two rotating rods (17) and the second two rotating rods (21) to rotate through gears and a belt (19), wherein crushing teeth (15) on the first rotating rods (17) and the second rotating rods (21) crush the garbage, and then the garbage falls to the second feeding hopper (16) to be crushed again;
s2: garbage crushed by the feeding hopper II (16) enters the dewatering cylinder (23) from the feeding pipe (18), the sealing plate (37) is blocked at the opening of the dewatering cylinder (23) to prevent the garbage from flying out, the motor I (13) is started to drive the dewatering cylinder (23) to rotate, and the moisture in the garbage is thrown out by utilizing centrifugal force, so that the moisture in the garbage can be effectively removed;
s3: after the dehydration of the dehydration cylinder (23) is finished, a motor III (34) is controlled to drive a rotating sleeve (32) to rotate, cleaning fan blades (30) and a scraping ring (31) rotate around the inner wall of the dehydration cylinder (23) to clean up garbage and prevent the garbage from remaining, then an electric push rod I (11) is controlled to push a sliding plate II (35), the sliding plate II (35) pushes the garbage to extrude a sealing plate (37), a spring (29) is elongated to open the sealing plate (37) and allow the garbage to flow out, four pushing plates (36) are arranged on the sliding plate II (35), and when the garbage quickly flows out, the spring (29) is prevented from rebounding to close the sealing plate (37) to cause the garbage to remain;
s4: when in dehydration, air flows into the air blowing plate (10) from the air inlet pipe (12) to blow air to the collection chamber and the dehydration cylinder (23), so that the thrown water is blown into the collection tank (26), water can be prevented from remaining on the inner wall of the collection chamber, and then the water is discharged through the water outlet pipe (22);
s5: in rubbish fell into compression groove (4), start two (8) of electric telescopic handle and promote stripper plate (6), stripper plate (6) locate dodge gate (3) rubbish, roof (5) of cooperation compression groove (4) top compresses rubbish, controls electric telescopic handle (2) at last, opens dodge gate (3), and rubbish after will compressing takes out can.
CN202110046606.9A 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof Withdrawn CN112871291A (en)

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CN202110046606.9A CN112871291A (en) 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113333089A (en) * 2021-08-05 2021-09-03 南通市山河环保设备有限公司 Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof
CN113600602A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-11-05 深圳市钱海屯物联网科技有限公司 Energy-concerving and environment-protective type refuse handling installation

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CN104385659A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-04 肖金坚 Oil press
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CN107894135A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-10 佛山汇众森泰科技有限公司 A kind of novel silica gel energy-saving drying equipment
CN211233733U (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-08-11 中辰翔宇建设集团有限公司 Garbage disposal device for environmental protection
CN211660719U (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-10-13 李盛东 Domestic waste compression dewatering device
CN111928587A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-11-13 合肥德纳达信息科技有限公司 Centrifugal drying processing apparatus for chemical production

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104385659A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-04 肖金坚 Oil press
CN106217930A (en) * 2016-09-07 2016-12-14 江苏华宏科技股份有限公司 Rubbish continuous dehydration device
CN107894135A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-04-10 佛山汇众森泰科技有限公司 A kind of novel silica gel energy-saving drying equipment
CN211233733U (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-08-11 中辰翔宇建设集团有限公司 Garbage disposal device for environmental protection
CN211660719U (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-10-13 李盛东 Domestic waste compression dewatering device
CN111928587A (en) * 2020-07-23 2020-11-13 合肥德纳达信息科技有限公司 Centrifugal drying processing apparatus for chemical production

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113333089A (en) * 2021-08-05 2021-09-03 南通市山河环保设备有限公司 Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof
CN113333089B (en) * 2021-08-05 2021-10-01 南通市山河环保设备有限公司 Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof
CN113600602A (en) * 2021-08-17 2021-11-05 深圳市钱海屯物联网科技有限公司 Energy-concerving and environment-protective type refuse handling installation

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Application publication date: 20210601