CN113333089B - Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof - Google Patents

Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113333089B
CN113333089B CN202110894897.7A CN202110894897A CN113333089B CN 113333089 B CN113333089 B CN 113333089B CN 202110894897 A CN202110894897 A CN 202110894897A CN 113333089 B CN113333089 B CN 113333089B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
gear
compression
rod
garbage
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CN202110894897.7A
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CN113333089A (en
Inventor
江细娟
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Nantong Shanhe Environmental Protection Equipment Co ltd
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Nantong Shanhe Environmental Protection Equipment Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/0221Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work characterised by the means for moving or conveying the objects or other work, e.g. conveyor belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/3003Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated press for garbage packing and a using method thereof, and the integrated press comprises a compression box and a crushing box fixedly connected to the compression box, wherein the output end of a motor is fixedly connected with a first crushing roller, the crushing box is rotatably connected with a second crushing roller, the first crushing roller is fixedly connected with a first gear, the second crushing roller is fixedly connected with a second gear, the first gear is meshed with the second gear, a compression mechanism for compressing garbage is arranged in the compression box, the compression mechanism is provided with a spraying mechanism for spraying asphalt on the compressed garbage, and the spraying mechanism is provided with a feeding mechanism for feeding the crushing box. According to the invention, the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller are arranged to crush the garbage, the crushed garbage is compressed into blocks by the compression mechanism, the space is saved, the compressed garbage is coated with asphalt by the spraying mechanism, the fragmentation of the blocks of garbage is avoided, and the labor force is reduced by the feeding mechanism.

Description

Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garbage disposal press machines, in particular to an integrated press machine for garbage packing.
Background
In recent years, urban population has increased dramatically with the progress of urbanization and industrialization in china. Therefore, the production of domestic garbage is increasing, the composition of garbage also presents a dynamic trend of diversification and complication, and the garbage which follows not only seriously pollutes the environment and destroys urban landscapes, but also increases the spread of bacteria and seriously harms the survival and safety of people. At present, the main methods for treating domestic garbage are landfill and composting. Because the garbage amount is large, the distance between a garbage landfill and a compost yard is long, and the transportation loss is easily caused by a common garbage transportation mode. Therefore, the humanized, high-efficiency and secondary pollution-free garbage clearing system for solving the garbage problem at present is the key point for improving the environment, and the urban household garbage compression station can effectively compress loose and low-density household garbage so as to greatly increase the density of the garbage. Effectively improves the transferring efficiency of the domestic garbage, has very practical value for reducing the transportation cost and utilizing the land, thereby obviously improving the economic benefit.
Although the size of the small-density garbage processed by adopting the compression packaging technology is applied to daily life, the existing integrated compressor for compressing and packaging garbage has the problems that manual feeding is time-sharing and labor-consuming, and the compressed garbage is easy to disperse.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an integrated press for garbage packing, which has the advantages of saving manual material loading force, preventing garbage blocks formed after compression from being cracked and solving the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an integrated press for garbage packing comprises a compression box and a crushing box fixedly connected to the compression box, wherein a motor is fixedly connected to the crushing box, a first crushing roller is fixedly connected to the output end of the motor, a second crushing roller is rotatably connected to the crushing box, a first gear is fixedly connected to the first crushing roller, a second gear is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller and is meshed with the first gear, a compression mechanism for compressing garbage is arranged in the compression box and comprises a mounting plate, the mounting plate is slidably connected in the compression box, a baffle is fixedly connected to the mounting plate, a first half gear and a second half gear are fixedly connected to the second crushing roller, a first full gear and a second full gear are rotatably connected to the crushing box and are meshed with each other, the first full gear and the second full gear are meshed with each other, and the first full gear and the second half gear are intermittently meshed with each other, the compression box comprises a compression box body, a first full gear, a second half gear, a first half gear, a second full gear, a first half gear, a second half gear, a mounting plate, a cylindrical rod, a first driving rod, a second driving rod, a third driving rod, a fourth driving rod, a fifth driving rod, a sixth driving rod, a fifth driving rod, a sixth driving rod, a connecting rod and a connecting rod.
Preferably, the compression mechanism further comprises a compression plate, a first telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the compression plate, one end, far away from the compression plate, of the first telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the mounting plate, a first spring is sleeved on the first telescopic rod, and two ends of the first spring are respectively abutted to the compression plate and the mounting plate.
Preferably, the compressing mechanism still includes the closure plate, closure plate sliding connection is on the compression case, it is connected with electronic bull stick to rotate on the compression case, fixedly connected with third gear on the electronic bull stick, be equipped with tooth on the closure plate, tooth meshing on third gear and the closure plate, be equipped with in the closure plate and be used for controlling electronic bull stick pivoted pressure sensor, be equipped with the spraying mechanism that is used for spraying pitch on the rubbish after to the compression on the compressing mechanism.
