CN202679949U - Seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds and precision planter using same - Google Patents

Seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds and precision planter using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202679949U
CN202679949U CN 201220248337 CN201220248337U CN202679949U CN 202679949 U CN202679949 U CN 202679949U CN 201220248337 CN201220248337 CN 201220248337 CN 201220248337 U CN201220248337 U CN 201220248337U CN 202679949 U CN202679949 U CN 202679949U
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seeding
seed
wheel
seeding unit
spoon
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220248337
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Chinese (zh)
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王伟
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds. The seeding apparatus comprises a seeding apparatus shell, a partition plate and a seeding wheel, wherein the seeding apparatus is provided with a seeding area and a seed guide area; the partition plate separates the seeding area from the seed guide area; the seeding wheel is mounted in the seeding area; a seeding bearing is inserted into the center of the seeding wheel; one end of the seeding bearing penetrates through the seeding apparatus shell; seed spoons are uniformly distributed on the seeding wheel; the seed spoons incline toward one side; each seed spoon comprises a spoon handle and a spoon bowl at the end part of the spoon handle; a seed transfer hole is arranged at the upper part of the partition plate; a seeding gear is mounted at the end of the seeding bearing penetrating through the seeding apparatus; and a circle of V-shaped slots in inclination angle fit with the seed spoons are arranged on the partition plate. According to the utility model, the precision planter using the seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds can adjust the row spacing and hole spacing and the seed number in each hole, the seed usage amount is reduced, the seed utilization rate is improved, a scientific growth environment is provided to the corn, the thinning work of people for the grown seedlings is avoided, the labor force is saved, and the corn yield is increased.

Description

A kind of maize seed of broadcasting is with seeding unit and the precision planter of using this seeding unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of farm machinery, particularly a kind of precision planter.
Background technology
In the prior art, the labour that need to pay when sowing in order to save, many kinds of sowers have appearred on the market, the appearance of sower has been saved a large amount of labor exports for people really, yet this sower seed that advances along with tractor in seeding process also continues to drop in the soil, although this seeding method has been saved people labour at seeding time, seed has but been slatterned greatly, moreover, when seed sprouting grows seedling, for fear of have to seedling the is carried out work of thinning of the competition people between each strain seedling, although the labor export when having saved sowing, labour's output in the time of can having increased again thinning, and the spacing of each strain seedling can only be determined with people's sensation, so the growing environment of each strain seedling also is not quite similar, so the situation of seedling after maturation also is very different, the corresponding step-down of output then.
The utility model content
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of seed consumption, precision planter that seed spacing is adjustable can saved during sowing in area soil.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
A kind of maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting, comprise seeder unit shell, dividing plate and seed wheel, described dividing plate is installed in the described seeder unit shell, described seed wheel is installed in a side of described dividing plate, described seed wheel central shaft is to grafting seeding bearing, one end of described seeding bearing passes seeder unit shell, be evenly distributed with the kind spoon of any amount on the described seed wheel, described kind spoon is to lopsidedness, described each kind spoon comprises the spoon bowl of kettleholder and kettleholder end, be provided with on the top of described dividing plate and pass kind of a hole, an end that passes seeding unit at described seeding bearing is equipped with a seeding gear, a circle is arranged on the described dividing plate and describedly plant the V-type groove that matches in spoonful inclination angle.
The above-mentioned maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting, comprise also and lead kind of a wheel that describedly lead the opposite side that kind of wheel is arranged on described dividing plate, described kind of the wheel of leading is fixedly connected with described seed wheel, be evenly distributed to few two radial slots at described kind of the wheel of leading, the described kind spoon of the equal corresponding equal number of each described radial slot.
The above-mentioned maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting, described seeder unit shell comprises seeding unit shell and grain cover, described seeding unit shell is bolted with grain cover is in the same place, and is provided with out kind of a mouth below described seeding unit shell, is provided with the inoculation mouth in the bottom of described grain cover.
The above-mentioned maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting has in the bottom of described grain cover and to move back kind of a mouth, and described kind of the mouth that moves back is provided with capping, and described capping is hinged on the described grain cover, and described grain cover is transparent.
The above-mentioned maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting, described separator edge is provided with a position-adjustable handlebar, described seeding unit shell edge fluting, described position-adjustable handlebar passes the groove at described seeding unit shell edge.
A kind ofly use the above-mentioned maize seed of broadcasting with the precision planter of seeding unit, comprise support, transmission mechanism, seeding unit, furrower assembly and seed-box, described transmission mechanism, described seeding unit, described furrower assembly and described seed-box all are arranged on the described support, described seeding unit is positioned at the below of described seed-box, described furrower assembly is positioned at the below of described seeding unit, and the inoculation mouth of described seeding unit is communicated with described seed-box.
Above-mentioned precision planter, described furrower assembly comprises lifting support, plough and earthing dish, described plough is installed in the front end of described lifting support, described earthing dish is arranged on the rear end of described lifting support, described lifting support is connected to the below of described support, and the described mouth of sowing is over against between described plough and the described earthing dish.
Above-mentioned precision planter, described earthing dish is comprised of two relatively symmetrically arranged disks, forms angle between two described disks, and the opening of two described disks is towards described plough.
Above-mentioned precision planter, also comprise the ground wheel assembly, described ground wheel assembly comprises ground wheeling rack and the land wheel that is installed on the described ground wheeling rack, described land wheel is installed on the described ground wheeling rack by driving wheel shaft, described ground wheeling rack is installed in the rear of described support, is equipped with at a described end that drives wheel shaft and drives wheel gear.
Above-mentioned precision planter, described transmission mechanism comprise and drive wheel square axis and seeding square axis, and the described wheel square axis that drives drives wheel gear and connects by chain with being connected, and described seeding square axis drives wheel gear and connects by chain with being connected.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: used and broadcast maize seed carries out sowing seed in the adjustment of line-spacing, cave distance and the every cave according to the individual subscriber wish with the precise sowing function of seeding unit grain number, saved greatly the usage amount of seed, improved greatly the availability of seed, make corn obtain most scientific rational growth environment, also exempted the thinning work of people after seedling grows up to, when having saved the labour also so that the output of corn be greatly improved.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic diagram of the utility model precision planter,
Fig. 2 is that the utility model is broadcast the structural representation that maize seed is used the seed wheel of seeding unit,
Fig. 3 is that the utility model is broadcast the structural representation that maize seed is used the dividing plate of seeding unit,
Fig. 4 is that the utility model is broadcast maize seed with the structural representation of leading kind of wheel of seeding unit,,
Fig. 5 is that the utility model is broadcast the structural representation that maize seed is used the seeding unit shell of seeding unit,
Fig. 6 is that the utility model is broadcast the structural representation that maize seed is used the grain cover of seeding unit.
Among the figure: 1-support, 2-seed-box, 301-dividing plate, 302-seed wheel, 303-leads kind of a wheel, the 401-kettleholder, and 402-spoon bowl, 5-passs kind of a hole, 6-V type groove, 701-seeding unit shell, 702-grain cover, 8-seeding bearing, the 9-capping, 10-position-adjustable handlebar, 11-lifting support, the 12-plough, 13-earthing dish, 14-ground wheeling rack, 15-land wheel, 16-drive the wheel square axis, 17-seeding square axis.
Embodiment
By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described further:
Present embodiment is take corn 313 Golden Triangle high yield cropping patterns as example.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting, comprise seeder unit shell, dividing plate 301 and seed wheel 302, described dividing plate 301 is installed in the described seeder unit shell, described seed wheel 302 is installed in a side of described dividing plate 301, described seed wheel 302 central shafts are to grafting seeding bearing 8, one end of described seeding bearing 8 passes seeder unit shell, be evenly distributed with 18 kind spoons on the described seed wheel 302, described kind spoon is to lopsidedness, described each kind spoon comprises the spoon bowl 402 of kettleholder 401 and kettleholder 401 ends, be provided with on the top of described dividing plate 301 and pass kind of hole 5, an end that passes seeding unit at described seeding bearing is equipped with a seeding gear, the V-type groove 6 that has a circle and described kind spoon inclination angle to match on the described dividing plate 301.
Also comprise and lead kind of a wheel 303, describedly lead kind the opposite side that wheel 303 is arranged on described dividing plate 301, the described wheel 303 of leading kind is fixedly connected with described seed wheel 302, at described six radial slots that evenly distribute on kind of the wheel 303 of leading, and the described kind of the equal corresponding equal number of each described radial slot spoonful.
Described seeder unit shell comprises seeding unit shell 701 and grain cover 702, and described seeding unit shell 701 is bolted with grain cover 702 is in the same place, and is provided with out kind of a mouth below described seeding unit shell 704, is provided with the inoculation mouth in the bottom of described grain cover 702.
Have in the bottom of described grain cover 702 and to move back kind of a mouth, described kind of the mouth that moves back is provided with capping 9, described capping 9 is hinged on the described grain cover 702, described grain cover 702 is transparent, move back kind of mouth in order to after sowing is complete in seeding unit remaining corn seed take out, grain cover 702 is transparent can be so that the situation of seed in the real-time supervision seeding unit of people, and people can find timely when breaking down in seeding process.
Described dividing plate 301 edges are provided with a position-adjustable handlebar 10, described seeding unit shell 701 edges fluting, described position-adjustable handlebar 10 passes the groove at described seeding unit shell 701 edges, position-adjustable handlebar 10 makes seeding unit can carry out more accurately seeding in order to adjust the position that kind of hole 5 is led kind of wheel 303 and seed wheel 302 relatively of passing on the dividing plate 301.
A kind ofly use the above-mentioned maize seed of broadcasting with the precision planter of seeding unit, comprise support 1, transmission mechanism, seeding unit, furrower assembly and seed-box 2, described transmission mechanism, described seeding unit, described furrower assembly and described seed-box 2 all are arranged on the described support 1, described seeding unit is positioned at the below of described seed-box 2, described furrower assembly is positioned at the below of described seeding unit, and the inoculation mouth of described seeding unit is communicated with described seed-box 2.
Described furrower assembly comprises lifting support 11, plough 12 and earthing dish 13, described plough 12 is installed in the front end of described lifting support 11, described earthing dish 13 is arranged on the rear end of described lifting support 11, described lifting support 11 is connected to the below of described support 1, lifting support is regulated the height of plough and earthing dish, selects the degree of depth of sowing according to different situations.
Described earthing dish 13 is comprised of two relatively symmetrically arranged disks, forms angle between two described disks, and the opening of two described disks is towards described plough 12, and earthing dish 13 carries out the work that earthing is buried to seed afterwards in order to sow.
Also comprise the ground wheel assembly, described ground wheel assembly comprises ground wheeling rack 14 and the land wheel 15 that is installed on the described ground wheeling rack 14, described land wheel 15 is installed on the described ground wheeling rack 14 by driving wheel shaft, be equipped with at a described end that drives wheel shaft and drive wheel gear, land wheel 15 is installed in the rear of support 1, and described ground wheel assembly is in order to support the walking of whole precision planter.
Described transmission mechanism comprises and drives wheel square axis 16 and seeding square axis 17, and the described wheel square axis 16 that drives drives wheel gear and connects by chain with being connected, and described seeding square axis 17 drives wheel gear and connects by chain with being connected.
Precision planter seeding process: at first regulate sow distance between the mouth of two seeding units, make it to remain on three chis, with this precision planter tractor-drawn, the engine that will drive wheel square axis 16 and seeding square axis 17 and tractor with chain couples together, during sowing, tractor at the uniform velocity advances, guarantee in the traveling process, the distance of each chi is planted next time, engine rotation drives drives wheel square axis 16 and 17 rotations of seeding square axis, drive wheel square axis 16 and drive the wheel gear rotation by chain-driving, drive wheel gear and rotate the rotation of drive land wheel, land wheel is in order to support the walking of whole precision planter; The rotation of seeding square axis 17 drives the rotation of seeding gear, the seeding gear leads kind of wheel 303 by the drive of seeding bearing and seed wheel 302 rotates jointly, seed in the seed-box 2 is entered in the seeding unit by the inoculation mouth 8 of grain cover 702 bottoms, in seed wheel 302 rotation processes, each is planted spoon and ladles out a seed, turn to when passing kind of hole, because the action of gravitation seed falls in the radial slot of leading on kind of the wheel by passing kind of hole 5, the corresponding radial slot of per three kind spoons, leading kind wheel 303 turns to when sowing mouthful, three seeds are along with action of gravitation falls in the ditch that plough holds successfully, along with leading kind of the rotation of wheel 303, three seeds fall are just arranged in soil every a segment distance, after seed was fallen in the soil, earthing dish 13 carried out earthing to seed again and buries.
Above-described embodiment only is for illustrating that clearly the utility model creates example, and is not the restriction of the utility model being created embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the field, can also make other changes in different forms on the basis of the above description.Here need not also can't give all embodiments exhaustive.All any apparent variation or changes being extended out within spirit of the present utility model and the principle still are among the protection domain of the utility model creation claim.

