CN106259096A - A kind of cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106259096A
CN106259096A CN201610673654.XA CN201610673654A CN106259096A CN 106259096 A CN106259096 A CN 106259096A CN 201610673654 A CN201610673654 A CN 201610673654A CN 106259096 A CN106259096 A CN 106259096A
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fish
fish pond
parts
vitamin
grams
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钟海清
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Xishuangbanna Daile Zhenyu Technology Co Ltd
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Xishuangbanna Daile Zhenyu Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, the method comprises the steps: the addressing in (1) fish pond and builds;(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed;(3) fry throws in pre-treatment;(4) feeding and management;(5) water quality management;(6) diseases prevention and treatment;(7) periodically fish for.The survival rate of fish fry that the cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus of the present invention raises is high, premunition is strong;Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus speed is fast, delicious meat, yield are high.

Description

A kind of cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus
Technical field
The present invention relates to freshwater fish culturing technical field, relate in particular to the cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus.
Background technology
Ctenopharyngodon idellus, belongs to Cypriniformes Cyprinidae Leuciscinae Ctenopharyngodon idellus and belongs to, being commonly called as of Ctenopharyngodon idellus: grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, oil grass carp, grass grass carp, white Grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, charlatan, black Mylopharyngodon piceus etc., inhabit the rivers and lakes of plains region, and general happiness occupy middle lower floor and the many water of offshore of water Grass region.Property active, swimming rapidly, often hunts in packs, for typical herbivorous fishes.The young grass carps phase then eats larva, algae Deng, Ctenopharyngodon idellus also eats of animal food, and such as Lumbricus, Aeschna melanictera etc., because of its growth rapidly, meat flavour is beautiful, and feed resource is wide, is that CHINESE FRESHWATER is supported One of four large Chinese carps grown.
At present, traditional pond culture pattern changing ability of swimming has mostly been continued to use in the cultivation to Ctenopharyngodon idellus, and in recent years, China Fish are supported Growing industry to develop rapidly, intensive degree improves constantly, but during fish culture, the various chemicals of people's life-time service. These chemical reagent easily make water pollution, the normal growth of interference Fish, fish body also have chemical residual, after human consumption Health can be produced serious harm.But the cultivation of existing Ctenopharyngodon idellus is all the feedstuff of abuse unreasonable allocation, does not only result in water quality Variation, the Ctenopharyngodon idellus underproduction, and the quality of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most greatly reduce.
Summary of the invention
For above the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of survival rate of fish fry of offer is high, premunition is strong, the fish speed of growth Hurry up, the cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus that delicious meat, yield are high.
Realizing the technical scheme is that the cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, the method comprises the steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build: select build fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;Described fish pond For rectangle, the degree of depth is 1-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.4 rice;On described fish pond, direction arranges tank, a lower section To being provided with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, aerator multiple stage it is equipped with in described fish pond;Stirring dress it is provided with in described tank Put;
(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed: in described fish pond, be sprinkled into quick lime carry out fish pond sterilization, be then exposed to the sun about 20 days;With Time in described tank throw in quick lime, start agitating device disinfection, stand be exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then by described Sterilized water in tank puts into described fish pond, and utilizes supersonic filter to carry out filtration treatment in water inlet; Algae and snail is put in described fish pond;
(3) fry throws in pre-treatment: select health, fry of the same size, is put into by fry in the saline of 2%-4% and soaks After steeping 4-6 minute, fry is put into described fish pond;In described fry, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Aristichthys nobilis fry quantity are than for 6:1;
(4) feeding and management: every day, special feed, every day 3-5 time were thrown in timing;Within 3 days, once throw in pasture and water;Described special raise Material is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Zein powder 10-20 part, bean cake 20-30 part, Testa Tritici 10-15 part, Semen Tritici aestivi form sediment Powder 8-10 part, rapeseed cake 12-18 part, fish flour 8-12 part, distiller grains 20-30 part, Oleum Glycines 10-15 part, belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae 10-15 part, food Salt 1-3 part, Chinese medicine additive 5-8 part, mineral additive 3-5 part, compound vitamin 2-6 part;
(5) water quality management: periodically open sewage draining exit, discharges sewage in described fish pond, meanwhile, by sterilized in tank The fresh water processed injects in fish pond;Periodically give supplemental oxygen in fish pond, it is ensured that in fish pond, water oxygen content need to be reached for 4.5- 5.0mg/L;
(6) diseases prevention and treatment: the dead fish in cleaning fish pond, sick fish and deformity fish at any time, are periodically sprinkled into stone in described fish pond Ashes and bacteria remover.
(7) periodically fish for: fish for body weight every month and reach the fish of more than 2kg.
Preferably, in described step (1), quick lime consumption is 40-45 thousand grams/acre, and the consumption of quick lime to control necessarily In the range of, in the range of this addition, just can kill the harmful microorganism in water and parasite well, effectively Improve the quality of fishpond water, effectively prevent fish and harmful microorganism and parasite Long Term Contact and the risk fallen ill.
Preferably, described Chinese medicine additive is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract 1-2 part, Ganoderma Extract 1-2 part, Poria extract 2-5 part, Folium Pini 1-2 part, Radix Astragali 1-2 part, Herba Houttuyniae 1-2 part, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 1-2 part, Herba Taraxaci 1-2 part, Fructus Crataegi 1-2 part, Ramulus Cinnamomi 1-2 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 1-2 part, Bulbus Allii 1-2 part, Herba Moslae 2-3 part, Rhizoma Atractylodis 1-3 part, Radix Scutellariae 3-5 part, Rhizoma Coptidis 6-8 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2-4 part;Owing to the addition of Chinese medicine ingredients, the immunity of Ctenopharyngodon idellus can be improved, regulate its gastrointestinal merit simultaneously Can, decrease antibiotic and virus killing medicine consumption, improve the quality of grass carp meat simultaneously;Ctenopharyngodon idellus strengthens due to immunity, greatly The big probability reducing morbidity, the speed of growth significantly speeds.
Preferably, described mineral additive is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: zeolite powder 2-5 part, Maifanitum 5-8 Part, kieselguhr 4-6 part, potassium feldspar 2-6 part, Sargassum stone 5-8 part, bentonite 4-6 part, sodium selenite 2-3 part, calcium iodate 1-2 part, Ferrous sulfate 1-3 part, copper sulfate 2-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-4 part;The interpolation of mineral effectively supplements Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus process chats The demand of matter-element element, improves Ctenopharyngodon idellus metabolism, is beneficial to synthesize various material, effectively maintains body acid-base balance and normal osmosis Pressure.
Preferably, the weight portion composition of the following raw material components of described compound vitamin: vitamin A 4000 milligrams, vitamin D3 100 milligrams, vitamin E 9 grams, vitamin K3 6 grams, vitamin B1 5 grams, vitamin B2 3 grams, biotin 200 milli Gram, 90 grams of nicotinic acid and 3 grams of folic acid, vitamin B2 5 grams, vitamin C 5 grams, this compound vitamin can supplement Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus process Various vitamin needed in, more healthy in growth course, disease is greatly reduced.
Preferably, described bacteria remover is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: iodate N2 N-trimethyl chitosan TMC 5-8 part, Zephiran 3-6 part, Radix Gentianae 4-7 part, Radix Isatidis 6-9 part, Radix Astragali 4-7 part, Radix Bupleuri 3-5 part, vitamin B12 3-6 part;Orotic acid 4-7 part, Hirudo 80-90 part, it is a lot of harmful micro-that this antibacterial can effectively be killed in fishpond water Biology, particularly water mo(u)ld, slime bacteria etc., have good effect to prevention bacterial gill rot disease, fish molds and some parasitic disease, Effectively reduce the sickness rate of fish diseases.
Preferably, in the middle of described step (6), in fish pond, it was sprinkled into pulverized limestone and bacteria remover every 15 days, so could be long-term Keep the water quality in fish pond to be in excellent condition, it is to avoid antibacterial and the breeding of parasite in water, be effectively improved the sickness rate of fish.
Preferably, in described step (3) fry breeding density be 3-5 tail/, density is excessive, easily causes the anoxia of fish, Too small have wasting space, and in this density, cultivation makes enough to make full use of the useful space and cultivates, and greatly reduces resource Waste.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the present invention is: 1, owing to, in the present invention, entering for introducing the water in fish pond Row is disinfected in advance, and the accurate monitoring of water quality, it is ensured that the water quality of fishpond water quality is in high-quality state all the time;Effectively kill The various harmful microorganisms of water quality and parasite, decrease the generation that Ctenopharyngodon idellus is fallen ill because of Long Term Contact harmful microorganism, morbidity Rate significantly reduces, and growing way is more preferable;2, using special feedstuff, Feed Energy meets the material demand in Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus, and increases Chinese medicine additive can improve the immunity of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, regulates its gastrointestinal function simultaneously, decrease antibiotic and virus killing medicine consumption, Improve the quality of grass carp meat simultaneously;Ctenopharyngodon idellus strengthens due to immunity, is greatly reduced the probability of morbidity, and the speed of growth significantly increases Hurry up;The minerals and vitamins increased can meet the demand during Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus, and Growth of Grass Carps Ctenopharyngodon Idellus speed is rapid;Due in feedstuff With the addition of belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae and can function well as the effect killing and preventing parasite, sending out of parasitic disease can be reduced well Raw;3, putting into algae and snail in fish pond, and periodically throw in pasture and water, be in ecosystem state in the fish pond made, Ctenopharyngodon idellus is searched for food water Grass and algae, can facilitating digestion well, meat quality of fish is more nearly ecosystem, delicious meat;4, compared with raising with routine, this The sickness rate of the fish of invention reduces by 20%, and the speed of growth adds 10%, and every per mu yield increases by 10%, significantly improves aquaculture Economic benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Below the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Based on the enforcement in the present invention Example, the every other embodiment that those skilled in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into this The scope of bright protection.
Embodiment 1
The cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, the method comprises the steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build: select build fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;Described fish pond For rectangle, the degree of depth is 1-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.4 rice;On described fish pond, direction arranges tank, a lower section To being provided with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 4, aerator it is equipped with in described fish pond;It is provided with agitating device in described tank; Agitating device can be agitator, it is also possible to be other devices that can stir;
(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed: in described fish pond, be sprinkled into quick lime carry out fish pond sterilization, quick lime consumption is 40 kilograms/ Mu;Then it is exposed to the sun about 20 days;In described tank, throw in quick lime simultaneously, start agitating device disinfection, quiet Put and be exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in described tank is put into described fish pond, and utilizes in water inlet super Acoustic wave filter carries out filtration treatment;Algae and snail is put in described fish pond;
(3) fry throws in pre-treatment: select health, fry of the same size, is put into by fry in the saline of 2%-4% and soaks After steeping 4 minutes, fry is put into described fish pond;In described fry, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Aristichthys nobilis fry quantity are than for 6:1;Fry breeding density For 3-5 tail/;
(4) feeding and management: every day, special feed, every day 3-5 time were thrown in timing;Within 3 days, once throw in pasture and water;Described special raise Material is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Zein powder 10 parts, bean cake 20 parts, 10 parts of Testa Tritici, wheaten starch 8 parts, dish Seedcake 12 parts, fish flour 8 parts, 20 parts of distiller grains, 10 parts of Oleum Glycines, 10 parts of belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, Sal 1 part, Chinese medicine additive 5 parts, mineral add Add agent 3 parts, compound vitamin 2 parts;Chinese medicine additive is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract 1 part, Ganoderma Extract 1 part, Poria extract 2 parts, 1 part of Folium Pini, the Radix Astragali 1 part, Herba Houttuyniae 1 part, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 1 part, Herba Taraxaci 1 part, Fructus Crataegi 1 part, Ramulus Cinnamomi 1 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 1 part, 1 part of Bulbus Allii, Herba Moslae 2 parts, Rhizoma Atractylodis 1 part, Radix Scutellariae 3 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 6 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2 parts;Mineral additive by The weight portion composition of following raw material components: zeolite powder 2 parts, Maifanitum 5 parts, 4 parts of kieselguhr, potassium feldspar 2 parts, 5 parts of Sargassum stone, swollen 4 parts of profit soil, sodium selenite 2 parts, calcium iodate 1 part, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of copper sulfate, 2 parts of zinc sulfate;Below compound vitamin The weight portion composition of raw material components: vitamin A 4000 milligrams, vitamin D3 100 milligrams, vitamin E 9 grams, vitamin K3 6 Gram, vitamin B1 5 grams, vitamin B2 3 grams, biotin 200 milligrams, 90 grams of nicotinic acid and 3 grams of folic acid, vitamin B2 5 grams, Vitamin C 5 grams;
(5) water quality management: periodically open sewage draining exit, discharges sewage in described fish pond, meanwhile, by sterilized in tank The fresh water processed injects in fish pond;Periodically give supplemental oxygen in fish pond, it is ensured that in fish pond, water oxygen content need to be reached for 4.5mg/ L;
(6) diseases prevention and treatment: the dead fish in cleaning fish pond, sick fish and deformity fish at any time, were sprinkled into stone every 15 days in fish pond Ashes and bacteria remover;Bacteria remover is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: iodate N2 N-trimethyl chitosan TMC 5 parts, alkyl-dimethyl Base benzyl ammonium chloride 3 parts, Radix Gentianae 4 parts, Radix Isatidis 6 parts, the Radix Astragali 4 parts, Radix Bupleuri 3 parts, vitamin B12 3 parts;Orotic acid 4 Part, Hirudo 80 parts;
(7) periodically fish for: fish for body weight every month and reach the fish of more than 2kg.
Embodiment 2
The cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, the method comprises the steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build: select build fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;Described fish pond For rectangle, the degree of depth is 1-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.4 rice;On described fish pond, direction arranges tank, a lower section To being provided with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 6, aerator it is equipped with in described fish pond;It is of course possible to arrange multiple stage, real according to fish pond Border situation is determined;It is provided with agitating device in described tank;
(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed: in described fish pond, be sprinkled into quick lime carry out fish pond sterilization, quick lime consumption is 43 kilograms/ Mu;Then it is exposed to the sun about 20 days;In described tank, throw in quick lime simultaneously, start agitating device disinfection, quiet Put and be exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in described tank is put into described fish pond, and utilizes in water inlet super Acoustic wave filter carries out filtration treatment;Algae and snail is put in described fish pond;
(3) fry throws in pre-treatment: select health, fry of the same size, is put into by fry in the saline of 2%-4% and soaks After steeping 4-6 minute, fry is put into described fish pond;In described fry, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Aristichthys nobilis fry quantity are than for 6:1;Fry is put in a suitable place to breed close Degree for 3-5 tail/;
(4) feeding and management: every day, special feed, every day 3-5 time were thrown in timing;Within 3 days, once throw in pasture and water;Described special raise Material is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Zein powder 15 parts, bean cake 25 parts, 12 parts of Testa Tritici, wheaten starch 9 parts, dish Seedcake 15 parts, fish flour 10 parts, 25 parts of distiller grains, 12 parts of Oleum Glycines, 12 parts of belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, Sal 2 parts, Chinese medicine additive 7 parts, mineral add Add agent 4 parts, compound vitamin 4 parts;Chinese medicine additive is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract 1 part, Ganoderma Extract 2 parts, Poria extract 3 parts, 2 parts of Folium Pini, the Radix Astragali 2 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 2 parts, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 2 parts, Herba Taraxaci 2 parts, Fructus Crataegi 2 parts, Ramulus Cinnamomi 1 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 2 parts, 2 parts of Bulbus Allii, Herba Moslae 2 parts, Rhizoma Atractylodis 2 parts, Radix Scutellariae 4 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 7 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 3 parts;Mineral additive by The weight portion composition of following raw material components: zeolite powder 3 parts, Maifanitum 7 parts, 5 parts of kieselguhr, potassium feldspar 4 parts, 6 parts of Sargassum stone, swollen 5 parts of profit soil, sodium selenite 3 parts, calcium iodate 2 parts, 2 parts of ferrous sulfate, 3 parts of copper sulfate, 3 parts of zinc sulfate;Below compound vitamin The weight portion composition of raw material components: vitamin A 4000 milligrams, vitamin D3 100 milligrams, vitamin E 9 grams, vitamin K3 6 Gram, vitamin B1 5 grams, vitamin B2 3 grams, biotin 200 milligrams, 90 grams of nicotinic acid and 3 grams of folic acid, vitamin B2 5 grams, Vitamin C 5 grams;
(5) water quality management: periodically open sewage draining exit, discharges sewage in described fish pond, meanwhile, by sterilized in tank The fresh water processed injects in fish pond;Periodically give supplemental oxygen in fish pond, it is ensured that in fish pond, water oxygen content need to be reached for 5.0mg/ L;
(6) diseases prevention and treatment: the dead fish in cleaning fish pond, sick fish and deformity fish at any time, were sprinkled into stone every 15 days in fish pond Ashes and bacteria remover;Bacteria remover is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: iodate N2 N-trimethyl chitosan TMC 6 parts, alkyl-dimethyl Base benzyl ammonium chloride 4 parts, Radix Gentianae 5 parts, Radix Isatidis 7 parts, the Radix Astragali 5 parts, Radix Bupleuri 4 parts, vitamin B12 4 parts;Orotic acid 5 Part, Hirudo 85 parts;
(7) periodically fish for: fish for body weight every month and reach the fish of more than 2kg.
Embodiment 3
The cultural method of a kind of Ctenopharyngodon idellus, the method comprises the steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build: select build fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;Described fish pond For rectangle, the degree of depth is 1-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.4 rice;On described fish pond, direction arranges tank, a lower section To being provided with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 7, aerator it is equipped with in described fish pond;It is provided with agitating device in described tank;
(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed: in described fish pond, be sprinkled into quick lime carry out fish pond sterilization, quick lime consumption is 45 kilograms/ Mu;Then it is exposed to the sun about 20 days;In described tank, throw in quick lime simultaneously, start agitating device disinfection, quiet Put and be exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in described tank is put into described fish pond, and utilizes in water inlet super Acoustic wave filter carries out filtration treatment;Algae and snail is put in described fish pond;
(3) fry throws in pre-treatment: select health, fry of the same size, is put into by fry in the saline of 2%-4% and soaks After steeping 4-6 minute, fry is put into described fish pond;In described fry, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Aristichthys nobilis fry quantity are than for 6:1;Fry is put in a suitable place to breed close Degree for 3-5 tail/;
(4) feeding and management: every day, special feed, every day 3-5 time were thrown in timing;Within 3 days, once throw in pasture and water;Described special raise Material is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Zein powder 20 parts, bean cake 30 parts, 15 parts of Testa Tritici, wheaten starch 10 parts, dish Seedcake 18 parts, fish flour 12 parts, 30 parts of distiller grains, 15 parts of Oleum Glycines, 15 parts of belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, Sal 3 parts, Chinese medicine additive 8 parts, mineral add Add agent 5 parts, compound vitamin 6 parts;Chinese medicine additive is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract 2 parts, Ganoderma Extract 2 parts, Poria extract 5 parts, 2 parts of Folium Pini, the Radix Astragali 2 parts, Herba Houttuyniae 2 parts, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 2 parts, Herba Taraxaci 2 parts, Fructus Crataegi 2 parts, Ramulus Cinnamomi 2 parts, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 2 parts, 2 parts of Bulbus Allii, Herba Moslae 3 parts, Rhizoma Atractylodis 3 parts, Radix Scutellariae 5 parts, Rhizoma Coptidis 8 parts, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 4 parts;Mineral additive by The weight portion composition of following raw material components: zeolite powder 5 parts, Maifanitum 8 parts, 6 parts of kieselguhr, potassium feldspar 6 parts, 8 parts of Sargassum stone, swollen 6 parts of profit soil, sodium selenite 3 parts, calcium iodate 2 parts, 3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 5 parts of copper sulfate, 4 parts of zinc sulfate;Below compound vitamin The weight portion composition of raw material components: vitamin A 4000 milligrams, vitamin D3 100 milligrams, vitamin E 9 grams, vitamin K3 6 Gram, vitamin B1 5 grams, vitamin B2 3 grams, biotin 200 milligrams, 90 grams of nicotinic acid and 3 grams of folic acid, vitamin B2 5 grams, Vitamin C 5 grams;
(5) water quality management: periodically open sewage draining exit, discharges sewage in described fish pond, meanwhile, by sterilized in tank The fresh water processed injects in fish pond;Periodically give supplemental oxygen in fish pond, it is ensured that in fish pond, water oxygen content need to be reached for 5.0mg/ L;
(6) diseases prevention and treatment: the dead fish in cleaning fish pond, sick fish and deformity fish at any time, were sprinkled into stone every 12 days in fish pond Ashes and bacteria remover;Bacteria remover is made up of the weight portion of following raw material components: iodate N2 N-trimethyl chitosan TMC 8 parts, alkyl-dimethyl Base benzyl ammonium chloride 6 parts, Radix Gentianae 7 parts, Radix Isatidis 9 parts, the Radix Astragali 7 parts, Radix Bupleuri 5 parts, vitamin B12 6 parts;Orotic acid 7 Part, Hirudo 90 parts;
(7) periodically fish for: fish for body weight every month and reach the fish of more than 2kg.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the cultural method of a Ctenopharyngodon idellus, it is characterised in that the method comprises the steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build: select build fish pond away from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;Described fish pond is for long Square, the degree of depth is 1-2 rice, and silt depth is 0.2-0.4 rice;On described fish pond, direction arranges a tank, lower direction sets There is sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, aerator multiple stage it is equipped with in described fish pond;It is provided with agitating device in described tank;
(2) front preparation is put in a suitable place to breed: in described fish pond, be sprinkled into quick lime carry out fish pond sterilization, be then exposed to the sun about 20 days;Exist simultaneously Throw in quick lime in described tank, start agitating device disinfection, stand and be exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then by described water storage Sterilized water in pond puts into described fish pond, and utilizes supersonic filter to carry out filtration treatment in water inlet;Toward institute Algae and snail is put in stating fish pond;
(3) fry throws in pre-treatment: select health, fry of the same size, and fry is put into immersion 4-in the saline of 2%-4% After 6 minutes, fry is put into described fish pond;In described fry, Ctenopharyngodon idellus and Aristichthys nobilis fry quantity are than for 6:1;
(4) feeding and management: every day, special feed, every day 3-5 time were thrown in timing;Within 3 days, once throw in pasture and water;Described special feed by The weight portion composition of following raw material components: Zein powder 10-20 part, bean cake 20-30 part, Testa Tritici 10-15 part, wheaten starch 8- 10 parts, rapeseed cake 12-18 part, fish flour 8-12 part, distiller grains 20-30 part, Oleum Glycines 10-15 part, belt leather Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae 10-15 part, Sal 1-3 Part, Chinese medicine additive 5-8 part, mineral additive 3-5 part, compound vitamin 2-6 part;
(5) water quality management: periodically open sewage draining exit, discharges sewage in described fish pond, meanwhile, by sterile-processed in tank Fresh water inject in fish pond;Periodically give supplemental oxygen in fish pond, it is ensured that in fish pond, water oxygen content need to be reached for 4.5-5.0mg/ L;
(6) diseases prevention and treatment: the dead fish in cleaning fish pond, sick fish and deformity fish at any time, are periodically sprinkled into pulverized limestone in described fish pond And bacteria remover;
(7) periodically fish for: fish for body weight every month and reach the fish of more than 2kg.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (2), quick lime consumption is 40- 45000 grams/acre.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1 or claim 2, it is characterised in that described Chinese medicine additive is by following raw material The weight portion composition of component: Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract 1-2 part, Ganoderma extract 1-2 part, Poria extract 2-5 part, Folium Pini 1-2 part, Huang Stilbene 1-2 part, Herba Houttuyniae 1-2 part, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 1-2 part, Herba Taraxaci 1-2 part, Fructus Crataegi 1-2 part, Ramulus Cinnamomi 1-2 part, Folium Artemisiae Argyi 1-2 part, Bulbus Allii 1-2 part, Herba Moslae 2-3 part, Rhizoma Atractylodis 1-3 part, Radix Scutellariae 3-5 part, Rhizoma Coptidis 6-8 part, Radix Sophorae Flavescentis 2-4 part.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described mineral additive is by following raw material components Weight portion composition: zeolite powder 2-5 part, Maifanitum 5-8 part, kieselguhr 4-6 part, potassium feldspar 2-6 part, Sargassum stone 5-8 part, swelling Soil 4-6 part, sodium selenite 2-3 part, calcium iodate 1-2 part, ferrous sulfate 1-3 part, copper sulfate 2-5 part, zinc sulfate 2-4 part.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the following raw material components of described compound vitamin Weight portion forms: vitamin A 4000 milligrams, vitamin D3 100 milligrams, vitamin E 9 grams, vitamin K3 6 grams, vitamin B1 5 grams, vitamin B2 3 grams, biotin 200 milligrams, 90 grams of nicotinic acid and 3 grams of folic acid, vitamin B2 5 grams, vitamin C 5 grams.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described bacteria remover is by the weight of following raw material components Amount part composition: iodate N2 N-trimethyl chitosan TMC 5-8 part, zephiran 3-6 part, Radix Gentianae 4-7 part, Radix Isatidis 6-9 part, Radix Astragali 4-7 part, Radix Bupleuri 3-5 part, vitamin B12 3-6 part;Orotic acid 4-7 part, Hirudo 80-90 part.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that every 15 days toward fish in the middle of described step (6) Pulverized limestone and bacteria remover it is sprinkled in the pool.
The cultural method of Ctenopharyngodon idellus the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in described step (3), fry breeding density is 3-5 tail/.
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