US9837842B2 - Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries - Google Patents

Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US9837842B2
US9837842B2 US14601840 US201514601840A US9837842B2 US 9837842 B2 US9837842 B2 US 9837842B2 US 14601840 US14601840 US 14601840 US 201514601840 A US201514601840 A US 201514601840A US 9837842 B2 US9837842 B2 US 9837842B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
batteries
energy storage
electrical energy
set
storage devices
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US14601840
Other versions
US20150207355A1 (en )
Inventor
Matthew Whiting Taylor
Hok-Sum Horace Luke
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Gogoro Inc
Original Assignee
Gogoro Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0063Circuits adapted for supplying loads only
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere
    • G01R31/36Apparatus for testing electrical condition of accumulators or electric batteries, e.g. capacity or charge condition
    • G01R31/3644Various constructional arrangements
    • G01R31/3679Various constructional arrangements for determining battery ageing or deterioration, e.g. state-of-health (SoH), state-of-life (SoL)
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0013Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging several batteries simultaneously or sequentially
    • H02J7/0024Parallel/serial switching of connection of batteries to charge or load circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0063Circuits adapted for supplying loads only
    • H02J2007/0067Discharge management, i.e. discharge current reduction at low state of charge, sequential battery discharge in systems with a plurality of battery
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/345Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering using capacitors as storage or buffering devices

Abstract

A system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices utilizes a smart manager that categorizes electrical energy storage devices in the array based on electrical energy storage device age and/or internal resistance level and causes those electrical energy storage devices with similar ages and/or resistance levels to be concurrently depleted. This is followed by concurrently depleting the electrical energy storage devices in a different category. The system also disconnects faulty electrical energy storage devices in the array and helps alleviate the need to carefully consider and reconfigure the location of individual electrical energy storage devices in the array. The system facilitates forecasting actual capacity and thus helps to guarantee available capacity and to actively maintain capacity via maintenance crews that need simply remove and replace cells as advised by the smart manager. The system 100 facilitates permitting a quality of service (QoS) to be provided to mission critical entities (banks, hospitals, etc.).

Description

BACKGROUND

Technical Field

The present disclosure generally relates to the charging and energy release from rechargeable electrical energy storage devices (e.g., secondary batteries, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors), which may be suitable for use in a variety of fields or applications, for instance transportation and non-transportation uses.

Description of the Related Art

There are a wide variety of uses or applications for electrical energy storage devices. One such application is in the field of transportation. However, after rechargeable electrical energy storage devices used in transportation applications no longer have the required capacity to continue to be used in such transportation applications, other uses of these electrical energy storage devices may need to be found in order to utilize the remaining capacity. Thus a need exists to utilize these aged electrical energy storage devices efficiently and in a more cost-effective manner.

Additionally, increasing numbers of rechargeable lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are starting to be used in new electric vehicles. However, since lithium-ion battery-powered cars are relatively recently coming to the mass market, the recycling centers that can reclaim their components are still in their infancy too. Also, Recycled lithium is as much as five times the cost of lithium produced from the least costly brine based process. In particular, with lithium recycling in its infancy, there is currently no main recycling infrastructure in the world that treats only automotive Li-ion batteries. Therefore, given the current limit to the extent of battery-recycling infrastructure for these types of recycling centers and the fact that lithium-based batteries are less valuable to recycle than earlier types of batteries, there is also a current need, especially with respect to lithium-ion batteries, to find more ways to utilize the remaining capacity for these types of batteries before incurring the cost and going through the effort of recycling them.

BRIEF SUMMARY

A system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices may be summarized as including at least one controller; and at least one communications module coupled to the at least one controller, wherein the at least one controller is configured to: cause the at least one communications module to receive information regarding status of each of a plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array of electrical energy storage devices; make a determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices, based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; and cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination. The information regarding status may include information regarding one or more of: indications whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is faulty; amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; an age of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; remaining life expectancy of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present electrical resistance of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; current load contribution of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; usage history of one or more of the electrical energy storage devices; appearance of a short on a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is connected; status of a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is connected; temperature of a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is connected; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices are presently connected in parallel or series with one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; a number of charge cycles that has occurred for each of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; a number of expected remaining charge cycles available for each of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present charge level of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present charge level of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present charge capacity of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present charge level of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present operating voltage of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; present operating voltage of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; production tolerances of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; temperature of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; temperature distribution across two or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; temperature distribution across one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; one or more ageing characteristics of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; strength of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; indications of a likelihood of failure of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; one or more types of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; a manufacturing batch of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; charging time for one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; reliability of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; past performance of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices matches characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices matches age characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices matches remaining life expectancy characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices matches electrical resistance characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; and whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices has been disconnected from a circuit to which others of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices are connected. The at least one controller may be configured to make the determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn by at least being configured to: determine that an electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is faulty based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; in response to the determination that the electrical energy storage device is faulty, determine to prevent power from being drawn from the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty.

The system wherein the at least one controller may be further configured to: prevent power to be drawn from the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty by being configured to disconnect the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty from an electrical circuit to which others of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices are connected in the array.

The system wherein the at least one controller may be further configured to: send a signal to initiate a replacement to be made, in the array of electrical energy storage devices, of the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty. The at least one controller may be configured to make the determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices by at least being configured to: categorize, based on the received information regarding status, electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices into categories based on matching characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy, of various electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; for each particular category of the categories into which the electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices were categorized, enable concurrent depletion of charge of each electrical energy storage device in the particular category with each other electrical energy storage device in the particular category; and determine a depletion plan which indicates an order in which a depletion of charge will occur sequentially for each particular category of electrical energy storage device with respect to each other particular category. The at least one controller may be configured to categorize, based on the received information regarding status, electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices into the categories by at least being configured to: categorize electrical energy storage devices that have similar characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy into a same particular category.

The at least one controller may be configured to make the determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices by at least being further configured to: determine a depletion plan which indicates a depletion sequence in which a depletion of charge will occur sequentially for each particular category of electrical energy storage device with respect to each other particular category.

The at least one controller may be configured to cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices by at least being configured to: cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices according to the determined depletion plan. The at least one controller may be configured to cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices according to the determined depletion plan by at least being configured to: for each particular category of the categories, cause each electrical energy storage device in the particular category to be electrically connected in parallel with respect to each other electrical energy storage device in the particular category to allow power to be drawn concurrently from each electrical energy storage device in the particular category when connected to an electrical circuit of the array.

The at least one controller may be configured to cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices according to the determined depletion plan by at least being further configured to: cause each electrical energy storage device in a first particular category in the sequence to be electrically connected to an electrical circuit of the array to allow power to be drawn from each electrical energy storage device in the first particular category; after the connection of each electrical energy storage device in the first particular category, cause each electrical energy storage device in the first particular category to be electrically disconnected from the electrical circuit of the array to prevent further power from being able to be drawn from each electrical energy storage device in the first particular category based on detection of a minimum present charge level being reached associated with the first particular category of electrical energy storage devices; and after the disconnection of each electrical energy storage device in the first particular category, cause each electrical energy storage device in a subsequent particular category in the sequence to be electrically connected to the electrical circuit of the array to allow power to be drawn from each electrical energy storage device in the subsequent particular category; after the connection of each electrical energy storage device in the subsequent particular category, cause each electrical energy storage device in the subsequent particular category to be electrically disconnected from the electrical circuit of the array to prevent further power from being able to be drawn from each electrical energy storage device in the subsequent particular category based on detection of a minimum present charge level being reached associated with the subsequent particular category of electrical energy storage devices; and after the disconnection of each electrical energy storage device in the subsequent particular category, repeat, for each additional subsequent particular category in the sequence, in an order indicated by the sequence, the causation of electrical connection to the electrical circuit of the array and the causation of the electrical disconnection from the electrical circuit of the array in sequence according to the depletion plan.

The at least one controller may be further configured to forecast actual electrical energy capacity of the array based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array and on the enablement of power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices according to the determined depletion plan.

The system may further include the array of electrical energy storage devices operably connected to the at least one controller. The array of electrical energy storage devices may be operably connected to the at least one controller via a communications link to the at least one communications module and via an electrical circuit of the array.

A method in a system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices may be summarized as including receiving, by a communications module of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, information regarding status of each of a plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array of electrical energy storage devices; determining, by a controller of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices, based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; and causing, by the controller of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination. The determining may include determining that an electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices is faulty based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; and in response to the determination that the electrical energy storage device is faulty, preventing power from being drawn from the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty.

The method may further include sending, by the communications module of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, a signal to initiate a replacement to be made, in the array of electrical energy storage devices, of the electrical energy storage device determined to be faulty. The determining may include categorizing, based on the received information regarding status, electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices into categories based on matching characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy, of various electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; for each particular category of the categories into which the electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices were categorized, enabling concurrent depletion of charge of each electrical energy storage device in the particular category with each other electrical energy storage device in the particular category; and determining a depletion plan which indicates an order in which a depletion of charge will occur sequentially for each particular category of electrical energy storage device with respect to each other particular category.

The categorizing may include categorizing electrical energy storage devices that have similar characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy into a same particular category.

A non-transitory computer readable storage medium may be summarized as including computer executable instructions thereon that, when executed cause a processor of a system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices to: receive information regarding status of each of a plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array of electrical energy storage devices; and make a determination regarding when to allow power to be drawn from each particular electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices, based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; and cause power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination.

Making the determination regarding when to allow power to be drawn from each particular electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices may include categorizing electrical energy storage devices that have similar characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy into a same particular category of electrical energy storage devices of a plurality of categories of electrical energy storage devices; and determining a depletion plan which indicates a depletion sequence in which a depletion of charge will occur sequentially for each particular category of the plurality of categories with respect to each other particular category of the plurality of categories. One or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array may be portable electrical energy storage devices. One or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array are used portable electrical energy storage devices previously used to power an electric vehicle, and the array of electrical energy storage devices may be a back-up power supply for a building. The plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array may be individual cells and the array may include a battery. Each electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array may be a battery pack.

An electrical energy storage device may be summarized as including at least one controller; and at least one communications module coupled to the at least one controller, wherein the at least one controller is configured to: cause the at least one communications module to send information regarding status of the electrical energy storage device to a system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices including the electrical energy storage device; make a determination regarding whether the electrical energy storage device is faulty; and cause the electrical energy storage device to be disconnected from an electrical circuit of the array of electrical energy storage devices if a determination is made by the at least one controller that the electrical energy storage device is faulty.

The at least one controller may be further configured to: receive information regarding present status of one or more other electrical energy storage devices in the array; make a determination regarding whether to allow power to be drawn from the electrical energy storage device via the electrical circuit of the array based on the received information regarding present status of the one or more other electrical energy storage devices in the array and based on enablement of concurrent depletion of charge of each electrical energy storage device in a particular category with each other electrical energy storage device in the particular category; and cause power to be drawn from the electrical energy storage device according to the determination by causing the electrical energy storage device to be connected to the electrical circuit of the array of electrical energy storage devices in response to a determination to allow power to be drawn from the electrical energy storage device.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings, identical reference numbers identify similar elements or acts. The sizes and relative positions of elements in the drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale. For example, the shapes of various elements and angles are not drawn to scale, and some of these elements are arbitrarily enlarged and positioned to improve drawing legibility. Further, the particular shapes of the elements as drawn, are not intended to convey any information regarding the actual shape of the particular elements, and have been solely selected for ease of recognition in the drawings.

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices of FIG. 1 showing one of the electrical energy storage devices in the array as being faulty, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 3A is a schematic view of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices of FIG. 2 showing the electrical energy storage devices in the array categorized according to electrical energy storage device characteristics, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 3B is a table showing a depletion plan determined by the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices of FIG. 3A based on to the categorizations of the electrical energy storage devices in the array, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the smart manager of the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 5 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method in the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 6 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method in the system for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to an alternative illustrated embodiment.

FIG. 7 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method in an example of one of the electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In the following description, certain specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of various disclosed embodiments. However, one skilled in the relevant art will recognize that embodiments may be practiced without one or more of these specific details, or with other methods, components, materials, etc. In other instances, well-known structures associated with batteries, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors, power converters including but not limited to transformers, rectifiers, DC/DC power converters, switch mode power converters, controllers, and communications systems and structures and networks have not been shown or described in detail to avoid unnecessarily obscuring descriptions of the embodiments.

Unless the context requires otherwise, throughout the specification and claims which follow, the word “comprise” and variations thereof, such as “comprises” and “comprising,” are to be construed in an open, inclusive sense that is as “including, but not limited to.”

Reference throughout this specification to “one embodiment” or “an embodiment” means that a particular feature, structure or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment is included in at least one embodiment. Thus, the appearances of the phrases “in one embodiment” or “in an embodiment” in various places throughout this specification are not necessarily all referring to the same embodiment.

The use of ordinals such as first, second and third does not necessarily imply a ranked sense of order, but rather may only distinguish between multiple instances of an act or structure.

The headings and Abstract of the Disclosure provided herein are for convenience only and do not interpret the scope or meaning of the embodiments.

Reference herein to electrical energy storage device means any device capable of storing electrical power and releasing stored electrical power including but not limited to cells, batteries, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors. For example, a cell is an electrical energy storage device in which chemical energy is converted into electricity and used as a source of power. A battery is a container including one or more cells. In particular, reference to batteries herein means chemical storage cell or cells, for instance, rechargeable or secondary cells including but not limited to nickel cadmium alloy or lithium-ion cells. A battery pack, as used herein, refers to a plurality of electrically connected cells. As one example, a battery pack may have 120 cells, but the number of cells may vary in different embodiments. The organization of cells in the battery pack is referred to herein as an array of cells. Battery packs may also be electrically connected together into what is referred to herein as an array of battery packs, or a battery pack array.

Typically, when an array of battery packs is used as a backup power source, many battery packs are paralleled together in an array to provide the needed capacity for backup. When battery packs are paralleled, as long as the series resistance of all the battery packs is similar, the battery packs will normally self-balance. That is, stronger cells will help weaker cells, and the total capacity of an array of battery packs may be looked at as the sum of all capacities of the battery packs in the array. If a battery pack is very aged, however, its internal resistance can be substantially higher than a new battery pack. This can result in excessive heating and uneven load contribution. If a battery pack fails, it can also appear suddenly as a short. The neighboring battery packs in the array will then dump their energy into this shorted battery pack with undesirable results. Massively paralleled arrays of battery packs have a failure rate that is proportional to the number of paralleled battery packs in the array. In other words, an array of 10 battery packs fails twice as often as an array of 5 battery packs. This similarly applies to arrays of battery packs. Described herein is a system for utilizing an array of battery packs in which groups of smart battery packs can isolate themselves from an array of paralleled battery packs and groups of paralleled battery packs can be depleted concurrently separate from other groups of paralleled battery packs in the array. These paralleled battery packs might be part of a larger array of battery packs also.

While paralleled battery packs can readily scale to deliver large capacities, there are times when it can be helpful to serialize the packs. For example, generating AC power that mimics the power coming out of a wall outlet may include use of a transformer or other magnetics if the overall pack voltage is low. For lower-power applications, this isn't a problem. However, for higher power applications, the size and weight of the magnetics can become prohibitive to the implementation of such a system. In this case, it can be beneficial to create a higher DC voltage by serializing battery packs, and then modulating a switching device to approximate the AC voltage. In the case of battery packs being discharged or charged in parallel, the balance becomes even more critical.

