CN103141207A - Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks - Google Patents

Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103141207A
CN103141207A CN2013101118769A CN201310111876A CN103141207A CN 103141207 A CN103141207 A CN 103141207A CN 2013101118769 A CN2013101118769 A CN 2013101118769A CN 201310111876 A CN201310111876 A CN 201310111876A CN 103141207 A CN103141207 A CN 103141207A
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liquid manure
pipeline
building block
profit
block
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CN2013101118769A
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CN103141207B (en
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王禄德
吴刘丹
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王禄德
吴刘丹
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Abstract

The invention relates to a water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks, and belongs to the technical field of architectural structures. The system is characterized by comprising a water-fertilizer pipeline system, a building block system and a moisture-control system, wherein the building block system is supported by the water-fertilizer pipeline system, and the moisture-control system is connected with the water-fertilizer pipeline system. According to the system, a traditional agriculture planting mode is changed, and a planting matrix is formed by laying the gypsum blocks, so that the technical defect of environmental pollution caused by sand wind in the conventional agriculture planting is overcome; crops can be irrigated effectively by using the moisture-control system combining the water-fertilizer pipeline system, and a rail-mounted operation vehicle is arranged on a cross tie on the top of the block, so that the field management and planting can be carried out scientifically and normatively; the water-fertilizer pipeline is underground, so that the underground humidity and temperature are effectively ensured, and the influence by an external environment is avoided; and particularly under an extremely dry environment, scientific and effective irrigation can be achieved through the moisture-control system, the effect of moisture and temperature preservation is achieved, and a good growing space and environment can be provided for the crops.

Description

Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of gypsum block and lay to build up fields and realize liquid manure automation control profit system, belong to the building structure technology field.
Background technology
At present, by large-area exploitation, caused existing high-quality soil fewer and feweri along with modern society's soil space, the agricultural kind of China is grown area and is reduced year by year, and the harm that directly brings is exactly grain drop in production.
Although simultaneously existing agricultural is planted to grow and added modern type farming equipment, the basic growth conditions of crops still depends on natural environment, in case meet with the bad weather such as arid flood, peasant's work in a year tend to one without receive.
In sum, how to invent a kind of incomplete dependence natural weather, can guarantee that the farmland kind grows unaffectedly in the situation that the soil reduces year by year, guarantee that simultaneously agricultural foison is the first difficult problem that agriculture field faces.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists, and the gypsum block of provide a kind of and deploy to ensure effective monitoring and control of illegal activities rationally, heat and moisture preserving, control water control are fertile, anti-erosion, sand prevention stirs up a cloud of dust can form a kind of Department of Automation systems engineering Xi is laid to build up fields and realized that liquid manure automation control moistens system.
Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, its special character is to comprise that liquid manure pipe-line system, block system and control profit system three parts consist of jointly, described block system is by fertile pipe-line system supporting framework, and described control is moistened system's control connection in the liquid manure pipe-line system;
The upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 that described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor that is layed in side by side dirt bed and is layed in side by side the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor top, be communicated with water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3 between the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, described upper strata is communicated with spray profit pipe and spray profit shower nozzle 1-4;
In order to strengthen whole stability, the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of the lower floor bottom that is set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body 1-5, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, upper strata is connected with sleeper 1-6, both sides, described sleeper 1-6 top respectively be provided with by two equal angle irons welding form from the font supporter, be welded and fixed after described position, center, upper end placing steel tubes from the font supporter, thereby the periphery cooperation of the two-wheeled of the described row rail 1-8 of Operation Van and described steel pipe is can double track parallel;
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3, spray profit pipe are the interval with spray profit shower nozzle 1-4 and cross-brace body 1-5 and lay, and its spacing can be selected;
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 is less than the caliber of the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor, and the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor is connected with described control profit system by port;
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block 2-1 between furrow and both sides thereof, between described furrow, building block 2-1 and ridge building block all are rectangular structure, between described furrow, building block 2-1 is set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 and the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor and is in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that between described furrow, building block 2-1 coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline 1-1 have and encircle the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 periphery and is positioned at the upper outside of building block 2-1 between furrow, and the building block of described ridge contacts the cooperation place and is provided with and encircles the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline with upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2; The building block of described ridge consists of jointly by encircling in the first half ridge building block 2-2a of crop piping 2-3 periphery and the second half ridge building block 2-2b, and described crop piping 2-3 is inserted in earth, and its inner kind is grown the crop that depends on bottom earth growth;
In order to take full advantage of resource and to realize maximizing and produce, described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow 2-4 to lower recess, and its inner silt of filling can be used for kind of a crop that grows other suitable growth;
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, and between described furrow, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block 2-1 offer the deep-slotted chip breaker of inwardly offering equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle in the outline of upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2;
Described the first half ridge building block 2-2a and the second half ridge building block 2-2b inwardly offer respectively the semicircular arc groove, both mate simultaneously and encircle in the outline of crop piping 2-3;
Described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and the main flow container 3-2 that is communicated with it, described main flow container 3-2 is separated to form miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b by internal insulation plate 3-3 with it, the termination of described main flow container 3-2 enters to run through miscible cabin 3-2a inside and passes the water inlet pipe 3-4 that division board 3-3 is communicated with work chamber 3-2b, the other end of described main flow container 3-2 is connected with the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline 3-5 and the 5th magnetic valve 4-5
The water inlet pipe 3-4 of described main flow container 3-2 outside is communicated with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b respectively, described water inlet pipe 3-4 controls by the first hydraulic pipeline 5-1, the first magnetic valve 4-1 and is communicated with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, described water inlet pipe 3-4 controls by the second hydraulic pipeline 5-2, the second magnetic valve 4-2 and is communicated with miscible cabin 3-2a, and described water inlet pipe 3-4 controls by counter-flushing pipeline 5-4, backwash magnetic valve 4-4 and is communicated with work chamber 3-2b; Described fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline 5-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3 the miscible cabin 3-2a that is communicated with main flow container 3-2;
In described work chamber 3-2b, the water outlet mouth mask of water inlet pipe 3-4 is established the screen pack 3-6 with filter core, described work chamber 3-2b bottom is provided with for the blowoff valve 3-7 that opens sewage draining exit, is provided with the 4th magnetic valve 3-8 with two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b;
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner that electricly connects with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer 6-1 with power supply 6-2 and moisture probe 6-3, moisture probe 6-3 is installed on the crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, power supply 6-2 is used for powering to humidometer 6-1, described humidometer 6-1 is electrically connected to electric controller 6-4, and described electric controller 6-4 line respectively controls the magnetic valve of controlling the profit system; When described humidometer 6-1 lower than or when exceeding the humidity index scope of setting, electric controller 6-4 obtains magnetic valve energising or the outage of signal driver indication control profit system, thereby realize automatically controlling control profit system.
gypsum block of the present invention is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, overturn traditional agricultural kind and grown pattern, utilize gypsum block to lay and form the plantation matrix, solved the random great technical deficiency that is unfavorable for environmental protection of raising of dust storm that present agricultural planting exists, being equipped with simultaneously control profit system can effectively irrigate crop in conjunction with the liquid manure pipe-line system, and designed capable rail Operation Van on the sleeper at building block top between furrow, thereby more scientific and normal carry out field management and plantation, the liquid manure pipeline of design is underground, therefore can effectively guarantee underground humidity and temperature, be not subjected to the impact of external environment, particularly under extremely dry environment, also can moisten systematic science by control effectively irrigates it, simultaneously can reach the effect of heat and moisture preserving again, give better growing space and the environment of crops.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1: liquid manure pipe-line system of the present invention and block system structural representation;
Fig. 2: control profit system architecture schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3: humidity conditioner structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing 1-3, provide the embodiment in sky of the present invention, be used for sky of the present invention is described further.
Embodiment 1
Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, comprises by the block system of liquid manure pipe-line system supporting framework and the control connection control profit system three parts in the liquid manure pipe-line system jointly consisting of;
The upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 that described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor that is layed in side by side dirt bed and is layed in side by side the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor top, be communicated with water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3 between the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, described upper strata is communicated with spray profit pipe and spray profit shower nozzle 1-4, realizes irrigating by the control profit system with the liquid manure pipeline connection in use;
In order to strengthen whole stability, the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of the lower floor bottom that is set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body 1-5, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, upper strata is connected with sleeper 1-6, both sides, described sleeper 1-6 top respectively be provided with by two equal angle irons welding form from the font supporter, after hitting exactly the position placing steel tubes, described upper end from the font supporter is welded and fixed, thereby the two-wheeled of the described row rail 1-8 of Operation Van and the periphery of described steel pipe coordinate can double track parallel, in daily agricultural management process, realize the field operation thereby can back and forth move by row rail Operation Van.
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3, spray profit pipe are the interval with spray profit shower nozzle 1-4 and cross-brace body 1-5 and lay, and its spacing can be selected voluntarily as required or adjust;
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 is less than the caliber of the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor, and the described liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor is connected with described control profit system by port and pipeline;
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block 2-1 between furrow and both sides thereof, between described furrow, building block 2-1 and ridge building block all are rectangular structure, between described furrow, building block 2-1 is set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 and the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor and is in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that between described furrow, building block 2-1 coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline 1-1 have and encircle the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 periphery and is positioned at the upper outside of building block 2-1 between furrow, and the building block of described ridge contacts the cooperation place and is provided with and encircles the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline with upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2; The building block of described ridge consists of jointly by encircling in the first half ridge building block 2-2a of crop piping 2-3 periphery and the second half ridge building block 2-2b, described crop piping 2-3 is inserted in earth, its inner kind is grown the crop that depends on bottom earth growth, and the caliber of described crop piping 2-3 should coordinate the growth needs design of concrete crop;
In order to take full advantage of resource and to realize maximizing and produce, described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow 2-4 to lower recess, and its inner silt of filling can be used for kind of a crop that grows other suitable growth;
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, and between described furrow, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block 2-1 offer the deep-slotted chip breaker of inwardly offering equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle in the outline of upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2;
Described the first half ridge building block 2-2a and the second half ridge building block 2-2b inwardly offer respectively the semicircular arc groove, both mate simultaneously and encircle in the outline of crop piping 2-3;
Described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and the main flow container 3-2 that is communicated with it, described main flow container 3-2 is separated to form miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b by internal insulation plate 3-3 with it, the termination of described main flow container 3-2 enters to run through miscible cabin 3-2a inside and passes the water inlet pipe 3-4 that division board 3-3 is communicated with work chamber 3-2b, the other end of described main flow container 3-2 is connected with the liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of lower floor of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline 3-5 and the 5th magnetic valve 4-5
the water inlet pipe 3-4 of described main flow container 3-2 outside respectively with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b are communicated with, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by the first hydraulic pipeline 5-1, the first magnetic valve 4-1 controls and is communicated with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, thereby supply water to fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 by water inlet pipe 3-4 the fertilizer in its tank is diluted mixing, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by the second hydraulic pipeline 5-2, the second magnetic valve 4-2 controls and is communicated with miscible cabin 3-2a, thereby guarantee that the clear water in water inlet pipe 3-4 directly feeds in miscible cabin 3-2a, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by counter-flushing pipeline 5-4, backwash magnetic valve 4-4 controls and is communicated with work chamber 3-2b, make control profit system have the function of backwash, described fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline 5-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3 the miscible cabin 3-2a that is communicated with main flow container 3-2, thereby the liquid fertilizer in fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 is delivered in miscible cabin 3-2a, when finding to send into liquid fertilizer concentration in miscible cabin 3-2a and need to adjust, the second hydraulic pipeline 5-2 and the second magnetic valve 4-2 that can open water inlet pipe 3-4 carry out thin up, if but wanted to increase the concentration of fertilizer, could again adjust by fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and the 3rd infusion pipeline 4-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3,
The water outlet mouth mask that described water inlet pipe 3-4 is positioned at work chamber 3-2b is established the screen pack 3-6 with filter core, this screen pack can be with the impurity filtering, described work chamber 3-2b bottom offers the sewage draining exit of being controlled by blowoff valve 3-7, when opening screen pack, impurity is poured work chamber when bottom, can the impurity punching be removed out of my cabin by this sewage draining exit, be provided with the 4th magnetic valve 3-8 with two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b;
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner that electricly connects with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer 6-1 with power supply 6-2 and moisture probe 6-3, moisture probe 6-3 is installed on the crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, power supply 6-2 is used for powering to humidometer 6-1, described humidometer 6-1 is electrically connected to electric controller 6-4, and described electric controller 6-4 line respectively controls the magnetic valve of controlling the profit system; When described humidometer 6-1 lower than or when exceeding the humidity index scope of setting, electric controller 6-4 obtains magnetic valve energising or the outage of signal driver indication control profit system, thereby realize automatically controlling control profit system.
the present invention has overturned traditional agricultural kind and has grown pattern, utilize gypsum block to lay and form the plantation matrix, solved the random great technical deficiency that is unfavorable for environmental protection of raising of dust storm that present agricultural planting exists, being equipped with simultaneously control profit system can effectively irrigate crop in conjunction with the liquid manure pipe-line system, and designed capable rail Operation Van on the sleeper at building block top between furrow, thereby more scientific and normal carry out field management and plantation, the liquid manure pipeline of design is underground, therefore can effectively guarantee underground humidity and temperature, be not subjected to the impact of external environment, particularly under extremely dry environment, also can moisten systematic science by control effectively irrigates it, simultaneously can reach the effect of heat and moisture preserving again, give better growing space and the environment of crops.

Claims (10)

1. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, it is special levies and is to comprise that liquid manure pipe-line system, block system and control profit system three parts consist of jointly, described block system is by fertile pipe-line system supporting framework, and described control is moistened system's control connection in the liquid manure pipe-line system.
2. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, and its special levying is
Described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises the lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) that is layed in side by side dirt bed and the upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) that is layed in side by side lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) top, be communicated with water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe (1-3) between described lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) and upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2), described upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) top is communicated with spray profit pipe and spray profit shower nozzle (1-4).
3. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, and its special levying is
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block between furrow (2-1) and both sides thereof, building block between described furrow (2-1) and ridge building block all are rectangular structure, building block between described furrow (2-1) is set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) and lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) and is in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that building block between described furrow (2-1) coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline have and encircle the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) periphery and is positioned at the upper outside of building block between furrow (2-1), and the building block of described ridge contacts the cooperation place and is provided with and encircles the interior profile that is matched with the pipeline outline with upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2); The building block of described ridge is by encircling in the first half ridge building blocks (2-2a) of crop piping (2-3) periphery and the second half ridge building block (2-2b) is common consists of, and described crop piping (2-3) is inserted in earth, and its inner kind is grown the crop that depends on bottom earth growth.
4. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1
the main flow container (3-2) that described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank (3-1) and is communicated with it, described main flow container (3-2) is separated to form miscible cabin (3-2a) and work chamber (3-2b) by internal insulation plate (3-3) with it, one termination of described main flow container (3-2) enters to run through inside, miscible cabin (3-2a) and passes the water inlet pipe (3-4) that division board (3-3) is communicated with work chamber (3-2b), the other end of described main flow container (3-2) is connected with lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline (3-5) and the 5th magnetic valve (4-5),
The outside water inlet pipe (3-4) of described main flow container (3-2) is communicated with fertilizer spreading tank (3-1), miscible cabin (3-2a) and work chamber (3-2b) respectively, described water inlet pipe (3-4) is controlled by the first hydraulic pipeline (5-1), the first magnetic valve (4-1) and is communicated with fertilizer spreading tank (3-1), described water inlet pipe (3-4) is controlled by the second hydraulic pipeline (5-2), the second magnetic valve (4-2) and is communicated with miscible cabin (3-2a), and described water inlet pipe (3-4) is controlled by counter-flushing pipeline (5-4), backwash magnetic valve (4-4) and is communicated with work chamber (3-2b); Described fertilizer spreading tank (3-1) controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline (5-3), the 3rd magnetic valve (4-3) the miscible cabin (3-2a) that is communicated with main flow container (3-2).
5. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 2
Described lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) bottom that is set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body (1-5), top, upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) is connected with sleeper (1-6), described sleeper (1-6) both sides, top respectively be provided with by two equal angle irons welding form from the font supporter, be welded and fixed after described position, center, upper end placing steel tubes from the font supporter, described row rail Operation Van (1-8) thus the periphery cooperation of two-wheeled and described steel pipe can double track parallel;
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe (1-3), spray profit pipe are the interval with spray profit shower nozzle (1-4) and cross-brace body (1-5) and lay.
6. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 2
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) is less than the caliber of lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1), and described lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) is connected with described control profit system by port.
7. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 3
Described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow (2-4) to lower recess.
8. as described in wanting 3 as right, gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block between described furrow (2-1) offer the deep-slotted chip breaker of inwardly offering equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle in the outline of upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2).
9. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 4
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner that electricly connects with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer (6-1) with power supply (6-2) and moisture probe (6-3), moisture probe (6-3) is installed on the crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, described humidometer (6-1) is electrically connected to electric controller (6-4), and described electric controller (6-4) line is respectively controlled the magnetic valve of controlling the profit system.
10. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized it is characterized in that liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 4
The water outlet mouth mask of the interior water inlet pipe of described work chamber (3-2b) (3-4) is established the screen pack (3-6) with filter core, described work chamber (3-2b) bottom is provided with for the blowoff valve (3-7) of opening sewage draining exit, is provided with the 4th magnetic valve (3-8) with two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin (3-2a) and work chamber (3-2b).
CN201310111876.9A 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks Expired - Fee Related CN103141207B (en)

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CN105309101A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-02-10 蒋寿悟 Method of preparing plant moisturizing and fertilizer-retaining granular with waste attapulgite
CN105165219A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-23 昆明理工大学 Fertilizer-water integrated underground layering irrigation system
CN105165219B (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-03-01 昆明理工大学 A kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system

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