CN111174217B - Pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste - Google Patents

Pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111174217B
CN111174217B CN202010028498.8A CN202010028498A CN111174217B CN 111174217 B CN111174217 B CN 111174217B CN 202010028498 A CN202010028498 A CN 202010028498A CN 111174217 B CN111174217 B CN 111174217B
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
shaft
liquid medicine
feeding
plate
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CN202010028498.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN111174217A (en
Inventor
田竞
武岳
张贺
王雨秋
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General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region
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General Hospital of Shenyang Military Region
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/003Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals for used articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/60Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D46/00 and B01D47/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/04Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams
    • B30B9/06Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams co-operating with permeable casings or strainers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/44Details; Accessories
    • F23G5/442Waste feed arrangements
    • F23G5/444Waste feed arrangements for solid waste
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases

Abstract

The invention discloses a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste, which relates to the technical field of medical waste treatment and comprises a feeding and combustion device, a liquid medicine separation assembly, an automatic discharging mechanism, a compression crushing mechanism, a stirring mechanism and a waste gas treatment mechanism. Waste gas treatment mechanism sets up the lower extreme at feeding and burner, and liquid medicine separating assembly establishes at feeding and burner's middle part, liquid medicine separating assembly and feeding and burner's upper end intercommunication, and automatic discharge mechanism establishes on liquid medicine separating assembly, and compression crushing mechanism establishes on liquid medicine separating assembly, and the left end of compression crushing mechanism corresponds with the left end of automatic discharge mechanism, and rabbling mechanism establishes on liquid medicine separating assembly and compression crushing mechanism.

Description

Pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical waste treatment, in particular to a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste.
Background
The utility model discloses a medical waste environment-friendly treatment device with the patent number of CN201721888759.3, which comprises a crushing chamber, a pipeline and a combustion chamber, wherein one side of the crushing chamber is fixedly connected with the combustion chamber through the pipeline, the inside of the crushing chamber is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft, a crushing blade is fixedly connected with the outer side of the rotating shaft, the lower end of the crushing chamber is fixedly connected with a speed reducer, the lower end of the speed reducer is fixedly connected with a motor, the motor is connected with a disinfectant box through the transmission of the rotating shaft of the speed reducer, the upper end of the crushing chamber is fixedly connected with a nozzle, the top of the crushing chamber is fixedly connected with a nozzle, the utility model discloses an active carbon filter layer and a settling tower are arranged, the active carbon filter layer can effectively adsorb and filter the smoke generated by the combustion of the medical waste, and a spray pipe in the settling tower sprays and settles the smoke, the dust is settled, and the qualified flue gas is discharged from the smoke outlet, so that the medical waste is effectively treated in an environment-friendly way. But the device is not thorough in crushing, drying and incineration.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste, which has the beneficial effects that the pollution-free combustion treatment device can carry out crushing, medicine separation, compression and preheating drying treatment on the waste in batches before the waste is incinerated, and the batch treatment can ensure that each batch of waste can be sufficiently crushed, compressed and subjected to medicine separation treatment.
The purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a medical waste pollution-free combustion processing device, includes feeding and burner, liquid medicine separable set, automatic row material mechanism, the broken mechanism of compression, rabbling mechanism and exhaust-gas treatment mechanism, exhaust-gas treatment mechanism set up at feeding and burner's lower extreme, liquid medicine separable set establishes at feeding and burner's middle part, liquid medicine separable set and feeding and burner's upper end intercommunication, automatic row material mechanism establishes on liquid medicine separable set, the broken mechanism of compression establishes on liquid medicine separable set, the left end of the broken mechanism of compression corresponds with the left end of automatic row material mechanism, the rabbling mechanism establishes on liquid medicine separable set and the broken mechanism of compression, the rabbling mechanism is connected with the broken mechanism transmission of compression.
As the further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free combustion treatment device for the medical waste, disclosed by the invention, comprises a combustion chamber, an igniter, a fire grate, an edge frame, a barrel frame, a fixing plate, a feeding barrel and a material guide seat; the combustion chamber is fixedly connected between the two side frames, an igniter is arranged on the combustion chamber, a fire grate is arranged at the lower end of the combustion chamber, the barrel frame is fixedly connected to the combustion chamber, the feeding barrel is fixedly connected to the barrel frame through two fixing plates, and the lower end of the feeding barrel is fixedly connected and communicated with the material guide seat; the liquid medicine separating assembly is arranged on the barrel frame; the upper end of the combustion chamber is provided with a movable door plate.
