CN219769837U - Array type power exchanging station - Google Patents

Array type power exchanging station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN219769837U
CN219769837U CN202320768943.3U CN202320768943U CN219769837U CN 219769837 U CN219769837 U CN 219769837U CN 202320768943 U CN202320768943 U CN 202320768943U CN 219769837 U CN219769837 U CN 219769837U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
micro
power
station
vehicle
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Application number
CN202320768943.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建平
林彦之
黄春华
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Aulton New Energy Automotive Technology Co Ltd
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Aulton New Energy Automotive Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S5/00Servicing, maintaining, repairing, or refitting of vehicles
    • B60S5/06Supplying batteries to, or removing batteries from, vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)
  • Arrangement Or Mounting Of Propulsion Units For Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses an array type power exchange station, which relates to the technical field of power exchange stations and comprises a plurality of micro power exchange stations, wherein each micro power exchange station comprises a vehicle parking device, a battery lifting device, a charging rack and a power exchange device; the vehicle parking device is used for positioning the vehicle for replacing the battery, the charging frame is used for charging and discharging the battery, the battery lifting device is used for taking and placing the battery from the charging frame, and the battery replacing device is used for replacing the battery on the vehicle; the miniature power exchanging stations are arranged in an array; each micro power exchanging station is staggered and arranged in a back-to-back manner; and vehicles of two adjacent miniature power exchange stations are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions. The array type power exchange station has compact and reasonable layout and small occupied area.

Description

Array type power exchanging station
The present utility model claims priority from chinese patent application CN2022103641609, with application date 2022, 4, 7. The present utility model incorporates the entirety of the above-mentioned chinese patent application.
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of power exchange stations, in particular to an array type power exchange station.
Background
In recent years, new energy automobiles develop rapidly, electric vehicles which rely on storage batteries as driving energy have the advantages of zero emission and low noise, along with the increasing market share and use frequency of the electric vehicles, the electric stations for providing battery replacement places for the electric vehicles with electric vehicles are also becoming popular, but the existing electric stations have larger occupied area, long station building period and high cost, the requirements of rapid batch station building in a short time cannot be met, and the situation of waste of electric replacement resources exists in the areas with low vehicle density and small operation pressure, meanwhile, the existing electric stations cannot adaptively allocate electric replacement stations according to the size of the local electric replacement stations and the conditions of station building sites so as to meet the different requirements of the electric replacement stations in different areas, in addition, the existing electric replacement stations and other energy supply stations cannot be combined in a single mode, and the existing electric replacement stations are only additionally arranged nearby the existing energy supply stations and are not fused effectively, so that the comprehensive energy supply stations with higher efficiency, smaller occupied area and higher comprehensive energy supply degree are formed.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to overcome the defects in the prior art and provides an array type power exchange station.
The utility model solves the technical problems by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an array type power exchange station which comprises a plurality of micro power exchange stations, wherein each micro power exchange station comprises a vehicle parking device, a charging frame and a power exchange device;
the vehicle parking device is used for positioning the vehicle for replacing the battery, the charging rack is used for charging and discharging the battery, and the power exchanging device is used for replacing the battery on the vehicle;
the miniature power exchanging stations are arranged in an array; each micro power exchanging station is staggered and arranged in a back-to-back manner; and vehicles of two adjacent miniature power exchange stations are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions.
In the scheme, the miniature power exchange stations are used for carrying out power exchange on the vehicles, and are arranged in an array mode, so that the miniature power exchange stations are arranged regularly, and the overall arrangement of the miniature power exchange stations and the design of the driving-in and driving-out routes of the vehicles are facilitated; each micro power exchange station is staggered and arranged in a back-to-back manner, so that the overall width of each row of micro power exchange stations is reduced, and the layout of the power exchange stations is compact; meanwhile, the vehicles respectively enter the micro-power-exchange stations from two sides of the two micro-power-exchange stations which are opposite to each other for power exchange, so that the vehicles have enough space to enter each micro-power-exchange station; the vehicles of two adjacent micro-power exchange stations are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions, and the vehicles on two sides of the micro-power exchange stations drive into the micro-power exchange stations from different paths, so that the vehicle congestion is avoided.
Preferably, the micro power exchange station further comprises a battery lifting device, and the battery lifting device is used for taking and placing the battery from the charging rack.
In this scheme, can get through battery elevating gear and put the battery from many places on the charging frame in vertical for the charging frame can vertically deposit a plurality of batteries, has promoted the battery storage capacity of charging frame.
Preferably, the micro power exchange station further comprises a micro box, wherein the battery lifting device and the charging frame are placed in the micro box, and two sides of each micro box are aligned.
In the scheme, the battery lifting device and the charging frame are integrated in the miniature box body, so that the battery lifting device, the charging frame, related cables and the like are arranged in a modularized mode, the miniature charging station is more compact and attractive, and meanwhile, the miniature box body can play a certain protection role on the battery lifting device and the charging frame; the two sides of each miniature box body are aligned, so that in the same row of miniature power exchange stations, one sides of all miniature box bodies are positioned in the same plane, and the other sides of all miniature box bodies are positioned in the other plane, thereby ensuring that each row of miniature power exchange stations is relatively regular and has a compact structure.
Preferably, at least two of the micro boxes are abutted against each other, and the vehicle parking device of the micro power exchange station is arranged outwards.
In the scheme, at least two micro boxes are abutted against each other, so that the structure is compact, the occupied area of the micro boxes is saved, and meanwhile, the two micro boxes abutted against each other are mutually supported, so that the structural strength of the micro boxes can be improved; the vehicle parking device is arranged outwards, so that the vehicle can conveniently drive into the vehicle parking device to change electricity.
Preferably, the box plates between the micro box bodies which are abutted against each other are communicated to share the same battery lifting device, and the charging frames of the two micro power exchange stations are respectively arranged at two sides of the battery lifting device.
In this scheme, the boxboard between the miniature box that supports each other communicates for communicate each other between the miniature box that supports each other, make a plurality of miniature box intercommunication form a whole big box, when saving the panel of box curb plate, make miniature box installation more convenient, the structure is compacter reasonable, two communicating boxes simultaneously make two adjacent miniature power exchange stations can share a battery elevating gear, the charging frame of two miniature power exchange stations is listed as in battery elevating gear's both sides, use a battery elevating gear jointly to get the battery and put, save miniature power exchange station's cost, reduce miniature power exchange station's area.
Preferably, the micro-power exchanging stations corresponding to the micro-boxes which are abutted against each other form array units, and every two adjacent array units are separated by 2-5 meters.
In the scheme, the micro power exchange stations corresponding to the mutually abutted micro boxes form an array unit, and the interval between two adjacent array units is 2-5 meters, so that vehicles have enough space to enter and exit when each array unit is powered on, and the overall layout of the array power exchange stations is more reasonable.
Preferably, adjacent parking means of two adjacent rows of said micro-battery stations are arranged at least partially overlapping each other.
In the scheme, the array type power exchange stations can be arranged in a plurality of rows, and as the size of the vehicle parking device is larger than that of a vehicle parked in a general way, partial areas can be overlapped between the adjacent vehicle parking devices of the two rows of the micro power exchange stations, so that the occupied area of the array type power exchange stations is further reduced while the vehicle parking requirements are met.
