WO2014108043A1 - Multi-functional automatic refuse processor - Google Patents

Multi-functional automatic refuse processor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2014108043A1
WO2014108043A1 PCT/CN2014/000034 CN2014000034W WO2014108043A1 WO 2014108043 A1 WO2014108043 A1 WO 2014108043A1 CN 2014000034 W CN2014000034 W CN 2014000034W WO 2014108043 A1 WO2014108043 A1 WO 2014108043A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
garbage
coarse
disposed
tank
driving
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2014/000034
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄秉乾
Original Assignee
Huang Bingqian
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201310012102.0A priority Critical patent/CN103056147B/en
Priority to CN2013100121020 priority
Application filed by Huang Bingqian filed Critical Huang Bingqian
Publication of WO2014108043A1 publication Critical patent/WO2014108043A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/12Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged below container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/10Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator arranged in discharge path of crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless

Abstract

Disclosed is a multi-functional automatic refuse processor, comprising a housing (1), a tank (2) disposed in the housing (1) and a storage box (3), wherein a refuse inlet (21) and a waste discharge outlet (22) are provided on the tank (2), a refuse crushing cutter head (4) is provided in the tank (2), a coarse/fine refuse separation device is further provided in the tank (2), a coarse refuse outlet (23) cooperating with the coarse/fine refuse separation device is provided on the tank (2), and the coarse refuse outlet (23) communicates with the storage box (3). By means of the coarse/fine refuse separation device provided in the tank, the multi-functional automatic refuse processor overcomes the problem in existing refuse processors of not being able to separate out hard refuse that cannot be crushed.

Description

说 明 书  Description
一种多功能自动垃圾处理器 技术领域  Multifunctional automatic garbage disposer
本发明涉及一种垃圾处理器, 尤其涉及一种多功能自动垃圾处理器。 背景技术  The invention relates to a garbage processor, in particular to a multifunctional automatic garbage processor. Background technique
随着城市的发展和人民生活水平的提高, 家庭垃圾的产生量正在急 剧增加, 每日清理出成千上万吨的家庭生活垃圾将无处堆放, 也无地存 放, 这已成为家庭和社会的一种严重负担, 并日益成为最严重的公害至 一。 目前市面上的垃圾处理器, 只能对软性的垃圾进行粉碎, 并冲至下 水管道, 使用时需先将垃圾分类, 如不甚有硬性垃圾误入垃圾处理器, 则会造成排废孔堵塞等现象, 使用时非常不方便, 同时还需将硬性垃圾 另行处理, 适用范围小, 不能将家庭垃圾进行一体化处理。  With the development of the city and the improvement of people's living standards, the amount of household waste is increasing rapidly. Every day, thousands of tons of household garbage will be cleared and there will be no place to store, which has become a family and society. A serious burden, and increasingly become the most serious public nuisance to one. At present, the garbage disposer on the market can only smash soft waste and rush to the sewer pipe. When using it, it is necessary to classify the garbage first. If not, the hard waste will enter the garbage disposer, which will cause the waste hole. Blockage and other phenomena are very inconvenient to use. At the same time, hard waste must be disposed of separately. The scope of application is small, and household waste cannot be integrated.
发明内容  Summary of the invention
本发明所要解决的技术问题在于克服上述现有技术之不足, 提供一 种结构简单、 并且能实现粗细垃圾分离的多功能自动垃圾处理器。  The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art described above, and to provide a multifunctional automatic garbage disposer which has a simple structure and can realize separation of coarse and fine garbage.
按照本发明提供的多功能自动垃圾处理器采用的主要技术方案为: 包括外壳、 设在所述外壳内的罐体和储存箱, 所述罐体上设有垃圾进口 和排废口, 所述罐体内设有垃圾粉碎刀盘, 所述罐体内还设有粗细垃圾 分离装置, 所述罐体上设有与所述粗细垃圾分离装置相配合的粗垃圾出 口, 所述粗垃圾出口与所述储存箱连通。  The main technical solution adopted by the multifunctional automatic garbage disposer provided by the present invention comprises: an outer casing, a tank body and a storage tank disposed in the outer casing, wherein the tank body is provided with a garbage inlet and a waste discharge port, a garbage pulverizing cutter disc is disposed in the tank body, and the tank body is further provided with a coarse and fine garbage separating device, wherein the tank body is provided with a coarse garbage outlet corresponding to the coarse and fine garbage separating device, the coarse garbage outlet and the The storage box is connected.
本发明提供的多功能自动垃圾处理器还采用如下附属技术方案: 所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板和 驱动所述挡料板转动的驱动装置, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体 内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述挡料板与所述粗垃圾出口相配合。  The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer provided by the present invention further adopts the following subsidiary technical solution: the coarse and fine garbage separation device comprises a baffle plate disposed under the garbage crushing cutter head and a driving device for driving the baffle plate to rotate, A fine garbage blanking gap is formed between the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the tank, and the baffle plate cooperates with the coarse garbage outlet.
所述挡料板上部周边设有导料斜面, 所述导料斜面的下游末端与所 述粗垃圾出口相对。  A guide bevel is disposed around the upper portion of the baffle, and a downstream end of the bevel is opposite to the coarse waste outlet.
所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括倾斜设置在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡 料板, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝 隙, 所述挡料板的下游末端与所述粗垃圾出口相对。  The coarse and fine garbage separation device includes a baffle plate obliquely disposed under the garbage crushing cutter, and a fine garbage blanking gap is disposed between the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the can body. The downstream end of the baffle is opposite the coarse refuse outlet.
还设置有驱动所述挡料板振动或转动的驱动装置。  A drive device that drives the baffle to vibrate or rotate is also provided.
所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板和 设在所述挡料板上的刮料板, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁 之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述挡料板上还设置有落料口, 所述粗垃圾 出口延伸至所述罐体内部并与所述落料口接通, 所述落料口上设置有封 闭闸门。 The coarse and fine garbage separation device includes a baffle plate disposed under the garbage crushing cutter and a scraper plate disposed on the baffle plate, the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the can Body wall There is a fine garbage blanking gap between the two, and the material discharging plate is further provided with a dropping opening, and the coarse garbage outlet extends to the inside of the tank body and is connected to the discharging port, and the discharging port is arranged A closed gate is provided.
还设置有驱动所述刮料板的驱动装置。  A drive device for driving the scraper plate is also provided.
所述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在 所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板、 设在所述罐体内壁上的螺旋导料板和 驱动所述罐体转动的罐体驱动装置, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐 体内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述螺旋导料板的顶端与所述粗垃圾 出口相配合。  The can body is obliquely disposed in the outer casing, and the coarse garbage separating device includes a baffle plate disposed under the garbage crushing cutter, a spiral guide plate disposed on the inner wall of the can body, and driving the a tank driving device for rotating the can body, a fine garbage blanking gap is formed between the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the can body, and the top end of the spiral guiding plate and the coarse garbage The exit is matched.
所述罐体包括上罐体和与所述上罐体转动连接的下罐体, 所述垃圾 进口和所述粗垃圾出口设置在所述上罐体上, 所述排废口设置在所述下 罐体上, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置设置在所述下罐体内, 所述罐体驱动装 置与所述下罐体相连接。  The can body includes an upper can body and a lower can body rotatably connected to the upper can body, the garbage inlet and the coarse garbage outlet are disposed on the upper can body, and the discharge waste port is disposed at the On the lower tank body, the coarse and fine garbage separation device is disposed in the lower tank body, and the tank body driving device is connected to the lower tank body.
所述储存箱底部设有振动器,所述储存箱的上方设有除湿除臭装置。 所述罐体的内壁上设有橡胶层。  A vibrator is disposed at the bottom of the storage box, and a dehumidifying and deodorizing device is disposed above the storage box. A rubber layer is disposed on an inner wall of the can body.
所述壳体上设有控制装置。  A control device is disposed on the housing.
所述壳体上设有垃圾塑料袋口, 所述垃圾塑料袋口与储存箱连通, 所述垃圾塑料袋口内设有粉碎装置。  The housing is provided with a garbage plastic bag mouth, and the garbage plastic bag mouth is connected with the storage box, and the garbage plastic bag mouth is provided with a crushing device.
所述粗垃圾出口处设有用于封闭所述粗垃圾出口的闸门, 所述闸门 通过闸门驱动装置驱动。  A gate for closing the coarse refuse outlet is provided at the outlet of the coarse refuse, and the gate is driven by the gate driving device.
所述罐体上设有进水口和防溢口, 所述防溢口通过防溢管与所述排 废口连通。  The tank body is provided with a water inlet and an overflow prevention port, and the overflow prevention port is connected to the waste discharge port through an overflow prevention pipe.
所述罐体由上罐体和下罐体密封连接构成。  The can body is formed by a sealed connection between the upper can body and the lower can body.
所述挡料板的边缘设有尖齿。  The edge of the baffle plate is provided with tines.
所述罐体上设有套装在一起的内轴和外轴, 所述外轴与所述驱动装 置相连接, 所述内轴与刀盘驱动装置相连接。  The can body is provided with an inner shaft and an outer shaft which are fitted together, and the outer shaft is connected to the driving device, and the inner shaft is connected to the cutter driving device.
所述外壳内设有驱动所述垃圾粉碎刀盘转动的电机, 所述垃圾粉碎 刀盘包括刀盘体和设置在所述刀盘体上的多组刀块, 每组所述刀块为两 个, 两个所述刀块可活动的对称设置在所述刀盘体的上表面和下表面, 所述刀盘体上设有连接孔, 相对称的两个所述刀块通过一个连接轴与所 述连接孔连接, 所述刀盘体上还设有细垃圾落料孔。  a motor for driving rotation of the garbage grinding cutter is disposed in the outer casing, and the garbage grinding cutter comprises a cutter body and a plurality of sets of cutters disposed on the cutter body, and each set of the cutters is two Two of the blocks are movably disposed symmetrically on the upper surface and the lower surface of the cutter body, and the cutter body is provided with a connecting hole, and the two symmetrical blocks pass through a connecting shaft Connected to the connecting hole, the cutter body is further provided with a fine garbage blanking hole.
