CN104541898B - Method for planting shrubs on side slope to protect slope - Google Patents

Method for planting shrubs on side slope to protect slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104541898B
CN104541898B CN201510027103.1A CN201510027103A CN104541898B CN 104541898 B CN104541898 B CN 104541898B CN 201510027103 A CN201510027103 A CN 201510027103A CN 104541898 B CN104541898 B CN 104541898B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
slope
bowl
transplanting
pot
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510027103.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104541898A (en
Inventor
李卓
刘永红
杨林波
杨勤
岳丽杰
柯国华
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CROP Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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CROP Research Institute of Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201510027103.1A priority Critical patent/CN104541898B/en
Publication of CN104541898A publication Critical patent/CN104541898A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0291Planting receptacles specially adapted for remaining in the soil after planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for planting shrubs on a side slope to protect the slope. According to the method, A mushroom dreg seedling growing bowl is used for carrying out seedling growing; in a transplanting process, a seedling and a bowl body are transplanted to a transplanting point and the young seedling root system growth environment is not disturbed, and a young seedling root system is not damaged; after the transplanting, the young seedling root system can freely penetrate through a seedling growing bowl wall under the moistening of soil moisture; the seedling growing bowl body can be decomposed after about two months and is gradually decomposed into nutrients needed by the growth of the young seedlings; after the seedlings are transplanted, the seedlings are watered thoroughly so that the moisture needed by development of the young seedling root system in the soil can be guaranteed, and the survival rate can be up to be more than 95%; the shrubs can be very rapidly and efficiently planted in difficult sites including the slide slope and the like; compared with a traditional method, the engineering cost and the maintenance cost are greatly reduced and the application prospect is very wide.

Description

A kind of method of shrub slope protection of planting in side slope
Technical field
The invention belongs to ecological afforestation field, the method for more particularly, to a kind of shrub slope protection of planting in side slope.
Background technology
At present, the side slope surfacecti proteon such as road, waters is many is sowed grass seeds by duster turf or some shrubs using linked network, sometimes also directly moves Plant shrub to be protected.Sow grass seeds by duster and spray the attachment of one layer of soil moved in improve the original class containing plant seed usually on domatic, spray it Germination afterwards, growth, gradually form turf, have protective action to domatic.Because domatic receiving rainfall is limited, after 2-3, Turf is mostly withered, loses to domatic protective effect, thus lead to domatic degrade, come off, protection effect is undesirable, landscape Effect is also undesirable, and sows grass seeds by duster that turf construction costs is relatively costly, and maintenance cost is also higher.In order to preferably protect domatic, people Shrub of wishing to plant on domatic, domatic with branch and leaf in great numbers protection with the flourishing root system of shrub.But, traditional method It is all nursery in plastics or other nondegradable containers, be then transplanted on domatic, after container for plant growth being removed during transplanting Seedling is planted in domatic.Nursery soil can be scattered in operation, and seedlings root can be damaged, and in arid side slope, transplants into , less than 70%, transplanting seedling time is also longer for motility rate, and needs up to bimestrial curing time after transplanting.
Content of the invention
The purpose of the embodiment of the present invention is to provide a kind of method of shrub slope protection of planting in side slope it is intended to solve tradition Bank protecting method in vegetation survival rate is low, the problem of bank protection high cost.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of method planting shrub slope protection in side slope includes:
Step one, seedbed arrange:
The Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates the size in seedbed, measures flat according to demand Whole seedbed, spreads agricultural mulching, film pricks water hole, bottom is compacted, and is enclosed surrounding with brick or soil, by film periphery take in Thereon;
Step 2, sow and pour water:
Subsoil will be loaded onto in pot for growing seedlings to the 2/3 of alms bowl volume, seed will be calculated according to the Seedling that stays before percentage of seedgermination and transplanting Release amount, seed is placed on subsoil, covers the thick face soil of 1cm, after the pot for growing seedlings installing is put, preventing and treating ground will be used for The phoxim diluent of the 0.5% of lower insect is poured in film, floods bowl 2/3, and the later stage is carried out according to bowl moisture loss situation Supplement is watered, and keeps bowl to moisten;
Step 3, seedling stage diseases and pests preventing and treating and thinning:
Spray omethoate after emerging in time, with pest control, 3 true leaf thinnings, stay 3-5 strain seedling in every alms bowl, treat Seedling 3-5 piece leaf can be transplanted;
Step 4, transplanting:
The first step, slope surface weeds, debris are removed, and foster and apply fertilizer to domatic, mu nitrogen fertilizer application 10kg, area is pressed 100m2Metering;Spread fertilizer over the fields 1kg/ mu phoxim granule and kill subterranean pest-insect, prevent later stage subterranean pest-insect;
Second step, on domatic, unwrapping wire digs nest according to actual needs;
A pot for growing seedlings put into by 3rd step, every nest, and surrounding is simultaneously compacted by earthing;
Fully spray a water after 4th step, transplanting, allow bowl fully to absorb water;
Step 5, late maintaining:
(1) transplant latter two month every 20 days and check once the need of weeding, control weed growth;
(2) determine a need for supplement and water according to weather conditions, rainfall;
(3) note during seedling stage observing seedling pest and disease damage, find that the state of an illness is processed in time.
Further, the Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates the size in seedbed, reserves 5% nursery amount, supplements being short of seedling in seedling raising process.
Further, measure smooth seedbed according to demand, horizontal error is less than 20mm, spreads agricultural mulching, film is pressed 30cm × 30cm spacing prick diameter 3mm about leak hole, bottom is compacted, the surrounding high membrane bottom 5-10cm of film.
Further, during transplanting, the equidistant 40-50cm of plant, nest depth 10-15cm.
Further, the fertilization principle of late maintaining is that " multiple on a small quantity, overcast and rainy, at dusk " spreads fertilizer over the fields, and every mu applies and is less than 2kg, interval is not less than 20 days.
Further, described pot for growing seedlings is cone shape, and alms bowl bottom is provided with permeable hole.
Further, described pot for growing seedlings is nutrition bacteria residue bowl.
The approach application bacteria residue pot for growing seedlings nursery of the shrub slope protection of planting in side slope of the present invention, together with bowl one during transplanting Rise plant transplanting point, thus will not disturbance seedlings root growing environment, also will not destroy seedlings root.After transplanting, in soil Under the moistening of moisture, seedlings root be free to penetrate pot for growing seedlings wall, and pot for growing seedlings can decompose at two months about, progressively divides Solve the nutrition needing for growth of seedling.Bottom water is irrigated, bowl can absorb the moisture of 5-10 times of own wt, Ke Yibao after transplanting Card seedlings root penetrates the moisture of the needs of soil, and survival rate is up to more than 95%.If transplanting latter 20 days no effective rainfalls just needs Teeming water, does not otherwise rewater, and does not rewater completely after 60 days.Using the method can very quickness and high efficiency in difficulties such as side slopes On the spot plant shrub, and engineering cost is all declined to a great extent compared with traditional method with maintenance cost, has boundless application prospect.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the method flow diagram of shrub slope protection of planting in side slope provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of pot for growing seedlings provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the top view in seedbed provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view in seedbed provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is sowing schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
In figure:1st, pot for growing seedlings;2nd, leak hole;3rd, mulch film;4th, face soil;5th, seed;6th, subsoil.
Specific embodiment
In order that the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention become more apparent, with reference to embodiments, book is sent out Bright it is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain this present invention, not For limiting the present invention.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment is further described to the application principle of the present invention.
Fig. 1 shows the method flow diagram of the shrub slope protection of planting in side slope of the present invention, as illustrated, the present invention is this Sample is realized, and a kind of method planting shrub slope protection in side slope includes:
S101, seedbed arrange:
The Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates the size in seedbed, as Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 institute Show, measure smooth seedbed according to demand, spread agricultural mulching 3, film pricks water hole 2, bottom is compacted, with brick or soil by surrounding Enclose, film periphery is taken thereon.
S102, sow and pour water:
As shown in figure 5, subsoil 6 will be loaded onto to the 2/3 of alms bowl volume in pot for growing seedlings 1, before seed 5 germination percentage and transplanting Stay Seedling to calculate the release amount of seed 5, seed 5 be placed on subsoil 6, cover the thick face soil 4 of 1cm, by the pot for growing seedlings installing 1 according to After Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 puts, be used for preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect 0.5% phoxim diluent is poured in film, floods bowl 2/3, Later stage carries out supplementing watering according to bowl moisture loss situation, keeps bowl to moisten;
S103, seedling stage diseases and pests preventing and treating and thinning:
Spray omethoate after emerging in time, with pest control, 3 true leaf thinnings, stay 3-5 strain seedling in every alms bowl, treat Seedling 3-5 piece leaf can be transplanted;
S104, transplanting:
The first step, slope surface weeds, debris are removed, and foster and apply fertilizer to domatic, mu nitrogen fertilizer application 10kg, area is pressed 100m2Metering;Spread fertilizer over the fields 1kg/ mu phoxim granule and kill subterranean pest-insect, prevent later stage subterranean pest-insect;
Second step, on domatic, unwrapping wire digs nest according to actual needs.Dig nest method to be selected according to domatic soil characteristic Instrument, domatic more hard domatic can carry out digging nest with electric pick or electric drill, domatic more loose can be little with hoe etc. Instrument carries out digging nest;
A pot for growing seedlings put into by 3rd step, every nest, and surrounding is simultaneously compacted by earthing;
Fully spray a water after 4th step, transplanting, allow bowl fully to absorb water;
S105, late maintaining:
(1) transplant latter two month every 20 days and check once the need of weeding, control weed growth;
(2) determine a need for supplement and water according to weather conditions, rainfall;
(3) note during seedling stage observing seedling pest and disease damage, find that the state of an illness is processed in time.
Further, the Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates the size in seedbed, reserves 5% nursery amount, supplements being short of seedling in seedling raising process.
Further, measure smooth seedbed according to demand, horizontal error is less than 20mm, spreads agricultural mulching, film is pressed 30cm × 30cm spacing prick diameter 3mm about leak hole, bottom is compacted, the surrounding high membrane bottom 5-10cm of film.
Further, during transplanting, the equidistant 40-50cm of plant, nest depth 10-15cm.
Further, the fertilization principle of late maintaining is that " multiple on a small quantity, overcast and rainy, at dusk " spreads fertilizer over the fields, and every mu applies and is less than 2kg, interval is not less than 20 days.
Further, as shown in Fig. 2 described pot for growing seedlings is cone shape, alms bowl bottom is provided with permeable hole.
Further, described pot for growing seedlings is nutrition bacteria residue bowl.
The approach application bacteria residue pot for growing seedlings nursery of the shrub slope protection of planting in side slope of the present invention, together with bowl one during transplanting Rise plant transplanting point, thus will not disturbance seedlings root growing environment, also will not destroy seedlings root.After transplanting, in soil Under the moistening of moisture, seedlings root be free to penetrate pot for growing seedlings wall, and pot for growing seedlings can decompose at two months about, progressively divides Solve the nutrition needing for growth of seedling.Bottom water is irrigated, bowl can absorb the moisture of 5-10 times of own wt, Ke Yibao after transplanting Card seedlings root penetrates the moisture of the needs of soil, and survival rate is up to more than 95%.If transplanting latter 20 days no effective rainfalls just needs Teeming water, does not otherwise rewater, and does not rewater completely after 60 days.
Can quickness and high efficiency be planted shrub in Difficult site such as side slopes very much using the method, and engineering cost with maintain into This all declines to a great extent compared with traditional method, has boundless application prospect.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Any modification, equivalent and improvement made within god and principle etc., should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of method of shrub slope protection of planting in side slope is it is characterised in that described shrub slope protection of planting in side slope Method includes:Step one, seedbed arrange:The Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates seedbed Size, measures smooth seedbed according to demand, spreads agricultural mulching, film pricks water hole, bottom is compacted, with brick or soil by surrounding Enclose, film is taken in periphery;Step 2, sow and pour water:Subsoil will be loaded onto to the 2/3 of alms bowl volume, according to seed in pot for growing seedlings The Seedling that stays before germination percentage and transplanting calculates the release amount of seed, and seed is placed on subsoil, covers the thick face soil of 1cm, will install Pot for growing seedlings put after, be used for preventing and treating subterranean pest-insect 0.5% phoxim diluent is poured in film, floods bowl 2/3, Later stage carries out supplementing watering according to bowl moisture loss situation, keeps bowl to moisten;Step 3, seedling stage diseases and pests preventing and treating and Thinning:Spray omethoate after emerging in time, with pest control, 3 true leaf thinnings, stay 3-5 strain seedling in every alms bowl, treat seedling 3-5 piece leaf can be transplanted;Step 4, transplanting:The first step, slope surface weeds, debris are removed, and train to domatic Fertilizer, mu nitrogen fertilizer application 10kg, area presses 100m2Metering, spreads fertilizer over the fields 1kg/ mu phoxim granule and kills subterranean pest-insect;Second step, on slope On face, unwrapping wire digs nest according to actual needs;A pot for growing seedlings with Seedling put into by 3rd step, every nest, and surrounding is simultaneously compacted by earthing;The Fully spray a water after four steps, transplanting, allow bowl fully to absorb water;Step 5, late maintaining:(1) transplant latter two month every 20 It is checked once the need of weeding, controls weed growth;(2) determine a need for supplement and pour according to weather conditions, rainfall Water;(3) note during seedling stage observing seedling pest and disease damage, find that the state of an illness is processed in time;
The Seedling number being needed according to construction area magnitude estimation at the construction field (site), calculates the size in seedbed, reserves 5% nursery amount, Supplement being short of seedling in seedling raising process;
Measure smooth seedbed according to demand, horizontal error is less than 20mm, spreads agricultural mulching, film is pressed 30cm × 30cm spacing and pricks Diameter 3mm about leak hole, bottom is compacted, the surrounding high membrane bottom 5-10cm of film;
During transplanting, the equidistant 40-50cm of plant, nest depth 10-15cm;
The fertilization principle of late maintaining is multiple on a small quantity, overcast and rainy, spread fertilizer over the fields at dusk, and every mu applies less than 2kg, and interval is not less than 20 My god;
Described pot for growing seedlings is cone shape, and alms bowl bottom is provided with permeable hole;
Described pot for growing seedlings is the bacteria residue nutrition bowl of quick decomposition.
CN201510027103.1A 2015-01-20 2015-01-20 Method for planting shrubs on side slope to protect slope Expired - Fee Related CN104541898B (en)

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CN104541898B true CN104541898B (en) 2017-02-22

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110306573A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-08 叶建军 Nutrition pot for seedling culture is used to spray the structure and method of ecological slope protection

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN101008180A (en) * 2006-01-23 2007-08-01 杨玉林 Road soil-slope willow stake protection technology
CA2669453C (en) * 2006-08-04 2018-11-13 Verenium Corporation Glucanases, nucleic acids encoding them and methods for making and using them
CN101715708B (en) * 2010-01-09 2011-06-01 孙明文 Slope forest planting method
CN202565838U (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-12-05 詹长生 Seedling cultivation tray
CN103931371B (en) * 2013-01-22 2017-08-25 黄璞 A kind of biological control method of rock side-slope
CN103798047A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-21 黄鹤平 Greening spray planting method
CN203878596U (en) * 2014-05-31 2014-10-15 贵州科农生态环保科技有限责任公司 Karst region slope nursing structure having irrigation function and water retention function
CN103993608A (en) * 2014-05-31 2014-08-20 贵州科农生态环保科技有限责任公司 Protection method for slopes in karst regions and structure thereof
CN104255251A (en) * 2014-09-19 2015-01-07 江苏农林职业技术学院 Shelf type industrialized seeding production method of ophiopogon japonicus f. nanus

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