CN110882773B - Pollution-free medical waste crushing device - Google Patents

Pollution-free medical waste crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110882773B
CN110882773B CN201911211126.2A CN201911211126A CN110882773B CN 110882773 B CN110882773 B CN 110882773B CN 201911211126 A CN201911211126 A CN 201911211126A CN 110882773 B CN110882773 B CN 110882773B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
rod
crushing
shaft
sliding
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CN201911211126.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110882773A (en
Inventor
张雪辉
王钦习
王雨秋
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Qingdao Municipal Hospital
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Qingdao Municipal Hospital
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/26Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with knives which both reciprocate and rotate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/301Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3014Ejection means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3032Press boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • B30B9/3035Means for conditioning the material to be pressed, e.g. paper shredding means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/04Agitating, stirring, or scraping devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/16Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly closed, e.g. drum
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B5/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat
    • F26B5/08Drying solid materials or objects by processes not involving the application of heat by centrifugal treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C2018/162Shape or inner surface of shredder-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses a pollution-free medical waste crushing device, which relates to the technical field of medical waste treatment and comprises an outer box component, a waste dehydration mechanism, a crushing driving part, a crushing mechanism, a material guide seat, a compression box component, an extrusion discharging mechanism and a rack. Outer box subassembly, guide seat and compression case subassembly are from last to establishing in proper order in the frame down, and rubbish dehydration mechanism establishes on outer box subassembly and broken driving piece, and broken driving piece is established on outer box subassembly, and rubbish dehydration mechanism is connected with broken driving piece transmission, broken mechanism and broken driving piece swing joint, and extrusion discharge mechanism establishes on compression case subassembly.

Description

Pollution-free medical waste crushing device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical waste treatment, in particular to a pollution-free crushing device for medical waste.
Background
The patent number is CN 201820168713.2's a medical waste treatment device that liquid medicine is remained in convenient separation, the utility model discloses a medical waste treatment device that liquid medicine is remained in convenient separation, including bottom plate and the broken case of extrusion, the broken incasement portion of extrusion is provided with two symmetrical rolling slats, and two rolling slats avris are articulated mutually with the broken incasement wall of extrusion, the broken case upper end opening of extrusion sets up, be provided with broken blade on the lower extreme lateral wall of rotation vertical axis, the broken incasement portion of extrusion is provided with two relative stripper plates, and two relative stripper plates deviate from one side and all are provided with the pole that bulldozes that passes the broken case lateral wall of extrusion, the connecting seat upper end articulates there is the push-and-pull connecting rod, the push-pull connecting rod top is articulated mutually with the rotating sleeve lateral wall that sets up on. Utility model simple structure can make remaining liquid medicine discharge when to medical waste compaction and broken handle, avoids the polluted environment, reduces medical waste's convenient transportation recovery in space, and the practicality is stronger. But the device is not enough to compress garbage and crush the garbage completely.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a pollution-free crushing device for medical waste, which has the beneficial effects that the medical waste is compressed in batches, the waste is fully extruded and compressed into a certain volume each time, the waste is automatically discharged, the waste and a crushing knife rotate oppositely, and the crushing force is increased.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a medical waste pollution-free breaker, includes outer box subassembly, rubbish dehydration mechanism, broken driving piece, broken mechanism, guide holder, compression case subassembly, extrusion discharge mechanism and frame, outer box subassembly, guide holder and compression case subassembly from last to establishing in proper order down in the frame, rubbish dehydration mechanism establishes on outer box subassembly and broken driving piece, broken driving piece is established on outer box subassembly, rubbish dehydration mechanism is connected with broken driving piece transmission, broken mechanism and broken driving piece swing joint, extrusion discharge mechanism establishes on compression case subassembly.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free crushing device for medical waste is characterized in that the outer box component comprises a water receiving box, a drain pipe with a control valve, a bottom plate sliding seat, a bottom plate and an electric telescopic rod; the upper end and the lower end of the water receiving tank are both open, the garbage dehydration mechanism is arranged on the water receiving tank, the lower end of the water receiving tank is fixedly connected and communicated with a drainage pipe, the bottom surface of the inner side of the water receiving tank inclines towards the drainage pipe, the two bottom plate sliding seats are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the lower end of the water receiving tank, the two bottom plates are respectively connected to the two bottom plate sliding seats in a sliding fit manner, the two bottom plate sliding seats are respectively and fixedly connected with an electric telescopic rod, and the telescopic ends of the two electric telescopic rods are respectively; the water receiving tank is fixedly connected to the frame.