所述刀块上设有铰接孔, 所述连接轴穿过所述铰接孔和所述连接孔 将所述刀块与所述刀盘体连接, 所述铰接孔或所述连接孔为腰型孔。 所述刀盘体上开设有条形孔, 所述条形孔上方设有与所述刀盘体平 行的刀片, 所述刀片与所述刀盘体之间形成细料缝隙, 所述细料缝隙与 所述条形孔相通。 The block is provided with a hinge hole, and the connecting shaft connects the block to the cutter body through the hinge hole and the connecting hole, and the hinge hole or the connecting hole is a waist type hole. a strip hole is formed in the cutter body, and a blade parallel to the cutter body is disposed above the strip hole, and a fine gap is formed between the blade and the cutter body, the fine material A slit is in communication with the strip hole.
所述罐体内设有环形粉碎滤网, 所述环形粉碎滤网设在所述垃圾粉 碎刀盘外侧的罐体内壁上, 所述环形粉碎滤网为一环形筒体, 所述环形 筒体上开设有条形孔。  An annular crushing filter is disposed in the tank body, and the annular crushing filter is disposed on the inner wall of the tank outside the garbage crushing cutter, the annular crushing filter is an annular cylinder, and the annular cylinder is on the annular cylinder A strip hole is opened.
所述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置与所述粗 垃圾出口配合, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括传送带、 设在所述传送带上的 运料板和驱动所述传送带的驱动装置, 所述传送带的一端与所述粗垃圾 出口连接, 所述传送带的另一端位于所述储存箱上方。  The casing is further provided with a coarse garbage conveying device, and the coarse garbage conveying device cooperates with the coarse garbage outlet, the coarse garbage conveying device comprises a conveyor belt, a conveying plate provided on the conveyor belt and driving the conveyor belt The driving device has one end of the conveyor belt connected to the coarse garbage outlet, and the other end of the conveyor belt is located above the storage box.
所述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置与所述粗 垃圾出口配合, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括筒体、 设在筒体内的转轴、 设 在所述转轴上的螺旋导料片和驱动所述转轴转动的驱动装置, 所述筒体 的一端与所述粗垃圾出口连接, 所述筒体的另一端位于所述储存箱上方。  a coarse garbage conveying device is further disposed in the outer casing, the coarse garbage conveying device is matched with the coarse garbage outlet, and the coarse garbage conveying device comprises a cylinder body, a rotating shaft disposed in the cylinder body, and the rotating shaft disposed on the rotating shaft a spiral guiding piece and a driving device for driving the rotating shaft, one end of the cylindrical body is connected to the coarse garbage outlet, and the other end of the cylindrical body is located above the storage box.
所述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括杂料 吸附装置和设在所述杂料吸附装置上的导料管, 所述导料管的一端与所 述杂料吸附装置连接, 所述导料管的另一端伸入所述罐体内, 所述杂料 吸附装置位于所述储存箱上方。  a coarse garbage conveying device is further disposed in the outer casing, the coarse garbage conveying device includes a mixed material adsorption device and a guiding tube disposed on the mixed material adsorption device, and one end of the guiding tube and the mixed material The adsorption device is connected, the other end of the guide tube extends into the tank body, and the impurity adsorption device is located above the storage tank.
所述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内。  The can body is disposed obliquely within the outer casing.
所述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内, 所述粗垃圾出口设有封闭闸门和 驱动所述封闭闸门开闭的驱动装置, 所述封闭闸门下方设有与所述储存 箱相通的粗料通道, 所述封闭闸门上设有齿条, 所述驱动装置上设有齿 轮, 所述齿条与所述齿轮配合。  The tank body is disposed obliquely in the outer casing, the coarse garbage outlet is provided with a closing gate and a driving device for driving the closing and closing of the closing gate, and a coarse material passage communicating with the storage box is disposed below the closing gate The closing gate is provided with a rack, and the driving device is provided with a gear, and the rack cooperates with the gear.
所述罐体可翻转的设在所述外壳内, 所述外壳内设有驱动所述罐体 翻转的驱动装置, 所述罐体下方设有与所述储存箱相通的粗料通道。  The can body is reversibly disposed in the outer casing, and the outer casing is provided with a driving device for driving the can body to be turned over, and a coarse material passage communicating with the storage box is disposed below the can body.
设置在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘上的转轴与所述电机的输出轴卡接配合。 按照本发明提供的多功能自动垃圾处理器与现有技术相比具有如下 优点: 1、 本发明通过在罐体内设置粗细垃圾分离装置, 使得进入罐体内 的垃圾在垃圾粉碎刀盘粉碎的过程中, 粗细垃圾分离装置将粉碎出的细 垃圾分离出来并通过排废口排出, 待垃圾粉碎刀盘粉碎后, 粗细垃圾分 离装置将粗垃圾分离出来并通过粗垃圾出口排至储存箱, 有效的克服了 现有的垃圾处理器无法粉碎的硬垃圾不能被分离出来的缺陷, 大大提高 了产品是实用性, 适用范围更广, 使用时安全可靠; 2、本发明结构简单、 部件少、 装配方便、 节约了原材料、 降低了产品的生产成本; 3、 在储存 箱底部设置振动器, 可将进入储存箱内的粗垃圾均匀的摊平在储存箱内, 使储存箱内的空间得以最大化的利用, 并且在储存箱上方设置除湿除臭 装置, 可延续粗垃圾的储存时间, 使用时更加方便。 4、 本发明通过在刀 盘体的上表面和下表面对称设置多组刀块, 扩大的研磨工作面并且加大 了研磨力度, 垃圾粉碎效果好, 同时使得刀盘体在旋转的过程中上下受 力均衡, 有助于减少噪音; 5、 在刀盘体上开设有条形孔, 并在条形孔上 方设有与刀盘体平行的刀片, 刀片与刀盘体之间形成细料缝隙, 该结构 使得刀盘体在旋转的过程中, 位于刀盘体上表面的大块垃圾在惯性和离 心力的作用下会被刀片切割, 切割下的细垃圾直接通过细料缝隙进入条 形孔, 从而落入垃圾粉碎刀盘下方, 提高了本发明的粉碎效果, 实用性 强; 6、 本发明通过在外壳内设置粗垃圾传输装置, 有效的克服了现有的 垃圾处理器无法粉碎的硬垃圾不能被分离出来的缺陷, 大大提高了产品 是实用性, 适用范围更广, 使用时安全可靠; 7、 本发明中的粗垃圾传输 装置结构简单、 部件少、 粗垃圾排出效率高、 连贯性好便于粗垃圾的排 空, 避免垃圾粉碎刀盘上存留粗垃圾; 8、 本发明能够有效的将餐桌上任 何餐余垃圾如骨头、 贝壳及啤酒瓶盖等粉碎分离, 从而全面清除厨房垃 圾, 使用更加方便、 环保, 非常适用于高层住宅、 酒店、 商城及餐饮行 业等。 A rotating shaft disposed on the garbage grinding cutter is engaged with an output shaft of the motor. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer provided according to the present invention has the following advantages compared with the prior art: 1. The present invention provides a coarse and fine garbage separation device in the tank body, so that the garbage entering the tank body is pulverized in the garbage crushing cutter head. The coarse and fine garbage separation device separates the pulverized fine waste and discharges it through the waste discharge port. After the waste crushing cutter is pulverized, the coarse and fine garbage separation device separates the coarse waste and discharges it to the storage tank through the coarse waste outlet, effectively overcoming The existing garbage disposer can not be separated by the defects that the garbage can not be separated, greatly improving the product is practical, the scope of application is wider, and the use is safe and reliable; 2. The invention has the advantages of simple structure, few components and convenient assembly. Saving raw materials and reducing the production cost of the product; 3. In storage The vibrator is arranged at the bottom of the box, and the coarse garbage entering the storage box can be evenly leveled in the storage box, so that the space in the storage box can be maximized, and the dehumidifying and deodorizing device can be arranged above the storage box, and the thickening can be continued. The storage time of garbage is more convenient when used. 4. The invention symmetrically sets a plurality of sets of cutter blocks on the upper surface and the lower surface of the cutter disc body, enlarges the grinding work surface and increases the grinding force, and the garbage crushing effect is good, and at the same time, the cutter disc body is in the process of rotation. Balanced force, help to reduce noise; 5, a strip hole is formed in the cutter body, and a blade parallel to the cutter body is arranged above the strip hole, and a fine gap is formed between the blade and the cutter body The structure causes the cutter body to rotate during the process, and the large piece of garbage located on the upper surface of the cutter body body is cut by the blade under the action of inertia and centrifugal force, and the fine waste cut directly enters the strip hole through the fine material gap. Therefore, it falls under the garbage pulverizing cutter head, and the pulverizing effect of the invention is improved, and the utility model is strong; 6. The invention effectively overcomes the hard garbage that the existing garbage processor cannot smash by providing a coarse garbage conveying device in the outer casing. The defects that cannot be separated greatly improve the practicality of the product, the scope of application is wider, and the use is safe and reliable; 7. The coarse garbage conveying device of the invention has a simple structure Low parts, high waste discharge efficiency, good consistency, easy to empty coarse garbage, avoiding coarse garbage on the garbage crushing cutter; 8. The invention can effectively treat any meal waste such as bones, shells and beer bottles on the table. The cover is pulverized and separated to completely remove the kitchen garbage, which is more convenient and environmentally friendly. It is very suitable for high-rise residential, hotel, shopping mall and catering industries.
附图说明  DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明实施例一的结构示意图。  1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of the present invention.
图 2是本发明实施例一中的罐体结构分解图。  Fig. 2 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the can body in the first embodiment of the present invention.
图 3是本发明实施例一中的罐体结构分解示意图。  Fig. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the can body in the first embodiment of the present invention.
