CN204047619U - A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system - Google Patents

A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204047619U
CN204047619U CN201420195439.XU CN201420195439U CN204047619U CN 204047619 U CN204047619 U CN 204047619U CN 201420195439 U CN201420195439 U CN 201420195439U CN 204047619 U CN204047619 U CN 204047619U
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China
Prior art keywords
nutrient solution
fish
communicated
regulating valve
water
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CN201420195439.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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梁振成
姜威毅
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梁振成
姜威毅
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system, includes cultivating system and implant system; This cultivating system includes cultivation flume, water quality conversion cell body and for filtering the excremental physics of fishes and shrimps and biofiltration cell body; This implant system includes plantation layer frame, nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns, nutrient solution activated bath and nutrient solution allotment supervising device; By this, aquaculture and Vegetable produce are combined by Eco-Design, by the organic matter in physics and microbial decomposition cultivation flume excreta for vegetables provide nutriment, save plant nutrient solution usage amount, implant system plays catharsis to breeding water again, and the bait needed for fishes and shrimps is provided, save bait usage amount, increase industrial benefit; Algae can be used as the nutriment of plant nutrient solution and fishes and shrimps, saves the usage amount of nutrient solution usage amount and fish and shrimp diet, and can purify water, reach the ecological balance, saves the effect of water resource.

Description

A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of aquaculture and growing vegetables system regions technology, refers in particular to a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system.
Background technology
In traditional aquaculture, because the excreta along with fish accumulates, the ammonia nitrogen of water body increases, toxicity progressively increases, and is unfavorable for the survival of fish, and the excreta of generation causes pollution to environment again, and greatly affected by environment in process of production, not easily Artificial Control, water resource waste is large.For this problem, there is a kind of compound cultivating system of fish and vegetable symbiotic, it is aquaculture and the diverse agro-farming technology of these two kinds of scripts of water-cultivating, by Eco-Design cleverly, reach the collaborative symbiosis of science, thus realize breeding fish not changing water and without water quality suffering, planting vegetables and do not apply fertilizer and the ecological Symbiotic effectiveness of normal growth.And in fish and vegetable symbiotic system, the water of aquaculture is transported to water-cultivating system, by microbial bacterial, the ammonia nitrogen in water is resolved into nitrite and nitrate, and then utilized as nutrient absorption by plant.Fish and vegetable symbiotic, by the ecological balance relation reaching a kind of harmony between animal, plant, microorganism three, is the low-carbon (LC) production model of following sustainable circular form zero-emission, effectively solves the most effectual way of Agro-ecology crisis especially.
What current fish and vegetable symbiotic cultivating system major part adopted is open loop mode, namely crawl is connected by water pipe with water culture pond, the water discharged by crawl is directly supplied water culture pond as disposable irrigation water and is not formed return backflow, new water is supplemented to crawl, the unnecessary water of water culture pond is then expelled to wastewater disposal basin, and this pattern can not make full use of water resource, greatly increases its cost, waste water in water culture pond is not used simultaneously, the mode processing waste water is comparatively bothered.
Utility model content
In view of this, the utility model is for the disappearance of prior art existence, its main purpose is to provide a kind of structure fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system simple, reasonable in design, it effectively can save bait cultivation usage amount and plant nutrient solution usage amount, realize water cycle process, thus achieve the low-carbon (LC) production model of sustainable circular form zero-emission, turn increase industrial benefit simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system, includes cultivating system and implant system;
This cultivating system includes cultivation flume, water quality conversion cell body and for filtering the excremental physics of fishes and shrimps and biofiltration cell body; This cultivation flume has the first entrance and the first outlet, and physics and biofiltration cell body are communicated with the first outlet of cultivation flume; This water quality conversion cell body has the first automatic regulating valve, outlet first automatic regulating valve of this physics and biofiltration cell body, and the first automatic regulating valve is communicated with the first entrance of cultivation flume;
This implant system includes plantation layer frame, nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns, nutrient solution activated bath and nutrient solution allotment supervising device; This plantation layer frame has nutrient solution input port and nutrient solution recovery port; The entrance that this nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns is communicated with the nutrient solution recovery port of planting layer frame; The entrance of nutrient solution activated bath is communicated with the outlet that nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns, and nutrient solution activated bath has the second automatic regulating valve, and this second automatic regulating valve connects nutrient solution input port and the water quality conversion cell body of plantation layer frame; This nutrient solution allotment supervising device has the 3rd automatic regulating valve, and the 3rd automatic regulating valve is communicated with the first entrance of the second automatic regulating valve and cultivation flume.
As there being a kind of preferred version, include the integration automatic control system of this cultivating system and implant system being carried out to integral monitoring and adjustment further.
