CN108821502A - A kind of multiple artificial ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment - Google Patents

A kind of multiple artificial ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108821502A
CN108821502A CN201810550931.7A CN201810550931A CN108821502A CN 108821502 A CN108821502 A CN 108821502A CN 201810550931 A CN201810550931 A CN 201810550931A CN 108821502 A CN108821502 A CN 108821502A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
buffer strip
sewage treatment
ecology
artificial
mattress
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810550931.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周其胤
高毛林
赵军
刘磊
崔康平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ANHUI MEIZIRAN ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ANHUI MEIZIRAN ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ANHUI MEIZIRAN ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical ANHUI MEIZIRAN ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810550931.7A priority Critical patent/CN108821502A/en
Publication of CN108821502A publication Critical patent/CN108821502A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multiple artificial ecologys for farmland sewage treatment to buffer barrier, including irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, the end of the irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip is equipped with reservoir, the floating of the reservoir is equipped with biologic float bed buffer strip, and the lower section of the biologic float bed buffer strip is equipped with the artificial mattress buffer strip being located in reservoir.The present invention passes through setting irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, biologic float bed buffer strip and the triple ecology buffering barriers of artificial mattress buffer strip, purified treatment is carried out to farmland sewage, not only good purification, purification efficiency is high, it, will not secondary pollution during sewage purification and due to there is no addition any chemical reagents.

Description

A kind of multiple artificial ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of multiple artificial ecologys for farmland sewage treatment to buffer barrier, belongs to sewage disposal technology Field.
Background technique
Agricultural is to pass through the industry that animals and plants produce food and the raw material of industry of cultivating.Agricultural belongs to the primary industry, studies agriculture The science of industry is agronomy.The subject of labour of agricultural is lived animals and plants, the product of acquisition be animals and plants itself we benefit With the growth-development law of the biology such as animals and plants, each department of product is obtained by artificial culture, is referred to as agriculture agricultural It is the basic product for supporting the development of the national economy and development.Agricultural is the vital functions that people utilize animal and plant body, nature Substance and can be converted into human needs product production division.Agricultural at this stage is divided into plant culture and animal feeding two Major class.Soil be it is irreplaceable in the basic means of production in agricultural, the subject of labour is mainly lived animals and plants, when production Between it is inconsistent with working time, it is big by effect of natural conditions, have apparent regional and seasonal.Agricultural be mankind's basic necessities of life it Source, existence are the most important condition of all productions originally.It provides grain, non-staple food, industry original for other departments of national economy Material, fund and outlet goods and materials.Rural area is the biggest market of industrial goods and the source of labour again.The productivity of agricultural system is not Single index is different from general yield per unit area, but one group of index system.In class include unit time crop, The secondary productivity of the animal productiongs such as the primary productivity of the plant productions such as vegetables, fruit tree, forest and domestic animal, poultry, fish, also It is considered as the changing condition of soil fertility.It include the efficiency and equilibrium condition of production product quantity, conversion from measurement criteria.Agriculture Industry production is used as an economic process, should pursue high yield, it is necessary to emphasize efficiency, to measure output product quantity and consumption provides Ratio is thrown in source quantity and production between the two, the ratio between the total amount including agricultural system output products and input total resources Value, the ratio between the production product of each subsystem also including Primary Production and secondary production and its consumption resources amount, substantially A series of ecological efficiency and function problem.The productivity for improving agricultural system cannot only pursue the efficiency for improving a certain department, Nor simply comparably improving the efficiency of each department, and should be asked on the basis of improving each department efficiency inside agricultural Interdepartmental scientific linking is obtained, close fit constitutes and reasonably operates system, could obtain the best of whole system totality Transformation efficiency.
During agricultural products, the processing links of waste water are extremely important in farmland, need to apply fertilizer to agriculture object when tilling the land, It spraying, containing a variety of insalubrious chemical substances in chemical fertilizer, pesticide in the waste water in farmland, agricultural wastewater processing is bad, Harm can be brought to the life of resident and body, current agricultural wastewater processing mostly uses chemical reagent to be handled greatly, in this way Secondary pollution, and poor processing effect will be generated.For this purpose, it is proposed that a kind of multiple artificial ecology for farmland sewage treatment Buffer barrier.
Summary of the invention
The main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of multiple artificial ecologys for farmland sewage treatment to buffer barrier, mistake Irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, biologic float bed buffer strip and the triple ecology buffering barriers of artificial mattress buffer strip are set, farmland sewage is carried out Purified treatment, not only good purification, purification efficiency is high, and due to not having addition any chemical reagents, in sewage purification In the process will not secondary pollution, can effectively solve the problems in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of multiple artificial ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment, including irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, the irrigation canals and ditches are slow The end for rushing band is equipped with reservoir, and the floating of the reservoir is equipped with biologic float bed buffer strip, the biologic float bed buffer strip Lower section is equipped with the artificial mattress buffer strip being located in reservoir.
Further, the irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip includes artificial tunnel, the two sides inner wall interval plantation of the artificial tunnel There are Chinese alpine rush and rough melic herb, the bottom kind of artificial tunnel is implanted with canna glauca.
Further, the length of the artificial tunnel be 80m, artificial tunnel width be 0.5m, two sides inner wall Tilt angle is 135 °.
Further, the bottom of the artificial tunnel and two sides inner wall surface are equipped with Active vaccination sludge.
Further, the biologic float bed buffer strip includes floating bed ontology, plants on the floating bed ontology and is implanted with water lily, and every two Kind is implanted with water hyacinth between the strain water lily.
Further, the root of the water hyacinth and water lily is inoculated with microorganism.
Further, the floating bed ontology includes the floating bed framework worked out by bamboo cane, is filled with bubble in the floating bed framework Foam layer.
Further, the artificial mattress buffer strip includes mattress ontology, and interval kind is implanted with fox-brush on the mattress ontology Algae, hornwort and bog pondweed.
Further, the mattress ontology includes mattress frame, and filler is equipped in the mattress frame, the filler Top is equipped with growing area.
Further, the growing area is made of the Plant basket that multiple bottoms are equipped with through-hole.
The present invention passes through setting irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, biologic float bed buffer strip and the triple ecological damping screens of artificial mattress buffer strip Barrier carries out purified treatment to farmland sewage, not only good purification, and purification efficiency is high, and due to not adding any chemistry Reagent, will not secondary pollution during sewage purification.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of artificial tunnel of the present invention.
In figure:1, artificial tunnel;2, canna glauca;3, Active vaccination sludge;4, ceramic particle layer;5, active carbon layer; 6, Plant basket;7, watermifoil;8, ore bisque;9, hornwort;10, mattress ontology;11, bog pondweed;12, microorganism;13, floating bed Framework;14, froth bed;15, reservoir;16, water hyacinth;17, water lily;18, Chinese alpine rush;19, rough melic herb.
Specific embodiment
To be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, below with reference to Specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the present embodiment provides a kind of multiple artificial ecologys for farmland sewage treatment to buffer barrier, Including irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, the end of the irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip is equipped with reservoir, and the floating of the reservoir is equipped with biologic float bed slow Band is rushed, the lower section of the biologic float bed buffer strip is equipped with the artificial mattress buffer strip being located in reservoir.
It is right by setting irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, biologic float bed buffer strip and the triple ecology buffering barriers of artificial mattress buffer strip Farmland sewage carries out purified treatment, not only good purification, and purification efficiency is high, and due to not having addition any chemical reagents, It will not secondary pollution during sewage purification.
Further, the irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip includes artificial tunnel, the two sides inner wall interval plantation of the artificial tunnel There are Chinese alpine rush and rough melic herb, the bottom kind of artificial tunnel is implanted with canna glauca.
The pollutant in the sewage of farmland is carried out by planting Chinese alpine rush, rough melic herb and canna glauca in artificial tunnel Primary purification intercepts bulky grain pollutant.
Further, the length of the artificial tunnel be 80m, artificial tunnel width be 0.5m, two sides inner wall Tilt angle is 135 °.
The two sides inner wall of artificial tunnel tilts 135 ° of settings, can be to avoid the Chinese alpine rush and spun gold being planted on the inner wall of two sides Grass cannot receive illumination because of blocking for canna glauca.
Further, the bottom of the artificial tunnel and two sides inner wall surface are equipped with Active vaccination sludge.
Active vaccination sludge can accelerate the decomposition of pollutant in the sewage of farmland, improve wastewater purification efficiency.
Further, the biologic float bed buffer strip includes floating bed ontology, plants on the floating bed ontology and is implanted with water lily, and every two Kind is implanted with water hyacinth between the strain water lily.
Water lily and water hyacinth can not only play the role of purifying farmland sewage, can also play and beautify the environment.
Further, the root of the water hyacinth and water lily is inoculated with microorganism.
Microorganism can accelerate the decomposition of pollutant in the sewage of farmland, improve wastewater purification efficiency.
Further, the floating bed ontology includes the floating bed framework worked out by bamboo cane, is filled with bubble in the floating bed framework Foam layer.
Further, the artificial mattress buffer strip includes mattress ontology, and interval kind is implanted with fox-brush on the mattress ontology Algae, hornwort and bog pondweed.
Watermifoil, hornwort and Potamogeton can survive in submerged plant at the bottom, can play purification farmland sewage Effect.
Further, the mattress ontology includes mattress frame, and filler is equipped in the mattress frame, the filler Top is equipped with growing area.
Filler includes ceramic particle layer, active carbon layer and ore bisque, adsorb to the pollutant in the sewage of farmland net Change.
Further, the growing area is made of the Plant basket that multiple bottoms are equipped with through-hole.
It is above that certain exemplary embodiments of the invention are only described by way of explanation, undoubtedly, for ability The those of ordinary skill in domain without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention can be with a variety of different modes to institute The embodiment of description is modified.Therefore, above-mentioned attached drawing and description are regarded as illustrative in nature, and should not be construed as to the present invention The limitation of claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multiple artificial ecology for farmland sewage treatment buffers barrier, it is characterised in that:Including irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip, institute The end for stating irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip is equipped with reservoir, and the floating of the reservoir is equipped with biologic float bed buffer strip, described biologic float bed The lower section of buffer strip is equipped with the artificial mattress buffer strip being located in reservoir.
2. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating irrigation canals and ditches buffer strip includes artificial tunnel, and the two sides inner wall interval kind of the artificial tunnel is implanted with Chinese alpine rush and rough melic herb, people The bottom kind of work irrigation canals and ditches is implanted with canna glauca.
3. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Institute The length for stating artificial tunnel is 80m, artificial tunnel width is 0.5m, the tilt angle of two sides inner wall is 135 °.
4. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Institute The bottom and two sides inner wall surface for stating artificial tunnel are equipped with Active vaccination sludge.
5. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating biologic float bed buffer strip includes floating bed ontology, and kind is implanted with water lily on the floating bed ontology, is planted between every two plants of water lilys There is water hyacinth.
6. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Institute The root for stating water hyacinth and water lily is inoculated with microorganism.
7. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating floating bed ontology includes the floating bed framework worked out by bamboo cane, is filled with froth bed in the floating bed framework.
8. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating artificial mattress buffer strip includes mattress ontology, and interval kind is implanted with watermifoil, hornwort and bog pondweed on the mattress ontology.
9. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Institute Stating mattress ontology includes mattress frame, and filler is equipped in the mattress frame, and the top of the filler is equipped with growing area.
10. a kind of multiple ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: The growing area is made of the Plant basket that multiple bottoms are equipped with through-hole.
CN201810550931.7A 2018-05-31 2018-05-31 A kind of multiple artificial ecology buffering barrier for farmland sewage treatment Pending CN108821502A (en)

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EP0952121B1 (en) * 1997-04-04 2003-06-18 Universidad Politecnica De Madrid Process for purification of waste waters and contaminant spills based on the use of cultivated emergent macrophytes converted into floating cultures
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CN104773914A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-07-15 东南大学 Collecting and treating device for rural disordered-emission sewage
CN205616723U (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-10-05 浙江省环境保护科学设计研究院 Pool - ecological ditch canal non -point source pollution processing system

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