CN109588362A - A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system - Google Patents

A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109588362A
CN109588362A CN201910120294.4A CN201910120294A CN109588362A CN 109588362 A CN109588362 A CN 109588362A CN 201910120294 A CN201910120294 A CN 201910120294A CN 109588362 A CN109588362 A CN 109588362A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fish
pond
water
vegetable
tube
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Pending
Application number
CN201910120294.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柳军
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Zheng Fengyuan Biological Technology (suzhou) Co Ltd
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Zheng Fengyuan Biological Technology (suzhou) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910120294.4A priority Critical patent/CN109588362A/en
Publication of CN109588362A publication Critical patent/CN109588362A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic systems, it include: fish culture pond, the fish culture pond is connected by the first tube body with the physical level biological filter that 3 connect side by side, the physics and biological filter are connected by the second tube body with Water Quality Transformation groove body, the Water Quality Transformation groove body is connected by third tube body with nutrient activated pond, the nutrient activated pond is connected by the 4th tube body with vegetable cultivation pond, and the feeding night surge-tank of plantation is also connected on the vegetable cultivation pond and is connected with oxygen liquid recycling lautertuns.It is an advantage of the invention that a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system structure is novel, design rationally, by cleverly Eco-Design, saves water resource, plants vegetables and do not apply fertilizer and the ecological Symbiotic effectiveness of normal growth.In fish and vegetable symbiotic system, the ammonia nitrogen in water is resolved into nitrite and nitrate by microbial bacterial, and then utilized as nutrient absorption by plant.

Description

A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivation field more particularly to a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic systems.
Background technique
In traditional aquaculture, due to the excreta accumulation with fish, the ammonia nitrogen of water body increases, and toxicity gradually increases Greatly, it is unfavorable for the survival of fish, the excreta of generation causes pollution to environment again, and affected by environment big in process of production, It is not easy manual control, water resource waste is big.The system of fish and vegetable symbiotic cultivation at present is most of using open loop mode, i.e. crawl It is connected with water culture pond by water pipe, directly supplies water culture pond without being formed as disposable irrigation water by the water that crawl discharges Reflux is returned, new water supplemented to crawl, and the extra water of water culture pond is then expelled to wastewater disposal basin, this mode cannot make full use of Water resource greatly increases its cost, is not used simultaneously for the waste water in water culture pond so that processing waste water mode compared with For trouble.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: tradition fish and vegetable symbiotic system wastes water resource to be solved by this invention and the technology with pollution environment Problem, the present invention provide a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system.
Technical solution: a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system, comprising: fish culture pond, the fish culture pond pass through the first tube body It is connected with the physical level biological filter that 3 connect side by side, the physics and biological filter pass through the second tube body and water quality Conversion groove body is connected, and the Water Quality Transformation groove body is connected by third tube body with nutrient activated pond, the nutrient activated pond It is connected by the 4th tube body with vegetable cultivation pond, plantation is also connected on the vegetable cultivation pond and supports night surge-tank and oxygen liquid time Lautertuns is received to be connected.
Wherein, it is also connected with water circulating apparatus on the fish culture pond, spare water is connected in the water circulating apparatus Slot is connected with purifier in the stock trough.
Wherein, the oxygen liquid recycling lautertuns is connected with purifier.
Wherein, nutrition survey meter, water temperature probe, ammonia nitrogen survey meter and hydrogen sulfide detection are equipped in the fish culture pond Instrument.
The present invention also provides a kind of cultural methods of fish and vegetable symbiotic system, comprising the following steps:
S1, cleaning and tidying is carried out to fish culture pond, is scrubbed with 20mg/L potassium permanganate or 50-100mg/L Eusol Bottom of pond pool wall, and repeatedly rinsed with water purification, until rinsing well;Breed fish fry and shrimp seedling before to water quality carry out toxicity survey It tries, is launched after lack of toxicity;
S2, equipment arrangement: fishpond is divided into two parts, two-part area ratio is 1:1, and arrangement one can between these two portions The net of disassembly;Breeding environment, the similar a variety of fish of habit are launched in two parts fishpond, are fixed on the inner wall of fish pond mute Aerator;
S3, vegetable cultivation pond plantation processing: compounded mix layer is set in planting bed, while being planted on compounded mix layer Aquatic vegetable, compounded mix layer are followed successively by porous glass ceramics, mechanism granular activated carbon, pelelith from top to bottom.
S4, the pool cultivated processing of fish culture: microbial bacterial is launched in water;Water temperature regulation, utilizes heat pipe and circulating heat pump Water temperature in fish culture pond is regulated and controled, control water temperature is 24-26 DEG C, using oxygen increasing pump and separating oxygen device to fish The fry of class aquaculture pond carries out oxygenation;The feeding volume of oxygenation fry is that daily every thousand tail feeds 100-150g, is thrown in two times daily Hello, morning 8-9 point, afternoon, 4-5 point respectively fed half quantity, and bait throwing in should launch uniformly;When April, the body that will screen Matter is healthy and strong, specification is similar, is cultivated among fry dispensing to the biggish fish pond of area similar in trip speed, and water is replenished in time Source.
It is an advantage of the invention that a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system structure is novel, design is rationally, real by cleverly Eco-Design It now breeds fish and does not change water without water quality suffering, save water resource, plant vegetables and do not apply fertilizer and the ecological Symbiotic effectiveness of normal growth.Fish dish is total In raw system, the water of aquaculture is transported to hydroponic culture system, and the ammonia nitrogen in water is resolved into nitrous by microbial bacterial Hydrochlorate and nitrate, and then utilized by plant as nutrient absorption.Fish and vegetable symbiotic is reached by between animal, plant, microorganism three It is the low-carbon production model of the following sustainable circular form zero-emission, the feature of environmental protection is high, even more to a kind of ecological balance relationship of harmony Effectively solve the most effectual way of Agro-ecology crisis.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of fish and vegetable symbiotic system of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with attached drawing and by specific embodiment, it should be pointed out that: for this technique For the common process personnel in field, without departing from the principle of the present invention, to repairing for various equivalent forms of the invention Change and falls within the application range as defined in the appended claims.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system, comprising: fish culture pond 1, the fish culture pond 1 pass through the first tube body 2 It is connected with the physical level biological filter 3 that 3 connect side by side, the physics and biological filter 3 pass through the second tube body 4 and water Matter conversion groove body 5 is connected, and the Water Quality Transformation groove body 5 is connected by third tube body 6 with nutrient activated pond 7, the nutrition Activating tank 7 is connected by the 4th tube body 8 with vegetable cultivation pond 9, and plantation is also connected on the vegetable cultivation pond 9 and supports night allotment Slot 10 is connected with oxygen liquid recycling lautertuns 11.
Further, it is also connected with water circulating apparatus 12 on the fish culture pond 1, is connected in the water circulating apparatus 12 Stock trough 13 is connected with purifier 14 in the stock trough 13.
Further, the oxygen liquid recycling lautertuns 11 is connected with purifier 14.
Further, nutrition survey meter 15, water temperature probe 16, ammonia nitrogen survey meter 17 and sulphur are equipped in the fish culture pond Change hydrogen survey meter 18.
The present embodiment additionally provides a kind of cultural method of fish and vegetable symbiotic system, comprising the following steps:
S1, cleaning and tidying is carried out to fish culture pond 1, is scrubbed with 20mg/L potassium permanganate or 50-100mg/L Eusol Bottom of pond pool wall, and repeatedly rinsed with water purification, until rinsing well;Breed fish fry and shrimp seedling before to water quality carry out toxicity survey It tries, is launched after lack of toxicity;
S2, equipment arrangement: fishpond is divided into two parts, two-part area ratio is 1:1, and arrangement one can between these two portions The net of disassembly;Breeding environment, the similar a variety of fish of habit are launched in two parts fishpond, are fixed on the inner wall of fish pond mute Aerator;
S3, the plant processing of 9 kinds of vegetable cultivation pond: compounded mix layer is set in planting bed, while in compounded mix layer on kind Aquatic vegetable is planted, compounded mix layer is followed successively by porous glass ceramics, mechanism granular activated carbon, pelelith from top to bottom.
S4,1 cultivation of fish culture pond processing: microbial bacterial is launched in water;Water temperature regulation, utilizes heat pipe and circulating heat pump Water temperature in fish culture pond 1 is regulated and controled, control water temperature is 24-26 DEG C, utilizes oxygen increasing pump and separating oxygen device pair The fry in fish culture pond carries out oxygenation;The feeding volume of oxygenation fry is that daily every thousand tail feeds 100-150g, daily in two times It feeds, morning 8-9 point, afternoon, 4-5 point respectively fed half quantity, and bait throwing in should launch uniformly;When April, by what is screened It is physical strong, specification is similar, fry similar in trip speed is launched to being cultivated among the biggish fish pond of area, and water is replenished in time Source.
A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system provided by the invention, rationally, by cleverly Eco-Design, realization, which is breeded fish, is not changed for design Water and without water quality suffering, save water resource, plant vegetables and do not apply fertilizer and the ecological Symbiotic effectiveness of normal growth.In fish and vegetable symbiotic system, The water of aquaculture is transported to hydroponic culture system, and the ammonia nitrogen in water is resolved into nitrite and nitric acid by microbial bacterial Salt, and then utilized by plant as nutrient absorption.Fish and vegetable symbiotic reaches a kind of harmony by between animal, plant, microorganism three Ecological balance relationship, be the low-carbon production model of the following sustainable circular form zero-emission, the feature of environmental protection is high, even more effectively solves agriculture The most effectual way of industry ecocrisis.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system characterized by comprising fish culture pond (1), the fish culture pond (1) pass through the One tube body (2) is connected with the physical level biological filter (3) that 3 connect side by side, and the physics and biological filter (3) pass through Second tube body (4) is connected with Water Quality Transformation groove body (5), and the Water Quality Transformation groove body (5) is living by third tube body (6) and nutrition Change pond (7) to be connected, the nutrient activated pond (7) is connected by the 4th tube body (8) with vegetable cultivation pond (9), the vegetables Plantation feeding night surge-tank (10) is also connected on planting bed (9) to be connected with oxygen liquid recycling lautertuns (11).
2. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that also connect on the fish culture pond (1) It is connected to water circulating apparatus (12), is connected with stock trough (13) on the water circulating apparatus (12), on the stock trough (13) It is connected with purifier (14).
3. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system described in -2 according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the oxygen liquid recycles lautertuns (11) it is connected with purifier (14).
4. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with battalion in the fish culture pond Support survey meter (15), water temperature probe (16), ammonia nitrogen survey meter (17) and hydrogen sulfide detector (18).
5. the cultural method of a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system according to claim 1, which comprises the following steps:
S1, cleaning and tidying is carried out to fish culture pond (1), with 20mg/L potassium permanganate or 50-100mg/L Eusol brush Wash pool bottom pool wall, and repeatedly rinsed with water purification, until rinsing well;Breed fish fry and shrimp seedling before to water quality carry out toxicity survey It tries, is launched after lack of toxicity;
S2, equipment arrangement: fishpond is divided into two parts, two-part area ratio is 1:1, and arrangement one can between these two portions The net of disassembly;Breeding environment, the similar a variety of fish of habit are launched in two parts fishpond, are fixed on the inner wall of fish pond mute Aerator;
S3, vegetable cultivation pond (9) plantation processing: compounded mix layer is set in planting bed, while on compounded mix layer Aquatic vegetable is planted, compounded mix layer is followed successively by porous glass ceramics, mechanism granular activated carbon, pelelith from top to bottom;
S4, fish culture pond (1) cultivation processing: microbial bacterial is launched in water;Water temperature regulation, utilizes heat pipe and circulating heat pump pair Water temperature in fish culture pond (1) is regulated and controled, and control water temperature is 24-26 DEG C, utilizes oxygen increasing pump and separating oxygen device pair The fry in fish culture pond carries out oxygenation;The feeding volume of oxygenation fry is that daily every thousand tail feeds 100-150g, daily in two times It feeds, morning 8-9 point, afternoon, 4-5 point respectively fed half quantity, and bait throwing in should launch uniformly;When April, by what is screened It is physical strong, specification is similar, fry similar in trip speed is launched to being cultivated among the biggish fish pond of area, and water is replenished in time Source.
CN201910120294.4A 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system Pending CN109588362A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109997676A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-12 上海交通大学 A kind of feeding cultivated cogeneration system of the three-level ecological circulation that nutrition recycles
CN110337998A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-18 广西国宏智鸿环境科技发展有限公司 A kind of fishing dish symbiotic cultivation system with triple interior cycle water processing functions