For example, FIG. 1 is a schematic view of system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices, which may each be individual battery packs or may alternatively be individual cells, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

Shown in the system 100 are electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j arranged in an array 112. The electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112 are electrically connected to each other in a circuit, the types of connections of which may be controlled by smart manager 102. For example, smart manager 102 may change the type of circuit connection (e.g., parallel or serial) between any two or more of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array. Smart manager 102 is electrically connected to the circuit of the array 112 by positive electrical circuit line 114 a and negative electrical circuit line 114 b. Smart manager also has electrical circuit line 114 c representing a positive terminal of the array 112 and electrical circuit line 114 d representing a negative terminal of the array 112 to which one or more devices to be powered by the array 112 may be electrically connected to draw power from one or more electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112.

Smart manager 102 is also communicatively connected to the array 112 by data link 108. For example, each of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j may provide information via data link 108 regarding the particular electrical energy storage device over data link 108 to the smart manager 102. In some embodiments, each of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j has a data storage and communication module and coupled processor (not shown) that enables such communication. Such information may be communicated over data link 108 using any applicable data communication protocol for providing such data. For example, the data link 108 may be a wired or wireless point-to-point or client-server data communications link.

Such information communicated over data link 108 may include information regarding status of one or more of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j or groups of electrical energy storage devices within the array 112. The information regarding status may include, but is not limited to information regarding one or more of: indications whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j is faulty; amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; an age of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; remaining life expectancy of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present electrical resistance of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; current load contribution of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; usage history of one or more of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; appearance of a short on a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j is connected; status of a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j is connected; temperature of a circuit to which one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j is connected; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j are presently connected in parallel or series with one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; a number of charge cycles that has occurred for each of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; a number of expected remaining charge cycles available for each of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present charge level of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present charge level of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present charge capacity of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present charge level of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present operating voltage of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; present operating voltage of one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; production tolerances of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; temperature of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; temperature distribution across two or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; temperature distribution across one or more groups of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; one or more ageing characteristics of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; strength of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; indications of a likelihood of failure of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; one or more types of electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; a manufacturing batch of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; charging time for one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; reliability of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; past performance of one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j matches characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j matches age characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j matches remaining life expectancy characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j matches electrical resistance characteristics of one or more other electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j; and whether one or more of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j has been disconnected from a circuit to which others of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j are connected.

The array 112 may include a plurality of receivers, compartments or receptacles (not shown) to removably receive electrical energy storage devices (e.g., batteries, supercapacitors or ultracapacitors) 106 a to 106 j for powering of one or more devices connected to the array 112 via the smart manager 102 on electrical terminals 114 c and 114 d. The electrical terminals 114 c and 114 d allow charge to be delivered from the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j via the smart manager 102, as well as allow charge to be delivered to the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j via smart manager 102 for charging or recharging the same. The size of the array 112 shown in FIG. 1 is one example embodiment and, in various embodiments, there may be more or fewer electrical energy storage devices than that shown in the array 112. For example, array 112 illustrated in FIG. 1 may have a capacity capable of simultaneously holding 40, 80 or 120 electrical energy storage devices. Also, there may be one or more empty electrical energy storage device receivers, compartments or receptacles in the array 112.

The electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j may take a variety of forms, for example batteries (e.g., array of cells) or supercapacitors or ultracapacitors (e.g., array of ultracapacitor cells). For example, the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j may take the form of rechargeable battery packs (i.e., including secondary cells or batteries). The electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j may, for instance, be sized to physically fit, and may have been used to electrically power personal transportation vehicles, such as all-electric scooters or motorbikes or other electric vehicles. Electric scooters and motorbikes are common in many large cities, for example in Asia, Europe and the Middle East. The ability to conveniently reuse batteries in array 112 that were previously used to power such electric vehicles, but no longer have the capacity to power such vehicles, as a back-up power source for buildings or to power other devices may save energy and alleviate air pollution that may otherwise be made as a result of creating or finding new reliable power sources for such uses.

The smart manager 102 may be communicatively coupled to one or more remotely located computer systems. An example of such a remotely located computer system is that of an electrical energy storage device replacement authority 118 that is authorized to replace electrical energy storage devices in the array 112 on an as-needed basis based on information received from the smart manager 102. The electrical energy storage device replacement authority 118 may collect data from and/or control a plurality of systems for utilizing arrays of electrical energy storage devices, such as the system 100 for utilizing the array 112 of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j shown in FIG. 1. The communications may occur over one or more communications channels including one or more networks 122 to which the smart manager 102 is connected via communication line 110, or non-networked communications channels. Communications may be over one or more wired communications channels (e.g., twisted pair wiring, optical fiber), wireless communications channels (e.g., radio, microwave, satellite, 801.11 compliant). Networked communications channels may include one or more local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), extranets, intranets, or the Internet including the Worldwide Web portion of the Internet. In some embodiments, the smart manager 102 may also include a user interface (not shown). The user interface may include a variety of input/output (I/O) devices to allow an end user to interact with system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices.

FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the system 100 of FIG. 1 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices and shows one of the electrical energy storage devices in the array 112 as being faulty, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

For example, if all electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112 have a capacity of 2 AH, then the combined capacity is 20 AH. If electrical energy storage device 106 c, for example, experiences a short or fault, then electrical energy storage device 106 c can disconnect itself from the electrical circuit of the array 112. In that case, the capacity of the array 112 becomes 18 AH. A signal can be sent to the electrical energy storage device replacement authority 118 via communication line 110 over network 122 to initiate a replacement of electrical energy storage device 106 c.

FIG. 3A is a schematic view of the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices of FIG. 2 showing the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array categorized according to electrical energy storage device characteristics, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

For example, in the array 112, the braces shown in FIG. 3A indicate into which category (A, B, C or D) each electrical energy storage device 106 a to 106 j has been categorized by the smart manager 102 based on electrical energy storage device status information received over data link 108. While each electrical energy storage device 106 a to 106 j began life with the same capacity, because each electrical energy storage device 106 a to 106 j is at a different stage of end-of-life in the present example, the internal resistance of each electrical energy storage device 106 a to 106 j can be dramatically different. In the present example, electrical energy storage devices in category A are 30% of original capacity, electrical energy storage devices in category B are 40% of original capacity, electrical energy storage devices in category C are 50% of original capacity and electrical energy storage devices in category D are 60% of original capacity (see also the table in FIG. 3B for reference). There may be fewer or additional relevant categories depending on the differences in capacities of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112 and other information regarding status of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112. These categories may be dynamically updated and/or changed by the smart manager 102 based on the information received over data link 108 regarding status of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112.

FIG. 3B is a table showing a depletion plan determined by the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices of FIG. 3A based on the categorizations of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

The smart manager 102 may be configured to isolate failed/shorted electrical energy storage devices in the array 112 such as failed electrical energy storage device 106 c, but it may also put electrical energy storage devices into parallel configurations according to their categories which are based on electrical energy storage device age and, thus, individual internal electrical resistance of the electrical energy storage device. For example, as shown in the depletion plan determined by the smart manager 102 illustrated in the table in FIG. 3B, electrical energy storage devices 106 a, 106 b and 106 e in category A are to be depleted together, followed by electrical energy storage devices 106 d and 106 f in category B, followed by electrical energy storage devices 106 g, 106 h and 106 j in category D, and finally followed by electrical energy storage device 106 i in category D. In various embodiments the categories may be based on electrical energy storage device age and/or other applicable electrical energy storage device status information received over data link 108 indicative of the presently existing internal electrical resistance of the individual electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j.

In the example above, a limited number of electrical energy storage devices are shown for ease of reference. However, a greater benefit may be provided when the system 100 includes a very large array of electrical energy storage devices that are assembled without any regard to their actual capacity. Historically, much care and effort had been required when assembling a large array of electrical energy storage devices, but the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices as provided herein saves such time and effort by helping to alleviate the need to carefully consider and physically reconfigure the location of individual electrical energy storage devices in the array 112. The system 100 also facilitates forecasting actual capacity and thus helps to guarantee available capacity and to actively maintain capacity via maintenance crews that need simply remove and replace battery packs as advised by a computer system of the electrical energy storage device replacement authority 118 shown in FIG. 1. In various embodiments, the system 100 facilitates permitting a quality of service (QoS) to be provided to mission critical entities (banks, hospitals, etc.). Also, for example, the array 112 may generate an AC voltage that could provide power routinely (in emerging markets) or supplement power (during failures). In some embodiments, such entities subscribe to a nearly guaranteed capacity that is transparently maintained for them by a service provider that may control the system 100 directly or via communications network 122.

FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the smart manager 102 of the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

In the present example embodiment, the smart manager 102 includes a controller 410, a communications subsystem 406, a power interface/manager 420, and alternatively includes read-only memory (ROM) 412, random access memory (RAM) 414 and/or other storage 416.

The controller 410 is, for example, a microprocessor, microcontroller, programmable logic controller (PLC), programmable gate array (PGA), application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) or another controller capable of receiving signals from various sensors, performing logical operations, and sending signals to various components. Typically, the controller 410 may take the form of a microprocessor (e.g., INTEL or AMD). The smart manager 102 may also include one or more non-transitory processor- or computer-readable storage media, for example read-only memory (ROM) 412, random access memory (RAM) 414, and other storage 416 (e.g., solid-state storage media such as flash memory or EEPROM, spinning storage media such as hard disk). The non-transitory processor- or computer-readable storage media 412, 414, 416 may be in addition to any non-transitory storage medium (e.g., registers) which is part of the controller 410. The smart manager 102 may include one or more buses 418 (only one illustrated) coupling various components together, for example one or more power buses, instruction buses, data buses, etc.

As illustrated, the ROM 412, or some other one of the non-transitory processor- or computer-readable storage media 412, 414, 416, stores instructions and/or data or values for variables or parameters. The sets of data may take a variety of forms, for example a lookup table, a set of records in a database, etc. The instructions and sets of data or values are executable by the controller 410. Execution of the instructions and sets of data or values causes the controller 410 to perform specific acts to cause the smart manager 102 to generate control signals that allow or prevent one or more of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j from accepting a charge and/or releasing energy and that cause power to be drawn from one or more particular electrical energy storage devices of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j by one or more connected devices. This may be according to a determination made by the controller 410 regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j, based on the received information via communications subsystem 406 regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j. Specific operation of the smart manager 102 is described herein and also below with reference to various flow diagrams (FIGS. 5-7). The instructions and sets of data or values are executable by the controller 410.

Execution of the instructions and sets of data or values causes the controller 410 to perform specific acts to cause the smart manager 102 to perform the functions of the system 100 described herein. For example, execution of the instructions and sets of data or values causes the controller 410 to perform specific acts to cause the smart manager 102 to determine whether an electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j is faulty based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices, and in response to a determination that the electrical energy storage device is faulty, determine to prevent power from being drawn from the electrical energy storage device. Execution of the instructions and sets of data or values also causes the controller 410 to perform specific acts to categorize, based on the received information regarding status, electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j into categories based on matching characteristics regarding one or more of: electrical energy storage device age, present electrical resistance, amount of remaining capacity of original electrical energy storage device capacity, and life expectancy, of various electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices; for each particular category of the categories into which the electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j were categorized, enable concurrent depletion of charge of each electrical energy storage device in the particular category with each other electrical energy storage device in the particular category; and determine a depletion plan which indicates an order in which a depletion of charge will occur sequentially for each particular category of electrical energy storage device with respect to each other particular category. In addition, execution of the instructions and sets of data or values causes the controller 410 to perform specific acts to connect, disconnect and/or cause each electrical energy storage device in the particular category to be electrically connected in parallel or series with respect other electrical energy storage devices in the plurality of electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j in the array 112 shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3.

The controller 410 may use RAM 414 in a conventional fashion, for volatile storage of instructions, data, etc. The controller 410 may use data store 416 to log or retain information, for example, information regarding status of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j received via data link 108 or other sources. The instructions are executable by the controller 410 to control operation of the smart manager 102 in response to input from remote systems such as those of external devices including but not limited to: those of electrical energy storage device replacement authority 118, a remote system of a service provider in control of the system 100, user mobile devices, end user or operator input, etc.

The control subsystem may also receive signals from various sensors and/or components of an external device via the communications subsystem 406. This information may include information that characterizes or is indicative of the authenticity, authorization level, operation, status, or condition of such components.

The communications subsystem 406 may include one or more communications modules or components which facilitates communications with the various components of external devices (e.g., such as to receive software updates via communication line 110 or data updates of electrical energy storage devices via data link 108). The communications subsystem 406 may provide wired and/or wireless communications. The communications subsystem 406 may include one or more ports, wireless receivers, wireless transmitters or wireless transceivers to provide wireless signal paths to the various remote components or systems. The communications subsystem 406 may, for example, include components enabling short range (e.g., via Bluetooth, near field communication (NFC), radio frequency identification (RFID) components and protocols) or longer range wireless communications (e.g., over a wireless LAN, satellite, or cellular network) and may include one or more modems or one or more Ethernet or other types of communications cards or components for doing so. The communications network 122 to which the communications subsystem 406 may be communicatively connected may include one or more bridges or routers suitable to handle network traffic including switched packet type communications protocols (TCP/IP), Ethernet or other networking protocols.

In some embodiments, some or all of the components of the smart manager 102 may be located outside smart manager 102 as a separate device that actuates the switches within the array 112 (e.g., via a wireless control signal) sent via the communications subsystem 406.

The Power Interface/Manager 420 is controllable by the controller 410 and is configured to provide power to the smart manager 102 and to one or more devices connected to terminals 114 c and 114 d from the electrical energy storage devices of the array 112 and generally manages power output of the array 112. For example, Power Interface/Manager 420 may be configured to regulate the release of power from and/or disconnect one or more of the electrical energy storage devices 106 a to 106 j of the array 112 according to control signals received from the controller 410, and includes various applicable components operable for doing so such as electrical transformers, switches, converters, rectifiers, etc.

FIG. 5 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method 500 in the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

At 502, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices receives information regarding status of each of a plurality of electrical energy storage devices of an array of electrical energy storage devices.

At 504, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage makes a determination regarding from which of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices in the array to allow power to be drawn and when to allow power to be drawn from particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices in the array. This is based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices.

At 506, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage causes power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination made in 504.

FIG. 6 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method 600 in the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to an alternative illustrated embodiment.

At 602, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices receives information regarding status of each of a plurality of electrical energy storage devices of the array of electrical energy storage devices.

At 604, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices makes a determination regarding when to allow power to be drawn from each particular electrical energy storage device of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices in the array, based on the received information regarding status of each of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices.

At 606, the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices causes power to be drawn from the particular electrical energy storage devices of the plurality of electrical energy storage devices according to the determination made in 604.

FIG. 7 is a flow diagram showing a high-level method 700 in an example of one of the electrical energy storage devices (e.g., 106 c) shown in FIG. 1 through FIG. 3B, according to one non-limiting illustrated embodiment.

At 702, the electrical energy storage device 106 c sends information regarding status of the electrical energy storage device 106 c to the system 100 for utilizing an array of electrical energy storage devices including the electrical energy storage device 106 c.

At 704, the electrical energy storage device 106 c makes a determination regarding whether the electrical energy storage device 106 c is faulty.

At 706, the electrical energy storage device 106 c causes the electrical energy storage device 106 c to be disconnected from an electrical circuit of the array 112 if a determination is made by the electrical energy storage device 106 c that the electrical energy storage device is faulty.

The various methods described herein may include additional acts, omit some acts, and/or may perform the acts in a different order than set out in the various flow diagrams.

