CN107439430A - A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107439430A
CN107439430A CN201710838598.5A CN201710838598A CN107439430A CN 107439430 A CN107439430 A CN 107439430A CN 201710838598 A CN201710838598 A CN 201710838598A CN 107439430 A CN107439430 A CN 107439430A
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parts
feed
fish
grass
grass carp
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吴宇
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吴宇
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, mainly include the following steps that:Suitable pond is built in selection, the preparation of ponds, fry are put in a suitable place to breed, water quality management, feeding management, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control and fishing in good time.Using cultural method of the present invention; after being mixed in the breeding process of grass carp using green grass with cooperation concentrated feed, feed mode is fed stage by stage, the preventive and therapeutic effect of pest and disease damage is played while health care; not only strengthen grass carp immunity; the pollution of water quality is also reduced, while also improves the cultivation quality and yield of grass carp, keeps the natural flavour mountaineous of grass carp; smooth, non sludge taste Fresh & Tender in Texture; it is the excellent aquatic products of green non-pollution, there is high financial profit, is adapted to large-scale production;Also have it is simple to operate, production cost is low, and risk is small, its strong operability, is easily mastered application, is easy to popularize.

Description

A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, and in particular to a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method.
Background technology
Grass carp, belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae grass carp category, and grass carp has been commonly called as:It is grass carp, grass carp, oily grass carp, careless grass carp, white Grass carp, grass carp, charlatan, black black carp etc., the rivers and lakes of plains region are inhabited, general happiness occupy middle lower floor and the more water of offshore of water Careless region.Property it is active, swimming is rapid, often hunts in packs, is typical herbivorous fishes.The young grass carps phase then eats larva, algae Deng grass carp also eats of animal food, such as earthworm, dragonfly etc., and because its growth is rapid, meat flavour is beautiful, and feed resource is wide, is that CHINESE FRESHWATER is supported One of four large Chinese carps grown.Grass carp contains abundant unrighted acid, favourable to blood circulation, is the good of cardiovascular patient Food, grass carp contain abundant selenium element, often edible to have the effect of anti-aging, beauty treatment, and also have to tumour certain anti- Effect is controlled, for gynecological ailments, the people to lose the appetite, grass carp meat tenderness can whet the appetite, nourish without greasy.
At present, the pond culture pattern that tradition changes ability of swimming has mostly been continued to use in the cultivation to grass carp, and in recent years, China fish are supported Industry to be grown to develop rapidly, intensive degree improves constantly, but during fish culture, the long-term use of various chemicals of people. These chemical reagent easily make water pollution, disturb the normal growth of fish, also have chemical residual in fish body, after human consumption Serious harm can be produced to body.But existing grass carp cultivation is all the feed for abusing unreasonable allocation, does not only result in water quality It is deteriorated, the grass carp underproduction, and the quality of grass carp also greatly reduces.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided one kind can strengthen grass carp immunity, reduce pest and disease damage And disease incident, reduce the pollution of water quality, it is possible to increase the cultivation quality of grass carp and the cultural method of yield, and this method The grass carp meat delicious of cultivation, in good taste, its production cost is low, high financial profit, belongs to nuisanceless ecologic breeding mode, specifically It is a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method that ground, which is said,.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, it is described to support Method is grown to mainly include the following steps that:
(1) suitable pond is built in selection:Selection builds fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location, and fish pond area is 3~5 mu, the depth of water is 1.5~2 meters, and 10~20 centimetres of bottom of pond mud, direction is provided with tank, a lower section on the fish pond To provided with sewage draining exit, device for feeding fish bait and aerator are equipped with fish pond;
(2) preparation of ponds:Fish pond is carried out disinfection using first desilting, then with quick lime;