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204047619U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-12-31 梁振成 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system
MX2014015036A (en) * 2014-12-08 2016-06-07 Inst Tecnologico Superior De La Region De Los Llanos Intelligent water recirculation system for aquaculture.
CN105994087A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 天津现代晨辉科技集团有限公司 Fish, shrimp and vegetable symbiotic culture method
JP3206994U (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-13 國義 林 Organic aquaculture equipment for symbiotic system of fish, vegetables and earthworms
CN206923524U (en) * 2017-02-07 2018-01-26 湖北楚清渔耕农业开发有限公司 A kind of separate type breeding circulatory system
CN208016600U (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-30 安徽农业大学 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic balcony partition wall
CN109588363A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-09 正丰源生物科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of dynamic maintain of batch production aquatic products is grown and disease control system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204047619U (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-12-31 梁振成 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system
MX2014015036A (en) * 2014-12-08 2016-06-07 Inst Tecnologico Superior De La Region De Los Llanos Intelligent water recirculation system for aquaculture.
CN105994087A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 天津现代晨辉科技集团有限公司 Fish, shrimp and vegetable symbiotic culture method
JP3206994U (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-10-13 國義 林 Organic aquaculture equipment for symbiotic system of fish, vegetables and earthworms
CN206923524U (en) * 2017-02-07 2018-01-26 湖北楚清渔耕农业开发有限公司 A kind of separate type breeding circulatory system
CN208016600U (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-10-30 安徽农业大学 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic balcony partition wall
CN109588363A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-09 正丰源生物科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of dynamic maintain of batch production aquatic products is grown and disease control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109997676A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-12 上海交通大学 A kind of feeding cultivated cogeneration system of the three-level ecological circulation that nutrition recycles
CN110337998A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-18 广西国宏智鸿环境科技发展有限公司 A kind of fishing dish symbiotic cultivation system with triple interior cycle water processing functions

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