CN211280967U - Intelligent power battery pre-storing device for battery replacement of electric cars of different types - Google Patents

Intelligent power battery pre-storing device for battery replacement of electric cars of different types Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211280967U
CN211280967U CN201920419894.6U CN201920419894U CN211280967U CN 211280967 U CN211280967 U CN 211280967U CN 201920419894 U CN201920419894 U CN 201920419894U CN 211280967 U CN211280967 U CN 211280967U
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China
Prior art keywords
lifting
battery
bracket
rack
electric
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CN201920419894.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢子聪
赵振华
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Neutral Yuan Beijing Electric Vehicle Power Supply Technology Co ltd
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Zhongliyuan Zhenjiang Electric Vehicle Technology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The utility model provides a power battery intelligence prestores device that is used for [ electric ] motor coach of different motorcycle types to trade electric, includes: the battery pre-storage rack comprises supporting parts on two sides, the supporting parts on the two sides form a support structure, and the supporting parts on the two sides of the lifting part are respectively contacted with the bottom surface of a power battery placed on the battery pre-storage rack; the grabbing mechanism comprises a lifting claw and a lifting claw arm which are connected into a whole. The utility model provides a can trade the electricity to various size power battery in various [ electric ] motor coach, and shorten and trade the electric robot and lift the insufficient voltage battery off from [ electric ] motor coach to trade the cycle of the process that electric robot acquireed full-charge battery, and need not trade the problem that electric robot is in the stagnation wait state.

Description

Intelligent power battery pre-storing device for battery replacement of electric cars of different types
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an electric motor coach power battery trades the electric field, concretely relates to power battery intelligence that is used for electric motor coach of different motorcycle types to trade electricity prestores device.
Background
With the shortage of global energy, the problem of environmental pollution is becoming more serious, and under the large trend of environmental protection and clean energy concept, the electric passenger car has a very wide development prospect because the influence on the environment is smaller than that of the traditional car. The electric motor coach is a coach which takes a vehicle-mounted power supply as power and drives wheels to run by a motor, and meets various requirements of road traffic and safety regulations. The power battery is the core of the electric motor coach, but the insufficient cruising ability of the power battery is the bottleneck troubling the development of the electric motor coach.
The operation mode that the power battery is not required to be charged and only the electric vehicle is reloaded with the power battery full of electric power appears now, so that the time for a user to wait for charging the power battery is shortened, the time is basically the same as the time for refueling the traditional automobile, and the habit of the user for using the automobile does not need to be changed. A quick-change mode: the small electric motor coach running into the battery replacement station directly replaces the charged power battery through the battery replacement equipment in the battery replacement station, so that the small electric motor coach with the power battery of the small electric motor coach with insufficient electric quantity is convenient and quick, but the battery replacement technology is not mature.
In the battery replacement mode, the power battery is arranged on the body of the electric motor coach, the size of the power battery is large (the length and the width are several meters generally) and the weight of the power battery is large (several hundred kilograms), and the safety requirement on the battery replacement mode is high; and the wheelbase and the wheel base of the electric motor coach of different models are different, even the size of the power battery is different, the current power exchange device in the power exchange mode is mainly suitable for the electric motor coach of a single model, the power battery of the electric motor coach of other models with different wheelbase/different wheel base can not be replaced, and under the concept of global new energy vehicle construction, the power battery of the electric motor coach of a single model can only be replaced, which is a great waste of resources.
