CN109622198A - A kind of kitchen residue is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment - Google Patents

A kind of kitchen residue is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109622198A
CN109622198A CN201910109425.9A CN201910109425A CN109622198A CN 109622198 A CN109622198 A CN 109622198A CN 201910109425 A CN201910109425 A CN 201910109425A CN 109622198 A CN109622198 A CN 109622198A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
softer
hard object
hyperbaric heating
solid
soft
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Granted
Application number
CN201910109425.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109622198B (en
Inventor
黄志刚
翁云宣
田斌
王梦
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Beijing Technology and Business University
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Beijing Technology and Business University
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • B02C19/186Use of cold or heat for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/06Selection or use of additives to aid disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

It is automatically separated the invention discloses a kind of kitchen residue and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, including feed inlet sorting unit, Gu the first grinding device of hard object, Gu hard object hyperbaric heating device, softer object heats grinding device, high-shear device, solid hard object droplet measurement device between the high-shear device and solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, softer object droplet measurement device and total detection device between the high-shear device and the softer object heating device, just grinding device is connect the solid hard object with solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, the high-shear device is connect with the conjoint outlet of the two classes detection device.Achievable kitchen residue provided by the invention is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment has the beneficial effect that the present invention can complete automatic sorting and the dispersion and fining processing to all kinds of kitchen waste materials such as soft or hard, compared with prior art, all kinds of kitchen waste materials such as soft or hard can be efficiently separated, the particle size of kitchen waste material dispersion and fining is reduced.

Description

A kind of kitchen residue is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of kitchen residues to be automatically separated, and after effective dispersion and fining, finally realizes kitchen Residue is by the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment.
Background technique
Currently, kitchen garbage has become a key factor for hindering China's Ecological Civilization Construction, kitchen garbage is mainly wrapped It includes and eats surplus food waste on waste material and dining table remaining in kitchen food process.Family's kitchen garbage average product is not Greatly, but quantity is extremely more, accounts for the 30%-70% of entire kitchen garbage, and effect on environment is very big, especially when scrubbing tableware and food, Many rubbish enter sewer pipe, produce a very large impact to water quality, also result in the congestion problems of water pipe.Even if some families are Begin to use machine for disintegrating ketchen garbage, but still has the following problems: first, present residential households living standard improves, to all kinds of The demand of food is relatively abundant, wherein just include harder food containing bone etc. and rich in the relatively soft diet product for having high microsteping class etc., And existing family small-sized kitchen garbage crushing machine can not consolidate the sum of hard classes with the softer of high microsteping high tenacity class to these Kitchen residue carries out intelligent classification processing;Second, existing family small-sized kitchen waste crushing machine can only be to chicken feet, fish-bone Etc the crushing that is crushed, and cannot achieve the slightly larger hard object such as thigh bone of bone class etc of relatively ossiculum class, but also cannot achieve High microsteping high tenacity to lettuce skin etc etc. compared with softer material crushing, resident there is still a need for topple over the rubbish that can not crush of part and It gos out and even above goes downstairs, still have inconvenience using upper;Third, since existing family small-sized kitchen waste crushing machine mostly uses greatly The mode directly crushed, it is very big to the abrasion of cutter, seriously affect the service life of cutter even complete machine, replacement cutter etc. zero Component then increases use cost;4th, existing family small-sized kitchen waste crushing machine only carries out rubbish from cooking simple Crushing, and for smashed rubbish size without effectively identify screen, although the progress using sieve etc having Screening, little particle passed through, and bulky grain is trapped in not can be carried out at screening and handles again and easily cause pipeline and machinery Blocking.
Therefore, existing household kitchen waste material garbage pulverator tool can only to all kinds of rubbishes from cooking such as admittedly hard object and softer object into Row mixed processing, degree for the treatment of is relatively limited, and the fineness that the prior art crushes is also inadequate, also causes to cutter and machine life It seriously affects, these all produce larger drawback.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in the deficiencies for overcoming the above-mentioned prior art, provide a kind of kitchen residue It is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment.
It is automatically separated according to a kind of kitchen residue provided by the invention and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment uses Technical solution are as follows: including grinding device, solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, the heating of softer object at the beginning of feed inlet sorting unit, solid hard object Grinding device, high-shear device, solid hard object droplet measurement device, softer object droplet measurement device and total detection device, it is described solid Hard object droplet measurement device is located between the high-shear device and the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, the softer object partial size Detection device is located between the high-shear device and the softer object heating grinding device, total detection device and the height The connection of shear exit, just grinding device is connect the solid hard object with the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, and the height is cut Cutting apparatus is connected at the conjoint outlet of the solid hard object droplet measurement device and softer object droplet measurement device.
