CN109737414B - Environment-friendly waste incineration device - Google Patents

Environment-friendly waste incineration device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109737414B
CN109737414B CN201910021060.4A CN201910021060A CN109737414B CN 109737414 B CN109737414 B CN 109737414B CN 201910021060 A CN201910021060 A CN 201910021060A CN 109737414 B CN109737414 B CN 109737414B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
stirring
filter
incinerator
output
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CN201910021060.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109737414A (en
Inventor
周旭东
邢明
李的根
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南京大学(溧水)生态环境研究院
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Priority to CN201910021060.4A priority Critical patent/CN109737414B/en
Publication of CN109737414A publication Critical patent/CN109737414A/en
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Publication of CN109737414B publication Critical patent/CN109737414B/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of waste treatment, and particularly relates to an environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device; comprises an incinerator, a feed inlet, an igniter, a motor, a smoke outlet cabin and a controller; the igniter is positioned at one side below the incinerator, the motor is positioned at the top of the incinerator, and the output end of the motor penetrates through the top of the incinerator and extends into the incinerator; a heat collecting unit is arranged at the top in the incinerator; a stirring unit is arranged below the heat collecting unit, and a filtering unit is arranged on one side of the incinerator; the invention can improve; the efficiency of msw incineration can also utilize heat and flue gas that msw incineration produced, has improved the utilization ratio of resource.

Description

environment-friendly waste incineration device

Technical Field

The invention belongs to the technical field of waste treatment, and particularly relates to an environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device.

Background

At present, two main methods for treating garbage are available: one is a landfill method, the other is a burning method, although the landfill method is simpler, the landfill method has the defects of large occupied area, large labor and capital cost, long rotting time and the like, and relatively speaking, the burning method is an advanced treatment method, can treat various wastes with different properties, and can reduce the volume of the wastes by more than 90 percent after burning.

The garbage incinerator comprises a furnace body, a cold water pipe is arranged in the furnace body, a combustion chamber is arranged at the lower part of the furnace body, a feeding hole is formed in the combustion chamber, an air outlet pipe is arranged on the outer side of the furnace body, the incinerator further comprises an induced draft fan, an air inlet of the induced draft fan is connected to the air outlet pipe, an air outlet of the induced draft fan is connected with a smoke processor, a flue is arranged on the inner side wall of the furnace body, and the flue is communicated with the air outlet pipe.

According to the technical scheme, the garbage incinerator can be used for incinerating garbage, but the garbage is not treated in the incinerator, the garbage is combusted in a static state, so that the garbage is insufficiently combusted, harmful gases are increased, meanwhile, the smoke is guided into the shell by the induced draft fan to be filtered, so that impurities in the induced draft fan are greatly increased, the service life of the induced draft fan is shortened, heat and smoke generated by garbage incineration are not utilized, and the utilization rate of resources is reduced; so that the technical solution is limited.

Disclosure of Invention

In order to make up the deficiency of the prior art, in order to solve the problem that the combustion of the garbage in the incinerator is insufficient, and the heat and the smoke generated by the combustion of the garbage are not utilized in the prior art; the invention provides an environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device.

The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to an environment-friendly garbage incineration treatment device, which comprises an incinerator, a feeding hole, an igniter, a motor, a smoke outlet cabin and a controller, wherein the incinerator is arranged on the top of the incinerator; the controller is used for controlling the garbage incineration treatment device to work; the igniter is positioned at one side below the incinerator, the motor is positioned at the top of the incinerator, and the output end of the motor penetrates through the top of the incinerator and extends into the incinerator; the heat collecting unit is arranged at the top in the incinerator and used for utilizing heat generated by garbage incineration, and comprises a heat collecting box, a positive convex baffle, a first fixing plate and a first piston plate; the heat collecting box is arranged at the top inside the incinerator and symmetrically arranged by taking the output end of the motor as a reference; the first fixing plate and the first piston plate are positioned in the heat collection box, the first fixing plate is positioned below the first piston plate, the first fixing plate is fixedly connected with the interior of the heat collection box, and the first fixing plate is provided with an electromagnetic valve; the air inlet is arranged on the outer side of the incinerator and is communicated with a closed space formed by the first fixing plate and the heat collecting box, an opening is formed in one side, away from the side wall of the incinerator, of the heat collecting box, the opening is located between the first fixing plate and the first piston plate, and the first piston plate is connected with the heat collecting box through a spring; the part of the output end of the motor, which is positioned in the incinerator, is fixedly connected with a first rotating rod, one end of the first rotating rod, which is far away from the output end of the motor, is provided with a first air cylinder, the top of the first air cylinder is fixedly connected with the first rotating rod, the output end of the first air cylinder penetrates through a positive convex baffle plate and is fixedly connected with a second rotating rod, the first air cylinder is communicated with a closed space formed by a heat collection box through an air pipe and a first piston plate, and gas in the closed space formed by the first piston plate and the heat collection box is used for driving the output end; the second rotating rod is provided with a stirring unit which is used for stirring the incinerated garbage; the stirring unit comprises a first stirring plate, a second stirring plate, a third stirring plate and a rigid rope, wherein the first stirring plate is symmetrically arranged by taking a second rotating rod as a reference, the second stirring plate is sleeved in the first stirring plate, the third stirring plate is sleeved in the second stirring plate, the first stirring plate is in sliding connection with the second stirring plate, the second stirring plate is in sliding connection with the third stirring plate, cavities are formed in the first stirring plate, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate respectively, springs are arranged in the cavities, the springs among the first stirring plate, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate are in contact with the inner wall of the cavities, and the springs among the first stirring plate, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate are fixedly connected respectively; an inverted-convex through groove is formed below the second rotating rod, a first pulley is arranged in the inverted-convex through groove, one end of a rigid rope penetrates through the first stirring plate and the second stirring plate and then is fixedly connected with one end, far away from the second stirring plate, of the third stirring plate, the other end of the rigid rope is connected with the second pulley at the bottom of the incinerator through the first pulley, and the rigid rope is in a tightened state when not in operation; the output end of the first air cylinder drives the rigid rope to slide on the first pulley and the second pulley when moving up and down, and drives the first stirring plate, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate to move back and forth in the horizontal direction when the rigid rope slides on the first pulley and the second pulley; the garbage incinerator is provided with the stirring unit, the stirring unit can turn the garbage to be incinerated at multiple angles, the garbage can be fully combusted, harmful gas is reduced, the garbage incineration efficiency is improved, and meanwhile, the heat generated by the garbage incineration can be utilized, the working range of the stirring unit can be enlarged, and the garbage incineration efficiency is further improved.

