CN108293544A - Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology - Google Patents

Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108293544A
CN108293544A CN201610784521.XA CN201610784521A CN108293544A CN 108293544 A CN108293544 A CN 108293544A CN 201610784521 A CN201610784521 A CN 201610784521A CN 108293544 A CN108293544 A CN 108293544A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
management
soil
technology
water
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Pending
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CN201610784521.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘宇航
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Shenyang Chiba Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Shenyang Chiba Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610784521.XA priority Critical patent/CN108293544A/en
Publication of CN108293544A publication Critical patent/CN108293544A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The present invention relates to tara vine cultural method more particularly to a kind of tara vine clay fertilizer water technologies.The tara vine clay fertilizer water technology includes:Soil management technology, water management, fertilizing management technology, the soil management technology are divided into intertillage technology, intercropping in garden or interplanting technique, ground mulching technology;The water management is divided into watering period management, irrigation quantity management, irrigation method;The fertilizing management is divided into base manure management, top dressing management.Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology provided by the invention, can reach economical rationality and soil, additional income is utilized to conserve water and soil, prevent Weed infestation, and the effect increase soil fertility creates the condition for being more advantageous to growth and development of fruit tree.

Description

Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to tara vine cultural method more particularly to a kind of tara vine clay fertilizer water technologies.
Background technology
Tara vine is as northeast Wild fruit resources, though it is just found in 19th-century, its artificial growth and quotient Industry exploitation just starts to develop up to 21st century.Currently, the U.S., Japan, New Zealand, France, Chile, Germany, Italy, Korea Spro The countries such as state have small-scale groping property tara vine to produce;China filters out part product from wild actinidia arguta resource Kind simultaneously repeatedly attempts artificial cultivation, but since the relevant technologies lack, there are no large-scale productions so far.This technology innovation exists In the related management technology for being put forward for the first time clay fertilizer water in tara vine cultivation, including tara vine treelet and at tree How soil, moisture, fertilizer control the contents such as management and application.
Invention content
For the drawbacks described above of the prior art, tara vine clay fertilizer water technology provided by the invention is increase soil fertility Effect, create the condition of growth and development of fruit tree of being more advantageous to.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology includes:Soil management technology, water management, fertilizing management technology.
Wherein, the soil management technology is divided into intertillage technology, intercropping in garden or interplanting technique, ground mulching technology:
The intertillage:The season of growth wants frequent tillage and weeding;After rainy season or irrigation, when ground is not moist, it is not viscous when, It is intertilled;Annual autumn combines fertilising plowed soils;
The intercropping in garden or work:Tara vine cultivates the first two years and interplants some low bar crops;
The ground mulching:It is covered under tree crown during treelet, at the age band-like covering of garden direct motion, covering is wide about per side for row band 1m, covering is away from plant 50cm.
Wherein, the water management is divided into watering period management, irrigation quantity management, irrigation method:
The watering period:Rudiment is front and back, bloom before, Post flowering, the rapid expanding stage of fruit, fruit slow growth period, fruit It needed to pour water in time before real maturity period, winter dormancy phase, wherein harvesting stopping in first 15 days or so is poured water;
The irrigation quantity:The primary irrigation quantity in tara vine garden should make soil water content reach maxmun field capacity 85%, invasive depth be the main distributed depth of root system more than;
Irrigation method:Trickle irrigation, micro- spray and infiltrating irrigation mainly use trickle irrigation and micro- spray.
Wherein, the fertilizing management is divided into base manure management, top dressing management base manure:
Preferably the base manure was applied with the autumn, the type of the base manure based on organic fertilizer, match proper amount of chemical fertilizer, it is described to have The amount of application of machine fertilizer is 12 tons/hm2, i.e., the ditch of wide, deep each 50~60 centimetres of cm is excavated outward along the outer rim of planting pit, by surface layer Soil and the raw-soil pile up separately of lower layer, when filling, farm manure, chemical fertilizer and table soil are inserted after mixing, are then filled with down Layer soil also first can insert stalk at hole bottom, be then filled with farm manure, chemical fertilizer and table earth mixtures, be further filled with subsoil;Next year from The edge that first year ploughs deeply extends to the outside the ditch fertilising for excavating same widths and depth, until full garden is ploughed deeply and improves the soil one time;It is described to chase after The fertile treelet phase using a small amount of multiple method, combines intertillage by fertilizer after should spreading fertilizer over the fields the full garden of fertilizer when applying fertilizer at age kiwi fruit tree garden It is buried in the earth;
The top dressing should do a good job of it following period:Before blooming:Based on nitrogenous fertilizer, main supplement, which is bloomed, bears fruit to nitrogen for top dressing The needs of element, dose account for about the 20% of annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer amount of application;Fruit expanding period:Top dressing is applied using N P and K cooperation With, dose account for annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, K Amounts 20%;Before fruit maturation:Account for annual chemical phosphatic ferfilizer, potash fertilizer The 20% of amount of application.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology provided by the invention, this technology innovation exist In the related management technology for being put forward for the first time clay fertilizer water in tara vine cultivation, including tara vine treelet and at tree How soil, moisture, fertilizer control the contents such as management and application.Can reach economical rationality utilizes soil, additional income to keep water Soil prevents Weed infestation, the effect increase soil fertility, and creates the condition for being more advantageous to growth and development of fruit tree.
For further understanding of the features and technical contents of the present invention, it please refers to below in connection with the detailed of the present invention Explanation.
Specific implementation mode
Further to illustrate the technological means and its effect of the invention taken, below in conjunction with the preferred implementation of the present invention Example is described in detail.
Soil management
Intertillage:The season of growth wants frequent tillage and weeding, to increase ground temperature, keeps loosing soil, ventilation, reduces weeds danger Evil.After rainy season or irrigation, when ground is not moist, it is not viscous when, to be intertilled, prevention ground is hardened.Annual autumn combines Apply fertilizer plowed soils, it should be noted that not cut off big root.
Intercropping in garden or work:Tara vine cultivates the first two years and interplants some low bar crops, as soybean or melon eggplant class make Object can reach economical rationality and soil, additional income utilized to conserve water and soil, prevents Weed infestation, the effect increase soil fertility, Create the condition for being more advantageous to growth and development of fruit tree.
Ground mulching:It carries out ground mulching and prevents soil water evaporation, covered under tree crown during treelet, at age garden direct motion Band-like covering, row band cover width about 1m per side, and covering is away from plant 50cm.Covering material can use maize straw, wheat straw, wheat Chaff, straw, green manure, leaf and sawdust etc., thickness is advisable for 20-25cm.Covering generally starts before summer has set in, and summer high temperature comes Face preceding completion, ensures to play cooling soil moisture conservation effect when summer high temperature arrives.
Water management:Watering period:Rudiment is front and back, bloom before, Post flowering, the rapid expanding stage of fruit, fruit slowly grow Phase, fructescence needed to pour water in time before the winter dormancy phase, wherein harvesting stopping in first 15 days or so is poured water.
Irrigation quantity:The primary irrigation quantity in tara vine garden should make soil water content reach maxmun field capacity 85%, invasive depth is the main distributed depth of root system or more.
Irrigation method:Irrigation method has trickle irrigation, micro- spray and infiltrating irrigation, mainly uses trickle irrigation and micro- spray.
Fertilizing management:
Base manure:It preferably base manure was applied with the autumn, should as early as possible be applied after fruit harvesting, before fallen leaves, preferably early unsuitable evening.Time one As in mid-October~mid-November.
The type of base manure based on organic fertilizer, match proper amount of chemical fertilizer.Dose should generally account for annual total dose 60% or more.The amount of application of general organic fertilizer is 12 tons/hm2
Newly-built garden is combinable to plough deeply progress basal dressing of improving the soil.Wide, depth each 50~60 is excavated outward along the outer rim of planting pit The raw-soil pile up separately of the soil and lower layer on surface layer when filling, farm manure, chemical fertilizer is uniformly mixed with table soil by the ditch of centimetre cm After insert, be then filled with subsoil, also can first hole bottom insert stalk, be then filled with farm manure, chemical fertilizer and table earth mixtures, then Insert subsoil;The ditch fertilising for excavating same widths and depth is extended to the outside next year from the edge that first year ploughs deeply, until full garden is deep Turn soil one time.
Full garden is ploughed deeply improve the soil after, farm manure and chemical fertilizer are all sprinkling upon soil surface when annual basal dressing, full garden is shallow It turns over one time, 15~20 centimetres of cm of depth, inner shallow outer depth, is degree not hinder root, fertilizer is turned over and is buried in the earth.
Top dressing:A small amount of multiple method can be used in the top dressing of treelet phase, can dig deep about 15~20cm's in crown mapping outer rim Annular groove during fertilizer is placed into the soil, and extends to the outside year by year.It has been covered with full garden at age kiwi fruit tree garden root system, it should will when fertilising The full garden of fertilizer combines intertillage to be buried in the earth fertilizer after spreading fertilizer over the fields.
On the basis of carrying out the application of autumn base manure, tara vine top dressing should do a good job of it following period:
Before blooming:It is applied before generally blooming in mid or late April and when young sprout starts fast-growth.Top dressing based on nitrogenous fertilizer, Main to supplement the needs beared fruit to nitrogen of blooming, the tree big to the big tree flower amount more than weak tree and result should increase topdressing amount, such as set Gesture is strong, and base manure quantity is sufficient, and Hua Qianfei can also be postponed to after spending.Dose accounts for about the 20% of annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer amount of application.
Fruit expanding period:This phase should chase after Fruit fertilizer, also referred to as strong fruit tip-promoting fertilizer.Top dressing uses N P and K compounding application, Dose account for annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, K Amounts 20%.Current top dressing is expanded rapidly to fruit and bud physiology point Change advantageous.
Before fruit maturation:This phase should chase after excellent fruit fertilizer, apply within 6~7 weeks substantially before fructescence.Account for annual chemical phosphorus The 20% of fertilizer, K Amounts.Current top dressing is conducive to the physiology of fruit late growth, the raising of fruit quality and later stage bud Differentiation.
Foliage top dressing is also known as foliar fertilizer.This method is served only for solving the problems, such as specific nutritional deficiency, it is impossible to be used in large area Fertilising, can not replace soil application, can only be as the supplement of soil application.
Foliage top dressing can carry out generally after lamina to before falling leaves.When should generally select calm or gentle breeze, humidity larger It carries out preferably.Forbid to carry out foliage application when high temperature, to avoid poisoning.The time of summer spraying preferably in the afternoon 4 when after Or broken sky carries out.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (4)

1. tara vine clay fertilizer water technology, which is characterized in that including:Soil management technology, water management, fertilizing management skill Art.
2. tara vine clay fertilizer water technology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the soil management technology is divided into Intertillage technology, intercropping in garden or interplanting technique, ground mulching technology:
The intertillage:The season of growth wants frequent tillage and weeding;After rainy season or irrigation, when ground is not moist, it is not viscous when, be into Row intertillage;Annual autumn combines fertilising plowed soils;
The intercropping in garden or work:Tara vine cultivates the first two years and interplants some low bar crops;
The ground mulching:It is covered under tree crown during treelet, at the age band-like covering of garden direct motion, row band covers width about 1m per side, Covering is away from plant 50cm.
3. tara vine clay fertilizer water technology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water management, which is divided into, pours water When period management, irrigation quantity management, irrigation method:
The watering period:Rudiment is front and back, bloom before, Post flowering, the rapid expanding stage of fruit, fruit slow growth period, fruit at It needed to pour water in time before ripe phase, winter dormancy phase, wherein harvesting stopping in first 15 days or so is poured water;
The irrigation quantity:The primary irrigation quantity in tara vine garden should make soil water content reach maxmun field capacity 85%, invasive depth is the main distributed depth of root system or more;
Irrigation method:Trickle irrigation, micro- spray and infiltrating irrigation mainly use trickle irrigation and micro- spray.
4. tara vine clay fertilizer water technology according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fertilizing management is divided into base manure Management, top dressing manage base manure:
Preferably the base manure was applied with the autumn, the type of the base manure based on organic fertilizer, match proper amount of chemical fertilizer, the organic fertilizer Amount of application be 12 tons/hm2, i.e., the ditch of wide, deep each 50~60 centimetres of cm is excavated outward along the outer rim of planting pit, by the soil on surface layer With the raw-soil pile up separately of lower layer, when filling, farm manure, chemical fertilizer and table soil is inserted after mixing, are then filled with subsoil, Also can stalk first be inserted at hole bottom, is then filled with farm manure, chemical fertilizer and table earth mixtures, is further filled with subsoil;Next year from first year The edge ploughed deeply extends to the outside the ditch fertilising for excavating same widths and depth, until full garden is ploughed deeply and improves the soil one time;The top dressing children The tree phase using a small amount of multiple method, combines intertillage to be embedded to fertilizer after should spreading fertilizer over the fields the full garden of fertilizer when applying fertilizer at age kiwi fruit tree garden In soil;
The top dressing should do a good job of it following period:Before blooming:Based on nitrogenous fertilizer, main supplement, which is bloomed, bears fruit to nitrogen for top dressing It needs, dose accounts for about the 20% of annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer amount of application;Fruit expanding period:Top dressing uses N P and K compounding application, applies Fertilizer amount account for annual chemical nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, K Amounts 20%;Before fruit maturation:Account for annual chemical phosphatic ferfilizer, K Amounts 20%.
CN201610784521.XA 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 Tara vine clay fertilizer water technology Pending CN108293544A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109832073A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-04 西华大学 A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output
CN111587732A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-08-28 新疆玉维鲜农业科技中心 Cultivation method for producing peanuts during young actinidia arguta trees
CN111837557A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-10-30 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Fertilizing method for managing dry land orchard based on ditch fertilizer water storage

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101574056A (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-11 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 Actinidia arguta tissue culturing method
CN102177847A (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-09-14 沈阳农业大学 Factory seedling cultivating method of actinidia arguta
CN103749238A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-04-30 丹东江源农业科技有限公司 Variety breeding and early-season high-yield cultivation technology for actinidia arguta

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101574056A (en) * 2008-05-08 2009-11-11 黑龙江省林业科学研究所 Actinidia arguta tissue culturing method
CN102177847A (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-09-14 沈阳农业大学 Factory seedling cultivating method of actinidia arguta
CN103749238A (en) * 2014-01-10 2014-04-30 丹东江源农业科技有限公司 Variety breeding and early-season high-yield cultivation technology for actinidia arguta

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
屈学农,赵英杰等: "秦岭北麓软枣猕猴桃栽培技术", 《西北园艺》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109832073A (en) * 2019-03-12 2019-06-04 西华大学 A kind of cultural method of red kiwi fruit Tree Precise Fertilization good quality and high output
CN111587732A (en) * 2020-06-17 2020-08-28 新疆玉维鲜农业科技中心 Cultivation method for producing peanuts during young actinidia arguta trees
CN111837557A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-10-30 山西省农业科学院园艺研究所 Fertilizing method for managing dry land orchard based on ditch fertilizer water storage

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Application publication date: 20180720