CN109832073A - A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output Download PDF

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CN109832073A
CN109832073A CN201910185315.0A CN201910185315A CN109832073A CN 109832073 A CN109832073 A CN 109832073A CN 201910185315 A CN201910185315 A CN 201910185315A CN 109832073 A CN109832073 A CN 109832073A
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compound fertilizer
parts
kiwi fruit
red kiwi
root system
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CN109832073B (en
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关统伟
李巍
董新发
张习超
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Sichuan Comrade-In-Arms Xingnong Technology Co Ltd
Xihua University
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Sichuan Comrade-In-Arms Xingnong Technology Co Ltd
Xihua University
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Abstract

The invention belongs to technique for culturing yangtao fields, provide a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output.The cultural method includes: to apply biological organic fertilizer and the first compound fertilizer in every red kiwi fruit to during October 20 at the beginning of the September;At the beginning of 3 months, every red kiwi fruit applies the second compound fertilizer;At the beginning of 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, every red kiwi fruit Shu Shi third compound fertilizer;And before and after Clear and Bright, root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between every two red kiwi fruits;At the beginning of 6 months, every red kiwi fruit applies the 4th compound fertilizer;At the beginning of 7 months, every red kiwi fruit applies the 5th compound fertilizer;Soya bean is all truncated into the fragment of 3-6cm by early July, is covered in around root system.The cultural method has the characteristics that soil remediation Tree Precise Fertilization, and according to the uptake characters in the different times of Red Male macaque, progress precisely efficiently applies fertilizer, can cultivate to obtain the Kiwi berry of high yield high-quality.

Description

A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output
Technical field
The invention belongs to technique for culturing yangtao fields, specifically, it is high-quality to be related to a kind of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization The cultural method of high yield.
Background technique
Kiwi berry minerals rich in, including calcium abundant, phosphorus, iron also contain carrotene and multivitamin, To keeping human health to play an important role, every 100 grams of pulp is 100 times of apple containing Victoria C, thus claims " king of Victoria C ".Its Vitamin C abundant can be used as a kind of beverage treatment scurvy, help to reduce the cholesterol levels in blood.In Kiwi berry Institute's fibre-bearing, one third are pectin, and pectin can reduce blood cholesterol concentration, prevent cardiovascular disease;Kiwi berry contains Dietary fiber can help digest, prevent constipation, remove internal Toxic Metabolites;Soft, the sweet mouthfeel of Kiwi berry, Taste is described as the mixing of strawberry, banana, pineapple three, therefore Kiwi berry is known as " king of fruit ", and Kiwi berry has wide Wealthy market prospects, but its root system belongs to that fleshy root is big to nutrient consumption, and shallow root system is disaster-prone, in addition various extensive pipes The problems such as managing, being susceptible to suffer from disease is difficult to improve its yield, and quality also constantly declines.
Red kiwi fruit is the rare Kiwifruit Cultivars of China that the whole world is generally acknowledged, rises in Sichuan Province Cangxi County, and quality is good, but Red kiwi fruit tree vigo(u)r grows weak and yield and reduces year by year in most cases, and country's plantation per mu yield is less than 1000 jin, most High mu single rate is less than 2000 jin.However, market current needs have a high potential, supply falls short of demand, how in current red kiwi fruit The major issue that volume increase is red kiwi fruit industry development is obtained on the basis of Growing method.
Often there arises a problem that nutrient is prepared rationally before (1) applies fertilizer during red kiwi fruit fertilising, dosage when use Abundance, but because soil quality is relatively poor, the low problem of generally existing Nutrient Transformation ability, it is thus impossible to ensure Red Male Mi Monkey peach absorbs sufficient nutrient;(2) it is not closed in most cases by the characteristic that Kiwi berry different growing stage needs fertilizer different Manage Tree Precise Fertilization;(3) generally existing Kiwi berry autumn fertilizer administration time is partially late, causes root system under low-temperature condition anxious to the absorption of fertilizer It falls sharply low, causes utilization rate of fertilizer low, and tree body cannot reasonably supply the life for seriously affecting the tree body coming year in autumn fertilizer A series of long development, to generate vicious circles to the growth of later period red kiwi fruit;(4) in red kiwi fruit planting process, Economic benefit is excessively pursued by peasant household, excessive to apply chemical fertilizer, causes soil nutrient structural imbalance and physical behavior to be deteriorated, it is micro- to destroy soil Ecological environment, while causing cost to improve, product quality and yield constantly decline.
Summary of the invention
For deficiency above-mentioned in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilizations The cultural method of good quality and high output;The cultural method has the characteristics that soil remediation Tree Precise Fertilization, when according to the difference of Red Male macaque The uptake characters of section, progress precisely efficiently apply fertilizer, can cultivate to obtain the Kiwi berry of high yield high-quality.
In order to achieve the above object, the solution that the present invention uses is:
A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising: (1) after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting Before fallen leaves, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, 8- is spread fertilizer over the fields within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system The first compound fertilizer of 12 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.6-1.1 part, and will pour water after the soil plane pine around root system;In parts by weight Meter, the first compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every Red Male Mi Monkey peach applies the second compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part, and the second compound fertilizer of dissolution obtains second compound fertilizer's solution, second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed It spills around root system;According to parts by weight, the second compound fertilizer includes 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium;At the beginning of (3) 4 months and May Just, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit tree applies 0.1-0.3 parts of third compound fertilizers;According to parts by weight, third is compound Fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;Dissolution third compound fertilizer obtains third compound fertilizer solution, by third compound fertilizer Spray solution is around root system;And before and after Clear and Bright, root system the vacant lot band plantation not interweaved between every two red kiwi fruits Soya bean;At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the 4th compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part, and dissolution the 4th is compound Fertilizer obtains the 4th compound fertilizer's solution, by the 4th compound fertilizer's spray solution around root system;According to parts by weight, the 4th compound fertilizer wraps Include 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium;At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.1-0.3 part Five compound fertilizers;According to parts by weight, the 5th compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;The 5th compound fertilizer is dissolved to obtain To the 5th compound fertilizer's solution, by the 5th compound fertilizer's spray solution around root system;Soya bean is all truncated into 3-6cm by early July Fragment, be covered in around root system.
A kind of beneficial effect of the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output provided by the invention is:
The cultural method of this kind of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output provided by the invention includes:
(1) early autumn fertilizer of applying can make red kiwi fruit absorb nutrient to maximum in suitable temperature, sprout for coming year tree body Hair carries out sufficient preparation;It only digs in autumn fertilizer, without digging in other times, can avoid the injury to root system, simultaneously Autumn fertilizer, which carries out digging fertilizers into fields, will not only injure root system, can promote the second secondary growth of root system instead;Reasonable employment biological organic Fertilizer persistently improves soil quality, provides the conversion ratio of soil, have more advantage to red kiwi fruit continued propagation as autumn fertilizer;
(2) more nitrogen fertilizer applications and potash fertilizer in fertilising in March, can promote cellulose, lignin to generate, so that newborn leaf bud is fast Speed adapts to environment, enhances resistance;
(3) soya bean is being planted around Clear and Bright, carry out truncation mid-July and be covered on root system surface, can increase the same of green manure When achieve the purpose that summer be retained;
(4) according to the growth characteristics of different times Kiwi berry, different weight number and different dosage forms are applied to Kiwi berry Compound fertilizer, and the raw material proportioning of compound fertilizer used to different times is adjusted, to meet the growth characteristics institute of Kiwi berry It needs, each period mutual coordinated can finally cultivate to obtain the Kiwi berry of high yield high-quality.
Specific embodiment
It in order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below will be in the embodiment of the present invention Technical solution be clearly and completely described.The person that is not specified actual conditions in embodiment, according to normal conditions or manufacturer builds The condition of view carries out.Reagents or instruments used without specified manufacturer is the conventional production that can be obtained by commercially available purchase Product.
Below to a kind of cultural method progress of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output provided in an embodiment of the present invention It illustrates.
A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, The first compound fertilizer of 8-12 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.6-1.1 part is spread fertilizer over the fields within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system, and root system is all It encloses the soil that depth is 20-50cm and carries out plane pine;According to parts by weight, the first compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 Part potassium.
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the second compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part;By weight Number meter, the second compound fertilizer includes 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium;It according to mass ratio is 1:200- by the second compound fertilizer and water 400 are dissolved to obtain second compound fertilizer's solution, and second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, due to Root system is generally possible to go deep between soil layer 30-50cm, therefore makes the 20- for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer of second compound fertilizer's solution 35cm, the 30-50cm of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer can reach optimal promoting root growth system growth result.
At the beginning of (3) 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit tree applies 0.1-0.3 parts of third compound fertilizers; According to parts by weight, third compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;By third compound fertilizer and water according to quality Than being dissolved to obtain third compound fertilizer solution for 1:200-400, by third compound fertilizer using drip irrigation system spray solution in root Around system, so that the third nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35-45cm around root system reaches 2.5-3.5 ‰, inventor It creatively finds, concentration can achieve a balance in soil and root system at this time, avoid the occurrence of third compound fertilizer excessive concentration Water generation in caused soil is reverse osmosis, and avoids the occurrence of the too low caused plant absorption of third compound fertilizer concentration and do not fill Point;And before and after Clear and Bright, root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between every two red kiwi fruits.
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the 4th compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part, and the 4th is answered Hefei and water are dissolved to obtain the 4th compound fertilizer's solution according to mass ratio for 1:100-200, and the 4th compound fertilizer's solution is used Drip irrigation system is sprayed on around root system, so that the 4th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35-45cm around root system reaches 2.5-3.5‰;According to parts by weight, the 4th compound fertilizer includes 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the 5th compound fertilizer of 0.1-0.3 part;By weight Number meter, the 5th compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;According to mass ratio it is 1 by the 5th compound fertilizer and water: 100-200 is dissolved to obtain the 5th compound fertilizer's solution, and the 5th compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, So that the 5th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35-45cm around root system reaches 2.5-3.5 ‰;Early July is by soya bean It is all truncated into the fragment of 3-6cm, is covered in around root system.
It should be noted that the concentration of second compound fertilizer's solution and third compound fertilizer solution is compared with the 4th compound fertilizer's solution and The concentration of five compound fertilizer's solution is smaller, and inventor considers that the speed of soil absorption moisture is compared with spring since summer temperature is higher Faster, if excess moisture, it is low to will cause soil concentration, causes concentration irrelevancy in soil concentration and root system to weigh, is unfavorable for root It is the absorption to nutriment in compound fertilizer.
Feature and performance of the invention are described in further detail with reference to embodiments.
Embodiment 1
Present embodiments provide a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, 8 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.6 part of first compound fertilizer are spread fertilizer over the fields within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system, and are by depth around root system The soil of 20cm carries out plane pine;According to parts by weight, the first compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.3 part of second compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, Second compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2 parts of potassium;Second compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:200 according to mass ratio To second compound fertilizer's solution, second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, makes second compound fertilizer's solution The 20cm for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer, the 30cm of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer, optimal rush root growth effect can be reached Fruit.
At the beginning of (3) 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit Shu Shi0.1Fen third compound fertilizer;By weight Number meter is measured, third compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium;By third compound fertilizer and water according to mass ratio be 1:200 into Row dissolution obtains third compound fertilizer solution, by third compound fertilizer using drip irrigation system spray solution around root system, so that root system The third nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35cm of surrounding reaches 2.5 ‰;And before and after Clear and Bright, in every two Red Male macaques Root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between peach.
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.3 part of the 4th compound fertilizer, by the 4th compound fertilizer It is dissolved to obtain the 4th compound fertilizer's solution for 1:100 according to mass ratio with water, the 4th compound fertilizer's solution is used into drip irrigation system It is sprayed on around root system, so that the 4th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35-45cm around root system reaches 2.5 ‰;It presses Parts by weight meter, the 4th compound fertilizer include 1 part of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.1 part of the 5th compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, 5th compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 2 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium;5th compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:100 according to mass ratio To the 5th compound fertilizer's solution, the 5th compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, so that the soil around root system The 5th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of earth depth 35cm reaches 2.5 ‰;Soya bean is all truncated into the fragment of 3cm by early July, covering Around root system.
Embodiment 2
Present embodiments provide a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, Spread fertilizer over the fields 12 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 1.1 part of first compound fertilizer within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system, and by depth around root system Plane pine is carried out for the soil of 50cm;According to parts by weight, the first compound fertilizer includes 2 parts of nitrogen, 4 parts of phosphorus and 5 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.5 part of second compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, Second compound fertilizer includes 3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 5 parts of potassium;Second compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:400 according to mass ratio To second compound fertilizer's solution, second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, makes second compound fertilizer's solution The 35cm for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer, the 50cm of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer, optimal rush root growth effect can be reached Fruit.
At the beginning of (3) 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit Shu Shi0.3Fen third compound fertilizer;By weight Number meter is measured, third compound fertilizer includes 2 parts of nitrogen, 4 parts of phosphorus and 5 parts of potassium;By third compound fertilizer and water according to mass ratio be 1:400 into Row dissolution obtains third compound fertilizer solution, by third compound fertilizer using drip irrigation system spray solution around root system, so that root system The third nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 45cm of surrounding reaches 3.5 ‰;And before and after Clear and Bright, in every two Red Male macaques Root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between peach.
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.5 part of the 4th compound fertilizer, by the 4th compound fertilizer It is dissolved to obtain the 4th compound fertilizer's solution for 1:200 according to mass ratio with water, the 4th compound fertilizer's solution is used into drip irrigation system It is sprayed on around root system, so that the 4th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 45cm around root system reaches 3.5 ‰;By weight Number meter, the 4th compound fertilizer include 3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 5 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.3 part of the 5th compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, 5th compound fertilizer includes 2 parts of nitrogen, 4 parts of phosphorus and 5 parts of potassium;5th compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:200 according to mass ratio To the 5th compound fertilizer's solution, the 5th compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, so that the soil around root system The 5th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of earth depth 45cm reaches 3.5 ‰;Soya bean is all truncated into the fragment of 6cm by early July, covering Around root system.
Embodiment 3
Present embodiments provide a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, Spread fertilizer over the fields 10 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.8 part of first compound fertilizer within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system, and by depth around root system Plane pine is carried out for the soil of 35cm;According to parts by weight, the first compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 4 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.4 part of second compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, Second compound fertilizer includes 2 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium;Second compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:300 according to mass ratio To second compound fertilizer's solution, second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, makes second compound fertilizer's solution The 25cm for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer, the 40cm of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer, optimal rush root growth effect can be reached Fruit.
At the beginning of (3) 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit Shu Shi0.2Fen third compound fertilizer;By weight Number meter is measured, third compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 4 parts of potassium;By third compound fertilizer and water according to mass ratio be 1:300 into Row dissolution obtains third compound fertilizer solution, by third compound fertilizer using drip irrigation system spray solution around root system, so that root system The third nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 40cm of surrounding reaches 3 ‰;And before and after Clear and Bright, in every two red kiwi fruits Between root system do not interweave vacant lot band plant soya bean.
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.4 part of the 4th compound fertilizer, by the 4th compound fertilizer It is dissolved to obtain the 4th compound fertilizer's solution for 1:150 according to mass ratio with water, the 4th compound fertilizer's solution is used into drip irrigation system It is sprayed on around root system, so that the 4th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 40cm around root system reaches 3 ‰;By weight Number meter, the 4th compound fertilizer include 2 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.2 part of the 5th compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, 5th compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 4 parts of potassium;5th compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:100 according to mass ratio To the 5th compound fertilizer's solution, the 5th compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, so that the soil around root system The 5th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of earth depth 40cm reaches 3 ‰;Soya bean is all truncated into the fragment of 4cm by early July, is covered in Around root system.
Embodiment 4
Present embodiments provide a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, comprising:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, Spread fertilizer over the fields 12 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.7 part of first compound fertilizer within the scope of every red kiwi fruit root system, and by depth around root system Plane pine is carried out for the soil of 35cm;According to parts by weight, the first compound fertilizer includes 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.5 part of second compound fertilizer;According to parts by weight, Second compound fertilizer includes 3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 4 parts of potassium;Second compound fertilizer and water dissolve for 1:300 according to mass ratio To second compound fertilizer's solution, second compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, makes second compound fertilizer's solution The 20cm for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer, the 35cm of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer, optimal rush root growth effect can be reached Fruit.
At the beginning of (3) 4 months and at the beginning of 5 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit tree applies 0.15 part of third compound fertilizer;It presses Parts by weight meter, third compound fertilizer include 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium;It according to mass ratio is 1:250 by third compound fertilizer and water It is dissolved to obtain third compound fertilizer solution, by third compound fertilizer using drip irrigation system spray solution around root system, so that root The third nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of depth of soil 35cm around being reaches 3 ‰;And before and after Clear and Bright, in every two Red Male macaques Root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between peach.
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.5 part of the 4th compound fertilizer, by the 4th compound fertilizer It is dissolved to obtain the 4th compound fertilizer's solution for 1:180 according to mass ratio with water, the 4th compound fertilizer's solution is used into drip irrigation system It is sprayed on around root system, so that the 4th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of the depth of soil 35cm around root system reaches 3 ‰;By weight Number meter, the 4th compound fertilizer include 3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 4 parts of potassium.
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies 0.15 part of the 5th compound fertilizer;In parts by weight Meter, the 5th compound fertilizer include 1 part of nitrogen, 3 parts of phosphorus and 3 parts of potassium;5th compound fertilizer and water are dissolved according to mass ratio for 1:120 The 5th compound fertilizer's solution is obtained, the 5th compound fertilizer's solution is sprayed on around root system using drip irrigation system, so that around root system The 5th nutrient concentration of compound fertilizer of depth of soil 35cm reaches 3 ‰;Soya bean is all truncated into the fragment of 3.5cm by early July, is covered It is placed on around root system.
Experimental example 1
Experimental method: the cultural method for the red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output that detection uses embodiment 1-4 to provide The physical and chemical index for cultivating obtained red kiwi fruit for continuous 5 years is set as experimental group 1-4, and detection is using conventional red kiwi fruit The physical and chemical index for the red kiwi fruit that cultivation mode (after peasant household routinely continuous fertilising in 5 years) cultivation obtains is set as real Test group 5;The physical and chemical index of experimental group 1-5 is shown in Table 1:
The physical and chemical index of 1 experimental group 1-5 of table
From the data in table 1, it can be seen that using the cultural method of the embodiment 1-4 red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output provided Cultivate the obtained physical and chemical index of red kiwi fruit be substantially better than cultivated using conventional red kiwi fruit cultivation mode it is red The physical and chemical index of positive Kiwi berry, per mu yield high-quality are good.
In conclusion using the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output provided by the invention;The cultivation Method has the characteristics that soil remediation Tree Precise Fertilization, according to the uptake characters in the different times of Red Male macaque, carries out precisely efficient Ground fertilising, can cultivate to obtain the Kiwi berry of high yield high-quality.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for the skill of this field For art personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output, it is characterised in that: include:
(1) before falling leaves after red kiwi fruit fruit harvesting, to during October 20 at the beginning of the September, in parts by weight, at every The first compound fertilizer of 8-12 parts of biological organic fertilizers and 0.6-1.1 part is spread fertilizer over the fields within the scope of the red kiwi fruit root system, and by described It pours water after soil plane pine around system;According to parts by weight, first compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts Potassium;
At the beginning of (2) 3 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the second compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part, described in dissolution Second compound fertilizer obtains second compound fertilizer's solution, by second compound fertilizer spray solution around the root system;By weight Number meter, second compound fertilizer includes 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium;
At the beginning of at the beginning of (3) 4 months and with 5 months, in parts by weight, it is compound that every red kiwi fruit tree applies 0.1-0.3 parts of thirds Fertilizer;According to parts by weight, the third compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;Dissolve the third compound fertilizer Third compound fertilizer solution is obtained, by third compound fertilizer spray solution around the root system;And before and after Clear and Bright, every two Root system the vacant lot band not interweaved to plant soya bean between the red kiwi fruit;
At the beginning of (4) 6 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the 4th compound fertilizer of 0.3-0.5 part, described in dissolution 4th compound fertilizer obtains the 4th compound fertilizer's solution, by the 4th compound fertilizer's spray solution around the root system;By weight Number meter, the 4th compound fertilizer includes 1-3 parts of nitrogen, 1 part of phosphorus and 2-5 parts of potassium;
At the beginning of (5) 7 months, in parts by weight, every red kiwi fruit applies the 5th compound fertilizer of 0.1-0.3 part;By weight Number meter, the 5th compound fertilizer includes 1-2 parts of nitrogen, 2-4 parts of phosphorus and 3-5 parts of potassium;Dissolving the 5th compound fertilizer, to obtain the 5th multiple Hefei solution, by the 5th compound fertilizer's spray solution around the root system;The soya bean is all truncated into 3- by early July The fragment of 6cm is covered in around the root system.
2. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (1) in, the soil that depth around the root system is 20-50cm is subjected to plane pine.
3. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) in, second compound fertilizer and water are dissolved according to mass ratio for 1:200-400.
4. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (2) in, the 20-35cm for pouring water depth and reaching soil layer, the 30- of moisture naturally osmotic to soil layer of second compound fertilizer solution 50cm。
5. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (3) in, the third compound fertilizer and water are dissolved according to mass ratio for 1:200-400.
6. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (4) in, the 4th compound fertilizer and water are dissolved according to mass ratio for 1:100-200.
7. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (5) in, the 5th compound fertilizer and water are dissolved according to mass ratio for 1:100-200.
8. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (3) in, by third compound fertilizer spray solution around the root system, until the depth of soil 35-45cm around the root system The nutrient density of the third compound fertilizer at place reaches 2.5-3.5 ‰.
9. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step (4) in, by the 4th compound fertilizer's spray solution around the root system, until the depth of soil 35-45cm around the root system The nutrient density of 4th compound fertilizer at place reaches 2.5-3.5 ‰.
10. the cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: step Suddenly in (5), by the 5th compound fertilizer's spray solution around the root system, until the depth of soil 35- around the root system The nutrient density of the 5th compound fertilizer at 45cm reaches 2.5-3.5 ‰.
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