CN111959326B - Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling - Google Patents

Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN111959326B
CN111959326B CN202011142355.6A CN202011142355A CN111959326B CN 111959326 B CN111959326 B CN 111959326B CN 202011142355 A CN202011142355 A CN 202011142355A CN 111959326 B CN111959326 B CN 111959326B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
mobile charging
charging device
sleeve
charging
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202011142355.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN111959326A (en
Inventor
高洋
刘峰
张冰洁
杨俊强
刘然
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Guoxin Intelligent Power New Energy Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Beijing Guoxin Intelligent Power New Energy Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Guoxin Intelligent Power New Energy Technology Co ltd filed Critical Beijing Guoxin Intelligent Power New Energy Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011142355.6A priority Critical patent/CN111959326B/en
Publication of CN111959326A publication Critical patent/CN111959326A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN111959326B publication Critical patent/CN111959326B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/31Charging columns specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/53Batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/67Controlling two or more charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/60Monitoring or controlling charging stations
    • B60L53/68Off-site monitoring or control, e.g. remote control
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/80Technologies aiming to reduce greenhouse gasses emissions common to all road transportation technologies
    • Y02T10/92Energy efficient charging or discharging systems for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors specially adapted for vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of vehicle charging equipment, particularly relates to a mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling, and aims to solve the problem that the working efficiency of a mobile storage battery charging pile in the prior art is low. According to the system, the internal structure of the mobile charging device is set to be a multi-battery circulating structure, the charging gun is supplied with power through automatic battery replacement, the battery of the charging gun is guaranteed to be sufficiently stored and supplied with power, so that a new energy automobile with insufficient power on the way can be charged, the battery is an independent module, the charging is not required to be fixed and fixed, the battery can be automatically replaced when the charging pile moves to a charging station, manual intervention is not required, and the working efficiency is high; furthermore, the server of the system of the invention controls a plurality of mobile charging devices to schedule the built-in battery so as to enable the input side in the battery scheduling pair to continue working, and the working efficiency and the utilization rate of the mobile charging devices can be improved by the scheduling method.

Description

Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of vehicle charging equipment, and particularly relates to a mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling.
Background
With the shortage of energy and the strictness of environmental protection standards, the popularization of new energy automobiles has reached a considerable scale. However, the new energy automobile is restricted by the charging technology, so that the new energy automobile is subjected to large resistance in the popularization process. On current new energy automobile, the stake of charging of car all is fixed to be set up in a certain position, and when new energy automobile need charge, all need drive the car to fill on the other parking stall of stake of charging and charge. Due to the fact that the charging pile infrastructure is not enough, the existing charging pile coverage is not enough, a large number of blank points exist in distribution, and therefore normal use of a user is often influenced, and the new energy automobile cannot walk continuously due to insufficient electric quantity after insufficient electric quantity midway. In the prior art, a movable charging pile is designed so as to be convenient for charging a new energy automobile with insufficient electricity on the way, the movable charging pile also needs to store a battery by itself, if the battery of the movable charging pile is not stored enough, troubles are easy to be caused, and the charging of the storage battery charging pile in the prior art comprises two charging methods, one charging method needs to be returned to a charging station for charging, the charging method cannot work during charging, the working efficiency is influenced, and resources are wasted; another kind needs artifical manual change battery, wastes time and energy, and this application is planned to this type and is filled electric pile and design.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned problem among the prior art, be promptly for solving the problem that portable battery fills electric pile's work efficiency is low among the prior art. The invention provides a mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling, which comprises a server and a plurality of mobile charging devices, wherein the server is used for storing a plurality of mobile charging devices; the server is respectively connected with the plurality of mobile charging devices through wireless communication links.
The mobile charging device comprises a multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, wherein a plurality of battery storage cabins are arranged on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, the battery storage cabins can be driven by the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure to perform circulating motion, and the battery storage cabins are used for storing batteries.
The battery storage cabin is provided with a first assembling part, the mobile charging device is provided with a second assembling part, and the second assembling part is communicated with a circuit of the mobile charging device; the battery can be communicated with the second assembling part through the first assembling part under the driving of the multi-battery-position vertical circulating structure, and/or communicated with a battery throughput port of the mobile charging device through the battery storage hatch; the battery throughput ports of the mobile charging devices are provided with magnetic attraction devices and are used for butting the battery throughput ports of two adjacent mobile charging devices; the number of the built-in batteries of the mobile charging device is less than the number of the battery bits in the multi-battery-bit vertical circulation structure.
The server is provided with a state module and a scheduling algorithm module; the state module is used for storing the position information and the built-in battery electric quantity information of the mobile charging device; the scheduling algorithm module schedules the built-in battery based on the information stored by the state module, and the method comprises the following steps.
Matching every two mobile charging devices with the insufficient battery quantity larger than a first threshold value according to the distance to obtain a plurality of battery scheduling pairs; for each battery scheduling pair, selecting a mobile charging device with a small full-charge battery number as an output side, and selecting another mobile charging device as an input side; moving the output side of each battery dispatching pair to the position of the input side, and butting the swallowing ports of the batteries; exchanging the insufficient-power battery of the input side with the full-power battery of the output side based on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure and the handling port conveying device; the insufficient-power battery is a battery with the residual power smaller than a second threshold, and the full-power battery is a battery with the residual power larger than a third threshold.
In some preferred embodiments, the throughput transport device includes a conveyor belt for moving a battery from the battery swallowing port to the battery storage compartment, or the conveyor belt is for moving a battery from the battery storage compartment to the battery swallowing port.
In some preferred technical solutions, the mobile charging device is a mobile charging pile provided with a charging gun, the second assembling portion is communicated with a circuit of the charging gun, and the battery supplies power to the charging gun when the first assembling portion is communicated with the second assembling portion.
In some preferred technical solutions, the second fitting part inner wall is adapted to the first fitting part outer contour; the first assembling portion comprises a first sleeve and a first plug connector, the second assembling portion comprises a second sleeve and a second plug connector, the first sleeve is sleeved on the outer side of the first plug connector, and the first sleeve has a degree of freedom rotating around the axis of the first sleeve.
