CN111418526B - Chinese bee beehive, honey cutting knife and honeycomb passing case strip - Google Patents

Chinese bee beehive, honey cutting knife and honeycomb passing case strip Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111418526B
CN111418526B CN202010399224.XA CN202010399224A CN111418526B CN 111418526 B CN111418526 B CN 111418526B CN 202010399224 A CN202010399224 A CN 202010399224A CN 111418526 B CN111418526 B CN 111418526B
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frame
inner frame
group
beehive
frame group
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CN111418526A (en
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王明生
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/02Construction or arrangement of frames for honeycombs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K59/00Honey collection

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Catching Or Destruction (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a Chinese bee hive, a honey cutter and a honeycomb passing box strip, wherein the Chinese bee hive comprises an inner frame group, an outer frame group wrapped outside the inner frame group, a top cover detachably connected with the upper end of the inner frame group and covering the upper end of the outer frame group, a bottom frame detachably connected with the inner frame group, and a plurality of thin rod honeycomb frames placed in the inner frame group, wherein the bottom frame comprises a frame body and a slag removing plate or a queen excluder detachably connected with the lower end of the frame body. The invention considers the natural life habit, living environment, heat preservation, heat insulation, ventilation and adjustable space of the Chinese bees, compared with other beehives, the worker bees are fast to breed, the worker bees are at constant temperature and do little useless work, the working efficiency of the worker bees is improved, and the worker bees are saved, and more honey is collected; the functions are realized by increasing, decreasing, exchanging positions and combining and matching corresponding components, so that labor and time are saved for bee colony development and manual management; the honey cutting knife and the box passing strip can enable beekeeping operation to be more convenient.

Description

Chinese bee beehive, honey cutting knife and honeycomb passing case strip
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bee-keeping beehive equipment, in particular to a Chinese bee beehive, a honey cutter and a honeycomb passing case strip.
Background
Chinese honeybee is called Chinese bee for short, also called native bee, is the native bee species of our country, the honey produced is called Chinese honey or called native honey, the natural viability of Chinese bee is stronger than the intention bee, in order to receive more native honey, many kinds of Chinese bee breeding management, operation tools are being used at present, from the earliest bamboo cage, horizontal wooden cask, vertical wooden cask (three gorges), Chinese bee living frame mark case, high-narrow type Chinese bee beehive, GN case, ZW case, grid case, plastic heat preservation beehive, foam beehive, and in recent years's Chinese treasure case, etc., these beehives and tools have their own specialties, but always there are deficiencies (especially, beehive in prior art is deficient in the aspects of heat preservation, temperature and humidity regulation, convenient water feeding, honey fetching, etc.), it is necessary to provide a set of Chinese bee beehive that combines the natural life of Chinese honeybee with convenient management and honey fetching.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention provides a Chinese bee hive, which solves the problems that the hive in the prior art is insufficient in the aspects of heat preservation, temperature and humidity regulation, natural nesting of a bee road, convenience in management, operation, honey taking, enemy harm prevention and the like.
According to the embodiment of the invention, the Chinese bee hive comprises an inner frame group, an outer frame group wrapped outside the inner frame group, a top cover detachably connected with the upper end of the inner frame group and covering the upper end of the outer frame group, a bottom frame detachably connected with the inner frame group, and a plurality of thin rod nest frames placed in the inner frame group, wherein the bottom frame comprises a frame body and a slag removing plate, a bottom plate or a queen cell plate detachably connected with the lower end of the frame body.
Among the above-mentioned technical scheme, frame group outside frame group can improve the thermal insulation performance of chinese bee beehive through setting up including, the detachable underframe sets up, conveniently place the feeder wherein, absorbent cotton etc. make things convenient for the slagging-off to feed, and adjust through the humiture that contains water in the absorbent cotton in the chinese bee beehive, frame group can make the chinese bee beehive possess vertical bucket simultaneously and build the nest naturally with the setting up of thin pole frame in the detachable simultaneously, it is convenient that the check is got the honey, the frame that lives is marked the case and is shaken honey and can keep the same strong point of empty honeycomb.
Further, the apis cerana beehive still includes the support, and fixed mounting is right on the support the inner frame group with a plurality of support pad mounds that the outer frame group supported still include that both ends are respectively at the stay cord that lifts the support to the lower terminal surface of underframe on the support.