The feed inlet sorting unit includes feed inlet, rigidity detection device, travel switch, blowing electromagnet, blowing bullet Spring, pusher spring, movable plate and expeller, the pusher spring are connect with the expeller, and the rigidity detection device is located at The feed inlet side wall, the travel switch are located at the feed inlet side wall, and the blowing electromagnet is located at the feed inlet bottom Portion, the blowing spring are connect with the movable plate and the electromagnet respectively, the expeller and the blowing electromagnet by The travel switch control.
The rigidity detection device includes being located at the striker of the feed inlet side wall and being located at the hard of the feed inlet side wall Inductor is spent, the striker is the cuspidated conical objects of tool.
The solid hard object just grinding device include it is dynamic roll cutterhead and roll cutterhead surely, the dynamic rolling cutterhead with it is described fixed It rolls and is rolled between cutterhead by the intermeshing of cutterhead groove.
The solid hard object hyperbaric heating device includes hyperbaric heating crush box and is located on the hyperbaric heating crush box Closing device.
The hyperbaric heating crush box include be located on the hyperbaric heating crush box lateral wall it is heatable crush admittedly it is micro- Wave producer, is located in the hyperbaric heating crush box position sensor being located on the hyperbaric heating crush box lateral wall The solid crushing fluted disc in portion and the hammer knife being mounted on the fluted disc of crushing admittedly, the solid crushing tooth pan bottom are provided with evenly spaced Aperture and fluted disc inside edge rack gear, position has certain upward radian among the hammer knife, the hammer knife and described Admittedly the surface for crushing fluted disc is equipped with wear resistant corrosion resistant layer, to prevent from being corroded and reduce abrasion.
At least three, hammer knife inside the hyperbaric heating crush box on fluted disc, so that more to the crushing of kitchen waste material rubbish Increase effect, crushes speed faster.
The closing device includes the upper top closing device being located on hyperbaric heating crush box and is located at the high pressure and adds The lower bottom part closing device of hot crush box, the upper top closing device include the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device inside top The gland block of connection, the top cover electromagnet being located at the top of the hyperbaric heating device are located at the top of the hyperbaric heating crush box Upper top cover and top cover latch hook, liquid storage bucket is equipped in the upper top cover, inlet and outlet up and down, the liquid storage are equipped in the liquid storage bucket Storage has vinegar and sodium bicarbonate in bucket, and object to be comminuted is crushed faster, accelerates crush efficiency, while can be effective Peculiar smell in remove device, the lower bottom part closing device include lower bottom cover, the connecting rod being connect with the lower bottom cover and with it is described The pump of connecting rod connection, the pump provide power for the movement of the lower bottom cover and the connecting rod.
The softer object heating grinding device includes soft crushing microwave generator, sensor, five jiaos of hammer knives, soft crushing fluted discs And crushing knife tool, the soft crushing fluted disc are fixed, the soft crushing fluted disc is located inside the softer object heating grinding device, The soft crushing tooth pan bottom is provided with evenly spaced aperture, is provided with gear ring at the soft edge crushed on the inside of fluted disc, described Five jiaos of hammer knives are connect with the soft crushing fluted disc, and the intermediate position for hammering knife into shape at described five jiaos is in upward certain radian, described Crushing knife tool is located at the entrance below the softer object heating grinding device, five jiaos of hammer knives and the soft crushing tooth The surface of disk is equipped with wear resistant corrosion resistant layer, to prevent from being corroded and reduce abrasion.
The high-shear device includes main shaft, the shearing tool being located on main shaft, rotor and stator, the shearing tool, Rotor and stator are successively staggered cooperation from inside to outside, and the periphery of the rotor and stator is provided with the elongated tooth of identical quantity Slot notch.The table of the intersection of the outer edge and side of the rotor of the tooth socket inlet and tooth socket exit of the rotor Surface roughness Ra is 1.6 to 3.2 microns, and high roughness makes crushing effect more preferable, the surface of the rotor tooth socket middle part position Roughness Ra is 0.2 to 0.4 micron, and the smooth flowing that can accelerate material in surface improves efficiency, avoids congestion;The stator Tooth socket inlet the inward flange of the stator and the surface roughness Ra of intersection of side be 1.6 to 3.2 microns, can be with Increase frictional force when crushing, the surface of the intersection of the stator outer edge and side in the tooth socket exit of the stator has The surface roughness Ra of fillet or chamfering, other outer positions of stator tooth socket entrance is 0.2 to 0.4 micron, and surface is smooth can It to accelerate the flowing of material, improves efficiency, avoids circulating unsmooth.