The garbage to be incinerated is fed in from the feeding hole, the igniter is started to ignite the garbage, the garbage starts to be incinerated, the motor is started at the moment, the motor drives the first rotating rod and the second rotating rod to rotate, the first rotating rod drives the first stirring plate, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate to rotate in the horizontal direction when the second rotating rod rotates, the garbage to be incinerated is rotated and stirred, and the garbage incineration speed is improved; along with the continuous incineration of the garbage, the generated heat is attached to the bottom of the heat collecting box, so that the temperature of gas between the heat collecting box and the first fixing plate is continuously increased, the pressure of the gas is continuously increased while the temperature of the gas is continuously increased, when the pressure of the gas between the heat collecting box and the first fixing plate reaches a peak value, the pressure valve on the first fixing plate is opened, the gas between the heat collecting box and the first fixing plate instantly impacts the first piston plate to enable the first piston plate to move upwards, the first piston plate compresses the gas between the first piston plate and the heat collecting box to enter the first cylinder, the output end of the first cylinder extends out to drive the second rotating rod to move downwards, the incinerated garbage is turned over once in the vertical direction when the second rotating rod moves downwards, the rigid rope is changed from a tight state to a loose state when the second rotating rod moves downwards, and the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate move towards the side wall of the incinerator under the action of the, turning the incinerated garbage in the horizontal direction for one time; when gas impacts the first piston plate, the gas is discharged from an opening at one side of the heat collection box and enters the incinerator, the first piston plate returns to the initial position under the action of the spring, the output end of the first air cylinder moves upwards, the garbage in the vertical direction is turned once again when the output end of the first air cylinder moves upwards, the rigid rope is changed from a loose state to a tight state, the second stirring plate and the third stirring plate start to contract, and the garbage in the horizontal direction is turned once again; through the work that the gas collection unit does not stop, can make stirring the stirring unit multi-angle turn rubbish, the time that has significantly reduced waste incineration guarantees that rubbish can burn fully, has reduced harmful gas's production.

Preferably, one side of the incinerator is provided with a filtering unit, the filtering unit is communicated with the smoke outlet cabin through a smoke outlet pipe, the filtering unit is used for treating smoke generated by garbage incineration, and the filtering unit comprises a vertical plate, a filtering cavity, a first filtering plate and a second filtering plate; the vertical plate is positioned in the middle of the filter cavity, the vertical plate divides the filter cavity into a first cavity and a second cavity, a through hole is formed below the vertical plate, a water outlet is formed in one side of the bottom of the first cavity, a gas outlet is formed in the side wall of the second cavity, and the first filter plate and the second filter plate are both positioned in the first cavity; according to the invention, through designing the filtering unit and through the matched use of the first filtering plate and the second filtering plate, the multi-layer filtering can be carried out on the smoke generated by the waste incineration, so that the smoke can reach the emission standard, and the environment is protected.

Preferably, a gas collection unit is arranged in the first cavity and used for utilizing flue gas generated by garbage combustion, the gas collection unit comprises a gas collection plate, a second fixed plate and a second piston plate, the gas collection plate and the second fixed plate are fixedly connected with the side wall of the first cavity, a one-way valve is arranged on the gas collection plate, a pneumatic valve is arranged on the second fixed plate, the second piston plate is positioned above the second fixed plate, and the second piston plate is connected with the top of the first cavity through a spring; a hollow channel is formed in the vertical plate, one end of the hollow channel is positioned between the second fixing plate and the second piston plate, and the other end of the hollow channel is positioned below the second fixing plate; the top of the filter cavity is provided with a water tank, a second air cylinder is arranged in the water tank, the bottom of the second air cylinder is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water tank, the output end of the second air cylinder is fixedly connected with a third piston plate, and the water in the water tank is above the third piston plate; the side wall of the smoke outlet pipe is uniformly provided with a spray head, the water outlet end of the spray head extends into the smoke outlet pipe, and the water inlet end of the spray head is communicated with a water outlet tank through a water pipe; according to the invention, through designing the gas collection unit, flue gas generated during waste incineration can be utilized, the impact force generated by the flue gas is utilized to drive the second air cylinder to work, the output end of the second air cylinder extends out to drive the third compression plate to press water in the water tank out and then spray the water out of the spray head, so that the water in the spray head can be directly contacted with the flue gas, and on one hand, the utilization rate of resources is improved; on the other hand, the water sprayed out of the spray head can reduce the content of impurities in the flue gas and can clean the smoke outlet pipe.

