CN111762039A - Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models - Google Patents

Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111762039A
CN111762039A CN201910252584.4A CN201910252584A CN111762039A CN 111762039 A CN111762039 A CN 111762039A CN 201910252584 A CN201910252584 A CN 201910252584A CN 111762039 A CN111762039 A CN 111762039A
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
power
power battery
charging
frame
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Pending
Application number
CN201910252584.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢子聪
赵振华
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Zhongliyuan Zhenjiang Electric Vehicle Technology Co ltd
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Zhongliyuan Zhenjiang Electric Vehicle Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910252584.4A priority Critical patent/CN111762039A/en
Publication of CN111762039A publication Critical patent/CN111762039A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/12Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to state of charge [SoC]
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S5/00Servicing, maintaining, repairing, or refitting of vehicles
    • B60S5/06Supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations

Abstract

The utility model provides a sharing battery intelligence of trading electric motor car of different motorcycle types stores charging system, includes: the battery storage rack is used for storing power batteries of different types of electric motor coaches; the battery dispatching device comprises a track and a battery replacing robot, wherein the track is used for conveying the extracted battery to be charged to the battery storage rack or conveying the fully charged battery on the battery storage rack to the battery replacing robot; the battery charging device is arranged on the battery storage rack and used for rapidly charging the power batteries, and monitoring and displaying the current state of each power battery in real time, wherein the current state of each power battery comprises: a battery to be charged, a positive charging battery, a full charge battery, and a faulty battery. The invention solves the problem that different batteries are stored and intelligently identified and then charged when the batteries of the electric cars of different types are replaced.

