CN207990630U - A kind of hospital refuse processor - Google Patents

A kind of hospital refuse processor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207990630U
CN207990630U CN201820195770.XU CN201820195770U CN207990630U CN 207990630 U CN207990630 U CN 207990630U CN 201820195770 U CN201820195770 U CN 201820195770U CN 207990630 U CN207990630 U CN 207990630U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
incinerator
exhaust
treatment room
gas
gas treatment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820195770.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李砺锋
高涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Original Assignee
First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University filed Critical First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Priority to CN201820195770.XU priority Critical patent/CN207990630U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207990630U publication Critical patent/CN207990630U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of hospital refuse processors, including incinerator and exhaust-gas treatment room, the bottom of the incinerator is mounted in support base, the bottom of the support base is welded with lip block, the defeated pipe of exhaust gas is fixedly connected at the top of the incinerator, it is fixedly connected at the top of one end and exhaust-gas treatment room of the defeated pipe of exhaust gas, the bottom of the exhaust-gas treatment room is mounted in support base, and the side of the incinerator is fixedly connected with the first support plate close to bottom.The structure design of the utility model is reasonable, by being equipped with pulverizing chamber, incinerator and exhaust-gas treatment room, a hospital refuse processing system is constituted between three, pulverizing chamber can crush hospital refuse processing, so that is burnt in incinerator is more efficient, the exhaust gas that generation is burned in incinerator enters in exhaust-gas treatment room, and the filter device in exhaust-gas treatment room is filtered processing to exhaust gas.