Preferably, the smoke outlet pipe is formed by splicing short pipes, and the smoke outlet pipe formed by splicing the short pipes is beneficial to cleaning the smoke outlet pipe; the service life of the smoke outlet pipe is prolonged.

Preferably, a filter is located the below of No. two filters, the tip and the cavity contact of a filter, the below of a filter is equipped with No. three cylinders, the bottom of No. three cylinders and the bottom rigid coupling of a cavity, its output and a filter rigid coupling, a filter vibrations messenger No. three cylinders's output reciprocates when water in the water tank falls into a filter through a play tobacco pipe.

Preferably, the end part of the second filter plate is in contact with the first cavity, the diameter of the filter hole in the second filter plate is larger than that of the filter hole in the first filter plate, a fourth cylinder is arranged below the second filter plate, the output end of the fourth cylinder is fixedly connected with the second filter plate, the fourth cylinder is communicated with the third cylinder, when the output end in the third cylinder retracts, gas in the third cylinder enters the fourth cylinder to enable the output end of the fourth cylinder to extend out, and when the output end of the fourth cylinder extends out, the second filter plate is driven to move; the invention can lead the first filter plate and the second filter plate to vibrate continuously through the matching of the third cylinder and the fourth cylinder, and lead harmful impurities in the smoke to be filtered quickly.

When the garbage is incinerated in the incinerator, the generated smoke flows into the filtering cavity through the smoke outlet cabin and the smoke outlet pipe, the smoke firstly enters the first cavity, moves towards the top of the first cavity and then enters a closed space between the second fixed plate and the gas collecting plate through the one-way valve, when the content of the flue gas in the closed space between the second fixed plate and the gas collecting plate reaches a peak value, the air pressure valve on the second fixed plate is opened, the flue gas instantaneously impacts the second piston plate, the second piston plate presses the gas in the closed space formed by the second piston plate and the first cavity, so that the gas enters the second cylinder, the output end of the second cylinder moves upwards to push the third piston plate, so that the water in the water tank is discharged through the water pipe and finally sprayed out through the spray head, and the water sprayed out by the spray head is contacted with the flue gas in the flue pipe, so that the temperature and impurities of the flue gas can be reduced, and the flue gas can reach the standard of quick discharge; on the other hand, impurities attached to the smoke outlet pipe can be cleaned, and smoke exhausted by the pressure valve on the second fixing plate impacts the second piston plate and then flows back to the first chamber through the hollow channel; at the moment, water sprayed by the spray head falls into the first filter plate and the second filter plate for filtering after being discharged from the smoke outlet pipe, the first filter plate vibrates due to the gravity of the water, the output end of the third cylinder retracts when the first filter plate vibrates, gas discharged when the third cylinder retracts enters the fourth cylinder to enable the output end of the fourth cylinder to extend out, the output end of the fourth cylinder extends out to drive the second filter plate to vibrate, and the impurity filtering efficiency of the first filter plate and the second filter plate is improved through the mutual matching of the third cylinder and the fourth cylinder; the flue gas flows into the second chamber from the through holes on the vertical plate after being sprayed and filtered, and is finally discharged from the gas outlet; water in the first chamber is filtered by the first filter plate and the second filter plate and then is discharged through the water outlet.

The invention has the following beneficial effects:

1. the environment-friendly garbage incineration treatment device is high in garbage incineration efficiency, and the incinerated garbage can be subjected to rotary type agitation by designing the agitation unit, so that the garbage incineration efficiency is improved, the generation of harmful gas is greatly reduced, and the environment is protected.

2. The environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device is high in resource utilization rate, and the heat generated by waste incineration can be utilized by designing the heat collection unit, so that the stirring unit can rotate and move up and down and left and right, the working range of the stirring unit is enlarged, and the waste incineration efficiency is further improved.

3. The environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device is good in environment friendliness, can utilize flue gas generated by waste combustion by designing the gas collection unit, enables water in the water tank to be sprayed out from the spray head to reduce dust of the flue gas, can clean the smoke outlet pipe, can be matched with the gas collection unit to filter the flue gas again by designing the filtering unit, greatly reduces the content of impurities in the flue gas, is favorable for emission of the flue gas, and protects the environment.

Drawings

The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.

FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a front view of the present invention in operation;

FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 1 at A;

In the figure: the incinerator 1, the igniter 2, the smoke outlet cabin 3, the smoke outlet pipe 31, the heat collecting unit 4, the heat collecting box 41, the positive convex baffle 42, the first fixing plate 43, the first piston plate 44, the air inlet 45, the first rotating rod 5, the first air cylinder 51, the second rotating rod 52, the inverted convex through groove 53, the first pulley 54, the second pulley 55, the stirring unit 6, the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62, the third stirring plate 63, the rigid rope 64, the filtering unit 7, the vertical plate 71, the filtering cavity 72, the first chamber 721, the second chamber 722, the first filtering plate 73, the third air cylinder 731, the second filtering plate 74, the fourth air cylinder 741, the gas collecting unit 8, the gas collecting plate 81, the second fixing plate 82, the second piston plate 83, the hollow channel 84, the water tank 85, the second air cylinder 86, the third piston plate 87 and the spray head 88.

