JP4191367B2 - Beehive for beekeeping - Google Patents

Beehive for beekeeping Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4191367B2
JP4191367B2 JP2000164022A JP2000164022A JP4191367B2 JP 4191367 B2 JP4191367 B2 JP 4191367B2 JP 2000164022 A JP2000164022 A JP 2000164022A JP 2000164022 A JP2000164022 A JP 2000164022A JP 4191367 B2 JP4191367 B2 JP 4191367B2
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Prior art keywords
nest
box
nest box
plate
hive
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JP2001340038A (en
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岑生 今里
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岑生 今里
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【0001】
【発明の属する技術分野】
本発明は、蜂蜜を採取する養蜂用の巣箱に関し、特に日本ミツバチを使用して行う養蜂用の巣箱に関する。
【0002】
【従来の技術】
一般に行われている養蜂は、西洋ミツバチを使用して行われ、西洋ミツバチを使用する養蜂では、内部に複数の巣板を挿入した巣箱が使用され、巣箱内の各巣板にミツバチの巣が形成される。特に、巣板には、ハニカム形状を持った板状の特殊な巣礎が設けられ、西洋ミツバチはその巣礎の両側に良好に巣を板状に作る性質があるため、そのような巣礎を張設した巣板を巣箱に挿入して、養蜂が行われている。
【0003】
【発明が解決しようとする課題】
ところで、日本には古くから野生の日本ミツバチが存在し、野山の木々の室などに多くの日本ミツバチが自然に営巣している。しかし、このような日本ミツバチは、従来、殆ど養蜂に使用されることはなかった。その理由として、西洋ミツバチは、巣礎を設けた巣板を巣箱に挿入しておけば、比較的容易に巣を作り、蜜を採取した後の巣の再生も早く、蜂蜜の収穫量も多い。しかし、日本ミツバチは、野生の性質が強いために、巣礎を設けた巣板に日本ミツバチの巣を付けて、営巣を行わせようとしても、蜂は巣礎を食い破ってしまい、西洋ミツバチのために作られた巣箱では、巣を大きくすることができず、蜂蜜の採取も良好に行えない。
【0004】
このような理由から、日本ミツバチを使用しての養蜂は、西洋ミツバチを使用する養蜂に比べ、大幅に蜂蜜の収穫量が少ないために、殆ど行われていないのが現状であるが、日本ミツバチの蜂蜜は、密度が高く濃厚であることから、日本ミツバチを用いての養蜂の改善が要望されていた。
【0005】
本発明は、上記の点に鑑みてなされたもので、日本ミツバチを用いて養蜂を良好に行うことができる養蜂用の巣箱を提供することを目的とする。
【0006】
【課題を解決するための手段】
上記目的を達成するために、本発明の養蜂用の巣箱は、日本ミツバチに営巣を行なわせて養蜂を行なう養蜂用の巣箱であって、少なくとも上から第一段巣箱と第二段巣箱を含む各段巣箱が分離可能に上下に組み付けられて縦長の箱形に該巣箱が形成され、該第一段巣箱と第二段巣箱の間が細い針金または刃物を挿通可能な平面を分離面として形成され、該第一段巣箱の上部に蓋板が着脱可能に被せられ、該蓋板の側面を含む該巣箱の側壁部に複数の通気孔が設けられ、該通気孔には金網が張設され、該第一段巣箱の上部に、両側に隙間を形成した状態で内蓋板が取り外し可能に取り付けられ、該蓋板は該内蓋板の上に空間を設けて覆うように該第一段巣箱の上部に被せられ、最下段巣箱の底部には底板が取り外し可能に取り付けられ、該第一段巣箱を取り外して採蜜した際には、該第二段巣箱の上部に該内蓋板を取り付け、該内蓋板の上から該蓋板を被せ、該最下段巣箱の底部から該底板を外し、該最下段巣箱の下に新たな最下段巣箱を組み付けることを特徴とする。
【0007】
【作用・効果
このような養蜂用の巣箱では、従来使用されていた巣礎を張設した巣板を使用せずに、箱形の巣箱内の空間に巣を作らせるようにするため、野生の性質が強い日本ミツバチであっても、巣を十分に大きくすることができ、日本ミツバチを利用して多くの蜂蜜を収穫することができる。
【0008】
また、蜂蜜を収穫する際には、上から第一段巣箱と第二段巣箱の間に細い針金または刃物を通して水平方向に動かすことにより、巣箱内の蜂の巣の上部を切り離し、取り外した第一段巣箱内から蜂の巣を取り出してその蜂の巣から蜂蜜を採取する。その後、第二段巣箱の開口した上面に、蓋板を被せると共に巣箱の最下段に新たな最下段巣箱を取り付けて、日本ミツバチに営巣を継続させる。
【0009】
これにより、蜂蜜を採取した後も、更に蜂の巣を大きして蜂蜜を採取することができ、野山に自然に生息する野生の日本ミツバチを利用して、良好に養蜂を行うことができ、日本ミツバチ特有の濃厚で美味しい蜂蜜を、より多く収穫することができる。
【0010】