Description

A kind of hospital refuse processor
Technical field
The utility model is related to hospital refuse processing technology field, more particularly to a kind of hospital refuse processor.
Background technology
Since medical waste contains a large amount of pathogenic bacteria, virus, radioactive substance and more chemical toxicant etc., Polluted with the total space, the features such as acute infection and latent contact scar, contained by the harmfulness of microorganism be commonly to live Even thousands of times of tens, the hundreds of of rubbish, such as deal with improperly, can become nosocomial infection and social environment public hazards source, more seriously may be used As the source of disease popularity.Contain different degrees of bacterium, virus and harmful substance, and having in rubbish in medical waste Machine object not only grows the propagation that mosquitos and flies causes disease, and ammonia (NH3), the hydrogen sulfide (H2S) released when corruption is decomposed Equal foul gas, generate multiple harmful substances, pollute air, are detrimental to health, are mainly shown as:1)Pollution to environment: Be exposed to outer untreated medical waste has contamination to air, underground water, surface water, soil etc..Rubbish air storage, Air is seriously polluted in the release for causing the pernicious gases such as a large amount of ammonias, sulfide, Polychlorinated biphenyls that wherein garbage decomposition distributes, Dioxin etc. is carcinogenic substance.Pathogen, heavy metal and the organic pollution that medical waste carries are produced through rainwater and biological hydrolysis Raw percolate effect, can cause surface water and groundwater seriously to pollute.The leaching of heavy metal in landfill leachate in rainfall Enter soil under molten souring, heavy metal-polluted soil is caused to accumulate and pollute.
Existing mode mainly carries out burning disposal, still, existing medical rubbish using the technology burned to hospital refuse Rubbish processing system structure and function is relatively low, poor to the combustion efficiency of hospital refuse, and the sky that the exhaust gas after burning is expelled directly out It is larger to the pollution of air in gas.
Utility model content
The main purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of hospital refuse processors, can effectively solve in background technology The problem of.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution that the utility model is taken is:
The bottom of a kind of hospital refuse processor, including incinerator and exhaust-gas treatment room, the incinerator is mounted on support On pedestal, the bottom of the support base is welded with lip block, and the defeated pipe of exhaust gas, institute are fixedly connected at the top of the incinerator It states and is fixedly connected at the top of one end and exhaust-gas treatment room of the defeated pipe of exhaust gas, the bottom of the exhaust-gas treatment room is mounted on support base On, the side of the incinerator is fixedly connected with the first support plate close to bottom, is bolted in first support plate It is connected with air blower, one end of the air blower is fixedly connected with wind conveying pipe, one end of the wind conveying pipe and the outer wall of incinerator It is connected, the side of the incinerator is fixedly connected with conveying pipeline, one end of the conveying pipeline and the bottom of pulverizing chamber close to top Portion is fixedly connected, and the pulverizing chamber is internally provided with grinding gear, and the axis hole in the grinding gear is pacified by shaft with fixed Mounted in the dynamic connection of drive motor shaft crushed on chamber outer wall, the top of the pulverizing chamber is equipped with feed inlet, the incinerator it is interior Portion is connected with the first insulating course and the second insulating course, and the other side of the incinerator is welded with the second support plate, described second Alcohol the storage box is installed, the side of the alcohol the storage box is connected by alcohol conveying pipeline with the one side wall of incinerator on fagging Logical, the side on the alcohol conveying pipeline close to incinerator is equipped with partition panel, and the exhaust-gas treatment room is internally provided with filtering Device is installed with water tray on the side wall of the exhaust-gas treatment room, and the side of the water tray is equipped with spray head, described The other side of water tray is fixedly connected with water inlet pipe, and control valve is equipped on the water inlet pipe.
Further, it is equipped with and slips through the net in the middle part of first insulating course and the second insulating course.
Further, an air blast chamber, second insulating course are constituted between first insulating course and the second insulating course A burning slag, which is constituted, with the bottom of incinerator accumulates chamber.
Further, the top of the incinerator and the junction of the defeated pipe of exhaust gas are equipped with removal of impurities net.
Further, the filter device includes activated carbon filter layer and gas granular absorption layer, and activated carbon filter layer It is spaced apart between gas granular absorption layer.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:The structure design of the utility model is reasonable, passes through Equipped with pulverizing chamber, incinerator and exhaust-gas treatment room, a hospital refuse processing system is constituted between three, pulverizing chamber can be to doctor Processing is crushed with rubbish so that is burnt in incinerator is more efficient, and the exhaust gas that generation is burned in incinerator enters In exhaust-gas treatment room, the filter device in exhaust-gas treatment room is filtered processing to exhaust gas, some filtered gases are spraying Water droplet is formed under the action of head, exhaust gas is handled well;By being equipped with alcohol the storage box, the alcohol in alcohol the storage box It is entered in incinerator by alcohol conveying pipeline, not only there is good alcohol antivirus effect, but also degree of combustion can be increased, Increase practical function.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure diagram.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model incinerator.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model exhaust-gas treatment room.
In figure:1, incinerator;2, support base;3, lip block;4, exhaust-gas treatment room;5, the first support plate;6, defeated wind Pipe;7, air blower;8, the first insulating course;9, the second insulating course;10, conveying pipeline;11, pulverizing chamber;12, grinding gear;13, it feeds Mouthful;14, filter device;15, the defeated pipe of exhaust gas;16, the second support plate;17, alcohol the storage box;18, alcohol conveying pipeline;19, separate Plate;20, water tray;21, water inlet pipe;22, control valve;23, spray head.
Specific implementation mode
To make the technical means, creative features, achievement of purpose, and effectiveness of the utility model be easy to understand, below In conjunction with specific implementation mode, the utility model is expanded on further.
