CN1078560C - Battery charging and exchange system for electrically powered vehicles - Google Patents

Battery charging and exchange system for electrically powered vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1078560C
CN1078560C CN 97180301 CN97180301A CN1078560C CN 1078560 C CN1078560 C CN 1078560C CN 97180301 CN97180301 CN 97180301 CN 97180301 A CN97180301 A CN 97180301A CN 1078560 C CN1078560 C CN 1078560C
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battery
conveyor
vehicle
station
computer
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CN 97180301
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1239927A (en )
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J·G·哈默史拉格
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无限电动汽车体系公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1851Battery monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of batteries, structures or switching circuits therefore
    • B60L11/1879Adaptation of battery structures for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1822Charging electric vehicles by exchange of energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1809Charging electric vehicles
    • B60L11/1824Details of charging stations, e.g. vehicle recognition or billing
    • B60L11/1838Methods for the transfer of electrical energy or data between charging station and vehicle
    • B60L11/1846Identification of the vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L11/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L11/18Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using power supply from primary cells, secondary cells, or fuel cells
    • B60L11/1851Battery monitoring or controlling; Arrangements of batteries, structures or switching circuits therefore
    • B60L11/1877Arrangements of batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration, power consumption
    • B60L3/12Recording operating variables ; Monitoring of operating variables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S5/00Servicing, maintaining, repairing or refitting of vehicles
    • B60S5/06Supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS, IN VEHICLES
    • B60K1/00Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units
    • B60K1/04Arrangement or mounting of electrical propulsion units of the electric storage means for propulsion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/40Control modes
    • B60L2260/44Control modes by parameter estimation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LELECTRIC EQUIPMENT OR PROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES, IN GENERAL
    • B60L2260/00Operating Modes
    • B60L2260/40Control modes
    • B60L2260/50Control modes by future state prediction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/705Controlling vehicles with one battery or one capacitor only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/124Electric charging stations by exchange of energy storage elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/128Energy exchange control or determination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/163Information or communication technologies related to charging of electric vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/169Aspects supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, e.g. recognition, authentication, identification or billing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/14Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing

Abstract

一种用于电力驱动车辆的蓄电池传输和充电系统,它包括一用来将各蓄电池(B)从蓄电池承接工站(15)输送至蓄电池输出工站(14)的输送回路(C)。 A power driven vehicle for a battery transfer and charging system, comprising a battery for each of (B) delivered from the battery receiving work station (15) to the battery output work station (14) of the transfer circuit (C). 一移动组件(16)可藉助将已充电的蓄电池放置在各车辆内某一位置而将电动车的用过的蓄电池取出来,以使用过的蓄电池侧向地移动。 A moving assembly (16) can be charged by the battery is placed in a position within each of the used vehicle battery to take out an electric vehicle, the battery used to move laterally. 从各车辆中取出的、用过的蓄电池被承接工站(15)承接,在该处,对各蓄电池进行电气测试,并将蓄电池的状态数据与预定标准进行比较。 Taken from each vehicle, the battery is used receiving work station (15) receiving, where, for electrically testing each of the battery, and the battery state data is compared with a predetermined standard. 不能通过蓄电池测试的各蓄电池由一提升组件(43)而从所述输送回路(C)中自动除去。 Each of the battery can not pass the battery test circuit by a lifting conveyor assembly (43) from (C) is automatically removed. 当各蓄电池以一种流水线的方式经过输送回路(C)时,自动地对它们进行充电。 When each of the battery in a pipelined manner passes through the transfer circuit (C), they are automatically charged. 在再充电之后,将各蓄电池输送到移动工站,以安装在其后的车辆内。 After recharging, the battery will be delivered to each of the mobile work station, to fit within the subsequent vehicle. 在本系统的一较佳实施例中,车辆是连续地通过所述系统,在预定位置停止下来,以进行蓄电池的安装/除去作业。 Embodiment, the vehicle is continuously passed through the system, stopping at a predetermined position down the battery for installation / removal operation of the present system in a preferred embodiment. 还揭示了一自动售卖机系统(402),用来对电力助动自行车(200)的便携式蓄电池(204)进行再充电和分配。 Also discloses a vending machine system (402) for a battery of a portable electric power assisted bicycle (200) (204) to recharge and distribute.

Description

用于电力驱动车辆的蓄电池充电和更换系统 Changing system for a battery charging and power driven vehicle

本发明的背景本发明涉及一种蓄电池充电和传输系统。 Background of the Invention The present invention relates to a battery charging and transfer system. 具体地说,本发明涉及这样一种蓄电池充电和传输系统,它能对包括汽车、低座小摩托车和其它电力驱动摩托车在内的电动车辆蓄电池进行自动更换和充电。 More specifically, the present invention relates to a battery charging and transfer systems, which can automatically replace the battery and charging of the electric vehicle includes vehicles, scooter, and motorcycle, including other power driven.

美国专利No.4,334,819揭示了一种连续式蓄电池充电系统,其中,是在一蓄电池传输工站处将各蓄电池从一电动车辆中取出来的。 U.S. Patent No.4,334,819 discloses a continuous battery charging system, wherein each battery is taken out from an electric vehicle at a battery transfer station station. 新的蓄电池是在所述传输工站处予以安装,然后将用过的蓄电池放置在一充电系统内,以进行充电并返回到所述传输工站。 The new battery is to be mounted in the work station transmission, then the spent battery is placed in a charging system for charging a transfer station and back to the station.

上述系统是考虑到须具有对大量的可更换的蓄电池进行充电的能力而作出的,即,必须使它跟随着电力驱动车辆运输行业的采用和可接受性。 The system described above must have the ability to take into account a large number of exchangeable battery charging made, i.e., it must drive the vehicle with electric power transport industry with use and acceptability. 电力驱动车辆的一个缺点是利用已知的蓄电池技术所能达到的行驶距离较短。 One drawback of electrically driven vehicles is the use of a known battery technology can achieve shorter traveling distance. 为了提供一种实用的电动车辆系统,必须能各处可周转传送蓄电池,以及驾驶员无须对一蓄电池进行再充电而能走完行程。 In order to provide a practical electric vehicle system, we must be able to be revolving around a battery transfer and without the driver of a battery can be recharged and finish stroke. 也就是说,如果在不对蓄电池或电池组进行再充电的情况下电动车辆的行驶距离是100英里,则使用者只能开车短途旅行50英里。 That is, if the case where the traveling distance of the electric vehicle to recharge the battery or battery pack is not 100 miles, then the user can only drive 50 miles excursions. 但是,如果每行驶了75或100英里使用者就能方便地用一新的或充足了电的蓄电池来更换电部分耗尽的蓄电池,那么,安全行驶的距离极限值即可被延长。 However, if you travel every 75 or 100 miles users can easily run out of battery power to replace the part with a new or fully charged battery, then the safe driving distance limit can be extended.

因此,上述已有技术的专利申请揭示了一种能使车辆长途行驶的发明,这是因为:可以在其路程长度比车辆蓄电池来回旅行能力大的某一路线的各处将已充电的或新的蓄电池快速地安装到车辆内。 Thus, the above prior art patent application discloses a traveling distance of the vehicle to the invention can, because: a vehicle battery can be compared to and fro around a large ability to travel the route or new charged in its path length battery quickly installed into the vehicle. 尽管有上文所述的发明,但还是需要这样一种蓄电池充电和传输系统,即,它能将电耗尽的蓄电池从车辆上取出,并用一完全充电的蓄电池加以更换。 Although the invention has described above, but still a need for a battery charging and transfer system, i.e., it electrically depleted battery is removed from the vehicle, and be replaced by a fully charged battery. 所述蓄电池和充电系统最好能在蓄电池的取出、充电和安装过程中对蓄电池进行有效的处理。 The battery charging system and the battery is taken out best, and charging the battery during installation treated effectively.

本发明的概述为了能使上述专利中的那种常用的蓄电池传输和充电系统具有更普遍的应用性并且更为人们所接受,本发明通过对用来在传输工站对蓄电池进行更换的传输方法以及充电工站的构造进行改进而对所述系统加以改进。 Summary of the Invention In order to make the kind of the above patent used a battery transfer and charging system of a more general applicability and more acceptable, the present invention is a transmission method used by the battery replacement station in the transfer station and the configuration of the charging station and the station will be improved to improve the system. 根据本发明,提供了一种高效的蓄电池充电和传输工站,它是完全自动进行的并且适用于各种由蓄电池提供动力的电动摩托车车辆。 According to the present invention, there is provided a highly efficient battery charging station and a transfer station, which is fully automated and suitable for a variety of battery powered by an electric motorcycle vehicle. 藉助使用一连续的充电用输送器传送带,可以消除电动车辆的其中一个最大缺点:在对蓄电池进行再充电时车辆排成长龙并固定不前。 By using a continuous charging conveyor belt, wherein the electric vehicle can eliminate a biggest drawback: when recharging the battery and the vehicle is stationary before a long line. 所述蓄电池充电和传输工站的连续工作方式只需要几秒钟就可以用一已充电的蓄电池来更换一电耗尽蓄电池,而不是几小时。 The battery charging mode and the continuous operation of the transfer station station need only a few seconds to replace a depleted battery is electrically charged by a battery, rather than hours.

更具体地说,本发明为电动车辆提供了一种相对较长并较宽但较扁平的蓄电池或电池组,它可以侧向地安装在车辆内。 More particularly, the present invention provides a relatively long and broad, but relatively flat battery or battery electric vehicle, which can be laterally installed in the vehicle. 所述蓄电池可以是例如一5'宽、5'长且9”高的蓄电池单元,或者包括一系列较小的蓄电池连接成的电池组或者是由较小的蓄电池构成的蓄电池箱。在另一实施例中,所述蓄电池可以是例如一用在诸如小型电动式低座小摩托车之类的电动车内的、2'宽、2'长且1.5”高的蓄电池单元。 The battery may be, for example, a 5 'wide, 5' long and 9 "high battery cell, or a series of smaller battery comprising a battery pack connected or the battery box is composed of a small battery. In another embodiment, the battery may be, for example, a motor used in a small electric scooter or the like, such as a car, 2 "wide, 2" long and 1.5 "high battery cells. 在任一种情况中,藉助将一新的蓄电池侧向地用来推人车辆的一蓄电池座内或者利用一链轮、传送带或其它机构来侧向地更换蓄电池,可以将蓄电池(单元或电池组)侧向地从所述车辆中取出。 In either case, a new means of the battery to be pushed laterally in a seat of a vehicle battery or by a sprocket belt or other mechanism for laterally replacing the battery may be a battery (or battery cells ) laterally removed from the vehicle. 在所述蓄电池座中,蓄电池端子与车辆驱动电机的接触是自动建立的。 In the battery seat, contact with the battery terminals and the motor driven vehicle is set up automatically.

采用这样一种系统,各车辆在售出时可以带有这样一种原始蓄电池,这种蓄电池可以由一在各区域的重要地点具有一些工站以对不断增多的那些具有互换性的电动车进行维修的蓄电池充电组织机构,在一传输工站用一新的蓄电池来予以更换,并且其加上放电、更换的再充电费用相对较低。 With such a system, when each of the vehicles can be sold with a primitive battery, which battery may have a number of work stations at strategic locations in the regions by a growing number of electric vehicles are those having compatibility battery charge maintenance organization in a work station with a transmission of a new battery to be replaced, and which is coupled with the discharge, the relatively low cost of replacement of recharge.

为了促进一具有各蓄电池传输工站的系统的发展,本发明的各工站最好制成结构为标准型的组件。 In order to promote the development of a system having a work station transmission each battery, each work station of the present invention is preferably made of standard structural component. 这样能使待建的传输工站的初期投资成本较低,并可随着需求的不断增长而逐渐增大。 This enables the lower initial investment cost to be built transfer station station, and with the growing demand gradually increases. 此外,通过标准组件的扩展获得的生产能力的提高可以使所述蓄电池充电和传输工站获得最大的生产率。 In addition, increase in capacity is obtained by extending the standard components may be battery charging station and a transfer station for maximum productivity. 采用标准组件来进行扩展还可以提高生产能力而不需要附加的空间或者增加附加空间的费用。 Using standard components can also be extended to increase production capacity without the need for additional space or increase the cost of additional space. 因此,本发明具有这样一个优点,即,在那些用来建造附加传输工站的空地较稀少的地方具有极大的市场竞争力,为了完成上述发明,提供了一种可使标准车辆驶入其内的蓄电池传输工站,所述标准车辆可以是一汽车、一低座小摩托车,或者其它由蓄电池提供动力的电动摩托车。 Accordingly, the present invention has an advantage, i.e., those used to construct additional transmission work station where they were sparse space has great market competitiveness, to accomplish the above-described invention, there is provided a vehicular traffic which allows standard work stations transmitting within the battery, said standard vehicle may be a car, a scooter, or other powered by the battery electric motorcycle. 所述车辆具有一用来容纳一相对较宽的扁平蓄电池的蓄电池座装置。 The vehicle has a battery seat means for containing a relatively broad, flat battery. 一已充电的蓄电池可以侧向地移动在位,所述已充电的蓄电池与原有的蓄电池接触,并迫使所述原有的蓄电池侧向地离开所述蓄电池座至承接装置。 A charged battery can move laterally in position, the charged battery into contact with the existing battery and laterally forces the existing battery out of the battery holder to the receiving means. 当原有的蓄电池离开所述蓄电池座时,蓄电池承接装置的链轮与原有蓄电池的底面上的各凹槽相啮合。 When the existing battery out of the battery holder, each groove bottom surface of the sprocket with the original battery of the battery receiving means engages. 各链轮可完成将原有的蓄电池从车辆中取出来的作业。 Each sprocket can finish the job of the original battery taken out of the vehicle. 在其它实施例中,蓄电池的取出作业是完全或部分利用那些位于蓄电池室底板内且能与蓄电池上的那些凹槽相啮合的传动链轮来取出的。 In other embodiments, the operation of taking out the battery is completely or partly located within a drive sprocket those using the battery chamber capable of those bottom groove engaged to the battery taken. 当车辆一开始进入所述充电工站时,这些链轮可以由一与车辆相连(通过一可滑动啮合的电气接插件)的外置能源而提供动力。 When a vehicle entered the charging station of the station, the sprockets may be connected to the vehicle by a powered (via a slidably engageable electrical connector) external energy. 或者,所述蓄电池本身就可以是在其底侧部分裸露的,而各链轮可以藉助将它从所述传输工站的底座上提升起来而与蓄电池上的各凹槽相啮合。 Alternatively, the battery itself may be a bottom side portion thereof exposed, and the sprockets can lift it by the transfer station from the base station and up to engage with the grooves on the battery.

设置传动装置,以使一新的蓄电池水平地移动至所述蓄电池座内,并设置用来将用过的蓄电池承接在所述充电系统中的装置。 Transmission means is provided, so that a new battery is horizontally moved into the battery holder, and the means provided for the charging system receiving the used battery. 对用过的蓄电池进行测试,如果不适于再充电则将该蓄电池予以排除和废弃,或者随其它蓄电池依序进行再充电,与此同时,通过各充电工站而传送至传输工站,以便安装在后一车辆内。 Used to test the battery, if the battery is not suitable for recharging be excluded and abandoned, or in sequence with other batteries for recharging, at the same time, the work station to the transmission station via each of the charging stations, to install in the latter vehicle.

本发明的一个方面是一用来对一诸如低座小摩托车之类的标准两轮车辆进行处理的蓄电池传输工站。 One aspect of the invention is used to a low base, such as a standard two-wheeled vehicle or the like is performed scooter battery transfer station processing station. 所述车辆具有一用来容纳一相对较宽的扁平蓄电池的蓄电池座装置,所述蓄电池座最好位于低座小摩托车驾驶者的双脚所置放的区域附近。 The vicinity of a vehicle having a battery seat means for receiving a relatively wide flat battery, said battery holder is preferably located in the driver's feet scooter placed in the lower seat. 所述低座小摩托车充电和传输系统设计有一车辆容置区域,它可以在蓄电池传输过程中使所述车辆适当定位并加以控制。 The scooter charging and transport system design of a vehicle accommodation area, which can be the proper positioning of the vehicle battery and controlled in the process, to the transmission. 一车辆停固工站可以在蓄电池传输作业过程中始终保持所述车辆处于直立状态。 A vehicle stop work station may remain fixed to the vehicle in an upright state of the battery during the transmission operation.

在一实施例中,所述低座小摩托车系统设计成:在蓄电池传输作业过程中,所述车辆的驾驶者必须从所述车辆上下来,并且所述系统被特别装备,以便能高效率操作处理并对从该车辆上下来的车辆驾驶者提供安全性。 In one embodiment, the scooter system is designed to: the battery during the transmission operation, the driver of the vehicle must be off from the vehicle, and the system is equipped in particular, in order to efficiently processing and operating a vehicle driver down from the vehicle to provide security. 一被抬高的支承区域通过蓄电池传输过程中将所述驾驶者提升到实际的蓄电池传输位置上方而为所述驾驶者提供安全性。 A bearing zone is raised by the lifting of the battery in the course of transmission to the driver's actual transmission position above the battery and to provide security for the driver. 在一实施例中,低座小摩托车的传输系统还具有一传感器,以检测所述车辆驾驶者是否是安全地位于蓄电池传输用输送器的上方并远离它。 In one embodiment, the scooter of the transmission system also has a sensor to detect whether the driver of the vehicle is safely located above the battery transmitting conveyor and away from it.

