CN107736194A - A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings - Google Patents

A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107736194A
CN107736194A CN201711032239.7A CN201711032239A CN107736194A CN 107736194 A CN107736194 A CN 107736194A CN 201711032239 A CN201711032239 A CN 201711032239A CN 107736194 A CN107736194 A CN 107736194A
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China
Prior art keywords
chinese prickly
prickly ash
seed
digging
rotating shaft
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CN201711032239.7A
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CN107736194B (en
Inventor
王华权
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Guizhou Jiaofeng Zhongxin Zanthoxylum Industry Development Co ltd
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Wuchuan Autonomous County Of Green Pepper Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711032239.7A priority Critical patent/CN107736194B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Sowing (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:(1) seed collection;(2) site preparation;(3) date of seeding selection and seed treatment;(4) sow;(5) fertilising is poured water;Wherein step (4) has used a kind of seeder, including motor, transmission mechanism and operating mechanism, and motor assembles with transmission mechanism, and transmission mechanism assembles with operating mechanism.The groove that can ensure to sow on cylinder using this seeder is being connected to Chinese prickly ash seed after being connected to enough soil, Chinese prickly ash seed is seeded into enough thickness of earth covering when on soil, and Chinese prickly ash seed can reach the effect of quantitative release, reduce unnecessary waste.Meanwhile seeder is completed to dig and sow work simultaneously, the sowing efficiency made improves.Therefore, this device can be widely used in the nursery of Chinese prickly ash.

Description

A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, more particularly to a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings.
Background technology
Chinese prickly ash, which is that the entitled green pepper of fruit rind of Rutaceae machaka or dungarunga another name for Sichuan Province green pepper is red, to be described as " eight big flavouring " One of be that family often uses condiment for cooking and Chinese medicine dispensing.Chinese prickly ash is the long very extensive spices tallow tree of distribution of China's cultivation history Kind cultivated area and yield and Chinese prickly ash kind occupy first place in the world and occupy absolute advantage.Fast result is rich, receives with growing for Chinese prickly ash The advantages that beneficial big wide cultivation management simplicity strong adaptability well developed root system of purposes can conserve water and soil.Therefore Chinese prickly ash be collection ecological benefits, The seeds that social benefit, economic benefit are integrated.
The breeding technique of China's Chinese prickly ash seriously lags at present, especially generally includes three steps in the seeding process of Chinese prickly ash:Turn over Soil, sow seeds and earthing, three steps are separately carried out, seeding process is numerous and diverse so that Chinese prickly ash sowing it is inefficient;Reality is raw simultaneously In work when sowing seeds, do not consider how it is quantitative Chinese prickly ash seed is sent out into soil, cause to sow seeds uneven so that flower The nutrition nutrient that green pepper seed can obtain in soil is excessive or very few, influences the emergence rate in Chinese prickly ash later stage.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings, to sow non-quantitative and sowing when solving Chinese prickly ash sowing The problem of efficiency is low.
In order to achieve the above object, base case of the invention provides a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
(1) seed collection:Select the strong trees in richful production period (10-15 lifes) of tree vigo(u)r, in mid-August to early October, pericarp Collected seed when being changed into bronzing or atropurpureus from green, the fruit newly adopted is placed on ventilation and dried in the shade, and removes pericarp, impurity produces kind Son, seed is loaded in gunnysack or Porcelain Jar, put at aeration-drying, in case sowing is used;
(2) site preparation:Select it is leeward on the sunny side, on the deep fertile sandy loam of soil layer, broadcast before per hectare apply farm manure 30-35 Ton;Apply base fertilizer;
(3) date of seeding selection and seed treatment:Autumn sowing is selected, with clear water that wash seeds are multiple first, unfilled gtainses are removed in drift, drag for Go out the seed of health, be put into plant ash and stir, seed appearance is wrapped up in one layer of plant ash;
(4) sow:This step uses a kind of seeder, including motor, transmission mechanism and operating mechanism;The motor Assembled with transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism assembles with operating mechanism;The transmission mechanism includes driving gear, reduction gearing and driven Gear, the motor are connected with driving wheel, and the reduction gearing is between driving gear and driven gear, and reduction gearing It is meshed respectively with driving gear and driven gear, the size of the reduction gearing is more than driving gear, the driven gear Size is more than reduction gearing;The operating mechanism includes dig device, seeding apparatus and pedestal;The device of digging includes digging Device rotating shaft, the seeding apparatus include seeding apparatus rotating shaft;It is described dig device rotating shaft and seeding apparatus rotating shaft it is horizontally arranged Be rotationally connected with pedestal, the device rotating shaft of digging is coaxially connected with driving gear, the seeding apparatus rotating shaft and driven tooth Take turns coaxially connected, some devices of digging are fixedly connected with the device rotating shaft of digging, are coaxially fixed in the seeding apparatus rotating shaft Sowing cylinder is connected with, the sowing cylinder the week side of boss is provided with some grooves;Sowing cylinder upper end is provided with trough, the trough Side wall is fixedly connected on pedestal, and lower port and the sowing cylinder of the trough fit, and the trough is away from device of digging Side wall on be fixedly connected with arc block plate, and arc block plate fits with sowing cylinder;
(5) fertilising is poured water:After planting, poured water within 2-3 days before transplanting, into growth period, with reference to the top dressing 1-2 that pours water It is secondary, based on nitrogenous fertilizer, the later stage based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer, every mu of 20-25kg of topdressing amount.
The beneficial effect of this base case is:1st, a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings provided by the invention, applies in site preparation Base fertilizer so that soil is more fertile, then has seed treatment step, the bad seed of rejected in advance, then in the surface of the seed wraps up in one layer Plant ash, sterilization, pre- insect-pest, further improves excellent seedling rate.
2nd, the present invention uses a kind of seeder in seeding process, and dig device and the seeding apparatus of seeder are in driver Rotate in same direction under the drive of structure, ensure that the groove on sowing cylinder is first connected to soil and is being connected to Chinese prickly ash seed.And sowing mechanism Rotating speed is less than the rotating speed for mechanism of digging, and ensure that the groove on sowing cylinder is connected to enough soil.The rotating speed of sowing mechanism simultaneously Reduce under the centrifugal force change that the soil in groove is subject to, and then soil is not flown away, the final thickness of earth covering for causing Chinese prickly ash seed Enough.
3rd, the present invention uses a kind of seeder in seeding process, the lower port of trough and sowing cylinder phase in seeder Fitting, the side wall of trough scrape off the seed for being higher by groove part when sowing cylinder and rotating, and reach quantitative release Chinese prickly ash seed Effect.