Preferably, the plurality of micro power exchanging stations can be at least two or more vehicle types for exchanging power, each micro power exchanging station is independently one vehicle type for exchanging power, and each micro power exchanging station is provided with a power exchanging trolley, a vehicle positioning device, a charging frame, a battery lifting device and/or a power exchanging battery which are matched with the vehicle type.
In the scheme, the plurality of micro power exchanging stations of the array power exchanging station can exchange power for more than two types of vehicles, so that the applicability of the array power exchanging station is improved. Each micro power exchanging station independently exchanges power for a vehicle type, so that repeated adjustment of power exchanging parameters of each micro power exchanging station is avoided; meanwhile, the method is convenient for planning and designing the driving-in and driving-out route of each vehicle type and is convenient for the overall layout of the array type power exchange station. Each miniature battery replacement station is provided with a battery replacement trolley, a vehicle positioning device, a charging rack, a battery lifting device and/or a battery replacement battery which are matched with the corresponding vehicle type so as to meet the battery replacement requirement of the corresponding vehicle type.
Preferably, different vehicle types are provided with at least one of a buckle type locking mechanism, a bolt type locking mechanism, a bead expansion type locking mechanism, a T type locking mechanism, a hanging type locking mechanism and a buckling type locking mechanism, wherein different miniature power exchange stations are provided with unlocking mechanisms matched with the plurality of locking mechanisms.
In this scheme, the miniature power conversion station of difference has with buckle formula locking mechanism, bolt formula locking mechanism, rise pearl formula locking mechanism, T type locking mechanism, articulated formula locking mechanism, the multiple locking mechanism matched with release mechanism in the locking formula locking mechanism to satisfy the battery unblock demand of the vehicle that has different locking mechanism, and then realize the power conversion to the vehicle of different motorcycle types, improve array power conversion station's suitability.
Preferably, the power exchanging mode of different vehicle types is one of chassis power exchanging, lateral power exchanging, overhead crane power exchanging and box-separated power exchanging, wherein different miniature power exchanging stations are provided with power exchanging devices which are adaptive to the power exchanging modes.
In this scheme, the miniature power conversion station of difference has with chassis change, side direction change, top hang change, divide the power conversion device that the power conversion mode such as case change suited for the array type power conversion station can satisfy the power conversion demand of the vehicle of adopting above-mentioned various motorcycle types of mode of changing, promotes the suitability of array type power conversion station.
Preferably, the different vehicle types are passenger vehicles, micro-surfaces, light trucks or heavy trucks, and at least one of the plurality of micro power exchanging stations can exchange power for one of the vehicle types.
In the scheme, at least one of the plurality of micro power exchanging stations can exchange power for one of a passenger car, a micro-plane, a light truck or a heavy truck, so that the service plane of the array power exchanging station is wider and the applicability is better.
Preferably, the array type power exchange station further comprises at least one reserved station, and the reserved station is used for expanding the miniature power exchange station into a preset vehicle type.
In this scheme, the array type trades the station through setting up at least one and reserves the station to set up the miniature trading station that satisfies the electric demand of future motorcycle type trading in the future, and then make the array type trade station can adapt to the updating development of trading the electric vehicle, make this array type trade station be difficult for being eliminated, promote the life of array type trading station.
Preferably, the charging rack comprises a first underground charging rack positioned below the ground, and the battery lifting device comprises a bracket which penetrates through the ground up and down and a battery taking and placing mechanism which can lift up and down in the bracket.
In this scheme, through setting up first underground charging frame underground for the battery can charge in the underground position, with the space size that reduces this miniature power exchange station area more than the ground occupied, makes miniature power exchange station when possessing higher battery energy storage ability, and miniature power exchange station's occupation area and the space occupation degree more than the ground are all lower.
Preferably, the distance of the battery lifting device exposed out of the ground is 50-100cm, and the part of the battery lifting device exposed out of the ground is used for enabling the battery taking and placing mechanism to take and place the battery from the corresponding battery replacing device or battery conveying device, and after the battery taking and placing mechanism descends below the ground, battery taking and placing is carried out with the charging bin of the first underground charging frame.
In this scheme, the distance that limit battery elevating gear exposes above the ground is 50-100cm to satisfy the battery and get and put the mechanism and get and put the mechanism and descend to get and put the space operation demand of the first battery of taking and putting the mechanism on ground and underground of carrying out battery in the charging bin of first underground charging frame behind the ground from changing electric installation or battery conveyor, avoid battery elevating gear's height too big to cause the focus too high simultaneously, reduce battery elevating gear's occupation space in subaerial part.
Preferably, the charging rack further comprises a second underground charging rack below the ground, and the second underground charging rack is opposite to the first underground charging rack relative to the battery lifting device.
In this scheme, through setting up the second underground charging frame, increase the battery energy storage ability of miniature power conversion station, the opposite side of second underground charging frame at battery elevating gear relative first underground charging frame simultaneously, battery elevating gear can get the battery of putting towards the relative first underground charging frame of both sides direction and second underground charging frame respectively, saves battery elevating gear's cost, reduces miniature power conversion station's occupation space.
The utility model has the positive progress effects that:
according to the array type power exchange station, the plurality of micro power exchange stations are arranged in an array mode, and the micro power exchange stations are arranged in a staggered mode, so that the width of each row of micro power exchange stations is smaller, the array type power exchange stations are reasonable in arrangement, compact in structure and small in occupied space. Meanwhile, vehicles of two adjacent miniature power exchange stations are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions, so that the vehicles of the miniature power exchange stations are not mutually influenced when power exchange is carried out, and vehicle congestion is avoided.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic layout diagram (one) of an array type power exchange station according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a schematic layout diagram (one) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 1 of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic layout (ii) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 1 of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic layout diagram (ii) of an array type power exchange station according to an embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 5 is a schematic layout diagram of an array type power exchanging station in embodiment 2 of the present utility model.
Fig. 6 is a schematic layout diagram of an array power station according to embodiment 3 of the present utility model.
Fig. 7 is a schematic layout diagram of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 4 of the present utility model.
Fig. 8 is a schematic layout diagram of an array type power exchanging station in embodiment 4 of the present utility model.
Fig. 9 is a schematic layout diagram (one) of an array type power exchange station in embodiment 5 of the present utility model.
Fig. 10 is a schematic layout (ii) of an array type power exchange station according to embodiment 5 of the present utility model.
Fig. 11 is a schematic layout diagram (one) of an array type power exchange station in embodiment 6 of the present utility model.
Fig. 12 is a schematic layout (ii) of an array type power exchange station according to embodiment 6 of the present utility model.
Fig. 13 is a schematic layout diagram (one) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Fig. 14 is a schematic layout (ii) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Fig. 15 is a schematic layout (iii) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Fig. 16 is a schematic layout (fourth) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Fig. 17 is a schematic layout (fifth) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Fig. 18 is a schematic layout (sixth) of a micro power exchange station according to embodiment 9 of the present utility model.