图 4是本发明实施例一中另外一种罐体结构分解示意图。  Fig. 4 is a schematic exploded view showing another structure of the can body in the first embodiment of the present invention.
图 5是本发明实施例一中的挡料板的俯视图。  Figure 5 is a plan view of a baffle plate in the first embodiment of the present invention.
图 6是本发明实施例一中的挡料板的截面图。  Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a baffle plate in the first embodiment of the present invention.
图 7是本发明的立体图。  Figure 7 is a perspective view of the present invention.
图 8是本发明实施例二的结构示意图。  FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 2 of the present invention.
图 9是本发明实施例二中的挡料板的俯视图。  Figure 9 is a plan view of the baffle plate in the second embodiment of the present invention.
图 10是本发明实施例二中的挡料板的截面图。  Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a baffle plate in the second embodiment of the present invention.
图 11是本发明实施例三的结构示意图。  Figure 11 is a schematic view showing the structure of the third embodiment of the present invention.
图 12是本发明实施例三中的挡料板的俯视图。  Figure 12 is a plan view of the baffle plate in the third embodiment of the present invention.
图 13是本发明实施例三中的挡料板的截面图。  Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view showing a baffle plate in the third embodiment of the present invention.
图 14是本发明实施例四的结构示意图。  Figure 14 is a schematic view showing the structure of the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
图 15是本发明实施例四中的罐体结构分解图。 图 16是本发明实施例四中的罐体结构分解示意图。 Figure 15 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the can body in the fourth embodiment of the present invention. Figure 16 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the can body in the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
图 17是本发明实施例五的结构示意图。  Figure 17 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 5 of the present invention.
图 18是本发明实施例五中垃圾粉碎刀盘的结构示意图。  Figure 18 is a schematic view showing the structure of a garbage pulverizing cutter head according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
图 19是图 18中 A-A的剖面图。  Figure 19 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 18.
图 20是本发明实施例五中刀块的结构图一。  Figure 20 is a structural view 1 of the blade block in the fifth embodiment of the present invention.
图 21是本发明实施例五中刀块的结构图二。  Figure 21 is a structural view 2 of the block of the fifth embodiment of the present invention.
图 22是本发明实施例五中环形粉碎滤网的结构示意图。  Figure 22 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ring crushing filter in the fifth embodiment of the present invention.
图 23是本发明实施例五中粗垃圾传输装置的结构示意图。  Figure 23 is a block diagram showing the structure of a coarse garbage conveying device in the fifth embodiment of the present invention.
图 24是本发明实施例六的结构示意图。  Figure 24 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 6 of the present invention.
图 25是本发明实施例六中粗垃圾传输装置的结构示意图。  Figure 25 is a block diagram showing the structure of a coarse garbage conveying device in a sixth embodiment of the present invention.
图 26是本发明实施例七的结构示意图。  Figure 26 is a schematic structural view of Embodiment 7 of the present invention.
图 27是本发明实施例八的结构示意图。  Figure 27 is a block diagram showing the structure of the eighth embodiment of the present invention.
图 28是本发明实施例八中罐体、 封闭闸门组装后的截面图。  Figure 28 is a cross-sectional view showing the assembly of the can body and the closing gate in the eighth embodiment of the present invention.
图 29是本发明实施例九的结构示意图。  Figure 29 is a schematic view showing the structure of a ninth embodiment of the present invention.
具有实施方式  With implementation
实施例一  Embodiment 1
参见图 1和图 7, 按照本发明提供的多功能自动垃圾处理器实施例, 包括外壳 1、 设在所述外壳 1内的罐体 2和储存箱 3, 所述罐体 2上设有垃圾 进口 21和排废口 22, 所述罐体 2内设有垃圾粉碎刀盘 4, 所述罐体 2内还设 有粗细垃圾分离装置, 所述罐体 2上设有与所述粗细垃圾分离装置相配合 的粗垃圾出口 23, 所述粗垃圾出口 23与所述储存箱 3连通。 本发明通过在 罐体 2内设置粗细垃圾分离装置, 使得进入罐体 2内的垃圾在垃圾粉碎刀 盘 4粉碎的过程中, 粗细垃圾分离装置将粉碎出的细垃圾分离出来并通过 排废口 22排出, 待垃圾粉碎刀盘 4粉碎结束后, 粗细垃圾分离装置将粗垃 圾分离出来并通过粗垃圾出口 23排至储存箱 3, 有效的克服了现有的垃圾 处理器无法粉碎的硬垃圾不能被分离出来的缺陷, 大大提高了产品是实 用性, 适用范围更广, 具体使用时, 可将餐桌上除塑料垃圾外的任何餐 余垃圾如骨头、 贝壳及啤酒瓶盖等均可投入本发明的垃圾进口, 由本发 明进行粉碎或分离处理。  Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, an embodiment of a multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to the present invention includes a casing 1, a tank body 2 disposed in the casing 1, and a storage tank 3, and the tank body 2 is provided with garbage. The inlet 21 and the waste disposal port 22 are provided with a garbage crushing cutter 4 in the tank body 2, and the tank body 2 is further provided with a coarse and fine garbage separation device, and the can body 2 is provided with separation from the coarse and fine garbage. The device is matched with a coarse waste outlet 23, and the coarse waste outlet 23 is in communication with the storage tank 3. The present invention provides a coarse garbage separation device in the can body 2 so that the garbage entering the can body 2 is pulverized in the garbage crushing cutter 4, and the coarse and fine garbage separation device separates the finely ground garbage and passes through the waste discharge port. 22 discharge, after the crushing of the garbage crushing cutter 4 is completed, the coarse and fine garbage separating device separates the coarse garbage and discharges it to the storage tank 3 through the coarse garbage outlet 23, effectively overcoming the hard garbage that the existing garbage processor cannot crush. The defects that have been separated greatly improve the practicality of the product, and the scope of application is wider. When used, any meal waste such as bones, shells and beer bottle caps other than plastic garbage can be put into the invention. The garbage inlet is pulverized or separated by the present invention.
参见图 1、 图 5和图 6, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述粗细垃圾分离 装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4下方的挡料板 51和驱动所述挡料板 51 转动的驱动装置 52, 所述挡料板 51上和 /或所述挡料板 51与罐体 2内壁之 间设有细垃圾落料缝隙 53, 所述挡料板 51与所述粗垃圾出口 23相配合。 所述挡料板 51上部周边设有导料斜面 51 1, 所述导料斜面 511的下游末端 与所述粗垃圾出口 23相对。 所述粗垃圾出口 23处设有用于封闭所述粗垃 圾出口 23的闸门 54, 所述闸门 54通过闸门驱动装置 55驱动。 闸门驱动装 置 55为电磁阀或气缸, 当然也可以为其他形式的闸门打开装置。 本实施 中的粗细垃圾分离装置结构简单、 部件少、 装配方便、 节约了原材料、 降低了产品的生产成本。 Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 5 and FIG. 6, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the coarse and fine garbage separating device includes a baffle 51 disposed under the garbage pulverizing cutter 4 and driving the baffle 51 to rotate. a driving device 52, a fine garbage blanking gap 53 is disposed on the baffle plate 51 and/or between the baffle plate 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2, and the baffle plate 51 is opposite to the coarse garbage outlet 23 Cooperate. A guide bevel 51 1 is disposed on an upper periphery of the baffle 51, and a downstream end of the guide bevel 511 is provided. Opposite the coarse refuse outlet 23. A gate 54 for closing the coarse refuse outlet 23 is provided at the coarse refuse outlet 23, and the gate 54 is driven by the shutter driving device 55. The gate driving device 55 is a solenoid valve or a cylinder, and of course, other types of gate opening devices are also possible. The coarse and fine garbage separation device in the present embodiment has a simple structure, few components, convenient assembly, saves raw materials, and reduces production cost of the product.
参见图 1和图 3,根据本发明上述的实施例,所述罐体 2上设有轴孔 24, 所述轴孔 24内设有套装在一起的内轴 61和外轴 62, 所述内轴 61与所述垃 圾粉碎刀盘 4相连接, 所述外轴 62与所述挡料板 51相连接, 所述驱动装置 52驱动所述外轴 62, 所述内轴 61由刀盘驱动装置 41驱动。 该套轴结构的 应用方便安装, 并且装配方便, 使得垃圾粉碎刀盘 4和挡料板 51由不同的 驱动装置驱动, 使用时更加方便可靠。 本实施例中的驱动装置 41、 52为 电机, 当然本发明中的驱动装置也可以为其他形式的动力装置。  Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 3, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the can body 2 is provided with a shaft hole 24, and the shaft hole 24 is provided with an inner shaft 61 and an outer shaft 62 which are fitted together. The shaft 61 is connected to the refuse grinding cutter 4, the outer shaft 62 is connected to the baffle 51, the driving device 52 drives the outer shaft 62, and the inner shaft 61 is driven by the cutter head 41 drive. The application of the shaft structure is convenient to install and convenient to assemble, so that the garbage crushing cutter 4 and the baffle 51 are driven by different driving devices, which is more convenient and reliable to use. The driving devices 41 and 52 in this embodiment are motors. Of course, the driving device in the present invention may also be other types of power devices.