Detailed Description

In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.

As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the environment-friendly garbage incineration device of the present invention comprises an incinerator 1, a feed inlet, an igniter 2, a motor, a smoke outlet chamber 3 and a controller; the controller is used for controlling the garbage incineration treatment device to work; the igniter 2 is positioned at one side below the incinerator 1, the motor is positioned at the top of the incinerator 1, and the output end of the motor penetrates through the top of the incinerator 1 and extends into the incinerator 1; the heat collecting unit 4 is arranged at the top in the incinerator 1, the heat collecting unit 4 is used for utilizing heat generated by garbage incineration, and the heat collecting unit 4 comprises a heat collecting box 41, a positive convex baffle 42, a first fixing plate 43 and a first piston plate 44; the heat collecting box 41 is arranged at the top of the inside of the incinerator 1, and the heat collecting box 41 is symmetrically arranged by taking the output end of the motor as a reference; the first fixing plate 43 and the first piston plate 44 are positioned in the heat collecting tank 41, the first fixing plate 43 is positioned below the first piston plate 44, the first fixing plate 43 is fixedly connected with the inside of the heat collecting tank 41, and the first fixing plate 43 is provided with an electromagnetic valve; an air inlet 45 is formed in the outer side of the incinerator 1, the air inlet 45 and a first fixing plate 43 are communicated with a closed space formed by a heat collecting box 41, an opening is formed in one side, away from the side wall of the incinerator 1, of the heat collecting box 41, the opening is located between the first fixing plate 43 and a first piston plate 44, and the first piston plate 44 is connected with the heat collecting box 41 through a spring; a first rotating rod 5 is fixedly connected to the part, located in the incinerator 1, of the output end of the motor, a first air cylinder 51 is arranged at one end, away from the output end of the motor, of the first rotating rod 5, the top of the first air cylinder 51 is fixedly connected with the first rotating rod 5, the output end of the first air cylinder is fixedly connected with a second rotating rod 52 through a positive convex baffle 42, the first air cylinder 51 is communicated with a closed space formed by the heat collection box 41 through an air pipe and a first piston plate 44, and air in the closed space formed by the first piston plate 44 and the heat collection box 41 is used for driving the output end of the first air cylinder 51 to move up; the second rotating rod 52 is provided with a stirring unit 6, and the stirring unit 6 is used for turning over the incinerated garbage; the stirring unit 6 comprises a first stirring plate 61, a second stirring plate 62, a third stirring plate 63 and a rigid rope 64, wherein the first stirring plate 61 is symmetrically arranged by taking a second rotating rod 52 as a reference, the second stirring plate 62 is sleeved in the first stirring plate 61, the third stirring plate 63 is sleeved in the second stirring plate 62, the first stirring plate 61 is in sliding connection with the second stirring plate 62, the second stirring plate 62 is in sliding connection with the third stirring plate 63, cavities are formed in the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63, springs are arranged in the cavities, the springs among the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 are in contact with the inner wall of the cavities, and the springs among the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 are fixedly connected with one another; an inverted-convex through groove 53 is formed below the second rotating rod 52, a first pulley 54 is arranged in the inverted-convex through groove 53, one end of a rigid rope 64 penetrates through the first stirring plate 61 and the second stirring plate 62 and then is fixedly connected with one end, far away from the second stirring plate 62, of the third stirring plate 63, the other end of the rigid rope 64 is connected with a second pulley 55 at the bottom of the incinerator 1 through the first pulley 54, and the rigid rope 64 is in a tightened state when not in operation; when the output end of the first air cylinder 51 moves up and down, the rigid rope 64 is driven to slide on the first pulley 54 and the second pulley 55, and when the rigid rope 64 slides on the first pulley 54 and the second pulley 55, the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 are driven to move back and forth in the horizontal direction; according to the invention, through designing the stirring unit 6, the stirring unit 6 can turn the garbage to be incinerated at multiple angles, so that the garbage can be fully combusted, the generation of harmful gas is reduced, and the garbage incineration efficiency is improved.

The garbage to be incinerated is fed in from the feeding hole, the igniter 2 is started to ignite the garbage, the garbage starts to be incinerated, the motor is started at the moment, the motor drives the first rotating rod 5 and the second rotating rod 52 to rotate, the second rotating rod 52 drives the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 to rotate in the horizontal direction when rotating, the garbage to be incinerated is rotated and turned, and the garbage incineration speed is improved; as the garbage is continuously incinerated, the generated heat adheres to the bottom of the heat collecting tank 41, so that the temperature of the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 is continuously increased, the pressure of the gas is continuously increased while the temperature of the gas is continuously increased, when the pressure of the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 reaches a peak value, the pressure valve on the first fixing plate 43 is opened, the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 instantaneously impacts the first piston plate 44 to move the first piston plate 44 upwards, the first piston plate 44 compresses the gas between the first piston plate 44 and the heat collecting tank 41 into the first cylinder 51, the output end of the first cylinder 51 extends to drive the second rotating rod 52 to move downwards, the second rotating rod 52 turns over the incinerated garbage once in the vertical direction when moving downwards, and the rigid rope 64 is changed from a tight state to a loose state when the second rotating rod 52 moves downwards, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 move towards the side wall of the incinerator 1 under the action of the spring, and the incinerated garbage is turned over once in the horizontal direction; when the gas impacts the first piston plate 44, the gas is discharged from the opening at one side of the heat collecting box 41 and enters the incinerator 1, at the moment, the first piston plate 44 returns to the initial position under the action of the spring, the output end of the first air cylinder 51 moves upwards, the garbage in the vertical direction is turned over once again when the output end of the first air cylinder 51 moves upwards, at the moment, the rigid rope 64 is changed into a tight state from a loose state, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate start to shrink, and the garbage in the horizontal direction is turned over once again; through the work that gas collection unit 8 does not stop, can make stirring 6 multi-angles of unit turn over rubbish, the time that has significantly reduced waste incineration guarantees that rubbish can burn fully, has reduced harmful gas's production.