Claims (10)

1. broadcast the maize seed seeding unit for one kind, it is characterized in that, comprise seeder unit shell, dividing plate (301) and seed wheel (302), described dividing plate (301) is installed in the described seeder unit shell, described seed wheel (302) is installed in a side of described dividing plate (301), described seed wheel (302) central shaft is to grafting seeding bearing (8), one end of described seeding bearing (8) passes seeder unit shell, be evenly distributed with the kind spoon of any amount on the described seed wheel (302), described kind spoon is to lopsidedness, described each kind spoon comprises the spoon bowl (402) of kettleholder (401) and kettleholder (401) end, be provided with on the top of described dividing plate (301) and pass kind of a hole (5), an end that passes seeding unit at described seeding bearing is equipped with a seeding gear, the V-type groove (6) that has a circle and described kind spoon inclination angle to match on the described dividing plate (301).
2. the maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise and lead kind of a wheel (303), describedly lead kind the opposite side that wheel (303) is arranged on described dividing plate (301), described kind of the wheel (303) of leading is fixedly connected with described seed wheel (302), be evenly distributed to few two radial slots at described kind of the wheel (303) of leading, the described kind spoon of the equal corresponding equal number of each described radial slot.
3. the maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described seeder unit shell comprises seeding unit shell (701) and grain cover (702), described seeding unit shell (701) and grain cover (702) are bolted together, below described seeding unit shell (701), be provided with out kind of a mouth (8), be provided with the inoculation mouth in the bottom of described grain cover (702).
4. the maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, have in the bottom of described grain cover (702) and to move back kind of a mouth, described kind of the mouth that moves back is provided with capping (9), described capping (9) is hinged on the described grain cover (702), and described grain cover (702) is transparent.
5. the maize seed seeding unit of broadcasting according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described dividing plate (301) edge is provided with a position-adjustable handlebar (10), described seeding unit shell (701) edge fluting, described position-adjustable handlebar (10) passes the groove at described seeding unit shell (701) edge.
6. an application rights requires the arbitrary described precision planter that maize seed is used seeding unit of broadcasting of 1-5, it is characterized in that, comprise support (1), transmission mechanism, seeding unit, furrower assembly and seed-box (2), described transmission mechanism, described seeding unit, described furrower assembly and described seed-box (2) all are arranged on the described support (1), described seeding unit is positioned at the below of described seed-box (2), described furrower assembly is positioned at the below of described seeding unit, and the inoculation mouth of described seeding unit is communicated with described seed-box (2).
7. precision planter according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described furrower assembly comprises lifting support (11), plough (12) and earthing dish (13), described plough (12) is installed in the front end of described lifting support (11), described earthing dish (13) is arranged on the rear end of described lifting support (11), described lifting support (11) is connected to the below of described support (1), and the described mouth of sowing is over against between described plough (12) and the described earthing dish (13).
8. precision planter according to claim 7 is characterized in that, described earthing dish (13) is comprised of two relatively symmetrically arranged disks, forms angle between two described disks, and the opening of two described disks is towards described plough (12).
9. precision planter according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, also comprise the ground wheel assembly, described ground wheel assembly comprises ground wheeling rack (14) and is installed in land wheel (15) on the described ground wheeling rack (14), described land wheel (15) is installed on the described ground wheeling rack (14) by driving wheel shaft, described ground wheeling rack (14) is installed in the rear of described support (1), is equipped with at a described end that drives wheel shaft and drives wheel gear.
10. precision planter according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism comprises driving takes turns square axis (16) and seeding square axis (17), the described wheel square axis (16) that drives drives wheel gear and connects by chain with being connected, described seeding square axis (17) be connected the seeding gear and connect by chain.
CN 201220248337 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds and precision planter using same Expired - Fee Related CN202679949U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220248337 CN202679949U (en) 2012-05-30 2012-05-30 Seeding apparatus for sowing corn seeds and precision planter using same

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105612894A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-01 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司巫溪分公司 Flue-cured tobacco fertilization device
CN111903287A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-11-10 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Speed-adjustable precision corn seed metering device
CN116267112A (en) * 2023-04-26 2023-06-23 四川农业大学 Bean and jade reseeding integrated two-row precise seeding unit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105612894A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-01 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司巫溪分公司 Flue-cured tobacco fertilization device
CN105612894B (en) * 2016-04-06 2018-06-22 中国烟草总公司重庆市公司巫溪分公司 Fertilizer Application of Tobacco device
CN111903287A (en) * 2020-07-13 2020-11-10 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Speed-adjustable precision corn seed metering device
CN116267112A (en) * 2023-04-26 2023-06-23 四川农业大学 Bean and jade reseeding integrated two-row precise seeding unit

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20130123

Termination date: 20180530