CN212654232U - Electricelectric moves passenger car chassis and trades electric system - Google Patents

Electricelectric moves passenger car chassis and trades electric system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212654232U
CN212654232U CN202021659981.8U CN202021659981U CN212654232U CN 212654232 U CN212654232 U CN 212654232U CN 202021659981 U CN202021659981 U CN 202021659981U CN 212654232 U CN212654232 U CN 212654232U
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China
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battery
rack
battery replacement
vehicle
robot
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CN202021659981.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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王伟
王俊
温华锋
张孝同
梁雄俊
何忠祖
赵伟
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Shenzhen Jingzhi Machine Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Jingzhi Machine Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

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  • Electric Propulsion And Braking For Vehicles (AREA)
  • Arrangement Or Mounting Of Propulsion Units For Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a pure electric passenger car chassis trades electric system belongs to new energy automobile trades electric field, including control system, storage frame, stacker, trade electric platform, battery dismouting device, trade electric platform, trade electric robot, monitor room, battery dismouting device divide into multiple different kind, different battery dismouting device corresponds the new energy vehicle of different brand, different motorcycle type respectively, trade electric robot through change different battery dismouting device with dismantle, transport, install the new energy vehicle battery of different brand, different motorcycle type; the utility model provides a pure electric passenger car chassis trades electric system can provide the electric service of trading for the electric automobile of multiple different brands at same trade power station, has solved the problem of the compatible multi-brand new energy vehicle in single trade power station, not only makes things convenient for many big new energy vehicles to trade the electricity, increases the economic benefits who trades the power station moreover.

Description

Electricelectric moves passenger car chassis and trades electric system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to new energy automobile trades the electric field, especially relates to a electricelectric moves passenger car chassis and trades electric system.
Background
The statements in this section merely provide background information related to the present disclosure and may not necessarily constitute prior art.
The electric automobile is powered by non-pollution and renewable electric power, so that the consumption of non-renewable energy sources and environmental pollution are greatly reduced, and social benefits and economic benefits are better, so that the electric automobile is widely concerned by countries all over the world and develops rapidly in recent years.
At present, electric automobiles have good development prospect in China, and various novel electric automobiles are produced and researched by various Chinese large automobile companies. However, the problems of inconvenient charging, insufficient cruising ability and the like of the electric automobile are always followed, and at present, the quick charging technology can fully charge the battery in a short time, but the charging technology seriously damages the service life of the battery. Therefore, a way of replacing the battery for the electric vehicle is developed.
At present, two main battery replacement modes of an electric automobile are provided, namely, lateral battery replacement and chassis battery replacement, wherein the lateral battery replacement mainly replaces batteries at two sides of the automobile in the horizontal direction, and the chassis battery replacement mainly replaces batteries at the bottom of the automobile. However, the weight of the battery is usually about 400 kg or more, and for reasonable counterweight, the battery is usually mounted at the bottom of a middle seat of the vehicle, so that the lateral replacement of the battery has great difficulty, and the chassis replacement can solve the problem.
Some battery replacement stations already exist in the market, but the battery replacement stations only provide battery replacement services for electric automobiles of the same brand under the flag of one automobile company, and the electric automobiles of various brands and various automobile models cannot be compatible.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of the above, a chassis battery replacement system for a pure electric passenger car is provided, so that one battery replacement station can be compatible with electric cars of various models, and a battery replacement service is provided for the electric cars.
The utility model provides a pure electric passenger car chassis trades electric system, includes: a control system; the storage rack is used for storing batteries with full power, charging batteries with insufficient power and storing a battery replacement rack and is divided into a battery storage area and a rack storage area, the battery storage area is used for storing the batteries and charging the batteries, and the rack storage area is used for storing the battery replacement rack; the bottom of the storage rack is also provided with a side shifting frame, the side shifting frame is movably connected with the storage rack along the length direction of the storage rack and comprises at least two turnover bins; the stacker is positioned at one side of the storage rack and used for automatically storing and taking batteries, and is provided with a transverse rail along the length direction of the storage rack, a rack transversely moving along the rail and a mechanical arm longitudinally moving along the rack, and the mechanical arm can telescopically take and place the batteries from and in the storage rack; the battery replacing platform is positioned on the other side of the storage rack and used for parking a battery replacing vehicle; the battery disassembling and assembling device is used for matching and butting the battery of the new energy vehicle and taking the battery down from the vehicle or installing the battery on the vehicle; the battery replacing robot moves between the storage rack and the battery replacing platform and is used for bearing the battery disassembling and assembling device, disassembling and carrying the battery from the new energy vehicle through the battery disassembling and assembling device and installing the battery on the new energy vehicle, and replacing the battery for the new energy vehicle with different brands and models by replacing different battery disassembling and assembling devices; the battery replacement robot is provided with a first energy interface, and the first energy interface is connected with a power grid through a cable; a monitoring room; the power switching system is arranged beside the storage rack, is connected with the control system and is used for monitoring abnormal information in the power switching system; the battery disassembling and assembling devices are divided into a plurality of different types, different battery disassembling and assembling devices respectively correspond to new energy vehicles of different brands and different vehicle types, and the battery replacing robot is used for disassembling, carrying and installing new energy vehicle batteries of different brands and different vehicle types by replacing different battery disassembling and assembling devices; and the bottoms of the battery disassembling and assembling devices are provided with second guide holes.