4th, the present invention uses a kind of seeder in seeding process, and seeder includes digging device and seeding apparatus so that spending Digging in green pepper seedling raising process and sow work almost while realize, improve the efficiency of sowing.
Further, the depth of the groove is 2-5cm.So that the soil layer that device of digging stirred and entered groove is to sow most Good thickness of earth covering, and then improve the emergence rate of Chinese prickly ash.
Further, the groove rectangular array distribution on the sowing cylinder.So that sow orderly and efficiency high.
Further, it is described to dig device as shovel of digging.Shovel dig compared with piece of digging, the native Relatively centralized stirred so that broadcast The groove of kind cylinder is easier to be filled soil, and then makes seeding process more smooth feasible.
Further, the shovel of digging is acute angle or obtuse angle with the angle of device rotating shaft of digging.If dig shovel and device of digging The angle of rotating shaft is equal to 90 degree, and shovel of digging acts perpendicularly to soil, and stirring soil becomes difficult.
Further, the bottom of the arc block plate contacts with ground.Realize that seed does not splash disorderly in groove so that seed is accurate Arrival soil.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of seeder in a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of seeder in a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the seeding apparatus of seeder in a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram that the distribution of cylinder upper groove is sowed in a kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below by the further details of explanation of embodiment:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Motor 1, driving gear 2, reduction gearing 3, driven gear 4, sowing Device rotating shaft 5, device rotating shaft 6 of digging, pedestal 7, shovel 8 of digging, sowing cylinder 9, groove 10, trough 11, arc block plate 12.
Embodiment:
The present embodiment uses a kind of seeder, and as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, motor 1 assembles with transmission mechanism, transmission mechanism Assembled with operating mechanism.Transmission mechanism includes driving gear 2, reduction gearing 3 and driven gear 4, the output shaft of motor 1 and master Driving wheel coaxial welding, reduction gearing 3 between driving gear 2 and driven gear 4, and reduction gearing 3 respectively with driving gear 2 It is meshed with driven gear 4, the size of reduction gearing 3 is more than driving gear 2, and the size of driven gear 4 is more than reduction gearing 3. Operating mechanism includes dig device, seeding apparatus and pedestal 7, and device of digging includes device rotating shaft 6 of digging, and seeding apparatus includes broadcasting Kind of device rotating shaft 5, digs device rotating shaft 6 and seeding apparatus rotating shaft 5 is rotatably connected on pedestal 7 respectively horizontally arrangedly.Dig Device rotating shaft 6 and the coaxial welding of driving gear 2, seeding apparatus rotating shaft 5 and the coaxial welding of driven gear 4.Dig in device rotating shaft 6 Three groups of shovels 8 of digging are welded with, and the angle for shoveling 8 and device rotating shaft 6 of digging of digging, equal to 70 degree, shovel 8 of digging is with soil with one Point angle so that shovel 8 of digging is easier to stir soil.Sowing cylinder 9 is welded with seeding apparatus rotating shaft 5.As shown in figure 4, sowing The surface of cylinder 9 is provided with the groove 10 of rectangular array distribution, and the depth of groove 10 is 4cm so that the soil entrance that shovel 8 of digging stirs The soil thickness of groove 10 is optimal thickness of earth covering.As shown in figure 1, sowing cylinder 9 upper end is provided with trough 11, the side of trough 11 Wall is welded in pedestal 7.As shown in figure 3, the lower port of trough 11 fits with sowing cylinder 9.Trough 11 is away from dress of digging Arc block plate 12 is welded with the side wall put, arc block plate 12 fits with sowing cylinder 9, and the bottom of arc block plate 12 and ground Face contacts.
A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings, step are as follows:
(1) seed collection:The strong trees in richful production period of tree vigo(u)r is selected, in mid-August to early October, pericarp is changed into red from green Collected seed when brown or atropurpureus, the fruit newly adopted is placed on ventilation and dried in the shade, and removes pericarp, impurity produces seed, and seed is loaded In gunnysack or Porcelain Jar, put at aeration-drying, in case sowing is used.
(2) site preparation:Select it is leeward on the sunny side, on the deep fertile sandy loam of soil layer, broadcast before per hectare apply 30 tons of farm manure.Apply Add base fertilizer, base fertilizer is plant ash.
(3) date of seeding selection and seed treatment:Autumn sowing is selected, with clear water that wash seeds are multiple first, unfilled gtainses are removed in drift, drag for Go out the seed of health, be put into plant ash and stir, seed appearance is wrapped up in one layer of plant ash.
(4) sow:Start motor 1 first, motor 1 drives the rotate counterclockwise of driving gear 2, and driving gear 2 drives Reduction gearing 3 turns clockwise, and reduction gearing 3 drives the rotate counterclockwise of driven gear 4 again.Due to driving gear 2 and dress of digging Put rotating shaft 6 to weld, driven gear 4 welds with seeding apparatus rotating shaft 5, so this transmission device makes seeding apparatus and device of digging same To rotation.When device of digging rotates, three groups of shovels 8 of digging act on soil, and soil is stirred, kicks up soil, sow recessed on cylinder 9 Groove 10 is connected to the soil kicked up.Now, the seed for the Chinese prickly ash handled well is put into trough 11, Chinese prickly ash seed passes through blowing The lower port of groove 11 is contacted with sowing the side surface of cylinder 9, and trough lower port is directed at when sowing cylinder 9 is rotated to groove 10 When, Chinese prickly ash seed is dropped in groove 10.Because seeding apparatus and device of digging rotate in same direction, so being connected to the groove 10 of soil again It is connected to Chinese prickly ash seed.Meanwhile the lower port of trough 11 fits with sowing cylinder 9, when sowing cylinder 9 rotates, trough 11 Side wall can scrape off the Chinese prickly ash seed for being higher by groove 10, have the function that quantitative seed.
