CN112021263B - Bee keeping method using circulating combined frame beehive - Google Patents

Bee keeping method using circulating combined frame beehive Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112021263B
CN112021263B CN202011034103.1A CN202011034103A CN112021263B CN 112021263 B CN112021263 B CN 112021263B CN 202011034103 A CN202011034103 A CN 202011034103A CN 112021263 B CN112021263 B CN 112021263B
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honey
frame
bee
bees
circulating
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CN112021263A (en
Inventor
赖康
刘志辉
王顺海
舒长斌
王斌
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Sichuan Bee Industry Management Station
Sichuan Apiculture Technology Development Institute
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Sichuan Bee Industry Management Station
Sichuan Apiculture Technology Development Institute
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/02Construction or arrangement of frames for honeycombs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K47/00Beehives
    • A01K47/06Other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions or bee escapes

Abstract

The invention discloses a beekeeping method using a circulating combined frame beehive, which is applied to a circulating combined frame feeding box and comprises the following steps: manufacturing a circulating combined frame feeding box, installing a honey powder brood comb, introducing bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box, performing daily management and collecting honey; the Chinese bees are raised in the circulating combined frame raising box, the number of bee colonies is correspondingly adjusted according to different time intervals, and the honey bees are cut and pushed up layer by layer according to the maturity of all sealing covers of the honey on the upper layer of each frame, and a new sliding sleeve is added on the lower layer. The beehive breeding method has the advantages that the beehive breeding method is suitable for beehives and matched frames with Chinese bees biological characteristics, simplicity, high efficiency and strong applicability, bee-keeping efficiency is improved, and bee-keeping benefits are increased.

Description

Bee keeping method using circulating combined frame beehive
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bee feeding, in particular to a bee-keeping method by using a circulating combined frame beehive.
Background
Chinese honeybee (Chinese bee for short) is a unique bee variety in China, has the characteristics of sensitive smell, favorability for collecting sporadic honey powder sources and the like, is suitable for feeding in vast mountainous areas and hilly areas in China, produces high-quality honey and has ecological value of pollination, and is irreplaceable by western honeybees (western bee for short). However, due to the lack of scientific breeding management technology in many places, the old cylindrical beekeeping habit lasting for thousands of years is still reserved, the problems of flying escape of bee groups, disease prevention and control and the like are difficult to overcome, large-scale breeding is not realized, and the economic benefit is low.
The invention relates to a movable frame beehive for feeding western bees, in the eighteenth century, a bee-keeping family Langshi Raishi, wherein the movable frame is a rectangular frame made of wood or plastic through manual production, bees build a single honeycomb in the frame, and the formed honeycomb can move, so that the honeycomb can be conveniently lifted out to check the conditions of bee colony breeding, diseases and the like, the honeycomb is not damaged by taking honey, the honeycomb can be repeatedly used for many times, the honey yield is obviously improved, and the disease and pest can be prevented and controlled. The live-framed beehive and the matched beehive technology are introduced into China for raising Chinese bees in the early nineteenth century, compared with a cylindrical beehive, the live-framed beehive has relative advantages in the aspects of raising management of bee colonies, breeding and bee-separating, honey yield and the like, but has high requirements on the raising management technology of beekeepers, is difficult to comprehensively master in a short time and is blindly popularized in a large area for vast mountainous farmers with low culture level, and is often suitable for the contrary; in addition, the langshi movable frame beehive is not completely suitable for the biological characteristics of Chinese bees, and the feeding of the Chinese bees by the langshi movable frame beehive has certain limitation. Therefore, it is necessary to design a beehive and a matching frame suitable for the biological characteristics of Chinese bees, simple and efficient, and strong in applicability for farmers who take bees in mountainous areas, so that the bee-keeping efficiency is improved, and the bee-keeping benefit is increased.
Biological characteristics of Chinese bee
1. "happy and new and tired" of honeycomb by Chinese bee "
The 'happiness and aversion to the old' is the standard for selecting the honeycomb by Chinese bees according to the living needs, and is closely related to the reproduction and multiplication quality of the Chinese bees. The Chinese bees attack the old honeycomb actively or bite the old honeycomb to damage the old honeycomb, and a new honeycomb is rebuilt; or abandon and escape, under the condition of breeding, spreading and weak resistance of pests and diseases, the whole group of bees immigrate, and a new site is selected and stored again.
