CN210373456U - Domestic waste incineration equipment - Google Patents

Domestic waste incineration equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210373456U
CN210373456U CN201920631055.0U CN201920631055U CN210373456U CN 210373456 U CN210373456 U CN 210373456U CN 201920631055 U CN201920631055 U CN 201920631055U CN 210373456 U CN210373456 U CN 210373456U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue gas
incinerator
crushing cavity
fan
treatment cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920631055.0U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢方良
潘瑞峰
潘瑞芳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fujian Baijiade Biotechnology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Fujian Baijiade Biotechnology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Fujian Baijiade Biotechnology Co Ltd filed Critical Fujian Baijiade Biotechnology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201920631055.0U priority Critical patent/CN210373456U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210373456U publication Critical patent/CN210373456U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a domestic waste incineration equipment, in particular to waste incineration equipment technical field. The utility model discloses an including burning furnace, lime-ash export, feeder hopper, it is equipped with crushing cavity to burn burning furnace one side, be equipped with the rotation axis in the crushing cavity, be equipped with crushing blade on the rotation axis, it is connected with the flue gas absorption cover to burn burning furnace top, be equipped with the just effect filter layer in the flue gas absorption cover, it is equipped with a flue gas treatment section of thick bamboo to burn burning furnace top, the flue gas absorption cover pass through the flue gas discharge pipe with the flue gas import links to each other, a flue gas treatment section of thick bamboo is equipped with in proper order from one. The garbage can be fully combusted, the purification of the flue gas is ensured, and the pollution of the flue gas to the environment is reduced.