The first controller can control the first assembling portion to extend out along the direction of the second assembling portion, so that the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion are clamped and assembled, and the first plug connector is plugged with the second plug connector in the assembling state of the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion.
The first controller can control the first sleeve to rotate around the axis of the first sleeve and control the first assembling portion to retreat along the direction of the second assembling portion, so that the first plug connector is separated from the second plug connector.
In some preferred technical solutions, the first plug connector includes a telescopic portion, a sliding rotation portion, and a connection portion, and the connection portion and the telescopic portion are respectively fixed to two opposite ends of the sliding rotation portion.
The telescopic part is connected with the battery storage cabin, the sliding rotating part is in clearance fit with the first sleeve, the connecting part is used for being connected with the second plug connector in an inserting mode, and the telescopic part and the connecting part are both compared with the sliding rotating part and are expanded to form an anti-pulling structure.
In some preferred technical solutions, the connecting portion includes a first end and a second end, the first end is opposite to the second end, the first end is connected to the sliding and rotating portion, the second end extends away from the first end and gradually decreases, and a cross-sectional area of the second end in a direction perpendicular to the axis is smaller than a cross-sectional area of the first end in the direction perpendicular to the axis.
In some preferred technical solutions, the second sleeve includes a fastening end and a fixing end, the fixing end is used for being fixed with the second plug connector, and the fastening end is used for being fastened with the first assembling portion.
A prefabricated hole is formed in the inner wall of the clamping end, a limiting piece is arranged in the prefabricated hole and used for being matched with the sliding rotating part; the limiting piece is provided with an extending end extending to the inner side of the second sleeve, and the extending end has the freedom degree of moving along the axial direction of the extending end.
The length of the extending end is greater than the length of the second end relative to the inner wall of the clamping end and less than the length of the sliding rotating part relative to the inner wall of the clamping end.
In some preferred technical schemes, the first sleeve outer surface is provided with a crescent-shaped protrusion, the length of an inner arc of the crescent-shaped protrusion is smaller than the outer diameter of the sliding rotating part, and the height of the crescent-shaped protrusion is the same as the outer diameter of the first end of the connecting part.
The first sleeve can rotate around the axis of the first sleeve under the control of the first controller so that the crescent-shaped protrusion is in sliding and rotating fit with the extending end.
In some preferred embodiments, the position-limiting member is a telescopic structure, and a cross section of an extending end of the position-limiting member along an axial direction thereof is tapered.
The extension end comprises a plurality of scalable tubular structures from big to small and connected end to end, the terminal tubular structure of extension end is provided with first sensitive components and parts, the inside sensitive components and parts of second that are provided with of block end, first controller respectively with first sensitive components and parts with the sensitive components and parts communication connection of second.
When the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component are positioned on the same horizontal plane, the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component send feedback signals to the first controller.
In some preferred embodiments, the battery throughput may be one or more.
The invention has the beneficial effects.
The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling sets the structure in the mobile charging device to be a multi-battery circulating structure, the battery is automatically replaced to supply power to the charging gun, the self battery reserve and sufficient power supply of the charging gun are ensured, so that a new energy automobile with insufficient power on the way can be charged, the battery is an independent module, the charging is not required to be fixed and fixed, the battery can be automatically replaced when the charging pile moves to a charging station, the manual intervention is not required, and the working efficiency is high; furthermore, the server of the system of the invention controls a plurality of mobile charging devices to schedule the built-in battery so as to enable the input side in the battery scheduling pair to continue working, and the working efficiency and the utilization rate of the mobile charging devices can be improved by the scheduling method.
The mobile charging device is internally provided with a plurality of small storage batteries which circularly operate to replace a large storage battery, so that the batteries are modularized, the charging times, the charging time and the dismounting time of the large battery in the prior art are reduced, the electric energy loss of the large battery is reduced, and the service life is prolonged. On the other hand still has the residual capacity when big battery among the prior art, but the next task can't be accomplished to the residual capacity, needs to discharge or continue to charge big battery this moment, has caused the energy waste, and little battery is compared in big battery change and maintenance more easily when changing the battery simultaneously, and manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are lower.
The first assembling portion and the second assembling portion are in non-magnetic connection, intelligent clamping locking and separation can be achieved only by supplying a small amount of electricity, and power can be saved while power supply safety is guaranteed.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the present application will become more apparent upon reading of the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments thereof, made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a flowchart illustrating a method for scheduling a battery in a mobile charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a docking of two mobile charging devices according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a mobile charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a mobile charging device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the interior of the charging pile body according to an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic illustration of an input track, an output track, an input conveyor, and an output conveyor in one embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a vertical circulation device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery storage compartment according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a battery storage compartment and a battery in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a first schematic structural diagram of the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a second schematic structural diagram of the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a third schematic structural diagram of the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a fourth schematic structural diagram of the first assembling portion and the second assembling portion in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a first schematic structural diagram of a limiting element according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a second schematic structural diagram of a limiting member according to an embodiment of the invention.
List of reference numerals.
100-charging pile body, 110-input port, 111-input track, 120-output port, 121-output track, 130-image acquisition device, 140-moving device, 150-second assembly part, 160-second sleeve, 161-clamping end, 162-fixing end, 163-prefabricated hole, 164-limiting part, 1641-extending end, 1642-first sensitive component, 1643-second sensitive component, 170-second plug connector and 180-magnetic attraction device; 200-a charging gun; 300-vertical circulation device; 400-battery storage compartment, 410-first assembly part, 420-first sleeve, 421-crescent projection, 430-first plug, 431-telescopic part, 432-sliding rotating part, 433-connecting part, 440-first detection device, 450-mechanical arm; 500-a battery; 600-an input conveyor; 700-output conveyor, 800-mobile charging device.
Detailed Description
In order to make the embodiments, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. It should be understood by those skilled in the art that these embodiments are only for explaining the technical principle of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
The invention provides a preferred embodiment of a mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling, which comprises a server, a plurality of mobile charging devices, a plurality of charging devices and a plurality of charging modules, wherein the server is used for storing a plurality of mobile charging devices; the server is respectively connected with the plurality of mobile charging devices through wireless communication links.