Reference numerals illustrate:
array type power exchanging station 1000
Miniature power exchange station 100
Vehicle parking device 10
Wheel alignment mechanism 11
Battery lifting device 20
Telescoping mechanism 21
Guide rail 22
Charging stand 30
First charging stand 30a
Second charging stand 30b
First underground charging rack 30e
Second underground charging rack 30f
Cell interface 31
Charging bin 32
Battery changing device 40
Battery replacement mechanism 41
Battery transport mechanism 42
Micro-box 60
Vehicle 200
Battery 300
Array unit 400
Direction of entrance and exit A
Battery transport direction B
Detailed Description
The utility model is further illustrated by means of examples which follow, without thereby restricting the scope of the utility model thereto.
Example 1
The present embodiment discloses an array type power exchange station 1000, referring to fig. 1, the array type power exchange station 1000 includes a plurality of micro power exchange stations 100, and the micro power exchange stations 100 are arranged in an array type.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, each micro battery exchange station 100 includes a vehicle parking device 10, a charging stand 30, and a battery exchange device 40.
The vehicle parking device 10 is used for carrying and positioning the vehicle 200, so that the parking position of the vehicle 200 is accurate relative to the micro power exchange station 100, and the power exchange success rate is improved.
The charging rack 30 is used for storing the battery 300 and charging the battery 300. The power exchanging device 40 is reciprocated to the vehicle 200 for exchanging the battery 300 on the vehicle 200.
Wherein, be provided with a plurality of charging bin 32 on the charging frame 30, every charging bin 32 all can fix a position and place battery 300, when battery 300 placed wherein, charging mechanism docks with battery 300, realizes the purpose of charging.
In this embodiment, the plurality of charging bins 32 are uniformly distributed on the charging rack 30 along the height direction. In other embodiments, the charging bin 32 may be arranged in other suitable ways.
In this embodiment, the micro battery exchange station 100 further includes a battery lifting device 20. The battery lifting device 20 is used for taking the discharge cell 300 on the charging stand 30. In addition, in other embodiments, the battery lifting device 20 may not be additionally disposed in the micro battery replacing station 100, but a conveying device is disposed on the charging bins 31 of the charging rack 30, so that the charging bins 31 have the function of conveying the battery 300, and the battery 300 is transported; alternatively, the battery 300 between the charging bins 31 may be transferred by using a power exchanging device 40 with a lifting function, where the power exchanging device 40 has both functions of battery detachment and installation and battery transfer.
In the present embodiment, the vehicle parking device 10, the charging stand 30, and the battery lifting device 20 are sequentially arranged along the in-and-out direction a of the vehicle 200 perpendicular to the micro-battery exchange station 100.
The battery lifting device 20 has a telescopic mechanism 21 for taking and placing the battery 300, and the telescopic direction of the telescopic mechanism 21 is parallel to the battery 300 conveyance direction B of the battery changer 40. The battery lifting device 20 takes the battery 300 and places the battery 300 by the telescopic mechanism 21 thereof, thereby achieving the purpose of conveying the battery 300 in the height direction. Meanwhile, to ensure that the battery lifting device 20 can transport the battery in the vertical direction, the battery lifting device 20 has a lifting mechanism movable in the vertical direction. The telescopic mechanism 21 is arranged on the lifting mechanism to match charging bins 32 at different height positions on the charging frame 30, and the lifting mechanism can be a chain wheel, a chain, a gear and a rack lifting mechanism.
In this embodiment, the telescopic mechanism 21 includes a driving unit and a telescopic unit, the telescopic unit has a telescopic function, the telescopic unit carries the battery 300, and the driving unit can drive the telescopic unit to stretch out or retract back to drive the battery 300, so as to take out the battery. In alternative embodiments, the telescopic mechanism 21 may also be selected from other mechanisms having telescopic functions.
The battery changing device 40 is configured to move back and forth between the vehicle parking device 10 and the battery lifting device 20, the battery changing device 40 is configured to remove the battery 300 with insufficient power from the bottom of the vehicle 200 after the vehicle 200 is parked in the vehicle parking device 10, to carry the removed battery 300 to a position close to the battery lifting device 20, and the battery lifting device 20 is configured to lift the battery 300 to one of the charging bins 32 of the charging rack 30 after the battery 300 is removed, then the battery lifting device 20 is configured to remove the battery 300 with sufficient power from the other charging bin 32, to lift the battery 300 to the battery changing device 40 in a descending manner, and finally to carry the battery 300 with sufficient power to the bottom of the vehicle 200 by the battery changing device 40, and to mount the battery 300 on the vehicle 200, thereby achieving the purpose of quick power change.
In this embodiment, since the charging frame 30 is disposed between the vehicle parking device 10 and the battery lifting device 20, the battery replacing device 40 will pass through the charging frame 30 during the process of transporting the battery, therefore, the charging frame 30 is provided with the battery delivering area 31 at the position overlapping with the battery transporting direction B of the battery replacing device 40, the battery delivering area 31 is located at the bottom of the charging frame 30, the battery delivering area 31 is used for the battery transported by the battery replacing device 40 to stop, so that the battery lifting device 20 can deliver the battery at the position, and the layout of the battery replacing station can make the structure of the station body more compact.
Specifically, the arrangement positions of the battery changing device 40 with respect to the vehicle parking device 10, the battery lifting device 20, and the charging stand 30 are shown in fig. 2. In the present embodiment, the battery changing device 40 reciprocates the battery 300 in a straight direction so that the conveying path of the battery 300 is minimized.
The battery changing device 40 in this embodiment can adopt a mode that the battery changing trolley travels reciprocally in the driving tunnel, so as to achieve the purposes of taking the battery 300 from the vehicle 200 and transporting the battery 300 between the vehicle parking device 10 and the battery lifting device 20. Of course, in other embodiments, the power exchanging device 40 may also use any other structure existing in the prior art to achieve the purpose of exchanging the battery 300 and transporting the battery 300 horizontally.
The miniature power exchange station 100 has compact structural layout, and the number of battery lifting devices 20 and charging frames 30 and the occupied horizontal space are relatively small, thereby meeting the purpose of arranging the power exchange station in a specific area.
Referring to fig. 2, in the present embodiment, both the battery lifting device 20 and the charging stand 30 are placed in one micro-box 60.
Wherein the micro-housing 60 has a rectangular structure and is disposed near one side of the vehicle parking device 10. The battery lifting device 20 and the charging frame 30 are integrated in the micro-box 60, so that the battery lifting device 20, the charging frame 30, related cables and the like are arranged in a modularized mode, the micro-charging station 100 is more compact and attractive, and meanwhile, the micro-box 60 can play a certain protection role on the battery lifting device 20 and the charging frame 30.
In this embodiment, the floor area of the miniature box 60 is less than 10 square meters.
Referring to fig. 1 and 4, the array type power exchange station 1000 of the present embodiment performs power exchange on the vehicle 200 through the micro power exchange station 100, and the micro power exchange stations 100 are arranged in an array, so that a plurality of micro power exchange stations 100 are arranged in a regular manner, which is beneficial to the overall arrangement of the array type power exchange station 1000 and the design of the driving-in and driving-out route of the vehicle 200.