Description

Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of power battery replacement of electric coaches, in particular to an intelligent battery storage and charging system for sharing power replacement of electric coaches of different vehicle types.
Background
With the shortage of global energy, the problem of environmental pollution is becoming more serious, and under the large trend of environmental protection and clean energy concept, the electric passenger car has a very wide development prospect because the influence on the environment is smaller than that of the traditional car. The electric motor coach is a coach which takes a vehicle-mounted power supply as power and drives wheels to run by a motor, and meets various requirements of road traffic and safety regulations. The power battery is the core of the electric motor coach, but the insufficient cruising ability of the power battery is the bottleneck troubling the development of the electric motor coach.
The operation mode that the power battery is not required to be charged and only the electric vehicle is reloaded with the power battery full of electric power appears now, so that the time for a user to wait for charging the power battery is shortened, the time is basically the same as the time for refueling the traditional automobile, and the habit of the user for using the automobile does not need to be changed. A quick-change mode: the small electric motor coach running into the battery replacement station directly replaces the charged power battery through the battery replacement equipment in the battery replacement station, so that the small electric motor coach with the power battery of the small electric motor coach with insufficient electric quantity is convenient and quick, but the battery replacement technology is not mature.
In the mode, the power battery is arranged on the body of the electric motor coach, the size of the power battery is large (the length and the width are several meters generally) and the weight of the power battery is large (several hundred kilograms), and the safety requirement on the battery replacement mode is high; and the wheelbase and the wheel base of the electric motor coach of different models are different, even the size of the power battery is different, the current power exchange device in the power exchange mode is mainly suitable for the electric motor coach of a single model, the power battery of the electric motor coach of other models with different wheelbase/different wheel base can not be replaced, and under the concept of global new energy vehicle construction, the power battery of the electric motor coach of a single model can only be replaced, which is a great waste of resources.
If the batteries of the small electric buses of different vehicle types are replaced, the power batteries of the small electric buses of different vehicle types are different, and the problem that the batteries need to be solved at present is solved by storing and intelligently identifying the different power batteries.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent storage and charging system for batteries of different types of electric coaches, which is used for sharing the battery replacement, and solves the problem of how to store and intelligently identify different power batteries and then charge the different power batteries when the batteries of the different types of electric coaches are replaced.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides an intelligent battery storage and charging system for sharing battery replacement for electric cars of different models, comprising: a battery storage rack, a battery dispatching device and a battery charging device, wherein,
the battery storage rack is used for storing power batteries of different types of electric motor coaches;
the battery dispatching device comprises a track and a battery replacing robot, wherein the track is used for conveying the extracted battery to be charged to the battery storage rack or conveying the fully charged battery on the battery storage rack to the battery replacing robot;
the battery charging device is arranged on the battery storage rack and used for rapidly charging the power batteries, and monitoring and displaying the current state of each power battery in real time, wherein the current state of each power battery comprises: a battery to be charged, a positive charging battery, a full charge battery, and a faulty battery.
Compared with the prior art, the method and the device can be used for identifying the power batteries of the electric cars of different types, the power batteries can be stored in the battery storage rack and can be charged in a centralized manner by utilizing the valley electricity time period, the problem of power distribution in a power grid is solved by the valley electricity, and meanwhile, the cost can be saved, the energy is saved, and the environment is protected; the power battery can be effectively maintained, the safety of the power battery is improved, and the use of a vehicle owner is more convenient; the intelligent storage and charging system for the battery integrates storage and quick charging, is suitable for various electric passenger car models, has strong applicability, is suitable for large-scale popularization, and can effectively promote the good development of new energy automobiles.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a top view of an intelligent battery storage and charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a front view of an intelligent battery storage and charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an exploded view of an intelligent battery storage and charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a working flow chart of the battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present application more apparent, the technical solutions of the present application will be described in detail and completely with reference to the following specific embodiments of the present application and the accompanying drawings. It should be apparent that the described embodiments are only some of the embodiments of the present application, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
Note: in the present application, the X direction means an axial direction that is a direction opposite to a direction in which the vehicle keeps traveling straight on a horizontal ground surface, the Y direction means an axial direction perpendicular to the X direction on a vehicle chassis plane, and the Z direction means an axial direction perpendicular to a plane formed by the X direction and the Y direction.
The electric motor coach is a small-sized light passenger-carrying electric vehicle with less than 9 passengers, and the electric motor drives wheels to run by using a vehicle-mounted power supply as power. The electric motor coach is different from special electric vehicles (such as garbage transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies, urban goods transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies, public transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies and the like)
Note: the model parameters of the electric motor coach can comprise information such as the length of the coach body, the width of the coach body, the height of the coach body, the front wheel track, the rear wheel track, the size of a tire, the weight of the coach body, the wheel base of the coach body, the size of a battery, the weight of the battery and the like.