As the further optimization of the technical scheme, the medical waste pollution-free combustion treatment device comprises a liquid medicine separation assembly, a liquid medicine separation assembly and a control assembly, wherein the liquid medicine separation assembly comprises a separation cylinder, a top cover, a liquid medicine discharge hole, an annular water receiving seat, a drain pipe with a control valve and a bottom plate chute; the upper end of the separating cylinder is fixedly connected with a top cover, the lower end of the separating cylinder is uniformly provided with a plurality of liquid medicine discharge holes in a surrounding manner, the annular water receiving seat is fixedly connected to the separating cylinder, the lower end of the annular water receiving seat is fixedly connected and communicated with two water discharge pipes, and the lower end of the separating cylinder is provided with a bottom plate chute; the annular water receiving seat is positioned between the liquid medicine discharge hole and the bottom plate sliding groove; the separating cylinder is fixedly connected to the cylinder frame, and two ends of the separating cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected and communicated with the material guide seat and the combustion chamber; the compression crushing mechanism and the stirring mechanism are both arranged on the separating cylinder, and the automatic discharging mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate sliding groove.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the medical waste pollution-free combustion treatment device comprises an automatic discharging mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a control mechanism, wherein the automatic discharging mechanism comprises a bottom plate, a limiting block, a hinge seat, a linkage rod, a pressing plate, a rectangular sleeve rod, a sleeve rod fixing frame and a compression spring; the two bottom plates are symmetrically connected in a sliding groove of the bottom plate in a sliding fit manner, the inner ends of the two bottom plates are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block, one side of each of the two bottom plates is respectively fixedly connected with a hinge seat, the lower ends of the two linkage rods are respectively rotatably connected onto the two hinge seats through hinge shafts, the upper ends of the two linkage rods are respectively rotatably connected onto a pressing plate through hinge shafts, the pressing plate is connected onto a rectangular loop bar in a sliding fit manner, the rectangular loop bar is fixedly connected onto a loop bar fixing frame, the loop bar fixing frame is fixedly connected onto a separating cylinder, a compression spring is sleeved on the rectangular loop bar, and the two ends of the compression spring are respectively fixedly connected with the pressing plate and the loop bar fixing frame; the left end of the compression crushing mechanism corresponds to the pressing plate.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste is characterized in that the compression crushing mechanism comprises a circular pressure plate, a central sliding block, a connecting block, a trapezoidal sliding rail, a motor, a rotating rod, a swinging rod, a fixed shaft, a feeding baffle, a rack, a door-shaped seat, an extrusion rod and a hollow shaft crushing cutter; the circular pressure plate is connected in the separating cylinder in a sliding fit manner, the circular pressure plate is positioned at the upper end of the joint of the material guide seat and the separating cylinder, the central slider is fixedly connected at the central part of the circular pressure plate through two connecting blocks, the outer end of the circular pressure plate is provided with a trapezoidal sliding rail, the motor is connected on the top cover in a sliding manner through the motor frame, the output shaft of the motor is fixedly connected with one end of a rotating rod, the other end of the rotating rod is rotatably connected with one end of a swinging rod through a hinged shaft, the other end of the swinging rod is rotatably connected on a fixed shaft, the fixed shaft is fixedly connected on a feeding baffle plate, the lower end of the feeding baffle plate is connected on the trapezoidal sliding rail in a sliding fit manner, a rack is fixedly connected on the feeding baffle plate, the feeding baffle plate and the rack are both connected on the top cover in a sliding fit manner, and the rack is in transmission connection with the stirring mechanism; the upper end of the feeding baffle is fixedly connected with a door-shaped seat, two extrusion rods are fixedly connected to the door-shaped seat, and the lower ends of the two extrusion rods respectively correspond to the two ends of the pressing plate; the lower end of the circular pressure plate is fixedly connected with a hollow shaft, and three crushing cutters are arranged on the hollow shaft in a surrounding mode.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste is characterized in that the stirring mechanism comprises a gear, a driving bevel gear, a driving shaft, a driven bevel gear, a first belt wheel, a transmission shaft, a shaft frame plate, a second belt wheel, a shaft sleeve, a vertical chute and a stirring plate; the gear and the driving bevel gear are respectively fixedly connected to two ends of the driving shaft, the gear is in meshing transmission connection with the rack, the driving bevel gear is in meshing transmission connection with the driven bevel gear, the driven bevel gear and the first belt wheel are respectively fixedly connected to two ends of the transmission shaft, the driving shaft and the transmission shaft are both rotationally connected to a shaft frame plate, and the shaft frame plate is fixedly connected to a motor frame of the motor; the first belt wheel and the second belt wheel are in transmission connection through a belt, the second belt wheel is fixedly connected onto a shaft sleeve, the shaft sleeve is rotatably connected onto a top cover, a central sliding block is connected into the shaft sleeve in a sliding fit mode, two vertical sliding grooves are formed in the upper end of the shaft sleeve, two connecting blocks are respectively connected onto the two vertical sliding grooves in a sliding fit mode, a circular pressure plate is connected with the shaft sleeve in a sliding fit mode, a plurality of stirring plates are arranged at the lower end of the shaft sleeve, and the stirring plates are rotatably connected into a combustion chamber; the two bottom plates are in clearance fit with the shaft sleeve.
As further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste is characterized in that the waste gas treatment mechanism comprises a desulfurization box, a fixing plate, an air inlet pipe with an air pump, a spray pipe, a dust exhaust pipe with a control valve and an air outlet pipe with an air pump; the desulfurization case is through two fixed plate fixed connection on the combustion chamber, and the upper, middle and lower part of desulfurization case is fixed connection respectively and communicates shower, intake pipe and dust exhaust pipe, and outlet duct fixed connection communicates in the upper end of desulfurization case, and intake pipe and the inside intercommunication of combustion chamber are equipped with detachable active carbon adsorption layer in the outlet duct.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste is characterized in that the bottom surface of the annular water receiving seat is inclined towards the drain pipe.
The pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste has the beneficial effects that:
the pollution-free combustion treatment device for the medical waste can perform crushing, medicine separation, compression and preheating drying treatment on the waste in batches before the waste is incinerated, the batch treatment can ensure that the waste in each batch can be sufficiently crushed, compressed and subjected to medicine separation treatment, and smoke generated by incineration is discharged after being subjected to environment-friendly treatment; the compression crushing mechanism extrudes and crushes garbage in batches, medicine in the crushed garbage is extruded and discharged while the garbage is extruded, the medicine can be conveniently discharged and separated after the garbage is crushed, when the medicine is extruded, the compression crushing mechanism drives the automatic discharging mechanism to be opened, the garbage is automatically discharged into the combustion chamber to be burnt, the garbage after the medicine is separated is more easily burnt, the hot gas generated by burning the garbage can preheat and dry the crushed garbage in the liquid medicine separation assembly, the compression crushing mechanism simultaneously drives the stirring mechanism to stir the burnt garbage to provide sufficient oxygen for the garbage, the garbage is fully burnt, the garbage enters the combustion chamber in batches to be burnt, the insufficient oxygen supply and insufficient garbage burning caused by excessive garbage burning at one time are avoided, the burning efficiency is low, and the waste gas treatment mechanism can effectively adsorb, filter and filter smoke generated by burning the medical garbage, The spraying and sedimentation treatment enables the dust to be settled, and the qualified flue gas is discharged, so that the medical waste is effectively treated in an environment-friendly way.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a first schematic structural diagram of a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second medical waste pollution-free combustion treatment device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a third schematic structural view of a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a first schematic structural view of a feeding and combustion apparatus;
FIG. 6 is a second schematic structural view of a feeding and combustion apparatus;
FIG. 7 is a first schematic structural view of a feeding and combustion apparatus;
FIG. 8 is a second schematic structural view of a feeding and combustion apparatus;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the automatic discharging mechanism;
FIG. 10 is a first schematic view of the compression crushing mechanism;
FIG. 11 is a second schematic structural view of the compression crushing mechanism;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a stirring mechanism;
fig. 13 is a schematic configuration diagram of the disposal mechanism.
In the figure: a feeding and combustion device 1; a combustion chamber 1-1; an igniter 1-2; 1-3 of fire grate; 1-4 of a side frame; 1-5 of a barrel frame; fixing plates 1-6; 1-7 of a feeding cylinder; 1-8 parts of a material guide seat; a liquid medicine separating assembly 2; 2-1 of a separation cylinder; 2-2 of a top cover; a liquid medicine discharge hole 2-3; 2-4 of an annular water receiving seat; 2-5 of a drain pipe; 2-6 of a bottom plate chute; an automatic discharging mechanism 3; a bottom plate 3-1; 3-2 of a limiting block; a hinge base 3-3; 3-4 of a linkage rod; 3-5 of a pressing plate; 3-6 of a rectangular loop bar; 3-7 of a loop bar fixing frame; 3-8 parts of a compression spring; a compression crushing mechanism 4; a circular platen 4-1; 4-2 of a central slide block; 4-3 of a connecting block; 4-4 of a trapezoidal slide rail; 4-5 of a motor; 4-6 of a rotating rod; 4-7 of a swing rod; 4-8 parts of a fixed shaft; 4-9 parts of vertical sliding plate; 4-10 of racks; 4-11 of a door-shaped seat; 4-12 parts of an extrusion rod; 4-13 parts of a hollow shaft, 4-14 parts of a crushing cutter; a stirring mechanism 5; gear 5-1; a drive bevel gear 5-2; a drive shaft 5-3; 5-4 parts of a driven bevel gear; a first pulley 5-5; 5-6 parts of a transmission shaft; 5-7 of a shaft frame plate; a second pulley 5-8; 5-9 parts of shaft sleeve; 5-10 parts of vertical sliding chute; 5-11 parts of a stirring plate; a waste disposal mechanism 6; 6-1 of a desulfurization box; a fixing plate 6-2; 6-3 of an air inlet pipe; 6-4 of a spray pipe; 6-5 parts of a dust exhaust pipe; 6-6 parts of an air outlet pipe.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying figures 1-13 and the detailed description.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the following describes this embodiment with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and a medical waste pollution-free combustion processing device includes a feeding and combustion device 1, a liquid medicine separating assembly 2, an automatic discharging mechanism 3, a compression crushing mechanism 4, an agitating mechanism 5 and a waste gas processing mechanism 6, wherein the waste gas processing mechanism 6 is arranged at the lower end of the feeding and combustion device 1, the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 is arranged at the middle part of the feeding and combustion device 1, the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 is communicated with the upper end of the feeding and combustion device 1, the automatic discharging mechanism 3 is arranged on the liquid medicine separating assembly 2, the compression crushing mechanism 4 is arranged on the liquid medicine separating assembly 2, the left end of the compression crushing mechanism 4 corresponds to the left end of the automatic discharging mechanism 3, the agitating mechanism 5 is arranged on the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 and the compression crushing mechanism 4, and the agitating mechanism 5 is in transmission connection with the compression crushing mechanism 4. When the garbage incinerator is used, garbage is put into the feeding barrel 1-7, the garbage enters the liquid medicine separation assembly 2, the compression crushing mechanism 4 is started to downwards extrude the garbage, medical liquid medicine is extruded when the garbage is compressed and extruded, separation of the medical liquid medicine is achieved, meanwhile, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the stirring mechanism 5 to rotate, the stirring mechanism 5 drives the compression crushing mechanism 4 to crush the garbage, the garbage is more convenient to discharge and separate medicine after being crushed and is more easily compressed, the medical liquid medicine is discharged after the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the automatic discharge mechanism 3 to be automatically opened, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the automatic discharge mechanism 3 to be opened, the garbage is automatically discharged into the combustion chamber 1-1 to be burnt, the garbage after medicine separation and crushing is more easily burnt, the compression crushing mechanism 4 simultaneously drives the stirring mechanism 5 to stir the burnt garbage, sufficient oxygen is provided for the garbage, so that the garbage is fully combusted; compressing and crushing mechanism 4 carries out reciprocating type batch extrusion, rubbish is not entering into liquid medicine separator assembly 2 when compressing and crushing mechanism 4 extrudees downwards, make the rubbish capacity of compressing at every turn all certain, rubbish is divided batch and is burnt in entering into combustion chamber 1-1, avoid once only burning too much rubbish and lead to oxygen to supply not enough waste incineration not enough, incineration efficiency is low, the heat that burning rubbish produced can preheat and dry the broken rubbish in liquid medicine separator assembly 2, make rubbish more easily be burnt, exhaust treatment mechanism 6 can be effectual adsorbs the filtration to the flue gas that medical waste burning produced, spray settlement treatment, make the dust subside, qualified flue gas discharges out, make medical waste obtain effectual environmental protection and handle.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-13, and the feeding and combustion apparatus 1 includes a combustion chamber 1-1, an igniter 1-2, a grate 1-3, a side frame 1-4, a barrel frame 1-5, a fixing plate 1-6, a feeding barrel 1-7, and a material guiding seat 1-8; the combustion chamber 1-1 is fixedly connected between two side frames 1-4, an igniter 1-2 is arranged on the combustion chamber 1-1, a fire grate 1-3 is arranged at the lower end of the combustion chamber 1-1, a barrel frame 1-5 is fixedly connected on the combustion chamber 1-1, a feeding barrel 1-7 is fixedly connected on the barrel frame 1-5 through two fixing plates 1-6, and the lower end of the feeding barrel 1-7 is fixedly connected and communicated with a material guide seat 1-8; the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 is arranged on the cylinder frames 1-5; the upper end of the combustion chamber 1-1 is provided with a movable door plate. Garbage is put into the feeding barrel 1-7 and enters the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 through the material guiding seat 1-8, the garbage in the combustion chamber 1-1 is burnt by starting the igniter 1-2, and residues generated by burning are discharged from the fire grate 1-3.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the liquid medicine separating assembly 2 includes a separating cylinder 2-1, a top cover 2-2, a liquid medicine discharging hole 2-3, an annular water receiving seat 2-4, a water discharging pipe 2-5 with a control valve, and a bottom plate chute 2-6; the upper end of the separating cylinder 2-1 is fixedly connected with a top cover 2-2, the lower end of the separating cylinder 2-1 is uniformly provided with a plurality of liquid medicine discharge holes 2-3 in a surrounding manner, an annular water receiving seat 2-4 is fixedly connected to the separating cylinder 2-1, the lower end of the annular water receiving seat 2-4 is fixedly connected and communicated with two water discharge pipes 2-5, and the lower end of the separating cylinder 2-1 is provided with a bottom plate chute 2-6; the annular water receiving seat 2-4 is positioned between the liquid medicine discharge hole 2-3 and the bottom plate sliding groove 2-6; the separating cylinder 2-1 is fixedly connected to the cylinder frame 1-5, and two ends of the separating cylinder 2-1 are respectively and fixedly connected and communicated with the material guide seat 1-8 and the combustion chamber 1-1; the compression crushing mechanism 4 and the stirring mechanism 5 are both arranged on the separating cylinder 2-1, and the automatic discharging mechanism 3 is arranged on the bottom plate sliding groove 2-6. The medicine liquid separated when the garbage in the separation cylinder 2-1 is extruded is discharged through the plurality of medicine liquid discharge holes 2-3 and collected in an annular cavity formed by the annular water receiving seat 2-4 and the separation cylinder 2-1, and the medicine liquid is discharged by opening the drain pipe 2-5.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-13, and the automatic discharging mechanism 3 includes a bottom plate 3-1, a limiting block 3-2, a hinge base 3-3, a linkage rod 3-4, a pressing plate 3-5, a rectangular loop bar 3-6, a loop bar fixing frame 3-7 and a compression spring 3-8; two bottom plates 3-1 are symmetrically connected in a sliding chute 2-6 in a sliding fit manner, the inner ends of the two bottom plates 3-1 are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block 3-2, one side of each bottom plate 3-1 is respectively fixedly connected with a hinge seat 3-3, the lower ends of two linkage rods 3-4 are respectively rotatably connected with the two hinge seats 3-3 through hinge shafts, the upper ends of the two linkage rods 3-4 are respectively rotatably connected with a pressure plate 3-5 through hinge shafts, the pressure plate 3-5 is connected with a rectangular loop rod 3-6 in a sliding fit manner, the rectangular loop rod 3-6 is fixedly connected with a loop rod fixing frame 3-7, the loop rod fixing frame 3-7 is fixedly connected with a separating cylinder 2-1, and a compression spring 3-8 is sleeved on the rectangular loop rod 3-6, two ends of the compression spring 3-8 are respectively and fixedly connected with the pressing plate 3-5 and the loop bar fixing frame 3-7; the left end of the compression crushing mechanism 4 corresponds to the pressing plate 3-5. When the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the compression crushing mechanism 4 can downwards extrude the pressing plate 3-5, the compression spring 3-8 is compressed, the pressing plate 3-5 drives the two bottom plates 3-1 to be opened in a deviating and sliding mode through the two linkage rods 3-4, the garbage after compressed medicine separation enters the combustion chamber 1-1 to be burnt, after the compression crushing mechanism 4 is reset, the compression spring 3-8 is convenient for the two bottom plates 3-1 to be closed, and the two limiting blocks 3-2 play a limiting role.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-13, and the compression crushing mechanism 4 comprises a circular platen 4-1, a central slider 4-2, a connecting block 4-3, a trapezoidal slide rail 4-4, a motor 4-5, a rotating rod 4-6, a swing rod 4-7, a fixed shaft 4-8, a feeding baffle 4-9, a rack 4-10, a door-shaped seat 4-11, an extrusion rod 4-12, and a hollow shaft 4-13 crushing knife 4-14; the round pressure plate 4-1 is connected in the separating cylinder 2-1 in a sliding fit manner, the round pressure plate 4-1 is positioned at the upper end of the connecting part of the material guide seat 1-8 and the separating cylinder 2-1, the central slide block 4-2 is fixedly connected at the central part of the round pressure plate 4-1 through two connecting blocks 4-3, the outer end of the round pressure plate 4-1 is provided with a trapezoidal slide rail 4-4, the motor 4-5 is connected on the top cover 2-2 in a sliding manner through a motor frame, the output shaft of the motor 4-5 is fixedly connected with one end of a rotating rod 4-6, the other end of the rotating rod 4-6 is rotatably connected with one end of a swinging rod 4-7 through a hinged shaft, the other end of the swinging rod 4-7 is rotatably connected on a fixed shaft 4-8, and the fixed shaft 4-8 is fixedly connected on a feeding baffle 4-9, the lower end of the feeding baffle 4-9 is connected to the trapezoidal sliding rail 4-4 in a sliding fit manner, the rack 4-10 is fixedly connected to the feeding baffle 4-9, the feeding baffle 4-9 and the rack 4-10 are connected to the top cover 2-2 in a sliding fit manner, and the rack 4-10 is in transmission connection with the stirring mechanism 5; the upper end of the feeding baffle 4-9 is fixedly connected with a door-shaped seat 4-11, the door-shaped seat 4-11 is fixedly connected with two extrusion rods 4-12, and the lower ends of the two extrusion rods 4-12 are respectively corresponding to the two ends of the pressing plate 3-5; the lower end of the circular pressing plate 4-1 is fixedly connected with a hollow shaft 4-13, and three crushing cutters 4-14 are arranged on the hollow shaft 4-13 in an encircling manner. After the motor 4-5 is started, the rotating rod 4-6 is driven to rotate, the rotating rod 4-6 drives the oscillating rod 4-7 to oscillate in a reciprocating manner, the oscillating rod 4-7 drives the feeding baffle 4-9 and the rack 4-10 to reciprocate up and down through the fixed shaft 4-8, the feeding baffle 4-9 drives the circular pressure plate 4-1 to reciprocate up and down through the trapezoidal sliding rail 4-4, the rack 4-10 drives the stirring mechanism 5 to rotate, the stirring mechanism 5 drives the circular pressure plate 4-1 to rotate, and the circular pressure plate 4-1 drives the three crushing cutters 4-14 to rotate through the hollow shaft 4-13; when the circular pressure plate 4-1 moves downwards, the garbage is extruded and separated with liquid medicine, and meanwhile, the three crushing knives 4-14 rotate to crush the garbage, so that the garbage is crushed while being compressed, the crushing effect is better, the liquid medicine is more thoroughly separated, when the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the two extrusion rods 4-12 can downwards extrude the pressure plate 3-5 to drive the two bottom plates 3-1 to be opened, the garbage is pushed into the combustion chamber 1-1, and the garbage after medicine separation and crushing is more easily combusted; circular pressure disk 4-1 carries out reciprocating type extrusion of dividing into batches, when feeding baffle 4-9 moves down, can block guide seat 1-8 to stop the feeding, make the rubbish capacity of compressing at every turn all be certain, rubbish divides into combustion chamber 1-1 in batches and is burnt, it is not enough that oxygen supplies insufficient waste incineration to avoid once burning too much rubbish, it is low to burn the efficiency, the heat that burning rubbish produced can preheat and dry the broken rubbish in liquid medicine separating subassembly 2, make rubbish more easily burnt.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the stirring mechanism 5 includes a gear 5-1, a driving bevel gear 5-2, a driving shaft 5-3, a driven bevel gear 5-4, a first belt pulley 5-5, a transmission shaft 5-6, a shaft bracket plate 5-7, a second belt pulley 5-8, a shaft sleeve 5-9, a vertical chute 5-10, and a stirring plate 5-11; the gear 5-1 and the driving bevel gear 5-2 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of a driving shaft 5-3, the gear 5-1 is in meshing transmission connection with a rack 4-10, the driving bevel gear 5-2 is in meshing transmission connection with a driven bevel gear 5-4, the driven bevel gear 5-4 and the first belt wheel 5-5 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of a transmission shaft 5-6, the driving shaft 5-3 and the transmission shaft 5-6 are both rotationally connected with a shaft frame plate 5-7, and the shaft frame plate 5-7 is fixedly connected with a motor frame of a motor 4-5; the first belt wheel 5-5 is in transmission connection with the second belt wheel 5-8 through a belt, the second belt wheel 5-8 is fixedly connected to a shaft sleeve 5-9, the shaft sleeve 5-9 is rotatably connected to a top cover 2-2, a central slider 4-2 is connected in the shaft sleeve 5-9 in a sliding fit manner, two vertical chutes 5-10 are formed in the upper end of the shaft sleeve 5-9, two connecting blocks 4-3 are respectively connected to the two vertical chutes 5-10 in a sliding fit manner, a circular pressure plate 4-1 is connected with the shaft sleeve 5-9 in a sliding fit manner, a plurality of stirring plates 5-11 are arranged at the lower end of the shaft sleeve 5-9, and the plurality of stirring plates 5-11 are rotatably connected in a combustion chamber 1-1; the two bottom plates 3-1 are in clearance fit with the shaft sleeves 5-9. The rack 4-10 drives the gear 5-1 to rotate, the gear 5-1 drives the driving shaft 5-3 and the driving bevel gear 5-2 to rotate, the driving bevel gear 5-2 drives the driven bevel gear 5-4 to rotate, the driven bevel gear 5-4 drives the transmission shaft 5-6 and the first belt wheel 5-5 to rotate, the first belt wheel 5-5 drives the second belt wheel 5-8 to rotate, the second belt wheel 5-8 drives the shaft sleeve 5-9 to rotate, the shaft sleeve 5-9 drives the circular pressure plate 4-1 to rotate through the two connecting blocks 4-3, the garbage is crushed, the shaft sleeve 5-9 drives the plurality of stirring plates 5-11 to rotate, the plurality of stirring plates 5-11 stir the garbage in the combustion chamber 1-1 to provide sufficient oxygen for the garbage, so that the garbage can be fully combusted.
The seventh embodiment:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the exhaust gas treatment mechanism 6 includes a desulfurization tank 6-1, a fixing plate 6-2, an air inlet pipe 6-3 with a suction pump, a shower pipe 6-4, a dust exhaust pipe 6-5 with a control valve, and an air outlet pipe 6-6 with a suction pump; the desulfurization box 6-1 is fixedly connected to the combustion chamber 1-1 through two fixing plates 6-2, the upper part, the middle part and the lower part of the desulfurization box 6-1 are respectively and fixedly connected and communicated with the spray pipe 6-4, the air inlet pipe 6-3 and the dust exhaust pipe 6-5, the air outlet pipe 6-6 is fixedly connected and communicated with the upper end of the desulfurization box 6-1, the air inlet pipe 6-3 is communicated with the interior of the combustion chamber 1-1, and a detachable activated carbon adsorption layer is arranged in the air outlet pipe 6-6. Flue gas generated after combustion enters a desulfurization box 6-1 through an air inlet pipe 6-3, a spray pipe 6-4 is communicated with an water inlet pipe, the spray pipe 6-4 sprays the flue gas to enable dust to be settled, the sprayed flue gas flows into the air inlet pipe 6-6, an activated carbon adsorption layer in the air outlet pipe 6-6 can adsorb the flue gas, the treated flue gas is discharged through the air outlet pipe 6-6, and sewage and sediments in the desulfurization box 6-1 are discharged through a dust discharge pipe 6-5; garbage is burnt in entering the combustion chamber 1-1 in batches, so that the phenomenon that too much garbage is burnt once is avoided, the garbage is too dead to lead to insufficient oxygen supply for garbage burning, the burning efficiency is low, smoke generated by combustion of medical garbage is effectively adsorbed and filtered and sprayed to be settled, dust is settled, qualified smoke is discharged, and the medical garbage is effectively subjected to environment-friendly treatment.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
the present embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the bottom surface of the annular water receiving seat 2 to 4 is inclined toward the water discharge pipe 2 to 5. Is convenient for discharging the medical liquid in a centralized way and avoids the residue.
The specific implementation method nine:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 13, and the activated carbon filter layer can effectively perform adsorption filtration treatment on the flue gas generated by combustion of medical waste, perform spraying sedimentation treatment on the flue gas, so that dust is sedimentated, and qualified flue gas is discharged from the smoke outlet, so that medical waste is effectively subjected to environmental protection treatment
The invention relates to a working principle of a pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste, which comprises the following steps: when the device is used, garbage is put into the feeding barrel 1-7 and enters the liquid medicine separation component 2, the compression crushing mechanism 4 is started to downwards extrude the garbage, the medical liquid medicine is extruded when the garbage is compressed and extruded, the separation of the medical liquid medicine is realized, meanwhile, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the stirring mechanism 5 to rotate, the stirring mechanism 5 drives the compression crushing mechanism 4 to crush the garbage, the garbage is more convenient to discharge and separate medicines after being crushed and is more easily compressed, the medical liquid is discharged after the garbage is compressed to a certain degree, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the automatic discharge mechanism 3 to be automatically opened, the compression crushing mechanism 4 drives the automatic discharge mechanism 3 to be opened, the garbage is automatically discharged into the combustion chamber 1-1 to be burnt, the garbage after being separated and crushed is more easily burnt, the compression crushing mechanism 4 simultaneously drives the stirring mechanism 5 to stir the burnt garbage, sufficient oxygen is provided for the garbage, so that the garbage is fully combusted; compressing and crushing mechanism 4 carries out reciprocating type batch extrusion, rubbish is not entering into liquid medicine separator assembly 2 when compressing and crushing mechanism 4 extrudees downwards, make the rubbish capacity of compressing at every turn all certain, rubbish is divided batch and is burnt in entering into combustion chamber 1-1, avoid once only burning too much rubbish and lead to oxygen to supply not enough waste incineration not enough, incineration efficiency is low, the heat that burning rubbish produced can preheat and dry the broken rubbish in liquid medicine separator assembly 2, make rubbish more easily be burnt, exhaust treatment mechanism 6 can be effectual adsorbs the filtration to the flue gas that medical waste burning produced, spray settlement treatment, make the dust subside, qualified flue gas discharges out, make medical waste obtain effectual environmental protection and handle.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. The utility model provides a medical waste exempts from to pollute combustion processing apparatus, includes feeding and burner (1), liquid medicine separating assembly (2), automatic row material mechanism (3), compression crushing mechanism (4), rabbling mechanism (5) and exhaust-gas treatment mechanism (6), its characterized in that: the waste gas treatment mechanism (6) is arranged at the lower end of the feeding and combustion device (1), the liquid medicine separation assembly (2) is arranged in the middle of the feeding and combustion device (1), the liquid medicine separation assembly (2) is communicated with the upper end of the feeding and combustion device (1), the automatic discharging mechanism (3) is arranged on the liquid medicine separation assembly (2), the compression crushing mechanism (4) is arranged on the liquid medicine separation assembly (2), the left end of the compression crushing mechanism (4) corresponds to the left end of the automatic discharging mechanism (3), the stirring mechanism (5) is arranged on the liquid medicine separation assembly (2) and the compression crushing mechanism (4), and the stirring mechanism (5) is in transmission connection with the compression crushing mechanism (4);
the feeding and combustion device (1) comprises a combustion chamber (1-1), an igniter (1-2), a fire grate (1-3), an edge frame (1-4), a barrel frame (1-5), a fixing plate (1-6), a feeding barrel (1-7) and a guide seat (1-8); the combustion chamber (1-1) is fixedly connected between the two side frames (1-4), the combustion chamber (1-1) is provided with an igniter (1-2), the lower end of the combustion chamber (1-1) is provided with a fire grate (1-3), the barrel frame (1-5) is fixedly connected to the combustion chamber (1-1), the feeding barrel (1-7) is fixedly connected to the barrel frame (1-5) through the two fixing plates (1-6), and the lower end of the feeding barrel (1-7) is fixedly connected and communicated with the material guide seat (1-8); the liquid medicine separating component (2) is arranged on the barrel frame (1-5); the upper end of the combustion chamber (1-1) is provided with a movable door plate;
the liquid medicine separation assembly (2) comprises a separation barrel (2-1), a top cover (2-2), a liquid medicine discharge hole (2-3), an annular water receiving seat (2-4), a drain pipe (2-5) with a control valve and a bottom plate sliding groove (2-6); the upper end of the separating cylinder (2-1) is fixedly connected with a top cover (2-2), the lower end of the separating cylinder (2-1) is uniformly provided with a plurality of liquid medicine discharge holes (2-3) in a surrounding manner, an annular water receiving seat (2-4) is fixedly connected to the separating cylinder (2-1), the lower end of the annular water receiving seat (2-4) is fixedly connected and communicated with two water discharge pipes (2-5), and the lower end of the separating cylinder (2-1) is provided with a bottom plate chute (2-6); the annular water receiving seat (2-4) is positioned between the liquid medicine discharge hole (2-3) and the bottom plate sliding groove (2-6); the separation cylinder (2-1) is fixedly connected to the cylinder frame (1-5), and two ends of the separation cylinder (2-1) are respectively fixedly connected and communicated with the material guide seat (1-8) and the combustion chamber (1-1); the compression crushing mechanism (4) and the stirring mechanism (5) are arranged on the separating cylinder (2-1), and the automatic discharging mechanism (3) is arranged on the bottom plate chute (2-6);
