CN111872057A - Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste - Google Patents

Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111872057A
CN111872057A CN202010781513.6A CN202010781513A CN111872057A CN 111872057 A CN111872057 A CN 111872057A CN 202010781513 A CN202010781513 A CN 202010781513A CN 111872057 A CN111872057 A CN 111872057A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
compression
mould
mold
compressing
kitchen waste
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202010781513.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Fengniancheng Electromechanical Design Service Co ltd
Priority to CN202010781513.6A priority Critical patent/CN111872057A/en
Publication of CN111872057A publication Critical patent/CN111872057A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/04Frames; Guides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/30Feeding material to presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/20Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using rotary pressing members, other than worms or screws, e.g. rollers, rings, discs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/26Permeable casings or strainers
    • B30B9/262Permeable casings or strainers means disposed in the casing facilitating the squeezing-out of liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B2101/00Type of solid waste
    • B09B2101/02Gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans or cooling systems of refrigerators

Abstract

The invention provides a dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste, which comprises a mould mechanism (210) and a compression mechanism (230), wherein the mould mechanism (210) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mould for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, the compression mechanism (230) is used for compressing the kitchen waste and removing water from the kitchen waste in the compression process, the mold mechanism (210) comprises a mold member (2110), a rotating member (2120), the mold member (2110) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mold for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, the rotating member (2120) is used for driving the mold member (2110) to rotate around the axis of the mold member, the compressing mechanism (230) comprises a compressing member (2310) and a water filtering member (2320), wherein the compressing member (2310) is used for compressing the kitchen waste, and the water filtering member (2320) is used for guiding and discharging water generated in the compressing process of the kitchen waste.

Description

Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of garbage treatment, in particular to the field of compression of kitchen garbage.
Background
People can cook food and boil in the kitchen without leaving the kitchen, people spend every day, people also make garbage, leftovers, broken leaves, removed meat and the like, the garbage is kitchen garbage, the kitchen garbage has the defects of complex components, high water content, easy decay and odor, the living environment and the body health of residents are seriously affected if the kitchen garbage is discharged randomly without being processed, the kitchen garbage is easily transported without being processed, sewage flows out in the transportation process, dirty marks and odor taste are left on the road, and the kitchen garbage is more easily seriously affected especially in high-temperature seasons of summer The discharging treatment is fully automatic in the whole process, residents only need to dump the kitchen waste into the feeding hopper, after the kitchen waste is compressed into a blocky structure, is beneficial to subsequent temporary storage, transportation, destruction or reutilization, in addition, in the process of crushing the kitchen garbage, the kitchen garbage can be crushed by the cooperation of the lifting motor and the crushing motor through the cooperation of the rotation action, the descending action and the ascending action of the crushing cutter group, the crushing effect is better, in the compression process of the crushed kitchen waste, the kitchen waste can be compressed into blocks, simultaneously in compression process, can also extrude the discharge with the moisture among the kitchen rubbish, in extrusion exhaust sewage accessible drainage component and connecting tube flowed to the kitchen sewer, the kitchen rubbish carries out the wet-dry separation and can effectively reduce the taste foul degree that the kitchen rubbish distributed out.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention aims to provide kitchen waste treatment equipment which can sequentially realize the receiving, crushing, compressing and discharging treatment of kitchen waste, the whole process is full-automatic, residents only need to dump the kitchen waste into a feeding hopper, and the kitchen waste is compressed into a block structure, so that the subsequent temporary storage, transportation, destruction or recycling of the kitchen waste is facilitated.
In order to achieve the technical purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows.
The dry-wet separation assembly for the kitchen waste comprises a mold mechanism (210) and a compression mechanism (230), wherein the mold mechanism (210) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mold for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, and the compression mechanism (230) is used for compressing the kitchen waste and removing water from the kitchen waste in the compression process;
the mould mechanism (210) comprises a mould member (2110) and a rotating member (2120), wherein the mould member (2110) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mould for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, and the rotating member (2120) is used for driving the mould member (2110) to rotate axially around itself;
the mold member (2110) comprises a mold shell (2111), a mold cover (2112) and a mold body, wherein the mold shell (2111) is of a vertically-arranged cylindrical shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, and the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111) is provided with a drainage hole (2111 a) and a drainage hole (2111 b) penetrating through the thickness of the mold shell;
the mold cover (2112) is of a circular plate structure, the mold cover (2112) is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the upper opening end of the mold shell (2111), through holes penetrating through the thickness of the mold cover (2112) are formed in the upper end face of the mold cover, four through holes are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the mold cover (2112), the four through holes are a feeding hole (2112 a), a crushing hole (2112 b), a compression hole (2112 c) and a pushing hole (2112 d) in sequence, a water drainage hole (2111 a) and the compression hole (2112 c) are coaxially arranged, and a material discharge hole (2111 b) and the pushing hole (2112 d) are coaxially arranged;
the mould body comprises a mould disc (2113), a compression mould (2114) and a mould shaft (2115), wherein the mould shaft (2115) and a mould shell (2111) are coaxially arranged, the top end of the mould shaft (2115) is movably connected with a mould cover (2112), the bottom end of the mould shaft (2115) penetrates through the lower closed end of the mould shell (2111) and is positioned below the mould shell (2111), and the mould shaft (2115) can axially rotate around the mould shaft;
the die plate (2113) is of a circular plate body structure, the die plates (2113) are coaxially arranged in the die shell (2111), the die plates (2113) are also coaxially and fixedly installed with the die shaft (2115), the die plates (2113) are provided with two lower die plates and two upper die plates from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the lower die plates are respectively in contact with the cavity bottom of the die shell (2111), the upper die plates are in contact with the die cover (2112), and the die shaft (2115) rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the upper die plates and the lower die plates to synchronously rotate;
compression mould (2114) be vertical arrangement and upper and lower both ends open-ended cylindrical shell structure, compression mould (2114) fixed mounting is between last mould dish and lower mould dish to the upper shed of compression mould (2114) passes last mould dish and lies in same horizontal plane with the up end of last mould dish, the lower opening of compression mould (2114) passes the lower mould dish and lies in same horizontal plane with the lower terminal surface of lower mould dish, compression mould (2114) are provided with four along the circumferencial direction array of mould shell (2111), and the one-to-one correspondence is put through between four compression mould (2114) and four through-holes.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The rotating member (2120) comprises a first mounting shell and a second mounting shell (2122), the first mounting shell (2121) and the second mounting shell (2122) are fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the die shell (2111), and the bottom end of the die shaft (2115) extends into the first mounting shell (2121);
the driving assembly comprises a driving motor (2123), a transmission shaft (2124), a first power transmission part and a second power transmission part (2125), the driving motor (2123) is horizontally and fixedly mounted on the side surface of the second mounting housing (2122), the power output end of the driving motor (2123) extends into the second mounting housing (2122), the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124) is parallel to the axial direction of the output shaft of the driving motor (2123), one end of the transmission shaft (2124) is positioned in the first mounting housing (2121) and movably connected with the cavity wall of the first mounting housing (2121), the other end of the transmission shaft (2124) penetrates through the first mounting housing (2121) and the second mounting housing (2122) and then is positioned in the second mounting housing (2122) and movably connected with the cavity wall of the second mounting housing (2122), and the transmission shaft (2124) can rotate around the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124);
the first power transmission component is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (2123) and the transmission shaft (2124) and is used for realizing power transmission between the power output end and the transmission shaft;
the second power transmission member (2125) is provided between the transmission shaft (2124) and the mold shaft (2115) and is used for transmitting power therebetween.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The first power transmission part comprises a first gear shaft, a second gear shaft, a first power transmission part (2126), a second power transmission part (2127) and a third power transmission part (2128), wherein the axial directions of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are parallel to the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124), the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are movably installed in the installation shell II (2122) and can rotate around the axial direction of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the first power transmission part (2126) is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (2123) and the first gear shaft and used for achieving power transmission between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the second power transmission part (2127) is arranged between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft and used for achieving power transmission between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, and the third power transmission part (2128) is arranged between the second gear shaft and the transmission shaft (2124) and used.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The first power transmission piece (2126), the second power transmission piece (2127) and the third power transmission piece (2128) are all speed-reducing straight gear power transmission structures.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The second power transmission part (2125) is in a bevel gear power transmission structure.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The compressing mechanism (230) comprises a compressing member (2310) and a water filtering member (2320), the compressing member (2310) is installed on the upper end face of the mold cover (2112) and the compressing member (2310) is used for compressing the kitchen waste, the water filtering member (2320) is installed on the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111) and the water filtering member (2320) is used for guiding and discharging water generated in the compression process of the kitchen waste.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The water filtering component (2320) comprises a mounting cylinder (2321), a filter plate (2322) and a drainage guide hopper (2323), wherein the mounting cylinder (2321) is a cylindrical cylinder shell structure coaxially arranged with the drainage hole (2111 a), the mounting cylinder (2321) is fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111), the upper open end of the mounting cylinder (2321) is positioned in the drainage hole (2111 a), and the upper open end of the mounting cylinder (2321) and the upper orifice of the drainage hole (2111 a) are positioned in the same horizontal plane;
the filter plate (2322) is of a circular plate structure, the filter plate (2322) is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the upper opening end of the mounting cylinder (2321), and a plurality of water filtering holes for filtering water are uniformly arranged on the filter plate (2322) at intervals;
the drainage guide hopper (2323) is of a circular funnel structure, the drainage guide hopper (2323) is coaxially and fixedly installed at the lower opening end of the installation cylinder (2321), a drainage pipeline (2324) is further coaxially arranged at the bottom end of the drainage guide hopper (2323), and a connecting pipeline for sewage discharge is arranged between the drainage pipeline (2324) and a kitchen sewer.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The compression member (2310) comprises a mounting bracket (2311), a mounting block (2312) and a lifting threaded rod (2314), the mounting bracket (2311) is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the die cover (2112), the mounting block (2312) is of a circular block structure which is coaxially arranged with the compression hole (2112 c), the mounting block (2312) is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the die cover (2112), and a containing groove (2313) which is of a circular groove structure is coaxially arranged at the bottom of the mounting block (2312);
the lifting threaded rod (2314) and the compression hole (2112 c) are coaxially arranged, the top end of the lifting threaded rod (2314) is located above the mounting bracket (2311), the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod (2314) sequentially penetrates through the mounting bracket (2311) and the mounting block (2312) and then is located in the accommodating groove (2313), and a sliding piece is further arranged between the lifting threaded rod (2314) and the mounting block (2312) and forms sliding guide fit in the vertical direction through the sliding piece.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The compression member (2310) further comprises a compression motor (2315), a power connection assembly (2316) and a compression block (2317), the compression motor (2315) is vertically and fixedly installed on the installation support (2311), the compression block (2317) is of a circular block structure, the compression block (2317) is integrally located in the accommodating groove (2313), the compression block (2317) is further coaxially and fixedly connected with the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod (2314), and the compression block (2317) can stretch into the compression hole (2112 c);
the power connecting assembly (2316) is of a speed reducing belt transmission structure, the power connecting assembly (2316) comprises a driving belt wheel, a driven belt wheel and a conveying belt, the driving belt wheel is coaxially and fixedly arranged outside the power output end of the compression motor (2315), the driven belt wheel is coaxially arranged outside the lifting threaded rod (2314) in a threaded mounting mode, the driven belt wheel is also positioned between the mounting bracket (2311) and the mounting block (2312), the upper end surface of the driven belt wheel is contacted with the mounting bracket (2311), the lower end surface of the driven belt wheel is contacted with the mounting block (2312), the mounting bracket (2311) is matched with the mounting block (2312) and limits the axial displacement of the driven belt wheel along the lifting threaded rod (2314), the conveying belt is arranged between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel and used for realizing power transmission between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel, and the driven belt wheel rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the lifting threaded rod (2314) to displace along the guiding direction of the sliding piece.
The technical scheme is further improved and optimized.
The sliding piece comprises a sliding protrusion arranged on the mounting block (2312) and a guide sliding groove arranged on the lifting threaded rod (2314), the guide direction of the guide sliding groove is parallel to the axial direction of the lifting threaded rod (2314), the sliding protrusion is positioned in the guide sliding groove, the sliding protrusion and the guide sliding groove form sliding guide fit, and the lifting threaded rod (2314) can displace along the guide direction of the sliding piece.
Compared with the prior art, the garbage bin has the advantages that the garbage bin can sequentially receive, crush, compress and discharge kitchen garbage, the whole process is full-automatic, residents only need to dump the kitchen garbage into the feeding hopper, the kitchen garbage is compressed into a block structure, and then subsequent temporary storage, transportation, destruction or recycling is facilitated, and in addition:
1. in the kitchen waste crushing process, the crushing effect is better by matching the lifting motor with the crushing motor and matching the rotation action and the descending action of the crushing cutter set, and meanwhile, the follow-up action of the crushing mechanism can be selected according to the type of the kitchen waste, for example, if the kitchen waste is the waste with higher hardness such as bones and shells of shrimps and crabs, the crushing motor can continue to drive the crushing cutter set to rotate and crush the kitchen waste again in the process of finishing crushing and lifting the crushing cutter set and enabling the crushing mechanism to recover the original shape, so that the crushing effect is further improved, and if the kitchen waste is the waste with lower hardness such as melon and fruit peels and vegetable stalks and leaves, the crushing motor can stop running in the process of finishing crushing and lifting the crushing cutter set and enabling the crushing mechanism to recover the original shape, so that the energy consumption is reduced and the cost is reduced;
2. in the compression process of the crushed kitchen waste, the kitchen waste can be compressed into blocks for treatment, meanwhile, in the compression process, moisture in the kitchen waste can be extruded and discharged, and sewage which is extruded and discharged can flow out to a kitchen sewer through a water filtering component and a connecting pipeline;
3. in the discharging process of the kitchen garbage compressed into blocks, the arrangement of the pushing component enables the compressed garbage to be discharged outwards through the discharge hole and the discharge barrel quickly, compared with the prior art that the garbage after compression molding falls and is discharged by utilizing gravity, in the prior art, because the kitchen garbage contains water, no matter how the dry-wet separation treatment is carried out in the compression treatment process of the compression mechanism, little water always remains in the compressed garbage, the adhesion force of the water can make the compressed garbage not fall downwards or make the compressed garbage fall downwards slowly, the former directly makes the compressed garbage not fall and directly influences the subsequent kitchen garbage treatment, and the latter slowly falls in the process, because the operation program of the equipment is set in advance, when the compressed garbage does not fall completely and is discharged, the subsequent action is started, the compressed garbage can be cut off and part of the compressed garbage remains in the compression mold, the compressed kitchen waste is damaged, and the pushing member can discharge each group of compressed kitchen waste outwards through the discharge hole and the discharge barrel at a constant speed, so that the situation in the prior art cannot occur, and the compressed kitchen waste is more stable and reliable.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the garbage crushing and compressing device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the die mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the mold member of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the fit between the mold shell, the mold cover, and the mold body of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the mold body of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of the engagement of the feeder part of the invention with the mould cover.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a mold shaft and a rotating member according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of a rotating member of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the drive motor, the first power transmission member, and the transmission shaft of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the first power transmission member and the transmission shaft of the present invention.
Figure 14 is a schematic view of the die member and shredder mechanism of the present invention in combination.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the stent body of the present invention.
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the lifting member and the pulverizing member of the present invention.
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the compression mechanism, discharge mechanism, and mold members of the present invention in combination.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the structure of the compressing member of the present invention.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of the mounting block of the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a partial structural view of a compressing member of the present invention.
Fig. 21 is a schematic diagram of the construction of a water filtering member of the present invention.
Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of the construction of a water filtering member of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings. The following examples are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereby.
A equipment for being directed at kitchen rubbish carries out wet-dry separation and crushing compression, it is including installation casing 100 and rubbish crushing compressor arrangement 200, installation casing 100 is divided into two parts and is lower casing 110 respectively along vertical direction from bottom to top, go up casing 120, lower casing 110 is vertical to be arranged and upper end opening, lower extreme confined shell structure, it is vertical to arrange and upper end closure to go up casing 120, lower extreme open-ended shell structure, lower casing 110 installs in ground and fixed mounting between the lower open end of last casing 120 and the upper open end of lower casing 110, still be provided with on the last casing 120 and be used for receiving kitchen rubbish and guide the feeding component 130 that kitchen rubbish carried in rubbish crushing compressor arrangement 200.
The garbage crushing and compressing device 200 is installed in the installation shell 100, and the garbage crushing and compressing device 200 is used for receiving kitchen garbage and sequentially receiving, crushing, draining, compressing and discharging the kitchen garbage.
The garbage crushing and compressing device 200 comprises a mold mechanism 210, a crushing mechanism 220, a compressing mechanism 230 and a discharging mechanism 240, wherein the mold mechanism 210 is used for receiving the kitchen garbage conveyed by the guiding of the feeding part 130 and providing a compression mold for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen garbage, the crushing mechanism 220 is used for crushing the kitchen garbage, the compressing mechanism 230 is used for compressing the kitchen garbage and removing water from the kitchen garbage in the compression process, and the discharging mechanism 240 is used for guiding the discharge of the compressed kitchen garbage.
The mold mechanism 210 includes a mold member 2110, a rotating member 2120, wherein the mold member 2110 is used for receiving the kitchen waste guided and conveyed by the feeding unit 130 and providing a compression mold for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, and the rotating member 2120 is used for driving the mold member 2110 to rotate axially around itself.
The mold member 2110 includes a mold shell 2111, a mold cover 2112 and a mold body, wherein the mold shell 2111 is a vertically arranged cylindrical shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, the mold shell 2111 is fixedly mounted in the mounting shell 100, and a drain hole 2111a and a drain hole 2111b penetrating through the thickness of the mold shell 2111 are formed in the closed lower end of the mold shell 2111.
The mold cover 2112 is of a circular plate structure, the mold cover 2112 is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the upper opening end of the mold shell 2111, through holes penetrating the thickness of the mold cover 2112 are formed in the upper end face of the mold cover 2112, four through holes are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the mold cover 2112, the four through holes sequentially comprise a feeding hole 2112a, a crushing hole 2112b, a compression hole 2112c and a pushing hole 2112d, a water drainage hole 2111a and the compression hole 2112c are coaxially arranged, and a material drainage hole 2111b and the pushing hole 2112d are coaxially arranged.
The mold body comprises a mold plate 2113, a compression mold 2114 and a mold shaft 2115, wherein the mold shaft 2115 and the mold shell 2111 are coaxially arranged, the top end of the mold shaft 2115 is movably connected with a mold cover 2112, the bottom end of the mold shaft 2115 penetrates through the lower closed end of the mold shell 2111 and is positioned below the mold shell 2111, and the mold shaft 2115 can axially rotate around itself.
The die plate 2113 is of a circular plate structure, the die plate 2113 is coaxially arranged in the die shell 2111, the die plate 2113 is also coaxially and fixedly installed with the die shaft 2115, the die plate 2113 is provided with two lower die plates and two upper die plates from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the lower die plates are respectively in contact with the cavity bottom of the die shell 2111, the upper die plates are in contact with the die cover 2112, and the die shaft 2115 rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the upper die plates and the lower die plates to rotate synchronously.
The compression mold 2114 is a vertically arranged cylindrical shell structure with openings at the upper end and the lower end, the compression mold 2114 is fixedly installed between the upper mold plate and the lower mold plate, the upper opening of the compression mold 2114 penetrates through the upper mold plate and is located in the same horizontal plane with the upper end face of the upper mold plate, the lower opening of the compression mold 2114 penetrates through the lower mold plate and is located in the same horizontal plane with the lower end face of the lower mold plate, four compression molds 2114 are arranged in an array along the circumferential direction of the mold shell 2111, and the four compression molds 2114 are communicated with the four through holes in a one-to-one correspondence manner.
The feeding component 130 comprises a feeding pipe 131 and a feeding funnel 132, the feeding pipe 131 is vertically arranged, the bottom end of the feeding pipe 131 is fixedly connected and communicated with the upper opening of the feeding hole 2112a, the top end of the feeding pipe 131 passes through the upper closed end of the upper shell 120 and is positioned above the upper shell 120, the feeding funnel 132 is of a circular funnel-shaped structure, and the feeding funnel 132 is coaxially and fixedly installed at the top end of the feeding pipe 131; the feed hopper 132 is conventional and will not be described in detail herein.
The working process of the die member 2110 is as follows: the residents dump the kitchen waste into the feeding hopper 132, and the kitchen waste sequentially passes through the feeding hopper 132, the feeding pipeline 131 and the feeding hole 2112a and then falls into the compression mold 2114 communicated with the feeding hole 2112 a; then, the rotating member 2120 operates to drive the mold body to rotate for a quarter of a cycle, so that the compression mold 2114 which is communicated with the feeding hole 2112a and receives the kitchen waste rotates to be communicated with the crushing hole 2112b, and the crushing mechanism 220 crushes the kitchen waste; then, the rotating member 2120 operates to drive the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle again, so that the compression mold 2114 which is communicated with the crushing hole 2112b and has the internal kitchen garbage crushed is rotated to be communicated with the compression hole 2112c, and the compression mechanism 230 removes water and compresses the kitchen garbage; then, the rotating member 2120 operates and drives the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle again, so that the compression mold 2114 which is communicated with the compression hole 2112c and in which the kitchen waste is compressed completely rotates to be communicated with the pushing hole 2112d, and the discharging mechanism 240 guides the compressed kitchen waste to discharge; then, the rotating member 2120 operates and again drives the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle, so that the compression mold 2114 communicated with the push hole 2112d is restored to be communicated with the feed hole 2112 a; the reciprocating is carried out in the way;
in addition, in the above process, the other three compression molds 2114 perform actions of receiving, crushing, compressing and assisting discharge of the kitchen waste.
The rotating member 2120 comprises a mounting shell and a driving assembly, the mounting shell comprises a first mounting shell 2121 and a second mounting shell 2122, the first mounting shell 2121 and the second mounting shell 2122 are fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the mold shell 2111, and the bottom end of the mold shaft 2115 extends into the first mounting shell 2121.
The driving assembly comprises a driving motor 2123, a transmission shaft 2124, a first power transmission part and a second power transmission part 2125, the driving motor 2123 is horizontally and fixedly mounted on the side surface of the mounting housing II 2122, a power output end of the driving motor 2123 extends into the mounting housing II 2122, the axial direction of the transmission shaft 2124 is parallel to the axial direction of an output shaft of the driving motor 2123, one end of the transmission shaft 2124 is located in the mounting housing I2121 and movably connected with the cavity wall of the mounting housing I2121, the other end of the transmission shaft 2124 penetrates through the mounting housing I2121 and the mounting housing II 2122 and is located in the mounting housing II 2122 and movably connected with the cavity wall of the mounting housing II 2122, and the transmission shaft 2124 can rotate around the axial direction of the transmission shaft 2124.
The first power transmission part is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor 2123 and the transmission shaft 2124 and is used for realizing power transmission between the power output end and the transmission shaft 2124, the first power transmission part comprises a first gear shaft, a second gear shaft, a first power transmission part 2126, a second power transmission part 2127 and a third power transmission part 2128, the axial directions of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are parallel to the axial direction of the transmission shaft 2124, the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are movably arranged in the mounting shell II 2122 and can rotate around the axial direction of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the first power transmission part 2126 is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor 2123 and the first gear shaft and is used for realizing power transmission between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the second power transmission part 2127 is arranged between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft and is used for power transmission between the gear shaft and the third power transmission part 2128 is arranged between the second gear, specifically, the first power transmission piece 2126, the second power transmission piece 2127 and the third power transmission piece 2128 are all speed reduction straight gear power transmission structures; the transmission structure of the speed reduction spur gear is the prior art, and detailed description is omitted here.