Preferably, the spraying mechanism includes the spraying case, the spraying incasement rotation is connected with the spraying frame, fixedly connected with worm wheel on the spraying frame, the spraying incasement rotation is connected with the worm, worm wheel and worm meshing, sliding connection has a shelves pole on the spraying frame, fixedly connected with poker rod on the shelves pole, set up on the spraying frame with poker rod complex logical groove, fixedly connected with arc piece in the spraying incasement, set up on the arc piece with poker rod complex slide groove of breaking over.
Preferably, the spraying mechanism further comprises an installation rod, the installation rod is fixedly connected to the compression plate, the installation rod is slidably connected to the compression box, a second telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the installation rod, one end of the second telescopic rod, far away from the installation rod, is fixedly connected to an installation block, a second spring is sleeved on the second telescopic rod, two ends of the second spring respectively abut against the installation rod and the installation block, and the blocking plate abuts against the installation block.
Preferably, the spraying mechanism further comprises a first rack, the first rack is fixedly connected to the mounting block, the worm is fixedly connected with an one-way bearing, the one-way bearing is fixedly connected with a fourth gear, the first rack is meshed with the fourth gear, the spraying box is fixedly connected with an asphalt box, a rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the asphalt box, a shutoff plate and a fifth gear are fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, a second rack is fixedly connected to the shutoff plate and meshed with the fifth gear, and a feeding mechanism for feeding the crushing box is arranged on the spraying mechanism.
Preferably, feed mechanism includes the hopper, fixedly connected with connecting rod on the hopper, the one end that the hopper was kept away from to the connecting rod is rotated and is connected on the compression case, it is connected with the pole of perk to rotate on the compression case, the first extension rod of fixedly connected with on the hopper, fixedly connected with second extension rod on the spraying frame, seted up on the spraying case with second extension rod complex groove, the both ends of perk pole offset with first extension rod and second extension rod respectively, fixedly connected with stabilizer blade on the hopper.
A use method of an integrated press for garbage packing comprises the following steps:
s1: starting a motor to crush the garbage by the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller, and dropping the crushed garbage into the compression box;
s2: the second crushing roller drives the mounting plate to slide in the compression box in a reciprocating manner when rotating, the compression plate synchronously moves to compress the garbage, the blocking plate is opened after receiving pressure after the garbage is compacted into blocks, and the blocked garbage is ejected to the spraying frame under the action of the first spring;
s3: when the blocking plate moves upwards, the bottom of the asphalt tank is opened, and meanwhile, the mounting block is not blocked by the blocking plate and is popped out under the action of the second spring to be meshed with the fourth gear, so that the worm rotates, and the worm wheel rotates, so that the blocked garbage is coated by the asphalt to prevent the garbage from being cracked;
s4: the tilting rod is pried to rotate through the second extension rod when the spraying frame rotates, so that the tilting rod tilts the hopper, and the hopper is supplemented with the garbage to be crushed for the crushing box.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: according to the invention, the first crushing roller and the second crushing roller are arranged to crush the garbage, the crushed garbage is compressed into blocks by the compression mechanism, the space is saved, the compressed garbage is coated with asphalt by the spraying mechanism, the fragmentation of the blocks of garbage is avoided, and the labor force is reduced by the feeding mechanism.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the external structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the compression mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a first schematic structural view of a spraying mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a second schematic structural view of the spraying mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the closure plate of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a compression box; 101. a crushing box; 102. a hopper; 1021. a first extension pole; 1022. a connecting rod; 1023. a support leg; 2. a spraying box; 3. a motor; 301. a first crushing roller; 3011. a first gear; 302. a second crushing roller; 3021. a second gear; 3022. a first half gear; 3023. a second half gear; 303. a first full tooth; 3031. a drive rod; 304. a second full tooth; 4. mounting a plate; 401. a baffle plate; 402. a first telescopic rod; 4021. a first spring; 403. a compression plate; 4031. mounting a rod; 404. a mounting frame; 4041. a cylindrical rod; 4042. a guide post; 5. a blocking plate; 501. teeth; 502. an electric rotating rod; 5021. a third gear; 503. a second rack; 504. an asphalt box; 5041. a rotating shaft; 5042. a shutoff plate; 5043. a fifth gear; 505. a pressure sensor; 6. a spraying frame; 601. a worm gear; 602. a worm; 6021. a one-way bearing; 6022. a fourth gear; 603. a first rack; 6031. a second telescopic rod; 6032. a second spring; 6033. mounting blocks; 604. a second extension pole; 6041. raising the rod; 605. a gear lever; 6051. a poke rod; 6052. an arc-shaped block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: an integrated press for garbage packing comprises a compression box 1 and a crushing box 101 fixedly connected to the compression box 1, wherein a motor 3 is fixedly connected to the crushing box 101, the output end of the motor 3 is fixedly connected with a first crushing roller 301, a second crushing roller 302 is rotatably connected to the crushing box 101, a first gear 3011 is fixedly connected to the first crushing roller 301, a second gear 3021 is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302, the first gear 3011 is meshed with the second gear 3021, and a compression mechanism for compressing garbage is arranged in the compression box 1;
when the motor 3 is started, the first crushing roller 301 rotates, the first gear 3011 on the first crushing roller 301 rotates synchronously, the first gear 3011 drives the second gear 3021 to rotate, the second gear 3021 is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302, so that the second crushing roller 302 rotates, at this time, the garbage is crushed by the rotating first crushing roller 301 and the second crushing roller 302, and the crushed garbage falls into the compression box 1 to be compressed.