The foregoing detailed description has set forth various embodiments of the devices and/or processes via the use of block diagrams, schematics, and examples. Insofar as such block diagrams, schematics, and examples contain one or more functions and/or operations, in light of the disclosure herein, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that each function and/or operation within such block diagrams, flowcharts, or examples can be implemented, individually and/or collectively, by a wide range of hardware, software, firmware, or virtually any combination thereof. In one embodiment, the present subject matter may be implemented via one or more microcontrollers. However, in light of the disclosure herein, those skilled in the art will recognize that the embodiments disclosed herein, in whole or in part, can be equivalently implemented in standard integrated circuits (e.g., Application Specific Integrated Circuits or ASICs), as one or more computer programs executed by one or more computers (e.g., as one or more programs running on one or more computer systems), as one or more programs executed by on one or more controllers (e.g., microcontrollers) as one or more programs executed by one or more processors (e.g., microprocessors), as firmware, or as various combinations thereof, and that designing the circuitry and/or writing the code for the software and/or firmware would be well within the skill of one of ordinary skill in the art in light of the teachings of this disclosure.

When logic is implemented as software and stored in memory, logic or information can be stored on any non-transitory computer-readable medium for use by or in connection with any processor-related system or method. In the context of this disclosure, a memory is a nontransitory computer- or processor-readable storage medium that is an electronic, magnetic, optical, or other physical device or means that non-transitorily contains or stores a computer and/or processor program. Logic and/or the information can be embodied in any computer-readable medium for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device, such as a computer-based system, processor-containing system, or other system that can fetch the instructions from the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device and execute the instructions associated with logic and/or information.

In the context of this specification, a “computer-readable medium” can be any physical element that can store the program associated with logic and/or information for use by or in connection with the instruction execution system, apparatus, and/or device. The computer-readable medium can be, for example, but is not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus or device. More specific examples (a non-exhaustive list) of the computer readable medium would include the following: a portable computer memory device (magnetic, compact flash card, secure digital, or the like), a random access memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM, EEPROM, or Flash memory), and a portable compact disc read-only memory (CDROM).

The various embodiments described above can be combined to provide further embodiments. Aspects of the embodiments can be modified, if necessary, to employ systems, circuits and concepts to provide yet further embodiments in light of the disclosure herein.

While generally discussed in the environment and context of backup power sources, the teachings herein can be applied in a wide variety of other environments, including implementing normal power sources.

The above description of illustrated embodiments, including what is described in the Abstract of the Disclosure, is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the embodiments to the precise forms disclosed. Although specific embodiments and examples are described herein for illustrative purposes, various equivalent modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure, as will be recognized by those skilled in the relevant art in light of the disclosure herein.

These and other changes can be made to the embodiments in light of the above-detailed description. In general, in the following claims, the terms used should not be construed to limit the claims to the specific embodiments disclosed in the specification and the claims, but should be construed to include all possible embodiments along with the full scope of equivalents to which such claims are entitled. Accordingly, the claims are not limited by the disclosure.

Claims (28)

The invention claimed is:
1. A system for utilizing an array of batteries, comprising:
at least one controller; and
at least one communications module embedded in each of the batteries, wherein the at least one controller is configured to:
receive information from the batteries, wherein the received information includes age information of the batteries;
determine, based on the age information, a first set of batteries having a first age range;
determine, based on the age information, a second set of batteries having a second age range newer than the first age range;
connect the first set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the first set of batteries;
connect the second set of batteries in parallel the so as to allow power to be drawn from the second set of batteries; and
selectively connect the batteries in each set to power a load so that batteries in the same age range are utilized at the same time.
2. The system of claim 1 wherein the age information received from each battery includes one or more of: includes an age of each battery; a remaining life expectancy of each battery and a manufacturing batch of each battery.
3. The system of claim 1 wherein the at least one controller is configured to:
determine from the received information that a battery is faulty;
in response to the determination that the battery is faulty, prevent power from being drawn from the faulty battery.
4. The system of claim 3 wherein the at least one controller is further configured to:
disconnect the faulty battery from the set of batteries in the same age range.
5. The system of claim 3 wherein the at least one controller is further configured to:
send a signal to initiate a replacement of the faulty battery in the set of batteries in the same age range.
6. The system of claim 1 wherein the at least one controller is configured to:
determine a depletion plan for the first set of batteries and the second set of batteries.
7. The system of claim 6 wherein the at least one controller is configured to:
cause power to be drawn from the first or second set of batteries according to the determined depletion plan.
8. The system of claim 1 wherein the at least one controller is configured to:
cause each battery in the first set of batteries to be electrically connected to a first electrical circuit;
cause each battery in the first set of batteries to be electrically disconnected from the first electrical circuit of the array to prevent further power from being able to be drawn based on detection of a minimum present charge level being reached associated with the first set of batteries;
cause each battery in the second set of batteries to be electrically connected to a second electrical circuit; and
cause each battery in the second set of batteries to be electrically disconnected from the second electrical circuit to prevent further power from being able to be drawn based on detection of the minimum present charge level being reached associated with the second set of batteries.
9. The system of claim 7 wherein the at least one controller is further configured to forecast actual electrical energy capacity of the batteries in each set based on the age information.
10. The system of claim 7 wherein the array of batteries is operably connected to the at least one controller.
11. The system of claim 10 wherein the array of batteries is operably connected to the at least one controller via a communications link and via an electrical circuit.
12. A method performed by a system for utilizing an array of batteries, the method comprising:
receiving, information from the batteries, wherein the received information includes age information of the batteries;
determining, by a controller of the system based on the age information, a first set of batteries having a first age range;
determining, by the controller based on the age information, a second set of batteries having a second age range newer than the first age range;
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the first set of batteries;
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the second set of batteries; and
connecting the batteries in each set to power a load so that batteries in the same age range are utilized at the same time.
13. The method of claim 12, further comprising determining that a battery of the batteries is faulty based on the received information; and
in response to the determination that the battery is faulty, preventing power from being drawn from the faulty battery.
14. The method of claim 13, further comprising:
sending a signal to initiate a replacement of the faulty battery.
15. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium having computer executable instructions thereon that, when executed cause a processor of a system for utilizing an array of batteries to:
receive information from each of the batteries via at least one communications module embedded in each of the batteries, wherein the received information includes age information of the batteries;
determine, based on the age information, a first set of batteries having a first age range;
determine, based on the age information, a second set of batteries having a second age range newer than the first age range;
connect the first set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the first set of batteries;
connect the second set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the second set of batteries; and
selectively connect the batteries in each set to power a load so that batteries in the same age range are utilized at the same time.
16. The non-transitory computer readable storage medium of claim 15 wherein one or more of the batteries are portable batteries.
17. The non-transitory computer readable storage medium of claim 15 wherein one or more of the batteries are used portable batteries previously used to power an electric vehicle and the array of batteries is a back-up power supply for a building.
18. The non-transitory computer readable storage medium of claim 15 wherein the batteries include individual cells.
19. The non-transitory computer readable storage medium of claim 15 wherein the batteries include a battery pack.
20. A method performed by a battery controller, comprising:
receiving, from a communications module embedded in each of the batteries, information of the batteries, wherein the received information includes age information of the batteries;
determining, based on the age information, a first set of batteries having a first age range;
determining, based on the age information, a second set of batteries having a second age range newer than the first age range;
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the first set of batteries;
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel so as to allow power to be drawn from the second set of batteries; and
connecting the batteries in each set to power a load so that batteries in the same age range are utilized at the same time.
21. The method of claim 20, wherein the age information includes an age of the battery.
22. The method of claim 20, wherein the age information includes a remaining life expectancy of the battery.
23. The method of claim 20, wherein the age information includes a remaining life expectancy of the battery.
24. The method of claim 20, wherein the age information includes a manufacturing batch of the battery.
25. The method of claim 20, further comprising:
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more switches; and
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more switches.
26. The method of claim 20, further comprising:
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more transformers; and
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more transformers.
27. The method of claim 20, further comprising:
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more converters; and
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more second converters.
28. The method of claim 20, further comprising:
connecting the first set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more rectifiers; and
connecting the second set of batteries in parallel by controlling one or more rectifiers.
US14601840 2014-01-23 2015-01-21 Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries Active 2035-08-31 US9837842B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201461930727 true 2014-01-23 2014-01-23
US14601840 US9837842B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2015-01-21 Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14601840 US9837842B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2015-01-21 Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20150207355A1 true US20150207355A1 (en) 2015-07-23
US9837842B2 true US9837842B2 (en) 2017-12-05

Family

ID=53545672

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US14601840 Active 2035-08-31 US9837842B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2015-01-21 Systems and methods for utilizing an array of power storage devices, such as batteries

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US9837842B2 (en)
EP (1) EP3097626A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2017509867A (en)
CN (1) CN106507694A (en)
WO (1) WO2015112584A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20170301963A1 (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-10-19 Pathion Inc. Method and apparatus for performing string-level dynamic reconfiguration in an energy system

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5919525B2 (en) * 2011-11-22 2016-05-18 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Vehicle Management System
JP2017093257A (en) * 2015-11-17 2017-05-25 オムロン株式会社 Charge discharge controller, charge discharge control system and battery residual capacity adjustment method
DE102016223154A1 (en) 2016-11-23 2018-05-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh battery unit