2. 'xi-quiet-taboo-movement, clustering and dwelling'
The habit of Chinese bees that like to be quiet, avoid to move and cluster to live can effectively avoid the enemy, and is the result of long-term evolution selection. Wild Chinese bees living in tree holes and rock holes are usually constructed into hemispheres according to the shapes of the holes, and under the condition of unmanned management, the wild Chinese bees are strong in group, high in yield and small in diseases.
3. The function division of the upper honey storage and lower child raising areas of the honeycomb is clear
The function of the Chinese bee honeycomb is as follows: the upper part is used for storing honey and bee bread, and the lower part is used for breeding offspring, which is the specific expression of the Chinese bee for dividing the honeycomb functional area. The Chinese bees generally nest from top to bottom from a connector at the top of the honeycomb, when the wild bee colony in the tree hole has sufficient outside honey powder source, the bee colony can continuously build a new spleen downwards as long as enough space is reserved below the bee colony, the old spleen is used for storing honey, and the new spleen is used for reproducing offspring.
(II) the disadvantages of the grid beehive breeding and the moving frame breeding method
1. The disadvantages of the breeding method of the lattice beehive
Firstly, the inspection of can't unpacking, be difficult to the accurate internal condition of judgement bee colony, can't make accurate administrative measure. If the conditions of bee separation, spleen building, queen breeding, child production and the like are not timely mastered, a group of bees are continuously separated for two or three times in the bee separation season, and unnecessary loss is caused.
Secondly, the quality control of honey is not strict. When the honey is collected, the honey can be taken out only after the uppermost layer is completely covered, the collecting period is long, and the immature honey on the side spleen can be taken out together with the immature honey carelessly, so that the quality of the honey is influenced.
Thirdly, the prevention and treatment of the plant diseases and insect pests are inconvenient. The internal conditions of the bee colony can only be observed and estimated through the appearance of the box, the growth, the propagation and the pest and disease damage conditions of the bees cannot be accurately mastered, and corresponding management measures are difficult to take.
2. The disadvantage of the live frame breeding method
Firstly, the area of a single honeycomb is too large and the honeycomb is transversely placed. Because the Chinese bee colony potential is smaller than that of the western bees, the Chinese bee colony only has the bee quantity of one third to one half of that of the western bees, and is favored to be clustered and live. The transversely placed Langerhans standard frame is not beneficial to the medium bees to be combined into a hemispherical bee group, and the nest temperature adjustment and the disease and enemy defense are influenced.
Secondly, the technology is difficult to master. Due to the fact that feeding management technology is complicated, attention is paid to details, the culture level of a beekeeper is not high, comprehensive control is difficult, pest and disease damage is serious, bee colonies are difficult to develop virtuously, and the production advantages of Chinese bees cannot be exerted.
Thirdly, the quality of honey is difficult to control. Mature honey areas and non-mature honey areas on the honeycomb are not separated during live frame feeding, and the non-mature honey is mixed into commercial honey during honey taking, so that the concentration of the produced separated honey is not high, and the market price of the separated honey is not higher than that of the fully-covered mature honey produced by the earth method feeding.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of the existing bee breeding method and aims to provide a bee keeping method by using a circulating combined frame beehive, so as to adapt to the biological habit of Chinese bees, produce high-quality mature honey, exert the production advantages of the Chinese bees to the maximum extent and improve the bee keeping production efficiency and benefit.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a bee-keeping method using a circulating combined frame beehive is applied to the circulating combined frame beehive, and comprises the following steps:
preparing a circular combined frame feeding box: the circular combined frame feeding box consists of a box body, a bottom plate, a box cover and at least one frame; the frame comprises an upper frame beam, two side strips, a lower frame beam and a plurality of sliding sleeves, wherein the upper frame beam, the two side strips and the lower frame beam are integrally cast and formed to form a frame structure; respectively embedding sliding sleeves with equal number on the two side edge strips, and then installing the upper frame beam at the top ends of the two side edge strips;
(II) mounting the honey powder spleen: selecting at least one frame, and adhering the honey powder spleens of the Langerhans beehive on the sliding sleeves at two sides of the middle part of the frame;
(III) introducing bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box: placing a box body on a bottom plate, then placing the honeycomb frame provided with the honey powder spleen in the box body, selecting the space between a plurality of honeycomb frames without the honey powder spleen, arranging the honeycomb frames at two sides of the honeycomb frame provided with the honey powder spleen, and then covering a box cover;
(IV) daily management: the appearance of the box body is inspected at ordinary times, and the box cover is opened for management when abnormal conditions, overwintering, bee breeding, queen change, grouping and honey taking are found in bee colonies;
and (V) honey collection: and (3) estimating the mature time of the honey, opening the box cover, sequentially taking out the frames, taking out the honey of the first layer of the sliding sleeve, then loading a new sliding sleeve at the bottom of the frame, then putting the frame into the box body again, and covering the box cover.