参见图 1,根据本发明上述的实施例,所述储存箱 3底部设有振动器 7, 所述储存箱 3的上方设有除湿除臭装置 8。 在储存箱 3底部设置振动器 7, 可将进入储存箱 3内的粗垃圾均匀的摊平在储存箱 3内, 使储存箱 3内的空 间得以最大化的利用, 并且在储存箱 3上方设置除湿除臭装置 8, 对粗垃 圾进行除湿除臭可延续粗垃圾的储存时间, 使用时更加方便。 所述储存 箱 3上还设置有容量传感器, 当储存箱 3内的垃圾达到额定存量后报警。 所述储存箱 3的入口处设置有落料缓冲弹片 31, 能够减缓垃圾落入储存箱 3的速度, 从而降低噪音。  Referring to Fig. 1, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, a vibrator 7 is disposed at the bottom of the storage tank 3, and a dehumidifying and deodorizing device 8 is disposed above the storage tank 3. The vibrator 7 is disposed at the bottom of the storage box 3, and the coarse garbage entering the storage box 3 can be evenly leveled in the storage box 3, so that the space in the storage box 3 can be maximized and set above the storage box 3. The dehumidifying and deodorizing device 8 dehumidifies and deodorizes the coarse garbage to continue the storage time of the coarse garbage, and is more convenient to use. The storage box 3 is further provided with a capacity sensor for alarming when the garbage in the storage box 3 reaches the rated inventory. The storage buffer 3 is provided at the entrance of the storage box 3 to reduce the speed at which the garbage falls into the storage box 3, thereby reducing noise.
参见图 3, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述罐体 2的内壁上设有橡胶 层 10。 橡胶层 10的设置可有效降低本发明工作时的噪音。  Referring to Fig. 3, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the inner wall of the can body 2 is provided with a rubber layer 10. The arrangement of the rubber layer 10 can effectively reduce the noise during the operation of the present invention.
参见图 7, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述壳体 1上设有控制装置 9。 用于控制本发明各项功能的启动与关闭。  Referring to Figure 7, in accordance with the above-described embodiment of the present invention, the housing 1 is provided with a control unit 9. Used to control the startup and shutdown of various functions of the present invention.
参见图 1, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4包括刀盘 和固定在所述刀盘上的刀片, 其结构简单, 装配方便。  Referring to Fig. 1, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the garbage pulverizing cutter head 4 includes a cutter head and a blade fixed to the cutter head, which has a simple structure and is easy to assemble.
参见图 1和图 7, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述壳体 1上设有垃圾塑 料袋口 11, 所述垃圾塑料袋口 11与储存箱 3连通, 所述垃圾塑料袋口 11内 设有粉碎装置 111。 垃圾塑料袋口 11用于投放垃圾塑料袋, 具体使用时, 投入到垃圾塑料袋口 11内的垃圾塑料袋经粉碎装置 111粉碎后, 落入储存 箱 3内, 通过除湿除臭装置 8的加热使其融化縮小, 减小占用空间。  Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 7 , according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the housing 1 is provided with a garbage plastic bag opening 11 , and the garbage plastic bag opening 11 is connected with the storage box 3 , and the garbage plastic bag opening 11 is A pulverizing device 111 is provided. The garbage plastic bag opening 11 is used for placing a garbage plastic bag. When used in particular, the garbage plastic bag put into the garbage plastic bag opening 11 is pulverized by the pulverizing device 111, and then falls into the storage box 3, and is heated by the dehumidifying and deodorizing device 8. Make it melt and shrink, reducing the space.
参见图 1, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述罐体 2上设有进水口 25和 防溢口 26, 所述防溢口 26通过防溢管 27与所述排废口 22连通。 本发明工 作时, 如排废口 22发生堵塞, 防溢口 26仍可将内部水排出, 防止水从垃 圾进口 21溢出。 所述进水口 25处设有感应开关, 感应开关用于控制进水 口 25水流的通断, 本发明通过进水口 25的水流将罐体 2内的细垃圾冲刷至 排废口 22, 感应开关的设置使得本发明使用时更加节水。 所述排废口 22 处设有开关阀, 开关阀的设置使得本发明使用更加方便, 适用场所更广。 Referring to Fig. 1, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the tank body 2 is provided with a water inlet port 25 and an overflow prevention port 26, and the overflow prevention port 26 communicates with the discharge waste port 22 through the overflow prevention pipe 27. During the operation of the present invention, if the discharge port 22 is clogged, the overflow port 26 can still discharge the internal water to prevent water from being drained. The garbage import 21 overflowed. The water inlet 25 is provided with an inductive switch, and the inductive switch is used for controlling the water flow of the water inlet 25. The present invention flushes the fine garbage in the tank 2 to the exhaust port 22 through the water flow of the water inlet 25, and the sensing switch The arrangement makes the invention more water efficient when used. The exhaust valve 22 is provided with an on-off valve, and the setting of the on-off valve makes the invention more convenient to use and has a wider application place.
参见图 2和图 3, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述罐体 2由上罐体 28 和下罐体 29密封连接构成, 所述上罐体 28和所述下罐体 29的内壁上均铸 有橡胶层 10, 该种结构的罐体 2大大降低了产品生产工艺, 同时提高了产 品的装配效率, 降低了产品的生产成本。  Referring to Figures 2 and 3, in accordance with the above-described embodiment of the present invention, the can body 2 is formed by a sealed connection of an upper can body 28 and a lower can body 29, the upper can body 28 and the inner wall of the lower can body 29 The rubber layer 10 is casted, and the can body 2 of the structure greatly reduces the production process of the product, and at the same time improves the assembly efficiency of the product and reduces the production cost of the product.
参见图 4, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 本发明的下罐体 29上还设有与 所述壳体 1连接的支架 291, 所述支架 291与所述下罐体 29为一体铸造而 成, 支架 291的设置使得下罐体 29与壳体 1的连接更加牢靠, 并且加工方 便, 装配效率高。  Referring to FIG. 4, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the lower can body 29 of the present invention is further provided with a bracket 291 connected to the casing 1, and the bracket 291 and the lower can body 29 are integrally cast. The arrangement of the bracket 291 makes the connection of the lower can body 29 and the housing 1 more secure, and the processing is convenient and the assembly efficiency is high.
参见图 5, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述挡料板 51的边缘设有尖齿 512 ο 防止粗垃圾卡入挡料板 51与罐体 2内壁之间的缝隙, 落入挡料板 51 下方。  Referring to FIG. 5, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the edge of the baffle 51 is provided with a sharp tooth 512 ο to prevent coarse garbage from being caught in the gap between the baffle 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2, and falls into the baffle plate. 51 below.
本实施例在具体使用时, 分为垃圾粉碎、 垃圾分离和垃圾除湿除臭 三个歩骤, 具体过程如下:  In the specific use, the embodiment is divided into three steps: garbage crushing, garbage separation and garbage dehumidification and deodorization. The specific process is as follows:
垃圾粉碎: 通过控制装置 9将本发明开启, 此时垃圾粉碎刀盘 4转动, 同时进水口 25开启并往罐体 2内不断送水, 将垃圾投入罐体 2上的垃圾进 口 21, 垃圾落在转动的垃圾粉碎刀盘 4顶部, 在离心力的作用下, 垃圾由 垃圾粉碎刀盘 4与罐体内壁 2间的缝隙落在挡料板 51上, 垃圾粉碎刀盘 4在 旋转的过程中将垃圾不断的粉碎, 此时, 粉碎后的细垃圾, 在进水口 25 水流的冲刷下, 由挡料板 51上的细垃圾落料缝隙 53和 /或挡料板 51与罐体 2内壁之间的细垃圾落料缝隙 53, 落至罐体 2底部, 经排废口 22排至本发 明外部连接的下水管道。 粉碎后的粗垃圾留在挡料板 51上。 垃圾粉碎一 段时间后, 控制装置 9控制垃圾粉碎刀盘 4停止转动, 同时进水口 25关闭 停止送水。 至此本发明完成垃圾粉碎过程。  Garbage pulverization: The present invention is opened by the control device 9, at which time the garbage pulverizing cutter 4 is rotated, and the water inlet 25 is opened and water is continuously supplied into the tank 2, and the garbage is put into the garbage inlet 21 on the tank 2, and the garbage falls. The top of the rotating garbage pulverizing cutter head 4, under the action of the centrifugal force, the garbage falls on the stopper plate 51 by the gap between the garbage pulverizing cutter 4 and the inner wall 2 of the tank, and the garbage pulverizing cutter 4 scraps the garbage during the rotation. Continuous pulverization, at this time, the pulverized fine garbage, under the flushing of the water inlet 25, is between the fine garbage blanking gap 53 on the baffle 51 and/or between the baffle 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2. The fine waste blanking gap 53 falls to the bottom of the tank body 2 and is discharged through the discharge waste port 22 to the sewage pipe connected to the outside of the present invention. The pulverized coarse waste remains on the baffle plate 51. After the garbage is pulverized for a while, the control unit 9 controls the garbage pulverizing cutter 4 to stop rotating, and the water inlet 25 is closed to stop the water supply. The present invention thus completes the garbage pulverization process.
垃圾分离: 控制装置 9控制粗垃圾出口 23处的闸门 54打开, 同时挡料 板 51转动, 停留在挡料板 51上的粗垃圾由挡料板 51上的导料斜面 511滑入 粗垃圾出口 23后进入储存箱 3。 至此本发明完成垃圾分离过程。  Garbage separation: The control device 9 controls the shutter 54 at the coarse garbage outlet 23 to open, and the baffle 51 rotates, and the coarse garbage remaining on the baffle 51 is slid into the coarse garbage outlet by the guide bevel 511 on the baffle 51. After 23, enter the storage box 3. The present invention thus completes the garbage separation process.