Citations (295)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1387848A (en) 1916-08-30 1921-08-16 Good Inventions Co Internal-combustion-engine power plant
US3470974A (en) 1965-10-22 1969-10-07 Dominic L Pefine Vehicle brake apparatus
US3664450A (en) 1969-06-02 1972-05-23 Udden Edward Carl Electrically powered four-wheeled single vehicle
US3678455A (en) 1971-01-14 1972-07-18 Richard S Levey Cycle theft alarm
US4087895A (en) 1976-06-17 1978-05-09 Automobiles Peugeot Device for rapidly exchanging an accumulator battery on an electric vehicle
US4129759A (en) 1975-07-18 1978-12-12 Hug Alfred J T Pressure responsive circuit interrupter
US4216839A (en) 1978-07-20 1980-08-12 Unique Mobility Inc. Electrically powered motor vehicle
US4669570A (en) 1984-06-01 1987-06-02 Maurice Perret Anti-theft device for automotive vehicles acting on the hydraulic braking circuit
US5187423A (en) 1991-05-15 1993-02-16 Marton Louis L System for replenishment of energy stored in a battery on an electric vehicle
US5189325A (en) 1990-06-15 1993-02-23 General Electric Company Liquid cooling the rotor of an electrical machine
US5236069A (en) 1992-07-02 1993-08-17 Peng, Huan-Yau Braking device for indoor exercise bicycles
US5339250A (en) 1990-06-15 1994-08-16 Inn Room Systems, Inc. Interactive network for remotely controlled hotel vending systems
US5349535A (en) 1992-10-20 1994-09-20 Digicomp Research Corporation Battery condition monitoring and recording system for electric vehicles
US5376869A (en) 1993-02-11 1994-12-27 General Electric Company Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and compensation
JPH0731008A (en) 1993-07-06 1995-01-31 Toyota Motor Corp Power supply controller for electric automobile
DE4432539A1 (en) 1993-12-02 1995-06-08 Alfred Zielke Car anti-theft device
JPH0736504U (en) 1993-11-30 1995-07-04 株式会社三ツ葉電機製作所 Pseudo engine sound generator
EP0693813A1 (en) 1994-07-22 1996-01-24 Chen-Chi Yang Battery vending system
US5544784A (en) 1995-05-26 1996-08-13 Motorola, Inc. Rechargeable battery vending machine
US5596261A (en) 1992-01-29 1997-01-21 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Charge-status display system for an electric vehicle
JPH09119839A (en) 1995-10-24 1997-05-06 Suzuki Motor Corp Navigation system for electric vehicle
US5627752A (en) 1993-12-24 1997-05-06 Mercedes-Benz Ag Consumption-oriented driving-power limitation of a vehicle drive
US5631536A (en) 1994-05-16 1997-05-20 Tseng; Ling-Yuan Rechargeable battery vending apparatus
US5642270A (en) 1991-08-01 1997-06-24 Wavedriver Limited Battery powered electric vehicle and electrical supply system
WO1998021132A1 (en) 1996-11-12 1998-05-22 Unlimited Range Electric Car Systems Company Battery charging and exchange system for electrically powered vehicles
JPH10170293A (en) 1996-12-05 1998-06-26 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Route searching device for electric automobile
KR19980045020U (en) 1996-12-27 1998-09-25 김영귀 Electric car start-up check of devices
US5815824A (en) 1995-03-06 1998-09-29 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation system for electric automobile
JPH10307952A (en) 1997-05-09 1998-11-17 Honda Motor Co Ltd Battery supply device for motor-driven vehicle rental system
US5839800A (en) 1994-12-06 1998-11-24 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Braking control system for electric automobile
JPH1149079A (en) 1997-08-04 1999-02-23 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Bicycle with auxiliary driving motor
JPH1151681A (en) 1997-08-08 1999-02-26 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Car navigation system and recording medium
US5898282A (en) 1996-08-02 1999-04-27 B.C. Research Inc. Control system for a hybrid vehicle
JPH11176487A (en) 1997-12-10 1999-07-02 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle battery temperature-adjusting device and adjusting method
JPH11205914A (en) 1998-01-12 1999-07-30 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle output controller
US5998963A (en) 1998-06-11 1999-12-07 Aarseth; Einar Electric vehicle service center and method for exchanging and charging vehicle batteries
US6016882A (en) 1996-07-31 2000-01-25 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Battery carrier for electric assisted vehicle
JP2000102103A (en) 1998-09-18 2000-04-07 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Battery controlling system for electric vehicle
JP2000102102A (en) 1998-09-18 2000-04-07 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Control of residual electric power and method for emergent charging of electric vehicle and system therefor
US6154006A (en) 1997-04-18 2000-11-28 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery rental system
JP2000341868A (en) 1999-05-25 2000-12-08 Honda Motor Co Ltd Battery replacing apparatus
US6177879B1 (en) 1997-05-09 2001-01-23 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery rental system and apparatus
US6177867B1 (en) 1999-04-09 2001-01-23 Eaton Corporation System for wireless communication between components of a vehicle
JP2001128301A (en) 1999-10-25 2001-05-11 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle and integrated diagnostic system of the electric vehicle
US6236333B1 (en) 1998-06-17 2001-05-22 Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc. Passive remote keyless entry system
US20010018903A1 (en) 2000-03-06 2001-09-06 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Control apparatus for idling stop of internal combustion engine and vehicle with the apparatus mounted thereon
US20010035737A1 (en) * 2000-04-28 2001-11-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. Method of replacing secondary battery
EP1177955A2 (en) 2000-07-26 2002-02-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Moric Antitheft device for vehicles
US20020023789A1 (en) 1996-05-02 2002-02-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid vehicle
US6403251B1 (en) 2000-01-31 2002-06-11 Moltech Power Systems, Inc Battery pack with multiple secure modules
US20020070851A1 (en) 2000-12-08 2002-06-13 Spx Corporation Multi-protocol wireless communication module
US6498457B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-12-24 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery exchange apparatus
US6515580B1 (en) 2000-07-26 2003-02-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Moric Antitheft device for vehicles
JP2003118397A (en) 2001-10-10 2003-04-23 Toyota Industries Corp Mounting structure for battery device
US6583592B2 (en) 2000-08-04 2003-06-24 Suzuki Motor Corporation Control apparatus for hybrid vehicle
US6593713B2 (en) 2000-08-04 2003-07-15 Suzuki Motor Corporation Control apparatus for hybrid vehicle
US20030141840A1 (en) 2002-01-29 2003-07-31 Grant Sanders Recharging system for personal electronic devices
US20030163434A1 (en) 2000-02-10 2003-08-28 Barends Steve Hjalmar Parking fee payment system
JP2003262525A (en) 2002-03-08 2003-09-19 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Charging stand information-supplying apparatus
US20030209375A1 (en) 1999-01-25 2003-11-13 Zip Charge Corporation Electrical vehicle energy supply system, electrical vehicle battery, electrical vehicle battery charging apparatus, battery supply apparatus, and electrical vehicle battery management system
KR20040005146A (en) 2002-07-08 2004-01-16 현대자동차주식회사 Method of selecting idle stop mode for hybrid electric vehicle
US20040036446A1 (en) 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Malfunction detection apparatus and method for battery pack
US6796396B2 (en) 1999-06-04 2004-09-28 Deka Products Limited Partnership Personal transporter
US6822560B2 (en) 2002-03-05 2004-11-23 Daimlerchrysler Ag Component replacement warning system
US20040236615A1 (en) 2001-05-31 2004-11-25 Damien Msndy Method and device for booking a parking space
US20040246119A1 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-12-09 Arachnid System and method for indicating a turn by a vehicle
US6854773B2 (en) 2002-12-27 2005-02-15 Ching-Tien Lin Fire door lock mechanism
JP2005067453A (en) 2003-08-26 2005-03-17 Honda Motor Co Ltd Vehicle equipped with movement detection device
US6899268B2 (en) 2000-09-04 2005-05-31 Kabushiki Kaisha Fulltime System Electronic locker system
US6952795B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2005-10-04 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for verifying the integrity of control module operation
US20060047380A1 (en) 2004-08-12 2006-03-02 Snap-On Incorporated Vehicle data recorder using digital and analog diagnostic data
US7010682B2 (en) 2002-06-28 2006-03-07 Motorola, Inc. Method and system for vehicle authentication of a component
US20060092583A1 (en) 2004-10-01 2006-05-04 Alahmad Mahmoud A Switch array and power management system for batteries and other energy storage elements
JP2006121874A (en) 2004-10-25 2006-05-11 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Power supply apparatus and vehicle equipped with same
US7111179B1 (en) 2001-10-11 2006-09-19 In-Hand Electronics, Inc. Method and apparatus for optimizing performance and battery life of electronic devices based on system and application parameters
US20060208850A1 (en) 2005-03-14 2006-09-21 Mitsumi Electric Co. Ltd. Secondary battery protection circuit comprising a security arrangement
US7131005B2 (en) 2002-06-28 2006-10-31 Motorola, Inc. Method and system for component authentication of a vehicle
US20060284601A1 (en) 2004-07-02 2006-12-21 Lembit Salasoo High temperature battery system for hybrid locomotive and offhighway vehicles
US20070026996A1 (en) 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Shift control apparartus and shift control method of automatic transmission of vehicle
US20070035397A1 (en) 2005-08-10 2007-02-15 General Motors Corporation RFID asset management method and system for vehicles
JP2007060353A (en) 2005-08-25 2007-03-08 Nec Corp Portable telephone device, portable telephone system, power supply unit, power supply authentication method and program
US20070069687A1 (en) 2005-09-29 2007-03-29 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Japan, Inc. Charging apparatus and charging system
US20070090921A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Sentrilock, Inc. Electronic lock box with key presence sensing
US20070108946A1 (en) * 2005-11-14 2007-05-17 Shuko Yamauchi Secondary battery module, battery information management device, battery information management system, secondary battery reuse system, secondary battery recovery and sales system, secondary battery reuse method, and secondary battery recovery and sales method
EP1798100A2 (en) 2005-12-16 2007-06-20 Hitachi Vehicle Energy, Ltd. Battery management system
US20070145945A1 (en) 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Mcginley James W Method and apparatus to authenticate battery charging device
US20070159297A1 (en) 2005-12-27 2007-07-12 Paulk Howard L Secure Key Lock Box System
US20070208468A1 (en) 2004-06-30 2007-09-06 Ford Motor Company Information display and method of displaying information for a vehicle
JP2007325458A (en) 2006-06-02 2007-12-13 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicular battery pack uniformizing system
JP2008127894A (en) 2006-11-22 2008-06-05 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Equipment and method for processing radio communication data
US7392068B2 (en) 2002-03-01 2008-06-24 Mobilewise Alternative wirefree mobile device power supply method and system with free positioning
US7415332B2 (en) 2004-01-08 2008-08-19 Denso Corporation Method and system for vehicle component management, method and system for vehicle component management data update, and vehicle component management center
TW200836452A
JP2008219953A (en) 2007-02-28 2008-09-18 Honda Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle
US7426910B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2008-09-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Engine system having improved efficiency
US20080276110A1 (en) 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 Lorenzo Indiani Distributed power management
JP2008285075A (en) 2007-05-18 2008-11-27 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle and method for diagnosing fault of vehicle
US20090024872A1 (en) 2007-07-20 2009-01-22 Bigfoot Networks, Inc. Remote access diagnostic device and methods thereof
US20090033456A1 (en) 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Gilbert Castillo Compact electronic security locker system
JP2009033936A (en) 2007-07-30 2009-02-12 Toshiba Corp Parallel-connected energy storage system
US7495543B2 (en) 2001-12-27 2009-02-24 Micro Enhanced Technology, Inc. Vending machines with field-programmable electronic locks
JP2009512035A (en) 2005-10-14 2009-03-19 リサーチ イン モーション リミテッドResearch In Motion Limited Authentication of the battery pack for mobile devices
US20090082957A1 (en) 2007-09-20 2009-03-26 Shai Agassi Electric Vehicle Network
US20090112394A1 (en) 2007-10-30 2009-04-30 Sosy Technologies Stu, Inc. Apparatus for collecting, storing and transmitting vehicle information
US20090158790A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2009-06-25 Oliver Richard D Vehicle Immobilization System
US7567166B2 (en) 2002-07-18 2009-07-28 Laurent Bourgine De Meder Safety/security method and device for two-wheeled vehicles and similar
JP2009171647A (en) 2008-01-10 2009-07-30 Chugoku Electric Power Co Inc:The Power saving driving support device of electric car and electric car equipped with the same
JP2009171646A (en) 2008-01-10 2009-07-30 Chugoku Electric Power Co Inc:The Power saving controller for electric car and electric car equipped with the same
EP2101390A2 (en) 2008-03-14 2009-09-16 Chargee Sp. z o.o. Method and device for the self service charging of batteries and portable electronic devices
TWI315116B
US7592728B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-09-22 Robert M. Jones Electric machine having segmented stator
US7596709B2 (en) 2000-12-30 2009-09-29 Intel Corporation CPU power management based on utilization with lowest performance mode at the mid-utilization range
WO2009128079A1 (en) 2008-04-17 2009-10-22 Eran Ofek Method and apparatus of performance balancing of battery cells
US7617893B2 (en) 2005-08-02 2009-11-17 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for determining final desired wheel power in a hybrid electric vehicle powertrain
US20090294188A1 (en) 2008-06-02 2009-12-03 Monty Cole Motorized axle for use with environmentally friendly vehicles
JP2009303364A (en) 2008-06-12 2009-12-24 Toyota Motor Corp Electric vehicle
TWM371880U
WO2010005052A2 (en) 2008-07-10 2010-01-14 Ishii Mitoshi Management method for storage battery of electric vehicle
JP2010022148A (en) 2008-07-11 2010-01-28 Ichinomiya Denki:Kk Outer rotor type vehicular generator
US20100026238A1 (en) 2007-04-09 2010-02-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle
KR20100012401A (en) 2008-07-28 2010-02-08 콘티넨탈 오토모티브 시스템 주식회사 Apparatus and method for diagnosing car
US20100051363A1 (en) 2006-11-15 2010-03-04 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Automotive hybrid engine assist system
US20100052588A1 (en) 2007-05-30 2010-03-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle controller and control method
WO2010033517A2 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 Better Place GmbH System and method for operating an electric vehicle
WO2010033881A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 Better Place GmbH System for electrically connecting batteries to electric vehicles
US7698044B2 (en) 2004-08-25 2010-04-13 Ford Motor Company Method and apparatus for braking and stopping vehicles having an electric drive
WO2010042517A1 (en) 2008-10-07 2010-04-15 Boston-Power, Inc. Li-ion battery array for vehicle and other large capacity applications
US20100089547A1 (en) 2008-10-15 2010-04-15 Robert Dean King System and method for temperature control of multi-battery systems
US20100094496A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-04-15 Barak Hershkovitz System and Method for Operating an Electric Vehicle
TWM379269U
TWM379789U
US20100114800A1 (en) 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Nec Corporation Cartridge battery, management device, battery system, management method, and program
US20100114798A1 (en) 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Yaniv Sirton Managing Charging of Electric Vehicles
US7728548B2 (en) 2008-06-02 2010-06-01 Physio-Control, Inc. Defibrillator battery authentication system
US20100161481A1 (en) 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Nathan Bowman Littrell System and method for electric vehicle charging and billing using a wireless vehicle communciation service
JP2010148246A (en) 2008-12-18 2010-07-01 Alpha Corp Charging system for electric vehicle
US7761307B2 (en) 2005-06-17 2010-07-20 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Power transmission and power receiving apparatus and method
KR100971278B1 (en) 2009-09-08 2010-07-20 동아대학교 산학협력단 Anti-theft method and system for motorcycle
TWM385047U
US20100198754A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Method of providing modular battery packs for a hybrid vehicle
US20100198535A1 (en) 2009-02-03 2010-08-05 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Power distribution unit monitoring network and components
US20100201482A1 (en) 2009-02-10 2010-08-12 William Benjamin Robertson System and method for accessing a structure using a mobile device
US7778746B2 (en) 2002-03-18 2010-08-17 Club Car, Inc. Control and diagnostics system and method for vehicles
JP2010191636A (en) 2009-02-17 2010-09-02 Doken:Kk Battery replacement system for electric device
JP2010200405A (en) 2009-02-23 2010-09-09 Toyota Motor Corp House with charger
US20100235043A1 (en) 2009-03-11 2010-09-16 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Control apparatus for electric vehicle
EP2230146A2 (en) 2009-03-17 2010-09-22 Yang,, An-Tao Anthony Method of power management for plug-in hybrid and electric vehicle
US20100250043A1 (en) 2006-02-09 2010-09-30 Scheucher Karl F Refuelable battery-powered electric vehicle
US20100261043A1 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-10-14 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Dynamically Reconfigurable Framework For A Large-Scale Battery System
JP2010269686A (en) 2009-05-21 2010-12-02 Asahi Denso Co Ltd Turn signal switching device
US20100308989A1 (en) 2009-06-09 2010-12-09 Joseph Gasper Wireless light and accessory control system for golf carts and other vehicles
TW201043986A
TW201044266A
WO2010143483A1 (en) 2009-06-09 2010-12-16 株式会社豊田自動織機 Charging device
US7863858B2 (en) 2006-03-10 2011-01-04 Atmel Corporation Authenticating a device at a battery pack using a random number generator
US7868591B2 (en) 2004-10-18 2011-01-11 Black & Decker Inc. Cordless power system
KR20110004292A (en) 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 경원대학교 산학협력단 System and method for providing additional service in charging battery change of electric vehiche
US20110029157A1 (en) 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Aerovironment, Inc. Remote Rechargeable Monitoring System and Method
US20110025267A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Deka Products Limited Partnership Systems, methods and apparatus for vehicle battery charging
US20110032110A1 (en) 2009-08-07 2011-02-10 Denso Corporation Electric power amount information output device and system
US7898439B2 (en) 2008-03-20 2011-03-01 Isabelle Bettez Bicycle rental system and station
US7908020B2 (en) 2004-12-24 2011-03-15 Donald Pieronek Architecture for control systems
US20110082621A1 (en) 2009-10-02 2011-04-07 Eric Berkobin Method and system for predicting battery life based on vehicle battery, usage, and environmental data
US7923144B2 (en) 2007-03-31 2011-04-12 Tesla Motors, Inc. Tunable frangible battery pack system
KR20110041783A (en) 2009-10-16 2011-04-22 한국과학기술원 Energy-saving control system and control method for electric driven moving body
US20110106329A1 (en) 2009-11-03 2011-05-05 GRIDbot, LLC Methods and apparatus for charging station with sms user interface
US20110112710A1 (en) 2009-11-11 2011-05-12 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Method for estimating the range of a motor vehicle
US20110114798A1 (en) 2009-11-17 2011-05-19 Eurocopter Long-range aircraft with high forward speed in cruising flight
US20110120789A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid motor vehicle and method of controlling hybrid motor vehicle
US20110153141A1 (en) 2009-12-18 2011-06-23 Beechie Brian E System and method for vehicle range extension on detection of a low fuel condition
US20110148346A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2011-06-23 Jcdecaux Sa Automatic Cycle Storage System, Cycle For Such a System and Docking Structure For Such a Cycle
JP2011126452A (en) 2009-12-18 2011-06-30 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Structure for mounting battery for electric vehicle
US20110160992A1 (en) 2011-02-17 2011-06-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and System for Extending an Operating Range of a Motor Vehicle
JP2011131631A (en) 2009-12-22 2011-07-07 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Turn signal lighting control device
JP2011131805A (en) 2009-12-25 2011-07-07 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle mounting structure of battery
US7979147B1 (en) 2008-10-06 2011-07-12 James Francis Dunn Engine sound replication device
US20110169447A1 (en) 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Electric vehicle supply equipment
JP2011142704A (en) 2010-01-05 2011-07-21 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Method for managing charging of secondary battery of work vehicle, and charging system
US7993155B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2011-08-09 Better Place GmbH System for electrically connecting batteries to electric vehicles
US20110200193A1 (en) 2010-02-12 2011-08-18 Daniel Ray Blitz Method and apparatus for controlling the recharging of electric vehicles and detecting stolen vehicles and vehicular components
US20110202476A1 (en) 2010-02-18 2011-08-18 Kapsch Trafficcom Ag Method for recharging electric vehicles in geographically distributed recharging stations
US8006973B2 (en) 2007-09-14 2011-08-30 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Replaceable unit, sheet conveyance apparatus and image forming device
US20110218703A1 (en) 2008-11-06 2011-09-08 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle battery diagnosis system
US20110224900A1 (en) 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd. Route Planning Device and Route Planning System
US20110241824A1 (en) 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Motion Co., Ltd. In-vehicle mount type battery charging system, managing server, managing server control method and computer-readable medium storing program for managing server
US8035349B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2011-10-11 Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Systems and methods for absorbing waste electricity from regenerative braking in hybridized vehicles
US8035341B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2011-10-11 Better Place GmbH Staged deployment for electrical charge spots
US20110260691A1 (en) 2010-04-21 2011-10-27 Sony Corporation Battery controller, battery control method and program
US20110270480A1 (en) 2010-04-30 2011-11-03 Sony Corporation Battery module, electric vehicle, authentication apparatus, and discharging control method for battery module
WO2011138205A1 (en) 2010-05-06 2011-11-10 Leica Geosystems Ag Method and guidance-unit for guiding battery-operated transportation means to reconditioning stations
US20110279257A1 (en) 2004-03-15 2011-11-17 Anita Au Automatic signaling system for vehicles
US8063762B2 (en) 2008-05-23 2011-11-22 Goren Trade Inc. Alarm system for monitoring at rural locations
US8068952B2 (en) 2008-12-23 2011-11-29 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Publ) Interworking among automobile buses, portable user equipment and mobile networks
US20110292667A1 (en) 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Boxx Corp. Two wheeled vehicle with lighting system that generates defined image on riding surface
US20110295454A1 (en) 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Boxx Corp. Two wheeled vehicle with modular features
US20120000720A1 (en) 2009-03-27 2012-01-05 Koichiro Honda Electric straddled vehicle
US8098050B2 (en) 2006-11-28 2012-01-17 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Charge/discharge control device for secondary battery and vehicle equipped with the same
US20120013182A1 (en) 2009-04-23 2012-01-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Power source system for electric powered vehicle and control method therefor
US20120019196A1 (en) 2010-07-20 2012-01-26 Fung Henry T Apparatus, system and method for charging batteries
US8106631B2 (en) 2007-02-14 2012-01-31 Denso Corporation Charge control device for batteries
US20120038473A1 (en) 2010-08-10 2012-02-16 General Motors Llc Wireless monitoring of battery for lifecycle management
US8118132B2 (en) 2006-10-18 2012-02-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Hydraulic hybrid vehicle method of safe operation
KR20120020554A (en) 2010-08-30 2012-03-08 삼성전기주식회사 Integrated charging device for electric vehicle
EP2428939A1 (en) 2010-09-08 2012-03-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Automatic service machine for using and/or charging an energy storage device for an electric bicycle
US20120062361A1 (en) 2010-09-09 2012-03-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Wireless communication system for vehicle
US20120068817A1 (en) 2010-09-16 2012-03-22 Fisher Scott R Electronic lock box proximity access control
US20120078413A1 (en) 2010-09-29 2012-03-29 Baker Jr Therman A Secured electrical recharging facility method and apparatus
US20120105078A1 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-03 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for determining an operating characteristic associated with an inductor in a power converter system
US20120109519A1 (en) 2010-10-27 2012-05-03 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for routing bev to charging station
US20120126969A1 (en) 2010-11-23 2012-05-24 Aptera Motors, Inc. Automotive vehicle warning system
US20120158229A1 (en) 2009-04-08 2012-06-21 Li-Tec Battery Gmbh Electric vehicle having a gps based gas station reservation function
US20120157083A1 (en) 2010-12-16 2012-06-21 General Motors Llc System and method for providing discharge authorization to a battery-powered vehicle via a telematics system
WO2012085992A1 (en) 2010-12-20 2012-06-28 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Electric vehicle and controlling method therefor
US20120167071A1 (en) 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Software update apparatus and method of vehicle
US8219839B2 (en) 2009-02-17 2012-07-10 Nec Corporation Power distribution system and method thereof in which redundant power is collected only when power pool is below or equal to pool threshold
US8229625B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2012-07-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and apparatus for customizing a wireless network architecture
US20120194346A1 (en) 2011-01-28 2012-08-02 Industrial Technology Research Institute Driving assistant method and system for electric vehicle
JP2012151916A (en) 2011-01-14 2012-08-09 Jsol Corp Battery system
US20120223575A1 (en) 2011-03-01 2012-09-06 Omron Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd. Power conversion apparatus and power control method
US8265816B1 (en) 2011-05-27 2012-09-11 General Electric Company Apparatus and methods to disable an electric vehicle
US20120253567A1 (en) 2011-03-28 2012-10-04 Levy Paul S Method and process for acquiring and delivering electric vehicle owner-operator preference data which is used to schedule and regulate the charging of multiple electric vehicle batteries within a shared local power distribution network
US20120248869A1 (en) 2009-11-05 2012-10-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicular electric power unit and method of controlling the same
US20120248868A1 (en) 2011-04-04 2012-10-04 Fahim Usshihab Mobin Swappable battery car and battery car station
US20120259665A1 (en) 2011-04-05 2012-10-11 Pandhi Rohini H Systems and methods associated with insurance for electric vehicles
US20120256588A1 (en) 2011-04-07 2012-10-11 Honda Motor Co., Ltd Electric vehicle charge control system
US20120271723A1 (en) 2011-04-22 2012-10-25 Penilla Angel A Electric vehicle (ev) range extending charge systems, distributed networks of charge kiosks, and charge locating mobile apps
JP2012526409A (en) 2009-05-02 2012-10-25 ダイムラー・アクチェンゲゼルシャフトDaimler AG Data communication between the service provider and the vehicle methods and data communication system
WO2012143996A1 (en) 2011-04-18 2012-10-26 日立ビークルエナジー株式会社 Electric storage device
US8301365B2 (en) 2007-07-24 2012-10-30 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation device presenting information regarding charging and vehicle including same device
US20120280573A1 (en) 2011-03-25 2012-11-08 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Battery system, electric vehicle, movable body, power storage device, and power supply device
US20120296512A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-22 University Of Cincinnati Method and system for electric vehicle battery prognostics and health management
US8319605B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2012-11-27 Magna Electronics, Inc. Remote vehicle control system utilizing multiple antennas
WO2012160557A2 (en) 2011-05-20 2012-11-29 Better Place GmbH Latching mechanism for a vehicle's battery pack
US20120299537A1 (en) 2010-04-28 2012-11-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Charging control method for secondary battery and control device
US20120299721A1 (en) 2011-05-24 2012-11-29 Spireon, Inc. Battery monitoring system
US8326259B2 (en) 2010-11-05 2012-12-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Remote application of vehicle component settings
US20120316671A1 (en) 2008-02-05 2012-12-13 Unlimited Range Electric Car Systems Company Battery charging and transfer system for electrically powered vehicles
US8355965B2 (en) 2005-02-22 2013-01-15 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Battery exchange service system and charging method therefor, and portable device
US8354768B2 (en) 2008-01-21 2013-01-15 Avio S.P.A. Modular electromagnetic device with reversible generator-motor operation
US20130024306A1 (en) 2010-04-07 2013-01-24 Silver Spring Networks, Inc. Systems and methods for charging electric vehicles
US20130030580A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for reserving power storage devices at reserving power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US20130026972A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries, based on user profiles
US20130031318A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US20130030920A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing information regarding availability of power storage devices at a power storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US20130026973A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US20130030581A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for redistributing power storage devices, such as batteries, between collection, charging and distribution machines
US20130027183A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for a power storage device compartment
US20130030630A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Dynamically limiting vehicle operation for best effort economy
US20130026971A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for collection, charging and distributing power storage devices, such as batteries
US20130033203A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-02-07 Gogoro, Inc. Thermal management of components in electric motor drive vehicles
US8378627B2 (en) 2009-08-05 2013-02-19 Denso Corporation Electric supply controller, electric supply system and method for controlling electric supply to charger and vehicle
WO2013024484A1 (en) 2011-08-16 2013-02-21 Better Place GmbH Estimation and management of loads in electric vehicle networks
WO2013024483A2 (en) 2011-08-16 2013-02-21 Better Place GmbH Identification of an electric vehicle adjacent to a power replenishment station
US20130074411A1 (en) 2011-09-28 2013-03-28 Tesla Motors, Inc. Fuel Coupler with Wireless Port Door Unlatching Actuator
WO2013042216A1 (en) 2011-09-21 2013-03-28 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Charging system for electric vehicle and charging control method
US8412401B2 (en) 2004-12-30 2013-04-02 Service Solutions U.S. Llc Method and system for retrieving diagnostic information from a vehicle
US20130090795A1 (en) 2011-10-05 2013-04-11 Gogoro, Inc. Detectible indication of an electric motor vehicle standby mode
US20130093271A1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-04-18 Gogoro, Inc. Electric device drive assembly and cooling system for electric device drive
US20130093384A1 (en) 2010-04-26 2013-04-18 Nec Corporation Secondary battery state management system, battery charger, secondary battery state management method, and electrical characteristics measurement method
KR20130046234A (en) 2011-10-27 2013-05-07 삼성에스디아이 주식회사 A battery pack and method for controlling the battery pack
US8437908B2 (en) 2008-03-10 2013-05-07 4 Peaks Technology Llc Battery monitor system attached to a vehicle wiring harness
US20130116892A1 (en) 2011-11-08 2013-05-09 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for security of vehicles
US20130119898A1 (en) 2010-05-31 2013-05-16 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Battery system, electric vehicle, moving body, electric power storage device, power supply device and battery voltage detection device
US8447598B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2013-05-21 Johnson Controls Technology Company Vehicle user interface systems and methods
US20130127416A1 (en) 2010-07-23 2013-05-23 Eletric Transportation Engineering Corporation d/b/a ECOtality North America System for interfacing with an electric vehicle charging station and method of using and providing the same
WO2013074819A1 (en) 2011-11-16 2013-05-23 Yau Chi W Two-way vending
US20130132307A1 (en) 2011-11-17 2013-05-23 Rwdg Enterprises, Inc. Managing the use of secure compartments in charging stations for portable electronic devices
WO2013080211A1 (en) 2011-12-02 2013-06-06 Better Place GmbH Battery selection system and method
US20130151049A1 (en) 2011-12-09 2013-06-13 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle
US20130166119A1 (en) 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for thermal management of a high voltage battery for a vehicle
US20130179061A1 (en) 2010-06-10 2013-07-11 The Regents Of The University Of California Smart electric vehicle (ev) charging and grid integration apparatus and methods
WO2013102894A1 (en) 2012-01-04 2013-07-11 Better Place GmbH System and method for management of electric power consumption
WO2013108246A2 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-07-25 Better Place GmbH Approximation of remaining travelable distance of a vehicle powered by a battery
US20130200845A1 (en) 2012-02-03 2013-08-08 Suzuki Motor Corporation Charging/discharging control apparatus
WO2013118113A2 (en) 2012-02-06 2013-08-15 Better Place GmbH Method and system for optimization of deployment of battery service stations for electric vehicles
US20130221928A1 (en) 2012-02-28 2013-08-29 Tesla Motors, Inc. Electric Vehicle Battery Lifetime Optimization Operational Mode
CA2865976A1 (en) 2012-03-02 2013-09-06 ropa development GmbH Supply network component for a supply network
WO2013128007A2 (en) 2012-03-02 2013-09-06 ropa development GmbH Network infrastructure component, composite system having a plurality of network infrastructure components, and use of the composite system
US20130254097A1 (en) 2012-03-20 2013-09-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods, Systems, and Products for Charging Batteries
WO2013142154A1 (en) 2012-03-20 2013-09-26 Tricopian, Llc Two-way exchange vending
WO2013144951A1 (en) 2012-03-29 2013-10-03 Better Place GmbH Vehicle battery service system for an electric vehicle
US8560147B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-10-15 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
US8564241B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2013-10-22 Denso Corporation Battery temperature control system
US20130282254A1 (en) 2010-05-05 2013-10-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Wireless Vehicle Servicing
US20130278216A1 (en) 2012-04-18 2013-10-24 Seung-Hyun Son Power supply apparatus and controlling method of the same
US20140019043A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-01-16 Yi-Tsung Wu Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US20140111121A1 (en) 2012-10-19 2014-04-24 Yi-Tsung Wu Battery configuration for an electric vehicle
US8725135B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2014-05-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft System and method for using a mobile terminal in a motor vehicle for updating the software of on-board computers
US20140142786A1 (en) 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for vehicle turn signals
US8798852B1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-08-05 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for authentication of vehicular components
US20140253021A1 (en) 2013-03-06 2014-09-11 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of portable charging devices and power storage devices, such as batteries
US20140266006A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Modular system for collection and distribution of electric storage devices
US20140277844A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Apparatus, method and article for providing information regarding a vehicle via a mobile device
US20140279576A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for changing portable electrical power storage device exchange plans
US20150042157A1 (en) 2013-08-06 2015-02-12 Gogoro Taiwan Limited Systems and methods for powering electric vehicles using a single or multiple power cells