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the medical waste pollution-free crushing device comprises a waste dehydration mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a crushing mechanism, wherein the waste dehydration mechanism comprises a motor, a first belt wheel, a second belt wheel, a third belt wheel, a gear, a driving shaft, a shaft frame plate, a gear ring and a dehydration cylinder; the motor passes through motor frame fixed connection on broken driving piece, the first band pulley of output shaft fixed connection and the second band pulley of motor, the second band pulley is connected with broken driving piece, first band pulley passes through belt drive with the third band pulley and is connected, third band pulley and gear difference fixed connection are at the both ends of drive shaft, the drive shaft rotates and connects on the pedestal board, pedestal board fixed connection is on the water receiving tank, the gear is connected with ring gear meshing transmission, ring gear fixed connection is on the dewatering cylinder, the equipartition has a plurality of filtration pores on the dewatering cylinder, a plurality of filtration pores all are located the upper end of the inside bottom surface of water receiving tank, dewatering cylinder rotates the cooperation and connects on the water receiving tank, form the ring chamber between dewatering cylinder and the water receiving tank, the lower extreme and the laminating of two bottom plates of dewatering cylinder, the guide seat is.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free medical waste crushing device comprises a crushing driving piece, a crushing driving piece and a crushing driving piece, wherein the crushing driving piece comprises a top shaft frame, a hollow shaft, a convex strip, a fourth belt wheel, a vertical rod and a ball body; the motor passes through motor frame fixed connection on the ejector pin frame, ejector pin frame fixed connection is on the water receiving tank, the hollow shaft normal running fit is connected on the ejector pin frame, the inner wall equipartition of hollow shaft has four sand grips, fourth band pulley fixed connection is on the hollow shaft, the fourth band pulley passes through the belt pulley transmission with the second band pulley and is connected, montant fixed connection is on the ejector pin frame, spheroid fixed connection is on the montant, crushing mechanism establishes in the hollow shaft and contacts with the spheroid, be equipped with an extension spring between crushing mechanism and the hollow shaft.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free medical waste crushing device comprises a crushing mechanism, a crushing mechanism and a crushing mechanism, wherein the crushing mechanism comprises a telescopic shaft, a vertical chute, a top disc and a crushing knife; the two ends of the telescopic shaft are respectively and fixedly connected with the top disc and the plurality of crushing knives, and the middle part of the telescopic shaft is provided with four vertical sliding chutes; the telescopic shaft is connected in the hollow shaft in a sliding fit mode, the convex strips are connected in the vertical sliding grooves in a sliding fit mode, the bottom surface of the top disc is obliquely arranged, the bottom surface of the top disc is in contact with the ball body, the telescopic shaft is sleeved with an extension spring, two ends of the extension spring are respectively fixedly connected with the top disc and the hollow shaft, and the crushing cutter is connected in the dewatering cylinder in a rotating fit mode.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the medical waste pollution-free crushing device comprises a compression box assembly, a crushing device and a crushing device, wherein the compression box assembly comprises a compression box body, a feeding hole, a baffle sliding chute, an upper sliding chute, a stop lever, a rectangular frame, a baffle, a linkage lever, a pressing block, a sliding rod, a spring seat and a compression spring; compression case body fixed connection is in the frame, the one end of compression case body is equipped with the feed inlet, baffle spout and last spout, the feed inlet, baffle spout and last spout all communicate, the baffle spout is located the right side of feed inlet, pin fixed connection is on the inner wall of last spout, the lower extreme fixed connection of guide seat is in the feed inlet, rectangle frame fixed connection is at the other end of compression case body, two baffle symmetry sliding fit are connected in the rectangle frame, the one end of two gangbars is normal running fit respectively and is connected on two baffles, the other end of two gangbars is normal running fit respectively and is connected on the briquetting, briquetting sliding fit connects on the slide bar, slide bar fixed connection is on the spring holder, spring holder fixed connection is on the compression case body, the cover is equipped with compression spring on the spring holder, compression spring's both ends are.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free crushing device for medical waste is characterized in that the extrusion discharging mechanism comprises a push-pull rod, an extrusion plate, an L-shaped rod, an electric push rod, a rack, a half-tooth gear, a groove rod, a driving lever, a folding rod and a striker plate; the two ends of the push-pull rod are respectively fixedly connected with an extrusion plate and an L-shaped rod, the push-pull rod is connected to the compression box body in a sliding fit manner, the extrusion plate is connected to the interior of the compression box body in a sliding fit manner, the electric push rod is fixedly connected to the compression box body, and the telescopic end of the electric push rod is fixedly connected to the L-shaped rod; the L-shaped rod is provided with a rack, the rack is in meshing transmission connection with a half-tooth gear, the half-tooth gear is fixedly connected to a short shaft, the short shaft is in rotating fit connection with the compression box body, the groove rod is fixedly connected to the half-tooth gear, the driving rod is in sliding fit connection with the groove rod, the driving rod is fixedly connected to one end of the folding rod, the other end of the folding rod is fixedly connected to the material baffle plate, the material baffle plate is in sliding fit connection with the baffle plate chute, and the bottom surface of the material baffle plate is attached to the; the right end of the L-shaped rod corresponds to the pressing block.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the invention relates to a pollution-free crushing device for medical waste,
the frame comprises a bottom plate, a door-shaped bottom frame and a vertical supporting frame; two door type chassis and perpendicular support frame all fixed connection on the bottom plate, compression case body fixed connection is on two door type chassis, and water receiving case fixed connection is on erecting the support frame.