垃圾除湿除臭: 控制装置 9控制储存箱 3底部的振动器 7和储存箱 3上 方的除湿除臭装置 8开始工作, 振动器 7通过振动储存箱 3将进入储存箱 3 内的粗垃圾均匀的摊平在储存箱 3内, 与此同时除湿除臭装置 8将储存箱 3 内的垃圾进行除湿除臭。 至此本发明完成垃圾除湿除臭过程。 实施例二 Garbage dehumidification and deodorization: The control device 9 controls the vibrator 7 at the bottom of the storage tank 3 and the dehumidification and deodorization device 8 above the storage tank 3 to start operation, and the vibrator 7 passes the coarse waste into the storage tank 3 through the vibration storage tank 3 The flattening is stored in the storage tank 3, and at the same time, the dehumidifying and deodorizing device 8 dehumidifies and deodorizes the garbage in the storage tank 3. So far, the present invention has completed the garbage dehumidification and deodorization process. Embodiment 2
参见图 8至图 10, 本实施例与上述实施例一结构大致相同, 唯有粗细 垃圾分离装置结构不同, 本实施例中的粗细垃圾分离装置包括倾斜设置 在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4下方的挡料板 51, 所述挡料板 51上和 /或所述挡料 板 51与罐体 2内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙 53, 所述挡料板 51的下游末端 与所述粗垃圾出口 23相对。 还设置有驱动所述挡料板 51振动或转动的驱 动装置 52。 本实施例中的粗细垃圾分离装置结构简单、 部件少、 装配方 便、 节约了原材料、 降低了产品的生产成本。 本实施例中的驱动装置 52 为电机或者振动器。  Referring to FIG. 8 to FIG. 10, the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the first embodiment. Only the structure of the coarse and fine garbage separation device is different, and the coarse and fine garbage separation device in the embodiment includes a tilting disposed under the garbage grinding cutter 4. a baffle 51, a fine waste blanking gap 53 between the baffle 51 and/or the baffle 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2, the downstream end of the baffle 51 and the thick The garbage outlet 23 is opposite. A drive unit 52 for driving the shutter 51 to vibrate or rotate is also provided. The coarse and fine garbage separation device in the embodiment has a simple structure, few components, convenient assembly, saves raw materials, and reduces production cost of the product. The driving device 52 in this embodiment is a motor or a vibrator.
本实施例在具体使用时, 分为垃圾粉碎、 垃圾分离和垃圾除湿除臭 三个歩骤, 其中, 本实施例中的垃圾粉碎和垃圾除湿除臭歩骤均与上述 实施例一相同。 因此下面只详细描述本实施例中的垃圾分离歩骤。  In the specific use, the present embodiment is divided into three steps: garbage pulverization, garbage separation, and garbage dehumidification and deodorization. The garbage pulverization and the garbage dehumidification and deodorization enthalpy in the present embodiment are the same as those in the first embodiment. Therefore, only the garbage separation step in this embodiment will be described in detail below.
垃圾分离: 控制装置 9控制粗垃圾出口 23处的闸门 54打开, 同时倾斜 安装的挡料板 51转动或振动, 停留在挡料板 51上的粗垃圾由倾斜安装的 挡料板 51下游末端滑入粗垃圾出口 23后进入储存箱 3。 至此本发明完成垃 圾分离过程。  Garbage separation: The control device 9 controls the shutter 54 at the coarse garbage outlet 23 to be opened, while the inclinedly mounted fence plate 51 rotates or vibrates, and the coarse garbage remaining on the stopper plate 51 is slid by the downstream end of the inclinedly mounted stopper plate 51. After entering the coarse garbage outlet 23, it enters the storage tank 3. The present invention thus completes the garbage separation process.
实施例三  Embodiment 3
参见图 11至图 13, 本实施例与上述实施例一结构大致相同, 唯有粗 细垃圾分离装置结构不同, 本实施例中的粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所 述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4下方的挡料板 51和设在所述挡料板 51上的刮料板 52, 所 述挡料板 51上和 /或所述挡料板 51与罐体 2内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙 53 , 所述挡料板 51上还设置有落料口 54, 所述粗垃圾出口 23延伸至所述 罐体 2内部并与所述落料口 54接通, 所述落料口 54上设置有封闭闸门 55。 还设置有驱动所述刮料板 52的驱动装置和驱动所述闸门 55的闸门驱动装 置。 本实施例中的粗细垃圾分离装置结构简单、 部件少、 装配方便、 节 约了原材料、 降低了产品的生产成本。 本实施例中驱动所述刮料板 52的 驱动装置为电机。  Referring to FIG. 11 to FIG. 13 , the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the first embodiment. Only the structure of the coarse and fine garbage separation device is different, and the coarse and fine garbage separation device in the embodiment includes a block disposed under the garbage grinding cutter 4 . a material plate 51 and a scraper plate 52 disposed on the baffle plate 51, and a fine garbage blanking gap 53 between the baffle plate 51 and/or the baffle plate 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2. The baffle plate 51 is further provided with a drop opening 54 extending to the inside of the can body 2 and connected to the drop opening 54. The blanking port 54 is provided with The shutter 55 is closed. A driving device for driving the scraper 52 and a shutter driving device for driving the shutter 55 are also provided. The coarse and fine garbage separation device in this embodiment has a simple structure, few components, convenient assembly, saves raw materials, and reduces production cost of the product. The driving device for driving the scraper 52 in this embodiment is a motor.
本实施例在具体使用时, 分为垃圾粉碎、 垃圾分离和垃圾除湿除臭 三个歩骤, 其中, 本实施例中的垃圾粉碎和垃圾除湿除臭歩骤均与上述 实施例一相同。 因此下面只详细描述本实施例中的垃圾分离歩骤。  In the specific use, the present embodiment is divided into three steps: garbage pulverization, garbage separation, and garbage dehumidification and deodorization. The garbage pulverization and the garbage dehumidification and deodorization enthalpy in the present embodiment are the same as those in the first embodiment. Therefore, only the garbage separation step in this embodiment will be described in detail below.
垃圾分离: 控制装置 9控制落料口 54处的闸门 55打开, 同时刮料板 52 沿挡料板 51的中部旋转, 将停留在挡料板 51上的粗垃圾刮至落料口 54处 并落入粗垃圾出口 23后进入储存箱 3。 至此本发明完成垃圾分离过程。  Garbage separation: The control device 9 controls the shutter 55 at the drop opening 54 to open, and the scraper 52 rotates along the middle of the baffle 51, scraping the coarse waste remaining on the baffle 51 to the drop opening 54 and After entering the coarse garbage outlet 23, it enters the storage tank 3. The present invention thus completes the garbage separation process.
实施例四 参见图 14至图 16, 本实施例与上述实施例一结构大致相同, 唯有粗 细垃圾分离装置和罐体的安装方式不同, 本实施例中的所述罐体 2倾斜设 置在所述外壳 1内, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4 下方的挡料板 51、 设在所述罐体 2内壁上的螺旋导料板 52和驱动所述罐体 2转动的罐体驱动装置 54, 所述挡料板 51上和 /或所述挡料板 51与罐体 2内 壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙 53, 所述螺旋导料板 52的顶端与所述粗垃圾 出口 23相配合。所述罐体 3包括上罐体 28和与所述上罐体 28转动连接的下 罐体 29, 所述垃圾进口 21和所述粗垃圾出口 23设置在所述上罐体 28上, 所述排废口 22设置在所述下罐体 29上, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置设置在所 述下罐体 29内, 所述罐体驱动装置 54与所述下罐体 29相连接。 本实施例 中的粗细垃圾分离装置结构简单、 部件少、 装配方便、 节约了原材料、 降低了产品的生产成本。 本实施例中的罐体驱动装置 54为电机。 Embodiment 4 Referring to FIG. 14 to FIG. 16, the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the first embodiment. The can body 2 in the present embodiment is disposed obliquely on the outer casing 1 only in the manner in which the coarse and fine garbage separation device and the can body are installed. The coarse waste separating device includes a baffle 51 disposed under the refuse shredder 4, a spiral guide plate 52 disposed on an inner wall of the can body 2, and a can that drives the can body 2 to rotate a body drive device 54, a fine waste blanking gap 53 between the baffle plate 51 and/or the baffle plate 51 and the inner wall of the can body 2, the top end of the spiral guide plate 52 and the thick The garbage outlet 23 is matched. The can body 3 includes an upper can body 28 and a lower can body 29 rotatably coupled to the upper can body 28, and the garbage inlet 21 and the coarse garbage outlet 23 are disposed on the upper can body 28, The waste disposal port 22 is provided on the lower can body 29, and the coarse waste separation device is disposed in the lower can body 29, and the can body drive device 54 is connected to the lower can body 29. The coarse and fine garbage separation device in the embodiment has the advantages of simple structure, few components, convenient assembly, saving raw materials and reducing production cost of the product. The can drive unit 54 in this embodiment is a motor.
本实施例在具体使用时, 分为垃圾粉碎、 垃圾分离和垃圾除湿除臭 三个歩骤, 其中, 本实施例中的垃圾粉碎和垃圾除湿除臭歩骤均与上述 实施例一相同。 因此下面只详细描述本实施例中的垃圾分离歩骤。  In the specific use, the present embodiment is divided into three steps: garbage pulverization, garbage separation, and garbage dehumidification and deodorization. The garbage pulverization and the garbage dehumidification and deodorization enthalpy in the present embodiment are the same as those in the first embodiment. Therefore, only the garbage separation step in this embodiment will be described in detail below.
垃圾分离: 控制装置 9控制罐体驱动装置 54驱动下罐体 29转动, 将停 留在挡料板 51和下罐体 29侧壁上的粗垃圾通过罐体 51内壁上的螺旋导料 板 52传送至粗垃圾出口 23后进入储存箱 3。 至此本发明完成垃圾分离过 程。  Garbage separation: The control device 9 controls the tank driving device 54 to drive the lower tank 29 to rotate, and conveys coarse waste remaining on the side walls of the baffle plate 51 and the lower tank body 29 through the spiral guide plate 52 on the inner wall of the can body 51. After entering the coarse waste outlet 23, the storage tank 3 is entered. The present invention has thus completed the garbage separation process.