所述充电和传输系统可以是垂直取向建造的,其中所述传输用输送器在所述车辆上方延伸而不是围绕所述车辆侧向延伸。 The charging and transfer system can be built in vertical alignment, wherein said transmission extends around the vehicle instead of extending laterally over the conveyor vehicle. 一垂直取向的系统可以提供以上所描述的所有特征和益处,但是它所占用的实际区域要小的多。 A vertically oriented system may provide all of the features and benefits described above, but the actual area occupied by its much smaller. 因此,所述传输用输送器就能垂直延伸,而在空间有限的地域内仅占必不可少的土地。 Thus, the transmission can be used vertically extending conveyor, and space is limited to only essential land region.

在另一实施例中,以上所描述的充电和传输系统适于用在一自动售卖机内部,所述自动售卖机可以对那些可被使用者用手安装在一电动助动自行车内部的小型便携式蓄电池进行再充电和分配。 In another embodiment, the charge and the transmission system described above is suitable for use inside a vending machine, the vending machine that can be installed inside a user manually mopeds a small portable electric recharging the battery and distribution. 所述自动售卖机包括一位于一安全壳体内的小型蓄电池输送器。 The vending machine includes a small battery located within a security conveyor housing. 所述输送器可以是一系列安装在所述自动售卖机内部的水平式或垂直式输送器。 The conveyor may be a series mounted inside the vending machines horizontal or vertical conveyors. 在运作中,使用者可将一电耗尽蓄电池从所述车辆中取出,并将它放置在所述自动售卖机壳体内的一开口内部或附近。 In operation, a user may be electrically removed from the vehicle battery drain and place it on or near an opening in the vending machine housing. 一旦使用者开始进行蓄电池的传输作业(诸如通过支付适当费用),一电耗尽蓄电池承接装置可以将该电耗尽蓄电池传送至所述输送器的蓄电池承接端。 Once the user starts the transmission operation of the battery (such as by paying the appropriate fee), an electrical battery drain receiving the electrical device may be delivered to the battery drain battery receiving end of the conveyor. 然后,可从所述输送器的输出端取出一充足了电的蓄电池并给予所述使用者。 It may then be removed from the output end of the conveyor to a fully charged battery and administering to said user. 随后,可以用手将该充足了电的蓄电池放置在所述车辆的一蓄电池腔室内部,以给所述自行车提供动力。 Subsequently, the battery is fully charged battery is placed inside a chamber of the vehicle to provide power to the bicycle by hand.

本发明具有其它一些优点和特征,它们可以从以下对较佳实施例的描述中得到最佳的理解,但是,应予理解的是,以下的具体描述和附图不是限制性的。 The present invention has other advantages and features, they can be best understood from the following description of the preferred embodiments, however, to be understood that the following detailed description and accompanying drawings are not limiting. 本发明的保护范围应由所附的权利要求书来限定。 Books scope of the invention be defined by the appended claims.

附图简要说明图1是本发明的蓄电池传输充电系统的局部剖开的俯视图;图2是沿图1中线2-2剖取的纵剖视图,它以实线示出了一第一模块,并以虚线示出了一些附加模块; BRIEF DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 is a partially cutaway plan view of a battery charging system according to the present invention, the transmission; Figure 2 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view taken along line 2-2 in FIG., It is shown in solid lines a first module, and shown in dashed lines some additional modules;

图3是沿图1中线3-3剖视的横剖视图;图4示出了所述系统的一些基于计算机的构件;图5A是一种较佳的数据库实施的方框图,其中蓄电池的历史数据被保存在集中式计算机数据库内;图5B示出了当首先将蓄电池从一车辆上取出来时被图5A所示的计算机所跟随的一种处理过程;图6是与本发明一起使用的一种典型蓄电池或蓄电池箱的仰视立体图;图7是沿图2中线7-7剖取的横向局部剖视图;图8是沿图3中线8-8剖取的、经放大的局部剖视图;图9是沿图8中线9-9剖取的、将一些部件剖开的纵剖视图;图10是将一些展延式输送器加设到所述系统的通用方式的立体图;图11是沿图10中线11-11剖取的横剖视图;图12是本发明的低座小摩托车蓄电池传输和充电系统的示意图;图13是图12所示蓄电池传输和充电系统的俯视图,它示出了所述系统的另外一些具体结构;图14是本发明 3 is a cross sectional view taken along the line sectional view of FIG. 1; FIG. 4 shows some components of the computer-based system; FIG. 5A is a block diagram of a preferred embodiment of the database, where the battery is historical data stored in a centralized computer database; FIG. 5B illustrates a processing procedure when the battery is first removed from the vehicle being followed by a computer shown in FIG. 5A; FIG. 6 is for use with the present invention a bottom perspective view of a typical battery or a battery box; FIG. 7 is taken along line 7-7 lateral partial cross-sectional view taken; FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional 3 taken along line 8-8 in FIG enlarged partial sectional view; FIG. 9 is along 8 taken line 9-9 of FIG, with some parts broken away longitudinal sectional view; FIG. 10 is a spreader of some conveyor is provided to add a perspective view of a universal system of the embodiment; FIG. 11 taken along line 11- 10 in FIG. a cross-sectional view taken 11; FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the scooter battery transfer and charging system of the present invention; FIG. 13 is a plan view of the battery transfer and charging system shown in FIG. 12, which shows the system further Some specific configuration; FIG. 14 is the present invention 座小摩托车支承机构的一实施例的放大俯视图;图15是沿图12中线15-15剖取的纵剖视图;图16是沿图14中线16-16剖取的横向剖视图,它示出了本发明蓄电池传输和充电系统的一个采用纵向取向的实施例;图17是与本发明一起使用的另一种典型蓄电池的仰视立体图;图18是本发明的电力助动自行车的侧视图;图19A-图19C是用于电力助动自行车的动力传动机构的各实施例的放大示意图;图20是本发明的一种典型的蓄电池和电动机组件的、经放大的侧视立体图;图21是一具有一壳体和本发明蓄电池传输系统的自动售货机的侧视立体图;以及图22是沿图21中线22-22剖取的、经放大的横向剖视图。 An enlarged plan view of a scooter embodiment of a support mechanism; FIG. 15 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view taken along line 15-15 of FIG 12 taken; FIG. 16 is a transverse sectional view taken along line 16-16 in FIG. 14, showing a longitudinally oriented embodiments using a battery transfer and charging system of the invention; FIG. 17 is another bottom perspective view of a typical battery for use with the present invention; FIG. 18 is a power-assisted side view of the present invention is a bicycle; FIG. 19A - 19C is an enlarged schematic view of a power transmission mechanism for a power-assisted bicycle of the embodiments; FIG. 20 is an exemplary of the present invention is a battery and a motor assembly, by an enlarged side perspective view; FIG. 21 is one having side perspective view of a vending machine and a battery housing of the transmission system of the present invention; and FIG. 22 is taken along the 22-22 line 21 of FIG, enlarged cross-sectional view.

较佳实施例的具体描述图1-3示出了根据本发明一较佳实施例的蓄电池充电和传输系统的平面总布置和结构。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED Example 1-3 shows a planar battery charging and transfer system of a preferred embodiment of the present invention and general arrangement structure. 如图1最佳所示的那样,所述系统包括一连续的蓄电池输送回路C,它从一车辆工站(图中示出了一设置在其内的车辆V)的一侧延伸至该车辆工站的对侧。 As best shown in FIG. 1, the battery system comprising a continuous conveyor loop C, which (in a vehicle V shown in FIG disposed therein a) from a work station of the vehicle extending to the side of the vehicle contralateral work station. 蓄电池B藉助所述输送回路从所述输送器的承接端或承接站15移动至所述输送器的输出端14,与此同时借助多个蓄电池充电器16而进行充电。 Battery B by means of said transfer circuit receiving from the receiving end or station of the conveyor 15 to move the output end of conveyor 14, while the battery charger is charged by means of a plurality of 16. 所述系统还包括一传输站或装置T,它可将一新的(已充电的)蓄电池从所述输出端14侧向地移动到车辆V的蓄电池室17(图3)内,同时将一原来的(电耗尽的或电部分耗尽的)蓄电池从所述车辆上拆取下来并放置到所述输送器的承接端15上。 The system further comprises a transfer station or apparatus T, which can be a new (charged) battery is moved laterally from the output terminal 14 into the vehicle V battery compartment 17 (FIG. 3), while a the original (or electrical power depleted partially depleted) taken from the battery removed and placed on the vehicle down to the conveyor receiving end 15.

如图1所示,各蓄电池充电器16沿着输送器C设置在各自的蓄电池静置位置(“蓄电池位置”),以当各蓄电池从输送器的承接端15输送至输出端14时对各蓄电池进行再充电。 As shown, each of the battery charger 16 is provided along the conveyor C is shown in the rest position of each of the battery ( "battery position"), to each of the battery when the receiving end of the conveyor from the conveyor 15 to the output 14 for each recharging the battery. 在所述的较佳实施例中,一蓄电池充电站16沿着输送器C的两个纵向部分设置在每一蓄电池位置处。 In the preferred embodiment, a battery charging station 16 is provided at each position of the battery along the two longitudinal portions of the conveyor C. 如下文中将要描述的那样,在所述输送器的承接端15处的蓄电池位置起着一蓄电池测试和除去工站的作用,用来(i)确定每一所取出的蓄电池是否可以被有效地再充电,以及(ii)将坏的蓄电池从所述系统中除去。 As will be described, acts as a battery testing station and removal station 15 at the position of the battery receiving end of the conveyor, for (i) determining whether each of the battery can be removed effectively re charging, and (ii) the bad battery is removed from the system.

如图2所示,所述输送器结构最好包括多个垂直支柱10,框架结构11以一种适当的方式安装在所述垂直支柱上。 2, the conveyor structure 10 preferably includes a plurality of vertical struts, the frame structure 11 in an appropriate manner mounted on the vertical column. 各支柱10垂直地延伸,从而能将它应用于一个或多个垂直分隔开的延展模块C2上,如图10中进一步图示的那样(将在下面描述)。 Each strut 10 extends vertically so that it can be applied to one or more vertically spaced apart extension module C2, as further illustrated in FIG. 10 (to be described below). 每一延展模块包括一输送回路,其结构和工作原理与本文所描述的输送回路C基本上是相同的。 Each extension module comprises a transfer circuit, the transfer circuit C and its structure and working principle described herein is substantially the same.

如图2进一步图示的那样,传输工站T包括一定位结构12,如图所示是当所述车辆驶入传输工站T时用于车辆V的前轮13的容放座,从而可以将标准长度的车辆均匀地、纵向地设置在所述传输工站内。 Further, as illustrated in Figure 2, the transmission T comprises a work station positioning structure 12, the front wheel when the vehicle enters the station transfer station T for accommodating the seat of the vehicle V shown in FIG. 13, thereby the standard length of the vehicle uniformly longitudinally disposed within said transfer station station. 如果需要,可以将多个定位装置12设置在用于不同长度车辆的彼此隔开的位置处。 If desired, a plurality of positioning means 12 is provided at a position for a different length of the vehicle spaced from each other. 如图3所示,所述车辆的蓄电池室17延伸穿过所述车辆,并在乘员室下方从该车辆的一侧延伸至另一侧。 As shown the battery compartment, the vehicle 317 extending through the vehicle, and extends from one side to the other side of the vehicle below the passenger compartment. 如图1和图3所示,采用了一液压缸20或其它移动装置以及与各蓄电池上的各凹槽相啮合的主动链轮,以使已充电的蓄电池移离所述输送器并移至车辆V内。 1 and 3, using 20 or other mobile device and each drive sprocket grooves on each battery engaging a hydraulic cylinder, so that the battery has been charged is moved away from the conveyor and moved V inside the vehicle. 正如下面将要描述的那样,进入的蓄电池可使原有的车辆蓄电池充分移动而离开蓄电池室17,从而可使一组主动链轮位于所述输送器的承接端15处,由此完成了将原有的蓄电池除去的作业。 As will be as described below, into the original battery can sufficiently moved away from the vehicle battery the battery chamber 17, thereby allowing a set of driving sprocket located on the receiving conveyor at the end of 15, thereby completing the original some work to remove the battery. 或者,侧向的蓄电池移动完全可以通过使用一些主动链轮而不是使用一液压缸而进行。 Alternatively, lateral movement of the battery can be carried out by using some of the drive sprocket instead of using a hydraulic cylinder. 如图1所示,所述输送结构自承接端15纵向延伸,然后横向延伸并返回到输出端14。 As shown in FIG. 1, the transfer structure extends longitudinally from the receiving end 15, and extending transversely to the output terminal 14 and returns. 因此,可以提供侧向空间以容纳两纵向输送线路之间的车辆。 Thus, lateral space may be provided to accommodate the vehicle between the two longitudinal conveyor line. 如图2所示,输送回路的横向部分(即,与所述的两个平行的纵向部分相连的部分)被抬高,并且纵向部分从传输工站T起向上倾斜至横向部分。 , The transverse portion (i.e., portion connected to the two parallel longitudinal portions of the) transfer circuit 2 is raised, and the longitudinal portion is transmitted from the station to station T upwardly inclined from the transverse portion. 这样,在调换了蓄电池之后,就可以使车辆在被抬高的横向部分(在垂直的支柱10之间)下方行驶。 Thus, after the battery replacement, the vehicle can be lifted in the lateral portion of the downward travel (between vertical struts 10). 或者,如果需要。 Or, if needed. 可以将横向部分较方便地设置在驶离汽车路径的下方。 Transverse portion may be more convenient to leave the car disposed below the path. 这种输送装置能使车辆无须换向就可进入和离开所述系统,因此,可以使各车辆以一种连续的方式高效率地经过所述系统。 Such means can conveying vehicle without commutation can enter and leave the system, thus, each vehicle can be made in a continuous manner through the system efficiently.

现请参阅图3,所述系统包括一蓄电池提升组件43,该组件可以在将蓄电池从所述车辆上取出来之后使所取出的蓄电池相对于输送器C垂直移动。 Referring now to Figure 3, the lifting system comprises a battery assembly 43, the assembly may be removed so that the battery after the battery is dismounted from the vehicle with respect to the vertical movement of the conveyor C. 提升组件43与蓄电池取出组件44一起协作,以便诸如当所取出的蓄电池不能通过蓄电池测试时,将蓄电池从所述输送系统中除去。 Remove the lifting assembly 43 and the battery assembly 44 cooperate together, so that when such a battery can not be taken out of the battery test, the battery is removed from the delivery system. 提升组件43还与蓄电池插入组件(未图示)相连,以将新的蓄电池插入所述输送系统,以更换报废的蓄电池。 The lifting assembly 43 further insertion of the battery assembly (not shown) is connected to a new battery is inserted into the delivery system, to replace the battery scrap. 在包括一个或多个延展模块C2的情况中(如图10和图11所示),还采用了提升组件43,以使多个输送高度之间的蓄电池移动,这将在下面进一步描述。 In the case comprises one or more extension modules in C2 (FIG. 10 and 11), the lifting assembly 43 is also employed to keep the batteries move between a plurality of conveyor height, as will be further described below. 一第二蓄电池提升件可以设置在所示输送器的蓄电池输出端14,如图10和图11所示。 A second accumulator battery output lifting member may be provided on end 14 of the conveyor shown in FIG. 10 and 11.

如图4所示,所述系统包括一计算机37,它借助传统的控制电路38而对所述输送器的工作情况加以控制。 As shown, the system 4 comprises a computer 37, it is 38 to be controlled operation of the conveyor by means of a conventional control circuit. 控制电路38可以呈一个或多个标准添增卡的形式,这些添增卡插在所述计算机的各扩展狭槽内。 The control circuit 38 may be in the form of one or more Add a standard card, the card inserted in the computer Add a respective slot extension. 控制电路38借助各控制线39与所述输送器和提升组件的各种电驱动构件相连,各控制线带有由控制电路根据来自计算机37的指令产生的信号。 The control circuit 38 via control lines 39 connected to the lift conveyor and the various electrical components of the drive member, with each of the control line signal generated by the control circuit 37 according to an instruction from the computer.

计算机37最好与一电子付款系统P(图4和图10)相连,所述电子付款系统可以使车辆V的驾驶员获得付款信息以支付有关于蓄电池更换的相关费用。 The computer 37 is preferably an electronic payment system and P (FIG. 4 and FIG. 10), said electronic payment system can be obtained that the driver of the vehicle V to cover the costs associated with payment information about the battery replacement. 在所述较佳实施例中,付款系统P包括一磁卡阅读器以及一标准键盘(未图示)。 In the preferred embodiment, the payment system P comprises a magnetic card reader and a standard keyboard (not shown). 在其它实施例中,付款系统P可以包括,例如射频无线电收发两用机,它可以与常用的车辆用发射机应答器进行双向的联系,以支付征税道路的费用。 In other embodiments, the payment system P may comprise, for example, a radio frequency transceiver, it can be a two-way transponder link with a conventional vehicle to a road tax paid.

计算机37还最好与至少一个条形码阅读器R相连,该条形码阅读器沿着所述输送器设置,以对各蓄电池上的条形码标签进行阅读。 The computer 37 also preferably with at least one R is connected to bar code reader, the bar code reader disposed along the conveyor, for reading of the bar code label on each battery. 所述条形码标签包括能对所述系统的各蓄电池进行特殊识别的蓄电池识别码。 The battery identification code comprises a bar code label can be a special identification of each of the battery of the system. 在一较佳实施例中,所述计算机使用这些识别码,以借助一网络连接器41,诸如一至互联网的续接器而能对一集中式数据库和服务器40(图5A)进行信息数据存取。 In a preferred embodiment, the computer uses the identifier to a network by means of a connector 41, such as a continuous connection to the Internet and is able to access to the information data and a centralized database server 40 (FIG. 5A) . 正如本技术领域中的那些熟练人员将予理解的那样,可以用其它类型的电子感测系统来替代所揭示的条形码系统。 As those skilled in the art will be understood by those skilled in the art as may be other types of electronic sensing system to replace the bar code system disclosed. 例如,各蓄电池可以设置有较小的、嵌入式射频发射机,诸如可以从Micron Communications Inc.买到的MicroStampTM牌发射机,它可以将识别码传送至所述工站的一基极射频接收器。 For example, each battery can be provided with small, embedded radio frequency transmitter, such as may be commercially available from Micron Communications Inc. MicroStampTM card transmitter, which can transmit the identification code to a base station radio frequency receiver station pole .

现请参阅图5A,藉助多个地城分布的蓄电池充电传输工站42(最好具有如上所述的相同构造)的各计算机可对集中式数据库40进行信息数据存取。 Referring now to Figure 5A, by means of a plurality of battery charging Town distributed transmission work station 42 (preferably having the same configuration as described above) for each data access computer information on the centralized database 40. 如进一步描述的那样,所述数据库包括蓄电池寻迹和历史信息(“历史数据”),它们是根据蓄电池特性而保存的,与各蓄电池的唯一ID识别码有关。 As further described, the tracking database comprising a battery and history information ( "historical data"), which are stored in accordance with the battery characteristics, related to the unique identification code ID of each battery. 对于每一蓄电池来说,该信息可以包括,例如,蓄电池已被再充电的次数、在车辆内首次使用的数据以及蓄电池的目前位置(例如,充电站或车辆)。 For each of the battery 23. This information may include, for example, the number of times the battery has been recharged, the data used first in the current position of the vehicle and a battery (e.g., a charging station or a vehicle). 当将一给定蓄电池置于一车辆内部时,位置信息可以包括与车辆和/或车辆驾驶员有关的信息(诸如一车辆的识别数字)。 When a battery is placed inside a given vehicle, the position information may include information associated with a vehicle and / or related vehicle driver (such as a vehicle identification number). 藉助于将更新请求通过所述网络而传送给与该数据库相连的服务器,可以从蓄电池充电/传输工站42远距离对数据库40进行更新。 By means of an update request transmitted by the network server connected to the database to give, from the battery may be charged / transfer station 42 remote station 40 to update the database. 这些更新请求是根据蓄电池更换作业由各工站的计算机37产生的。 These updates are requested by the job changing computer work station according to the battery 37 is generated.

如将在下面进一步描述的那样,每当将一电耗尽的蓄电池从一车辆上拆卸下来时,相应工站42的计算机37就对该蓄电池的识别码进行阅读,然后,对所述集中式数据库进行访问,以该蓄电池的历史数据进行检索。 As further described below, each time the depletion of a battery electrically detachable from a vehicle, a computer work station 42, 37 corresponding to the read identification code of the battery, and then, the centralized database access, retrieval based on historical data of the battery. 然后计算机37除了蓄电池的电气测试结果之外还使用该信息,以确定所述蓄电池是否应该予以丢弃或者从所述系统中除去。 The computer 37 then results in addition to electrical battery also use this information to determine whether the battery should be discarded or removed from the system. 这样就可以根据多个标准来作出是否丢弃该蓄电池的决定。 This allows to decide whether to discard the battery according to a plurality of criteria.

虽然该较佳实施例采用了一集中式数据库40来存储蓄电池的历史数据,但是,应该认识的是,其它的存储方法也是可以的。 Although the preferred embodiment employs historical data of a centralized database to store the battery 40, it should be appreciated that other methods of storage are possible. 例如,各蓄电池较适于保存起来,并可以借助位于蓄电池壳体内部的传统的固态存储装置而对它们各自的历史数据进行访问。 For example, each battery more appropriately saved, and can access to their respective historical data storage means by means of conventional solid-state located inside the battery case. 这种方法降低了或消除了对一集中式数据库40的需要,但是,它不能提供所述集中式数据库的蓄电池跟踪能力。 This method reduces or eliminates the need for a centralized database 40, but it does not provide battery capacity of the centralized tracking database. 还应该予以认识的是,传统的超高速缓存技术可以用来将历史数据库40的各拷贝局部地存储在传输工站42,这样,每当对一蓄电池进行更换时,就不必对集中式数据库40进行访问。 It should also be appreciated that, traditional caching techniques may be used for each copy of the local history database 40 stored in a transmission work station 42, so that whenever replacement of a storage battery, do not have a centralized database 40 access.

所述车辆内的实际的蓄电池更换可以根据所述蓄电池的构造以及所述车辆蓄电池的承接结构采用各种其它方法之一来完成。 The actual replacement of the battery in the vehicle according to the structure of the battery receiving structure of the vehicle battery and various other methods to complete one. 例如,如果不用一新的已充电的蓄电池来强行更换已安装的电耗尽的蓄电池,可预先诸如藉助一链轮将已安装的、电耗尽的蓄电池取下来,这将在下面予以描述。 For example, if not a new charged battery to forcibly replace the installed electrical battery depletion, such as by means of a sprocket wheel can be pre-installed, depleted battery power take off, which will be described below. 此外,虽然该较佳实施例是侧向水平地安装和取出蓄电池,但是,对于本技术领域的那些熟练人员来说,显然还可以对本文所揭示的内容和车辆所需的蓄电池室构造作出种种变型。 In addition, although the preferred embodiment is mounted horizontally and laterally remove the battery, but the battery compartment configured to those skilled in the art, it is obviously also necessary for the content disclosed herein and made by a variety of vehicle transform.

例如,所述蓄电池可以垂直地从所述汽车中取出来,然后再垂直地装入新的蓄电池。 For example, the battery can be taken out perpendicularly from the car, and then a new battery is loaded vertically. 这种实施例是侧向垂直地安装和取出所述蓄电池的,它可以在空间有限的地域内获得一更为紧凑的系统。 Such an embodiment is mounted vertically and laterally removing the battery, it is possible to obtain a more compact system in spatially limited region. 类似的,所述蓄电池可以沿着一轴向、水平地从诸如汽车的后部或汽车的前部方便地取出。 Similarly, the battery can be easily removed horizontally from the front or rear of the car, such as a car along an axial direction. 蓄电池的精确位置和取出的方式是这样一种设计考虑,它可以由本技术领域的普通熟练人员通过常规试验而加以优化,诸如对蓄电池的尺寸、车辆的重量分布加以考虑,以及对诸如车门位置之类的其它进出口位置、车轮和其它类似物加以考虑。 Precise location and extracted embodiment the battery is a design consideration that can be optimized by one of ordinary skilled in the art by routine experimentation, such as the size of the battery, the weight of the vehicle to be consideration of the distribution, as well as a door position of other position Importers, wheels and other analogue class to be considered.

虽然,一个蓄电池是较佳的,但是,也可以将两个、三个、四个或更多个散装的蓄电池取出或装入一辆车内。 Although a battery is preferred, however, it may be two, three, four or more bulk or load a vehicle battery removed. 从工程技术或设计美观的角度来说,根据汽车的构造和所需蓄电池的总体积,将多个蓄电池装在各个单独的装置内可能是较理想的。 Engineering or design from the aesthetic point of view, based on the total volume of the vehicle and the desired configuration of the battery, a plurality of batteries installed in the individual apparatus may be more desirable. 此外,从消费者方便性的角度来说,一常用蓄电池和一单独的“备用”蓄电池可能是较理想的。 Moreover, from the consumer point of view of convenience, a conventional battery and a separate "spare" battery may be more desirable.

根据本文所揭示的内容,对于本技术领域的普通熟练人员来说,可以很方便地对本发明的蓄电池充电和传输系统的各种垂直提升器、输送器和其它结构构件作改进,以适应每一种类型的变型。 The contents disclosed herein, those of ordinary skilled in the art, it can be easily charging the battery and transmission system according to the present invention, various vertical lift, conveyors and other structural components for retrofit to each types of variation.

下面将对一种用于更换蓄电池的较佳装置和方法进行描述。 The following will be a preferred method and apparatus for replacing the battery will be described. 如图1和图7所示,传输工站T包括一具有一杆件21的液压缸20,所述杆件向外延伸以有力地将所述蓄电池或蓄电池组B移入所述车辆内。 As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, the transmission T comprises a work station having a cylinder member 21, 20, said rod extending outwardly of the battery to the strong or battery pack B into the vehicle interior. 杆件21将蓄电池B1侧向地推入所述车辆内的蓄电池座22内。 The lever 21 laterally of the battery B1 is pushed into the battery holder 22 within the vehicle. 蓄电池B1使原有的车辆蓄电池B2移动,将原有的蓄电池B2朝着所述输送器的承接端15的方向强行推至一出口输送器上,诸如蓄电池座22的一倾斜的坡道部分23上。 Battery B1 so that the original moving vehicle battery B2, the original battery B2 forcibly pushed onto a conveyor in the direction of the outlet end of the receiving conveyor 15, such as a battery holder 22 of an inclined ramp portion 23 on.

所述车辆内的蓄电池座具有一定结构,从而可以提供保持装置,以使除了在设有诸如液压缸20之类的适当移动装置16的传输工站之外,都可防止蓄电池侧向移动离开所述蓄电池座。 The battery has a certain seat in a vehicle structure, thereby providing holding means, so that the transfer station is provided in addition to the mobile station, such as a suitable hydraulic cylinder 20 or the like other than 16, the battery can be prevented from moving laterally away from the said battery holder. 可以根据蓄电池的设计和蓄电池座的设计,设置任一种保持结构。 The design and the design of the battery can of the battery holder is provided any one of the holding structure. 例如,可以将一个或多个垂直延伸的凸脊或凸部设置在蓄电池的安装侧和/或退离侧,以提供一止动件,所述蓄电池必须越过该止动件上才能离开所述汽车。 For example, a ridge or convex portion or a plurality of vertically extending mounting may be provided on the side of the battery and / or to leave the stopper member is retracted from the side, to provide a stopper member, the battery must cross the car. 所述止动件可以是永久定位的,或者是可以在一“锁定”和“未锁定”位置之间移动。 The stopper member may be permanently positioned, or may be in a "locked" and "unlocked" position moves between. 或者,可以使用任一种蓄电池室闩锁,除了在更换蓄电池的过程中,它通常是锁闭的。 Alternatively, you can use any of a battery compartment latch, except during the replacement of the battery, it is usually locked. 在所示的实施例中,蓄电池座22(图7)在蓄电池座的安装侧上设置有一凸肩,可防止蓄电池反向移动。 In the illustrated embodiment, the battery seat 22 (FIG. 7) is provided on the mounting side of the battery holder has a shoulder, the battery prevented from reverse movement.

如图8所示,设置传动装置D,以有助于使用过的蓄电池侧向移离所述车辆。 8, the drive means D is provided, to facilitate the used battery laterally away from the said vehicle. 如图7所示,这种传动装置D可以包括适于与蓄电池底面上的凹口和凹槽25(图8)相啮合的从动链轮装置24,以将蓄电池B2从车辆传输到承接工站15上。 As shown, such a transmission may include a D battery and adapted to the bottom surface of the recess and the groove 25 (FIG. 8) engaged with the driven sprocket means 247, transmitted to the battery B2 from the vehicle to the receiving station station 15. 各凹口25最好是紧邻蓄电池B的两相对端设置,并且可以提供链轮啮合作用,从而可以侧向驱动所述蓄电池。 Each recess 25 is preferably disposed adjacent to opposite ends of the battery B, and may provide the engagement of the sprocket, thereby driving the side of the battery. 蓄电池的底侧还具有侧向隔开的链轮承接凹槽26,它们可以与辅助传动链轮27(图8和图9)相啮合,所述的辅助传动链轮适于与各蓄电池啮合并使它们朝着一垂直于移动方向的侧向方向逐渐移动经过充电工站。 The bottom side of the battery also has laterally spaced sprocket receiving recesses 26, which may be the auxiliary drive sprocket 27 (FIG. 8 and FIG. 9) is engaged, said auxiliary drive sprocket adapted to engage with each battery, and making them toward a lateral direction perpendicular to the moving direction is gradually moved through the charging station stations. 从这些图中可以清楚地看到,图6和图9中的各凹口25、26表示沿蓄电池的底面延伸的相应的一列凹口。 Can be clearly seen from these figures, each of the recesses 6 in FIG. 9 and FIG. 25, 26 indicates a corresponding recess extending along the bottom surface of the battery.

或者,可以将任一种啮合装置设置在蓄电池组上,以与传输工站的传动机构相啮合。 Alternatively, the engagement means is provided on any one battery pack, the work station with the transmission gear engaged. 一种特定结构,诸如钩子、环圈、凸起或凹槽的采用,将根据待传输的蓄电池的载荷、在取出蓄电池的过程中需要克服的静摩擦或结构止挡作用以及诸如水平或垂直提升的取出方向而定,这对于本技术领域的熟练人员来说较显然的。 One particular structure, such as hooks, loops, recesses or projections employed, the battery according to the load to be transmitted, during the removal of the battery to overcome the static friction or structural stop action as well as a horizontal or vertical lifting removal direction may be, for those skilled in this art is more apparent. 总的来说,啮合结构的廓形最好相对较低,以最大程度地减少与所述系统的其它蓄电池或其它部件意外互锁的机会,并且还可以有足够大的传输力以使蓄电池经过传输工站。 In general, the structure of the engagement profile is preferably relatively low, in other batteries or other components to minimize the opportunities for accidental interlocking system, and may also have a sufficiently large force to the battery through the transmission a transfer station station. 为此,本发明人在蓄电池的壳体上设置了多个彼此隔开的凹槽,以与如图所示的链轮相啮合,或者与传动机构上的啮合结构相啮合。 To this end, the present invention is a battery in the housing provided with a plurality of spaced grooves to the sprocket shown in Fig engaged or meshed with the engagement structure on the drive mechanism.

虽然前面所述的系统采用藉助新进入的蓄电池来迫使原有的蓄电池移动,但是,也可以采用其它的蓄电池取出方法。 While the foregoing use of the system by means of the new battery into the battery moving to force the original, however, the battery may be removed using other methods. 例如,车辆可以在蓄电池室内设置一些传动链轮,以将蓄电池移入蓄电池室并从中取出,从而无须迫使原有的蓄电池移动。 For example, the vehicle battery may be provided in a number of interior drive sprocket to the battery into the battery compartment and removed therefrom, thereby forcing the existing battery without moving. 当车辆最初驶入充电工站时,这些链轮可以利用一与车辆相连(例如借助一滑动啮合的电气接插件)的外置能源来提供动力。 When the vehicle is initially charged into the work station, the sprockets may be provided by means of a power associated with the vehicle (e.g. by means of a sliding engagement of the electrical connector) external energy. 此外,虽然本发明人采用了这样一种系统,其中,各蓄电池是朝着行进路径的一个方向置入和取出的,但是,对于本技术领域的熟练人员来说,可以很方便地对各输送器和传输工站的各液压传动装置进行改进,以便如有需要,可以将蓄电池从车辆的同一侧取出和装入。 Furthermore, although the present invention employs a system in which each of the battery is taken out and placed in a direction toward the path of travel, however, to those skilled in the art, it can be easily conveyed to each each hydraulic drive transmission and a work station is improved, so if necessary, the battery can be charged and removed from the same side of the vehicle.

或者,蓄电池的底侧在位于车辆内的时候可以是裸露的,这样,侧向隔开的各链轮可以从一位于蓄电池底侧正下方的区域啮合,无须为车辆装备一些传动链轮。 Alternatively, the bottom side of the battery is located within the vehicle may be exposed when such, the sprockets may be laterally spaced from a bottom side of the battery located directly below the area of ​​engagement, without some of the vehicle equipped with a drive sprocket. 可供选择的是,可以将该实施例构造成能在移动蓄电池之前将蓄电池向上提升而离开蓄电池座。 Alternatively, it is possible to construct the embodiment to be able to lift up the battery in the battery before moving away from the battery holder. 下面将结合低座小摩托车系统对本实施例进行具体描述。 Below in conjunction with the system of the scooter according to the present embodiment will be described in detail.

如图1和图6所示,蓄电池在其两端具有接触柱30,当将所述蓄电池移入车辆内时,所述接触柱可以与车辆内部的触片自动贴合。 As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 6, the battery has contact posts 30 at both ends thereof, when the battery into the vehicle, the contact pins may be automatically bonded to the contact pads and the interior of the vehicle. 而且,位于蓄电池的两相对侧上的是充电触头31,它们也可以用作测试用触头。 Further, the charging contacts 31 are located on opposite sides of the battery, they can also be used as the test contacts. 因此,当在传输工站T处将蓄电池从车辆中取出时,所取出的蓄电池即进入承接工站或承接位置15,而且位于一侧面上的触头31与一测试用导轨32(图1)相啮合。 Thus, when the battery is removed from the vehicle at the transfer station at a station T, i.e., the extracted battery into the receiving position receiving station or stations 15 and 31 located in contact with one side of a test rail 32 (FIG. 1) engaged. 较佳的是,接触柱30和充电触头31是内部相连的。 Preferably, the contact pins 30 and 31 are connected to the charging contacts inside. 这样,就可以在包括输送器的纵向部分和横向部分上的蓄电池位置在内的输送器的所有蓄电池位置处进行蓄电池充电作业。 Thus, the battery charging operation can be carried out at all the battery position the conveyor comprises a longitudinal portion of the conveyor and a position on a battery including a transverse portion. 如图3最清楚地图示的那样,藉助一位于承接位置15的液压缸34,可以将一可垂直移动的测试用触头33提升和放低,从而可以对蓄电池进行测试。 Most clearly illustrated as shown, by means of a hydraulic cylinder 34 located at the receiving position 15, it may be a vertically movable lift test and lower contacts 33, so that the battery can be tested. 再请参阅图3,提升组件43与承接工站5相连,从而可以在计算机37的控制下将坏的蓄电池从输送系统中除去。 Referring again to FIG. 3, the lift assembly 43 is connected to the receiving work station 5, so that the battery can be removed from the bad delivery system 37 is under computer control. 蓄电池除去组件最好包括一液压缸44,一旦蓄电池下降到液压缸44的水平高度,所述液压缸44可将所述蓄电池移离可垂直移动的承接工站15。 Removing the battery assembly preferably includes a hydraulic cylinder 44, once the battery falls to the level of the hydraulic cylinder 44, the hydraulic cylinder 44 may be moved away from said battery receiving vertically movable work station 15.

当各蓄电池从一蓄电池位置沿着输送器C连续地移动到另一位置时,接触柱或触头31(图1)与充电用导轨35和36线啮合。 Each battery when a battery is continuously moved from the position C along the conveyor to another position, the contact posts or contacts 31 (FIG. 1) engaged with the guide rails 35 and 36 and the charging wire. 充电用导轨35和36可以藉助一调压器(未图示)而加以控制,从而各蓄电池的充电电平加以控制。 Charging means of guide rails 35 and 36 may be a voltage regulator (not shown) to be controlled so as to control the charge level of each battery. 虽然,图中所示的充电用导轨35、38仅仅是沿着图1输送器的两个纵向部分中的一个,但是,充电工站最好是既沿着各纵向部分又沿着各横向部分来设置。 Although, the charging rail 35, 38 shown in FIG only a portion of FIG. 1 along the two longitudinal conveyors, however, both the charging work station preferably along each longitudinal portion and along each lateral portion set.

正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员所理解的那样,可以使用各种不同类型的蓄电池触头30、31,以使汽车和充电工站与蓄电池可逆地电接触。 As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it may be used various types of battery contacts 30, 31, so that the car and the charging station with station battery reversibly electrical contact. 在一实施例中,触头30、31是可以根据实际驱动力而缩入蓄电池壳体内的可伸缩的、弹簧加载的构件。 In one embodiment, the contacts 30, 31 can be telescopically retracted into the battery case in accordance with the actual driving force, the spring-loaded member. 在另一实施例中,可以使用位于蓄电池邻近表面上方或下方的导电接触面,来替代可伸缩的触头。 In another embodiment, a conductive contact surface located above or below the adjacent surface of the battery, instead of retractable contact. 或者,可以使用任一种插头、夹子、导电电缆和其它类似物。 Alternatively, you can use any of a plug, clips, cables, and other like conductive. 图17最佳地示出了蓄电池的另一实施例,在所示蓄电池的各侧面上具有细长的电触头30、31、图17中所示的蓄电池还示出了用来与一链轮传动机构一起使用的、位于蓄电池底侧上的各凹槽或凹口126。 Figure 17 best shows another embodiment of a battery having an elongated electrical contacts 30, 31 on each side of the battery, the battery shown in FIG. 17 also shows with a chain for for use with a wheel gear located in each groove or recess 126 on the bottom side of the battery.

人们可能希望能防止在除了指定的蓄电池传输和充电工站之外的其它位置对蓄电池进行充电。 It may be desirable to charge the battery can be prevented in other positions except designated battery transfer and charging work stations. 例如,可能希望能防止使用者利用家用的充电系统或其它未经许可的装置对各蓄电池进行再充电。 For example, it may be desirable for each user can be prevented from recharging the battery charging system utilizing a home or other unauthorized devices. 这最好是通过设置一个禁止控制电路(未图示)或开关来实现,它可以通过传输工站有选择地开或关,以便允许或禁止再充电。 This is preferably provided by a disable control circuit (not shown) or switches to achieve, it may be selectively turned on or off by the transmission work stations, allow or disallow the recharging. 例如,蓄电池可以包含一个禁止控制电路,该电路可以仅在蓄电池从传输工站接收到有效的加密授权信息时才允许进行再充电。 For example, the battery may comprise a disable control circuit, the circuit can only effectively allows the encrypted authorization information is received only from the recharging station to the transfer station of the battery. 该蓄电池还可以包括一计时器,该计时器可以在接收到授权信息之后的一段指定时间内禁止进行再充电,或者可以包括一电路,该电路可以在电池已经再充足了电之后,禁止再充电。 The battery may further include a timer that may be prohibited for a specified period of time after receiving the authorization information for recharging, or may comprise a circuit which again may already fully charged after the battery, prevents recharging . 较佳的是,该控制电路可以这样工作,即,当电路处于禁止状态时,可以使充电触头与蓄电池脱开电连接。 Preferably, the control circuit can operate so that, when the circuit is in the disabled state, the charging contact is electrically connected to the battery disconnected.

本系统中所使用的蓄电池可以是任何类型的,包括例如传统酸性铅蓄电池、碱性蓄电池、NiCd(镍铬)蓄电池、NiMH(氢化镍金属)蓄电池、或锌-空气蓄电池。 Used in the present system may be any type of battery, for example, comprise a conventional lead acid batteries, alkaline storage battery, NiCd (nickel-chromium) batteries, NiMH (nickel metal hydride) battery, or zinc - air battery. 另外,本系统适于处理蓄电池组或单电池,而不是整个蓄电池。 Further, the present system is adapted to handle the cell or battery, instead of the entire battery. 在本文中,“蓄电池”可以包括一个完整封装式的电池、一蓄电池组、或例如单电池之类的蓄电池的可替换部分。 As used herein, "battery" may comprise a complete packaged battery, a battery pack, for example, or alternatively may be part of a single battery cell or the like.

因此,本系统适于更换锌-空气型或类似蓄电池的蓄电池组或单电池,这里的锌-空气电池包括一位于蓄电池壳体内并且可以更换或再充电的锌内芯。 Accordingly, the present system is adapted to replace the zinc - air type or the like of the battery unit cells or battery pack, where the zinc - air battery including a zinc core positioned within the battery housing and is replaceable or rechargeable. 该系统适于替换例如纽约的Electric Fuel Corportion或总部在加利福尼亚的BAT国际公司制造的锌-空气蓄电池的锌内芯。 The system is adapted to replace New York's Electric Fuel Corportion zinc or international headquarters in California BAT manufactured for example - within the core of zinc air batteries. 输送器可以替换蓄电池壳体内的锌内芯,而不是整个蓄电池。 The conveyor can be replaced within the core zinc battery case, instead of the entire battery.

参见图1,传送系统可以利用电池内的横向传动凹口25而使蓄电池沿着由标号11表示的部分从一个纵向部分传递到另一个纵向部分。 Referring to Figure 1, the transmission system 25 may be transmitted along the portion of the battery represented by reference numeral 11 to the longitudinal portion from one another by the cross section vertical recess within the cell transmission. 从图8和图9清楚可见,由于横向传动链轮24和纵向传动链轮27不能同时与蓄电池相啮合,因此,链轮24和传动装置24d是安装在一可借助液压缸24r而有选择地垂直移动的支架结构24f上。 As it is clear from FIG. 8 and FIG. 9, since the battery 27 is not engaged with the drive sprocket while lateral and longitudinal drive sprocket 24, therefore, the sprocket 24 and the gear 24d is mounted by means of a hydraulic cylinder may be selectively 24r 24f is vertically movable on the support structure. 同样,一液压缸27r可使链轮支架27f和链轮传动装置27d垂直移动。 Similarly, a hydraulic cylinder 27d allows vertical movement of the sprocket 27r bracket 27f and sprocket drive. 因此,链轮24和27能有选择地与蓄电池传动凹口25和26相啮合。 Thus, the sprockets 24 and 27 can be selectively with the battery drive recesses 25 and 26 engaged.

图5B示出了每当将一蓄电池从一车辆上取出来时被计算机37所跟踪的一种通用程序。 FIG 5B illustrates a general procedures each time taken out from a battery on a vehicle is tracked by the computer 37. 如方框60所示,计算机37首先用条形码阅读器R对蓄电池的ID码进行阅读,然后对集中式数据库40进行访问,以对该蓄电池的历史数据进行检索。 As shown in block 60, the computer 37 is first performed by the bar code reader R to read the ID code of the battery, and then access the centralized database 40 to retrieve the historical data of the battery. (在那些将历史数据存储在各蓄电池内部的实施例中,该步骤可以例如包括对各蓄电池的电路的射频询问,以使该蓄电池传输数据)。 (In those embodiments the history data stored in the internal battery in each embodiment, this step may comprise, for example, a radio frequency interrogation circuit of each battery so that the battery data transmission). 在作数据检索的同时,计算机37开始用电气方法进行蓄电池再充电测试,以确定该蓄电池是否能被适当地再充电,如方框62所示的那样。 At the same time as data retrieval, the computer 37 starts recharging the battery with electrical test method, to determine whether the battery can be recharged Suitably, such as shown in block 62. 如果该蓄电池不能通过再充电测试,则借助提升组件43将它从输送器C中除去,并用一新的蓄电池予以更换,如方框64和66所示的那样。 If the battery can not be recharged test, the lift assembly 43 by removing it from the conveyor C and treated with a new battery be replaced, as shown in blocks 64 and 66 as.

现请参阅方框68和70,如果该蓄电池通过了所述蓄电池再充电测试,所述计算机进行第二次蓄电池测试,它包括将所检索到的蓄电池历史数据与预先确定的除去标准相比较,诸如再充电的最大次数和/或最长的使用时间。 Referring now to blocks 68 and 70, if the battery by the recharging of the battery test, the test computer to the second storage battery, which comprises the retrieved historical data is compared with the battery removed pre-determined criteria, such as a maximum number of recharging and / or the longest time. 如果该蓄电池不能满足预定的标准值,则将它从所述系统中除去。 If the battery does not meet a predetermined standard value, then it is removed from the system. 将一电气测试和利用历史数据进行的测试相结合可以较高程度地防止将坏的蓄电池装入车辆内。 The test and an electrical test using historical data can be prevented with a higher degree of binding the bad battery charged in the vehicle.

现请参阅方框72和74,一旦完成了蓄电池测试(以及如有必要则更换蓄电池),所述输送器向前送进一个蓄电池位置。 Referring now to blocks 72 and 74, upon completion of the battery test (and, if necessary, replace the battery), the feed conveyor a forward battery position. 此外,对集中式数据库进行更新,以反映蓄电池测试的测试结果。 In addition, the centralized database is updated to reflect the results of the battery test. 如果所述系统包括一个或多个扩展级别或模块(如图10和图11所示),计算机37还要执行编码,用来使两个或多个级别(这将在下面描述)之间的蓄电池移动。 If the system comprises one or more levels or extension modules (10 and 11), but also between the computer 37 performs coding for two or more levels (which will be described below) mobile battery.

除了由图5B所反映的蓄电池测试代码之外,计算机37还要执行编码,以保证蓄电池在被装入各车辆之前再充足电。 In addition to the battery test code reflected by the FIG. 5B, the computer 37 also performs the encoding to ensure that the battery fully charged before being re-loaded each vehicle. 在所述较佳实施例中,这是通过根据蓄电池的特性对每一蓄电池已再充电的时间进行记录并确保待装入的下一蓄电池已被再充电一段最短时间来完成的。 In the preferred embodiment, this is done by recording each time the battery is recharging the battery according to the characteristics of the battery to be charged and to ensure that the next has been recharged for a minimum time to complete. (由于蓄电池是根据先进先出而进入和离开所述输送系统的,因此,停留在输送器的排出端14的蓄电池位于所述系统中的时间通常是最长的。)在另一实施例中,一蓄电池测试工站还可以或者可以设置在蓄电池排出端14处或其附近,以在装入之前对各蓄电池进行测试。 (Since the battery is entering and exiting the delivery system according to the FIFO, and therefore, the battery stays at the discharge end of the conveyor 14 is located at the time the system is generally the longest.) In another embodiment, , a battery test or work station may also be provided in the battery 14 at or near the discharge end, each of the battery to be tested prior to loading. 每当计算机37确定了待装入车辆内的下一蓄电池没有再充足电,所述计算机将在一路边显示信号(未图示)上显示一信息,以指示各蓄电池目前尚不能使用。 Whenever the computer 37 determines the next vehicle to be charged in the battery is not fully charged again, the computer displays on the display a message on a roadside signal (not shown), to indicate each of the battery is not yet supported. 该信息最好还能指示出那些再充电的蓄电池到它们可予以使用为止的时间长短。 This information is preferably also indicates that the length of the rechargeable battery which can be used until the time.

图10和图11示出了将附加的输送回路或模块加设到所述系统中以提高蓄电池容量的通用方式。 Figures 10 and 11 illustrate an additional conveyor circuits or modules added to the system provided in a common way to increase the battery capacity. 图示的系统包括一主输送回路C1,以及一设置在所述主输送回路上方的扩展输送回路C2。 The illustrated system comprises a main conveyor circuit C1, and an extension disposed above the conveying loop circuit C2 in the primary conveyance. 该两输送回路与上面所描述的输送回路C基本上是相同的。 The two conveyor circuits with the above described conveyance circuit C is substantially the same. 附加的扩展输送器也可以根据需要而加设,以适应于各种需求。 Additional expansion conveyor disposed may also be added as necessary, to accommodate various needs. 在所述较佳实施例中,所述两输送回路包括沿着它们的各纵向部分设置的充电工站(未图示)。 In the preferred embodiment, the circuit comprises two conveyor (not shown) along their respective longitudinal portion is provided a charging work station. 蓄电池提升器43A和43B设置在两输送回路C1、C2的相对端,以使各蓄电池在两输送高度之间垂直运动。 Battery lifter 43A and 43B disposed at two delivery circuit C1, C2 of the opposite ends, so that each battery vertical movement between the two transfer height. 输送回路C1、C2最好都包括沿着它们各自的纵向部分、最好是在每个蓄电池位置处的蓄电池充电器。 Delivery circuit C1, C2 preferably include along their respective longitudinal portion, preferably a battery charger at each position in the battery.

在工作中,位于承接端的蓄电池提升器43A可承接那些从通过所述系统的各车辆中取出来的蓄电池,并有选择地将所取出的各蓄电池(在计算机37的控制下)传送到上或下输送回路C1、C2。 In operation, located at receiving end of the battery lifter 43A to undertake that the battery is taken out from each of the vehicle by the system, and selectively to each storage battery removed (under control of the computer 37) to the or the transfer circuit C1, C2. 位于排出端的提升器43B同样可以在两输送高度之间按程序运动,以便有选择地将蓄电池从输送回路中取出来,以运送到各车辆中。 Located at the discharge end of the riser 43B between the conveyors may also be programmed height movement in order to selectively transfer circuit from the battery to take out, to convey to the respective vehicle. 在所述的较佳实施例中,计算机37编有一定程序从而可以在两输送回路之间交替转换,这样,蓄电池中大约有一半的蓄电池可以通过下输送回路C1而输送,而另一半可通过上输送回路C2而输送。 In the preferred embodiment, computer 37 can be programmed so that a certain program is alternately switched between the two conveyor loops, so that about half of the battery the battery may be transported is conveyed by the circuit C1, and the other half by C2 is transported on a conveyor loop. 采用这种通用装置,加设一些新的输送回路本质上可以提高每一蓄电池花费在所述系统中的时间,并因此可以提高每一蓄电池的有效再充电时间。 In this general purpose apparatus, installing a number of batteries can be improved each time spent in the system on the nature of the new delivery circuit, and each of the battery can be improved effectively recharge time. 加设一些附加的输送回路可以适应较高的需求。 Plus some additional set of delivery circuit can accommodate higher demand.

下面将结合图12-图17来对所述蓄电池传输和再充电系统的低座小摩托车实施例进行描述。 Below in conjunction with FIGS. 12 to 17 of the embodiment of the battery recharging system and the transmission of the scooter will be described. 图12示出了根据本发明一实施例的一低座小摩托车蓄电池充电传输系统的总体布局和结构,所述的低座小摩托车系统是上述汽车蓄电池充电传输系统的一种变化形式,它特别适于对一种两轮的电动低座小摩托车进行处理。 FIG. 12 shows the overall layout and structure of a scooter according to an embodiment of the present invention, the battery charge transfer system, according to the scooter vehicle battery charging system described above is a variation of the transmission system, it is particularly suitable for one of two electric scooter for processing. 下面将对一种用来对低座小摩托车内的各蓄电池进行更换的较佳装置和方法作描述,但是,以上所描述的用来更换蓄电池的装置和方法可直接应用于低座小摩托车蓄电池传输和充电系统。 A method for following each of the battery will be in the scooter preferred apparatus and method for the replacement be described, however, the above described apparatus and method for the replacement of the battery can be directly applied to the low seat scooter vehicle battery charging and transfer systems. 正如可以从以下描述中理解的那样,所述系统可以用来对电动的机器脚踏车、机动自行车和其它类型的两轮车辆进行处理。 As can be appreciated from the following description above, the system may be used for the electric motor bike, mopeds and other two types of vehicle treatment.

如图12和图13所示,所述系统包括一连续的蓄电池输送回路C',它从一车辆工站T'(图中示出了一设置在其内的低座小摩托车V')的一侧延伸至车辆工站T'的对侧。 As shown, the system 12 and 13 includes a continuous battery transfer circuit C ', which vehicle from a work station T' (shown in FIG disposed therein a scooter V ') extending from one side to the vehicle operating station T 'on the opposite side. 如图1-图11的汽车系统所示,蓄电池B'借助输送回路从所述输送器的承接端或承接站115移动至所述输送器的输出端114,与此同时,借助多个蓄电池充电器(未图示)进行充电。 , The battery B 'in FIG. 1 to FIG. 11 of the vehicle system by means of the transfer circuit receiving mobile station 115 or receiving end of the conveyor from the conveyor to an output terminal 114, at the same time, by means of charging a plurality of batteries (not shown) is charged. 但是,在该实施例中,所述输送回路C'经过所述车辆两侧上的提升支承区155的下方。 However, in this embodiment, the transfer circuit C 'downward through the lifting support region on both sides of the vehicle 155. 所述车辆每一侧上的提升支承区的结构最好是相同的。 Structure ascending support areas on each side of the vehicle is preferably identical.

如图14和图15所示,所述车辆的蓄电池室117延伸穿过所述车辆、位于当驾驶者骑在所述低座小摩托车上时驾驶者的双脚所在的底板区域的下方。 As shown in FIG. 14 and FIG. 15, the vehicle battery chamber 117 extending through the vehicle, when situated below the floor area when the driver rides on the scooter where the feet of the driver. 理想的是,可对诸如Kwang Yang Motor company(KYMCO)和Piaggio SpA所制造的那些之类的电动低座小摩托车进行改装,以提供所需的蓄电池室。 Ideally, that may be retrofitted such as a motor Kwang Yang Motor company (KYMCO) manufactured by Piaggio SpA and scooter, to provide the desired battery room. 此外,蓄电池传输工站可以较方便地适用于电动低座小摩托车型车辆,诸如由India's Baja Auto Limited制造的三轮车以及各种四轮式全地形越野车辆。 In addition, the battery can be more easily transmitted to the work station applied to an electric scooter type vehicle, such as a tricycle and a variety of off-road four-wheeled all-terrain vehicle of India's Baja Auto Limited manufacture.

与驾驶者和乘员留在所述车辆内的汽车蓄电池更换情况不同,最好将低座小摩托车设计成在更换蓄电池的过程中低座小摩托车的驾驶者必需从所述车辆上下来。 Leaving the driver and passengers in the vehicle the vehicle battery switch to a different case, preferably, the scooter is designed to scooter drivers required off the vehicle during the replacement of the battery. 抬高的支承区域155主要包括一着地处159,该着地处可以使该车辆的驾驶者站立在所述输送器的上方,而不会干扰蓄电池的更换作业。 Elevated region 155 includes a support located in the 159, which may be located so that the driver of the vehicle is standing above the conveyor, without interfering with the battery replacement operation. 此外,支承区域155通过在蓄电池传输的过程中将所述驾驶者的位置抬高而位于所述输送器C'的上方,可以提供额外的安全性。 Further, the support region 155 above the raised position by the battery in the course of transmission of the driver of the conveyor located C 'can provide additional security. 抬高的支承区域155与蓄电池输送器C'一同起作用,可以使各车辆无需调头即可进出所述系统,由此可以使各车辆以一种连续的方式有效地通过所述系统。 The support regions 155 and the elevated conveyor battery C 'together with the work, may not need to turn around to each vehicle out of the system, whereby each vehicle in a continuous manner through the system efficiently. 在一特定实施例中,所述车辆的驾驶者可以利用所述抬高的支承区域而走上坡道157并将该低座小摩托车停置在车辆停靠工站150内的某一位置。 In a particular embodiment, the driver of the vehicle 157 and may embark on the scooter parked vehicle is parked in a position work station 150 by the supporting ramp of the raised region. 当该车辆就位并停在车辆停靠工站150内部时,所述驾驶者仍可以位于抬高的支承区域155的着地处159上。 When the vehicle is parked in place inside the vehicle is parked and work stations 150, the driver may be located still elevated region 155 with the support 159 is located on. 将具有标准长度的各辆低座小摩托车均匀地、纵向地定位在所述输送工站内。 Having a standard length of each vehicle scooter uniformly longitudinally positioned in the transfer station station. 当蓄电池更换作业完成时,所述驾驶者可以将所述车辆向前牵引。 When the battery replacement operation is completed, the driver of the vehicle can be pulled along.

如图13进一步示出的那样,可对以上描述的电子付款系统P'进行访问,与此同时所述驾驶者可以站立在被抬高的支承区域155的着地处159上。 13, as further shown, may be of the electronic payment system described above, P 'is accessed, the driver can stand while the support is raised area 155 is located on the 159.

正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,可以采用其它的实施例以替代一被抬高的支承区域,以使车辆驾驶者能将所述低座小摩托车定位在传输工站内部。 As those skilled in the art can appreciate, other embodiments may be employed in place of a bearing region is raised so that the driver of the vehicle of the scooter can be positioned inside transfer station station. 例如,可以采用一输送机构或类似装置使所述车辆移动到车辆安全工位的位置。 For example, using a transport mechanism or the like so that the vehicle moves to a position of the vehicle security station. 或者,为了能保持对各车辆进行连续地处理,操作人员可将车辆移动到一个高度的平面上并借助一台阶而不是一坡道从所述蓄电池输送器上经过。 Alternatively, in order to maintain continuous processing of the respective vehicle, the vehicle operator may move on a plane by a height and a ramp instead of a step from the battery through the conveyor. 或者,可以由一传输工站的操作或维护人员来开始进行所述蓄电池更换作业。 Alternatively, a transfer may be by an operator or maintenance staff work station to start the battery replacement operation.

如图13所示,被抬高的支承区域155可以随意选择地包括一光传感装置161,以检测被抬高的支承区域上是否有车辆驾驶者。 13, the elevated support region 155 may comprise randomly selecting a light sensing device 161, to detect whether the vehicle driver has to be raised on the support region. 被抬高的支承区域155位于车辆V'的两侧上,并且该两侧可以装有一光传感装置161,从而可以监测是否还有另外的车辆乘员或采用对置坡道以将车辆定位在所述传输工站T'内的车辆驾驶者。 Supported on both sides of the raised region 155 of the vehicle V ', and the sides can be provided with a light sensing means 161, thereby monitoring whether there is another vehicle occupant ramps or opposed to using the vehicle positioning the driver of the vehicle station transfer station T 'therein. 传感器161最好位于被抬高的支承区域155上的着地处159的表面的正下方。 Sensor 161 is preferably located just below the surface 159 is located on the support region 155 is elevated. 传感器161还最好借助穿透的控制电路与上面所描述的计算机系统相连。 Sensor circuit 161 also preferably by means of a control system connected to the computer penetration described above. 该传感器161可以藉助对被抬高的支承区域155周围的区域进行监测而可以保证在开始更换蓄电池之前使驾驶者安全地远离蓄电池更换用输送器。 The sensor 161 may be surrounded by a region 155 is raised and the bearing region can be monitored to ensure that the driver started to replace the battery before battery replacement safely away from the conveyor. 当传感器161检测到在光束路径上有一物体时,就产生一控制信号以使输送器停机。 When the sensor 161 detects that there is an object in the beam path, a control signal is generated so that the carrier is stopped. 该传感器161可以为低座小摩托车的驾驶者提供附加的安全特性,这是汽车蓄电池更换系统所不需要的。 The sensor 161 may provide additional security features for the scooter driver, this car battery changing system is not required. 或者,当维护人员开始或进行蓄电池更换作业时,该传感器可以监测是否有传输工站的维护人员出现。 Alternatively, when the maintenance person or the battery replacement operation starts, the sensor may monitor whether a station maintenance personnel transfer station occurs.

正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员所理解的那样,可以采用各种不同的传感装置来对所述被抬高的支承区域的着地处上是否有人。 As those skilled in the art appreciate, it may take a variety of sensing devices to be located on the support if the region was elevated. 例如,对所述着地处上是否有驾驶者的检测作业可以利用一位于所述着地处正下方的重量传感器来完成的。 For example, the detecting whether the job is located on the driver can be located using a sensor located immediately below the weight to complete. 该传感器可以构造成能在开始进行蓄电池更换之前对一临界重量进行测量。 The sensor may be configured to enable measurement of a critical weight before starting the battery replacement.

在图14所示的实施例中,所述传输各种T'包括一具有一杆件121的液压缸120,所述杆件将蓄电池B1'侧向地用力推入该车辆内的蓄电池座122内。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 14, the various transmission T 'comprises a hydraulic cylinder having a rod member 121, 120, the rod member of the battery B1' is laterally forced into the battery within the vehicle seat 122 Inside. 蓄电池B1'使原有的车辆蓄电池B2'移动,迫使原有的蓄电池B2'朝着所述输送器的承接端115移动到一出口输送器上。 Battery B1 'so that the original vehicle battery B2' movement, forcing the existing battery B2 '115 is moved toward the receiving end of the conveyor to an outlet conveyor. 一个或多个传动链轮127可以如图7所示的那样设置在所示承接端处,以完成蓄电池更换的作业。 A plurality of drive sprockets 127 or may be provided as shown in FIG. 7 at the receiving end as shown, to complete the battery replacement operation. 或者,可以由传输工站的操作或维护人员来开始和手动地执行所述蓄电池更换作业。 Alternatively, the transfer may be started by the operator or maintenance work station personnel and manually performing the battery replacement operation.

在图15所示的较佳实施例中,只有传动链轮127是用来与车辆蓄电池底侧上的各凹槽126相啮合的以完成所述蓄电池更换作业。 Preferred embodiment shown in FIG. 15 embodiment, only the drive sprocket 127 is used with the groove 126 on the underside of the vehicle battery to complete engagement of the battery replacement operation. 所述的传动链轮位于车辆停靠工站150的底板内的蓄电池的底侧的正下方。 The drive sprocket is located directly below the bottom side of the bottom plate of the battery of the vehicle is parked in the work station 150. 链轮127设置在一液压式垂直提升件上,所述提升件可被提升起来或放低以与位于车辆的蓄电池室117内的蓄电池相啮合。 Sprocket 127 is provided on a hydraulic vertical lifting member to lift the battery within the battery compartment of the vehicle and the engaged member 117 can be lifted or lowered. 各链轮然后回缩入底板内,以便一旦完成所述更换作业即可使车辆驶离所述传输工站T'。 Then sprockets retracted into the base plate, so that upon completion of the replacement operation can make the vehicle away from the work station transmission T '.

任选的是,该较佳实施例可以构造得能在蓄电池更换作业之前将蓄电池从蓄电池座122向上提升起来。 Optionally, the preferred embodiment may be so constructed lifted upwardly of the battery 122 from the battery until the battery holder replacement work. 蓄电池座122设置有一些与蓄电池内的各凹槽相对齐的开口。 The battery holder 122 is provided with a number of recesses in the respective aligned opening the battery. 传动链轮127与上面所描述的蓄电池输送器的各传动链轮一起可使蓄电池从蓄电池输出端114以一种连续的方式侧向地传送至蓄电池承接端115。 Can together with the respective drive sprocket conveyor sprocket 127 of the battery with the above-described battery transferred in a continuous manner from the output terminal of the battery 114 to the battery laterally receiving terminal 115.

如图15所示,传输工站T'包括一由定位结构112构成的车辆停靠工站150,所述定位结构被图示成用于车辆V'的前轮和后轮113的容放座。 As shown, the work station transmission T 15 'comprises a vehicle consisting of a stop structure 112 positioned work station 150, it is illustrated as the positioning structure for a vehicle V' front and rear wheels of the accommodating housing 113. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员理解的那样,可以采用各种不同的定位结构。 As those skilled in the art appreciate, a variety of different positioning structures can be employed. 如果需要,可以将多个定位结构112设置在各个彼此隔开的位置处,以适用于车辆的不同长度。 If desired, a plurality of positioning structures 112 may be disposed at a position spaced apart from each another, to apply to vehicles of different lengths. 或者所述定位结构可以设置在一辊式机构或辊式轨道,用来调节各容放座以改变前、后轮之间的间距。 Or the positioning structure may be provided in a roll or a roll rail mechanism, for adjusting each of the accommodating seat to vary the spacing between the front and rear wheel.

此外,被抬高的支承区域155的内侧还可以起到附加的保护作用,可以防止车辆倾翻、同时又可将车辆适当地定位在所述低座小摩托车的停靠工站150内部。 In addition, the elevated inner region 155 may also support additional protection functions, can prevent the vehicle from tipping, but also while the vehicle is properly positioned within the scooter docking station 150 work.

如图15进一步示出的那样,车辆停靠工站150装备有一些位于车辆停靠工站150的底板上位于车轮容座112之间的辊子165。 15, as further shown, the vehicle 150 stops work station 165 is equipped with a number of roller wheels 112 is located between the receptacles located on the parked vehicle floor 150 work stations. 一旦将车辆V'定位在车辆停靠工站150内部,位于蓄电池室117下方的车辆167的底座即靠抵在各辊子上,从而可以在蓄电池的传输过程中保持低座小摩托车的平衡且直立位置。 Once the vehicle V 'is positioned inside the vehicle stops work station 150, it is located below the battery compartment 117 of the vehicle chassis 167, i.e. against the abutment on the rollers, thereby maintaining the scooter during transmission of the battery in the equilibrium and upstanding position. 较佳的是,辊子165沿着低座小摩托车底侧的整个宽度延伸,从而可以提供最大的车辆稳定性。 Preferably, the roller 165 along the entire width of the bottom side of the scooter extends, thereby providing maximum vehicle stability. 如果需要,还具有设置一些附加的辊子,以提高平衡性。 If necessary, further includes additional rollers disposed to improve balance. 各辊子165还可以帮助操作人员在完成了蓄电池的传输作用之后把车辆移离所述工站。 The rollers 165 may also help the operator after completion of the transfer of the effect of the battery of the vehicle from the work station.

正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员所理解的那样,可以采用各种不同类型的支承结构中的任一种来替代辊子165或加配到辊子165上来使用。 As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it may take any of a variety of different types of support structures instead of the roller 165 or rollers 165 to increase with up to use. 例如,可以借助与车辆侧面接触的侧向啮合的辊子使所述低座小摩托车停靠就位。 For example, by means of rollers engaging the lateral side of the vehicle in contact with the scooter docked position. 一旦驾驶者付款,各侧向啮合的辊子可以锁固在一定位置,并且在完成了蓄电池的传输作业之后即可松开并从车辆上缩回。 Once the driver payment, laterally engaging the respective rollers can be locked in position, and to release and retract from the battery of the vehicle after completion of the transfer operation. 其它实施例可以包括一锁定用轮毂机构,它可以与所述低座小摩托车轮胎附近的两侧面相啮合,以便在蓄电池的传输过程中将车辆适当保持在位。 Other embodiments may include a lock which can be engaged with the sides of the scooter near the surface of the tire hub means, in order to properly held in place in the process of transmission of the vehicle battery. 理想的是,各辊子、锁固用轮毂机构或其它支承机构的接触面由一种不会损坏低座小摩托车光洁度的材料制成。 Ideally, the rollers, the contact surface of the locking hub or other support means which will not damage the mechanism of a scooter finish material.

图16是所述输送回路的另一实施例,并示出了上述垂直啮合链轮机构的具体结构。 FIG 16 is another embodiment of the transfer circuit, and shows the specific configuration of the vertical engaging sprocket mechanism. 在该实施例中,所述输送回路在所述车辆的上方垂直延伸,而不是在所述车辆的前方或后方延伸。 In this embodiment, the transfer circuit extends vertically above the vehicle, rather than extending in front of or behind the vehicle. 图中所示的垂直输送回路具有一定位且停靠在传输工站T'内部的低座小摩托车V'。 Vertical transfer circuit shown in FIG has a positioning station and stops at transfer station T 'inside the scooter V'. 各蓄电池B'被顺序充电同时沿着该车辆上方的所述输送器垂直移动,而不是沿着该车辆前方的所述输送器纵向移动。 Each of the battery B 'is charged sequentially while vertical movement above the conveyor along the vehicle, instead of moving along the longitudinal direction of the vehicle in front of the conveyor. 正如上面所描述的各实施例中的那样,蓄电池承接端115装有一垂直的蓄电池提升器143,用来将那些被确定为不适于再充电的蓄电池除去。 As each of the embodiments described above that is determined to be unsuitable for a rechargeable battery in the above embodiment, the battery receiving end of the battery 115 is provided with a vertical lift 143, to be removed. 较佳的是,各蓄电池借助设置在车辆停靠工站150内部的与蓄电池底侧上的各凹口或凹槽126相啮合的传动链轮127、穿过车辆的蓄电池室117、从蓄电池输出端114移动至蓄电池承接端115。 Preferably, each battery by means of a drive sprocket provided at each notch or recess 126 on the bottom side of the battery to engage the interior of the vehicle stopping work stations 150,127, through the battery compartment of the vehicle 117, from the output terminal of the battery the battery 114 to the receiving mobile terminal 115. 如图16进一步图示的那样,蓄电池充电器116是位于沿着蓄电池的输送器的各位置上。 As further illustrated in Figure 16, each battery charger 116 is located along a conveyor on the battery.

各蓄电池垂直地移动离开所述车辆的侧向移动与上面所描述的水平系统是相类似的。 Each of the battery is moved vertically away from lateral movement of the vehicle and the horizontal system described above is similar. 较佳的是,各蓄电池藉助使用各闩锁170沿着充电用输送器被垂直地载运。 Preferably, each battery by using each of the latch 170 is vertically conveyed along with the charge carrier. 例如,各闩锁170可以与蓄电池底侧内的各凹口或凹槽相啮合,以将所述蓄电池沿着输送带垂直向上和向下载运。 For example, each of the latches 170 may be engaged with the notch or recess in the bottom side of the battery, the battery along the conveyor to vertically upward and Carriage. 或者,各闩锁170可以沿着所述边缘或转角与所述蓄电池接触,而不需要与各凹口或凹槽相啮合。 Alternatively, each of the latch 170 may contact the corners or along the edges of the battery, without the need to engage with the notch or recess. 蓄电池在输送器顶部上方的侧向运动可以利用一与上面所描述的相类似的链轮机构来完成。 In the lateral movement of the battery above the top conveyor may be utilized with a similar sprocket mechanism described above to complete. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员理解的那样,可以采用闩锁、滑轮、传送带和链轮的任何组合,以使各蓄电池沿着所述输送回路载运。 As those skilled in the art appreciate, any combination of the latch, pulleys, belts and sprockets may be employed, so that each battery carrier along the conveyance circuit.

刚刚予以描述的垂直式实施例还可以通过任选地将一些垂直式输送回路或模块依序地加设到原有的输送回路的前方而提高蓄电池的容放量。 Be just vertical described embodiments may also be improved by accommodating the battery volume, optionally some vertical transfer circuit is provided to the front or modules plus the original transfer circuit sequentially. 较佳的是,每一附加的输送回路可以位于前一输送回路前方不超过几英寸的地方,由此可提高蓄电池的容放量,而不会损失空间。 Preferably, each additional conveying a transfer circuit before the loop may be located in front of the place is not more than a few inches, whereby the volume of the battery capacity can be increased, without loss of space.

图18至图22示出了本发明另一实施例的电力助动自行车系统。 18 to 22 illustrate a further embodiment of the present invention, a power-assisted bicycle system embodiment. 所述系统包括一使用一便携式蓄电池的电力助动自行车(图18),可以用手将所述便携式蓄电池所述自行车上拆卸下来。 The system comprises a portable battery using a power assisted bicycle (FIG. 18), the portable battery may be manually detached on the bicycle. 所述系统还包括一可承接、再充电和分配便携式蓄电池的自动售卖机(图21和图22)。 The system further comprises a can undertake, and assignment rechargeable portable battery vending machine (FIGS. 21 and 22). 本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的是,所述自动售卖机可以用来对各种其它类型的较小的、便携式蓄电池、诸如那些用于个人膝上型计算机或移动电话的蓄电池进行充电和更换。 Those skilled in the art will be appreciated that the vending machine can be used for various other types of small, portable batteries, such as those used in personal laptop computer or a battery of the mobile phone and charging replace. 所述售卖机可以位于许多重要区域内或附近,诸如便利店、飞机场、大型购物中心或飞机,以便能迅速且方便地更换电耗尽的蓄电池。 The vending machine can be located in or near a number of important areas, such as convenience stores, airports, shopping malls or aircraft, in order to be able to quickly and easily replace the battery power is depleted.

图18示出了一由蓄电池供电驱动的电力助动式自行车200的一较佳实施例。 FIG 18 shows a drive powered by a battery power assisted bicycle 200 in a preferred embodiment. 所述自行车200包括:一重量较轻的便携式蓄电池204;一较小的电动机206;一用来控制所述电动机的电动式速度控制机构202;以及一用来将驱动助力传递给所述自行车的动力传动机构208。 The bicycle 200 comprises: a light weight portable battery 204; a small motor 206; a motor speed control means for controlling the motor 202; and for a driving power is transmitted to the bicycle The power transmission mechanism 208.

现请参阅图18,自行车速度控制机构202可对由电动机204加给动力传动机构208的动力进行控制。 Referring now to Figure 18, the bicycle speed control mechanism 202 may control the power applied to the power transmission mechanism 204 by a motor 208. 该机构202最好通过一操作杆或开关连接在把手附近并与电动机204电连接,从而起到一节流阀的作用。 The mechanism 202 is preferably connected by a switch or lever near the handle and electrically connected to the motor 204, and thus play a role of a throttle. 速度控制机构202还可以是自动的,它可以采用一传感器以使自行车加速或减速,以获得适当的速度设定。 Speed ​​control mechanism 202 may also be automated, using a sensor that can accelerate or decelerate the bicycle, in order to obtain the appropriate speed settings. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,控制机构202还可以采用各种构造或位置。 As those skilled in the art may be appreciated, the control mechanism 202 or the position of various configurations may be employed.

自行车电动机组件208采用由蓄电池204提供的动力,以使动力传动机构208工作。 Bicycle motor assembly 208 provided with a power by the battery 204, the power transmission mechanism 208 so that the work. 蓄电池204和电动机206最好是作为一整体式组件而安装于自行车车架上,并且被装在一标准型腔室210内部,以提供安全性和稳定性。 Preferably the battery 204 and the motor 206 as a unitary assembly mounted on the bicycle frame, and is mounted inside a standard type chamber 210, to provide security and stability. 较佳的是,这种标准型腔室210借助一弹簧加载式铰链212安装于所述车架上。 Preferably, such a standard type chamber 210 by means of a spring-loaded hinge 212 mounted on the frame. 或者,正如本技术领域中众所周知的那样,可以使用各种系固件将腔室210固定于所述自行车上,它们包括例如,焊接、闩锁、系固板和螺钉等。 Alternatively, as is well known in the art that, various fastener the chamber 210 is fixed to the bicycle, which include, for example, soldering, latching, securing plates and screws and the like. 标准型腔室210最好包括一锁固机构214,以为蓄电池204提供安全保证。 Standard cavity chamber 210 preferably includes a locking mechanism 214, a battery 204 that provides security. 正如本技术领域中的那些熟练人员所众所周知的那样,电动机206可以是一标准型装夹式转子电动机或其它适当电动机。 As those skilled in the art that the skilled artisan is well known, the motor 206 may be a standard fixture rotor motor or other suitable motor.

在一较佳实施例中,可以对自行车200加以特别设计并加以装备,以便能在本发明系统中工作。 In a preferred embodiment, the bicycle 200 to be may be specially designed and equipped to be able to work in the system of the present invention. 但是,正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,为了能与本发明的系统一起使用,可以对一辆普通的自行车进行改进。 However, as those skilled in the art it will be appreciated that, in order to use with the system of the present invention may be modified conventional bicycle. 自行车200包括一后轮216和一前轮218。 Bicycle 200 comprises a wheel 216 and a wheel 218. 较佳的是,后轮216包括一采用特殊设计的轮胎轮辋220,并且在所述轮胎的正下方具有一较大的表面积,以便与自行车的动力传动机构208一起工作。 Preferably, the rear wheel 216 comprising a tire using a specially designed wheel rim 220 and has a larger surface area immediately below the tire, so as to work with the power transmission mechanism 208 of the bicycle.

图19A至图19C示出了用来与所述的电力助动自行车一起使用的动力传动机构208的几个实施例。 19A to 19C show a power transmission mechanism for the power assisted bicycle according to several embodiments used with 208. 自行车动力传动机构208与电动机组件206相连,并通过将驱动助力提供给后轮而开始工作。 Bicycle power transmission mechanism 208 is connected to the motor assembly 206, and supplied to the rear wheels by the drive assist start working. 动力传动机构208可以由一与标准型腔室210(如图18所示)相连的支承件240而稳定在位。 The power transmission mechanism support member 208 may be connected by a standard type chamber 210 (FIG. 18) stabilized in position 240. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,所述动力传动机构还可以采用各种构造和位置。 As those skilled in the art can appreciate, the power transmission mechanism may also be employed a variety of configurations and positions.

图19A示出了这样一个实施例,其中,动力传动机构208包括一具有各凹槽232的滚子230,所述各凹槽232与一特殊设计的车轮216相啮合,所述车轮216包括一具有胎面花纹的轮胎,所述轮胎上具有相匹配的互缩凹槽234以动力驱动自行车。 FIG 19A shows an embodiment in which the power transmission mechanism 208 includes a recess 232 having the respective rollers 230, 232 and the respective recesses a specially designed wheel 216 is engaged, the wheel 216 comprises a a tire having a tread pattern, has a matching groove on the tire shrinking power 234 to drive the bicycle. 或者,动力传动机构208可以包括一具有光滑表面可以与自行车车轮216的轮胎部分相啮合的滚子,并可以借助滚子紧抵轮胎胎面所产生的摩擦力来驱动自行车。 Alternatively, the power transmission mechanism 208 may comprise a roller having a smooth surface may be part of the tire of the bicycle wheel 216 engaged, by means of a roller and can be brought into tight frictional force generated by the tire tread to drive the bicycle. 在图19A至图19C中采用相同的标号来表示功能相似的部件。 The same reference numerals in FIGS. 19A to 19C to refer to like features.

图19B示出了动力传动机构208的另一实施例,其中,一对滚子230与后轮216的轮胎部分横向啮合。 FIG 19B illustrates another embodiment of the power transmission mechanism embodiment 208, wherein one pair of roller portion of the tire 230 and wheel 216 engaging the lateral. 自行车200通过滚子230紧抵轮胎222的外表面所产生的摩擦力而被驱动。 Bicycle 200 is driven by friction rollers 230 tightly against the outer surface 222 of the tire produced. 或者,可以将一滚子230或诸个滚子的组合用在轮胎222的任一侧上。 Alternatively, the roller may be a promoter or a combination of all of rollers 230 used on either side of the tire 222.

图19C示出了另一实施例,其中,摩擦滚子230与位于轮胎222正下方的车轮轮辋220相啮合。 19C shows another embodiment, wherein the friction rollers 230 and 222 positioned directly beneath the tire of the wheel rim 220 engages. 同样,自行车220也是通过滚子紧抵车轮轮辋220的外表面所产生的摩擦力来动力驱动的。 Similarly, the bicycle 220 is tightened by the rollers against the friction wheel rim to the outer surface 220 of the power generated by the driving. 或者,可以将一滚子230或诸个滚子的组合件用在车轮轮辋220的任一面上以提供所述自行车助动作用。 Alternatively, a roller subassembly 230 may be all or a roller wheel with a rim according to any one side 220 to provide a co-operation with the bicycle.

现请参阅图19B和图19C,用于滚子230的支承件240适于在所有状态下保持滚子230和轮胎222或车轮轮辋220之间具有一定摩擦力。 Referring now to FIGS. 19B and FIG. 19C, a support member 240 of the roller 230 is adapted to hold the rollers 230 and 222 of the tire or wheel rim 220 having a certain friction between the state at all. 支承件240可以包括一弹簧机构(未图示),该弹簧机构可保证在正常工作中使滚子230与轮胎保持紧密接触。 A support member 240 may comprise a spring mechanism (not shown), the spring means ensures that the roller 230 kept in close contact with the tire during normal manipulation. 此外,动力传动机构208可以包括一脱开啮合机构(未图示),它包括一可以使使用者在不需要动力助动时将所述滚子与轮胎222或车轮轮辋220脱开啮合的电动控制的电路或一手动的操作杆。 Further, the power transmission mechanism 208 may include a disengagement mechanism (not shown), which comprises a can the user when no power is assisted with the roller 222 of the tire or wheel rim 220 engages disengaging electric circuit or a manual control lever.

正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,可以使用很多其它的动力传动机构208,它们包括位于所述轮辋的轮毂附近能与自行车齿轮上的链轮相啮合以驱动自行车的齿轮或小齿轮机构。 As those skilled in the art may appreciate, it can be used many other power transmission mechanism 208, which includes the vicinity of a hub located at the rim can be engaged to drive the bicycle or pinion gears and sprocket bicycle gear mechanism. 或者,可以将所述动力传动机构和蓄电池/电动机组件设置在自行车的前轮附近。 Alternatively, the power transmission mechanism and the battery / motor assembly may be disposed in the vicinity of the bicycle wheel.

上面所描述的摩擦滚子可以与车轮轮辋相啮合一段朝着离开轮胎轮毂中心的距离。 Friction roller as described above may be engaged with the wheel rim at a distance away from the tire toward the center of the hub. 当动力传动机构位于车轮中心或车轮轮毂附近时,使车轮转动所需的扭矩将增大。 When the power transmission mechanism is located in the center of the wheel or the wheel hub, torque required to turn the wheel will increase. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员所已知的那样,可以作出很多变型,以解决动力传动机构的扭矩问题,诸如增大来自于电动机的动力,或采用一理想的齿轮传动比来使车轮转动。 As those skilled in the art are known, many modifications may be made in order to solve the problem of the torque of the power transmission mechanism, such as an increase in power from the electric motor, or using a desired gear ratio to make the wheels turn.

图20示出了蓄电池204和电动机组件206的一较佳实施例。 FIG 20 illustrates a battery 204 and a motor assembly 206 of the preferred embodiment. 蓄电池可以是例如4”宽、4”长且4”高的蓄电池单元。在任何一种情况中,所述蓄电池(单元或组)都是重量较轻的,并且可很方便地用手将所述蓄电池从电动机206的顶部上的所在位置提升起来,移离所述车辆。当使用者将蓄电池204直接放置在电动机组件206的顶部上时,可以使蓄电池的各端子与电动机206自动地相接触。 The accumulator may be, for example, 4 "wide, 4" long and 4 "high battery cells. In either case, a battery (or group of cells) are lightweight and can be easily hand the location from said battery lift motor 206 on the top of it, is moved away from the vehicle. when the user of the battery 204 is placed directly on top of the motor assembly 206 allows the respective terminals of the battery of the motor 206 is automatically contacted .

蓄电池204可以通过一充分啮合机构而保持在电动机206的顶部上的某一位置。 Battery 204 may be held in a position on top of the motor 206 by a sufficient engaging mechanism. 在一较佳实施例中,蓄电池204在蓄电池底侧上设置有一弹簧加载的、同心的端子触头(未图示),它可以与电动机306的上表面上的、类似的匹配触头306发生接触。 In a preferred embodiment, the battery 204 is provided on the bottom side of the battery has a spring-loaded, concentric terminal contacts (not shown), which can occur with similar mating contact 306 on the upper surface of the motor 306 contact. 较佳的是,位于蓄电池上的充电用触头304也是弹簧加载的。 Preferably, it positioned on the battery charging contacts 304 are spring-loaded. 正如本技术领域的那些熟练人员可以理解的那样,本发明的系统可以采用各种充电用触头和端子触头位置和构造。 As those skilled in the art may be appreciated, the system of the present invention may be employed with various charge contacts and the terminal contact position and configuration. 此外,蓄电池204和电动机组件206可藉助上面所描述的锁固机构204而保持在位,并在标准型腔室210内部彼此相互电气接触。 In addition, the battery assembly 204 and the motor 206 by means of locking means may be as described above and 204 held in place, and are electrically contacted with each other in the cavity chamber 210 internal standard.

蓄电池204还可以装备有多个用来将蓄电池从标准型腔室210中取出或除去的不同机构。 Battery 204 can also be equipped with a plurality of standards for the battery is removed from the cavity or chamber 210 of a different mechanism removed. 在一较佳实施例中,蓄电池204在蓄电池顶部包括一凹槽式手柄302,它可以使自行车使用者将蓄电池204从电动机206中拉出来。 In a preferred embodiment, the top of the battery 204 in the battery 302 includes a recessed handle, it can make the bicycle user to the battery 204 from the motor 206 to pull out. 蓄电池204只能在与将蓄电池固定于电动机的标准型腔室210上的锁固机构214脱开啮合之后才可以从所述车辆中取出。 Battery 204 can only be removed from the vehicle after the locking mechanism on the battery compartment 210 of the cavity 214 is fixed to the motor disengaged.

图21和图22示出了自动售卖机402的较佳实施例。 21 and FIG. 22 shows a preferred embodiment of the vending machine 402. 自动售卖机402包括一装有一蓄电池传输用输送器404的安全壳体。 Vending machine 402 includes a storage battery provided with a safety transmitting conveyor housing 404. 蓄电池传输用输送器404与以上结合汽车和低座小摩托车描述的输送器基本上是相同的。 Accumulator conveyor 404 with transmission above in connection with automobiles and scooter described conveyor is substantially the same. 图21示出了一垂直式输送器,但是,所述自动售卖机可以构造成具有一个或多个水平输送器或附加的垂直式输送器。 FIG 21 shows a vertical conveyor, however, the vending machine may be configured with one or more additional horizontal conveyor or vertical conveyor. 自动售卖机402具有一小规模的传输用输送器404,并且连续的输送回路实际上不会与所述车辆相接触。 Vending machine 402 has a transmission with a small conveyor 404, and a continuous conveyor loop does not actually contact with the vehicle.

现请参阅图21,所述自动售卖机最好包括一用来放置电耗尽蓄电池的承接用托盘410。 Referring now to Figure 21, the vending machine 410 preferably includes a receiving tray for placing the battery power is exhausted. 承接用托盘41与一蓄电池移动机构414相连,所述蓄电池移动机构包括一电动机驱动的传送带。 And receiving a moving mechanism 414 connected to the battery tray 41, the moving means comprises a battery of a motor drive belt. 传送带414与传输用输送器404的蓄电池承接端406相连。 Belt transmission 414 is connected to terminal 406 receiving battery conveyor 404. 较佳的是,传送带414包括一些突起416、凸脊或其它定位装置,它们可以使使用者将电耗尽的蓄电池适当地放置在传送带上。 Preferably, the conveyor belt 414 includes a number of protrusions 416, ridges or other positioning device, which the user can make an electrical battery depletion is suitably placed on a conveyer. 传输用输送器404的蓄电池输出端408还与传送带414相连,以使充电的蓄电池从输出端408移动至输出托盘412。 Transmission output conveyor 404 of the battery 408 is also connected to the end of the conveyor belt 414, so that the charging of the battery from an output terminal 408 to move the output tray 412. 所述自动售卖机最好在所述壳体内具有各开口418,以接收来自于使用者的电耗尽的蓄电池,并且将已充电的蓄电池分配给该使用者。 The battery vending machine preferably has openings 418 to receive the user's electrical depletion within the housing, and the charged battery assigned to the user. 所述自动售卖机或者可以仅具有一个既可承接又可分配各蓄电池的开口。 The vending machine may have only one or both of the receiving openings each battery but also distribution. 虽然图21和图22中所示的系统使用了一传送带来将蓄电池移动至所述输送器的承接端,但是,使用者也可以将蓄电池通过所述开口而放置在承接端处。 Although the system shown in FIGS. 21 and 22 use a transmission to bring the battery to move the receiving end of the conveyor, however, the user may be placed through the opening of the battery at the receiving end.

所述自动售卖机最好包括一计算机(未图示),所述计算机编有一定程序,可以对与上述结合汽车和低座小摩托车传输用输送器进行描述的工作情况相类似的所述自动售卖机的工作情况进行处理。 The vending machine preferably comprises a computer (not shown), a computer programmed with certain procedures, can be similar to the operation described above in conjunction with the conveyor and the car and transport scooter operation of vending machines for processing. 所述计算机借助诸如上所描述、并在图4中示出的传统控制电路对所述输送器的工作情况进行控制。 The computer as described in the means, and illustrated in FIG. 4 in the conventional control circuit controls the operation of the conveyor.

例如,所述计算机可以检验是否已将蓄电池适当地放置在所述壳体开口内部某一位置,可对各蓄电池的历史数据和充电电平进行监测,可对送至输送器和来自所述输送器的蓄电池的流动情况进行控制,并可将那些不能充电充足至全容量的蓄电池除去。 For example, the computer can check whether the battery has been properly placed in a position inside the opening of the housing, the historical data can be monitored and the charge level of each battery can be sent to and from the transport conveyor flow battery's control, and those not sufficiently charged to full capacity of the battery is removed. 所述计算机还可以对一电子付款系统进行控制,并对沿着所述输送器进行的蓄电池充电情况以及各蓄电池的诊断测试情况进行控制。 The computer may also control an electronic payment system, and a battery charging situation along the conveyor and a diagnostic test of each battery case is controlled.

在图21中总的以标号420标示的所述电子付款系统与所述计算机运作连接,并可以使使用者开始进行蓄电池的更换作业。 In reference to the overall operation of the electronic payment system 21420 connected FIG indicated with the computer, and the user can start the battery replacement operation. 付款系统420可以采用一用来对现金进行处理的现金容放器,或者可以借助一信用卡、小型收发机、IC智能卡或其它付款方法来付款。 Cash payment system 420 may be a device for accommodating cash processing, or may be a payment by credit card, a small transceiver machine, IC smart cards or other payment methods. 一旦消费者付了款,自动售卖机402将藉助使蓄电池移动机构414移动而接受电耗尽的蓄电池,并且一旦检验出一电耗尽的蓄电池已被适当放置,将从所述输送器的蓄电池输出端408将一充足了电的蓄电池传送至输出托盘412。 Once the consumer pays, the vending machine 402 by means of the moving mechanism 414 moves the battery electrical accept depleted battery and, once checked out a depleted battery power has been properly placed, the conveyor from a battery output terminal 408 a fully charged battery 412 is transmitted to the output tray. 可任选的是,电子付款系统可以被构造成(通过蓄电池测试电路和所述计算机)来确定留在电部分耗尽的蓄电池内的电量,这样,使用者只要支付将所述蓄电池恢复到全电量所需电量而需付的费用。 Optionally, the electronic payment system may be configured to determine the charge remaining in the partially depleted battery power (via the battery test circuitry and the computer), so that the user will pay only the battery to full recovery electricity and pay the costs of electricity.

使用者最好是将一电耗尽的或电部分耗尽的蓄电池从位于所述自行车上的标准型腔室内部的所述电动机组件上取出来。 Preferably an electrical user is depleted or partially depleted battery power taken out from the interior of the motor assembly of standard type chamber located on the bicycle. 使用者可以将用过的蓄电池放置在传输用输送器404的蓄电池承接端408附近的承接用托盘410内。 User may used in the battery receiving end 408 disposed near the transfer conveyor 404 receiving the battery tray 410. 在付了款而正常开始蓄电池的传输作业之后,该使用者可以将蓄电池传输工站的蓄电池输出端408附近的输出托盘412内的一充足了电的蓄电池204取起来。 After paid for transmitted normal operation of the battery starts, the user can output terminal of the battery the battery output tray transfer station a station 408 near the fully charged battery within the 412,204 to take up. 然后,将已充电的蓄电池204迅速地放置在自行车的电动机组件206内或一类似的标准型腔室内。 Then, the charged battery 204 rapidly placed in the motor assembly 206 of the bicycle or a similar standard interior cavity.

现请参阅图22,使用者可以将电耗尽的蓄电池放置在承接托盘410内,移动机构414可将该蓄电池移入壳体403内。 Referring now to Figure 22, the user can electrically depleted battery placed in the receiving tray 410, the movement mechanism 414 can be moved into the battery housing 403. 然后对所述蓄电池加以分析,一旦检验完毕,可以将所述蓄电池从传送带414移动到蓄电池传输用输送器404的蓄电池承接端406内。 Then analyze the secondary battery, once the test is completed, the battery may be receiving from the inner end of the conveyor belt 406 moves the battery 414 to the battery transfer conveyor 404. 蓄电池204可以通过一电耗尽蓄电池承接装置(未图示)而放置在输送器404内,所述电耗尽蓄电池承接装置可将该电耗尽蓄电池自传送带414提升起来,并将该电耗尽蓄电池放置到沿着所述输送器的开放式蓄电池位置上。 Battery 204 may be battery drain receiving means (not shown) positioned within the conveyor 404 by an electric, battery drain receiving the electrical device may be electrically battery drain from the conveyor belt 414 lifted, and the power consumption try to open the battery placed in the battery locations along the conveyor. 如果沿着所述输送器的所有位置都被填满,可将电耗尽的蓄电池放置在一保持区域内,一直到有一空的充电位置为止。 If all locations are filled along the conveyor, the electric battery depletion may be placed in a holding area until there is an empty until the charging position. 所述输送回路包括总的以标号430示出的充电用触头,它们可以对所述输送回路内的蓄电池进行充电。 The transfer circuit comprises a charging contacts, generally designated 430 is shown, which the battery can be charged in the delivery circuit.

再请参阅图22,所述计算机可以对蓄电池输出端408处的蓄电池进行监测,以确定该蓄电池是否充足了电,并使它沿着输送器404前进,一直到蓄电池输出端408处有一充足了电的蓄电池为止。 Referring again to FIG. 22, the computer 408 can monitor the battery at the battery output to determine whether the battery is fully charged and it proceeds along the conveyor 404 until the battery 408 at the output of a sufficient Until electric battery. 然后,借助一充电蓄电池输出装置(未图示)使一充足了电的蓄电池移动离开传输用输送器404的蓄电池输出端408,所述充电蓄电池输出装置可以将被充电的蓄电池放置在传送带414上的某一位置上。 Then, a charging of the battery by the output means (not shown) so that a fully charged battery 408 to move away from the transmission side output conveyor battery 404, the charging of the battery output device may be placed on the conveyor charged battery 414 a certain position. 然后,使充足了电的蓄电池沿着传送带而移动至输出托盘412,以便使用者将其取出。 Then the fully charged battery along the conveyor belt to move the output tray 412, so that the user remove.

较佳的是,所述计算机对蓄电池内的允许/禁止开关进行控制,以对蓄电池的充电容量进行控制。 Preferably, the computer allows the battery / inhibit switch is controlled to charge the battery capacity is controlled. 一旦使用者已将一电耗尽的蓄电池适当放置好,该计算机可以将一授权消息传送给该蓄电池,以接通蓄电池开关,从而可以沿着自动售卖机内部的输送器进行蓄电池充电。 Once the user has a depleted battery power is good proper placement, the computer may be an authorization message to the battery, the battery switch to turn on, charging of the battery can be along the interior of the vending machine conveyor. 分配入输出托盘内的充足了电的蓄电池将截断蓄电池开关。 The battery is fully charged the output of the dispensing tray within the truncated battery switch. 以此方式,使用者在家里或使用未经授权的设备是不能对蓄电池进行充电的,而且,使用者只能在特定的蓄电池传输位置对电耗尽的蓄电池进行更换。 In this way, users at home or use unauthorized devices can not charge the battery, and the user can only run out of electricity transmission at a specific battery location battery replacement. 当所述开关断开时,充电用触头是断开的,从而可以防止充电,并且可以对蓄电池进行安全的手动处理。 When the switch is off, charging contacts are disconnected, thereby preventing charging, and the battery can be safely handled manually.

虽然所述自动售卖机最好是根据使用者的付款情况来进行蓄电池的更换作业的,但是,可以采用其它的方法来开始进行所述更换作业。 Although the vending machine is preferably carried out in accordance with the user operation to replace the battery in the case of payment, however, other methods may be employed to start the replacement work. 例如,可以要求使用者在键盘上输入一签名码(subscription code)或私人口令(除了要求提供一电耗尽蓄电池之外),以输出一新的蓄电池。 For example, the user may be required to enter a signature code (subscription code) on the keyboard a password or private (except a request other than an electrical battery depletion), to output a new battery.

虽然以上已对本发明的几个特定实施例进行了描述,但是,对于本技术领域的那些熟练人员来说显然还可以在本发明的保护范围之内作出其它种种实施例。 While the above embodiment has several particular embodiments of the present invention have been described, but obviously various other embodiments may be made within the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art it. 因此,本发明的保护范围应仅由所附的权利要求书来限定。 Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be limited only by the appended claims is defined.

Claims (42)

  1. 1.一种用来对电力驱动车的蓄电池进行更换并用来对各蓄电池的使用情况进行监测的蓄电池充电和传输工站,所述车辆具有一延伸穿过该车辆的至少一部分的蓄电池腔室,所述工站的特征在于,它包括:一驶过车辆站台,它具有一入口端和一出口端以使所述车辆进入所述站台、停靠在所述站台内部,并沿着预定路径离开所述站台而无须换向;一连续的蓄电池传输用输送器,所述输送器具有:一蓄电池承接端,它可承接来自于蓄电池腔室的第一端的、电部分耗尽的蓄电池;一蓄电池输出端,它可以将一已充电的蓄电池输出至所述蓄电池腔室的第二端,所述输送器具有多个用来将多个蓄电池保存在所述承接端和输出端之间的蓄电池位置;至少一个沿着所述输送器定位的蓄电池充电器;一计算机,它与所述输送器相连,这样,所述计算机可以按所编制的 A power driven vehicle used to replace a battery and used to monitor the battery charging station and transfer station use each battery, said vehicle battery having a cavity extending through at least a portion of the vehicle, characterized in that said work station, comprising: passing a vehicle platform, having an inlet end and an outlet end such that the vehicle enters the station, inside the docking station, along a predetermined path and away from the said platform without commutation; with a continuous battery transfer conveyor, said conveyor comprising: a battery receiving end, it can undertake, a first end portion electrically to the battery from a depleted battery chamber; a battery an output terminal, which can be a charged battery output to the second terminal of the battery chamber, said conveyor having a plurality of batteries stored for a plurality of batteries in position between the receiving terminal and the output terminal ; at least one location along the conveyor battery charger; a computer, which is connected to the conveyor, so that, by the computer may be prepared by 序而使各蓄电池沿着输送器从所述承接端移动至所述输出端;至少一个电子传感装置,它与所述计算机相连,所述传感装置沿着所述输送器设置,以对所述输送器上的各蓄电池的唯一识别码进行阅读;以及一与所述计算机相连的数据库,所述数据库存储有用于多个蓄电池的历史数据,所存储的所述历史数据与各蓄电池的唯一识别码有关。 The sequence of each battery along the conveyor from the receiving end to move the output terminal; at least one electronic sensing device, which is connected to the computer, the sensing means disposed along said conveyor, in order to the unique identifier of the storage batteries on the conveyor to be read; and a database coupled with said computer, said database storing historical data for a plurality of batteries, the unique historical data stored in the respective storage batteries identification code related.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述计算机运作相连的电子付款系统,所述付款系统构造得可以使各车辆的驾驶者指定付款信息,所述付款信息是用于支付与蓄电池更换有关的费用。 2. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises an electronic payment system connected to said computer to function, the payment system can be configured to give the driver of the vehicle that each specify a payment information, the payment information is used to cover costs associated with the replacement battery.
  3. 3.如权利要求2所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,所述付款系统包括一磁卡阅读器。 Battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 2, wherein said system comprises a payment card reader.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一在所述计算机上运行的蓄电池评价程序模块,所述评价程序模块能将电耗尽的蓄电池的历史数据与至少一个预先确定的极限值相比,以确定所述电耗尽的蓄电池是否应该从所述输送器中除去。 4. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises a battery module evaluation program running on a computer in the history of program modules can deplete the battery power of the evaluation data as compared to the at least one predetermined limit value to determine whether the depleted battery power should be removed from the delivery vessel.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,至少一个电子传感装置包括一条形码阅读器。 5. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 1, wherein the at least one electronic sensor means comprises a bar code reader.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,至少一个电子传感装置包括一射频接收器。 Battery charging station and said transfer station as claimed in claim 1, wherein the at least one electronic sensor means comprises a radio frequency receiver.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,所述数据库包括一可利用多个地域分布的蓄电池充电和传输工站来进行远距数据存取的集中式数据库。 7. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 1, wherein said database comprises a rechargeable battery may utilize a plurality of work stations and geographical distribution of the transmission to perform centralized database remote data access.
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括至少一个藉助至少一个蓄电池提升器与所述连续式输送器相连的延展模件,所述延展模件具有一第二输送器,该第二输送器具有多个用来保持住多个蓄电池的蓄电池位置。 8. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises at least one extension module by means of at least one battery is connected with the lifting continuous conveyor, said extension member having a mold a second conveyor, the second conveyor having a plurality of positions to hold a battery plurality of batteries.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,至少一个蓄电池提升器和第二输送器是与所述计算机运作相连的,这样,所述计算机可以有选择地使各蓄电池在所述连续式输送器和第二输送器之间移动。 9. The battery charging station and transfer station according to claim 8, wherein the at least one battery and the second conveyor lifter is connected to said computer to function such that the computer may be selectively each battery continuous movement between the conveyor and the second conveyor.
  10. 10.一种用来对电力驱动式两轮车辆的蓄电池进行更换的蓄电池充电和传输工站,所述两轮车辆包括一延伸穿过所述两轮车的至少一部分的蓄电池腔室,其特征在于,所述工站包括:一车辆停靠工站,它包括一车辆定位和支承结构,用来在蓄电池传输作业的过程中,将所述车辆保持在一直立的状态;以及一位于所述传输工站内部的连续的蓄电池传输输送器,所述输送器具有:一蓄电池承接端,用来承接来自于所述蓄电池腔室的第一端的电部分耗尽的蓄电池;以及一蓄电池输出端,用来将一已充电的蓄电池输出至蓄电池腔室的第二端,所述输送器具有多个用来对所述承接端和输出端之间的多个蓄电池进行保存和再充电的蓄电池位置。 A battery for electrically driven two-wheeled vehicle replacement battery charging station and a transfer station, the two-wheeled vehicle comprising a battery chamber extends through at least a portion of the two-wheeled vehicle, characterized in said work station comprising: a vehicle docking work station, comprising a vehicle location and the support structure for the battery during operation of the transmission, the vehicle will remain in an upright state; and a transmission located successive work stations inside the battery transfer conveyor, said conveyor comprising: a battery receiving terminal for receiving power from the first end portion of the battery depleted battery chamber; and an output terminal of the battery, has been used to charge a battery output to a second terminal of the battery chamber, said conveyor having a plurality of batteries is used to position a plurality of battery between the receiving terminal and the output terminal and save rechargeable.
  11. 11.如权利要求10所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一被抬高的支承区域,其有一表面位于所述蓄电池传输用输送器的上方,所述被抬高的支承区域用来在蓄电池传输作业过程中使使用者位于所述输送器上方的一安全位置。 As claimed in claim 10, the battery charging station and a transfer station, it characterized in that it further comprises a bearing region is raised, which has a surface located above the transmitting conveyor battery, which is raised bearing zone for the battery operation process, to transfer a user in a safe position above the conveyor.
  12. 12.如权利要求10所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,所述车辆定位和支承结构包括两个用来对所述两轮式车辆进行定位的车轮容放座。 As claimed in claim 10, the battery charging station and a transfer station, wherein the vehicle location and the support structure comprises two wheels for the positioning of the two-wheeled vehicle seat accommodating.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,所述车轮定位和支承结构包括分布在一方形区域的四个转角处的辊子,所述方形区域形成在所述车轮停靠工站的车轮容放座之间。 13. The secondary battery as claimed in claim 12, wherein the charging station and the transfer station, characterized in that the wheel alignment and the support structure comprises four rollers distributed at the corners of a rectangular region, the rectangular region formed in the wheel wheel docking station between base stations accommodated.
  14. 14.如权利要求10所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述蓄电池传输用输送器相连的计算机,这样,所述计算机可按所编制的程序使各蓄电池沿着所述输送器从所述承接端移动至所述输出端。 14. The battery of claim 10 and a transfer station charging station, characterized in that it further comprises a computer-transmitting conveyor to the battery is connected, so that the computer program can be compiled by the respective battery along the conveyor from the receiving end to move the output terminal.
  15. 15.如权利要求10所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述输送器相连的电子付款系统,所述付款系统构造得可以使所述车辆的驾驶者指定付款源信息,所述付款信息是用于支付与蓄电池更换有关的费用。 As claimed in claim 10, the battery charging station and a transfer station, characterized in that it further comprises electronic payment system coupled with said conveyor, the payment system can be configured to give the driver of the vehicle specified payment source of information, the payment information is used to cover costs associated with the replacement battery.
  16. 16.如权利要求10所述的蓄电池充电和传输工站,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述计算机相连以检测所述车轮的驾驶者是否处于一安全位置的传感器。 16. The battery of claim 10 and a transfer station charging station, characterized in that it further comprises a wheel connected to the detecting whether the driver is in a safety position of the sensor with said computer.
  17. 17.一种对电力驱动式两轮车辆的蓄电池快速进行更换的方法,所述车辆具有一延伸穿过该车辆的至少一部分的蓄电池腔室,所述方法包括以下步骤:提供一蓄电池充电和传输工站,所述蓄电池充电和传输工站包括:一车辆停靠工站,它包括一定位和支承结构,用来将所述车辆保持在一直立的状态;以及一位于所述传输工站内部的连续的蓄电池传输输送器,所述输送器具有:一蓄电池承接端,用来承接来自于所述蓄电池腔室的第一端的电部分耗尽的蓄电池;以及一蓄电池输出端,用来将一已充电的蓄电池输出至蓄电池腔室的第二端,所述输送器具有多个用来对所述承接端和输出端之间的多个蓄电池进行保存和再充电的蓄电池位置;将处于直立状态的所述车辆定位和支承在所述车辆停靠工站内部,从而使所述蓄电池腔室与所述输送器的蓄电池承接端和 17. A battery for electrically driven two-wheeled vehicle quick replacement method, the vehicle having a battery chamber extends through at least a portion of one of the vehicle, said method comprising the steps of: providing a battery charging and transfer work station, the battery charging station and the transfer station comprising: a vehicle docking work station, which includes a positioning and supporting structure for holding the vehicle in an upright state; and a transfer station located on the inside of the station a continuous battery transfer conveyor, said conveyor comprising: a battery receiving terminal for receiving power from the first end portion of the battery depleted battery chamber; and an output terminal of the battery, is used to a the battery has been charged to the second output terminal of the battery chamber, said conveyor having a storage battery and a plurality of positions is used to recharge the battery between a plurality of said receiving end and an output end for; the standing state the vehicle positioned and supported in the interior of the vehicle stop work station, so that the battery terminal of the battery receiving chamber and the conveyor, and 出端相对齐,所述蓄电池腔室装有电耗尽的蓄电池;以及藉助使所述输送器向前行进以使已充电的蓄电池从所述输送器的输出端移动到所述腔室内,并将电耗尽的蓄电池从所述腔室中移动到所述输送器的承接端,用已充电的蓄电池来更换电耗尽的蓄电池。 The aligned ends of the battery with the battery power is exhausted chamber; and a means of forward travel of the conveyor so that the battery has been charged is moved from the output of the conveyor into the chamber, and the depleted battery power moves from the chamber to the receiving end of the conveyor, with a charged battery to replace the battery power is exhausted.
  18. 18.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,用已充电的蓄电池来更换电耗尽的蓄电池的步骤包括使所述输送器精确地向前行进一个蓄电池位置。 18. The method according to claim 17, wherein the step of the battery with a charged battery to replace the electrical depleted the conveyor comprises a battery exactly travels forward position.
  19. 19.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,用已充电的蓄电池来更换电耗尽的蓄电池的步骤包括:使至少一个链轮向前伸人电耗尽蓄电池底面上的一裸露区域内,以使电耗尽的蓄电池移离所述蓄电池腔室。 19. The method according to claim 17, wherein the step of the battery with a charged battery to replace the depleted power comprising: at least one front sprocket extending human power depletion region exposed bottom surface of a battery the, depleted so that the electric accumulator batteries is moved away from said chamber.
  20. 20.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,它还包括使车辆向前行进通过位于所述输送器的一垂直移动部分的上方或下方的所述传输工站,而不会中断输送器的承接端和输出端之间的蓄电池传输路径。 20. The method according to claim 17, characterized in that it further comprises the vehicle travels forward or upward through the transfer station station located below said conveyor is a vertically moving portion, without interrupting the transport transmission path between the battery receiving end and an output filter.
  21. 21.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述蓄电池传输用输送器相连的计算机,并且所述更换步骤包括在计算机的控制下使所述输送器向前行进。 21. The method according to claim 17, characterized in that it further comprises a computer transmitting to the battery connected to the conveyor, and said replacing step comprises the conveyor in a forward travel under computer control .
  22. 22.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述计算机相连的电子付款系统,并且所述在计算机的控制下使所述输送器向前行进的步骤是由使用者借助所述电子付款系统根据付款情况来自动进行的。 22. The method according to claim 21, characterized in that it further comprises an electronic payment system connected to said computer, and said step of forward travel of the conveyor under the control of the computer by using by means of the electronic payment system according to automated payments.
  23. 23.一种对便携式蓄电池进行再充电和更换的系统,每一蓄电池均适于由使用者用手将其安装在一蓄电池动力装置内,其特征在于,所述系统包括:一安全壳体;一位于所述壳体内部的蓄电池输送器,所述输送器具有一蓄电池承接端和一蓄电池输出端,所述输送器具有多个用来将多个蓄电池保存在所述承接端和输出端之间的蓄电池位置;至少一个沿着所述输送器定位的蓄电池充电工站;一蓄电池承接装置,用来承接来自于所述壳体外部的电部分耗尽的蓄电池,并将电耗尽的蓄电池输出至所述输送器的蓄电池承接端;以及一用来将一已充电的蓄电池从所述输送器的蓄电池输出端输送给使用者的蓄电池输出装置。 23. A portable battery recharging and replacement systems, each battery being adapted to be mounted manually by a user in a battery powered device, characterized in that, the system comprising: a secure housing; a battery located inside the conveyor housing, said conveyor having a receiving end of a battery and a battery output end, said conveyor having a plurality of batteries stored for a plurality of the receiving end and the output terminal the position of the battery; located along the at least one conveyor station battery charging station; a battery receiving means for receiving power from outside of the housing portion of the depleted battery, and the battery output power depleted accumulator conveyor to the receiving terminal; and a is used to transport a charged battery from a battery output of the conveyor means to the user of the battery output.
  24. 24.如权利要求23所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,它可以与一由便携式蓄电池提供动力的电力驱动自行车一起使用。 24. A battery according to claim 23 and replacing charging system, characterized in that, it can be a battery powered by a portable power driven bicycle used together.
  25. 25.如权利要求24所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,所述自行车包括一能为自行车提供助动力的车轮啮合机构。 25. The secondary battery as claimed in claim 24, charging and replacement systems, characterized in that said engaging means includes a wheel bicycle can provide a power assist bicycle.
  26. 26.如权利要求25所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,所述车轮啮合机构包括至少一个与所述自行车的一车轮横向啮合的滚子组件。 26. A battery as claimed in claim 25, wherein the charging and replacing system, characterized in that said wheel engaging means comprises at least one lateral roller assembly engaged with a wheel of the bicycle.
  27. 27.如权利要求25所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,所述车轮啮合机构包括至少一个与自行车的轮辋横向啮合的滚子组件。 27. A battery as claimed in claim 25, wherein the charging and replacing system, characterized in that said wheel engaging means comprises at least one roller assembly of the bicycle wheel rim and engages laterally.
  28. 28.如权利要求23所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,所述壳体包括一单个开口,并且所述承接装置可通过所述开口接收电部分耗尽的蓄电池,所述输出装置可通过所述开口输出已充电的蓄电池。 28. A battery as claimed in claim 23, wherein the charging and replacing system, characterized in that said housing comprises a single opening, and the receiving device through the opening of the electrical part receiving depleted battery, said output means may be output through the opening of the battery has been charged.
  29. 29.如权利要求23所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述输送器相连的计算机,这样,所述计算机可按所编制的程序使各蓄电池沿着所述输送器从所述承接端移动至所述输出端。 29. A battery as claimed in claim 23, wherein the charging and replacing system, characterized in that it further comprises a computer connected with said conveyor, so that, the computer program can be compiled along each of said battery receiving from said conveyor to move said output end.
  30. 30.如权利要求29所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,它还包括:至少一个与所述计算机相连的电子传感装置,所述传感装置沿着所述输送器设置,以对所述输送器上的各蓄电池的唯一识别码进行阅读;以及一与所述计算机相连的数据库,所述数据库存储有用于多个蓄电池的历史数据,所存储的所述历史数据与各蓄电池的唯一识别码有关。 30. The secondary battery according to claim 29 and replacing charging system, characterized in that it further comprises: sensing at least one electronic device connected to the computer, the sensing means disposed along said conveyor, to the unique identifier of the storage batteries on the conveyor to be read; and a database connected to said computer, said database storing historical data for a plurality of batteries, the history data stored in the respective storage batteries unique identifier relevant.
  31. 31.如权利要求30所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,至少一个电子传感装置包括一条形码阅读器。 31. The battery according to claim 30 and replacing charging system, wherein the at least one electronic sensor means comprises a bar code reader.
  32. 32.如权利要求29所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,它还包括一与所述计算机运作相连的电子付款系统,所述付款系统能根据使用者的付款情况使所述输送器向前行进。 32. The secondary battery according to claim 29 and replacing charging system, characterized in that it further comprises an electronic payment system connected to said computer to function, the payment system to enable the conveyor to the user's payments forward travel.
  33. 33.如权利要求32所述的蓄电池充电和更换系统,其特征在于,所述付款系统还能根据对一电部分耗尽的蓄电池进行再充电所需的电量来向使用者收取费用。 And replacing said battery charging system as claimed in claim 32, 33, characterized in that the payment system can also be charged to the user based on a partially depleted battery power required battery recharging.
  34. 34.一种对电力驱动自行车的便携式蓄电池进行更换和再充电的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括以下步骤:提供一自行车,所述自行车包括:一与一电动机可拆卸地相连以提供所述电动机动力的蓄电池;一与所述电动机电气相连以使所述车辆的使用者能对所述电动机加以控制的电动机控制组件;以及一与所述电动机相连以为所述车辆提供助动力的电力驱动传动机构;提供一蓄电池传动和更换工站,它包括:一安全壳体;一位于所述壳体内部的蓄电池输送器,所述输送器具有:一可接收一电部分耗尽的蓄电池的蓄电池承接端;以及一输出一已充电的蓄电池的蓄电池输出端,所述输送器具有多个用来对多个位于所述承接端和输出端之间的蓄电池进行保存和再充电的蓄电池位置;以及至少一个位于与所述输送器相连的所述安全壳体内的开口,以将一电部 34. A portable electric power driven bicycle battery replacement and recharging, characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of: providing a bicycle, said bicycle comprising: a detachably connected to an electric motor to provide the said battery-powered motor; coupled to a user of the vehicle with the electric motor can be controlled by a motor control to the motor assembly; and a motor connected to the vehicle provided that the assist power of an electric drive transmission means; providing a battery exchange station and transmission stations, comprising: a secure housing; a battery housing located within the conveyor, the conveyor comprising: a can receiving an electrical battery partially depleted battery receiving terminal; and an output terminal of the battery output a charged battery, the battery having a conveyor for a plurality of positions of the plurality of batteries positioned between the receiving terminal and the output terminal and recharging save; and at least one opening is located within the secure housing and coupled to said conveyor, to an electrical unit 耗尽的蓄电池传送至所述蓄电池输出端;用手将一电耗尽的蓄电池从所述车辆中取出来;通过所述壳体开口使所述电耗尽的蓄电池向前行进至所述输送器的承接端;以及使所述已充电的蓄电池从所述输送器的输出端自动地向前行进至一可被使用者获取的位置。 Conveying the depleted battery to the battery output; hand a depleted battery power taken out from the vehicle; an opening through said housing of said electrical battery depletion moved forward to the delivery receiving end of the filter; and the forward travel of the battery has been charged to a position of a user can be automatically acquired from an output of the conveyor.
  35. 35.如权利要求34所述的方法,其特征在于,所述使电耗尽的蓄电池向前行进的步骤包括:使电耗尽的蓄电池从所述壳体开口自动地向前行进至所述输送器的蓄电池承接端。 35. The method according to claim 34, wherein said step of making comprises an electrical storage battery depletion forward travel: depleted battery from the electrical opening of the housing automatically to the forward travel a battery receiving end of the conveyor.
  36. 36.如权利要求34所述的方法,其特征在于,使所述电耗尽的蓄电池向前行进的步骤包括:通过所述壳体开口用手将电耗尽的蓄电池放置到所述输送器的蓄电池承接端内。 36. The method according to claim 34, wherein the step of including an electrical battery depletion forward travel: the depletion of the battery power hand placing said conveyor through said opening into the housing the receiving end of the battery.
  37. 37.如权利要求34所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蓄电池充电和更换工站还包括一与所述输送器相连的电子付款系统;并且所述自动向前行进的步骤包括根据使用者的付款情况使所述输送器向前行进。 37. The method according to claim 34, wherein said battery charging station and the exchange station further includes an electronic payment system connected with said conveyor; and said step comprising the automatic forward travel of the user the payment status conveyor travels forward.
  38. 38.如权利要求34所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蓄电池充电和更换工站还包括一与所述输送器工作性相连的计算机;并且使所述蓄电池自动向前行进的步骤包括:借助所述计算机使各蓄电池按一定程序沿着所述输送器、从所述承接端移动至所述输出端。 38. The method according to claim 34, wherein said battery charging station and the exchange station further includes a computer connected with the work of a conveyor; and the step of forward travel of said automatic battery comprising: each battery by means of the computer according to a certain program along the conveyor, moving from the receiving end to the output terminal.
  39. 39.如权利要求38所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蓄电池充电和更换工站还包括一与所述计算机相连的电子传感装置,用来对所述输送器上的各蓄电池的唯一识别码进行检测;并且所述方法包括利用所述传感装置对电耗尽的蓄电池的唯一识别码进行检测。 39. The method according to claim 38, wherein said battery charging station and the exchange station further includes electronic sensing means connected with said computer to uniquely each of the battery on the conveyor detecting the identification code; and the method comprises using the unique identification code sensing means for electrically detecting the depletion of a battery.
  40. 40.如权利要求38所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蓄电池充电和更换工站还包括一与所述计算机相连的蓄电池测试装置,以确定由使用者放置的一电耗尽蓄电池的电平;并且所述方法包括利用所述测试装置对所述电耗尽蓄电池的电平的检测。 40. The method according to electrically claimed in claim 38, wherein said battery charging station and the exchange station further includes a battery testing means connected with said computer to determine an electrical battery drain by the placement of a user flat; and the method comprising using the test apparatus for detecting the power level of the battery is depleted.
  41. 41.如权利要求38所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蓄电池充电和更换工站还包括一与所述计算机工作性相连的电子付款系统;并且所述方法包括根据使用者的付款情况使所述输送器自动地向前行进。 41. The method according to claim 38, wherein said battery charging station and the exchange station further includes an electronic payment system connected to the computer of the work; and the method comprising the user to make payments the conveyor travels forward automatically.
  42. 42.如权利要求38所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括对电耗尽蓄电池的充电电平进行检测和根据对电部分耗尽蓄电池进行再充电所需的电量向该使用者收取费用。 42. The method according to claim 38, characterized in that the method comprises charging the battery depletion level of the power needed to detect and to charge the rechargeable electrical charge users based on partially depleted storage battery cost.
CN 97180301 1994-01-06 1997-11-10 Battery charging and exchange system for electrically powered vehicles CN1078560C (en)

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US08745423 US5711648A (en) 1994-01-06 1996-11-12 Battery charging and transfer system
US08851621 US5927938A (en) 1994-01-06 1997-05-06 Battery charging and transfer system for electrically powered vehicles
US96501897 true 1997-11-05 1997-11-05

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CN1078560C true CN1078560C (en) 2002-01-30

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EP0950015A4 (en) 2000-02-02 application

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