Description

Domestic waste incineration equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a in waste incineration equipment technical field, in particular to in a domestic waste incineration treatment equipment.
Background
Since the 21 st century, the economy of China is rapidly developed, the urban scale is continuously enlarged, and the urbanization process is continuously accelerated. However, the amount of municipal solid waste produced is also increasing dramatically. According to statistics, the annual production of urban garbage in China currently exceeds 1.4 hundred million tons, the annual growth rate is 8-10%, the daily garbage production per capita exceeds 1.1kg, and the daily production of household garbage in big cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and the like only reaches about 2 million tons. China has become one of the most serious countries in the world where garbage surrounds cities. Waste incineration is one of refuse treatment's mode, can produce the flue gas during waste incineration, especially if the insufficient flue gas that can produce more of waste combustion, contains toxic gas in the flue gas, if handle the improper and will cause serious pollution to the environment, but the waste incineration treatment facility does not have better flue gas processing apparatus in the existing market, can not carry out better processing to the flue gas to cause environmental pollution.
The contents of the utility model
(1) Technical problem to be solved
The utility model provides a domestic waste incineration treatment equipment has overcome the better flue gas processing apparatus of refuse incineration treatment equipment nothing in the existing market, can not carry out better processing to the flue gas to cause environmental pollution's shortcoming.
(2) Technical scheme
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides a household garbage incineration treatment device, which comprises an incinerator, an ash outlet and a feed hopper, wherein one side of the incinerator is provided with a crushing cavity, the feed hopper is arranged on the crushing cavity, a rotating shaft is arranged in the crushing cavity, the shaft end of the rotating shaft is connected with a motor through a shaft coupling, the rotating shaft is provided with a crushing blade, a screen is arranged in the incinerator, the bottom of the incinerator is provided with the ash outlet, a smoke absorbing cover is connected above the incinerator, a primary filtering layer is arranged in the smoke absorbing cover, a smoke treatment cylinder is arranged above the incinerator, one end of the smoke treatment cylinder is a smoke inlet, the other end of the smoke treatment cylinder is a smoke outlet, more than two smoke guide plates are arranged in the smoke inlet and the smoke outlet, the smoke absorbing cover is connected with the smoke inlet through a smoke discharge, the flue gas treatment device is characterized in that a spraying area, a high-efficiency filter and an adsorption layer are sequentially arranged from one end to the other end of the flue gas treatment cylinder, more than two baffles are arranged in the spraying area in a staggered mode, the spraying area is divided into more than two cavities which are communicated with each other by the baffles, a spray head is arranged in each cavity, a water tank is arranged on the flue gas treatment cylinder, the spray heads are connected with the water tank through spray pipes, a waste liquid storage cavity is arranged at the bottom of the spraying area, the bottom of the flue gas treatment cylinder is fixed on the incinerator through a first support and a second support, a second fan is arranged on the first support, and the second fan is connected with the incinerator through an.
Preferably, the waste liquid storage cavity is funnel-shaped, and the bottom of the waste liquid storage cavity is provided with a liquid discharge valve.
Preferably, the flue gas discharge pipe is L-shaped, a suction fan is arranged at one end of the flue gas discharge pipe close to the flue gas absorption cover, and a first fan is arranged at one end of the flue gas discharge pipe close to the flue gas inlet.
Preferably, the air inlet pipe extends into the incinerator, and the part of the air inlet pipe extending into the incinerator is uniformly distributed with dispersion holes.
Preferably, the adsorption layer is filled with activated carbon particles.
Preferably, the crushing cavity is in a conical shape, the cross-sectional area of one end close to the motor is larger than that of one end close to the incinerator, and the rotating shaft is fixed on the inner wall of the crushing cavity through a bearing seat.
(3) Advantageous effects
The utility model provides a domestic waste incineration treatment equipment has overcome the better flue gas processing apparatus of refuse incineration treatment equipment nothing in the existing market, can not carry out better processing to the flue gas to cause environmental pollution's shortcoming. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. through the setting of smashing the cavity, smash the cavity and be the toper, improve the extrusion efficiency of rubbish, realize the kibbling more abundant of rubbish, guarantee the abundant burning of rubbish, reduce the production of flue gas.
2. In the incineration process, the second fan can drive the air to be uniformly dispersed in the incinerator from the dispersion holes in the air inlet pipe, so that the flowing speed of the air in the air inlet pipe is accelerated, the oxygen content of the air in the air inlet pipe is improved, and the garbage is further fully combusted.
3. Preliminary filtration is carried out through the first effect filter layer in the flue gas absorption cover, and the rethread sprays, gets rid of most granule, dust and some soluble pollutant through the mixture of flue gas and water, then gets into high efficiency filter and purifies once more, gets into the adsorbed layer after the purification and adsorbs away most harmful gas, guarantees the abundant purification of flue gas, avoids the flue gas pollution environment.
