CN109863932A - A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling - Google Patents

A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109863932A
CN109863932A CN201811263546.0A CN201811263546A CN109863932A CN 109863932 A CN109863932 A CN 109863932A CN 201811263546 A CN201811263546 A CN 201811263546A CN 109863932 A CN109863932 A CN 109863932A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
nutritive cube
tissue
apple seedling
cultivation
cultured
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811263546.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王忠景
郭瑶
孙彪
孙维维
靳海燕
高天喜
郑燕青
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Shaanxi Haitang Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Haitang Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Haitang Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Haitang Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811263546.0A priority Critical patent/CN109863932A/en
Publication of CN109863932A publication Critical patent/CN109863932A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of methods for cultivating Tissue-cultured apple seedling, and in particular to a method of Tissue-cultured apple seedling is cultivated with nutritive cube, to solve the problems, such as that existing cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling method planting survival rate is low.A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling, comprising the following steps: 1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 35cm or more;2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;3) nutritive cube is put into hole, along concordant with ground on nutritive cube;4) by height be 10 ± 2cm, number of blade 8-10 piece, radical > 3 Tissue-cultured apple seedling planted in nutritive cube according to one one plant of nutritive cube of standard carrying substrates, earthing, it is desirable that when transplanting matrix be lower than ground 2cm or more;5) it sprinkles profoundly water, covers mulch;6) after cultivation to seedling, together with nutritive cube while lifting, plant to orchard.The present invention can improve tissue culture shoot survival percent to 98% or more.