Patent Citations (321)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW201043986A
TWM379269U
TWM379789U
TW200836452A
TWI315116B
TWM371880U
TWM385047U
TW201044266A
US1387848A (en) 1916-08-30 1921-08-16 Good Inventions Co Internal-combustion-engine power plant
US3470974A (en) 1965-10-22 1969-10-07 Dominic L Pefine Vehicle brake apparatus
US3664450A (en) 1969-06-02 1972-05-23 Udden Edward Carl Electrically powered four-wheeled single vehicle
US3678455A (en) 1971-01-14 1972-07-18 Richard S Levey Cycle theft alarm
US4129759A (en) 1975-07-18 1978-12-12 Hug Alfred J T Pressure responsive circuit interrupter
US4087895A (en) 1976-06-17 1978-05-09 Automobiles Peugeot Device for rapidly exchanging an accumulator battery on an electric vehicle
US4216839A (en) 1978-07-20 1980-08-12 Unique Mobility Inc. Electrically powered motor vehicle
US4669570A (en) 1984-06-01 1987-06-02 Maurice Perret Anti-theft device for automotive vehicles acting on the hydraulic braking circuit
US5339250A (en) 1990-06-15 1994-08-16 Inn Room Systems, Inc. Interactive network for remotely controlled hotel vending systems
US5189325A (en) 1990-06-15 1993-02-23 General Electric Company Liquid cooling the rotor of an electrical machine
US5187423A (en) 1991-05-15 1993-02-16 Marton Louis L System for replenishment of energy stored in a battery on an electric vehicle
US5642270A (en) 1991-08-01 1997-06-24 Wavedriver Limited Battery powered electric vehicle and electrical supply system
US5596261A (en) 1992-01-29 1997-01-21 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Charge-status display system for an electric vehicle
US5236069A (en) 1992-07-02 1993-08-17 Peng, Huan-Yau Braking device for indoor exercise bicycles
US5349535A (en) 1992-10-20 1994-09-20 Digicomp Research Corporation Battery condition monitoring and recording system for electric vehicles
US5376869A (en) 1993-02-11 1994-12-27 General Electric Company Electric vehicle drive train with rollback detection and compensation
JPH0731008A (en) 1993-07-06 1995-01-31 Toyota Motor Corp Power supply controller for electric automobile
JPH0736504U (en) 1993-11-30 1995-07-04 株式会社三ツ葉電機製作所 Pseudo engine sound generator
DE4432539A1 (en) 1993-12-02 1995-06-08 Alfred Zielke Car anti-theft device
US5627752A (en) 1993-12-24 1997-05-06 Mercedes-Benz Ag Consumption-oriented driving-power limitation of a vehicle drive
US5631536A (en) 1994-05-16 1997-05-20 Tseng; Ling-Yuan Rechargeable battery vending apparatus
EP0693813A1 (en) 1994-07-22 1996-01-24 Chen-Chi Yang Battery vending system
US5839800A (en) 1994-12-06 1998-11-24 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Braking control system for electric automobile
US5815824A (en) 1995-03-06 1998-09-29 Mitsubishi Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation system for electric automobile
US5544784A (en) 1995-05-26 1996-08-13 Motorola, Inc. Rechargeable battery vending machine
JPH09119839A (en) 1995-10-24 1997-05-06 Suzuki Motor Corp Navigation system for electric vehicle
US20020023789A1 (en) 1996-05-02 2002-02-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid vehicle
US6016882A (en) 1996-07-31 2000-01-25 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Battery carrier for electric assisted vehicle
US5898282A (en) 1996-08-02 1999-04-27 B.C. Research Inc. Control system for a hybrid vehicle
WO1998021132A1 (en) 1996-11-12 1998-05-22 Unlimited Range Electric Car Systems Company Battery charging and exchange system for electrically powered vehicles
JPH10170293A (en) 1996-12-05 1998-06-26 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Route searching device for electric automobile
KR19980045020U (en) 1996-12-27 1998-09-25 김영귀 Electric car start-up check of devices
US6154006A (en) 1997-04-18 2000-11-28 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery rental system
US6177879B1 (en) 1997-05-09 2001-01-23 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery rental system and apparatus
JPH10307952A (en) 1997-05-09 1998-11-17 Honda Motor Co Ltd Battery supply device for motor-driven vehicle rental system
JPH1149079A (en) 1997-08-04 1999-02-23 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Bicycle with auxiliary driving motor
JPH1151681A (en) 1997-08-08 1999-02-26 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Car navigation system and recording medium
JPH11176487A (en) 1997-12-10 1999-07-02 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle battery temperature-adjusting device and adjusting method
JPH11205914A (en) 1998-01-12 1999-07-30 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle output controller
US5998963A (en) 1998-06-11 1999-12-07 Aarseth; Einar Electric vehicle service center and method for exchanging and charging vehicle batteries
US6236333B1 (en) 1998-06-17 2001-05-22 Lear Automotive Dearborn, Inc. Passive remote keyless entry system
JP2000102103A (en) 1998-09-18 2000-04-07 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Battery controlling system for electric vehicle
JP2000102102A (en) 1998-09-18 2000-04-07 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Control of residual electric power and method for emergent charging of electric vehicle and system therefor
US20030209375A1 (en) 1999-01-25 2003-11-13 Zip Charge Corporation Electrical vehicle energy supply system, electrical vehicle battery, electrical vehicle battery charging apparatus, battery supply apparatus, and electrical vehicle battery management system
US6177867B1 (en) 1999-04-09 2001-01-23 Eaton Corporation System for wireless communication between components of a vehicle
JP2000341868A (en) 1999-05-25 2000-12-08 Honda Motor Co Ltd Battery replacing apparatus
JP4319289B2 (en) 1999-05-25 2009-08-26 本田技研工業株式会社 Battery replacement devices
US6498457B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-12-24 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Battery exchange apparatus
US6796396B2 (en) 1999-06-04 2004-09-28 Deka Products Limited Partnership Personal transporter
JP2001128301A (en) 1999-10-25 2001-05-11 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle and integrated diagnostic system of the electric vehicle
US6403251B1 (en) 2000-01-31 2002-06-11 Moltech Power Systems, Inc Battery pack with multiple secure modules
US20030163434A1 (en) 2000-02-10 2003-08-28 Barends Steve Hjalmar Parking fee payment system
US20010018903A1 (en) 2000-03-06 2001-09-06 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Control apparatus for idling stop of internal combustion engine and vehicle with the apparatus mounted thereon
US20010035737A1 (en) * 2000-04-28 2001-11-01 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd. Method of replacing secondary battery
US6515580B1 (en) 2000-07-26 2003-02-04 Kabushiki Kaisha Moric Antitheft device for vehicles
EP1177955A2 (en) 2000-07-26 2002-02-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Moric Antitheft device for vehicles
US6583592B2 (en) 2000-08-04 2003-06-24 Suzuki Motor Corporation Control apparatus for hybrid vehicle
US6593713B2 (en) 2000-08-04 2003-07-15 Suzuki Motor Corporation Control apparatus for hybrid vehicle
US6899268B2 (en) 2000-09-04 2005-05-31 Kabushiki Kaisha Fulltime System Electronic locker system
US20020070851A1 (en) 2000-12-08 2002-06-13 Spx Corporation Multi-protocol wireless communication module
US7596709B2 (en) 2000-12-30 2009-09-29 Intel Corporation CPU power management based on utilization with lowest performance mode at the mid-utilization range
US20040236615A1 (en) 2001-05-31 2004-11-25 Damien Msndy Method and device for booking a parking space
US6952795B2 (en) 2001-09-24 2005-10-04 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for verifying the integrity of control module operation
JP2003118397A (en) 2001-10-10 2003-04-23 Toyota Industries Corp Mounting structure for battery device
US7111179B1 (en) 2001-10-11 2006-09-19 In-Hand Electronics, Inc. Method and apparatus for optimizing performance and battery life of electronic devices based on system and application parameters
US7495543B2 (en) 2001-12-27 2009-02-24 Micro Enhanced Technology, Inc. Vending machines with field-programmable electronic locks
US20030141840A1 (en) 2002-01-29 2003-07-31 Grant Sanders Recharging system for personal electronic devices
US7392068B2 (en) 2002-03-01 2008-06-24 Mobilewise Alternative wirefree mobile device power supply method and system with free positioning
US6822560B2 (en) 2002-03-05 2004-11-23 Daimlerchrysler Ag Component replacement warning system
JP2003262525A (en) 2002-03-08 2003-09-19 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Charging stand information-supplying apparatus
US7778746B2 (en) 2002-03-18 2010-08-17 Club Car, Inc. Control and diagnostics system and method for vehicles
US7010682B2 (en) 2002-06-28 2006-03-07 Motorola, Inc. Method and system for vehicle authentication of a component
US7131005B2 (en) 2002-06-28 2006-10-31 Motorola, Inc. Method and system for component authentication of a vehicle
KR20040005146A (en) 2002-07-08 2004-01-16 현대자동차주식회사 Method of selecting idle stop mode for hybrid electric vehicle
US7567166B2 (en) 2002-07-18 2009-07-28 Laurent Bourgine De Meder Safety/security method and device for two-wheeled vehicles and similar
US20040036446A1 (en) 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Malfunction detection apparatus and method for battery pack
US6854773B2 (en) 2002-12-27 2005-02-15 Ching-Tien Lin Fire door lock mechanism
US20040246119A1 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-12-09 Arachnid System and method for indicating a turn by a vehicle
JP2005067453A (en) 2003-08-26 2005-03-17 Honda Motor Co Ltd Vehicle equipped with movement detection device
US7415332B2 (en) 2004-01-08 2008-08-19 Denso Corporation Method and system for vehicle component management, method and system for vehicle component management data update, and vehicle component management center
US20110279257A1 (en) 2004-03-15 2011-11-17 Anita Au Automatic signaling system for vehicles
US20070208468A1 (en) 2004-06-30 2007-09-06 Ford Motor Company Information display and method of displaying information for a vehicle
US20060284601A1 (en) 2004-07-02 2006-12-21 Lembit Salasoo High temperature battery system for hybrid locomotive and offhighway vehicles
US20060047380A1 (en) 2004-08-12 2006-03-02 Snap-On Incorporated Vehicle data recorder using digital and analog diagnostic data
US7698044B2 (en) 2004-08-25 2010-04-13 Ford Motor Company Method and apparatus for braking and stopping vehicles having an electric drive
US20060092583A1 (en) 2004-10-01 2006-05-04 Alahmad Mahmoud A Switch array and power management system for batteries and other energy storage elements
US7868591B2 (en) 2004-10-18 2011-01-11 Black & Decker Inc. Cordless power system
JP2006121874A (en) 2004-10-25 2006-05-11 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Power supply apparatus and vehicle equipped with same
US8725135B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2014-05-13 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft System and method for using a mobile terminal in a motor vehicle for updating the software of on-board computers
US7908020B2 (en) 2004-12-24 2011-03-15 Donald Pieronek Architecture for control systems
US8412401B2 (en) 2004-12-30 2013-04-02 Service Solutions U.S. Llc Method and system for retrieving diagnostic information from a vehicle
US8355965B2 (en) 2005-02-22 2013-01-15 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Battery exchange service system and charging method therefor, and portable device
US20060208850A1 (en) 2005-03-14 2006-09-21 Mitsumi Electric Co. Ltd. Secondary battery protection circuit comprising a security arrangement
US7761307B2 (en) 2005-06-17 2010-07-20 Ntt Docomo, Inc. Power transmission and power receiving apparatus and method
US20070026996A1 (en) 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Shift control apparartus and shift control method of automatic transmission of vehicle
US7617893B2 (en) 2005-08-02 2009-11-17 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for determining final desired wheel power in a hybrid electric vehicle powertrain
US20070035397A1 (en) 2005-08-10 2007-02-15 General Motors Corporation RFID asset management method and system for vehicles
JP2007060353A (en) 2005-08-25 2007-03-08 Nec Corp Portable telephone device, portable telephone system, power supply unit, power supply authentication method and program
US20070069687A1 (en) 2005-09-29 2007-03-29 Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Japan, Inc. Charging apparatus and charging system
JP2009512035A (en) 2005-10-14 2009-03-19 リサーチ イン モーション リミテッドResearch In Motion Limited Authentication of the battery pack for mobile devices
US20070090921A1 (en) 2005-10-26 2007-04-26 Sentrilock, Inc. Electronic lock box with key presence sensing
US20070108946A1 (en) * 2005-11-14 2007-05-17 Shuko Yamauchi Secondary battery module, battery information management device, battery information management system, secondary battery reuse system, secondary battery recovery and sales system, secondary battery reuse method, and secondary battery recovery and sales method
EP1798100A2 (en) 2005-12-16 2007-06-20 Hitachi Vehicle Energy, Ltd. Battery management system
US20070159297A1 (en) 2005-12-27 2007-07-12 Paulk Howard L Secure Key Lock Box System
US20070145945A1 (en) 2005-12-28 2007-06-28 Mcginley James W Method and apparatus to authenticate battery charging device
US7948207B2 (en) 2006-02-09 2011-05-24 Karl Frederick Scheucher Refuelable battery-powered electric vehicle
US20100250043A1 (en) 2006-02-09 2010-09-30 Scheucher Karl F Refuelable battery-powered electric vehicle
US7863858B2 (en) 2006-03-10 2011-01-04 Atmel Corporation Authenticating a device at a battery pack using a random number generator
US7592728B2 (en) 2006-05-10 2009-09-22 Robert M. Jones Electric machine having segmented stator
JP2007325458A (en) 2006-06-02 2007-12-13 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicular battery pack uniformizing system
US8118132B2 (en) 2006-10-18 2012-02-21 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Hydraulic hybrid vehicle method of safe operation
US20120123661A1 (en) 2006-10-18 2012-05-17 Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Administrator Of The U.S. Epa Hydraulic hybrid vehicle method of safe operation
US7426910B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2008-09-23 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Engine system having improved efficiency
US20100051363A1 (en) 2006-11-15 2010-03-04 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Automotive hybrid engine assist system
JP2008127894A (en) 2006-11-22 2008-06-05 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Equipment and method for processing radio communication data
US8098050B2 (en) 2006-11-28 2012-01-17 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Charge/discharge control device for secondary battery and vehicle equipped with the same
US8106631B2 (en) 2007-02-14 2012-01-31 Denso Corporation Charge control device for batteries
JP2008219953A (en) 2007-02-28 2008-09-18 Honda Motor Co Ltd Electric vehicle
US7923144B2 (en) 2007-03-31 2011-04-12 Tesla Motors, Inc. Tunable frangible battery pack system
US20100026238A1 (en) 2007-04-09 2010-02-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle
US20080276110A1 (en) 2007-05-03 2008-11-06 Lorenzo Indiani Distributed power management
JP2008285075A (en) 2007-05-18 2008-11-27 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle and method for diagnosing fault of vehicle
US20100052588A1 (en) 2007-05-30 2010-03-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle controller and control method
US8319605B2 (en) 2007-06-19 2012-11-27 Magna Electronics, Inc. Remote vehicle control system utilizing multiple antennas
US20090024872A1 (en) 2007-07-20 2009-01-22 Bigfoot Networks, Inc. Remote access diagnostic device and methods thereof
US8301365B2 (en) 2007-07-24 2012-10-30 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation device presenting information regarding charging and vehicle including same device
JP2009033936A (en) 2007-07-30 2009-02-12 Toshiba Corp Parallel-connected energy storage system
US20090033456A1 (en) 2007-08-02 2009-02-05 Gilbert Castillo Compact electronic security locker system
US8006973B2 (en) 2007-09-14 2011-08-30 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Replaceable unit, sheet conveyance apparatus and image forming device
WO2009039454A1 (en) 2007-09-20 2009-03-26 Shai Agassi Electric vehicle network
JP2010540907A (en) 2007-09-20 2010-12-24 ベター プレイス ゲーエムベーハー Electric vehicle network
US20110071932A1 (en) 2007-09-20 2011-03-24 Shai Agassi Electric Vehicle Network
US20090082957A1 (en) 2007-09-20 2009-03-26 Shai Agassi Electric Vehicle Network
US20090112394A1 (en) 2007-10-30 2009-04-30 Sosy Technologies Stu, Inc. Apparatus for collecting, storing and transmitting vehicle information
US8447598B2 (en) 2007-12-05 2013-05-21 Johnson Controls Technology Company Vehicle user interface systems and methods
US20090158790A1 (en) 2007-12-21 2009-06-25 Oliver Richard D Vehicle Immobilization System
JP2009171646A (en) 2008-01-10 2009-07-30 Chugoku Electric Power Co Inc:The Power saving controller for electric car and electric car equipped with the same
JP2009171647A (en) 2008-01-10 2009-07-30 Chugoku Electric Power Co Inc:The Power saving driving support device of electric car and electric car equipped with the same
US8354768B2 (en) 2008-01-21 2013-01-15 Avio S.P.A. Modular electromagnetic device with reversible generator-motor operation
US20120316671A1 (en) 2008-02-05 2012-12-13 Unlimited Range Electric Car Systems Company Battery charging and transfer system for electrically powered vehicles
US8437908B2 (en) 2008-03-10 2013-05-07 4 Peaks Technology Llc Battery monitor system attached to a vehicle wiring harness
EP2101390A2 (en) 2008-03-14 2009-09-16 Chargee Sp. z o.o. Method and device for the self service charging of batteries and portable electronic devices
US7898439B2 (en) 2008-03-20 2011-03-01 Isabelle Bettez Bicycle rental system and station
WO2009128079A1 (en) 2008-04-17 2009-10-22 Eran Ofek Method and apparatus of performance balancing of battery cells
US8063762B2 (en) 2008-05-23 2011-11-22 Goren Trade Inc. Alarm system for monitoring at rural locations
US20090294188A1 (en) 2008-06-02 2009-12-03 Monty Cole Motorized axle for use with environmentally friendly vehicles
US7728548B2 (en) 2008-06-02 2010-06-01 Physio-Control, Inc. Defibrillator battery authentication system
JP2009303364A (en) 2008-06-12 2009-12-24 Toyota Motor Corp Electric vehicle
WO2010005052A2 (en) 2008-07-10 2010-01-14 Ishii Mitoshi Management method for storage battery of electric vehicle
JP2010022148A (en) 2008-07-11 2010-01-28 Ichinomiya Denki:Kk Outer rotor type vehicular generator
KR20100012401A (en) 2008-07-28 2010-02-08 콘티넨탈 오토모티브 시스템 주식회사 Apparatus and method for diagnosing car
US20110303509A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2011-12-15 Shai Agassi Battery Exchange Station
US8013571B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2011-09-06 Better Place GmbH Battery exchange station
US7993155B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2011-08-09 Better Place GmbH System for electrically connecting batteries to electric vehicles
US8164300B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2012-04-24 Better Place GmbH Battery exchange station
WO2010033517A2 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 Better Place GmbH System and method for operating an electric vehicle
US20100094496A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-04-15 Barak Hershkovitz System and Method for Operating an Electric Vehicle
WO2010033881A1 (en) 2008-09-19 2010-03-25 Better Place GmbH System for electrically connecting batteries to electric vehicles
US8006793B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2011-08-30 Better Place GmbH Electric vehicle battery system
US8035349B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2011-10-11 Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Systems and methods for absorbing waste electricity from regenerative braking in hybridized vehicles
US8614565B2 (en) 2008-09-30 2013-12-24 Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc. Systems and methods for absorbing waste electricity from regenerative braking in hybridized vehicles
US8564241B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2013-10-22 Denso Corporation Battery temperature control system
US8229625B2 (en) 2008-10-03 2012-07-24 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and apparatus for customizing a wireless network architecture
US7979147B1 (en) 2008-10-06 2011-07-12 James Francis Dunn Engine sound replication device
WO2010042517A1 (en) 2008-10-07 2010-04-15 Boston-Power, Inc. Li-ion battery array for vehicle and other large capacity applications
US20100089547A1 (en) 2008-10-15 2010-04-15 Robert Dean King System and method for temperature control of multi-battery systems
US20100114800A1 (en) 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Nec Corporation Cartridge battery, management device, battery system, management method, and program
US20100114798A1 (en) 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Yaniv Sirton Managing Charging of Electric Vehicles
JP2010108833A (en) 2008-10-31 2010-05-13 Nec Corp Cartridge battery, management device, battery system, management method, and program
US20110218703A1 (en) 2008-11-06 2011-09-08 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle battery diagnosis system
JP2010148246A (en) 2008-12-18 2010-07-01 Alpha Corp Charging system for electric vehicle
US20100161481A1 (en) 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Nathan Bowman Littrell System and method for electric vehicle charging and billing using a wireless vehicle communciation service
US8068952B2 (en) 2008-12-23 2011-11-29 Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (Publ) Interworking among automobile buses, portable user equipment and mobile networks
US20100198754A1 (en) 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Method of providing modular battery packs for a hybrid vehicle
US20100198535A1 (en) 2009-02-03 2010-08-05 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Power distribution unit monitoring network and components
US20100201482A1 (en) 2009-02-10 2010-08-12 William Benjamin Robertson System and method for accessing a structure using a mobile device
JP2010191636A (en) 2009-02-17 2010-09-02 Doken:Kk Battery replacement system for electric device
US8219839B2 (en) 2009-02-17 2012-07-10 Nec Corporation Power distribution system and method thereof in which redundant power is collected only when power pool is below or equal to pool threshold
JP2010200405A (en) 2009-02-23 2010-09-09 Toyota Motor Corp House with charger
US20100235043A1 (en) 2009-03-11 2010-09-16 Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Control apparatus for electric vehicle
EP2230146A2 (en) 2009-03-17 2010-09-22 Yang,, An-Tao Anthony Method of power management for plug-in hybrid and electric vehicle
US20120000720A1 (en) 2009-03-27 2012-01-05 Koichiro Honda Electric straddled vehicle
US20120158229A1 (en) 2009-04-08 2012-06-21 Li-Tec Battery Gmbh Electric vehicle having a gps based gas station reservation function
US20100261043A1 (en) 2009-04-10 2010-10-14 The Regents Of The University Of Michigan Dynamically Reconfigurable Framework For A Large-Scale Battery System
US20120013182A1 (en) 2009-04-23 2012-01-19 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Power source system for electric powered vehicle and control method therefor
JP2012526409A (en) 2009-05-02 2012-10-25 ダイムラー・アクチェンゲゼルシャフトDaimler AG Data communication between the service provider and the vehicle methods and data communication system
JP2010269686A (en) 2009-05-21 2010-12-02 Asahi Denso Co Ltd Turn signal switching device
US20100308989A1 (en) 2009-06-09 2010-12-09 Joseph Gasper Wireless light and accessory control system for golf carts and other vehicles
WO2010143483A1 (en) 2009-06-09 2010-12-16 株式会社豊田自動織機 Charging device
KR20110004292A (en) 2009-07-07 2011-01-13 경원대학교 산학협력단 System and method for providing additional service in charging battery change of electric vehiche
US20110029157A1 (en) 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Aerovironment, Inc. Remote Rechargeable Monitoring System and Method
US20110025267A1 (en) 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Deka Products Limited Partnership Systems, methods and apparatus for vehicle battery charging
US8378627B2 (en) 2009-08-05 2013-02-19 Denso Corporation Electric supply controller, electric supply system and method for controlling electric supply to charger and vehicle
US20110032110A1 (en) 2009-08-07 2011-02-10 Denso Corporation Electric power amount information output device and system
KR100971278B1 (en) 2009-09-08 2010-07-20 동아대학교 산학협력단 Anti-theft method and system for motorcycle
US20110082621A1 (en) 2009-10-02 2011-04-07 Eric Berkobin Method and system for predicting battery life based on vehicle battery, usage, and environmental data
KR20110041783A (en) 2009-10-16 2011-04-22 한국과학기술원 Energy-saving control system and control method for electric driven moving body
US20110106329A1 (en) 2009-11-03 2011-05-05 GRIDbot, LLC Methods and apparatus for charging station with sms user interface
US20120248869A1 (en) 2009-11-05 2012-10-04 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicular electric power unit and method of controlling the same
US20110112710A1 (en) 2009-11-11 2011-05-12 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Method for estimating the range of a motor vehicle
US20110114798A1 (en) 2009-11-17 2011-05-19 Eurocopter Long-range aircraft with high forward speed in cruising flight
US20110120789A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Hybrid motor vehicle and method of controlling hybrid motor vehicle
US20110153141A1 (en) 2009-12-18 2011-06-23 Beechie Brian E System and method for vehicle range extension on detection of a low fuel condition
JP2011126452A (en) 2009-12-18 2011-06-30 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Structure for mounting battery for electric vehicle
US20110148346A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2011-06-23 Jcdecaux Sa Automatic Cycle Storage System, Cycle For Such a System and Docking Structure For Such a Cycle
JP2011131631A (en) 2009-12-22 2011-07-07 Tokai Rika Co Ltd Turn signal lighting control device
JP2011131805A (en) 2009-12-25 2011-07-07 Toyota Motor Corp Vehicle mounting structure of battery
JP2011142704A (en) 2010-01-05 2011-07-21 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Method for managing charging of secondary battery of work vehicle, and charging system
US20110169447A1 (en) 2010-01-11 2011-07-14 Leviton Manufacturing Co., Inc. Electric vehicle supply equipment
US20110200193A1 (en) 2010-02-12 2011-08-18 Daniel Ray Blitz Method and apparatus for controlling the recharging of electric vehicles and detecting stolen vehicles and vehicular components
US20110202476A1 (en) 2010-02-18 2011-08-18 Kapsch Trafficcom Ag Method for recharging electric vehicles in geographically distributed recharging stations
US20110224900A1 (en) 2010-03-09 2011-09-15 Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd. Route Planning Device and Route Planning System
US20110241824A1 (en) 2010-03-31 2011-10-06 Motion Co., Ltd. In-vehicle mount type battery charging system, managing server, managing server control method and computer-readable medium storing program for managing server
US20130024306A1 (en) 2010-04-07 2013-01-24 Silver Spring Networks, Inc. Systems and methods for charging electric vehicles
US20110260691A1 (en) 2010-04-21 2011-10-27 Sony Corporation Battery controller, battery control method and program
US20130093384A1 (en) 2010-04-26 2013-04-18 Nec Corporation Secondary battery state management system, battery charger, secondary battery state management method, and electrical characteristics measurement method
US20120299537A1 (en) 2010-04-28 2012-11-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Charging control method for secondary battery and control device
US20110270480A1 (en) 2010-04-30 2011-11-03 Sony Corporation Battery module, electric vehicle, authentication apparatus, and discharging control method for battery module
JP2011233470A (en) 2010-04-30 2011-11-17 Sony Corp Battery module, electric mobile body, authentication device, and method for controlling battery module discharge
US20130282254A1 (en) 2010-05-05 2013-10-24 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Wireless Vehicle Servicing
US20130046457A1 (en) 2010-05-06 2013-02-21 Leica Geosystems Ag Method and guidance-unit for guiding battery-operated transportation means to reconditioning stations
WO2011138205A1 (en) 2010-05-06 2011-11-10 Leica Geosystems Ag Method and guidance-unit for guiding battery-operated transportation means to reconditioning stations
US20110295454A1 (en) 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Boxx Corp. Two wheeled vehicle with modular features
US20110292667A1 (en) 2010-05-27 2011-12-01 Boxx Corp. Two wheeled vehicle with lighting system that generates defined image on riding surface
US20130119898A1 (en) 2010-05-31 2013-05-16 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Battery system, electric vehicle, moving body, electric power storage device, power supply device and battery voltage detection device
US20130179061A1 (en) 2010-06-10 2013-07-11 The Regents Of The University Of California Smart electric vehicle (ev) charging and grid integration apparatus and methods
US8035341B2 (en) 2010-07-12 2011-10-11 Better Place GmbH Staged deployment for electrical charge spots
US20120019196A1 (en) 2010-07-20 2012-01-26 Fung Henry T Apparatus, system and method for charging batteries
US20130127416A1 (en) 2010-07-23 2013-05-23 Eletric Transportation Engineering Corporation d/b/a ECOtality North America System for interfacing with an electric vehicle charging station and method of using and providing the same
US20120038473A1 (en) 2010-08-10 2012-02-16 General Motors Llc Wireless monitoring of battery for lifecycle management
KR20120020554A (en) 2010-08-30 2012-03-08 삼성전기주식회사 Integrated charging device for electric vehicle
EP2428939A1 (en) 2010-09-08 2012-03-14 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Automatic service machine for using and/or charging an energy storage device for an electric bicycle
US20120062361A1 (en) 2010-09-09 2012-03-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho Wireless communication system for vehicle
US20120068817A1 (en) 2010-09-16 2012-03-22 Fisher Scott R Electronic lock box proximity access control
US20120078413A1 (en) 2010-09-29 2012-03-29 Baker Jr Therman A Secured electrical recharging facility method and apparatus
US20120109519A1 (en) 2010-10-27 2012-05-03 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for routing bev to charging station
US20120105078A1 (en) 2010-11-01 2012-05-03 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for determining an operating characteristic associated with an inductor in a power converter system
US8326259B2 (en) 2010-11-05 2012-12-04 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Remote application of vehicle component settings
US20120126969A1 (en) 2010-11-23 2012-05-24 Aptera Motors, Inc. Automotive vehicle warning system
US20120157083A1 (en) 2010-12-16 2012-06-21 General Motors Llc System and method for providing discharge authorization to a battery-powered vehicle via a telematics system
WO2012085992A1 (en) 2010-12-20 2012-06-28 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Electric vehicle and controlling method therefor
US20120167071A1 (en) 2010-12-22 2012-06-28 Electronics And Telecommunications Research Institute Software update apparatus and method of vehicle
JP2012151916A (en) 2011-01-14 2012-08-09 Jsol Corp Battery system
US20120194346A1 (en) 2011-01-28 2012-08-02 Industrial Technology Research Institute Driving assistant method and system for electric vehicle
US20110160992A1 (en) 2011-02-17 2011-06-30 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and System for Extending an Operating Range of a Motor Vehicle
US20120223575A1 (en) 2011-03-01 2012-09-06 Omron Automotive Electronics Co., Ltd. Power conversion apparatus and power control method
US20120280573A1 (en) 2011-03-25 2012-11-08 Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd. Battery system, electric vehicle, movable body, power storage device, and power supply device
US20120253567A1 (en) 2011-03-28 2012-10-04 Levy Paul S Method and process for acquiring and delivering electric vehicle owner-operator preference data which is used to schedule and regulate the charging of multiple electric vehicle batteries within a shared local power distribution network
US20120248868A1 (en) 2011-04-04 2012-10-04 Fahim Usshihab Mobin Swappable battery car and battery car station
US20120259665A1 (en) 2011-04-05 2012-10-11 Pandhi Rohini H Systems and methods associated with insurance for electric vehicles
US20120256588A1 (en) 2011-04-07 2012-10-11 Honda Motor Co., Ltd Electric vehicle charge control system
US20140042973A1 (en) * 2011-04-18 2014-02-13 Hitachi Vehicle Energy, Ltd. Electric storage device
WO2012143996A1 (en) 2011-04-18 2012-10-26 日立ビークルエナジー株式会社 Electric storage device
US20120271723A1 (en) 2011-04-22 2012-10-25 Penilla Angel A Electric vehicle (ev) range extending charge systems, distributed networks of charge kiosks, and charge locating mobile apps
US20120296512A1 (en) 2011-04-26 2012-11-22 University Of Cincinnati Method and system for electric vehicle battery prognostics and health management
WO2012160557A2 (en) 2011-05-20 2012-11-29 Better Place GmbH Latching mechanism for a vehicle's battery pack
WO2012160407A1 (en) 2011-05-20 2012-11-29 Better Place GmbH Multi-motor latch assembly
US20120299721A1 (en) 2011-05-24 2012-11-29 Spireon, Inc. Battery monitoring system
US8265816B1 (en) 2011-05-27 2012-09-11 General Electric Company Apparatus and methods to disable an electric vehicle
US8862388B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-10-14 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US20140163813A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-06-12 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US8862304B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-10-14 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US8878487B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-11-04 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing to a user device information regarding availability of portable electrical energy storage devices at a portable electrical energy storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US20130033203A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-02-07 Gogoro, Inc. Thermal management of components in electric motor drive vehicles
US20130026971A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for collection, charging and distributing power storage devices, such as batteries
US20140053620A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-02-27 Matthew Whiting Taylor Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
US20130030630A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Dynamically limiting vehicle operation for best effort economy
US20130027183A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for a power storage device compartment
US20130030581A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for redistributing power storage devices, such as batteries, between collection, charging and distribution machines
US20130030920A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing information regarding availability of power storage devices at a power storage device collection, charging and distribution machine
US20130031318A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for providing vehicle diagnostic data
US20130026972A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries, based on user profiles
US20140028089A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-01-30 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US20140019043A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2014-01-16 Yi-Tsung Wu Apparatus, method and article for providing locations of power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US20130030580A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for reserving power storage devices at reserving power storage device collection, charging and distribution machines
US20130026973A1 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-01-31 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of power storage devices, such as batteries
US8560147B2 (en) 2011-07-26 2013-10-15 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for physical security of power storage devices in vehicles
WO2013024484A1 (en) 2011-08-16 2013-02-21 Better Place GmbH Estimation and management of loads in electric vehicle networks
WO2013024483A2 (en) 2011-08-16 2013-02-21 Better Place GmbH Identification of an electric vehicle adjacent to a power replenishment station
WO2013042216A1 (en) 2011-09-21 2013-03-28 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Charging system for electric vehicle and charging control method
US20130074411A1 (en) 2011-09-28 2013-03-28 Tesla Motors, Inc. Fuel Coupler with Wireless Port Door Unlatching Actuator
US20130090795A1 (en) 2011-10-05 2013-04-11 Gogoro, Inc. Detectible indication of an electric motor vehicle standby mode
US20130181582A1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-07-18 Gogoro, Inc. Drive assembly for electric device
US20130093271A1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-04-18 Gogoro, Inc. Electric device drive assembly and cooling system for electric device drive
US20130093368A1 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-04-18 Gogoro, Inc. Electric devices
KR20130046234A (en) 2011-10-27 2013-05-07 삼성에스디아이 주식회사 A battery pack and method for controlling the battery pack
US20130116892A1 (en) 2011-11-08 2013-05-09 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for security of vehicles
WO2013074819A1 (en) 2011-11-16 2013-05-23 Yau Chi W Two-way vending
US20130132307A1 (en) 2011-11-17 2013-05-23 Rwdg Enterprises, Inc. Managing the use of secure compartments in charging stations for portable electronic devices
WO2013080211A1 (en) 2011-12-02 2013-06-06 Better Place GmbH Battery selection system and method
US20130151049A1 (en) 2011-12-09 2013-06-13 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Electric vehicle
US20130166119A1 (en) 2011-12-21 2013-06-27 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method and system for thermal management of a high voltage battery for a vehicle
WO2013102894A1 (en) 2012-01-04 2013-07-11 Better Place GmbH System and method for management of electric power consumption
WO2013108246A2 (en) 2012-01-17 2013-07-25 Better Place GmbH Approximation of remaining travelable distance of a vehicle powered by a battery
US20130200845A1 (en) 2012-02-03 2013-08-08 Suzuki Motor Corporation Charging/discharging control apparatus
WO2013118113A2 (en) 2012-02-06 2013-08-15 Better Place GmbH Method and system for optimization of deployment of battery service stations for electric vehicles
US20130221928A1 (en) 2012-02-28 2013-08-29 Tesla Motors, Inc. Electric Vehicle Battery Lifetime Optimization Operational Mode
WO2013128009A2 (en) 2012-03-02 2013-09-06 ropa development GmbH Supply network component for a supply network
WO2013128007A2 (en) 2012-03-02 2013-09-06 ropa development GmbH Network infrastructure component, composite system having a plurality of network infrastructure components, and use of the composite system
US20140368032A1 (en) 2012-03-02 2014-12-18 ropa development GmbH Network infrastructure component, network system having a plurality of network infrastructure components, and use of the network system
CA2865976A1 (en) 2012-03-02 2013-09-06 ropa development GmbH Supply network component for a supply network
US20130254097A1 (en) 2012-03-20 2013-09-26 At&T Intellectual Property I, L.P. Methods, Systems, and Products for Charging Batteries
WO2013142154A1 (en) 2012-03-20 2013-09-26 Tricopian, Llc Two-way exchange vending
WO2013144951A1 (en) 2012-03-29 2013-10-03 Better Place GmbH Vehicle battery service system for an electric vehicle
US20130278216A1 (en) 2012-04-18 2013-10-24 Seung-Hyun Son Power supply apparatus and controlling method of the same
US20140111121A1 (en) 2012-10-19 2014-04-24 Yi-Tsung Wu Battery configuration for an electric vehicle
US20140142786A1 (en) 2012-11-16 2014-05-22 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for vehicle turn signals
US20140253021A1 (en) 2013-03-06 2014-09-11 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Apparatus, method and article for authentication, security and control of portable charging devices and power storage devices, such as batteries
US20140277844A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Apparatus, method and article for providing information regarding a vehicle via a mobile device
US20140279576A1 (en) 2013-03-12 2014-09-18 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, method and article for changing portable electrical power storage device exchange plans
US8798852B1 (en) 2013-03-14 2014-08-05 Gogoro, Inc. Apparatus, system, and method for authentication of vehicular components
US20140266006A1 (en) 2013-03-15 2014-09-18 Hok-Sum Horace Luke Modular system for collection and distribution of electric storage devices
US20150042157A1 (en) 2013-08-06 2015-02-12 Gogoro Taiwan Limited Systems and methods for powering electric vehicles using a single or multiple power cells

Non-Patent Citations (121)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"Inrunner," retreived from URL=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inrunner&printable=yes on Sep. 28, 2011, 1 page.
"Outrunner," retreived from URL=http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Outrunner&printable=yes on Sep. 16, 2011, 2 pages.
Chen et al., "Adjusting Electric Vehicle Systems Based on an Electrical Energy Storage Device Thermal Profile," U.S. Appl. No. 14/453,119, filed Aug. 6, 2014, 74 pages.
Chen et al., "Adjusting Electric Vehicle Systems Based on an Electrical Energy Storage Device Thermal Profile," U.S. Appl. No. 61/862,854, filed Aug. 6, 2013, 74 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," Notice of Allowance dated Jul. 9, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,134, 10 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," Notice of Allowance dated Nov. 3, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,390, 10 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," Office Action dated Apr. 9, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,134, 20 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," Office Action dated Dec. 30, 2013, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,134, 20 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," Office Action dated Jun. 18, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,390, 16 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," U.S. Appl. No. 14/609,201, filed Jan. 29, 2015, 61 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Diagnostic Data," U.S. Appl. No. 61/601,404, filed Feb. 21, 2012, 56 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, System, and Method for Authentication of Vehicular Components," Notice of Allowance dated Mar. 25, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/918,703, 7 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, System, and Method for Authentication of Vehicular Components," Office Action dated Nov. 22, 2013, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/918,703, 35 pages.
Chen et al., "Apparatus, System, and Method for Authentication of Vehicular Components," U.S. Appl. No. 61/783,041, filed Mar. 14, 2013, 84 pages.
Chen et al., "Systems and Methods for Powering Electric Vehicles Using a Single or Multiple Power Cells," U.S. Appl. No. 61/862,852, filed Aug. 6, 2013, 46 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12817141.0, dated Mar. 26, 2014, 3 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12817273.1, dated Mar. 25, 2014, 3 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12817696.3, dated Mar. 27, 2014, 3 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12817883.7, dated Mar. 27, 2014, 3 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12818308.4, dated Mar. 26, 2014, 3 pages.
Communication pursuant to Rules 161(2) and 162 EPC, for corresponding European Patent Application No. 12818447.0, dated Mar. 27, 2014, 3 pages.
English Translation of Japanese Office Action dated Feb. 17, 2015, for corresponding Japanese Patent Application No. 2014-523007, 7 pages.
Huang et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Vehicle Turn Signals," U.S. Appl. No. 61/727,403, filed Nov. 16, 2012, 41 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048349, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048354, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 7 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048358, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048366, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048367, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 4 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048375, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048379, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048380, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048382, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 5 pages.
International Preliminary Report on Patentability and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048391, dated Jan. 28, 2014, 6 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion dated Nov. 18, 2014, for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/050000, 11 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2012/048391, dated Dec. 21, 2012, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2012/058930, dated Mar. 15, 2013, 11 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2012/059931, dated Mar. 29, 2013, 13 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2013/065704, dated Feb. 13, 2014, 13 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2013/070131, dated Feb. 19, 2014, 17 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/023539, dated Sep. 4, 2014, 12 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/024757, dated Jul. 11, 2014, 15 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/050001, dated Nov. 18, 2014, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2015/012222, dated Apr. 24, 2015, 12 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048344, dated Feb. 28, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048347, dated Dec. 18, 2012, 8 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048349, dated Feb. 18, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048354, dated Feb. 18, 2013, 11 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048358, dated Feb. 25, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048366, dated Jan. 21, 2013, 10 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048367, dated Jan. 17, 2013, 8 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048375, dated Jan. 23, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048379, dated Dec. 17, 2012, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048380, dated Feb. 27, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/048382, dated Feb. 27, 2013, 9 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion for corresponding International Patent Application No. PCT/US2012/063979, dated Mar. 4, 2013, 10 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion, for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/021369, dated Jul. 2, 2014, 14 pages.
International Search Report and Written Opinion, for corresponding International Application No. PCT/US2014/022610, dated Jul. 10, 2014, 12 pages.
Japanese Office Action with English Translation, dated Dec. 16, 2014, for corresponding JP Application No. 2014-523013, 11 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Portable Charging Devices and Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Jan. 6, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/017/090, 19 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Portable Charging Devices and Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Jun. 26, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/017,090, 19 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Portable Charging Devices and Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," U.S. Appl. No. 61/773,621, filed Mar. 6, 2013, 69 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries, Based on User Profiles," U.S. Appl. No. 61/534,772, filed Sep. 14, 2011, 55 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Aug. 19, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,038, 14 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Aug. 21, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/023,344, 13 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Feb. 25, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/023,344, 12 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," Office Action dated Feb. 26, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,038, 13 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Authentication, Security and Control of Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," U.S. Appl. No. 61/534,761, filed Sep. 14, 2011, 55 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Collection, Charging and Distributing Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," U.S. Appl. No. 61/511,900, filed Jul. 26, 2011, 73 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Collection, Charging and Distributing Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries," U.S. Appl. No. 61/647,936, filed May 16, 2012, 76 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Targeted Advertising in a Rechargeable Electrical Power Storage Device Distribution Environment," U.S. Appl. No. 61/773,614, filed Mar. 6, 2013, 77 pages.
Luke et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Redistributing Power Storage Devices, Such as Batteries, Between Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," U.S. Appl. No. 61/534,753, filed Sep. 14, 2011, 65 pages.
Luke et al., "Detectible Indication of an Electric Motor Vehicle Standby Mode," Notice of Allowance for U.S. Appl. No. 13/646,320, dated Apr. 10, 2014, 8 pages.
Luke et al., "Detectible Indication of an Electric Motor Vehicle Standby Mode," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/646,320, dated May 30, 2013, 13 pages.
Luke et al., "Detectible Indication of an Electric Motor Vehicle Standby Mode," U.S. Appl. No. 61/543,720, filed Oct. 5, 2011, 35 pages.
Luke et al., "Detectible Indication of an Electric Motor Vehicle Standby Mode," U.S. Appl. No. 61/684,432, filed Aug. 17, 2012, 41 pages.
Luke et al., "Drive Assembly for Electric Powered Device," U.S. Appl. No. 61/546,411, filed Oct. 12, 2011, 18 pages.
Luke et al., "Dynamically Limiting Vehicle Operation for Best Effort Economy," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,264, dated Aug. 14, 2013, 21 pages.
Luke et al., "Dynamically Limiting Vehicle Operation for Best Effort Economy," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,264, dated Aug. 19, 2014, 26 pages.
Luke et al., "Dynamically Limiting Vehicle Operation for Best Effort Economy," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,264, dated Feb. 12, 2014, 24 pages.
Luke et al., "Dynamically Limiting Vehicle Operation for Best Effort Economy," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,264, dated Jan. 21, 2015, 31 pages.
Luke et al., "Dynamically Limiting Vehicle Operation for Best Effort Economy," U.S. Appl. No. 61/511,880, filed Jul. 26, 2011, 52 pages.
Luke et al., "Electric Device Drive Assembly and Cooling System," U.S. Appl. No. 61/615,144, filed Mar. 23, 2012, 43 pages.
Luke et al., "Modular System for Collection and Distribution of Electric Storage Devices," U.S. Appl. No. 61/789,065, filed Mar. 15, 2013, 76 pages.
Luke et al., "Portable Electrical Energy Storage Device," U.S. Appl. No. 61/872,126, filed Aug. 30, 2013, 39 pages.
Luke et al., "Thermal Management of Components in Electric Motor Drive Vehicles," Notice of Allowance dated Jul. 28, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,259, 7 pages.
Luke et al., "Thermal Management of Components in Electric Motor Drive Vehicles," Office Action dated Apr. 2, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,259, 11 pages.
Luke et al., "Thermal Management of Components in Electric Motor Drive Vehicles," U.S. Appl. No. 61/511,887, filed Jul. 26, 2011, 44 pages.
Luke et al., "Thermal Management of Components in Electric Motor Drive Vehicles," U.S. Appl. No. 61/647,941, filed May 16, 2012, 47 pages.
Luke, "Apparatus, Method and Article for Changing Portable Electrical Power Storage Device Exchange Plans," U.S. Appl. No. 61/778,038, filed Mar. 12, 2013, 56 pages.
Luke, "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding a Vehicle via a Mobile Device," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 14/017,081, dated Dec. 31, 2014, 59 pages.
Luke, "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding a Vehicle via a Mobile Device," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 14/017,081, dated Jan. 30, 2014, 36 pages.
Luke, "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding a Vehicle via a Mobile Device," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 14/017,081, dated Jul. 21, 2014, 42 pages.
Luke, "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding a Vehicle via a Mobile Device," U.S. Appl. No. 61/780,781, filed Mar. 13, 2013, 80 pages.
Microchip, "AN885: Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor Fundamentals," Microchip Technology Inc., 2003, 19 pages.
Park, "A Comprehensive Thermal Management System Model for Hybrid Electric Vehicles," dissertation, The University of Michigan, 2011, 142 pages.
Taylor et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Physical Security of Power Storage Devices in Vehicles," Notice of Allowance for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,054, dated May 30, 2013, 32 pages.
Taylor et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Physical Security of Power Storage Devices in Vehicles," Office Action dated Dec. 10, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/012,845, 13 pages.
Taylor et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Physical Security of Power Storage Devices in Vehicles," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,054, dated Dec. 3, 2012, 11 pages.
Taylor et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Physical Security of Power Storage Devices in Vehicles," U.S. Appl. No. 61/557,170, filed Nov. 8, 2011, 60 pages.
Taylor et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Vehicle Event Data," U.S. Appl. No. 61/901,660, filed Nov. 8, 2013, 58 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for a Power Storage Device Compartment," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,125, dated Feb. 24, 2014, 28 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for a Power Storage Device Compartment," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,125, dated Sep. 9, 2014, 28 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for a Power Storage Device Compartment," U.S. Appl. No. 61/581,566, filed Dec. 29, 2011, 61 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Power Storage Device Failure Safety," Office Action dated Jun. 9, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/071,134, 15 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Power Storage Device Failure Safety," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 14/071,134, dated Feb. 12, 2014, 14 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Power Storage Device Failure Safety," U.S. Appl. No. 14/071,134, filed Nov. 4, 2013, 68 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding Availability of Power Storage Devices at a Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machine," Office Action dated Mar. 5, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,140, 8 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Information Regarding Availability of Power Storage Devices at a Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machine," U.S. Appl. No. 61/601,953, filed Feb. 22, 2012, 53 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Notice of Allowance dated Jul. 10, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,333, 9 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Notice of Allowance dated Nov. 25, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,147, 5 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Office Action dated Aug. 6, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,147, 17 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Office Action dated Mar. 5, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,147, 12 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Office Action dated Nov. 19, 2013, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,147, 10 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Office Action dated Nov. 27, 2013, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,333, 19 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," Office Action for U.S. Appl. No. 13/559,333, dated Jul. 3, 2013, 14 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing Locations of Power Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machines," U.S. Appl. No. 61/601,949, filed Feb. 22, 2012, 56 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing to a User Device Information Regarding Availability of Portable Electrical Energy Storage Devices at a Portable Electrical Energy Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machine," Notice of Allowance dated Jun. 30, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 14/022,140, 5 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Providing to a User Device Information Regarding Availability of Portable Electrical Energy Storage Devices at a Portable Electrical Storage Device Collection, Charging and Distribution Machine," U.S. Appl. No. 14/511,137, filed Oct. 9, 2014, 56 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Security of Vehicles," Office Action dated Oct. 2, 2014, for U.S. Appl. No. 13/671,144, 20 pages.
Wu et al., "Apparatus, Method and Article for Security of Vehicles," U.S. Appl. No. 61/557,176, filed Nov. 8, 2011, 37 pages.
Wu et al., "Battery Configuration for an Electric Vehicle," U.S. Appl. No. 61/716,388, filed Oct. 19, 2012, 37 pages.