Further, in the step of introducing the honeybees into the circulating combined frame feeding box, the distance between two adjacent frames is 0.8-1.0 cm.
Further, in the step (III), in the step of introducing the bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box, selecting a season rich in external honey powder source, introducing the bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box, if the external honey powder is insufficient, feeding the bees with syrup, and storing the syrup in a honey storage tank.
Further, in the step of (four) daily management, the box cover is opened for management, the step of (four) daily management comprises the steps of taking out the frames in sequence and observing bees and bee pupas on the honeycombs of each layer of sliding sleeves on the frames.
Further, in the step (iv), the number of the combs in the box body is correspondingly increased or decreased according to different time nodes, and the manner of increasing the number of the combs is to take out the frames which are not nested in the box body and the frames which are not full of bees and have the side spleens according to the number of the bees, and add new frames after all the frames are fully nested after the number of the bee colonies is increased.
Further, correspondingly increasing or decreasing the number of the honeycombs in the box body, wherein the increasing or decreasing of the number of the honeycombs is carried out according to the number of the bees, and if the number of the honeycombs which are not nested and the number of the honeycombs which are not full of the side spleens are observed in the box body, the number of the bees is small, and the honeycombs which are not nested are taken out; observing that all the frames in the box body are filled with the nests, indicating that the number of the bees is increased, and then adding new frames again.
Further, in the step that (five) honey was collected, still include, open the case lid, take out the frame in proper order and observe, when second layer sliding sleeve and lower floor's sliding sleeve above the frame had the part to load on the comb honey, the comb honey closing cap of first layer sliding sleeve department above, the comb honey that is first layer sliding sleeve department above is ripe promptly.
Further, in the step (V) of collecting honey, when taking comb honey from the frame, fixing two side bars by using a tray designed in a matching way, cutting the comb honey of the first sliding sleeve layer above to divide the comb honey of the first sliding sleeve layer from the comb honey of the sliding sleeve layer below, wherein the comb honey should be cut in order, and then taking off the two sliding sleeves of the first sliding sleeve layer; and then the sliding sleeve on the lower layer is pushed upwards to the upper frame beam along the sliding groove, a new or clean sliding sleeve is arranged on the bottom layer, the box body is put into the box body again, and the box cover is covered.
Further, in the step of (five) honey collection, when the sliding sleeves below the two side edge strips push upwards, the pushing speed of the sliding sleeves at the two sides is consistent with the pushing displacement.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and beneficial effects: the bee-keeping method using the circulating combined frame beehive can improve the annual honey yield by 1-2 times compared with the current breeding method, and the honey yield is higher than that of the live frame breeding method. Because the management time of the single colony is greatly reduced, the number of the single colony managed by a single person can be multiplied, the management is more efficient, and the economic benefit of bee keeping is improved.
The specific comparison is as follows:
1. compared with the existing breeding method, has the advantages
(1) The son spleen is not destroyed by taking honey. The bee colony of the existing breeding method is characterized in that a honey area on the upper part of a honeycomb is tightly connected with a box cover, and the honeycomb of the honey area and the honeycomb of a subregion are connected into a whole, so that the honeycomb of the breeding subregion is taken down along with the honey area after the honey area is cut off during honey taking, and cannot be put back and cannot be damaged. The beekeeping method using the circulating combined frame beehive does not destroy the son comb, and only needs to cut the honey comb containing mature honey.
(2) The honey yield is higher. Compared with the existing breeding method, the bee-keeping method using the circulating combined frame beehive is convenient to fetch honey, the honey fetching times are increased, and the honey yield of a single group is improved.