Shearing tool in the high-shear device on main shaft at least three, so that more to the crushing of kitchen waste material rubbish Efficiently, speed is crushed faster.
The solid hard object droplet measurement device includes solid particless diameter inductor, shakes cam admittedly, is located at feed back pipe upper port Charging absorption pump and the feed back pipe being located between the solid first grinding device top of hard object and the solid particless diameter inductor lower part, it is described solid Partial size inductor and the cam of concussion admittedly are each provided at the pipe side wall of hyperbaric heating device lower part.
The softer object droplet measurement device includes soft partial size inductor, soft concussion cam, is located at feed back pipe upper port Charging absorption pump and the feed back pipe being located between the softer object heating grinding device top and the soft partial size inductor lower part, it is described Soft partial size inductor and the soft concussion cam are each provided at the pipe side wall of the softer object heating grinding device lower part.
Total detection device include total inductor, total electromagnet, total spring and be located at the high-shear device upper end with Feed back pipe between total inductor, total inductor are located at the vertical direction pipe side wall of the high-shear device lower part, institute It states total electromagnet to connect with total spring, and is located at horizontal pipe side wall.
It is automatically separated according to a kind of kitchen residue provided by the present invention and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, and it is existing There is technology to compare, the present invention has the following advantages: firstly, the present invention can complete the solid hard object and high microsteping to all kinds of sizes of food waste The softer kitchen waste material rubbish such as physical property high tenacity carries out abundant pulverization process;Secondly, handling solid hard object and high microsteping high tenacity It can be realized automatic detection food type before Deng softer kitchen waste material rubbish and classify, to realize targetedly crushing Processing;Then, when crushing solid hard object, admittedly hard object successively can be subjected to multi-stage crushing micronization processes, to reduce post-processing Difficulty, especially hyperbaric heating pulverization process, in conjunction with crushing knife tool etc. structure design, and be added simultaneously common vinegar and Sodium bicarbonate further realizes and the hardness of the hard object of bone class is accelerated to reduce and reduce its particle size, while also can be to a certain degree Peculiar smell inside upper removing equipment, and while crushing the softer kitchen waste materials such as high microsteping, it is heated, softens kitchen waste material, subtracted The small loss to cutter;Finally, the present invention can also realize the multiple refinement and detection control of crushed material size, it is included in solid The crushing later period of the softer object of hard object and high microsteping etc. carries out droplet measurement, flows back the crushed material of below standard standard with again It crushes, and is further refined and detects after converging by the crushed material of detection, eventually become homogeneous or emulsion liquid, realize Partial size minimizes, and farthest avoids line clogging problem and to the kitchen that can not classify, crush under all kinds of prior art scenarios Excess carries out mechanized classification, dispersion and fining, and reduces cutter by the method for heating pressurization plus adjuvant in treatment process Deng loss, extend cutter and whole set equipment service life, provide for resident and farthest facilitate.