In the current battery replacement scheme: when the [ electric ] motor coach gets into and trades the power shortage battery in the power station, trade the robot and pull down the power shortage battery and walk to the battery prestore a position and put down the power shortage battery, trade the power shortage robot and drop to the low level, because trade the power station only have a power shortage, the public position of prestoring of full-charge battery, the power shortage battery occupy this moment, it is not advisable to trade the robot to have the full-charge battery, only wait for battery dispatch system to take away the power shortage battery away, advance the storehouse, put on the shelf, get the full-charge battery, transport to the battery prestore the frame and put down, this process is through about 90 seconds of actual timing. During the period, the battery replacement robot is in a stagnation waiting state, so that the overall time of battery replacement is prolonged
Therefore, a new technical scheme for pre-storing the insufficient battery is needed at present, so that the power change of the power batteries with various sizes in various electric cars with different wheel pitches and different wheel pitches is ensured, the period of the process that the electricity changing robot unloads the insufficient battery from the electric car to the electricity changing robot to obtain the full-charge battery is shortened, and the problem that the electricity changing robot is not in a stagnation waiting state becomes the problem to be solved at present.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a power battery intelligence prestores device that is used for electronic minibus of different motorcycle types to trade electricity is provided to solve in can be to different wheel bases, different wheel bases's various electronic minibus, various size power battery trades the electricity, and shortens to trade the robot and lift off the insufficient voltage battery from electronic minibus to trade the cycle that the robot acquireed the process of full-electricity battery, and need not trade the problem that the robot is in the stagnation wait state.
In order to solve the problem, the utility model provides a power battery intelligence prestorage device that is used for electric minibus of different motorcycle types to trade electricity, include: the battery pre-storage rack comprises supporting parts on two sides, the supporting parts on the two sides form a support structure, and the supporting parts on the two sides of the lifting part are respectively contacted with the bottom surface of a power battery placed on the battery pre-storage rack; the grabbing mechanism comprises a lifting claw and a lifting claw arm which are connected into a whole, wherein the claw distance adjusting power unit moves linearly to drive the connecting rod and drive the inner 2 lifting claw arms, the lifting claw arm is provided with a rack, and the electric pushing cylinder moves linearly and synchronously transmitted to the racks on the outer 2 lifting claw arms through the middle gap bridge gear to drive the outer lifting claw arm to move linearly; the lifting mechanism comprises a bracket, 2 lifting power units, 2 lifting guide rails and a guide wheel assembly, wherein the 2 lifting power units are respectively fixed on the 2 lifting guide rails on the two sides of the bracket, the two sides of the bracket are respectively connected with the lifting power units, the 2 lifting power units push the bracket to move up and down, the guide wheel assembly arranged at the four corners of the bracket enables the bracket to move up and down along the lifting guide rails, and a power battery grabbed by the grabbing mechanism is lifted or lowered.
Compared with the prior art, use the utility model discloses, trade the in-process of electricity at [ electric ] motor coach, owing to increased the power battery intelligence system of prestoring, it can strengthen to trade the whole electricity process continuity of trading of electric robot, and make [ electric ] motor coach trade the station from getting into, multinomial work can go on simultaneously, the whole time that [ electric ] motor coach trades the electricity has been reduced, wait for battery dispatch system before tak away insufficient voltage battery away, advance the storehouse, put on the shelf, get full-charge battery, transport to the battery prestore the frame and the process actual timing 90 seconds put down shorten for present 30 seconds, user satisfaction has been improved, the extensive commercial popularization and application of [ electric ] motor coach of being convenient for.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the power battery intelligent pre-storage device for battery replacement of electric cars of different models according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power battery 20 in the power battery intelligent pre-storage system applied in the present invention, which is a power-deficient battery and is placed on a battery pre-storage rack Y10;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a power battery 20 in an intelligent power battery prestoring system applied in the present invention, which is a power-deficient battery and lifts the power-deficient battery to a preset height h;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the guide wheel assembly of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a gripping mechanism Z10 according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the whole middle lifting claw of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present application more apparent, the technical solutions of the present application will be described in detail and completely with reference to the following specific embodiments of the present application and the accompanying drawings. It should be apparent that the described embodiments are only some of the embodiments of the present application, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
Note: in the present application, the X direction means an axial direction that is a direction opposite to a direction in which the vehicle keeps traveling straight on a horizontal ground surface, the Y direction means an axial direction perpendicular to the X direction on a vehicle chassis plane, and the Z direction means an axial direction perpendicular to a plane formed by the X direction and the Y direction.
The electric motor coach is a small-sized light passenger-carrying electric vehicle with less than 9 passengers, and the electric motor drives wheels to run by using a vehicle-mounted power supply as power. The electric motor coach is different from special electric vehicles (such as garbage transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies, urban goods transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies, public transport vehicles powered by vehicle-mounted power supplies and the like)
The device can shorten the replacement time of the insufficient battery and the full battery, and compared with the mode that the current battery replacement robot waits for the battery scheduling system to send back the insufficient battery and then takes the full battery, the battery replacement time can be shortened by about 60 seconds.
The utility model provides a power battery intelligence prestore device that is used for [ electric ] motor coach of different motorcycle types to trade electricity can make and trade the electric robot and can prestore the frame rapidly and take away full-charge battery from the battery, reduces the stagnation and waits, trades the electricity operation without stopping intermittently.
The utility model provides a power battery intelligence prestores device that is used for [ electric ] motor coach of different motorcycle types to trade electricity, realize going up and down through adopting 2 direct current motor electric push cylinders, adjust the lifting claw distance through 1 servo motor electric push cylinder in order to adapt to different specification batteries, descend through the lifting claw, snatch the insufficient voltage battery back of trading electric robot, promote the insufficient voltage battery to one and predetermine the height after, trade electric robot and take away the full-charge battery that battery scheduling system has put on the battery prestore frame away, whole process time is about 30 seconds consuming time, more present waiting for battery scheduling system mode can shorten whole electricity time 60 seconds greatly.
In the process of replacing the batteries of the electric motor coach, due to the fact that the power battery intelligent pre-storage system is additionally arranged, the continuity of the whole battery replacement process of the battery replacement robot is increased, the electric motor coach can enter the battery replacement station to work simultaneously, the whole time of replacing the batteries of the electric motor coach is shortened, the user satisfaction degree is improved, and the large-scale commercial popularization and application of the electric motor coach are facilitated. Of course, the system of the application can also be applied to full-charge battery boosting prestoring.
As shown in fig. 1, the power battery intelligent pre-storage system for battery replacement of electric cars of different vehicle types (i.e. electric cars of different vehicle types with different wheel bases/different wheel bases) of the present application includes: a battery prestore Y10, a grabbing mechanism Z10 and a lifting mechanism H10, wherein,
the battery pre-storage rack Y10 is used for pre-storing equipment of a low-power battery/a full-power battery so that the battery replacement robot or the battery scheduling system takes or places the power battery 20 from the battery pre-storage rack;
and the grabbing mechanism Z10 is used for adjusting the grabbing distance according to the size of the power battery placed on the battery prestoring rack, and tightly grabbing the power battery placed on the battery prestoring rack.
And the lifting mechanism H10 is used for lifting the power battery grabbed by the grabbing mechanism to a preset height H, or lowering the power battery grabbed by the grabbing mechanism lifted to the preset height H and placing the power battery onto a battery pre-storage rack.
The battery prestoring frame comprises supporting parts on two sides, the supporting parts on the two sides form a supporting structure, the supporting parts on the two sides of the lifting part are respectively contacted with the bottom surface of a power battery placed on the battery prestoring frame, the battery prestoring frame is of a metal structure (the supporting parts on the two sides can be of a separated structure, so that the material cost of the supporting structure can be saved, the supporting part can also be of a lifting frame, the application is not limited, the battery prestoring frame can be of a steel structure, the steel structure is low in cost, the production and the manufacture are more convenient, the large-scale commercial popularization and application of a battery replacement mode are convenient, and other metal structures can be also used, such as metal structures of aluminum, copper and the like, and the application is not limited). The battery prestorage rack is used for presetting devices of insufficient batteries/full batteries (serving as transfer stations of the insufficient batteries/full batteries) and can be used for charging power batteries; the battery replacing robot or the battery dispatching system can take or put the power battery from the battery pre-storage rack.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power battery 20 in an intelligent power battery pre-storing system as a power-deficient battery and placed on a battery pre-storing rack Y10. As shown in fig. 3, the power battery 20 in the power battery intelligent pre-storage system is used as a power-deficient battery, and the power-deficient battery is lifted to a preset height h.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the lifting mechanism H10 includes a bracket H101, 2 lifting power units H102, 2 lifting guide rails H103, a guide wheel assembly H104 and a frame H105, wherein, 2 lifting power units are respectively fixed on 2 lifting guide rails at two sides of the bracket, two sides of the bracket are respectively connected with a lifting power unit, 2 lifting power units push the bracket to move up and down, and the guide wheel assemblies installed at four corners of the bracket make the bracket move up and down along the lifting guide rails (the guide wheel assemblies installed at four corners of the bracket make the bracket move up and down along square tubes on the lifting guide rails), so as to realize the switching operation of the power-deficient battery between the pre-storage position and the lifting pre-storage position.
The guide wheel assembly (each guide wheel of the guide wheel assembly can be set as a bearing, the bearing is simple in structural design, the cost is greatly reduced, and large-scale commercial popularization and application in the battery replacement mode are facilitated) controls the freedom degree of the movement of the bracket in the X direction and the Y direction, so that the bracket can be stably lifted without overturning.
The left lifting guide rail and the right lifting guide rail are respectively arranged on the gantry-shaped frame, each lifting guide rail adopts a vertical guide rail formed by 2 square pipes, the left lifting guide rail and the right lifting guide rail have 4 vertical guide rails, and the left lifting guide rail and the right lifting guide rail respectively correspond to guide wheels at four corners of the bracket to form a complete up-down lifting mechanism. The vertical guide rail in the lifting guide rail is a square pipe, as shown in fig. 4, the clearance between each guide wheel in the guide wheel assembly and the corresponding vertical guide rail in the X direction and the Y direction can be adjusted, and the manufacturing and mounting precision is greatly reduced on the premise of ensuring the use function.
The battery storage rack and the bracket are arranged in the rack, the bracket, the battery storage rack and the rack form a whole, and the bracket is arranged in the upper space in the rack; the battery storage rack is in the lower space in the interior of the housing,
as shown in fig. 5, the grasping mechanism Z10: the grabbing mechanism comprises a lifting claw Z101, a lifting claw arm Z102 and a claw distance adjusting unit Z103, a connecting rod Z105 is driven to drive 2 lifting claw arms on the inner side through linear motion of a claw distance adjusting power unit Z104 (which can be an electric pushing cylinder), a rack is arranged on the lifting claw arm, and the linear motion of the electric pushing cylinder is synchronously transmitted to the rack on the 2 lifting claw arms on the outer side through a middle gap bridge gear Z106 to drive the outer lifting claw arm to perform linear motion. The lifting claw arm moves along a linear pair formed by the base plate Z107, the guide wheel H104 and the positioning block Z108, the lifting claw and the lifting claw arm are connected into a whole, the lifting claw moves linearly along with the electric pushing cylinder along with the lifting claw arm, and the claw distance of the lifting claw changes along with the linear pair.
The grabbing mechanism is fixedly arranged on the bracket to form a whole piece, the lifting motion is realized through 2 direct current motor push cylinders, and the guide wheels arranged at the four corners of the bracket enable the whole piece to move up and down along the square tube on the lifting guide rail.
The grabbing mechanism can automatically adjust the distance between the front lifting claw and the rear lifting claw according to the instruction of automatic control of the system, can adapt to various types of power batteries of the electric motor cars of various types to be promoted and prestored, and is stepless adjustable, and accurate and reliable in positioning.
A claw distance adjusting unit: the single claw distance adjusting power unit drives a transmission mechanism which comprises a connecting rod, a whole lifting claw (the whole lifting claw and a lifting claw arm form the whole lifting claw) and an intermediate bridge gear, realizes the stepless adjustment of the claw distance of the whole front and back 2 lifting claws, and meets the requirements of the widths of various power batteries.
As shown in fig. 6, the lifting claw Z101 and the lifting claw arm Z102 constitute a lifting claw whole piece, 2 pieces in front and back, and a rack Z109 is fixedly arranged on the lifting claw arm Z102; the positioning block and the guide wheel limit the freedom degree of motion of the whole lifting claw in the X direction and the Z direction, and the whole lifting claw moves linearly along the Y direction along with the electric push rod, so that the function of adjusting the claw distance is realized. This application can be applicable to the power battery of the little [ electric ] motor coach of different motorcycle types through the claw apart from the regulating unit, is convenient for the extensive commercial popularization and application of little [ electric ] motor coach more.
The overall structure of the intelligent pre-storage system of the power battery is high in integration degree. The structural design is intensive, the method is very suitable for large-scale production, and large-scale commercial popularization and application in a battery replacement mode are facilitated.
The power unit used in the present application may be the following: electric push cylinder, electric push rod, speed reducer or hydraulic cylinder, etc. for single use or mixed use. Therefore, the method has more choices, is more suitable for large-scale production, and is convenient for large-scale commercial popularization and application in a battery replacement mode.
The linear motion pair used in the present application may have the following structure: rollers and guide grooves, rollers and square tubes or guide pillars and guide sleeves, etc. Therefore, the method has more choices, is more suitable for large-scale production, and is convenient for large-scale commercial popularization and application in a battery replacement mode.
The work flow of the power battery intelligent pre-storage system is as follows:
step A, after the electric passenger car drives into a battery replacement station, a control center of the battery replacement station acquires the model of the electric passenger car and the model of a power battery, and sends the information of the model of the power battery of the car to a battery replacement robot, a power battery intelligent pre-storage system and a battery scheduling system;
b, after the battery scheduling system places the extracted full-charge battery on a battery pre-storage rack, the intelligent power battery pre-storage system controls a grabbing mechanism to tightly grasp the full-charge battery placed on the battery pre-storage rack according to the size of the power battery, and controls a lifting mechanism to lift the full-charge battery to a preset height;
c, after the battery replacing robot places the unloaded insufficient battery on a battery pre-storage rack, the battery scheduling system takes the insufficient battery away and returns the insufficient battery to the power battery storage system for storage and charging;
and D, controlling a lifting mechanism to place the fully charged battery on a battery pre-storage rack by the aid of an intelligent power battery pre-storage system, and taking the fully charged battery away by the battery replacing robot.
In the description provided herein, numerous specific details are set forth. However, it is understood that embodiments of the application may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known methods, structures and techniques have not been shown in detail in order not to obscure an understanding of this description.
Similarly, it should be appreciated that in the foregoing description of exemplary embodiments of the application, various features of the application are sometimes grouped together in a single embodiment, figure, or description thereof for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure and aiding in the understanding of one or more of the various inventive aspects. However, the disclosed method should not be interpreted as reflecting an intention that: this application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive aspects lie in less than all features of a single foregoing disclosed embodiment. Thus, the claims following the detailed description are hereby expressly incorporated into this detailed description, with each claim standing on its own as a separate embodiment of this application.
Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the modules in the device in an embodiment may be adaptively changed and disposed in one or more devices different from the embodiment. The modules or units or components of the embodiments may be combined into one module or unit or component, and furthermore they may be divided into a plurality of sub-modules or sub-units or sub-components. All of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), and all of the processes or elements of any method or apparatus so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations where at least some of such features and/or processes or elements are mutually exclusive. Each feature disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings) may be replaced by alternative features serving the same, equivalent or similar purpose, unless expressly stated otherwise.
Furthermore, those skilled in the art will appreciate that while some embodiments described herein include some features included in other embodiments, rather than other features, combinations of features of different embodiments are meant to be within the scope of the application and form different embodiments. For example, in the following claims, any of the claimed embodiments may be used in any combination.
It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the application, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In the claims, any reference signs placed between parentheses shall not be construed as limiting the claim. The word "comprising" does not exclude the presence of elements or steps not listed in a claim. The word "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The application may be implemented by means of hardware comprising several distinct elements, and by means of a suitably programmed computer. In the unit claims enumerating several means, several of these means may be embodied by one and the same item of hardware. The usage of the words first, second and third, etcetera do not indicate any ordering. These words may be interpreted as names.

Claims (7)

1. An intelligent power battery prestoring device for replacing batteries of electric cars of different types is characterized in that,
the method comprises the following steps: the battery pre-storage rack comprises supporting parts on two sides, the supporting parts on the two sides form a support structure, and the supporting parts on the two sides of the lifting part are respectively contacted with the bottom surface of a power battery placed on the battery pre-storage rack; the grabbing mechanism comprises a lifting claw and a lifting claw arm which are connected into a whole, wherein the claw distance adjusting power unit moves linearly to drive the connecting rod and drive the inner 2 lifting claw arms, the lifting claw arm is provided with a rack, and the electric pushing cylinder moves linearly and synchronously transmitted to the racks on the outer 2 lifting claw arms through the middle gap bridge gear to drive the outer lifting claw arm to move linearly; the lifting mechanism comprises a bracket, 2 lifting power units, 2 lifting guide rails and a guide wheel assembly, wherein the 2 lifting power units are respectively fixed on the 2 lifting guide rails on the two sides of the bracket, the two sides of the bracket are respectively connected with the lifting power units, the 2 lifting power units push the bracket to move up and down, the guide wheel assembly arranged at the four corners of the bracket enables the bracket to move up and down along the lifting guide rails, and a power battery grabbed by the grabbing mechanism is lifted or lowered.
2. The apparatus of claim 1,
further comprising: the support structure of the battery prestoring frame is of a metal structure.
3. The apparatus of claim 2,
the lifting mechanism further comprises: the rack is arranged in the shape of a gantry; each lifting guide rail comprises 2 vertical guide rails, the rack is connected with the bracket through 4 vertical guide rails and guide wheel assemblies arranged at four corners of the bracket, the 4 vertical guide rails are respectively arranged at the inner sides of support columns of the rack, the battery storage rack and the bracket are arranged in the rack, the bracket, the battery storage rack and the rack form a whole, and the bracket is arranged in the upper space in the rack; the battery storage rack is arranged in the lower space in the rack, and the bracket enables the bracket to move up and down in the rack along the lifting guide rail through the guide wheel assemblies arranged at the four corners of the bracket.
4. The apparatus of claim 3,
further comprising: the vertical guide rail in the lifting guide rail is a square tube, the clearance between each guide wheel in the guide wheel assembly and the corresponding vertical guide rail in the X direction and the Y direction can be adjusted, and the guide wheel assembly controls the freedom degree of the movement of the bracket in the X direction and the Y direction;
the X direction is an axial direction that is a direction opposite to a linear direction in which the vehicle travels, the Y direction is an axial direction perpendicular to the X direction on a vehicle chassis plane, and the Z direction is an axial direction perpendicular to a plane formed by the X direction and the Y direction.
5. The apparatus of claim 4,
further comprising: each guide wheel of the guide wheel assembly is a bearing.
6. The apparatus of claim 5,
further comprising: the lifting claw and the lifting claw arm form a lifting claw whole piece, the front lifting claw whole piece and the rear lifting claw whole piece are respectively 2, the claw distance adjusting power unit drives the lifting claw whole piece and the middle bridge gear to pass through the connecting rod, and the lifting claw moves linearly along with the lifting claw arm along with the electric pushing cylinder.
7. The apparatus of claim 6,
the grabbing mechanism further comprises: and the positioning block limits the freedom of movement of the whole lifting claw in the X direction and the Z direction through the positioning block and the guide wheels of the guide wheel assembly, and the whole lifting claw moves linearly along the Y direction along with the electric push rod.
CN201920419894.6U 2019-03-29 2019-03-29 Intelligent power battery pre-storing device for battery replacement of electric cars of different types Active CN211280967U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2022048628A1 (en) * 2020-09-03 2022-03-10 奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司 Battery swapping station and battery-transfer control method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2022048628A1 (en) * 2020-09-03 2022-03-10 奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司 Battery swapping station and battery-transfer control method thereof

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