The mobile charging device comprises a multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, wherein a plurality of battery storage cabins are arranged on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, the battery storage cabins can be driven by the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure to perform circulating motion, and the battery storage cabins are used for storing batteries.
The battery storage cabin is provided with a first assembling part, the mobile charging device is provided with a second assembling part, and the second assembling part is communicated with a circuit of the mobile charging device; the battery can be communicated with the second assembling part through the first assembling part under the driving of the multi-battery-position vertical circulating structure, and/or communicated with a battery throughput port of the mobile charging device through the battery storage hatch; the battery throughput ports of the mobile charging devices are provided with magnetic attraction devices and are used for butting the battery throughput ports of two adjacent mobile charging devices; the number of the built-in batteries of the mobile charging device is less than the number of the battery bits in the multi-battery-bit vertical circulation structure.
The server is provided with a state module and a scheduling algorithm module; the state module is used for storing the position information and the built-in battery electric quantity information of the mobile charging device; the scheduling algorithm module schedules the built-in battery based on the information stored by the state module, and the method comprises the following steps: matching every two mobile charging devices with the insufficient battery quantity larger than a first threshold value according to the distance to obtain a plurality of battery scheduling pairs; for each battery scheduling pair, selecting a mobile charging device with a small full-charge battery number as an output side, and selecting another mobile charging device as an input side; moving the output side of each battery dispatching pair to the position of the input side, and butting the swallowing ports of the batteries; exchanging the insufficient-power battery of the input side with the full-power battery of the output side based on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure and the handling port conveying device; the insufficient-power battery is a battery with the residual power smaller than a second threshold, and the full-power battery is a battery with the residual power larger than a third threshold.
In order to more clearly describe the mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of the present invention, a preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of the present invention includes a server, a plurality of mobile charging devices 800; the server is connected to the plurality of mobile charging devices 800 through wireless communication links, respectively.
The mobile charging device 800 is a charging pile in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, which includes a charging pile body 100 provided with a charging gun 200. Further, fill inside the including perpendicular circulation structure in many battery positions of electric pile body 100, many battery position are provided with a plurality of battery storage cabins 400 on the perpendicular circulation structure in many battery positions, and battery storage cabin 400 can carry out the cyclic motion under many battery position are perpendicular circulation structure's drive, and battery storage cabin 400 is used for storing the battery.
The battery storage compartment 400 is provided with a first assembling portion 410, the mobile charging device 800 is provided with a second assembling portion 150, and the second assembling portion 150 is communicated with the circuit of the mobile charging device 800; the battery can be driven by the multi-battery-level vertical circulation structure to communicate with the second assembling portion 150 through the first assembling portion 410 and/or communicate with the battery throughput of the mobile charging device 800 through the battery storage hatch; the battery throughput ports of the mobile charging devices 800 are provided with magnetic attraction devices 180 for butting the battery throughput ports of two adjacent mobile charging devices 800; the number of built-in batteries of the mobile charging device 800 is less than the number of battery bits in the multi-battery bit vertical circulation structure; it is understood that the magnetic attraction 180 is a preferred embodiment, and those skilled in the art can replace it with other structures, such as a jensen type coupler, as long as the two mobile charging devices 800 have their battery ports facing each other. Specifically, the two battery swallowing and spitting ports are oppositely arranged and are butted, the battery swallowing and spitting ports can be provided with positioning devices, the two battery swallowing and spitting ports can be roughly positioned by the rough positioning devices and then accurately positioned by the accurate positioning devices, and after the positioning, the magnetic suction device is started to perform the adsorption and fixed butting between the two mobile charging devices 800.
The server is provided with a state module and a scheduling algorithm module; the status module is used for storing the position information and the built-in battery capacity information of the mobile charging device 800; the scheduling algorithm module schedules the built-in battery based on the information stored by the state module, and the method comprises the following steps: matching every two mobile charging devices 800 with the insufficient battery quantity larger than a first threshold value according to the distance to obtain a plurality of battery scheduling pairs; for each battery scheduling pair, selecting a mobile charging device 800 with a small number of full batteries as an output side, and selecting another mobile charging device 800 as an input side; the server controls the traveling device 140 of the mobile charging device 800 through wireless communication, so that the traveling device 140 drives the charging pile body 100 to move, and the specific moving method is that an output party in each battery dispatching pair moves to the position of an input party, and the battery swallowing and spitting ports are in butt joint; exchanging the insufficient-power battery of the input side with the full-power battery of the output side based on the circulation motion of the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure and the transmission of the handling port conveying device; the insufficient battery is a battery with the residual capacity smaller than the second threshold, and the full battery is a battery with the residual capacity larger than the third threshold.
It is understood that the first threshold, the second threshold, and the third threshold are set by those skilled in the art according to actual situations, for example, the first threshold is 2, 3, 4, etc. as long as the actual number of batteries is not exceeded; in the present invention, preferably, the number of the battery bits in the multi-battery-bit vertical circulation structure is 6, the number of the battery is 5, and the first threshold value is 3, that is, when the number of the battery under power is greater than 3, the mobile charging devices 800 perform pairwise matching according to the distance. The second threshold may be 10%, 15%, 20%, etc.; the third threshold may be 70%, 80%, 90%, etc. Preferably, a battery with a remaining battery capacity greater than 80% can be marked as a fully charged battery. The specific description is not listed, and the arrangement is flexible for those skilled in the art.
Further, the throughput transport apparatus includes a conveyor for moving a battery from the battery intake port to the battery storage compartment, or a conveyor for moving a battery from the battery storage compartment to the battery intake port. In the preferred embodiment of the system of the present invention, the input track 111 and the output track 121 are shown as an example of a swallowing port transfer device.
It is understood that the mobile charging device 800 is internally provided with a wireless communication module so that it can transmit its own location and its own battery remaining capacity to the server.
The structure of the mobile charging device 800 according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to fig. 2 to 15. As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the mobile charging device 800 of the present invention is shown in fig. 2 to 5, and includes a charging pile body 100, wherein a charging gun 200 is disposed on one side of the charging pile body 100, further, the mobile device 140 is disposed at the bottom of the charging pile body 100 of the present invention, and the mobile device 140 is used for driving the charging pile body 100 to travel, further, the charging pile body of the present invention is further provided with an image acquisition device 130, and the image acquisition device 130 is used for acquiring an environment around the charging pile body, so that the mobile charging device of the present invention can plan a route based on an image acquired by the image acquisition device 130, and then travel through the mobile device 140. Specifically, the image capturing device 130 may be a binocular camera, and the moving device 140 may be a roller, a universal wheel, or a slider. The charging pile can be driven by the independent walking device to walk together, and can also be designed integrally with the walking device. When the mobile device 140 is a sliding block, a track is arranged on the ground where the mobile charging device is located, and the track can enable the charging pile to move from the battery warehouse to a charging station or an appointed automobile stop point. Specifically, the image capturing device 130 and the mobile device 140 are not described herein too much, and those skilled in the art can ensure that they can implement their respective functions. Meanwhile, the charging gun 200 can also be implemented by the prior art, and is not described in detail herein.
It can be understood that the moving device and the image acquisition device are both a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the charging pile of the present invention can also be driven by an independently moving walking device, for example, the charging device is driven to move as a mobile charging device by combining a forklift with the charging pile body, when a server performs scheduling, a control instruction is sent to an output party, and the walking device 140 of the output method can drive the charging pile body 100 to move to an input party under the control of the server.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the charging post body 100 of the mobile charging device 800 is provided with a battery throughput port for throughput of a battery. Specifically, the battery swallowing opening may be optionally provided in the charging pile body 100, as long as the position to which the multi-battery position vertical circulation device moves is enabled.
The battery throughput may be one or more. When the number of the battery throughput openings is two, the two battery throughput openings are preferably disposed on adjacent side surfaces of the charging pile body, and those skilled in the art may also dispose the battery throughput openings on two opposite side surfaces. Further, an input port 110 and an output port 120 are respectively arranged on two adjacent sides of the housing of the charging pile body 100 of the present invention, and the output port 120 is a battery swallowing port according to the embodiment illustrated in the drawings. 120 can not only dock with the output conveyer belt, can also dock as battery swallowing mouth and another electric pile of filling in the battery dispatch pair. Fill electric pile body 100 inside cavity, its inside battery change system that is provided with, this battery change system includes the vertical circulation structure 300 of many battery positions, circulation drive arrangement and installs a plurality of battery storage cabin 400 on the vertical circulation structure 300 of many battery positions, battery storage cabin 400 is used for storage battery 500, and circulation drive arrangement is used for driving the vertical circulation structure of many battery positions and carries out cyclic motion to make battery storage cabin 400 carry out cyclic motion under the drive of the vertical circulation structure of many battery positions. The battery storage cabin 400 is provided with a first telescopic assembling part 410, the inner wall of the charging pile body 100 is provided with a second assembling part 150 matched with the first assembling part 410, and the second assembling part 150 is communicated with a circuit of the charging gun 200; the battery 500 can supply power to the charging gun 200 in the plugged state of the first and second fitting parts 410 and 150. The battery storage compartment of the present invention is plural, and preferably, it may be four, five, six or more, and the preferred embodiment of the present invention employs six battery storage compartments in consideration of the size and the accommodation space of the charging post body.
Referring to fig. 8, a first detection device 440 is disposed inside the battery storage compartment 400, and is configured to detect an electric quantity of a battery inside the battery storage compartment 400 and generate a first detection signal, a first controller is disposed inside the first assembly portion, and the first detection device, the first controller, and the circulation driving device are in communication connection with each other; the first controller can control the first assembling part to do telescopic motion based on the first detection signal so as to enable the first assembling part to be connected with or separated from the second assembling part in an inserting mode; the first controller can generate a second detection signal after controlling the first assembling part to be separated from the second assembling part; the circulation driving device drives the vertical circulation device to move based on the first detection signal and/or the second detection signal.
The principle of the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: fill electric pile body 100 and swallow battery 500 through input 110, make battery 500 rotate to the department of charging and charge for charging rifle 200 through the perpendicular circulation structure in drive multi-battery position, the rethread multi-battery position is perpendicular circulation structure and is spit out battery 500 after battery 500 does not have the electricity.
Specifically, the plurality of batteries 500 are inserted into the charging pile body 100 from the input port 110 and then installed in the battery storage compartments 400, and when all the battery storage compartments 400 are filled with the batteries 500, the input port does not receive new batteries. At this time, the multi-battery-site vertical circulation structure drives one of the batteries 500 to the position of the second assembling portion 150 from the input port 110 under the driving of the circulation driving device, and then the first assembling portion 410 extends out to be inserted into the second assembling portion, so that the battery 500 supplies power to the charging gun 200. When the first assembling portion 410 is inserted into the second assembling portion 150, the multi-cell-site vertical circulation structure is stationary. When the remaining capacity of the battery is insufficient or the capacity of the battery is consumed up, the battery storage compartment 400 can be driven by the multi-battery-level vertical circulation structure to circularly move, so that the next battery can continuously supply power to the charging gun 200, when all or part of the batteries are used up or the capacity of the batteries is insufficient and new batteries need to be replaced, the multi-battery-level vertical circulation structure is driven by the circular driving device to move, so that the battery storage compartment 400 is driven to move, the battery moves to the position of the output port 120 from the position of the second assembling portion 150, the battery 500 leaves the charging pile body 100 from the output port, and the battery storage compartment 400 moves to the input port to continuously receive the new batteries after the batteries with insufficient capacity leave. It will be appreciated that the first detection signal is for detecting the remaining battery charge and the second detection signal is a safety signal indicating that the battery charging bay has been disconnected from the charging gun circuit and can continue to rotate, and that those skilled in the art will also appreciate that the second detection signal indicates that the multi-level vertical cycling arrangement can be safely moved.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the multi-cell level vertical circulation structure includes a support frame and a plurality of battery storage cells for holding the battery storage compartments 400. The two sides of the supporting frame are respectively provided with a transmission chain track and a guide rail which are used for forming an upward and downward loop along the vertical direction, the battery storage units are uniformly distributed and horizontally arranged in the two guide rails, the guide rails are used for providing a circulating walking path for the battery storage units, and the transmission chain track is used for driving the battery storage units to walk on the guide rails.
It is understood that the circulating driving device and the multi-battery-level vertical circulating structure can be set by those skilled in the art at will, and can be a ferris wheel type structure, a guide rail slider type structure, a vertical circulating stereo garage type structure, a rack and pinion type structure, a van elevator transmission structure, a roller screw type structure and the like. Such equivalent alternatives to the structure, size, shape, and transmission of the vertical circulation device without changing the principle of the vertical circulation of the battery storage compartment 400 of the present invention are all within the scope of the present invention.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, referring to fig. 10 to 13, the first fitting portion 410 is fitted with the second fitting portion 150, and the detailed structure is as follows.
The inner wall of the second assembling portion 150 is matched with the outer contour of the first assembling portion 410; the first fitting part 410 includes a first sleeve 420 and a first connector 430, the second fitting part 150 includes a second sleeve 160 and a second connector 170, the first sleeve 420 is disposed outside the first connector 430, and the first sleeve 420 has a degree of freedom of rotation about its axis.
The first controller can control the first assembling portion to extend out along the direction of the second assembling portion, so that the first assembling portion 410 is clamped and assembled with the second assembling portion 150, and the first plug-in connector 430 is plugged with the second plug-in connector 170 when the first assembling portion 410 and the second assembling portion are in the 150 assembling state; the first controller can control the first sleeve 420 to rotate around its axis and control the first assembling portion 410 to move back in the direction of the second assembling portion 150, so as to separate the first connector 430 from the second connector 170.
Referring to fig. 12, the first connector 430 includes a telescopic portion 431, a sliding rotation portion 432, and a connecting portion 433, and the connecting portion 433 and the telescopic portion 431 are respectively fixed to opposite ends of the sliding rotation portion 432.
One end of the telescopic part 431 is electrically connected with the battery 500 in the cabin through the battery storage cabin 400, and the other end is electrically connected with the second assembling part 150 through the sliding rotating part 432 and the connecting part 433 in sequence; the sliding rotating part 432 is in clearance fit with the first sleeve 420, the connecting part 433 is used for being plugged with the second plug 170, and the telescopic part 431 and the connecting part 433 are both expanded compared with the sliding rotating part 432 to form an anti-pulling structure.
The connecting portion 433 includes a first end and a second end, the first end is opposite to the second end, the first end is connected to the sliding rotation portion 432, the second end extends away from the first end and gradually decreases, and a cross-sectional area of the second end in a direction perpendicular to the axis is smaller than a cross-sectional area of the first end in a direction perpendicular to the axis.
The second sleeve 160 includes a fastening end 161 and a fixing end 162, the fixing end 162 is used for fixing with the second connector 170, and the fastening end 161 is used for fastening with the first assembling portion 410.
A prefabricated hole 163 is formed in the inner wall of the engaging end 161, a limiting member 164 is disposed inside the prefabricated hole 163, and the limiting member 164 is used for being matched with the sliding rotating portion 432; the limiting member 164 has an extending end 1641 extending to the inner side of the second sleeve 160, and the extending end 1641 has a freedom to move along its own axis.
The length of the extension end 1641 is greater than the length of the second end relative to the inner wall of the engaging end 161 and less than the length of the sliding rotation portion 432 relative to the inner wall of the engaging end 161.
The outer surface of the first sleeve 420 is provided with a crescent-shaped projection 421, the inner arc length of the crescent-shaped projection 421 is smaller than the outer diameter of the sliding rotating part, and the height of the crescent-shaped projection is the same as the outer diameter of the first end of the connecting part.
The first sleeve 420 can rotate about its axis under the control of the first controller to slidably and rotatably engage the crescent 421 with the extension 1641.
Referring to fig. 14 and 15, the limiting member 164 is a telescopic structure, and the extending end 1641 of the limiting member 164 has a tapered cross section along the axial direction thereof; the extension end 1641 is composed of a plurality of telescopic tubular structures which are connected end to end from large to small, a first sensitive component 1642 is arranged on the tubular structure at the tail end of the extension end 1641, a second sensitive component 1643 is arranged inside the clamping end 161, and the first controller is in communication connection with the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component 1643 respectively.
When the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component 1643 are located at the same level, the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component 1643 send feedback signals to the first controller. It is understood that the limiting member 164 of the present invention can have various structures, and it can also be movably disposed inside the second sleeve as long as it can be ensured that the limiting member has the engaging end 161 that is connected to the inner wall of the second sleeve, and the engaging end 161 is used for fixing the limiting member 164, further, as long as it can be ensured that the end of the extending end 1641 of the limiting member can contact and slide along the outer edge of the first sleeve during the rotation of the first sleeve. Due to the length limitation of the extension end 1641, when the crescent-shaped protrusion on the outer edge of the first sleeve 420 contacts, the end of the extension end 1641 moves vertically upward along the axial direction thereof under the interference force of the crescent-shaped protrusion, the top point of the upward movement is the highest point of the outer edge of the crescent-shaped protrusion, at this time, the limiting member 164 cannot limit the first assembling portion 410, and the first assembling portion 410 can move along its own axis, i.e., can be separated from the second assembling portion 150 at this time. At this time, the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component 1643 at the end of the extension end 1641 are connected in communication with each other to send a feedback signal, and the feedback signal can be sent by any component. The limiting member 164 of the present invention may be a retractable structure, a foldable structure, or a vertically movable structure. The structure, size and shape of the limiting member 164 of the present invention can be set at will, and those skilled in the art can make changes to the structure and size of the limiting member while ensuring the movement principle of the limiting member, which are within the protection scope of the present invention. Moreover, the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component 1643 may be implemented by using a known technology, such as an infrared sensor, a photosensitive element, a displacement sensor, and the like, and the specific structure thereof may be flexibly selected, so long as the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component are configured to send a signal when the first sensitive component 1642 and the second sensitive component are butted, or continuously send a signal, when the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component are in communication connection, the first controller does not send a signal any more, and the first controller can know whether the first assembly portion can be separated from the second assembly portion by detecting the abnormality of the signal of the sensitive component.
It can be understood that, when the first assembling portion 410 of the present invention extends and moves along the direction of the second assembling portion 420, the connecting portion 433 can enter the second sleeve 170 in advance, at this time, because the connecting portion 433 is wedge-shaped, the extending length of the extending end 1641 of the limiting member 164 can be reduced, that is, the connecting portion 433 can push the extending end 1641 to fold, contract or move upward while advancing in the process of contacting with the end of the extending end 1641. When the connecting portion 433 moves to the left side of the limiting member 164, the sliding rotation portion 432 is located right below the extension end 1641, because the outer diameter of the sliding rotation portion 432 is smaller than the outer diameter of the first end of the connecting portion, the extension end 1641 moves downward due to gravity, and after the extension end 1641 falls, the sliding rotation portion 432 forms a limiting groove of the first plug 430. At this time, the first assembling portion is electrically connected to the second assembling portion, and the battery 500 can supply power to the charging gun 200. When the battery 500 is low, the first connection signal sends the detected signal to the first controller, and after the first controller receives the signal, the first sleeve is driven to rotate around the axis of the first sleeve, so that the crescent-shaped projection 421 rotates to a position right above the first plug connector along the radial direction of the first plug connector, in the rotating process of the crescent-shaped projection 421, the tail end of the extension end 1641 is always in sliding fit with the outer edge of the crescent-shaped projection 421, and moves upward along the axis direction under the action of the crescent 421, at this time, the position-limiting member 164 cannot limit the position of the first plug, and can send a feedback signal to the first controller, the first controller drives the telescopic part to retract along the direction of the battery storage compartment 400 after receiving the feedback signal, at the moment, the first plug connector is disconnected with the second plug connector, the battery 500 in the battery storage compartment 400 cannot continue to charge the charging gun 200.
In the above preferred embodiment, the inner diameter of the first sleeve is in clearance fit with the outer diameter of the first plug connector, and the length of the first sleeve can be set at will, and the first sleeve can be only sleeved outside the sliding rotating portion, can also be sleeved outside the sliding rotating portion and the telescopic portion, and can also be sleeved outside the sliding rotating portion and the connecting portion. The specific structure, length and size of the first sleeve are not described in detail. The person skilled in the art can only make the outer wall of the sliding and rotating part have the crescent-shaped protrusion and the freedom of rotation around the axis.
In other preferred embodiments of the present invention, the battery storage compartment 400 can be in communication with the input track 111 at the input port 110 and the output track 121 at the output port 120, respectively, while performing a circular motion; a mechanical arm 450 is arranged inside the charging pile body 100, preferably, the mechanical arm 450 is arranged between the input track 111 and the output track 121, the mechanical arm 450 is in communication connection with a second controller inside the circulating driving device, and the mechanical arm 450 is used for clamping or releasing the battery; the robotic arm 450 is configured to move the battery 500 on the input track 111 inside the battery storage compartment 400; or to move the batteries 500 inside the battery storage compartment 400 onto the output track 121. Specifically, the number of the robot arms 450 may be two, and the two robot arms 450 are respectively disposed at the input port or the output port, in a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the robot arms are disposed therebetween, so that the robot arms 450 can be used for multiple purposes, and the space occupation is further reduced. Further, the present invention may also be configured with a robotic arm 450 inside the battery storage compartment 400, the robotic arm 450 inside the battery storage compartment being capable of moving the battery 500 from the input track 111 to the inside of the battery storage compartment 400; or to move the batteries 500 inside the battery storage compartment 400 onto the output track 121. Other specific aspects of the present invention are not described herein.
It is understood that, based on the above principle, the side wall of the battery storage compartment 400 of the present invention may be provided with a push plate, which is telescopically arranged, and which divides the interior of the battery storage compartment 400 into two accommodation spaces. Further, the pushing plate can move to gradually reduce the accommodating space where the battery 500 is located until the pushing plate pushes the battery 500 out of the battery storage compartment 400. The batteries 500 automatically drop onto the output track 121 after exiting the battery storage compartment 400 and pass through the output track 121 to the output port 120. Further, the batteries may be manually removed or dropped on to the next battery conveyor belt back to the battery charging warehouse for charging.
Another aspect of the present invention provides a battery transportation system, which includes the mobile charging device, the battery 500, the input conveyor 600, and the output conveyor 700 described in all the above embodiments; it will be appreciated that the mobile charging device of the system has the same structure, function and advantages as the above described embodiments, and therefore the system also has the same function.
4-6, the input track 111 at the input port 110 of the mobile charging device can communicate with one end of the input conveyor 600, and the output track 121 at the output port 120 of the mobile charging device can communicate with one end of the output conveyor 700; at least one side of the battery storage compartment 500 is provided with an opening, and the opening can be driven by the multi-cell-level vertical circulation structure to be communicated with the input rail 111 or the output rail 121; the battery can enter the input track from an input port under the driving of the input conveyor belt 600 and enter the battery storage cabin through the input track; or the battery can be moved through the output port 120 to the output conveyor 700 via the output track 121 when the battery storage compartment opening is in communication with the output track.
The practical application scene of the system is mainly used for charging automobiles which are anchored on the road, the mobile charging device is driven to travel to the battery warehouse, the input port 110 of the mobile charging device is opened, the input rail 111 is in butt joint with the input conveyor belt 600, the battery storage cabin in the charging pile body is completely filled with batteries in an automatic mode or a manual mode, then the mobile charging device is moved to close the input port, and the mobile charging device is moved to the automobiles to be charged from the battery warehouse. The vertical circulation device is driven to electrically connect the battery and the charging gun, so that the automobile is charged. When the battery electric quantity is not enough and needs to be changed in the charging process, the vertical circulating device is driven to rotate so as to change the battery electrically connected with the charging gun, after the charging gun is used for charging the automobile, the charging device is moved to return to the battery warehouse, the output port is opened, the output rail 121 is communicated with the output conveyor belt 700, and then the battery is taken out. Or the battery serving as the output side of the battery scheduling pair and the battery of the input side are returned to the battery warehouse after scheduling, and the battery is replaced.