The pollution-free medical waste crushing device has the beneficial effects that:
the medical waste pollution-free crushing device integrates crushing, liquid medicine separation and compression, the crushing mechanism is used for crushing medical waste in the waste dehydration mechanism, the crushing mechanism can move up and down, the crushing effect is improved, the waste is crushed more comprehensively, meanwhile, the waste dehydration mechanism drives the waste and the crushing mechanism to rotate oppositely, the crushing force of the crushing mechanism is increased, the crushing effect is improved, liquid medicine in the crushed waste is easier to discharge, the liquid medicine is collected into the outer box component under the action of centrifugal force and is discharged in a centralized manner, the environment pollution is avoided, and the waste is centrifugally separated from the liquid medicine while the waste is crushed; after the liquid medicine separates completely, rubbish enters into the compression case subassembly through the guide seat in, extrusion discharge mechanism carries out compression in batches to rubbish, guarantees that rubbish at every turn all by the extrusion abundant and compress into certain volume, compresses to certain volume when rubbish and discharges rubbish automatically, reduces medical waste's volume, convenient transportation is retrieved, and the practicality is stronger.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural view of a pollution-free medical waste crushing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a medical waste pollution-free crushing device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a third schematic structural view of the pollution-free medical waste crushing device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a medical waste contamination-free crushing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a first schematic structural view of the outer case assembly;
FIG. 6 is a second schematic structural view of the outer housing assembly;
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the outer housing assembly;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the garbage dewatering mechanism;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of the structure of the crushing drive;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of the crushing mechanism;
FIG. 11 is a first schematic view of a compression box assembly;
FIG. 12 is a second schematic view of the compression box assembly;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the extrusion discharging mechanism;
fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the rack.
In the figure: an outer case assembly 1; 1-1 of a water receiving tank; 1-2 of a drain pipe; a bottom plate slide carriage 1-3; 1-4 of a bottom plate; 1-5 parts of an electric telescopic rod; a garbage dewatering mechanism 2; a motor 2-1; a first pulley 2-2; a second pulley 2-3; a third belt pulley 2-4; 2-5 parts of gear; a drive shaft 2-6; 2-7 of a shaft frame plate; 2-8 parts of gear ring; 2-9 parts of a dewatering cylinder; a crushing drive 3; a top shaft bracket 3-1; 3-2 parts of a hollow shaft; 3-3 of convex strips; a fourth pulley 3-4; 3-5 parts of a vertical rod; 3-6 parts of a sphere; a crushing mechanism 4; a telescopic shaft 4-1; 4-2 of vertical chute; 4-3 of a top disc; 4-4 parts of a crushing cutter; a material guide seat 5; a compression box assembly 6; compressing the box body 6-1; a feed inlet 6-2; 6-3 of baffle chutes; 6-4 of an upper chute; 6-5 of a stop lever; 6-6 of a rectangular frame; 6-7 of a baffle plate; 6-8 parts of a linkage rod; 6-9 of briquetting; 6-10 parts of a slide bar; spring seats 6-11; 6-12 of a compression spring; an extrusion discharging mechanism 7; a push-pull rod 7-1; 7-2 of an extrusion plate; 7-3 of an L-shaped rod; 7-4 of an electric push rod; a rack 7-5; 7-6 of a half-tooth gear; 7-7 of grooved bars; 7-8 parts of a deflector rod; 7-9 of folding rods; 7-10 parts of a material baffle plate; a frame 8; a bottom plate 8-1; a door-shaped underframe 8-2; 8-3 of vertical support frame.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-14 and the detailed description.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, and a medical waste pollution-free crushing device includes an outer box assembly 1, a waste dehydration mechanism 2, a crushing driving member 3, a crushing mechanism 4, a guide seat 5, a compression box assembly 6, an extrusion discharging mechanism 7 and a frame 8, the outer box assembly 1, the guide seat 5 and the compression box assembly 6 are sequentially arranged on the frame 8 from top to bottom, the waste dehydration mechanism 2 is arranged on the outer box assembly 1 and the crushing driving member 3, the crushing driving member 3 is arranged on the outer box assembly 1, the waste dehydration mechanism 2 is in transmission connection with the crushing driving member 3, the crushing mechanism 4 is movably connected with the crushing driving member 3, and the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 is arranged on the compression box assembly 6. When the garbage crusher is used, garbage is put into the garbage dehydration mechanism 2, the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 is started to drive the crushing mechanism 4 to rotate, the crushing mechanism 4 is used for crushing medical garbage in the garbage dehydration mechanism 2, the crushing mechanism 4 and the crushing driving piece 3 are matched to drive the crushing mechanism 4 to move up and down, the crushing effect is increased, the garbage is crushed more comprehensively, meanwhile, the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 is used for driving the garbage and the crushing mechanism 4 to rotate oppositely, the crushing strength of the crushing mechanism 4 is increased, the crushing effect is increased, liquid medicine in