4. The arrangement of the baffle plate enlarges the contact area of water and flue gas, and improves the removal effect of particles, dust and some soluble pollutants.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the domestic waste incineration treatment equipment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a point a in fig. 1.
The reference signs are: 1-incinerator, 2-ash outlet, 3-screen, 4-feed hopper, 5-crushing cavity, 6-motor, 7-coupler, 8-bearing seat, 9-rotating shaft, 10-crushing blade, 11-smoke absorbing cover, 12-primary filter layer, 13-smoke discharging pipe, 14-suction fan, 15-first fan, 16-smoke processing cylinder, 161-smoke inlet, 162-smoke outlet, 17-first support, 18-second support, 19-smoke guide plate, 20-spraying area, 201-baffle, 202-spray head, 21-spray pipe, 22-water tank, 23-waste liquid storage cavity, 24-liquid discharge valve, 25-high efficiency filter, 26-adsorption layer, 5-crushing cavity, 27-second fan, 28-inlet pipe, 281-dispersion hole.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal", "lateral", "vertical", "horizontal", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are merely for convenience of description of the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the household garbage incineration treatment equipment of the utility model comprises an incinerator 1, an ash outlet 2 and a feed hopper 4, wherein a crushing cavity 5 is arranged on one side of the incinerator 1, the feed hopper 4 is arranged on the crushing cavity 5, a rotating shaft 9 is arranged in the crushing cavity 5, the shaft end of the rotating shaft 9 is connected with a motor 6 through a shaft coupling 7, a crushing blade 10 is arranged on the rotating shaft 9, a screen 3 is arranged in the incinerator 1, the ash outlet 2 is arranged at the bottom of the incinerator 1, a flue gas absorbing cover 11 is connected above the incinerator 1, a primary filter layer 12 is arranged in the flue gas absorbing cover 11, a flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is arranged above the incinerator 1, one end of the flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is a flue gas inlet 161, the other end of the flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is a flue gas outlet 162, two or more flue gas guide plates 19 are arranged in the flue gas inlet 161 and, the flue gas absorption cover 11 is connected with the flue gas inlet 161 through a flue gas discharge pipe 13, the flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is sequentially provided with a spray area 20, a high-efficiency filter 25 and an adsorption layer 26 from one end to the other end, more than two baffle plates 201 are arranged in the spray area 20 in a staggered manner, the spray area 20 is divided into more than two mutually communicated cavities by the baffle plates 201, a spray head 202 is arranged in each cavity, the flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is provided with a water tank 22, the spray heads 202 are connected with the water tank 22 through spray pipes 21, the bottom of the spray area 20 is provided with a waste liquid storage cavity 23, the bottom of the flue gas treatment cylinder 16 is fixed on the incinerator 1 through a first support 17 and a second support 18, the first support 17 is provided with a second fan 27, and the second fan 27 is connected with the incinerator 1 through an air inlet pipe 28.
Waste liquid storage cavity 23 is hopper-shaped and the bottom installs flowing back valve 24, flue gas discharge pipe 13 is the L type, flue gas discharge pipe 13 is close to the one end department of flue gas absorption cover 11 is equipped with suction fan 14, the one end department that flue gas discharge pipe 13 is close to flue gas inlet 161 is equipped with first fan 15, intake pipe 28 extends to in burning furnace 1, and extend to burn partly evenly distributed in burning furnace 1 has dispersion hole 281, the intussuseption of adsorbed layer 26 is filled with the active carbon granule, smash cavity 5 and be close to the cross sectional area of motor 6 one end is greater than and is close to burn the cross sectional area of 1 one end, rotation axis 9 is fixed in through bearing frame 8 on the crushing cavity 5 inner wall.
The working principle is as follows: garbage enters a crushing cavity 5 from a feed hopper 4, a crushing blade 10 is driven by a starting motor 6 to crush and convey the garbage, so that the garbage is fully combusted, the crushed garbage enters an incinerator 1 to be incinerated, in the incineration process, air can be driven by a second fan 27 to be uniformly dispersed in the incinerator 1 from dispersion holes 281 on an air inlet pipe 28, so that the flowing speed of the air in the air inlet pipe is accelerated, the oxygen content of the air entering the air inlet pipe is improved, the garbage is fully combusted, combusted ash and slag are finally discharged from an ash and slag outlet 2 through a screen 3, the flue gas generated in the combustion process is sucked into a flue gas discharge pipe 13 through a suction fan 14, the flue gas is primarily filtered through a primary filter layer 12 in a flue gas absorption cover 11 and then enters a flue gas treatment cylinder 16 under the drive of a first fan 15, and more than two flue gas guide plates 19 are arranged in a flue gas inlet 161 and a flue gas outlet 162, the flue gas guide plate 19 is arranged to realize the uniform dispersion of the flue gas, and the flue gas purification effect is improved. Open shower nozzle 202, water gets into shower 21 from water tank 22 and realizes spraying, most granule is detached through the mixture of flue gas and water, dust and some soluble pollutants, the area of contact of water and flue gas is enlarged in the setting of baffle 201, improve the granule, the detach effect of dust and some soluble pollutants, water after mixing with the flue gas gets into in the waste liquid storage chamber 23, discharge through opening flowing back valve 24, the flue gas that gets rid of granule and dust gets into high efficiency filter 25 and purifies once more, get into adsorbed most harmful gas after the purification again in adsorbed layer 26, finally, gas outlet 162 discharges.