The utility model provides a battery intelligence storage charging system that electricity was traded in sharing of different motorcycle types [ electric ] motor coach, the motorcycle type parameter information who acquires according to vehicle recognition device, can be applicable to the [ electric ] motor coach of different motorcycle types trades the electricity, can so that not unidimensional power battery can be safe, convenient quick charging, battery intelligence storage charging system can be for the [ electric ] motor coach use of multiple motorcycle type, no matter be A0, the power battery of [ electric ] motor coach such as A level or B level all can charge, be convenient for the extensive commercial popularization and application of [ electric ] motor coach.
The electric push rod used in the present application is an electric driving device that converts a rotational motion of a motor into a linear reciprocating motion of a push rod. The device can be used as an execution machine in various simple or complex process flows; the electric push rod is composed of a driving motor, a reduction gear, a screw rod, a nut, a guide sleeve, a push rod, a sliding seat, a spring, a shell, a turbine, a micro control switch and the like. The electric push rod is a novel electric actuating mechanism, and the electric push rod is a novel linear actuating mechanism mainly composed of a motor, a push rod, a control device and the like, and can realize remote control and centralized control. The electric push rod moves back and forth within a certain range of stroke. The electric push rod actuating mechanism is adopted, when the control opening degree is changed, power needs to be supplied, and power can be not supplied when the required opening degree is reached, so that the electric push rod actuating mechanism has the obvious energy-saving advantage compared with a pneumatic actuating mechanism in terms of energy conservation.
In the screw mode adopted in the application, the motor drives a pair of screw nuts after being decelerated by a gear. The rotary motion of the motor is changed into linear motion, and the push rod action is completed by utilizing the positive and negative rotation of the motor. For example, the complex actions such as rotation and shaking can be completed through various levers, rocking bars or connecting rods. By varying the lever arm length, the stroke can be increased or decreased. The worm and gear drive form adopted in this application: the worm on the motor gear drives the worm wheel to rotate, so that the small lead screw in the worm wheel axially moves, the connecting plate drives the limiting rod to correspondingly axially move, when the required stroke is reached, the limiting block is adjusted to press down the travel switch to power off, and the motor stops running (positive and negative control is the same). The gear drive form adopted in this application: the motor drives a small screw rod arranged in the inner tube after passing through the reduction gear, drives a nut which is connected with the small screw rod to axially run, when the nut reaches a set stroke, a contact angle of the nut presses the limit switch to disconnect a power supply, and the motor stops moving (the reverse direction is the same as the direction). The sprocket approach used in this application, i.e. a wheel with cogged sprocket teeth, is used to mesh with precisely pitched blocks on a chain link or cable, and with (roller) chains to transmit motion.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement for electric cars of different models includes: a battery storage rack CC101, a battery charging device CC102 and a battery dispatching device CC103, wherein,
the battery storage rack CC101 is used for storing power batteries 20 of electric motor coaches of different vehicle types;
the battery scheduling device CC103 comprises a track and is used for conveying the extracted batteries to be charged to the battery storage rack CC101 or conveying the fully charged batteries on the battery storage rack to the battery replacement robot;
the battery charging device CC102 is disposed on the battery storage rack CC101, and is used for rapidly charging the power batteries, and monitoring and displaying the current state of each power battery in real time, where the current state of each power battery includes: a battery to be charged, a positive charging battery, a full charge battery, and a faulty battery.
The battery storage rack comprises a frame for placing power batteries, wherein the frame is of a multilayer structure, a plurality of power battery storage positions are arranged on the frame, and each layer of the structure of the frame is formed by connecting a plurality of longitudinal beams and a plurality of cross beams; the battery intelligent storage charging system locks the power battery on the frame, and after receiving information of taking a certain power battery, the battery intelligent storage charging system unlocks the power battery independently, so that the power battery is only placed on the frame, and the power battery is controlled to be moved out of the frame. The frame is formed by welding sectional materials, the size of each sectional material is 40mm multiplied by 40mm, and through actual measurement, the size of each sectional material is set to be 40mm multiplied by 40mm, so that the strength of the frame is improved.
Further comprising: the intelligent battery storage and charging system locks the power battery on the frame in an electromagnetic suction mode through the electromagnetic sucker. The power battery is fixed on the frame in an electromagnetic suction mode of the electromagnetic chuck. The power battery is fixed by adopting the electromagnetic suction way of the electromagnetic chuck, and the advantage is that the power battery is not limited to be fixed in a specific form. When a certain power battery is taken, the intelligent battery storage and charging system can be independently unlocked and then taken down by the battery scheduling device.
Further comprising: the battery intelligent storage charging system moves the power battery out of the frame, and the power battery is moved out of the frame through a plurality of running rollers and running roller driving devices arranged on the frame, wherein the left side and the right side of the running rollers are driven by two chain wheels, and the driving motors arranged on the left side and the right side of the running rollers drive one set of chain wheels to enable the running rollers to rotate so as to correspondingly move the power battery on the running rollers.
The battery charging device CC102 further includes a power battery plugging unit CC1021, where the power battery plugging unit is used to plug a power battery placed in a power battery storage location, and the power battery plugging unit enables the power socket to move and adjust along the front-back direction of the vehicle and the direction perpendicular to the ground, and then to be connected with the power battery to be charged. The power battery plug-in unit also comprises a sensor, and the sensor inserts the guide column into the guide column hole of the power battery after judging that the power supply plug-in socket is matched with the interface of the power battery after moving and adjusting, so as to complete the positioning of the power supply plug-in socket and the power battery. (by combining the sensor with the guide post, the positioning of the power socket and the power battery can be accurately finished, the positioning efficiency is improved, and the physical abrasion when the guide post is inserted into the guide post hole of the power battery is reduced)
As shown in fig. 3, the power battery plug-in unit CC1021 further includes an electric push rod CC 10211; the power battery plug-in unit enables the power plug-in socket to be connected with a power battery to be charged after the power plug-in socket moves and adjusts along the front and back directions of the vehicle and the direction vertical to the ground, and the power battery plug-in unit is characterized in that: the power battery plug-in unit enables the power supply plug socket to move and adjust along the front-back direction of the vehicle and the direction vertical to the ground through the electric push rod and then is connected with the power battery to be charged.
As shown in fig. 1, the battery charging apparatus CC102 further includes a charger CC1022 and a charging control cabinet CC1023 connected to each other, where the charger is used for fast charging the power battery; and the charging control cabinet is used for controlling the quick charging of the power battery and carrying out corresponding alarming and power-off operations after monitoring the state of the power battery.
The battery scheduling device also comprises a lifting platform and a mobile platform, wherein,
the lifting platform comprises a frame structure consisting of a plurality of guide posts and lead screws arranged in parallel with the guide posts, and the lifting platform vertically moves along the guide posts;
the mobile platform comprises a planar frame, is arranged in the frame structure of the lifting platform and moves back and forth along the track direction to convey the extracted batteries to be charged to the battery storage rack or convey the fully charged batteries on the battery storage rack to the battery replacement robot.
The lift platform includes: the gear pair is connected with the motor; the lifting platform does vertical motion along the guide post, and the vertical motion refers to that: the battery dispatching device enables the lifting platform to move vertically along the guide column through the driving of the lead screw, wherein the lead screw drives the pair of gear pairs to move through the motor.
The mobile platform includes: a motor, a gear and a rack; or a motor and a lead screw kinematic pair; the moving platform moves to the left side and the right side of the vehicle body along the guide rail in a frame structure of the lifting platform, and the moving platform means that:
the battery dispatching device drives a gear rack or a screw rod kinematic pair through a motor to control the mobile platform, and moves to the left and right sides of the vehicle body along the guide rail in a frame structure of the lifting platform.
The mobile platform further comprises a plurality of rollers arranged in the plane of the frame, the battery dispatching device controls the power battery to be moved out of or into the plane of the frame, the motor drives the chain wheels to rotate, every two chain wheels drive the two adjacent rollers, one set of chain wheels is driven to enable the rollers to rotate, and the power battery to be moved out of or into the plane of the frame.
As shown in fig. 4, the work flow of the battery intelligent storage charging system applying the present application is as follows:
step 401, driving the electric passenger car into an intelligent battery replacement positioning platform, and replacing a power-lack battery through a battery replacement robot;
step 402, taking out a power-lack battery from the battery replacement robot by the battery scheduling device, conveying the power-lack battery to a battery storage rack, and placing the power-lack battery on the battery storage rack, wherein the battery storage rack displays that the state of the power-lack battery is a state to be charged; after the power battery is placed on the battery storage rack, the power battery can be automatically corrected and positioned through a power battery plug-in unit of the battery charging device;
step 403, after the power socket and the power battery to be charged are connected in place, the battery charging device automatically charges the power battery; the battery charging device also comprises a charging control cabinet and a charger, and is connected to the charging control cabinet through a wire harness to realize automatic operation of all actions; the charged battery storage rack displays that the state of the power battery is a charging state;
and step 404, after the power battery is charged, the battery storage rack displays that the state of the power battery is in a full-charge state, if a fault occurs in the charging process, the battery storage rack displays that the state of the power battery is in a fault state, and the intelligent battery storage charging system performs fault processing operation on the power battery with the fault.
In the description provided herein, numerous specific details are set forth. However, it is understood that embodiments of the application may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known methods, structures and techniques have not been shown in detail in order not to obscure an understanding of this description.
Similarly, it should be appreciated that in the foregoing description of exemplary embodiments of the application, various features of the application are sometimes grouped together in a single embodiment, figure, or description thereof for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure and aiding in the understanding of one or more of the various inventive aspects. However, the disclosed method should not be interpreted as reflecting an intention that: this application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspects lie in less than all features of a single foregoing disclosed embodiment. Thus, the claims following the detailed description are hereby expressly incorporated into this detailed description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment of this application.
Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the modules in the device in an embodiment may be adaptively changed and disposed in one or more devices different from the embodiment. The modules or units or components of the embodiments may be combined into one module or unit or component, and furthermore they may be divided into a plurality of sub-modules or sub-units or sub-components. All of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), and all of the processes or elements of any method or apparatus so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations where at least some of such features and/or processes or elements are mutually exclusive. Each feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings) may be replaced by alternative features serving the same, equivalent or similar purpose, unless expressly stated otherwise.
Furthermore, those skilled in the art will appreciate that while some embodiments described herein include some features included in other embodiments, rather than other features, combinations of features of different embodiments are meant to be within the scope of the application and form different embodiments. For example, in the following claims, any of the claimed embodiments may be used in any combination.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the application, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In the claims, any reference signs placed between parentheses shall not be construed as limiting the claim. The word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of elements or steps not listed in a claim. The word "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The application may be implemented by means of hardware comprising several distinct elements, and by means of a suitably programmed computer. In the unit claims enumerating several means, several of these means may be embodied by one and the same item of hardware. The usage of the words first, second and third, etcetera do not indicate any ordering. These words may be interpreted as names.

Claims (10)

1. An intelligent storage and charging system for batteries of electric cars of different models sharing the battery replacement is characterized in that,
the method comprises the following steps: a battery storage rack, a battery dispatching device and a battery charging device, wherein,
the battery storage rack is used for storing power batteries of different types of electric motor coaches;
the battery dispatching device comprises a track and a battery replacing robot, wherein the track is used for conveying the extracted battery to be charged to the battery storage rack or conveying the fully charged battery on the battery storage rack to the battery replacing robot;
the battery charging device is arranged on the battery storage rack and used for rapidly charging the power batteries, and monitoring and displaying the current state of each power battery in real time, wherein the current state of each power battery comprises: a battery to be charged, a positive charging battery, a full charge battery, and a faulty battery.
2. The system of claim 1,
the battery storage rack comprises a frame for placing power batteries, wherein the frame is of a multilayer structure, a plurality of power battery storage positions are arranged on the frame, and each layer of the structure of the frame is formed by connecting a plurality of longitudinal beams and a plurality of cross beams; the battery intelligent storage charging system locks the power battery on the frame, and after receiving information of taking a certain power battery, the battery intelligent storage charging system unlocks the power battery independently, so that the power battery is only placed on the frame, and the power battery is controlled to be moved out of the frame.
3. The system of claim 2,
further comprising: the intelligent battery storage and charging system locks the power battery on the frame in an electromagnetic suction mode through the electromagnetic sucker.
4. The system of claim 3,
further comprising: the battery intelligent storage charging system moves the power battery out of the frame, and the power battery is moved out of the frame through a plurality of running rollers and running roller driving devices arranged on the frame, wherein the left side and the right side of the running rollers are driven by two chain wheels, and the driving motors arranged on the left side and the right side of the running rollers drive one set of chain wheels to enable the running rollers to rotate so as to correspondingly move the power battery on the running rollers.
5. The system of claim 4,
the battery charging device also comprises a power battery plugging unit, wherein the power battery plugging unit is used for plugging the power battery placed at the power battery storage position, and the power battery plugging unit enables the power socket to be connected with the power battery to be charged after the power socket is adjusted along the front-back direction of the vehicle and the direction vertical to the ground.
6. The system of claim 5,
the power battery plug-in unit also comprises an electric push rod;
the power battery plug-in unit enables the power plug-in socket to be connected with a power battery to be charged after the power plug-in socket moves and adjusts along the front and back directions of the vehicle and the direction vertical to the ground, and the power battery plug-in unit is characterized in that: the power battery plug-in unit enables the power supply plug socket to move and adjust along the front-back direction of the vehicle and the direction vertical to the ground through the electric push rod and then is connected with the power battery to be charged.
7. The system of claim 6,
the battery charging device also comprises a charger and a charging control cabinet which are connected with each other, wherein the charger is used for rapidly charging the power battery; and the charging control cabinet is used for controlling the quick charging of the power battery and carrying out corresponding alarming and power-off operations after monitoring the state of the power battery.
8. The system of claim 7,
the battery scheduling device also comprises a lifting platform and a mobile platform, wherein,
the lifting platform comprises a frame structure consisting of a plurality of guide posts and lead screws arranged in parallel with the guide posts, and the lifting platform vertically moves along the guide posts;
the mobile platform comprises a planar frame, is arranged in the frame structure of the lifting platform and moves back and forth along the track direction to convey the extracted batteries to be charged to the battery storage rack or convey the fully charged batteries on the battery storage rack to the battery replacement robot.
9. The system of claim 8,
the lift platform includes: the gear pair is connected with the motor; the lifting platform does vertical motion along the guide post, and the vertical motion refers to that: the battery dispatching device enables the lifting platform to move vertically along the guide column through the driving of the lead screw, wherein the lead screw drives the pair of gear pairs to move through the motor.
10. The system of claim 9,
the mobile platform includes: a motor, a gear and a rack; or a motor and a lead screw kinematic pair; the moving platform moves back and forth along the track direction in the frame structure of the lifting platform, and the moving platform refers to the following steps:
the battery dispatching device drives a gear rack or a screw rod kinematic pair through a motor to control the mobile platform, and moves towards the left side and the right side of the vehicle body along a track in a frame structure of the lifting platform.
CN201910252584.4A 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models Pending CN111762039A (en)

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CN201910252584.4A CN111762039A (en) 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models

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CN113183821A (en) * 2021-05-14 2021-07-30 郑州宜家安好软件科技有限公司 Battery replacing device and method, electronic equipment and storage medium
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