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20170301963A1 (en) * 2014-08-22 2017-10-19 Pathion Inc. Method and apparatus for performing string-level dynamic reconfiguration in an energy system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US20150207355A1 (en) 2015-07-23 application
WO2015112584A1 (en) 2015-07-30 application
EP3097626A1 (en) 2016-11-30 application
JP2017509867A (en) 2017-04-06 application
CN106507694A (en) 2017-03-15 application
EP3097626A4 (en) 2017-10-11 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US20100121511A1 (en) Li-ion battery array for vehicle and other large capacity applications
US20110304298A1 (en) Battery charging using multiple chargers
US20140312828A1 (en) Method and apparatus for creating a dynamically reconfigurable energy storage device
US20110175574A1 (en) Battery id setting system and method of driving the same
US20120268069A1 (en) Method and system for setting sequential identification to multi-slave in battery pack
US20110234164A1 (en) Power supply device capable of equalizing electrical properties of batteries
CN1607708A (en) Equalizing circuit for lithium ion power accumulator
US20130320772A1 (en) Rechargeable multi-cell battery
Rahimi-Eichi et al. Battery management system: An overview of its application in the smart grid and electric vehicles
US20110234165A1 (en) Modular Charging System for Multi-Cell Series-Connected Battery Packs
Speltino et al. Cell equalization in battery stacks through state of charge estimation polling
US20120268070A1 (en) Apparatus and method for controlling connection of battery packs
CN102361100A (en) Method for controlling balance of power lithium ion battery
US20130181513A1 (en) Power supply device and vehicle using the same
US20120268057A1 (en) Basic unit of lithium-ion battery, battery pack comprising the same, and charge/discharge equalizing method thereof
WO2013094057A1 (en) Battery control device and battery system
US20110161024A1 (en) Battery multi-series system and communication method thereof
WO2009128079A1 (en) Method and apparatus of performance balancing of battery cells
CN102810878A (en) Intelligent battery module and method and system for achieving precise management of monomer power batteries
JP2012178953A (en) Method of detecting state of assembled battery and controller
US20140312848A1 (en) System and method for a dynamically configurable power distribution control and management system
CN103326439A (en) Equalization circuit of battery pack and equalization method
RU2461102C1 (en) Method for operation of lithium-ion accumulator battery in autonomous power supply system
US20160105042A1 (en) Systems and methods for series battery charging
US20150070024A1 (en) Battery pack, apparatus including battery pack, and method of managing battery pack

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: GOGORO INC., CHINA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WHITING TAYLOR, MATTHEW;LUKE, HOK-SUM HORACE;SIGNING DATES FROM 20150327 TO 20150930;REEL/FRAME:036960/0294