Referring to fig. 2, 3 and 6, the compressing mechanism includes a mounting plate 4, the mounting plate 4 is slidably connected in the compressing box 1, a baffle 401 is fixedly connected to the mounting plate 4, a first half gear 3022 and a second half gear 3023 are fixedly connected to the second pulverizing roller 302, a first full gear 303 and a second full gear 304 are rotatably connected to the pulverizing box 101, the first full gear 303 is engaged with the second full gear 304, the first full gear 303 is intermittently engaged with the second half gear 3023, the second full gear 304 is intermittently engaged with the first half gear 3022, a guide pillar 4042 is fixedly connected to the mounting plate 4, a hole matched with the guide pillar 4042 is formed in the compressing box 1, a mounting bracket 404 is fixedly connected to the guide pillar 4042, the mounting bracket 404 is slidably connected to the compressing box 1, a cylindrical rod 4041 is fixedly connected to the mounting bracket 404, a driving rod 3031 is fixedly connected to the first full gear 303, the cylindrical rod 4041 is slidably connected to the driving rod 3031, the compressing mechanism further includes a compressing plate 403, first telescopic link 402 of fixedly connected with on the compression board 403, the one end fixed connection that compression board 403 was kept away from to first telescopic link 402 is on mounting panel 4, first spring 4021 has been cup jointed on first telescopic link 402, the both ends of first spring 4021 offset with compression board 403 and mounting panel 4 respectively, compressing mechanism still includes closure plate 5, closure plate 5 sliding connection is on compression case 1, it is connected with electronic bull stick 502 to rotate on the compression case 1, fixedly connected with third gear 5021 on the electronic bull stick 502, be equipped with tooth 501 on the closure plate 5, tooth 501 meshing on third gear 5021 and the closure plate 5, be equipped with in the closure plate 5 and be used for controlling electronic bull stick 502 pivoted pressure sensor 505, be equipped with on the compressing mechanism and be used for spraying the spraying mechanism of pitch on the rubbish after the compression.
When the second crushing roller 302 rotates, the first half gear 3022 and the second half gear 3023 fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302 synchronously rotate, when the first half gear 3022 is meshed with the second full tooth 304, the second full tooth 304 is driven to rotate, when the second half gear 3023 is not meshed with the first full tooth 303, the first full tooth 303 is meshed with the second full tooth 304, when the first full tooth 303 rotates, the second half gear 3023 is meshed with the first full tooth 303, the first full tooth 303 rotates in the reverse direction, when the first half gear 3022 and the second half gear 3023 are alternately meshed with the second full tooth 304 and the first full tooth 303, the driving rod 3031 reciprocates, because the cylindrical rod 4041 is slidably connected to the driving rod 3031, the mounting bracket 404 reciprocates, the mounting plate 403 fixedly connected to the mounting bracket 404 synchronously slides, so that the compression plate synchronously moves, the garbage falling into the compression box 1 is compressed, and after the garbage in the compression box 1 is compacted, the pressure sensor 505 in the compression plate 5 receives the garbage from the compression plate 403, at this time, the pressure sensor 505 controls the electric rotating rod 502 to rotate, so that the third gear 5021 rotates, and since the third gear 5021 is meshed with the teeth 501 on the blocking plate 5, the blocking plate 5 rises, at this time, the blocking plate 5 no longer blocks the garbage, and the garbage compressed into blocks under the action of the first spring 4021 is ejected to the spraying frame 6 in the spraying box 2.