The array type power exchange station 1000 includes one, two or more rows of micro power exchange stations 100. In each row of micro-scale exchange stations 100, each micro-scale exchange station 100 is staggered and arranged in a back-to-back manner, so that the overall width of each row of micro-scale exchange stations 100 is reduced, and the layout of the array-type exchange station 1000 is compact.
Referring to fig. 1, in the present embodiment, two adjacent rows of micro-battery stations 100 are arranged at intervals, that is, the vehicle parking devices 10 of two adjacent rows of micro-battery stations 100 do not interfere with each other, so that the vehicle 200 can easily enter and exit the vehicle parking device 10 of each micro-battery station 100.
In addition, in the present embodiment, in each row of micro-power exchanging station 100, the two sides of each micro-box 60 are aligned, so that in the same row of micro-power exchanging station 100, one sides of all micro-boxes 60 are located in the same plane, and the other sides of all micro-boxes 60 are located in another plane, thereby making each row of micro-power exchanging station 100 more regular and compact.
In this embodiment, every two adjacent micro boxes 60 are abutted against each other and connected with each other. Therefore, each row of micro power exchange stations 100 has compact structure, saves the occupied area of the micro boxes 60, and simultaneously supports the two micro boxes 60 which are mutually abutted against each other, so that the structural strength of the micro boxes 60 can be improved.
Wherein the case plates of the micro cases 60 abutting against each other are communicated such that the plurality of micro battery exchanging stations 100 of each column share one micro case 60. The abutting micro boxes 60 are communicated with each other, a plurality of micro boxes 60 are communicated to form a whole large box, and the plates of the box side plates are saved, so that the micro boxes 60 are more convenient to install, and the structure is more compact and reasonable.
Preferably, the vehicle 200 of the adjacent two micro battery exchange stations 100 is opposite in the in-out direction a, and the vehicle parking device 10 of each micro battery exchange station 10 is disposed outwardly so that the vehicle 200 is driven into the vehicle parking device 10 for battery exchange. The vehicles 200 are driven into the micro-battery-exchange-station 100 from two sides of the two micro-battery-stations 100 which are opposite to each other to exchange power, so that the vehicles 200 have enough space to drive into each micro-battery-station 100. The vehicles 200 of two adjacent micro-battery-replacement-stations 100 are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions, and the vehicles 200 on two sides of the micro-battery-replacement-stations 100 drive into the micro-battery-stations 100 from different paths, so that the congestion of the vehicles 200 is avoided.
Example 2
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchanging station 1000, in which the structures of the vehicle parking device 10, the charging rack 30, the battery lifting device 20, the power exchanging device 40, the micro-box 60 and other components are substantially the same as those of embodiment 1, and the difference is that:
referring to fig. 5, in the present embodiment, two communicating micro-boxes 60 enable two adjacent micro-battery replacing stations 100 to share one battery lifting device 20, and the charging frames 30 of the two micro-battery replacing stations 100 are respectively arranged at two sides of the battery lifting device 20, so that the battery 300 is taken and placed by using one battery lifting device 20 together, thereby saving the cost of the micro-battery replacing station 100 and reducing the occupied area of the micro-battery replacing station 100.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, in two adjacent staggered micro-battery-replacing stations 100, the common battery lifting device 20 is located between the charging frames 30 of the two micro-battery-replacing stations 100. The battery lifting device 20 further comprises a transverse moving mechanism for driving the telescopic mechanism 21 to transversely move, so that the battery lifting device 20 can take and put batteries on the charging frames 30 of the two micro battery replacing stations 100.
In this embodiment, the lateral movement mechanism is disposed on the lifting mechanism of the battery lifting device 20, and the telescopic mechanism 21 is disposed on the lateral movement mechanism, so that the lifting mechanism and the lateral movement mechanism cooperate, so that the telescopic mechanism 21 can select points in the plane where the lifting mechanism and the lateral movement mechanism move, and the charging rack 30 can be provided with a plurality of charging bins 31 in a lateral direction in addition to the vertically arranged charging bins 31, thereby further improving the battery storage capacity of the charging rack 30.
In addition, in another embodiment, for a plurality of micro-battery stations 100 that are abutted in a row, the plurality of micro-battery stations 100 can also share the same battery lifting device 20, so as to further reduce the occupied area and the construction cost of the array-type battery station 1000.
Example 3
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchanging station 1000, in which the structures of the vehicle parking device 10, the charging rack 30, the battery lifting device 20, the power exchanging device 40, the micro-box 60 and other components can be adopted as those in embodiment 1 or embodiment 2, and the difference is that:
referring to fig. 6, in the present embodiment, adjacent parking devices 10 of two adjacent rows of micro-battery stations 100 are arranged to at least partially overlap each other. Since the size of the vehicle parking device 10 is larger than the size of the parked vehicle 200, there may be a partial area overlapping arrangement between adjacent vehicle parking devices 10 of two rows of micro-battery stations 100, and these overlapping vehicle parking devices 10 may park the vehicles 200 at the same time. Thereby further reducing the footprint of the array type power exchange station 1000 while meeting the parking requirements of the vehicle 200.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, in the adjacent two rows of the micro-battery-replacing stations 100, the opposing vehicle parking devices 10 overlap. The overlapping portions are specifically two corners of the vehicle parking apparatus 10 facing each other. So that the operation of the vehicle lifting mechanism, the wheel positioning mechanism 11, etc. on the vehicle parking device 10 is not affected while the structure is made compact.
Example 4
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchanging station 1000, in which the structures of the vehicle parking device 10, the power exchanging device 40, the micro-box 60 and the like can be adopted as those in embodiments 1 to 3, and the difference is that: the structure and arrangement of the charging frame 30 and the battery lifting device 20.
Referring to fig. 7, in the present embodiment, the charging rack 30 includes a first underground charging rack 30e located below the ground, and the battery lifting device 20 includes a support that penetrates the ground up and down, and a battery taking and placing mechanism that can be lifted up and down in the support. By arranging the first underground charging frame 30e underground, the battery 300 can be charged at an underground position, so as to reduce the space occupied by the micro-battery exchange station 100 in an area above the ground, and the micro-battery exchange station 100 has higher battery capacity and simultaneously has lower occupied area and lower occupied space above the ground. The underground array type power exchange station 1000 adopting the miniature power exchange station 100 saves more ground space and is beneficial to construction and popularization of the power exchange station.
The battery taking and placing mechanism includes a telescopic mechanism and a lifting mechanism, which are similar to those in embodiment 1, and are not described here again.
Preferably, the distance of the battery lifting device 20 exposed above the ground is 50-100cm, and the height should not be excessively high, and the portion of the battery lifting device 20 exposed above the ground may be sufficient for taking the space required for the discharge cell 300 from the battery changing device 40 or the battery 300 transporting device. The battery lifting device 20 performs the taking and placing of the battery 300 with the charging bin 32 of the first underground charging stand 30e after being lowered below the ground so that the battery 300 is charged underground.
In this embodiment, the upper end of the first underground charging frame 30 is located entirely underground, and only the upper end of the battery lifting device 20 is exposed to the ground. In other embodiments, the upper end of the first sub-surface charging stand 30e may be exposed to the ground.