实施例五  Embodiment 5
参见图 17至图 19, 本实施例与上述实施例一结构大致相同, 只是在 外壳内增设了粗垃圾传输装置, 所述外壳 1内设有驱动所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4转动的电机 46, 所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4包括刀盘体 41和设置在所述刀盘体 41上的多组刀块 42, 每组所述刀块 42为两个, 两个所述刀块 42可活动的 对称设置在所述刀盘体 41的上表面和下表面, 所述刀盘体 41上设有连接 孔 411, 相对称的两个所述刀块 42通过一个连接轴 43与所述连接孔 411连 接。 所述刀盘体 41上还设有细垃圾落料孔 413。 在本实施例中粗细垃圾分 离装置集成在刀盘体上, 刀盘体 41起到粗细垃圾分离的作用。 其中细垃 圾由刀盘体 41上的细垃圾落料孔 413流出, 粗垃圾被刀盘体 41挡住。 本实 施例通过在刀盘体 41的上表面和下表面对称设置多组刀块 42, 扩大的研 磨工作面并且加大了研磨力度, 垃圾粉碎效果好, 同时使得刀盘体 41在 旋转的过程中上下受力均衡, 有助于减少噪音。  Referring to FIG. 17 to FIG. 19, the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the first embodiment except that a coarse garbage conveying device is added in the outer casing, and the outer casing 1 is provided with a motor 46 for driving the rotation of the garbage grinding cutter 4. The garbage pulverizing cutter head 4 includes a cutter body 41 and a plurality of sets of cutter blocks 42 disposed on the cutter body 41. Each set of the cutter blocks 42 is two, and the two cutter blocks 42 are movable. The cutter body 41 is symmetrically disposed on the upper surface and the lower surface of the cutter body 41, and the cutter body 41 is provided with a connecting hole 411. The two symmetrical blocks 42 pass through a connecting shaft 43 and the connecting hole 411. connection. The cutter body 41 is further provided with a fine garbage drop hole 413. In the present embodiment, the coarse and fine garbage separation device is integrated on the cutter body, and the cutter body 41 functions to separate the coarse and fine garbage. The fine waste is discharged from the fine waste dropping hole 413 on the cutter body 41, and the coarse waste is blocked by the cutter body 41. In the present embodiment, by arranging a plurality of sets of the cutter blocks 42 symmetrically on the upper surface and the lower surface of the cutter body 41, the enlarged grinding work surface is enlarged and the grinding force is increased, the garbage pulverizing effect is good, and the cutter body 41 is rotated. The middle and lower forces are balanced to help reduce noise.
参见图 18至图 21, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述刀块 42上设有铰 接孔 421, 所述连接轴 43穿过所述铰接孔 421和所述连接孔 411将所述刀块 42与所述刀盘体 41连接, 所述铰接孔 421或所述连接孔 411为腰型孔。 将 铰接孔 421或连接孔 411中的一个设为腰型孔, 使得刀块 42在研磨垃圾的 过程中, 可根据垃圾的软硬以及大小做出伸縮调整, 研磨效果好, 并且 可防止垃圾将刀块 42与罐体 2内壁卡住发生故障。 Referring to FIG. 18 to FIG. 21, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the block 42 is provided with a hinge hole 421 through which the connecting shaft 43 passes the hinge hole 421 and the connecting hole 411. 42 is connected to the cutter body 41, and the hinge hole 421 or the connecting hole 411 is a waist hole. One of the hinge hole 421 or the connecting hole 411 is set as a waist hole, so that the knife block 42 can be adjusted according to the softness and hardness of the garbage during the process of grinding the garbage, the grinding effect is good, and the garbage can be prevented. The block 42 is stuck to the inner wall of the can body 2 and malfunctions.
参见图 18和图 19, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述刀盘体 41上开设 有条形孔 412, 所述条形孔 412上方设有与所述刀盘体 41平行的刀片 44, 所述刀片 44与所述刀盘体 41之间形成细料缝隙 45, 所述细料缝隙 45与所 述条形孔 412相通。 该结构使得刀盘体 41在旋转的过程中, 位于刀盘体 41 上表面的大块垃圾在惯性和离心力的作用下会被刀片 44切割, 切割下的 细垃圾直接通过细料缝隙 45进入条形孔 412, 从而落入垃圾粉碎刀盘 4下 方, 提高了本发明的粉碎效果, 实用性强; 其次, 位于刀盘体 41上表面 的细垃圾在惯性和离心力的作用下, 通过细料缝隙 45的引导更容易进入 条形孔 412, 从而落入垃圾粉碎刀盘 4下方, 使得本发明粗细垃圾分离的 效果更好。  Referring to FIG. 18 and FIG. 19, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the cutter body 41 is provided with a strip hole 412, and a blade 44 parallel to the cutter body 41 is disposed above the strip hole 412. A fine material slit 45 is formed between the blade 44 and the cutter body 41, and the fine material slit 45 communicates with the strip hole 412. The structure causes the cutter body 41 to rotate during the process, and the large piece of garbage located on the upper surface of the cutter body 41 is cut by the blade 44 under the action of inertia and centrifugal force, and the fine waste cut directly enters the strip through the fine material slit 45. The hole 412 is formed to fall under the garbage grinding cutter 4, which improves the pulverizing effect of the present invention and has high practicability; secondly, the fine garbage located on the upper surface of the cutter body 41 passes through the fine material gap under the action of inertia and centrifugal force. The guiding of 45 is easier to enter the strip hole 412, thereby falling under the garbage pulverizing cutter 4, so that the effect of separating the coarse and fine garbage of the present invention is better.
参见图 17、 图 18和图 22, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述罐体 2内设 有环形粉碎滤网 5, 所述环形粉碎滤网 5设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4外侧的罐 体 2内壁上, 所述环形粉碎滤网 5为一环形筒体, 所述环形筒体上开设有 条形孔 51。 环形粉碎滤网 5的设置方便被刀块 42研磨成的细垃圾的落料, 其次增加了待研磨垃圾与罐体 2内壁之间的摩擦, 防止待研磨垃圾随垃圾 粉碎刀盘 4转动, 提高了本发明的研磨效率。  Referring to FIG. 17, FIG. 18 and FIG. 22, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the can body 2 is provided with an annular pulverizing filter 5, and the annular pulverizing filter 5 is disposed outside the garbage pulverizing cutter 4. On the inner wall of the can body 2, the annular pulverizing filter screen 5 is an annular cylinder body, and the annular cylinder body is provided with a strip-shaped hole 51. The arrangement of the annular pulverizing filter 5 facilitates the blanking of the fine garbage which is ground by the cutter block 42, and secondly increases the friction between the garbage to be ground and the inner wall of the can body 2, preventing the garbage to be ground from rotating with the garbage pulverizing cutter 4, thereby improving The polishing efficiency of the present invention.
参见图 17和图 23, 根据本发明上述的实施例, 所述外壳 1内还设有粗 垃圾传输装置 6, 所述罐体 2上设有与所述粗垃圾传输装置 6相配合的粗垃 圾出口 23, 所述粗垃圾传输装置 6包括传送带 61、 设在所述传送带 61上的 运料板 62和驱动所述传送带 61的驱动装置 63, 所述传送带 61的一端与所 述粗垃圾出口 23连接, 所述传送带 61的另一端位于所述储存箱 3上方。 所 述罐体 2倾斜设置在所述外壳 1内。该粗垃圾传输装置 6结构简单、部件少、 粗垃圾排出效率高、 连贯性好便于粗垃圾的排空。  Referring to FIG. 17 and FIG. 23, according to the above embodiment of the present invention, the outer casing 1 is further provided with a coarse garbage conveying device 6, and the can body 2 is provided with coarse garbage matched with the coarse garbage conveying device 6. An outlet 23, the coarse refuse conveying device 6 includes a conveyor belt 61, a conveying plate 62 provided on the conveyor belt 61, and a driving device 63 for driving the conveyor belt 61, one end of the conveyor belt 61 and the coarse garbage outlet 23 Connected, the other end of the conveyor belt 61 is located above the storage tank 3. The can body 2 is obliquely disposed in the outer casing 1. The coarse garbage conveying device 6 has a simple structure, few components, high efficiency of discharging coarse garbage, and good coherence to facilitate emptying of coarse garbage.
本实施例在具体使用时粗垃圾传输装置的工作过程: 当垃圾粉碎刀 盘 4停止转动时, 粗垃圾会在自身重力的作用下堆落在垃圾粉碎刀盘 4的 一侧, 而不会分散在垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上, 并且罐体 2上的粗垃圾出口 23设 于上述粗垃圾的堆落位置, 粗垃圾由粗垃圾出口 23进入粗垃圾传输装置 6, 落在传送带 61的运料板 62上, 传送带 61动作将已经落有粗垃圾的运料 板 62带至储存箱 3上方, 落有粗垃圾的运料板 62在经过传送带 61顶部的换 向轴时会随着传送带 61的翻转, 使运料板 62上的粗垃圾跌落至下方的储 存箱 3内, 以此循环完成罐体 2内粗垃圾的传输。 The working process of the coarse garbage conveying device in the specific use of the embodiment: When the garbage grinding cutter 4 stops rotating, the coarse garbage will pile up on the side of the garbage grinding cutter 4 under the action of its own gravity, without being dispersed. On the garbage pulverizing cutter head 4, and the coarse garbage outlet 23 on the tank body 2 is disposed at the piled-up position of the above-mentioned coarse garbage, the coarse garbage enters the coarse garbage conveying device 6 from the coarse garbage outlet 23, and falls on the conveying plate of the conveyor belt 61. At 62, the conveyor belt 61 moves the transporting plate 62, which has fallen coarse waste, to the top of the storage tank 3, and the transporting board 62, which has coarse refuse, is replaced at the top of the conveyor belt 61. When the shaft is turned, the coarse refuse on the transporting plate 62 is dropped into the lower storage tank 3 as the conveyor belt 61 is turned over, thereby circulating the coarse refuse in the tank 2.
实施例六  Embodiment 6
参见图 24和图 25, 本实施例与上述实施例五结构大致相同, 唯有粗 垃圾传输装置结构不同, 本实施例中粗垃圾传输装置 7包括筒体 71、 设在 筒体 71内的转轴 72、 设在所述转轴 72上的螺旋导料片 73和驱动所述转轴 72转动的驱动装置 74, 所述筒体 71的一端与所述粗垃圾出口 23连接, 所 述筒体 71的另一端位于所述储存箱 3上方。 该粗垃圾传输装置结构简单、 部件少、 粗垃圾排出效率高、 连贯性好便于粗垃圾的排空。  Referring to FIG. 24 and FIG. 25, the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the fifth embodiment. Only the structure of the coarse garbage conveying device is different. In this embodiment, the coarse garbage conveying device 7 includes a cylindrical body 71 and a rotating shaft disposed in the cylindrical body 71. 72. A spiral guide piece 73 disposed on the rotating shaft 72 and a driving device 74 for driving the rotating shaft 72. One end of the cylindrical body 71 is connected to the coarse garbage outlet 23, and the cylindrical body 71 is further One end is located above the storage tank 3. The coarse garbage conveying device has the advantages of simple structure, few components, high efficiency of discharging coarse garbage, and good coherence to facilitate emptying of coarse garbage.
本实施例在具体使用时粗垃圾传输装置的工作过程: 当垃圾粉碎刀 盘 4停止转动时, 粗垃圾会在自身重力的作用下堆落在垃圾粉碎刀盘 4的 一侧, 而不会分散在垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上, 并且罐体 2上的粗垃圾出口 23设 于上述粗垃圾的堆落位置, 粗垃圾由粗垃圾出口 23进入粗垃圾传输装置, 落在筒体 71—端的螺旋导料片 73上, 转轴 72带动螺旋导料片 73转动, 落 在螺旋导料片 73上的粗垃圾在螺旋导料片 73的传导作用下, 沿筒体 71内 壁向筒体 71的另一端呈螺旋轨迹滚动, 当粗垃圾滚动至筒体 71的另一端 时, 会在自身的重力作用下跌落至下方的储存箱 3内, 以此循环完成罐体 2内粗垃圾的传输。  The working process of the coarse garbage conveying device in the specific use of the embodiment: When the garbage grinding cutter 4 stops rotating, the coarse garbage will pile up on the side of the garbage grinding cutter 4 under the action of its own gravity, without being dispersed. On the garbage crushing cutter head 4, and the coarse garbage outlet 23 on the tank body 2 is disposed at the piled position of the coarse garbage, the coarse garbage enters the coarse garbage conveying device from the coarse garbage outlet 23, and the spiral guide which falls on the 71-end of the cylinder body On the web 73, the rotating shaft 72 drives the spiral guiding piece 73 to rotate, and the coarse garbage falling on the spiral guiding piece 73 is guided by the spiral guiding piece 73, and is along the inner wall of the cylindrical body 71 toward the other end of the cylindrical body 71. The spiral track rolls, when the coarse garbage rolls to the other end of the cylinder 71, it will fall into the storage tank 3 below under the gravity of its own, and the circulation of the coarse garbage in the tank 2 is completed by this cycle.
实施例七  Example 7
参见图 26, 本实施例与上述实施例五结构大致相同, 唯有粗垃圾传 输装置结构不同, 本实施例中粗垃圾传输装置包括杂料吸附装置 81和设 在所述杂料吸附装置 81上的导料管 82, 所述导料管 82的一端与所述杂料 吸附装置 81连接, 所述导料管 82的另一端伸入所述罐体 2内, 所述杂料吸 附装置 81位于所述储存箱 3上方。 该粗垃圾传输装置结构简单、 部件少、 粗垃圾排出效率高、 连贯性好便于粗垃圾的排空。  Referring to FIG. 26, the embodiment is substantially the same as the structure of the fifth embodiment. Only the structure of the coarse garbage conveying device is different. In this embodiment, the coarse garbage conveying device includes a mixed material adsorption device 81 and is disposed on the mixed material adsorption device 81. a guiding tube 82, one end of the guiding tube 82 is connected to the mixed material adsorption device 81, the other end of the guiding tube 82 extends into the can body 2, and the mixed material adsorption device 81 is located Above the storage box 3. The coarse garbage conveying device has the advantages of simple structure, few components, high efficiency of discharging coarse garbage, and good coherence to facilitate emptying of coarse garbage.
本实施例在具体使用时粗垃圾传输装置的工作过程: 当垃圾粉碎刀 盘 4停止转动时, 开启杂料吸附装置 81, 位于垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上的粗垃圾 会在杂料吸附装置 81的作用下沿导料管 82进入杂料吸附装置 81, 经杂料 吸附装置 81落入储存箱 3内, 以此循环完成罐体 2内粗垃圾的传输。  The working process of the coarse garbage conveying device in the specific use of the embodiment: when the garbage grinding cutter 4 stops rotating, the coarse material adsorption device 81 is turned on, and the coarse garbage located on the garbage grinding cutter 4 is in the mixed material adsorption device 81. Under the action, the material enters the impurity adsorption device 81 along the guide tube 82, and falls into the storage tank 3 through the impurity adsorption device 81, thereby circulating the coarse garbage in the can body 2.
实施例八  Example eight
参见图 27和图 28, 本实施例与上述实施例五结构大致相同, 唯有粗 垃圾的出料方式不同, 本实施例中的粗垃圾出口 23设有封闭闸门 91和驱 动所述封闭闸门 91开闭的驱动装置 92, 所述封闭闸门 91下方设有与所述 储存箱 3相通的粗料通道 10, 所述封闭闸门 91上设有齿条 93, 所述驱动装 置 92上设有齿轮 94, 所述齿条 93与所述齿轮 94配合。 该粗垃圾出料结构 简单、 部件少、 粗垃圾排出效率高、 连贯性好便于粗垃圾的排空。 Referring to FIG. 27 and FIG. 28, this embodiment is substantially the same as the above-described fifth embodiment. Only the manner of discharging the coarse garbage is different. The coarse garbage outlet 23 in this embodiment is provided with a closing gate 91 and driving the closing gate 91. a driving device 92 that is opened and closed, a coarse material passage 10 communicating with the storage box 3 is disposed under the closing gate 91, and the closing gate 91 is provided with a rack 93, the driving device The gear 92 is provided with a gear 94 that cooperates with the gear 94. The coarse garbage discharge structure is simple, the parts are small, the coarse garbage discharge efficiency is high, and the consistency is good to facilitate the emptying of the coarse garbage.
本实施例在具体使用时粗垃圾的出料工作过程:垃圾粉碎刀盘 4转动 的过程中封闭闸门 91处于关闭状态, 当垃圾粉碎刀盘 4停止转动时, 粗垃 圾会在自身重力的作用下堆落在垃圾粉碎刀盘 4的一侧, 而不会分散在垃 圾粉碎刀盘 4上, 并且罐体 2上的粗垃圾出口 23设于上述粗垃圾的堆落位 置, 此时驱动装置 92驱动齿轮 94转动, 齿轮 94带动封闭闸门 91上的齿条 93使封闭闸门 91移动将粗垃圾出口 23打开, 堆落在粗垃圾出口 23处的粗 垃圾滑落出罐体 2并通过粗料通道 10落入储存箱 3内, 至此完成罐体 2内粗 垃圾的出料。  In the embodiment, the discharging process of the coarse garbage in the specific use: the closing gate 91 is in the closed state during the rotation of the garbage grinding cutter 4, and when the garbage grinding cutter 4 stops rotating, the coarse garbage will be under the action of its own gravity. The pile is piled on one side of the garbage pulverizing cutter 4, and is not dispersed on the garbage pulverizing cutter 4, and the coarse garbage outlet 23 on the can body 2 is disposed at the piled position of the coarse garbage, and the driving device 92 is driven at this time. The gear 94 rotates, and the gear 94 drives the rack 93 on the closing gate 91 to move the closing gate 91 to open the coarse garbage outlet 23, and the coarse garbage piled up at the coarse garbage outlet 23 slides out of the tank 2 and falls through the coarse passage 10 Into the storage tank 3, the discharge of the coarse garbage in the tank 2 is completed.
实施例九  Example nine
参见图 29, 本实施例与上述实施例五结构大致相同, 唯有粗垃圾传 输装置方式不同, 本实施例中的罐体 2可翻转的设在所述外壳 1内, 所述 外壳 1内设有驱动所述罐体 2翻转的驱动装置 11, 所述罐体 2下方设有与所 述储存箱 3相通的粗料通道 12。 设置在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上的转轴 47与 所述电机 46的输出轴 461卡接配合。该粗垃圾传输方式结构简单、部件少, 罐体 2翻转一次可将罐体 2内的全部粗垃圾排出, 粗垃圾排出效率高。  Referring to FIG. 29, the embodiment is substantially the same as the above-mentioned fifth embodiment. Only the coarse garbage conveying device is different. The can body 2 in this embodiment is reversibly disposed in the outer casing 1. The outer casing 1 is provided. There is a driving device 11 for driving the can body 2 to be turned over, and a rough material passage 12 communicating with the storage box 3 is disposed below the can body 2. A rotary shaft 47 provided on the refuse grinding cutter 4 is engaged with the output shaft 461 of the motor 46. The coarse garbage conveying method has a simple structure and few components, and the tank body 2 is turned over once to discharge all the coarse garbage in the tank body 2, and the coarse garbage discharging efficiency is high.
本实施例在具体使用时粗垃圾传输的工作过程: 当垃圾粉碎刀盘 4 停止转动时, 将卡接配合在一起的垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上的转轴 47和电机 46的 输出轴 461断开, 驱动装置 11驱动罐体 2翻转, 位于垃圾粉碎刀盘 4上的粗 垃圾在自身重力的作用下由罐体 2的端口经粗料通道 12落入储存箱 3内, 至此完成罐体 2内粗垃圾的传输。  The working process of the coarse garbage transfer in the specific use of the embodiment: when the garbage crushing cutter 4 stops rotating, the rotating shaft 47 on the garbage crushing cutter head 4 that is snap-fitted together is disconnected from the output shaft 461 of the motor 46, The driving device 11 drives the can body 2 to be turned over, and the coarse garbage located on the garbage pulverizing cutter head 4 is dropped by the port of the can body 2 through the coarse material passage 12 into the storage box 3 under the action of its own gravity, thereby completing the thickening of the can body 2 The transmission of garbage.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claims
1、 一种多功能自动垃圾处理器, 包括外壳、 设在所述外壳内的罐体 和储存箱, 所述罐体上设有垃圾进口和排废口, 所述罐体内设有垃圾粉 碎刀盘, 其特征在于: 所述罐体内还设有粗细垃圾分离装置, 所述罐体 上设有与所述粗细垃圾分离装置相配合的粗垃圾出口, 所述粗垃圾出口 与所述储存箱连通。  A multifunctional automatic garbage disposer comprising a casing, a tank body and a storage tank disposed in the casing, the tank body is provided with a garbage inlet and a waste discharge port, and the tank body is provided with a garbage crushing knife The tray is characterized in that: the tank body is further provided with a coarse and fine garbage separation device, and the tank body is provided with a coarse garbage outlet corresponding to the coarse and fine garbage separation device, and the coarse garbage outlet is connected to the storage tank .
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板和驱动所 述挡料板转动的驱动装置, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁之 间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述挡料板与所述粗垃圾出口相配合, 所述挡 料板上部周边设有导料斜面, 所述导料斜面的下游末端与所述粗垃圾出 口相对。  2. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the coarse and fine garbage separating device comprises a baffle plate disposed under the garbage shredder cutter and a drive for driving the baffle plate to rotate a fine waste blanking gap is disposed between the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the can body, and the baffle plate cooperates with the coarse garbage outlet, and the upper part of the baffle A guide bevel is disposed around the periphery, and a downstream end of the guide bevel is opposite to the coarse waste outlet.
3、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述粗细垃圾分离装置包括倾斜设置在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所 述挡料板的下游末端与所述粗垃圾出口相对, 还设置有驱动所述挡料板 振动或转动的驱动装置。  3. The multi-function automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the coarse and fine garbage separating device comprises a baffle plate obliquely disposed under the rubbish crushing cutter, the baffle plate and/or Or a fine garbage blanking gap is formed between the baffle plate and the inner wall of the tank, and the downstream end of the baffle plate is opposite to the coarse garbage outlet, and is further provided with a driving for driving the vibrating plate to vibrate or rotate. Device.
4、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板和设在所 述挡料板上的刮料板, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁之间设 有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述挡料板上还设置有落料口, 所述粗垃圾出口延 伸至所述罐体内部并与所述落料口接通, 所述落料口上设置有封闭闸门, 还设置有驱动所述刮料板的驱动装置。  4. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the coarse and fine garbage separating device comprises a baffle plate disposed under the rubbish crushing cutter and a baffle plate disposed on the baffle plate a scraping plate, a fine garbage blanking gap between the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the tank, the baffle plate further provided with a dropping port, the coarse garbage outlet Extending into the interior of the tank and connecting with the discharge opening, the discharge opening is provided with a closing gate, and a driving device for driving the scraping plate is further provided.
5、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置包括设在所述垃 圾粉碎刀盘下方的挡料板、 设在所述罐体内壁上的螺旋导料板和驱动所 述罐体转动的罐体驱动装置, 所述挡料板上和 /或所述挡料板与罐体内壁 之间设有细垃圾落料缝隙, 所述螺旋导料板的顶端与所述粗垃圾出口相 配合, 所述罐体包括上罐体和与所述上罐体转动连接的下罐体, 所述垃 圾进口和所述粗垃圾出口设置在所述上罐体上, 所述排废口设置在所述 下罐体上, 所述粗细垃圾分离装置设置在所述下罐体内, 所述罐体驱动 装置与所述下罐体相连接。 5. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the can body is obliquely disposed in the outer casing, and the coarse garbage separation device includes a block disposed under the garbage crushing cutter a material plate, a spiral guide plate disposed on the inner wall of the can body, and a can body driving device for driving the rotation of the can body, the baffle plate and/or the baffle plate and the inner wall of the can body a fine garbage blanking gap is provided between the top end of the spiral guiding plate and the coarse garbage outlet, the tank body comprises an upper tank body and a lower tank body rotatably connected with the upper tank body, The garbage inlet and the coarse garbage outlet are disposed on the upper tank body, the waste disposal port is disposed on the lower tank body, and the coarse garbage separation device is disposed in the lower tank body, the tank body A drive device is coupled to the lower can body.
6、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述垃圾粉碎刀盘包括刀盘体和设置在所述刀盘体上的多组刀块, 每组所 述刀块为两个, 两个所述刀块可活动的对称设置在所述刀盘体的上表面 和下表面, 所述刀盘体上设有连接孔, 相对称的两个所述刀块通过一个 连接轴与所述连接孔连接, 所述刀盘体上还设有细垃圾落料孔。  6. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the garbage pulverizing cutter comprises a cutter body and a plurality of sets of cutters disposed on the cutter body, each set of the cutters The two blocks are movable symmetrically disposed on the upper surface and the lower surface of the cutter body, and the cutter body is provided with a connecting hole, and the two knives correspondingly pass through A connecting shaft is connected to the connecting hole, and the cutter body is further provided with a fine garbage blanking hole.
7、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置与所述粗垃圾出 口配合, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括传送带、 设在所述传送带上的运料板 和驱动所述传送带的驱动装置, 所述传送带的一端与所述粗垃圾出口连 接, 所述传送带的另一端位于所述储存箱上方。  7. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the outer casing is further provided with a coarse garbage conveying device, and the coarse garbage conveying device cooperates with the coarse garbage outlet, the coarse garbage The transport device includes a conveyor belt, a transport plate disposed on the conveyor belt, and a drive device for driving the conveyor belt, one end of the conveyor belt being coupled to the coarse refuse outlet, and the other end of the conveyor belt being located above the storage tank.
8、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置与所述粗垃圾出 口配合, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括筒体、 设在筒体内的转轴、 设在所述 转轴上的螺旋导料片和驱动所述转轴转动的驱动装置, 所述筒体的一端 与所述粗垃圾出口连接, 所述筒体的另一端位于所述储存箱上方。  8. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the outer casing is further provided with a coarse garbage conveying device, and the coarse garbage conveying device cooperates with the coarse garbage outlet, the coarse garbage The conveying device includes a cylinder, a rotating shaft disposed in the cylinder, a spiral guiding piece disposed on the rotating shaft, and a driving device for driving the rotating shaft, and one end of the cylindrical body is connected to the coarse garbage outlet, The other end of the barrel is located above the storage tank.
9、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述外壳内还设有粗垃圾传输装置, 所述粗垃圾传输装置包括杂料吸附装 置和设在所述杂料吸附装置上的导料管, 所述导料管的一端与所述杂料 吸附装置连接, 所述导料管的另一端伸入所述罐体内, 所述杂料吸附装 置位于所述储存箱上方。  9. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the outer casing is further provided with a coarse garbage conveying device, and the coarse garbage conveying device comprises a mixed material adsorption device and is disposed in the mixed material. a guiding tube on the adsorption device, one end of the guiding tube is connected to the mixed material adsorption device, the other end of the guiding tube extends into the can body, and the mixed material adsorption device is located in the storage box Above.
10、 根据权利要求 7-9任意一项所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特 征在于: 所述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内。 11、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述罐体倾斜设置在所述外壳内, 所述粗垃圾出口设有封闭闸门和驱动所 述封闭闸门开闭的驱动装置, 所述封闭闸门下方设有与所述储存箱相通 的粗料通道, 所述封闭闸门上设有齿条, 所述驱动装置上设有齿轮, 所 述齿条与所述齿轮配合。 The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to any one of claims 7-9, wherein: the can body is obliquely disposed in the outer casing. 11. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the can body is obliquely disposed in the outer casing, and the coarse garbage outlet is provided with a closing gate and driving the closing gate to open and close. a driving device, a coarse material passage communicating with the storage box is disposed under the closing gate, a rack gear is disposed on the closing gate, and a gear is disposed on the driving device, and the rack is matched with the gear.
12、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述罐体可翻转的设在所述外壳内, 所述外壳内设有驱动所述罐体翻转的 驱动装置, 所述罐体下方设有与所述储存箱相通的粗料通道。  12. The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the can body is reversibly disposed in the outer casing, and the outer casing is provided with a driving device for driving the can body to be turned over. A coarse material passage communicating with the storage tank is disposed below the tank body.
13、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述储存箱底部设有振动器, 所述储存箱的上方设有除湿除臭装置。  The multi-function automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein a vibrator is disposed at a bottom of the storage box, and a dehumidifying and deodorizing device is disposed above the storage box.
14、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述罐体的内壁上设有橡胶层, 所述壳体上设有控制装置。  The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the can body is provided with a rubber layer, and the casing is provided with a control device.
15、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述壳体上设有垃圾塑料袋口, 所述垃圾塑料袋口与储存箱连通, 所述垃 圾塑料袋口内设有粉碎装置。  The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the housing is provided with a garbage plastic bag mouth, and the garbage plastic bag mouth is connected with the storage box, and the garbage plastic bag mouth is inside A comminution device is provided.
16、 根据权利要求 2或 3所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所述粗垃圾出口处设有用于封闭所述粗垃圾出口的闸门, 所述闸门通过 闸门驱动装置驱动。  The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: the coarse refuse outlet is provided with a gate for closing the coarse refuse outlet, and the gate is driven by the gate driving device.
17、 根据权利要求 1所述的多功能自动垃圾处理器, 其特征在于: 所 述罐体上设有进水口和防溢口, 所述防溢口通过防溢管与所述排废口连 通, 所述罐体由上罐体和下罐体密封连接构成。  The multifunctional automatic garbage disposer according to claim 1, wherein: the tank body is provided with a water inlet and an overflow prevention port, and the overflow prevention port is connected to the discharge port through an overflow prevention pipe. The can body is formed by a sealed connection between the upper can body and the lower can body.
PCT/CN2014/000034 2013-01-11 2014-01-10 Multi-functional automatic refuse processor WO2014108043A1 (en)

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