Description

A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of methods for cultivating Tissue-cultured apple seedling, and in particular to a kind of to cultivate Tissue-cultured apple seedling with nutritive cube Method.
Background technique
Existing nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling is to put nutritive cube one by one on the ground, then directly by apple group Training seedling is planted in nutritive cube, is then transported tissue-cultured seedling to orchard and is transplanted.Since plant tissue-cultured seedling is smaller, and from nutritive cube The root of damage tissue-cultured seedling is easy to when seedling, so the survival rate after cultivation is lower.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling, to solve existing cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling method The low problem of planting survival rate.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows: a kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling is characterized in that The following steps are included:
1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 35cm or more;
2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;
3) nutritive cube is put into hole, along concordant with ground on nutritive cube;
4) by height be 10 ± 2cm, number of blade 8-10 piece, radical > 3 Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to one one plant of nutritive cube Standard carrying substrates plant in nutritive cube, earthing, it is desirable that when transplanting matrix be lower than ground 2cm or more;
5) it sprinkles profoundly water, covers mulch;
6) after cultivation to seedling, together with nutritive cube while lifting, plant to orchard.
Further, the transplanting time of step 4) is March 10 to November 10
Further, when transplanting time be May 21 to August 31st when, since temperature is high, illumination is strong, planted to improve Survival rate is planted, outer covering is carried out using one layer of 3 needle sunshade net of light transmittance.
Further, the light transmittance of the sunshade net is 40%-50%.
Further, diameter * height=21cm*26cm of the nutritive cube.
Further, the rotation of the step 1) depth be 40cm.
Further, the mulch in the step 5) is black mulch film.
Further, in the step 6), first nutritive cube is removed before being transplanted after lifting.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Since root system is imperfect or has damage when to avoid cultivation, the present invention will have during nutritive cube is placed into the soil The tissue-cultured seedling of matrix, which is put into nutritive cube, cultivates, and tissue culture shoot survival percent can be improved.
The root of tissue-cultured seedling is damaged to avoid only lifting, the present invention can be mentioned further together with nutritive cube lifting simultaneously High tissue culture shoot survival percent.
When transplanting time be May 21 to August 31st when, the present invention uses one layer of 3 needle sunshade net (light transmittance 40%- 50%) outer covering is carried out, temperature light intensity can be reduced, improves planting survival rate.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
The method of the nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 40cm;
2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;
3) diameter * height=21cm*26cm nutritive cube is put into hole, edge is substantially flush with ground on nutritive cube;
4) April 20 between May 20, will height be 10cm, the number of blade 8, the Tissue-cultured apple seedling that radical is 4 It is planted in nutritive cube according to one one plant of nutritive cube of standard carrying substrates, earthing, matrix is lower than ground 2cm or more when transplanting;
5) it is sprinkled profoundly water after planting, covers black mulch film;
6) it when needing to carry out orchard plant, together with nutritive cube while lifting, is transplanted after nutritive cube is removed.
The planting survival rate of the present embodiment is 98% or more.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is carried out in certain Experimental Base, and nutritive cube cultivates Tissue-cultured apple seedling method, comprising the following steps:
1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 40cm;
2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;
3) diameter * height=21cm*26cm nutritive cube is put into hole, edge is substantially flush with ground on nutritive cube;
It 4) by height is 9cm, the number of blade 9, Tissue-cultured apple seedling that radical is 6 are according to one 15 days-September 10th June The standard carrying substrates of one plant of a nutritive cube are planted in nutritive cube, earthing, and matrix is lower than ground 2cm or more when transplanting, and uses one 3 needle sunshade net of layer carry out outer covering;
5) it is sprinkled profoundly water after planting, covers black mulch film;
6) it when needing to carry out orchard plant, together with nutritive cube while lifting, is transplanted after nutritive cube is removed.
The planting survival rate of the present embodiment is 98% or more.
Embodiment 3
The method of the nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 40cm;
2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;
3) diameter * height=21cm*26cm nutritive cube is put into hole, edge is substantially flush with ground on nutritive cube;
4) in September 10 days between November 10, will height be 11cm, the number of blade 8, the apple tissue culture that radical is > 3 Seedling is planted in nutritive cube according to one one plant of nutritive cube of standard carrying substrates, earthing, and matrix is lower than ground 2cm or more when transplanting, The depth of planting is that matrix is lower than ground 2cm or more;
5) it is sprinkled profoundly water after planting, covers black mulch film;
6) it when needing to carry out orchard plant, together with nutritive cube while lifting, is transplanted after nutritive cube is removed.
The planting survival rate of the present embodiment is 98% or more.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
1) site preparation, spread fertilizer over the fields base fertilizer, rotation to depth up to 35cm or more;
2) the seeding row spacing unwrapping wire calculated according to mu plant amount, digs pit;
3) nutritive cube is put into hole, edge is substantially flush with ground on nutritive cube;
4) be 10 ± 2cm by height, number of blade 8-10 piece, radical > 3 Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to one one plant of nutritive cube of mark Quasi- tape base replanting is into nutritive cube, earthing, it is desirable that matrix is lower than ground 2cm or more when transplanting;
5) it sprinkles profoundly water, covers mulch;
6) after cultivation to seedling, together with nutritive cube while lifting, plant to orchard.
2. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the shifting of the step 4) The cultivation time is March 10 to November 10.
3. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: when transplanting time is 5 When 21 days to August 31st moon, outer covering is carried out using one layer of 3 needle sunshade net.
4. the method for nutritive cube according to claim 3 cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling, it is characterised in that: the sunshade net it is saturating Light rate is 40%-50%.
5. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to any one of claims 1 to 4, it is characterised in that: the battalion The diameter * height for supporting alms bowl is 21cm*26cm.
6. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the step 1) rotation depth be 40cm.
7. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the step 5) mulch in is black mulch film.
8. the method for nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that: the step 6) in, first nutritive cube is removed before being transplanted after lifting.
CN201811263546.0A 2018-10-28 2018-10-28 A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling Pending CN109863932A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201811263546.0A CN109863932A (en) 2018-10-28 2018-10-28 A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling

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CN201811263546.0A CN109863932A (en) 2018-10-28 2018-10-28 A kind of method of nutritive cube cultivation Tissue-cultured apple seedling

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CN109863932A true CN109863932A (en) 2019-06-11

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CN106212237A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-14 天水市果树研究所 A kind of outside sprout-cultivating-bottle method of Tissue-cultured apple seedling
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CN107980635A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-05-04 山东省烟台市农业科学研究院 A kind of Tissue-cultured apple seedling two step method for transplanting of high-survival rate

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Application publication date: 20190611