The second power transmission member 2125 is disposed between the transmission shaft 2124 and the mold shaft 2115 for transmitting power therebetween, and specifically, the second power transmission member 2125 is a bevel gear power transmission structure; the bevel gear transmission structure is prior art and will not be described in detail herein.
The process of the rotating member 2120 driving the mold body to rotate is embodied as follows: the driving motor 2123 drives the mold shaft 2115 to rotate axially around itself through the first power transmission component, the transmission shaft 2124 and the second power transmission component 2125, the mold shaft 2115 rotates and pulls the whole mold body to rotate synchronously, and besides, the whole first power transmission component is decelerated in three stages, so that the process that the driving motor 2123 operates and drives the mold body to rotate is more stable and smooth.
The crushing mechanism 220 is mounted on the upper end face of the mold cover 2112, the crushing mechanism 220 comprises a support body, a lifting component and a crushing component, the support body comprises a fixed support 221 and a movable support 222, the fixed support 221 is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the mold cover 2112, a guide piece is arranged between the movable support 222 and the fixed support 221, and the movable support 222 is movably mounted on the fixed support 221 through the guide piece.
The lifting component is arranged on the fixed support 221, the lifting component comprises a lifting motor 223, a lifting screw 224 and a power transmission assembly 225, the lifting motor 223 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the fixed support 221, the lifting screw 224 is vertically and movably arranged on the fixed support 221 and can rotate around the axial direction of the lifting screw, the power transmission assembly 225 is arranged between the lifting screw 224 and the lifting motor 223 and is used for power transmission between the lifting screw 224 and the lifting motor 223, and specifically, the power transmission assembly 225 is a deceleration strip transmission structure; the speed bump drive is prior art and will not be described in detail herein.
The movable bracket 222 and the lifting screw rod 224 are mounted through nuts, and the lifting screw rod 224 rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the movable bracket 222 to displace along the guiding direction of the guiding piece.
The crushing member is arranged on the movable support 222, the crushing member comprises a crushing motor 226, a crushing shaft 227 and a crushing cutter set 228, the crushing motor 226 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the movable support 222, the power output end of the crushing motor 226 faces downwards, the crushing motor 226 is also coaxially arranged with the crushing hole 2112b, the crushing shaft 227 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the power output end of the crushing motor 226, the crushing cutter set 228 is coaxially and fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the crushing shaft 227, the crushing cutter set 228 can extend into the crushing hole 2112b, the crushing shaft 227 rotates and pulls the crushing cutter set 228 to synchronously rotate, and the crushing cutter set 228 rotates and realizes crushing of kitchen waste; the crushing blade set 228 is a conventional crushing blade technology, and will not be described in detail herein.
The crushing process of crushing mechanism 220 to kitchen rubbish specifically shows: the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 start to operate simultaneously, the lifting motor 223 operates and pulls the movable bracket 222 and the crushing member to do descending motion through the lifting screw 224, the crushing motor 226 operates and pulls the crushing cutter set 228 to rotate, and the two are matched with each other to finish crushing treatment on the kitchen garbage in the compression mold 2114 communicated with the crushing hole 2112 b; after the crushing is completed, the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 run in reverse directions until the crushing cutter set 228 rises to be located above the crushing hole 2112b, that is, the crushing mechanism 220 returns to the original state, and then the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 stop running.
The compressing mechanism 230 comprises a compressing member 2310 and a water filtering member 2320, wherein the compressing member 2310 is installed on the upper end face of the mold cover 2112, the compressing member 2310 is used for compressing the kitchen waste, the water filtering member 2320 is installed on the lower closed end of the mold shell 2111, and the water filtering member 2320 is used for guiding and discharging water generated in the compression process of the kitchen waste.
The water filtering member 2320 includes a mounting cylinder 2321, a filter plate 2322 and a drainage guide hopper 2323, the mounting cylinder 2321 is a cylindrical cylinder shell structure coaxially arranged with the drainage hole 2111a, the mounting cylinder 2321 is fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the mold shell 2111, the upper open end of the mounting cylinder 2321 is located in the drainage hole 2111a, and the upper open end of the mounting cylinder 2321 and the upper orifice of the drainage hole 2111a are located in the same horizontal plane.
The filter plate 2322 is a circular plate structure, the filter plate 2322 is coaxially and fixedly installed at the upper opening end of the installation cylinder 2321, and a plurality of water filtering holes for filtering water are uniformly arranged on the filter plate 2322 at intervals.
The drainage guide hopper 2323 is of a circular funnel structure, the drainage guide hopper 2323 is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the lower opening end of the mounting cylinder 2321, the bottom end of the drainage guide hopper 2323 is also coaxially provided with a drainage pipe 2324, and a connecting pipe for sewage discharge is arranged between the drainage pipe 2324 and a kitchen sewer.
The compression member 2310 comprises a mounting bracket 2311, a mounting block 2312 and a lifting threaded rod 2314, the mounting bracket 2311 is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the die cover 2112, the mounting block 2312 is of a circular block structure coaxially arranged with the compression hole 2112c, the mounting block 2312 is fixedly mounted on the upper end face of the die cover 2112, and a receiving groove 2313 in a circular groove structure is coaxially arranged at the bottom of the mounting block 2312.
The lifting threaded rod 2314 and the compression hole 2112c are coaxially arranged, the top end of the lifting threaded rod 2314 is located above the mounting bracket 2311, the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod 2314 sequentially penetrates through the mounting bracket 2311 and the mounting block 2312 and then is located in the accommodating groove 2313, a sliding piece is further arranged between the lifting threaded rod 2314 and the mounting block 2312 and comprises a sliding protrusion arranged on the mounting block 2312 and a guiding sliding groove arranged on the lifting threaded rod 2314, the guiding direction of the guiding sliding groove is parallel to the axial direction of the lifting threaded rod 2314, the sliding protrusion is located in the guiding sliding groove and forms sliding guiding fit with the guiding groove, and the lifting threaded rod 2314 can displace along the guiding direction of the sliding piece.
The compression member 2310 further comprises a compression motor 2315, a power connection assembly 2316 and a compression block 2317, the compression motor 2315 is vertically and fixedly installed on the installation support 2311, the compression block 2317 is of a circular block structure, the compression block 2317 is integrally located in the accommodating groove 2313, the compression block 2317 is further coaxially and fixedly connected with the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod 2314, and the compression block 2317 can extend into the compression hole 2112 c.
The power connection assembly 2316 is a speed reducing belt transmission structure, the power connection assembly 2316 comprises a driving belt wheel, a driven belt wheel and a conveying belt, the driving belt wheel is coaxially and fixedly installed outside a power output end of the compression motor 2315, the driven belt wheel is coaxially installed outside the lifting threaded rod 2314 in a threaded installation mode, the driven belt wheel is further located between the installation support 2311 and the installation block 2312, the upper end face of the driven belt wheel is in contact with the installation support 2311, the lower end face of the driven belt wheel is in contact with the installation block 2312, the installation support 2311 is matched with the installation block 2312 and limits axial displacement of the driven belt wheel along the lifting threaded rod 2314, the conveying belt is arranged between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel and used for achieving power transmission between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel, and the driven belt wheel rotates around the self axial direction.
The compression mechanism 230 is to the dewatering compression process of kitchen rubbish, and the concrete expression is: the compression motor 2315 operates and pulls the driven pulley to rotate through the driving pulley and the conveyor belt, the driven pulley rotates and pulls the lifting threaded rod 2314 to do descending movement, the lifting threaded rod 2314 descends and pulls the compression block 2317 to descend synchronously, so that the compression block 2317 extends into the compression hole 2112c, compression treatment on kitchen waste in the compression mold 2114 communicated with the compression hole 2112c is completed, and meanwhile, in the compression process, water in the kitchen waste can be extruded and discharged out and is discharged into a kitchen sewer through the water filtering member 2320 and the connection pipeline; after the compression is completed, the compression motor 2315 runs in the reverse direction until the compression block 2317 rises to be located in the accommodating groove 2313, that is, the compression mechanism 230 returns to the original state.
The discharging mechanism 240 comprises a discharging barrel 2420, the discharging barrel 2420 is of a circular barrel shell structure with two open ends, the discharging barrel 2420 is coaxially and fixedly installed at the lower orifice of the discharging hole 2111b, and the bottom end of the discharging barrel 2420 penetrates through the lower shell 110 and is located outside the installation shell 100; the compression mold 2114 which is communicated with the compression hole 2112c and the compression of the kitchen waste is finished rotates to be communicated with the pushing hole 2112d, namely is communicated with the discharge hole 2111b, the compressed waste is discharged outwards through the discharge hole 2111b and the discharge barrel 2420, and a resident can place a garbage can right below the bottom end of the discharge barrel 2420 to collect the compressed waste.
More specifically, since the kitchen waste contains water, in the compression process of the compression mechanism 230, although most of the water is squeezed and discharged, a small amount of the remaining water remains in the compressed waste, which affects the process of discharging the compressed waste through the discharge hole 2111b and the discharge barrel 2420 in a gravity falling manner, i.e. the adhesion force of the water makes the compressed waste not fall down or the compressed waste falls down more slowly, the former directly makes the compressed waste not fall down and directly affects the subsequent kitchen waste treatment, and in the process of slowly falling down, since the operation time of each motor is set in advance, when the compressed waste is not completely fallen down and discharged, the driving motor 2123 starts to drive the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle again, so that the compressed waste is cut off and partially remains in the compression mold 2114, not only influences the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, but also damages the compressed kitchen waste, and for this reason, the discharging mechanism 240 further includes a pushing member 2410, and the pushing member 2410 is used for assisting the compressed kitchen waste to be discharged out through the discharging hole 2111b and the discharging barrel 2420.
The said pushing member 2410 is installed on the upper end face of the mold cover 2112, the structure of the pushing member 2410 is identical to that of the compressing member 2310, and the connection relationship among the pushing member 2410, the mold cover 2112, and the pushing hole 2112d is identical to that among the compressing member 2310, the mold cover 2112, and the pushing hole 2112 d.
Preferably, in consideration of installation layout, the power connection assembly of the pushing member 2410 may be a speed reduction belt transmission structure or a speed reduction spur gear power transmission structure, and is specifically selected according to the layout in actual installation, and details are not repeated here.
When the compression mold 2114 which is communicated with the compression hole 2112c and the internal kitchen waste is compressed is rotated to be communicated with the pushing hole 2112d, the motor of the pushing member 2410 starts to operate and pushes the compressed waste, so that the compressed waste is rapidly discharged outwards through the discharge hole 2111b and the discharge barrel 2420.
During actual work, the residents dump the kitchen waste into the feeding hopper 132, and the kitchen waste sequentially passes through the feeding hopper 132, the feeding pipeline 131 and the feeding hole 2112a and then falls into the compression mold 2114 communicated with the feeding hole 2112 a;
then, the rotating member 2120 operates to drive the mold body to rotate for a quarter of a cycle, so that the compression mold 2114, which is connected to the feeding hole 2112a and receives the kitchen waste, rotates to be connected to the crushing hole 2112b, and at this time, the crushing mechanism 220 crushes the kitchen waste, specifically: the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 start to operate simultaneously, the lifting motor 223 operates and pulls the movable support 222 and the crushing member to move downwards through the lifting screw 224, the crushing motor 226 operates and pulls the crushing cutter set 228 to rotate, the crushing cutter set and the crushing motor 226 are matched to crush kitchen garbage in the compression mold 2114 communicated with the crushing hole 2112b, after the crushing is finished, the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 operate in reverse directions until the crushing cutter set 228 rises to be positioned above the crushing hole 2112b, namely after the crushing mechanism 220 is restored to the original state, the lifting motor 223 and the crushing motor 226 stop operating;
then, the rotating member 2120 operates to drive the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle again, so that the compressing mold 2114 which is connected with the pulverizing hole 2112b and has the internal kitchen garbage pulverized completely rotates to be connected with the compressing hole 2112c, and the compressing mechanism 230 performs dewatering and compressing treatment on the kitchen garbage, specifically: the compression motor 2315 operates and pulls the driven pulley to rotate through the driving pulley and the conveying belt, the driven pulley rotates and pulls the lifting threaded rod 2314 to do descending motion, the lifting threaded rod 2314 descends and pulls the compression block 2317 to descend synchronously, so that the compression block 2317 extends into the compression hole 2112c, compression treatment of kitchen waste in the compression mold 2114 communicated with the compression hole 2112c is completed, meanwhile, in the compression process, water in the kitchen waste can be extruded and discharged out and is discharged into a kitchen sewer through the water filtering member 2320 and the connection pipe, after compression is completed, the compression motor 2315 operates reversely until the compression block 2317 rises to be located in the accommodating groove 2313, namely the compression mechanism 230 recovers to the original state;
then, the rotating member 2120 operates and drives the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle again, so that the compression mold 2114 which is connected with the compression hole 2112c and in which the kitchen waste is compressed completely rotates to be connected with the pushing hole 2112d, and the discharging mechanism 240 guides the compressed kitchen waste to discharge, specifically: the pushing member 2410 starts to operate and pushes the compressed garbage in the compression mold 2114 communicated with the pushing hole 2112d, so that the compressed garbage is quickly discharged outwards through the discharge hole 2111b and the discharge barrel 2420, after the compressed garbage is discharged, the pushing member 2410 reversely operates and returns to the original state, and the pushing process of the pushing member 2410 is consistent with the compression process of the compression member 2310;
then, the rotating member 2120 operates and again drives the mold body to rotate for a quarter cycle, so that the compression mold 2114 communicated with the push hole 2112d is restored to be communicated with the feed hole 2112 a;
the reciprocating is carried out in the way;
in addition, in the above process, the other three compression molds 2114 perform actions of receiving, crushing, compressing and assisting discharge of the kitchen waste.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The kitchen waste dry-wet separation assembly is characterized by comprising a mold mechanism (210) and a compression mechanism (230), wherein the mold mechanism (210) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mold for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, and the compression mechanism (230) is used for compressing the kitchen waste and removing water from the kitchen waste in the compression process;
the mould mechanism (210) comprises a mould member (2110) and a rotating member (2120), wherein the mould member (2110) is used for receiving the kitchen waste and providing a compression mould for the subsequent compression treatment of the kitchen waste, and the rotating member (2120) is used for driving the mould member (2110) to rotate axially around itself;
the mold member (2110) comprises a mold shell (2111), a mold cover (2112) and a mold body, wherein the mold shell (2111) is of a vertically-arranged cylindrical shell structure with an open upper end and a closed lower end, and the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111) is provided with a drainage hole (2111 a) and a drainage hole (2111 b) penetrating through the thickness of the mold shell;
the mold cover (2112) is of a circular plate structure, the mold cover (2112) is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the upper opening end of the mold shell (2111), through holes penetrating through the thickness of the mold cover (2112) are formed in the upper end face of the mold cover, four through holes are arranged in an array mode along the circumferential direction of the mold cover (2112), the four through holes are a feeding hole (2112 a), a crushing hole (2112 b), a compression hole (2112 c) and a pushing hole (2112 d) in sequence, a water drainage hole (2111 a) and the compression hole (2112 c) are coaxially arranged, and a material discharge hole (2111 b) and the pushing hole (2112 d) are coaxially arranged;
the mould body comprises a mould disc (2113), a compression mould (2114) and a mould shaft (2115), wherein the mould shaft (2115) and a mould shell (2111) are coaxially arranged, the top end of the mould shaft (2115) is movably connected with a mould cover (2112), the bottom end of the mould shaft (2115) penetrates through the lower closed end of the mould shell (2111) and is positioned below the mould shell (2111), and the mould shaft (2115) can axially rotate around the mould shaft;
the die plate (2113) is of a circular plate body structure, the die plates (2113) are coaxially arranged in the die shell (2111), the die plates (2113) are also coaxially and fixedly installed with the die shaft (2115), the die plates (2113) are provided with two lower die plates and two upper die plates from bottom to top along the vertical direction, the lower die plates are respectively in contact with the cavity bottom of the die shell (2111), the upper die plates are in contact with the die cover (2112), and the die shaft (2115) rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the upper die plates and the lower die plates to synchronously rotate;
compression mould (2114) be vertical arrangement and upper and lower both ends open-ended cylindrical shell structure, compression mould (2114) fixed mounting is between last mould dish and lower mould dish to the upper shed of compression mould (2114) passes last mould dish and lies in same horizontal plane with the up end of last mould dish, the lower opening of compression mould (2114) passes the lower mould dish and lies in same horizontal plane with the lower terminal surface of lower mould dish, compression mould (2114) are provided with four along the circumferencial direction array of mould shell (2111), and the one-to-one correspondence is put through between four compression mould (2114) and four through-holes.
2. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating member (2120) comprises a first mounting housing and a second mounting housing (2122), the first mounting housing (2121) and the second mounting housing (2122) are fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the die housing (2111), and the bottom end of the die shaft (2115) extends into the first mounting housing (2121);
the driving assembly comprises a driving motor (2123), a transmission shaft (2124), a first power transmission part and a second power transmission part (2125), the driving motor (2123) is horizontally and fixedly mounted on the side surface of the second mounting housing (2122), the power output end of the driving motor (2123) extends into the second mounting housing (2122), the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124) is parallel to the axial direction of the output shaft of the driving motor (2123), one end of the transmission shaft (2124) is positioned in the first mounting housing (2121) and movably connected with the cavity wall of the first mounting housing (2121), the other end of the transmission shaft (2124) penetrates through the first mounting housing (2121) and the second mounting housing (2122) and then is positioned in the second mounting housing (2122) and movably connected with the cavity wall of the second mounting housing (2122), and the transmission shaft (2124) can rotate around the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124);
the first power transmission component is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (2123) and the transmission shaft (2124) and is used for realizing power transmission between the power output end and the transmission shaft;
the second power transmission member (2125) is provided between the transmission shaft (2124) and the mold shaft (2115) and is used for transmitting power therebetween.
3. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly of claim 2, the first power transmission part comprises a first gear shaft, a second gear shaft, a first power transmission part (2126), a second power transmission part (2127) and a third power transmission part (2128), wherein the axial directions of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are parallel to the axial direction of the transmission shaft (2124), the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft are movably installed in the installation shell II (2122) and can rotate around the axial direction of the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the first power transmission part (2126) is arranged between the power output end of the driving motor (2123) and the first gear shaft and used for achieving power transmission between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, the second power transmission part (2127) is arranged between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft and used for achieving power transmission between the first gear shaft and the second gear shaft, and the third power transmission part (2128) is arranged between the second gear shaft and the transmission shaft (2124) and used.
4. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 3, wherein the first power transmission member (2126), the second power transmission member (2127) and the third power transmission member (2128) are all of a deceleration spur gear power transmission structure.
5. The kitchen waste mill compaction assembly of claim 2, wherein the second power transmission member (2125) is a bevel gear power transmission structure.
6. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the compressing mechanism (230) comprises a compressing member (2310), a water filtering member (2320), the compressing member (2310) is installed on the upper end face of the mold cover (2112) and the compressing member (2310) is used for compressing the kitchen waste, the water filtering member (2320) is installed on the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111) and the water filtering member (2320) is used for guiding and discharging water generated in the process of compressing the kitchen waste.
7. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 6, wherein the water filtering member (2320) comprises a mounting cylinder (2321), a filter plate (2322) and a drainage guide hopper (2323), the mounting cylinder (2321) is a cylindrical cylinder shell structure which is coaxially arranged with the drainage hole (2111 a), the mounting cylinder (2321) is fixedly mounted at the lower closed end of the mold shell (2111), the upper open end of the mounting cylinder (2321) is positioned in the drainage hole (2111 a) and the upper open end of the mounting cylinder (2321) and the upper hole opening of the drainage hole (2111 a) are positioned in the same horizontal plane;
the filter plate (2322) is of a circular plate structure, the filter plate (2322) is coaxially and fixedly mounted at the upper opening end of the mounting cylinder (2321), and a plurality of water filtering holes for filtering water are uniformly arranged on the filter plate (2322) at intervals;
the drainage guide hopper (2323) is of a circular funnel structure, the drainage guide hopper (2323) is coaxially and fixedly installed at the lower opening end of the installation cylinder (2321), a drainage pipeline (2324) is further coaxially arranged at the bottom end of the drainage guide hopper (2323), and a connecting pipeline for sewage discharge is arranged between the drainage pipeline (2324) and a kitchen sewer.
8. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 7, wherein the compressing member (2310) comprises a mounting bracket (2311), a mounting block (2312) and a lifting threaded rod (2314), the mounting bracket (2311) is fixedly mounted on the upper end surface of the die cover (2112), the mounting block (2312) is a circular block structure coaxially arranged with the compressing hole (2112 c), the mounting block (2312) is fixedly mounted on the upper end surface of the die cover (2112), and the bottom of the mounting block (2312) is coaxially provided with a receiving groove (2313) in a circular groove structure;
the lifting threaded rod (2314) and the compression hole (2112 c) are coaxially arranged, the top end of the lifting threaded rod (2314) is located above the mounting bracket (2311), the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod (2314) sequentially penetrates through the mounting bracket (2311) and the mounting block (2312) and then is located in the accommodating groove (2313), and a sliding piece is further arranged between the lifting threaded rod (2314) and the mounting block (2312) and forms sliding guide fit in the vertical direction through the sliding piece.
9. The kitchen waste crushing and compressing assembly as claimed in claim 8, wherein the compressing member (2310) further comprises a compressing motor (2315), a power connecting assembly (2316) and a compressing block (2317), the compressing motor (2315) is vertically and fixedly mounted on the mounting bracket (2311), the compressing block (2317) is of a round block structure, the compressing block (2317) is integrally positioned in the accommodating groove (2313) and the compressing block (2317) is further coaxially and fixedly connected with the bottom end of the lifting threaded rod (2314), and the compressing block (2317) can extend into the compressing hole (2112 c);
the power connecting assembly (2316) is of a speed reducing belt transmission structure, the power connecting assembly (2316) comprises a driving belt wheel, a driven belt wheel and a conveying belt, the driving belt wheel is coaxially and fixedly arranged outside the power output end of the compression motor (2315), the driven belt wheel is coaxially arranged outside the lifting threaded rod (2314) in a threaded mounting mode, the driven belt wheel is also positioned between the mounting bracket (2311) and the mounting block (2312), the upper end surface of the driven belt wheel is contacted with the mounting bracket (2311), the lower end surface of the driven belt wheel is contacted with the mounting block (2312), the mounting bracket (2311) is matched with the mounting block (2312) and limits the axial displacement of the driven belt wheel along the lifting threaded rod (2314), the conveying belt is arranged between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel and used for realizing power transmission between the driving belt wheel and the driven belt wheel, and the driven belt wheel rotates around the self axial direction and pulls the lifting threaded rod (2314) to displace along the guiding direction of the sliding piece.
10. A kitchen waste crushing and compacting assembly according to claim 8, characterized in that the slide member comprises a sliding protrusion provided on the mounting block (2312), a guiding groove provided on the lifting screw rod (2314), the guiding direction of the guiding groove is parallel to the axial direction of the lifting screw rod (2314), the sliding protrusion is located in the guiding groove and forms a sliding guiding fit therebetween, and the lifting screw rod (2314) is displaceable in the guiding direction of the slide member.
CN202010781513.6A 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste Withdrawn CN111872057A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010781513.6A CN111872057A (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010781513.6A CN111872057A (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste

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CN111872057A true CN111872057A (en) 2020-11-03

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010781513.6A Withdrawn CN111872057A (en) 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 Dry-wet separation assembly for kitchen waste

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112354612A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-02-12 郭俊美 Solid-liquid separation device and method for medical waste treatment
CN113953884A (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-01-21 常德市境宏金属结构有限责任公司 Scrap collecting and processing device for metal structure machining

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