Be equipped with first guide post, battery unlocking device, second energy interface on the battery dismouting device, first guide post is used for making with the cooperation of the first guiding hole on the battery dismouting device docks with the battery is accurate, battery unlocking device is used for following the vehicle unblock with the battery or with the battery locking at the vehicle, the second energy interface with first energy interface corresponds, works as trade the electric robot and bear during the battery dismouting device state, first energy interface with the butt joint of second energy interface, trade the electric robot and pass through first energy interface with second energy interface does the energy supply of battery dismouting device.
Further, still include the battery and change the rack, still be equipped with two at least support component on the battery is changed the rack, be located its left and right sides, the turnover bin will through support component the battery is changed the rack and is born.
And each turnover bin is provided with a supporting device with the number equal to that of the supporting parts on the battery replacement rack, and the supporting device bears the supporting parts to bear the battery replacement rack.
The supporting device comprises a supporting power source and a supporting rod, and the supporting power source drives the supporting rod to rotate or stretch; when the supporting rod rotates or extends towards the direction of the supporting part, the supporting rod is in an opening state, and the battery replacement placing frame can be placed in the turnover bin through the supporting device; when the supporting rod rotates or contracts in the direction deviating from the supporting part, the supporting rod is in a closed state, and the battery replacement placing frame can rise and fall in the turnover bin without obstacles.
The support power supply is including supporting the motor and supporting drive mechanism, it includes driving gear and driven gear to support drive mechanism, support motor fixed connection in the turnover storehouse, the driving gear connect in support the output of motor, driven gear rotatable connect in the turnover storehouse and with driving gear engagement, the bracing piece with the coaxial fixed connection of driven gear.
The turnover bin comprises two supporting structures which are arranged at intervals, the supporting structures are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side below the turnover bin, and a lifting space which is not blocked by obstacles is formed between the two supporting structures; the width of the lifting space is larger than that of the battery replacement placing rack and smaller than that of the battery; the supporting device is fixedly connected to the end part of the supporting structure close to the lifting space.
The battery replacement robot comprises: a substrate; the traveling mechanism is arranged on the base body and drives the battery replacing robot to travel; the lifting mechanism is arranged on the base body; the lifting platform is arranged on the lifting mechanism and drives the lifting platform to move up and down, and the lifting platform is provided with a second guide post which is used for being matched with a second guide hole on the battery replacement rack to guide the lifting platform to bear the battery replacement rack.
The battery replacement robot is further provided with a first guide device which is matched with a second guide device arranged between the storage frame and the battery replacement platform so as to guide the battery replacement robot to move directionally between the storage frame and the battery replacement platform.
The stacker includes: a frame; the walking device is connected to the rack and drives the stacker to walk; the lifting device is longitudinally movably connected with the rack; and the telescopic fork is fixedly connected to the lifting device and used for extending out to bear and carry the battery.
The battery replacement platform is provided with an adjusting device for adjusting the posture of the vehicle to be replaced, so that the vehicle to be replaced can replace the battery through the battery replacement robot at the correct position in the correct posture state.
