CN107466645A - It is applicable northern area and raises the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received - Google Patents

It is applicable northern area and raises the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107466645A
CN107466645A CN201710761012.XA CN201710761012A CN107466645A CN 107466645 A CN107466645 A CN 107466645A CN 201710761012 A CN201710761012 A CN 201710761012A CN 107466645 A CN107466645 A CN 107466645A
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rape
cultural
irrigation
forage
received
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CN107466645B (en
Inventor
杨金钰
许咏梅
王则玉
房世杰
刘骅
孙九胜
王卫超
吴湘琳
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Xinjiang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Soil And Fertilizer And Agricultural Water Saving Research Institute (xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region New Fertilizer Research Center)
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Xinjiang Academy Of Agricultural Sciences Soil And Fertilizer And Agricultural Water Saving Research Institute (xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region New Fertilizer Research Center)
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

Provided by the invention to raise a kind of cultural method of two receipts of oily dual-purpose rape suitable for northern area, late October irrigates the nitrogenous fertilizer that 15cm applies 30%, and arable land, next year is by seed manure than 1:10 and application rate 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm, depth 3cm sowing irrigation;Sowing is watered 450kg with 50% Acetochlor in 3 days and sprayed;Moistening of being poured water at seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence earth's surface 8cm, final singling;5 leaf phases imposed urea 90kg/hm2;Flower bud a kind of sedge phase applies urea 90kg/hm2;First batch of harvesting height for the stubble left 20cm;The operation such as second batch of weed eradication, irrigation, fertilising is carried out immediately;October, early and middle ten dayses harvested second batch of forage grass and ensiling.The present invention is effectively utilized light,heat and water resources, reduces soil erosion, improves the yield of kernels and forage yield summation, received so that northern area also achieves 1 year two, grain-production is nor affected on, arable land season property is avoided and lets a piece of farmland go to waste phenomenon, effectively utilize cultivated land resource.

Description

It is applicable northern area and raises the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of crop cultivation, and in particular to the cultural method of forage rape.
Background technology
There is contradiction in scarcity and the farm land of Xinjiang aquaculture winter forage grass, be the development of long-standing problem animal husbandry in agricultural area One of bottleneck problem.
Rape cultivation history is very long, and the nations of China and India is the country that Cultivated rapeseed is most ancient in the world.The whole world plants Plant rape is most with India, and China takes second place, and Canada occupies the 3rd.Rape originates in western part of China, is distributed in China Northwest, North China, the Inner Mongol and Yangtze river basin Provinces (regions).Zhanghua County, Taiwan, China cultivation most contain, in platform, Miaoshu, Chiayi, cloud Woods, south throw also cultivation much, originate in Europe and the band of the Central Asia one.China rape is mainly distributed on the band of the Yangtze river basin one, is 2 years Raw crop.They are harvested in seeding and seedling raising, May next year in the fall.The annual rape that sow in spring and reap in autumn is mainly distributed on Xinjiang southwest The ground such as area, Gansu, Qinghai and the Inner Mongol.
Forage rape is to pursue rape variety of the vine yield as target, and the relatively general rape of its cauline leaf is big, suitable for doing Ensilage, rich in crude protein, crude fibre, feeding livestock palatability is good, and grazing rate is high, and livestock is largely eaten without swollen diarrhoea tripe Phenomenon.In addition, the double low kinds of feeding oil Lepidium, erucic acid, glucosinolate content are low, and the oil expression of its seed, stalk are feeding safe and reliable, A large amount of organic acids of root system secretion can also dissolve soil indissoluble nutrient, strengthen soil microbial activities, be the good of other crops Make before good.But climate condition, cropping system and peasant habit etc. influence, forage rape is generally used for spring and just broadcast or the autumn Season multiple cropping, there is presently no the relevant report that a kind of two receive, especially on the ground that Xinjiang this winter time is long, temperature gos up evening Area, most of crops are all to receive for 1 year one, and rape is also always to receive for 1 year one.
The content of the invention
For current winter forage grass, deficient and 1 year one receipts of forage rape the state of the art, proposed by the present invention a kind of suitable A kind of cultural method of two receipts of oily dual-purpose rape is raised for northern area, there is provided oil of sowing in spring is raised dual-purpose rape two crops in one year and received The technical scheme obtained, just broadcast in spring, summer harvest seed and stalk forage grass, autumn harvest stalk is feeding, does not influence grain life Production, avoid arable land season property and let a piece of farmland go to waste phenomenon, effectively using cultivated land resource, realize forage grass supply and improvement of soil fertility doulbe-sides' victory side Face has great importance.
The invention provides a kind of a kind of cultural method of two receipts of oily dual-purpose rape, including step are raised suitable for northern area It is rapid as follows:
Preserved soil moisture and irrigate before being broadcast in upper in late October, 1, water irrigating depth 15cm-25cm;Treat water infiltration and When farm work can be entered by being evaporated to machinery, 30% nitrogenous fertilizer is first applied as base manure, machinery is then carried out and turns over, tilling depth ≥25cm;Raked the soil level before spring sowing, level land to state to be broadcast;By seed manure than 1:10 part by weight is by forage rape seed and seed manure Mix thoroughly, application rate 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm, depth of planting 3cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation or drip irrigation, drip irrigation Band laying can be carried out simultaneously with sowing and light earthing, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/h;Within after planting 3 days, use 50% Acetochlor 1500mL/hm2-7500mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and sparges field soil with weeds of going out;Respectively seedling stage, Flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence are poured water, moistening earth's surface 5cm~8cm;Total amount 1050m is irrigated under Surface irrigation mode3/hm2-135Om3/hm2; Total amount 1050m is irrigated under drip irrigation3/hm2-1275m3/hm2;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, start final singling in cotyledon period, Final singling terminates during a piece of true leaf, and final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 3cm-5cm mono-;Respectively urine is imposed in 5 leaf phases, flower bud a kind of sedge phase top dressing, 5 leaf phases Plain 75kg/hm2-90kg/hm2;Flower bud a kind of sedge phase imposes urea 75kg/hm2-90kg/hm2;After seed maturation, using mechanically or manually Harvest seed and forage grass, height for the stubble left 15-20cm;Carry out the irrigation of second batch of rape immediately, go out weeds, fertilising etc. of field is managed Reason;Drip irrigation tubing is reusable, without laying again;Second batch of harvest forage grass, it can be gone up October after first frost, the middle ten days progress, Manually or mechanically gather in, neat ground toothing 2cm-8cm;By forage rape and stalk forage rape by weight proportion:Stalk=2:3, Enter to store ensiling after mixing.
In the present invention, autumn soil moisture conservation irrigation method is ground border irrigation.
In the present invention, fertilizing method spreads fertilizer over the fields or machine power row replacement to be artificial.
Require not heavy in the present invention, during site preparation not leak, to side to angle, ground is without stubble.
In the present invention, seed manure is double superhosphate.
In the present invention, the hardening soil and the higher soil of level of ground water will be intertilled before final singling, intertill depth 12cm-15cm, Width 5cm-10cm is intertilled, band soil crushing device after cultivator.
In the present invention, forage rape seed is China's oil miscellaneous 62, is feeding, " double low " Wild cabbage type spring sowing rape product of oily dual-purpose Kind, plant plant type is larger, and average more than plant height 150cm, breeding time is long, cold-resistant, frost resistance, suitable for ensiling.
In the present invention, hectare water 2l00m is irrigated in soil moisture conservation3-3000m3
In the present invention, stalk is wheat stalk or maize straw.
In the present invention, first batch of harvest seed and forage grass, second batch of harvest forage grass.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
It is of the present invention to raise the oily receipts cultural method of dual-purpose rape one kind two, efficiently solve northern production and " kind one occur Time in season has a surplus, two times in season of kind deficiency again " phenomenon, cause light,heat and water resources serious waste, and cause soil erosion, Receive to compare with conventional method one kind one and significantly improve the yield of kernels and forage yield summation, obtained rape more edible than tradition more Forage grass, than traditional forage grass rape obtains seed more so that Xinjiang region also achieves 1 year two and received, and greatly alleviates The deficient present situation of Xinjiang pastoral area winter forage grass, nor affects on grain-production, avoids arable land season property and lets a piece of farmland go to waste phenomenon, effectively Using cultivated land resource, have great importance in terms of forage grass supply and improvement of soil fertility doulbe-sides' victory is realized.
Embodiment
Below to the present invention embodiment be described in further detail, but the present invention method be not limited to it is following Embodiment.
Three experimental plots, each testing site are selected respectively in Aksu, Xinjiang, Ili Prefecture and Urumchi suburb Area is 1 hectare.(miscellaneous 62) of China's oil, double superhosphate, urea, Determination of Herbicide Acetochlor are all using commercially available for the seed of the means of production Product, cultural method of the present invention, traditional edible oil are carried out in fact with rape and forage grass rape in these three testing sites Apply, and count the forage yield and the yield of kernels of following example and conventional method plantation rape three testing sites.
Example one:Raise the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received
The invention provides a kind of cultural method received suitable for northern area spring sowing forage rape a kind of two, upper one Soil moisture conservation is irrigated before late October in year is broadcast, water irrigating depth 15cm-25cm;Treat water infiltration and be evaporated to machinery to enter When entering farm work, 30% nitrogenous fertilizer is first applied as base manure, machinery is then carried out and turns over, tilling depth >=25cm;Harrowed before sowing in spring Ground, level land to state to be broadcast;By seed manure than 1:10 part by weight mixes forage rape seed with seed manure thoroughly, application rate 15kg/ hm2, line-spacing 30cm sowings;Depth of planting 3cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation or drip irrigation, and drip irrigation zone laying can be with broadcasting Kind carries out simultaneously and light earthing, the row of a pipe 2, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/h;Within after planting 3 days, with 50% Acetochlor 1500mL/hm2-7500mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and sparges field soil with weeds of going out;Respectively seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, Florescence is poured water, moistening earth's surface 5cm~8cm;Total amount 1050m is irrigated under Surface irrigation mode3/hm2-135Om3/hm2;Drip irrigation Total amount 1050m is irrigated under mode3/hm2-1275m3/hm2;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, start final singling in cotyledon period, it is a piece of Final singling terminates during true leaf, and final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 3cm-5cm mono-;Respectively in 5 leaf phases, flower bud a kind of sedge phase top dressing, 5 leaf phases, urea is imposed 75kg/hm2-90kg/hm2;Flower bud a kind of sedge phase imposes urea 75kg/hm2-90kg/hm2;After seed maturation, using mechanically or manually receiving Obtain seed and first batch of forage grass, height for the stubble left 15-20cm;Carry out the irrigation of second batch of rape immediately, field is gone out weeds, fertilising Deng management;Drip irrigation tubing is reusable, without laying again;Second batch of harvest forage grass, it can be gone up October after first frost, the middle ten days Carry out, manually or mechanically gather in, neat ground toothing 2cm-8cm;By forage rape and stalk forage rape by weight proportion:Stalk =2:3, enter to store ensiling after mixing.
In the present invention, soil moisture conservation irrigation method is ground border irrigation.
In the present invention, fertilizing method is machine power row replacement.
Require not heavy in the present invention, during site preparation not leak, to side to angle, ground is without stubble.
In the present invention, seed manure is double superhosphate.
In the present invention, the hardening soil and the higher soil of level of ground water will be intertilled before final singling, intertill depth 15cm, intertillage Width 10cm, band soil crushing device after cultivator.
In the present invention, described forage rape seed is China's oil miscellaneous 62, is feeding, " double low " Wild cabbage type spring sowing of oily dual-purpose Rape variety, plant plant type is larger, and average more than plant height 150cm, breeding time is long, cold-resistant, frost resistance, suitable for ensiling.
In the present invention, hectare water 3000m is irrigated in the soil moisture conservation3
In the present invention, stalk is wheat stalk.
In the present invention, first batch of harvest seed and forage grass, second batch of harvest forage grass.
Example two:Raise the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received
The cultural method received using following spring sowing forage rapes a kind of two of the present invention is tested:
Preserved soil moisture and irrigate before being broadcast in upper in late October, 1;Irrigation method is border irrigation, water irrigating depth 15cm, and hectare is used Water 2l00m3, do not go here and there filling, do not metal run out;When water infiltration and when being evaporated to machinery and can enter farm work, 30% is first applied Then nitrogenous fertilizer carries out machinery and turned over, tilling depth 15cm, raked the soil level before spring sowing, level land to situation to be broadcast as base manure;By seed manure Than 1:10 part by weight mixes forage rape seed with seed manure thoroughly, and forage rape seed using China's oil miscellaneous 62, attached most importance to by seed manure Calcium phosphate, sowed using wheat seeder, application rate 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation Or drip irrigation, drip irrigation zone laying can be carried out simultaneously with sowing and light earthing, the row of a pipe 2, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/ h;Within after planting 3 days, i.e., before forage rape emergence, with 50% Acetochlor 1500mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and sparges field Soil is with weeds of going out;Poured water respectively at seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence with reference to breeding time, moistening earth's surface 5cm;Under Surface irrigation mode Irrigate total amount 1050m3/hm2;Total amount 1050m is irrigated under drip irrigation3/hm2;The hardening soil and level of ground water are higher before final singling Soil will be intertilled, intertillage depth 12cm, intertillage width 5cm, band soil crushing device after cultivator;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, Start final singling in cotyledon period, during a piece of true leaf final singling terminate, final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 3cm mono-;Chased after respectively in 5 leaf phases, flower bud a kind of sedge phase Fertilizer, 5 leaf phases, impose urea 75kg/hm2;Flower bud a kind of sedge phase, urea 75kg/hm is imposed before pouring water2;After seed maturation, using machinery Or artificial harvest seed and first batch of forage grass, height for the stubble left 15cm-20cm;The weed eradication of second batch of forage rape is carried out immediately, is filled The breeding period administration such as irrigate, apply fertilizer, drip irrigation tubing is reusable, without laying again;Second batch of forage rape harvesting can be in first October is gone up after frost, the middle ten days is carried out, and is manually or mechanically gathered in, neat ground toothing 2cm.By forage rape and maize straw by weight Example forage rape:Stalk=2:3, enter to store ensiling after mixing.
Embodiment three:Raise the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received
The cultural method received using following spring sowing forage rapes a kind of two of the present invention is tested:
Preserved soil moisture and irrigate before being broadcast in upper in late October, 1;Irrigation method is border irrigation, water irrigating depth 20cm, and hectare is used Water 2500m3, do not go here and there filling, do not metal run out;When water infiltration and when being evaporated to machinery and can enter farm work, 30% is first applied Then nitrogenous fertilizer carries out machinery and turned over, tilling depth 30cm, raked the soil level before spring sowing, level land to situation to be broadcast as base manure;By seed manure Than 1:10 part by weight by forage rape seed, (with seed manure mix thoroughly, is sowed using wheat seeder, application rate by miscellaneous 62) of China's oil For 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation or drip irrigation, and drip irrigation zone laying can enter simultaneously with sowing Capable and light earthing, the row of a pipe 2, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/h.Within after planting 3 days, i.e., forage rape is emerged Before, with 50% Acetochlor 5000mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and sparges field soil with weeds of going out;Exist respectively with reference to breeding time Seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence are poured water, moistening earth's surface 6cm;Total amount 1250m is irrigated under Surface irrigation mode3/hm2;Under drip irrigation Irrigate total amount 1200m3/hm2;The hardening soil and the higher soil of level of ground water will be intertilled before final singling, intertill depth 13cm, intertillage Width 8cm, band soil crushing device after cultivator;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, start final singling in cotyledon period, determine during a piece of true leaf Seedling terminates, and final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 3cm-5cm mono-.Respectively urea 80kg/hm is imposed in 5 leaf phases, flower bud a kind of sedge phase top dressing, 5 leaf phases2;Take out A kind of sedge phase imposes urea 80kg/hm2;After seed maturation, using artificial harvest seed and first batch of forage grass, height for the stubble left 15cm- 20cm, the breeding period administration such as the weed eradication of second batch of forage rape of progress, irrigation, fertilising immediately, drip irrigation tubing is reusable, Without laying again;Second batch of harvest forage grass, it can be carried out mid-October after first frost, hand harvest, neat ground toothing 4cm.It will raise Expect that rape and maize straw are forage rape by weight proportion:Stalk=2:3, enter to store ensiling after mixing.
Example IV:Raise the cultural method that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received
The cultural method received using following spring sowing forage rapes a kind of two is tested:
Preserved soil moisture and irrigate before being broadcast in upper in late October, 1;Irrigation method is drip irrigation, water irrigating depth 22cm, and hectare is used Water 2500m3, do not go here and there filling, do not metal run out.When water infiltration and when being evaporated to machinery and can enter farm work, 30% is first applied Nitrogenous fertilizer is turned over as base manure, then progress machinery, tilling depth 35cm;Raked the soil level before spring sowing, level land to situation to be broadcast.By seed manure Than 1:10 part by weight mixes forage rape seed with seed manure thoroughly, and seed manure is double superhosphate, and forage rape seed is China's oil Miscellaneous 62;Application rate is 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation or drip irrigation, and drip irrigation zone laying can be with Sowing carries out simultaneously and light earthing, the row of a pipe 2, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/h;Within after planting 3 days, that is, raise Before expecting rape emergence, with 50% Acetochlor 2500mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and sparges field soil with weeds of going out;With reference to life Educate the phase to be poured water at seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence respectively, moistening earth's surface 7cm;Total amount 1150m is irrigated under Surface irrigation mode3/hm2; Total amount 1175m is irrigated under drip irrigation3/hm2;The hardening soil and the higher soil of level of ground water will be intertilled before final singling, after emergence Intertill, intertillage depth 14cm, intertillage width 9cm, band soil crushing device after cultivator;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, in cotyledon Phase starts final singling, during a piece of true leaf final singling terminate, final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 4cm mono-.Respectively in 5 leaf phases, peduncle-growing period for rapeseed top dressing, 5 leaf phases Impose urea 85kg/hm2;Peduncle-growing period for rapeseed imposes urea 85kg/hm2;After seed maturation, using mechanical harvest seed and first batch Forage grass, height for the stubble left 18cm, the immediately breeding period administration such as the weed eradication of second batch of forage rape of progress, irrigation, fertilising, drip irrigation pipe Material is reusable, without laying again;Second batch harvest forage grass, can after first frost early October carry out, mechanical harvesting, together Ground toothing 7cm;By forage rape and wheat stalk forage rape by weight proportion:Stalk=2:3, enter to store ensiling after mixing.
Embodiment five:The present invention raises the yield evaluation that oily dual-purpose rape a kind of two receives cultural method
Xinjiang region choose three testing sites, according to cultural method of the present invention sow in spring forage rape one kind Two acceptance tests, choose above-described embodiment one to example IV and the cultural method statistics harvest yield of kernels and harvest forage grass production are provided Measure and traditional rapeseed cultivation method with taking a kind of one to receive is contrasted, wherein contrast test one is that conventional method plantation is raised Expect rape, contrast test two is conventional method plantation edible-type rape.
Table 1:Harvest the yield of kernels (kg/ hectares)
Testing site 1 2 3
Embodiment one 3900 4200 4425
Embodiment two 3925 4220 4450
Embodiment three 3900 4250 4470
Example IV 3980 4200 4450
Contrast test one 2050 2140 2250
Contrast test two 3400 3500 3550
Table 2:Harvest forage yield (kg/ hectares)
Testing site 1 2 3
Embodiment one 63000 67500 72000
Embodiment two 63500 67800 72500
Embodiment three 63000 67900 73000
Example IV 64000 67500 72500
Contrast test one 55000 56500 57000
Contrast test two 28000 29500 30000
In above-mentioned experiment, described forage grass is the fresh grass weight before ensiling, and institute of the present invention is can be seen that from above-mentioned experiment The oil of sowing in spring stated raises the cultural method that dual-purpose rape a kind of two is received, and compares with the receipts of conventional method one kind one and is not only respectively increased Oil, feed per mu yield, also significantly improve the yield of kernels and forage yield summation, and rape more edible than tradition are raised more Grass, seed being obtained than traditional forage grass rape so that Xinjiang region also achieves 1 year two and received, and had both alleviated Xinjiang and has herded more The deficient present situation of area winter forage grass, nor affects on grain-production, avoids arable land season property and lets a piece of farmland go to waste phenomenon, effective to utilize arable land Resource, have great importance in terms of forage grass supply and improvement of soil fertility doulbe-sides' victory is realized.
As described above, you can preferably realize the present invention, the above embodiments are only the side of being preferable to carry out to the present invention Formula is described, and not the scope of the present invention is defined, on the premise of design spirit of the present invention is not departed from, this area The various modifications and improvement that those of ordinary skill makes to technical scheme, all should fall into present invention determine that protection In the range of.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of raised a kind of cultural method of two receipts of oily dual-purpose rape suitable for northern area, it is characterised in that at upper 1 year 10 Soil moisture conservation irrigation, water irrigating depth 15cm-25cm before month last ten-days period are broadcast, treat water infiltration and are evaporated to machinery that field can be entered During operation, first apply 30% nitrogenous fertilizer as base manure, then carry out machinery and turn over tilling depth >=25cm, raked the soil level before spring sowing, level land extremely State to be broadcast;By seed manure than 1:10 part by weight mixes forage rape seed with seed manure thoroughly, and seed manure crosses phosphorus again using graininess Sour calcium, application rate 15kg/hm2, line-spacing 30cm, depth of planting 3cm;Breeding time irrigation method is ground border irrigation or drip irrigation, drip irrigation Band laying can be carried out simultaneously with sowing and light earthing, the row of a pipe 2, water dropper spacing 20cm, dripping end flow 3.2L/h;After planting 3 days Within, with 50% Acetochlor 1500mL/hm2-7500mL/hm2, it is watered 450kg and carries out spraying in field soil and goes out weeds;Exist respectively Seedling stage, flower bud a kind of sedge, florescence are poured water, moistening earth's surface 5cm~8cm;Total amount 1050m is irrigated under Surface irrigation mode3/hm2-135Om3/ hm2;Total amount 1050m is irrigated under drip irrigation3/hm2-1275m3/hm2;If spacing in the rows is less than in the case of 3cm, it is fixed to start in cotyledon period Seedling, during a piece of true leaf final singling terminate, final singling requirement is per the seedlings of 3cm-5cm mono-;Respectively in 5 leaf phases, flower bud a kind of sedge phase top dressing;5 leaf phases are in filling Urea 75kg/hm is imposed before water2-90kg/hm2;Flower bud a kind of sedge phase, impose urea 75kg/hm2-90kg/hm2;After seed maturation, use Mechanically or manually harvest seed and first batch of forage grass, height for the stubble left 15-20cm;Irrigation, the field of second batch of rape are carried out immediately Go out weeds, fertilising etc. management;Second batch harvest forage grass, can after first frost October early and middle ten dayses carry out, manually or mechanically gather in, Qi Di Toothing 2cm-8cm;By forage rape and stalk forage rape by weight proportion:Stalk=2:3, enter to store ensiling after mixing.
2. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that soil moisture conservation of described autumn irrigation method is ground border irrigation.
3. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is, described fertilizing method spreads fertilizer over the fields or machine power row replacement to be artificial.
4. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is, requiring not heavy during the site preparation does not leak, and to side to angle, ground is without stubble.
5. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that the seed manure is double superhosphate.
6. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is, the hardening soil and the higher soil of level of ground water will be intertilled before final singling, intertilled after emergence, intertill depth 12cm-15cm, Width 5cm-10cm is intertilled, band soil crushing device after cultivator.
7. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that described forage rape kind is China's oil miscellaneous 62.
8. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that hectare water 2l00m is irrigated in the autumn soil moisture conservation3-3000m3
9. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that described stalk is wheat stalk or maize straw.
10. a kind of cultural method received suitable for the oily dual-purpose rape of northern area feeding a kind of two as claimed in claim 1, it is special Sign is that described two receive i.e. first batch of harvest seed and forage grass, second batch of harvest forage grass.
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CN108834783A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-11-20 咸宁市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method of forage rape circulation harvest
CN110050646A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-26 新疆农垦科学院 The implantation methods of no-tillage replay forage rape after a kind of Xinjiang region winter wheat
CN110447486A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-11-15 苏州市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method for raising dual-purpose rape suitable for southern area of Jiangsu Province flower
CN112075303A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-15 潘典进 Planting method of summer rape bolts
CN112136617A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-29 潘典进 Planting method for achieving one-crop-multiple-harvest of oilseed rape
CN112690176A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-04-23 河南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Method for planting feed rapes in Huang-Huai region

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CN105165375A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-23 新疆农业科学院经济作物研究所 Planting method of spring rapes
CN105325160A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-17 威海市农业科学院 Simplified cultivation method of oilseed rapes in northern snow region

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CN1620858A (en) * 2003-11-25 2005-06-01 任百岩 Northern rape high-yield culture technique
CN102204472A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-10-05 甘肃农业大学 Wheat stub no-tillage rape cultivation method
CN104365349A (en) * 2014-11-02 2015-02-25 隋丕向 High-quality and high-efficiency cultivation technology for rape in open field
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834783A (en) * 2018-09-29 2018-11-20 咸宁市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method of forage rape circulation harvest
CN110050646A (en) * 2019-03-07 2019-07-26 新疆农垦科学院 The implantation methods of no-tillage replay forage rape after a kind of Xinjiang region winter wheat
CN110447486A (en) * 2019-08-28 2019-11-15 苏州市农业科学院 A kind of cultural method for raising dual-purpose rape suitable for southern area of Jiangsu Province flower
CN112075303A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-12-15 潘典进 Planting method of summer rape bolts
CN112136617A (en) * 2020-09-17 2020-12-29 潘典进 Planting method for achieving one-crop-multiple-harvest of oilseed rape
CN112690176A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-04-23 河南省农业科学院经济作物研究所 Method for planting feed rapes in Huang-Huai region

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