More preferably, the charging stand 30 further includes a second underground charging stand 30f located below ground surface to increase the storage capacity of the battery 300 of the micro-battery exchange station 100. The second underground charging frame 30f is opposite to the first underground charging frame 30 relative to the battery lifting device 20, and the battery lifting device 20 can take the discharging pool 300 towards the two sides relative to the first underground charging frame 30e and the second underground charging frame 30f respectively, so that the cost of the battery lifting device 20 is saved, and the occupied space of the micro-battery exchange station 100 is reduced.
In which the first underground charging frame 30e is also entirely underground, so that the distance between the vehicle parking device 10 and the battery lifting device 20 can also be set closer, further reducing the floor space of the micro-battery exchange station 100.
More preferably, referring to fig. 8, based on the underground type micro-battery exchanging station 100, in the array type micro-battery exchanging station 1000, two adjacent micro-battery exchanging stations 100 arranged alternately share the same battery lifting device 20, and the first underground charging frame 30e and the second underground charging frame 30f are provided separately on both sides of the battery lifting device 20.
The battery taking and placing mechanism of the battery lifting device 20 further comprises a transverse moving mechanism, and the transverse moving mechanism is arranged on the lifting mechanism, so that the telescopic mechanism can move up and down and transversely in the bracket, and the battery taking and placing in the first underground charging frame 30e and/or the second underground charging frame 30f of the two micro battery exchanging stations 100 can be realized.
In this embodiment, the lateral movement mechanism is similar to that in embodiment 2, and will not be described here again.
Example 5
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchanging station 1000, in which the structures of the components such as the vehicle parking device 10, the power exchanging device 40, and the micro-box 60 can be the structures of embodiment 1, embodiment 2, embodiment 3, and embodiment 4, and the difference is that:
referring to fig. 9, in the present embodiment, the micro battery exchange stations 100 corresponding to the micro boxes 60 that abut against each other form array units 400, and each two adjacent array units 400 are spaced by 2-5 meters, so that the vehicle 200 has enough space to drive in and drive out when each array unit 400 changes power, and the overall layout of the array battery exchange station 1000 is more reasonable.
In this embodiment, each array unit 400 includes two micro-battery-exchanging stations 100 arranged in a staggered manner, the micro-housings 60 of the two micro-battery-exchanging stations 100 are communicated (i.e. share a complete micro-housing 60), the vehicle parking device 10 of each micro-battery-exchanging station 100 is arranged outwards, the vehicle 200 runs on two sides of the array unit 400, and the corresponding micro-battery-exchanging station 100 is selected for battery-exchanging.
Furthermore, in other embodiments, each array unit 400 may also include three or more micro-battery cells 100 that are in turn abutted.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 10, in each array unit 400, two micro-battery replacing stations 100 share one battery lifting device 20, and the charging frames 30 of the two micro-battery replacing stations 100 are respectively arranged at two sides of the battery lifting device 20, so as to reduce the number of the battery lifting devices 20 of the array-type battery replacing station 1000, save cost and save occupied space.
Preferably, the vehicles 200 of the two micro battery exchange stations 100 of each array unit 400 are driven in and out in opposite directions.
Example 6
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchange station 1000, which is substantially the same as the array type power exchange station 1000 in embodiment 5, except that:
referring to fig. 11 and 12, in the present embodiment, the array type power exchanging station 1000 includes a plurality of array units 400, so that the array type power exchanging station 1000 is more flexible. Each array unit 400 includes two micro-battery-exchanging stations 100 arranged back-to-back, so that the two micro-battery-exchanging stations 100 share one battery lifting device 20, that is, each array unit 400 uses one lifting device, the number of the battery lifting devices 20 is reduced, the cost is saved, and the occupied space is saved.
Referring to fig. 11, in this embodiment, the vehicle parking devices 10, the charging rack 30 and the battery lifting device 20 in the micro-battery replacing station 100 are sequentially arranged along the direction a perpendicular to the vehicle driving in and out direction a, the vehicle parking devices 10 of the two micro-battery replacing stations 100 arranged back-to-back are arranged at two sides of the array unit 400 where they are located, the charging rack 30 and the battery lifting device 20 are located between the two vehicle parking devices 10, i.e. the vehicle parking devices 10 of the two micro-battery replacing stations 100 of each array unit 400 are arranged outwards, the layout is more compact and reasonable, so that the power is replaced at two sides of each array unit 400, the vehicles 200 driving at two sides of the array unit 400 can select the micro-battery replacing station 100 corresponding to the driving direction of the vehicle, and the route planning is more reasonable when the vehicle 200 needs to be subjected to power replacement.
In this embodiment, the two sides of the corresponding micro boxes 60 are aligned between the adjacent array units 400, so that in the same row of micro power exchange stations 100, one sides of all the micro boxes 60 are located in the same plane, and the other sides of all the micro boxes 60 are located in another plane, thereby making each row of micro power exchange stations 100 more regular and compact.
In this embodiment, the interval between every two adjacent array units 400 is 2-5 meters, so that the vehicles 200 on each array unit 400 need to be powered up or powered down to drive in and out, and the vehicles 200 do not interfere with each other.
In the present embodiment, the vehicles 200 of the two micro battery plants 100 of each array unit 400 are driven in and out in opposite directions. The vehicles 200 in each array unit 400 are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions, so that the vehicles 200 from different directions respectively drive in and out of the micro-battery-exchange station 100 according to respective channels, the vehicles are not interfered with each other, and the congestion of the vehicles 200 is avoided.
Example 7
The present embodiment further provides an array type power exchange station 1000 on the basis of the array type power exchange stations 1000 provided in embodiments 1 to 6, where the array type power exchange station 1000 can exchange power for at least two or more vehicle types, so as to improve the compatibility of the array type or staggered type multi-vehicle type power exchange station.
The mode of changing the power for two or more vehicle types by using the array type or staggered type multi-vehicle type power changing station in the embodiment is as follows: each micro-power exchanging station 100 used can independently exchange power for one vehicle type, for example, the micro-power exchanging station 100 positioned on the same side can exchange power for the vehicle 200 of the model a, and the micro-power exchanging station 100 positioned on the other side can exchange power for the vehicle 200 of the model b. Each micro power exchange station 100 independently exchanges power for one vehicle type, so that repeated adjustment of power exchange parameters of each micro power exchange station 100 is avoided; meanwhile, the entry and exit routes of each vehicle type are convenient to plan and design, and the overall layout of the array type power exchange station 1000 is convenient.
Specifically, each micro power exchanging station 100 is provided with a power exchanging trolley, a vehicle positioning device, a charging rack 30, a battery lifting device 20 or a battery 300 for exchanging power, which are matched with the vehicle type, so as to meet the power exchanging requirement of the corresponding vehicle type.
More specifically, different vehicle types have at least one of buckle formula locking mechanism, bolt formula locking mechanism, pearl formula locking mechanism that rises, T type locking mechanism, articulated formula locking mechanism, lock joint formula locking mechanism, and wherein different miniature power conversion station 100 have respectively with above-mentioned multiple locking mechanism matched with release mechanism to satisfy the battery 300 unblock demand of vehicle 200 that has different locking mechanism, and then realize changing the electricity to vehicle 200 of different vehicle types, improve array power conversion station 1000's suitability.