In short, the present invention can first carry out mechanized classification to all kinds of rubbishes from cooking such as hard, soft before treatment;Processing In the process by the case where the auxiliary material effect of sodium bicarbonate and vinegar is added, by various high temperature and pressure and pulverization process, strict control The particle size of pulverized object extends the service life of cutter and complete machine and effectively removes the peculiar smell of internal body, final to realize by powder The emulsifying minced crushes, and efficiently avoids line clogging problem.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of feed inlet sorting unit of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of solid hard object hyperbaric heating device of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of softer object heating grinding device of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of high-shear device of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the rotor in high-shear device of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the stator in high-shear device of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1 to 7, it is automatically separated according to a kind of kitchen residue provided by the present invention and high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment Equipment, including grinding device 2, solid hard object hyperbaric heating device 5, softer object heat powder at the beginning of feed inlet sorting unit 1, solid hard object Crushing device 10, high-shear device 14, Gu hard object droplet measurement device 6, softer object droplet measurement device 11 and total detection device 15, Just grinding device 2 includes dynamic rolling cutterhead 3 and is rolled to disk 4 surely the solid hard object, and the dynamic rolling cutterhead 3 determines rolling with described Cutterhead 4 is rolled by the intermeshing of cutterhead groove, and the solid hard object droplet measurement device 6 is located at the high-shear device 14 and institute State between admittedly hard object hyperbaric heating device 5, the softer object droplet measurement device 11 be located at the high-shear device 14 with it is described Between softer object heating grinding device 10, total detection device 15 is connect with 14 exit of high-shear device, described solid Just grinding device 2 is connect hard object with the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device 5, and the high-shear device 14 is connected to the solid hard object At the conjoint outlet of droplet measurement device 6 and softer object droplet measurement device 11.Firstly, the present invention can complete it is all kinds of to food waste The solid softer kitchen waste material rubbish such as hard object and high microsteping physical property high tenacity of size carries out abundant pulverization process;Secondly, solid in processing It can be realized automatic detection food type before the softer kitchen waste material rubbish of hard object and high microsteping high tenacity etc. and classify, from And realize targeted pulverization process;Then, when crushing solid hard object, admittedly hard object successively can be subjected to multi-stage crushing refinement Processing, with reduce the difficulty of post-processing, especially hyperbaric heating pulverization process, in conjunction with crushing knife tool etc. structure design, and Common vinegar and sodium bicarbonate is added simultaneously, further realizes and the hardness of the hard object of bone class is accelerated to reduce and reduce its particle size, The peculiar smell inside equipment can also be removed to a certain extent simultaneously, and while crushing the softer kitchen waste materials such as high microsteping, into Row heating, softens kitchen waste material, reduces the loss to cutter;Finally, the present invention can also realize the multiple refinement of crushed material size And detection control, including carrying out droplet measurement in the crushing later period to softer objects such as admittedly hard object and high microstepings, to below standard standard Crushed material flow back to crush again, and by detection crushed material be further refined and detect after converging, finally As homogeneous or emulsion liquid, realizes that partial size minimizes, farthest avoid line clogging problem and to all kinds of prior arts In the case of can not classify, the kitchen waste material that crushes carries out mechanized classification, dispersion and fining, and pass through the heating pressurization in treatment process Add the method for adjuvant to reduce the loss of cutter etc., extends the service life of cutter and whole set equipment, provide maximum journey for resident Degree ground is convenient.In short, the present invention can first carry out mechanized classification to all kinds of rubbishes from cooking such as hard, soft before treatment;Place By the auxiliary materials such as various high temperature and pressure and pulverization process and addition sodium bicarbonate during reason, strict control is crushed the partial size of object Size extends the service life of cutter and complete machine and effectively removes the peculiar smell of internal body, the final emulsifying for realizing pulverized object It crushes, efficiently avoids line clogging problem.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, the feed inlet sorting unit 1 include feed inlet 20, rigidity detection device, travel switch 19, Blowing electromagnet 24, blowing spring 25, pusher spring 21, movable plate 26 and expeller 22, the pusher spring 21 are pushed away with described Expect that block 22 connects, the rigidity detection device is located at 20 side wall of feed inlet, does not mark in the rigidity detection device attached drawing, The travel switch 19 is located at 20 side wall of feed inlet, and the blowing electromagnet 24 is located at 20 bottom of feed inlet, described Blowing spring 25 is connect with the movable plate 26 and the blowing electromagnet 24 respectively, the expeller 22 and the blowing electromagnetism Iron 24 is controlled by the travel switch 19.The rigidity detection device includes being located at the striker 23 of 20 side wall of feed inlet and setting In the hardness inductor 18 of 20 side wall of feed inlet, the striker 23 is the cuspidated conical objects of tool.Firstly, this hair It is bright to complete sufficiently to crush the solid softer kitchen waste material rubbish such as hard object and high microsteping high tenacity of all kinds of sizes of food waste Processing;Secondly, can be realized automatic detection food before handling the solid softer kitchen waste material rubbish such as hard object and high microsteping high tenacity Category type is simultaneously classified, to realize targeted pulverization process;It then, can be by solid hard object when crushing solid hard object Multi-stage crushing micronization processes are successively carried out, to reduce the difficulty of post-processing, especially hyperbaric heating pulverization process, in conjunction with crushing The structure of cutter etc. designs, and common vinegar and sodium bicarbonate are added simultaneously, further realizes the hardness drop for accelerating the hard object of bone class It is low and reduce its particle size, while the peculiar smell inside equipment can be also removed to a certain extent, and crushing high microsteping etc. It while softer kitchen waste material, is heated, softens kitchen waste material, reduce the loss to cutter;Finally, the present invention can also realize powder The multiple refinement and detection control for the size that minces, including carrying out grain in the crushing later period to softer objects such as admittedly hard object and high microstepings Diameter detection, flows back to crush again to the crushed material of below standard standard, and the crushed material by detecting after converging by into one Step refinement and detection, eventually become homogeneous or emulsion liquid, realize that partial size minimizes, farthest avoid line clogging problem Mechanized classification, dispersion and fining are carried out with to the kitchen waste material that can not classify under all kinds of prior art scenarios, crush, and passes through processing The method of heating pressurization plus adjuvant in the process reduces the loss of cutter etc., extends the service life of cutter and whole set equipment, It provides for resident and farthest facilitates.
That is, the present invention can first classify before treatment to all kinds of rubbishes from cooking such as hard, soft;It is processed By the auxiliary materials such as various high temperature and pressure and pulverization process and addition sodium bicarbonate in journey, the partial size that strict control is crushed object is big It is small, extend the service life of cutter and complete machine and effectively removes the peculiar smell of internal body, the final emulsifying powder for realizing pulverized object It is broken.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3, the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device 5 includes hyperbaric heating crush box 27, the hyperbaric heating The upper top closing device 28 and lower bottom part closing device 29 of crush box 27, the hyperbaric heating crush box 27 are described including being located at It is heatable on 27 lateral wall of hyperbaric heating crush box to crush microwave generator 34 admittedly, be located at outside the hyperbaric heating crush box 27 It position sensor 35 on side wall, the solid crushing fluted disc 30 being located inside the hyperbaric heating crush box 27 and is mounted on described solid The hammer knife 31 on fluted disc is crushed, 30 bottom of fluted disc that crushes admittedly is provided in evenly spaced aperture and the fluted disc 30 of crushing admittedly Side edge rack gear, the hammer intermediate position of knife 31 have certain upward radian, can increase the contact with rubbish from cooking Area, the hammer knife and the surface for crushing fluted disc admittedly are equipped with wear resistant corrosion resistant layer, to prevent from being corroded and reduce abrasion.Institute It states the inside of hyperbaric heating crush box 27 and crushes at least three, hammer knife on fluted disc admittedly, so that more to the crushing of kitchen waste material rubbish Efficiently, speed is crushed faster.The upper top closing device 28 includes the upper top cover being located at the top of the hyperbaric heating crush box The 32 gland blocks 36 connected with top cover latch hook 37, the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device inside top and it is located at the hyperbaric heating Top cover electromagnet at the top of device does not mark in the top cover electromagnet attached drawing, and liquid storage bucket 33, institute are equipped in the upper top cover 32 State and be equipped with inlet and outlet up and down in liquid storage bucket 33, storage has vinegar and sodium bicarbonate in the liquid storage bucket, enable object to be comminuted more It is fast pulverized, accelerate crush efficiency, while can peculiar smell effectively in remove device, the lower bottom part closing device 29 includes Lower bottom cover 38, the connecting rod 39 being connect with the lower bottom cover and the pump 40 being connect with the connecting rod 39, under the pump 40 is described The movement of bottom cover 38 and the connecting rod 39 provides power.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, the softer object heating grinding device 10 include soft crushing microwave generator 43, sensor 45, Five jiaos of hammer knives 41, soft crushing fluted disc 42 and crushing knife tool 44, the soft edge for crushing 42 inside of fluted disc are equipped with intensive gear ring, The soft bottom for crushing fluted disc 42 is provided with evenly spaced hole, and the soft crushing fluted disc 42 is located at the softer object heating grinding device Inside 10, five jiaos of hammer knives 41 are connect with the soft crushing fluted disc 42, and the crushing knife tool 44 is located at the softer object heating At the entrance of 10 lower section of grinding device, five jiaos of hammer knives 41 and the soft surface for crushing fluted disc 42 are equipped with abrasion-proof corrosion-proof Layer is lost, to prevent from being corroded and reduce abrasion.
Referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 5, the high-shear device 16 includes main shaft 48, shearing tool 47, the rotor 49 being located on main shaft With stator 46, the shearing tool, rotor and stator are successively staggered from inside to outside, the rotor of the interlaced cooperation The elongated tooth socket notch of identical quantity is provided with the periphery of stator, as the linear velocity of the gear teeth gradually increases from inner ring to outer ring Height generates powerful suction since cutter quickly rotates, and will be trapped in material at total detection device because partial size is larger Suck back, it is again processed to make it into high-shear device, material moved under the influence of centrifugal force to outer ring during by More more and more intense shearing, friction, impact and be crushed the effects of hit, fineness is more and more thinner, is finally reached crushing Matter and the purpose of emulsification.