【発明の実施の形態】
以下、本発明の実施の形態を図面に基づいて説明する。日本ミツバチを用いて養蜂を行う場合、図1に示すような巣箱1を使用する。この巣箱1は、第一段巣箱2、第二段巣箱3、及び第三段巣箱4を、重ねて上から下に縦に連結した、縦長の木箱から形成される。第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3には底板がなく、内部空間が連通し、最下段となる第三段巣箱4には底板4aが取付られる。また、第三段巣箱4の正面下部に、細い横長の入口開口部7がミツバチの出入りのために設けられる。
【0011】
第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間、及び第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4の間は、側壁となる板の端部を突き合わせただけの形状に形成され、上下の巣箱の当接面は水平な一平面内に位置し、後述の日本ミツバチの営巣後、蜂の巣を切り出す際、その間から切断用の細い針金や刃物を差し入れて巣を切断可能としている。
【0012】
このように、側壁の上端部と下端部を当接させただけの第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間、及び第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4の間の角部には、板を直角に曲折した形状のアングル材形の固定具15が、木ねじ等で取外し可能に固定され、第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間、及び第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4の間を連結している。最下段の第三段巣箱4の正面側には、小さい通気孔8が入口開口部7の両側に設けられ、その背面側には縦長の通気孔12が設けられると共に、その両側下部に小さい通気孔13が設けられる。それらの通気孔8、12、13には、全て金網14が張設され、スムシ(ガの幼虫等)の巣箱内への侵入を防いでいる。
【0013】
図3の断面図に示すように、巣箱1の最上段の第一段巣箱2の上に、内蓋板6が取り付けられる。この内蓋板6は、巣箱1内で形成される蜂の巣の上部を付着・保持させるための天井板となるものであるが、その付近の通気性をよくするために、内蓋板6の両側に隙間6aを形成した状態で内蓋板6が取り付けられ、巣箱内の空気を上方に逃すように、内蓋板6の上側に空間を介して、蓋板5が第一段巣箱2の上を覆うように被せられる。
【0014】
蓋板5は矩形板の周囲に、第一段巣箱2の上部を囲う枠板5aを取り付けて形成され、蓋板5を内蓋板6の上で第一段巣箱2の上部に被せた場合、蓋板5と内蓋板6との間に通気用の隙間ができるように、蓋板5は形成される。つまり、図3の断面図に示すように、第一段巣箱2の上部側壁の周囲に枠体が取り付けられ、その上に蓋板5が載ってその内側に空間を作るように、蓋板5が被せられる。なお、蓋板5の枠板の下部に段差部を設け、蓋板5が少し浮かせた状態で第一段巣箱2の上部に被せるようにしてもよく、また、第一段巣箱2の側壁の上端部に段差部を設けることによって、蓋板5を少し浮かせた状態で第一段巣箱2の上に嵌めることもできる。
【0015】
蓋板5の側壁を形成する枠板5aの前面には、小さい通気孔9が両側に設けられ、その枠板5aの側面には、横長の通気孔10が両側に設けられ、さらにその背面に、横長の通気孔11が両側に設けられる。これらの通気孔9、10、11には、スムシの侵入を防止するための金網14が張設される。蓋板5は第一段巣箱2の上に着脱可能に被せられる。
【0016】
日本ミツバチを用いて養蜂を行う場合、まず、春の繁殖期に、上記構成の巣箱1を森の中等の適当な場所に設置し、分封した日本ミツバチをその巣箱1に導き、巣箱1内で巣作りを開始させる。野山に自然に営巣している日本ミツバチは、春になって、一つの巣に複数の女王蜂が生まれた場合、女王蜂は一部の男蜂や働き蜂をつれてその巣を離れ、分封する。このように分封した女王蜂を持つ分封ミツバチ群を巣箱1に導き、その中で巣を作らせる。
【0017】
日本ミツバチは巣箱1の中で、巣作りを始め、暫くして蜂の巣20を天井の内蓋板6から吊り下げるように作り、巣を大きくしていく。春から夏に近づくと、気温が上昇し、巣箱1内の温度や湿度も上昇するが、巣箱1の上の蓋板5の四方に通気孔9、10、11が開けられているから、通気を行なって、巣箱1内の温度や湿度を下げることができる。また、日本ミツバチは、スムシ(巣箱内に入り込むガ等の幼虫)に対し非常に弱く、スムシが巣箱1内に侵入すると、営巣を放棄してしまうが、通気孔には金網14が張設してあるから、スムシの侵入を防ぎ、営巣を継続させて、蜂の巣を充分に大きくすることができる。
【0018】
このような状態で、春から夏になると、日本ミツバチは、その蜂の巣20を、第一段巣箱2から第二段巣箱3、第三段巣箱4にかけて大きくし、多数の幼虫を育てると共に、その上部つまり第一段巣箱2内の巣に、蜂蜜の貯蔵室を作り、蜜を貯蔵していく。
【0019】