the crushed garbage is discharged more easily, the liquid medicine is collected into the outer box assembly 1 under the action of centrifugal force and is discharged in a centralized manner, the environment is prevented from being polluted, and the garbage is centrifugally separated from the liquid medicine while the garbage is crushed; after the liquid medicine separates completely, rubbish enters into compression case subassembly 6 through guide seat 5 in, extrusion discharge mechanism 7 carries out compression in batches to rubbish, guarantees that rubbish is all fully extruded and compress into certain volume at every turn, extrudees discharge mechanism 7 and drives compression case subassembly 6 and open automatically and discharge rubbish after rubbish compression to certain volume, reduces medical waste's volume, convenient transportation is retrieved, and the practicality is stronger.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, and the outer box assembly 1 includes a water receiving box 1-1, a drain pipe 1-2 with a control valve, a bottom plate sliding seat 1-3, a bottom plate 1-4 and an electric telescopic rod 1-5; the upper end and the lower end of a water receiving tank 1-1 are both open, a garbage dehydration mechanism 2 is arranged on the water receiving tank 1-1, the lower end of the water receiving tank 1-1 is fixedly connected and communicated with a drainage pipe 1-2, the bottom surface of the inner side of the water receiving tank 1-1 inclines towards a drainage pipe 1-2, two bottom plate slide seats 1-3 are symmetrically and fixedly connected with the lower end of the water receiving tank 1-1, two bottom plates 1-4 are respectively connected on the two bottom plate slide seats 1-3 in a sliding fit manner, two electric telescopic rods 1-5 are respectively and fixedly connected on the two bottom plate slide seats 1-3, and the telescopic ends of the two electric telescopic rods 1-5 are respectively and fixedly connected with the two; the water receiving tank 1-1 is fixedly connected to the frame 8. The bottom surface of the inner side of the water receiving tank 1-1 is inclined towards the drain pipe 1-2, so that liquid medicine can flow to one end of the drain pipe 1-2 and be discharged in a centralized manner, residue is avoided, garbage is thrown into the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 and falls on the two bottom plates 1-4, when the two bottom plates 1-4 need to be opened, the two electric telescopic rods 1-5 are electrically connected and opened, the two electric telescopic rods 1-5 drive the two bottom plates 1-4 to be opened in a deviating and sliding manner, and the garbage is discharged from the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 and falls on the garbage through the material guide seat 5.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, and the garbage dewatering mechanism 2 includes a motor 2-1, a first belt pulley 2-2, a second belt pulley 2-3, a third belt pulley 2-4, a gear 2-5, a driving shaft 2-6, a shaft bracket plate 2-7, a gear ring 2-8 and a dewatering cylinder 2-9; the motor 2-1 is fixedly connected on the crushing driving part 3 through a motor frame, an output shaft of the motor 2-1 is fixedly connected with a first belt wheel 2-2 and a second belt wheel 2-3, the second belt wheel 2-3 is connected with the crushing driving part 3, the first belt wheel 2-2 is in transmission connection with a third belt wheel 2-4 through a belt, the third belt wheel 2-4 and a gear 2-5 are respectively and fixedly connected at two ends of a driving shaft 2-6, the driving shaft 2-6 is in rotation connection with a shaft frame plate 2-7, the shaft frame plate 2-7 is fixedly connected on a water receiving box 1-1, the gear 2-5 is in meshing transmission connection with a gear ring 2-8, the gear ring 2-8 is fixedly connected on a dewatering cylinder 2-9, a plurality of filtering holes are uniformly distributed on the dewatering cylinder 2-9, and are all positioned at the upper end of the inner bottom surface of the water receiving, the dewatering cylinder 2-9 is connected on the water receiving tank 1-1 in a rotating fit mode, an annular cavity is formed between the dewatering cylinder 2-9 and the water receiving tank 1-1, the lower end of the dewatering cylinder 2-9 is attached to the two bottom plates 1-4, and the material guide seat 5 is located at the lower end of the dewatering cylinder 2-9. The motor 2-1 is connected with a power supply and a control switch through a lead and is started, the motor 2-1 drives a first belt wheel 2-2 and a second belt wheel 2-3 to rotate clockwise, the second belt wheel 2-3 drives a crushing driving piece 3 to work, the first belt wheel 2-2 drives a third belt wheel 2-4 to rotate clockwise, the third belt wheel 2-4 drives a gear 2-5 to rotate clockwise through a driving shaft 2-6, the gear 2-5 drives a gear ring 2-8 to rotate anticlockwise, the gear ring 2-8 drives a dewatering cylinder 2-9 to rotate anticlockwise, the dewatering cylinder 2-9 drives the garbage inside to rotate anticlockwise, the crushed garbage liquid medicine is easier to discharge, the dewatering cylinder 2-9 drives the garbage to rotate, the liquid medicine enters an annular cavity through a filter hole under the action of centrifugal force and is collected, and finally discharged through a drain 1-2.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