Referring to figs. 5 and 6, for the rotor 49 in the high-shear device 16 of the invention, when by the high shear The strong suction that shearing tool 47 described in device 16 generates sucks the material of the high-shear device via the shearing tool It after 47 crush, moves from inside to outside under the action of the centrifugal force, the inner surface of rotor 49 can be encountered first, on entering the rotor Tooth socket notch when, can be crushed, go out by 49 inward flange of the rotor of the 49 tooth socket entrance of rotor and the intersection of side When 49 tooth socket of rotor, and the intersection for the rotor outer edge and side that can be exported by the rotor tooth socket crushes, therefore The surface of the intersection 491 of the outer edge and side of the rotor of the tooth socket inlet and tooth socket exit of the rotor is thick Rugosity Ra is 1.6 to 3.2 microns, and high roughness makes the crushing to material more efficient, and other are not used for the tooth socket crushed The surface roughness Ra at intermediate position 492 is 0.2 to 0.4 micron, the smooth centre for enabling material to pass through tooth socket in surface Part, had both avoided the congestion problems of tooth socket, also accelerated the flowing of material, improved crush efficiency.
Referring to Fig. 5 and Fig. 7, for the stator 46 in the high-shear device 16 of the invention, from the stator 46 it Between tooth socket in come out material, under the action of the centrifugal force enter the stator 46 between tooth socket in, in the institute of tooth socket entrance The intersection 461 of the inward flange and side of stating stator 46 is pulverized, in the outside of the stator of 46 tooth socket of stator outlet Edge is thrown away with side intersection 462 by centrifugal force.Therefore, the surface roughness Ra of intersection 461 is 1.6 to 3.2 millimeters, to increase Greatly to the frictional force of material, there are fillet or chamfering on the surface of intersection 462, so that material can be smoothly after pulverized It throws away without will cause the problems such as unsmooth of circulating in tooth socket.
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, the course of work of the invention is as follows:
Kitchen residue is poured into a kind of kitchen residue connected below sink to be automatically separated and high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment Equipment feed inlet, and open power switch of the invention, striker 23 under the action of pulse current with certain frequency before After move, by hit feed inlet 20 in kitchen waste material rubbish, can rubbish from cooking surface generate certain depth recess, firmly Spend inductor 18 by cup depth information collection with calculate obtain rubbish hardness, by will calculate resulting hardness with Set hardness compare judge rubbish in feed inlet 20 as the softer object such as bone class high rigidity object or high microsteping high tenacity, And will determine that result passes to travel switch 19, when the result is that travel switch 19 gives the energization of blowing electromagnet 24 when high hard object, gram The pulling force for taking blowing spring 25 makes 26 downlink of movable plate, grinding device at the beginning of putting the high rigidity kitchen waste material such as bone class into left side solid hard object 2, when overcoming the pulling force right lateral of pusher spring 21 the result is that travel switch 19 gives expeller 22 to be powered when the softer object such as high microsteping, The softer object in right side is promoted to heat grinding device 11 the softer kitchen waste material such as high microsteping or high tenacity.Into the kitchen waste material in left side, The dynamic rolling cutterhead 3 and the powerful crushing for rolling cutterhead 4 surely that tooth socket is mutually twisted are first passed around, realizes the preliminary broken of solid hard object Change, then enter in the hyperbaric heating crush box 27 in solid hard object hyperbaric heating device 5 from lower end outlet, is entering the high pressure Before heating crush box 27, lower bottom part closing device 29, which first acts, closes the outlet at bottom of the hyperbaric heating crush box 27, After inlet reaches setting value, trigger position inductor 35, upper top closing device 28 is acted, and will be heated at high temperature crush box 27 The closing of upper top entrance, in upper top entrance closed process, the vinegar of liquid storage bucket 33 and sodium bicarbonate etc. are mixed in upper top cover 32 Object, which can flow out, to be mixed in a part entrance high-temperature heating crush box 27 with object to be comminuted, and crushing effect and remove device are promoted Interior peculiar smell, under the effect of solid crushing microwave generator 34,27 internal temperature of hyperbaric heating crush box is increased, pressure becomes larger, Simultaneously hammer knife 31 of the object the hyperbaric heating crush box 27 inside and admittedly crushing fluted disc 30 under the action of futher stirred And crushing, when heating crushes after a certain period of time, upper lower sealing device is opened, and is crushed object from the bottom for crushing fluted disc 30 admittedly Then outflow is detected via admittedly hard object droplet measurement device 6, big object can not pass through, and triggers solid hard object partial size inductor 7, It is crushed again in grinding device 2 at