Referring to fig. 1, 4 and 5, the spraying mechanism includes a spraying box 2, a spraying frame 6 is rotatably connected in the spraying box 2, a worm wheel 601 is fixedly connected on the spraying frame 6, a worm 602 is rotatably connected in the spraying box 2, the worm wheel 601 is engaged with the worm 602, a stopper rod 605 is slidably connected on the spraying frame 6, a dial rod 6051 is fixedly connected on the stopper rod 605, a through slot matched with the dial rod 6051 is formed on the spraying frame 6, an arc block 6052 is fixedly connected in the spraying box 2, a folded sliding slot matched with the dial rod 6051 is formed on the arc block 6052, the spraying mechanism further includes a mounting rod 4031, the mounting rod 4031 is fixedly connected on the compression plate 403, the mounting rod 4031 is slidably connected on the compression box 1, a second telescopic rod 6031 is fixedly connected on the mounting rod 4031, one end of the second telescopic rod 6031 far away from the mounting rod 4031 is fixedly connected with a mounting block 6033, a second spring 6032 is sleeved on the second telescopic rod 6031, the two ends of the second spring 6032 respectively abut against the mounting bar 4031 and the mounting block 6033, the blocking plate 5 abuts against the mounting block 6033, the spraying mechanism further comprises a first rack 603, the first rack 603 is fixedly connected to the mounting block 6033, the worm 602 is fixedly connected with a one-way bearing 6021, the one-way bearing 6022 is fixedly connected to the one-way bearing 6021, the first rack 603 is meshed with the fourth gear 6022, the spraying box 2 is fixedly connected with the asphalt box 504, the asphalt box 504 is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft 5041, the rotating shaft 5041 is fixedly connected with a blocking plate 5042 and a fifth gear 5043, the blocking plate 5 is fixedly connected with a second rack 503, the second rack 503 is meshed with the fifth gear 5043, and the spraying mechanism is provided with a feeding mechanism for feeding the crushing box 101.
The second rack 503 is synchronously lifted while the blocking plate 5 is lifted, the second rack 503 is meshed with the fifth gear 5043 and drives the fifth gear to rotate when the second rack 503 is lifted, so that the blocking plate 5042 synchronously rotates, asphalt in the asphalt tank 504 can flow into the spraying tank 2 at the moment, the blocking plate 5 is not blocked by the mounting block 6033 after being lifted, the first rack 603 is ejected under the action of the second spring 6032, so that the first rack 603 is meshed with the fourth gear 6022, the worm 602 is connected with the fourth gear 6022 through the one-way bearing 6021, so that the worm 602 can only rotate in one direction, the first rack 603 is meshed with the fourth gear 6022 after being ejected, the first rack 603 drives the fourth gear 6022 to rotate when moving back along with the compression plate 403, at the moment, the fourth gear 6022 can drive the worm 602 to rotate, the worm 602 drives the worm 601 to rotate when rotating, and the worm 601 is connected to the spraying frame 6, so that the spraying frame 6 rotates and drives the compressed block to rotate, the asphalt is uniformly coated on the blocked garbage, the garbage is prevented from being cracked, after the spraying frame 6 rotates for a circle, the first rack 603 is not meshed with the fourth gear 6022 any more, when the poking rod 6051 slides on the arc block 6052 again, the poking rod 6051 slides along with the folded chute track on the arc block 6052, the running track of the poking rod 6051 is decomposed into vertical and horizontal, the poking rod 6051 is driven to go deep into the folded chute by the motion in the horizontal direction, the poking rod 6051 is driven to slide back and forth by the motion in the vertical direction, so that the blocking rod 605 does not block the blocked garbage when the poking rod 6051 slides to the most bent point of the folded chute, holes are formed at the bottom of the spraying box 2, the blocked garbage can fall, and then the blocking rod 6051 continues to slide to reset the blocking rod 605.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 5, feed mechanism includes hopper 102, fixedly connected with connecting rod 1022 on the hopper 102, the one end that hopper 102 was kept away from to connecting rod 1022 rotates and connects on compression box 1, it sticks up pole 6041 to rotate to be connected with on the compression box 1, the first extension rod 1021 of fixedly connected with on the hopper 102, fixedly connected with second extension rod 604 on the spraying frame 6, set up on the spraying box 2 with second extension rod 604 complex groove, stick up the both ends of pole 6041 and offset with first extension rod 1021 and second extension rod 604 respectively, fixedly connected with stabilizer blade 1023 on the hopper 102.
When the spraying frame 6 rotates, the second extension rod 604 of fixed connection on the spraying frame 6 moves synchronously, this moment, the second extension rod 604 exerts pressure to stick up pole 6041 and makes stick up pole 6041 take place the swing, the one end that stick up pole 6041 kept away from second extension rod 604 just can be with the hopper 102 perk this moment, make rubbish in the hopper 102 drop to crushing case 101 in, because the tip movement track of stick up pole 6041 is the arc, thereby second extension rod 604 extrudees after stick up pole 6041 perk to certain limit just no longer with stick up pole 6041 contact, add rubbish in hopper 102 again after hopper 102 falls down, do not need to raise too high height with rubbish when making artifical interpolation rubbish, alleviate the labour.
A use method of an integrated press for garbage packing comprises the following steps:
s1: starting the motor 3 to crush the garbage by the first crushing roller 301 and the second crushing roller 302, and dropping the crushed garbage into the compression box 1;
s2: when the second crushing roller 302 rotates, the mounting plate 4 is driven to slide in the compression box 1 in a reciprocating manner, the compression plate 403 synchronously moves to compress the garbage, after the garbage is compacted into blocks, the blocking plate 5 is opened after receiving pressure, and the blocked garbage is ejected to the spraying frame 6 under the action of the first spring 4021;
s3: when the blocking plate 5 moves upwards, the bottom of the asphalt tank 504 is opened, and meanwhile, the mounting block 6033 is not blocked by the blocking plate 5 any more and is popped out under the action of the second spring 6032 to be meshed with the fourth gear 6022 to enable the worm 602 to rotate, so that the worm wheel 601 rotates, and the blocked garbage is coated by the asphalt to prevent fragmentation;
s4: the tilting bar 6041 is levered to rotate by the second extension bar 604 when the spraying frame 6 rotates, so that the tilting bar 6041 tilts the hopper 102, so that the hopper is replenished with garbage to be crushed for the crushing bin 101.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1-6, an integrated press for garbage packing comprises a compression box 1 and a crushing box 101 fixedly connected to the compression box 1, wherein a motor 3 is fixedly connected to the crushing box 101, a first crushing roller 301 is fixedly connected to an output end of the motor 3, a second crushing roller 302 is rotatably connected to the crushing box 101, a first gear 3011 is fixedly connected to the first crushing roller 301, a second gear 3021 is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302, the first gear 3011 is engaged with the second gear 3021, a compression mechanism for compressing garbage is arranged in the compression box 1, the compression mechanism comprises a mounting plate 4, the mounting plate 4 is slidably connected to the compression box 1, a baffle 401 is fixedly connected to the mounting plate 4, a first half gear 3022 and a second half gear 3023 are fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302, a first full tooth 303 and a second full tooth 304 are rotatably connected to the crushing box 101, the first full tooth 303 is engaged with the second full tooth 304, the first full gear 303 is intermittently engaged with the second half gear 3023, the second full gear 304 is intermittently engaged with the first half gear 3022, the mounting plate 4 is fixedly connected with a guide post 4042, the compression box 1 is provided with a hole matched with the guide post 4042, the guide post 4042 is fixedly connected with a mounting bracket 404, the mounting bracket 404 is slidably connected with the compression box 1, the mounting bracket 404 is fixedly connected with a cylindrical rod 4041, the first full gear 303 is fixedly connected with a driving rod 3031, the cylindrical rod 4041 is slidably connected with the driving rod 3031, the compression mechanism further comprises a compression plate 403, the compression plate 403 is fixedly connected with a first telescopic rod 402, one end of the first telescopic rod 402, which is far away from the compression plate 403, is fixedly connected with the mounting plate 4, the first telescopic rod 402 is sleeved with a first spring 4021, two ends of the first spring 4021 respectively abut against the compression plate 403 and the mounting plate 4, the compression mechanism further comprises a blocking plate 5, the blocking plate 5 is slidably connected with the compression box 1, an electric rotating rod 502 is rotatably connected on the compression box 1, a third gear 5021 is fixedly connected on the electric rotating rod 502, teeth 501 are arranged on the blocking plate 5, the third gear 5021 is meshed with the teeth 501 on the blocking plate 5, a pressure sensor 505 for controlling the electric rotating rod 502 to rotate is arranged in the blocking plate 5, a spraying mechanism for spraying asphalt on compressed garbage is arranged on the compression mechanism, the spraying mechanism comprises a spraying box 2, a spraying frame 6 is rotatably connected on the spraying box 2, a worm wheel 601 is fixedly connected on the spraying frame 6, a worm 602 is rotatably connected in the spraying box 2, the worm wheel 601 is meshed with the worm 602, a blocking rod 605 is slidably connected on the spraying frame 6, a poking rod 6051 is fixedly connected on the blocking rod 605, a through groove matched with the poking rod 6051 is arranged on the spraying frame 6, an arc block 6052 is fixedly connected in the spraying box 2, a zigzag sliding groove matched with the poking rod 6051 is arranged on the arc block 6052, the spraying mechanism further comprises a mounting rod 4031, the mounting rod 4031 is fixedly connected to the compression plate 403, the mounting rod 4031 is connected to the compression box 1 in a sliding manner, the mounting rod 4031 is fixedly connected with a second telescopic rod 6031, one end of the second telescopic rod 6031, which is far away from the mounting rod 4031, is fixedly connected with a mounting block 6033, the second telescopic rod 6031 is sleeved with a second spring 6032, two ends of the second spring 6032 are respectively abutted against the mounting rod 4031 and the mounting block 6033, the blocking plate 5 is abutted against the mounting block 6033, the spraying mechanism further comprises a first rack 603, the first rack 603 is fixedly connected to the mounting block 6033, the worm 602 is fixedly connected with a one-way bearing 6021, the one-way bearing 6021 is fixedly connected with a fourth gear 6022, the first rack 603 is engaged with the fourth gear 6022, the spraying box 2 is fixedly connected with a pitch box 504, the pitch box 504 is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft 5041, the rotating shaft 5041 is fixedly connected with a blocking plate 5042 and a fifth gear 5043, fixedly connected with second rack 503 on closure plate 5, second rack 503 and the meshing of fifth gear 5043, be equipped with the feed mechanism that is used for to smashing case 101 material loading on the spraying mechanism, feed mechanism includes hopper 102, fixedly connected with connecting rod 1022 on the hopper 102, the one end that hopper 102 was kept away from to connecting rod 1022 rotates and connects on compression box 1, it is connected with sticks up pole 6041 to rotate on compression box 1, the first extension rod 1021 of fixedly connected with on the hopper 102, fixedly connected with second extension rod 604 on the spraying frame 6, set up on the spraying case 2 with second extension rod 604 complex groove, stick up the both ends of pole 6041 and offset with first extension rod 1021 and second extension rod 604 respectively, fixedly connected with stabilizer blade 1023 on the hopper 102.