In addition, the power exchanging mode of the micro power exchanging station 100 for different vehicle types is one of chassis power exchanging, lateral power exchanging, overhead power exchanging and box-separated power exchanging, wherein the different micro power exchanging stations 100 should have the power exchanging device 40 adapted to the power exchanging mode, so that the array power exchanging station 1000 can meet the power exchanging requirements of the vehicles 200 of various vehicle types adopting the power exchanging mode, and the applicability of the array power exchanging station 1000 is improved.
In addition, different vehicle types are passenger vehicles, micro-surfaces, light cards or heavy cards, and at least one of the plurality of micro-power exchanging stations 100 can exchange power for one of the vehicle types, so that the service surface of the array-type power exchanging station 1000 is wider and the applicability is better.
In addition, the array-type or staggered-type multi-vehicle-type power exchange station further comprises at least one reserved station, and the micro power exchange station 100 can be expanded into a preset vehicle type, so that the micro power exchange station 100 meeting the power exchange requirement of a future vehicle type can be set in the future, the array-type power exchange station 1000 can adapt to the update development of the power exchange vehicle 200, the array-type power exchange station 1000 is not easy to eliminate, and the service life of the array-type power exchange station 1000 is prolonged.
Example 8
The present embodiment also provides an array type power exchange station 1000, which is based on the array type power exchange station 1000 provided in the above embodiments 1-7, and is different in that:
in this embodiment, the power exchanging device 40 includes at least one of an unlocking component, a positioning component, a horizontal moving component, and a vertical lifting component. Ensuring that the power exchanging device 40 is able to successfully exchange the battery 300 with respect to the vehicle 200 and to successfully transport the battery 300.
Wherein the unlocking assembly is used for unlocking the battery 300 on the battery-powered vehicle 200 so as to detach the battery 300. Be equipped with locking mechanism on the vehicle 200, battery 300 passes through locking mechanism locking connection on the vehicle 200, locking mechanism can be buckle locking mechanism, rotatory locking mechanism of T type, bolt locking mechanism, the pearl locking mechanism that rises, the bolt locking mechanism, one of articulated locking mechanism, unlocking component is the mechanism that can carry out the unblock to at least one of above-mentioned locking mechanism, unlocking component can directly act on above-mentioned locking mechanism, or carry out the unblock operation to locking mechanism indirectly through the transition unlocking mechanism that acts on battery 300, battery changing device 40 is when carrying out the change battery operation, the battery changing device moves to the bottom of vehicle 200 through the horizontal migration subassembly, vertical lifting unit rises unlocking component to the height with locking mechanism unblock point matched with, unlocking component carries out the unblock operation to the locking mechanism, battery 300 that battery changing device 40 drove the dismantlement leaves the vehicle bottom. In the process of lifting the unlocking component by the vertical lifting component, the positioning component is used for realizing the alignment with the bottom of the vehicle 200, so that the unlocking component can be unlocked accurately.
The positioning assembly comprises a positioning rod or a positioning fork, wherein the positioning rod is matched with the positioning hole, the top of the positioning fork is provided with a positioning groove, and the positioning groove is matched with a positioning seat on the vehicle 200. The locating holes may be provided on the battery 300 or on the chassis of the vehicle 200, with the locating being achieved by the lever engaging the holes. For example, the locating lever can align with a locating hole on the battery 300 to locate the battery 300 when the power conversion device 40 is moved to the battery removal position. For example, the two positioning rods can be aligned with the limiting holes on the chassis of the vehicle 200 when the battery changer 40 is in the battery removing position, so that the battery changer 40 and the vehicle 200 are kept in a relatively fixed position, the positioning fork is clamped and positioned with the positioning seat on the vehicle 200 through the positioning groove, and the inner wall of the positioning groove is matched with the shape of the positioning seat.
The horizontal moving component is one of a synchronous belt driving mechanism, a gear rack driving mechanism and a chain wheel and chain driving mechanism, and the power exchanging device 40 is driven to move between the vehicle parking device 10 and the charging frame 30 through the driving mechanism.
The vertical lifting component is one of a scissor type lifting mechanism, a cam lifting mechanism and a rigid chain lifting mechanism, and the unlocking component is driven to vertically lift through the vertical lifting component. Of course, in other embodiments, the screw rod may be a vertically arranged screw rod, and the screw rod is connected with a sliding block in a threaded manner, and the sliding block is driven to ascend or descend by the rotation of the screw rod.
In this embodiment, a wheel positioning mechanism 11 is disposed on a side of the vehicle parking device 10 near the battery lifting device 20, and the wheel positioning mechanism 11 is used for positioning wheels of the vehicle 200, so that the vehicle 200 is parked on the vehicle parking device 10 within a preset range to replace the battery 300, and a more accurate parking position of the vehicle 200 on the vehicle parking device 10 is ensured.
The wheel alignment mechanism 11 in the present embodiment is provided only on the side of the vehicle parking device 10 that is close to the battery lifting device 20, and the side that is remote from the battery lifting device 20 is not provided with the vehicle parking device 10, so that the vehicle parking device 10 in the present embodiment positions only the left front wheel and the left rear wheel of the vehicle 200. This arrangement allows the right space of the vehicle parking apparatus 10 to be completely released, so that the vehicle parking apparatus 10 can have other uses when the vehicle 200 is not parked, for example, for the vehicle 200 to travel therethrough, etc., and the micro-battery exchange station 100 can be made more compact. Of course, in other embodiments, the wheel alignment mechanisms 11 may be provided on both sides of the vehicle parking apparatus 10.
The wheel positioning mechanism 11 comprises an X-direction positioning mechanism and/or a Y-direction positioning mechanism which are/is used for driving the wheel to move and position along the X direction and the Y direction respectively, the X-direction positioning mechanism comprises a V-shaped groove positioning mechanism and/or a drag chain mechanism, and the Y-direction moving mechanism comprises a centering mechanism which is used for pushing the wheel to position from the inner side or the outer side of the wheel. The positioning mechanism is arranged in the X direction and the Y direction simultaneously, so that the positioning effect of wheel positioning is improved. Of course, in other embodiments, only either one of the X-direction positioning mechanism and the Y-direction positioning mechanism may be provided. The V-shaped groove positioning mechanism is used for enabling at least one wheel of a vehicle to enter so as to realize positioning in the X direction, the drag chain mechanism can be matched with the V-shaped groove positioning mechanism for use, and can also be used independently, the drag chain mechanism is used for dragging the V-shaped groove to move in the X direction or dragging a movable bearing mechanism below the wheel to move in the X direction so as to realize moving positioning of the vehicle 200 in the X direction, the centering mechanism comprises a driving mechanism and a push rod mechanism connected with the end part of the driving mechanism, the push rod mechanism is used for contacting with the hub part of the wheel, the driving mechanism is used for driving the wheel to move in the Y direction so as to realize moving positioning of the vehicle 200 in the Y direction, wherein the X direction is along the length direction of the vehicle 200, the Y direction is along the width direction of the vehicle 200, and the posture of the vehicle 200 is adjusted by the wheel positioning mechanism so that the vehicle 200 and the battery changing device 40 below are positioned in a matched position, and battery replacement is facilitated.
Further, the vehicle parking device 10 includes a vehicle lifting mechanism for lifting the vehicle 200, and a travel tunnel for the power supply device 40 to travel back and forth between the vehicle parking device 10 and the battery lifting device 20. In this embodiment, both the vehicle lifting mechanism and the ride may be formed within the vehicle platform.
In this embodiment, the vehicle lifting mechanism may lift the wheels or the vehicle support, and the specific lifting mechanism may be a scissor lifting mechanism, a rigid chain lifting mechanism, or other mechanisms capable of lifting the vehicle in the height direction.
Example 9
In the array type power exchange station 1000 provided in the above embodiments 1 to 8, other specific structures of the micro power exchange station 100 are as follows:
as shown in fig. 13, the micro-battery exchange station 100 includes a vehicle parking device 10, a battery lifting device 20, and a charging rack 30, which are sequentially arranged along an in-and-out direction a perpendicular to a vehicle 200 of the micro-battery exchange station 100.
In particular, in the present embodiment, the number of battery lifting devices 20 is one, and the number of charging frames 30 is one.
In addition, in one other embodiment, as shown in fig. 14 and 15, the micro battery replacement station 100 is provided with the vehicle parking device 10 and the micro casing 60 arranged in this order in a direction perpendicular to the in-and-out direction a of the vehicle 200, the battery lifting device 20 and the charging rack 30 are arranged in this order in the micro casing 60 in a direction parallel to the in-and-out direction a of the vehicle 200, and the difference between fig. 14 and 15 is that the arrangement orientations of the battery lifting device 20 and the charging rack 30 are different. Taking fig. 14 as an example, the battery lifting device 20 is provided on a side of the charging stand 30 near the entrance side of the vehicle 200. Taking fig. 15 as an example, the battery lifting device 20 is provided on the side of the charging stand 30 near the outgoing side of the vehicle 200.
In another embodiment, as shown in fig. 16, the number of the charging frames 30 is two, namely, the first charging frame 30a and the second charging frame 30b, and the micro battery station 100 is arranged in the parking device 10, the first charging frame 30a, the battery lifting device 20 and the second charging frame 30b, which are arranged in this order, perpendicular to the driving direction a of the vehicle 200, so that the number of battery storage of the single micro battery station 100 can be increased, and the battery lifting device 20, the first charging frame 30a and the second charging frame 30b are placed in the micro box 60. In this embodiment, the floor space of the miniature box 60 is preferably smaller than 12 square meters, however, in other embodiments, the size of the miniature box 60 can be adjusted accordingly according to the required size of the charging rack 30 and the battery lifting device 20.
In one other embodiment, as shown in fig. 17, the charging rack 30 is provided with two rows of charging rack units, that is, a first charging rack 30a and a second charging rack 30b, side by side along the driving-in-and-out direction a parallel to the vehicle 200, and the battery lifting device 20 has a traveling device capable of traveling between at least two rows of charging rack units, so that the battery lifting device 20 takes and releases the batteries with respect to the two rows of charging rack units by means of horizontal movement.
Preferably, a guide rail 22 is provided at the bottom or top of the battery lifting device 20, the guide rail 22 is mounted on the surface of the micro-sized case 60, and the battery lifting device 20 is moved between the two rows of charging rack units by means of a motor-driven roller rolling on the guide rail 22.
Preferably, the battery lifting device 20, the two rows of charging rack units, are all placed in a micro-housing 60. In this embodiment, the floor area of the micro-housing 60 is smaller than 12 square meters, however, in other embodiments, the size of the micro-housing 60 can be adjusted according to the required size of the charging rack 30 and the battery lifting device 20.
Preferably, in the micro battery exchange station 100, the battery lifting device 20 and the charging rack 30 are of equal width, which is convenient for structural design and manufacture.
Preferably, there are 4 posts at four end angular positions of the battery lifting device 20, wherein 2 posts near the charging rack 30 are multiplexed as the posts of the charging rack 30 to simplify the number of posts and achieve the purpose of weight and cost reduction.
Preferably, the battery lifting device 20 and the upright post of the charging frame 30 together form a framework or a support post of the micro-sized box 60, that is, the side surface or the top surface of the box of the micro-sized box 60 can be directly installed on the upright post of the battery lifting device 20 or the upright post of the charging frame 30, so that the structure of the micro-sized box 60 is simpler and the cost is reduced. Meanwhile, the connection relationship between the micro-sized case 60 and the battery lifting device 20 and the charging frame 30 is more compact. Finally, the footprint of the micro-tank 60 may be further controlled such that the footprint of the micro-tank 60 is equal to or close to the footprint of the battery lifting device 20 and the charging rack 30.
Preferably, the vehicle parking device 10 includes a vehicle platform extending in the vehicle 200 driving-in and driving-out direction a, and the floor area of the vehicle platform should be equal to or larger than the floor area of the vehicle 200, on which the vehicle 200 is completely carried during the power change. In the present embodiment, the length of the loading platform should be greater than the length of the micro casing 60 along the in-and-out direction of the vehicle 200. Specifically, the ratio of the length of the vehicle platform to the length of the micro-housing 60 is between 1.1 and 1.5.
Preferably, the charging stand 30 has the ability to accommodate 1-3 different sized batteries simultaneously, and in particular, the sizing of the charging bay 32 within the charging stand 30 should have sufficient redundancy such that 3 different form factor batteries 300 can be placed at the lower surface of the charging bay 32.
Preferably, each charging stand 30 should have 3-10 charging bins 32 in the vertical direction to carry more batteries with a limited footprint, with the number of charging bins 32 of a single charging stand 30 controlled below 10 for ease of design, tooling and manufacture. Preferably, in the present embodiment, the power exchanging device 40 may further adopt the following structure: as shown in fig. 18, the power exchanging device 40 includes a battery exchanging mechanism 41 fixed to the vehicle parking device 10 and a battery conveying mechanism 42 provided between the battery exchanging mechanism and the battery lifting device 20. The battery replacement mechanism 41 is used to attach and detach the battery to and from the vehicle 200, and the battery transport mechanism is used to transport the battery between the battery replacement mechanism and the battery lifting device 20. The construction scheme of the power exchanging device 40 is relatively simple in structure and high in battery conveying efficiency.
Preferably, the battery transport mechanism 42 is a roller, belt or double speed chain that transports the batteries by way of a belt drive. The battery conveying mechanism 42 in this embodiment is a roller.
Preferably, the battery lifting device 20 is also provided with rollers, belts or a double speed chain for taking and placing the battery relative to the battery conveying mechanism 42. Preferably, a roller, belt or speed chain is also provided in each mini-box 60 of the charging rack 30 for taking and placing batteries with respect to the battery lifting device 20.
In this embodiment, the battery replacing mechanism 41 is further provided with a transition transmission mechanism, and the transition transmission mechanism is used for carrying out the transmission of the battery in cooperation with the battery conveying mechanism.
In addition, it is explicitly stated that: the external dimensions and shapes of the vehicle parking device 10, the battery lifting device 20, the charging rack 30, the power exchanging device 40, and the micro casing 60 shown in the drawings to which the embodiments of the present utility model relate are only for illustrative purposes, and the internal layout of the micro power exchanging station 100 is shown.