referring to fig. 1-14, the crushing driving member 3 includes a top shaft bracket 3-1, a hollow shaft 3-2, a convex strip 3-3, a fourth belt wheel 3-4, a vertical rod 3-5 and a sphere 3-6; the motor 2-1 is fixedly connected to the top shaft bracket 3-1 through a motor bracket, the top shaft bracket 3-1 is fixedly connected to the water receiving tank 1-1, the hollow shaft 3-2 is connected to the top shaft bracket 3-1 in a rotating fit mode, four convex strips 3-3 are uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the hollow shaft 3-2, the fourth belt wheel 3-4 is fixedly connected to the hollow shaft 3-2, the fourth belt wheel 3-4 is connected with the second belt wheel 2-3 through a belt transmission, the vertical rod 3-5 is fixedly connected to the top shaft bracket 3-1, the ball 3-6 is fixedly connected to the vertical rod 3-5, the crushing mechanism 4 is arranged in the hollow shaft 3-2 and is in contact with the ball 3-6, and a tension spring is arranged between the crushing mechanism 4 and the hollow shaft 3-2. The second belt wheel 2-3 drives the fourth belt wheel 3-4 to rotate clockwise, the fourth belt wheel 3-4 drives the hollow shaft 3-2 to rotate clockwise, the hollow shaft 3-2 drives the crushing mechanism 4 to rotate clockwise through the four convex strips 3-3, and the ball 3-6 drives the crushing mechanism 4 to move up and down.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, and the crushing mechanism 4 includes a telescopic shaft 4-1, a vertical chute 4-2, a top disc 4-3 and a crushing knife 4-4; two ends of the telescopic shaft 4-1 are respectively and fixedly connected with a top disc 4-3 and a plurality of crushing knives 4-4, and the middle part of the telescopic shaft 4-1 is provided with four vertical sliding chutes 4-2; the crushing device is characterized in that the telescopic shaft 4-1 is connected in the hollow shaft 3-2 in a sliding fit mode, the convex strips 3-3 are connected in the vertical sliding groove 4-2 in a sliding fit mode, the bottom surface of the top disc 4-3 is obliquely arranged, the bottom surface of the top disc 4-3 is in contact with the ball body 3-6, the telescopic shaft 4-1 is sleeved with an extension spring, two ends of the extension spring are fixedly connected with the top disc 4-3 and the hollow shaft 3-2 respectively, and the crushing knife 4-4 is connected in the dewatering cylinder 2-9 in a rotating fit mode. The hollow shaft 3-2 drives the telescopic shaft 4-1 to rotate clockwise through the four convex strips 3-3, the telescopic shaft 4-1 drives the top disc 4-3 and the crushing knives 4-4 to rotate clockwise, the crushing knives 4-4 crush the garbage, the crushing knives 4-4 rotate in the opposite direction to the garbage in the dewatering cylinder 2-9, and the crushing strength of the crushing knives 4-4 is increased; the bottom surface of the top disc 4-3 is obliquely arranged, the top disc 4-3 is driven to move up and down by the contact with the ball body 3-6 when the top disc 4-3 rotates, the stretching spring is convenient for the crushing mechanism 4 to reset, the top disc 4-3 drives the crushing knives 4-4 to rotate and crush and can also move up and down at the same time, and the garbage is crushed more comprehensively; when the garbage is centrifugally separated from the liquid medicine, the crushing knives 4-4 also play a role in stirring, so that the liquid medicine is more thoroughly separated.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-14, and the compression box assembly 6 includes a compression box body 6-1, a feed inlet 6-2, a baffle chute 6-3, an upper chute 6-4, a stop lever 6-5, a rectangular frame 6-6, a baffle 6-7, a linkage lever 6-8, a press block 6-9, a slide bar 6-10, a spring seat 6-11 and a compression spring 6-12; the compression box body 6-1 is fixedly connected on the frame 8, one end of the compression box body 6-1 is provided with a feed inlet 6-2, a baffle chute 6-3 and an upper chute 6-4, the feed inlet 6-2, the baffle chute 6-3 and the upper chute 6-4 are all communicated, the baffle chute 6-3 is positioned at the right side of the feed inlet 6-2, a stop lever 6-5 is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the upper chute 6-4, the lower end of a material guide seat 5 is fixedly connected in the feed inlet 6-2, a rectangular frame 6-6 is fixedly connected at the other end of the compression box body 6-1, two baffles 6-7 are symmetrically and slidably connected in the rectangular frame 6-6, one ends of two linkage rods 6-8 are respectively and rotatably connected on the two baffles 6-7, the other ends of the two linkage rods 6-8 are respectively connected to the pressing blocks 6-9 in a rotating fit mode, the pressing blocks 6-9 are connected to the sliding rods 6-10 in a sliding fit mode, the sliding rods 6-10 are fixedly connected to the spring seats 6-11, the spring seats 6-11 are fixedly connected to the compression box body 6-1, the spring seats 6-11 are sleeved with compression springs 6-12, and the two ends of each compression spring 6-12 are respectively and fixedly connected with the spring seat 6-11 and the pressing block 6-9. Garbage enters the compression box body 6-1 through the material guide seat 5, the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 compresses the garbage, the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 can close the material inlet 6-2 while compressing, when the garbage is compressed to a certain volume, the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 can extrude the pressing block 6-9 to move rightwards, the pressing block 6-9 drives the two baffles 6-7 to open in a deviating and sliding manner through the two linkage rods 6-8, the spring seat 6-11 is compressed, the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 pushes the garbage out of the compression box body 6-1, the garbage is automatically discharged after the garbage is compressed to a certain volume, after the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 is reset, the two baffles 6-7 are automatically closed under the elastic force of the spring seat 6-11, the material inlet 6-2 is opened at the same time, and the garbage enters the compression box body 6-1 as required, the garbage compression and discharge device can realize the cyclic reciprocation, realize the compression and discharge of the garbage in batches and ensure the full compression of the garbage.
The seventh embodiment:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, and the extrusion discharging mechanism 7 includes a push-pull rod 7-1, an extrusion plate 7-2, an L-shaped rod 7-3, an electric push rod 7-4, a rack 7-5, a half-tooth gear 7-6, a grooved rod 7-7, a shift lever 7-8, a folding rod 7-9, and a striker plate 7-10; two ends of a push-pull rod 7-1 are respectively fixedly connected with an extrusion plate 7-2 and an L-shaped rod 7-3, the push-pull rod 7-1 is connected to a compression box body 6-1 in a sliding fit mode, the extrusion plate 7-2 is connected to the inside of the compression box body 6-1 in a sliding fit mode, an electric push rod 7-4 is fixedly connected to the compression box body 6-1, and the telescopic end of the electric push rod 7-4 is fixedly connected to the L-shaped rod 7-3; the L-shaped rod 7-3 is provided with a rack 7-5, the rack 7-5 is in meshing transmission connection with a half-tooth gear 7-6, the half-tooth gear 7-6 is fixedly connected to a short shaft, the short shaft is connected to the compression box body 6-1 in a rotating fit manner, the groove rod 7-7 is fixedly connected to the half-tooth gear 7-6, a deflector rod 7-8 is connected to the groove rod 7-7 in a sliding fit manner, the deflector rod 7-8 is fixedly connected to one end of a folding rod 7-9, the other end of the folding rod 7-9 is fixedly connected to a material baffle 7-10, the material baffle 7-10 is connected to the inside of the baffle sliding groove 6-3 in a sliding fit manner, and the bottom surface of the baffle rod 6-5 is; the right end of the L-shaped rod 7-3 corresponds to the pressing block 6-9. The electric push rod 7-4 is electrified to start to drive the L-shaped rod 7-3 to move rightwards, the L-shaped rod 7-3 drives the rack 7-5 and the extrusion plate 7-2 to drive the push-pull rod 7-1 to move rightwards to extrude the garbage, meanwhile, the rack 7-5 drives the half-tooth gear 7-6 to rotate anticlockwise, the half-tooth gear 7-6 drives the groove rod 7-7 to swing anticlockwise, the groove rod 7-7 drives the folding rod 7-9 to move leftwards through the deflector rod 7-8, the folding rod 7-9 drives the baffle plate 7-10 to move leftwards to close the feed inlet 6-2, after the feed inlet 6-2 is closed, the rack 7-5 is disengaged from the half-tooth gear 7-6, the garbage cannot enter the compression box body 6-1 at the moment, and the extrusion plate 7-2, the garbage is squeezed and compressed, when the right end of the L-shaped rod 7-3 is in contact with the pressing block 6-9, the garbage is compressed to a certain volume, and the two baffles 6-7 are opened to discharge the garbage; when the electric push rod 7-4 drives the extrusion plate 7-2 to reset, the two baffles 6-7 are automatically closed, the half-tooth gear 7-6 is driven to rotate clockwise when the rack 7-5 is re-meshed with the half-tooth gear 7-6, the half-tooth gear 7-6 drives the material baffle 7-10 to move rightwards to reset, the feed inlet 6-2 is opened, the garbage continuously enters the compression box body 6-1, and the garbage in the material guide seat 5 is compressed and discharged in batches in a circulating reciprocating mode; when the feed inlet 6-2 is closed by the striker plate 7-10, the rack 7-5 is disengaged from the half-tooth gear 7-6, and the grooved rod 7-7 is in a vertical state; when the feed inlet 6-2 is opened by the material baffle 7-10, the grooved rod 7-7 is in an inclined state, and the rack 7-5 and the half-tooth gear 7-6 are in a meshed state, so that the situation that the grooved rod 7-7 drives the extrusion plate 7-2 to move leftwards under the action of gravity when the feed inlet 6-2 is opened is avoided.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 14, wherein the frame 8 includes a bottom plate 8-1, a door-shaped bottom frame 8-2 and a vertical support frame 8-3; the two door-shaped bottom frames 8-2 and the vertical support frame 8-3 are fixedly connected to the bottom plate 8-1, the compression box body 6-1 is fixedly connected to the two door-shaped bottom frames 8-2, and the water receiving box 1-1 is fixedly connected to the vertical support frame 8-3.
The invention relates to a working principle of a pollution-free medical waste crushing device, which comprises the following steps: when the device is used, garbage is put into the garbage dehydration mechanism 2, the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 is started to drive the crushing mechanism 4 to rotate, the crushing mechanism 4 is used for crushing medical garbage in the garbage dehydration mechanism 2, the crushing mechanism 4 and the crushing driving piece 3 are matched to drive the crushing mechanism 4 to move up and down, the crushing effect is increased, the garbage is crushed more comprehensively, meanwhile, the garbage dehydration mechanism 2 is used for driving the garbage and the crushing mechanism 4 to rotate oppositely, the crushing strength of the crushing mechanism 4 is increased, the crushing effect is increased, liquid medicine in the crushed garbage is discharged more easily, the liquid medicine is collected into the outer box assembly 1 under the action of centrifugal force and is discharged in a centralized manner, the environment pollution is avoided, and the garbage is centrifugally separated from the liquid medicine while the garbage is crushed; after the liquid medicine separates completely, rubbish enters into compression case subassembly 6 through guide seat 5 in, extrusion discharge mechanism 7 carries out compression in batches to rubbish, guarantees that rubbish is all fully extruded and compress into certain volume at every turn, extrudees discharge mechanism 7 and drives compression case subassembly 6 and open automatically and discharge rubbish after rubbish compression to certain volume, reduces medical waste's volume, convenient transportation is retrieved, and the practicality is stronger.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides a medical waste pollution-free crushing device, includes outer box subassembly (1), rubbish dehydration mechanism (2), broken driving piece (3), broken mechanism (4), guide seat (5), compression box subassembly (6), extrusion discharge mechanism (7) and frame (8), its characterized in that: the garbage drying machine is characterized in that the outer box component (1), the material guide seat (5) and the compression box component (6) are sequentially arranged on the rack (8) from top to bottom, the garbage dewatering mechanism (2) is arranged on the outer box component (1) and the crushing driving part (3), the crushing driving part (3) is arranged on the outer box component (1), the garbage dewatering mechanism (2) is in transmission connection with the crushing driving part (3), the crushing mechanism (4) is movably connected with the crushing driving part (3), and the extrusion discharging mechanism (7) is arranged on the compression box component (6);
the outer box assembly (1) comprises a water receiving box (1-1), a drain pipe (1-2) with a control valve, a bottom plate sliding seat (1-3), a bottom plate (1-4) and an electric telescopic rod (1-5); the upper end and the lower end of a water receiving tank (1-1) are both open, a garbage receiving dehydration mechanism (2) is arranged on the water receiving tank (1-1), the lower end of the water receiving tank (1-1) is fixedly connected and communicated with a drainage pipe (1-2), the bottom surface of the inner side of the water receiving tank (1-1) inclines towards a drainage pipe (1-2), two bottom plate sliding seats (1-3) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the lower end of the water receiving tank (1-1), two bottom plates (1-4) are respectively connected to the two bottom plate sliding seats (1-3) in a sliding fit manner, two electric telescopic rods (1-5) are respectively and fixedly connected to the two bottom plate sliding seats (1-3), and the telescopic ends of the two electric telescopic rods (1-5) are respectively and fixedly connected to the two bottom plates (1-4; the water receiving tank (1-1) is fixedly connected to the rack (8);
the garbage dehydration mechanism (2) comprises a motor (2-1), a first belt wheel (2-2), a second belt wheel (2-3), a third belt wheel (2-4), a gear (2-5), a driving shaft (2-6), a shaft bracket plate (2-7), a gear ring (2-8) and a dehydration cylinder (2-9); the motor (2-1) is fixedly connected on the crushing driving piece (3) through a motor frame, an output shaft of the motor (2-1) is fixedly connected with a first belt wheel (2-2) and a second belt wheel (2-3), the second belt wheel (2-3) is connected with the crushing driving piece (3), the first belt wheel (2-2) is in transmission connection with a third belt wheel (2-4) through a belt, the third belt wheel (2-4) and a gear (2-5) are respectively and fixedly connected at two ends of a driving shaft (2-6), the driving shaft (2-6) is rotatably connected on a shaft frame plate (2-7), the shaft frame plate (2-7) is fixedly connected on a water receiving box (1-1), the gear (2-5) is in meshing transmission connection with a gear ring (2-8), the gear ring (2-8) is fixedly connected on a dewatering cylinder (2-9), a plurality of filtering holes are uniformly distributed on the dewatering cylinder (2-9), the filtering holes are all positioned at the upper end of the inner bottom surface of the water receiving tank (1-1), the dewatering cylinder (2-9) is connected to the water receiving tank (1-1) in a rotating fit manner, a ring cavity is formed between the dewatering cylinder (2-9) and the water receiving tank (1-1), the lower end of the dewatering cylinder (2-9) is attached to the two bottom plates (1-4), and the material guide seat (5) is positioned at the lower end of the dewatering cylinder (2-9);
the crushing driving piece (3) comprises a top shaft bracket (3-1), a hollow shaft (3-2), a convex strip (3-3), a fourth belt wheel (3-4), a vertical rod (3-5) and a sphere (3-6); the motor (2-1) is fixedly connected to the top shaft bracket (3-1) through the motor bracket, the top shaft bracket (3-1) is fixedly connected to the water receiving tank (1-1), the hollow shaft (3-2) is connected to the top shaft bracket (3-1) in a rotating fit manner, four convex strips (3-3) are uniformly distributed on the inner wall of the hollow shaft (3-2), a fourth belt wheel (3-4) is fixedly connected to the hollow shaft (3-2), the fourth belt wheel (3-4) is connected with the second belt wheel (2-3) through belt transmission, the vertical rod (3-5) is fixedly connected to the top shaft bracket (3-1), the sphere (3-6) is fixedly connected to the vertical rod (3-5), the crushing mechanism (4) is arranged in the hollow shaft (3-2) and is in contact with the sphere (3-6), an extension spring is arranged between the crushing mechanism (4) and the hollow shaft (3-2);
the crushing mechanism (4) comprises a telescopic shaft (4-1), a vertical chute (4-2), a top disc (4-3) and a crushing knife (4-4); two ends of the telescopic shaft (4-1) are respectively and fixedly connected with a top disc (4-3) and a plurality of crushing knives (4-4), and the middle part of the telescopic shaft (4-1) is provided with four vertical sliding chutes (4-2); the crushing device is characterized in that the telescopic shaft (4-1) is connected in the hollow shaft (3-2) in a sliding fit manner, the convex strips (3-3) are connected in the vertical sliding chute (4-2) in a sliding fit manner, the bottom surface of the top disc (4-3) is obliquely arranged, the bottom surface of the top disc (4-3) is contacted with the sphere (3-6), the telescopic shaft (4-1) is sleeved with an extension spring, two ends of the extension spring are respectively fixedly connected with the top disc (4-3) and the hollow shaft (3-2), and the crushing knife (4-4) is connected in the dewatering cylinder (2-9) in a rotating fit manner;
the compression box assembly (6) comprises a compression box body (6-1), a feed inlet (6-2), a baffle sliding groove (6-3), an upper sliding groove (6-4), a stop lever (6-5), a rectangular frame (6-6), a baffle (6-7), a linkage rod (6-8), a pressing block (6-9), a sliding rod (6-10), a spring seat (6-11) and a compression spring (6-12); the compression box body (6-1) is fixedly connected on the frame (8), one end of the compression box body (6-1) is provided with a feed inlet (6-2), a baffle sliding chute (6-3) and an upper sliding chute (6-4), the feed inlet (6-2), the baffle sliding chute (6-3) and the upper sliding chute (6-4) are all communicated, the baffle sliding chute (6-3) is positioned at the right side of the feed inlet (6-2), a stop lever (6-5) is fixedly connected on the inner wall of the upper sliding chute (6-4), the lower end of a material guide seat (5) is fixedly connected in the feed inlet (6-2), a rectangular frame (6-6) is fixedly connected at the other end of the compression box body (6-1), and two baffles (6-7) are symmetrically connected in the rectangular frame (6-6) in a sliding fit manner, one end of each linkage rod (6-8) is connected to each baffle (6-7) in a rotating fit mode, the other end of each linkage rod (6-8) is connected to each pressing block (6-9) in a rotating fit mode, each pressing block (6-9) is connected to each sliding rod (6-10) in a sliding fit mode, each sliding rod (6-10) is fixedly connected to each spring seat (6-11), each spring seat (6-11) is fixedly connected to each compression box body (6-1), each spring seat (6-11) is sleeved with a compression spring (6-12), and two ends of each compression spring (6-12) are fixedly connected with each spring seat (6-11) and each pressing block (6-9) respectively;
the extrusion discharging mechanism (7) comprises a push-pull rod (7-1), an extrusion plate (7-2), an L-shaped rod (7-3), an electric push rod (7-4), a rack (7-5), a half-tooth gear (7-6), a grooved rod (7-7), a deflector rod (7-8), a folding rod (7-9) and a material blocking plate (7-10); two ends of the push-pull rod (7-1) are respectively fixedly connected with an extrusion plate (7-2) and an L-shaped rod (7-3), the push-pull rod (7-1) is connected to the compression box body (6-1) in a sliding fit mode, the extrusion plate (7-2) is connected to the interior of the compression box body (6-1) in a sliding fit mode, the electric push rod (7-4) is fixedly connected to the compression box body (6-1), and the telescopic end of the electric push rod (7-4) is fixedly connected to the L-shaped rod (7-3); the L-shaped rod (7-3) is provided with a rack (7-5), the rack (7-5) is in meshing transmission connection with a half-tooth gear (7-6), the half-tooth gear (7-6) is fixedly connected to a short shaft, the short shaft is connected to the compression box body (6-1) in a rotating fit mode, a groove rod (7-7) is fixedly connected to the half-tooth gear (7-6), a deflector rod (7-8) is connected to the groove rod (7-7) in a sliding fit mode, the deflector rod (7-8) is fixedly connected to one end of a folding rod (7-9), the other end of the folding rod (7-9) is fixedly connected to a material baffle plate (7-10), the material baffle plate (7-10) is connected to the inside of a baffle sliding groove (6-3) in a sliding fit mode, and the bottom surface of the baffle rod (6-5) is attached to the material; the right end of the L-shaped rod (7-3) corresponds to the pressing block (6-9).
2. The medical waste pollution-free crushing device according to claim 1, wherein: the rack (8) comprises a bottom plate (8-1), a door-shaped bottom frame (8-2) and a vertical support frame (8-3); the two door-shaped bottom frames (8-2) and the vertical support frame (8-3) are fixedly connected on the bottom plate (8-1), the compression box body (6-1) is fixedly connected on the two door-shaped bottom frames (8-2), and the water receiving box (1-1) is fixedly connected on the vertical support frame (8-3).
CN201911211126.2A 2019-12-02 2019-12-02 Pollution-free medical waste crushing device Active CN110882773B (en)

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