(3) The disease and the enemy can be prevented and controlled. A beekeeping method using a circulating combined frame beehive enables bees to nest downwards in a spherical shape in the beehive according to the needs of the bees, and is beneficial to protecting the comb by the worker bees. In addition, the honeycombs can be increased and decreased artificially at important time nodes such as overwintering and spring propagation, and the method is favorable for bee colonies to resist disease and enemy.
(4) The feeding management is more efficient. The method is beneficial to inspecting the bee colony, knowing the internal condition of the bee colony in time, controlling the bee separation and preventing natural bee separation; the artificial bee separation is facilitated, and bee colonies are managed; the method is beneficial to artificial breeding of queen bees, convenient for organizing mating groups and preventing bee species from degeneration; when the honeycomb is built, a comb foundation is not needed, the built honeycomb is more sanitary and safer, and the obtained mature sealed honeycomb can be directly packaged and sold.
2. Compared with the live frame breeding method
(1) Easy strong group feeding and high yield per unit
The full frame is placed at one time, the box is only inspected on the appearance of the box at ordinary times, the box is not opened for inspection, the box is opened only when the situation of the bee colony is abnormal, the bee is overwintering, breeding, queen change, grouping and honey taking are carried out, the normal life of the bee is disturbed less, the situation is natural, the free life and development of the bee are taken, and the living environment adapting to the biological characteristics of 'happiness and silence and movement' of the bee is fully created, so that the external interference is reduced to the minimum, the harmonious place between people and the bee is realized, and the condition is created for humanized management of the bee colony.
On the other hand, the beehive is higher, the frame is higher and narrow, and the frame does not draw the iron wire, and the honeybee can give full play to the instinct of building a new comb under the condition that the honeybee has a honey powder source outside, and the new comb is continuously built downwards. With the creation of a new spleen as the origin, a series of chain reactions within the hive will be initiated: the new spleen stimulates the positivity of queen bee oviposition, worm eggs need to be fed, the positivity of worker bees to collect when the worker bees go out is stimulated, virtuous cycle is formed, bee colonies quickly develop into strong colonies, the disease resistance is improved, and honey is captured lightly to achieve high and stable yield. After the honey is taken, the lower honeycomb is pushed upwards to the position of the cut honey, and a space is made for a bee colony to build a new honeycomb downwards, so that the contradiction between honey taking and seed raising is effectively solved.
(2) The single group management time is short, and the technical requirements are low
A beekeeping method using a circulating combined frame beehive is simpler than a live frame feeding method, and each beekeeper can manage several times of bee colonies fed by a Langerhans beehive, so that the breeding scale can be enlarged, the honey yield can be improved, and the economic benefit can be improved.
(3) Is suitable for the biological characteristics of Chinese bees, and the stress resistance of the bee colony is higher. The biological characteristics of the Chinese bees such as 'grain storage at the upper part and reproduction at the lower part' are fully utilized, the high and narrow beehive space is beneficial to protecting the spleen of a bee colony, the diseases are few, and medicines such as antibiotics are not used. The produced mature honey has high concentration and good quality, is more sanitary and safe, and is deeply loved by consumers.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the embodiments of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
figure 1 is an exploded view of the construction of a circulating composite frame feeding box for use with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an assembly view of the components 4 of the circulating sectional frame feeder box of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the structure of the components 4 of the recycling assembly nest-box used in the present invention.
Reference numbers and corresponding part names:
1-box body, 2-bottom plate, 3-box cover, 4-frame, 41-side edge strip, 42-upper frame beam, 421-sliding groove, 422-honey storage groove, 43-lower frame beam and 44-sliding sleeve.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to examples and accompanying drawings, and the exemplary embodiments and descriptions thereof are only used for explaining the present invention and are not meant to limit the present invention.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. However, it will be apparent to one of ordinary skill in the art that: it is not necessary to employ these specific details to practice the present invention. In other instances, well-known structures, circuits, materials, or methods have not been described in detail so as not to obscure the present invention.
Throughout the specification, reference to "one embodiment," "an embodiment," "one example," or "an example" means: the particular features, structures, or characteristics described in connection with the embodiment or example are included in at least one embodiment of the invention. Thus, the appearances of the phrases "one embodiment," "an embodiment," "one example" or "an example" in various places throughout this specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable combination and/or sub-combination in one or more embodiments or examples. Further, those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that the illustrations provided herein are for illustrative purposes and are not necessarily drawn to scale. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "front", "rear", "left", "right", "upper", "lower", "vertical", "horizontal", "high", "low", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-2, the bee-keeping method using the circulating combined frame beehive of the invention is applied to the circulating combined frame beehive, and comprises the following steps:
preparing a circular combined frame feeding box: the circulating combined frame feeding box is composed of a box body 1, a bottom plate 2, a box cover 3 and at least one frame 4; the frame 4 comprises an upper frame beam 42, two side bars 41, a lower frame beam 43 and a plurality of sliding sleeves 44, wherein the upper frame beam 42, the two side bars 41 and the lower frame beam 43 are integrally cast to form a frame structure; respectively nesting sliding sleeves 44 with the same number on the two side edge strips 41, and then installing the upper frame beam 42 at the top ends of the two side edge strips 41;
as a preferred embodiment:
a box body 1: the length of the inner wall is 320mm, the width of the inner wall is 244mm, the height of the inner wall is 500mm, and a hive entrance is arranged on the lower long side of the beehive; the thickness of the box body is 20 mm.
A box cover 3: the inner periphery is 370mm long, 294mm wide, 65mm high, 15mm thick, and the wide both sides of case lid are respectively opened a 294mm long, 10mm high ventilation hole 31.
A bottom plate 2: 400mm in length, 370mm in width and 15mm in thickness.
2. Making of frame 4
The upper frame beam 42 is 260mm long, 25mm wide and 20mm thick, and the connecting parts at the two ends are 20mm long.
The middle of the side edge strip 41 is a solid rectangular strip with the length of 460mm, the width of 20mm and the thickness of 10mm, which is used as a middle shaft and is connected with the part with the length of 20mm at the upper frame beam 42; a sliding sleeve is 110mm long, 25mm wide and 15mm thick, and is sleeved on the side edge strips 41 to slide freely. Each side bar 41 of this embodiment nests four sliding sleeves.
(II) mounting the honey powder spleen: selecting at least one frame 4, and adhering the honey powder spleens of the Langerhans beehive on the sliding sleeves 44 at the two sides of the middle part of the frame 4;
(III) introducing bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box: placing a box body 1 on a bottom plate 2, vertically placing a nest frame 4 provided with a honey powder spleen in the middle of the box body 1, selecting nest frames 4 without honey powder spleens to be arranged on two sides of the nest frame 4 provided with the honey powder spleen at intervals until the nest frames 4 are fully placed in the box body 1, and then covering a box cover 3;
in this embodiment, 8 frames 4 are selected, the interior of the box body 1 is filled with the honeycomb body, no partition plate is needed, the honeycomb body is arranged at an interval of 0.8-1.0 cm, a part of the frames 4 are selected to be filled with the honeycomb bodies, all the 8 frames 4 are not needed to be filled with the honeycomb bodies, and a part of the frames 4 are selected to be filled with the honeycomb bodies.
(IV) daily management: the honeybees are introduced into the circulating combined frame feeding box, after the honeybees settle down, the production and living conditions of the bee colonies are not checked any more, the honeybee production and living conditions are observed only outside the box body 1, and the box cover 3 is opened for management when abnormal conditions of the bee colonies, overwintering, bee breeding, queen change, group division and honey taking are found;
and (V) honey collection: the mature time of the honey is estimated, the box cover 3 is opened when the mature time of the honey is reached, the frames 4 are taken out in sequence, the observation is carried out, when the second layer of sliding sleeve 44 on the frames 4 and the interval below the second layer of sliding sleeve 44 are partially filled with the comb honey, and when all the comb honey at the first layer of sliding sleeve 44 on the upper surface is sealed and matured, the comb honey of the first layer of sliding sleeve 44 on the upper surface can be taken out. When taking comb honey from the frame 4, fixing two side bars 41 by using a tray designed in a matching way, cutting the comb honey of the first layer of sliding sleeve 44 on the upper surface to divide the comb honey of the first layer of sliding sleeve 44 and the comb honey of the sliding sleeve 44 on the lower surface, wherein the comb honey is cut to be tidy, and then taking down the two sliding sleeves 44 of the first layer; then the sliding sleeve 44 on the lower layer is pushed upwards to the upper frame beam 42 along the sliding groove 421, a new or cleaned sliding sleeve 44 is installed on the bottom layer, and the box body 1 is put in again, and the box cover 3 is covered.
According to the method, the plurality of frames 4 are applied, each frame 4 is of an assembled structure, the biological habits of ' happiness and novelty, happiness and movement ', ' agglomeration and living ', grain storage at the upper part of the honeycomb, multiplication at the lower part and downward spherical new honeycomb ' of Chinese bees are fully utilized, the effect that the son honeycombs are not damaged by honey taking is realized, the yield of honey in a unit space is higher, the honeycomb is artificially increased or decreased according to different seasons, the enhancement of bee colony resistance to diseases and adversaries is facilitated, and the feeding management is more efficient.
In some embodiments, in the step of introducing the bee(s) into the circulating combination frame rearing box, two adjacent frames 4 are spaced apart by 0.8-1.0 cm.
By adopting the method, the distance between two adjacent frames 4 is 0.8-1.0 cm, so that when the single frame 4 is taken out, the adjacent frames 4 are not influenced and the number of the frames 4 installed in the box body 1 is ensured.
In some embodiments, in the step of introducing the bees into the circulating combination frame feeding chamber, a season rich in external honey powder is selected, the bees are introduced into the circulating combination frame feeding chamber, and if the external honey powder is insufficient, the bees are fed with syrup, and the syrup is stored in the honey storage tank 422.
By adopting the method, the success rate of passing the beehive can be further improved, and the bees passing the beehive are prevented from flying away.
In some embodiments, the step of (iv) daily management, wherein the cover 3 is opened for management, comprises taking out the frames 4 in sequence, and observing the bees and bee pupae on the comb of each layer of the sliding sleeves 44 on the frames 4.
By adopting the method, the unpacking inspection is very convenient, the internal condition of the bee colony can be accurately judged, and then accurate management measures are taken. Such as the conditions of bee separation, spleen formation, queen breeding, and birth of the child, etc.
In some embodiments, in the step of (iv) daily management, the number of the combs in the housing 1 is correspondingly increased or decreased according to different time nodes, the number of the combs in the housing 1 is correspondingly increased or decreased, and the number of the combs is increased or decreased according to the number of the bees, and if it is observed that there are frames 4 which are not nested and there are frames 4 whose side combs are not fully climbed by the bees in the housing, the frames 4 which are not nested are taken out; after all the frames 4 in the box body 1 are fully filled with the nests, the number of the bee colonies is increased, and then new frames 4 are added again.
By adopting the method, the number of the swarms is correspondingly adjusted, so that the swarms can resist diseases and enemies more favorably.
In some embodiments, the number of the honeycombs in the case 1 is increased or decreased correspondingly, and the manner of increasing the number of the honeycombs is to take out the frames 4 which are not nested in the case 1, adhere the honey powder honeycombs, and then place the honey powder honeycombs in the case 1, or to select a new frame 4 without the honeycombs, adhere the honey powder honeycombs, and replace the new frame 4 which is not nested in the case 1; the number of the honeycombs is reduced by selecting a new frame 4 without the honeycombs and the frame 4 with the honeycombs built in the box body 1 for replacement.
By adopting the method, the number of the bee colonies in the box body 1 can be flexibly adjusted correspondingly.
In some embodiments, in the step of (five) collecting honey, when the sliding sleeves 44 below the two side bars 41 are pushed upwards, the pushing speed and the pushing displacement of the sliding sleeves 44 at two sides are consistent.
By adopting the method, the pushing speed of the sliding sleeves 44 at two sides is consistent with the pushing displacement, so as to prevent the honeycomb between the sliding sleeves 44 at two sides from being damaged.