Simultaneously as the size of driving gear 2 is less than the size of reduction gearing 3, the size of driven gear 4 is more than reducing gear The size of wheel 3, so the rotating speed of driven gear 4 is less than driving gear 2 so that the rotating speed of seeding apparatus is less than turning for device of digging Speed.The speed that seeding apparatus rotates is less than device of digging, it is ensured that after the groove 10 on sowing cylinder 9 fills enough soil amounts Chinese prickly ash seed is connected to again.Meanwhile sow the centrifugal force for being subject to the soil in groove 10 after the speed that cylinder 9 rotates reduces and diminish, And then so that the soil acted on after sowing cylinder 9 in the groove 10 at end is not easy disorderly to fly.
Then sowing cylinder 9 drives the groove 10 equipped with soil and Chinese prickly ash seed to continue to rotate, due to being acted on before sowing cylinder 9 There is arc block plate 12 on the groove 10 at end, arc block plate 12 can block the groove 10 equipped with soil and Chinese prickly ash seed, arc block plate 12 Make in Chinese prickly ash seed and the agonic arrival soil of soil matrix sheet so that the soil layer in groove 10 covers Chinese prickly ash seed completely, completes The sowing of Chinese prickly ash seed.
(5) fertilising is poured water:Poured water within 3 days before transplanting, into growth period, with reference to top dressing 2 times of pouring water, using nitrogenous fertilizer as It is main, the later stage based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer, every mu of 25kg of topdressing amount.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:
    (1) seed collection:The strong trees in richful production period (10-15 lifes) of tree vigo(u)r is selected, in mid-August to early October, pericarp is by green Discoloration is collected seed when being bronzing or atropurpureus, and the fruit newly adopted is placed on ventilation and dried in the shade, and removes pericarp, impurity produces seed, general Seed loads in gunnysack or Porcelain Jar, puts at aeration-drying, in case sowing is used;
    (2) site preparation:Select it is leeward on the sunny side, on the deep fertile sandy loam of soil layer, broadcast before per hectare apply farm manure 30-35 tons;Apply Add base fertilizer;
    (3) date of seeding selection and seed treatment:Autumn sowing is selected, with clear water that wash seeds are multiple first, unfilled gtainses are removed in drift, pull out strong The seed of health, is put into plant ash and stirs, and seed appearance is wrapped up in one layer of plant ash;
    (4) sow:This step uses a kind of seeder, including motor, transmission mechanism and operating mechanism;The motor is with passing Motivation structure assembles, and transmission mechanism assembles with operating mechanism;The transmission mechanism includes driving gear, reduction gearing and driven tooth Wheel, the motor are connected with driving wheel, and the reduction gearing is between driving gear and driven gear, and reduction gearing point It is not meshed with driving gear and driven gear, the size of the reduction gearing is more than driving gear, the chi of the driven gear It is very little to be more than reduction gearing;The operating mechanism includes dig device, seeding apparatus and pedestal;The device of digging includes dress of digging Rotating shaft is put, the seeding apparatus includes seeding apparatus rotating shaft;It is described to dig device rotating shaft and seeding apparatus rotating shaft horizontally arrangedly Pedestal is rotationally connected with, the device rotating shaft of digging is coaxially connected with driving gear, the seeding apparatus rotating shaft and driven gear It is coaxially connected, it is fixedly connected with some devices of digging in the device rotating shaft of digging, it is coaxial in the seeding apparatus rotating shaft fixed to connect Sowing cylinder is connected to, the sowing cylinder the week side of boss is provided with some grooves;Sowing cylinder upper end is provided with trough, the trough side Wall is fixedly connected on pedestal, and lower port and the sowing cylinder of the trough fit, and the trough is away from device of digging Arc block plate is fixedly connected with side wall, and arc block plate fits with sowing cylinder;
    (5) fertilising is poured water:After planting, poured water within 2-3 days before transplanting, into growth period, with reference to top dressing 1-2 times of pouring water, with Based on nitrogenous fertilizer, the later stage based on phosphorus, potash fertilizer, every mu of 20-25kg of topdressing amount.
  2. A kind of 2. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The depth of the groove is 2-5cm.
  3. A kind of 3. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Groove on the sowing cylinder is in square Shape array distribution.
  4. A kind of 4. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to dig device as shovel of digging.
  5. A kind of 5. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Dig shovel and the device rotating shaft of digging Angle be acute angle or obtuse angle.
  6. A kind of 6. Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5, it is characterised in that:The arc gear The bottom of piece contacts with ground.
CN201711032239.7A 2017-10-30 2017-10-30 A kind of Chinese prickly ash method for culturing seedlings Active CN107736194B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113170696A (en) * 2021-05-21 2021-07-27 遵义职业技术学院 Method for growing seedlings of peppers
CN114616943A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-06-14 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Be used for wide seedling area wheat seeding fertilization all-in-one

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2073644U (en) * 1989-10-12 1991-03-27 陶永福 Miniature seeder
CN102282994A (en) * 2011-06-19 2011-12-21 翟先果 Prickly ash seedling raising technology
CN105993306A (en) * 2016-08-07 2016-10-12 苏文藏 Landscaping sowing device
CN205623166U (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-10-12 周正刚 Agricultural hand -held seeder
CN205694121U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-11-23 河南豪丰农业装备有限公司 A kind of seeder of manual regulation flow rate
CN206078037U (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-12 宁波市大宇矢崎机械制造有限公司 Full -automatic grain seeder

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2073644U (en) * 1989-10-12 1991-03-27 陶永福 Miniature seeder
CN102282994A (en) * 2011-06-19 2011-12-21 翟先果 Prickly ash seedling raising technology
CN205694121U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-11-23 河南豪丰农业装备有限公司 A kind of seeder of manual regulation flow rate
CN205623166U (en) * 2016-05-12 2016-10-12 周正刚 Agricultural hand -held seeder
CN105993306A (en) * 2016-08-07 2016-10-12 苏文藏 Landscaping sowing device
CN206078037U (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-04-12 宁波市大宇矢崎机械制造有限公司 Full -automatic grain seeder

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113170696A (en) * 2021-05-21 2021-07-27 遵义职业技术学院 Method for growing seedlings of peppers
CN114616943A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-06-14 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Be used for wide seedling area wheat seeding fertilization all-in-one
CN114616943B (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-08-02 安徽省农业科学院作物研究所 Be used for wide seedling area wheat seeding fertilization all-in-one

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Effective date of registration: 20240513

Address after: 561300 Building 13, Da Health Industrial Park, Dingyun Street, Guanling County, Anshun City, Guizhou Province

Patentee after: Guizhou Jiaofeng Zhongxin Zanthoxylum Industry Development Co.,Ltd.

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Address before: 564399 Beside the County Squadron in Duru Town, Wuchuan Gelao and Miao Autonomous County, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province

Patentee before: WUCHUAN AUTONOMOUS COUNTY JIUYE GREEN PEPPER CO.,LTD.

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