(3) fry is put in a suitable place to breed:Fry puts the preceding processing that first to carry out disinfection in a suitable place to breed, fry physical strong, of the same size is selected, by fry First be put into 3~5% salt solution and soak 5~8 minutes, then the fry after immersion is put into fish pond, the fry by grass carp, Carp, silver carp and variegated carp composition, its supply volume ratio are 5:1:1:1;
(4) water quality management:Transparency carries out weekly 2~3 times and oxygenation, control is carried out to water using aerator more than 20 centimetres Water oxygen content processed is 3.5~4.0mg/L, and filling new water to fish pond 1 times a week regulates and controls water quality, and every time plus water depth is 10~15 Centimetre, every 20~25 days with biological bacteria preparation full pool spilling head;Pasture and water are launched into fishpond within every 2 months, the injected volume of pasture and water is 18~20 kilograms every mu;
(5) feeding management:Raised using principle smart after first green grass or young crops, the feedstuff feeding of raising is divided into three phases, is respectively Laundering period at initial stage, middle stable growth phase and later stage weightening and survive the winter the stage, the feeds of three phases by green grass feed and Concentrated feed forms, wherein the green grass feed of the laundering period at initial stage and concentrated feed ratio are 3:1, middle stable growth phase Green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio are 3:2, later stage weightening and the green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio in stage of surviving the winter are 1:3, feed Feeding volume is the 3~5% of fish gross weight, feeds feed and feeds daily twice, is fed respectively in the morning, afternoon, morning feeding volume The 1/3 of whole day feeding volume is accounted for, account for 2/3 in the afternoon;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Dead fish, sick fish and the lopsided fish in time in cleaning fish pond are needed, grass carp common disease has red skin disease, rotten Gill disease, enteritis disease, typically take the outer bold and vigorous treatment method being combined for oral administration, and outer sprinkle mainly selects bleaching powder or disinfection by chlorine dioxide Agent, every mu of its dosage is 3~5 kilograms and splashed after dissolving, continuously splashes 3~4 days;Three bloom pharmaceutical chemistry are inside taken, three is yellow The dosage of powder is admixed in feed by the 0.5~1% of fish body weight and fed, and is continuously fed 4~5 days;
(7) catch:The adult fish that weight is reached to 1.5~2 kilograms in good time catches listing, to reduce the fish loading amount of fish pond, promotees The grass carp fast-growth entered in later stage fish pond.
Further, a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method of the present invention, wherein the quick lime in the step (2) is used Measure as 30~35 kgs/acre.
Further, a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method of the present invention, wherein the biological bacteria system in the step (4) Agent is the microbial bacterial agent being made up of saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria and bacillus subtilis, and the dosage of the biological bacteria preparation is 2~3 Kg/acre.
Further, a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method of the present invention, wherein the green grass feed in the step (5) For one or more kinds of any compositions in Jujun grasses, Alfalfa, napier grass, sweet potato vine, leaf lettuce, Chinese cabbage, maize leaves or green grass.
Further, a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method of the present invention, wherein concentrated feed in the step (5) by Basal feed 90~95%, Chinese herb feed additive 4~6% and mineral nutrition additive 1~3% form;Raise on wherein described basis Material is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:35~40 parts of corn flour, 25~30 parts of rice bran, 15~20 parts of wheat bran, rapeseed dregs 15~20 parts of 10~15 parts, 8~12 parts of soybean residue and vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive by following raw material components parts by weight group Into:8~10 parts of cordate houttuynia, honeysuckle 6~8,6~8 parts of the coptis, 5~7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 5~7 parts of scutellaria, 4~6 parts of kuh-seng, Pu 1~2 part of public 4~6 parts of English, 3~5 parts of hawthorn, 3~5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 1~3 part of cassia twig, 1~2 part of ginger and garlic;The mineral battalion Additive is supported to be made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:5~7 parts of zeolite powder, 4~6 parts of medical stone, 4~6 parts of diatomite, potassium 2~3 parts of feldspar, 3~5 parts of bentonite, 1~2 part of ferrous sulfate, 2~3 parts of copper sulphate, 1~2 part of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, earthworm powder 8~ 0.5~1 part of 10 parts, 5~7 parts of yellow worm powder, 1~2 part of B B-complex, 0.5~1 part of amino acid and salt.
Further, as the preferred technical solution of the present invention, wherein the concentrated feed is by basal feed 93%, Chinese herbal medicine Additive 5% and mineral nutrition additive 2% form;Wherein described basal feed is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components: 38~40 parts of corn flour, 28~30 parts of rice bran, 15~16 parts of wheat bran, 13~15 parts of rapeseed dregs, 10~12 parts of soybean residue and vinasse 16~18 parts;The Chinese herb feed additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:10 parts of cordate houttuynia, honeysuckle 8, the coptis 7 Part, 7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 6 parts of scutellaria, 4 parts of kuh-seng, 6 parts of dandelion, 4 parts of hawthorn, 5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 3 parts of cassia twig, 2 parts of ginger and garlic 1 Part;The mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:6 parts of zeolite powder, 5 parts of medical stone, diatomite 5 Part, 3 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of bentonite, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of copper sulphate, 2 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 10 parts of earthworm powder, yellow worm powder 5 Part, 2 parts of B B-complex, 0.5 part of amino acid and 0.5 part of salt.
Using a kind of ecological cultivation method of grass carp of the present invention, compared with prior art, its advantage is: After being mixed in the breeding process of grass carp using green grass with cooperation concentrated feed, feed mode is fed stage by stage, while health care The preventive and therapeutic effect of pest and disease damage is played, not only strengthens grass carp immunity, also reduces the pollution of water quality, while also improves the cultivation of grass carp Quality and yield, keep the natural flavour mountaineous of grass carp, smooth, non sludge taste Fresh & Tender in Texture, are the excellent aquatic products of green non-pollution Product, there is high financial profit, be adapted to large-scale production;With simple to operate, production cost is low, and risk is small, its operability By force, application is easily mastered, is easy to popularize.
Embodiment
In order to more fully explain the implementation of the present invention, the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with specific embodiment.Institute Give an actual example and be served only for explaining the present invention, rather than limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, it is described to comprise the following steps:
(1) suitable pond is built in selection:Selection builds fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location, and fish pond area is 3~5 mu, the depth of water be 1.5~1.8 meters, 10~20 centimetres of bottom of pond mud, on the fish pond direction be provided with a tank, under Direction is provided with sewage draining exit, and device for feeding fish bait and aerator are equipped with fish pond;
(2) preparation of ponds:Fish pond is carried out disinfection using first desilting, then with quick lime;Wherein quick lime dosage be 30 kilograms/ Mu.
(3) fry is put in a suitable place to breed:Fry puts the preceding processing that first to carry out disinfection in a suitable place to breed, selects fry physical strong, of the same size, will Fry, which is first put into 3% salt solution, to be soaked 7~8 minutes, then the fry after immersion is put into fish pond, the fry is by grass Fish, carp, silver carp and variegated carp composition, its supply volume ratio are 5:1:1:1.
(4) water quality management:Transparency carries out weekly 2 times and oxygenation, control is carried out to water using aerator more than 20 centimetres Water oxygen content processed is 3.5~3.8mg/L, and filling new water to fish pond 1 times a week regulates and controls water quality, and every time plus water depth is 10~12 Centimetre, every 20~22 days with biological bacteria preparation full pool spilling head;Pasture and water are launched into fishpond within every 2 months, the injected volume of pasture and water is 18 kilograms every mu;Wherein described biological bacteria preparation is the microbial bacterial agent being made up of saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria and bacillus subtilis, The dosage of the biological bacteria preparation is 2 kgs/acre.
(5) feeding management:To be raised using principle smart after first green grass or young crops, the feedstuff feeding of raising is divided into three phases, point Laundering period at initial stage, middle stable growth phase and later stage it Wei not increase weight and survive the winter the stage, the feed of three phases is raised by green grass Material and concentrated feed composition, wherein the green grass feed of the laundering period at initial stage and concentrated feed ratio are 3:1, middle stable growth step The green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio of section are 3:2, later stage weightening and the green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio in stage of surviving the winter are 1:3, Feedstuff feeding amount is the 3~5% of fish gross weight, feeds feed and feeds daily twice, is fed respectively in the morning, afternoon, and throw in the morning The amount of feeding accounts for the 1/3 of whole day feeding volume, and account for 2/3 in the afternoon.
Wherein described green grass feed is that Alfalfa, napier grass, sweet potato vine, Chinese cabbage and maize leaves any combination form.