The above-mentioned embodiments, objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are further described in detail, it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are only examples of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A bee-keeping method using a circulating combined frame beehive is characterized in that the method is applied to a circulating combined frame feeding box and comprises the following steps:
preparing a circular combined frame feeding box: the circular combined frame feeding box consists of a box body (1), a bottom plate (2), a box cover (3) and at least one frame (4); the frame (4) comprises an upper frame beam (42), two side bars (41), a lower frame beam (43) and a plurality of sliding sleeves (44), wherein the upper frame beam (42), the two side bars (41) and the lower frame beam (43) are integrally cast to form a frame structure; respectively embedding equal number of sliding sleeves (44) on the two side edge strips (41), wherein the sliding sleeves are 110mm long and are sleeved on the side edge strips to freely slide, and then installing the upper frame beam (42) at the top ends of the two side edge strips (41);
(II) mounting the honey powder spleen: selecting at least one frame (4), and adhering the honey powder spleens of the Langerhans beehive on sliding sleeves (44) at two sides of the middle upper part of the frame (4);
(III) introducing bees into the circulating combined frame feeding box: placing a box body (1) on a bottom plate (2), then placing frames (4) provided with honey powder combs in the box body (1), then selecting a plurality of frames (4) not provided with honey powder combs to be arranged at intervals on two sides of the frames (4) provided with the honey powder combs, introducing bee colonies, and then covering a box cover (3);
(IV) daily management: the appearance of the box body (1) is inspected at ordinary times, and the box cover (3) is opened for management when abnormal conditions, overwintering, bee breeding, queen change, grouping and honey taking are found in bee colonies;
and (V) collecting honey: the honey maturation time is estimated, the box cover (3) is opened, the frames (4) are sequentially taken out, the honey in the first layer of the sliding sleeve (44) on the upper surface is taken out, then a new sliding sleeve (44) is arranged at the bottom of the frame (4), the frame (4) is put into the box body (1) again, and the box cover (3) is covered;
the box cover (3) is opened, the frame (4) is sequentially taken out for observation, and when the second layer of sliding sleeve (44) and the lower layer of sliding sleeve (44) on the frame (4) are partially filled with comb honey, the comb honey at the first layer of sliding sleeve (44) on the upper side is sealed, namely the comb honey at the first layer of sliding sleeve (44) on the upper side is mature; when taking comb honey from the frame (4), fixing two side bars (41) by using a support designed in a matching way, cutting the comb honey of the first layer of sliding sleeve (44) on the upper surface, so that the comb honey of the first layer of sliding sleeve (44) is separated from the comb honey of the lower layer of sliding sleeve (44), the comb honey is cut to be regular, and then taking down the two sliding sleeves (44) of the first layer; then the sliding sleeve (44) on the lower layer is pushed upwards to the upper frame beam (42) along the sliding groove (421), a new or clean sliding sleeve (44) is arranged on the bottom layer, and the box body (1) is put in again and the box cover (3) is covered.
2. A beekeeping method using a circulating assembly frame beehive as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the step of introducing the bees (III) into the circulating assembly frame feeding chamber, the distance between two adjacent frames (4) is 0.8-1.0 cm.
3. The bee-keeping method using the circulating combination frame beehive of claim 1 or 2, wherein in the step of (iii) introducing bees into the circulating combination frame feeding hive, a season rich in the external honey powder source is selected, the bees are introduced into the circulating combination frame feeding hive, and if the external honey powder is insufficient, the bee colony is fed with syrup, and the syrup is stored in a honey storage tank (422).
4. The beekeeping method using the circulating assembled frame beehive of claim 1, wherein the step of (four) daily management, in which the cover (3) is opened for management, comprises sequentially taking out the frames (4) and observing the bees and pupae on the honeycomb of each layer of the sliding sleeves (44) on the frames (4).
5. A beekeeping method using a circulating composite frame beehive according to claim 4, wherein the (IV) daily management step is to increase or decrease the number of combs in the hive body (1) according to different time nodes.
6. The bee-keeping method of the beehive with the circulating combination frames according to claim 5, characterized in that the number of the combs in the hive body (1) is increased or decreased correspondingly, and the number of the combs is increased or decreased according to the number of the bees, if the number of the non-nested frames (4) and the number of the frames (4) with the combs not fully climbing are observed in the hive body, the number of the bees is decreased, and the non-nested frames (4) are taken out; after all the frames (4) in the box body (1) are fully filled in the nest, the number of bees is increased, and then a new frame (4) is added again.
7. A beekeeping method using a circulating assembled frame beehive according to claim 1, characterized in that in the step of collecting honey (V), when the sliding sleeves (44) under the two side bars (41) are pushed upwards, the pushing speed and the pushing displacement of the sliding sleeves (44) at both sides are consistent.
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