As shown in Figs. 1-3, a kind of hospital refuse processor, including incinerator 1 and exhaust-gas treatment room 4, the incinerator 1 Bottom is mounted in support base 2, and the bottom of the support base 2 is welded with lip block 3, and the top of the incinerator 1 is solid Surely it is connected with the defeated pipe 15 of exhaust gas, one end of the defeated pipe of the exhaust gas 15 is fixedly connected with the top of exhaust-gas treatment room 4, at the exhaust gas The bottom for managing room 4 is mounted in support base 2, and the side of the incinerator 1 is fixedly connected with the first support plate 5 close to bottom, Air blower 7 is bolted to connection in first support plate 5, one end of the air blower 7 is fixedly connected with wind conveying pipe 6, one end of the wind conveying pipe 6 is connected with the outer wall of incinerator 1, and the side of the incinerator 1 is fixedly connected with close to top One end of conveying pipeline 10, the conveying pipeline 10 is fixedly connected with the bottom of pulverizing chamber 11, and the pulverizing chamber 11 is internally provided with powder Broken gear 12, the drive motor shaft that the axis hole in the grinding gear 12 passes through shaft and is fixedly mounted on 11 outer wall of pulverizing chamber Dynamic connection, the top of the pulverizing chamber 11 are equipped with feed inlet 13, and the inside of the incinerator 1 is connected with the first insulating course 8 and the The other side of two insulating courses 9, the incinerator 1 is welded with the second support plate 16, and alcohol is equipped in second support plate 16 The side of the storage box 17, the alcohol the storage box 17 is connected by alcohol conveying pipeline 18 with the one side wall of incinerator 1, the wine Partition panel 19 is installed close to the side of incinerator 1 on smart conveying pipeline 18, the exhaust-gas treatment room 4 is internally provided with filter device 14, water tray 20 is installed on the side wall of the exhaust-gas treatment room 4, and the side of the water tray 20 is equipped with spray head 23, the other side of the water tray 20 is fixedly connected with water inlet pipe 21, and control valve 22 is equipped on the water inlet pipe 21.
Wherein, the middle part of first insulating course, 8 and second insulating course 9, which is equipped with, slips through the net, slipping through the net in the first insulating course 8 So that the oxygen that air blower 7 is blown into enters in incinerator 1, the efficiency of burning, slipping through the net so that firing in the second insulating course 9 are improved Waste residue after burning enters in waste residue product chamber.
Wherein, between first insulating course, 8 and second insulating course 9 constitute an air blast chamber, second insulating course 9 with The bottom of incinerator 1 constitutes a burning slag and accumulates chamber.
Wherein, the junction of the defeated pipe of the top of the incinerator 1 and exhaust gas 15 is equipped with removal of impurities net, and removal of impurities net has fine Removal of impurities effect.
Wherein, the filter device 14 include activated carbon filter layer and gas granular absorption layer, and activated carbon filter layer and It is spaced apart between gas particles adsorption layer.
It should be noted that the utility model is a kind of hospital refuse processor, in use, by medical rubbish to be treated Rubbish is entered by feed inlet 13 in pulverizing chamber 11, and the grinding gear 12 in pulverizing chamber 11 crushes processing to hospital refuse, Product after crushing is entered by conveying pipeline 10 on the second insulating course 9 in incinerator 1, then the wine in alcohol the storage box 17 It was proficient in alcohol conveying pipeline 18 to enter in incinerator 1, finally igniting is burnt, and air blower 7 can provide some oxygen, make Burn in incinerator 1 more prosperous, the exhaust gas generated in combustion process is entered by the defeated pipe of exhaust gas 15 in exhaust-gas treatment room 4, Filter device 14 in exhaust-gas treatment room 4 is filtered processing to exhaust gas, opens control valve 22, and water is entered by water inlet pipe 21 It in water tray 20, is sprayed finally by spray head 23, improves the quality of exhaust gas filtering.
The advantages of basic principles and main features and the utility model of the utility model have been shown and described above.One's own profession The technical staff of industry is it should be appreciated that the present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, described in above embodiments and description Only illustrate the principles of the present invention, on the premise of not departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model, the utility model is also It will have various changes and improvements, these various changes and improvements fall within the scope of the claimed invention.The utility model Claimed range is defined by the appending claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of hospital refuse processor, including incinerator(1)With exhaust-gas treatment room(4), it is characterised in that:The incinerator (1)Bottom be mounted on support base(2)On, the support base(2)Bottom be welded with lip block(3), the burning Stove(1)Top be fixedly connected with the defeated pipe of exhaust gas(15), the defeated pipe of exhaust gas(15)One end and exhaust-gas treatment room(4)Top It is fixedly connected, the exhaust-gas treatment room(4)Bottom be mounted on support base(2)On, the incinerator(1)Side the bottom of close to Portion is fixedly connected with the first support plate(5), first support plate(5)On be bolted to connection air blower(7), described Air blower(7)One end be fixedly connected with wind conveying pipe(6), the wind conveying pipe(6)One end and incinerator(1)Outer wall be connected It is logical, the incinerator(1)Side be fixedly connected with conveying pipeline close to top(10), the conveying pipeline(10)One end and crushing Room(11)Bottom be fixedly connected, the pulverizing chamber(11)Be internally provided with grinding gear(12), the grinding gear(12)On Axis hole by shaft and being fixedly mounted on pulverizing chamber(11)The dynamic connection of drive motor shaft on outer wall, the pulverizing chamber(11)'s Top is equipped with feed inlet(13), the incinerator(1)Inside be connected with the first insulating course(8)With the second insulating course(9), described Incinerator(1)The other side be welded with the second support plate(16), second support plate(16)On alcohol the storage box is installed (17), the alcohol the storage box(17)Side pass through alcohol conveying pipeline(18)With incinerator(1)One side wall be connected, it is described Alcohol conveying pipeline(18)Upper close incinerator(1)Side partition panel is installed(19), the exhaust-gas treatment room(4)Inside set There is filter device(14), the exhaust-gas treatment room(4)Side wall on be installed with water tray(20), the water tray(20)'s Side is equipped with spray head(23), the water tray(20)The other side be fixedly connected with water inlet pipe(21), the water inlet pipe (21)On control valve is installed(22).
2. a kind of hospital refuse processor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First insulating course(8)With Two insulating courses(9)Middle part be equipped with and slip through the net.
3. a kind of hospital refuse processor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First insulating course(8)With Two insulating courses(9)Between constitute an air blast chamber, second insulating course(9)With incinerator(1)Bottom constitute one burning Slag accumulates chamber.
4. a kind of hospital refuse processor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The incinerator(1)Top with The defeated pipe of exhaust gas(15)Junction removal of impurities net is installed.
5. a kind of hospital refuse processor according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The filter device(14)Including work Property charcoal filter layer and gas granular absorption layer, and be spaced apart between activated carbon filter layer and gas granular absorption layer.
CN201820195770.XU 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of hospital refuse processor Expired - Fee Related CN207990630U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820195770.XU CN207990630U (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of hospital refuse processor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820195770.XU CN207990630U (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of hospital refuse processor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207990630U true CN207990630U (en) 2018-10-19

Family

ID=63822691

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820195770.XU Expired - Fee Related CN207990630U (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of hospital refuse processor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207990630U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110173701A (en) * 2019-05-07 2019-08-27 未名合一生物环保有限公司 A kind of exhaust gas pyrolysis purification device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110173701A (en) * 2019-05-07 2019-08-27 未名合一生物环保有限公司 A kind of exhaust gas pyrolysis purification device
CN110173701B (en) * 2019-05-07 2020-06-23 未名合一生物环保有限公司 Waste gas pyrolysis purification device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181019

Termination date: 20190205

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee