CN107801542B - Landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrub with long and soft branches - Google Patents

Landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrub with long and soft branches Download PDF

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CN107801542B
CN107801542B CN201710880349.2A CN201710880349A CN107801542B CN 107801542 B CN107801542 B CN 107801542B CN 201710880349 A CN201710880349 A CN 201710880349A CN 107801542 B CN107801542 B CN 107801542B
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branches
diameter
circle
tree
big tree
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CN107801542A (en
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颜巾筌
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Hanzhong Cuifeng Seedlings Ltd
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Hanzhong Cuifeng Seedlings Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods

Abstract

The invention discloses a landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrubs with long and soft branches, which comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps: planning field planting; step two: filling the pit with mellow soil; step three: performing circle cutting; step four: leveling stubbles and increasing seedlings; step five: branch pulling and bundling; step six: pruning and fixing the pile; step seven: bundling and forming; step eight: artificial lateral branches; step nine: grafting and quality improvement. Through the mode, the landscape big tree cultivation method is suitable for climbing, vine vines and shrubs with long and soft branches, the climbing, vine and shrubs with long and soft branches are subjected to specific cultivation and management and manual operation, the tree is enlarged, thickened and healed naturally to form a big tree shape, a grafting method can be used for producing finished big trees according to needs, and the landscape big tree cultivation method has the characteristics of simplicity in operation, convenience in material obtaining, high economic benefit, good landscape effect and the like.

Description

Landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrub with long and soft branches
Technical Field
The invention relates to a landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrubs with long and soft branches.
Background
Most shrubs which climb over, grow and have soft branches have unique and obvious advantages, are bright in color and deeply popular with the masses, but cannot grow into tall trees under natural conditions, cannot realize expansion of economic benefits, and cannot meet market requirements.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly solves the technical problem of providing a landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine, shrubs with long and soft branches, which increases the thickness and naturally heals to form a big tree shape by carrying out specific cultivation and management and manual operation on the climbing, vine and shrubs with long and soft branches.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts a technical scheme that: the method for cultivating the landscape big tree suitable for climbing, vine man and shrubs with long and soft branches is provided, and comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: planning field planting: determining a finished product big tree diameter target, planning a fixed value density according to the finished product big tree diameter target to be cultivated, and determining a fixed value point position;
step two: filling the pit with mellow soil: digging a round pit by taking the planting point as the circle center, taking out raw soil, and filling mellow soil or mixed soil of the mellow soil and the plant straws;
step three: and (3) performing circle cutting: making two circles with different diameters by using small steel bars, combining the circles into concentric circles on the same horizontal plane, placing the concentric circles into a fixed planting point, cutting branches into the rings between the inner circle and the outer circle of the concentric circles, and frequently watering the rings to ensure that the seedlings survive;
step four: leveling and seedling increasing, namely applying fertilizer once ten days before the beginning of autumn in the current year of cuttage, leveling the stubbles of the young seedlings under the condition of soil moisture to achieve the purpose of seedling increasing, driving four piles around a planting point by using bamboo poles, and forming a circular ring at the upper part by using iron wires to prevent branches from lodging, wherein if the seedlings are few, leveling the stubbles for the second time under the condition of soil moisture in the summer to the festival of the second lunar calendar to achieve the purpose of seedling increasing;
step five: pulling branches and bundling, taking the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step as a lower bottom surface, manufacturing a round table by using a steel wire or an iron wire, pulling branches in the planting point to the periphery, placing the round table at the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step, then straightening the branches, clinging the branches to the outer wall of the round table, and tightly bundling the branches by using a tree bundling machine;
step six: pruning and fixing the piles, trimming branches to be flush with the upper bottom surface of the circular truncated cone after the bundling is finished, and keeping water and soil moist; four bamboo poles are fixed around the planting points, and the upper parts of the bamboo poles are surrounded into a circle by iron wires to prevent lodging;
step seven: bundling and forming, namely in winter of the second year after the step six, trapping all branches together by using a tree bundling machine, wherein the tree body is changed into a solid, and three lateral branches and heads are reserved according to the size and height of the tree to form a morphological structure with a solid lower part and a big upper part;
step eight: artificial lateral branches, after the branches in the second year are lignified and the toughness is strengthened, the lateral branches reserved in the seventh step are bound manually to form a first lateral branch, a second lateral branch and a third lateral branch, the size of the crown is determined, a second level branch is separated at one time, and a third level is formed after natural growth for 2-3 years;
step nine: grafting and upgrading, wherein after the tree body is formed, if grafting is needed, the head of the tree can be replaced by grafting good varieties of the same family by using a grafting method due to different varieties and different colors.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the climbing, vine and long and soft shrub branches are selected from rosa spinalis.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, in the ninth step, roses and Chinese roses are selected and grafted to the finished big tree.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine, shrubs with long and soft branches, provided by the invention, is characterized in that the climbing, vine, shrubs with long and soft branches are subjected to specific cultivation and management and manual operation to increase the thickness and naturally heal to form a big tree shape, and a grafting method can be used for producing finished big trees as required, so that the landscape big tree cultivation method has the characteristics of simplicity in operation, convenience in material taking, high economic benefit, good landscape effect and the like.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The embodiment of the invention comprises the following steps:
a method for cultivating landscape big trees suitable for climbing, vine man and shrubs with long and soft branches comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: planning field planting: determining a finished product big tree diameter target, planning a fixed value density according to the finished product big tree diameter target to be cultivated, and determining a fixed value point position;
as shown in the table, if the diameter of the production requirement of the finished big tree is 0.4 m, the field planting needs to be planned according to the field planting density of 4m multiplied by 4 m.
Step two: filling the pit with mellow soil: digging a round pit by taking the planting point as the circle center, taking out raw soil, and filling mellow soil or mixed soil of the mellow soil and the plant straws; the diameter of the circular pit is controlled to be 1.2 meters, and the depth is controlled to be 0.8 meter.