the beginning of returning to admittedly hard object under the action of charging absorption pump 9, until pulverized size reaches requirement.Into the right side The objects such as the high microsteping high tenacity of side can heat in grinding device 10 in softer object by microwave heating, realize softening, reduce to rear The damage of the cutter of phase processing, while heating, five jiaos of hammer knives 41 inside the softer object heating grinding device 10 and soft Crush and simply crushed under the action of fluted disc 42, when object is crushed to it is sufficiently small when, since gravity is greater than centrifugal force, meeting It is dropped out from the hole of soft 42 bottom of crushing fluted disc inside softer object heating grinding device 10 under gravity, then in institute The powerful smashing at the entrance of softer 10 lower section of object heating grinding device by crushing knife tool 44 is stated, object is by further thin Change, then when by softer object droplet measurement device 11, since pipeline narrows, only reach sufficiently small object can under It falls and passes through, big object triggers softer object partial size inductor 12 because of delay, and the softer object is returned under the action of charging absorption pump 9 It heats and is crushed processing in grinding device 10 again.From the solid hard object droplet measurement device 6 and the softer object droplet measurement The smashed kitchen waste material passed through in device 11 avoids only a few item from partial size occur larger and not more after converging The case where secondary processing and further refine smashed kitchen waste material, object can also again by the micronization processes of high-shear device 14 and The detection of total detection device 15, the biggish object of partial size trigger total inductor 17, and the total electromagnet 16 connecting with total spring is powered, By pipe sealing, it is detained the biggish object of the partial size to get off under the powerful suction of the high-shear device 14, returns to institute It states 14 top of high-shear device to be reprocessed repeatedly, so that partial size minimizes, realization object is final real after heavy micronization processes The purpose for now crushing homogeneous and emulsification, farthest avoids the appearance of line clogging problem, does not mark in total spring attached drawing Out.
The upper top cover 32 of upper top closing device 28 described in the above-mentioned course of work is equipped with liquid storage bucket 33, the liquid storage Storage has the mixture of vinegar and sodium bicarbonate in bucket 33, and when unused, the upper top cover is failure to actuate, the liquid storage bucket just by Gland block 36 seals, and avoids the loss of evaporation of mixture etc., and when in use, 32 right lateral of upper top cover is just stuck in right end At top cover latch hook 37, and the liquid storage bucket is understood during the right lateral of the upper top cover from liquid storage bucket lower part small outlet It flows out a part of mixture to enter in the hyperbaric heating crush box, be mixed with object to be comminuted, help the powder for accelerating object to be comminuted Broken and change is dredged, and after the upper top cover enters the top cover latch hook, the liquid storage bucket upper and lower side inlet and outlet are respectively by the top cover It is sealed at the top of latch hook and the hyperbaric heating crush box.
All hammer knives and fluted disc have not only acted as the effect that stirring crushes in the above-mentioned course of work, while but also by adding Hot object moves in microwave to be sufficiently heated evenly, in addition, the surface of all hammer knives and fluted disc is designed with abrasion-proof corrosion-proof Erosion layer prolongs the service life to avoid being corroded and reducing abrasion.
In the above-mentioned course of work, Gu due to pipeline at hard object droplet measurement device 6 and at softer object droplet measurement device 11 The material block that channel is extended to reduce heavy connection of pipe size leads to that congestion may be generated, so in the solid hard object grain It is equipped in diameter detection device 6 and shakes cam 8 admittedly, soft concussion cam 13 is equipped in the softer object droplet measurement device 11.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of kitchen residue is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, it is characterised in that: including feed inlet point The first grinding device, solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, softer object heating grinding device, high-shear device, solid hard of screening device, solid hard object Object droplet measurement device, softer object droplet measurement device and total detection device, the solid hard object droplet measurement device are located at described Between high-shear device and the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, the softer object droplet measurement device is located at high shear dress It sets between the softer object heating grinding device, total detection device is connect with the high-shear device exit, described Gu just grinding device is connect hard object with solid hard object hyperbaric heating device, the high-shear device is connected to the solid hard object partial size inspection It surveys at the conjoint outlet of device and softer object droplet measurement device.
2. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the feed inlet sorting unit includes feed inlet, rigidity detection device, travel switch, blowing electromagnet, blowing bullet Spring, pusher spring, movable plate and expeller, the pusher spring are connect with the expeller, and the rigidity detection device is located at The feed inlet side wall, the rigidity detection device include being located at the striker of the feed inlet side wall and being located at the feed inlet side The hardness inductor of wall, the striker are the cuspidated conical objects of tool, and the travel switch is located at the feed inlet side Wall, the blowing electromagnet are located at the feed inlet bottom, and the blowing spring is electric with the movable plate and the blowing respectively Magnet connection;The hardness inductor is controlled by the striker, and the expeller and the electromagnet are by the travel switch control System.
3. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the solid hard object just grinding device include it is dynamic roll cutterhead and roll cutterhead surely, the dynamic rolling cutterhead with it is described fixed It rolls and is rolled between cutterhead by the intermeshing of cutterhead groove.
4. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the envelope that the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device includes hyperbaric heating crush box and is located on the hyperbaric heating crush box Mouth device.
5. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 4 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the hyperbaric heating crush box includes being located at heatable on the hyperbaric heating crush box lateral wall to crush microwave admittedly Generator, is located inside the hyperbaric heating crush box position sensor being located on the hyperbaric heating crush box lateral wall Solid crushing fluted disc and be mounted on it is described admittedly crush fluted disc on hammer knife, it is described hammer knife and it is described admittedly crush fluted disc surface be equipped with Wear resistant corrosion resistant layer.
6. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 4 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the closing device includes the upper top closing device being located on hyperbaric heating crush box and is located at the hyperbaric heating The lower bottom part closing device of crush box, the upper top closing device include that the solid hard object hyperbaric heating device inside top connects The gland block that connects, is located at the top of the hyperbaric heating crush box top cover electromagnet being located at the top of the hyperbaric heating crush box Upper top cover and top cover latch hook, liquid storage bucket is equipped in the upper top cover, inlet and outlet up and down, the liquid storage are equipped in the liquid storage bucket Storage has a vinegar and sodium bicarbonate in bucket, the lower bottom part closing device include lower bottom cover, the connecting rod being connect with the lower bottom cover and The pump being connect with the connecting rod.
7. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the softer object heating grinding device includes soft crushing microwave generator, sensor, five jiaos of hammer knives, soft crushing fluted discs And crushing knife tool, the soft crushing fluted disc are located inside the softer object heating grinding device, five jiaos of hammer knives with it is described soft Fluted disc connection is crushed, the crushing knife tool is located at the entrance below the softer object heating grinding device, and described five jiaos It hammers knife into shape and the soft surface for crushing fluted disc is equipped with wear resistant corrosion resistant layer.
8. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the high-shear device includes main shaft, the shearing tool being located on the main shaft, rotor and stator, the shear knife Tool, rotor and stator are successively staggered from inside to outside;The tooth socket inlet of the rotor and the rotor in tooth socket exit Outer edge and side intersection surface roughness Ra be 1.6 to 3.2 microns, the intermediate position of the rotor tooth socket Surface roughness Ra is 0.2 to 0.4 micron;The inward flange of the stator of the tooth socket inlet of the stator and the boundary of side The surface roughness at place is that Ra is 1.6 to 3.2 microns, the stator outer edge in the tooth socket exit of the stator and side The surface of intersection is equipped with fillet or chamfering.
9. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: the suction for consolidating hard object droplet measurement device and including solid particless diameter inductor, shaking cam admittedly, be located at feed back pipe upper port Material pump and the feed back pipe being located between the solid first grinding device top of hard object and the solid particless diameter inductor lower part, the solid particless Diameter inductor and the cam of concussion admittedly are each provided at the pipe side wall of hyperbaric heating device lower part;The softer object partial size inspection Device is surveyed to include soft partial size inductor, soft concussion cam, be located at the charging absorption pump of feed back pipe upper port and softer object described in being located at adds Feed back pipe between hot grinding device top and the soft partial size inductor lower part, the soft partial size inductor and the soft concussion Cam is each provided at the pipe side wall of the softer object heating grinding device lower part.
10. a kind of kitchen residue according to claim 1 is automatically separated and the equipment of high-efficient homogeneous emulsification treatment, special Sign is: total detection device includes total inductor, total electromagnet, total spring and is located at the high-shear device upper end and described total Feed back pipe between inductor, total inductor is located at the vertical direction pipe side wall of the high-shear device lower part, described Total electromagnet is connected with total spring, and is located at horizontal pipe side wall.
CN201910109425.9A 2019-02-10 2019-02-10 Kitchen residue automatic separation and efficient homogenizing and emulsifying treatment equipment Active CN109622198B (en)

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