Furthermore, the charging pile is also provided with an electric quantity monitoring system, and the system can simultaneously detect the residual electric quantity of the batteries in the plurality of battery storage cabins, namely the sum of the residual electric quantity of the batteries in the charging pile body. When the electric quantity monitoring system judges that the sum of the residual electric quantity of the battery in the charging pile body is smaller than the threshold value through detection, an alarm signal is sent out and the power-off protection system is triggered, so that the power-off protection system can protect the safety of the system and can effectively prolong the service life.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application at least have the following technical effects and advantages.
The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling sets the structure in the mobile charging device to be a multi-battery circulating structure, the battery is automatically replaced to supply power to the charging gun, the self battery reserve and sufficient power supply of the charging gun are ensured, so that a new energy automobile with insufficient power on the way can be charged, the battery is an independent module, the charging is not required to be fixed and fixed, the battery can be automatically replaced when the charging pile moves to a charging station, the manual intervention is not required, and the working efficiency is high; furthermore, the server of the system of the invention controls a plurality of mobile charging devices to schedule the built-in battery so as to enable the input side in the battery scheduling pair to continue working, and the working efficiency and the utilization rate of the mobile charging devices can be improved by the scheduling method.
The mobile charging device is internally provided with a plurality of small storage batteries which circularly operate to replace a large storage battery, so that the batteries are modularized, the charging times, the charging time and the dismounting time of the large battery in the prior art are reduced, the electric energy loss of the large battery is reduced, and the service life is prolonged. On the other hand still has the residual capacity when big battery among the prior art, but the next task can't be accomplished to the residual capacity, needs to discharge or continue to charge big battery this moment, has caused the energy waste, and little battery is compared in big battery change and maintenance more easily when changing the battery simultaneously, and manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are lower.
The first assembling portion and the second assembling portion are in non-magnetic connection, intelligent clamping locking and separation can be achieved only by supplying a small amount of electricity, and power can be saved while power supply safety is guaranteed.
It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. indicating the directions or positional relationships are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, which are only for convenience of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
Furthermore, it should be noted that, in the description of the present invention, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other similar term are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, article, or apparatus.
So far, the technical solutions of the present invention have been described in connection with the preferred embodiments shown in the drawings, but it is easily understood by those skilled in the art that the scope of the present invention is obviously not limited to these specific embodiments. Equivalent changes or substitutions of related technical features can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the invention, and the technical scheme after the changes or substitutions can fall into the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling is characterized by comprising a server and a plurality of mobile charging devices; the server is respectively connected with the plurality of mobile charging devices through wireless communication links; the mobile charging device comprises a multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, a plurality of battery storage cabins are arranged on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure, the battery storage cabins can be driven by the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure to perform circulating motion, and the battery storage cabins are used for storing batteries; the battery storage cabin is provided with a first assembling part, the mobile charging device is provided with a second assembling part, and the second assembling part is communicated with a circuit of the mobile charging device; the battery can be communicated with the second assembling part through the first assembling part under the driving of the multi-battery-position vertical circulating structure, and/or communicated with a battery throughput port of the mobile charging device through the battery storage hatch; the battery throughput ports of the mobile charging devices are provided with magnetic attraction devices and are used for butting the battery throughput ports of two adjacent mobile charging devices; the number of the built-in batteries of the mobile charging device is less than that of the battery positions in the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure; the server is provided with a state module and a scheduling algorithm module; the state module is used for storing the position information and the built-in battery electric quantity information of the mobile charging device; the scheduling algorithm module schedules the built-in battery based on the information stored by the state module, and the method comprises the following steps: matching every two mobile charging devices with the insufficient battery quantity larger than a first threshold value according to the distance to obtain a plurality of battery scheduling pairs; for each battery scheduling pair, selecting a mobile charging device with a small full-charge battery number as an output side, and selecting another mobile charging device as an input side; moving the output side of each battery dispatching pair to the position of the input side, and butting the swallowing ports of the batteries; exchanging the insufficient-power battery of the input side with the full-power battery of the output side based on the multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure and the handling port conveying device; the insufficient-power battery is a battery with the residual power smaller than a second threshold, and the full-power battery is a battery with the residual power larger than a third threshold.
2. The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of claim 1, wherein the swallowing port transfer device comprises a conveyor belt for moving a battery from the battery swallowing port to the battery storage compartment or a conveyor belt for moving a battery from the battery storage compartment to the battery swallowing port.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the mobile charging device is a mobile charging post provided with a charging gun, the second assembly portion is in communication with a circuit of the charging gun, and the battery supplies power to the charging gun when the first assembly portion and the second assembly portion are in a communication state.
4. The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of claim 3, wherein the second fitting inner wall is adapted to the first fitting outer contour; the first assembling part comprises a first sleeve and a first plug connector, the second assembling part comprises a second sleeve and a second plug connector, the first sleeve is sleeved outside the first plug connector, and the first sleeve has a degree of freedom rotating around the axis of the first sleeve; the first controller can control the first assembling part to extend out along the direction of the second assembling part, so that the first assembling part and the second assembling part are clamped and assembled, and the first plug connector is plugged with the second plug connector in the state that the first assembling part and the second assembling part are assembled; the first controller can control the first sleeve to rotate around the axis of the first sleeve and control the first assembling portion to retreat along the direction of the second assembling portion, so that the first plug connector is separated from the second plug connector.
5. The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of claim 4, wherein the first plug connector comprises a telescopic portion, a sliding rotating portion, and a connecting portion, and the connecting portion and the telescopic portion are respectively fixed at two opposite ends of the sliding rotating portion; the telescopic part is connected with the battery storage cabin, the sliding rotating part is in clearance fit with the first sleeve, the connecting part is used for being connected with the second plug connector in an inserting mode, and the telescopic part and the connecting part are both compared with the sliding rotating part and are expanded to form an anti-pulling structure.