Step three: and (3) performing circle cutting: making two circles with different diameters by using small steel bars, combining the circles into concentric circles on the same horizontal plane, placing the concentric circles into a fixed planting point, cutting branches into the rings between the inner circle and the outer circle of the concentric circles, and frequently watering the rings to ensure that the seedlings survive;
as shown in the table, if the diameter of the production requirement of the finished big tree is 0.4 m, a circle with the outer circle diameter of 40 cm and the inner circle diameter of 26 cm is made, and the number of plants inserted in each planting point is set to be 50.
Step four: leveling stubble and increasing seedlings, namely applying fertilizer once ten days before the beginning of autumn in the current year of cuttage, leveling stubbles of young seedlings under the condition of soil moisture to achieve the purpose of increasing seedlings, driving four piles around a planting point by using bamboo poles, setting the height of each pile to be 1.5 m, surrounding the upper part of each pile into a circular ring by using an iron wire, and setting the diameter of each circular ring to be 1.2 m to prevent branches from lodging, and if the seedlings are few, leveling stubbles for the second time under the condition of soil moisture in the summer of the second lunar calendar to achieve the purpose of increasing seedlings;
as shown in the table, when the diameter required for the production of the large tree is 0.4 m, the stumping process is performed at least once to control the seedling amount of the large tree larger than 1.4 m to 100-150 plants.
Step five: pulling branches and bundling, taking the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step as a lower bottom surface, manufacturing a round table by using a steel wire or an iron wire, pulling branches in the planting point to the periphery, placing the round table at the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step, then straightening the branches, clinging the branches to the outer wall of the round table, and tightly bundling the branches by using a tree bundling machine;
as shown in the table, if the diameter required for producing the finished big tree is 0.4 m, a circular table with the diameter of the lower bottom surface of 0.26 m, the diameter of the upper bottom surface of 0.16 m and the height of 1.4-1.6 m needs to be manufactured.
Step six: pruning and fixing the piles, trimming branches to be flush with the upper bottom surface of the circular truncated cone after the bundling is finished, and keeping water and soil moist; four bamboo poles are fixed around the planting point, the height of each bamboo pole is set to be 3.5 m, the upper parts of the bamboo poles are surrounded into a circle by iron wires to prevent lodging, and the diameter of the circle is set to be 1.2 m;
step seven: bundling and forming, namely in winter of the second year after the step six, trapping all branches together by using a tree bundling machine, wherein the tree body is changed into a solid, and three lateral branches and heads are reserved according to the size and height of the tree to form a morphological structure with a solid lower part and a big upper part;
step eight: artificial lateral branches, after the branches in the second year are lignified and the toughness is strengthened, the lateral branches reserved in the seventh step are bound manually to form a first lateral branch, a second lateral branch and a third lateral branch, the size of the crown is determined, a second level branch is separated at one time, and a third level is formed after natural growth for 2-3 years;
as shown in the table, if the diameter of the production requirement of the finished big tree is 0.4 m, the heights of the first layer branch, the second layer branch and the third layer branch are respectively controlled within the ranges of 2-2.8 m, 2.5-3.3 m and 2.8-3.6 m, and the plane angles of the three main branches are controlled at 60 degrees.
Step nine: grafting and upgrading, wherein after the tree body is formed, if grafting is needed, the head of the tree can be replaced by grafting good varieties of the same family by using a grafting method due to different varieties and different colors.
Wherein, the shrub branches growing and soft in climbing, vines and branches are selected from the rosa multiflora thunb.
Further, in the ninth step, rose and Chinese rose are selected and grafted to the finished big tree.
The principle of the invention is as follows:
according to the characteristics of strong affinity, strong self-repairing capability and strong healing capability of the close-relative plants, the grafting method is used for selecting the advantages and disadvantages, and the production process is performed by new combination, effective control on 'water, fertilizer, heat and light' in management, maximum increase of the number of unit seedlings and artificial control.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. simple operation, convenient implementation, no great technical difficulty and large-scale production.
2. Selecting climbing branches, vines and long and soft branches, and obtaining materials conveniently.
3. The economic benefit is high. The big trees with long and soft branches for climbing, vines and trees are simple to manufacture, the materials are convenient to obtain, the starting point is low, the production period only needs about 7 years, and the investment cost is low. Only 500 plus 700 yuan is needed, and wild piles are adopted in the market for grafting shrubs with long and soft branches and climbing, vines and branches, and the market price is as high as dozens of ten thousand yuan.
4. The landscape effect is good, the main rod is thicker and stronger, the trunk is stronger, the height of the branches, the number of the branches, the angle of the branches and the crown width are more reasonable, and the landscape can be viewed and appreciated, and has better landscape effect.
In conclusion, the invention provides a landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine, shrubs with long and soft branches, which increases the thickness and naturally heals to form a big tree shape by specific cultivation and management and manual operation on the climbing, vine and shrubs with long and soft branches, can produce finished big trees by using a grafting method according to needs, and has the characteristics of simple operation, convenient material taking, high economic benefit, good landscape effect and the like.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by the present specification, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. A method for cultivating landscape big trees suitable for climbing, vine man and shrubs with long and soft branches is characterized by comprising the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: planning field planting: determining a finished product big tree diameter target, planning a fixed value density according to the finished product big tree diameter target to be cultivated, and determining a fixed value point position;
step two: filling the pit with mellow soil: digging a round pit by taking the planting point as the circle center, taking out raw soil, and filling mellow soil or mixed soil of the mellow soil and the plant straws; the diameter of the circular pit is controlled to be 1.2 meters, and the depth is controlled to be 0.8 meter;
step three: and (3) performing circle cutting: making two circles with different diameters by using small steel bars, combining the circles into a concentric circle on the same horizontal plane, placing a fixed planting point, cutting branches, cutting the branches in a ring between an inner circle and an outer circle of the concentric circle, frequently watering the branches, and ensuring the survival of the seedlings: if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.3 m, making circles with the diameter of 30 cm at the outer circle and the diameter of 16 cm at the inner circle, and setting the number of plants in cuttage at each planting point to be 40; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.4 m, making circles with the diameter of 40 cm at the outer circle and the diameter of 26 cm at the inner circle, and setting the number of plants in cuttage at each planting point as 50; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.5 m, making circles with the outer circle diameter of 50 cm and the inner circle diameter of 36 cm, and setting the number of plants in cuttage at each planting point as 60; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.6 m, making circles with the diameter of 60 cm at the outer circle and the diameter of 46 cm at the inner circle, and setting the number of plants in cuttage at each planting point as 70;
step four: leveling stubble and increasing seedlings, applying fertilizer once ten days before the autumn of the current year of cuttage, leveling stubbles of young seedlings under the condition of soil moisture to achieve the purpose of increasing seedlings, driving four piles around a planting point by using bamboo poles, surrounding the upper part of the planting point into a circular ring by using iron wires to prevent branches from lodging, and leveling stubbles for the second time under the condition of soil moisture in the summer to the festival of the second lunar calendar if the seedlings are few to achieve the purpose of increasing seedlings: if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.3 m, at least one stubble leveling procedure is required, and the seedling amount of the big tree with the height of more than 1.4 m is controlled to be 80-120 plants; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.4 m, at least one stubble leveling procedure is required, and the seedling amount of the big tree with the height of more than 1.4 m is controlled to be 100-150 plants; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.5 m, at least one stubble leveling procedure is required, and the seedling amount of the big tree with the height of more than 1.4 m is controlled to be 120-180 plants; if the diameter required by the production of the finished big tree is 0.6 m, at least one stubble leveling procedure is required, and the seedling amount of the big tree with the height of more than 1.4 m is controlled to be 140-210;
step five: pulling branches and bundling, taking the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step as a lower bottom surface, manufacturing a round table by using a steel wire or an iron wire, pulling branches in the planting point to the periphery, placing the round table at the inner circle of the concentric circle in the third step, then straightening the branches, clinging the branches to the outer wall of the round table, and tightly bundling the branches by using a tree bundling machine;
step six: pruning and fixing the piles, trimming branches to be flush with the upper bottom surface of the circular truncated cone after the bundling is finished, and keeping water and soil moist; four bamboo poles are fixed around the planting points, and the upper parts of the bamboo poles are surrounded into a circle by iron wires to prevent lodging;
step seven: bundling and forming, namely in winter of the second year after the step six, trapping all branches together by using a tree bundling machine, wherein the tree body is changed into a solid, and three lateral branches and heads are reserved according to the size and height of the tree to form a morphological structure with a solid lower part and a big upper part;
step eight: artificial lateral branches, after the branches in the second year are lignified and the toughness is strengthened, the lateral branches reserved in the seventh step are bound manually to form a first lateral branch, a second lateral branch and a third lateral branch, the size of the crown is determined, a second level branch is separated at one time, and a third level is formed after natural growth for 2-3 years;
step nine: grafting and upgrading, wherein after the tree body is formed, if grafting is needed, the head of the tree can be replaced by grafting good varieties of the same family by using a grafting method due to different varieties and different colors.
2. The method for cultivating large landscape trees suitable for climbing, vine, long and soft shrubs according to claim 1, wherein the climbing, vine, long and soft shrub branches are selected from rosa spinalis.
3. The method for cultivating big landscape trees suitable for climbing, vine man, shrubs with long and soft branches according to claim 1, wherein in the ninth step, roses and Chinese roses are selected and grafted to the finished big trees.
CN201710880349.2A 2017-09-26 2017-09-26 Landscape big tree cultivation method suitable for climbing, vine man and shrub with long and soft branches Active CN107801542B (en)

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CN109924035A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-06-25 王永波 Potted landscape fixed frame
CN109924071A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-06-25 王永波 A kind of method of the fixed shape of potted landscape

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FR2910781A1 (en) * 2006-12-29 2008-07-04 Mercery Linda Thomas Fastening device for e.g. fruit tree, has plane part surrounding flexible tutor wire and stem of plant and then sides of plane part by sliding in safety notch at enlargement of plant

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