Furthermore, the inner frame group comprises a plurality of inner standard frames which are arranged in a stacked mode, each inner standard frame comprises two opposite side walls, a plurality of positioning recesses for the thin rod nest frame to be placed are formed in the upper end of the inner wall of one side wall, and vertical wedge openings for the connection of the other two side walls are formed in the two sides of the inner wall of the other side wall.
Furthermore, the inner frame group also comprises a rotary pressing strip which is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the inner standard frame, and the rotary pressing strip can make a part of the rotary pressing strip exceed the upper end face of the inner standard frame connected with the rotary pressing strip through rotation.
Furthermore, the outer frame group comprises a plurality of outer frame bodies which are arranged in a stacked mode and correspond to the inner frame bodies one to one, a first frame wedge opening is formed in the upper end of each outer frame body, and a second frame wedge opening matched with the first frame wedge opening to achieve stacking of the outer frame bodies is formed in the lower end of each outer frame body.
Further, the inner frame group further comprises a top frame located on the highest layer and located at the upper end of the inner frame, ventilation holes are formed in the top frame and are communicated with the inner frame group and the outer frame of the top frame, a plurality of cover inner pad piers are arranged in the top cover, the lower end of each cover inner pad pier abuts against the upper end face of the top frame, a plurality of cover ventilation holes are formed in the top cover and are communicated with the inner frame group and the outer top cover, and the lower end of the top cover is further connected with a first filter screen.
Furthermore, the inner frame group further comprises a cross frame positioned between the two highest layers of the inner frame, a temporary nest door is arranged at the lower opening of the cross frame, a vertical partition plate is arranged at the communication part between the cross frame and the inner frame positioned on the cross frame, the vertical partition height is the sum of the heights of the cross frame and the inner frame, a queen partition plate is arranged at the lower end of the cross frame, and an equidistant solid strip for bee nesting is arranged in the middle of the queen partition plate.
Further, still be provided with the wasp in the top frame and lure into the cover, lure to sheathe in and be equipped with the punchhole that supplies worker's bee to walk, the upper end of top frame still covers and is provided with vice apron, still seted up on the top frame and is located the just opposite reservation passway of ventilation hole on the frame.
Furthermore, a transition frame is arranged between the bottom frame and the internal standard frame positioned at the lowest layer, and the upper end of the transition frame is fixedly connected with the inner side of the support pad pier.
Furthermore, the underframe is detachably provided with a movable barrier strip, and the movable barrier strip is provided with a multipurpose hole.
Furthermore, the bottom frame is also provided with a nest door assembly or a nest door sleeve communicated with the inside and the outside of the bottom frame, wherein the nest door assembly comprises an inclined pedal detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame and a nest door sheet or an anti-theft sheet, the upper end of the nest door sheet is detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame, the lower end of the nest door sheet is close to the inclined pedal, the nest door sheet is provided with a first through hole for all bee types to pass through, and the anti-theft sheet is provided with a second through hole for only worker bees to pass through; the nest door sleeve is provided with third through holes for all bee types to pass through and fourth through holes for only worker bees to pass through, and the third through holes arranged on the nest door sleeve are hinged with height-limiting elastic pieces.
Further, still be provided with the second filter screen in the underframe, and be provided with the confession on the second filter screen nest door piece or the draw-in groove of theftproof piece plug.
Furthermore, the thin rod frame comprises a frame body formed by bending hard thin straight strips and edgings which are arranged on two sides of the frame body and keep gaps with the inner wall of the internal standard frame.
Furthermore, the material of the inner frame group comprises wood, or a mixture of clay and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite and polyphenyl particles, or one of mixtures of cement and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite and polyphenyl particles.
Furthermore, the outer frame and the top cover both comprise a foam layer and glue-added cement paste or anticorrosive paint coated on the inner wall and the outer wall of the foam layer.
In another kind of technical scheme, a convenient well bee beehive to among the above-mentioned technical scheme is provided, the honeycomb that has gone on other beehives in the honeycomb case to this beehive crosses the case strip, and it includes the horizontal bar to and vertically fix a plurality of connecting plates at the horizontal bar lower plate face, the lower extreme fixedly connected with of connecting plate is used for hanging the lacing film of carrying to the honeycomb, wherein the one end recess that the connecting plate is close to the horizontal bar is provided with the sunken mouth that supplies the upper end of thin pole frame to settle.
In another technical scheme, a honey cutting knife for cutting honey of the Chinese bee hive in the technical scheme is provided, and comprises a straight rod and a transverse blade or a vertical blade formed by bending one end of the straight rod, wherein the other end of the straight rod is bent to form an annular lifting lug, and the length of the vertical part of the straight rod is greater than the height of the fine rod frame.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. integrates the advantages and the advantages of the prior various box types, uses the fine bar frame to enable the Chinese bees to naturally nest improper bee paths, and does not need to mobilize the honeycomb for bee breeding; breeding young plants by using a queen cell and storing honey on the young plants; the honey cutting time is shorter by using the transverse or vertical knife, the honey is not easy to be stolen, the operation is simple, and the labor and the time are saved;
2. through the increase, decrease and matching of all parts, the natural life habit, the living environment, the heat preservation, the heat insulation, the ventilation, the air permeability and the adjustable space of the Chinese bees are restored, compared with other beehives, the bee breeding is fast, the worker bees do little useless work at constant temperature, the working efficiency of the worker bees is improved, the labor force of the worker bees is saved, and the honey collection is increased, and the economic income is increased;
3. through the arrangement of the upper space and the lower space, bees are caught, killed and enemy is reduced, labor is saved, economic loss caused by enemy and colony killing can be reduced, and management and feeding are convenient;
4. the components required by the bee-separating and queen-trapping are arranged, so that the bee-separating group can not escape, the time is not needed for removing the male and the queen-trapping, the time and the labor are saved, and the loss caused by escaping the group is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first general structural diagram (in normal operation) of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the general structure of the embodiment of the present invention (before bees are separated, when males are removed, and when females are handed over);
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the relationship between an internal frame and a rotating bead according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a disassembled structure of an internal standard frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of an outer frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the top cover according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a top frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic three-dimensional disassembled structure of the bottom frame according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of a second screen according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of an installation structure between a support and a bottom frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view of a nest door according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a door sheet and an anti-theft sheet according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a first view of a thin bar frame structure according to an embodiment of the present invention (when no side bars and no septum are installed);
fig. 14 is a second schematic view of the structure of the nest frame according to the embodiment of the invention (when the side bar and the nest base are installed);
fig. 15 is a disassembled view of the bottom frame mounting structure according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic structural diagram of a hive entrance bar according to an embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 17 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 16;
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view of a honey knife according to an embodiment of the present invention;
in the above drawings: the device comprises a top cover 1, a bottom frame 2, a thin rod frame 3, a frame body 4, a deslagging plate 5, a queen partition plate 6, a feeder 7, absorbent cotton 8, a cotton cloth strip 9, a support 10, support legs 11, an internal standard frame 12, a positioning recess 13, a vertical wedge opening 14, a pull rope 15, an edge strip 16, a thin rod frame support end 17, a rotary pressing strip 18, an external standard frame 19, a first square frame wedge opening 20, a trapping sleeve 21, an auxiliary cover plate 22, a top frame 23, an upper frame vent hole 24, an inner cover pad pier 25, a reserved passage opening 26, a transition frame 27, a movable blocking strip 2828, a multipurpose hole 29, an inclined pedal 30, a nest door sheet 31, an anti-theft sheet 32, a first through hole 33, a second through hole 34, a third through hole 35, a fourth through hole 36, a height limiting elastic sheet 37, a second filter screen 38, a clamping groove 39, a cross tail frame 40, a vertical clapboard 41, a straight rod 42, a transverse blade 43, a vertical blade 44, a lifting lug 45, a transverse strip 46, a connecting plate 47, a hanging plate 48, a first filter screen 49, Covering vent 50, support pad pier 51, nest door assembly 52, honeycomb 53, bottom plate 54, thermal bag 55, diaphragm 56, nest door pocket 57, recess 58.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention is further explained with reference to the drawings and the embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 15, the embodiment provides a apis cerana beehive, which includes an inner frame group, an outer frame group wrapped outside the inner frame group, a top cover 1 detachably connected to the upper end of the inner frame group and covering the upper end of the outer frame group, a bottom frame 2 detachably connected to the inner frame group, and a plurality of thin rod frames 3 placed in the inner frame group, wherein the thin rod frames 3 are used for making honeycomb and fusing and adhering artificial comb bases by bees, and two hanging side strips make the honeycomb 53 not adhere to the inner side of the inner frame 12, and the arrangement of the thin rod frames 3 also makes the apis cerana beehive way not blocked; the top cover 1 has the effects of rain prevention, sun protection and organized drainage besides the edge, the bottom frame 2 comprises a slag removing plate 5 or a queen bee separating plate 6 which are detachably connected, wherein the length and width of the slag removing plate 5 are greater than the length and width of the inner edge of the bottom frame 2, the wax slag generated in the beehive is prevented from falling into the internal corner of the bottom of the beehive easily, the beehive is convenient to clean, nest insects are prevented from breeding, and the queen bee separating plate 6 is provided with holes through which worker bees can pass, so that the queen bee can be trapped to remove male bees, and bee colonies are prevented from escaping; in particular, a bottom plate 54 is also provided below the installed scummer plates 5, connected to the lower end of the bottom frame 2 to close the lower end of the hive, the queen-partitioning plate 6 being replaced only before the occurrence of the hive division and when the drone is removed.
In the embodiment, the outer frame group arranged outside the inner frame group can improve the heat preservation performance of the Chinese bee beehive, the detachable bottom frame 2 is arranged, a feeder 7, water-absorbing cotton 8 and the like can be conveniently placed in the detachable bottom frame, Chinese bees can be conveniently fed and removed, and the temperature and humidity in the Chinese bee beehive can be conveniently adjusted through water contained in the water-absorbing cotton 8; particularly, a cotton cloth strip 9 with the top end abutting against the inner wall of the bottom frame 2 is arranged in the feeder 7, the bottom end of the cotton cloth strip 9 extends into the feeder 7 to be submerged by water, and the worker bees in charge of water collection can suck water only on the cotton cloth strip 9, so that the worker bees can be prevented from falling into the feeder 7 to be submerged by water.
Preferably, the Chinese bee beehive further comprises a support 10, wherein a plurality of supporting pad piers 51 for supporting the inner frame group and the outer frame group are fixedly mounted on the support 10, the Chinese bee beehive further comprises a pull rope 15 with two ends tied to the support 10 for supporting the lower end face of the bottom frame 2, the pull rope 15 can be conveniently untied, when a male bee cover falls on the slag removing plate 5, the pull rope 15 should be untied in time, the bottom frame 2 of the beehive is taken down, and the like, bees are driven away from the lower portion of the hive body, whether a queen bee appears or not is checked, and bee separation preparation is carried out in time;
in particular, the frame 10 comprises a plurality of legs 11 supported on a hard concrete floor or a hard block material, and the upper end of the frame 10 should be kept horizontal, so that the thin rod frames 3 and the honeycomb 53 in the beehive are arranged in order perpendicular to the floor, and the legs 11 are in a splayed shape, so as to have better stability, facilitate overlapping when transporting the frames, and reduce the occupied space.
Preferably, the inner frame group comprises a plurality of inner frame frames 12 which are arranged in a stacked manner, each inner frame 12 comprises two opposite side walls, a plurality of positioning recesses 13 for placing the thin rod frames 3 are formed in the upper ends of the inner walls of one side wall, one thin rod frame 3 is installed by two opposite positioning recesses 13, so that two ends 17 of each thin rod frame 3 can be prevented from being displaced, higher stability of the thin rod frame can be guaranteed in a beehive, vertical wedge openings 14 for connecting the other two side walls are formed in two sides of the inner wall of the other side wall, two sides of the two side walls provided with the positioning recesses 13 are matched with the vertical wedge openings 14, and the inner frame frames 12 can be assembled; particularly, the internal standard frames 12 are stacked, the number of layers can be selected according to actual needs, and when the number of layers is 1-9 frames, each performance of the beehive is optimal.
Preferably, the slender frame 3 comprises a frame body 4 and edgings 16 arranged at both sides of the frame body 4, and a welded artificial comb foundation or a honeycomb 53 made by bees is positioned in the frame body 4; thin rod frame support ends 17 are arranged on two sides of the upper end of the frame body 4, the frame body 4 is abutted against the positioning concave 13 in the internal standard frame 12, and the positioning concave 13 supports the thin rod frame 3 in the internal standard frame 12 through the thin rod frame support ends 17.