蜜の貯蔵室が大きくなったところで、第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間の固定具15を外し、第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間に細い針金または刃物を挿入して水平に動かすことにより、巣箱1内の蜂の巣20を第一段巣箱2と第二段巣箱3の間で切断する。そして、第一段巣箱2をその下の第二段巣箱3から分離させて、取り外す。このとき、第二段巣箱3内の蜂の巣20は、その側部が第二段巣箱3の側壁に付着・保持されているので、蜂の巣20の下の部分が落下することはない。このようにして、取り外した第一段巣箱2内の蜂の巣20がそこからから切り取られ、その蜂の巣から蜂蜜が採取される。
【0020】
第一段巣箱2を分離した後の第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4は、その第一段巣箱2の上部から外した内蓋板6を、第二段巣箱3の上部に隙間6aを両側に設けた状態で固定し、さらにその上から蓋板5を被せる。そして、第三段巣箱4の底板4aを取り外し、第三段巣箱4の下部に、図示しない第四段巣箱を組み合わせて固定具15によって固定し、第四段巣箱の底部に底板4aを固定して、元の三段の巣箱を再構成する。この場合、蜂の巣を外した後の第一段巣箱2を第四段巣箱として用いることも勿論可能である。
【0021】
また、第一段巣箱2を取り外した後の第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4内の蜂の巣がそれほど大きくなく、空間的に余裕がある場合には、第四段巣箱を取り付けずに、第二段巣箱3の上部に、内蓋板6と蓋板5を取り付けただけの二段巣箱の構成、つまり第二段巣箱3と第三段巣箱4だけの二段巣箱で、その後の日本ミツバチの営巣を継続させるようにしてもよい。
【0022】
この後、巣箱1内では、働き蜂によって巣が修復されて、再び巣の上部に蜂蜜が貯蔵され、その蜜を同様に採取することができる。このようにして採取された日本ミツバチの蜂蜜は、西洋ミツバチの蜂蜜に比べ、密度が高く濃厚で美味しく、健康食品等として珍重され、各種の料理の材料としても良好に使用される。
【0023】
蜂の巣20が巣箱1の略全体まで大きくなると、蜂の巣20の下部に王室が形成され、そこで女王蜂の幼虫が生まれる。女王蜂は通常、生まれて21日で成虫になるため、成虫になる3日前にその蜂の巣20の王室部分を抜き取り、それを別の新しい巣箱1に入れる。誕生した女王蜂の分封ミツバチ群はその巣箱1で分封し新たに巣作りを開始する。このため、以後は、巣箱1内で人工的に分封させ、日本ミツバチの巣の数を容易に増やし、蜂蜜の収穫量を増やしていくことができる。
【0024】
このように養蜂を行うことにより、野生の性質の強い日本ミツバチを使用して、美味しく密度の高い蜂蜜を、効率よく採取することができ、日本ミツバチの蜂蜜の収穫量を従来に比べ、大幅に増大することができる。
【0025】
なお、上記実施の形態では、巣箱1の構成を第一段巣箱2、第二段巣箱3、第三段巣箱4の三段構成としたが、二段構成、或は四段構成とすることもできる。
【図面の簡単な説明】
【図1】本発明の養蜂方法を実施する巣箱の一例を示す斜視図である。
【図2】巣箱1の背面図である。
【図3】巣箱1の断面図である。
【図4】日本ミツバチが営巣した状態の巣箱1の断面図である。
【図5】第一段巣箱2を分離した状態の断面図である。
【符号の説明】
1−巣箱
2−第一段巣箱
3−第二段巣箱
4−第三段巣箱
5−蓋板
6−内蓋板
20−蜂の巣
[0001]
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a nesting box for beekeeping collecting honey relates hives for row UYo bees especially using Japanese bee.
[0002]
[Prior art]
Common beekeeping is performed using western bees. In beekeeping using western bees, a nest box with a plurality of nest plates inserted therein is used. It is formed. In particular, the nest plate is provided with a special nest foundation with a honeycomb shape, and the western bees have the property of forming a nest well on both sides of the nest foundation. A beehive is carried out by inserting a nest board in which the lantern is stretched into the nest box.
[0003]
[Problems to be solved by the invention]
By the way, wild Japanese bees have existed in Japan for a long time, and many Japanese bees naturally nest in trees in the mountains of Noyama. However, such Japanese bees have heretofore been hardly used for beekeeping. The reason for this is that if a nest plate with a nest foundation is inserted into the nest box, the western bee will make a nest relatively easily, the nest will be regenerated quickly after collecting the nectar, and the amount of honey will be high. . However, because Japanese bees are strong in nature, even if you try to nest them by attaching them to a nest board with a nest foundation, the bees will eat away the nest foundation, In a nest box made for the purpose, the nest cannot be enlarged and honey cannot be collected well.
[0004]
For this reason, bee-keeping using Japanese bees is currently rarely done because honey yields are significantly lower than bee-keeping using western bees. Because of its high density and honey, there has been a demand for improvement of beekeeping using Japanese bees.
[0005]
The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object thereof is to provide a nesting box for beekeeping which can be satisfactorily beekeeping with Japan bee.
[0006]
[Means for Solving the Problems]
To achieve the above object, hives for beekeeping according to the present invention is to perform the nesting Japan bees a beehive for beekeeping performing beekeeping, comprising a first stage beehive and the second stage beehive from the top of at least Each hive box is assembled in a vertically long form so that it can be separated, and the hive box is formed in a vertically long box shape, and a plane between which the thin nest box or blade can be inserted is formed as a separation surface between the first hive box and the second hive box A cover plate is detachably placed on the top of the first nest box, and a plurality of vent holes are provided in a side wall portion of the nest box including a side surface of the cover plate, and a metal mesh is stretched over the vent hole. An inner lid plate is removably attached to the upper portion of the first step nest box with a gap formed on both sides, and the lid plate covers the inner lid plate so as to provide a space. A top plate is placed on the top of the nest box, and a bottom plate is removably attached to the bottom of the bottom nest box. When the nest box is removed and harvested, the inner lid plate is attached to the top of the second nest box, the lid plate is placed on the inner lid plate, and the bottom plate is removed from the bottom of the lowermost nest box. A new lowest nest box is assembled below the lowest nest box.
[0007]
[Action / Effect ]
In beehive such a beekeeping, without using a nest plate having stretched the Suishizue which is conventionally used, in order to allow made a nest in the space in the nest box of box-shaped, strong nature of the wild Even Japanese bees can make their nests large enough to harvest a lot of honey using Japanese bees.
[0008]
When harvesting honey, the upper part of the beehive in the nest box is separated and removed by moving it horizontally through a thin wire or blade between the first and second hive boxes from above. Remove the beehive from the nest box and collect honey from the beehive. Thereafter, the open top surface of the second stage hives, with putting the cover plate, by attaching a new lowermost hives the bottom of the nest box, to continue the nesting Japan bee.
[0009]
As a result, even after collecting honey, the honey can be further expanded to collect honey, and it is possible to perform good beekeeping using wild Japanese bees that naturally inhabit Noyama. It is possible to harvest more unique and rich delicious honey.
[0010]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. When beekeeping is performed using Japanese bees, a nest box 1 as shown in FIG. 1 is used. The nest box 1 is formed of a vertically long wooden box in which a first-stage nest box 2, a second-stage nest box 3, and a third-stage nest box 4 are stacked and connected vertically from top to bottom. The first nest box 2 and the second nest box 3 do not have a bottom plate, the internal space communicates, and the bottom plate 4a is attached to the third nest box 4 which is the lowest level. In addition, a narrow horizontally long entrance opening 7 is provided in the lower front portion of the third nesting box 4 for the entrance and exit of bees.
[0011]
Between the first nest box 2 and the second nest box 3, and between the second nest box 3 and the third nest box 4, the top and bottom nest boxes are formed by just abutting the end portions of the side walls. The abutment surface is located in a horizontal plane, and when a honeycomb is cut out after the nesting of a Japanese bee, which will be described later, a thin wire or a cutting tool is inserted between them to cut the nest.
[0012]
In this way, at the corners between the first nesting box 2 and the second nesting box 3 and between the second nesting box 3 and the third nesting box 4 with the upper and lower ends of the side walls being in contact with each other. The angle-shaped fixture 15 having a shape bent at a right angle is fixed so as to be removable with a wood screw or the like, between the first nesting box 2 and the second nesting box 3 and between the second nesting box 3 and the second nesting box 3. The three nest boxes 4 are connected. Small vents 8 are provided on both sides of the inlet opening 7 on the front side of the lowermost third stage hive box 4, and vertically long vents 12 are provided on the back side thereof, while small vents are provided on the lower sides of both sides. A pore 13 is provided. All of these vent holes 8, 12 and 13 are stretched with a wire mesh 14 to prevent the intrusion of worms (eg, moth larvae) into the nest box.
[0013]
As shown in the cross-sectional view of FIG. 3, an inner lid plate 6 is attached on the uppermost first nest box 2 of the nest box 1. The inner lid plate 6 serves as a ceiling plate for adhering and holding the upper part of the honeycomb formed in the hive 1, and in order to improve the air permeability in the vicinity thereof, both sides of the inner lid plate 6 are provided. The inner cover plate 6 is attached in a state where a gap 6a is formed on the upper cover plate 5 so that the air in the nest box escapes upward through the space above the inner cover plate 6 so that the cover plate 5 To cover.
[0014]
The cover plate 5 is formed by attaching a frame plate 5a surrounding the upper portion of the first nest box 2 around the rectangular plate, and the cover plate 5 is put on the upper portion of the first step nest box 2 on the inner cover plate 6. The cover plate 5 is formed so that a gap for ventilation is formed between the cover plate 5 and the inner cover plate 6. That is, as shown in the cross-sectional view of FIG. 3, the cover plate 5 is attached so that a frame is attached around the upper side wall of the first nest box 2 and the cover plate 5 is placed on the frame to create a space inside thereof. Is put on. In addition, a step portion may be provided at the lower part of the frame plate of the cover plate 5 so that the cover plate 5 is slightly lifted and covered on the upper portion of the first nesting box 2. By providing a step portion at the upper end portion, the lid plate 5 can be fitted on the first nest box 2 with the cover plate 5 slightly lifted.
[0015]
Small vent holes 9 are provided on both sides on the front surface of the frame plate 5a forming the side wall of the cover plate 5, laterally vent holes 10 are provided on both sides on the side surface of the frame plate 5a, and further on the back surface thereof. The horizontally long vent holes 11 are provided on both sides. A wire mesh 14 is stretched over the vent holes 9, 10, and 11 to prevent the intrusion of the smooth paper. The cover plate 5 is detachably put on the first nest box 2.
[0016]
When beekeeping is performed using Japanese bees, first, in the spring breeding season, the nest box 1 having the above-described configuration is installed in an appropriate place such as in the forest, and the separated Japanese bees are guided to the nest box 1 and the nest inside the nest box 1 Start making. Japanese honeybees that nest naturally in Noyama, in the spring, when multiple queen bees are born in a single nest, the queen bees leave some of the male and worker bees and leave the nest. A group of bees with queen bees separated in this way is led to the nest box 1 and a nest is formed in it.
[0017]
The Japanese bees begin to make nests in the nest box 1, and make the honeycombs 20 to hang from the inner cover plate 6 on the ceiling for a while to enlarge the nests. As it approaches from summer to summer, the temperature rises and the temperature and humidity in the nest box 1 also rises. However, ventilation holes 9, 10, 11 are opened in the four sides of the cover plate 5 on the nest box 1. The temperature and humidity in the hive 1 can be lowered. Japanese bees are very weak against worms (larvae such as moths that enter the nest box), and when the worms enter the nest box 1, the nesting is abandoned. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the invasion of worms, continue the nesting, and make the honeycomb sufficiently large.
[0018]
In this state, from spring to summer, the Japanese bee grows its honeycomb 20 from the first nest box 2 to the second nest box 3 and the third nest box 4 to grow a large number of larvae. In the upper part, that is, in the nest in the first nest box 2, a honey storage room is created to store the honey.
[0019]
When the nectar storage chamber has grown, remove the fixture 15 between the first nest box 2 and the second nest box 3, and insert a thin wire or blade between the first nest box 2 and the second nest box 3. Then, the honeycomb 20 in the nest box 1 is cut between the first nest box 2 and the second nest box 3 by moving it horizontally. Then, the first nest box 2 is separated from the second nest box 3 below and removed. At this time, since the side part of the honeycomb 20 in the second nest box 3 is attached and held to the side wall of the second nest box 3, the part below the honeycomb 20 does not fall. In this way, the honeycomb 20 in the removed first-stage hive 2 is cut from the honeycomb, and honey is collected from the honeycomb.
[0020]
After the first nest box 2 is separated, the second nest box 3 and the third nest box 4 have an inner cover plate 6 removed from the upper part of the first nest box 2 and a gap 6a in the upper part of the second nest box 3. Is fixed in a state where it is provided on both sides, and a cover plate 5 is placed thereon. Then, the bottom plate 4a of the third nest box 4 is removed, and a fourth step nest box (not shown) is combined and fixed to the lower part of the third nest box 4 with the fixture 15, and the bottom plate 4a is fixed to the bottom of the fourth nest box 4. And reconstruct the original three-stage birdhouse. In this case, it is of course possible to use the first nest box 2 after removing the beehive as the fourth nest box.
[0021]
In addition, when the honeycombs in the second and third nesting boxes 3 and 4 after the removal of the first and second nesting boxes 2 are not so large and there is room in the space, without attaching the fourth nesting box, The structure of a two-stage nest box in which the inner lid plate 6 and the lid plate 5 are simply attached to the upper part of the second nest box 3, that is, a two-stage nest box consisting of only the second and third nest boxes 4, and then Japan The bee nesting may be continued.
[0022]
Thereafter, in the nest box 1, the nest is restored by the working bees, and the honey is stored again in the upper part of the nests, and the nectar can be collected in the same manner. The Japanese honeybee honey collected in this way is denser, richer and more delicious than western honeybee honey, is valued as a health food, etc., and is used well as a material for various dishes.
[0023]
When the beehive 20 grows to substantially the entire hive 1, a royal family is formed below the beehive 20, where a queen bee larva is born. Since a queen bee usually becomes an adult on the 21st day after birth, the royal part of the beehive 20 is extracted 3 days before becoming an adult, and it is put in another new nest box 1. The queen bee group that was born is sealed in its nest box 1 and begins to build a new nest. For this reason, thereafter, it can be artificially sealed in the nest box 1 to easily increase the number of Japanese bee nests and increase the yield of honey.
[0024]
By carrying out beekeeping in this way, it is possible to efficiently collect delicious and dense honey using Japanese wild bees with a strong wild nature, and the honey yield of Japanese bees is significantly higher than before. Can be increased.
[0025]
In the above embodiment, the nest box 1 has a three-stage structure of the first-stage nest box 2, the second-stage nest box 3, and the third-stage nest box 4. However, the nest box 1 has a two-stage structure or a four-stage structure. You can also.
[Brief description of the drawings]
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an example of a nest box for carrying out the beekeeping method of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a rear view of the nest box 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the hive 1.
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the nest box 1 with a Japanese bee nesting.
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a state where the first nest box 2 is separated.
[Explanation of symbols]
1-nesting box 2-first nest box 3-second nest box 4-third nest box 5-lid plate 6-inner lid plate 20-honey bee

Claims (1)

日本ミツバチに営巣を行なわせて養蜂を行なう養蜂用の巣箱であって、
少なくとも上から第一段巣箱と第二段巣箱を含む各段巣箱が分離可能に上下に組み付けられて縦長の箱形に該巣箱が形成され、該第一段巣箱と第二段巣箱の間が細い針金または刃物を挿通可能な平面を分離面として形成され、該第一段巣箱の上部に蓋板が着脱可能に被せられ、該蓋板の側面を含む該巣箱の側壁部に複数の通気孔が設けられ、該通気孔には金網が張設され、該第一段巣箱の上部に、両側に隙間を形成した状態で内蓋板が取り外し可能に取り付けられ、該蓋板該内蓋板の上に空間を設けて覆うように該第一段巣箱の上部に被せられ、最下段巣箱の底部には底板が取り外し可能に取り付けられ、該第一段巣箱を取り外して採蜜した際には、該第二段巣箱の上部に該内蓋板を取り付け、該内蓋板の上から該蓋板を被せ、該最下段巣箱の底部から該底板を外し、該最下段巣箱の下に新たな最下段巣箱を組み付けることを特徴とする養蜂用の巣箱。
A beekeeping nest box that allows Japanese bees to nesting and beekeeping,
At least from the top, each hive including the first hive and the second hive is assembled up and down in a separable manner to form the hive in a vertically long box shape, and the gap between the first hive and the second hive is A plane through which a thin wire or blade can be inserted is formed as a separation surface, and a lid plate is detachably placed on the top of the first nest box, and a plurality of vent holes are formed in the side wall portion of the nest box including the side surface of the lid plate is provided, the vent pores are stretched wire mesh, on top of the first stage hives, the inner cover plate removably mounted in a state of forming a clearance on both sides, the lid plate inner cover plate The top plate of the first nest box is covered with a space above the first nest box, and the bottom plate is detachably attached to the bottom of the bottom nest box. Attaching the inner lid plate to the upper part of the second nest box, covering the lid plate from above the inner lid plate, Of removing the bottom plate from the bottom, hives for beekeeping, characterized in that assembling the new lowermost hives under outermost lower hives.
JP2000164022A 2000-06-01 2000-06-01 Beehive for beekeeping Expired - Fee Related JP4191367B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2000164022A JP4191367B2 (en) 2000-06-01 2000-06-01 Beehive for beekeeping

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105961340A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-28 三江县连兴蛇业有限公司 Wasp breeding box

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US9485968B2 (en) 2011-10-28 2016-11-08 Carl Jackson Beehive system
JP5872990B2 (en) * 2012-09-28 2016-03-01 鹿島建設株式会社 Honeybee bee detection system and method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105961340A (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-09-28 三江县连兴蛇业有限公司 Wasp breeding box

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