the automatic discharging mechanism (3) comprises a bottom plate (3-1), a limiting block (3-2), a hinged seat (3-3), a linkage rod (3-4), a pressing plate (3-5), a rectangular sleeve rod (3-6), a sleeve rod fixing frame (3-7) and a compression spring (3-8); the two bottom plates (3-1) are symmetrically connected in a sliding groove (2-6) of the bottom plates in a sliding fit manner, the inner ends of the two bottom plates (3-1) are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting block (3-2), one side of each of the two bottom plates (3-1) is respectively fixedly connected with a hinged seat (3-3), the lower ends of the two linkage rods (3-4) are respectively rotatably connected on the two hinged seats (3-3) through hinged shafts, the upper ends of the two linkage rods (3-4) are respectively rotatably connected on a pressing plate (3-5) through hinged shafts, the pressing plate (3-5) is connected on a rectangular loop rod (3-6) in a sliding fit manner, the rectangular loop rod (3-6) is fixedly connected on a loop rod fixing frame (3-7), and the loop rod fixing frame (3-7) is fixedly connected on a separating cylinder (2-1), the rectangular loop bar (3-6) is sleeved with a compression spring (3-8), and two ends of the compression spring (3-8) are respectively and fixedly connected with a pressure plate (3-5) and a loop bar fixing frame (3-7); the left end of the compression crushing mechanism (4) corresponds to the pressure plate (3-5);
the compression crushing mechanism (4) comprises a circular pressing plate (4-1), a central sliding block (4-2), a connecting block (4-3), a trapezoidal sliding rail (4-4), a motor (4-5), a rotating rod (4-6), a swinging rod (4-7), a fixed shaft (4-8), a feeding baffle (4-9), a rack (4-10), a door-shaped seat (4-11), an extrusion rod (4-12) and a hollow shaft (4-13), and crushing knives (4-14); the round pressure plate (4-1) is connected in the separating cylinder (2-1) in a sliding fit manner, the round pressure plate (4-1) is positioned at the upper end of the joint of the material guide seat (1-8) and the separating cylinder (2-1), the central slide block (4-2) is fixedly connected with the central part of the round pressure plate (4-1) through two connecting blocks (4-3), the outer end of the round pressure plate (4-1) is provided with a trapezoidal slide rail (4-4), the motor (4-5) is connected on the top cover (2-2) in a sliding manner through a motor frame, the output shaft of the motor (4-5) is fixedly connected with one end of a rotating rod (4-6), the other end of the rotating rod (4-6) is rotatably connected with one end of a swinging rod (4-7) through a hinged shaft, the other end of the swinging rod (4-7) is rotatably connected on the fixed shaft (4-8), the fixed shaft (4-8) is fixedly connected to the feeding baffle (4-9), the lower end of the feeding baffle (4-9) is connected to the trapezoidal sliding rail (4-4) in a sliding fit manner, the rack (4-10) is fixedly connected to the feeding baffle (4-9), the feeding baffle (4-9) and the rack (4-10) are connected to the top cover (2-2) in a sliding fit manner, and the rack (4-10) is in transmission connection with the stirring mechanism (5); the upper end of the feeding baffle (4-9) is fixedly connected with a door-shaped seat (4-11), the door-shaped seat (4-11) is fixedly connected with two extrusion rods (4-12), and the lower ends of the two extrusion rods (4-12) correspond to the two ends of the pressing plate (3-5) respectively; the lower end of the circular pressure plate (4-1) is fixedly connected with a hollow shaft (4-13), and three crushing cutters (4-14) are arranged on the hollow shaft (4-13) in a surrounding manner;
the stirring mechanism (5) comprises a gear (5-1), a driving bevel gear (5-2), a driving shaft (5-3), a driven bevel gear (5-4), a first belt wheel (5-5), a transmission shaft (5-6), a shaft bracket plate (5-7), a second belt wheel (5-8), a shaft sleeve (5-9), a vertical chute (5-10) and a stirring plate (5-11); the gear (5-1) and the driving bevel gear (5-2) are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of the driving shaft (5-3), the gear (5-1) is in meshing transmission connection with the rack (4-10), the driving bevel gear (5-2) is in meshing transmission connection with the driven bevel gear (5-4), the driven bevel gear (5-4) and the first pulley (5-5) are respectively and fixedly connected to two ends of the driving shaft (5-6), the driving shaft (5-3) and the driving shaft (5-6) are both rotationally connected to a shaft frame plate (5-7), and the shaft frame plate (5-7) is fixedly connected to a motor frame of the motor (4-5); the first belt wheel (5-5) is in transmission connection with the second belt wheel (5-8) through a belt, the second belt wheel (5-8) is fixedly connected to a shaft sleeve (5-9), the shaft sleeve (5-9) is rotatably connected to a top cover (2-2), a central slider (4-2) is connected in the shaft sleeve (5-9) in a sliding fit manner, two vertical chutes (5-10) are formed in the upper end of the shaft sleeve (5-9), two connecting blocks (4-3) are respectively connected to the two vertical chutes (5-10) in a sliding fit manner, a circular pressure plate (4-1) is connected with the shaft sleeve (5-9) in a sliding fit manner, a plurality of stirring plates (5-11) are arranged at the lower end of the shaft sleeve (5-9), and the plurality of stirring plates (5-11) are rotatably connected in a combustion chamber (1-1); the two bottom plates (3-1) are in clearance fit with the shaft sleeves (5-9).
2. The medical waste pollution-free combustion treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: the waste gas treatment mechanism (6) comprises a desulfurization box (6-1), a fixing plate (6-2), an air inlet pipe (6-3) with an air pump, a spray pipe (6-4), a dust exhaust pipe (6-5) with a control valve and an air outlet pipe (6-6) with an air pump; the desulfurization box (6-1) is fixedly connected to the combustion chamber (1-1) through two fixing plates (6-2), the upper part, the middle part and the lower part of the desulfurization box (6-1) are respectively and fixedly connected and communicated with the spray pipe (6-4), the air inlet pipe (6-3) and the dust exhaust pipe (6-5), the air outlet pipe (6-6) is fixedly connected and communicated with the upper end of the desulfurization box (6-1), the air inlet pipe (6-3) is communicated with the interior of the combustion chamber (1-1), and a detachable activated carbon adsorption layer is arranged in the air outlet pipe (6-6).
3. The medical waste pollution-free combustion treatment device according to claim 2, wherein: the bottom surface of the annular water receiving seat (2-4) inclines towards the drain pipe (2-5).
CN202010028498.8A 2020-01-11 2020-01-11 Pollution-free combustion treatment device for medical waste Active CN111174217B (en)

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CN112844098A (en) * 2021-01-04 2021-05-28 蔺学强 Automatic medicine device of mixing of medical treatment
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