Preferably, in order to realize the lamination between the internal standard frames 12 conveniently, the internal frame group further comprises a rotary pressing strip 18 rotatably mounted on the outer wall of the internal standard frame 12, the rotary pressing strip 18 has the function of a handle when the box body is moved, and the rotary pressing strip 18 rotates 180 degrees to enable a part of the rotary pressing strip to exceed the upper end face of the internal standard frame 12 connected with the rotary pressing strip to shield a gap between the rotary pressing strip and the upper frame, and meanwhile, the upper internal standard frame 12 and the lower internal standard frame 12 are clamped together to realize the stable stacking of the two internal standard frames; particularly, the rotation of the rotary pressing bar 18 by 90 degrees also enables a gap to be reserved between the inner frame group and the outer frame group, so that better ventilation and air permeability can be ensured between the inner box group and the outer box group.
Preferably, the outer frame group comprises a plurality of outer frame 19 which are arranged in a stacked manner and correspond to the inner frame 12 one by one, a first frame wedge port 20 is arranged at the upper end of each outer frame 19, a second frame wedge port which is matched with the first frame wedge port 20 to realize the stacking of the outer frames 19 is arranged at the lower end of each outer frame 19, and the stacking of the upper and lower outer frame 19 can be realized through the matching between the first frame wedge port 20 and the second frame wedge port on the upper and lower layers.
Preferably, the inner frame group further comprises a top frame 23 positioned at the upper end of the inner frame 12 at the highest layer, the top frame 23 is provided with a frame upper vent hole 24 communicating the inside of the inner frame group and the outside of the top frame 23 so as to ensure ventilation and air permeability inside and outside the beehive, a plurality of cover inner cushion piers 25 with the lower ends abutting against the upper end face of the top frame 23 are arranged in the top cover 1, the cover inner cushion piers 25 enable a gap to exist between the top cover 1 and the top frame 23 for air flow to pass through, a plurality of cover vent holes 50 communicated with the inside of the inner frame group and the outside of the top cover 1 are further arranged at the lower end of the top cover 1 to further ensure ventilation and air permeability inside and outside the beehive, wherein, the lower end of the top frame 23 is also connected with a first filter screen 49 for preventing bees from going upwards and going out, and an upper bee path is reserved for the bees, the bee feeder is matched with a reserved channel opening 26 arranged in the top frame 23, and bees can enter the feeder 7 arranged in the top frame 23 through the reserved channel opening 26 to feed.
Preferably, in order to catch, eliminate and reduce the enemy of bees, a wasp luring sleeve 21 is further arranged on one of the vent holes 24 in the top frame 23, holes for worker bees to pass through are formed in the luring sleeve 21, the vent hole 24 can be used for the wasp to enter so as to provide a passage for the wasp to enter the wasp luring sleeve 21, a mesh (not shown) which can be passed by the worker bees but cannot be passed by the wasp is arranged on the other vent hole 24 so as to prevent the wasp from entering the beehive, a secondary cover plate 22 is further arranged at the upper end of the top frame 23 in a covering mode so as to prevent the wasp from escaping, a mouse sticking plate is also arranged in the top frame 23 so as to prevent people from being injured when the wasp is caught, and a penetration sleeve is arranged on the vent hole 29 on the bottom movable blocking strip 28 and has the same effect as that the penetration sleeve is arranged on the top frame 23.
Particularly, the peripheral outer edge of the top cover 1 is lengthened (namely the top cover 1 covers the upper end of the outer standard frame 19), so that the position where hot air and external cold air in the beehive are intersected is prolonged, and condensed water generated at the top of the beehive cannot drip into the beehive (drip out of the inner standard frame 12); when the top cover 1 is superposed on the outer frame 19, the cover vent 50 arranged on the top cover 1 plays a role in ventilation; when the auxiliary cover 22 is not provided, the top cover 1 is lengthened, so that external light cannot directly illuminate the inside of the box body.
Preferably, in order to reduce the number of moving inner frame groups, a transition frame 27 is arranged between the bottom frame 2 and the inner frame 12 located at the lowest layer, and plays a role of opening and closing to communicate the bottom frame 2 with the inner frame 12 at the lowest layer, the upper end of the transition frame 27 is fixedly connected with the inner side of the support pad pier 51, so that the inner frame 12 is stacked on the transition frame 27, the support pad pier 51 limits the periphery of the transition frame and prevents the inner frame from separating from the bracket 10, in order to make the inner frame 12 easier to mount, an inclined plane inclined towards the inner frame 12 is arranged on the support pad pier 51, so that the space of the upper end of a square surrounded by all the support pad piers 51 is larger, and the inner frame 12 is easier to clamp; a space is left between the pad piers 51 to ensure ventilation between the inner frame group and the outer frame group.
Preferably, can dismantle on the underframe 2 and be provided with movable blend stop 28, be provided with multi-purpose hole 29 on the movable blend stop 28, enable movable blend stop 28 through multi-purpose hole 29 and conveniently take off from underframe 2, conveniently carry out routine maintenance in the underframe 2, if add water, slagging-off etc. to feeder 7, the well-upper of movable blend stop 28 is provided with one and supplies the honeybee to follow the breach of feeder 7 department down on the beehive upper portion on underframe 2, make things convenient for its drinking water, and simultaneously, nail the top of cotton cloth 9 in breach department, when feeder 7 impels, 9 one end of cotton cloth falls in feeder 7, worker's bee is drinking water on cotton cloth 9 and is divided and be difficult to fall into the aquatic, and cotton cloth 9 can not block that the honeybee is current yet simultaneously.
Preferably, in order to facilitate the bees to enter and exit the beehive, a hive door assembly 52 or a hive door sleeve 57 communicated with the inside and the outside of the hive is further arranged on the bottom frame 2, wherein the hive door assembly 52 comprises an inclined pedal 30 detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame 2, so that the opening of the inclined pedal is wide at the outside and narrow at the inside, the rapid landing of the worker bees when stepping, collecting, flying and returning to the hive is facilitated, the staying time of the worker bees in front of the hive door assembly 52 is reduced, and the chance of the worker bees being caught by the wasps in front of the hive door assembly 52 is correspondingly reduced;
the nest door component 52 also comprises a nest door piece 31 or an anti-theft piece 32, the upper end of which is detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame 2, and the lower end of which is close to the inclined pedal 30, wherein the nest door piece 31 is provided with a first through hole 33 for all bee types to pass through, and the first through hole 33 can also prevent adult cockroaches and geckos from entering the box; when the bee separation is needed, the nest door assembly 52 is replaced by the nest door sleeve 57, the nest door sleeve 57 is provided with third through holes 35 through which all bee types pass and fourth through holes 36 through which only worker bees pass, the third through holes 35 are not communicated with the outside, the fourth through holes 36 are communicated with the inside and the outside of the bottom frame 2, wherein the third through holes 35 arranged on the nest door sleeve 57 are hinged with height limiting elastic pieces 37, when the bees are separated to escape, the male bees and the queen bees cannot escape through the fourth through holes 36 positioned right in front, and only the third through holes 35 with the height limiting elastic pieces 37 arranged on the left side and the right side can be pushed open, at the moment, the male bees and the queen bees enter the bottom frame 2 through the third through holes 35 to be trapped, when the flying escape worker bees find that the queen bees are positioned, the queen bees collectively return to pass through the bottom queen partition plates 6 to be gathered in the bottom frame 2 and the lower part, the lower pull rope 15 is released, the bottom frame 2, corresponding components and the surplus bee colony are gently removed integrally, and the queen separation platform in the original box is treated, if the bee separation is not needed, shaking the bee colony trapped in the beehive bottom frame 2 to enable the worker bee to escape back to the original nest through the queen cell separation plate 6, and then disposing the trapped male bee and queen bee;
in particular, when the gate assembly 52 is positioned on the eastern side of the beehive or in front of it without being blocked by objects, the bees are on average out a few to ten and a few minutes earlier to reach the honey space.