6. The mobile charging apparatus system according to claim 5, wherein the connecting portion comprises a first end and a second end, the first end is opposite to the second end, the first end is connected to the sliding rotation portion, the second end extends away from the first end and gradually decreases, and a cross-sectional area of the second end in a direction perpendicular to the axis is smaller than a cross-sectional area of the first end in the direction perpendicular to the axis.
7. The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of claim 6, wherein the second sleeve comprises a fastening end and a fixed end, the fixed end is used for being fixed with the second plug connector, and the fastening end is used for being fastened with the first assembling portion; a prefabricated hole is formed in the inner wall of the clamping end, a limiting piece is arranged in the prefabricated hole and used for being matched with the sliding rotating part; the limiting piece is provided with an extending end extending to the inner side of the second sleeve, and the extending end has the freedom degree of moving along the axial direction of the extending end; the length of the extending end is greater than the length of the second end relative to the inner wall of the clamping end and less than the length of the sliding rotating part relative to the inner wall of the clamping end.
8. The mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling of claim 7, wherein the first sleeve outer surface is provided with a crescent-shaped protrusion, the inner arc length of the crescent-shaped protrusion is smaller than the outer diameter of the sliding rotating part, and the height of the crescent-shaped protrusion is the same as the outer diameter of the first end of the connecting part; the first sleeve can rotate around the axis of the first sleeve under the control of the first controller so that the crescent-shaped protrusion is in sliding and rotating fit with the extending end.
9. The mobile charging device system according to claim 8, wherein the limiting member is a telescopic structure, and a cross section of an extending end of the limiting member along an axial direction thereof is tapered; the extension end is composed of a plurality of telescopic tubular structures which are connected end to end from large to small, a first sensitive component is arranged in the tubular structure at the tail end of the extension end, a second sensitive component is arranged in the clamping end, and the first controller is in communication connection with the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component respectively; when the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component are positioned on the same horizontal plane, the first sensitive component and the second sensitive component send feedback signals to the first controller.
10. The system of claim 1, wherein the battery throughput can be one or more.
CN202011142355.6A 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling Active CN111959326B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011142355.6A CN111959326B (en) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011142355.6A CN111959326B (en) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111959326A CN111959326A (en) 2020-11-20
CN111959326B true CN111959326B (en) 2021-01-05

Family

ID=73387616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011142355.6A Active CN111959326B (en) 2020-10-23 2020-10-23 Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111959326B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113103904B (en) * 2021-06-15 2021-09-10 清华大学 Mobile charging management method and device for electric automobile and electronic equipment

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06262951A (en) * 1993-03-15 1994-09-20 Shikoku Electric Power Co Inc Battery changer of electric automobile
CN105071461A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-18 谢子聪 Mobile-based battery charging system for power battery replacement of electric passenger vehicle
CN105109467A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-02 谢子聪 Control method of battery dispatching system based on mobile power battery replacement
CN107453441A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-12-08 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of mobile charging device and its method for static charging electric vehicle
CN109204058A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-01-15 侍雨 A kind of shared charging equipment and its working method for electric car
CN109986995A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 睿能创意公司 Management is located at the method and system of the energy storage device in device switching station
CN210133095U (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-03-10 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 Trade storehouse of charging of power station
CN111762039A (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-10-13 中立元(镇江)电动汽车加电科技有限公司 Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06262951A (en) * 1993-03-15 1994-09-20 Shikoku Electric Power Co Inc Battery changer of electric automobile
CN105071461A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-18 谢子聪 Mobile-based battery charging system for power battery replacement of electric passenger vehicle
CN105109467A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-12-02 谢子聪 Control method of battery dispatching system based on mobile power battery replacement
CN107453441A (en) * 2017-09-13 2017-12-08 国网重庆市电力公司电力科学研究院 A kind of mobile charging device and its method for static charging electric vehicle
CN109986995A (en) * 2017-12-29 2019-07-09 睿能创意公司 Management is located at the method and system of the energy storage device in device switching station
CN109204058A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-01-15 侍雨 A kind of shared charging equipment and its working method for electric car
CN210133095U (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-03-10 北京新能源汽车股份有限公司 Trade storehouse of charging of power station
CN111762039A (en) * 2019-03-29 2020-10-13 中立元(镇江)电动汽车加电科技有限公司 Battery intelligent storage charging system for sharing battery replacement of electric cars of different models

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN111959326A (en) 2020-11-20

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN111959328B (en) Automatic change battery formula and fill electric pile and battery conveying system
CN106043247B (en) Modular extensible power station switching equipment and charging rack
CN107399302B (en) Charging and battery replacing station and battery replacing method
US9827865B2 (en) Systems and methods for recharging vehicle-mounted energy storage devices
CN111969699B (en) Automatic battery replacement type charging system
EP3707026B1 (en) Multi charging station for a storage system and method thereof
JP5525669B2 (en) Parking equipment
CN214112307U (en) Battery changing station
JP6691701B2 (en) System and method for recharging a vehicle mounted energy storage device
CN111959326B (en) Mobile charging device system based on built-in battery scheduling
CN212148513U (en) Mobile charging pile system
CN113829912A (en) Plate-free rechargeable mechanical stereo garage and charging method
CN111959325B (en) Portable battery deposit fills electric pile and system thereof
CN212709044U (en) Handling equipment, battery supply station and storage power supply system
CN215284455U (en) Turntable system and battery replacing station comprising same
CN212148459U (en) Automatic battery replacement charging system based on multi-battery-position vertical circulation structure
CN212148508U (en) Automatic battery replacement type charging pile based on vertical circulating device
WO2020203929A1 (en) Transport system, mobile body, transport method, transport program, and recording medium
CN113261881A (en) Cleaning system and automatic battery replacement method
CN112721719A (en) Battery replacement charging system
US20240136645A1 (en) Rechargeable Battery Assembly for Local Use Vehicle
US20240132287A1 (en) System and Method for Robotic Battery Exchange for Local Use Vehicles
US20240131957A1 (en) Wireless Communication System for Rechargeable Batteries
US20240131956A1 (en) System and Method for Selectively Charging Batteries for Local Use Vehicles
CN212148506U (en) Movable battery storage charging pile system based on track

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant