CN105165219A - Fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system - Google Patents

Fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105165219A
CN105165219A CN201510410749.8A CN201510410749A CN105165219A CN 105165219 A CN105165219 A CN 105165219A CN 201510410749 A CN201510410749 A CN 201510410749A CN 105165219 A CN105165219 A CN 105165219A
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China
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water
irrigation
drip
setting
piece
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CN201510410749.8A
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CN105165219B (en
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杨启良
李婕
贾维兵
徐曼
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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    • Y02P60/214

Abstract

The present invention discloses a fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system, which comprises a fertilizer preparing stirring device, a liquid storage pool, a water storage device and an underground layering irrigation device, wherein the fertilizer preparing stirring device and the water storage device are communicated to the liquid storage pool respectively through pipelines, the liquid storage pool is communicated to the underground layering irrigation device, and the underground layering irrigation device is arranged under the soil layer. With the system of the present invention, the waste of the fertilizer during the fertilizer application process can be avoided, the fertilizer application amount can be effectively reduced, the characteristics of high fertilizer application efficiency and uniform fertilizer application are provided, the quantitative irrigation on crops can be achieved, the irrigation belongs to the underground irrigation, the water loss during the irrigation process is effectively reduced, the controllability is good, the requirements of different crops and plants at different growth stages on water can be met, and the effects of water saving and crop growth promotion are achieved.

Description

A kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system, belong to water-saving irrigation technique field.
Background technology
For a long time, China mainly adopts as surface irrigation modes such as flood irrigation, furrow irrigation, sprinkling irrigations to the irrigation method of crop, the root of irrigation water from ground infiltration to crop, crop root water suction is inhaled fertile, thus meet growing of self, but these irrigation methods cause water over half, fertile waste.But crop root layering is irrigated, and Jiang Shui, fertilizer are directly filled with in crop root, decrease the loss of moisture and fertile waste, water, fertile availability can be increased.Current existing infiltration irrigation technology, is embedded in irrigate band below soil, and slowly to underground water delivery, but this service life of equipment is short, can not recycle for a long time.
At present, the patent relating to rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system is still few, be generally underground drip irrigation device or rich water integrated apparatus: a kind of root system layered irrigation device (200303219009.3), plant root water injection irrigation system (201220399695.1) and a kind of corn rich water integrated drop irrigation device (201320707766.4) etc.Wherein a kind of root system layered irrigation device is mainly divided into two-layer up and down, and interlayer distance is certain, is only applicable to the subsurface irrigation of part crop; What plant root water injection irrigation system adopted is insert in plant root soil by root system water injection needle, requires higher, be easy to by destructions such as hard stone when inserting the soil body to water injection needle; Corn rich water integrated drop irrigation device is only only applicable to a plantation for corn, and realize the rich water integration of corn field, exist crop limitation, the scope of application is wideless, can not large-scale promotion use., there is not the ground lower leaf irrigation system that can realize rich water integration in the above-mentioned device mentioned and system, do not occur layering is irrigated according to Crop growing stage is different device and system simultaneously yet.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem mentioned in above-mentioned background technology, the invention provides a kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system, this system can according to the root system situation of crop different growing, and the carrying out of layering is poured water; And pour water at every turn and belong to one-sided deficit irrigation, water-saving while, facilitate growing of crop.This system also achieves rich water integration, according to the demand of crop, can irrigate rich water or clear water in time.Rich water agitating device can realize automatic and manual combination, and underground layered irrigation device regulates three times in the domestic demand in the time of infertility of crop, substantially achieves and reduces artificial semi-automatic water-saving irrigation system.
Rich water of the present invention integrally lower leaf irrigation system comprises joins fertile agitating device 1, liquid storage pool 2, water-storing device 5, underground layered irrigation device 9; Join fertile agitating device 1, water-storing device 5 is communicated with liquid storage pool 2 respectively by pipeline, liquid storage pool 2 is communicated with underground layered irrigation device 9, under underground layered irrigation device 9 is arranged on soil layer;
Wherein said join fertile agitating device 1 comprise rotating shaft 13, agitator 15, stirring vane 16, electromotor 17, supervisor I 20, rotating shaft 13 is arranged in agitator 15, stirring vane 16 is fixed on rotating shaft 13, rotating shaft 13 is connected with electromotor 17 and by its driven rotary, be responsible for I 20 to be arranged on bottom agitator 15 and to be communicated with liquid storage pool 2, supervisor I 20 is provided with valve I 18 and flow meter I 19;
Described water-storing device 5 comprises diversion valve 21, cistern 22, supervisor II 23, and diversion valve 21 is connected with water source and is introduced by water in cistern 22, and cistern 22 is communicated with liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor II 23, and supervisor II 23 is provided with valve III 24, flowmeter III 25;
The transfusion arm 6 being provided with more than one water outlet mouthpiece more than 3, bottom described liquid storage pool 2 is connected on water outlet mouthpiece 3, and transfusion arm 6 is communicated with underground layered irrigation device 9, and transfusion arm 6 is provided with valve II 8 and flow meter II 7;
Described underground layered irrigation device 9 comprises regulating rod, cylinder 28 of pouring water, transfusion hollow billet 30, one-level drip head 31, secondary drip head 32, three grades of drip heads 33, branched pipe 4, rotatable pad I 10, setting-up piece I 34, rotatable pad II 38, setting-up pieces II 37, pour water and cylinder 28 is provided with 3 abnormity six connects mouth 29, from top to bottom each special-shaped six connect on mouth 29 by transfusion hollow billet 30 respectively 4 one-level drip heads 31 are installed, 4 secondary drip heads 32, 4 three grades of drip heads 33, regulating rod comprises bar 14 and regulation and control portion 26, bar 14 is arranged on below adjusting portion, bar 14 is arranged on pours water in cylinder 28, adjusting portion 26 is arranged on cylinder 28 top of pouring water, setting-up piece I 34 to be fixed in the cylinder 28 of pouring water by back-up block I 35 and to be positioned at below one-level drip head 31, rotatable pad I 10 to be fixed on bar 14 and to be arranged on above setting-up piece I 34, setting-up piece II 37 to be fixed in the cylinder 28 of pouring water by back-up block II 36 and to be positioned at below secondary drip head 32, rotatable pad II 38 to be fixed on bar 14 and to be arranged on above setting-up piece II 37, transfusion hollow billet 30 water outlet is provided with screen pack 42, cylinder 28 of pouring water is communicated with transfusion arm 6 by branched pipe 4.
Described rotating shaft 13 is provided with hand operated mixing handle 12, can be used for hand operated mixing.
The structure of described one-level drip head 31, secondary drip head 32, three grades of drip heads 33 is identical, includes hemisphere shell 39, cone shell 47, spring 40, disk 41, water sheet 43, hollow ball 44 excessively with holes; Cone shell 47 is arranged on hemisphere shell 39 lower end, hemisphere shell 39 is arranged on transfusion hollow billet 30 water outlet end and is communicated with it, spring 40 one end is fixed on the screen pack 42 of transfusion hollow billet 30 delivery port, spring 40 other end is connected with disk 41, water sheet 43 of crossing with holes to be fixed between hemisphere shell 39 and cone shell 47 and to be positioned at below disk 41, cone shell 47 lower end has drip irrigation hole 45, and hollow ball 44 to be arranged in cone shell 47 and to be positioned at above drip irrigation hole 45.
The semicircle that described rotatable pad I 10, setting-up piece I 34, rotatable pad II 38, setting-up piece II 37 are 1/2 has the circular gasket in hole; When one-level drip head 31 needs water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle not with holes on adjusting portion 26 regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, make water not by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34; When secondary drip head 32 needs water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on adjusting portion 26 regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, in rotatable pad II 38, semicircle not with holes is overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37 simultaneously, enable water by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34, not by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37; When three grades of drip heads 33 need water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on adjusting portion 26 regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, in rotatable pad II 38, semicircle with holes is overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37 simultaneously, enables water also enter three grades of drip heads 33 by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37 by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34.
Described cylinder 28 top of pouring water is provided with magnet 27, when the adjusting portion 26 of regulating rod be iron or magnet time, can with magnet 27 with the use of, fixing postrotational pads placement.
operation principle of the present invention is:
Underground layered irrigation device 9 is embedded in below soil layer, and according to the difference of crop, the length of the depth of burying and device is different.When manuring irrigation is carried out to certain crop, first dissolved fertilizer is added in the agitator 15 of joining fertile agitating device 1, add clear water.Staff can catch hand operated mixing handle 12 or use electromotor 17, and driven rotary axle 13 rotates, and drives stirring vane 16 on it to rotate simultaneously, is mixed by rich water; After water, fertile mixing, open valve I 18, flow meter I 19 records rich water flow, and rich water enters in liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor I 20;
When clear water irrigation is carried out to certain crop, water-storing device 5 quotes the rainfall of collection as irrigation water by diversion valve 21, also directly can quote running water, after opening valve III 24, clear water enters in liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor II 23, and flowmeter III 25 records clear water flow.
After clear water or rich water to liquid storage pool 2, enter transfusion arm 6 by the more than one water outlet mouthpiece 3 arranged bottom liquid storage pool 2, clear water or rich water flow in underground layered irrigation device 9 through valve II 8, and flow meter II 7 records flow;
Enter the liquid in underground layered irrigation device 9, which rank of determine to use drip head to carry out drip irrigation by regulating rod, when using one-level drip head 31 to irrigate, adjusting portion 26 driven rod 14 of rotatable regulating rod rotates, regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10 is driven to rotate, make the semicircle not with holes on regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10 overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34, liquid is made not enter next stage by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34, liquid accumulates on regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, and then enter into four one-level drip heads 31 by transfusion hollow billet 30, when secondary drip head 32 needs water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on regulating rod regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, semicircle not with holes simultaneously in rotatable pad II 38 is overlapping with the semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37, enable water by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34, not by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37, when three grades of drip heads 33 need water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on regulating rod regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, in rotatable pad II 38, semicircle with holes is overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37 simultaneously, enables water also enter three grades of drip heads 33 by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37 by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34,
The liquid entering transfusion hollow billet 30 enters in hemisphere shell 39 by screen pack 42, when amount of liquid gathers a certain amount of, there is tensile deformation in spring 40, disk 41 moves down, thus producing space with hemisphere shell 39, liquid stream flows down through the hole crossed on water sheet 43 with holes and enters in cone shell 47, when liquid increases, hollow ball 44 is upwards floating by buoyancy, and liquid is just oozed by drip irrigation hole 45 and carries out drip irrigation to crop.When end of pouring water, when transfusion hollow billet 30 does not have liquid, now spring 40 recovers former length, the disk 41 that spring 40 lower end connects and then rise, and returns to the position before pouring water; Liquid Penetrant in cone shell 47 is in soil, and hollow ball 44 not by buoyancy effect, and by gravity downwards, is got back to the position before pouring water, and then prevented the blocking of water dropper.
Pour water after terminating, valve-off I 18, valve II 8, valve III 24; In time pouring water next time, repeat above step.
the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, this system freely can allocate irrigation quantity, according to the difference of the difference of crop and the water demand of crop, can carry out quantifying irrigation;
2, this system can realize water, fertile mixing, controls the proportioning of clear water and solution; Solution adds clear water and irrigates after irrigating, to the drip washing of irrigation conduit, improve the availability of fertilizer, also improve water using efficiency simultaneously; The mixing of liquid manure can adopt stirs manually, and stirring electromotor also can be relied on automatically to realize;
3, this Operation system setting underground layered irrigation device, device according to the root growth situation of crop different growing, can carry out layering irrigation; Device length is adjustable, is applicable to various crop; Selectively keying arm valve II can realize the deficit irrigation to crop, more promotes that crop is to water, fertile absorption, promotes growing of crop;
4, the underground layered irrigation device of this system divides into 3 grades of drip heads, and when pouring water, drip head contained spring extends, and the disk of connection ensure that the even of current; At the end of pouring water, drip head contained spring shrinks, and the disk of connection ensure that water dropper is inner and avoids drip head spalling in winter without ponding, increases the service life of drip head;
5, the underground layered irrigation device of this system divides into 3 grades of drip heads, and drip head places a hollow ball; When pouring water, hollow ball is subject to buoyancy, automatically floats, and completes drip irrigation; At the end of pouring water, drip head inside is anhydrous, and hollow ball declines automatically by gravity, thus blocks drip irrigation hole, effectively prevents drip head to block;
6, the arrangement of this system transfusion arm is suited measures to local conditions, and according to landform, the Food crop on plant growth ground, can lay at random, applied widely;
7, this Dynamic System is fairly simple, keeps in repair more convenient, device long service life, can effectively reduce artificial input and labour intensity.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is apparatus of the present invention structural representations;
Fig. 2 joins fertile agitating device structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is water-storing device structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is underground layered irrigation device plan structure schematic diagram in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is layered irrigation device structural representation in underground in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is drip head structural representation in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that in the present invention, rotatable pad and setting-up piece arrange structural representation;
Fig. 8 is device using state schematic diagram in the present invention;
In figure: 1-joins fertile agitating device, 2-liquid storage pool, 3-water outlet mouthpiece, 4-branched pipe, 5-water-storing device, 6-infuses arm, 7-flow meter II, 8-valve II, 9-underground layered irrigation device, 10-rotatable pad I, 11 join fertile stirring frame, 12-hand operated mixing handle, 13-rotating shaft, 14-bar, 15-agitator, 16-stirring vane, 17-electromotor, 18-valve I, 19-flow meter I, 20-supervisor I, 21-diversion valve, 22-cistern, 23-supervisor II, 24-valve III, 25-flowmeter III, 26-adjusting portion, 27-magnet, 28-pours water cylinder, 29-reducing six connects mouth, 30-infuses hollow billet, 31-one-level drip head, 32-secondary drip head, 33-tri-grades of drip heads, 34-setting-up piece I, back-up block I, 36-back-up block II, 37-setting-up piece II, 38-rotatable pad II, 39-shell, 40-spring, 41-disk, 42-screen pack, 43-is with holes crosses water sheet, 44-hollow ball, 45-drip irrigation hole.
Embodiment
Below by drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to described content.
Embodiment 1: as shown in figures 1-8, this rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system comprises joins fertile agitating device 1, liquid storage pool 2, water-storing device 5, underground layered irrigation device 9; Join fertile agitating device 1, water-storing device 5 is communicated with liquid storage pool 2 respectively by pipeline, liquid storage pool 2 is communicated with underground layered irrigation device 9, under underground layered irrigation device 9 is arranged on soil layer; Wherein said join fertile agitating device 1 comprise rotating shaft 13, agitator 15, stirring vane 16, electromotor 17, supervisor I 20, rotating shaft 13 is arranged in agitator 15, stirring vane 16 is fixed on rotating shaft 13, rotating shaft 13 is connected with electromotor 17 and by its driven rotary, be responsible for I 20 to be arranged on bottom agitator 15 and to be communicated with liquid storage pool 2, supervisor I 20 is provided with valve I 18 and flow meter I 19; Described water-storing device 5 comprises diversion valve 21, cistern 22, supervisor II 23, and diversion valve 21 is connected with water source and is introduced by water in cistern 22, and cistern 22 is communicated with liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor II 23, and supervisor II 23 is provided with valve III 24, flowmeter III 25; Water outlet mouthpiece 3, the one transfusion arm 6 being provided with one bottom described liquid storage pool 2 is connected on water outlet mouthpiece 3, and transfusion arm 6 is communicated with underground layered irrigation device 9, and transfusion arm 6 is provided with valve II 8 and flow meter II 7;
Described underground layered irrigation device 9 comprises regulating rod, cylinder 28 of pouring water, transfusion hollow billet 30, one-level drip head 31, secondary drip head 32, three grades of drip heads 33, branched pipe 4, rotatable pad I 10, setting-up piece I 34, rotatable pad II 38, setting-up pieces II 37, pour water and cylinder 28 is provided with 3 abnormity six connects mouth 29, from top to bottom each special-shaped six connect on mouth 29 by transfusion hollow billet 30 respectively 4 one-level drip heads 31 are installed, 4 secondary drip heads 32, 4 three grades of drip heads 33, regulating rod comprises bar 14 and regulation and control portion 26, bar 14 is arranged on below adjusting portion, bar 14 is arranged on pours water in cylinder 28, adjusting portion 26 is arranged on cylinder 28 top of pouring water, setting-up piece I 34 to be fixed in the cylinder 28 of pouring water by back-up block I 35 and to be positioned at below one-level drip head 31, rotatable pad I 10 to be fixed on bar 14 and to be arranged on above setting-up piece I 34, setting-up piece II 37 to be fixed in the cylinder 28 of pouring water by back-up block II 36 and to be positioned at below secondary drip head 32, rotatable pad II 38 to be fixed on bar 14 and to be arranged on above setting-up piece II 37, transfusion hollow billet 30 water outlet is provided with screen pack 42, cylinder 28 of pouring water is communicated with transfusion arm 6 by branched pipe 4, the structure of described one-level drip head 31, secondary drip head 32, three grades of drip heads 33 is identical, includes hemisphere shell 39, cone shell 47, spring 40, disk 41, water sheet 43, hollow ball 44 excessively with holes, cone shell 47 is arranged on hemisphere shell 39 lower end, hemisphere shell 39 is arranged on transfusion hollow billet 30 water outlet end and is communicated with it, spring 40 one end is fixed on the screen pack 42 of transfusion hollow billet 30 delivery port, spring 40 other end is connected with disk 41, water sheet 43 of crossing with holes to be fixed between hemisphere shell 39 and cone shell 47 and to be positioned at below disk 41, cone shell 47 lower end has drip irrigation hole 45, and hollow ball 44 to be arranged in cone shell 47 and to be positioned at above drip irrigation hole 45,
The semicircle that described rotatable pad I 10, setting-up piece I 34, rotatable pad II 38, setting-up piece II 37 are 1/2 has the circular gasket in hole.
During use, when manuring irrigation is carried out to certain crop, first dissolved fertilizer is added in the agitator 15 of joining fertile agitating device 1, add clear water.Staff uses electromotor 17, and driven rotary axle 13 rotates, and drives stirring vane 16 on it to rotate simultaneously, is mixed by rich water; After water, fertile mixing, open valve I 18, flow meter I 19 records rich water flow, and rich water enters in liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor I 20;
After rich water to liquid storage pool 2, enter transfusion arm 6 by the water outlet mouthpiece 3 bottom liquid storage pool 2, rich water flows in underground layered irrigation device 9 through valve II 8, and flow meter II 7 records flow;
Enter the liquid in underground layered irrigation device 9, which rank of determine to use drip head to carry out drip irrigation by regulating rod, when using one-level drip head 31 to irrigate, adjusting portion 26 driven rod 14 of rotatable regulating rod rotates, regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10 is driven to rotate, make the semicircle not with holes on regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10 overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34, liquid is made not enter next stage by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34, liquid accumulates on regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, and then enter into four one-level drip heads 31 by transfusion hollow billet 30, when secondary drip head 32 needs water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on regulating rod regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, semicircle not with holes simultaneously in rotatable pad II 38 is overlapping with the semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37, enable water by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34, not by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37, when three grades of drip heads 33 need water flowing to irrigate, overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece I 34 by semicircle with holes on regulating rod regulating rotary mobile gasket I 10, in rotatable pad II 38, semicircle with holes is overlapping with semicircle with holes on setting-up piece II 37 simultaneously, enables water also enter three grades of drip heads 33 by rotatable pad II 38 and setting-up piece II 37 by rotating gasket I 10 and setting-up piece I 34,
The liquid entering transfusion hollow billet 30 enters in hemisphere shell 39 by screen pack 42, when amount of liquid gathers a certain amount of, there is tensile deformation in spring 40, disk 41 moves down, thus producing space with hemisphere shell 39, liquid stream flows down through the hole crossed on water sheet 43 with holes and enters in cone shell 47, when liquid increases, hollow ball 44 is upwards floating by buoyancy, and liquid is just oozed by drip irrigation hole 45 and carries out drip irrigation to crop.When end of pouring water, when transfusion hollow billet 30 does not have liquid, now spring 40 recovers former length, the disk 41 that spring 40 lower end connects and then rise, and returns to the position before pouring water; Liquid Penetrant in cone shell 47 is in soil, and hollow ball 44 not by buoyancy effect, and by gravity downwards, is got back to the position before pouring water, and then prevented the blocking of water dropper; Pour water after terminating, valve-off I 18, valve II 8, valve III 24; In time pouring water next time, repeat above step.
Embodiment 2: the present embodiment apparatus structure is with embodiment 1, difference is rotating shaft 13 is provided with hand operated mixing handle 12, can be used for hand operated mixing, cylinder 28 top of pouring water is provided with magnet 27, the adjusting portion 26 of regulating rod is made of iron, can with magnet 27 with the use of, fixing postrotational pads placement.
When clear water irrigation is carried out to certain crop, water-storing device 5 quotes the rainfall of collection as irrigation water by diversion valve 21, also directly can quote running water, after opening valve III 24, clear water enters in liquid storage pool 2 by supervisor II 23, and flowmeter III 25 records clear water flow.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the specific embodiment of the present invention is explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, various change can also be made under the prerequisite not departing from present inventive concept.

Claims (5)

1. a rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system, is characterized in that: comprise and join fertile agitating device (1), liquid storage pool (2), water-storing device (5), underground layered irrigation device (9); Join fertile agitating device (1), water-storing device (5) is communicated with liquid storage pool (2) respectively by pipeline, liquid storage pool (2) is communicated with underground layered irrigation device (9), under underground layered irrigation device (9) is arranged on soil layer;
Wherein said fertile agitating device (1) of joining comprises rotating shaft (13), agitator (15), stirring vane (16), electromotor (17), supervisor I (20), rotating shaft (13) is arranged in agitator (15), stirring vane (16) is fixed on rotating shaft (13), rotating shaft (13) is connected with electromotor (17) and by its driven rotary, supervisor I (20) is arranged on agitator (15) bottom and is communicated with liquid storage pool (2), and supervisor I (20) is provided with valve I (18) and flow meter I (19);
Described water-storing device (5) comprises diversion valve (21), cistern (22), supervisor II (23), diversion valve (21) is connected with water source and is introduced by water in cistern (22), cistern (22) is communicated with liquid storage pool (2) by supervisor II (23), and supervisor II (23) is provided with valve III (24), flowmeter III (25);
Described liquid storage pool (2) bottom is provided with more than one water outlet mouthpiece (3), the transfusion arm (6) of more than one is connected on water outlet mouthpiece (3), transfusion arm (6) is communicated with underground layered irrigation device (9), and transfusion arm (6) is provided with valve II (8) and flow meter II (7);
Described underground layered irrigation device (9) comprises regulating rod (14), cylinder of pouring water (28), transfusion hollow billet (30), one-level drip head (31), secondary drip head (32), three grades of drip heads (33), branched pipe (4), rotatable pad I (10), setting-up piece I (34), rotatable pad II (38), setting-up piece II (37), pour water and cylinder (28) is provided with 3 abnormity six connects mouth (29), from top to bottom each special-shaped six connect on mouth (29) by transfusion hollow billet (30) 4 one-level drip heads (31) are installed respectively, 4 secondary drip heads (32), 4 three grades drip heads (33), regulating rod comprises bar (14) and adjusting portion (26), bar (14) is arranged on below adjusting portion, bar (14) is arranged in cylinder of pouring water (28), adjusting portion (26) is arranged on cylinder of pouring water (28) top, setting-up piece I (34) to be fixed in cylinder of pouring water (28) by back-up block I (35) and to be positioned at one-level drip head (31) below, rotatable pad I (10) is fixed on bar (14) and goes up and be arranged on setting-up piece I (34) top, setting-up piece II (37) to be fixed in cylinder of pouring water (28) by back-up block II (36) and to be positioned at secondary drip head (32) below, rotatable pad II (38) is fixed on bar (14) and goes up and be arranged on setting-up piece II (37) top, transfusion hollow billet (30) water outlet is provided with screen pack (42), cylinder (28) of pouring water is communicated with transfusion arm (6) by branched pipe (4).
2. rich water according to claim 1 integrally lower leaf irrigation system, is characterized in that: rotating shaft (13) is provided with hand operated mixing handle (12).
3. rich water according to claim 1 and 2 integrally lower leaf irrigation system, it is characterized in that: the structure of one-level drip head (31), secondary drip head (32), three grades of drip heads (33) is identical, include hemisphere shell (39), cone shell (47), spring (40), disk (41), water sheet (43), hollow ball (44) excessively with holes, cone shell (47) is arranged on hemisphere shell (39) lower end, hemisphere shell (39) is arranged on transfusion hollow billet (30) water outlet end and is communicated with it, spring (40) one end is fixed on the screen pack (42) of transfusion hollow billet (30) delivery port, spring (40) other end is connected with disk (41), water sheet (43) of crossing with holes to be fixed between hemisphere shell (39) and cone shell (47) and to be positioned at below disk (41), cone shell (47) lower end has drip irrigation hole (45), hollow ball (44) to be arranged in cone shell (47) and to be positioned at top, drip irrigation hole (45).
4. rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the circular gasket semicircle that rotatable pad I (10), setting-up piece I (34), rotatable pad II (38), setting-up piece II (37) are 1/2 having hole.
5. rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: cylinder of pouring water (28) top is provided with magnet (27).
CN201510410749.8A 2015-07-14 2015-07-14 A kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system Active CN105165219B (en)

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CN105830880A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-10 甘肃省治沙研究所 Gradient type root irrigation system
CN106069341A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-09 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use zeolite every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and the application of mountain China fir in salt-soda soil is planted thereof
CN106106034A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-11-16 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of use furfural dregs every the root-divided alternative irrigation method of salt deposit and salt-soda soil plantation Melia azedarach L. application
CN107466820A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-15 广西桂平市蒙圩镇柱强种养专业合作社 One kind guides deep root ecology irrigation device
CN107691187A (en) * 2017-08-18 2018-02-16 广西桂平市蒙圩镇柱强种养专业合作社 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device
CN108990766A (en) * 2017-06-07 2018-12-14 翟世彦 Farmland underground, which fills, seeps water-saving new technique
CN111436269A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-07-24 任翡翡 Novel pesticide application and fertilizer application method based on non-point source pollution prevention and control
CN111656933A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-15 保山市林业和草原技术推广站 Method for storing, controlling, fertilizing and carrying out drip irrigation by using dendrocalamus giganteus linn
CN111699953A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-09-25 杨仁虎 Novel water-saving irrigation device for agricultural planting and use method thereof

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CN108990766A (en) * 2017-06-07 2018-12-14 翟世彦 Farmland underground, which fills, seeps water-saving new technique
CN107466820A (en) * 2017-08-18 2017-12-15 广西桂平市蒙圩镇柱强种养专业合作社 One kind guides deep root ecology irrigation device
CN107691187A (en) * 2017-08-18 2018-02-16 广西桂平市蒙圩镇柱强种养专业合作社 A kind of hybrid ecological irrigation device
CN111436269A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-07-24 任翡翡 Novel pesticide application and fertilizer application method based on non-point source pollution prevention and control
CN111699953A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-09-25 杨仁虎 Novel water-saving irrigation device for agricultural planting and use method thereof
CN111656933A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-09-15 保山市林业和草原技术推广站 Method for storing, controlling, fertilizing and carrying out drip irrigation by using dendrocalamus giganteus linn

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