Preferably, still be provided with second filter screen 38 in the underframe 2, the mesh size on it is that the drone lid can drop on except that the slaggy plate 5, and the setting can in time discover to divide the bee heat like this, and be provided with on the second filter screen 38 and supply the card slot 39 of nest door piece 31 or 32 plug, especially, after discovering to remove to have the drone lid on the slaggy plate 5, should in time untie stay cord 15, take off underframe 2 etc. from the honeybee of beehive lower part drive away the honeybee, look over whether the queen bee appears, in time carry out the preparation of dividing the bee, shelve transverse partition plate 56 on the second filter screen 38 on underframe 2, make it divide the no-go information between the bee and not dividing the bee, trade bottom plate 54 for dividing the queen plate 6 simultaneously.
Preferably, when the cross colony needs to be organized, the inner frame group further comprises a cross frame 40 located between the two highest layers of the inner frame 12, three hive door assemblies 52 located on three sides of the cross frame 40 are arranged on the cross frame 40, a vertical partition plate 41 is arranged at a communication part between the cross frame 40 and the inner frame 12 located on the cross frame, a queen partition plate 6 is arranged at the lower end of the cross frame 40, covering cloth is placed on the queen partition plate 6 to block worker bees from passing and transmitting information, and the inner frame 12 can be grouped after the covering cloth is removed, wherein the height of the vertical partition plate 41 is the sum of the height after the cross frame 40 and the inner frame 12 are stacked, a honeycomb 53 with a queen platform or a honeycomb 53 with a queen platform is placed, one to three cross colonies can be organized through the three different hive door assemblies 52 arranged on the side wall of the cross frame 40, and the production of the bee colonies cannot be influenced while the cross colony is organized.
Preferably, the material of the inner frame group comprises wood, or a mixture of clay and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite and polyphenyl particles, or a mixture of cement and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite and polyphenyl particles, wherein the manufacturing process of the non-wood inner frame group is similar to the manufacturing process of a sintered red brick, a model is manufactured firstly, then an adobe is formed manually or mechanically, and the adobe is dried in the shade, in the process of manufacturing the adobe, upper and lower openings of the adobe are pressed into plastic supporting plastic sheets respectively, so that corners of the inner frame 12 in the adobe are not easy to damage in the using process of bee keeping, and the inner frame group is easier to absorb water and emit water compared with a wood beehive, and is faster in batch production and more energy-saving;
preferably, the external standard frame 19 and the top cover 1 both comprise a foam layer and glue-added cement paste or anticorrosive paint coated on the inner wall and the outer wall of the foam layer, so that the external standard frame 19 and the top cover 1 manufactured in the way have the characteristics of light weight and long service life, and simultaneously have the effects of preventing rain and heat radiation, blocking and slowing down heat dissipation and heat transfer.
As shown in fig. 16 to 17, in another embodiment, a comb passing strip for conveniently passing the comb of the apis cerana beehive in the above embodiments is provided, which comprises a cross bar 46 and a plurality of connecting plates 47 vertically fixed on the lower plate surface of the cross bar 46, wherein the lower ends of the connecting plates 47 are fixedly connected with hanging pieces 48 for hanging and lifting the comb 53, wherein one end of the connecting plate 47 near the cross bar 46 is concavely provided with a concave opening 58 for the upper end of the thin rod frame 3 to be placed, when passing the hive, the upper end of the thin rod frame 3 is hung on the upper end of the connecting plate 47, and the comb 53 can be moved or can not be moved out of the comb passing strip after passing the hive successfully.
In another embodiment, as shown in fig. 18, a honey cutting knife for cutting honey of the apis cerana beehive in the above embodiment is provided, which comprises a straight rod 42 and a transverse blade 43 or a vertical blade 44 formed by bending one end of the straight rod 42, and the other end of the straight rod 42 is bent to form an annular lifting lug 45, wherein the length of the vertical part of the straight rod 42 is greater than the height of the fine rod frame 3, so that when the honeycomb 53 in the beehive needs to be cut, the honey cutting knife can be flexibly extended into the beehive to transversely or longitudinally cut the beehive.