While specific embodiments of the utility model have been described above, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that this is by way of example only, and the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims. Various changes and modifications to these embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principles and spirit of the utility model, but such changes and modifications fall within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (15)

1. An array type power exchange station is characterized by comprising a plurality of micro power exchange stations, wherein each micro power exchange station comprises a vehicle parking device, a charging rack and a power exchange device;
the vehicle parking device is used for positioning the vehicle for replacing the battery, the charging rack is used for charging and discharging the battery, and the power exchanging device is used for replacing the battery on the vehicle;
the miniature power exchanging stations are arranged in an array; each micro power exchanging station is staggered and arranged in a back-to-back manner; and vehicles of two adjacent miniature power exchange stations are opposite in driving-in and driving-out directions.
2. The array type power exchange station of claim 1, wherein said micro power exchange station further comprises a battery lifting device for taking and placing said battery from said charging rack.
3. The array type power exchange station as set forth in claim 2, wherein said micro power exchange station further comprises a micro casing, and said battery lifting device and said charging rack are placed in said micro casing, and both sides of each of said micro casing are aligned.
4. An array type power exchange station as claimed in claim 3, wherein at least two of said micro boxes are abutted against each other, and the parking means of said micro power exchange station is arranged to face outward.
5. The array type power exchanging station of claim 4, wherein the case plates between the micro-cases abutted against each other are communicated to share the same battery lifting device, and the respective charging frames of the two micro-power exchanging stations are arranged on both sides of the battery lifting device.
6. The array type power exchange station as claimed in claim 4, wherein the micro-power exchange stations corresponding to the micro-boxes abutted against each other form array units, and each two adjacent array units are separated by 2-5 m.
7. An array type power exchange station according to claim 1, wherein adjacent parking means of two adjacent rows of said micro power exchange stations are arranged at least partially overlapping each other.
8. The array type power exchange station as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of said micro power exchange stations can exchange power for at least two or more vehicle types, each of said micro power exchange stations is independently a vehicle type power exchange, and each of said micro power exchange stations has a power exchange trolley, a vehicle positioning device, a charging rack, a battery lifting device and/or a power exchange battery matched with the vehicle type.
9. The array power station of claim 8, wherein different vehicle types have at least one of a snap-in locking mechanism, a bolt locking mechanism, a bead expansion locking mechanism, a T-style locking mechanism, a hitch locking mechanism, and a snap-in locking mechanism, wherein different micro power stations have unlocking mechanisms that mate with the plurality of locking mechanisms.
10. The array type power exchanging station as set forth in claim 8, wherein the power exchanging mode of different vehicle types is one of chassis power exchanging, lateral power exchanging, overhead power exchanging and box-separated power exchanging, wherein different micro power exchanging stations are provided with power exchanging devices which are suitable for the power exchanging modes.
11. The array type power exchanging station of claim 8, wherein the different vehicle types are passenger vehicles, micro-surfaces, light-weight or heavy-weight, and at least one of the plurality of micro power exchanging stations can exchange power for one of the vehicle types.
12. The array type power exchange station of claim 1, further comprising at least one reservation station for expanding the mini-type power exchange station to a preset vehicle model.
13. An array type power exchange station as claimed in claim 2, wherein said charging rack comprises a first underground charging rack located below the ground, said battery lifting device comprises a support extending up and down through the ground, and a battery picking and placing mechanism which can be lifted up and down in said support.
14. An array power exchange station as claimed in claim 13 wherein the distance of the battery lifting means above ground is 50-100cm, the portion of the battery lifting means above ground being used to cause the battery handling mechanism to pick and place a battery from the corresponding power exchange means or battery transport means and to take and place a battery with the charging bin of the first underground charging rack after the battery handling mechanism has been lowered below ground.
15. The array power exchange station of claim 13 wherein the charging rack further comprises a second underground charging rack located below ground level, the second underground charging rack being on an opposite side of the battery lifting device from the first underground charging rack.
CN202320768943.3U 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station Active CN219769837U (en)

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CN202310372889.5A Pending CN116890793A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310374412.0A Pending CN116890796A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202320769152.2U Active CN219769844U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768943.3U Active CN219769837U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310372711.0A Pending CN116890788A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Energy station based on gas station
CN202310374398.4A Pending CN116890795A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Filling station
CN202320769065.7U Active CN219769841U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320772803.3U Active CN219769846U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Filling station
CN202320769007.4U Active CN220298470U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768983.8U Active CN219769838U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202310372739.4A Pending CN116890789A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310372910.1A Pending CN116890794A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769102.4U Active CN219769842U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202310372856.0A Pending CN116890790A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768863.8U Active CN219769836U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202320769314.2U Active CN219769845U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310372880.4A Pending CN116890792A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769047.9U Active CN219769840U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768894.3U Active CN220009712U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Energy station based on gas station
CN202310372871.5A Pending CN116890791A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769027.1U Active CN219769839U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769124.0U Active CN219769843U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320772752.4U Active CN219857104U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310372889.5A Pending CN116890793A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310374412.0A Pending CN116890796A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202320769152.2U Active CN219769844U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station

Family Applications After (19)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202310372711.0A Pending CN116890788A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Energy station based on gas station
CN202310374398.4A Pending CN116890795A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Filling station
CN202320769065.7U Active CN219769841U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320772803.3U Active CN219769846U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Filling station
CN202320769007.4U Active CN220298470U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768983.8U Active CN219769838U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202310372739.4A Pending CN116890789A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310372910.1A Pending CN116890794A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769102.4U Active CN219769842U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202310372856.0A Pending CN116890790A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768863.8U Active CN219769836U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202320769314.2U Active CN219769845U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Array type power exchanging station
CN202310372880.4A Pending CN116890792A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769047.9U Active CN219769840U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320768894.3U Active CN220009712U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Energy station based on gas station
CN202310372871.5A Pending CN116890791A (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769027.1U Active CN219769839U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320769124.0U Active CN219769843U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station
CN202320772752.4U Active CN219857104U (en) 2022-04-07 2023-04-07 Miniature power exchange station

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (23) CN116890793A (en)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN220009712U (en) 2023-11-14
CN116890790A (en) 2023-10-17
CN116890791A (en) 2023-10-17
CN220298470U (en) 2024-01-05
CN219769836U (en) 2023-09-29
CN116890788A (en) 2023-10-17
CN116890793A (en) 2023-10-17
CN219769845U (en) 2023-09-29
CN116890794A (en) 2023-10-17
CN116890792A (en) 2023-10-17
CN116890796A (en) 2023-10-17
CN219769843U (en) 2023-09-29
CN219769842U (en) 2023-09-29
CN116890795A (en) 2023-10-17
CN219769844U (en) 2023-09-29
CN219769839U (en) 2023-09-29
CN219769846U (en) 2023-09-29
CN219857104U (en) 2023-10-20
CN219769841U (en) 2023-09-29
CN116890789A (en) 2023-10-17
CN219769840U (en) 2023-09-29
CN219769838U (en) 2023-09-29

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