The concentrated feed is made up of basal feed 92%, Chinese herb feed additive 6% and mineral nutrition additive 2%;Wherein The basal feed is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:35 parts of corn flour, 25 parts of rice bran, 15 parts of wheat bran, rapeseed dregs 10 15 parts of part, 8 parts of soybean residue and vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:8 parts of cordate houttuynia, Honeysuckle 6,6 parts of the coptis, 5 parts of Asiatic plantain, 5 parts of scutellaria, 4 parts of kuh-seng, 4 parts of dandelion, 3 parts of hawthorn, 3 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 1 part of cassia twig, 1 part of 1 part of ginger and garlic;The mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:5 parts of zeolite powder, wheat meal 4 parts of stone, 4 parts of diatomite, 2 parts of potassium feldspar, 3 parts of bentonite, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of copper sulphate, 1 part of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, earthworm powder 8 Part, 5 parts of yellow worm powder, 1 part of B B-complex, 0.5 part of amino acid and 0.5 part of salt.
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Dead fish, sick fish and the lopsided fish in time in cleaning fish pond are needed, grass carp common disease has red skin Disease, fin rot, enteritis disease, typically take the outer bold and vigorous treatment method being combined for oral administration, and outer sprinkle mainly selects bleaching powder or titanium dioxide Chlorhexidine-containing disinfectant, every mu of its dosage is 3 kilograms and splashed after dissolving, continuously splashes 3 days;Three bloom pharmaceutical chemistry are inside taken, three is yellow The dosage of powder is admixed in feed by the 0.5% of fish body weight and fed, and is continuously fed 5 days.
(7) catch:The adult fish that weight is reached to 1.5~2 kilograms in good time catches listing, to reduce the load fish of fish pond Amount, promote the grass carp fast-growth in later stage fish pond.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, it is described to comprise the following steps:
(1) suitable pond is built in selection:Selection builds fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location, and fish pond area is 3~5 mu, the depth of water is 1.8~2 meters, and 10~20 centimetres of bottom of pond mud, direction is provided with tank, a lower section on the fish pond To provided with sewage draining exit, device for feeding fish bait and aerator are equipped with fish pond.
(2) preparation of ponds:Fish pond is carried out disinfection using first desilting, then with quick lime;Wherein described quick lime dosage is 32 kgs/acre.
(3) fry is put in a suitable place to breed:Fry puts the preceding processing that first to carry out disinfection in a suitable place to breed, selects fry physical strong, of the same size, will Fry, which is first put into 4% salt solution, to be soaked 6~7 minutes, then the fry after immersion is put into fish pond, the fry is by grass Fish, carp, silver carp and variegated carp composition, its supply volume ratio are 5:1:1:1.
(4) water quality management:Transparency carries out weekly 3 times and oxygenation, control is carried out to water using aerator more than 20 centimetres Water oxygen content processed is 3.6~4.0mg/L, and filling new water to fish pond 1 times a week regulates and controls water quality, and every time plus water depth is 12~14 Centimetre, every 20~25 days with biological bacteria preparation full pool spilling head;Pasture and water are launched into fishpond within every 2 months, the injected volume of pasture and water is 20 kilograms every mu;Wherein described biological bacteria preparation is the microbial bacterial agent being made up of saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria and bacillus subtilis, The dosage of the biological bacteria preparation is 2.5 kgs/acre.
(5) feeding management:To be raised using principle smart after first green grass or young crops, the feedstuff feeding of raising is divided into three phases, point Laundering period at initial stage, middle stable growth phase and later stage it Wei not increase weight and survive the winter the stage, the feed of three phases is raised by green grass Material and concentrated feed composition, wherein the green grass feed of the laundering period at initial stage and concentrated feed ratio are 3:1, middle stable growth step The green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio of section are 3:2, later stage weightening and the green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio in stage of surviving the winter are 1:3, Feedstuff feeding amount is the 3~5% of fish gross weight, feeds feed and feeds daily twice, is fed respectively in the morning, afternoon, and throw in the morning The amount of feeding accounts for the 1/3 of whole day feeding volume, and account for 2/3 in the afternoon.
Wherein described green grass feed is that Jujun grasses, Alfalfa and green grass any combination form.