As there being a kind of preferred version, described cultivation flume is connected with a hyperbaric oxygen equipment.
As there being a kind of preferred version, described cultivating system also includes purifier, stock trough and water circulating apparatus, and this purifier is communicated with stock trough, and this stock trough is communicated with water circulating apparatus, and this water circulating apparatus is communicated with cultivation flume.
As there being a kind of preferred version, including further and adding the raw material interpolation mechanism of raw material and the algae culture processing adding set to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device interpolation algae to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device.
As there being a kind of preferred version, described physics and biofiltration cell body have screen pack and filter cotton.
As there being a kind of preferred version, the top of plantation layer frame is located in described nutrient solution input port, and the nutrient solution recovery port of this plantation layer frame is located at the bottom of this plantation layer frame.
The utility model compared with prior art has obvious advantage and beneficial effect, specifically, as shown from the above technical solution: aquaculture and Vegetable produce are combined by Eco-Design by this fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system, by the organic matter in physics and microbial decomposition cultivation flume excreta for vegetables provide nutriment, save plant nutrient solution usage amount, implant system plays catharsis to breeding water again simultaneously, and the bait needed for fishes and shrimps is provided, save bait usage amount, thus realize the low-carbon (LC) production model of sustainable circular form zero-emission, turn increase industrial benefit simultaneously.And algae can be used as the nutriment of plant nutrient solution and fishes and shrimps, thus save the usage amount of nutrient solution usage amount and fish and shrimp diet, and can purify water, reach the ecological balance, save the effect of water resource; This fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system is also provided with independent oxygen increasing equipment, thus realizes high density and cultivate safely.
For more clearly setting forth architectural feature of the present utility model and effect, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, the utility model is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the system architecture schematic diagram of the preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Accompanying drawing identifier declaration:
10, cultivating system 11, cultivation flume
111, the first entrance 112, first exports
113, the second entrance 114, second exports
12, water quality conversion cell body 121, first automatic regulating valve
13, physics and biofiltration cell body 14, hyperbaric oxygen equipment
15, purifier 16, stock trough
17, water circulating apparatus 171, the 3rd entrance
172, the 3rd outlet the 173, the 4th entrance
20, implant system 201, the 5th outlet
202, the 6th outlet the 203, the 5th entrance
204, the 6th entrance 205, the 7th outlet
206, the 8th outlet the 207, the 7th entrance
21, layer frame 211, nutrient solution input port is planted
212, nutrient solution recovery port 22, nutrient solution reclaim lautertuns
23, nutrient solution activated bath 231, second automatic regulating valve
24, nutrient solution allotment supervising device 241, the 3rd automatic regulating valve
30, integrate automatic control system 40, raw material adds mechanism
50, algae culture processing adding set.
Embodiment
Please refer to shown in Fig. 1, that show the concrete structure of the preferred embodiment of the utility model, include cultivating system 10 and implant system 20, this cultivating system 10 and implant system 20 carry out integral monitoring and adjustment by integration automatic control system 30.
This cultivating system 10 includes cultivation flume 11, water quality conversion cell body 12 and for filtering the excremental physics of fishes and shrimps and biofiltration cell body 13; This cultivation flume 11 has the first entrance 111, first and exports the 112, second entrance 113 and the second outlet 114; This physics and biofiltration cell body 13 are communicated with the first outlet 112 of cultivation flume 11, this physics and biofiltration cell body 13 have screen pack and filter cotton, the screen pack of excreta on this physics and biofiltration cell body 12 that fishes and shrimps in cultivation flume 11 produce and the Small molecular after filter cotton, then through the effect decomposable asymmetric choice net NH of biological bacteria 3.This water quality conversion cell body 12 has the first automatic regulating valve 121, the entrance of outlet first automatic regulating valve 121 of this physics and biofiltration cell body 13, enters the nutrient solution after water quality conversion cell body 12, forms NO after adding nitrifier 3;and the first entrance 111 of the outlet cultivation flume 11 of the first automatic regulating valve 121, the nutrient solution after this water quality conversion cell body 12 processes can circulate again and flow back in this cultivation flume 11.
Specifically, this cultivation flume 11 can high-density breeding fishes and shrimps, can increase and decrease fishes and shrimps quantity according to scale.This cultivation flume 11 is connected with a hyperbaric oxygen equipment 14, and this hyperbaric oxygen equipment 14 according to the oxygen content needs of this cultivation flume 11, can inject oxygen, guarantees there are enough oxygen supply fishes and shrimps in cultivation flume 11.
And this cultivating system 10 also includes purifier 15, stock trough 16 and water circulating apparatus 17, this water circulating apparatus 17 has one the 3rd entrance 171, the 3rd outlet 172 and the 4th entrance 173; The entrance of this stock trough 16 of the outlet of this purifier 15,3rd entrance 171 of this water circulating apparatus 17 of the outlet of this stock trough 16,3rd outlet 172 of this water circulating apparatus 17 is communicated with aforementioned second entrance 113, and the 4th entrance 173 of this water circulating apparatus 17 is communicated with aforementioned second outlet 114.Water in purifier 15 after purification, flow in stock trough 16, enter water circulating apparatus 17 again, flow in cultivation flume 11 after water circulating apparatus 17, and the water in cultivation flume 11 can flow back in water circulating apparatus 17, in water circulating apparatus 17, reach the effect purified water, thus form water circulation.
This implant system 20 includes plantation layer frame 21, nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns 22, nutrient solution activated bath 23 and nutrient solution allotment supervising device 24; Described plantation layer frame 21 can be used for the crops such as plantation vegetables and fruits, and this layer of frame number is not limit, and suitably can increase and decrease according to planting scale.This plantation layer frame has nutrient solution input port 211 and nutrient solution recovery port 212, the top of plantation layer frame 21 is located in described nutrient solution input port 211, the nutrient solution recovery port 212 of this plantation layer frame 21 is located at the bottom of this plantation layer frame 21, and the entrance that this nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns 22 is communicated with the nutrient solution recovery port 212 of planting layer frame 21; The entrance of nutrient solution activated bath 23 is communicated with the outlet that nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns 22, this nutrient solution activated bath 23 has the second automatic regulating valve 231, and this second automatic regulating valve 231 is provided with the 5th outlet the 201, the 6th outlet the 202, the 5th entrance 203 and the 6th entrance 204; This nutrient solution allotment supervising device 24 has the 3rd automatic regulating valve the 241, three automatic regulating valve 241 and is provided with one the 7th outlet the 205, the 8th outlet 206 and the 7th entrance 207; Specifically, the 5th outlet 201 of this second automatic regulating valve 231 is communicated with the outlet that nutrient solution input port the 211, six entrance 204 of planting layer frame 21 is communicated with water quality conversion cell body 12; The 7th outlet 205 the 5th entrance the 203, seven entrance 207 be communicated with on the second automatic regulating valve 231 on 3rd automatic regulating valve 241 is communicated with the first entrance 111 that the 6th outlet the 202, eight outlet 206 is communicated with cultivation flume 11.
In addition, this fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system also include to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device 24 add raw material raw material add mechanism 40 and to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device 24 add algae algae culture processing adding set 50.
The operation principle that the present embodiment is described in detail in detail is as follows:
(1) screen pack of excreta on physics and biofiltration cell body 13 that in this cultivation flume 11, fishes and shrimps produce and filter cotton form Small molecular, then through biological bacteria effect decomposable asymmetric choice net NH 3, enter water quality conversion cell body 12, after adding nitrifier, form NO 3, be supplied to nutrient solution activated bath 23 and export to layer of plants frame 21 as Nutrient Absorption or flow back in cultivation flume 11.
(2) unnecessary nutrient solution flows out from the nutrient solution recovery port 212 bottom plantation layer frame 21, enter nutrient solution and reclaim filtration in lautertuns 22, enter nutrient solution activated bath 23 again, flow in nutrient solution surge-tank 24 by the 6th outlet 202, this raw material adds mechanism 40 and algae culture processing adding set 50 adds raw material and algae respectively to this nutrient solution surge-tank monitoring system 24 according to actual needs, form new nutrient solution, this nutrient solution to flow in cultivation flume 11 used for fishes and shrimps by the 8th outlet 206 and 205 flows back in nutrient solution activated bath 23 nutrient solution provided needed for plant through the 7th outlet.
(3) water in purifier 15 after purification, flow in stock trough 16, enter water circulating apparatus 17 again, flow in cultivation flume 11 after water circulating apparatus 17, and the water in cultivation flume 11 can flow back in water circulating apparatus 17, reach the effect purified water, thus form the water cycle process in cultivating system 10.
Design focal point of the present utility model is: aquaculture and Vegetable produce are combined by Eco-Design by this fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system, by the organic matter in physics and microbial decomposition cultivation flume excreta for vegetables provide nutriment, save plant nutrient solution usage amount, implant system plays catharsis to breeding water again simultaneously, and the bait needed for fishes and shrimps is provided, save bait usage amount, thus realize the low-carbon (LC) production model of sustainable circular form zero-emission, turn increase industrial benefit simultaneously.And algae can be used as the nutriment of plant nutrient solution and fishes and shrimps, thus save the usage amount of nutrient solution usage amount and fish and shrimp diet, and can purify water, reach the ecological balance, save the effect of water resource; This fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system is also provided with independent oxygen increasing equipment, thus realizes high density and cultivate safely.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not technical scope of the present utility model is imposed any restrictions, therefore every above embodiment is done according to technical spirit of the present utility model any trickle amendment, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system, is characterized in that: include cultivating system and implant system;
This cultivating system includes cultivation flume, water quality conversion cell body and for filtering the excremental physics of fishes and shrimps and biofiltration cell body; This cultivation flume has the first entrance and the first outlet, and physics and biofiltration cell body are communicated with the first outlet of cultivation flume; This water quality conversion cell body has the first automatic regulating valve, outlet first automatic regulating valve of this physics and biofiltration cell body, and the first automatic regulating valve is communicated with the first entrance of cultivation flume;
This implant system includes plantation layer frame, nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns, nutrient solution activated bath and nutrient solution allotment supervising device; This plantation layer frame has nutrient solution input port and nutrient solution recovery port; The entrance that this nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns is communicated with the nutrient solution recovery port of planting layer frame; The entrance of nutrient solution activated bath is communicated with the outlet that nutrient solution reclaims lautertuns, and nutrient solution activated bath has the second automatic regulating valve, and this second automatic regulating valve connects nutrient solution input port and the water quality conversion cell body of plantation layer frame; This nutrient solution allotment supervising device has the 3rd automatic regulating valve, and the 3rd automatic regulating valve is communicated with the first entrance of the second automatic regulating valve and cultivation flume.
2. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: include the integration automatic control system of this cultivating system and implant system being carried out to integral monitoring and adjustment further.
3. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cultivation flume is connected with a hyperbaric oxygen equipment.
4. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cultivating system also includes purifier, stock trough and water circulating apparatus, this purifier is communicated with stock trough, this stock trough is communicated with water circulating apparatus, and this water circulating apparatus is communicated with cultivation flume.
5. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: include further and add the raw material interpolation mechanism of raw material and the algae culture processing adding set to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device interpolation algae to this nutrient solution surge-tank supervising device.
6. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described physics and biofiltration cell body have screen pack and filter cotton.
7. a kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the top of plantation layer frame is located in described nutrient solution input port, and the nutrient solution recovery port of this plantation layer frame is located at the bottom of this plantation layer frame.
CN201420195439.XU 2014-04-22 2014-04-22 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system CN204047619U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103999812A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-08-27 梁振成 Fish-vegetable symbiotic integration system
CN104585108A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-05-06 姚力元 High-density fish and vegetable co-existing system
CN104705227A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-17 山东大学 Construction and running method of plant microbial fluidized bed enhanced fish-vegetable symbiotic system
CN104920199A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-09-23 活力循环有限公司 Aquatic vegetable cultivating device
CN106171932A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 吉林大学 A kind of soilless culture nutrient fluid multiple stage circulation utilizes device
CN107404854A (en) * 2016-02-09 2017-11-28 堀雅城市农场股份有限公司 Fish and vegetable symbiotic system and the aquatic product method for breeding and plant cultivation method using the system
CN109588362A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-09 正丰源生物科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103999812A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-08-27 梁振成 Fish-vegetable symbiotic integration system
CN104585108A (en) * 2015-02-27 2015-05-06 姚力元 High-density fish and vegetable co-existing system
CN104585108B (en) * 2015-02-27 2017-04-12 姚力元 High-density fish and vegetable co-existing system
CN104920199A (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-09-23 活力循环有限公司 Aquatic vegetable cultivating device
CN104705227A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-17 山东大学 Construction and running method of plant microbial fluidized bed enhanced fish-vegetable symbiotic system
US10806131B2 (en) 2016-02-09 2020-10-20 Horimasa Co., Ltd. Aquaponics system, and fish and shellfish rearing and plant cultivation method using the aquaponics system
CN107404854A (en) * 2016-02-09 2017-11-28 堀雅城市农场股份有限公司 Fish and vegetable symbiotic system and the aquatic product method for breeding and plant cultivation method using the system
US20180092337A1 (en) * 2016-02-09 2018-04-05 Horimasa City Farm Inc. Aquaponics system, and fish and shellfish rearing and plant cultivation method using the aquaponics system
CN106171932B (en) * 2016-07-08 2019-04-02 吉林大学 A kind of soilless culture nutrient fluid multiple stage circulation utilizes device
CN106171932A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-12-07 吉林大学 A kind of soilless culture nutrient fluid multiple stage circulation utilizes device
CN109588362A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-04-09 正丰源生物科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic system

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