As a specific embodiment of the present invention, a filtering unit 7 is disposed on one side of the incinerator 1, the filtering unit 7 is communicated with the smoke outlet chamber 3 through the smoke outlet pipe 31, the filtering unit 7 is used for processing smoke generated by burning garbage, and the filtering unit 7 includes a vertical plate 71, a filtering chamber 72, a first filtering plate 73 and a second filtering plate 74; the vertical plate 71 is positioned in the middle of the filter cavity 72, the vertical plate 71 divides the filter cavity 72 into a first cavity 721 and a second cavity 722, a through hole is formed below the vertical plate 71, a water outlet is formed in one side of the bottom of the first cavity 721, an air outlet is formed in the side wall of the second cavity 722, and the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 are both positioned in the first cavity 721; according to the invention, through designing the filtering unit 7, the first filtering plate 73 and the second filtering plate 74 are matched for use, so that the flue gas generated by waste incineration can be subjected to multi-layer filtering, the flue gas can reach the emission standard, and the environment is protected.

As a specific embodiment of the present invention, a gas collection unit 8 is disposed in the first chamber 721, the gas collection unit 8 is used for utilizing flue gas generated by combustion of garbage, the gas collection unit 8 includes a gas collection plate 81, a second fixed plate 82 and a second piston plate 83, the gas collection plate 81 and the second fixed plate 82 are fixedly connected to a side wall of the first chamber 721, the gas collection plate 81 is provided with a one-way valve, the second fixed plate 82 is provided with a pneumatic valve, the second piston plate 83 is located above the second fixed plate 82, and the second piston plate 83 is connected to a top of the first chamber 721 through a spring; a hollow channel 84 is formed in the vertical plate 71, one end of the hollow channel 84 is positioned between the second fixing plate 82 and the second piston plate 83, and the other end of the hollow channel 84 is positioned below the second fixing plate 82; the top of the filter cavity 72 is provided with a water tank 85, a second cylinder 86 is arranged in the water tank 85, the bottom of the second cylinder 86 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water tank 85, the output end of the second cylinder 86 is fixedly connected with a third piston plate 87, and water in the water tank 85 is positioned above the third piston plate 87; the side wall of the smoke outlet pipe 31 is uniformly provided with spray heads 88, the water outlet end of each spray head 88 extends into the smoke outlet pipe 31, and the water inlet end of each spray head 88 is communicated with the water outlet tank 85 through a water pipe; according to the invention, through designing the gas collection unit 8, flue gas generated during waste incineration can be utilized, the impact force generated by the flue gas is utilized to drive the second cylinder 86 to work, the output end of the second cylinder 86 extends out to drive the third compression plate to press water in the water tank 85 out and then spray the water out of the spray head 88, so that the water in the spray head 88 can be directly contacted with the flue gas, and on one hand, the utilization rate of resources is improved; on the other hand, the water sprayed from the nozzle 88 can not only reduce the content of impurities in the flue gas, but also clean the smoke outlet pipe 31.

As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the smoke outlet pipe 31 is formed by splicing short pipes, and the smoke outlet pipe 31 formed by splicing short pipes is beneficial to cleaning the smoke outlet pipe 31; the service life of the smoke outlet pipe 31 is prolonged.

As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the first filter plate 73 is located below the second filter plate 74, the end of the first filter plate 73 contacts with the first chamber 721, the third cylinder 731 is located below the first filter plate 73, the bottom of the third cylinder 731 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the first chamber 721, the output end of the third cylinder 731 is fixedly connected to the first filter plate 73, and the first filter plate 73 vibrates to move the output end of the third cylinder 731 up and down when water in the water tank 85 falls onto the first filter plate 73 through the smoke outlet pipe 31.

As a specific embodiment of the present invention, the end of the second filter plate 74 is in contact with the first chamber 721, the diameter of the filter hole on the second filter plate 74 is greater than the diameter of the filter hole on the first filter plate 73, a fourth cylinder 741 is disposed below the second filter plate 74, the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 is fixedly connected to the second filter plate 74, the fourth cylinder 741 is communicated with the third cylinder 731, when the output end in the third cylinder 731 retracts, the gas in the third cylinder 731 enters the fourth cylinder 741 to extend the output end of the fourth cylinder 741, and when the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 extends, the second filter plate 74 is driven to move; the third cylinder 731 is matched with the fourth cylinder 741, so that the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 can vibrate continuously, and harmful impurities in the flue gas can be filtered quickly.

When the garbage is incinerated in the incinerator 1, the generated flue gas flows into the filter cavity 72 through the flue gas outlet chamber 3 and the flue gas outlet pipe 31, the flue gas firstly enters the first chamber 721, moves towards the top of the first chamber 721, then enters the closed space between the second fixing plate 82 and the gas collecting plate 81 through the one-way valve, when the flue gas content in the closed space between the second fixing plate 82 and the gas collecting plate 81 reaches a peak value, the air pressure valve on the second fixing plate 82 is opened, the flue gas instantly impacts the second piston plate 83, the second piston plate 83 compresses the gas in the closed space formed by the second piston plate 83 and the first chamber 721, the gas enters the second cylinder 86, the output end of the second cylinder 86 moves upwards to push the third piston plate 87 to discharge the water in the water tank 85 through the water pipe, and finally is sprayed out from the spray head 88, the water sprayed from the spray head 88 is contacted with the flue gas in the flue gas outlet pipe 31, on one hand, the temperature and impurities of the flue gas can be reduced, so that the waste water can reach the standard of quick discharge; on the other hand, impurities attached in the smoke outlet pipe 31 can be cleaned, and smoke exhausted by the pressure valve on the second fixing plate 82 impacts the second piston plate 83 and then flows back to the first chamber 721 through the hollow channel 84; at this time, water sprayed by the spray head 88 falls into the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 for filtering after being discharged from the smoke outlet pipe 31, the first filter plate 73 vibrates due to the gravity of the water, the output end of the third cylinder 731 retracts when the first filter plate 73 vibrates, discharged gas enters the fourth cylinder 741 when the third cylinder 731 retracts so that the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 extends, the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 extends to drive the second filter plate 74 to vibrate, and the efficiency of the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 for filtering impurities is improved through the mutual matching of the third cylinder 731 and the fourth cylinder 741; after being sprayed with water and filtered, the flue gas flows into the second chamber 722 from the through holes on the vertical plates 71 and is finally discharged from the air outlet; the water in the first chamber 721 is filtered by the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 and then discharged through the water outlet.

When the garbage incinerator works, garbage to be incinerated is fed in from the feeding hole, the igniter 2 is started to ignite the garbage, the garbage starts to be incinerated, the motor is started at the moment, the motor drives the first rotating rod 5 and the second rotating rod 52 to rotate, the second rotating rod 52 drives the first stirring plate 61, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 to rotate in the horizontal direction when rotating, the garbage to be incinerated is rotated, and the garbage incineration speed is improved; as the garbage is continuously incinerated, the generated heat adheres to the bottom of the heat collecting tank 41, so that the temperature of the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 is continuously increased, the pressure of the gas is continuously increased while the temperature of the gas is continuously increased, when the pressure of the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 reaches a peak value, the pressure valve on the first fixing plate 43 is opened, the gas between the heat collecting tank 41 and the first fixing plate 43 instantaneously impacts the first piston plate 44 to move the first piston plate 44 upwards, the first piston plate 44 compresses the gas between the first piston plate 44 and the heat collecting tank 41 into the first cylinder 51, the output end of the first cylinder 51 extends to drive the second rotating rod 52 to move downwards, the second rotating rod 52 turns over the incinerated garbage once in the vertical direction when moving downwards, and the rigid rope 64 is changed from a tight state to a loose state when the second rotating rod 52 moves downwards, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate 63 move towards the side wall of the incinerator 1 under the action of the spring, and the incinerated garbage is turned over once in the horizontal direction; when the gas impacts the first piston plate 44, the gas is discharged from the opening at one side of the heat collecting box 41 and enters the incinerator 1, at the moment, the first piston plate 44 returns to the initial position under the action of the spring, the output end of the first air cylinder 51 moves upwards, the garbage in the vertical direction is turned over once again when the output end of the first air cylinder 51 moves upwards, at the moment, the rigid rope 64 is changed into a tight state from a loose state, the second stirring plate 62 and the third stirring plate start to shrink, and the garbage in the horizontal direction is turned over once again; the gas collection unit 8 continuously works, so that the stirring unit 6 can turn over the garbage at multiple angles, the garbage incineration time is greatly shortened, the garbage can be fully combusted, and the generation of harmful gas is reduced; when the garbage is incinerated in the incinerator 1, the generated flue gas flows into the filter cavity 72 through the flue gas outlet chamber 3 and the flue gas outlet pipe 31, the flue gas firstly enters the first chamber 721, moves towards the top of the first chamber 721, then enters the closed space between the second fixing plate 82 and the gas collecting plate 81 through the one-way valve, when the flue gas content in the closed space between the second fixing plate 82 and the gas collecting plate 81 reaches a peak value, the air pressure valve on the second fixing plate 82 is opened, the flue gas instantly impacts the second piston plate 83, the second piston plate 83 compresses the gas in the closed space formed by the second piston plate 83 and the first chamber 721, the gas enters the second cylinder 86, the output end of the second cylinder 86 moves upwards to push the third piston plate 87 to discharge the water in the water tank 85 through the water pipe, and finally is sprayed out from the spray head 88, the water sprayed from the spray head 88 is contacted with the flue gas in the flue gas outlet pipe 31, on one hand, the temperature and impurities of the flue gas can be reduced, so that the waste water can reach the standard of quick discharge; on the other hand, impurities attached in the smoke outlet pipe 31 can be cleaned, and smoke exhausted by the pressure valve on the second fixing plate 82 impacts the second piston plate 83 and then flows back to the first chamber 721 through the hollow channel 84; at this time, water sprayed by the spray head 88 falls into the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 for filtering after being discharged from the smoke outlet pipe 31, the first filter plate 73 vibrates due to the gravity of the water, the output end of the third cylinder 731 retracts when the first filter plate 73 vibrates, discharged gas enters the fourth cylinder 741 when the third cylinder 731 retracts so that the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 extends, the output end of the fourth cylinder 741 extends to drive the second filter plate 74 to vibrate, and the efficiency of the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 for filtering impurities is improved through the mutual matching of the third cylinder 731 and the fourth cylinder 741; after being sprayed with water and filtered, the flue gas flows into the second chamber 722 from the through holes on the vertical plates 71 and is finally discharged from the air outlet; the water in the first chamber 721 is filtered by the first filter plate 73 and the second filter plate 74 and then discharged through the water outlet.

The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides an environment-friendly waste incineration processing apparatus which characterized in that: comprises an incinerator (1), a feed inlet, an igniter (2), a motor, a smoke outlet cabin (3) and a controller; the controller is used for controlling the garbage incineration treatment device to work; the igniter (2) is positioned at one side below the incinerator (1), the motor is positioned at the top of the incinerator (1), and the output end of the motor penetrates through the top of the incinerator (1) and extends into the incinerator (1); the garbage incinerator (1) is characterized in that a heat collecting unit (4) is arranged at the top in the incinerator (1), the heat collecting unit (4) is used for utilizing heat generated by garbage incineration, and the heat collecting unit (4) comprises a heat collecting box (41), a positive convex baffle (42), a first fixing plate (43) and a first piston plate (44); the heat collecting box (41) is arranged at the top of the inside of the incinerator (1), and the heat collecting box (41) is symmetrically arranged by taking the output end of the motor as a reference; the first fixing plate (43) and the first piston plate (44) are positioned in the heat collecting box (41), the first fixing plate (43) is positioned below the first piston plate (44), the first fixing plate (43) is fixedly connected with the interior of the heat collecting box (41), and the first fixing plate (43) is provided with an electromagnetic valve; an air inlet (45) is formed in the outer side of the incinerator (1), the air inlet (45) and a first fixing plate (43) are communicated with a closed space formed by the heat collecting box (41), an opening is formed in one side, away from the side wall of the incinerator (1), of the heat collecting box (41), the opening is located between the first fixing plate (43) and a first piston plate (44), and the first piston plate (44) is connected with the heat collecting box (41) through a spring; a first rotating rod (5) is fixedly connected to the part, located in the incinerator (1), of the output end of the motor, a first air cylinder (51) is arranged at one end, away from the output end of the motor, of the first rotating rod (5), the top of the first air cylinder (51) is fixedly connected with the first rotating rod (5), the output end of the first air cylinder penetrates through the positive convex baffle (42) and is fixedly connected with a second rotating rod (52), the first air cylinder (51) is communicated with a closed space formed by the heat collection box (41) through an air pipe and a first piston plate (44), and air in the closed space formed by the first piston plate (44) and the heat collection box (41) is used for driving the output end of the first air cylinder (51) to move up; the second rotating rod (52) is provided with a stirring unit (6), and the stirring unit (6) is used for turning over the incinerated garbage; the stirring unit (6) comprises a first stirring plate (61), a second stirring plate (62), a third stirring plate (63) and a rigid rope (64), wherein the first stirring plate (61) is symmetrically arranged by taking a second rotating rod (52) as a reference, the second stirring plate (62) is sleeved in the first stirring plate (61), the third stirring plate (63) is sleeved in the second stirring plate (62), the first stirring plate (61) is in sliding connection with the second stirring plate (62), the second stirring plate (62) is in sliding connection with the third stirring plate (63), and the first stirring plate (61), cavities are formed in the second stirring plate (62) and the third stirring plate (63), springs are arranged in the cavities, the springs among the first stirring plate (61), the second stirring plate (62) and the third stirring plate (63) are in contact with the inner wall of the cavities, and the springs among the first stirring plate (61), the second stirring plate (62) and the third stirring plate (63) are fixedly connected respectively; an inverted-convex through groove (53) is formed below the second rotating rod (52), a first pulley (54) is arranged in the inverted-convex through groove (53), one end of a rigid rope (64) penetrates through the first stirring plate (61) and the second stirring plate (62) and then is fixedly connected with one end, far away from the second stirring plate (62), of the third stirring plate (63), the other end of the rigid rope (64) is connected with a second pulley (55) at the bottom of the incinerator (1) through the first pulley (54), and the rigid rope (64) is in a tightened state when not in work; the output end of the first air cylinder (51) drives the rigid rope (64) to slide on the first pulley (54) and the second pulley (55) when moving up and down, and the rigid rope (64) drives the first stirring plate (61), the second stirring plate (62) and the third stirring plate (63) to move back and forth in the horizontal direction when sliding on the first pulley (54) and the second pulley (55).
2. the environment-friendly waste incineration treatment device according to claim 1, wherein: one side of the incinerator (1) is provided with a filtering unit (7), the filtering unit (7) is communicated with the smoke outlet cabin (3) through a smoke outlet pipe (31), the filtering unit (7) is used for treating smoke generated by garbage incineration, and the filtering unit (7) comprises a vertical plate (71), a filtering cavity (72), a first filtering plate (73) and a second filtering plate (74); riser (71) are located the middle part of filter chamber (72), and riser (71) divide into cavity (721) and No. two cavity (722) with filter chamber (72), and the through-hole has been seted up to the below of riser (71), and one side of cavity (721) bottom is equipped with the delivery port, is equipped with the gas outlet on the lateral wall of No. two cavity (722), and filter (73) and No. two filter (74) all are located cavity (721).