Wherein described concentrated feed is made up of basal feed 93%, Chinese herb feed additive 5% and mineral nutrition additive 2%; Wherein described basal feed is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:38 parts of corn flour, 28 parts of rice bran, 16 parts of wheat bran, vegetable seed 18 parts of 13 parts of the dregs of rice, 12 parts of soybean residue and vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:Cordate houttuynia 10 parts, honeysuckle 8,7 parts of the coptis, 7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 6 parts of scutellaria, 4 parts of kuh-seng, 6 parts of dandelion, 4 parts of hawthorn, 5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, cassia twig 1 part of 3 parts, 2 parts of ginger and garlic;The mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:6 parts of zeolite powder, 5 parts of medical stone, 5 parts of diatomite, 3 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of bentonite, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of copper sulphate, 2 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, earthworm 0.5 part of 10 parts of earthworm powder, 5 parts of yellow worm powder, 2 parts of B B-complex, 0.5 part of amino acid and salt.
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Dead fish, sick fish and the lopsided fish in time in cleaning fish pond are needed, grass carp common disease has red skin Disease, fin rot, enteritis disease, typically take the outer bold and vigorous treatment method being combined for oral administration, and outer sprinkle mainly selects bleaching powder or titanium dioxide Chlorhexidine-containing disinfectant, every mu of its dosage is 4 kilograms and splashed after dissolving, continuously splashes 4 days;Three bloom pharmaceutical chemistry are inside taken, three is yellow The dosage of powder is admixed in feed by the 0.8% of fish body weight and fed, and is continuously fed 5 days.
(7) catch:The adult fish that weight is reached to 1.5~2 kilograms in good time catches listing, to reduce the load fish of fish pond Amount, promote the grass carp fast-growth in later stage fish pond.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, it is described to comprise the following steps:
(1) suitable pond is built in selection:Selection builds fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location, and fish pond area is 3~5 mu, the depth of water be 1.5~1.8 meters, 10~20 centimetres of bottom of pond mud, on the fish pond direction be provided with a tank, under Direction is provided with sewage draining exit, and device for feeding fish bait and aerator are equipped with fish pond.
(2) preparation of ponds:Fish pond is carried out disinfection using first desilting, then with quick lime.
(3) fry is put in a suitable place to breed:Fry puts the preceding processing that first to carry out disinfection in a suitable place to breed, selects fry physical strong, of the same size, will Fry, which is first put into 5% salt solution, to be soaked 5~6 minutes, then the fry after immersion is put into fish pond, the fry is by grass Fish, carp, silver carp and variegated carp composition, its supply volume ratio are 5:1:1:1.
(4) water quality management:Transparency weekly increase water using aerator for 2~3 times more than 20 centimetres Oxygen, it is 3.8~4.0mg/L to control water oxygen content, and filling new water to fish pond 1 times a week regulates and controls water quality, and every time plus water depth is 13~15 centimetres, every 20~25 days with biological bacteria preparation full pool spilling head;Pasture and water, the throwing of pasture and water are launched into fishpond within every 2 months It is high-volume 20 kilograms every mu;Wherein described biological bacteria preparation is the micro- life being made up of saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria and bacillus subtilis Thing microbial inoculum, the dosage of the biological bacteria preparation is 3 kgs/acre.
(5) feeding management:To be raised using principle smart after first green grass or young crops, the feedstuff feeding of raising is divided into three phases, point Laundering period at initial stage, middle stable growth phase and later stage it Wei not increase weight and survive the winter the stage, the feed of three phases is raised by green grass Material and concentrated feed composition, wherein the green grass feed of the laundering period at initial stage and concentrated feed ratio are 3:1, middle stable growth step The green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio of section are 3:2, later stage weightening and the green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio in stage of surviving the winter are 1:3, Feedstuff feeding amount is the 3~5% of fish gross weight, feeds feed and feeds daily twice, is fed respectively in the morning, afternoon, and throw in the morning The amount of feeding accounts for the 1/3 of whole day feeding volume, and account for 2/3 in the afternoon.
Wherein described green grass feed is that Jujun grasses and green grass any combination form.
The concentrated feed is made up of basal feed 95%, Chinese herb feed additive 4% and mineral nutrition additive 1%;Wherein The basal feed is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:40 parts of corn flour, 30 parts of rice bran, 20 parts of wheat bran, rapeseed dregs 15 20 parts of part, 12 parts of soybean residue and vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:Cordate houttuynia 10 Part, honeysuckle 8,8 parts of the coptis, 7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 7 parts of scutellaria, 6 parts of kuh-seng, 6 parts of dandelion, 5 parts of hawthorn, 5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, cassia twig 3 2 parts of part, 2 parts of ginger and garlic;The mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:7 parts of zeolite powder, wheat 6 parts of meal stone, 6 parts of diatomite, 3 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of bentonite, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of copper sulphate, 2 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, earthworm 1 part of 10 parts of powder, 7 parts of yellow worm powder, 2 parts of B B-complex, amino acid/11 part and salt.
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Dead fish, sick fish and the lopsided fish in time in cleaning fish pond are needed, grass carp common disease has red skin Disease, fin rot, enteritis disease, typically take the outer bold and vigorous treatment method being combined for oral administration, and outer sprinkle mainly selects bleaching powder or titanium dioxide Chlorhexidine-containing disinfectant, every mu of its dosage is 5 kilograms and splashed after dissolving, continuously splashes 3 days;Three bloom pharmaceutical chemistry are inside taken, three is yellow The dosage of powder is admixed in feed by the 1% of fish body weight and fed, and is continuously fed 4 days.
(7) catch:The adult fish that weight is reached to 1.5~2 kilograms in good time catches listing, to reduce the load fish of fish pond Amount, promote the grass carp fast-growth in later stage fish pond.
Embodiments of the invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the scope of the invention, it is every to utilize this hair The improvement for the various unsubstantialities that bright methodology and technical scheme are carried out, or it is not improved by the design of the present invention and technology Scheme directly applies to other occasions, within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of grass carp ecological cultivation method, it is characterised in that the cultural method mainly includes the following steps that:
(1) suitable pond is built in selection:Selection builds fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location, and fish pond area is 3~5 mu, the depth of water is 1.5~2 meters, and 10~20 centimetres of bottom of pond mud, direction is provided with tank, a lower section on the fish pond To provided with sewage draining exit, device for feeding fish bait and aerator are equipped with fish pond;
(2) preparation of ponds:Fish pond is carried out disinfection using first desilting, then with quick lime;
(3) fry is put in a suitable place to breed:Fry puts the preceding processing that first to carry out disinfection in a suitable place to breed, fry physical strong, of the same size is selected, by fry First be put into 3~5% salt solution and soak 5~8 minutes, then the fry after immersion is put into fish pond, the fry by grass carp, Carp, silver carp and variegated carp composition, its supply volume ratio are 5:1:1:1;
(4) water quality management:Transparency carries out weekly 2~3 times and oxygenation, control is carried out to water using aerator more than 20 centimetres Water oxygen content processed is 3.5~4.0mg/L, and filling new water to fish pond 1 times a week regulates and controls water quality, and every time plus water depth is 10~15 Centimetre, every 20~25 days with biological bacteria preparation full pool spilling head;Pasture and water are launched into fishpond within every 2 months, the injected volume of pasture and water is 18~20 kilograms every mu;
(5) feeding management:Raised using principle smart after first green grass or young crops, the feedstuff feeding of raising is divided into three phases, is respectively Laundering period at initial stage, middle stable growth phase and later stage weightening and survive the winter the stage, the feeds of three phases by green grass feed and Concentrated feed forms, wherein the green grass feed of the laundering period at initial stage and concentrated feed ratio are 3:1, middle stable growth phase Green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio are 3:2, later stage weightening and the green grass feed and concentrated feed ratio in stage of surviving the winter are 1:3, feed Feeding volume is the 3~5% of fish gross weight, feeds feed and feeds daily twice, is fed respectively in the morning, afternoon, morning feeding volume The 1/3 of whole day feeding volume is accounted for, account for 2/3 in the afternoon;
(6) prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Dead fish, sick fish and the lopsided fish in time in cleaning fish pond are needed, grass carp common disease has red skin disease, rotten Gill disease, enteritis disease, typically take the outer bold and vigorous treatment method being combined for oral administration, and outer sprinkle mainly selects bleaching powder or disinfection by chlorine dioxide Agent, every mu of its dosage is 3~5 kilograms and splashed after dissolving, continuously splashes 3~4 days;Three bloom pharmaceutical chemistry are inside taken, three is yellow The dosage of powder is admixed in feed by the 0.5~1% of fish body weight and fed, and is continuously fed 4~5 days;
(7) catch:The adult fish that weight is reached to 1.5~2 kilograms in good time catches listing, to reduce the fish loading amount of fish pond, promotees The grass carp fast-growth entered in later stage fish pond.
A kind of 2. grass carp ecological cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the life stone in the step (2) Grey dosage is 30~35 kgs/acre.
A kind of 3. grass carp ecological cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the biology in the step (4) Bacteria preparation is the microbial bacterial agent being made up of saccharomycete, lactic acid bacteria and bacillus subtilis, and the dosage of the biological bacteria preparation is 2 ~3 kgs/acre.
A kind of 4. grass carp ecological cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the green grass in the step (5) Feed is one or more kinds of any group in Jujun grasses, Alfalfa, napier grass, sweet potato vine, leaf lettuce, Chinese cabbage, maize leaves or green grass Into.
A kind of 5. grass carp ecological cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Essence feeding in the step (5) Material is made up of basal feed 90~95%, Chinese herb feed additive 4~6% and mineral nutrition additive 1~3%;Wherein described base Plinth feed is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:35~40 parts of corn flour, 25~30 parts of rice bran, 15~20 parts of wheat bran, dish 15~20 parts of 10~15 parts of the seed dregs of rice, 8~12 parts of soybean residue and vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive by following raw material components weight Part composition:8~10 parts of cordate houttuynia, honeysuckle 6~8,6~8 parts of the coptis, 5~7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 5~7 parts of scutellaria, kuh-seng 4~6 1~2 part of part, 4~6 parts of dandelion, 3~5 parts of hawthorn, 3~5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 1~3 part of cassia twig, 1~2 part of ginger and garlic;It is described Mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:5~7 parts of zeolite powder, 4~6 parts of medical stone, diatomite 4~6 Part, 2~3 parts of potassium feldspar, 3~5 parts of bentonite, 1~2 part of ferrous sulfate, 2~3 parts of copper sulphate, 1~2 part of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, earthworm 0.5~1 part of 8~10 parts of powder, 5~7 parts of yellow worm powder, 1~2 part of B B-complex, 0.5~1 part of amino acid and salt.
A kind of 6. grass carp ecological cultivation method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The concentrated feed is by basal feed 93%th, Chinese herb feed additive 5% and mineral nutrition additive 2% form;Wherein described basal feed is by following raw material components Parts by weight form:38~40 parts of corn flour, 28~30 parts of rice bran, 15~16 parts of wheat bran, 13~15 parts of rapeseed dregs, soybean residue 10~ 12 parts and 16~18 parts of vinasse;The Chinese herb feed additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:10 parts of cordate houttuynia, gold and silver Spend 7 parts of the 8, coptis, 7 parts of Asiatic plantain, 6 parts of scutellaria, 4 parts of kuh-seng, 6 parts of dandelion, 4 parts of hawthorn, 5 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 3 parts of cassia twig, ginger 2 1 part of part and garlic;The mineral nutrition additive is made up of the parts by weight of following raw material components:6 parts of zeolite powder, 5 parts of medical stone, 5 parts of diatomite, 3 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of bentonite, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of copper sulphate, 2 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 10 parts of earthworm powder, Huang 0.5 part of 5 parts of worm powder, 2 parts of B B-complex, 0.5 part of amino acid and salt.
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108207598A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-06-29 黄山四洋渔业科技有限公司 The method for improving spring grass carp survival rate
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CN110583541A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-20 贵州省仁怀市黔南泉生态农业发展有限公司 Ecological polyculture method for pond fish culture
CN110583540A (en) * 2019-10-28 2019-12-20 贵州省仁怀市黔南泉生态农业发展有限公司 Circulating water aquaculture method for pond fish culture
CN110810331A (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-02-21 安徽省农业科学院水产研究所 Ecological cycle breeding method of Chinese herbal turtles

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Application publication date: 20171208