A battery replacing method is applied to the battery replacing system for the chassis of the pure electric passenger car, and is characterized by comprising the following steps:
recognizing vehicle information: when a vehicle to be changed enters a power changing system, the control system finds the corresponding battery replacing rack and the full-charge battery according to the model information of the vehicle and sends an instruction to the stacker;
taking out the fully charged battery: after receiving the instruction, the stacker firstly moves to the position of a corresponding battery replacement placing rack and takes out and conveys the battery replacement placing rack to any one turnover bin of a side-shifting frame, at the moment, a supporting device on the turnover bin is in an open state to bear the battery replacement placing rack, then the stacker moves to a full-power battery position to take out and convey the battery replacement placing rack to another turnover bin of the side-shifting frame, and finally the side-shifting frame moves laterally to enable the turnover bin carrying the battery replacement placing rack to be positioned right above a walking track of the power-shifting robot;
the rack is changed to butt joint battery: in the process that the stacker is fully charged with the batteries, the posture of the vehicle to be replaced is well adjusted by the adjusting device on the battery replacing platform, meanwhile, the battery replacing robot moves to the position below the battery replacing rack, the lifting mechanism of the battery replacing robot carries the lifting platform to ascend, the lifting platform carries the battery replacing rack through the matching butt joint of the second guide post and the second guide hole on the battery replacing rack, then the lifting mechanism descends, and meanwhile, the battery replacing robot moves to the position below the vehicle to be replaced under the guidance of the first guide device and the second guide device;
unloading the insufficient battery: the battery replacing rack is lifted by the battery replacing robot, so that a first guide post on the battery replacing rack is matched and butted with a first guide hole on the insufficient battery;
and (3) conveying the insufficient-power battery: the power change robot moves towards the storage frame, and simultaneously lifts a battery placing frame bearing the power-deficient battery to enable the height of the power-deficient battery to be higher than that of a supporting structure of the turnover bin;
conveying a fully charged battery: the battery replacing robot moves away from the storage rack area, the lateral moving frame moves transversely, so that a transfer bin loaded with full-charge batteries is located right above a battery replacing robot track, then the battery replacing robot moves to be right below the transfer bin loaded with the full-charge batteries, the lifting mechanism is controlled to ascend, the battery replacing rack ascends to bear the full-charge batteries, the lifting is continued to enable the height of the full-charge batteries to be higher than that of a support structure of the transfer bin, then the battery replacing robot bears the full-charge batteries to move towards the direction of a vehicle to be replaced, and meanwhile the lifting mechanism is controlled to descend to enable the height of the full-charge batteries to be lower than the height of a chassis of the vehicle to be replaced;
loading a full-charge battery: after the robot to be replaced moves to the position right below the vehicle to be replaced, the control system controls the lifting mechanism to ascend, so that the fully charged battery is in butt joint with the vehicle to be replaced, and the fully charged battery is locked to the vehicle to be replaced through the unlocking device on the battery replacing rack;
and (3) charging the insufficient-power battery: in the process of conveying full-charge batteries and loading the full-charge batteries, the stacker moves to the position of a deficient battery, takes out the deficient battery and conveys the deficient battery to a battery storage area for charging;
after the battery is fully loaded, the vehicle can automatically drive away from the battery replacement system.
Has the advantages that: according to the chassis battery replacement system for the pure electric passenger vehicle, one battery replacement station can provide battery replacement service for electric vehicles of various different brands, the problem that a single battery replacement station is compatible with new energy vehicles of various brands is solved, battery replacement of large and large new energy vehicles is facilitated, and economic benefits of the battery replacement station are increased.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without any creative effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a distribution of a swapping system;
FIG. 2 is another view of a swapping system;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the storage rack;
FIG. 4 is another schematic view of the storage rack;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a side shift frame;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the support means on the side shift frame;
fig. 7 is a schematic top view of the battery replacement rack;
fig. 8 is a schematic bottom view of the battery replacement rack;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a stacker configuration;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a swapping platform;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a swapping robot;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the battery replacement robot about to dock with the battery replacement rack;
fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of the battery replacement robot about to dock with another battery replacement rack.
The following detailed description of the invention will be further described in conjunction with the above-identified drawings.
Detailed Description
In order to make the above objects, features and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description. In addition, the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, and the described embodiments are merely some embodiments, rather than all embodiments, of the present invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used herein in the description of the invention is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention.
In various embodiments of the present invention, for convenience of description and not limitation, the term "connected" as used in the specification and claims of the present invention is not limited to physical or mechanical connections, but may include electrical connections, whether direct or indirect. "upper", "lower", "left", "right", and the like are used merely to indicate relative positional relationships, and when the absolute position of the object being described is changed, the relative positional relationships are changed accordingly.
As shown in fig. 1, 2, and 3, a pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system includes: the system comprises a control system 1 (not shown in the figure), a storage rack 2, a stacker 3, a battery replacement platform 4, a battery replacement rack 5, a battery replacement robot 6, a monitoring room 7 and a battery 8. Storage frame 2 is used for depositing the battery, stacker 3 sets up respectively in storage frame 2 length direction's both sides with trading electric platform 4, stacker 3 is used for carrying battery and battery change rack 5 on storage frame 2, battery change rack 5 is stored in storage frame 2's rack storage area 22, trade electric robot 6 sets up in storage frame 2's bottom, and can remove between storage frame 2 bottom and trade electric platform 4, monitor 7 is arranged in monitoring management storage frame 2 rechargeable battery's safe state, the tip of setting in storage frame 2 length direction.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the storage rack 2 is used for storing fully charged batteries, charging batteries with insufficient charge and storing the battery replacement rack 5, and is divided into a battery storage area 21 and a rack storage area 22, the battery storage area 21 is used for storing and charging batteries, and the rack storage area 22 is used for storing the battery replacement rack 5; the bottom of the storage rack 2 is also provided with a side shifting frame 23, and the side shifting frame 23 is movably connected to the storage rack 2 along the length direction of the storage rack 2.
Specifically, the side shift frame 23 is slidably connected to the bottom of the storage rack 2 through a rolling bearing, and is laterally moved through a side shift motor and a rack-and-pinion mechanism (not shown in the figure), the side shift motor is fixedly arranged on the storage rack 2, a gear is fixedly connected to the end of the side shift motor, a rack which is transversely arranged is fixedly connected to the top of the side shift frame 23, the rack is meshed with the gear, and the side shift motor drives the side shift frame to move through the rack-and-pinion mechanism. Similarly, the traverse transmission mechanism of the side shift frame 23 may be a sprocket chain mechanism or a ball screw mechanism, for example, an output end of the side shift motor is connected to a ball screw through a coupling, a ball nut is engaged with the screw and fixedly connected to the side shift frame 23, and the side shift motor drives the side shift frame 23 to move through the ball screw mechanism. That is, the driving source for driving the lateral movement of the lateral movement frame 23 is various, and it is easy for those skilled in the art to make a simple replacement without creative work, and the present application does not specifically limit the present invention.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the side shift frame 23 includes at least one first transfer bin 231 and at least one second transfer bin 232, the first transfer bin 231 is used for suspending the battery replacement rack 5, and the second transfer bin 232 is used for suspending the battery.
The first and second transfer bins 232 include two support structures 2312 arranged at intervals, the support structures 2312 are respectively located at the left and right sides below the transfer bins, a lifting space 2313 without being shielded by obstacles is formed between the two support structures 2312, and the width of the lifting space 2313 is larger than the width of the lifting platform 64 on the battery replacement rack 5 and the battery replacement robot 6 and smaller than the width of the battery, so that the lifting platform 64 and the battery replacement rack 5 can lift and pass through to suspend the battery on the support structures 2312 at the left and right sides.
The first turnaround 231 is provided with a support device 2311 for carrying the battery replacement rack 5, and the support device 2311 is fixedly connected to the end of the support structure 2312 near the lifting space 2313. Preferably, the number of the supporting devices 2311 is four, and the four supporting devices 2311 are respectively located at two ends of the two supporting devices 2311 in the first circulation bin 231, and the four supporting devices 2311 stably support the battery replacement rack 5.
The supporting device 2311 comprises a supporting motor 23111, a supporting transmission mechanism 23112 and a supporting rod 23113, the supporting motor 23111 is fixedly arranged below the supporting structure 2312, the supporting transmission mechanism 23112 comprises a driving gear 23114 and a driven gear 23115, the driving gear 23114 is fixedly connected to the output end of the supporting motor 23111, the driven gear 23115 is rotatably and longitudinally connected to the supporting structure 2312 and meshed with the driving gear 23114, one end of the supporting rod 23113 is fixedly connected with the driven gear 23115 and can rotate relative to the supporting structure 2312 along with the driven gear 23115, and the supporting motor 23111 drives the supporting rod 23113 to rotate through gear meshing.
When the four supporting rods 23113 are respectively rotated to the horizontal state towards the lifting space 2313, which is the opening state of the supporting device 2311, the battery placing rack can be dropped on the supporting rod 23113;
when the four support bars 23113 are respectively rotated to a vertically downward state away from the elevating space 2313, which is a closed state of the support device 2311, the battery rack can be lifted up and down in the elevating space 2313 without hindrance.
The embodiment of the present invention provides a vertical rotation of the driven gear 23115 and the supporting rod 23113, and in other embodiments, the driven gear 23115 and the supporting rod 23113 can also rotate transversely, that is: the driven gear 23115 is rotatably and transversely coupled to the support structure 2312, and one end of the supporting rod 23113 is fixedly coupled to the driven gear 23115 and is rotatable with the driven gear 23115 relative to the support structure 2312. When the four supporting rods 23113 respectively rotate to form an included angle of 90 degrees with the supporting structure 2312 towards the lifting space 2313, the supporting device 2311 is in an open state, and the battery placing rack can fall on the supporting rod 23113; when the four supporting rods 23113 rotate to form an included angle of 0 ° with the supporting structure 2312 respectively in the direction away from the lifting space 2313, which is the closed state of the supporting device 2311, the battery rack can be lifted and lowered in the lifting space 2313 without obstacles.
Of course, the supporting device 2311 may also be a telescopic structure, such as an electric telescopic rod or a hydraulic or pneumatic telescopic rod, and when the telescopic rod is in an extended state, the supporting device 2311 is in an open state, and when the telescopic rod is in a retracted state, the supporting device 2311 is in a closed state.
The battery is changed rack 5 and is divided into multiple different types, and different batteries are changed rack 5 and are corresponded the new energy vehicles of different brands, different motorcycle types respectively, and the battery of different batteries is changed rack 5 and the new energy vehicles battery butt joint back of different brands, different motorcycle types, and the execution is dismantled, is carried, is installed the action, so that the utility model discloses a trade the electric automobile that the electric system can be suitable for multiple model.
As shown in fig. 7 and 8, the battery replacement rack 5 includes a first guide post 51, an unlocking device 52, a support member 53, a second guide hole 54, and a third guide hole 55. It should be noted that the different battery replacement rack 5 has substantially the same structure, and differs from the unlocking device 52 and the first guiding column 51 in different shapes and positions, and the present application will be described in detail by taking one of them as an example:
first guide post 51 quantity is two, the setting of difference symmetry be in the intermediate position of battery change rack 5 front and back both sides for with the cooperation of the first guiding hole on the battery, so that the battery change rack 5 quick, accurate with the battery butt joint, and guarantee at the stability of removal in-process.
The unlocking devices 52 are four in number and are respectively arranged at four corners of the battery replacement rack 5 for unlocking the battery from the vehicle or locking the battery on the vehicle.
The preferred number of the support members 53 is four, and the support members are symmetrically disposed on the left and right sides of the battery replacement rack 5, respectively, and are used for overlapping the support bars 23113 in the opened state, so that the battery replacement rack 5 stably falls on the support device 2311.
The number of the second guide holes 54 is at least two, and the second guide holes are arranged at the bottom of the battery replacement rack 5 and used for being matched with the second guide posts 641 of the lifting platform 64 on the battery replacement robot 6, so that the battery replacement rack 5 is quickly and accurately butted with the lifting platform 64.
The number of the third guide holes 55 is at least two, and the third guide holes are also formed in the bottom of the battery replacement rack 5, are used for being matched with the third guide posts 221 in the storage unit of the rack, and enable the battery replacement device to fall on the storage unit of the rack quickly and accurately.
As shown in fig. 9, the stacker 3, which is located at one side of the storage rack 2 and is used for automatically storing and taking batteries and replacing the batteries, includes a rack 31, a traveling device 32, a lifting device 33, and a telescopic fork 34.
The traveling device 32 is fixedly disposed on the frame 31, and drives the stacker 3 to travel, specifically, includes a traveling driving source and traveling wheels (not shown), and the traveling driving source drives the traveling wheels to rotate so as to move the stacker 3.
But hoisting device 33 longitudinal movement's connection and frame 31, including promoting motor, promotion drive mechanism and promotion frame, the promotion motor is fixed to be set up in frame 31 side, but the connection that promotes frame longitudinal movement in frame 31, promote drive mechanism and connect promotion motor and promotion frame, promote the motor and promote the frame through promotion drive mechanism drive lift removal.
The telescopic fork 34 is fixedly arranged on the lifting frame, can do stretching motion along the width direction of the rack 31 relative to the lifting frame, and is used for carrying and transporting batteries and replacing the batteries by the placing rack 5. The specific conveying action is as follows: the telescopic fork 34 moves to a target storage unit under the combined action of the lifting device 33 and the walking device 32, the telescopic fork 34 is slightly lower than the bottom of the battery or the battery replacement rack 5, the telescopic fork 34 extends to the position in the direction of the storage unit, then the lifting device 33 bears the telescopic fork 34 to lift up to separate the battery or the battery replacement rack 5 from the storage unit, the telescopic fork 34 retracts to move the battery or the battery replacement rack 5 away from the storage unit, then the telescopic fork 34 moves to the position of the battery replacement robot 6 under the combined action of the lifting device 33 and the walking device 32, the telescopic fork 34 is slightly higher than the height of the upper surface of the battery replacement robot 6, the telescopic fork 34 extends until the battery or the battery replacement rack 5 is positioned right above the battery replacement robot 6, then the telescopic fork slowly descends under the action of the lifting device 33, and the battery or the battery replacement rack 5 stably falls on the battery replacement robot 6, and finishing the taking-off action and reversing the storing action.
And the battery replacing platform 4 is used for parking a battery replacing vehicle and adjusting the posture of the vehicle, so that the battery replacing robot 6 can replace the battery quickly, accurately and stably. As shown in fig. 10, a second guiding device 66 and an adjusting device 41 are arranged on the battery replacing platform 4, the second guiding device 66 is used for guiding the battery replacing robot 6 to move to a proper position to perform battery disassembling and assembling work on the vehicle, and the adjusting device 41 is used for adjusting the posture of the vehicle to make the vehicle align.
Specifically, the number of the adjusting devices 41 is four, the adjusting devices are respectively located at four positions of the battery changing platform 4, the four positions are respectively corresponding to four tires of the vehicle, when the vehicle is parked on the battery changing platform 4, the left and right adjusting devices 41 in the length direction respectively move towards the middle, and the vehicle is straightened through synchronous action. The position of the second guiding device 66 corresponds to the position right below the vehicle battery after the posture is adjusted, and the battery replacing robot 6 is convenient to operate the battery.
And the battery replacing robot 6 is used for bearing the battery replacing rack 5 and moving and carrying the battery between the battery replacing rack 5 and the battery replacing platform 4.
As shown in fig. 11 and 12, the battery replacement robot 6 includes a base 61, a traveling mechanism 62, a lifting mechanism 63, a lifting platform 64, and a first guide device 65.
The walking mechanism 62 is arranged on the base body 61 and drives the electricity-exchanging robot 6 to walk, and comprises a walking motor, a walking transmission mechanism and a walking wheel, wherein the walking motor drives the walking wheel to rotate through the walking transmission mechanism so as to enable the electricity-exchanging robot 6 to move.
Specifically, the walking transmission mechanism comprises a driving chain wheel, a driven chain wheel and a chain, the driving chain wheel is fixedly connected to the output end of the walking motor, and the driven chain wheel and the walking wheel are coaxially and fixedly arranged and rotatably connected to the base body 61. The four walking wheels are symmetrically arranged at four positions of the electric exchanging robot 6, namely the front walking wheel, the rear walking wheel, the left walking wheel and the right walking wheel, the front walking wheel and the rear walking wheel are connected through transmission shafts respectively, and the two groups of walking motors and the walking transmission mechanisms are connected with any one walking wheel of the front walking wheel and the rear walking wheel respectively.
The lifting mechanism 63 is connected with the base body 61 and the lifting platform 64, so that the lifting platform 64 can perform lifting movement relative to the base body 61, specifically, the lifting mechanism 63 comprises a lifting driving source and a scissor device, and the scissor device is connected with the lifting driving source and the lifting platform 64.
The lifting platform 64 is provided with a second guide post 641 for cooperating with the battery or the battery replacement rack 5 to guide the battery to accurately fall on the lifting platform 64 and ensure the stability in the moving process.
The first guide device 65 is arranged at the bottom of the base body 61 and is used for being matched with the second guide device 66 to guide the battery replacing robot 6 to move between the storage rack 2 and the battery replacing platform 4. Specifically, the first guide device 65 is a guide wheel, the number of the first guide device is at least two, the first guide device is longitudinally arranged along the moving direction of the battery replacing robot 6, the second guide device 66 is a guide groove, the guide wheel is matched with the guide groove, and similarly, the positions of the guide wheel and the guide groove can be interchanged, and the same technical effect can be achieved after the interchange.
The monitoring room 7 is arranged beside the storage rack 2, is connected with the control system 1, and is used for monitoring abnormal information in the battery replacement system, and when monitoring that a certain battery is abnormal, the abnormal information can be fed back to the control system 1 and the background, so that serious consequences caused by accidents can be prevented.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of an electric replacing robot about to dock with another battery replacing rack, which is also provided with a first guiding column 51, an unlocking device 52 and a supporting part 53, and is basically the same as the battery replacing rack shown in fig. 7.
The utility model provides a trade electric method is applied to the utility model discloses a pure electric passenger car chassis trades electric system, include following step:
recognizing vehicle information: when a vehicle to be changed enters a power changing system, the control system 1 finds the corresponding battery changing placing rack 5 and a full-charge battery according to the model information of the vehicle, and sends an instruction to the stacker 3;
taking out the fully charged battery: after receiving the instruction, the stacker 3 firstly moves to the position of the corresponding battery replacement rack 5 and takes out and conveys the battery replacement rack 5 to the first transfer bin 231 of the side shift frame 23, at this time, the supporting device 2311 on the first transfer bin 231 is in an open state to bear the battery replacement rack 5, then moves to a full-charge battery to take out and convey the battery replacement rack 5 to the second transfer bin 232 of the side shift frame 23, and finally, the side shift frame 23 moves to enable the first transfer bin 231 carrying the battery replacement rack 5 to be positioned right above the walking track of the transfer robot 6;
docking the battery to replace the rack 5: in the process that the stacker 3 is fully charged with the batteries, the posture of the vehicle to be replaced is adjusted by the adjusting device 41 on the battery replacing platform 4, meanwhile, the battery replacing robot 6 moves to the position below the battery replacing rack 5, the lifting mechanism 63 of the battery replacing robot 6 carries the lifting platform 64 to ascend, the lifting platform 64 is matched and butted with the second guide hole 54 on the battery replacing rack 5 through the second guide post 641 to bear the battery replacing rack 5, then the lifting mechanism 63 descends, and meanwhile, the battery replacing robot 6 moves to the position below the vehicle to be replaced under the guidance of the first guide device 65 and the second guide device 66;
unloading the insufficient battery: the battery replacing rack 5 is lifted by the battery replacing robot 6, so that the first guide post 51 on the battery replacing rack 5 is matched and butted with the first guide hole on the insufficient battery, and after the battery replacing rack 5 is lifted by the battery replacing robot 6 to be in place, the unlocking device 52 on the battery replacing rack 5 operates to unlock the insufficient battery and the vehicle, so that the insufficient battery is borne by the battery replacing rack 5;
and (3) conveying the insufficient-power battery: the power change robot 6 moves towards the storage rack 2, and simultaneously lifts the battery placing rack carrying the power-lack battery, so that the height of the power-lack battery is higher than that of the supporting structure 2312 of the first revolving bin 231, when the power change robot 6 moves to a position right below the first revolving bin 231, the supporting device 2311 on the first revolving bin 231 is in a closed state or is converted into a closed state from an open state, the lifting mechanism 63 descends, and the power-lack battery falls on the supporting structures 2312 which are oppositely arranged left and right;
conveying a fully charged battery: the battery replacing robot 6 moves away from the area of the storage frame 2, the side moving frame 23 moves transversely, the second transfer bin 232 loaded with the fully charged batteries is located right above the track of the battery replacing robot 6, then the battery replacing robot 6 moves to be right below the second transfer bin 232 loaded with the fully charged batteries, the lifting mechanism 63 is controlled to ascend, the battery replacing placing frame 5 is made to ascend to carry the fully charged batteries, the fully charged batteries are continuously lifted to enable the height of the fully charged batteries to be higher than that of the supporting structure 2312 of the second transfer bin 232, then the battery replacing robot 6 carries the fully charged batteries to move towards the vehicle to be replaced, and meanwhile the lifting mechanism 63 is controlled to descend to enable the height of the fully charged batteries to be lower than the height of a chassis of the vehicle to be replaced;
loading a full-charge battery: after the robot 6 to be replaced moves to the position right below the vehicle to be replaced, the control system 1 controls the lifting mechanism 63 to ascend, so that the fully charged battery is in butt joint with the vehicle to be replaced, and the fully charged battery is locked to the vehicle to be replaced through the unlocking device 52 on the battery replacing rack 5;
and (3) charging the insufficient-power battery: in the process of conveying full-charge batteries and loading the full-charge batteries, the stacker 3 moves to the position of a low-charge battery, takes out the low-charge battery and conveys the low-charge battery to the battery storage area 21 for charging;
after the battery is fully loaded, the vehicle can automatically drive away from the battery replacement system.
In the several embodiments provided in the present invention, it is obvious to those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Furthermore, it is obvious that the word "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, and the singular does not exclude the plural. The terms first, second, etc. are used to denote names, but not any particular order.
The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention and not to limit the same, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the above preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that the technical solutions of the present invention can be modified or replaced equivalently without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a pure electric passenger car chassis trades electric system which characterized in that includes:
a control system;
the storage rack is used for storing batteries with full power, charging the batteries with insufficient power and storing the battery dismounting device, and is divided into a battery storage area and a rack storage area, the battery storage area is used for storing the batteries and charging the batteries, and the rack storage area is used for storing the battery dismounting device; the bottom of the storage rack is also provided with a side shifting frame, the side shifting frame is connected with the storage rack in a shifting way along the length direction of the storage rack, and comprises at least one first transfer bin and at least one second transfer bin;
the stacker is positioned at one side of the storage rack and used for automatically storing and taking the batteries;
the battery replacing platform is positioned on the other side of the storage rack and used for parking a battery replacing vehicle;
the battery disassembling and assembling device is used for matching and butting the battery of the new energy vehicle and taking the battery down from the vehicle or installing the battery on the vehicle;
the battery replacing robot moves between the storage rack and the battery replacing platform and is used for bearing the battery disassembling and assembling device, disassembling and carrying the battery from the new energy vehicle through the battery disassembling and assembling device and installing the battery on the new energy vehicle, and replacing the battery for the new energy vehicle with different brands and models by replacing different battery disassembling and assembling devices;
the battery replacement robot is provided with a first energy interface, and the first energy interface is connected with a power grid through a cable;
the monitoring room is arranged beside the storage rack, is connected with the control system and is used for monitoring abnormal information in the battery replacement system;
the battery disassembling and assembling devices are divided into a plurality of different types, different battery disassembling and assembling devices respectively correspond to new energy vehicles of different brands and different vehicle types, and the battery replacing robot is used for disassembling, carrying and installing new energy vehicle batteries of different brands and different vehicle types by replacing different battery disassembling and assembling devices; the bottoms of the battery disassembling and assembling devices are provided with second guide holes;
be equipped with first guide post, battery unlocking device, second energy interface on the battery dismouting device, first guide post is used for making with the cooperation of the first guiding hole on the battery dismouting device docks with the battery is accurate, battery unlocking device is used for following the vehicle unblock with the battery or with the battery locking at the vehicle, the second energy interface with first energy interface corresponds, works as trade the electric robot and bear during the battery dismouting device state, first energy interface with the butt joint of second energy interface, trade the electric robot and pass through first energy interface with second energy interface does the energy supply of battery dismouting device.
2. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system according to claim 1, further comprising a battery replacement rack, wherein the battery replacement rack is further provided with at least two support members located on the left and right sides of the battery replacement rack, and the first turnaround compartment carries the battery replacement rack through the support members.
3. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first turnaround compartment is provided with a number of support devices equal to the number of support members on the battery replacement rack, and the support devices carry the battery replacement rack by carrying the support members.
4. The chassis battery replacement system for the pure electric passenger car as claimed in claim 3, wherein the supporting device comprises a supporting motor, a supporting transmission mechanism and a supporting rod, and the supporting motor drives the supporting rod to rotate or extend and contract through the supporting transmission mechanism;
when the supporting rod rotates or extends towards the direction of the supporting part, the supporting rod is in an opening state, and the battery replacement placing frame can be placed in the first rotating bin through the supporting device;
when the supporting rod rotates or contracts in the direction deviating from the supporting part, the supporting rod is in a closed state, and the battery replacement placing frame can lift in the first circulation bin without obstacles.
5. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 4, wherein the support transmission mechanism comprises a driving gear and a driven gear, the support motor is fixedly connected to the first turnaround compartment, the driving gear is connected to an output end of the support motor, the driven gear is rotatably connected to the first turnaround compartment and engaged with the driving gear, and the support rod is coaxially and fixedly connected with the driven gear.
6. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 5, wherein the first and second turnaround compartments include two support structures arranged at an interval, the support structures are respectively located at the left and right sides below the turnaround compartment, and a lifting space without being blocked by obstacles is formed between the two support structures;
the width of the lifting space is larger than that of the battery replacement placing rack and smaller than that of the battery;
the supporting device is fixedly connected to the end part of the supporting structure close to the lifting space.
7. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 2, wherein the battery replacement robot comprises:
a substrate;
the traveling mechanism is arranged on the base body and drives the battery replacing robot to travel;
the lifting mechanism is arranged on the base body;
the lifting platform is arranged on the lifting mechanism and drives the lifting platform to move up and down, and the lifting platform is provided with a second guide post which is used for being matched with a second guide hole on the battery replacement rack to guide the lifting platform to bear the battery replacement rack.
8. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 7, wherein the battery replacement robot is further provided with a first guiding device, and the first guiding device is matched with a second guiding device arranged between the storage rack and the battery replacement platform to guide the battery replacement robot to move directionally between the storage rack and the battery replacement platform.
9. The electric-only passenger vehicle chassis battery swapping system of claim 1, wherein the stacker comprises:
a frame;
the walking device is connected to the rack and drives the stacker to walk;
the lifting device is longitudinally movably connected with the rack;
and the telescopic fork is fixedly connected to the lifting device and used for extending out to bear and carry the battery.
10. The pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacement system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the battery replacement platform is provided with an adjusting device for adjusting the posture of a vehicle to be replaced, so that the vehicle to be replaced can replace the battery at a correct position and in a correct posture state through the battery replacement robot.
CN202021659981.8U 2020-08-11 2020-08-11 Electricelectric moves passenger car chassis and trades electric system Active CN212654232U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111823946A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-27 深圳精智机器有限公司 Pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacing system and battery replacing method
CN112959919A (en) * 2021-04-23 2021-06-15 上海火亮新能源科技有限公司 New energy automobile battery replacement system and battery replacement method
CN113895300A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-07 钽铂科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile type battery replacing device for truck
CN114172231A (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-03-11 中车长江运输设备集团有限公司 Lithium battery power supply system
CN111823946B (en) * 2020-08-11 2024-06-04 深圳精智机器有限公司 Chassis power conversion system and power conversion method for pure electric passenger car

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111823946A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-27 深圳精智机器有限公司 Pure electric passenger car chassis battery replacing system and battery replacing method
CN111823946B (en) * 2020-08-11 2024-06-04 深圳精智机器有限公司 Chassis power conversion system and power conversion method for pure electric passenger car
CN112959919A (en) * 2021-04-23 2021-06-15 上海火亮新能源科技有限公司 New energy automobile battery replacement system and battery replacement method
CN113895300A (en) * 2021-09-30 2022-01-07 钽铂科技(上海)有限公司 Mobile type battery replacing device for truck
CN114172231A (en) * 2021-11-05 2022-03-11 中车长江运输设备集团有限公司 Lithium battery power supply system

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