The motor 3 is started to crush the garbage by the first crushing roller 301 and the second crushing roller 302, the crushed garbage falls into the compression box 1, the second crushing roller 302 rotates to drive the mounting plate 4 to slide in the compression box 1 in a reciprocating manner, the compression plate 403 synchronously moves to compress the garbage, the blocking plate 5 is opened after the garbage is compacted into blocks after receiving pressure, the garbage which is blocked under the action of the first spring 4021 is ejected to the spraying frame 6, the bottom of the asphalt tank 504 is opened when the blocking plate 5 moves upwards, meanwhile, the mounting block 6033 is not blocked by the blocking plate 5 any more and is ejected out under the action of the second spring 6032 to be meshed with the fourth gear 6022 so that the worm 602 rotates, the worm wheel 601 rotates, the blocked garbage is coated by the asphalt to prevent the fragmentation, the tilting bar 6041 is levered to rotate by the second extension bar 604 when the spraying frame 6 rotates, so that the tilting bar 6041 tilts the hopper 102, so that the hopper is replenished with garbage to be crushed for the crushing bin 101.
The working principle is as follows: when the integrated press for garbage packaging is used, when the motor 3 is started, the first crushing roller 301 rotates, the first gear 3011 on the first crushing roller 301 rotates synchronously, the first gear 3011 drives the second gear 3021 to rotate, the second gear 3021 is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302, so that the second crushing roller 302 rotates, garbage is crushed by the first crushing roller 301 and the second crushing roller 302 which rotate at the time, the first half gear 3022 and the second half gear 3023 which are fixedly connected to the second crushing roller 302 rotate synchronously when the second crushing roller 302 rotates, the first half gear 3022 drives the second full tooth 304 to rotate when being meshed with the second full tooth 304, the second half gear 3023 is not meshed with the first full tooth 303 at the time, the first full tooth 303 is meshed with the second full tooth 304 when the first half gear 3022 is meshed with the first full tooth 303, and the first full tooth 3023 rotates in the opposite direction when the second half gear 3023 is meshed with the first full tooth 303, and the second half gear 3023 and the second full tooth 304 are meshed with the second full tooth 303 alternately, so that the driving rod 3031 and the driving rod 3031 Reciprocating, the cylindrical rod 4041 is slidably connected to the driving rod 3031, so that the mounting bracket 404 is slidably moved, the mounting plate 4 fixedly connected to the mounting bracket 404 is slidably moved synchronously, the compression plate 403 is moved synchronously, the garbage falling in the compression box 1 is compressed, after the garbage in the compression box 1 is compacted, the pressure sensor 505 in the blocking plate 5 receives the pressure from the compression plate 403, at this time, the pressure sensor 505 controls the electric rotating rod 502 to rotate, so that the third gear 5021 rotates, as the third gear 5021 is engaged with the teeth 501 on the blocking plate 5, the blocking plate 5 is lifted, at this time, the blocking plate 5 no longer blocks the garbage, and the garbage compressed into blocks under the action of the first spring 4021 is ejected to the spraying bracket 6 in the spraying box 2;
the second rack 503 is synchronously lifted while the blocking plate 5 is lifted, the second rack 503 is meshed with the fifth gear 5043 and drives the fifth gear to rotate when the second rack 503 is lifted, so that the blocking plate 5042 synchronously rotates, asphalt in the asphalt tank 504 can flow into the spraying tank 2 at the moment, the blocking plate 5 is not blocked by the mounting block 6033 after being lifted, the first rack 603 is ejected under the action of the second spring 6032, so that the first rack 603 is meshed with the fourth gear 6022, the worm 602 is connected with the fourth gear 6022 through the one-way bearing 6021, so that the worm 602 can only rotate in one direction, the first rack 603 is meshed with the fourth gear 6022 after being ejected, the first rack 603 drives the fourth gear 6022 to rotate when moving back along with the compression plate 403, at the moment, the fourth gear 6022 can drive the worm 602 to rotate, the worm 602 drives the worm 601 to rotate when rotating, and the worm 601 is connected to the spraying frame 6, so that the spraying frame 6 rotates and drives the compressed block to rotate, the asphalt is uniformly coated on the blocked garbage, the garbage is prevented from being cracked, when the spraying frame 6 rotates for