CN107691187A - A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device - Google Patents

A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107691187A
CN107691187A CN201710709633.3A CN201710709633A CN107691187A CN 107691187 A CN107691187 A CN 107691187A CN 201710709633 A CN201710709633 A CN 201710709633A CN 107691187 A CN107691187 A CN 107691187A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid
line
transport pipe
pipe
sensor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710709633.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
岑新标
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives filed Critical Guangxi Guiping Meng Wei Column Strong Planting And Breeding Cooperatives
Priority to CN201710709633.3A priority Critical patent/CN107691187A/en
Publication of CN107691187A publication Critical patent/CN107691187A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/06Watering arrangements making use of perforated pipe-lines located in the soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/023Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil for liquid or gas fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of ecological agriculture, specifically a kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device, including liquid-transport pipe-line, pour mechanism and fertilizer mechanism, the entrance of liquid-transport pipe-line, which is connected with, pours mechanism, the side wall for the arrival end that ground surface part is stretched out in its liquid-transport pipe-line is extended with oblique conduit, and oblique conduit is connected with fertilizer mechanism;Fertilizer mechanism includes liquid reserve tank, and the bottom of liquid reserve tank 3 is provided with transition chamber;Fertilising pipe is provided with below transition chamber, fertilising pipe is provided with flow control valve;The arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is provided with hydraulic pressure sensor, and fertilising pipe is provided with operated pneumatic valve, and hydraulic pressure sensor is electrically connected with operated pneumatic valve;Pouring mechanism includes storage tank and the control cabinet being arranged on the outside of storage tank, and storage tank is connected by the arrival end of water-supply-pipe and liquid-transport pipe-line, and liquid-transport pipe-line lowermost end is provided with sensor.Realize that automatic fertilization with irrigating while carrying out, greatly reduces workload, and improve the fertilizer absorption efficiency of crops using the device.

Description

A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of ecological agriculture, is specifically a kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device.
Background technology
With the development of society and the continuous progress of science and technology, in order to improve the yield of crops, people more and more make With fertilizer such as chemical fertilizer, and fertigation technology is particular about, i.e. solid fertilizer is mixed into irrigation advance by people, makes irrigation, fertilising same Step is carried out.People are that fertilizer is sprinkling upon by crops and then irrigated again before, or are filled using traditional channel Fertilising is irrigate, but this mode increases labor intensity, materials are uneven, less efficient, and effect is poor.
The drip irrigation occurred in novel agricultural technology, head tube of dripping is layed in earth's surface or shallow embedding in earth's surface, with fertilizer Fertilising is separated, and so due to fertilising and irrigation and non-concurrent progress, fertilizer heat distributes easily to be made to root system of plant Into injury;And soil moisture shallower for deep rooting plant and fertilizer can not then meet the needs of its root system grows downwards, It is if irrigated using existing drip irrigation equipment and drip irrigation deep rooting plant, then that the root system that deep rooting plant occurs is big Part floats on earth's surface, and is not easy to absorb, and influences the growth of agriculture plant.
The content of the invention
For above technological deficiency, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device, the dress is used Put and realize that automatic fertilization with irrigating while carrying out, greatly reduces workload, and improve the fertilizer absorption efficiency of crops.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device, it is characterised in that:Including liquid-transport pipe-line, mechanism and fertilizer mechanism are poured, it is described defeated Liquid pipe road is embedded between agriculture planting row, and the arrival end of the liquid-transport pipe-line stretches out ground surface, and is connected with and described is poured machine Structure, the side wall for the arrival end that ground surface part is stretched out in its liquid-transport pipe-line are extended with oblique conduit, and the tiltedly conduit is connected with fertilizer Mechanism;
The fertilizer mechanism includes liquid reserve tank, and the liquid reserve tank bottom is provided with transition chamber;It is provided with and applies below the transition chamber Fertilizer pipe, the fertilising pipe bending is in interior obtuse angle, and its port of export matches with the tiltedly conduit;The fertilising pipe is provided with flow control Valve processed;The arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line is provided with hydraulic pressure sensor, and the fertilising pipe is provided with operated pneumatic valve, the hydraulic pressure sensor It is electrically connected with the operated pneumatic valve, the operated pneumatic valve is located at below the flow control valve;
The mechanism that pours includes storage tank and the control cabinet that is arranged on the outside of storage tank, the storage tank by water-supply-pipe with it is defeated The arrival end connection in liquid pipe road, is provided with sensor, the liquid-transport pipe-line is connected with micro-nano in the liquid-transport pipe-line lowermost end Bubble generator, the sensor, micro-nano bubble generator and control cabinet are electrically connected.
Specifically, the section of the liquid-transport pipe-line, into stairstepping, the cross-sectional area for often saving ladder gradually increases from the bottom to top, The liquid-transport pipe-line, which often saves, is provided with through hole on the wall of ladder, the aperture for often saving through hole gradually increases from the bottom to top.
Specifically, more than the section of ladder joint number three of the liquid-transport pipe-line.
Specifically, it is 1 ~ 1.5m that the liquid-transport pipe-line, which often saves length most long in ladder, most short step length is 0.2 ~ 0.5m, the length of remaining ladder are distributed between most short ladder and most long step length in equal difference.
Specifically, the minimum 2mm of through-hole diameter, is up to 8mm, remaining through-hole aperture is in maximum diameter of hole and minimum aperture It is distributed between footpath in equal difference.
Specifically, liquid-transport pipe-line arrival end is provided with limiting plate, the limiting plate bottom surface contacts with ground, and is connect with ground Contacting surface is provided with anti-skidding sawtooth.
As preferable, the sensor is temperature sensor, tension sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, EC sensings The one or more of device, pH sensors.
The beneficial effect of the invention is:
1. comparing existing drip irrigation, liquid-transport pipe-line of the invention is embedded in soil using up big and down small stepped construction, Irrigated and applied fertilizer from depths by plant life habit, make rhizome toward the beneath viability for growing, strengthening plant.
2. the present invention is realized to Soil K+adsorption and control irrigation and fertilising using approach sensor, and thereby reaches same Shi Jinhang effect, greatly reduces the working time, and protective effect is served to crop root system.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of hybrid ecological irrigation device pond embodiment of the present invention.
Part name and sequence number in figure:
It is liquid-transport pipe-line 1, oblique conduit 2, liquid reserve tank 3, transition chamber 4, fertilising pipe 5, flow control valve 6, hydraulic pressure sensor 7, pneumatic Valve 8, storage tank 9, control cabinet 10, water-supply-pipe 11, sensor 12, micro-nano bubble generator 13, through hole 14, limiting plate 15th, anti-skidding sawtooth 16.
Embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device of the present invention, including liquid-transport pipe-line 1, pour mechanism and fertilizer Mechanism, liquid-transport pipe-line 1 are embedded between agriculture planting row, and the arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 stretches out ground surface, and is connected with the machine of pouring Structure, the side wall for the arrival end that ground surface part is stretched out in its liquid-transport pipe-line 1 are extended with oblique conduit 2, and oblique conduit 2 is connected with fertilizer machine Structure.
Fertilizer mechanism includes liquid reserve tank 3, and the bottom of liquid reserve tank 3 is provided with transition chamber 4;The lower section of transition chamber 4 is provided with fertilising pipe 5, the fertilising bending of pipe 5 is in interior obtuse angle, and its port of export matches with oblique conduit 2;Fertilising pipe 5 is provided with flow control valve 6;Transfusion The arrival end of pipeline 1 is provided with hydraulic pressure sensor 7, and fertilising pipe 5 is provided with operated pneumatic valve 8, hydraulic pressure sensor 7 and the electricity of operated pneumatic valve 8 Gas connects, and operated pneumatic valve 8 is located at the lower section of flow control valve 6.
The control cabinet 10 that mechanism includes storage tank 9 and is arranged on the outside of storage tank 9 is poured, storage tank 9 passes through water-supply-pipe 11 It is connected with the arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1, the lowermost end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is provided with sensor 12, liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is connected with micro-nano Bubble generator 13, sensor 12, micro-nano bubble generator 13 and control cabinet 10 are electrically connected.Sensor 12 is temperature Sensor, tension sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, EC sensors, the one or more of pH sensors.
The section of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is into stairstepping, and the cross-sectional area for often saving ladder gradually increases from the bottom to top, liquid-transport pipe-line 1 Often save and be provided with through hole 14 on the wall of ladder, the aperture for often saving through hole 14 gradually increases from the bottom to top.The ladder of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 It is more than the section of joint number three.It is 1 ~ 1.5m that liquid-transport pipe-line 1, which often saves length most long in ladder, and most short step length is 0.2 ~ 0.5m, The length of remaining ladder is distributed between most short ladder and most long step length in equal difference.The minimum 2mm of the diameter of through hole 14, it is maximum For 8mm, remaining aperture of through hole 14 is distributed between maximum diameter of hole and minimum-value aperture in equal difference.The arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is provided with Limiting plate 15, the bottom surface of limiting plate 15 contact with ground, and ground contact surface is provided with anti-skidding sawtooth 16.
The operation principle of the present invention:
The sensor 12 for being arranged on the lowermost end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 transmits soil information such as pH value, carbon dioxide values, soil tension value To in control cabinet 10, if the transmission value of sensor 12 is more than setting value, drip irrigation is taken, storage tank 9 is connected with multiple defeated Liquid pipe road 1, and agriculture plant is supplied with less moisture, the moisture flowed into from the arrival end of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is directly from transfusion The trapezoidal through hole 18 of the most bottom one of pipeline 1 section flows out, and remains the moistening of depth of soils, is advantageous to agriculture root system of plant and stretches downwards It is long;If the transmission value of sensor 12 is less than setting value, i.e., when dry weather needs a large amount of keep the skin wet, with irrigation method, water from Storage tank 9 flows into liquid-transport pipe-line 1, because the section of liquid-transport pipe-line 1 is into stairstepping, and small big cross sectional shape under being so that Large quantity of moisture is flowed out from the through hole 14 of top, and lower section is still flowed out with less moisture, keeps upper and lower uniform moisture;Micro-nano Oxygen is dissolved in moisture by rice bubble generator 13, reaches the purpose supported to root system;Now because hydraulic pressure is higher, woven hose The operated pneumatic valve 8 that the hydraulic pressure sensor 7 of the arrival end in road 1 feeds back to signal on fertilising pipe 5, operated pneumatic valve are opened, and are realized and are supplied Fertilizer.
The purpose that flow control valve 6 reaches control fertilising uninterrupted can be adjusted.
Connected between liquid reserve tank 3 and transition chamber 4 using removably, ensure that a liquid reserve tank 3 can be with multiple mistakes Room 4 is crossed to be connected, it is easy for installation.
The preferred embodiment of invention is the foregoing is only, is not intended to limit the invention, all spirit in the present invention Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. hybrid ecological irrigation device, it is characterised in that:Including liquid-transport pipe-line(1), pour mechanism and fertilizer mechanism, institute State liquid-transport pipe-line(1)It is embedded between agriculture planting row, the liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Arrival end stretch out ground surface, and be connected with It is described to pour mechanism, in its liquid-transport pipe-line(1)The side wall for the arrival end for stretching out ground surface part is extended with oblique conduit(2), it is described Oblique conduit(2)It is connected with fertilizer mechanism;
    The fertilizer mechanism includes liquid reserve tank(3), the liquid reserve tank(3)Bottom is provided with transition chamber(4);The transition chamber(4) Lower section is provided with fertilising pipe(5), the fertilising pipe(5)It is in interior obtuse angle to bend, and its port of export and the oblique conduit(2)Phase Match somebody with somebody;The fertilising pipe(5)Provided with flow control valve(6);Liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Arrival end be provided with hydraulic pressure sensor(7), it is described Fertilising pipe(5)It is provided with operated pneumatic valve(8), the hydraulic pressure sensor(7)With the operated pneumatic valve(8)Electrical connection, the gas Movable valve(8)Positioned at the flow control valve(6)Lower section;
    The mechanism that pours includes storage tank(9)Be arranged on storage tank(9)The control cabinet in outside(10), the storage tank(9) Pass through water-supply-pipe(11)With liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Arrival end connection, in the liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Lowermost end is provided with sensor (12), the liquid-transport pipe-line(1)It is connected with micro-nano bubble generator(13), the sensor(12), micro-nano bubble hair Generating apparatus(13)With control cabinet(10)Electrical connection.
  2. 2. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The liquid-transport pipe-line(1)'s Section is into stairstepping, and the cross-sectional area for often saving ladder gradually increases from the bottom to top, the liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Often save the wall of ladder On be provided with through hole(14), often save through hole(14)Aperture gradually increase from the bottom to top.
  3. 3. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The liquid-transport pipe-line(1)'s It is more than the section of ladder joint number three.
  4. 4. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Often It is 1 ~ 1.5m to save length most long in ladder, and most short step length is 0.2 ~ 0.5m, and the length of remaining ladder is in most short ladder It is distributed between most long step length in equal difference.
  5. 5. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The through hole(14)Diameter is most Small is 2mm, is up to 8mm, remaining through hole(14)Aperture is distributed between maximum diameter of hole and minimum-value aperture in equal difference.
  6. 6. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Liquid-transport pipe-line(1)Arrival end It is provided with limiting plate(15), the limiting plate(15)Bottom surface contacts with ground, and ground contact surface is provided with anti-skidding sawtooth (16).
  7. 7. the hybrid ecological irrigation device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sensor(12)For temperature Spend sensor, tension sensor, carbon dioxide sensor, EC sensors, the one or more of pH sensors.
CN201710709633.3A 2017-08-18 2017-08-18 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device Pending CN107691187A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710709633.3A CN107691187A (en) 2017-08-18 2017-08-18 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710709633.3A CN107691187A (en) 2017-08-18 2017-08-18 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107691187A true CN107691187A (en) 2018-02-16

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CN201710709633.3A Pending CN107691187A (en) 2017-08-18 2017-08-18 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111699949A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-09-25 赵徐炳 Water-saving gardens sprinkling irrigation equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103041938A (en) * 2013-01-14 2013-04-17 西北农林科技大学 Layered watering dripper capable of preventing potting soil from being hardened
JP3187274U (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-21 宏明 浅野 A chemical injection device that injects chemicals into the ground below the surface of the water.
CN105165219A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 昆明理工大学 Fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system
CN106068865A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable irrigation device
CN107006349A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-04 安徽省农业科学院茶叶研究所 The fertilizing method of Mountainous Tea Garden water saving fertilizer apparatus and the application device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103041938A (en) * 2013-01-14 2013-04-17 西北农林科技大学 Layered watering dripper capable of preventing potting soil from being hardened
JP3187274U (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-21 宏明 浅野 A chemical injection device that injects chemicals into the ground below the surface of the water.
CN105165219A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 昆明理工大学 Fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system
CN106068865A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-09 安徽笄山生态农业有限公司 A kind of ecological fruit and vegerable irrigation device
CN107006349A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-04 安徽省农业科学院茶叶研究所 The fertilizing method of Mountainous Tea Garden water saving fertilizer apparatus and the application device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111699949A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-09-25 赵徐炳 Water-saving gardens sprinkling irrigation equipment

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Application publication date: 20180216