Finally, the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, and all of them should be covered in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. A Chinese bee beehive is characterized by comprising an inner frame group, an outer frame group wrapped outside the inner frame group, a top cover detachably connected with the upper end of the inner frame group and covering the upper end of the outer frame group, a bottom frame detachably connected with the inner frame group, and a plurality of thin rod frame frames placed in the inner frame group, wherein the bottom frame comprises a frame body and a slag removing plate or a queen excluder detachably connected with the lower end of the frame body, and the inner frame group comprises a plurality of internal standard frames which are arranged in a stacked mode; the support is fixedly provided with a plurality of supporting cushion piers for supporting the inner frame group and the outer frame group, and the support also comprises a pull rope, two ends of which are tied on the support respectively for supporting the bottom frame; the internal standard frame comprises two groups of side walls which are opposite to each other, the upper end of the inner wall of one group of side walls is provided with a plurality of positioning recesses for placing the thin rod nest frame, and two sides of the inner wall of the other group of side walls are provided with vertical wedge openings for connecting the other two side walls; the bottom frame is also provided with a nest door assembly or a nest door sleeve communicated with the inside and the outside of the bottom frame, wherein the nest door assembly comprises an inclined pedal detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame and a nest door sheet or an anti-theft sheet, the upper end of the nest door sheet is detachably connected with the side wall of the bottom frame, the lower end of the nest door sheet is close to the inclined pedal, the nest door sheet is provided with a first through hole for all bee types to pass through, and the anti-theft sheet is provided with a second through hole for only worker bees to pass through; the nest door sleeve is provided with third through holes for all bee types to pass through and fourth through holes for only worker bees to pass through, and the third through holes arranged on the nest door sleeve are hinged with height-limiting elastic pieces.
2. The apis cerana beehive of claim 1, wherein the inner frame assembly further comprises a rotating bead rotatably mounted on an outer wall of the inner frame, and the rotating bead is rotatable to allow a portion thereof to extend beyond an upper end surface of the inner frame to which it is connected.
3. The apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the outer frame group comprises a plurality of outer frame frames which are stacked and correspond to the inner frame frames one by one, a first frame wedge is arranged at the upper end of each outer frame, and a second frame wedge which is matched with the first frame wedge to realize stacking of the outer frame frames is arranged at the lower end of each outer frame.
4. The apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner frame set further comprises a top frame at the upper end of the inner frame at the highest layer, the top frame is provided with an upper frame ventilation hole for communicating the inner frame set with the outer frame of the top frame, the top cover is provided with a plurality of inner cover pad piers at the lower end thereof, the inner cover pad piers are abutted against the upper end surface of the top frame, the lower end of the top cover is further provided with a plurality of upper cover ventilation holes for communicating the inner frame set with the outer frame of the top cover, and the lower end of the top frame is further connected with a first filter screen.
5. The apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 4, wherein the inner frame group further comprises a cross frame positioned between the two highest layers of the inner frames, the lower opening of the cross frame is provided with a hive door at three sides, a vertical partition plate is arranged at the communication part between the cross frame and the inner frame positioned on the cross frame, the lower end of the cross frame is provided with a queen partition plate, and the middle part of the queen partition plate is provided with equidistant solid strips for the bees to nest.
6. The apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 4, wherein an inducing sleeve is further arranged in the top frame, the inducing sleeve is provided with holes for worker bees to pass through, the upper end of the top frame is further covered with an auxiliary cover plate, and the top frame is further provided with a reserved channel opening opposite to the vent hole on the frame.
7. A Apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 1, wherein a transition frame is arranged between the bottom frame and the internal standard frame at the lowest layer, and the upper end of the transition frame is fixedly connected with the inner side of the supporting pad pier.
8. A apis mellifera bee hive as claimed in claim 1, wherein the bottom frame is detachably provided with a movable barrier, and the movable barrier is provided with a plurality of holes.
9. The apis cerana beehive as claimed in claim 1, wherein a second filter screen is further arranged in the bottom frame, and a slot for inserting and pulling out the hive entrance piece or the anti-theft piece is arranged on the second filter screen.
10. A apis mellifera hive according to claim 1, wherein the slender frames comprise frame bodies for the foundation installation and the comb nesting fixation and side bars arranged on both sides of the frame bodies.
11. The apis mellifera hive of claim 1, wherein the material of the inner frame members comprises wood, or a mixture of clay and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite, and polyphenyl particles, or a mixture of cement and wood chips, rice hulls, perlite, and polyphenyl particles.
12. The apis cerana beehive of claim 3, wherein the outer frame and the top cover both comprise a foam layer and a rubberized cement paste or an anticorrosive paint coated on the inner and outer walls of the foam layer.
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