a circle, the first rack 603 is not meshed with the fourth gear 6022 any more, when the poking rod 6051 slides on the arc block 6052 again, the poking rod 6051 slides along with the track of the folded chute on the arc block 6052, the running track of the poking rod 6051 is divided into vertical and horizontal, the poking rod 6051 goes deep into the folded chute due to the horizontal movement, the poking rod 6051 slides back and forth due to the vertical movement, so that the blocking rod 605 does not block the blocked garbage when the poking rod 6051 slides to the most bending point of the folded chute, a hole is formed at the bottom of the spraying box 2, the blocked garbage can fall off, and then the blocking rod 6051 continues to slide to reset the blocking rod 605;
when the spraying frame 6 rotates, the second extension rod 604 of fixed connection on the spraying frame 6 moves synchronously, this moment, the second extension rod 604 exerts pressure to stick up pole 6041 and makes stick up pole 6041 take place the swing, the one end that stick up pole 6041 kept away from second extension rod 604 just can be with the hopper 102 perk this moment, make rubbish in the hopper 102 drop to crushing case 101 in, because the tip movement track of stick up pole 6041 is the arc, thereby second extension rod 604 extrudees after stick up pole 6041 perk to certain limit just no longer with stick up pole 6041 contact, add rubbish in hopper 102 again after hopper 102 falls down, do not need to raise too high height with rubbish when making artifical interpolation rubbish, alleviate the labour.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a rubbish is integration press for baling, includes crushing case (101) of compression case (1) and fixed connection on compression case (1), its characterized in that: the garbage compression device is characterized in that a motor (3) is fixedly connected to the crushing box (101), the output end of the motor (3) is fixedly connected with a first crushing roller (301), a second crushing roller (302) is rotatably connected to the crushing box (101), a first gear (3011) is fixedly connected to the first crushing roller (301), a second gear (3021) is fixedly connected to the second crushing roller (302), the first gear (3011) is meshed with the second gear (3021), and a compression mechanism for compressing garbage is arranged in the compression box (1); the compression mechanism comprises a mounting plate (4), the mounting plate (4) is connected in a compression box (1) in a sliding manner, a baffle (401) is fixedly connected on the mounting plate (4), a first half gear (3022) and a second half gear (3023) are fixedly connected on a second crushing roller (302), a first full gear (303) and a second full gear (304) are rotatably connected on the crushing box (101), the first full gear (303) is meshed with the second full gear (304), the first full gear (303) is intermittently meshed with the second half gear (3023), the second full gear (304) is intermittently meshed with the first half gear (3022), a guide pillar (4042) is fixedly connected on the mounting plate (4), a hole matched with the guide pillar (4042) is formed in the compression box (1), a mounting rack (404) is fixedly connected on the guide pillar (4042), and the mounting rack (404) is connected on the compression box (1) in a sliding manner, a cylindrical rod (4041) is fixedly connected to the mounting frame (404), a driving rod (3031) is fixedly connected to the first full gear (303), and the cylindrical rod (4041) is slidably connected to the driving rod (3031);
compressing mechanism still includes compression board (403), the first telescopic link of fixedly connected with (402) is gone up in compression board (403), the one end fixed connection that compression board (403) was kept away from in first telescopic link (402) is on mounting panel (4), first spring (4021) has been cup jointed on first telescopic link (402), the both ends of first spring (4021) offset with compression board (403) and mounting panel (4) respectively, compressing mechanism still includes closure plate (5), closure plate (5) sliding connection is on compression case (1), it is connected with electronic bull stick (502) to rotate on compression case (1), fixedly connected with third gear (5021) on electronic bull stick (502), be equipped with tooth (501) on closure plate (5), tooth (501) meshing on third gear (5021) and closure plate (5).
2. The integrated press machine for garbage packing according to claim 1, wherein: be equipped with in closure plate (5) and be used for controlling electronic bull stick (502) pivoted pressure sensor (505), be equipped with the spraying mechanism that is used for spraying pitch on the rubbish after the compression on the compressing mechanism.
3. The integrated press machine for garbage packing according to claim 2, wherein: the spraying mechanism comprises a spraying box (2), wherein a spraying frame (6) is connected in the spraying box (2) in a rotating manner, a worm wheel (601) is fixedly connected to the spraying frame (6), a worm (602) is connected to the spraying box (2) in the rotating manner, the worm wheel (601) is meshed with the worm (602), a blocking rod (605) is slidably connected to the spraying frame (6), a poking rod (6051) is fixedly connected to the blocking rod (605), a through groove matched with the poking rod (6051) is formed in the spraying frame (6), an arc block (6052) is fixedly connected to the spraying box (2), and a folding sliding groove matched with the poking rod (6051) is formed in the arc block (6052).
4. The integrated press machine for garbage packing according to claim 3, wherein: the spraying mechanism further comprises an installation rod (4031), the installation rod (4031) is fixedly connected to the compression plate (403), the installation rod (4031) is connected to the compression box (1) in a sliding mode, a second telescopic rod (6031) is fixedly connected to the installation rod (4031), one end, far away from the installation rod (4031), of the second telescopic rod (6031) is fixedly connected to an installation block (6033), a second spring (6032) is sleeved on the second telescopic rod (6031), two ends of the second spring (6032) are respectively abutted to the installation rod (4031) and the installation block (6033), the blocking plate (5) is abutted to the installation block (6033), the spraying mechanism further comprises a first rack (603), the first rack (603) is fixedly connected to the installation block (6033), a one-way bearing (6021) is fixedly connected to the worm (602), and a fourth gear (6022) is fixedly connected to the one-way bearing (6021), first rack (603) and fourth gear (6022) meshing, fixedly connected with pitch case (504) is gone up in spraying case (2), pitch case (504) internal rotation is connected with pivot (5041), fixedly connected with closure plate (5042) and fifth gear (5043) are gone up in pivot (5041), fixedly connected with second rack (503) are gone up in closure plate (5), second rack (503) and fifth gear (5043) meshing, be equipped with the feed mechanism that is used for to smashing case (101) material loading on the spraying mechanism.
5. The integrated press machine for garbage packing according to claim 4, wherein: the feeding mechanism comprises a hopper (102), a connecting rod (1022) is fixedly connected to the hopper (102), and one end, far away from the hopper (102), of the connecting rod (1022) is rotatably connected to the compression box (1).
6. The integrated press machine for garbage packing according to claim 5, wherein: compress compression case (1) and go up the rotation and be connected with and stick up pole (6041), hopper (102) are gone up the first extension pole of fixedly connected with (1021), fixedly connected with second extension pole (604) are gone up in spraying frame (6), set up on spraying case (2) with second extension pole (604) complex groove, the both ends of stick up pole (6041) offset with first extension pole (1021) and second extension pole (604) respectively, fixedly connected with stabilizer blade (1023) is gone up in hopper (102).
7. Use of an integrated press for the baling of refuse according to claim 6, characterised in that it comprises the following steps:
s1: the motor (3) is started to crush the garbage by the first crushing roller (301) and the second crushing roller (302), and the crushed garbage falls into the compression box (1);
s2: when the second crushing roller (302) rotates, the mounting plate (4) is driven to slide in a reciprocating manner in the compression box (1), the compression plate (403) moves synchronously to compress the garbage, after the garbage is compacted into blocks, the blocking plate (5) receives pressure to open, and the blocked garbage is ejected to the spraying frame (6) under the action of the first spring (4021);
s3: when the blocking plate (5) moves upwards, the bottom of the asphalt box (504) is opened, and meanwhile, the mounting block (6033) is not blocked by the blocking plate (5) any more and is popped out under the action of a second spring (6032) to be meshed with the fourth gear (6022) to enable the worm (602) to rotate, so that the worm wheel (601) rotates, and the blocked garbage is coated by the asphalt to prevent fragmentation;
s4: when the spraying frame (6) rotates, the tilting rod (6041) is pried to rotate through the second extension rod (604), so that the tilting rod (6041) tilts the hopper (102), and the hopper is used for supplementing garbage to be crushed for the crushing box (101).
CN202110894897.7A 2021-08-05 2021-08-05 Integrated press for garbage packaging and use method thereof Active CN113333089B (en)

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CN213198921U (en) * 2020-09-15 2021-05-14 方燕慧 Broken compaction device of rubbish
CN112871291A (en) * 2021-01-14 2021-06-01 范华飞 Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof
CN213441322U (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-06-15 江西万盛建筑工程有限公司 Construction waste compression device used in green building construction

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DE20200327U1 (en) * 2002-01-10 2002-05-23 Stefanutti Werner Viktor House compactor
CN102357515A (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-02-22 邢征 Kitchen waste crushing and squeezing processor
CN103252910A (en) * 2012-02-21 2013-08-21 张繁荣 Powerful screw-type food waste compressor
CN104033909A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-10 无锡众和合环保科技有限公司 Crushing equipment for clothes and thin film type materials in waste burning preprocessing
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CN112871291A (en) * 2021-01-14 2021-06-01 范华飞 Compression device for harmless treatment of household garbage and compression method thereof

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