3. The environment-friendly waste incineration disposal device of claim 2, wherein: a gas collecting unit (8) is arranged in the first cavity (721), the gas collecting unit (8) is used for utilizing flue gas generated by garbage combustion, the gas collecting unit (8) comprises a gas collecting plate (81), a second fixing plate (82) and a second piston plate (83), the gas collecting plate (81) and the second fixing plate (82) are fixedly connected with the side wall of the first cavity (721), the gas collecting plate (81) is provided with a one-way valve, the second fixing plate (82) is provided with a pressure valve, the second piston plate (83) is positioned above the second fixing plate (82), and the second piston plate (83) is connected with the top of the first cavity (721) through a spring; a hollow channel (84) is formed in the vertical plate (71), one end of the hollow channel (84) is located between the second fixing plate (82) and the second piston plate (83), and the other end of the hollow channel (84) is located below the second fixing plate (82); the top of the filter cavity (72) is provided with a water tank (85), a second air cylinder (86) is arranged in the water tank (85), the bottom of the second air cylinder (86) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water tank (85), the output end of the second air cylinder (86) is fixedly connected with a third piston plate (87), and water in the water tank (85) is positioned above the third piston plate (87); the side wall of the smoke outlet pipe (31) is uniformly provided with spray heads (88), the water outlet end of each spray head (88) extends into the smoke outlet pipe (31), and the water inlet end of each spray head (88) is communicated with the water outlet tank (85) through a water pipe.
4. The environment-friendly waste incineration disposal device of claim 3, wherein: the smoke outlet pipe (31) is formed by splicing short pipes, and the smoke outlet pipe (31) formed by splicing the short pipes is beneficial to cleaning the smoke outlet pipe (31).
5. The environment-friendly waste incineration disposal device of claim 2, wherein: a filter (73) is located the below of No. two filter (74), the tip and the cavity (721) contact of a filter (73), the below of a filter (73) is equipped with No. three cylinder (731), the bottom of No. three cylinder (731) and the bottom rigid coupling of a cavity (721), its output and a filter (73) rigid coupling, water in water tank (85) is through going out filter (73) when falling into a filter (73) on filter (31) the time filter (73) vibrations make the output of No. three cylinder (731) reciprocate.
6. The environment-friendly waste incineration disposal device of claim 5, wherein: the end part of the second filter plate (74) is in contact with the first cavity (721), the diameter of the filter hole in the second filter plate (74) is larger than that of the filter hole in the first filter plate (73), a fourth air cylinder (741) is arranged below the second filter plate (74), the output end of the fourth air cylinder (741) is fixedly connected with the second filter plate (74), the fourth air cylinder (741) is communicated with the third air cylinder (731), when the output end in the third air cylinder (731) retracts, air in the third air cylinder (731) enters the fourth air cylinder (741) to enable the output end of the fourth air cylinder (741) to extend out, and when the output end of the fourth air cylinder (741) extends out, the second filter plate (74) is driven to move.
CN201910021060.4A 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Environment-friendly waste incineration device CN109737414B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000146132A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Inoenbairo Techno Kk Incineration ash volume reduction system
EP2716740A1 (en) * 2012-10-02 2014-04-09 Giancarlo Baldi Continuous-type gasifier, in particular for biomasses and urban and industrial wastes
CN203598501U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-05-21 江苏法尔胜技术开发中心有限公司 Waste emulsified liquid concentration device
CN203757729U (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-06 浙江华川实业集团有限公司 Waste incineration device
CN204891716U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-23 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Production of hollow capsule is with colloidal sol device that can realize that glue solution body rolls
CN105864789A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-17 浙江海洋学院 Garbage incineration device and method
CN205586875U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 江西远东药业有限公司 Medicinal material is with batching jar
CN109022040A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 谢响玲 A kind of coal chemical industry pyrolysis gasification system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000146132A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Inoenbairo Techno Kk Incineration ash volume reduction system
EP2716740A1 (en) * 2012-10-02 2014-04-09 Giancarlo Baldi Continuous-type gasifier, in particular for biomasses and urban and industrial wastes
CN203598501U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-05-21 江苏法尔胜技术开发中心有限公司 Waste emulsified liquid concentration device
CN203757729U (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-06 浙江华川实业集团有限公司 Waste incineration device
CN204891716U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-23 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Production of hollow capsule is with colloidal sol device that can realize that glue solution body rolls
CN105864789A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-17 浙江海洋学院 Garbage incineration device and method
CN205586875U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 江西远东药业有限公司 Medicinal material is with batching jar
CN109022040A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 谢响玲 A kind of coal chemical industry pyrolysis gasification system

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