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments, and it should be noted that it is obvious to those skilled in the art. Without departing from the spirit of the present invention, any improvement is within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. The household garbage incineration treatment equipment comprises an incinerator (1), an ash outlet (2) and a feed hopper (4), and is characterized in that a crushing cavity (5) is arranged on one side of the incinerator (1), the feed hopper (4) is arranged on the crushing cavity (5), a rotating shaft (9) is arranged in the crushing cavity (5), the shaft end of the rotating shaft (9) is connected with a motor (6) through a coupling (7), crushing blades (10) are arranged on the rotating shaft (9), a screen (3) is arranged in the incinerator (1), the ash outlet (2) is arranged at the bottom of the incinerator (1), a flue gas absorbing cover (11) is connected above the incinerator (1), a primary filter layer (12) is arranged in the flue gas absorbing cover (11), a flue gas treatment cylinder (16) is arranged above the incinerator (1), and one end of the flue gas treatment cylinder (16) is a flue gas inlet (161), the other end of the flue gas treatment cylinder (16) is a flue gas outlet (162), more than two flue gas guide plates (19) are arranged in the flue gas inlet (161) and the flue gas outlet (162), the flue gas absorption cover (11) is connected with the flue gas inlet (161) through a flue gas discharge pipe (13), the flue gas treatment cylinder (16) is sequentially provided with a spraying area (20), a high-efficiency filter (25) and an adsorption layer (26) from one end to the other end, more than two baffles (201) are arranged in the spraying area (20) in a staggered manner, the baffles (201) separate the spraying area (20) into more than two chambers which are communicated with each other, a spray head (202) is arranged in each chamber, a water tank (22) is arranged on the flue gas treatment cylinder (16), the spray heads (202) are connected with the water tank (22) through spray pipes (21), and a waste liquid storage cavity (23) is arranged at the bottom of the spraying area, the bottom of the flue gas treatment cylinder (16) is fixed on the incinerator (1) through a first support (17) and a second support (18), a second fan (27) is arranged on the first support (17), and the second fan (27) is connected with the incinerator (1) through an air inlet pipe (28).
2. The household garbage incineration disposal apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the waste liquid storage chamber (23) is funnel-shaped and has a drain valve (24) mounted at the bottom.
3. The household garbage incineration treatment equipment according to claim 1, wherein the flue gas discharge pipe (13) is L-shaped, a suction fan (14) is arranged at one end of the flue gas discharge pipe (13) close to the flue gas absorption cover (11), and a first fan (15) is arranged at one end of the flue gas discharge pipe (13) close to the flue gas inlet (161).
4. An incineration disposal apparatus for domestic waste according to claim 1, wherein the air intake duct (28) extends into the incinerator (1), and the portion extending into the incinerator (1) has uniformly distributed dispersion holes (281).
5. The household garbage incineration treatment equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the adsorption layer (26) is filled with activated carbon particles.
6. The household garbage incineration treatment equipment according to claim 1, wherein the crushing cavity (5) is in a conical shape, the cross-sectional area of one end close to the motor (6) is larger than that of one end close to the incinerator (1), and the rotating shaft (9) is fixed on the inner wall of the crushing cavity (5) through a bearing seat (8).
CN201920631055.0U 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Domestic waste incineration equipment Expired - Fee Related CN210373456U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920631055.0U CN210373456U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Domestic waste incineration equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920631055.0U CN210373456U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Domestic waste incineration equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210373456U true CN210373456U (en) 2020-04-21

Family

ID=70259206

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920631055.0U Expired - Fee Related CN210373456U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Domestic waste incineration equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210373456U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2021083408A3 (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-09-30 昶旻(苏州)信息科技有限公司 Coal-fired power plant soot settling apparatus
CN113513759A (en) * 2021-04-25 2021-10-19 浙江宏电环保装备有限公司 Waste incineration waste gas treatment equipment and use method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2021083408A3 (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-09-30 昶旻(苏州)信息科技有限公司 Coal-fired power plant soot settling apparatus
CN113513759A (en) * 2021-04-25 2021-10-19 浙江宏电环保装备有限公司 Waste incineration waste gas treatment equipment and use method thereof

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200421

Termination date: 20210506

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee